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CARTOGRAPHY AS THE ONTOLOGY OF ARCHITECTURE 作为建筑学本体的制图学

Portfolio of Han YANG M. Sc. Delft University of Technology NL B. Arch. Shanghai Jiao Tong University P.R.C

杨瀚 作品集 代尔夫特理工大学 理学硕士 上海交通大学 建筑学学士


Shutter Realm 隔板王国 Plan-Section is the result of your design, no matter what the process is. Planning-Sectioning is the playful superimposition and juxtaposition of the alreadyexistent plans and sections, which could make a great difference compared to the precedents. 平面、剖面仅仅是你设计的结果,不论过程如何。而 Planning-Sectioning 则是对已有先例的平面、剖面进行有 趣的叠置和并置,从而产生十分不同于先例的结果。

Project: Shutter Realm Program: Public Building MSc2 Studio / Spring 2016 Site: Valletta, Malta Designer: Han Yang Tutor: Alper S. Alkan, Sien van Dam Date: Mar. to Jun., 2016 Duration: 16 weeks 项目:隔板王国 课程:公共建筑组 /2016 春 基地:马耳他,瓦莱塔 设计:杨瀚 指导:Alper S. Alkan, Sien van Dam 日期:2016 年 3 月到 6 月 时长:16 周


1) Tectonics 1) 构造学 Since the shutter is also the crucial component in the camera, I studied the tectonics of it. According to the production of photographs, there are 2 phases, human seeing, which determines the contents of the picture and automatic drawing, which is accomplished by the recording plane. These 2 phases could be swithed by the reflex mirror. 因为 shutter 这个词不仅仅指代隔板,也指代镜 头。相机的镜头就如同窗户的隔板一样控制着 人的视野和景致。于是我研究了相机的原理。 相片的生产过程有两个阶段,人的眼睛先透过 镜头决定要拍的内容,再通过底片自动拍摄。 这两个阶段的切换可以通过反射镜的翻折来完 成。

1st step: human seeing 2nd step: automatic drawing

0 SHUTTER 0 隔板 1 We pick up a specific artefact/object and undertake an analysis about its tectonics/matter. 2 We explore different possible situations/conditions of this artefact. 3 We make a recomposition based on our previous analysis about the artefact.

2) Situation 1 2) 情景 1 A shutter could provide various perspectives by changing its lenses. Above you can find different impressions of the same building, Richard Rogers's Lloyds Building. From the external to the internal, you would experience the perspectives of the tilt-shift, the fish eye, the wide angle and the long focus, all of which illustrate the diversity of the camera's lenses. 一个镜头可以更换不同的镜片来提供不同的视 角。从上图中你可以观察到同一个建筑(理查 德·罗杰斯的劳埃德大厦)的不同印象。从外 到内分别是移轴、鱼眼、广角、长焦四种不同 的镜头。

I picked up the shutter, a typical window component in Valletta as the regulator of the light condition. 1 我们选择瓦莱塔当地的一种典型人 造物品,并对其建构原理进行分析。 2 我们对这个物品的使用条件和情景 进行探索。 3 基于之前的分析,我们做一次重构。 我选择了窗户上的隔板作为我的主题, 在瓦莱塔,这是一种典型的用来调整 光线的窗户构件。

3) Recomposition 3) 重构 This is not a building. This is a recomposition which resembles the image illusion in our contemporary infoage. The camera enables image recording so that it brings more efficiency than natural seeing. But there are some corresponding drawbacks. This model contains 3 parts. In the center there is an event happening which has a certain truth although it is not easy to recognise. The 3 layers stand for different positions of people (some are close to the centre while some are far away). The openings in the panels stand for different perspectives, namely, cameras’ lenses. Through these frames your cognition has been colored, therefore not objective. 这不仅仅是一个建筑。这是当代信息社会 的视觉幻象的一种描述。

2) Situation 2 2) 情景 2 A shutter could depict various movements by the combination of different pictures. Above you can find different impressions of the same person. From the left to the right, you would experience the moving traces, the mirror effect, the contrast between the front face and the side face and the rotating different angles. 镜头拍摄的不同照片组合起来可以描述不同的 运动。从上图中你可以观察到同一个人的不同 面。从左到右分别是运动轨迹、镜像效果、正 侧面对比、旋转对比。

相比自然的视觉,电子图像使信息传播的 效率大大提高,但同时也有相应的缺陷。 这个模型有三个部分。中心象征着事件的 原本真相,周围的三层不同方向的洞口象 征着不明真相的人们的视角,他们通过不 同形状的洞口看这个真相使得他们的看法 被扭曲。


1 SHUTTER AS AN AUTONOMOUS SYSTEM 1 作为自主系统的隔板体系 The part is about the tectonics of the chosen object in Valletta, the shutter. It consists of 3 aspects. 1 The precedents and references of the shutter. 2 The components of the shutter. 3 The shutter labyrinth. 这部分是关于所选择的物件 “ 隔板 ” 的构造学。由三个部分组成: 1 隔板的先例和参考 2 与隔板相关的构件 3 隔板迷宫

Multiple layers 多层叠置

Closed =night(time) =inside(space) 关 = 夜晚(时) = 内部(空)

Open =day(time) =outside(space) 开 = 白天(时) = 外部(空)

Differentiation 分化 Partitions: External scenery or internal frames 分隔: 外部风景 或者内部框洞

Red shutters: 3 types, radiation, switching nodes and grids 红色的隔板: 三种类型,放射,转换节点 和网格

Grey shutters: Transitions between opening and closing paths 灰色隔板: 打开或关闭通路的关键节点

Region variations: Resulting from shutters' switching 区域多样化: 通过隔板的开闭来达成

The labyrinth of the shutter 隔板迷宫

Transformation 1: Outside view 转换 1: 外部景观

Transformation 2: Inside partition 转换 2: 内部分隔

Transformation 3: Inside view 转换 3: 内部景观

The components of the shutter 隔板相关的构件

Transformation 4: Shutters as an autonomous system 转换 4: 隔板作为一种自主系统

Frame 框架

Solid 实体

Glass 玻璃

Frosted glass 磨砂玻璃

Mirror 镜子

Scenery 风景

The materials of the shutter labyrinth 隔板迷宫的材质 The region variations of the shutter labyrinth 隔板迷宫可变的区域划分

1 Divided regions with a radiating hall and rhombus grids. 2 A tortuous path with seperated rooms, a concentric hall and orthogonal grids. 3 A straight path with a mixed hall and mixed grids.

1 放射大厅和菱形网格 2 一条曲折的小路连通了一些独立 的房间、一个向心大厅和一些网格 分隔的房间 3 一条直路连接了混合特征的房间 和混合特征的网格


2 SPECIFYING SHUTTER'S MEANINGS 细化 “ 隔板 ” 的各种可能性 The part is about the situations of the chosen object in Valletta, the shutter. It consists of 3 aspects. 1 The shutter's meanings in different scales. 2 The potential sites. 3 The different explorations based on different interpretations on the shutter.

这部分是关于“隔板”的各种可能性探索。分为三个部分: 1 隔板的谱系学,即隔板在不同尺度上的 “ 隔板 ” 含义 2 可选择的不同基地 3 基于对 “ 隔板 ” 的不同理解所进行的不同探索

The morphogenesis of the shutter 隔板的谱系学 On different levels, the shutter could be attached with different meanings. On the urban level, the shutter could be the intersection of various urban forces, e.g, a crossroad. On the building level, the shutter could be the switching node of rooms, e.g., a hall. On the room level, the shutter could be the partition system. On the component level which is its originality, the shutter could be the opening, the panel, the frame or the blinds, etc, which could also bring the possibility of changing modes of space and time.

There could be 2 layers with the lower one as the extension of the coast zone and the higher one as the extension of the central zone. 这里有两层,底下一层是海岸区的延 伸,而顶上一层则是中心区的延伸。

Layer 2 层2

在不同的尺度上,隔板可以被赋予不同的意义。在城市尺 度上,隔板可以被看作不同城市动力的交织,比如一个十 字路口。在建筑尺度上,隔板可以被看作是房间的节点, 比如一个大厅。在房间尺度上,隔板可以被看作分隔墙系 统。在构件尺度上,也就是隔板原本的来源,它可以被看 作洞口、挡板、框架或者百叶,这些都可以带来时间和空 间的变化。 Layer 1 层1

3 2

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Intersection 1

2

Intersection 2

3

Passageway

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Half enclosure Day/night 1 Day/night 2 Layering

The potential sites and respective plans 可选择的不同基地以及相应的方案 There are several possible sites in Valletta. During the exploring process, each plan has brought me some specific thoughts about the final project so each plan could be regarded as a differentiation of the final project. 在瓦莱塔有数个潜在的基地。在探索的过程中,每一个方 案都给我提供了关于最终方案的特定细节,因此每一个方 案可以看做最终方案的一种分化。

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The 3-zone division and the final plan 三个区域的划分和最终的方案 Valletta could be interpreted as containing 3 zones, the culrual zone located in the centre, the landscape zone along the coast and the residential area which is inbetween but abandoned. Based on the 3-zone theory, a superblock as a shutter system could be created on the border, connecting the central part and the perimeter part of Valletta, thus becoming the "urban shutter". 瓦莱塔半岛可以划分为三个区域,中心是文化区,海岸是 景观区,而两者之间则是已经半废弃的住宅区。基于这种 三分法,一个由“隔板系统”构成的超级街区可以连接起 被隔离开的中心区和海岸区。这个超级街区就成了“城市 隔板”。

The impression 透视效果


3 SHUTTER REALM 3 隔板王国 The part is about the recomposition of the chosen object in Valletta, the shutter. It consists of 3 aspects. 1 The typologies of planning, sectioning and programming. 2 The spatial and temporal changing modes. 3 The final illustration as the project. 这一部分是关于 “ 隔板 ” 的重构。包含三部分: 1 平面、剖面和功能的类型学 2 空间和时间变化的模式 3 最终成果的呈现 Box/Mass

The typology of planning 平面的类型学 Dot/Piece

Line/Intersection

Layering

Cavity/Opening

The lower floor planning of the 1st draft The higher floor planning of the 1st draft 一草的底层平面 一草的顶层平面 Array

Stacking

Slope

Cliff

Stairs

Opening

Planning Typology Box/Mass 实体 Dot/Piece 片 Line/Intersection 交织 Layering 层化 Cavity/Opening 孔洞 Sectioning Typology Array 阵列 Slope 斜坡 Stairs 楼梯 Stacking 堆叠 Cliff 悬崖 Opening 洞口 The lower floor planning of the 2nd draft 二草的底层平面

The higher floor planning of the 2nd draft 二草的顶层平面

The longitudinal sectioning of the 2nd draft 二草的纵剖面

The cross sectioning of the 2nd draft 二草的横剖面


The lower floor 底层

The higher floor 顶层

The impression 透视效果

The lower floor plannig 底层平面

The higher floor planning 顶层平面

The roof planning 屋顶平面


The final project is located in Valletta’s transitional zone between the public area and the landscape area, which is the abandoned residential area for which the government is asking for renewing ideas from the public. So in the urban level, the project could be regarded as a shutter between the center and the coast for the higher floor is the natural extension of the public area while the lower floor is an artificial fluctuant slope which encounters the landscape area.

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In the building level, plan and section typologies are explored to fulfil the shutter’s potential in accommodating diverse programs. The interdependent blocks exemplify the contrast, the contrary, the contradiction, the complementation and the cooperation of various programs, revealing the hidden social momenta in Valletta. In the component level, the platonic zero-degree forms enable multiple uses within the same shape and combination and differentiation of various shapes. To conclude, this project is the translation of the autonomous shutter system which could function in different levels. It is also the extreme diversification of shutter-related forms and the illustration of the collision and resonance of multiple social programs. In this way, the shutter has evolved into a shutter realm. 最终方案坐落在瓦莱塔公共中心区域与海岸景观区域之间,即,已经处于半废弃状态的 住宅区域。政府正在向公众征求改造这片区域的新方案。 在城市尺度,这个方案充当了高处的中心区与低处的海岸区的“隔板开关”,方案的顶 层是公共区域的延伸而作为一片人工改造斜坡的底层则向下对接了海边的景观区域。 在建筑尺度,各种平面、剖面的类型学探索赋予了“隔板体系”容纳不同功能活动的潜 能。方案内部相互独立的区块体现了不同功能之间的对比、相反、矛盾、互补、合作关系, 揭示了瓦莱塔隐藏的“社会动量”。 在构件尺度,这些意义零度的柏拉图主义的构件使得同一形式可以被赋予多种用途,而 不同形式的杂交和结合则会带来更多的可能性。 总而言之,这个方案是自主隔板体系在各个尺度上的转化。它是与隔板相关的形式的极 端多样化,也是不同社会功能的碰撞和共鸣。这么一来,“隔板”进化为了“隔板王国”。

The cross facades 横立面

The longitudinal facades 纵立面

The longitudinal sectioning 纵剖面

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The cross sectioning 横剖面

1


The Valley: The Ground of Earthly Delights 峡谷:人间乐土 Project: The Valley: The Ground of Earthly Delights Program: Public Building Graduation Studio Site: Luxembourg City Designer: Han Yang Tutor: Alper S. Alkan, Mauro Parravicini, Filip Geerts Date: 2017-2018 Duration: 1 year and a half 项目:峡谷:人间乐土 课程:公共建筑毕设组 基地:卢森堡 设计:杨瀚 指导:Alper S. Alkan, Mauro Parravicini, Filip Geerts 日期:2017-2018 时长:一年半


My graduation project is located in the valley of Luxembourg City. During the designing of this project, Constant Nieuwenhuys’s New Babylon played a crucial role for its similarities with the valley in the city. 我的毕业设计坐落在卢森堡城的峡谷里。在 整个设计过程中,跟峡谷有着诸多相似的康 斯坦特·纽文海斯的“新巴比伦”是一个重 要的参考。

The Valley in Luxembourg City 卢森堡城

According to the method of Planning, there are three levels in a plan, Sector-Subsector-Component. In New Babylon, the city is constituted by chains of irregular rectangular sectors. 按照 Planning 的方法,平面可以分为三个层级,区 - 亚区 构件。在新巴比伦中,城市由许多不规则矩形的“区”彼此 交接而成。

New Babylon 新巴比伦

1st similarity: They both stretch all over the city, resulting in a sort of skeleton of the city for its holism. 第一点相似:都蔓延了整个城市,成为 城市的骨架。

嘀愀氀氀攀礀猀 椀渀 䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最 䌀椀琀礀

Planning/Sectioning Superimposing/Juxtaposing Sector-Subsector-Component Ground-Object Heterogeneity 平面 / 剖面 叠置 / 并置 区 - 亚区 - 构件 地面 - 物体 异质性

䰀攀椀猀甀爀攀 匀瀀愀挀攀 椀渀 琀栀攀 嘀愀氀氀攀礀猀

匀攀挀琀漀爀猀 漀昀 一攀眀 䈀愀戀礀氀漀渀

2nd Similarity: The human activities inside are quite alike. Both are ludic or leisure programs, which are distinctive compared with the rest of the city. 第二点相似:里面容纳的人类活动都是 休闲的或者娱乐的,与城市的其他部分 形成鲜明的对比。

This is Contant's Planning of Yellow Sector, inside which there are several geometric "subsectors", within which there are components dispersed. 左图是康斯坦特“黄区”的平面,其中有各种几何状的“亚区”, 而“亚区”则有散布的各种构件填充。

䰀攀椀猀甀爀攀 匀瀀愀挀攀 椀渀 琀栀攀 匀攀挀琀漀爀猀

This is a juxtaposition of various Components. In fact, not only structural components are Components, but different kinds of furniture are also Components. Abstractly, Components are those piecemeal labyrinthine elements, which are the minimal units of Planning. 左图不同种类构件的并置。事实上构件不仅指结构构件也 可 以 指 家 具, 一 切 如 迷 宫 般 均 质 分 布 的 构 件 群。 构 件 是 Planning 的最小单位。

The above is Contant's initial planning and cross sectioning of New Babylon. Superimposition and juxtaposition is applied repetitively to create a large amount of heterogeneity.Here I extended the method of Planning-Sectioning in Shutter Realm. Plan-Section is the result of your design, no matter what the process is. Planning-Sectioning is the playful superimposition and juxtaposition of the already-existent plans and sections, which could make a great difference compared to the precedents. 上图是康斯坦特关于新巴比伦最早的平面和横剖面,其中大量运用了叠置和并置的手段来创造异质性。这里扩展 了 Shutter Realm 中提到的 Planning-Sectioning 的方法。平面、剖面仅仅是你设计的结果,不论过程如何。而 PlanningSectioning 则是对已有先例的平面、剖面进行有趣的叠置和并置,从而产生十分不同于先例的结果。


Planning/Sectioning Superimposing/Juxtaposing Sector-Subsector-Component Ground-Object Heterogeneity 平面 / 剖面 叠置 / 并置 区 - 亚区 - 构件 地面 - 物体 异质性

I remap the whole valley thinking it as a continuation of sectors as if it is another "New Babylon". 我把整个峡谷当成一连串连续的“区”,就好像它也是一个新巴比伦项目。

Several sectors in Luxembourg City were extracted as heterogeneous precedents. This investigation of sectors results in a typology of sectors. These sectors could also be understood as subsectors of a bigger sector. 卢森堡城内的数个“区”被提取出来,作为异质的先例。这种关于“区”的研究最终成了一种关于“区”的类型学。这些区也 可以理解为更大的区里面的亚区。(可以组合为更大的区)


In terms of Sectioning, the valley could be seen as the reversed New Babylon. The artificial slabs in New Babylon become the natural ground while the hollow structural columns become the potential towers or wells inserted in the valley. 从剖面上看,峡谷可以看作一 个镜像的新巴比伦。新巴比伦 中人工的地板变成了峡谷中的 起伏的自然地面,而充当结构 的空心柱变成了潜在的插入峡 谷的塔或者井。

Planning/Sectioning Superimposing/Juxtaposing Sector-Subsector-Component Ground-Object Heterogeneity 平面 / 剖面 叠置 / 并置 区 - 亚区 - 构件 地面 - 物体 异质性

This drawing shows the interaction between Planning and Sectioning of the valley. Apparently, each line in the Planning has become a Sectioning. 上图展现了峡谷的平面与剖面的互动。很明显地,平面当中的每一根线都可以成为一个剖面。

This drawing shows the interaction between Planning and Sectioning of the valley. Apparently, Planning has become the catalogue of Sectioning. 上图展现了峡谷的平面与剖面的互动。很明显地,平面成为了剖面的目录。

This drawing shows the interaction between Ground and Objects, which defines Sector or Subsector. 上图展现了地面和物体不同的互动方式,这种互动方式就定义了区或者亚区的类型特征。


Planning/Sectioning Superimposing/Juxtaposing Sector-Subsector-Component Ground-Object Heterogeneity 平面 / 剖面 叠置 / 并置 区 - 亚区 - 构件 地面 - 物体 异质性

The future tram line is the working backbone of Luxembourg City while the valley is the leisure backbone. In this way, the intersection of the two backbones are of the most complexity.

From the intersectioning areas, six subsectors are picked up as topographic samples of these areas and could be transformed as the future programs.

未来的电车线路是卢森堡的工作线,而峡谷是卢森堡的休闲线。这么一来,两根线的交织就有着最 大化的复杂性。

从交叉的区域里选择了六个最能代表这些区域的地形特征的亚区。这些区很有可 能转化为未来项目中的功能。

The six subsectors were analysed topographically in Bernard Tschumi's way in his Manhattan Trancripts.

The six subsectors were analysed topographically separately to find the interaction between Ground and potential Objects with them.

我对这六个亚区进行了地形学的分析,使用了类似屈米在 曼哈顿手稿中的逐级抽象的方式。

我对这六个亚区分别进行了地形学的分析,找出它们里面地面和可能 出现的物体之间的互动方式。

The nothern area is of more complexity. The greenery, the settlement, the bridge, the potential site and the transportation hub form a pace of moving, staying, which means that the site would be someplace for people to stay. 北面的交叉区域因为更复杂而成为了备选基地,由于人在穿越基地的过程有着明显 的“走走停停”的节奏,据此,未来的基地很可能是能够吸引人们穿过峡谷时停留 的地方。

The six subsectors were unified in one potential continuous sector. 这六个亚区被整合到一个潜在的连续区里。


Planning/Sectioning Superimposing/Juxtaposing Sector-Subsector-Component Ground-Object Heterogeneity 平面 / 剖面 叠置 / 并置 区 - 亚区 - 构件 地面 - 物体 异质性

倀愀氀愀稀稀漀 搀攀氀氀愀 刀愀最椀漀渀攀

嘀愀氀猀 吀栀攀爀洀愀氀

吀戀椀氀椀猀椀 刀漀愀搀猀 䴀椀渀椀猀琀爀礀 䈀甀椀氀搀椀渀最

䌀椀琀 搀攀 氀✀伀挀愀渀 攀琀 搀甀 匀甀爀昀

唀琀爀攀挀栀琀 䔀搀甀挀愀琀漀爀椀甀洀

吀栀攀 倀氀愀渀 吀攀砀琀甀爀攀 匀攀焀甀攀渀挀攀

The six subsectors are topographic conditions as well as implications of tectonic conditions. For example, a flat area could be a market, constructed by thin cocrete columns. In this way, I transformed topography into tectonics, then into programs. Also, several classical modern projects were found as crucial references. The market, with columns, reference: Palazzo della Ragione The baths, with concrete walls, reference: Vals Thermal The hotel, with concrete walls, reference: Bank of Georgia Headquarters The library, with concrete walls, reference: Educatorium The sports field, with concrete slabs, reference: Museum of Ocean and Surf 这六个亚区本身是地形条件,同时也是建构条件的暗示。比如,一块平地可能是一个市场,由细长的柱子建造。这 样一来,我可以把地形学转化为构造条件,再进一步变成功能。同时,几个经典的现代项目也被作为重要参考列出来。 市场,柱子,参考:米兰法理宫 浴场,混凝土墙,参考:瓦尔斯温泉浴场 酒店,混凝土墙,参考:乔治亚银行总部 图书馆,混凝土墙,参考:乌得勒支教育馆 运动场,混凝土板,参考:海洋与冲浪博物馆

Then, several different dispositions of these subsectors in the site were tried. In Planning 8, the subsectors were transformed into strips in order to fit in the narrow inbetween space in the already-existent buildings. 接下来,我尝试了许多种不同的构成。最终,在第八个方案中, 这些不同的亚区被转化为了条状,以能够插入基地已有建筑的 缝隙之中。

In order to make the subsectors fit into the site perfectly, the raw site was modified. A pedestrian route was created, connecting the bridge and the hub. The continent in the water was turned into a werland for crops. The eastern river bank was turned into a wetland for free planting. 为了让各个亚区完美嵌入场地,我改造了原本的场地。一条人行道 勾连起桥和交通枢纽。河中的一小块陆地被转化为农作物种植,河 的东岸也被转为自由种植的湿地。


The final Planning-Sectioning and leisure programs of the valley: 1 The market:plant exchanging 2 The institute:seed library 3 The greenhouse:collective production 4 The private production field 5 The extreme sports field 6 The baths 7 The multi-functional hall 8 The tea houses & bar 9 The hotel 10 The ramps (a part of the infrastructure)

峡谷最终的平面 - 剖面和休闲项目: 1 市场:植物交换 2 学院:种子图书馆 3 温室:集体种植 4 自由种植场地 5 极限运动场地 6 浴场 7 多功能厅 8 茶室 ·酒吧 9 酒店 10 坡道(基建的延续部分)

The Underground Planning of the Valley 峡谷地下层

The Ground Planning of the Valley 峡谷地面层

The Overground Planning of the Valley 峡谷地上层


With the most complexity, the baths is picked up to illustrate the tectonics. 因为空间复杂性,浴场被作为一个范 例,展示细部和建造。

toilet reuse

toilet reuse cold zone

disinfection

storage

disinfection

disinfection

warm zone

warm zone

storage

toilet reuse

toilet reuse

Water Layer Water Layer 水循环层

The Structure of the Baths 浴场的结构

Climate Strategy 气候策略

AirAirLayer Layer 通风层


1 grass soil 100m filter gravel 30mm enkadrain 20mm styrofoam 90mm waterproof membrane 3mm reinforced concrete

1 草 土壤 100m 过滤层 砾石 30mm enkadrain 20毫米 发泡胶 90mm 防水层 3mm 钢筋混凝土

2 tiles waterproof 20mm ground heating 50mm moistureproof 10mm isulation 100mm reinforced concrete 150mm

2 瓷砖 防水层 20mm 地热 50mm 隔汽层 10mm 保温层 100mm 钢筋混凝土 150mm

3 double glazing with low-e coating 6mm toughened glass + 20mm cavity + 6mm toughened glass

3 带 Low-e 涂层的双层玻璃 6mm 钢化玻璃 + 20mm 空腔 + 6mm 钢化玻璃

4 kinetic-facade node for vertical and horizontal rotation

4 垂直和水平动态 遮阳板节点

5 disinfection & heating pool

5 消毒池和加热池

6 filter pool

6 过滤池

7 gutter

7 排水沟

8 8 double glazing with low-e coating 带 Low-e 涂层的双层玻璃 10mm toughened glass + 20mm cavity 10mm 钢化玻璃 + 20mm 空腔 + 10mm toughened glass + 10mm 钢化玻璃 9 air-conditioning cavity

9 空调腔

Folding and Rotating Shades 折叠和旋转合一的遮阳立面


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Portfolio of Han Yang  

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