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KNOT International Competition Summer 2011 Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation

This emerging ring-typed loop will cross South Helsinki sea and correct east-west waterfront. It will utilize the existing infrastructure and expand urban activities such as festival, market, convention and tourism into waterfront area. Along the ring, these activities will be reinforced in size

and density by the help of its loop circulation system for pedestrian, public vehicle and ship. Different users of these systems, visitor, residents and workers get together along their own track of the ring, but sometimes be mixed and separated by different time and place.

Map of Helsinki

Aerial View looking Northwest


program leisure activity

existing through traffic

detour for through traffic and cargo traffic

expansion of the city structure

Expansion of the waterfront Followed by a proposed marine ring, the existing events can be held more expansively on place and freely on time. For instance, a flee market place located in the middle of the waterfront

View of New Urban Gate

public bike

pedestrian ring and bike ring

can be expanded inside the marine ring for not only locals but international visitors from two ferry terminal. The inside ring can suggest the place of same condition for winter season and raining. It make it possible to occupy

demolish and relocate existing infrastructure

big size events without season and place. Also, linear shape of the ring can suggest continuous and flexible program inside.

GREEN linear green space new green area

Public Park

existing area Market Square


Business Center 2F

Urban Beach

PUBLIC linear public space new public space existing public traffic route existing publc space

Office 12F

Market Hall 2F

Makasiini Terminal 4F


Urban Ring Parking Lot 4F


Multi-Level Eco-Bridge Mall

KataJanokka Terminal

Indoor Recreational Center 4F


BIKE new bike-lane existing bike-lane Plaza Satamatalo 1F

TRAFFIC proposed through traffic

Entrance of Traffic Olympia Terminal 3F

pedestrian-friendly existing roads

SITE CONDITION buidlings to be demolished buidlings remaing

Site Plan

market square


indoor market lecture hall

conference hall foyer



parking lots

New Urban Gate To establish the identity of Helsinki, the sea parts of the urban ring will be the bridge to connect east-west part of waterfront. The bridge will be used for pedestrians and small vehicle for commuter and visitors.

Under the bridge ferries for two terminal and private boats will pass through day and night. They will make the image of dynamics for Helsinki. While do not interrupt the existing sea route, concentrate the existing role as a port to two terminal.

Terminals After two logistics terminals move to other ports, Helsinki waterfront terminal can be mainly used for visitor-oriented of tour, convention and event. The marine ring plugs these terminals into waterfront and utilize the whole area as concourse for visitor oriented programs. Following the concourse inside the marine ring will transcend visitors into each program locations all over the waterfront. To achieve this goal,

we suggest to detour the existing cargo traffic. It will help visitors and locals to approach to the sea easier. Its approach for pedestrians, both citizen and tourist, will be the circular way along the marine ring. It finally expand the existing market place and realize the concept of ‘sea to the city direct market’. Finally, the concourse will conclude seamless ‘city to the sea’ sequence and create spaces for interaction with water.

Market Square

Transportation Apart from a typical deck-style of waterfront, this circle-style typology can facilitate the development of Helsinki waterfront by means of diverse connections to existing bus, mono rail, bicycle and pedestrian. These public transportation routes will act as bridges to expand existing urban activities into the waterfront so a circulation of the marine ring can increase until urban scale of Helsinki city. Them should penetrate and connect land maks and



500 EA

Market Hall

Public Port Makasiini Terminal



32 EA

1st fl. 216 EA 2nd fl. 216 EA

400 EA

main boulevard of the city and finally reach the new marine ring. It also will make it possible to increase economical, educational and cultural connection between areas of Helsinki. For instance, students of Helsinki can use existing monorails to attend international academic conventions held on the waterfront. The marine ring will have new monorail and bus stations along its linear mass. It will suggest convenient transition and short travel time.



Katajanokka Terminal

166 EA +1.6

140 EA

Olympia Terminal

Pedestrian Way Bikeway Cargo Traffic Access Cargo Traffic Exit Vehicle Traffic Tram Existing Building Terminal Parking Lot

scale 1/4000

Traffic Plan

Indoor Mall and Parking

Bridge Section

View of waterfront market

View of pedestrian pathway

BRIDGE TOWER Academic Work, SHIFF competition Fall 2008, Spring 2009 Illinois Institute of Technology College of Architecture Critic

Antony Wood, David Scott

The typical skyscraper has a strong aura but its effect on the urban condition is usually negative. The only relationship with the urban setting is a visual one, with the tall building usually dominating. This has led to the syndrome of tall building as ‘isolationist’ architecture - stand-alone, non-site specific models that are readily transportable

around the cities of the world. Tall buildings have an opportunity to reinvent themselves as the typology for a sustainable urban future. This project is inspired by a need to create urban agriculture in the face of (i) increasing urbanization, (ii) loss of arable land, (iii) degradation of soil quality and (iv) the need to reduce the carbon implications of food mile.

Pedestrian Movement

Major Vehicle Movement - Lake Shore Drive


Recreational Area


Chicago’s Green Roof Plan

Bridging The site is located between LSD (Lake Shore Drive) and entrace of Chicago river. It is devided by two area with road meaning break point of existing accessibility to waterfront.

It will also be a ‘building as a bridge’ to more strongly connect the city to the leisure / recreational functions currently concentrated along the lake shore (and vice-versa).

This leisure / recreational function will be taken vertically up into the city, to suggest a system of high-level, public ‘sky bridge’ routes / functions in the city.

Upper Residential Zone Plan (Looking Down on Podiums Green Roof and Hydroponic Food Circulation)

Floating Podium Plan 1. Fish Farming (Tilapia) 2. Farmers Market Tilapia 3. Library & Education Area 4. Flexible Space 5. Flea Market 6. Theatre & Performence Hall 7. Culatural Space 8. Production Area 9. Restaurant 10. Observatory




10 7


8 9

6 5

site model

introducing upper green layer lake shore drive route lake front recreational route

Non-Isolationist This new horizontal-vertical recreational route will be aligned with verdant vegetation, thus introducing the green / organic nature of the lake front into the city. With these functions, this project creates a new ‘green

floating podium’ at height to act as a significant public space and production area through a hydroponic food production system. Finally, this project will create a mixed use community and a prototypical urban sky farming for 2050 in Chicago.

introducing new recreational hub new Chicago gateway

city section

Residential Core Public Core Office Core Escalator Sky Bridge

1140 feet

Residential Zone Mixed Zone Public Zone Office Zone

second tower double skin

Core Strategy

Zoning Strategy


green roof neighborhood scale food production sky garden with semi public area Diverse Service Strategy


Ecological Strategy

Evacuation Strategy

vertical pocket gardens semi-public area

public open space with vegetation massive green roof for second city

Structure The two towers support each other so that buildings themselves can be the major ‘dependable structure’. With floating podium structure and inclined building, they are tied up strongly.

Program All program connect each other systematically, with green features. public area in floating podium povide diverse programs to communities through multiple routes.

floating podium hydroponic food farm

inclined residential with private terrace garden

lake shore drive high way new urban gate

vertical structure



green roof


vertical pocket garden

inclined structure

inclined recreational building

podium structure

podium green roof hydroponic farm

x-braced belt truss

structural system

major section


vertical zoning

Hydroponic Farm Structure 1. X-Braced velt truss, primary structure 2. Secondary beams for ‘hanging baskets’ 3. Hydroponic food tray 4. Hanging basket track 5. Supporting wire for grazing 6. Glazing frame 7. Polycarbonate double glazing

plan of hydroponic farm

Buffer Suspended ‘cool white’ fluorescent lighting hung between rails Hanging Basket Track System driven by rotating drive beam

Load carrying unit supported by secondary beams

section of hydroponic farm

Vertical or horizontal steel wire mesh to control plant growth

Tray with inert medium for plant support

View of hydroponic farm

CONDENS-CITY Academic Work, Urban Design Spring 2011 Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation Critic Richard Plunz, Kenneth Frampton

Through the implementation of brownfield self-cleansing system, our proposal is to condense growth along the infrastructural lines; railway and subway, seizing the opportunities to spark new industries, and cleaning contaminated lands to create development zones along transportation corridors allowing terrain to be returned to forestlands and convert the former

abandoned sites into agricultural land. The remediation facilities next to the tracks will be the centers from which expansion will occur parallel and perpendicular to the subway and tram lines. Through the revitalization of the train tracks, we utilize the axial efficiencies.

New Russian Clusters Business cluster with new industries created from remediation process.

Indus-cape Global landscape with brownfield remediation process, new industries, self-cleaning system, tourism and educational facilities.

Russian Cities Rehabilitation of Major russian cities to create new remediation industrial centers

Regional Network


Reuse of Underutilized Industrial railway to transport brownfield soil, contaminated material

1.Moscow Train

Kharkiv 2.Yekaterinburg


Map of major indus-cape network and supportive cities

Global Eco-scape During the Soviet Era, Kharkiv’s large manufacturing facilities are located along Russian Railway lines. After the fall of the Soviet Union these industries no longer have a significant

presence leaving the buildings greatly under-utilized and the grounds contaminated. These existing conditions provide an opportunity to re-think the future of the sustainable linear city.nt

New Industrial Heterotopia


MOSCOW Station Автозаводская KIEV Station Караваевы Дачи


KIEV Station Левый Берег

MOSCOW Station Бирюлев Павелецкий платформа станция

KIEV Station Дарница

MOSCOW Station Курский платформа станция

BEIJING Stations

Industrial Heterotopia Proposed industrial linear city, global impact russian railway brownfield remediation centers business connection



KIEV Station Киев Московский


MOSCOW Station Курский платформа станция

MOSCOW Station Вековка Казанский платформа








shrinking industries railway subway stations tram line

industrial area railway



remediation center industrial area railway subway stations tram line







remediation centers remediating railway soil flow tram line

informal business program bar remediation centers remediating remediation complete railway new industries tram line

informal businesses condensed linear city remediation centers urban forest railway tram line

Adaptive reuse of abandoned industrial buildings near by railway provide lot of space for remediation facilities and workforce. It also means that Russian railway will be utilized as an economic trigger creating eco-scape.

View of adaptive reuse of abandoned factories

View of reutilizing Russian railway

subway, tram line railway new rail station remediation tech-center urban forest re-utilized existing buildings new mixed-use buildings

View of urban infill and sequence of main street

Public Transportation


Perpendicular Program Bar

Public Space

connection, trigger subway station railway station railway

triggers, brownfield remediation center secondary triggers, mixed-use zone

remediation center new tech center for remediation re-utilized buildings, mixed-use new buildings

phyto-remediation athletic feild edge parks small squares, plaza old linear park enclosed

Phasing 1_remediation

Phasing 2_education

Phasing 3_secondary industry Phasing 5_link_growth of industrial linear city research center railway subway existing building new building

Phasing 4_development

Aerial view of Condens-City

adaptive reuse of abandoned buildings

mixed-use residential area

phyto remediation + eco-scape media plaza for new russian generationa

subway station / underground market


r panels

remediation tech center (education, research)

brownfield tech-center

oil extraction

secondary market

phyto remediation


soil washing

trasportation hub

trailor green house

vitrification plant

process water storage tank

russian rail way

CLOT Academic Work, Residential / Urbanism Summer 2007 Illinois Institute of Technology College of Architecture Critic Peter Land

This project is for the incremental reconstruction of the south side of Chicago city blocks, based upon energy self sufficiency, and the high density, low-rise concept. The lowest costs for economic houses are the result, in general terms, of simplicity and clarity in design and building technology, as well as size.

Each option has its own strength of passive solar design, re-arrange subdivision geometry, increase density with regional implications, efficient garage system, dense landscaping in enclosed private gardens for summer cooling, solar collectors, PVC arrays, and so on.. typical Chicago lot style

re-arrange subdivision geometry

2 story w/o garage (1st fl)

2 story w/o garage (2nd fl)

1 story w/o garage

1 story w/ garage


1 story w/o garage

1 story w/ garage

2 story w/o 2 story w/o garage garage (2nd fl)


2 story w/ garage

2 story w/ garage (2nd fl)

3 story w/ garage

3 story w/ 3 story w/ garage (2nd) garage (3rd fl)


House Plan, Form

1 story w/o garage

1 story w/ garage


1 story w/o garage

Isometric of 4 lots combination

1 story w/ garage (studio type)

2 story w/o garage 2 story w/o garage (1st fl) (2nd fl)

2 story w/o garage (1st fl)


2 story w/o garage (2nd fl)

2 story w/ garage (1st fl)

2 story w/ garage (1st fl)

2 story w/ garage (2nd fl)

2 story w/ garage (2nd fl)

Lot combination Each option has its own strength of passive solar design, re-arrange subdivision geometry, increase density with regional implications, efficient garage system, dense landscaping in enclosed private gardens for summer cooling, solar collectors, PVC arrays, and so on..

Each option has its own strength of passive solar design, re-arrange subdivision geometry, increase density with regional implications, efficient garage system, dense landscaping in enclosed private gardens for summer cooling, solar collectors, PVC arrays, and so on..

2 Lots Combination 2 Big Bedroom Scheme

Isometric of 2 lots combination

7 Lots Combination 3 Types

1 story w/ garage

2 story w/ garage 2 bed room scheme (1st fl)


2 story w/ garage 2 bed room scheme (2nd fl)

2 story w/ garage 3 bed room scheme (1st fl)

2 story w/ garage 3 bed room scheme (2nd fl)

4 Lots Combination Scheme

FIELD HOUSE Academic Work, Comprehensive Studio Fall 2006 Illinois Institute of Technology College of Architecture Critic Susan Hicky

This project is for designing a prototypical field house of south area of Chicago. The Park District hopes to utilize cost-effective construction system and techniques used in both the public and private sectors, creatively adapted to the building program.

The concept is to focus on creating efficient construction process to provide new community place. The porposal includes cost-efficienct, economic module unit of passive solar collection, sustainable features such as sky light, reuse of gray water, natural ventilation through a big court yard and 3’ of lifting.

green roof with skylight

secondary structure

primary structure_long span

prefabricated passive heating panel

mullions and windows


Interior view looking court yard

court yard


supporting structure

canopy layer

pedestrian behavior pattern


Exotic Simplicity The concept of interior is very simple but also exotic enviroments with the big courtyard. Prefabricated long-span and wood louvres support functionality of this communal space. Interior space wll be remain to be designed by neighborhood except several funitures.

Skylight will create very cozy space and save energy. The walls on center willl devide programs with activity. The West side of building is for diverse community events, and the other side will be dynamic space including indoor athletic field.

fresh air (cold)


rain water hot air

natural ventilation strategy and sustainable features of court yard

south elevation

Sustainability The main factor for realizing sustainability in this building are holes; court yard, skylights, floor holes and 3’ lifting. These will mechanically operate with passive solar system on the exterior wood wall and

provide natrural feeling which means inside feels like outside. The building is not a massive solid but a new layer wraping existing context to create familiarity with a new sense of space.

wall construction 0.15” prismatic toughened solar glass 1.2” cavaty 1.6” wood louvres windproof layer 0.6” cellulose-bonded gypsum board 3.8” cellulose thermal insulation sealing layer interior

summer winter

heat storage by wood louvres

Storaged Heat Radiate

floor construction in gym Poured polyurethane surface layer Seperating layer Polyurethane thermal insulation Damp-proof membrane Reinforced concrete floor slab Broken Glass

Passive Solar Collector The wall construction is comprised of two main factors; wood and glass. Prefabricatred wood louvers are for collecting solar energy. The storaged hot

air in the gap between glass and wood louvers will radiate to interior space by electric radiator. Hot air will also effect on natural ventilation.

storaged heat radiation

court yard various enviroment

primary structure prefabricated long-span steel structure secondary structure extended ceiiling lights

natural lighting

prefabricated wood louvre varied design depends on site. 1.2� cavaty, heat storage prismatic toughened solar glas to collect solar energy


Prototype All of building components will be prefabricated except coutyard and material of interior. To be site-specific few flexible elements are systematically fit to various sites and create different moods and feelings. Because court yard is the main daytime lighting generator, mood of interior will vary depends on the site.

The angle of wood louvres should be different depends on the weather condition of the site so that it functions well enough to provide passive hot air. The purpose of angled roof is aesthetical and functional as well. It is smoothly angled feeling very elegant and help naturally collect rain water.


CHOCOLATE FACTORY Academic Work, Comprehensive Studio Spring 2007 Illinois Institute of Technology College of Architecture Critic Tom Braucher

The aim of this project is for designing new factory for Vosges Chocolate company. The Vosges Haut Chocolate mission is to create a luxury chocolate experience rooted in a sensory journey of bringing about awareness to indigenous cultures through the exploration of spices, herbs, roots, flowers, fruits, nuts, chocolate and the obscure.

The concept is to focus on designing virtual tourism root with diverse landscaping issue. This concept is to satisfy the goal of company which is about sensory journey and chocolate experience. The chimney system will be a function of virtual tour and hardscape on the roof top garden. Virtual tour experience will also be merged with beautiful court yard which contain renovative landscape area.


eco-garden concept


1. roof garden 2. eco-garden water

Materialism and Gardens in Factory The aim of chocolate factory is not just about producing chocolate but also about introducing new urban factory to the neighborhood. Various hard and soft-scape provide community place to get diverse tourism in the factory. Particulary, the roof garden is composed of various materials that represent Vosges’ scheme.


rearrangement of layers






















roof garden hardscape concept

natural lighting

natural ventilation

periscope tourism

rainwater collecting

courtyard view

EW section

NS section

Roof Construction 1.2” basalt strips 1.6” precast concrete slabs layer of volcanic stone:sealing layer 9” foamed polystyrene thermal insulationseperating layer 4.7” screed finished to falls 6” reinforced concrete slab 1”wide beams PVC planting box-Linear plating


The Roof The factory’s roof will be the new community place of the neighborhood. It is comprised of multifunctional-chimney system and massive roof garden. People can experience factory’s process but mainly, they will enjoy the view of city and materialism in garden. Basalt strips give a sense of continuous journey on the roof, and people can enjoy various vegetation in the PVC planting box. The roof is not just a roof but a new space.

MULTIFUNCTIONAL CITY Academic Work, Urban Planning Spring 2006 Hong-Ik University College of Engineering, Urban Planning Dept Critic Inwon Lee

The philosophy of the city is to wrap the urban form around the existing natural and historic legacy. The city site has been mapped from the point of view of natural features and historic features. Central of the natural features are the mountains to the north of the main city site, selected river view notably, and the historic sites. Traditional and existing villages which become the core of social/recreational activites. Through pre-analysis, analytic land use will help change existing environment.

context analysis

Analysis Pre-analysis is composed of two steps. The first step is analyzing existing context; countour, villages, culture, streams, mountains, density, traffic, flood area, aspects, soil, wind direction. Based on these research, 3-dimensional site model was created by Arch GIS.

Concept of the density, traffic plan and cityscape will be created through the process. With the rough idea of cityscape, suitability analysis will be the next step. Arch GIS will provide refine information about the site; availability of development, landuse and denity.







32% 12% 11% 7% 38% -

Residential Commercial Industrial Administrative Green Arch GIS analysis


Tram High Way Major Road Minor Road Green Under Path Open Tram Space Station/ Walk Public Area Plaza





Network The city network is base on TOD development. Two kinds of public transportation; subway and tram system, will provide high velovity for the future urban life. Stations of public transportation are the first development area to spark economics. Tram stations connect to subway station directly, all fares are shared and people get benefits.

The river and waterfrontage and amenities are seen as a major part to the lanscape, with maximum emphasis on locating activities on the water frontage, including some set piece buildings, and creating a waternetwork. From the point of view of the city, the principle of diversity will allow a constant change of moods and styles, from aggresive and large modern buildings in certain herbs.

LOS Transit Oriented Street

post-analysis of traffic

typical street section

Urban Void

Urban void + Programmed Area (Underpath, Overpath)

Green Open Space Public Area Plaza

Green Network Programmed Area + Open Space

Composite (Urban+Waterfront)

View of central park

Exploded axon of waterfront development

MESH Academic Work, Comprehensive Studio Spring 2009 Illinois Institute of Technology College of Architecture Critic Martin Felson

The south side of Chicago is now developing and in a complexive condition due to urban expansion. This project is for providing a new community place to south area of Chicago. It is to consider enviromental sustainability dependant upon collective, community -scale effort. This space will be a “programmatic morphosis.� This unique space can be transformable dependant upon time, season and program.

Current Central Plan Area of Chicago

Current Community Events

South Urban Development

31st street


31st street with growing water plan




Existing Diverse Communities


South Developement


Proposed site








Infrastructural Potentiality

Park and Green


Housing Hosipital Parking Lot School Church Olympic Village

Urban Infill Urban sprawl of city of Chicago will continue toward South side. This reforming lot concept will terminate it and infill urban context with green elements. It also provide diverse path route for pedestrian with knotting, fragmenting, re-organizing. Design process is composed

of three big idea. First of all, existing land will be refomed; adding, subtracting, inclining and extruding. Second, new layers of sustainablity and community elements will add onto that. Walkable green roof will finish the reforming process to create diverse path route and event place.


4 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9







Walkable Green Roof Natural-Air filter wall (South-facing) Community Wall Perforated Green Metal Pedestrian Walkway (inside) Eco-paved Outdoor Walkway Park Way Plaza Community Exhibition Area



Community Place Itself

Vehicle Roads, Bypass

Pedestrian Path, Walkway

Integration with Parking, Empty Lot

Pedestrian Path, Walkway + Bypass

Integration with Parking, Empty lot + Pedestrian Walkway


8 4

7 6


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Eco-paved Community Street Programmed Bar Sloped Green Roof Bridge Exisiting Vehicle Road Exhibition Area Park Way Plaza


ground floor plan

Scheme 1. Reforming of open lot with existing infrastructure 2. Input community program 3. Utilize and maximize of current usage 4. Input technical energy saving system 5. Seasonal, time-concerned plan

flexible program

rain water Clean Air


fresh water

8 2 7






rain water


Dirty Air

5 6

5 3






ed Scheme - Open / 100% percentage use

modulazing detail

green wall detail 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Green Roof Construction Natural air-filter wall (South Facing) Gravel Eco Paver Heating Line Flexible Wall for Community Pedestrian Walk way Sky Light Community Exhibition Wall (North Facing)

Module The linear shape buildings are composed of regular module system with green features. Each module has its own rainwater filtering, ait filtering system, and they will function as a whole. Inner space

will be used for market, exhibition, and pathway in the winter. All buildings are oriented to potential directionj for the future development and it can be modified and customized whnever it is needed.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Grenn Wall The green wall is based on living wall system which is composed of vetated panels. Green will filter dirty air by photosynthesis mechanism. Through this, rain water will also be cleaned. This living walls

Living Walls Filtering Unit Internal Fan System Hanger Water Pipe Filtered Water Supply Primary Structure (Module Structure) Secondary Structure for Filtering Unit

are always albe to be customized with paintable panel for community events. Primary and secondary structure connect to the modular system.

POETRY FOUNDATION Professional Work, Cultural Chicago, IL 05/2008 John Ronan Architects Status : Completion

The Poetry Foundation is a not for profit organization which grew out of Poetry magazine dedicated to the promotion of poetry in contemporary culture. Their headquarters building, in the River North neighborhood of Chicago, is comprised of a building in dialogue with a garden space. Visitors reach the building by walking through the garden; the building’s internal arrangement is configured to allow for views from all spaces back out onto the garden.

ground floor plan

Secret Garden Visitors enter through the garden, an urban sanctuary that mediates between the street and enclosed building. Entering the garden, visitors first encounter the library space, announcing that they are entering into a literary environment.  Inside, an exhibition gallery connects the library to the performance space, where visitors listen to poets read their

work against the backdrop of the garden. Public functions (performance space, gallery and library) are located on the ground floor, while office spaces are located on the second level, organized into three areas (Foundation Administration, Poetry magazine/ website, and Programs). The building is configured to allow for views from all spaces into the garden.  

view of garden space

North Elevation w screen wall

North Elevation w/o screen wall

glass wall + garden system / mediation

glass handrail and wood layer system / interior

black zinc and screen wall system / exterior

System and Materialism Tectonically, the building is conceived of as a series of layers that visitors move through and between. Layers of zinc, glass, and wood, peel apart to define the various spaces of the building. 

The building’s outer layer of oxidized zinc becomes perforated where it borders the garden, allowing visual access to the garden from the street to encourage public investigation.  


early screen models

Transparency The design process started with a series of diagrams describing possible relationships between building and garden. Early screen model show various strategies between garden and street. All scheme are a relationship whereby the building pushes into the garden and vice versa.

Transparency would be differnet but the gesture to provide dynamical semipublic space is same on each option. The building is clad in oxidized zinc, which forms a screenwall that defines the interface between street and garden. Layers of metal, glass and wood organize the interior spaces and orient then toward the garden.


view of library Interior The building is accessed through an exterior garden that is screened from the street. The double-height library comes into view first and a continuous ribbon of wood

shelving lines the library, second floor and terminates in the reading room at the building’s east end, where poets read their work aloud. Â

URBAN MODEL SCHOOL Professional Work, Institutional Chicago, IL 07/2009 John Ronan Architects Status : Completion

This urban high school prototype for the City of Chicago is organized into three thematic components: body, mind and spirit, that relate to the various programs and activities within the school that comprise the curriculum. The site is zoned according to these thematic areas. Bars are created housing the athletics (body),

the academy classrooms and teaching spaces (mind), and the library, arts and music (spirit). The bars slide against each other to create outdoor spaces on the site, programmed for specific activities that work in conjunction with the buildings—entry courtyard, athletics fields, and reading garden.

ground floor plan

Prototype This urban model high school is very compact model that would fit 1,200 students within a single city block measuring 266 by 600 feet.

The spatial program for each school had to be similar to maintain parity between communities, bur each would be a unique identity. masonry wallsections

masonry studies

Masonry The three parts of the school are bounded by a continuous wall that snakes through the site. Dark on one side and light on the other, the wall serves to defferentiate the building massing based on perspective.

Book Storage

Student Services Mail Room

Administration Suite


Elevation A

Elevation B






color interior elevations

Adaptibility and public interface Inside, the space planning stresses adaptability and flexibility that we had previously explored in other projects, with main public spaces serving multiple functions. The gymnasium, with deployable seating for sporting events, converts to a 1200 seat auditorium via separate deployable theater seating. An adjacent multi-purpose space can be adapted to changing needs (music recitals, art exhibitions, dance studios and lectures). Â

We proposed that some of the dedicated spaces of the building could be shared with the community when the school was closed, to promote interaction with the community and maximize the utility of the public investment. Thus, the library can be entered directly through the Reading garden after school hours; likewise, the pool and gymnasium can be entered directly from the exterior.Â

BURNHAM MEMORIAL Professional Work, Landscape Urbanism Chicago, IL 03/2009 John Ronan Architects Status : Honorable Mention

The design explores the boundary between building, space and landscape in the creation of a memorial that is both destination and passage. Through strategies of intervention and erasure, the project seeks to introduce visitors to Burnham’s accomplishments in a way that is consistent with his vision for Chicago’s lakefront.

Burnham Park Threshold The memorial seeks to create a threshold at the head end of Burnham Park to reinforce the Park’s importance as a tribute to Daniel Burnham. Markers portraying Burnham’s accomplishments, linked by material to the Burnham Memorial, could be placed strategically throughout the park in future years, to reinforce the idea that the memorial encompasses the entirety of this lakefront landscape.




3 4 Re-establishing Green Space The site is currently home to two conflicting hardscape languages, in which an abundance of Olmsted-inspired winding pathways terminate abruptly into the Beaux-Arts style Museum forecourts. The memorial design seeks to mediate between these two


geometries and to re-establish the green space to the north of the site. Superfluous pathways are erased in favor of a continuous green landscape more in keeping with Burnham’s intentions for the lakefront. A stair within the memorial itself re-establishes the axial approach to the Shedd Aquarium.

legend 1 path from existing tunnel 2 re-establisheded green space 3 tree grove

4 stair 5 ramp with Burnham image 6 statue of Burnham

site plan

view of entrance

Axis A landing at the high eastern end of the memorial provides a panoramic view of the Chicago skyline. A statue of Daniel Burnham punctuates the existing plaza in front of the Shedd Aquarium, and provides a link to other proposed markers in Burnham Park highlighting Burnham’s accomplishments.

The Ramp The eastern portion of the memorial is a ramped surface (at a 1:20 slope) which connects the level of the existing walkway under Lake Shore Drive to the museum forecourt level. Sloped at a 1:20 pitch, it provides an accessible path through the site and accommodates heavy pedestrian traffic during the summer and for events at Soldier Field.

Digitally cut holes in the surface of the ramp create a dot screen image of Daniel Burnham that appears as an elongated abstract form when viewed from above, but collapses to normal perspective when viewed frontally at the base of the ramp. At night, these holes are backlit so that the image can be seen at any time of day or night.

The Steps Cut into the steel ramp are shallow steps forming a wide stair to take visitors between the different levels of the site. The Stair is located asymmetrically within the memorial space, and centered on the entry to the Shedd Aquarium,

to re-establish the axial relationship disrupted by the routing of Lake Shore Drive. The thirty foot wide stair is a gradual rise composed of 80 steps (3� risers and 48� treads). The names of the memorial donors are engraved into the risers.

Memorial Space Upon arriving at the memorial from the north, the visitor enters a grove of shade trees. The surface under

foot changes here to decomposed stabilized granite, similar in color to the rusting steel walls that bound the memorial space.

HOME Professional Work, Freelance Sudong, South Korea 11/2011 Co-work with Moram Architects Status : Completed

The design explores the boundary between mountains and existing villages in the creation of diverse framing which is major strategy. Through the perspective from interior, framing process creates building forms and overall environment of indoor environment feels like outside; mutual communication with the context. Each design layers will be explored by materialism and sequence of journey seeing panoramic view of the site.

Framing The notion of design process is starting from framing existing environment conceptually into interior space. For the best options, the shape of the house is undulated and layered. Each facade is toward panoramic view of the site and simutaneously has a picturesque scene.

Each frame has different mood depending upon program; calming for work space, romantic view for master bedroom and panoramic view for living room. The sequence of view will be explored by walking through a hall way located on the center

Architecture of Happiness It is architecture’s task to stand as an eloquent reminder of our full potential. If we are happy with walls, chairs, buildings and streets that surround us, it is the destination of architecture.

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wonwoo portfolio