University of Pennsylvania School of Design
Department of Architecture 2011 - 2013
Design Is Research
PL AC E
H O LD ER
Research Is Design
Foundation—ARCH 501 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
MArch A tecture MArch 501 Faculty Alexandra Barker Julie Beckman Lasha Brown Joshua Freese Simon Kim Sofia Krimizi Ben Krone
Production requires learning both techniques and strategies - these are introduced through a series of design procedures. In turn, the design processes require the fluent use of both analog and computational tools - including those of digital modeling and fabrication. These techniques and strategies are gained through the studio’s progression of three projects and the lectures and readings that accompany each project. The requirements of each project include the appropriate 2D and 3D documents as well as a short writing requirement. The studio is also integrated with the assignments of the Visual Studies (ARCH 521) course.
There are three projects that successively build upon one another. The first project is a two-part exercise in furniture-object investigation, examining its parts and their material behaviors. The second part develops a new object through a series of transformations. The training for an architect begins with the understanding that to draw is to develop knowledge, that material has meaning and geometric consequence, that connections determine use. The second project is to place this new furniture-object in a home defined programmatically. The architectural discipline determines that the use of an object leads to an understanding of scale and the tempering of interior spaces. The third exercise investigates the setting’s exterior. Students design a larger-scale object [building] within a confined and limited site: an urban corner lot with an elevation change. This limitation engages fully with program and building elements without requiring a thorough site study, thus developing a clear sense of form within a given context.
Foundation—ARCH 501 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Simon Kim, 501 Coordinator.
Foundation—ARCH 501 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Foundation—ARCH 502 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
MArch A tecture MArch 502 Faculty Catherine Bonier Reese Campbell Claire Fellman Annette Fierro Joshua Freese Mark Kroeckel Keith VanDerSys
052 FOUNDATION Foundation—ARCH 502 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Every method of representing the city offers its own potentials and limitations, and, while the studio explores multiple representational techniques, it culminates by deploying forms of dynamic modeling. While acknowledging that digital media are experimental and explorative, and can capture only partial accuracies, they offer a reciprocal relationship to the city itself, offering possibilities of capturing the dynamic shifts that characterize the essential nature of urbanism. In the past two years, the programs taken on by the 502 studio, represented here, show a commitment to relevant, prominent, and timely urban issues. In the spring of 2012, the studio took on the currency of self-organized models of cooperative structures, in the design of a “CO-LAB,” with a public space component of an open-air market. The program acknowledged the essential function of economic and governmental structures in prompting different ideas of building, site, and program through new organizational models of occupation and use. In 2013, the studio addressed questions of new public health policy. Within the enormous cache of issues and practices within the terminology of “public health,” the studio took on the urban spatialities latent within this larger social and economic shift. Tying environmental issues to social practices, our program for a public health facility was positioned to offer the possibility that the health of a marginal site was analogous to the health of the public body.
502 Coordinator Annette Fierro with Marion Weiss and Josh Dannenberg.
053 FOUNDATION Foundation—ARCH 502 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
MArch A tecture Hina
Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
MArch 601 Faculty Jonas Coersmeier Matias del Campo Scott Erdy Hina Jamelle Joseph MacDonald Brian Phillips
078 CORE Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
patterns. An exceptionally sophisticated partto-whole relationship is one which goes a step further and resolves the integration of materials, structure, scale, and spatiality to allow for the overall formation to appear suspended, or possessed of a particular lightness. In terms of formal appearance, this lightness includes qualities of fineness and daintiness, determined within the multiple individual elements and parts that constitute the building design. The scale of the part to the whole [unit to building] is attenuated, adjusted with precision and refinement, in order to produce the desired effect. If the scale of the part is too diminutive in relation to the whole, or if the whole is constituted of too many smaller building components, then the occupant of the space may be overwhelmed. When the relation of part [housing unit] to whole [building] is attuned, unique living environments and innovative housing solutions can be achieved. The form of the building impacts the selected urban environment that ranges from New York City to Vienna in 2011 and from Philadelphia to Miami in 2012. Each instructor provides their own site for exploration within a city of the instructor’s choice. Each building’s goals contribute to and impact the city in which the building is located. The highly formed object incorporates a detailed façade and its relationship to the massing, plans, and sections, with an understanding of vertical and horizontal pedestrian circulation that maximizes their impact on the urban environment.
Hina Jamelle, 601 Coordinator.
Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
ARCH 601 Studio Descriptions
Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
S hifting Hybrids: Transformations for a New Hotel & Residential Building in TriBeCa, NYC Hina Jamelle, critic Fall 2011 and Fall 2012 — page 86 - 89 This studio will examine emergence and its relation to the formulation of architecture by using digital techniques in an opportunistic fashion for the generation of growth and the evaluation of patterns in the development of form. In particular, this studio will examine part-to-whole organizations and their potential for architecture by offering the tools to create effects that exceed the sum of their parts. Most part-to-whole organizations share common characteristics, including structure, defined by parts and their composition, and interconnectivity of the various parts of a system that have functional, structural, and spatial relationships between one another. In this studio, we will give primacy to formations that are in variation, accumulative and subject to changes that may shift in spatial experiences, scale, and materials. In addition, projects using digital techniques incorporate program, space, structure, and enclosure into a singular formation that incorporates a range of experiences and formal variations of gradated intensities and patterns. An exceptionally sophisticated part– to-whole relationship is one which goes a step further and resolves the integration of materials, structure, scale, and spatiality to allow for the overall formation to appear suspended or possessed of a particular lightness and elegance. In terms of formal appearance, this lightness includes qualities of fineness and daintiness, determined within the multiple individual elements and
parts that constitute the building design. The scale of the part to the whole will be attenuated, adjusted with precision and refinement, in order to produce the desired effect. If the scale of the part is too diminutive in relation to the whole, or if the whole is constituted of too many smaller pieces, then the occupant of the space may be overwhelmed, and the potential of producing elegance is lost. When the relation of part to whole is attuned, elegant sensations – rather than chaotic ones – may be achieved at the point of transformations. Site and Project: New Hotel and Residential Building in TriBeCa, NYC: The program for the studio is a new hotel, to be located in TriBeCa in downtown Manhattan. Each student will refine the particular program during the course of the semester. The goal for each student is to deal with a range of familiar architectural issues – how to turn a corner, multi-room configurations, and circulation patterns, for example. The intended result is a project exhibiting innovative architectural organizations using topological surfaces, unit arrangements, and patterns scaling from an individual room to the entire building, with different spatial and material qualities contributing to the development of architecture.
The Ecology of Mass Matias del Campo, critic Fall 2011 — page 090 - 093 The project brief opens the opportunity to speculate about massing in architecture. Manifold strategies, such as accumulation, aggregation, and agglomeration, form the launching pad for various computationallydriven strategies of design. Further explorations include tactics of façade articulation, spatial subdivision, and fenestrations.
Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
The main line of exploration in this studio investigates An Excursion Into Symmetry, Proportion, & Direction:
Difference & Repetition in Contemporary Housing Matias del Campo, critic Fall 2012 — page 090 - 093
how archetypical architectural conditions, such as symmetry, proportion, & direction, can be transmuted into contemporary architectural expressions with the use of stateof-the-art computational design methods. Gottfried Semper vs. Gilles Deleuze: The studio focuses on the use of a contemporary language that includes concepts of architectural discourse. Two differentiating planes of thought form its basis: stated briefly, Gottfried Semper vs. Gilles Deleuze. On the one side, the nineteenth-century German architect and theorist whose opus “Der Stil (Style)” forms a rigorous base of thinking about the history and genealogy of architecture and its distinctive components. Semper describes “Symmetry, Proportion and Direction” as the main constituting elements of architectural design. The provocation would be to understand how a field of exploration rooted deeply in romantic notions of the nineteenth-century era can generate a twentyfirst-century architectural expression. The other bookend of these explorations is formed by the universe of thinking of the French philosopher Gilles Deleuze. Whereas Semper´s conversation focuses on rhythm, components, repetition, and identical processes, Deleuze discusses the undefined, the continuous transformation, and the effect of space. The studio is driven by the desire to find a differentiated, alternative approach to present housing design concepts, utilizing a set of conditions that are scrutinized to understand the opportunities within the framework of symmetry, proportion, and directions.
The studio focuses on the use of a contemporary language that includes concepts of architectural discourse. Two differentiating planes of thought form the basis for this semester: intensive and extensive systems. The first complex describes conditions in constant flux, gradually changing phenomena such as weather systems, maritime currents, solar radiation, etc. All of these phenomena can be described as intensive forces. Extensive forces, on the other hand, are constant in their actual representation. They are measurable, eidetic, reducible, and divisible. Examples include buildings, parts of any machine, or instances of mass. The studio brokers between both concepts in this project. Design Techniques: The studio is driven by the desire to find a differentiated, alternative approach to volumetric population techniques. Tactics of designing with mass include aggregation, agglomeration, and slumping techniques. The volumetric-driven investigation is particularly informed by environmental pressures. These pressures serve as a testing bed for the behavior of architectural bodies and their economy of form. In this way, the design of individual volumes proves to be crucial, as the elements form the trajectories of the universal, complex reaction, triggering the surface condition and the affect of the design. In terms of housing design, the environmental information creates a lattice of criteria for the design process of the dwelling units. Intensive vs. Extensive Forces:
The Rosa Luxembourg Center for Social Ecology Scott Erdy, critic Fall 2011 — page 094 -097 Executives, in their proverbial ivory towers, rarely have to face the social and environmental consequences of their actions. Today’s corporate structure, based solely on shareholder return, calculates oil spills and other environmental mishaps as an expected occurrence, preemptively factored into the company’s annual P&L projections. If these executives could gain a deeper understanding of nature and its systemic inner connectivity through direct interaction, many environmental catastrophes might be averted. The solution is to design of a 50,000gsf priory that will house and rehabilitate white-collar corporate polluters. The center will be off-grid and will develop all of its required energy from on-site sources. Each student will augment the assigned program with a specific program component based on their thesis and accompanying research. Premise: The Rosa Luxembourg Center for Social Ecology (CSE) will be an instrument for environmental observation and engagement, where inhabitants will learn to live by the laws of nature. Like one of Dante’s Nine Circles, the CSE will force environmental offenders to live in their own Hell — a space that compels them to meditate on both action and consequence. Like the crew of a three-mast schooner whose continual adjustments allow it to tack through the sea, inhabitants of the CSE will be required to respond to changing environmental conditions in order to make the CSE a habitable structure. Much like the laborious punishment of Sisyphus, the architecture will put its inhabitants in the middle of a continuous inherent natural process.
Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
HOMELESS: Transitional Housing Scott Erdy, critic Fall 2012 — page 094 - 097 This studio will confront the social, economic, and political underpinnings of homelessness, seeking a transitional housing model purposed away from temporary sheltering of the homeless toward stable, permanent, and sustainable housing solutions coupled with the supportive services and resources that will empower adults, seniors, and families to break the cycle of homelessness and poverty. Program: The mission of the HOMELESS community is to address structural causes of poverty and to enable individuals to attain their fullest potential as members of the broader society. Recognizing that many people are homeless because of the conditions of poverty -- particularly unaffordable and insufficient housing –- HOMELESS has also undertaken neighborhood-based affordable housing, economic development, and environmental enhancement programs while providing access to employment opportunities, adult and youth education, and health care. In support of that Mission, HOMELESS intends to develop a mixed-use facility at 30th and Chestnut Street in Philadelphia to include the following programmatic components: • Affordable Housing (Single, Families & Elderly) • Café & Thrift Store (Employment Training/Workforce Development Initiative) • Wellness Center • Legal Aid/Advocacy Center These program components must be integrated into a mixed-use urban solution that respects the local context both physically and socially. The Center’s objective is to increase the availability of affordable Introduction:
housing and to provide free legal aid and other services to a population whose legal needs would otherwise be unmet. The gross programmatic area is limited to 50,000sf, and solutions must conform to the requirements of local code requirements (IBC 2009), the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and ANSI 117.
Condomaximum Brian Phillips, critic Fall 2012 — page 102 - 105
Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
As a vehicle for housing innovation, this studio examines the condominium, a typology that was a significant culprit in the housing crash. This type first gained popularity in gated sun-belt communities but helped fuel the downtown housing markets of many big cities over the past two decades, particularly in North America and Asia. The condominium is a financial model as much as it is a housing typology - structured around “private”, “limited
This research and design studio focused on parametric explorations on reticulation: division, marking, and assembly, with the intention of forming programmatic and structural networks. The students sought creative architectural solutions based on material properties, formal geometry, and the spatial implications of a twenty-firstcentury housing program. Reticulated surfaces, like the patterned skin of a giraffe or a python, have nonrepeating patterns comprised of lines and surfaces that generate networks that arise spontaneously but inevitably from the program of genetics. Using this process of form-making as inspiration, the students’ work with reticulation aimed to systematically engage building, landscape, and program as self-generating and multidimensional connective systems. This studio was Rhino-based. No previous experience with the software was necessary, as the students dedicated the first four weeks of the semester to intensive tutorials in Rhino and its parametric plug-in, Grasshopper.
Tech-nomads (technology nomads) are itinerant citizens of the world who redefine the idea of urban housing. This emerging demographic is pursuing globally networked agendas that require mobility, multi-city locational opportunities, and minimal amenities beyond being “plugged in”. Although this idea as a conceptual framework is decades old, only recently, with the advent of smartphones, iPads, and high-speed wireless networks has this lifestyle become truly achievable. Lying somewhere between a hotel, a hostel, and a condo, Technomadic housing must be tailored to this new, unique lifestyle. This studio investigates urban housing as an added-value proposition which, rather than looking inward as pure domestic space, looks to amplify local conditions and develop sustainable, integrated relationships with the city at large. Students are assigned sites in Philadelphia and Brooklyn and encouraged to see the multi-locational potentials of their ideas.
Reticulated Form: Housing Studio Joseph MacDonald, critic Fall 2011 — page 098 - 101
Technomadic Brian Phillips, critic Fall 2012 — page 102 - 105
common”, and “common” zones. The work seeks new productive relationships within the condominium framework that recast the value and resilience of the organizational structure and thus uncover new innovations for the role of architecture. Students will look to radicalize the relationships between private and common zones as well as the programmatic content of each. Economic, site, social, programmatic, and environmental considerations will all be in play. The site for investigation is in the Wynwood neighborhood of Miami, a city in which the condo is ubiquitous and volatile.
Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
The House Of Gaga Jonas Coersmeier, critic — page 106 - 109 The architectural design studio proposes a housing tower and a fashion house that reside alongthe High Line urban park in New York City. The Haus The Haus of Gaga is the name used by Lady Gaga to describe her behindthe-scenes creativeteam. It is a community around the pop star, and it brings together designers, artists, and technologists to provide the star with the most outrageous outfits. Lady Gaga synthesizes popular avantgarde movements of the last 40 years into a contemporary pop icon that is followed by a huge group of fans: the Monsters. The Monsters The Monsters are an insanely loyal group of followers of Lady Gaga. Monsters are very well taken care of by the star, and she expresses her deep appreciations to them at every available opportunity. By doing so, she manages to evoke a rather intimate relationship between herself - the star - and her fans. The new tower acts as a place of pro-
duction, as a living space for the Gaga community. It also provides a space for fashion display and sales. Here, monstrous wardrobe couture / fashion dresses, uniforms, masks, and iconic outfits are conceived, tested, displayed, and archived. The housing program reaches into the sky with a slim apartment tower that aims to redefine minimal housing as it is currently promoted by the city’s administration. The new tower provides hyper exposure towards the elevated park; it serves as beacon and attractor, and it generates a new corporate identity for the fashion house. The Skinny Bitch Slim housing towers pose a great design challenge. Creative spatial offerings for the various program requirements solicit truly three-dimensional organization of the envisioned living quarters. The relationship between media and architecture combines with the dense living rumination that emerges from a highly public and vibrant cultural space at the High Line. Hyper density is a result of enormous real estate pressures and normative spatial assets, yet also an understanding of social interaction in the domestic and semi-public domain. To optimize the use of space and spatial sequencing, students get a comprehensive introduction to primary considerations that drive optimized economic solutions in an urban setting.Place-making is combined with the idea of exposure, seeing and being seen, interacting, meeting, and hearing: a new form of urban housing emerges.
Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
92 CORE Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—del Campo
CRITIC: Matias del Campo STUDENT: Jaclyn Spokojny
“...lines of connection serve as the framework for the contemporary introduction of the housing project’s infusion of varying degrees of opalescence within its own formal terrain. ” - Jaclyn Spokojny
Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—del Campo
Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—Erdy
97 CORE Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—Erdy
CRITIC: Scott Erdy STUDENT: Eunjee Hong
“The mission of the HOMELESS community is to address structural causes of poverty & to enable individuals to attain their fullest potential as members of the broader society.” - Eunjee Hong
104 CORE Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—Phillips
CRITIC: Brian Phillips STUDENT: Jinglu Li
“ROW redistributes the proportion between public space & private space. By providing a continuous balcony, ROW creates a multilayered circulation system & encourages people to build social connections with each other.” - Jinglu Li
106 CORE Core—ARCH 601 Design Studio—Coersmeier
CRITIC: Jonas Coersmeier STUDENT: Megan Cheung
“The house nests private and public spaces around the open circulation, with visual connections to different programs throughout, creating moments of the unforeseen.” - Megan Cheung
MArch A tecture Ferda
Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
MArch 602 Faculty Matias del Campo Hina Jamelle Ferda Kolatan Ben Krone Shawn Rickenbacker Franca Trubiano
124 CORE Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
paradigm of “Machine” towards the current paradigm of “Nature”. While the former advocates an ethics of optimization and perfection through the technological means of standardization, the latter champions adaptability and variability through the means of customizable and nonlinear processes. This shift is not only reflecting a more resourceful and sensible approach to building and environment but also a wider cultural tendency towards intricacy and a more finely articulated, organic approach to design. The convergence and mutual integration of software, material intelligence, and fabrication techniques into the design process define a substantial advance in the field of architecture, particularly as it pertains to Building Integration. The second semester of the second year Integrated Design Studio (602) deals with these issues through the development of a comprehensive design project, which emphasizes the collaborative nature of architecture practice. To achieve this, two major components are introduced to the format of the studio. First, all projects are developed within small teams in an effort to foster a practice-like environment in the studios. Second, professional consultants from structural, mechanical, and environmental engineering as well as software and fabrication experts are invited to collaborate directly with the students on the development of their projects. During these consultancy sessions, all students are exposed to the most advanced technological tools (software and fabrication) that are being utilized today in building design.
602 Coordinator Ferda Kolatan with Hina Jamelle and Marion Weiss
125 CORE Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
ARCH 602 Studio Descriptions
Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Vertical Galleries/ATS, Chelsea, New York City Ferda Kolatan, critic Spring 2012 — page 128 - 131 This studio project is a proposal for a new mixed-use cultural institute in Chelsea, NYC. Located in the art district of Manhattan, this building houses the new offices of the American Turkish Society (ATS) and a number of independent art galleries with a thematic focus on art – both historical and contemporary – from Turkey and the larger region of Asia Minor. The new building is required to satisfy the larger-scale spatial requirements of the Galleries as well as the more complex functional and ceremonial spaces of the ATS. From the outside, the building should both serve as a beacon to attract visitors from the street to the galleries and visualize the progressive cultural agenda of the ATS. As a departure point, all students began by researching and analyzing geometrical patterns common in Turkish art and design. A particular emphasis was placed on the intricate organizational principles of lines, shapes, figure, and symmetry. These studies were then investigated for their potential applicability for façade systems and building envelopes. The close and iterative relationship of line to field was adapted, transformed, and translated into a parametrically-controlled surface with structural capacities. The emerging façade organizations were then extended towards the spatial configuration of the interior of the building and its structural systems to develop a coherent overall project.
High-Performance Buildings – Designing Speculative Office Buildings – Technology + Environment + Performance Franca Trubiano, critic Spring 2012 — page 132 - 135 The studio was dedicated to the design of High Performance Office Buildings conceived and articulated using the metrics of building construction [facades], building structures [matter], and environmental systems [energy]. Architectural invention was sought at the intersection of: Construction Technology + Environmental Design + Performance Evaluation Beyond ‘form’, architectural projects require material, procedural, and environmental enquiry to become successful as buildings. At present, planning, organizing, and detailing the numerous specialized construction practices involved in the art of building requires accounting for a building’s energy performance. To this end, the studio developed base-line competencies for mastering building construction detailing and environmental performance evaluations. The design process included developing the architectural concept through successive steps and scales of elaboration, beginning with the part and concluding with the whole. Design began with the building detail, growing in scale as subsequent fields of information were added to the project’s development. At each stage, performance based design + environmental parameters were used as benchmarks of success. The building’s structure was analyzed using Structural Analysis, while the building’s skin, building systems, and larger site were analyzed using simulations of light and air. Students participated in four performancebased seminars using Ecotect and Radiance for evaluating the environmental perforSkin + Structure + Systems + Site
mance of their designs. Collaboration with practice professionals included Façade Consultant Bruce Nichol from FRONT Inc. and Mechanical Engineer Gordon Carrie from ARUP. The most ubiquitous of building types was chosen as architectural program, with students designing speculative office buildings sited along the High Line in New York City.
CORE Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
This studio will examine emergence and its relation to the formulation of architecture by using digital techniques in an opportunistic fashion for the generation of growth and the evaluation of patterns in the development of form. Digital techniques allow us to deal with the full complexity of material systems that lead to effects that are greater than the sum of their parts. We will examine organizations that are highly integrated formal and spatial systems which operate in the same manner as organic systems, where forms result from their adaptation to performance requirements; in our case, the structure, inhabitable surfaces, and enclosure. Achieving an integrated whole entails the refinement of spatial and structural organization and the integration of building systems, including stairs, structure, and skins inflecting and adapting to each other and providing an overall intelligence of fabrication and assembly. The goal for each student is to develop a sophisticated understanding of form, using strategies to design architecture that flows from topological surfaces and spatial ar-
ior of materials such as steel, concrete, or composites that will translate directly into structural diagrams and test models. This allows for an integrated design methodology by translating the compression and tension of transformed geometries. Refined and precise digital models allow for the development of structural models that feed back through the designs immediately, as the control of geometry and constructability becomes crucial to the success of each project. Computational tools have altered and expanded our ability as architects to design; so too have they expanded our capacity to make. These models establish a fluidity between the digital realm and the material one that can test structural strategies. Thus, the integration component to the studio will focus on the realization of design intent as it feeds back through structural and design techniques, unleashing a series of new potentials for investigation, refinement, and elegant solutions. The site is on a unique trapezoidal 110 x 235 sq. ft. lot on Canal Street between Varick Street and Sixth Avenue in Soho. Catalyzed by Soho, Chinatown, Tribeca, and the nearby Tribeca Film Festival Cinemas, the program is a uniquely configured 35-tory mixed-use office and hotel tower.
Migrating Formations: Mixed-Use Tower, Soho, NYC Hina Jamelle, critic Spring 2012 — page 136 - 139 (Studio Consultants: David Scott, Principal, ARUP, and Matt Jackson, ARUP, New York)
rangements in transformation, and to apply these to a range of familiar architectural issues. The final proposal of each student will emerge out of an interrelated working method between program, space, structure, material, and fabrication logics that combine to develop an innovative building formation. Structural integration will be addressed through the material associations of each project’s design development. These associations allow us to understand the behav-
Auction House and Galleries, Chelsea, NYC Hina Jamelle, critic Spring 2013 — page 136 - 139 (Studio Consultants: Daniel Brodkin, Principal, ARUP, and Matt Jackson, ARUP, New York)
Same project description as previous at a different site. The site is between West 20th and 21st Streets, the West Side Highway and 10th Avenue in Chelsea. Catalyzed by the Highline project, the program is of a uniquely configured auction house and galleries.
bridging public functions with a more practical and nuanced set of requirements bringing a new awareness to what is involved in choreographing exhibitions and the recreating mixed media works of art. The studio has worked directly with the Guggenheim and Rhizomes director of archives, director of fabrication, mixed media conservationists, and exhibition designers as well as a world renowned structural engineer working as a studio consultant.
Hacking Architecture Shawn Rickenbacker, critic Spring 2012 — page 144 - 147
Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Rhizome Ben Krone, critic Spring 2012 & 2013 — page 140 - 143 For the past two years, Ben Krone’s 602 studio has been partnering with contemporary art institutions – with the Guggenheim Museum in 2012 and with Rhizome and The New Museum of Contemporary Art in 2013 – looking specifically at the issue of archiving as it relates to non-traditional digital media works. The studio is focused on the housing, organization, and preservation of non-format-specific items ranging from historically significant documents to aging technologies critical in the reproduction of specific works of art. The studio has a heavy focus on digital fabrication and challenging ideas related to spatial organization and building envelope as it relates to the invented programmatic innovations developed through collaborations with the contemporary art institutions. Each studio partners with various players within these institutions to get an in-depth understanding of the role that archiving and preservation play as it relates to the primary function of the museum. Each studio serves more as a consortium
After several decades of frantic globalization, resulting in the depletion of environmental and economic resources, we’ve arrived at a point in history where we now seek greater accountability from our leaders and designers. The realization that there are limits to the persistent expansion of capitalism and the earth’s natural resources, coupled with a global credit system in crisis, points to a future of immense challenges. No longer will we be able to willfully produce and expand or systematically promote the idea of unchecked growth as a right. Such things as growing protectionism, citizen awareness and empowerment, credit restructuring, and carbon taxation in a multi-lateral world are by their very nature shaping a constrained and rigid context within which we work. However, architects may actually be able to find new roles in this emerging scenario, as purveyors of efficiency amidst scarce resources and as alchemists or modern-day hackers reconstituting, resuscitating, and re-purposing beleaguered environments. This newest iteration of the architect may in fact be the most valued yet
Vertical Terroir – Enology Institute New York Matias del Campo, critic Spring 2013 — page 148 - 151
tion, firmness, etc. As a design technique, it also addresses issues such as figure/ground relationships, erosive effects, coarse (rocks) vs. finesse (gravel, sand), and the mineralization of spatial conditions. Vertical Terroir investigates the opportunities of parametric and scripting techniques to generate formations of matter capable of performing as spatial and structural conditions. Aspects of organic growth, gravity, and tropism as well as advanced construction methods form the design ecology of the studio.
CORE Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
This studio explores the inherent opportunities for advanced architectural solutions that emerge from environmental data in combination with parametric and algorithmic modeling techniques. Environmental data serves as a launching pad for the development of the project – in terms of material behavior, structural integrity, and information modeling – in order to generate an organic ecology of interrelated components manifesting the building design. Terroir, a term loaned from winemaking, describes the balance between aspects of geography, geology, climate, and their influence on the quality of their product. Macroclimate, Mesoclimate, and Microclimate form
a meteorological ecology that influences the plant physiology, as do the direction and inclination of the site and the specific composition of minerals and nutrients in the soil. The studio explores how those three aspects influence the genealogy and morphology of architectural designs. In architectural terms, Terroir negotiates between intensive conditions of the site, meteorology, solar radiation, wind pressures, and the geological, extensive footprint of the site, its composi129
in the face of a world facing ever greater challenges and seeking substantive direction. This studio proposition is aligned with the phenomenon of Web 2.0, marked by the rapidly evolving domains of e-commerce, social media, and social networking, which have affected all aspects of our daily life, reshaping how we form communities and cultures, forge social structures, utilize resources, and engage in politics. These developments offer new platforms for social engagement and political action, the cultural implications of which are still a matter of speculation. To skillfully engage the phenomenon and further advance these platforms, a physical structure in the form of a hacked structure and/or architectural mash-up will be the vehicle used to explore the effects of these and other platforms and developments as they advance and mature with our society.
Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—Kolatan
EGRESS STAIR 2
CORE Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—Kolatan
CRITIC: Ferda Kolatan STUDENTS: Aryan Ofeany Ryan Wall
“The parametrically-derived system responds to solar radiation & user input, creating a network of flowing circulation paths while controlling light qualities for various program uses...” - Aryan Ofeany & Ryan Wall
134 CORE Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—Trubiano
CRITIC: Franca Trubiano STUDENT: Jaclyn Spokojny Margo Angelopoulos
“The diagrid and the crinkle structure of the atrium work together as a hybrid structural system in order to form a cohesive column-free interior environment.” - Jaclyn Spokojny & Margo Angelopoulos
136 CORE Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—Trubiano
CRITIC: Franca Trubiano STUDENT: Ty Austin Natalia QuinterosGuevara
“The relationship between the exterior skin and the interior skin varies the level of opacity and transparency in order to regulate the thermal environment of the building’s interior.” - Ty Austin & Natalia Quinteros-Guevara
139 CORE Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—Jamelle
CRITIC: Hina Jamelle STUDENT: Jia Kim Tadashi Kikuno Minjoong Shim
“The entire building is a portrait of its surrounding elements and depicts the speed of emotion of its users, connecting the two polarized sides of the site to harness a profound experience.” - Jia Kim, Tadashi Kikuno, & Minjoong Shim
142 CORE Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—Krone
CRITIC: Ben Krone STUDENTS: Dunja Šimunović Christopher Dowds
“Archives can be split into distinct groups: dormant storage and active archives. However, what is most interesting is what takes place at the point of activation– the process of one becoming the other.” - Dunja Šimunović & Christopher Dowds
Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—Rickenbacker
Core—ARCH 602 Design Studio—del Campo
Advanced I —ARCH 701 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
MArch A tecture MArch 701 Faculty Homa Farjadi Matthias Hollwich Enrique Norten Ali Rahim Peter Trummer
162 ADVANCED I Advanced I â€”ARCH 701 Design Studioâ€”INTRODUCTION
invigorating a city. Each city presented a unique set of challenges that contributed to the making of sophisticated proposals for the city, proposals that questioned network theory and its relevance for built form. The resulting designs were to function in three ways: as objects in the city that allowed the city to respond to the proposals, as responses to their contexts that negotiated the existing conditions in the city, or as an interactive combination of the object and the context.
Ali Rahim, 701 Coordinator.
Advanced I —ARCH 701 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
ARCH 701 Studio Descriptions
Advanced I —ARCH 701 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Nested Urban Formations, Seoul, South Korea Ali Rahim, critic (TA's: Matt Choot & Qian Liu) Fall 2011 — page 168 - 171 A Nested Urban Formation of infrastructure, architecture, and urbanism can create novel material organizations that participate in a city’s development. Nested Urbanism takes advantage of the city by allowing for the coexistence of different urban qualities at simultaneous scales. Nested Urban Formations aims to catalyze exchanges between Seoul’s residents, facilities, and the larger city networks by working within the landscape of the ongoing human, economic, and social changes that are currently pressuring the city to respond. Nested Urban Formations incorporates single building organizations and building cluster mutations in morphological continuity in the rapidly growing field of “designed urbanism”. Designed Urbanism resists the pre-determined master plan, which is followed by individual authors designing buildings, and argues that architects are increasingly involved at earlier and earlier stages of the design of important parts of a city’s development. In such projects, architects are presented with an unprecedented scope to incorporate infrastructure with diverse building form and open experiential spaces with enough difference for the creation of diversity in the city guided by the vision of a sole author. Due to the degrees of variation demanded by different scales and speeds of vehicles and pedestrians, the modulation of scales of space and experience are crucial in the development of nested urbanism. We will explore these experiences from overall building organization, with each student/
team determining a detailed single or a family of buildings, including the spaces around or between them. Nested Formations refers to the specific clustering of qualities in each quadrant or “nest” of the proposal that will provide a rich level of variation and will assist in the development of the overall formation of the proposal for the “Dream Hub.” The overall formation will include the arrangement of all of the buildings, their relationship to each other informed by experiences between buildings, infrastructure, and landscape. The overall morphology of Seoul will inflect the qualities of the nested arrangements as well as the building’s organization and the in-between building experiences that will be developed by the scale of experience. At the same time, the external experiences of the proposal affecting the city will participate in the diversity of Seoul.
Singularity & the Skyscraper, Hong Kong, China Ali Rahim, critic (TA's: Matt Choot & Qian Liu) Fall 2012 — page 168 - 171 The Skyscraper is the quintessential urban typology. A dramatic visual marker for density, agglomeration, and urban vitality, it marks the boldness of technological and social achievement. Yet, for technological, economic, and social reasons, this all-important urban typology has remained relatively unchanged over the last forty years. In this studio, we will reconsider the skyscraper, its typology, and its roles as infrastructure, landscape, and form. Tall buildings must accept the input of numerous external factors, including site, weather, density, topography, and regulation, while maintaining thei internal, autonomous system of organization that
typologies of tall buildings. These opportunities must drive a further re-conception of the ideas of variation – both organizational and formal – in high-rises. This multivalent approach creates and requires a diversity of form and affect with in the same structure. The major design question then inverts the typical contemporary axiom: it is not a question of how the city can influence the building, but, rather, of how the building can refocus the inputs of its environment and produce new and novel effects on the urban landscape.
Uncharted Territories: Imagining a Future for Havana’s Harbor Enrique Norten with Irina Verona, critics Fall 2012 — page 172 - 175
Advanced I —ARCH 701 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Havana’s history and identity are irrevocably tied to its harbor. Since colonial times, Havana developed around the bay area through a network of religious, political, commercial, and defensive centers. The city thrived under the watch of a strong protective fleet and later continued to grow due to its vibrant export economy. Industry and infrastructure clustered around the bay and began to define the city’s vital functions as well as its image. Today, however, the city has its back to the harbor. The perimeter of the bay is a terrain vague of abandoned structures, obsolete infrastructure, inaccessible spaces, and contaminated nature. What was once the city’s greatest resource is now largely ignored. This studio will focus on Havana’s port area. Starting from the recognition that the bay is essential to Havana’s growth into the 21st century, the studio will develop strategies for re-centering and re-scaling the
affords them their ability to organize form and use as well as their ability to stand. We will consider the skyscraper as an urban singularity: a point of complexity that pulls all input from the greater surrounding system while closely obeying its own internal rules. The idea of a singularity can be approached from differing points of attack. In a morphogenetic understanding, it is a moment of extreme variation or instability within the larger system. Gravitationally, it refers to a moment of infinite gravity pulling all matter within the event horizon to a point. Finally, it has also come to mean a point of cultural inflection, beyond which the behavior of known actors cannot be predicted. We will attempt to weave these three related but separate definitions into the understanding of the high-rise for the purposes of this studio. How can we reconsider the skyscraper such that it pulls in all available data from its surrounding ecosystem yet fundamentally retains an internal organization? How can we push the reconsideration of the typology and form past the barrier of instability, such that its very radicality undermines our own ability to analyze the final results? Urban singularity considers the highrise to be more than just a singular act of heroic creation. Rather, we will consider the dynamic relationships between form and infrastructure, enclosure and landscape, and density and agglomeration. As Hong Kong is already one of the densest cities in the world, it provides the studio the opportunity to consider the interactivity of scale at a maximal condition. The students will be required to capitalize on opportunities presented by innovations in programming, engineering, fabrication, infrastructure, and environmental concerns in reconsidering the
city around its harbor. We will explore the challenges and opportunities of this area and propose new paradigms of architecture, urbanism, infrastructure, and public space. If in 1955, following CIAM principles, José Luis Sert proposed the gradual erasure of the Old Havana Center by a new modern city, how and why do we act today? How do we reconcile short and long-term planning strategies with the desire for modernization and a nuanced approach to local conditions?
Advanced I —ARCH 701 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
A ggregated Figure 1: The Hotel as a Model of Urbanization Peter Trummer, critic (TA's: Ursula Frick & Thomas Grabner) Fall 2011 — page 176 - 179 “The single building is no longer an ‘object’. It is only the place in which the elementary assemblage of single cells assumes physical form.” 1 The intention of this studio is to design an architectural object as an aggregation of inhabited cells forming an urban figure. The goal of the studio is to design a building within the city fabric, whereby its figure generates a new ground for the city. The postwar discourse within the discipline of architecture has been focused on the surface as the disciplinary problem of the architectural object. Since the publication of Robert Venturi’s Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture, the discipline of architecture has shifted from designing plans to designing surfaces. However, if we instead follow Hilberseimer’s thesis, according to which the architectural object is seen from the viewpoint of the economy of the metropolis, architecture formulates the relationship between the elementary cells of inhabitation and the Disciplinary Context:
urban organism as a whole. By looking to the architectural object from the city within capitalist development, the disciplinary problem was and still is a question of how the arrangements of aggregating cells produce new forms of urban grounds. By “figure” is meant the general definition of an architectural object, defined as a boundary between interior and exterior spaces. “Aggregation” stands for the assemblage of singular elements generating a whole, and “ground” designates the spatial organization of the city surface we live on. An aggregated figure can therefore be seen in its most dense version as a gigantic solid. In its loosest form, an aggregated figure might be a sprawling environment of singular elements held together by a void. The task for this studio is to design an aggregated figure as the construction of interlocking parts of assemblies connected with a continuous or fragmented void that acts as a new ground for the city. The aim of the design studio is to take on the disciplinary problem described above and to design a manifold of such aggregated figurations that have the capacity to produce a new form of ground for the city. 1
Ludwig Hilberseimer’s Groszstadtarchitektur,
quoted by Manfredo Tafuri in Architecture and Utopia: Design and Capitalist Development.
A ggregated Figure 2: The Street as a Model of Urbanization Peter Trummer, critic (TA's: Ursula Frick & Thomas Grabner) Fall 2012 — page 176 - 179 The intention of the studio is to design a street as an architectural mega-form. In opposition to the idea of a road, whereby the buildings are detached from its infrastruc-
to reinvent the street as an architectural mega-form.
Skytropolis Matthias Hollwich, critic (TA: Joshua Freese) Fall 2011 — page 180 - 183
Architecture is at a crossroad. Every formal exercise has been played out, and we are
Advanced I —ARCH 701 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Joey Matthias Hollwich, critic (TA: Joshua Freese) Fall 2012 — page 180 - 183
In recent years, the role of architecture has been reduced to providing icons for developments that aremostly based on speculation and not on real needs. This instrumentalization has turned architecture into a financial product. The Skytropolis studio explores the opposite. We will design an architectural development based on the needs of the people, inside and outside the multi-use building, an architecture that is a three-dimensional city which adds value to its surroundings, and a home that reflects the lifestyle of the inhabitants. Our sites are at Journal Square in New Jersey, next to the Journal Square PATH station. The sites are part of a highdensity development district. Projects will infuse an urban richness into the neighboring three sites and the high-rise components. Constructability and marketability of the building will be based on real-world conditions, including economical building dimensions, required usable floor area percentages, and typical apartment mix and sizes. However, innovations in programming, structure, materiality, form, and urban integration will also be critical to the studio.
ture, or the idea of a street, in which architecture frames the spaces of circulation, the studio will work on an idea of the street as the aggregation of buildings, whereby each building provides the ground for the next one. The street becomes a continuous object of discrete architectural forms: an aggregated figure. Disciplinary Context: The history of urbanism came up with a series of ideas of streets that organized architecture and its relationship with the urban territory. The Greek were laying down a grid on the found terrain, as in the case of Priene, Olynth, or Milet. The Romans invented the Groma in order to set out the main infrastructural axis for the birth of their cities. During the Middle Ages, curvilinear street networks emerged by the sequential addition of buildings. The baroque invented the straight boulevard and carved them out from the forest. These examples have been applied by Haussmann for the reorganization of Paris in the nineteenth century, as streets were carved out from the existing city fabric. Finally, the extension plan for Barcelona became the foundation for most European cities’ model of urbanization, whereby a mesh of street hierarchies for local and regional purposes orchestrated urban expansions. All of these examples can be formally described as ideas of streets, whereby the space of circulation was provided by architecture. Within the history of the street, architecture as building mass generated the framework of circulation through carvedout voids. Modernism, especially the projects of Le Corbusier, detached architecture from the space of circulation and invented the road. The street was gone. The intention of the design studio is
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surrounded by beautiful yet sometimes ego-centric buildings that leave us visually excited yet emotionally cold. Often, the connection between the user and its surroundings does not yield its fullest potential. To elevate architecture beyond program, space, and identity, studio JOEY prototypes a new housing typology based on the Bloomberg Administration RFP for Micro Studio Housing in Manhattan. The new typology is more compact (45%) and efficient than the existing standards for residences in New York City. The key task focuses on a design that compensates for the smaller size of housing units by instilling a sense of personality and urban character that resonates within the project. With that, the building turns into an initiator for a new relationship with society and its surroundings. It becomes a seed for New York’s micro-housing initiative and aims to become the most social building in the city. The design will be based on emotional findings that turn into an attractor and infrastructure for new living. The site is located in New York City, in the heart Manhattan at 27th Street between 1st and 2nd Avenue.
London Olympics: Culture Pavilions London Studio at the AA Homa Farjadi, critic (TA's: Eleni Pavlidou & Pierandrea Angius) Fall 2011 — page 184 - 187 One of the major promises of the London Olympics has been its ambition to culturally inspire and develop a city somewhat divided between its various cultural and economic classes. The project for this studio in London takes up the original promise and potential for planning cultural pavilions around a series of sites in the city.
Beyond the primary Olympics site in Stratford, specific venues have already been designated for various games, events, and activities. Parks, stadia, and large halls – both indoor and outdoor spaces – will house these events. A large portion of the urban population will be watching the games from secondary sites via media pavilions, and another portion less directly involved with the games will benefit from the cultural windfall of the major international event. The impact of the visiting population on the city and its day-to-day experience goes beyond the infrastructural functioning. The cultural geography and experience of this period can produce new intensities within the city and create new histories for the architecture of its fabric. The Olympics have called a Cultural Olympiad to be taking place alongside the sporting events. Major art and cultural commissions have been planned to engage all classes of people in events celebrating London’s cosmopolitan cultural exchange. These events will, of course, be primarily scheduled before, during, and after the Olympics period. However, the city can also see them as spurs for the expansion of its infrastructural base for cultural events and ‘legacy’ projects. Project Sites: Our project involves the design of a series of pavilions on specific sites in the city, housing cultural events, performances, and mediated exchanges during the day and in the evening. Three types of sites will be considered for such interventions: • Major parks, specifically the Hyde Park, • The Thames River, specifically around the Millenium Dome • Appropriated sites temporarily occupying other buildings
Eco Ride: Interblock Urban Type-Buildings London Studio at the AA Homa Farjadi, critic (TA's: Eleni Pavlidou & Pierandrea Angius) Fall 2012 — page 184 - 187
169 ADVANCED I Advanced I —ARCH 701 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Paths of infrastructure in London have generated bursts of development in the city. Along with existing infrastructure of access in London, the planned map of cycle paths aims to create new connectivity within the larger metropolis. The studio project bases its assumption on a master plan idea for creating a clearer and faster new matrix for cycling through London. This frame will not only create a faster and less interrupted network but will also generate a new set of urban type buildings. The design of new urban blocks will support this infrastructure and the open and green spaces within them. From velodrome to the intermixed side walk paths, the space of bicycling can produce super-specific spatial constructs. Programs for other public amenities will reinforce the function of the new inter-block building type. The program agenda for the project can also consider the infrastructural role of such a multi-block building to act as an ecological infrastructure. The project for the new building type will need to consider specific design parameters: • The building and cycle path design in its integration with the city blocks • Technical requirements of provision for access, services, and programs • Conceptual design of the building to integrate with its infrastructural role Project Site: The Battersea Park area includes post -industrial sites formed around and inbetween railway viaducts. The new complex of buildings and paths will address their intersections.
174 ADVANCED I Advanced I —ARCH 701 Design Studio—Norten & Verona
CRITIC: Enrique Norten & Irina Verona STUDENTS: Mauricio Diaz Nate Schlundt
“Our proposal for Cuba involved the creation of a hybrid transportation network that would knit together three existing yet independent networks–the national rail, a ferry system, & an interurban system. ” - Mauricio Diaz & Nate Schlundt
Advanced I —ARCH 701 Design Studio—Hollwich
Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
MArch A tecture MArch 704 Faculty Tony Atkin & Laurie Olin Cecil Balmond Winka Dubbeldam Homa Farjadi Martin Haas Stephen Kieran & James Timberlake Ali Rahim Marion Weiss Tom Wiscombe
204 ADVANCED I Advanced I â€”ARCH 704 Design Studioâ€”INTRODUCTION
modes of constructing form and is raised to a platform of thought that can alter the re-conceived notions of architecture. Developing external new techniques in the design of architecture includes methods such as algorithms and dynamic systems as well as new techniques of manufacturing, CNC milling, and composite constructions. The goal of the research is to yield concrete design proposals that inflect occupation, culture, and future technologies that are imperative and on the leading edge of the development of cities and society.
Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
ARCH 704 Studio Descriptions
Advanced I â€”ARCH 704 Design Studioâ€”INTRODUCTION
I nteriorities: Beyond Techniques to Aesthetics, Tokyo, Japan, & Hong Kong, China Ali Rahim, critic (TA: Qian Liu) Spring 2012 page 210 - 213 For design innovation, the development of technique is essential. However, the mastery of techniques -- whether in design, production, or both -- does not necessarily yield great architecture. The most advanced techniques can still yield average or even terrible designs. In this design research studio, we will attempt to move beyond technique, by mastering techniques in order to achieve nuances within the formal development of projects that exude an elegant aesthetic sensibility. All of the projects will operate within emerging paradigms of generative techniques and move past methods completely dependent on the rigorous application of scientific standards. Each project will exhibit a systemic logic of thought that eschews mapping a specific process or revealing the process of an algorithm as strategies to generate a projectâ€™s form. Instead, mastery of technique will allow each student to assume a more sophisticated relation to the creation of form, using malleable forms differentiated at varied rates that are correlated systemically, a position only made possible through the use of an aesthetic sensibility concomitant with highly developed design ability.
T he Pressure Cooker of the Interior: A Nightclub for Hong Kong, China Ali Rahim, critic (TA: Qian Liu) Spring 2013 page 210 - 213
Architecture generates cultural change by intensifying and inflecting existing modes of inhabitation, participation, and use. The creation of effects is most clearly pursued by starting with interiors, i.e. without immediately developing the architecture within an environment and exposing it to external influences such as gravity, weather, light, etc. The surface area of the interior is 5-10 times the amount of area as the exterior. The interior shapes experiences within space and thus has 5-10 times the potential to generate cultural change than do the organization and exterior of projects. We developed dynamical/generative techniques that derive qualitative rates of change as well as accumulations and densities of form while each student developed their own interest in and sensibility for variation in form. The goal for each student was to use variation to produce unprecedented architectural effects, including part-to-whole arrangements, distinct formal interior features (seams, curvatures, material qualities, atmospheres), and morphological continuity, and to develop a building from inside out. Hong Kong is a dense global city. Its limited area, on two islands and a small sliver of the mainland, arises from its history as a former British colony. The projects were inflected by Hong Kong at large, through the density, geography, and economic history of the city. From the 1950s through today, Hong Kong has become one of the foremost financial and commercial centers of the world. This economic dynamism has driven a high level of development. These factors create a dense vertical city. Its history as a colony, along with the mountainous nature of the terrain, limited the area available for development, creating a city of tall buildings.
With this tightness of space come complications of infrastructure, human interaction, and circulation. The density of skyscrapers has produced new and unique conditions that we explored through the studio and that were used to inflect the idea of a landscape and a horizontal building within such a vertical city.
Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Dhaka, with its 15,000,000 people, is located in a delta that drains the watersheds of the rivers Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna; a system that stretches from the Himalayas, across the Ganges Plain, through Bangladesh, and into the Bay of Bengal. In this context, Dhaka is a MEGA-City situated within a MEGA-Delta. Individually, these MEGAsystems operate as two of the planet’s most highly productive and highly populated environments; combined, this socio-ecologic system is one of the planet’s most susceptible environments to catastrophic climate change and widespread environmental degradation. Enveloped in a constant flow of water, soil, and rural-to-urban migrators, land uses change daily from wetland to bare soil and from bare soil to urban form. Dhaka’s rapid urban transformation engenders land grabbing, land valuation, economic development, and systemic environmental degradation. Development within its urban core is suffocating the city’s already choking density, while development along the
The devastating effects of Hurricane Sandy on the northeast coast of the US have raised fundamental questions about urban resilience and the prospect of future climaterelated events. In response, this studio was invested in identifying new urban paradigms for construction at the water’s edge, focusing in particular on issues of infrastructure, housing, prototypicality, and resilience in relation environmental forces. The site chosen for this investigation was Red Hook in south Brooklyn, one of the places most impacted by Hurricane Sandy. Students began by researching and documenting various precedents of resistance and/or submission to the effects of the environment. These case studies included ‘utopian’ models of high-density inhabitation (both constructed and unrealized), ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ engineering techniques for environmental modulation, and biological models. Students were then asked to translate the geometric, spatial, and performative logics of their case studies into a series of topologically related modular components, which were then blended to create a hybridized field condition. The result of this exercise was sited at the water’s edge in Red Hook and
Studio Stephen Kieran & James Timberlake, with Billie Faircloth, critics (TA: Jacob Mans) Spring 2013 — page 218 - 221
Studio Marion Weiss, critic (TA: Eric Bellin) Spring 2013 — page 214 - 217
recalibrated in relation to its surroundings, establishing new relationships between land and water, city and landscape, architecture and infrastructure. These proposals were invested with program (high-density housing and a mix of other public and private uses) and fine-tuned to generate systemically adaptable models that envision new and resilient ways of constructing and inhabiting the water’s edge.
208 ADVANCED I Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
city’s periphery is in the process of replacing the existing deltaic ecology with a kind of artificial terra-firma. Compounding development practices, which promise permanence, with the immediate threat of sea level rise, temperature increase, and decreased agricultural yield, expand the complexity of this already multi-variant problem considerably. In this context, climate change is a real threat actively impacting the various networks that coalesce within the delta ecology. In Dhaka, preparations are not needed to brace for some unforeseen future event; but rather, strategies are needed that can dynamically interact with and impact the systems currently in flux to bring about a series of more sustainable future events. This Laboratory investigates the following questions: 1) Given the rate of change and the pervasiveness of change - all developmental inputs are both fluid and dynamic - what should the ‘built environment’ approach for Dhaka be? Why? 2) Can the intervention of ‘development’ become the basis for a self-sustaining process of economic or environmental regeneration?
Emergent Formation: Non-Linear Methodologies Cecil Balmond with Ezio Blasetti, critics Spring 2012 & 2013 — page 222 - 225 This studio will investigate nonlinear systems and self-organization at both a methodological and tectonic level. This exploration will take the form of design research into algorithmic methodologies and will be tested through an architectural proposal. Intent + Conceptual Framework: Since the 1960s, the world in which we live is increasingly being understood as an emergent outcome of Project Objectives:
complex systems. Research into complexity cuts across traditional boundaries, as the self-organizing systems which underlie one phenomenon can be found to operate at various scales within a diverse set of circumstances. Consequently, this studio will explore the nature and operation of complex systems as well as their application to design. This will involve extracting the processes that operate within the physical world as well as developing new models of self-organization. The development of non-linear design methodologies involves a shift in the design process from invention to the orchestration of systems in the generation of an emergent architecture. PROJECT: The major project for the semester will be the design of a Museum of Art and Design situated within sparsely populated extreme environments, such as arctic or desert regions. The project will be concerned with the relationship of art and architecture, formation and sculpture. METHODOLOGY: Students will explore non-linear algorithmic design methodologies in developing complex systems. The studio will focus on how these non-linear systems interact and operate within geometry in response to a set of architectural criteria. The research will explore how specific architectural intent can be programmed at a micro level, enabling local interactions to self-organize into coherent structures and forms. Algorithmic design does not operate through a specific technique or medium - digital or analogue. However, scripted techniques will be encouraged, as they enable a rapid investigation and testing of algorithmic methodologies. Research will be focused by, but not restricted to, successful models brought forth from the fall semester semi-
nar on Form and Algorithm. Algorithmic workshops will be conducted in the first half of the semester to help in rapidly developing scripted techniques. STUDIO TRAVEL: The studio will travel to Australia and California, conducting research into extreme environments and collaborating with RMIT and Sciarc. The students will attend an algorithmic design symposium and conduct office visits to a series of leading computational practices and institutes.
Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Pressing Matters: A Research Institute for International Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration in Berlin Winka Dubbeldam, critic (TA: Todd Costain) with Winslow Burleson, Ph.D., Director of the Motivational Environments Research Group, School of Computing, Informatics, and Decision Systems Engineering, Arizona State University and Dr. Mark Yim, of the Modular Robotics Laboratory, part of the GRASP LAB - page 230 - 233
The studio follows a methodological approach which focuses on two primary texts of design and theory, selected to perform as parallel discourses for the design of a contemporary project. The two texts are studied in their historical contexts and analyzed to understand the discourses they produce and the methods they employ. The two texts are re-engaged in their dialogic conjunction to produce generative ideas and concepts for the design of a contemporary project. No nostalgia, no call to order, just precise analysis and invention. The Spring 2012 studio examined the work of João Vilanova Artigas and the group of artists that formed the Arte Povera movement. Arte Povera, a grouping of artists named by critic Germano Celant in 1969, brought the mineral, vegetable, and animal into the art world and initiated natural materials and processes into a broader artistic enterprise. Roughly contemporaneously, Vilanova Artigas's work brought forth a profound double-play between the space of the social and the designed environment,
Studio Homa Farjadi, critic (TA: Aaron Forrest) Spring 2012 & 2013 — page 226 - 229
finding aleatory overlaps between structure and space to create environmental infrastructures. The studio attempted to forge new design directions through the interplay of experimental structure and the natural and urban environments. Students developed their own structural-spatial systems through the use of digital and physical modeling techniques developed during intensive workshops, which were then deployed on specific sites throughout São Paulo. The Spring 2013 studio research focused on Mies van der Rohe's New National Gallery in conjunction with the work of installation artist Olafur Eliasson via the lens of infra-structural space that is concerned with the structuring of physical space while exacting the limits of its perceptual presence. The studio was challenged to produce homeostatic architectures able to regulate the flow of various environmental ephemera - light, air, and moisture - by virtue of their spatial and structural regimes. Students participated in multiple environmental modeling workshops in which they developed advanced digital techniques to iteratively test and refine their initial diagrams into complex and rigorous environments enfolding a variety of scales and meanings: the relationship of the building to the city, the environment, and the bodies of its inhabitants.
In Cooperation with the Aedes University in Berlin and the Technical University in Braunschweig. RESEARCH STUDIO During the spring semester 2012, the third-year Master’s Research Studio developed and designed the Research Institute for International Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Berlin. The students started the Design Studio by designing a robotic system to help clean up the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, which has one of the highest known levels of plastic particulate suspended in the upper water column. Imagine that: somewhere between Hawaii and California, there is an island made of our trash in the ocean. Some facts about the Great Pacific Garbage Patch: - Is made of 80% plastic - Has been around since 1950 or so - Weighs around 3.5 million tons [see: http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters]
Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
GARBAGE PATCH/ ROBOTICS/ RECYCLE/ DESIGNRESEARCH: A METHOD
In this Research Studio, we start from the premise that Architecture needs to create another field of interest, a discourse of system-based research, where the system’s behaviors and strict parameters will ultimately result in emerging patterns and states. In “Virtual Environments As Intuition Synthesizers”, Manuel de Landa states that one of the most exciting new concepts to enter the realm of science in recent decades is that of “emergent properties.” He notes: “Another potential use for virtual environments is to unblock some promising, yet untried, analytical approaches to certain problems. Sometimes, after a specific analysis of a given system has become entrenched in academic circles, even if better analytical approaches exist, they will remain unexplored, due to the inhibiting presence of old solutions. In these
circumstances, virtual environments can help researchers synthesize fresh intuitions concerning the unexploited capabilities of analysis. A case in point comes from the discipline of game theory, which attempts the formal study of situations involving conflict of interests.” It is through this generation of form that complex global behavior can spontaneously emerge out of the interactions of a population of simple elements. The robots here will act as agents activating a new condition, thereby transforming the pollution of the ocean in its current state. The robotic systems, as a swarm, will not only gather the plastics from the ocean but also sort and recycle them in smart [plastic] construction materials. The emergent behavior of this swarm can appear when a number of simple entities (agents) operate in an environment, forming more complex behaviors as a collective. The robots will perform collectively, creating significant change. The students will write a business model for the company owning the robotic swarm and design its headquarters in Berlin.
Building A Vision for A Sustainable City Designing A Future Urban Environment on the Former Berlin-Tegel Airport Site Martin Haas, critic (TA's: Stephen Anderson and Jackie Wong) Spring 2012 — page 234 - 235 With the expansion of Schönefeld Airport, currently one of the largest European infrastructure projects, Berlin Tegel Airport and Tempelhof will close. Air traffic has been stopped at Tempelhof since 2008, and, in 2012, the “Otto Lilienthal” Tegel Airport will be available for new purposes. The airport grounds in Tegel are the last such area of this size and quality that has
• What is our vision of a liveable environment? • How can we create buildings which are better integrated in our environment? • How can user comfort in streets and plazas be improved?
This collaborative Architecture and Landscape Architecture research studio focused on the design of a new Native American tribal settlement with housing for 300 families and regional services near the Santo
Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
S ettings: Architecture, Landscape, & Place-Making for A New Settlement on Tribal Lands at Santo Domingo Pueblo, New Mexico Tony Atkin & Laurie Olin, critics (TA's: Greg Burrell, Shawn Evans, Katy Martin, & Gavin Riggall) Spring 2012 & 2013 — page 236 - 239
Each project group develops an individual residential vision on an inner-city site described above, with public-oriented functions rooted in a clear urban strategy.
Domingo Pueblo in northern New Mexico. The studio research encompassed indigenous and historic settlement principles and patterns; geological, climatic, and ecological conditions; and the history and prehistory of Native Americans in the region and their sometimes contentious relations with the dominant surrounding culture. The program and site were centered on the old railroad stop, built by non-native settlers during the nineteenth century and recently revived as a commuter line, located about three miles from the pueblo’s historic core. Santo Domingo, called Kewa by native speakers, was originally established in the twelfth century and is one of a series of ancient pueblos along the Rio Grande River and its tributaries. The intention of the studio process was to challenge common preconceptions and misconceptions of how contemporary design methods may adequately serve one of the most disenfranchised communities in the United States and to provide, through an in-depth understanding of the long history of pueblo settlements and their people, a proactive process and an informative model for creating contemporary communities that are ecological and culturally sustainable in the arid southwest United States. By working individually and in small interdisciplinary teams, the students developed design projects based on their research and a ten day visit to the site. Their work demonstrated an understanding of the complex cultural and site issues at play through site design, new housing prototypes, and mixed-use and transit-oriented development.
yet to be developed in inner-city Berlin. This means that it must be used in a particularly responsible manner. The area offers almost unlimited possibilities for building development. At the same time, it is an important link to planning open spaces in Berlin and is of great significance for the urban climate, the appearance of the landscape, the habitat, and water recovery and protection. The students‘ task is to generate an image of Tegel Airport as a sustainable city of 2050. Within this vision, the students must develop a house of the future, a building for the new lifestyles of the next urban generation. With the design proposals, the students must address the following questions:
Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Objects in Objects on Objects Tom Wiscombe & Nathan Hume, critics Spring 2013 — page 240 - 243 This studio will investigate the notion of objects inside objects, on top of objects, as a way of re-thinking architectural relationships of massing, interior, and ground. This approach, keying off of objectoriented ontology, assumes that all objects have an irreducible character and that all objects exist equally but differently. For our purposes, this approach will allow us to treat interior figures, enveloping sacks, and grounds as interrelated but irreducible objects without ever being sets of or parts of other objects. The relationship between objects will be that of things in communication with one another but discreet and imbued with independent character. Objects will push into one another, become intimate, wrap around, kiss, press into crevices, and melt over one another, yet they will retain their distinction and avoid luke-warm fusion. The same will be true of surface features, a.k.a. tattoos. Tattoos will be treated as figures with independent character only loosely tied to underlying form. As we know from normal human experience, tattoos are not subsets of the body; they are thingsin-themselves. This is in direct opposition to the idea of surface features being driven by ‘deep’ tectonic systems such as frames or panelization, which are none other than attempts to subvert objects by believing in parts. In this way, thought of as objects, building massing, interior spaces, surface articulation, and ground can all be dealt with as things-in-themselves rather than as innate hierarchies or as parts or subdivisions of one another. This will constitute a new kind of ecology -- an ecology of distinct things
and tensions between those things. ists named by critic Germano Celant in 1969, brought the mineral, vegetable, and animal into the art world and initiated natural materials and processes into a broader artistic enterprise. Roughly contemporaneously, Vilanova Artigas's work brought forth a profound double-play between the space of the social and the designed environment, finding aleatory overlaps between structure and space to create environmental infrastructures. The studio attempted to forge new design directions through the interplay of experimental structure and the natural and urban environments. Students developed their own structural-spatial systems through the use of digital and physical modeling techniques developed during intensive workshops, which were then deployed on specific sites throughout São Paulo. The Spring 2013 studio research focused on Mies van der Rohe's New National Gallery in conjunction with the work of installation artist Olafur Eliasson via the lens of infra-structural space that is concerned with the structuring of physical space while exacting the limits of its perceptual presence. The studio was challenged to produce homeostatic architectures able to regulate the flow of various environmental ephemera - light, air, and moisture - by virtue of their spatial and structural regimes. Students participated in multiple environmental modeling workshops in which they developed advanced digital techniques to iteratively test and refine their initial diagrams into complex and rigorous environments enfolding a variety of scales and meanings: the relationship of the building to the city, the environment, and the bodies of its inhabitants.
Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—Rahim
215 ADVANCED I Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—Rahim
CRITIC: Ali Rahim STUDENTS: Hayley Wong Andreas Kostopoulos
“...illegibility & bilateral symmetry are key to the study of interiorities within the design of this nightclub. The idea of illegibility is central in developing interior atmospheres & architectural techniques” - Hayley Wong & Andreas Kostopoulos
Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—Rahim
217 ADVANCED I Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—Rahim
CRITIC: Ali Rahim STUDENTS: Tingwei Xu Jiannan Liu
“We aimed to build up a continued space with different transformations and transitions of surface that lead people to feel the variations of atmosphere with continuity of space.” - Tingwei Xu & Jiannan Liu
230 ADVANCED I Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—Farjadi
CRITIC: Homa Farjadi STUDENTS: Hyun-Bum Jung Ho Sung Kim
“This ambiguous wall working like a permeable membrane will define the plaza & make the plaza melt into its urban context. Pedestrians enter the plaza without the awareness of a distinctive boundary...” - Hyun-Bum Jung & Ho Sung Kim
Advanced I —ARCH 704 Design Studio—Farjadi
Advanced I —704 Design Studio—Dubbeldam
237 ADVANCED I Advanced I —704 Design Studio—Dubbeldam
CRITIC: Winka Dubbeldam STUDENTS: Steven Guerrisi Sarah Wan
“The robotic systems, as a swarm, will not only gather the plastics from the ocean but also sort and recycle them in smart [plastic] construction materials.” - Winka Dubbeldam
Advanced I —ARCH 706 Thesis—INTRODUCTION
Thesis A tecture Thesis 706 Advisors William Braham, PhD Annette Fierro Helene Furjan, PhD Phu Hoang Simon Kim Sofia Krimizi David Leatherbarrow, PhD Brian Phillips Roland Snooks
250 ADVANCED I Advanced I —ARCH 706 Thesis—INTRODUCTION
the scope of their education and choose to extend or alter directions in which they have been taught. A thesis project is thus deeply reflective and self-critical for both students and the general curriculum at Penn. By individually framing and developing a project through one’s own set of interests, the thesis project also initiates issues that often continues to develop in the future as students embark on professional or academic careers. A thesis thus looks both backward and forward in time and trajectory. Students pose widely varying topics. Recent students have re-examined historical ideas within contemporary discourses: Eva Jermyn challenges politically the anthropomorphic idealities latent in modernist social housing, employing digital tools to model solutions for the motion of the out-of-the-ordinary body. James Fleet Hower deconstructs Gothic ornamentation and locates congruencies in agent-based, digitally-generated geometries and surfaces. Sarah Elger expands questions of 1960s performance structures into a new immersive theatrical construct combining architecture, gaming, and video. Potent questions in urban constructs typically lend topical matter — from the role of infrastructure in heavily politicized foreign territories (Hung Kit Yuen) to another extreme in the scale of solutions: a retrofitting of an existing social housing block with a scaffold intended to provide social interaction, remediate environmental performance, and allow for bottom-up economic activity by tenants (Eric de Feo).
ANTICIPATED INFRATECTURE Infrastructure as Urban Negotiation Strategies
ADVISOR: Phu Hoang STUDENT: Hung Kit Yuen
Advanced I —ARCH 706 Thesis—Fierro
This thesis repositions the infrastructures of control along the Separation Barrier in the Palestinian West Bank as architectural opportunities to create moments of negotiation under shifting climates – both political and environmental. The project speculates a possible future scenario in which Israel would pull out of West Bank, and the Palestinians would regain the land located between the 1967 border line and the Separation Barrier. With the Separation Barrier dividing two Palestinian lands, what can be done on this piece of obsolete infrastructure? Taking the Barrier as an opportunity, the project imagines the Barrier to become a social and economic spine which gathers people together. The concrete wall barrier will be reused and readapted to structures of buildings and infrastructures of water remediation and distribution to respond to the water crisis around the region and to encourage economic activities along the wall. The Barrier, instead of a separation wall, will then become new economic and social opportunities as well as an urban connector for this once fragmented region.
PPD MAr Winka
Advanced II —ARCH 703 PPD—INTRODUCTION
PPD 703 Faculty Winka Dubbeldam Ferda Kolatan Roland Snooks Justin Diles & Linsey Cohen, [Intensive Digital Workshop]
703 II rch
Advanced II —ARCH 703 PPD—INTRODUCTION
The current PPD, Post-Professional Program (M.Arch II), is a one-year (two-semester) program intended for individuals who hold a five-year Bachelor of Architecture professional degree or its equivalent and seek to supplement, extend, or focus their previous education in architecture. It currently resides within the Master of Architecture Program. The PPD starts with an extremely dense one-week digital workshop in the summer, and the year is split into two semesters. During the first semester, all students are in a single design studio, which has a specific course of study, includes readings in critical theory, and results in a publication at the end of the year [see: http://issuu.com/ archworkpenndesign] The second semester allows students to pursue an individualized course of study by choosing from a range of options in advanced design studios, research studios, and elective studios as well as elective seminars in history/theory and technology. The focus of the program has been threefold: to develop skills in generative parametric software platforms, to critically engage theoretical dimensions of the contemporary architectural discourse, and to implement advanced digital modeling techniques into a highly defined design methodology, that have direct bearing on the production and construction processes. The first design studio has involved real engagement with cities, international developers, and universities, inviting us to cooperate on large-scale design projects around the globe – recent collaborations have included the city of Shanghai, a developer in Puerto Rico, the Supra Studio [with Obama], and Prodigy Network & BD Promotores of Bogota, Colombia. Each year,
703 Coordinator, Winka Dubbeldam with Jenny Sabin.
Advanced II —ARCH 703 PPD—INTRODUCTION
ARCH PPD 703 Descriptions
Advanced II —ARCH 703 PPD—INTRODUCTION
Exploring New Architecture Prototypes for High Risk Coastal Regions in the USA Winka Dubbeldam, Ferda Kolatan, & Roland Snooks, critics (TA's: Todd Costain, Hart Marlow, & Miranda Romer) Fall 2011— page 266 - 277 The PPD, as a one-year post-graduate program, typically aims to engage the “real world” in its design-research work. This year’s studio collaborated with the SUPRASTUDIO of Thom Mayne, joining his effort to analyze the state of the American City and its future developments, and helping to advise President Obama on his future policies. Our PPD studio focused on the study of three important American coastal cities: New York, New Orleans, and Los Angeles, and their specific environmental challenges, such as flooding, earthquakes, mudslides, and oil spills. As we have noticed over the past few years, cities, governments, and even architects are not proactive in implementing intelligent protocols for future disaster planning. Most initiatives start after the fact and only when major damage has been done. There are no emergency plans in place for immediate response; nor are there spatial and environmental designs of how to deal with and prevent the consequences of an imminent disaster. The American socio-economic model has been successful in wealth management but has not been able to deal with anything less glamorous, such as natural and environmental disasters. “We (and by this I mean scientists first) are beginning to see that those organizations once called metaphorically alive are truly alive, but animated by a life of a larger scope and wider definition. I call this greater
life “hyper life.” Hyper life is a particular type of vivisystem endowed with integrity, robustness, and cohesiveness -- a strong vivisystem rather than a lax one. A rain forest and a periwinkle, an electronic network and a servomechanism, SimCity and New York City, all possess degrees of hyperlife” - Kevin Kelly Recent events such as the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry [4.9 million barrels, or 780,000 m3, of crude oil], have shown that lack of prevention has huge consequences not only for the ocean but also for its surrounding cities. Los Angeles faces imminent threats of earthquakes, fires, and mudslides due to its location on the Pacific “Ring of Fire.” This geologic instability has produced numerous faults, which cause approximately 10,000 earthquakes annually. Meanwhile, New York finds itself with large areas in the flood warning zone, and, in the year following this studio, we not only faced Hurricane Irene but also the even more catastrophic tidal surge of Hurricane Sandy. The study and analysis of the three coastal cities and their disaster scenarios helped students investigate how intelligent data collection and the re-use of materials can create a more responsive and responsible environment. Robotic collection systems, performing the automated collection of trash and/or pollution [oil] and the recycling of those materials, are to be carefully examined for their potentials in designing [con] temporary and adaptable units for sustainable coastal regions. These units will challenge conventional ideas of recycling and re-use of materials within an architectural context and expand the research into new modes and models of design, which form
Advanced II —ARCH 703 PPD—INTRODUCTION
in•trin•sic : belonging naturally; essential; (of a muscle)contained wholly within the organ on which it acts This year’s PPD studio focused on Downtown Bogota. Latin American cities have experienced a huge boom in the growing middle class, creating a new balance in society, mostly in cities. Currently, more than 75% of Latin America’s 590 million inhabitants live in cities, a record for the developing world. Bogota’s urbanization rate of 5.5% per year is one of the highest urbanization rates of any Latin American nation.
Intrinsic (Bottom-Up Bogota) Bottom-Up Urbanism: Crowdsourcing & Crowdfunding To Design The City Of The Future Winka Dubbeldam & Ferda Kolatan, critics (TA's: Todd Costain & James Kerestes) Fall 2012 — page 266 - 277
Creator Rodrigo Nino of Prodigy Network and sponsor BD Promotores have not only understood this phenomena but have moreover instigated a bottom-up approach by interacting with the city’s population to develop the city, working with the people for the people. A great example of this effort is a large-scale tower, BD Bacata, currently under construction in Downtown Bogota and funded through crowdfunding. Rodrigo Nino of Prodigy Network has invited the PPD studio to join an ongoing bottom-up research and design group for Downtown Bogota, where Archi-tectonics is lead architect. The idea of bottom-up design is not new in academics, where system-based thinking is quite common. In urban design, however, it is less usual. In a bottom-up approach, the individual base elements of the system are first specified in great detail. These elements are then linked together to form larger subsystems, which are in turn linked – sometimes in many levels – until a complete top-level system is formed. This strategy often resembles a "seed" model, whereby the beginnings are small but eventually grow in complexity and completeness. Of critical importance is that local optimization meets a global purpose, making for an urban environment which can excel in both. Downtown Bogota was divided in twelve sites or areas for groups of two or three students. The students developed systemsbased research and a series of bottom-up urban attractors or scenarios in each site. The assumption was that these attractors would cause the emergence of new initiatives and spin-off effects, rebuilding the city from the inside out.
a deeper ecology between technology and nature, production and consumption, parts and material. In order to achieve this, three design aspects will be highlighted: complex immediate re-organization, material smart behavior, and component intelligence. In this context, the PPD Studios traveled to Berlin, where the “Berlin Summit on Robotics” was featured at the Robotics and Biology Laboratory at the TU Berlin. Meetings with emergent architecture studios and the Aedes Network Campus Berlin helped collect and disseminate the information gathered. The Aedes Network Campus Berlin, a unique “Metropolitan Laboratory” focusing on the future of our cities, housed the PPD studio. The meetings with experts on the emergent systems assisted the students as they proactively handled unexpected events and led to meaningful dialogue.
268 ADVANCED II Advanced II —ARCH PPD 703 Design Studio—Dubbeldam
CRITIC: Winka Dubbeldam STUDENTS: Daehee Han Yezhou Yang
“Our goals were to supply a new type of housing to the people displaced by the flooding in New Orleans and to restore natural conditions over the city so it is relieved from natural disasters for the long term.” - Daehee Han & Yezhou Yang
Advanced II —ARCH PPD 703 Design Studio—Dubbeldam
271 ADVANCED II Advanced II —ARCH PPD 703 Design Studio—Dubbeldam
CRITIC: Winka Dubbeldam STUDENTS: Changpei Jiang Shengzhi Xie
“To help flood-stricken New Orleans, a megastructure begins from the octahedron system, consisting of attached overlaying vertexes, forming a section-based crystal system. It consist of levee, bridge, & living pods.” - Changpei Jiang & Shengzhi Xie
272 ADVANCED II Advanced II —ARCH PPD 703 Design Studio—Kolatan
CRITIC: Ferda Kolatan STUDENTS: Xuezi Jia Fan Wang Xing Lu
“What if we could connect the two rivers of downtown Bogota, thereby introducing water to this site and giving rise to a community that has multiple functions and is tied to natural landscape?” - Xuezi Jia, Fan Wang & Xing Lu
Advanced II —ARCH PPD 703 Design Studio—Kolatan
275 ADVANCED II Advanced II —ARCH PPD 703 Design Studio—Kolatan
CRITIC: Ferda Kolatan STUDENTS: Xie Zhang Tingwei Xu
“To blur the boundary, the surface seamlessly dissolves the old & rigid layer system of the buildings. Thus, the space between the old building & the new surface is completely fluid.” - Xie Zhang & Tingwei Xu
Advanced II —MEBD Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
MEBD Faculty William Braham, PhD Ali Malkawi, PhD Franca Trubiano, PhD Yun Kyu Yi, PhD
ADVANCED II Advanced II —MEBD Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
The Master in Environmental Building Design is a specialized, post-professional degree developed to train architects in the new skills and knowledge required for environmental design and especially in the design techniques with which those skills must be integrated into the practice of architecture. The MEBD operates in close coordination with the Penn-Tsinghua T.C. Chan Center for Building Simulation and Energy Studies, drawing on the expertise of faculty engaged in research at the center and providing case studies and research projects for students in the MEBD. The new program also connects to faculty and related research in energy and environmental studies at Penn to advance architects’ skills in this crucial area of design and technology. The one-year course of study includes coursework on building performance simulation, integrated building design, building envelopes and systems, lighting, daylighting, and the theory and practice of environmental design. Coursework is complemented and extended by a Performance Design Workshop and then explored in an intensive Environmental Design Studio in the early summer. The most important topics in environmental building design occur before design begins. Students learn to think and work and at scales larger and smaller than buildings. Transportation, food, and water use are all shaped by the patterns of settlement, lifestyles, and means of construction, so, during these last two years, the first years of the MEBD program have been dedicated to understanding all the ways in which buildings use resources and interact with the environment. Drawing on well-developed techniques in systems ecology, methods of diagramming and
288 ADVANCED II Advanced II â€”MEBD Design Studioâ€”INTRODUCTION
accounting have been adopted to reveal the many interdependent dimensions of building operation. Systems theory helps reveal the ways in which the location and construction of buildings occurs as elements of complex, self-organizing systems, into which designers either have to fit projects or expand their understanding of design. The most challenging topics concern the transition from existing energy sources to new ones, as fossil fuel supplies are depleted. Recent studies have shown that contemporary cities use between 50 and 500 times more energetic potential each year than the renewable flows that arrived within their borders. No amount of renewable energy harvesting can replace these levels of power usage. The metropolis of the future will have to be as different from the mega-cities of the twenty-first century as they are from the agricultural cities of the pre-modern period. Even as fuel supplies are drawn down over the coming century, cities and populations cannot simply return to those earlier patterns and will have to invent them anew together.
Advanced II —IPD Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
IPD Faculty William Braham, PhD Carla Diana Jordan Goldstein Simon Kim Ben Krone Katrin Mueller-Russo Sarah Rottenberg Orkan Telhan Richard Wesley
ADVANCED II Advanced II —IPD Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
Integrated Product Design at the University of Pennsylvania is a Master’s Program that merges the disciplines of design, engineering, and business for the purpose of creating compelling new products and experiences. The program draws on the strengths of three internationally recognized schools within the University: the School of Engineering & Applied Science, the Wharton School, and the School of Design. The guiding philosophy of the program is to promote design as a force for the greater good. The emphasis on integrated learning is at the heart of IPD. Professors from all three schools teach a variety of courses, and students are invited to develop diverse skillsets beyond the limits of a single domain. Graduates possess a breadth of knowledge in product design and a depth of expertise in a chosen specialty. They are prepared to investigate, imagine, conceptualize, model, and market a wide range of products. IPD graduates are innovators and entrepreneurs who work in a variety of settings. Some of them found their own companies or join start-ups. Some work for internationally acclaimed product design consultancies. Others work in-house as product designers, design engineers, or product managers. DEGREES OFFERED: The University of Pennsylvania offers two Integrated Product Design degrees: the Master of Integrated Product Design (M:IPD) and the Master of Engineering in Integrated Product Design (MSE:IPD). Each variant of the degree can be completed in four semesters. The M:IPD is intended for students with a non-engineering background or students with an engineering background who wish to build their skills in other disciplines. The
David Leathe ADVANCED II
PHD Faculty Daniel Barber, PhD
Advanced II —PHD Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
William Braham, PhD Raffaella Fabiani Giannetto, PhD Helene Furjan, PhD John Dixon Hunt, PhD David Leatherbarrow, PhD Ali Malkawi, PhD Peter McCleary Franca Trubiano, PhD Cathrine Veikos Dalibor Vesely, PhD Yun Kyu Yi, PhD
ADVANCED II Advanced II —PHD Design Studio—INTRODUCTION
For many years, scholarship in Penn’s Ph.D. Program has operated under a double constraint: the development of knowledge that is both descriptive and productive. Although dedication to productive knowledge may not be common in other fields, it is entirely relevant to architecture. Marx’s dream for philosophy—to change, not merely interpret the world—is nothing special in architecture; rather, it is a fairly obvious commonplace. Architecture is a form of engagement par excellence, aimless if not oriented toward given conditions, intent on their transformation. The particularity of architecture’s productive sort of knowledge, that it gets its hands dirty in the actual transformation of the environment in which we live, has been and remains a central concern of Penn’s architectural scholarship. Dedication to both descriptive and productive knowledge may be apparent in the titles of some of the books published by Ph.D. graduates. Among the recent books are: Jin Baek, Nothingness: Tadao Ando’s Christian Sacred Space; Raffaella Fabiani Giannetto, Medici Gardens: From Making to Design; Thomas Beck, La Villa; Nathaniel Coleman, Utopias and Architecture; George Dodds, Building Desire: On the Barcelona Pavilion; David Haney, When Modern Was Green: Life and Work of Leberecht Migge; Zhongjie Lin, Kenzo Tange and the Metabolist Movement in Japan; Alex Anderson, Modern Architecture and the Commonplace; Claudio Sgarbi, Vitruvio ferrarese De Architectura, la prima versione illustrate; William Braham, Modern Color/Modern Architecture; Judith Major, To Live in the New World: A.J. Downing and American Landscape Gardening; Harry Mallgrave, Gottfried Semper: Architect of
300 ADVANCED II Advanced II —PHD Design Studio—Leatherbarrow
the Nineteenth Century; Gevork Hartoonian, Ontology of Construction; and Cornelis van de Ven, Space in Architecture. These books clarify developments in a number of periods and investigate a range of subjects related to architecture, landscape architecture, building technology, and urbanism. Concepts are examined— space, style, or surface color, for example— but also particular figures: Le Corbusier, A.J. Downing, Gottfried Semper, and Mies van der Rohe. This range indicates the real possibility of striking a balance between architecture’s disciplinary identity, ultimately based in practice, and its engagements with several subjects and dimensions of scholarship in the university at large. Yet more than balance is at issue here, for we have learned that neither scholarship nor practice in architecture can be realized fully without reference to the other, that neither drawing nor writing can realize its potential when pursued in isolation. In reciprocity, though, they can help us know the world by productively engaging in its transformation.
ADVANCED II Advanced II â€”PHD Design Studioâ€”Leatherbarrow
Making a prediction typically involves dealing with uncertainties. The application of uncertainty analysis to buildings and HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning) systems, however, remains limited. Most existing studies concentrate on the parameter uncertainty and parametric variability in building simulations for the design stage, and rely on Monte Carlo experiments to quantify this uncertainty. This dissertation aims to develop a rapid and direct method that is capable of quantifying uncertainty when predicting building cooling and heating consumption in the operation stage, while simultaneously capturing all sources of uncertainty and applying these to actual system operations. Gaussian Process regression, a Bayesian modeling method, is proposed for this purpose. The primary advantage of Gaussian Process regression is that it directly outputs a probability distribution that explicitly expresses prediction uncertainty. The predictive distribution covers uncertainty sources arising not only from parameter uncertainty and parametric variability, but also from
modeling inadequacy and residual variability. By assuming a Gaussian input distribution and using Gaussian kernels, Gaussian Process regression takes parameter uncertainty and parametric variability into consideration without using the Monte Carlo method. This thesis makes three main contributions. First, based on the observations from commissioning projects for approximately twenty campus buildings, some of the important uncertainties and typical problems in variable air volume system (VAV) operations are identified. Second, Gaussian Process regression is used to predict building cooling and heating consumption and to evaluate the impact of parametric variability of system control related variables. Third, a method for automated fault detection that uses Gaussian Process regression to model baselines is developed. By using the uncertainty outputs from the Gaussian Process regression together with Bayes classifiers and probabilistic graphical models, the proposed method can detect whether system performance is normal or faulty at the system component level or the whole building level with a high degree of accuracy.
ADVISOR: Ali Malkawi, PhD GRADUATE: Bin Yan
Advanced II —PHD Design Studio—Leatherbarrow
Benjamin H. Latrobe, 1799, "Second, or Centre Square Engine House No. III"
Benjamin H. Latrobe's Philadelphia waterworks of 1801 marks the beginning of a particularly American attitude towards urban improvements: the creation of healthy democratic equilibrium via the integration between the infrastructural production of public health and the architectural construction of civic space. Latrobe has been called “the First American Architect,” because of his role as founding father of American neoclassicism. The Philadelphia waterworks has been studied as an engineering achievement, one of the earliest uses of steam power in America. The waterworks has not previously been considered as the first instance of largescale city planning around the integration of technological infrastructure with the fabric of urban life and health. Latrobe's engineered vision of urban inflammation cooled by an architecturally ornamented municipal system can be read as a transition between pre-modern and Enlightenment ideas about health and cities and the large-scale infrastructural interventions of the later 19th century. This ADVISOR: David Leatherbarrow, PhD GRADUATE: Catherine Bonier
dissertation demonstrates that Latrobe's design for the Philadelphia waterworks incorporated particular Enlightenment ideas about health, which included theories concerning nature, planning, circulation, aesthetics, and equilibrium. I further suggest that these ideas, though specific to the late 18th century, would become the underpinnings for American municipal infrastructural planning.
Courses and Elective Seminars A = Spring Semester B = Summer Semester C = Fall Semester
ARCH 511 History and Theory I David Leatherbarrow (2012C &
through drawing and computer visualization.
ARCH 531 Construction I Franca Trubiano (2012C & 2011C)
complex systems that not only have their own characteristics, but interact dynamically with one another and with the building skin and occupants. Questions about building size, shape, and construction become much more complex with the introduction of sophisticated feedback and control systems that radically alter their environmental behavior and resource consumption.
2011C) The first of three required courses in the history and theory of architecture, this is a lecture course with discussion groups that meet weekly with teaching TA's. The course explores fundamental ideas and models of modern architecture as they have emerged over the past three hundred years.
ARCH 512 History and Theory II Helene Furjan (2013A & 2012A) This course traces the emergence of contemporary issues in the field by exploring the architecture of the twentieth century. Buildings, projects, and texts are situated within the historical constellations of ideas, values, and technologies that inform them through a series of close readings.
ARCH 521 VISUAL STUDIES I Jackie Wong, Serra Kiziltan, Sanam Salek, Justin Chen, Lasha Brown, Kathryn Rufe, Christopher McAdams, Joshua Dannenberg, Jackie Wong, Amanda Morgan, Justin Chen (2012C & 2011C) The study of analysis and projection through drawing and computer visualization.
ARCH 522 Visual Studies II oshua Freese, Christopher J Mackowiak, Joseph Leffelman, Sanam Salek, Aroussiak Gabrielian, Mark Nicol, Joshua Dannenberg, James Hower, Jason Jackson, Aroussiak Gabrielian, Christopher Mcadams (2013A & 2012A) The study of analysis and projection
Lecture course exploring the basic principles of architectural technology and building construction. The course is focused on materials used in construction, methods of on-site and off-site preparation, material assemblies, and the performance of these materials in the field over time.
ARCH 534 TECHNOLOGY DESIGNATED ELECTIVE: DETAIL DESIGN STUDIES Ajla Aksamija (2013A) See Environmental Systems II (previous entry)
ARCH 532 Construction II
ARCH 535 Structures I
indsay Falck & Franca Trubiano L (2012A)
Richard Farley (2012C & 2011C)
See Construction I (previous entry)
ARCH 532 Construction II Lindsay Falck (2013A) A continuation of Construction I, focusing on light and heavy steel frame construction, concrete construction, light and heavyweight cladding systems, and systems building.
Theory applied toward structural form. A review of one-dimensional structural elements; a study of arches, slabs and plates, curved surface structures, lateral and dynamic loads; a survey of current and future structural technology. The course comprises both lectures and a laboratory, in which various structural elements, systems, materials, and technical principles are explored.
ARCH 536 Structures II Richard Farley (2013A & 2012A)
ARCH 533 Environmental Systems I Muscoe Martin (2012C & 2011C) An introduction to the influence of thermal and luminous phenomena in the history and practice of architecture. Issues of climate, health, and environmental sustainability are explored as they relate to architecture in its natural context. The classes include lectures, site visits, and field exploration.
ARCH 534 Environmental Systems Ii William Braham (2012A) This course examines the environmental technologies of larger buildings, including heating, ventilating, air conditioning, lighting, and acoustics. Modern buildings are characterized by the use of such
A continuation of the equilibrium analysis of structures covered in Structures I. The study of static and hyperstatic systems and design of their elements. Flexural theory, elastic and plastic. Design for combined stresses; pre-stressing. The study of graphic statics and the design of trusses. The course comprises both lectures and a weekly laboratory in which various structural elements, systems, materials and technical principles are explored.
ARCH 561 IPD Theories/Methods I Sarah Rottenberg (2012C & 2011C) The first half of this year-long course will introduce students to the theories and methods of integrated product design through a combination of lectures, readings, and exercises. The course will
examine the different ideas and techniques involved in integrated product design, reviewing critical concepts, historical developments, and the role of different techniques of representation and fabrication.
ARCH 562 IPD Theories/Methods II arah Rottenberg (2013A & S 2012A)
ARCH 611 History and Theory III Daniel Barber (2012C) This is the third and final required course in the history and theory of architecture. It is a lecture course that examines selected topics, figures, projects, and theories from the history of architecture and related design fields during the twentieth century. The course also draws on related and parallel historical material from other disciplines and arts, placing architecture in a broader socio-culturalpolitical-technological context.
Virginia Melnyk, Christopher Mackowiak, Joshua Freese, Matias Del Campo, Chin Soon Choot, Gregory Knobloch, Mo Zheng, Andreas Tjeldflaat, Matias Del Campo, Mark Nicol (2012C & 2011C) The last of the Visual Studies half-credit courses. Drawings are explored as visual repositories of data from which information can be gleaned, geometries tested, and designs refined and transmitted. Salient strengths of various digital media programs are identified and developed through assignments that address the specific intentions and challenges of the design studio project.
Lindsay Falck (2013A & 2012A) A study of the active integration of various building systems in exemplary architectural projects. To deepen students’ understanding of the process of building, the course compares the process of design and construction in buildings of similar type. The course brings forward the nature of the relationship between architectural design and engineering systems and highlights the crucial communication skills required by both the architect and the engineer.
ARCH 632 Technology Designated Elective: Deployable Stuructures
This class will explore notable buildings at the overall buildings scale and at the very “close-up” detail scale. At the “middle scale,” the class will study elements such as stairways, apertures (windows, doors, skylights), and shading devices for external surfaces, such as louvers, tensile membrane elements, etc. At the smallest scale, fragments of buildings, such as door handles, handrails, hinges, etc., will be studied. In all the above, the role of the craftsperson, building user, fabricator, and installer will be traced as an integral factor in the design process.
ohamad Al Khayer (2013A & M 2012A)
ARCH 632 Technology Designated Elective: Integrated Design for High Performance
The objective of this course is the introduction to the history, theories, and application of the rapidly growing field of deployable structures and folded plates (complex geometric structural configurations that are used as temporary and rapid assembly configurations) through hands-on experiments conducted in a workshop environment. The objective is to introduce various concepts and techniques to the design, modeling, simulation, and physical building and execution of deployable structures.
Muscoe Martin (2013A & 2012A)
ARCH 632 Technology Designated Elective: Performance and Design Yun Kyu Yi (2013A & 2012A) This course develops techniques for integrating environmental performance analysis and the design of buildings, with an emphasis on parametric methods. Performance analysis techniques can provide enormous amounts of information to support the design process, acting as feedback mechanisms for improved performance, but careful interpretation and implementation are required to achieve better buildings. Parametric descriptions will be combined with decision-making methods to achieve more complete integration.
This course will explore the evolving practices of integrated design as an alternative approach to project delivery that is delivering higher levels of building performance in both performative criteria, such as carbon emissions, water consumption, and occupant health; as well as in constructability criteria, including schedule, quality and cost. An integrated approach requires an understanding of how buildings and their environmental context interact as a system.
ARCH 632 Technology Designated Elective: Daylighting Naree Phinyawatana & Jessica Zofchak (2013A & 2012A) "This course aims to introduce fundamental daylighting concepts and tools to analyze daylighting design. A wide range of topics includes site planning, building envelope and shading optimization, passive solar design, daylight delivery methods, daylight analysis structure and results interpretation, and a brief daylighting and lighting design integration. Each session consists of a lecture and a workshop.
ARCH 632 Technology Designated Elective: Principles of Digital Fabrication John Shields (2013A & 2012A)
ARCH 621 VISUAL STUDIES III
Lindsay Falck (2012C & 2011C)
ARCH 632 Technology Designated Elective: Detail Design Studies
This course will introduce students to the theories and methods of integrated product design through a combination of lectures, readings, and exercises. The course will examine the different ideas and techniques involved in integrated product design, reviewing critical concepts, historical developments, and the role of different techniques of representation and fabrication.
ARCH 631 Technology Case Studies I
Increased exploration within the digital realm has brought a new level of control and precision to the practice of architecture. In doing so new methodologies and practices have taken shape. This course steps beyond the fundamentals of digital fabrication and engages the process of making and constructing in a discourse that encourages crosspollination of analog and digital methods. The understanding of material properties, fabrication techniques, and architectural discourse must be an interwoven process to produce the next generation of digitally driven artifacts. Students will explore multiple forms of digital fabrication while simultaneously investigating what it means to create and work with materials that react to the environment around them.
ARCH 638 Technology Special Topics: Construction Design/Designing Construction Franca Trubiano (2012A)
This seminar is dedicated to the study of the art of building. By recognizing that designs require robust and effective construction details and that construction details require design, the course focuses on the design development and construction detailing process that accompanies the execution of a building. Stress-skin envelopes, double skin facades, structural skins, and emerging materials will all be considered as themes central to the course.
ARCH 638 Technology Special Topics: Mechantronics For Designers Peter Bressler (2012A) Buildings are increasingly dynamic and responsive, with new requirements to make components move and adjust. The purpose of this course is to understand the variety of mechanical and electromechanical techniques available to designers: levers, gears, cables, fixed-body rotation, motors, pneumatics, and electro-magnets. This short course will involve a weekly lecture and hands-on exercises. The basic principles of applied energy will be reviewed to understand the control of mechanical movement.
ARCH 638 Technology Special Topics: Building Acoustics
ARCH 638 Technology Special Topics: Building Envelopes
Joseph Solway (2013A & 2012A)
Aulikki Sonntag (2012A)
This six-week course covers the fundamentals of architectural acoustics. The lectures cover the following topics: overview of acoustics in the built environment, the role of the acoustic consultant and the interaction with the architect, fundamentals of sound - sound measurement and representation, sound generation and propagation, sound absorption and reflection, sound isolation and transmission, acoustic materials, case studies of acoustics in building projects, and the history and future of performance space design.
ARCH 638 Technology Special Topics: Six Facts, Six Scales Billie Faircloth (2013A & 2012A) The seminar undertakes the dissection of six numerical facts at six numerical scales. Numerical facts, originating from disciplines such as industrial ecology, environmental management, materials engineering, biology, and neurology, will be understood through the pairing of theoretical and technical reading. Seminar participants will define each scaled fact’s potential participation as a parameter in the generation of innovative design solutions for the built environment.
ARCH 638 Technology Special Topics: Mechanisms For Design Jonathan Albert (2013A) Buildings are increasingly dynamic and responsive, with new requirements to make components move and adjust. The purpose of this course is to understand the variety of mechanical and electromechanical techniques available to designers: levers, gears, cables, fixed-body rotation, motors, pneumatics, and electro-magnets. This short course will involve a weekly lecture and hands-on exercises. The basic principles of applied energy will be reviewed to understand the control of mechanical movement.
See Technology Special Topics: Mechanisms For Design (previous entry)
ARCH 638 Technology Special Topics: Building Envelopes Samina Iqbal (2013A) This course covers the design fundamentals, the recent façade developments, and their implementation in a “Performance-Based Building Envelope.” The learning objective of the course is to develop the base knowledge necessary for a selective design of energy efficient façade systems. The student will get familiar with envelope-related climate engineering terms, code requirements, and current fields of research and developments. This includes materials and systems and their implementation in built case studies. Available rating systems and testing standards will be analyzed on a national and international basis.
ARCH 638 Technology Special Topics: Water-Shaping Architecture Stuart Mardeusz & Jonathan Weiss (2013A & 2012A) Without water, there is no life. Water impacts, influences and shapes architecture in many different aspects. This course covers a range of subjects including; the physics of water, the systems to gather, distribute, supply and treat potable water, grey water, waste water , including the correlation to energy and recycling that are integrated into the architecture of buildings.
ARCH 671 Professional Practice I Mark Gardner (2012C & 2011C) This course consists of a series of four workshops that introduce students to a diverse range of practices that architects currently employ and to the architectural profession more generally.
ARCH 672 Professional Practice II Charles Capaldi (2013A & 2012A) A continuation of ARCH 671. Further study of the organizational structures of architectural practices today, especially those beyond the architect’s office. The course is designed as a series of lectures, workshops, and discussions that allow students and future practitioners the opportunity to consider and develop the analytical skills required to create buildings in the world of practice.
David Mc Henry This course focuses on the nature of projects in the context of activities within an architect’s practice and on the idiosyncrasies of managing multiple projects. Detailed studies of the legal, financial, marketing, management, and admin-istration issues associated with the different forms of office proprietorship are studied. The special set of contrac-tual and ethical obligations of the architect -- particularly in response to client needs and safety -- are examined. Codes, standards, and regulations and their relationship to the different activities in the practice of architecture are presented.
ARCH 708 Environmental Design Laboratory illiam Braham & Brian Phillips W (2012B)
ARCH 711 Theory I: Architecture, Geometry & the Grammar of the Visible World . Manuel Paiva Ribeiro Marques J (2011C) The seminar provides a field of reflection for current academic work in light of the wider architectural debate. The sessions address a deeper understanding of the field of architecture and its primary references that are in many cases historical,
Helene Furjan (2011C) This seminar will focus on the renowned eighteenth-century architect, Sir John Soane, and the house-museum at 13 Lincoln’s Inn Fields in London, England, built in the early 1800s, as a lens to examine contemporary themes. Soane’s house illustrates a focus on the subjective aspects or possibilities of art and on the importance of imagination and genius.
ARCH 711 Publicity & Publication, the Architecture of Discourse: Viabooks V.3
ARCH 711 Theory I: Spectacle/Post-Spectacle Theory I: Spectacle/Post-Spectacle
Helene Furjan (2012C)
Helene Furjan (2011C)
ARCH 711 Topics History & Theory I: Architecture Culture World War II through the 1960s
This seminar looks at current debates surrounding questions of spectacle, media, commodification, and architecture through the relations and frictions between a history of spectacular space and its counter-history, “post-spectacle."" It also examines different modes of attention that are characteristic of the modern subject: a passive and absorptive attention that corresponds to spectacularity and a distractive attention aligned with a haptic spatiality, one also connected to affect and bodily or sensory experience.
ARCH 711 Theory I: the Body of Architecture/ Architecture of the Body Harry Mallgrave (2011C) Since the advent of industrialization, historians have generally portrayed architecture as traveling a course toward greater structural efficiency and lesser materiality. Along this path, a number of debates revolve around the issue of how to treat the architectural body: how it is to be dressed or assembled, how it is to be structured spatially, how it is to be conceptualized to mimic formalist, political, or philosophical ideologies. More recently, neurophenomenological theories of emotion and embodied simulation suggest a reversal in such thinking—that is, architectural bodies should be crafted to take into account the hedonic and homeostatic nature of human experience.
Joan Ockman (2012C & 2011C) This course charts the evolution of architectural theory and practice from World War II to the end of the 1960s, from the period of postwar reconstruction and planning through the events of 1968, when the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris was shut down by student strikes after 250 years. During this quarter century of sociopolitical, technological, and urban change, architecture underwent an intensive process of reorientation, self-questioning, and restructuring. The seminar also addresses issues of periodization and documentation, exploring questions of how "architecture culture" is produced and reproduced at a specific historical moment. It situates the developments of the post-World War II period in relation to current debates.
ARCH 711 Topics History & Theory I: Theories of Construction Franca Trubiano (2012C) For decades, architectural theory has been remiss to recognize the contribution which building practices have made to how we ‘think’ about architecture. Redressing this condition is the goal of this seminar; dedicated to the critical examination of ideas fundamental to the art of building. In a text-based review of both significant contemporary projects
An intensive, six-week design laboratory. The lab will build on the simulation and analysis techniques developed in the sequence of required course and electives to fully develop performance-based design of building projects.
ARCH 711 Theory I: Glorious Visions: John Soane and the Affective Aesthetic
ARCH 772 Professional Practice
philosophical, and theological in nature. The articulation of these topics is guided by the contribution of modern phenomenology and hermeneutics. The scope of the seminar is generally in line with Gadamer’s contribution in bringing the current debate to the level of language and embodiment, where architectural embodiment provides a comprehensive hermeneutical key and privileged field of enquiry. Accordingly, the seminar develops a comprehensive approach to the field of architecture, including written sources and visual references, ranging from Antiquity to the modern situation. The sessions also provide direction and guidelines for research practice in light of the current architectural debate.
and seminal architectural writings in the history of architectural construction, this seminar outlines the first limits of the nascent field that is the theory of construction. The objectives of this seminar are to introduce, discuss and evaluate a significant body of architectural writings from the 19th and 20th centuries with the purpose of delimiting the main tenets of a theory of construction and to develop and master the requisite critical analytical and writing skills needed to examine both significant primary texts and important contemporary works of architecture.
ARCH 712 Topics in History & Theory Ii: Philosophy of Materials & Structure Manuel Delanda (2012A)
This seminar introduces students to all the basic concepts in Materials Science, stressing not only the usefulness of this knowledge for the purposes of design but also its intrinsic interest as a basis for a technically-sound philosophy of matter. Lectures include: Deleuze and the Genetic Algorithm in Architecture; History of Materials Science; The Importance of Scale; Metallurgy and Fracture Dynamics; The Mathematics of Structure; Nanotechnology and its Consequences; The Materials Revolution; Organic Materials; The Mathematics of Structure; and Virtual Materials.
ARCH 712 Topics in History & Theory Ii: PhiladelphiaJerusalem, A Tale of Two Valley Cities Ron Gross (2012A) Through the exploration of a uniquely situated terrain, settling and dwelling design are revisited in the light of contemporary thought addressing landscape and architecture. This course intends to demonstrate a precondition of affordability, social innovation, and the power of process in inverting conventional teaching relations to afford a comprehensive re-reading of the city and terrain yet to come.
ARCH 712 Topics in History & Theory Ii: Visual Epistemologies For Creative Practices elene Furjan & Orkan Telhan H (2012A)
This seminar investigates the alternative modes of diagrammatic thinking that are influencing art and design disciplines. It provides a historical perspective on the evolution of visual epistemologies from late 1950s and reviews its current state from the lens of contemporary representation theory, computation, fabrication, and information technologies. The goal is to gain both theoretical and handson experience with the contemporary diagramming techniques in order to advance design and the thought behind it.
renewed interested in the long history of concerns over climate, energy, and materials efficiency in architecture. This course will explore this history, with the aim of developing an exhibition on Energy-Efficient Building for a Department of Energy-funded building renovation in the Philadelphia Navy Yard.
ARCH 712 Topics in Architecture Theory II: New York As Incurbator of 20th-Century Urbanism Joan Ockman (2013A)
ARCH 712 Topics in Architecture Theory II: Culture of Glass Joan Ockman (2013A & 2012A) A seminar exploring the multiple meanings of glass in the modern architectural and cultural imagination, beginning in the mid-nineteenth century and going up to the present. Sessions will traverse themes ranging from rationalism to mysticism, minimalism to spectacle, drawing on a very rich variety of built examples, critical interpretations, and literary and cinematic sources. The class is not just about the history of a single material; it is an overview of architectural modernity itself, taking glass as emblematic of the aspirations of modernist culture at different moments and in different contexts.
ARCH 712 Topics in Architecture Theory II: Historiography of Modern Architecture
This seminar is constructed as an argument among four important urban thinkers whose visions of the twentiethcentury city were shaped by their response to New York's modern urban and architectural development: Lewis Mumford, Robert Moses, Jane Jacobs, and Rem Koolhaas. We will explore the central issues that preoccupied each of them -- from ecological urbanism and civic representation to urban infrastructure and renewal, from community engagement and diversity to urban spectacle and event -- and highlight differences and similarities in their conception of the city. Emphasis will be on the role of "urban intellectual" in the production of architectural discourse as well as the specific historical context to which each was responding.
ARCH 715 Writing On Architecture Witold Rybczynski (2011C)
Daniel Barber (2013A) This course reviews those architectural historians who have taken 'modern architecture' as the primary engine for narrative and conceptual development. We will read texts of Pevsner, Giedeon, Banham, Tafuri, Colquhoun, and others, and place them both in the disciplinary context of architectural developments and in the interdisciplinary context of parallel histories of technology, art, politics, and environment.
The practice of architecture relies on the clear and effective communication of design ideas, to colleagues, clients, reviewing agencies, the public, and other interested parties. This communication occurs not only through drawings, models, and verbal presentations, but oftenâ€”especially in the early stages of a projectâ€”through the written word. The aim of this course is to train students in the principles and techniques of nonfiction writing as it relates to architecture.
ARCH 712 Topics in Architecture Theory II: Exhibiting the History of Energy-Efficient Buildings
ARCH 717 Self-Organization and Dynamics of Cities
Daniel Barber (2013A)
Manuel Delanda (2011C)
Recent attention to sustainable issues in architecture has been accompanied by
For some cities (Versailles, Washington, DC), the process through which they
emerge is not hard to grasp because it is planned to the last detail by a human bureaucracy. Other cities, such as Venice and its labyrinth system of streets, emerged spontaneously without any central agency making the relevant decisions. But even those cities in which urban structure was the result of a deliberate act of planning house many processes which represent the spontaneous emergence of order out of chaos. This seminar will examine a variety of these processes. It will also explore the interaction between these self-organized phenomena and centrally controlled processes that are the result of human planning.
Annette Fierro (2012C & 2011C)
ARCH 724 Making and Meaning Simon Kim (2013A) The subject matter of new media is to be examined and placed in a disciplinary trajectory of building design and construction technology that adapts to material and digital discoveries. We will also build prototype with the new media, and establish a disciplinary knowledge for ourselves. The seminar is interested in testing the architecture-machine relationship, moving away from architecture that looks like machines into architecture that behaves like machine.
This course provides a platform, in the form of furniture, to execute and deploy architectural and engineering principles at full scale. It will be conducted as a seminar and workshop and will introduce students to a variety of design methodologies that are unique to product design.
ARCH 727/ IPD 527 Industrial Design I eter Bressler (2013A, 2012C, P 2011C) The core of Industrial Design's knowledge base is a mixture of fine arts, commercial arts, and applied sciences, utilized with a set of priorities that are focused first on the needs of the end user and functionality and then on the market and manufacturing criteria. This course will provide an overview of the theories, thought processes, and methodologies employed in the daily practice of Industrial Design.
ARCH 728 Industrial Design Ii: Design of Contemporary Products
ARCH 733 Building Product Design Jordan Goldstein (2012 & 2011C) This course introduces students with a design background in architecture, landscape architecture and engineering to the design of products for buildings. The emphasis will be on market-driven product design, with discussions and exercises that move from macro to micro, from market analysis to prototyping, through the course of one semester. The goal of the course is to develop a concrete understanding of the building product design process, which encourages the integration of engineering and business concerns along with the experience of human interaction and emotive qualities.
Emory Krall & Josh Owens (2012A) See Industrial Design I (previous entry)
ARCH 734 Architecture and Ecology Muscoe Martin (2013A & 2012A)
ARCH 728 Design of Contemporary Products Carla Diana (2013A) This course introduces students with a design background in architecture, landscape architecture, and engineering to the design of products. The first half of each session presents aspects of the history, theory, and practice of product design, and the goal of the course is to inspire innovation in product development. Students are encouraged to re-think a utilitarian product by moving beyond models promulgated by disciplines that focus more exclusively on either form or function.
ARCH 711 Experiments in Structure ohamad Al Khayer (2012C & M 2011C) This course studies the relationships
Building is an inherently exploitive act – we take resources from the earth and produce waste and pollution when we construct and operate buildings. As global citizens, we have an ethical responsibility to minimize these negative impacts. As creative professionals, we have a unique ability to go farther than simply being “less bad.” We can learn to imagine designs that heal the damage and regenerate our environment. This course explores the evolving approaches to ecological design – from neo-indigenous to eco-tech to LEED to biomimicry to living buildings.
ARCH 737 Design For Impact: Strategies For Tactical Architectures ulie Beckman & Brian Phillips J (2011C)
Acknowledging the ubiquitous proliferation of "Hi-Tech" architecture in contemporary London, this seminar examines the scope of technology as it emerges and re-emerges in the work of various architects currently dominating the city. This scope includes the last strains of post-war urbanism, which spawned a legacy of radical architecture directly contributing to the Hi-Tech. A particular focus will be the influence provided by the counter-cultural groups of the 60s. Using the premise of Archigram's ideas of infrastructure, the course will attempt to discover relational networks between works of the present day. As this work practices upon and within public space, an understanding of the contribution of technology to urban theatricality will evolve.
Katrin Mueller-Russo & Jacob Fry (2013A & 2012A)
between geometric space and those structural systems that amplify tension. Experiments using the hand (touch and force) in coordination with the eye (sight and geometry) will be done during the construction and observation of physical models. Verbal, mathematical, and computer models are secondary to the reality of the physical model. However these models will be used to give dimension and document the experiments.
ARCH 719 Archigram and Its Legacy: London, A Technotopia
ARCH 726 Contemporary Furniture Design
Through global and local explorations, this seminar will survey and propose tactical approaches for architectures that seek social, cultural, economic, and environmental impacts.
ARCH 737 Practicing Influence: Strategies For Tactical Architectures
ulie Beckman & Keith Kaseman J (2012C) This seminar will survey and propose tactical approaches for architectures that seek social, economic, and environmental impacts in response to a current contemporary cultural trend.
ARCH 738 The Modern House: Technology Then and Now Annette Fierro (2013A & 2012A)
In the current age of new fabrication methodologies, methods are emerging for the conception and design of the contemporary house which have radical potential for enclosure, habitation, and practices of daily life. This course begins by examining the canonical houses of the original avant-garde on the premise that their houses were working manifestos for rethinking space, form, and ideas of life itself â€” all of which were prompted by new concepts of construction. From this spectrum of issues, contemporary houses and contemporary methods and materials will be studied extensively to develop equally new ideas between matter and quotidian life.
ARCH 740 Formal Efficiencies Erick Carcamo (2013A & 2012A) Our goal is to explore innovative, potential architectural expressions of the current discourse around form through technique elaboration, material intelligence, formal logic efficiencies, and precision assemblies as an ultimate condition of design. The seminar will develop and investigate the notion of proficient geometric variations at a level of complexity, so that questions towards geometrical effectiveness, accuracy, and performance can begin to be understood in a contemporary setting.
ARCH 741 Contemporary Processes in Architecture: Architectural Design Innovation Ali Rahim (2012C) Architects are becoming increasingly adept at producing complexity and integrating digital design and fabrication techniques into their design process, yet there are few truly elegant projects. Only certain projects that are sophisticated at the level of technique achieve elegance. This seminar explores some of the instances in which designers are able to move beyond technique, by commanding them to such a degree so as to achieve elegant aesthetics within the formal development of projects.
ARCH 743 Form and Algorithm ecil Balmond & Roland Snooks C (2012C & 2011C) A course on the philosophy and generative tools of Informal design, which is defined in terms of non-Cartesian, non-linear geometries and borrows algorithmic procedures from models in mathematics and the physical sciences. The course reviews readings on the topic, introductory instruction in scripting and assignments through which students gain familiarity and skill with specific non-linear models.
ARCH 744 Digital Fabrication Ferda Kolatan (2013A & 2012A) This seminar investigates the fabrication of digital structures through the use of rapid prototyping and computer-aided manufacturing technologies, which offer the production of building components directly from 3D digital models. In contrast to the industrial-age paradigms of prefabrication and mass production in architecture, this course focuses on the development of repetitive nonstandardized building systems through digitally-controlled variation and serial differentiation.
ARCH 749 Design Interaction Research: New Techniques Simon Kim (2011C) This seminar will examine the design methods of dynamic relationships in architecture. We will design counterpoints
to chapter 5 of the The Radiant City 1. The Spectacle of Modern Life and 3. A New Form of Gregariousness as seen in contemporary design and new media arts. The class will consist of six discussions on ideas established in early twentieth-century modernity and their contemporary and future projections. The results will be a new prototype and short research papers.
ARCH 751 Ecology, Technology, and Design William Braham (2012C & 2011C) The course draws on theories of ecological design and on the history and philosophy of technology to examine the complex interaction between the built and natural environments. The energy diagramming techniques of HT Odum are used as a common framework for projects in the course.
ARCH 752 Integrated Building Design Ali Malkawi (2013A & 2012A) The interrelationships of environmental control systems will be explored by means of building type studies. Innovative systems will be emphasized. Projects such as residential, educational, and commercial buildings, office and assembly buildings, and facilities for research and manufacturing will be analyzed in detail. The operational characteristics of buildings will be studied with regard to occupancies and their needs. The relationship between energy conservation and the principles of initial building cost versus life cycle costs will be discussed.
ARCH 753 Building Performance Simulation Ali Malkawi & Yun Kyu Yi (2012C & 2011C) The course provides students with an understanding of building design simulation methods, hands-on experience in using computer simulation models, and exploration of the technologies, underlying principles, and potential applications of simulation tools in architecture. Classroom lectures are given each week, with a series of analysis projects to provide students with hands-on experience using computer models.
Paul Sehnert (2013A & 2012A)
ARCH 754 Performance Design Workshop Yun Kyu Yi (2013A & 2012A) The workshop applies simulation techniques developed in Building Performance Simulation and diagramming techniques developed in ecology, technology, and design to a series of discrete design projects at different scales. The emphasis is on the refinement and optimization of performance-based design.
This course provides an introduction to the relationship between architectural design and real estate development. Following a discussion of fundamentals, examples focus on commercial building types and illustrate how architectural design can contribute to real estate development. Topics include housing design, commercial buildings, adaptive reuse, downtown development, mixeduse projects, and planned communities.
ARCH 764 Vertical Cities Asia
Mark Alan Hughes (2013A)
oshua Freese, Matthew Hoffman, J Matthias Hollwich (2012A)
This seminar provides an advanced introduction to policy development and is intended to engage design students in policy-making. Can design thinking make a larger contribution to policy formation in the U.S.? Policy outcomes typically exhibit physical qualities, yet policy developers often treat these as unintended consequences rather than as potential outcomes. But what if designers could evaluate the implications of policy outcomes during their development?
ARCH 757 Buildings & Behavior: Bringing the IGCC To the Philadelphia Navy Yard Mark Alan Hughes & Leslie Billhymer (2011C)
ARCH 762/CPLN 643 Design and Development Witold Rybczynski &
ARCH 764 Vertical Cities Asia Christopher Marcinkoski (2013A) Asia is at a crossroads. Either existing urban models will continue to be recycled to accommodate increased populations, with devastating effects on land, infrastructure, and the environment, or new models of urban architecture will be formed to take on the specifics of Asian urban development. Competition will promote the development of ideas and theories in urban growth and architectural form related to density, livability, and sustainability, and specific to the rapid and exponential growth of urbanism in Asia. This seminar will prepare one or two entries to the international competition "Vertical Cities Asia."
ARCH 765 Project Management harles Arena (2013A, 2012A, C 2012C, 2011C) This course is an introduction to tech-
suka Nakahara & A Michael Saltzman (2013A, 2012C, 2012A, 2011C) This course analyzes the development process in terms of the different functions performed by real estate developers and architects and the relationships between these two professions. Emphasis is placed on property evaluation, site planning, building design, underlying economics, and discounted cash flow analysis. Outside lecturers are featured.
ARCH 772 Professional Practice David McHenry (2013A & 2012A) This course focuses on the nature of projects in the context of activities within an architectâ€™s practice and on the idiosyncrasies of managing multiple projects. Detailed studies of the legal, financial, marketing, management, and administration issues associated with the different forms of office proprietorship are studied. The special set of contractual and ethical obligations of the architect are examined. Codes, standards, and regulations and their relationship to the different activities in the practice of architecture are presented.
ARCH 780 Architecture in the Schools illiam Braham (2012C, 2011C, W 2012A) Architecture in the schools is a 20+ year program of teaching architecture in Philadelphia-area schools run by the American Institute of Architects. As participants in the AIE (Architecture In Education) program, students have the opportunity to work directly with children in the classroom, making an impact on their lives and on the future of our neighborhoods and cities. Students work with a classroom teacher
Buildings are a critical focus of current policy on energy and climate change. Behaviors are seen alternately as an input to the technology of buildings or as an output of buildings. New approaches connect these into an integrated system, in which buildings and behavior can continuously improve each other through monitoring, feedback, and adaptation. One of the most ambitious of these approaches is the new International Green Construction Code from the International Code Council in partnership with ASTM, AIA, USGBC, and others. The IGCC "is designed to drive green and sustainable building significantly beyond the market segment that has been transformed by voluntary rating systems,â€? and it implicates behavioral changes on many levels.
This seminar will prepare two entries to the international competition ""Vertical Cities Asia"" (www.verticalcitiesasia.com). Teams from ten universities around the world will be competing for three cash prizes. Every year a one-square-kilometer territory will be the subject of the competition. This area, to house 100,000 people living and working, sets the stage for tremendous research and investigation into urban density, verticality, domesticity, work, food, infrastructure, nature, ecology, structure, and program.
ARCH 768/ REAL821 Real Estate Development
ARCH 756 Policy and Design: Next Generation Codes
niques and tools of managing the design and construction of large and small construction projects. Topics include project-delivery systems, management tools, cost-control and budgeting systems, professional roles. Case studies serve to illustrate the application of techniques in the field.
and a design professional to develop a weekly series of eight interdisciplinary experiential lessons.
ARCH 782 Study Abroad: Paris: The City and its Distractions
Annette Fierro (2012B) The Paris program is a long-established program that draws from many associations and contacts local to this greatest of Western cities. It is an academic program, combining lectures about Parisian architecture and urbanism from important authors, architects, and engineers, with accompanied tours to buildings, parks, and professional offices. We will experience architecture and the city of Paris with an immediate sense of content.
ARCH 782 Study Abroad Program: Scandinavia: Sustainability in Scandinavia
Ali Malkawi (2012B) This three week program has students travel throughout the Scandinavian region, where they will visit sites pertaining to the latest advances in sustainability in design. It combines evening talks and morning site visits regarding advances in technology, building codes, municipal requirements, design objectives, and applications pertaining to sustainable development in the Scandinavian region. Partnering universities in Copenhagen, Stockholm, and Olso collaborate with Penn to provide lectures from professors, architects, engineers, city officials, and scholars at the forefront of technology research, codes, and standards.
ARCH 811 Architectural Research: Seminar - History and Theory . Manuel Paiva Ribeiro Marques J (2011C) A comprehensive approach to geometry and the horizon of visibility, the seminar covers topics ranging from Classical sources, through the medieval period and the development of perspective, to the modern understanding of projection and the transformation of the notion of space. Seminar topics focus in particular on the development of perspective and optics as well as visual concepts of
deformation and reformation, leading to the seventeenth-century debate on architectura obliqua and the embodiment of the visible world in geometric terms. The visual and reading material privilege the foundational period of the modern situation and its legacy, including recent projects and built examples, allowing students to understand, critically assess, and discern the real possibilities of the current understanding of geometry for contemporary architectural design.
ARCH 999 Power of Perception Brian Phillips (2011C)
EALC 229 Chinese Architecture Nancy Steinhardt (2012A) Survey of Chinese buildings and building technology from the formative period in the second millennium B.C. through the twentieth century. The course will deal with well-known monuments such as the Buddhist monasteries of Wutai, imperial palaces in Chang'an and Beijing, the Ming tombs and the Temple of Heaven, and less frequently studied buildings. Also covered will be the theory and principles of Chinese construction.
GAFL 747 Social Innovations Lab Helene Mary Furjan, Tine Hansen-Turton, Nicholas Torres (2013A) The Social Innovations Lab will be run as a course in partnership with Philadelphia Social Innovations Journal, Fels Institute of Government, and PennDesign. The Social Innovations Lab (SIL) provides instruction, mentoring, support, and expert guidance to participating graduate students, faculty, and non-degree/ executive students in developing viable blended value modelsâ€”social impact and financial sustainability. The Lab takes social enterprise models from ideas to implementation across a semester-long series of weekly workshop modules. SIL is ideal for students, faculty, and professionals across social impact fieldsâ€”the social sector, social enterprise, and governmentâ€”who want to fine tune, pilot, and seed a social innovation.
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CRITIC: Simon Kim STUDENT: Greg Whitney
â€œThis study on tensegrity explored the potentials of the system as an adaptable design tool. Using a tensegrity table as a basis of analysis...produces a dynamic new design system with flexible use.â€? - Greg Whitney
CRITIC: Ben Krone STUDENT: Eric Hull
reference page 32
CRITIC: Mark Kroeckel STUDENT: Jinglu Li reference page 63
CRITIC: Alexandra Barker STUDENT: Anamika Naraynsingh
â€œ...the performance is only part of the whole play that happens within the layers of this structure, allowing people to become present and involved as they move through the space.â€? - Anamika Naraynsingh
CRITIC: Ferda Kolatan STUDENTS: Andreas Kostopoulos Jiarui Su reference page 128
CRITIC: Hina Jamelle STUDENT: Zhichun Xu
â€œThe continuity of the experience is ensured by the subtle changes in geometry and proportion as well as the integration between the facade and the interior.â€? - Zhichun Xu
CRITIC: Matias del Campo STUDENT: Michael Kipfer
â€œThis system combines the transformative qualities of protuberance & the repetition of colonnades to question ideas of enclosure, connection, & difference.â€? - Michael Kipfer
CRITIC: Matias del Campo STUDENTS: Jonathan Dessi-Olive
â€œ...investigates how the Gothic aesthetic might be reintroduced to the plaza in a contemporary manner...using a symmetrical and repeating ornamentation that is carried from the facade into the central atrium.â€? - Jonathan Dessi-Olive
CRITIC: Hina Jamelle STUDENT: Agnes Ladjevardi Le Tang
â€œ...the intervening of different programs is the driving force of the formation. Public space, lobby space, office, hotel, & sky hall are cooperated into one system by means of tectonic unit transformation.â€? - Agnes Ladjevardi & Le Tang
CRITIC: Mattias Hollwich STUDENTS: Katherine Comly Jennifer Tobias Ying Xu
“a vertical city, combining tower & park. Sliced & pulled into a sunken plaza for pedestrian entry, then pulled up for vehicular entry. The production typology forms the ‘core’, which is infilled with residential neighborhoods.” - Katherine Comly, Jennifer Tobias & Ying Xu
CRITIC: Peter Trummer STUDENTS: Dongyul Kim Young Bum Kim
â€œ The intention of this studio is to design an architectural object as an aggregation of inhabited cells forming an urban figure...whereby its figure generates a new ground for the city.â€? - Peter Trummer
CRITIC: Winka Dubbeldam STUDENTS: Mo Zheng Eric Craig reference page 230
CRITIC: Mattias Hollwich STUDENTS: Andreas Tjeldflaat Greg Knobloch reference page 184
CRITIC: Ali Rahim STUDENTS: Aryan Ofeany Liz McDonough reference page 170
Published on Dec 19, 2013
Pressing Matters 2, a publication of the Department of Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania School of Design, simultaneously build...