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This  guide  will  teach  you  what   to  do  and  what  not  to  do  with   your  equipment.     It  will  also  teach  you  what   camera  shots,  camera  angles,   camera  movements,  camera   rules  are  and  how  to  use  them   in  your  scenes.


Extreme  Long  Shot   This  shot  is  used  to  show  the   audience  the  location  of  the  film.   Extreme  long  shot  distance  is  1mile   away  and  onwards.  

  Long  Shot   A  long  shot  is  considered  when  you   can  see  the  actor/actress  from  the   top  to  bottom  and  a  lot  of  the   background.    

Medium  Shot   A  medium  shot  is  considered   when  you  can  see  the  top  of  your   actor/actress  to  he  or  she’s  waist,   also  the  background  is  shown  to   give  the  audience  an  idea  of  the   scenery.    

Close  Up  Shot   This  shot  is  used  to  emphasize  on   the  actor/actress  but  also  to  show   a  little  bit  of  background  for  the   audience.                   Extreme  Close  Up   This  shot  is  used  to  only   emphasize  on  the  actor/actress   face  (part  of  face  or  body)  

Low     A  low  angled  shot  is  used   to  make  an  object  in  the   shot  seem  big  to  the   audience.  Used  mainly  to   show  the  characters   authority.

Birds  eye  view     Bird’s  eye  view  is  used  to  show  the   location  of  the  film            

High     High  angle  is  used  on  a  subject  to   make  the  object  seem  small  to   the  audience.  


Canted   Canted  is  a  shot  that   has  been  tilted  to  the   side.  

  Eye  level   Eye  level  is  the  standard   level  of  shot.  

Panning     Panning  is  camera  a  movement   where  the  camera  can  only  maneuver   left  and  right.                 Tilting   Tilting  is  a  camera  movement  where   the  camera  can  only  maneuver  up   and  down.  

180-­‐Degree  Rule   There  is  a  360-­‐degree   circle  around  your   actors,  your  actors  are   on  the  180-­‐degree  line   and  you  must  not  cross   this  line  because   crossing  it  will  result  to   confusion  to  the   audience    



Crane   A  crane  is  used  to  view  the  actors   from  above  or  to  film  the  actors  when   they  are  high  up,  e.g  buildings  and   the  cameraman  can  move  in  and  out   of  them.   Crane  Shots   • Rise  Up  –  the  camera  rises   vertically.   • Fall  down  –  the  camera  moves   vertically  downward.    

Rule  of  Thirds   Rule  of  thirds  is  how  to   frame  your  shot. When  your  shooting,  make  sure  your  object   is  touching  one  of  the  crosses  on  the  grid,   this  is  so  that  the  audience  focuses  on  the   object  that  you   have  put  in  the   center  or  on   the  crosses.  

Dolly     A dolly is a cart, which travels along tracks. The camera is mounted on the dolly and records the shot as it moves. Dolly shots have a number of applications and can provide very dramatic footage.  

Camera Shots