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NEW HORIZONS Over several decades of practice, the firm has continuously reinvented itself to to ensure its relevance, viability and contemporary response to its craft whilst retaining a maturity afforded to it by years of experience. ARCHIAL and NORR are, and always have been, vehicles for learning and growth, with the pursuit of excellence as the guiding principle.

Now, there is a very special culture operating throughout ARCHIAL/NORR that unites its people in a common purpose: the production of fine architecture and also the prospect of creating arresting physical environments that engage, inform and enrich the lives of those who utilise them. This is the purpose that empowers us as we continue to grow and evolve. VICTOR SMITH, CEO, The Ingenium Group


contents INTRODUCTION 04

Commercial Emirates Towers


Buchanan Galleries


Palestra 12

GMG Headquarters


Simcoe Place


Arabesque - Retail Outlet


Al Hitmi Complex


Princes Square


Burj Khalifa


The Ropewalk


Ford Canadian Headquarters


McDonalds Restaurants Nationwide


National Bank of Dubai


BAE Building


Colorium 38

Tesco Distribution Warehouse


Trade Centre


Commerce Park


SAS Institute Canadian Headquarters


Buckfast Abbey Winery


45 Church Street


Babraham B250


British Horse Society


Babraham B260


Eliot Park Innovation Centre


OPP Forensic Identification Unit


Lugano Building


Stirling Innovation Centre


The Avenues


Cambridge Science Park


Peckham Library and Media Centre


Berkshire College of Agriculture


Renfrew County Courthouse


Bristol Skills Academy




Calgary Courts Centre


Cripps Court


National Millennium Faith Experience


East Surrey College


Sunrise Native Addictions Services Centre

Hauser Forum



Kingsland Primary School


Canadian Consulate


Littleton Green Community School


Pollok Civic Realm


Michael Faraday Community School


Collins Bay Institution


Blizard Building


Police Federation Headquarters


Small Animal Hospital


Working with the Ministry of Defence


Dumfries Dental Centre


Beddington Resource Recovery and Energy Facility


Easterhouse Community Health Centre


Glasgow Recycling and Renewable Energy Facility


Kirkintilloch Baptist Church


lifestyle Jenan City


Atlantis The Palm


Middle Quinton Eco-town


Mussafah Business Hotel


Matrix 160

Puddle Dock Hotel


New Islington Masterplan

Casino New Brunswick


Chips 165

Carnegie Pavilion


Dolphin Quays Masterplan


Motorcity Casino


Grandholm Village


Craigholme Sports Hall


Middlehaven Masterplan


Silvertip Clubhouse


Middlesbrough College


Riverside Swimming Centre


99 Banks Road


Riverside Ice Rink


Lochgarry, 40 Cleveden Drive


Gleneagles Spa


Omni Centre


Southend Swimming and Dive Centre


Sheriff Court


Plymouth Life Centre



Shangri-La 180

transportation Halifax International Airport Groundside Redevelopment

Stratford DLR Station



Peace Bridge at Canadian Plaza


Air Canada, Toronto Pearson International Airport


Blue Water Bridge Canada CBA Complex


Dubai Airwing


KLM Lounge


Halifax International Airport Parking Garage


Plaza Premium Lounges


Air Canada Lounges


Toronto Pearson International Airport Value Parking Garage


Aberdeen Marine Operations Centre


Union Station Redevelopment


North Greenwich Underground Station


Heron Quays DLR Station


INDEX 266 3


In September 2010, The Toronto based Ingenium Group, comprising the businesses NORR, Giffels and Cion, purchased ARCHIAL, the UK based Architecture business. Just six months after this acquisition, the businesses of NORR and ARCHIAL were already working together on significant international projects. This publication combines the work of ARCHIAL and NORR, in a portfolio of projects from around the world, to demonstrate the extensive capability that they can offer individually and together. The acquisition of ARCHIAL completed a long term goal for Ingenium Group to gain a significant presence in Architecture in the UK and Western Europe. ARCHIAL is the result of a combination of 14 individual practices, between 1996 and 2006, in regional centres throughout the UK. It has occupied an enviable position as a top 5 UK architecture business for many years. The majority of the offices have been established for over fifty years and, with a genuine national presence, ARCHIAL offers a unique geographic coverage, combined with the scale and expertise of an international practice. ARCHIAL provides services from London, Cambridge, Bournemouth, Exeter, Plymouth, Birmingham, Leeds, Newcastle, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Inverness. NORR Architects, Engineers & Planners has, since it origins in 1938, developed a diverse portfolio of building types in a host of geographic locations. NORR is unique in its ability to provide architecture, planning, interior design, structural, mechanical and electrical engineering together, under a unified design and delivery process. While the architectural profession has only recently


discovered the advantage of bringing these disciplines together, NORR recognised this in 1938 and has developed a strong reputation for this integrated approach. Today, NORR provides services from established offices in Toronto, Kingston, Ottawa, Calgary and Vancouver in Canada; Tampa, Detroit, Chicago and Sacramento in the USA; Dubai and Abu Dhabi in the UAE, Riyadh in Saudi Arabia and New Delhi and Mumbai in India. In the chapters that follow, we feature a selection of ARCHIAL’s and NORR’s Commercial, Public, Lifestyle and Transportation projects which, together, cover an extensive range of building types. We categorise these into four main groups.

COMMERCIAL – ‘PLACES OF WORK’ OFFICES/RETAIL/SCIENCE AND RESEARCH/ INDUSTRIAL Commercial Buildings are places of commerce, where the world’s business occurs. Mostly defined as privately developed offices or retail spaces, they are universally understood to be the places where people work. With the Monday to Friday, 9 to 5 structure replaced with longer hours and extended working weeks, the commercial building is, today, where people spend the majority of their working lives. This makes the commercial building design solution an important one because it directly affects its users, more than any other building. The length of time and the type of pressure that the business world places on its workforce is and can be mitigated and improved by good office design.



EDUCATION/HEALTHCARE/GOVERNMENT/ MOD/CUSTODIAL/PUBLIC RESOURCE/ ASSEMBLY These are a group of buildings which exist to ‘serve the public’. Although many of these are also places of work, they differ from commercial buildings because they exist solely to deliver benefit to society. The mix between worker and public varies and, in some cases, is equally split. As a result of the specialised nature of these buildings – which include government, justice, corrections, hospitals and schools – the design principles differ from other building types. Accessibility, security, functionality, flexibility, independence and dignity are carefully considered in the design of public buildings.

AIRPORTS/RAIL/UNDERGROUND/ROAD SERVICES/FERRYPORTS/MARINE FACILITIES Moving masses of people to work, to public services, to live and play can include travel by aeroplane, car, subway or regional, or crosscountry, railways. Many of the building types that enable these systems are combined to serve as multi-modal transportation buildings. These impressive facilities serve thousands, or even millions, of people daily, with Toronto’s Union Station processing 65 million passengers yearly and 40 million moving through Canada’s largest Airport, Pearson International. London Transport’s Jubilee Line and Docklands Light Railway handle similar volumes.

LIFESTYLE – ‘LIVE AND PLAY’ RESIDENTIAL/RESTAURANTS/HOTELS/ HALLS OF RESIDENCE/LEISURE/SPORT Lifestyle buildings are those that that define us as individuals and members of communities. Where we live, whether it is a single family home or one of multiple units, demonstrates our personal preferences. Hotels and Resorts are temporary places to live but are destinations made by individual choice, based on individual preferences. It is the buildings where we play, including entertainment venues, conference centres, sports facilities and casinos that are the best expression of our individual passions and aspirations.

Our design philosophy applies to each of these projects and building types by combining the essence of how we design, and what we seek to deliver, for a client focused product to ‘MAKE LIFE BETTER THROUGH INTELLIGENT DESIGN’ through a balanced, project specific individual matrix of: - CREATIVE INTEGRITY - ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE - ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY - SOCIAL CONTRIBUTION - PERSONAL EXPERIENCE In creating this book, we acknowledge the dedication of our staff to these projects and offer our collective appreciation to the clients who make it possible for ARCHIAL and NORR to create design. While the majority of our featured projects are completed works, a significant collection of major projects, currently in the design process, have been reserved for presentation in a future volume.



COMMERCIAL OfďŹ ces | Retail | Industrial | Science & Research





1995 - 2000

EMIRATES TOWERS Location Floor Area

DUBAI, UAE 227,600 sq m

Located in the financial centre of Dubai, the Emirates Towers are one of the most distinctive pairs of skyscrapers in the world. Each 52 storeys high, the office and hotel towers rise to 1,181 feet and 1,001 feet respectively and, until the construction of the Burj Khalifa, were the tallest buildings in Dubai. The winning entry in an international design competition, NORR’s concept was a direct response to the client’s brief. Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, the Prime Minister of UAE and the buildings’ owner, asked that the project frame the view of the existing World Trade Centre tower, a landmark built by his late father. Clad in silver aluminium panels and silver and copper reflective glass, the uniquely contemporary form of these towers has become a symbol of modern Dubai. The towers rise from

a three-storey terraced podium, which houses a boutique retail mall, restaurants and cafes. Flanking each tower are low-rise curvilinear parking structures, reminiscent of the shifting sand dunes of the surrounding desert. The construction of the project was particularly challenging due to a clientmandated time period of just 52 months for design and construction. In order to meet this need, NORR’s architectural design team in Dubai worked collaboratively with architects and engineers in Canada, the UK, and Australia to deliver a coordinated design that met this schedule. The Emirates Towers, completed some 10 years ago, are still one of the most admired features of the Dubai skyline.





PALESTRA LONDON, UK | 2001 - 2006



PALESTRA Location Floor Area

LONDON, UK 37,400 sq m

Palestra is Archial’s first contribution to the rapidly developing Bankside quarter, south of the Thames. The opening of the Tate Modern and the provision of enhanced infrastructure – the Jubilee Line Extension and Archial’s Thameslink 2000 station at Blackfriars (with links to Luton and Gatwick airports) – forms one of the most dynamic, cultural and commercial growth points in London. The key idea in this bold, speculative, commercial scheme was the provision of big, straightforward and highly flexible floor-plates which can be used in open-plan or cellular formats. The building takes the form of a

raised box, with retail and restaurant space at ground level where public routes penetrate the development. The appearance of the building belies its basically simple diagram. The façades make use of the most advanced glazing technology, with benefits not only in terms of working environment and climatic controls, but equally for the public. The glazing incorporates a bold abstract pattern that is impermeably bonded into the individual glass sheets and thus becomes a huge artwork – challenging the preconception that speculative office space need be visually boring or environmentally negative.


Simcoe place TORONTO, CANADA | 1993 - 1996



Sketches by: Carlos Ott


SIMCOE PLACE Location Floor Area


The Simcoe Place Tower which stands today is a direct consequence of the world recession of the 1990s. Originally designed as two commercial towers on a single retail podium, anchored by a live theatre, the project was halted when the commercial office market in downtown Toronto plummeted. After three further attempts to proceed with the project in the following years, Simcoe Place eventually moved ahead in 1993 as a single tower and podium complex that is more striking than the original concepts. For almost a decade the 33-storey, 148 m high Simcoe Place tower was the only skyscraper built in Toronto. Designed for the Cadillac Fairview Corporation, the poured concrete structure is clad in a mirrored glass and black granite curtain wall. The stepped design of the glazed façade has dual appeal: it breaks up the massing of the building, giving it a more vertical scale, and it also creates sixteen corner offices per floor, as opposed to the four in a conventional rectangular design. At the base of the building the podium occupies half the site, covering over 40,000 sq. ft.

Finished in grey granite and glass with stainless steel highlights, the podium is 4 storeys in height and includes shops at the ground and concourse levels as well as a 650 seat food court. There are two primary entrances to the office accommodation above, one for the anchor tenant and one for other building tenants. Below, there are three levels of car parking, and at the con­course level there is an entrance/exit directly into the adjacent park. The park, which is sited to the west side of the podium, is one acre in size and contains a number of public art pieces that acknowledge the historic nature of the site and Governor General John Graves Simcoe, after whom the project and nearby street is named. The city has since grown up around the Simcoe Place Tower but for years it has stood as a monu­ment to its time. In fact, its construction was so unusual during the recession of the 1990s, that Toronto newspaper ‘The Globe & Mail’ featured a weekly diary of the build, written by reporter Mary Goodeham. The series of articles has since been published as a book, A Building Goes Up: The Making of a Skyscraper. 19





AL HITMI COMPLEX Location Floor Area

DOHA, QATAR 64,000 sq m

Located on a prime waterfront site along the Doha Corniche, this contemporary project overlooks the recently completed Islamic Arts Museum. The development consists of a 7-storey high, linearly arranged office block, anchored by a 15-storey residential tower. Unlike other com­mercial properties in the city, the design of this project is uniquely sculptural, composed of solid masses sliced through by a glazed atrium that looks to the water. The buildings are clad in a ‘skin’ of polished and honed black granite interspersed with grey tinted glazing that creates a monumental and ‘scale-less’ exterior for the project. The office blocks thrust out towards the corniche, the increasingly cantilevered floors floating impos­ sibly on a base seemingly constructed only of glass.

The two office blocks are constructed around a space that feels like a ravine or gorge between massive rock forms. This sky-lit atrium, clad in high per­formance fritted glass, controls natural light while reflecting the sun’s heat. Above, a spectacular chandelier snakes its way through shafts of sunlight that shine down to ground floor level, where internal landscaping includes planted gardens.








BURJ KHALIFA Location Floor Area

DUBAI, UAE 550,000 sq m

At 2,700 feet, the much-heralded Burj Khalifa is by far the tallest building in the world, surpassing its closest competitor, the recently completed Taipei 101 tower in Taiwan, by over 1,000 feet. For this landmark project, Emaar Properties chose NORR to undertake the task of supervising the architecture and leading design coordination during construction. Skidmore Owings & Merrill (SOM) was the design architect and engineer for the project and, in adopting SOM’s design along with all associated liabilities, NORR analysed every aspect of the architectural design to ensure buildability and code compliance. NORR’s full range of responsibility included the coordination of architecture with engineering design, quality control of all construction work, reviewing mock-ups, samples, technical drawings and manufacturers’ data, and advising the client on a range of complex construction issues. Managing the execution of work on this project was a monumental task. This lead co-ordination role meant that NORR’s on site team of twenty architects and support personnel was constantly on alert to advise and redesign areas as issues arose. The co-ordination and installation of complex mechanical and electrical requirements for the tower, which includes a hotel, residential, retail and office space, were major challenges. One example of such a challenge was the partial redesign of residential apartments in the tower due to increased space requirements for services, which meant revisiting the design of over 100 different types of apartment layouts. The logistics of constructing the world’s tallest building are hard to imagine, with simply getting operatives to their workplaces and removing waste materials efficiently from the 162-storey building presenting major challenges. Construction work on the superstructure of the Burj Khalifa commenced in January 2005 with the official opening of the tower in January 2010, just five years later. 29


2000 - 2003



Built on the same prominent site in Oakville as Ford’s existing 40 year-old Canadian headquarters building, this new high tech centre of operations was designed as an architectural billboard for the automotive giant. While the building is undoubtedly sleek in its aesthetic appeal, its underlying design was driven not by a desire to create flashy architecture but by a wish to build the best possible working environment for employees. NORR began its design by interviewing personnel from each department within the exist­ ing facility to learn the nature of work being carried out. Then, the design team brought in workstation furniture suppliers to demonstrate their systems and test available options with Ford’s staff. Through collaboration and rigorous comparison, the team was able to make product selections that would best suit Ford’s needs for both immediate requirements and future adaptability. The subsequent design of the building has been influenced by the size and layout of chosen workstations. In response to requests from staff, all spaces within the building, including offices, cafeteria and showroom, are naturally lit. These effective, if unconventional, methods of refining the design demonstrated respect for Ford’s staff and enabled NORR to create a build­ing that genuinely suited the company.

The building itself is a steel frame design with steel elevator shafts, a decision brought about because of a looming concrete trade dispute and the need to meet an extremely tight schedule. The north and south façades are glazed in a blue glass procured from one of Ford’s own suppliers, while east and west are solid metal panels. The cylindrical tower on the south façade features an entrance vestibule at ground level and round meeting spaces on the floors above. The building was designed to a high environmental standard, well before green targets such as Leadership in Energy Efficient Design (LEED) existed. The orientation of the building and its solid/glazed walls allows in natural light while reducing the peak cooling load. The mechanical system was designed to exceed ASHRAE 90.1 requirements. Recycled and recyclable materials were used wherever possible and materials from the demolition of the old headquarters were incorporated in the landscaping around the new building. The result is a progressive, innovative and user-centred facility, befitting the organisational culture of one of the world’s automotive industry leaders.





1994 - 1997


DUBAI, UAE 37,000 sq m

Selected as the winning entry for an international design competition, this prestigious project is located beside Dubai’s historic creek. The 16-storey headquarters of the National Bank of Dubai includes office accommodation, branch office space and banking facilities, complete with underground staff parking. The unique design, clad in gold glass and grey granite, suggests the sweeping sail and curved hull of a dhow, symbolic of the trading tradition of Dubai and a trademark for the bank. Co-designed by NORR and Carlos Ott, this relatively diminutive yet dramatic headquarters building for the Bank of Dubai (now called Emirates NBD) is one of the most recognisable buildings in the United Arab Emirates. Unusual for a tower of this size, the primary structure, circulation and service cores are pushed to the outside of the building, leaving an uninterrupted 100 foot clear span in between. The floors of

the bank’s offices hang in this gap, supported at their extremities by the structural cores. The main banking hall and trading space is located on the ground floor, under the metaphorical ‘hull’ of the dhow. Above, separated by a vertical gap of 30 feet from the banking hall, are the offices of the bank. These office floors, clad in a gold-coloured glass, swell outwards, alluding to a billowing sail. The triumph of this building is not its height, a factor of great importance in this part of the world, but its proportional execution. While not amongst the tallest, the building remains one of the most striking projects in Dubai.








COLORIUM Location Floor Area


The Colorium is a dramatic, 18-storey, multi-coloured tower on the waterfront of Düsseldorf’s revitalised harbour area. Although designed as a commercial building for a private client (Ibing Immobilien Handel GmbH & Co. Hochhaus KG), this £11 million landmark plays an integral part in the regeneration programme that is progressively transforming Düsseldorf’s disused port and dock area into a Media Harbour, involving a galaxy of international, architectural talent. Located on an extremely constricted site in the Speditionsstrasse peninsula, formerly home to a waterfront silo, the 12,400 sq m building takes the form of a dramatic, 62 metre high tower with two basement levels. Archial’s treatment of the external façade, an intricate patchwork of coloured glass, transforms what could be a conventional office into a towering, mosaic artwork. The regularity of the floor pattern is broken down and blurred by the sophisticated and sensuous façade treatment using advanced glass technology and only 17 distinct types of panels. To ensure an intense, external colour appearance, the artwork is screen-printed onto the glass, with a reduced percentage of printed area in the vision panels. Overlaying the concrete frame, the mosaic façade distorts the internal structure, scale and perspective of the building, creating a highly elusive and pictorial presence on the waterfront. The plant installation at roof level is transformed into a red light-box, cantilevering out over the water.



2005 - 2010

TRADE CENTRE Location Floor Area


When an architect is asked to develop three different designs for a project it is not often that the client chooses to build the most expensive option. With the Trade Centre in Kuwait City, this is just what happened. NORR, in association with local architect AlJazera Consultants, presented three design ideas for a site in downtown Kuwait. While two of the designs were reasonably conventional, it was NORR’s design for a glass tower with a twisting sculptural form that caught the client’s attention. Inspired by spiralling forms in nature, this bold design features internal gardens which visually connect the tower to the adjacent Al Sour public garden. Structurally, this 708 foot-high tower is designed around a circular shaped concrete core, with perimeter columns arranged in a larger concentric circle. This design allowed NORR to achieve a sculpted spiralling form for the tower with a relatively simple vertical structure and reduced torsion. On the exterior, the glass façade of the tower is triangulated to allow for a warped exter­nal surface that is a result of these geometries. The tower rises from a four-level retail mall, with a landscaped roof deck. Vertically stacked atria and panoramic elevators shuttle people between floors while providing stunning views out to the city beyond.





2003 - 2005



As the largest private software company in the world, SAS employs a highly skilled and specialised workforce. In undertaking a relocation of its headquarters, from an unremarkable site in the nearby financial district to a new location on King Street, downtown Toronto, the company sought to make a stronger statement about its identity. Part of the mandate for design was to create a high performance working environment that would attract and retain a similarly high performing workforce. NORR’s design for this distinctive eightstorey building was driven by the vision to create an optimum work environment. Natural light streams into all areas via glazed façades, which feature Low-E glass on the south and west exposures. A giant circular skylight floods the centre of the building with sunlight and gives the building a signature element. A rooftop terrace animates the building to its highest point, providing an exclusive space from which employees can enjoy views of Lake Ontario and downtown Toronto. Unseen by visitors or staff, an under-floor air plenum circulates fresh air, delivering it directly into the occupancy zone, rather than attempting to force it down onto occupants from ceiling height. Far superior to conventional air conditioning systems, the plenum’s benefits include considerable energy saving and discernibly better air quality for occupants.

Together with the glazing that limits solar ingress, the ventilation system contributes to average energy savings of between 30-50% relative to a conventional building of the same size and type. Rainwater is also collected and stored in a 30,000 litre tank before being filtered, treated and circulated for use in washroom fixtures. NORR’s green design earned the building a Leadership in Energy Efficient Design (LEED) Silver certification, making it the first commercial building in Toronto to be LEED certified. Figures gathered since the building’s completion show that SAS’s operating costs have been reduced by 40%, compared to their previous building. At the time of its design, this building was seen as a radical departure because of its envi­ ronmental achievements, and also because of its location in the city, away from the central business district. Today, the SAS Institute Headquarters is considered a model of environmental design in Toronto. By pioneering new development on King Street West, SAS was a forerunner for a new wave of construction in the area and its distinctive design is seen as landmark aesthetically, functionally and environmentally.





2006 - 2008

45 CHURCH STREET Location Floor Area

BIRMINGHAM, UK 12,000 sq m

The 45 Church Street project involved the redevelopment of a city centre site to create a ยฃ22 million headquarters building, designed to provide the highest quality of contemporary office accommodation. From the outset, the intention was to provide a piece of contemporary architecture: the building responds to the corner of the site, with a curving glass faรงade that softens its impact as it rises above the street and provides

stunning views out over the city. This attractive, fully-glazed faรงade is then enveloped to the rear with a protective zinc skin. The building is rooted to the ground with a more intricate podium level, clad in a mix of glass and terracotta and articulated with brise soleil, responding to the human scale of the street. The building gently steps down to the rear of the site responding to the adjacent properties.



2006 - 2010


STONELEIGH, UK 1,965 sq m

When the British Horse Society (BHS) announced plans to rebuild its aged accommodation, it called for a landmark design for its new headquarters, demonstrating its commitment to sustainability and promoting the image of an environmentally caring organisation. Archial’s design solution resulted in the prestigious landmark building and exemplary workspace, situated in the heart of the Warwickshire countryside, which the BHS now occupies. The brief was for an innovative and contemporary design, to reflect the BHS’s corporate image and stature and to help position it as a modern, forward-thinking and adaptable organisation. It sought a highquality, inspiring, healthy and effective working environment to promote the BHS to nationally and internationally influential visitors, whilst providing a quality environment for staff. The predominantly open-plan office space promotes communication and helps inter team/ departmental working; it promotes progressive working practices, such as ‘hot desking’ and improved communication between staff. Large, opening windows not only maximise light for the occupants and contribute towards the feeling of ‘openness’, but also allow staff to control their immediate working environment. The design incorporates the latest IT systems and processes to maximise efficiencies and

promote progressive working practices. The new state-of-the-art IT infrastructure puts the BHS ‘ahead of the game’. Another key challenge centred on delivering a highly sustainable and energy-efficient office, reducing the building’s impact on the environment. High-quality, natural and sustainable materials were used appropriately. British materials – where possible from the local vicinity – and recycled materials and components were sourced: natural ventilation, thermal chimneys and heat pumps are also employed. Analysis of the building in use shows that energy consumption has been reduced by 50% compared to a typical office building. The exemplary office accommodation boasts a range of facilities including: meeting rooms, a staff restroom, ‘break out’ areas, a library and extensive landscaped grounds, with outdoor recreational and seating areas in the central courtyard. Crucially, the building is designed for longevity and its flexibility ensures that it can be adapted to facilitate future work practices. Half the accommodation was built speculatively. It has a sub-divisible floor plan and can be easily reconfigured. The entire building is designed to offer easy re-planning and re-defining of uses of space and the ability to make changes to IT systems.


2004 - 2005


WARWICK, UK 4,445 sq m

Eliot Park Innovation Centre (EPIC) is a landmark building, of a simple plan form, that allows maximum flexibility, provides a healthy and energy efficient interior and advertises its green credentials to create drama and to demonstrate its sustainable approach. The brief was to provide business units, ranging in size from 25 sq m to 300 sq m, with floor-plans designed for maximum flexibility over the life of the building. The smaller-sized units are designed to accommodate start-up and fledgling companies, which may otherwise find it difficult to secure quality accommodation. Built on a brownfield site – a former household waste landfill site – the key principle of sustainability motivated the design approach at every level; environmentally, economically and socially. This dictated the early incorporation of TermoDeck (a low maintenance, fan-assisted, heating, cooling and ventilation system from Sweden that uses the high mass of structural, hollow-core, floor slabs as a means of radiant heating or passive cooling). Maximum flexibility is built-in, with the incorporation of a modular mechanical and electrical services infrastructure which permits


the re-organisation of internal partitions without the physical modification of any of the building services. The intelligent lighting, with low energy lamps and luminaries, is reprogrammable. Moreover, the majority of services plant is external (based on the Louis Kahn principle of ‘servant’ and ‘serviced’ space), thereby minimising the impact of replacement plant upon the operation of the building interior. Full advantage has been taken of the mechanical and electrical services strategy to articulate the external envelope and excite curiosity: a striking, double-pitched, lightweight, standing seam roof provides an inclined deck for the ‘clip-on’ solar photovoltaic panels; open lattice screens – which in perspective view, actively conceal or expose the gable ends – also exhibit solar photovoltaic panels; the dramatic appearance of the open plant deck and canopy is achieved by the dynamic use of form and materials and the imaginative integration of building services. The sum total of energy saving measures means that EPIC saves 43 tonnes of CO2 annually.

2008 - 2009

LUGANO BUILDING Location Floor Area

NEWCASTLE, UK 2,500 sq m

Archial’s new headquarters building for the Lugano Group was created by converting a disused, semi-derelict, 19th century warehouse which was formerly a nightclub and live music venue. The Lugano Building sits on top of the Tyne Gorge banks and enjoys panoramic views, taking in the Millennium Bridge to the east, the Baltic Art Gallery, the Gateshead Sage and, to the west, the iconic Tyne Bridge. The uppermost floor is a key feature of the refurbishment: this has been enlarged to incorporate the roof space in which a glass and steel mezzanine hangs, providing a penthouse office suite for the Chairman of Lugano. The rear southern wall has been largely removed in this area and a full-width, floor to ceiling, curtain-wall screen was inserted to benefit from the views. The entrance area has also been substantially

remodelled to provide a two-storey, glassfronted atrium which serves as the ‘corporate’ reception area. Elsewhere, the design principle involved stripping the building back to the original, red brick interior walls and steel super-structure, to leave large, open, floor plates. Where fabric has been reconstructed, contemporary materials and finishes are used, creating a clear distinction between old and new. These include features such as a central, aerofoil M&E fin to the centre of each ceiling, new, powder-coated steel windows and ablution pods. The brief from Lugano was to provide a landmark, headquarters building that would set the standard in Newcastle for Class A, bespoke, office provision within the city centre – the success of the project has led to a number of repeat appointments from the client. 55

The avenues KUWAIT CITY, KUWAIT | 2002 - 2008




THE AVENUES Location Floor Area

KUWAIT CITY, KUWAIT 470,000 sq m

At 136,000 sq m (1,464,000 sq. ft.) of lettable retail space, The Avenues is by far the largest shopping mall in Kuwait. This retail development, situated in the Al Raai neighbourhood on the outskirts of Kuwait City, has become a heavily visited destination for reasons far beyond its size. Its varied retail offerings attract all age groups and eating out, a favourite pastime in Kuwait, is well catered for. Generously landscaped areas in and around the complex have been adopted by locals as popular exercise routes, and young Kuwaitis have made The Avenues a favourite meeting place. The award of this project in 2002 was the result of NORR’s winning entry in an international design competition. Conceptually, the building takes its cues from the region’s natural landscape. The ground plane is designed with undulations that recall sand dunes while the buildings themselves are inspired by abstract rock forms that populate the desert landscape. Above, dramatically cantilevered overhangs

allude to clouds moving across the desert sky while providing much-needed shade at outdoor cafes. NORR’s design concept is one that chal­ lenges the established paradigm of big box retail. Instead of thinking first about retail floor space, NORR focused initially on public spaces and landscaping, and set a goal of creating an environment like no other - one that would draw crowds not purely by its stores but because of the ambiance and excitement of the place itself. As a result, the design features wide public walkways, gardens and water features which temper the environment, creating interior and exterior spaces where people choose to congregate. Remarkably, this major regional attraction has revitalised what was once a rundown industrial sector of the city. By re-imagining the area as a thriving mixed-use community, NORR’s design became a catalyst for in the redevelopment of this neighbourhood.





1995 - 1999

Buchanan Galleries Location Floor Area

GLASGOW, UK 56,000 sq m

The Buchanan Galleries Shopping Centre, situated in the heart of Glasgow, is Scotland’s largest city centre shopping development. The client’s brief was to provide a quality City Centre shopping development and multi-storey car park, which encompassed three city blocks North to South. The brief called for specific-sized, component spaces and more general requirements to produce a multi-level shopping mall and car park. The design responded with an elevational treatment, with strong rhythm and modelling, and an ‘internal street’ with simple, clean lines, providing an effective arcade-like backdrop to shops. In this way, the design makes reference to Glasgow’s architectural and engineering heritage but does not resort to pastiche. The large expanses of planar glazing emphasise the building entrances, deliberately pervert the geometry of the façades and allow views of the building interior, encouraging a dialogue between internal and external spaces. Internally, the ‘arcade’ approach and limited use of materials assist in creating a

straightforward, cool interior. Orientation and circulation are kept deliberately simple: the spaces are refined and sculptural. The effect of strong, natural daylight is deliberately controlled by the restrained design of the roof light and the adjacent shaped planes, formed to reflect both natural and artificial lighting, which merge to create a comfortable light level and minimise glare. The impact of lighting at all times of the day, whether the Centre is open or closed, was carefully assessed. The entrance areas of glazing allow designed lighting to give the building a life span, in relation to the street, beyond opening hours. The south atrium in particular, was conceived of as an architectural sculpture, illuminated by bridge and escalator handrail lighting and high-level, fibre optic lighting, set into a feature curved stainless steel ceiling. The overall effect is an inviting responsive building, even when closed. The project provides 600,000 sq ft of net, lettable, shopping space and 2,000 car parking spaces.


2009 - 2010

GMG Headquarters Location Floor Area

ABU DHABI, UAE 3,800 sq m

Gulf Marketing Group is one of the most successful and influential business groups in the Gulf region. A leading retailer, GMG’s business activities are in Sports & Leisure, Medicine & Healthcare, Health & Nutrition Products, Real Estate & Properties, Shopping Malls and Education. Within GMG’s Headquarters building,


NORR’s layout of the executive floors allows for strong symmetry accentuated through the use of materials, colour and light. Brightness is achieved through reflections from mirror, glass and stone – this language is the basis of a sequence of planned visual effects with similar results throughout the reception, boardroom and executive offices.



2009 - 2010

arabesque retail outlet Location Floor Area

ABU DHABI, UAE 140 sq m

Arabesque is the creation of French-Dutch design couple, Judith and Gonzague Duriez. Graduating from a prestigious fashion school in Paris, they have previously worked with French designers Chanel, Christian Lacroix, Jean Louis Scherrer and Thierry Mugler. Arabesque’s delicate designs are a unique blend of two distinct cultural experiences, mixing the inimitable French Couture spirit with a rich Middle-Eastern fashion heritage in the design of Abayas and Sheilas, which form

the local female dress code. Swarovski crystals, French lace and hand embroidery enliven rigorous cuts and contribute to the refined look for which the brand is known. The Arabesque space is essentially a bright opaque canvas, created to act as a neutral backdrop, with white opal glass panels, tinted mirror, Corian and crystallised stone. Modern and minimalist, the interior successfully displays the entire Arabesque collection at a glance.



1984 - 1987 (ADDITIONAL WORKS IN 2000)

PRINCES SQUARE Location Floor Area

GLASGOW, UK 10,450 sq m

The award-winning Princes Square is a unique, five-storey shopping centre, created around a cobbled Victorian Square, dating from 1841. It is located in the historic centre of Glasgow and creates attractive public environments which complement the commercial efficiency and investment value of the shopping centre. The original cellars of the buildings were excavated to provide an additional level of shopping areas and add to the impression of height, with the entire space being covered by a clear glass dome roof. The design sought

to preserve and restore the original sandstone buildings and yet transform the space into a modern shopping centre that would provide an attractive meeting place: ‘a new Rialto’. New galleries were carefully designed to afford generous movement and allow as many shops as possible on all levels to be seen from any one vantage point. The later addition of ‘The Glasshouse’ extended the centre into Springfield Court, providing a further 20,000 sq ft of retail area and a new retail frontage to the east.


2004 - 2005

THE ROPEWALK Location Floor Area

NUNEATON, UK 20,000 sq m

This ÂŁ70 million development for Richardson Cordwell, was designed by Archial to build on and enhance the traditional forms of the historic market town of Nuneaton. The high quality specification of materials and finishes was chosen to meet the standards expected by top retailers and the shoppers whom they serve. In total, Ropewalk provides over 20,000 sq m of retail space, designed to create a vigorous and thriving street scene. There are 35 new retail units, ranging in size from 50 sq m to 400 sq m, as well as 525 parking spaces. Retailers include BHS, Next, TK Maxx and HMV. The development was conceived to recreate


the historic route that was used for the manufacture of ropes and more importantly formed a circulatory route for shoppers within the town. The aesthetic of the development was derived from the historic forms in the town, with shopfronts emulating the varied streetscape within a covered mall. At the heart of the development, is a public square which forms the hub for vertical and horizontal movement and provides linkage to the car park. The project created a new striking development that was highly visible from the ring road which was a key factor to secure British Home Stores as the anchor tenant.

2008 - 2009


NATIONWIDE, UK 18,000 sq m (60 locations)

McDonald’s recognised the need to update their image and existing restaurants. Archial has been involved with the new McDonald’s re-imaging since February 2008 in a project which seeks to update every one of the company’s 1,206 UK sites and encourage new customers to use the restaurant facilities. Working closely with McDonald’s, Archial has helped shed the red and yellow image and implement the contemporary, upmarket look agreed upon, with the use of leather chairs, intimate booths, key graphics and feature lighting.



2006 - 2011

BAE BUILDING Location Floor Area


The new £35 million facility provides BAE Systems with a state-of-the-art production facility at the heart of the new Radial 64 Business and Industrial Park, in Sunderland, which is being developed by Highbridge Properties. Archial was involved in extensive feasibility studies of BAE’s existing facilities, alternative site appraisals, the creation of in-depth Employers’ Requirements and Tender Action & Contractor selection over a five year period. This considerable manufacturing facility features a deliberately practical and pragmatic design to meet the requirements of large-scale production lines, together with associated

office and welfare accommodation. Featuring a modern forge and incorporating robotic machining cells and environmentfriendly paint and treatment capabilities, the Wearside plant will carry out machining and treatments of large-calibre tank, mortar and artillery ammunition. The design rationale for this facility has now been put forward for multiple BAE sites across the country. It incorporates many environmental considerations such as rainwater harvesting, sustainable materials and working initiatives that will assist in the longevity of the building and the business.


2005 - 2007

tesco distribution warehouse Location GOOLE, UK Floor Area ,000 sq m

Archial was appointed by Stirling St James to prepare a detailed development plan for this unique site on the outskirts of Goole, in Humberside. The completed project provides 79,000 sq m


of state-of-the-art, regional distribution facilities for Tesco plc, all under one roof. The site is well located for the regional highway network, providing excellent access to the network of Tesco stores within the area.

2003 - 2005

commerce park Location Floor Area

CROYDON, UK 13,800 sq m

Commerce Park is a new-build development for Land Securities plc, comprising industrial, warehousing and office accommodation, on a 6.63 acre brownfield site in Croydon. The development has been designed with units which can be combined, or sub-divided,

to accommodate larger or smaller space requirements. Each unit benefits from exclusive car parking and service yard areas which can be individually secured. The scheme includes provision for a Green Travel Plan, with cycle shelters, showers and changing facilities.



2009 - 2010


DEVON, UK 1,500 sq m

It is nearly 1,000 years since Benedictine Monks founded Buckfast Abbey. Throughout its history, the Abbey has seen many fine buildings constructed which have been redeveloped and adapted as needs have changed. The Abbey is located on the southern boundary of Dartmoor National Park and its grounds are bisected by the River Dart. As well as being home to a community of Benedictine Monks, Buckfast Abbey is also famed for its beautiful church, its beekeeping, its conference centre, its stunning setting, which welcomes many visitors, and its tonic wine. Buckfast Tonic Wine has been produced at the Abbey for over 130 years. Historically, the wine had been made in an outdated, Victorian building which did not lend itself to modern production methods. Buckfast Abbey commissioned Archial to design a new winery which had to: sit well in the beautiful parkland setting adjacent to the River Dart; live up to the Abbey’s fine architectural standards; be a modern production facility capable of meeting current hygiene standards; allow better vehicular access and protect and enhance the environment. The design team was further challenged by the selection of the site as, whilst it provided

better vehicular access possibilities and allowed the building to be laid out to modern standards, it was on an almost inaccessible hillside, sloping down into the River Dart. The engineering solution required the creation of extensive retaining walls in order to create a plateau on which the building could stand. Views of the historic Abbey buildings had to be respected, as did the landscape within the National Park. The design team developed an engineered earth solution, banking up towards the building. As a result, the building appears to have been tucked into the natural landscape, with the curved gables, green roof and curving canopy roof helping to soften the impact of the development. The project features many sustainable details including: locally sourced Gabion stone; external lighting, designed to avoid impact on the large local bat population; extensive wildlife conservation and the provision of natural ponds. The texture of the finished building was further softened by the extensive use of timber in the construction of louvres, brise soleil and cladding. Rendered walls were employed to relate to the rural location and soften the building into the landscape.



2002 - 2004

Babraham b250 Location Floor Area

CAMBRIDGE, UK 2,900 sq m

The Bio-Incubator Building B250, otherwise known as the Minerva Building, provides over 2,900 sq m of bio-incubator facilities. These consist of two wings of laboratory space and write-up and administrative accommodation, separated by a shared entrance atrium and support core. The building is designed to be occupied by either a single tenant or up to six tenants. External service risers allow for the servicing of the building to be modified, with minimal disruption to the tenants. On completion of the ‘shell and core’ contract,

Archial was appointed to carry out the following four fit out contracts: CBT Fit Out: chemistry laboratories, biology and tissue culture laboratories and a radioactive laboratory; Cyclacel: Biology and tissue culture laboratories plus a robotics area; Novathera: laboratory space containing ovens and furnaces as well as acoustically enclosed glass mill room; Stemcell: Molecular biology laboratory and tissue culture laboratory.

2006 - 2007

Babraham b260 Location Floor Area

CAMBRIDGE, UK 2,500 sq m

Archial’s design team initially came to work together, by association, through separate appointments at the Babraham Research Campus. This includes the £6.45 million Bio Incubator Building, known as B260. The building comprises: 2,500 sq m of accommodation in

two wings of laboratory space; write up and office accommodation, organised to provide separate incubator units each offering a mix of laboratory and write up/office space, separated by a shared entrance atrium and support core, including a café, a meeting room, a manager’s office and a central wash up facility and stores.


OPP Forensic Identification Unit TILLSONBURG, CANADA | 2005 - 2008






This new Forensic Identification Unit (FIU) is part of a strategy by the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) to enhance and upgrade aging police facilities. Designed primarily as a stateof-the-art laboratory, the facility was built as an FIU prototype, housing modern technologies in the collection and processing of forensic evidence. NORR worked closely with the

OPP’s senior staff to refine the programme and building type. Through the experience and knowledge gained during the design of this specialised facility, NORR was awarded the design and construction of seven additional facilities across Ontario.



1999 - 2002

Stirling Innovation Centre Location Floor Area

STIRLING, UK 3,200 sq m

An active member of the United Kingdom Science Park Association (UKSPA) the Stirling University Innovation Park holds a portfolio of units tailored to the individual companies requirements. The location of Scion House is unrivalled. Set in mature parkland with spectacular views, it lies close to the commercial centre of Stirling and the major motorway networks. Connections with the University of Stirling provide an ideal platform for companies involved in technology or other knowledgebased enterprises. Logie Court is the fourth phase of Stirling University Innovation Park. The building occupies a key position adjacent to Scion House and Alpha and Beta Centres, which are home to a mixture of companies from the biotech and software industries.

Upon completion of the building, Archial was appointed by Daniel Europe Ltd to design and manage a unit fit-out. Daniel Europe located in Logie Court is the Europe, Middle East and Africa Headquarters for Daniel – a supplier of gas and oil fiscal measurement technology including gas ultrasonic meters, electronic flow computers and complete metering packaged systems. Daniel is part of the 16 billion USD Emerson group of companies. The Innovation Centre, situated within Scion House, offers 15 high quality fully furnished development suites ranging in size from 40 to 100 sq m. The centre provides access to digital telecommunications enabling, high speed data transfer and applications development work. All this allows companies to move in and start business immediately.






CAMBRIDGE SCIENCE PARK Unit 418 Location Floor Area

CAMBRIDGE, UK Science Park = 130 acres, 37 buildings - approx 90,000 sq m; Unit 418 = 3,500 sq m

Archial’s experience in this highly specialist field began with the Cambridge Science Park, which was established principally to meet Government requests for a greater interchange of ideas, people and facilities between universities and high-technology industry. The original commission, with Trinity College Cambridge, involved the design team in all negotiations that led to the submission for Outline Planning Consent in 1970. The first Planning Permission was granted in 1971 and the park officially opened in 1975. Since its inception, the site has expanded from its original 14 acres to over 130 acres. Archial was retained by Trinity College to fulfil a three part role in the continuous development of the 130 acre site. Ionix Pharmaceuticals Ltd. is Europe’s first biotechnology company, dedicated to

the discovery of novel analgesic drugs. Its new headquarters building, at Cambridge Science Park, was designed by Archial and consists of 3,500 sq m of laboratory and office accommodation. The building is endowed with a strong and individual identity through the use of a dramatic, curving roof which sweeps over the main entrance to form a canopy. The laboratory facility totals 2,230 sq m, on two floors, with a roof level plant loft above and incorporates a service corridor with a dedicated service/ delivery area and lift. The laboratories and write up area are partly formed around a central atrium leading to the office accommodation. These feature a complementary, tapering, barrel-vaulted roof and are wrapped around a service core.



PUBLIC BUILDINgS government | MOD | Custodial | Education | Healthcare | Assembly








LONDON, UK 2,300 sq m

A flagship regeneration project for the Borough of Southwark in South London, Peckham Library won Britain’s most celebrated architectural award, the Stirling Prize, in November 2000. The brief called for a building of architectural merit which would bring prestige to the borough and engender a sense of ownership of and pride in local people. Archial created a building of unique appearance which satisfied these criteria, comprising innovative solutions to design problems, creating working, archive and meeting spaces of genuine delight and stimulating appearance.

Fourth Floor

Suspending the main reading room on a cantilevered plane allowed the creation of a new public space below the soffit. Within this room, ‘pods’ contain meeting rooms and independent collections, with workstations clustered below. The brief included a children’s library and a range of adult learning facilities. The centre pod opens to the clerestory, allowing daylight to enter the main space while the ‘beret’ above affords shade. The library was conceived with sustainability in mind and has natural lighting and ventilation systems which significantly diminish the building’s energy requirements.

Fifth Floor








After construction was completed in the 1860s, the original Renfrew County Courthouse was described as a landmark, having a ‘chaste beauty’ combined with a simple elegance in construction that was unmatched by any other courthouse in the country. A century and a half later, NORR was engaged to design a stateof-the-art expansion encompassing more than two and half times the floor area of the retained heritage elements. The new facility needed to accommodate a challenging consolidation of a number of regional court services. To achieve this, five courtrooms were required; a motions room together with judicial, administrative and holding facilities as well as counsel services, day offices, victim/witness and crown attorney facilities. The project commenced with a vision for design that would show deference to revered historic features and use elegance when introducing the technical demands of a judicial system operating in a new millennium. A sloping site provided an opportunity to create a three-storey addition that appears lower that the two-storey courthouse when viewed from its principal entrance. Along the main street, the new addition presents as deferential wings, set back on either side of the restored courthouse, reinforcing the place of the historic courthouse within its urban context.

The restored forecourt landscape focuses on the now ceremonial door of the historic courthouse, while a new main entrance that addresses security and barrier-free needs is created to the side. This new entry leads into a light-filled atrium which wraps the original courthouse and exposes the previously concealed jail, presenting these weathered stone buildings as landmarks in contrast to the contemporary materials and detailing of the new public space. Where possible, heritage spaces such as the restored courtroom are used for their original purposes. Others are given new lives. Cells are reused as interview rooms and lift shafts. The historic registry building which, like the jail is totally engulfed in the expansion, is reused as a law library and the front façade is put on display like a historical artefact in the two-storey lawyers’ lounge. The original jail walls are exposed in several courtrooms, revealing barred windows that once gave inmates their only taste of the outside world and now add a sense of gravitas and history to the modern space. The resulting facility embodies a contemporary judicial system, built on tradition and, as a result, received multiple awards and has been warmly received by the judiciary.





2005 - 2008

Calgary Courts CEntre Location Floor Area


With 73 courtrooms and 94 judicial chambers, the Calgary Courts Centre is currently the largest court building in Canada. It houses a consolidation of the Court of Queen’s Bench and the Alberta Provincial Courts. Set on a tight urban site, the building’s extensive programmatic needs are addressed through vertical development in the form of two glass and concrete towers joined by a monumental 26-storey glazed atrium. The 24-storey north tower houses the Court of Queen’s Bench, while the Alberta Provincial Courts occupy the 20-storey south tower. NORR’s role as the project’s Associate Architect encompassed the design of the building envelope and all interior public spaces. In both contexts, the central atrium plays a major role. Rising up through the complex, it floods space with natural light and orchestrates a nexus of circulation, including 12 glassenclosed lifts which transport visitors to lobbies on a series of bridges that connect the towers at all levels. Structurally, the atrium is designed as a bridge. It connects the two towers at multiple levels via cross-braced horizontal truss members. This allows the two independent towers to act as one building. These shallow yet strong trusses also create a rigid structure onto which the curtain wall is hung.

The atrium and building as a whole have been extensively modelled to test for air-tightness. This was a vital aspect of the design if the building was to operate efficiently in Calgary’s legendary extremes of weather and to meet Leadership in Energy Efficient Design (LEED) Silver certification, as mandated by the building owner. Additionally, the walls in the two court towers are super-insulated and the windows are triple glazed. Air movement within the double glazed atrium is monitored and tempered to ensure that condensation does not develop: at ground level and on the bridges localised air conditioning warms or cools visitors. The high thermal efficiency of the atrium’s glazed curtain wall and the more solid tower envelope has substantially reduced heating and cooling requirements within the complex. This has enabled the use of a lower capacity HVAC system which greatly reduces capital costs and operational costs associated with energy requirements. NORR’s design work on the project was carried out in association with principal architect Kasian Architecture Interior Design and Planning, design consultant Carlos Ott and courthouse consultant Spillis Candela DMJM.





1998 - 2000



The £15 million project brief required Archial to design and construct a building to house a permanent exhibition, celebrating the influence and diversity of faith within Bradford. The design team worked in close collaboration with the client in the development of proposals and the securing of funding packages which enabled the project to be realised. A two-storey, steel and glass, bridge provides a link between the Cathedral Precinct and

St Peter’s House – a Victorian building refurbished to house the exhibition and offices for the local Council. The bridge, positioned directly opposite the Cathedral, is the public entrance to the exhibition areas. A restrained palette of materials – glazing, timber cladding and zinc roofing – accentuates the lightness and transparency of the new structure which contrasts with the predominantly stone-built context.



2000 - 2002



Chosen by the Alberta Association of Architects as one of the 50 Most Significant Buildings in Alberta, the Sunrise Native Addictions Services Centre is a unique building born out of a community’s desire to heal. Offering addictions treatment programmes for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal clients, the centre provides an environment where traditional First Nations values are at the core of a holistic approach to healing. As such, the building is designed with these beliefs at the heart of its form and function. Understanding that design solutions must be spiritually and culturally truthful, NORR began the project with a process of listening. Workshops were facilitated to engage members of the Treaty 7 First Nations of Southern Alberta, revered Elders, treatment professionals, social workers, government agencies and artists. This patient and collaborative process revealed the significance of specific choices for building orientation, internal circulation and finishing materials. Members of the Treaty 7 Nations traditionally lived their lives according to the solar path and so the main entrance to the building is oriented toward the east, facing the rising sun. A large timber canopy in the abstract form of an eagle, a symbol of bravery and courage, presides over the entrance. Walking in the protection of the eagle’s wings encourages those entering the centre to re-connect with their inner strength in navigating through complex issues, just as an eagle navigates over a rocky landscape. As guests step through the doors into the main building, they pass through a masonry wall: this wall can be seen as a symbolic barrier

that provides protection against the influences of the outside world. Inside, counselling work takes place in rooms at the southern end of the building, which represents the work of the day; the dining room is at the west with views of the distant mountains and bedrooms are to the north. Central to everything that goes on in the building is the main ceremonial room, shaped to represent a 13-pole tipi. All materials used to construct this room, including a hide-covered door, refer directly to nature. This enables Clients to remain in touch with the earth during ceremonies in which they use a smudging pot in the centre of the floor space and a medicine wheel, the colours of which - red, white, yellow and black – are inlaid within the floor. The serenity and protection from the outside world offered by the centre is in direct contrast to its physical location. Situated in an industrial district of the city, beneath the airport’s flight path and between major roads and the freeway, it could be considered the wrong place to build a healing centre. However, NORR’s design creates a building that looks inward, in much the same way its occupants are directed to be introspective. All areas look onto a central courtyard, which serves as a contemplative space and re-enforces a connection between the individual and the natural world. While the building is new, it encompasses the ancient beliefs of the First Nations. The physical elements of the building provide a rare environment that assists in reconnecting afflicted individuals with a source of spiritual strength to overcome their personal adversity.




2002 - 2004

canadian consulate Location Floor Area

ANKARA, TURKEY 3,800 sq m

There are two primary operational aspects central to an embassy: the public function areas and the more secure private office components. At the Canadian Consulate in Ankara, these are expressed as two interlocking volumes - one of copper and one of stone. Together, they form two sides of a private walled garden. The copper element houses a multi-purpose space which, together with an adjacent exterior


terrace, overlooks the garden from the north. The more secure, stone, office block features a multi-storey window that overlooks the garden and the surrounding community to the west. The building uses its constrained, sloping site to maximum advantage, creating multilevel entrances and cascading walls. The solution meets onerous security requirements in a dignified, architecturally interesting manner.



2004 - 2008

POLLOK CIVIC REALM Location Floor Area

GLASGOW, UK 3,500 sq m

Built between the newly expanded Pollok Health Centre and the Pollok Leisure Centre, Pollok Civic Realm is Glasgow’s first facility with truly integrated health, social work and leisure facilities. Forming part of the overall Pollok Town Centre regeneration, it houses a café, a library, a museum, child-care facilities and other specialist social and healthcare-related services. A colonnade provides a route, interlinking the Pollok community with the new transport interchange and Silverburn Shopping Centre, so that people are drawn through the building and encouraged to make use of their civic amenities. The underlying design philosophy was to create a civic hub, housing all the essential aspects of community life under one roof: the building seeks to create an all-inclusive space, with all of its constituents spiralling off from a central reception desk. The design creates a building type that members of the public find familiar and feel comfortable within, encouraging them to spend

time frequenting the various aspects of the hub; already, there are indications that this objective has been successfully achieved. From a single entrance, the public access the refurbished leisure centre, the new Pollok Library and Pollok Kist, GSWRA, the South West Stress Centre, the Citizens’ Advice Bureau, a café and the refurbished and expanded Health Centre. The Civic Realm also provides opportunities for effective and innovative joint working through co-location of services. The design process involved a comprehensive consultation process involving multiple stakeholders. Partly as a result of the diverse array of clients involved in the project, Archial had considerable freedom to introduce colours and graphics into the design: the idea was to create a building that was fun to use. Although the design is bold, the successful delivery of the project was ultimately achieved through detailed co-ordination and consultation with all the participating bodies that comprise the civic hub.


2002 - 2007

collins bay institution Location Floor Area


The Collins Bay Institution is an existing 384 bed, medium security facility for men, dating from the 1920s. Due to the age of the facility, a redevelopment programme was initiated to modernise both the physical aspects of the building and the philosophy towards offender rehabilitation. This involved eliminating physical barriers between offenders and officers in order to create a ‘direct supervision’ model. The redevelopment demolishes and replaces all of the existing 384 beds and all existing


educational, recreational and spiritual facilities. Two new types of residential units were developed: a two-storey ‘residential’ unit with 96 private cells and a two-storey transitional ‘apartment’ unit with self-contained 8-bedroom pods for inmates nearing the end of their sentences. The re-landscaped site has been organised into three temporal zones including 24-hour living zones, a 16-hour programmes zone and an 8-hour controlled zone.



2006 - 2008

Police Federation Headquarters Location Floor Area

LEATHERHEAD, UK 7,000 sq m

The Police Federation made the decision to relocate from its headquarters in an old mansion near London, to a new location at nearby Leatherhead. Working closely with the Federation, Archial developed the brief, which grew considerably as the project progressed. Although security was a major consideration, the client wanted the new headquarters to have the character of a modern, sophisticated hotel and conference centre, rather than a fortified institutional building. Part of the Federation’s function is to provide training and assistance to all members of the police force in England and Wales. They also host residential visits from other forces from all over the world, hence the need in the new building for residential accommodation and a fitness spa. Federation staff offices, a conference centre and a restaurant complete the programme. The Police Federation was conscious of delivering value for money from the outset. Enhancing working conditions for staff was important, but so was affordability and improving the service offered to members. Saving money

on training and also making money formed part of the business case from the outset. The building complex was conceived as three units, with offices and service spaces, guest accommodation and meeting spaces placed around a top-lit atrium. The atrium houses a restaurant and bar; the fitness spa and swimming pool are located in an undercroft beneath. The front wall, facing the street, is fully glazed to allow glimpses into the atrium past the various meeting rooms – expressed as floating objects, some of them partially projecting through the glass façade. The three units are further articulated by differing materials: timber for the hotel wing, metal panels for the offices and glass for the meeting suite/third side of the atrium. The building employs materials from sustainable sources and the roof is covered with approximately thirty solar panels, providing much of the hot water requirements. There is no air conditioning as such; instead, an advanced system of airflow regulates the temperature within the building making it highly energy efficient.


1983 – PRESENT



Throughout the evolution of Ministry of Defence (MOD) projects, Archial has made a significant contribution and achieved milestones which very few architectural practices are able to match. Archial was selected to lead the design for the MOD’s ‘Building down Barriers’ pilot project which challenged the Construction Industry to deliver the Latham and Egan initiatives within an Integrated Project Team. The project, for a new Physical & Recreational Training Centre (P&RTC) at RAF Wattisham, was successfully delivered, utilising new tools and techniques


that formed the basis of ‘Prime Contracting’. Following this pioneering project, the MOD, together with other government departments, has commissioned billions of pounds worth of projects, using ‘Prime Contracting’ as the preferred procurement method. Over almost 30 years working with the MOD, Archial has demonstrated an ability to adapt with change, whilst learning and implementing Best Practice, along with Continuous Improvements and has delivered a wide range of successful projects.

AIRCREW TRAINING CENTRES Location NATIONWIDE, UK Archial worked closely with the main contractor and GKN Westland to design and construct the four training centres used to train the British Army’s Apache Helicopter crews. The buildings at Middle Wallop, Arborfield, Wattisham and Dishforth are the most advanced helicopter training facilities in the world, incorporating many specialist features to overcome problems, from terrorist attack to helicopter noise intrusion, ensuring that mission simulators and training areas are always available for use.

‘PAY AS YOU DINE’, HMS COLLINGWOOD Location FAREHAM, UK A fundamental element of the design of the new ‘Pay as You Dine’ facility at HMS Collingwood is the internal ‘street’ between the living accommodation blocks and the main training facilities. Entrances are located centrally, with easy access provided from the ‘street’ to the dining hall, servery, retail shop, coffee shop, laundry and hairdresser. Great importance is given to how the building works internally, to how it appears externally and also to how it fits in with the main establishment, due to its central location, adjacent to the main parade ground.

WARSPITE BUILDING, HMS COLLINGWOOD Location FAREHAM, UK The Warspite Building is a new ‘secure’ training building for the Royal Navy. Part of the Integrated Maritime Warfare Training School, it incorporates anti-terrorism construction and measures against data interception, within a network of training suites linked to an encrypted central server. The project completed within a tight timescale, dictated by need to use the summer shutdown period for the transfer and recommission of complex training equipment.


2010 - PRESENT

Beddington Resource Recovery AND Energy Facility Location


The proposal provides an architectural solution for a large-scale, industrial building within an environmentally and visually sensitive location, adjacent to the proposed Wandle Valley Country Park. The site sits directly adjacent to Beddington Industrial Area, forming a gateway building to the Beddington farmlands and the future country park. It is divided into two parts separated by a new access road. The larger site, to the north, will house the integrated waste facility and associated service yard, car parking and ancillary buildings, whilst the smaller site, to the south, houses a ‘plastics to fuel‘ plant, physically linked to the waste 122

facility by means of an underground conveyor belt. A green strip is retained to the south and west, with a substantial tree belt to connect to the landscape strip running to the south and minimise impact on the future park. The proposal seeks to minimise impact through manipulation and enhancement of the landscaped setting. The overall site is lowered by approximately two metres; the displaced earth is banked around the perimeter to form a protective bund, creating a visual barrier to the main road, entrance road and future park. This lowers the overall height of the main facility, hides the loading bay, vehicle parking and reduces associated traffic noise.

2010 - PRESENT

GLASGOW Recycling AND Renewable Energy Facility Location Floor Area


The primary design idea is based on the basic building elements of roof and wall which twist to reflect the special content and reinforce the sustainable nature of the plant. These elements comprise a green wall to the public frontage and a folded metal roof, which rises and falls to suit the functionality of the spaces below. The flanking walls, which sit underneath the overhanging roof, are composed of gabion baskets filled with reclaimed red brick from the existing plant and augmented by a palette of carefully placed, recycled products such as plastics, glass, metals etc. offering both colour and vitality, whilst reinforcing the building’s function and raison d’être.

The gabion wall serves as a datum at ground level to a height of 10 metres. Above this, the proposal offers a mix of materials with untreated timber, pre-cast concrete panels and curtain walling of polycarbonate glazing. The living, green wall, facing the street, picks up on this datum height with a mix of selfmaintained planting hung in baskets over a steel frame. The perforate nature of the material reveals elements of the concrete containers behind, whilst disguising the industrial kit and faceless frontage of the digestors with an environmentally friendly face.



2006 - 2009

Berkshire College of agriculture Location Floor Area


Berkshire College of Agriculture is a regional college, offering land-based education and training. Its Campus is built around a Grade 1, listed mansion building and parkland within the green belt. The Science Building is designed and constructed to best practice sustainable design, influenced by a number of design parameters and criteria. It is an L-shaped single-storey building, providing a variety of classroom sizes to maximise flexible teaching spaces for the College’s current and future needs.

The building features several natural materials, all of which are very durable and have low embodied energy in comparison to traditional alternatives, such as steel and aluminium. These materials form the structural frame, the majority of external cladding and all external doors and windows. Recycled newspaper was used to insulate the external walls and at least 25% of the aggregates used in the concrete floor slab were obtained from a local recycled source.







BRISTOL, UK 11,600 sq m

The iconic, dynamic, yet highly functional, building for City of Bristol College forms a key landmark at the entrance to the new Hengrove Park development. The primary aim in designing this building was to provide a dramatic learning environment, both internally and externally, whilst keeping all the facilities together under one roof. This state-of-the-art learning facility and working environment, using the latest technologies, was commissioned by City of Bristol College to drive up educational standards and provide the necessary skills,

qualifications and improved employment opportunities for young people and adults in South Bristol. The new building accommodates facilities for up to 2,000 students, including vocational training workshops, tailored for curriculum areas, covering motor vehicles, hairdressing and beauty therapy, retail, construction trades, health and catering. General classrooms, ICT suites, staff working environments and administration facilities are also provided and are linked by the drama of the entrance atrium and the central winter garden.



2002 - 2005

CRIPPS COURT Location Floor Area


Cripps Court forms a self-contained annexe to the main Magdalene College site. It comprises en-suite rooms for up to 41 students, along with associated social and catering facilities, teaching spaces, IT facilities and a 140 seat auditorium. Two existing houses were enhanced and integrated into the main frontage on Chesterton Road and this, combined with the

use of carefully chosen, high quality materials (green oak roof trusses, external oak cladding, oak window frames and doors and reclaimed bricks from the site), has resulted in buildings which are both modern and in sympathy with their unique surroundings. Archial was appointed from RIBA Stage D, with the D&B contractor developing the concept design by the College’s architect.


2005 - 2010


REDHILL, UK 18,000 sq m

The £43 million development at East Surrey College in Redhill, involved the design of a new building and a major refurbishment of existing facilities on the College’s campus at Gatton Point North. The new building includes facilities for students studying: art design and media, hair and beauty, construction, engineering, public service, health and childcare, sport, business and supported learning. It also houses a sports hall, a gym, a two-storey learning 132

resource centre and landscaped horticulture and summer gardens. The design and specification of East Surrey College is a response to the needs of governors, managers, staff and students alike. The College is arranged around a three-storey, 800 sq m, internal winter garden, allowing natural light to fill the building which also connects to an external summer garden providing quality social space all year round.

A number of sustainable features are incorporated into the design, including rainwater harvesting. Additionally, a CHP (combined heat and power) system was employed in the form of a biomass boiler. The College has been awarded a BREEAM ‘Very Good’ rating. Other innovative features include the winter garden’s use of reflective panels to diffuse natural daylight into the internal space and solar heating & green roof systems employed

on flat roofs, as well as a large roof garden. The College is designed to provide separation between greatly varying functions – from engineering rooms to TV studios, from motor vehicle workshops to beauty therapy relaxation rooms. The new build includes a link which allows seamless incorporation of the original building (called the RSADM) to the rest of the College. The RSADM itself was completely refurbished including reinstating floor voids to provide additional teaching space. 133


2008 - 2009

HAUSER FORUM Location Floor Area

CAMBRIDGE, UK 7,950 sq m

A joint venture between Cambridge University and a long-standing developer client, this scheme continued the expansion of the University’s West Cambridge site on the outskirts of the city. The design was developed in conjunction with Wilkinson Eyre Architects, before being taken through to completion on-site in late 2009, and comprises an Entrepreneurship Centre and linked cafe space, reserving the larger site for the University and a speculative office/R&D building which was retained by the developer.

The two buildings enclose an open ‘forum’ space and frame a view through to the countryside beyond. Both buildings feature a number of sustainable energy measures, including ground source heat recovery and thermal labyrinths, to pre-temper the supply air entering the mechanical heating and ventilation systems. The majority of the Entrepreneurship Centre is naturally ventilated with a mechanically driven night-time cooling cycle in the summer months.



2006 - 2010


PEEBLES, UK 3,500 sq m

The award-winning Kingsland Primary and Nursery School is located on a prominent gateway site on the edge of Peebles in the Scottish Borders. The building design is treated as a cluster of buildings expressing their varying functions; they are generally domestic in scale, creating an environment that is not intimidating to small children. Kingsland’s classrooms are light and airy. Despite the fact that the structure is two-storeys in places, 11 of its 15 classrooms have doors

opening directly to the outside, emphasising the connection of the school to its semi-rural setting. The front elevation of the school, which faces the road, is clad in dry stone walling, while the use of timber and white render lend a tactile, friendly quality to the building. As the site has a steep north to south fall running across it, the design strategy employed hides the bulk of the school’s two-storey games hall by cutting it into the hill.



2008 - 2009



The school is constructed on a reclaimed brownfield site, strategically located at the interface of the existing and newly extended village. The Victorian infant and junior schools were separated on either side of the A34, with little integration of pupils or staff teams. An early decision was taken to build on two storeys, producing a compact solution, which aided integration of staff and pupils. Two key spaces lie at the heart of the school; the ‘Den’ at ground floor level and the Treehouse play-deck at first floor. The roof-lit Den doubles as circulation and provides for DT, Art, Science and Cookery activities. It connects visually and physically to the external teaching landscape through a double-height window. Eight classrooms adjoin, offering a high degree of interaction: each pair can be joined by folding aside a movable screen; each pair also has access to outside learning space. Youngest and oldest learners are both housed on the first floor, in separate but connected areas, to promote mentoring and inclusion. The Tree-house is a large, external courtyard playdeck at first floor; on one side it has the Nursery Base and opposite, the Reception Base. The sheltered and secure play-deck allows essential access to external space – the social interaction

assists transitional development. The 5th and 6th year base offers a more ‘adult’ environment, preparing learners for senior school; three class bases are connected by a gallery overlooking the practical space and LRC. They share an open, flexible, learning space and their own external covered play-deck. Daylight, natural ventilation and passive cooling considerations, ensure exemplar levels of pupil health and wellbeing are achieved naturally. A photovoltaic panel array, integrated into the south elevation, offsets four tonnes of CO2. Stakeholders participated in a two day, design festival: outcomes were used to inform the design brief. The design concept – a ‘great oak’ or ‘learning tree’ – embraces the school’s proximity to the countryside. In collaboration with an artist, working directly with the pupils, the colour palette and other specific items were developed and integrated into the fabric of the building and external areas. The first floor Lily Pad was extra to the brief and designed as a flexible space to be developed and colonised by pupils. Community involvement is catered for by a series of spaces connected to the school with independent access.



2007 - 2010


LONDON, UK 3,021 sq m

The new Michael Faraday Community School is the first of three primary schools to be transformed under the Southwark ‘Schools for the Future’ programme. Replacing the existing cramped and inflexible 1970s buildings located at the centre of the Aylesbury estate, it is a flagship project for the regeneration of the estate, the largest social housing complex in Europe. Following an extensive consultation process with the head teacher, staff and pupils at the existing school and Creation (which part-funded the project) Archial created an innovative design, taking the form of a distinctive circular structure. The new school provides nursery, primary school, adult education and community facilities over two floors. It features open-plan learning spaces, flexible and adaptable classrooms, capable of supporting a range of teaching and learning styles and covered external spaces for outdoor learning. In the circular main building teaching space is arranged as a ring of cellular accommodation around the ‘Living Room’ – a large, open-plan, flexible learning environment. A continuous external balcony provides external teaching

spaces to the upper classrooms and also provides cover to the outdoor learning spaces at ground level. To achieve maximum adaptability, the design works with the building’s structural and façade grid to create classrooms that can be subdivided and partitions that can be taken down and relocated. Administration and adult learning are clustered around the main entrance. The main building is linked by a canopy to a smaller stand-alone pavilion, ‘The Ballroom’, which contains the school’s dining and main hall facilities and is available for community use. The main building creates a strong visual impact by virtue of its coloured facade and balcony cladding of black and white vertical fins. In contrast, the Ballroom pavilion is clad in silver metal panels. Inspired by period ballrooms, a finer, decorative metal relief breaks up the mass to create an attractive and distinctive façade. The school grounds are extensively landscaped, providing hard and soft play areas together with growing gardens, natural habitat and a ‘Dry River Bed’. A new Multi-Use Games Area (MUGA) will be shared with the local community and bore holes beneath the pitch form the Ground Source Heat system.



2000 - 2005

BLIZARD BUILDING Location Floor Area


The Blizard Building, for Queen Mary College, University of London, creates a new environment for research staff and students that stimulates the exchange of information between departments, physically opening up the school and engendering new clarity in its workings. Traditional research laboratory design tends to isolate the scientific research functions. The unique interaction between research departments and public facilities within the new building has been achieved through detailed consultation with representatives of the scientist user groups, who have actively engaged in the

design process and the project aspirations of cross-fertilisation and interaction. Individual departments are placed within the structure to be identifiable to each other and from the building’s exterior: the forms, suspended within the glass pavilion, house seminar and teaching spaces. The central tenet of transparency for the college and its operations, and the hope that the forms within the structure will be shared with a broader community of local schools and other users, prompts the use of amorphous forms and bright colours, eliciting interest and enthusiasm from outside the building as well as from within.





North Elevation

West Elevation


Ground Floor

First Floor


GLASGOW, UK 4,500 sq m

Situated at the entrance of the Garscube Estate, the Small Animal Hospital provides state-of-the-art services for animal owners and referring practitioners throughout Scotland and Northern England, including the most advanced diagnostic, therapeutic and surgical techniques. It is a centre of excellence in the training and treatment of care, disease management and human interactions with small companion and equine animals. Radiotherapy treatment and advance imaging facilities, using Linear Accelerator and CT scanner services, are also provided. One of the chief concerns when conceiving the design was how to create a large hospital building without ruining the beautiful, green space of the Garscube Estate. Essentially, the design solution involved lifting up the ground, peeling off the grass and placing the new building underneath. Since various aspects of the new facility do not require natural light – much of its 4,500 sq m involves internal spaces, such as the treatment area, oncology and diagnostics – this design solution was able to meet the hospital’s needs, whilst maintaining the integrity of the location. In order to let daylight into public

areas, an innovative ‘crystal’ glass cupola, lit with different colours at night, sits within the building’s sloping grass roof. Whilst the innovative design affords medical staff unrestricted views out over the grassy bank, the building’s public space comprises a waiting area, a reception island and a café, beneath the glass cupola, where staff and visitors can see out onto the roof. Behind this public space, is a social space with access out onto the grass roof. The natural look is completed with stonefilled, gabion baskets, lending the building a deliberately solid and heavy base and emphasising the driving idea of roof and ground. Internally, the building is simply organised, both horizontally and vertically, with a clear division of public and private hospital space. The working hospital, held within the gabion wall, pinwheels around a central treatment hub which acts as the heart of the building, offering unrestricted views toward day-care, intensive care, operation suites, diagnostics and oncology. Teaching and office spaces occupy the upper level, with views over the estate and access onto the roof. 147

2006 - 2008

Dumfries DENTAL CENTRE Location Floor Area

DUMFRIES, UK 1,210 sq m

This new-build, dental centre, for NHS Dumfries and Galloway, promotes natural daylight and ventilation throughout the building through a carefully considered shallow plan and strategically positioned opening windows and rooflights. The single-storey building is predominantly constructed from a timber kit structure,


which is enveloped in larch cladding boards, obtained from sustainable sources. The larch cladding is untreated, negating the need for treatments which may contain toxins and reducing required maintenance throughout the building lifecycle. The building employs a ground source heat pump to serve the underfloor heating system.

2002 - 2004


GLASGOW, UK 4,450 sq m

The brief was to provide a link building between the existing health centre and the adjacent mental health resource centre, de-stigmatising the mental health unit by combining it within a unified facility. The new shared entrance improves physical and psychological access to the building. The conceptual approach included the creation of a curved, rendered wall, unifying the centre’s appearance. Behind this, a new link building provides additional accommodation

and acts as a hub for redefined circulation routes. The new-build elements capture a series of courtyards, providing amenity and social spaces and acting as orientation points within the building. The primary circulation routes were completely re-configured around a new glazed courtyard, immediately off which lie the reception areas for all four GP practices, creating a clear hierarchy of public, semi public and staff space. 149


2005 - 2007



This project brief involved the demolition of the existing church sanctuary to allow the creation of a new, larger building on the same site. This was achieved by positioning the sanctuary/altar space on the long dimension, as opposed to the end, to facilitate unity between the pastoral team and the congregation. The new coffee shop and kitchen area has a street frontage and provides the Church’s immediate contact with the community.

Substantial alteration and refurbishment was carried out to the ancillary church buildings: a stone building (formerly a bookshop) on the corner of Shamrock Street and Townhead Street; a 1960s brick extension and a 1970s brick building, which is used as a lesser hall/games room. The completed development forms a rich mix of practical and celebratory spaces for the congregation to enjoy and has created an iconic architectural statement in the centre of Kirkintilloch.



LIFESTYLE Residential | Hotels | Halls of Residence | Leisure | Sport







jenan city Location Floor Area

Al Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 285,400 sq m

This vast, multi-use project is one of the largest design commissions awarded to NORR. A unique mix of office, hotel, retail and residential uses, the development is currently one of the biggest privately-owned construction projects in Eastern Saudi Arabia. When NORR was awarded the project in 2009, the design team spent considerable time and effort in researching economic and cultural context. As a result, NORR produced a detailed project brief and ten conceptual solutions for the site. In a collaborative environment featuring informal client workshops, a scheme was selected for further development. During the concept design phase this scheme, organised around courts and gardens and featuring lowrise buildings, was developed further. In its diversity and complexity, Jenan City is a microcosm of the city itself. The concept celebrates the richness and layering of a city, providing a hierarchy of open spaces, courts, and gardens for shared and private use. Integral to the design is the concept of the courtyard, both in public areas and in the private dwellings. Where the buildings fold and connect, courtyards are formed: elsewhere, they are carved into the side of the buildings and merge with internal courtyards or living areas. Outside, courtyards or communal areas operate on various levels, providing public space and linking the various components of the project. This project is an example of a multidisciplinary approach to design. Working closely with environmental scientists and sustainability experts, NORR’s design team tested numerous permutations on massing and open space pattern before settling on an agreed direction. Results from computational fluid dynamic techniques and physical wind tunnel models were used to locate buildings and openings, in order to create outdoor spaces that are appropriate to the project’s context. 157

2003 - PRESENT

Middle Quinton Eco-Town Location Floor Area

WARWICKSHIRE, UK 2,500,000 sq m

The design envisages an innovative ecotown, with 6,000 homes – including 2,000 affordable homes – offering employment, an energy centre, retail, community uses and green space. The design concept promotes five distinct districts, which are created in Middle Quinton, each with its own character, design philosophy,


scale and urban personality. A Town Centre, in the eastern part of the site, would be the main focus for retail uses, community facilities, leisure, an education campus and office/workshop-based employment, also providing over 800 homes. A Station Quarter is included, around a new transport hub, with a greater emphasis on

larger scale employment and benefiting from proximity to the station. The Station Quarter connects to the Town Centre with a short, direct link for pedestrians, cyclists and buses. The Lakeside is in the northern part of the site; here water is used creatively to provide a stunning residential environment, with its own local centre. An Allotment Village sits in the central part of the site; a strong street pattern promotes solar orientation and is surrounded by a crescent of community allotments. Finally, The Woodside, in the western part of the site, is a lower density, village environment with its own primary school and local centre. Clusters of family houses are set within a strong

landscape framework of woodland and open space. The average density of the development (excluding mixed-use areas) is 41 dwellings per hectare, allowing a wide mix of family housing, starter homes, sheltered housing and apartments. The density is comparable to elements of local towns such as Stratfordupon-Avon. Neighbourhoods are linked by a tree-lined loop, containing the main infrastructure for a guided bus-way, a highway and a system for waste collection and energy distribution. An energy centre in the southern corner of the site will recycle waste, turning it into energy using Advanced Thermal Treatment technology.



2002 - 2004

MATRIX Location Floor Area

GLASGOW, UK 14,586 sq m

Archial won the Glasgow City Council Competition for the McPhater Street site in the Cowcaddens area of the city centre. The brief was to create an urban housing intervention which recognised the power of its position and allowed the sculptural nature of the piece to be read in the round. The conceptual approach sought to provide an experience of contrast. Residents pass from one realm to another – from vibrant city rumble to relaxed urban tranquillity. The scheme, dubbed ‘Matrix’, gave Archial the opportunity to collaborate with landscape architects City Design Co-operative and visual artist Richard Wright. The result blurs where art, architecture and landscape start and stop. Movement towards and through the architecture

and landscape of the Matrix reveals a sculptural piece which is dynamic and kinetic. The Matrix is in constant flux, ever-changing in its reaction to external and internal influences. Its responses are spontaneous – changing with the quality of light, the rain, dawn and dusk. The architecture reveals itself in compositions of surface and mass, solid and void and in the creation of volume carved into space through layers of light and colour. Materials employed externally included: black rainscreen cladding; curtain walling; structural glass balustrades; black render; red facing brick and zinc cladding/roofing. Internally, hardwood flooring, oak veneer cabinets and coloured glass were used.






2002 - 2011


MANCHESTER, UK 12 hectares

Archial prepared the strategic framework scheme design for New Islington, east of Manchester city centre. This is the third UK Millennium Village and was undertaken with developer, Urban Splash, English Partnerships and Manchester City Council. The plan was developed from an extensive community consultation exercise and envisages a rich mix of house types, distinct architectures and multiple activities which will promote a sustainable and varied community – an urban development which is a destination for visitors, as well as home to its residents.


On a site between the Rochdale and Ashton canals, immediately east of the city centre, the proposals incorporate new waterways, linking these historic navigations, and give the new quarter a waterside, parkland identity. Hard and soft banking, including narrowboat mooring, creates opportunities for leisure activities and wildlife havens. Having completed the framework scheme, Archial was commissioned to design the first of the proposed residential buildings, ‘Chips’, by the Ashton Canal at New Islington’s southern periphery.

2005 - 2009

CHIPS Location Floor Area

MANCHESTER, UK 16,200 sq m

Quirky, bold and robust, ‘Chips’ is the first major development of the New Islington masterplan: the design was inspired by three fat chips, piled on top of one another. The building comprises three long, thin new build masses (Chips) of equal height, approximately 100 metres long by 14 metres wide. These are stacked and staggered upon one another, creating an elevated ground floor and eight levels, with 142 one, two and three bedroom apartments. The building is clad in a composite wall, faced with a cladding covered in newspaper print, with text that echoes the industrial heritage of the Ancoats area. The project provides a mix of living and studio units and commercial space and defines a quality

of living, by combining outstanding design with technological innovation, while embracing key concepts of sustainability, integration into the urban landscape and the provision of inspirational and sensational apartment units. The apartments are planned, internally, around a central ‘pod’ unit, housing the bathroom and kitchen areas. The apartments can be open-plan or sub-divided by the use of large folding screens. The scheme achieves a BREEAM Eco-Homes Excellent rating, conforms to the Manchester Methodist Housing Trust scheme’s stringent development standards and also meets the sustainability guidelines, as set out by the UK Homes and Communities Agency as part of the ‘Millennium Community’ programme.


2004 – 2006


POOLE, UK 22,100 sq m

Dolphin Quays is a prestige mixed use development, located on the Quay in Poole – a significant centre for tourism. Born from a vision, created by Archial in response to the client’s aspirations for a redevelopment of this prominent site, the scheme formed part of a development of the entire waterfront in the Borough of Poole. The forward-looking Council had set guidelines for the whole of the central part of the town: Archial developed these into masterplans for the East Quay area and has transformed this half of the quay into a major tourist venue. The site is partially located on land reclaimed from the sea in the 19th century and was previously the home of the renowned ‘Poole Pottery’ manufacturing plant and outlet store.


The 3,000 sq m outlet store has been included into the development to the northern part of the site, away from the quay frontage. It has been combined with a further 7,500 sq m of retail space and 11,600 sq m high-end residential apartments and penthouses: the majority of these have a view over Poole Harbour, reputedly the second largest natural harbour in the world. As part of the overall development, the new Poole Harbour Marina was built alongside the ‘Quays’. As part of this facility, Archial was commissioned to design a small, but technically complex, floating ‘Harbour Master’s Control Building’. The project as a whole was highly commended in the International Design Awards Best Waterfront Development Category in 2002.



1998 - 2005

Grandholm village Location Floor Area

ABERDEEN, UK 16.9 hectares

In 1859, Messrs. J&J Crombie Ltd. acquired Grandholm Mills, a former linen works beside the River Don, in Aberdeen. In time, Grandholm Works grew to become Scotland’s largest and best equipped woollen mill and producer of the famous Crombie cloth. In the early Nineties, the Aberdeen mill was closed and production moved to the Scottish Borders. Cala Homes purchased the site in 1998 and commenced the design of one of Scotland’s first 21st Century Urban Villages. This ultimately included 290 homes, consisting of detached, semi-detached, terraced and flatted dwellings. It also included a care home, an office building, retail space, restaurants and a museum. The oldest, four-storey, mill building was retained, along with the mill lade and turbine hall, and this formed the centre of the village. The mill building was converted to loft apartments, with offices and restaurants at the ground floor level. These open on to a public

space incorporating the lade, which continues to flow with water from the River Don. The plan radiates from this central space to connect with a crescent shaped loop road, encircling the centre. The area within the loop road contains the denser parts of the development and includes the mixed use portion, consisting of flatted accommodation, retail areas and office space. The areas beyond the loop road are less dense and contain terraced, semi-detached and detached homes. Townscape opportunities have been seized with the clever use of crescents, vistas and avenues and, whilst the car has been respected, pedestrians and cyclists are given priority. Grandholm Village is now complete and most areas of accommodation are occupied. The village has been deemed a success and is referred to as the model to follow for further village development in the North East of Scotland.






2005 - PRESENT



Archial was commissioned by Tees Valley Regeneration to produce a masterplan which would regenerate and reposition, not only the town of Middlesbrough, but also the whole Tees Valley area. The brief was to build on all the previous work, towards creating a new vision for Greater Middlehaven that will inspire, excite and firmly establish the area as a waterfront destination of international significance. The existing brave, beautiful Middlehaven landscape is inhabited by a series of massive objects: the Clock Tower, travelling cranes, the Riverside Stadium, the Transporter Bridge over the River Tees and big barns where North Sea oil rigs were constructed. The Archial response was to create a landscape which, over the generation that


a masterplan takes to implement, will be populated by buildings, including new offices, housing and a new location for Middlesbrough College, that fulfils people’s dreams of prosperity and a better life. A series of new and extraordinary objects sit proudly in the landscape, in play with the existing elements. What these buildings should eventually look like was not for the designers to say, or impose, and what has been represented here is merely a glance into the potential future of the site. Underpinning all of this, are depths of thinking and creativity that will ensure that the Tees Valley fulfils its regeneration vision and dream. The initial phases of the masterplan are currently being implemented.

2005 - 2008



The design of the new campus was generated by the maritime heritage of the site, a disused shipping dock reclaimed to provide inspiring, distinctive, sustainable and high quality buildings and public realm. Mass and appearance has been shaped to deliver a flagship building of appropriate scale to respect the award winning Middlehaven Masterplan, also produced by Archial. It is the largest zero carbon regeneration project in Europe. The accommodation is split into three elements: • The main five-storey teaching block representing the ‘hull’ of a ship with striking, dynamic shimmering metal cladding shingles inspired by shipbuilding and moving water. • A dramatic central atrium concourse, approaching quarter of a mile long, with alignment inspired by existing historical features

including a Victorian clock tower, dockyard cranes and long established pedestrian routes to the town centre, providing shop windows to activities, central administration pod and breakout areas. • A two-storey ‘wave’ building, with curved geometry, inspired by the concept of the ‘hull’ cutting through water, housing more technically based facilities. The new College hosts a range of facilities for the public and students, including theatres, recording studios, music practice rooms, dance and drama studios, lecture theatre, teaching and library facilities spread over four floors. Other facilities include a restaurant and café bistro, hair and beauty salons, a spa suite, sports hall (also providing potential conference and event facilities), a gymnastics training centre, a competition venue and a health and fitness suite.


2005 - 2008

99 BANKS ROAD Location Floor Area

POOLE, UK 450 sq m

99 Banks Road, Poole is a luxury, beach-front, five bedroom house, with living accommodation on the upper floors and bedrooms below, taking advantage of the sweeping views from the Isle of Wight to the east, across to Studland Bay and the Purbeck hills to the west. The three-storey high, limestone-floored hall and staircase provides a dramatic entrance, with the large roof-light above flooding the centre of the house with natural light. Full width glazing to the living and dining rooms takes maximum advantage of the stunning views. All glass, balcony balustrades allow unobstructed views from all waterfront rooms and from the rooftop sunroom and sun terrace.


A silent operation hydraulic lift serves all floors. A detached double garage with its own study/ garden room fronts onto Banks Road, with bespoke entrance gates and high quality landscaping. The through-coloured render, buff brick, powder-coated aluminium windows, rainwater goods, cladding, fascias and oak doors were selected for their weather resistance and/or natural weathering properties and to provide a subtle and restrained palette, appropriate to the beach-side setting. The careful retention of existing trees, balances the visual impact of this highly contemporary addition to the Sandbanks coastline.



2007 - 2010

LOCHGARRY, 40 Cleveden Drive Location Floor Area

GLASGOW, UK 820 sq m

Originally designed and lived in by Architect JC McKellar, in 1904-5, Lochgarry, at 40 Cleveden Drive, stands as the end property of a 20 bay terrace of similarly detailed, asymmetrical houses, in the Arts and Crafts style, at Glasgow’s West End. Lochgarry was used as a children’s home by Glasgow City Council, from the 1970s until its closure in the year 2000. The current owner acquired the building in 2007, with the intention of restoring the badly dilapidated property back into a single family home. The Grade-B Listed property was purchased, complete with both Planning and Listed Building Consent to convert it back to a private residence, obtained by the interim owner. The property had been largely stripped out and it was clear that a formidable amount of damage had been caused by the previous owner in their failed initial attempts to convert the building. Sub-standard restorative works and invasive subdivision of the original layout had left the building in a very poor state of repair, with many of the original architectural details and internal decorative features lost. Following a successful competitive design

submission, Archial was appointed as part of an extensive design team to create a spectacular five-bedroom family home, which was to include formal living/dining, family kitchen/dining, children’s plays areas, a home cinema, a home gymnasium, and a master living suite. Archial’s approach to the conversion was to delicately restore the original, classical features of the house whilst placing modern insertions where the existing fabric was absent. The main panelled rooms on the ground floor and stair were restored and the internal timber panelling fully refurbished to the stairs. The existing stained glass to the main stairwell was fully refurbished and new stained glass designs inserted into the Crittall windows in the formal lounge. Decorative cornicing and feature mouldings were sensitively replaced where missing. The re-organised internal circulation down to the garden level is expressed in the facade with a five metre high, single piece, glazed slot window, consistent with the existing feature glazing at vertical circulation routes found on the front of the building. In contrast, the basement and upper floors (where no historical features were found) were completed in a modern aesthetic. 177

2000 - 2002

OMNI CENTRE Location Floor Area

EDINBURGH, UK 75,000 sq m

Archial was involved in the development of this mixed-use building, on a prominent site in central Edinburgh, adjacent to The Playhouse Theatre, from scheme design to completion. The site comprised an existing car park on five levels, built of reinforced concrete and a Grade-A listed church faรงade. Archial was appointed Lead Consultant to complete production information for the leisure building,


comprising a health and fitness suite, a 12-screen cinema and a 100-bedroom hotel. This major project was located entirely within the Edinburgh World Heritage Site and the development was, therefore, subject to a high degree of public scrutiny. The building features a roof garden, which was treated as a fifth elevation as it is fully visible to pedestrians on nearby Calton Hill.

2002 - 2005

SHERIFF COURT Location Floor Area

GLASGOW, UK 5,500 sq m

This project was won in a limited competition and developed by Persimmon Homes. It involved the conversion of Glasgow’s Sheriff Court building into a mixture of luxury apartments, shops, bars and restaurants and Britain’s only custom-built Youth Theatre. The Sheriff Court, which includes 62 apartments, retains the building’s B-listed, Neoclassical façade, through a complex façade retention system. At the same time, the interior of the building was demolished to make way for an entirely new, contemporary interior which includes an open-air elevated walkway across the new internal courtyard. This new insertion behind the old façade was formed with a ‘cast in situ’ concrete frame. This takes advantage of the existing storey height, into which each apartment is set over two levels, with voids and mezzanine floors facing the almost storey height windows. All the penthouse apartments are contained within a lightweight, steel and glass, unifying roof structure which is set back from the existing cornice line to allow these apartments to open onto private roof terraces. The central courtyard contains the freestanding ‘Bullet Building’; a unique two-storey, two bedroom residence which is the Sheriff Court’s ‘signature’ apartment and also provides the entrance to the Scottish Youth Theatre, contained within the basement of the building. This new headquarters for the Scottish Youth Theatre includes a theatre, workshop areas, with performance studios and office space, and offers direct access to the courtyard for external performances. At street level, the project provides a number of commercial units occupied by high-end retailers, restaurants and bars. These face onto the new public realm works which create a new square within which the converted building sits – a new destination location within the Merchant City of Glasgow.



2000 - 2003

SHANGRI-LA Location Floor Area

DUBAI, UAE 120,000 sq m

For this unique project, the client’s vision was to create a landmark that would recall the early 20th century skyscrapers of New York and Chicago and challenge the prevailing trend for glass-clad towers in Dubai. NORR was asked to design a tower that, without being overtly retro, would echo the strong verticality and stepped massing of buildings such as the Empire State Building and Rockefeller Center. NORR’s design for this granite-clad tower reaches 650 feet into the sky. It is essentially four buildings within one, including a 300key hotel, residential apartments, health and leisure facilities and four floors of office accommodation. The structural design of the building is unusual for the Middle East. Instead of utilising a concrete core and radiating shear walls, the Shangri-La is designed as a ‘tubular structure’ with load bearing elements pushed to the outer edges of the building. This affords greater floorplate flexibility, essential in a multi-use tower. Internally, the building has an elegance that harkens back to a less crowded time. The hotel lobby, with three of its four levels dedicated to restaurants, is swathed in a calming white, while hotel rooms are spacious and luxurious. Externally, the pool deck and garden on the roof of the parking garage connect to the towers via a pedestrian bridge for use by guests and residents. The Shangri-La Hotel Complex has achieved the client’s goal of becoming a landmark in Dubai, and in the process has won several awards as one of the best hotels in the Middle East.




atlantis the palm DUBAI, UAE | 2003 - 2008




ATLANTIS THE PALM Location Floor Area

DUBAI, UAE 246,500 sq m

The Atlantis Hotel is the majestic focal point of Palm Jumeirah, the man-made island that has captured the world’s imagination. The hotel sits at the head of the crescent, a semi-circular island barrier, which protects the Palm ‘fronds’ and their luxury villas from the tidal swell of the Arabian Sea. The five-year project features a 1,539-room, five-star hotel, set amidst a 42-acre water park and retail village. The hotel includes gourmet restaurants, lounges, bars, spas, a conference centre with multiple meeting rooms, a formal ballroom with a secondary ‘junior’ ballroom and three major aquaria. NORR was retained by the development jointventure of Kerzner International Development Limited and Istithmar PJSC to deliver comprehensive Architectural and Engineering services during all stages of design and

construction. At the time, the project was larger than any NORR had previously tackled and a design team of 123 architects and engineers was assembled to respond to project needs. The design stage began with intensive collaboration between NORR and WATG, the concept architect, to arrive at a design that addressed technical, infrastructure requirements and complied with UAE regulations. Detailed design was completed in the summer of 2005 and construction started under the direction of an on-site team of 35 NORR architects and engineers. Atlantis The Palm is massive in scale and incredibly intricate in design. In successfully delivering this project, NORR has galvanised its credentials as a leading, integrated project management and design firm for complex projects worldwide.





2008 - 2010

MUSSAFAH BUSINESS hotel Location Floor Area

ABU DHABI, UAE 56,500 sq m

The positioning of this hotel building reflects the concept of urban repair, or infill. A business park is planned for one adjacent site and a large suburban mall stands on the other. After exploring several sites for the development, the eventual solution was to insert the building on a sliver of land between the mall and business park. This approach helps mitigate the blankness of the mall and provides a transition in scale and mass towards the business park. At an urban renewal scale, this project transforms the area into a more complete and coherent mixed-use development, adding to the complexity and interest of public space. NORR’s design for the hotel provides 214 keys and includes a banquet hall, business centre, restaurants and shops, pool and roof terraces, health club, and lobby lounges.




PUDDLE DOCK HOTEL Location Floor Area

LONDON, UK 28,000 sq m

Designed for Blackfriars Investments, the 28,000 sq m scheme involves the redevelopment of the existing No.2 Puddle Dock office building and the Mermaid Conference and Events Centre. The design creates a landmark, stand-alone building that is intended to rejuvenate one of the few remaining major development sites in the City of London. The site of the new building is in a strategic location in the City, with prime frontages on the River Thames to the south and Queen Victoria Street to the north. To the east and west, the site is bounded by neutral office developments. The site is well served by established transport links, principally the mainline rail and underground services at Blackfriars Station. The 250 bed, six-storey building comprises four floors of hotel accommodation above ground, reception areas on the first floor/ground floor, a conference centre (with a double-height ballroom for up to 400 people) on level -1 and gym and spa facilities on level -2. In addition, the scheme includes bars, two restaurants and an elegant rooftop terrace overlooking the Thames. The scheme also comprises an independent delivery circulation system, staff

cycle and changing facilities as well as service and plant space. The roof terracing and the triangulated skin of the building are set out to respond to the height limits defined by St. Paul’s height restrictions. The building soffit responds to the requirement for minimum transportation road clearances and follows the contours of the site from Queen Victoria Street to the north, down to Upper Thames Street adjacent to the River Thames. These two restrictions define the main shape of the new building, creating a fragmented sculptural object and providing a dynamic and unique profile to the area. The top floor opens onto a large roof terrace overlooking the river. Its landscaping is composed of surfaces of different materials, incorporating areas of bio-diverse, green landscaping, timber decking and roof terrace paving in a single sustainable integrated design. Sustainability is central to the scheme. The new building will achieve higher standards of environmental quality and sustainability than most good practice, air-conditioned, prestige buildings in the City.








Casino New Brunswick links three separate and distinct buildings - a hotel, a theatre and a casino - in a manner that recalls the early 20th century tradition of the ‘grand resort’. Taking cues from iconic East Coast design, through the use of light exteriors and vivid red roofing, strongly contrasting with the natural landscape, NORR’s design also provides the modern luxury and Las Vegas-style whimsy expected by visitors to an entertainment property. At the heart of the resort’s visitor experience is the casino, the main entrance of which is demarcated by a dramatic 30m high lighthouse structure. The maritime feature keys off one of the region’s most well known archetypes modernised with a steel geodesic frame and unitised glazing system. The glass enclosed lighthouse literally becomes electrified at night, with a colour changing lightshow that illuminates the entire structure. A feature staircase that winds within the interior of the lighthouse provides access to the Ultralounge Bar, located on the mezzanine. Internally, the casino continues the illumination motif of the lighthouse with a custom designed sunburst installation, radiating across the ceiling outward from the central bar. The use of technology within the space is balanced by the warmth and appeal of the Canadian East Coast, with walls adorned in custom covering, displaying an abstract birch tree motif and tones of warm, soothing wood.

The principal gaming area accommodates 600 slot machines, 20 gaming tables, a poker room and a high-limit area. The area is further activated with two themed restaurants and two bars, one of which includes a live entertainment venue visible to patrons on the gaming floor. A five-storey, 128-room hotel provides guests with a distinctive place to stay - one of the most lavish and modern hotels on the Atlantic Coast of Canada. The hotel has been awarded with a 4 ½ star rating and offers extensive amenities including a spa, fitness room and meeting rooms. A lounge area overlooks a doublestorey reception area, boasting an opulent, hand-crafted, crystal chandelier and a double height pool area with custom rain showers along the deck. The overall design echoes the natural feel, colours and materials of the adjacent Magnetic Hill - a local natural wonder and tourist attraction. The hotel and casino are linked by The Centre, a 60,000 sq ft conference and entertainment venue. Two storeys in height, The Centre includes a large, double-height banquet/exhibition space which can be divided in three separate event areas. A mezzanine level overlooks the pre-function area and links the hotel and casino to The Centre, with an interior connection which doubles as a gallery. Casino New Brunswick provides a complete, luxurious resort experience that reflects the local character in a new and dynamic form.









LEEDS, UK 4,000 sq m

The Carnegie Pavilion is a unique ‘dual-use’ higher education and sports facility which will be occupied all year round. It is at one and the same time: a university faculty expanding beyond the campus and embedding itself within the surrounding community, within a working sports ground; and sports facility housing applied higher education – a ‘new paradigm in learning’. Leeds Metropolitan University entered into a unique partnership with Yorkshire County Cricket Club (YCCC) to not only enable the delivery of the Carnegie Pavilion, but also to provide mutual benefits for both organisations, enhancing higher education, sport and the all round sustainability of the development. The Carnegie Pavilion will accommodate the university’s School of Tourism, Hospitality and Events, where students will benefit from direct exposure to real life sporting events and

hospitality. The development incorporates a full-scale teaching kitchen as well as lecture theatres and faculty offices. Students of digital journalism will also be based in the building, and will work hands on with the hi-tech facilities of the new media centre, designed to meet the latest standards for both TV and radio broadcasting. The dual-use 150 seat auditorium converts into a 100 seat press box for journalists, with uninterrupted views of the cricket action. Co-occupation of the building (over 70% of the rooms have been designed for ‘dual-use’) dramatically reduces its running costs, as well as its carbon footprint, when compared with two separate buildings. The Carnegie Pavilion has achieved BREEAM ‘Excellent’ standard whilst complying with ECB cricketing requirements including the south facing glazed wall providing uninterrupted sightlines.






mOTOR CITY CASINO Location Floor Area


The MotorCity Casino is located in Detroit, a city defined by the grit of the local automotive industry and the groove of its ‘MoTown’ musical roots. The City’s newly established Entertainment District had been home to a temporary casino, located within an historic building. A turn of the century manufacturing plant and warehouse, the Wagner Bakery building, would provide part of the inspiration for NORR’s work on the new, dynamically themed MotorCity entertainment centre. NORR was engaged to provide a permanent casino facility, including an expanded and renovated gaming floor, a 400 room hotel, spa and fine dining restaurant, a 2,000 seat, live entertainment theatre, expansive meeting space and retail areas. The design team’s vision would draw thematic inspiration from the rich automotive history of the area, local music scene and character elements from the Wagner Bakery building, all unified under a polished retro theme. When it became evident that aspects of the project were too demanding to use traditional

design and building methods and still meet the ambitious construction schedule set by the client, NORR introduced Building Information Modeling (BIM) to the design process with the use of CATIA, a collaborative parametric design program familiar to the automotive design industry. The resulting digital model was the primary method of communicating design intent to the client, contractor and manufacturer and allowing the accelerated building schedule to be met. NORR, working closely with the client and design team, amalgamated the fundamental characteristics of the original building by wrapping historical elements in modern architectural materials of stainless steel and aluminium. The new materials and design features were borne from the decorative lines of the American classic cars of the 50s and 60s. The curved façade and undulating ribbon roof elements became the central creative design motif for the building, transforming the former manufacturing factory into a new centre, and a catalyst for future development in Detroit.





2004 - 2006


GLASGOW, UK 1,200 sq m

When Archial was appointed as architect for Craigholme School’s Sports Hall, the design team arrived at a conceptual approach for the new facility: ‘the story of three mats’. The first ‘mat’ allows vehicles to ‘touch-down’ safely in the new car park that sweeps in off Haggs Road. The second, folded, ‘mat’ represents the new sports centre itself, laying down a timber deck that ‘wraps up’ all the accommodation: a four court sports hall, a climbing wall, a dance studio, changing rooms, and a viewing gallery

with kitchenette, all within a finely crafted timber box. The roof is skewed to allow a generous overhang for weather protection on the gables and over the decked threshold area, encouraging spectators to stand outside of the building. The third ‘mat’ represents the playing surface of the all-weather hockey pitch, including anglepoise flood lighting creating an external room. The fabric and service systems were designed to address issues of sustainability, considered essential for the successful delivery of this building.



2005 - 2008

Silvertip Clubhouse Location Floor Area


This combined clubhouse, banquet hall, conference venue and award-winning dining amenity, serves the Silvertip Golf Course through a collection of related buildings. Though purposefully organised, the development forgoes the rigid formality normally associated with top class golf destinations in favour of a relaxed and natural charm. The clubhouse is at the core of the development, demarcated by a dramatically sloped roof, tipped with copper. Painted cedar siding clads the upper storey, with stone on the lower. Its smaller companion buildings are also clad in stone and sit harmoniously within the majestic landscape of the surrounding Rocky Mountains. However, the story here is not about the final design solution but how it came about. Being able to adapt quickly to a client’s requirements is a skill that all good architectural practices should possess. Silvertip’s owner initially commissioned NORR to design a club­ house that would overlook the 18th green on one side and the Rocky Mountains on the other. The practice created a contemporary take on an alpine villa – steeply sloping roofs crowned a stone and timber structure, while huge picture windows looked out onto the pristine landscape on either side. The design got the seal of approval. Work was proceeding normally until the client returned from a summer vacation in Europe. Arriving with an armful of books on Italian rural architecture, he felt a desire to infuse the charisma of an

Italian hillside residence into the Silvertip design. Having re-thought the programme itself, he expanded the development scope to include a new banquet hall and conference amenity. NORR quickly assessed how this could be done and then redesigned the clubhouse and entire site to include the required additions. The result is a design that has grown organically from a single building into a collection of related structures. While any architect would be given pause when extensive change was thrust upon them, a thematically authentic quality emerged for the project as a result of design occurring ‘on the fly’ during construction. Instead of a unified ‘set’ of accommodations, which may have been the perceived design solution if working under typical process, NORR has created a collection of beautifully complementary buildings, each with a distinct character of its own. Local rundlestone and heavy timber has been used throughout but with a different approach for each building. The project has changed immensely from the initial designs. The result, however, is a marvellous example of working with a client’s wishes and still being able to produce authentic, functional architecture that can be appreciated on all levels.


1999 - 2003


NORWICH, UK 1,838 sq m

Archial’s £4.2 million Riverside Swimming Centre, in Norwich, features a new, six-lane, 25 metre competition pool, a learner pool, a health suite and a fitness gym and dance studio, located on the first floor. The design features curtain wall glazing to the river frontage, combined with timber decking to take advantage of the setting. The design acknowledges the benefit of an established avenue of mature trees along the south boundary, which improves the amenity 214

and climate control. The Centre completes the regeneration of a former industrial area, with a new cycle/ pedestrian link between the riverside walk and Carrow Road. The project was funded by Norwich City Council, East of England Development Agency and Sport England. The Riverside Swimming Centre achieved an ‘Excellent’ rating from Sport England on its monitoring evaluation carried out a year after practical completion.

2009 - 2010

Riverside Ice RinK Location Floor Area

CHELMSFORD, UK 2,960 sq m

The Riverside Ice Rink is one of a number of ice pads designed by Archial. The company was appointed as Architect and Lead Consultant for the remodelling and internal refurbishment of the ice rink. The strategic brief was to modernise the centre, improve the customers’ experience and to maximise income potential. The project included the complete remodelling of the core areas and new robust, but vibrant, finishes to the reception, skate hire,

café, changing rooms and toilets. The main plant equipment, serving the building and ice pad, was totally replaced and a new proprietary ice rink was laid over the existing slab. A new ‘Low Emissivity’ ceiling was installed over the domed ice rink structure, to improve the environmental conditions and minimise external heat gain. Archial set a tight project programme to suit the operator’s requirements and limit the shut down period.



2007 - 2008

GLENEAGLES SPA Location Floor Area


The new state-of-the-art ‘destination spa’ at The Gleneagles Hotel is a contemporary environment, carefully designed to create a perfect place to unwind. A palette of natural materials and feature lighting has been used throughout, with a spacious heat experience zone and vitality pool, complemented by adjacent relaxation lounges. The new reception area, changing rooms, and

20 treatment rooms, with a generous covered courtyard, complete the spa experience. The Gleneagles Spa is the most recent in a series of projects designed by Archial, upgrading and expanding the hotel’s leisure, function and bedroom accommodation. The construction work required careful planning and programming to minimise disruption to the normal operation of the hotel, swimming pool and leisure club.


2007 - 2010

Southend Swimming and Dive Centre Location Floor Area

SOUTHEND, UK 3,200 sq m

The £13.5 million Southend Swimming and Diving Centre, which is an extension to the existing Southend Leisure and Tennis Centre, provides swimming facilities for the whole community Featuring the UK’s first pre-cast dive tower structure, the 25 metre, eight-lane swimming pool and dive centre, will be home to worldclass diving facilities. The dive pool has 3m, 5m, 7.5m and 10m diving platforms and features a moveable floor to enable swimming lessons and exercise classes to take place. Other features include a fun pool with water


features and a beach-style gradient, allowing children to walk from the poolside into the water. Outside the pool, there is a dry diving training area with a harness and trampolines and 374 tiered seats for spectators, including 22 wheelchair spaces for visitors. The project includes a new entrance/ reception for the centre, plus the relocation of the centre’s netball courts. The design incorporates CHP and has achieved a bespoke BREEAM ‘Very Good’ rating. Archial was appointed from RIBA Stage E (including Planning Application).

2010 - 2011


PLYMOUTH, UK 15,000 sq m

The £46.5 million Plymouth Life Centre is the best leisure centre of its kind in the region and one of the country’s leading centres of aquatic excellence and is a training facility for the 2012 Olympics. Facilities include: a 50 metre by 25 metre swimming pool; a 25 metre by 16 metre diving pool; a dryside diving facility; leisure water; a climbing area with aerial experience; an eightrink bowls facility; a 12-court sports hall; a fitness suite with 150 stations; a health suite; a multipurpose space and dance studio; a crèche; soft play and café area.

The interior will be stimulating, with splashes of colour to guide users around the building. Wherever they are in the Centre, it will offer glimpses of the wide range of activities on offer for everyone, to encourage people to return and try out new sports. The cafe also spills out onto the park to draw potential users in for the first time to see what is on offer. The vision is that the Life Centre serves as a strong visual landmark, drawing all members of the community together to experience a wide range of sporting and leisure activities.



TRANSPORTATION Airports | Rail | Underground | Road Services | Ferryports | Marine Facilities




HALIFAX, CANADA | 2007 - 2009






Now welcoming 3.5 million travellers annually, Halifax International Airport has seen passenger volumes increase dramatically since it first opened its doors in 1960. As a consequence, the number of travellers now moving through the main terminal has created significant circulation problems. NORR’s design solution involves a comprehensive passenger flow reorganisation in order to create more efficient pedestrian traffic routes through the airport, from kerb-side drop-off to the aircraft and vice-versa. New escalators and lifts were inserted into the heart of the building to rework the central core of the terminal and connect it to the three levels of the main check-in hall and arrivals area. A new 70 m pedestrian bridge has been designed to connect the multi-storey parking garage, also designed by NORR, to the terminal. By removing the solid front wall of the building and replacing it with a glazed façade, travellers at the kerb-side drop-off/pick-up area are visually reconnected with the interior of the terminal, providing views of their route to the check-in desks.

Initiated while the airport remained fully operational, NORR’s design rationalises and reduces the number of entry and exit points from the terminal. The main entrance has been transformed from a single-storey space into a double-height entrance with a fully glazed façade, increasing the amount of natural light flowing into the building. Business travellers now have a dedicated exit point, with a mezzanine level connecting the parking garage with the US Trans Border check-in facility for those travelling to the United States. At kerb-side, new steel-framed glazed canopies protect travellers from inclement weather and enhanced wayfinding assists with navigation. Travellers leaving cars in the adjacent car park no longer have to brave the elements and can now access the terminal building via an enclosed new bridge, fabricated on-site and fitted into place in a single night. The passenger flow redesign has created far more efficient circulatory routes through the terminal, which successfully eases the collective stress presented by the growing numbers of passengers using this busy airport.


TORONTO, CANADA | 2000 - 2007

Air Canada Toronto pearson INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT




air canada toronto pearson INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Location Floor Area


Toronto Pearson International Airport is Canada’s largest airport and is where its main carrier, Air Canada, has located its largest operation and hub. A redevelopment project at the airport was implemented in three main phases and included a $1.2 billion new Terminal 1 building that accommodates Air Canada’s domestic, transborder and international operations. NORR’s commission included architectural and full engineering services, for all of the Air Canada operations areas within Terminal 1, at a construction value of $60 million. The project was complex in programming and design and was further challenged by the relocation of operations from the existing terminal buildings to the new terminal building, while maintaining full Air Canada operation in both locations. This involved, in many cases, temporary moves and multiple relocations within the new terminal building to co-ordinate occupancy with the phasing and staging of the

seven year long, base building construction schedule. The project required the relocation of 1,850 Air Canada staff, including: administration; baggage handling; ramp services; maintenance; customer care; IT; crew; pilots; check-in staff and three Maple Leaf Lounges and their associated cafeteria, locker rooms and fitness centre. In some cases, because of the base building phases, the areas were moved multiple times throughout the seven years. All of the move-in dates were implemented overnight, and NORR worked closely with Air Canada staff and their management group to ensure that there was no downtime between the overnight switchovers and going live the next business day. NORR was commended, not only by Air Canada, but by the Greater Toronto Airports Authority for successful on-time completion and maintaining airport operation throughout the project.


2000 - 2006

DUBAI AIRWING Location Floor Area

DUBAI, UAE 276,000 sq m

The Dubai Air Wing Facility is designed to accommodate the aviation requirements of one of the UAE’s Royal Families. The design of the Air Wing facility is a celebration of flight, taking cues from the soaring of birds and the sleek aerodynamic lines of modern aircraft. The physical form has two interlocking roofs, one shaped like an airfoil and the other like the swooping arc of a bird in flight. This basic form results in a clear and pragmatic functional


layout. Extensive landscaping surrounds the building, both inside and out, to create a lush and welcoming environment. The development contains all amenities related to airline travel, including hangars capable of accommodating six B747’s, three B747 and a number of other aircraft.




2004 - 2004

KLM LOUNGE Location Floor Area


The KLM lounge is situated in Terminal 3 at Toronto Pearson International Airport, providing a panoramic view of the busy tarmac below. Taking advantage of this unique positioning, NORR configured the lounge as a continuous open area to enable views from points throughout the space. The lounge accommodates 160 passengers with multiple amenities including a business centre, television area and an integrated


smoking room. A series of curvilinear forms, including the reception counter and circular central bar, serve as an architectural background to conceal the irregular shape of the tenant space. Finishes and furniture were selected to express the KLM brand.

2008 - 2009



The Plaza Premium chain of high-end, independent airport lounges has recently expanded its facilities to include international, domestic and transborder lounges at Toronto Pearson International Airport. While they share common materials, branding and amenities, NORR has developed a unique identity for each of the three lounges, inspired by the specific location each has within the Airport.

In the case of the transborder lounge, travellers enter via a wood clad tunnel that sneaks under the escalator bank and leads to a custom reception desk and the tranquil oasis hidden beyond. There, the passenger can relax and enjoy an exclusive view of the surrounding airport activity.


1990 - 2007

air canada LOUNGEs Location Floor Area


Waiting for a flight to depart can be uncomfortable and stressful in a crowded airport waiting area. For a privileged few, the airline lounge is an oasis that provides amenities including food and drink, business centres, entertainment areas and private shower facilities. Over the past 20 years, NORR has been involved in numerous lounge projects, either as the principal designer or as part of collaborative


team with other architects and interior designers. In all cases, NORR has been responsible for architecture, interior design, structural, mechanical and electrical engineering for these specialised spaces. For Air Canada, NORR’s completed work has included three Domestic lounges, two Transborder lounges and three International lounges located at various terminals within Toronto Pearson International Airport and Ottawa International Airport.



2005 - 2006


ABERDEEN, UK 825 sq m

The state-of-the-art Marine Operations Centre controls all vessel movements into and out of the busy Aberdeen Harbour. The building sits on a prominent site, within the Footdee Conservation Area, where the North Pier meets the main land mass. It succeeds the old Navigation Control Centre known locally as ‘The Roundhouse’, which was built in 1803 and was no longer fit for purpose. The design concept involved the interaction of two interlocking forms; solid and light. The solid element – built from precast concrete with pure white aggregate as a metaphor of a lighthouse – contains the stair, lift and toilet core. The light element, containing the main

accommodation spaces, has facetted glazing around its perimeter that provides reflections of the setting of the building. The ground floor area has been kept to a minimum to lighten the connection between the building and the surrounding landscape. The Centre is organised around a strict set of operational criteria in terms of security, visibility and interior comfort. A further key requirement was to consider environmental factors – a mixed mode ventilation/cooling system utilises displacement ventilation for the main floorplates, with the solid core used as a thermal mass and vertical ventilation stack.


union station redevelopment TORONTO, CANADA | 2007 - 2015








Opened in 1927, Union Station was designed in the style of the Beaux Arts. A designated National Historic Site, it stands today as a vital gateway to downtown Toronto. As Toronto’s primary, multi-modal transportation hub, Union Station handles both commuter rail and inner-city subway systems. The station currently accommodates over 65 million passengers per year - double the amount of passengers served by Toronto’s Pearson International Airport, Canada’s busiest airport. These numbers are anticipated to exceed 100 million passengers within the next 15 years as commuter rail services expand. To respond to the growing transportation need, coupled with the required need for restoration of the building’s heritage fabric, the City of Toronto established the Union Station Revitalization Project; a $640 million investment in this key Toronto landmark. NORR was selected by the City of Toronto to provide full architectural and engineering design services for the Revitalization Project in early 2007. The key project objectives were to re-establish Union Station as the City’s primary, multi-modal transportation hub, enhance the quality and capacity of pedestrian movement to and from the station, rehabilitate the ageing infrastructure while restoring heritage fabric and reinforcing Union Station as a primary destination within the city. Construction work commenced in 2010 on major structural modifications which form part of what has been dubbed the “Dig-Down” component of the project. These structural modifications, coupled with a major excavation

of the lower levels of the station, will create a new multi-level concourse design which will add a lower Pedestrian Retail Concourse into the Station and allow for the insertion of a new Transit Concourse level to accommodate the expanding commuter rail operation. The structural modifications necessary to accommodate the new concourse arrangement involve the partial replacement, removal and extension of 185 supporting columns by 3 metres down, through the new, excavated, lower level to bedrock. The procedure entails supporting and slightly lifting the structure on temporary shoring while the foundation and the lower part of the old columns are saw-cut, removed and prepared for connection from below. A new column structure will be extended down to a new foundation that is anchored into bedrock. In addition to this heavy engineering work, the entire station will receive a major facelift. All historic elements will be restored, while all mechanical, electrical and environmental systems will be replaced to improve energy efficiency and decrease the station’s carbon footprint. Perhaps the single largest challenge for the project is to plan for all of the structural modifications: creation of the new retail concourse level; addition of the new transportation concourse; restoration of the heritage fabric and replacement of all building systems, while maintaining uninterrupted transportation operation and movement for 65 million passengers per year.



1990 - 1998


LONDON, UK 24,800 sq m

North Greenwich Station has been acclaimed as perhaps the most striking of the twelve stations on London Underground’s £3.5 billion Jubilee Line Extension. As the gateway to the Millennium Dome (now renamed the O2 Arena) and with its fully integrated bus station, the station has become one of the most heavily used on the line. It is also one of the largest and forms an integrated transport interchange, serving a wide area of south-east London, including the Millennium Village and other developments on the peninsula. The context for the scheme was a completely cleared, but polluted, former gasworks site, with no existing buildings: the specific site for the station was determined by the alignment of the line, which crosses the Thames twice linking Canary Wharf, North Greenwich Peninsula and Canning Town respectively. The scheme, as

built, consists of a cut-and-cover box, totally enclosed by a ‘lid’ but with passive provision for a future ‘Air-Rights’ development. The dynamic form of the station is memorable and provides a clear and comprehensible diagram – a prime objective in all JLE stations and a sharp contrast to the confined and confusing spaces of most of the historic London Underground stations. Equally memorable, is the bold use of colour: blue glass mosaic is employed on the main columns and deep blue glass is used as a wall cladding. These precise finishes contrast with the exposed concrete and suspended services at roof level. As large as any mainline station, it explores older traditions in station design to create a building, combining clarity of purpose with rich allusion and metaphor, which serves a point of arrival for a new quarter of London.


1999 - 2003


LONDON, UK 4,100 sq m

The ongoing development of Heron Quays, adjacent to Canary Wharf, necessitated the rebuilding of the small Docklands Light Rail station to integrate with the new structures. The complex brief dictated that the structure be wholly enclosed by the office development, but be completely self-supporting, with no structural connection to the buildings either side and above, or the railway bridge itself. The solution was to create a cradle of steel supports, their position determined by the grid of basement columns beneath, which would hold the platforms and a curved shell below the tracks which acts as acoustic protection from excessive noise generated by train movements over the steel bridge. The design also allows for free flows at


ground level, where the space created acts as both station concourse and pedestrian thoroughfare. Escalators connect to both the car parking levels beneath and the platforms above. The materials and colours were selected to emphasise the independence of the architectural elements from both the adjacent Canary Wharf office buildings and the ‘AirRights’ office tower bridging directly over the new station. The enclosure of the station meant that particular consideration had to be given to lighting the space; the solution was the design of ‘light beams’, which radiate light throughout the space, as well as providing a conduit for all the services including the public address system above the platforms.

2004 - 2007


LONDON, UK 4,100 sq m

Archial was commissioned by Docklands Light Railway Limited to design a completely new station, in a new location, to replace the existing DLR station at Stratford. This was in order to meet the client’s requirements for capacity enhancement, improved train frequencies and longer platforms with a corresponding new track alignment. The DLR Station forms an integral part of a much wider Transport Interchange which is being upgraded in time for the 2012 London Olympics. The canopy to the tapering island platform, consisting of facetted, triangulated metal panels, with rooflights snaking over inclined

oval columns, is a deliberate counterpoint to the sweeping curves of the existing Stratford Regional Station enclosure, into which it plugs. Occupying the centre of the island platform, are translucent, coloured, glazed screens providing weather protection, as well as incorporating passenger seating, information boards, posters and signage. Entry to the new DLR station from the street and interchange with the other railway and underground rail links will be maintained via the existing Stratford Regional Station. There is also passive provision for a potential future secondary entrance on Gibbins Road, below the DLR viaduct.


peace bridge canadian plaza FORT ERIE, CANADA | 2003 - 2007






A dramatic sweeping roof and canopy marks the Canadian Plaza at the Peace Bridge, sheltering the activities of the central customs and immigration building beneath. Supported on slender steel columns, the roof’s wooden structure evokes the indigenous peoples’ long house structure and the canoe; one of the earliest forms of transport used to cross the local Niagara River. In this way, the design celebrates a cultural heritage that stretches back over 10,000 years to a time when this same path was used to travel lands yet to become Canada and the USA. The wooden structural framework of the canopy allows significant cantilevers from few support points. This gives the roof a weightless feel, while also minimising intrusion into an underlying layer of archeologically significant aboriginal artefacts that extends under the site. The two sides of the timber lattice of the canopy continue upwards to form the roof of the main building, which is split by a skylight running the length of the multi-storey building. This skylight allows natural light into the building’s heart and, in combination with the warmth of the timber structure, creates a welcoming character rarely achieved in a security-conscious institutional building. In contrast to the light wooden canopy, post-tensioned, precast concrete elements form a weightier canopy above the inspection and toll booths. This efficient design came about as a result of the need to maintain 24/7 operation of the border crossing and minimise construction in this critical area.

The inspection booths below the concrete canopy are pressurised via underground air ducts supplied from dedicated air handling units in the adjacent buildings. These units capture conditioned air from the buildings and supplement it with filtered fresh air. The system provides better air quality than conventional booth top conditioning units, utilises longer lasting, more energy efficient equipment and reuses otherwise wasted conditioned air. The central customs and immigration building, canopy and inspection and toll booths are at the heart of an overall site design featuring numerous other buildings, including an administration block and refugee facility. These supporting buildings work with the landscaping to reinforce the curvilinear, spatial quality of the flowing traffic and create a buffer for the nearby residential community. The Canadian Plaza at the Peace Bridge demarcates a primary entrance into Canada and its architectural statement reflects the significance of this International transition.




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blue water bridge canada cba complex SARNIA, CANADA | 2005 - 2010






NORR was initially commissioned in 2005 to develop an architectural masterplan for Ontario’s Blue Water Bridge Canada border crossing. The first phase of the masterplan includes facilities for the Canada Border Service Agency’s commercial customs inspection, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency’s animal inspection area, customs brokers’ offices and the Blue Water Bridge Authority administrative office space. This highly unusual combination of uses places all the administrative offices and 14 customs broker suites above the live animal staging areas. The configuration required special care in design of air handling systems to ensure appropriate separations. The building itself is a tiered, glazed block set on a stone plinth. The sculpted wave-form roof responds to the contours of the nearby bridge, harmonising the entire masterplan. Entry to the facility is accessed through a vestibule at ground level, leading visitors into a three-storey, central atrium. Intersecting bridges then link the two sides of the building and organise the agencies by programmatic function, separating public access areas and secure operational elements. The atrium itself is part of an overall environmental design, targeting Leadership in Energy Efficient Design (LEED) Silver

accreditation. Allowing natural light to flood into the interior of the 121,000 sq ft office space, reduced the need for and dependency on artificial lighting in most offices. To further minimise the building’s energy requirements, solar water heating and high efficiency mechanical and electrical systems are included in the design. Rainwater is harvested and collected in underground cisterns for reuse in building. This first building also sets the aesthetic tone for the other buildings within the masterplan. Its long stone walls are part of the design vocabulary, strategically applied to differentiate various components across the complex. In an effort to shield the local community from the noise and activity of the border crossing, the masterplan intentionally situated the main building between the multi-lane toll road and inspection yards, with the rear of the building facing the harbour and residential area. Further work continues to fulfil the project’s original masterplan. This first phase of construction includes a series of inspection/toll booths and remaining work will be completed in phases in order to ensure the border crossing remains operational 24 hours a day and 7 days a week.


HALIFAX, CANADA | 2007 - 2009






HALIFAX INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT parking garage Location Floor Area


As the 50-year-old Halifax International Airport has expanded to meet the increased passenger flow of the 21st Century, one of the most pressing requirements for the facility was a more efficient, higher capacity parking garage and consolidated rental car facility. NORR was engaged to design and construct the facility, located to the northwest of the main terminal building. Creating over 2,400 new parking spaces over five levels, NORR’s design situated the rental car facility at ground level and passenger parking on levels above. All levels are connected via high speed ramps to the entry and exit points located at opposite ends of the building; this facilitates the most efficient vehicle movement within and around the parking garage. Employees working at multiple exit kiosks and automated pay points reduce wait times on entry and exit. Using pre-cast concrete for the garage structure was a cost effective choice. However, while the structural frame and internal floor slabs are of a relatively standard nature, NORR designed feature walls for the north and south

ends of the garage that incorporate a basketweave pattern. These unique panels were fabricated off-site, along with the rest of the parking garage structure, totalling over 2,200 pre-cast concrete pieces. The east and west elevations of the parking structure are largely open, allowing for enhanced air movement through the garage space. This flow-through solution works to reduce exhaust build up while also minimising the mechanical extraction energy load. Where vehicle barriers were required, such as at the floor slab edges, a system of stainless steel cables and mesh was employed to accentuate the openness of the garage and provide views in and out. The parking garage is connected to the terminal building via a new 70 m long pedestrian bridge and vertical lifts and stairs. NORR’s scope of work also included a surface-level, long-term parking lot in addition to the development of wayfinding signage from the roadway network to the garage.


TORONTO, CANADA | 2004 - 2009

Toronto pearson INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT value park garage 262



toronto pearson INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT value park garage Location Floor Area


Developed in two phases, this 2.5 million square foot parking facility for Canada’s busiest airport has a capacity of 8,500 vehicles. It is the largest precast concrete, parking garage in Canada and the second largest parking garage overall. While this is undoubtedly a massive facility, it is animated by a textured material palette of custom cast, concrete panels and open grills that differentiate the various façade orientations, as well as highlighting ramps and stair towers, breaking up the overall mass into smaller components. Its aesthetic is unique within the overall campus of buildings at Toronto Pearson International Airport: yet, well considered details such as glazed balustrades unify the building visually with elements from external facades on nearby buildings. A physical connection links the fourth floor of the garage to the airport via an enclosed pedestrian bridge. Key to the building’s function is its passive environmental design. While the majority of large scale, multi-storey, parking garages incorporate a substantial mechanical ventilation system to remove exhaust fumes, here, the


‘open’ horizontal slotted form of the external walls, along with the central atrium, promote the through-flow of fresh air: this completely eliminates any requirement for mechanical ventilation. This innovation drastically reduces the energy requirements of the building and removes all operation and maintenance costs of any such active ventilation system. In addition, all storm water collected from the roof and vehicle run-off is captured and filtered through storage tanks to remove sediment before being discharged into the storm sewer. While cars move upwards from ground level by spiralling around wide floor-plates that encircle a central core, pedestrian circulation within the garage is addressed within the spine of the building, which runs parallel to the naturally lit atrium space. Access to all six parking floors is via lifts and stairways within the bright atrium. The atrium is a departure from the artificially lit stairwells of conventional parking garages and its addition radically changes the atmosphere within the garage. The overall result is a purpose-driven structure that successfully delivers a welcoming and memorable experience for travellers.



Commercial Emirates Towers NORR - Architecture & Interior Design Hazel S. Wong, Senior Design Architect Photography: NORR Awards: - 2006 Best Business Hotel in the Middle East, Business Traveller Award - 2006 Best Business Hotel in the World, Runner Up, Business Traveller Award

Palestra ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Christian Richters Awards: - 2007 RIBA National Award - 2007 RIBA Commercial Building Prize, London Region - 2007 Structural Steelworks Awards, commendation

Simcoe Place NORR - Architecture *Design Architect: Carlos Ott Photography: Steven Evans Photography Inc. Except 4 (elevator lobby) Lenscape Incorporated Awards: - 1996 Access Award, City of Toronto

Al Hitmi Complex NORR - Architecture, Interior Design & Structural Design Photography: Gerry O’Leary

Burj Khalifa NORR - Architect of Record, & Construction Supervision Photography: Gerry O’Leary

Ford Canadian Headquarters NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Structural, Functional Programming & Space Planning Photography: 1, 3 Steven Evans Photography Inc. 4a & b David Clusiau, NORR Limited Awards: - 2004 Urban Design Award, Town of Oakville

National Bank of Dubai NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Structure, Mechanical & Electrical *Design Architect: Carlos Ott Photography: Gerry O’Leary

Colorium ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Christian Richters

PHOTO CREDIT NOTE: Numbers before photographer indicate the page of the project spread the image(s) appear on. A letter behind the image places the image on the page when there are multiple pictures. Letters start from the top left moving to the bottom right of the page.

Trade Centre NORR - Schematic Design, Architecture & Interior Design NORR were design sub consultants *Lead Consultant & Architect of Record: Al-Jezera Consultants Photography: Gerry O’Leary Awards: - American Concrete Institute, Innovative Structural System and Iconic Architectural Landmark

SAS Institute Canadian Headquarters NORR - Architecture, Interior Design & Structural Photography: Steven Evans Photography Inc. Awards: - 2005 NAIOP Real Estate Excellence Award – Office Development Category

45 Church Street ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Alastair Carew Cox

British Horse Society ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Courtesy of Kier Moss Awards: - 2011 International Green Apple Award for Build Environment - 2010 British Council of Offices Small Projects Regional Award – Best Office under 2,000 sq m

Eliot Park Innovation Centre ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Alastair Carew Cox Awards: - 2006 BCO Commercial Workplace National and Regional Winner - 2006 Sustainability Awards (Building magazine) - Finalist - 2005 Bdi, Industry & Genius Awards (Green Design) - 2005 Force for Construction Excellence Award for Sustainability - 2005 ICE Sustainable Award - 2005 Eurosolar Award (Solar Architecture)

Lugano Building ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Lugano in-house

The Avenues NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Structural, Mechanical, & Electrical Photography: Gerry O’Leary

Buchanan Galleries ARCHIAL - Architecture Awards: - 1999 Regeneration of Scotland Awards – High Commendation

GMG Headquarters NORR - Interior Design Photography: Gerry O’Leary


Arabesque - Retail Outlet NORR - Interior Design Photography: Gerry O’Leary

Princes Square ARCHIAL - Architecture Awards: - 1989 Edinburgh Architectural Association Centenary Medal - 1988 RIBA Scottish Regional Award for Architecture - 1988 Civic Trust Award

The Ropewalk ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Alastair Carew Cox

McDonalds Restaurants Nationwide ARCHIAL - Design and Implementation Photography: Cloud 9

BAE Building ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Tim Pestridge Commercial Photography LLP Awards: - 2011 Sunderland City Council Local Authority Building Control Building Excellence Awards Best Commercial Building

Tesco Distribution Warehouse ARCHIAL - Architecture

Commerce Park ARCHIAL - Architecture

Buckfast Abbey Winery ARCHIAL - Architecture & Contract Administration Photography: Tim Pestridge Commercial Photography LLP

Babraham B250 ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Barry Halton

Babraham B260 ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Barry Halton

OPP Forensic Identification Unit NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Structural, Mechanical, & Electrical Photography: Shai Gill INSITE PHOTOGRAPHY

Stirling Innovation Centre ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Keith Hunter

Cambridge Science Park ARCHIAL - Architecture

Public Peckham Library and Media Centre ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Christian Richters, Roderick Coyne Awards: - 2001 AIA London Chapter Design Award for Best Building - 2001 Civic Trust Award - 2001 BCIA Award - 2000 RIBA Stirling Prize, Building of the Year

Renfrew County Courthouse NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Structural, Mechanical, & Electrical *Historical Consultant André Scheinman Photography: 1-2, 4a, 5a Shai Gill INSITE PHOTOGRAPHY 3, 5b Steven Evans Photography Inc. 4b David Clusiau, NORR Limited Awards: - 2010 Building Owners & Managers (BOMA) International, The Office Building of the Year (TOBY), Historical Category - 2009 Ontario Association of Architects, Award of Design Excellence - 2009 Building Owners & Managers (BOMA) Regional, The Office Building of the Year (TOBY), Historical Category - 2009 Building Owners & Managers (BOMA) Local, The Office Building of the Year (TOBY), Historical Category - 2009 Ontario Association of Architects, People’s Choice Award - 2008 Association of Registered Interior Designers of Ontario, Award of Merit - Collaborative - 2008 American Institute of Architects, Academy of Architecture for Justice, Award of Merit

Calgary Courts Centre NORR - Architecture (Associate Architect, responsible for the building envelope and all interior public spaces) *Principal Architect - Kasian Architecture Interior Design & Planning Inc. Design Architect – Carlos Ott Courthouse Planning Consultant – Spillis Candela AECOM Photography: Lemermeyer Photography Inc. Awards: - 2010 National Center for State Courts’ (NCSC) Retrospectives of Court-house Design, Citation - 2009 AIA’s Academy of Architecture for Justice Knowledge Community Justice Facility Review, Citation

National Millennium Faith Experience ARCHIAL - Architecture & Interior Design Photography: Paul White Photography Awards: - 2000 Civic Trust Award


Sunrise Native Addictions Services Centre

Berkshire College of Agriculture

NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, & Landscape Architecture Project was carried out by Poon McKenzie Architects and Stonefield Development Consultants, now NORR Architects Planners. In association with Number Ten Architectural Group as First Nations Consultant Photography: Katrina Sutcliffe Awards: - 2005 Alberta Association of Architects, Chronicle of Significant Alberta Architecture

ARCHIAL - Architecture Awards: - 2010 Winner of Best Sustainable Project – RBWM Design Awards Scheme - 2010 Best Educational Project – LABC Central Building Excellence Awards - BREEAM Excellent Rating

Canadian Consulate NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Structural, Mechanical, & Electrical *NORR worked in association with Sahinbas Fikirlier Architects of Ankara and local engineers SFMM & Okutan Photography: Sahinbas Fikirlier Architects

ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Mike Adams Awards: - BREEAM Very Good Rating

Cripps Court ARCHIAL - Design & Build Photography: Stephen Walfrenden

Pollok Civic Realm

East Surrey College

ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Andrew Lee Awards: - 2010 RIBA Award - 2010 RICS Scotland Awards Commended Award in the Community Benefit Category - 2009 Civic Trust Award National Panel Special Recognition - 2009 GIA Design Commendation - 2009 Roses Design Awards Nomination Best Public Building - 2009 Scottish Design Awards Nomination Best Regeneration Project - 2009 National Libraries Awards Winner Partnership Category

ARCHIAL - Architecture Awards: - BREEAM Very Good Rating

Collins Bay Institution NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Structural, & Mechanical Photography: 1 NORR Limited Staff, 2 Roger Pensom Awards: - American Institute of Architects (AIA), Committee on Architecture for Justice, Certificate of Merit, 2005

Hauser Forum ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: ARCHIAL

Kingsland Primary School ARCHIAL - Design & Build Photography: Paul Zanre Awards: - 2011 Best Educational Project at the Scottish Design Awards - 2011 Excellence in Design for Teaching & Learning at the Best of British School Awards - shortlisted - 2010 EAA Building of the Year

Littleton Green Community School

ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Alastair Carew Cox

ARCHIAL - Architecture & Landscape Design Photography: Lightworks Photography, Kyffin Photography, Cantoo, Archial Awards: - 2011 South Staffordshire District Council Conservation & Design Awards – New Build & Overall winner - 2011 Best Green/Sustainable School at Best of British School Awards - shortlisted

Working with the Ministry of Defence

Michael Faraday Community School

Police Federation Headquarters

ARCHIAL - Architecture Awards (HMS Collingwood, Pay as you Dine): - 2009 Fareham Society Design Awards – Highly Commended

Beddington Resource Recovery and Energy Facility ARCHIAL - Feasibility/Presentation

Glasgow Recycling and Renewable Energy Facility ARCHIAL - Architecture


Bristol Skills Academy

ARCHIAL - Architecture & Lead Consultant Photography: Morley von Sternberg Awards: - 2011 RIBA London Region: Education Award - 2011 RICS London Region: Regeneration Award - 2011 WAN Education, Shortlisted - BREEAM ‘Very Good’ Rating

Blizard Building

New Islington Masterplan

ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Morley von Sternberg Awards: - 2009 The Chicago Athenaeum, International Architecture Award - 2006 RIBA Education, London Award - 2006 Civic Trust Award - 2005 Leaf Award, Best Use of Technology within a Large Scheme

ARCHIAL - Masterplanning Photography: Christian Richters Awards: - 2006 Waterways Renaissance Award

Small Animal Hospital ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Andrew Lee Awards: - 2011 Civic Trust Awards - 2010 RIBA Regional Award - 2010 Gold Best Public Building Roses Design Awards - 2010 The Bryan Munford Award for Archial Building of the Year - 2010 Hot Dip Galvanizing Awards – Highly Commended - 2009 RIAS Andrew Doolan Award for Best Building in Scotland - 2009 GIA Supreme Award and GIA Award

Dumfries Dental Centre ARCHIAL - Architecture Awards: - 2009 Health Facilities Scotland Paul Taylor Award - 2009 GIA Commendation - 2009 The Health Facilities Scotland Environment Award - 2007 NHS Annual Design Award

Easterhouse Community Health Centre ARCHIAL - Architecture Awards: - 2004 NHS Scotland Environment, Estates and Facilities Annual Design Award - 2004 Scottish Designs Award - 2004 Dynamic Place Awards - Commendation - 2004 GIA Design Awards

Kirkintilloch Baptist Church ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Andrew Lee

lifestyle Jenan City NORR - Architecture, Interiors and Engineering Design All Images: NORR

Middle Quinton Eco-town ARCHIAL - Masterplanning


Chips ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Christian Richters Awards: - 2010 RIBA Award (North West) - 2010 Institution of Structural Engineers International Awards, Community or Residential Structures - Commended

Dolphin Quays Masterplan ARCHIAL - Architecture Awards: - 2002 International Property Awards, Best Waterfront Development Category – Highly Commended

Grandholm Village ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: ARCHIAL Awards: - 2006 Aberdeen Civic Society Award - 2006 Daily Telegraph Award for Best Brownfield development in UK

Middlehaven Masterplan ARCHIAL - Masterplanning Awards: - 2007 MIPIM Future Projects Awards, Big Urban Projects Category

Middlesbrough College ARCHIAL - Architecture & Lead Consultant Photography: Mike Black Photographer & Steve Mayes Awards: - 2009 RIBA LSC Education Design Excellence Award – Highly Commended - 2009 RICS North East Renaissance Regeneration Award

99 Banks Road ARCHIAL - Architecture

Lochgarry, 40 Cleveden Drive ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Andrew Lee Awards: - 2010 Silver Roses Design Awards: Residential Building

Omni Centre ARCHIAL - Architecture & Design Team Leader

Sheriff Court ARCHIAL - Architecture & Design Team Leader Awards: - 2006 BURA Award - Best Practice in Regeneration

ARCHIAL - Architecture



Silvertip Clubhouse

NORR - Architecture, Structural, Mechanical, Electrical & Project Management Photography: by Gerry O’Leary Awards: - 2010 DestinAsia Reader’s Choice Awards, One of the Best Hotels in Dubai - 2009 Business Traveller (UK), One of the Best Business Hotels in the Middle East

NORR - Architecture Project was carried out by Poon McKenzie Architects, now NORR Architects Planners. Photography: Katrina Sutcliffe

Atlantis The Palm NORR - NORR Limited are the architects of record *Design Architect: Wimberly Allison Tong & Goo Structural Engineering: NORR in Joint Venture with Quinn Dressel Associates Mechanical Engineering: NORR in Joint Venture with TMP The Mitchell Partnership Inc. Electrical Engineering: NORR in Joint Venture with Crossey Engineering Ltd. Photography: Kerzner International

Mussafah Business Hotel NORR - Architecture, Engineering Design, & Construction Administration All Images: NORR

Puddle Dock Hotel ARCHIAL - Architecture

Casino New Brunswick NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Structural, Mechanical, & Electrical Photography: 1-2, 3, 5a, 5b, 6a Clayton Morrisey 5 NORR Limited Staff 6b Clayton Morrisey, Courtesy of Sonoco Group Inc.

Carnegie Pavilion ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Christian Richters Awards: - BREEAM Code for Sustainable Buildings ‘Excellent’ rating (equivalent to LEED Gold) - 2010 Insider Property Industry Awards, Design Excellence Award

Motorcity Casino NORR - Architecture – as the executive architects. NORR also provided Structural, Mechanical and Electrical support to project Engineers of Record Giffels LLC *Chip Foose – refinements to exterior theme design Photography: 1-2, 3 Shai Gill INSITE PHOTOGRAPHY 5, 6a, 6b Genesis Associates

Craigholme Sports Hall ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Keith Hunter Awards: - 2008 Timber in Construction Awards Supreme Award for Sport and Leisure - 2007 Roses Design Awards - Best Commercial Project - 2007 GIA Design Commendation


Riverside Swimming Centre ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Stephen Walfrenden Awards: - An excellent rating by Sport England

Riverside Ice Rink ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Courtesy ISG (contractor)

Gleneagles Spa ARCHIAL - Architecture Awards: - 2009 The Conde Nast and British Beauty and Spa awards for ESPA at Gleneagles - 2008 Conde Nast, Tatler, British Beauty and Spa awards for ESPA at Gleneagles

Southend Swimming and Dive Centre ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Stephen Walfrenden Awards: - BREEAM ‘very good’ rating - LABC for Design Excellence and Technological Innovation

Plymouth Life Centre ARCHIAL - Architecture

transportation Halifax International Airport Groundside Redevelopment NORR - Architecture, Structural, Mechanical, Electrical, & Peer Review *Local Architects: Barrier and Langille Architects Ltd., F.C. O’Neil, Scrivern and Associates Ltd. Photography: James Ingram – Jive Photographic

Air Canada, Toronto Pearson International Airport NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Structural, Mechanical, & Electrical *Base Building Architects: Adamson Associates and SOM Photography:

Dubai Airwing NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Mechanical, Electrical, Civil, & Structural Engineering for the Design Development (completion) Phase.

KLM Lounge NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Structural, Mechanical, & Electrical Photography:

Plaza Premium Lounges NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Mechanical, Electrical, & IT/Communications Photography: Shai Gill INSITE PHOTOGRAPHY

Air Canada Lounges NORR - Architecture, Structural, Mechanical, & Electrical NORR was Architect of Record for Domestic MLL in Terminal 1 at Toronto Pearson International Airport *Interior Design: Heekyung Duquette Design (Ottawa International Airport Lounge, Toronto Pearson International Airport, T1 International & Transborder Lounges) *Architectural Design: Kuwabara Payne McKenna, Blumberg Architects & II By IV Design Associates (Domestic MLL in T1 at Toronto Pearson International Airport) Photography: 1 Steven Evans Photography Inc. 2a 2b Brian Losito, Air Canada

Aberdeen Marine Operations Centre ARCHIAL - Architecture Awards: - 2011 Aberdeen Society of Architects Award - 2007 The Saltire Society’s Civil Engineering Awards Commended - 2006 Aberdeen Civic Society Award

Union Station Redevelopment NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Structural, Mechanical, & Electrical Heritage Architect: Fournier Gersovitz Moss & Associes Architectes Photography: Vahagn Stepanian, NORR Limited

North Greenwich Underground Station ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Roderick Coyne Awards: - 2000 BCIA Award - 2000 RIBA Civic and Community Architecture Award - 1999 RIBA Stirling Prize Short-list - 1999 Concrete Society

Heron Quays DLR Station ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Roderick Coyne

Stratford DLR Station ARCHIAL - Architecture Photography: Roderick Coyne, Mark Endicott

PEACE BRIDGE AT CANADIAN PLAZA NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Structural, Mechanical, & Electrical for all three buildings by NORR, except Structural Engineering for Customs/Immigration Building which was done by Blackwell Bowick Partnership Ltd. Photography: Steven Evans Photography Inc. Awards: - 2010 Ontario Association of Architects (OAA), Design Excellence Award - 2009 AIA’s Academy of Architecture for Justice Knowledge Community Justice Facility Review, Citation - 2008 20 + 10+ X World Architecture (WA) Community Awards, 2nd Cycle, Citation by Honorary Members - 2008 Canadian Institute of Steel Construction (CISC), Ontario Steel Design Award, Award of Merit, Architectural Category - 2007 Ontario Public Works Association, Project of the Year Award in Transportation greater than $10 million - 2007 Canadian Wood Council, Wood Work Award, Institutional Wood Design Award - 2007 Canadian Wood Council, Wood Design Awards, Merit Award - 2005 Ontario Concrete Awards, Precast Concrete Structural Design Innovation Award

BLUE WATER BRIDGE CANADA CBA COMPLEX NORR - Architecture, Interior Design, Structural, Mechanical, & Electrical Photography: NORR Limited Staff

HALIFAX INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PARKING GARAGE NORR - Architecture, & Structural *Parking Garage Planning: Walker Parking Consultants Local architects: Barrie and Langille Architects Ltd., F.C. O’Neil, Scriven and Associates Ltd., and Structural: B.M.R. Structural Engineering, developed detailed construction plans, specifications and tender documents for the purpose of site review, coordination of all engineering disciplines, tendering a design, bid, build contract for the construction of the Parking Garage. Photography: James Ingram – Jive Photographic

TORONTO PEARSON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT VALUE PARK GARAGE NORR - Architecture, Structural, Mechanical, & Electrical *Parking Planning: Walker Parking Consultant Photography: Shai Gill INSITE PHOTOGRAPHY

Photo accreditations in this index where collected as they were available and to the best of our ability.


acknowledgments In creating this book, we acknowledge the dedication of our staff to these projects and offer our collective appreciation to the clients who make it possible for ARCHIAL and NORR to create design. While the majority of our featured projects are completed works, a significant collection of major projects, currently in the design process, have been reserved for presentation in a future volume.

Self Published in 2011 by The Ingenium Group Inc. Toronto, Ontario, Canada Printed & bound in Scotland by Streamline Print

Special thanks to the following contributors to this publication: Victor Smith, Silvio Baldassarra, Chris Littlemore, Neil Davidson, Phil Brennan, Judith Kelly, Kirsty Armitage, Russell Watson, Kieran McGlone along with the staff members who provided details for specific projects. Thanks also to the team responsible for the development of the NORR Monograph, published by FARM Media in 2010, which served as the starting point in our development of this portfolio.

All rights reserved, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of reprinting, re-use of illustrations, photography, drawings or renderings. Permission for use must be obtained from the copyright owner.


“ARCHIAL and NORR are, and always have been, vehicles for learning and growth, with the pursuit of excellence as the guiding principle.” Victor Smith, CEO, The Ingenium Group

Ingenium Group Companies

Archial NORR Book 2011