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Heuristic Nature noun 1. The phenomena of the physical world collectively, including plants, animals, the landscape, and other features and products of the earth, as opposed to humans or human creations. 2. The basic or inherent features, character, or qualities of something.


Heuristic Nature is a dialog with the rudimentary being that gave birth to everything—nature. “Nature” as a noun can be interpreted either as components collectively constitute the biological world or as the inherent principles that pre-existed any constructions. Heuristic Nature is an experiment and journey to discover the narratives originated from both aspects of “nature”. The world we are living in today is filled with environmental, social, urban, and humanitarian issues, that are destined to shape the path of future architecture and design. On one hand, sustainable architectures have the potential and capability as a harmonic mediator to conciliate the broken relationship between humans and earth. Let design compose narratives that speak to all living beings beyond humans; “Instruments of Flight Ways Typology” is a project that sheds lights on the damage of glass panels cast on bird populations, in order to rethink functional living environments with minimum obstructions on birds migration; “Eel Ladder” is another project that adopts parametric design strategies to engineer a structure that help eels conquer the migration challenges stem from man-made dams. On the other hand, to address nature as the word of opposing construction, I trace down the roots of systematic social and humanitarian issues in an attempt to deconstruct the establishment in forms and functions. “8 miles” focuses on the systematic historical context on zoning and racial segregation in the mid 20th century urban Detroit; the urban transformation project embraces artistic expressions and ecological urbanism practices to counteract adverse urban sprawling and bolster communications between distant social classes. Heuristic nature is a philosophical journey that is guided by inspirational nature and metaphysics. Setting aside the prejudice of human beings, this portfolio documents my thoughts and takes on the many issues that the world is facing today.

Instruments of Flight Ways Typology


Abu Dhabi Flamingo Observation Tower






The River Mausoleum




Henrietta Lacks




Her Captain


Instruments of Flight Ways Typology 2019 Spring For more than 60 million years, birds’ flight ways are blessed with freedom. The sublime creations of nature, birds know only the sky’s the limit. However, their natural rights have been deprived drastically in recent decades. In the book Flight Ways, author Thom van Dooren discerns the impact of human activities among all the factors that are accountable for the accelerating extinction of birds, noticeably the mass usage of glass on buildings and climate change. The Flight Way Typology addresses the impact that architecture has on the natural environment shared by both humans and all other living species. Guided by Aldo Leopold’s philosophy “Think Like A Mountain’’, the project begins with constructing narratives that originate from birds, their sufferings and challenges. The project then derives principles from nature as an ideal and uses them to rethink spatial orientation. The ground is pulled up and supported by tree trunk structures that create voids resembling the mid-range flight ways in a forest system. Nest pods are placed on the structure to fulfill its role as a living space for humans correspondingly without imposing obstructions on the mobility of birds. The instrument serves as the paradigm of a future architectural type that builds connections between humans and birds.


Wave Lift Up




Torus (a^2-(b-(((x-z)/u)^2+((y-z)/u)^2)^0.5)^2)^w*v

Dome z/((ln(((x-u)/a)^w+((y-u)/a)^w)+b)+0.7)+v







Different mathematical models were experimented to generate solid in void





Abu Dhabi Flamingo Observation Tower 2019 Spring

The Flamingo Observation Tower project adapts the Flight Ways Typology to a specific site located at the UAE Al Wathba Wetland Reserve dwelling 260 bird species and more than 5000 flamingos. The project considers site-specific constraints in multiple dimensions, including height limits, handicap accessibility, park-wise circulation, and topological challenges. The congregation space design conveys profound Islamic cultural essences through traditional symbolic language, such as Persian Motif and Rub el Hizb.

Elevator Accessibility to All Levels


Structural Support Study Model: 2 stories low-rise with elevator

Congragation Space for Special Events




HOUDINI Bard College · Spring 2017 Sculpture II: Air, Water, Earth Instructor: Ellen Driscoll


Houdini Bard College generates around 2-kilogram newspapers daily at its dining hall. 50 kilograms newspapers were collected over a two months span to give to an additional life cycle taken the form of this 3 meters tall sculpture installation. Houdini is an inspiration taken from the eponymous illusionist whose works often centered around making objects or himself disappear. The sculpture explores the idea of “Disappearance” and the “Dynamic of Life”. Newspapers are manipulated and aggregated in a particular pattern that is bolstered by the interchangeability and gossamer qualities of the medium. The geometrical representation takes the botanical form of organic matters elevated by elements from the Art Nouveau movement, from the impressionistic touch of Antonio Gaudi to the epitomized curvilinear forms and “whiplash” lines cultivated by Victor Horta. The creature germinates from vacancy and soon expands and solidifies the air entropically and volumetrically. The scene captures an ephemeral and evanescent moment in a bone-dry cell’s lifetime and pictures the recycling process a continuation of its spirituality. All materials from this project, including newspaper, wireframes, and fabrics, were collected from the college dining hall recycle bins, the metal shop scrap bins, and the college free store. All materials were recycled after the exhibition


INVASION Bard College · Spring 2017 Sculpture II: Air, Water, Earth Instructor: Ellen Driscoll


Invasion Invasion is a sculpture installation about invasive species in the Hudson Valley, including Water Chest nut, Poison Ivy, Garlic Mustard, Zebra Mussel, Japanese Knotweed, and, metaphorically, the human civilization. The idea is inspired by a natural site, where a giant old tree ruptures in the middle and form an enormous arc in the woods. Dry trees are extremely prone to insect infections and diseases, which will normally lead to ruptures. And climate change, due to human activities, is perpetuating droughts. This project contemplates how humans and invasive species are affecting the ecosystem. Each of the invasive species and urbanization has a figurative representation in the installation.

Japanese Knotweed

Zebra Mussel

Poison Ivy


Water Chestnut

Conceptual Art


Invasion: The River Mausoleum 2019 The River Mausoleum is an architectural representation of the invasion theme. The pavilion follows the tragic story of the Hudson River and water chestnuts—by far the most destructive invasive species introduced to the river. Since being brought in due to human activities in the late 1800s, water chestnuts have caused inestimable devastation to the local economy and ecological system. The River Mausoleum is a lyrical construction that reminisces the river moanings reverberating in the Hudson Valley.

Water Chestnuts


Front Elevation

Site Plan

Water Chestnut Distribution

NY Annual Control Cost

Aggregation Stage 1

Stage 2

Stage 3

Stage 4

Base Model

Generative Model 1

Model 2

Model 3


Eel Ladder on Hudson River Bard College · 2014 - 2018

During my first three years in college, I was volunteering for the Hudson River American Eel Project, a research project initiated by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. American eels (Anguilla rostrata) migrates back to the Hudson River as “glass eels” every spring. The species is in decline over much of its range due to artificially constructed obstacles such as dams blocking their migration routines. The American eel is now an endangered species and the research monitors its population shift closely. The eel ladder is a creative endeavor to facilitate eels and other water migratory species migrate across dams towards upstream while maintaining the functionality of dams at its maximum capability. The research was done in similar research to find the correct materials, determine the condition that the surface roughness can be adaptable to eels. The project is a challenge to find the geometrical adaptation that can facilitate the eel migration the most. The minimal surface model was adopted in the hope to construct a continuous surface that saves energy consumption during the upward climbing movement while maintaining an internal geometry that is strong enough to support the structure and create enough surfac3 for eels to climb upon.

Volunteering for the Eel Research


Vegetation Overlay Simulate Natural Waterfall Environment

Maximum Surface Rough Surface on a Micro Level Increase Resistence


Minimum Surface Minimum Surface on a Micro Level Augment Space Utilization

American Eels

Base Frame




Structural Support

Observation Deck

Minimum Surface Study Models


Henrietta Lacks The Immortal Cell Library Fall 2018

“The immortal cell”, HeLa cell, was discovered at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1963, Baltimore. This indefinitely dividing cell line was regarded as one of the most important scientific discoveries in the 20th century. It was launched to space, tested in nuclear weapons, used in the development of the polio vaccine, cancer treatment, AIDS research, gene mapping etc. (National Institutes of Health). However, HeLa cells were taken without consent from Henrietta Lacks, an African American who lived in poverty. The Lacks family was not made aware of the line’s existence until two decades later in the 1980s. Since then, the lower-income family still lives in poverty. The struggle of the family dealing with the cell’s existence and the fact that the cell line is generating multi-billion-dollar profits annually was fully disclosed for the first time by journalist Rebecca Skloot in her book The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks published in 2010, which uncovers the story of Henrietta Lacks and debates about medical ethical issues.

The Immortal Cell Library is a lively portrayal of Meiosis cell splitting at the anaphase stage. The polarity of the two ends symbolized the divisional past of the country. A platform in the middle became the fabric that holds the two pieces together symbolize bridging over differences.


Front Elevation


HeLa Cells

4th Floor Platform Render


Other Projects



Her Capitan

Road Painting Robot

Inflatable Fashion Design Bard College ¡ 2017 Her Capitan is a fashion design project that combines the natural element-wind with casting a powerful figure. The wearable piece is an inflatable dress. The sculpture recreated a narrative of a female Capitan sailing on the sea and fully embrace the winds. The figure is a take on challenging the gender norm.

Case Western Reserve University ¡ 2018 Instructor: Dr. Wyatt Newman The Road Painting Robot project is a team research project I did at Dr. Wyatt Newman Lab over the summer of 2018, where I was in charge of circuit building, pneumatic system building, and VR testing. The road painting robot is an artificial intelligent robotic arm aiming at doing the road painting task precisely, intellectually, and safely. The final project was displayed on the 2018 Cleveland Ingenuity Art Festival.


Schizophrenia VR Simulator Case Western Reserve University · Fall 2019 EECS 399 Senior Project Instructor: Shuai Xu Group Project with Arik Stewart, Daniel Rubin To expose students and the general public to an environment that simulates the effects and symptoms of a patient diagnosed with schizophrenia. This will be a 5-10 minute “escape room” style experience where the player is stuck inside of a living room and must interact with objects in their environment to solve a puzzle that will allow them to escape. The difficulty of this simulation will be trying to “escape” the room while experiencing schizophrenic symptoms such as visual hallucinations and auditory delusions that will cause disorganized thinking by distracting the player. In this project, I was in charge of 3D modeling, UI design, visual effect scripting, another scripting, and sound editing. The visual effect incorporates five main algorithms, dolly zoom, motion blur, color mapping, double vision, and fisheye. Some algorithms were coded based on the Unity internal library

Game Design

Make Haste! Case Western Reserve University · Spring 2018 EECS 290 Introduction to Computer Game Design Instructor: Michael Fu Group Project with Neil Steiner, Vishal Patel, Steven Barker Make Haste! is a 3D endless running that is similar to Temple Run

Walking On Air [Pokémon Leaf Green ROM] 2018 [For Educational Purpose Only] Including Copyright contents belongs to Nintendo Walking on Air is a creative gaming experience combining the classic gaming mechanisms of Super Mario and GBA Pokemon, as well as 2D and 3D elements. The user needs to navigate between the gravitational world as in Super Mario, and the weightless world as in Pokemon Leaf Green. The user needs to prepare for the sudden disappearance of weight and utilize weight to solve riddles


other works

“Alexis Jeanette” Painting Bard College · Spring 2017 Drawing II: The Figure Instructor: Joseph Santore Acrylic Pours 2018

“Alexis Jeanette” Drawing 2014 “Lady Gaga” [Unfinished] Painting Bard College · Spring 2017 Drawing II: The Figure Instructor: Joseph Santore

“Climb Every Mountain, Ford Every Stream” Photography 2016 Catskill Mountains Model: Renad Bdair


Digital Arts 2012-2016


Google Map Art 2012 - 2015


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