Page 1

WASTED MARKET Research Report September 27, 2016


STUDY AREA & DEMOGRAPHICS


STUDY AREA

Blue Island Riverdale Calumet City

Riverdale

Calumet City

Park Forest Park Forest

1

2

4

8 mile


? Blue Island Riverdale Calumet City

Riverdale

Calumet City

Park Forest Park Forest

1

2

4

8 mile


Blue Island

Sean Terry

Community Development Project Manager How can you understand the economic impact of the 3D ordinance, in terms of jobs created and value of materials to reuse business? Does the Green Halo system have any benefit to a city like Blue Island?

How do some of the externalized aspects of this - fuel costs, labor, permitting schedules etc - affect reuse vs. demo financials?

Ordinance

Education

source: American Community Survey, 2014

Permitting

Can you make a financial case for deconstruction of city owned / landbanked land?

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Demographics Population

23,706

13,549

37,042

21,975

5.2 M

12.8 M

Median Age

31

31

35

37

35

37

% White % African American % Hispanic

21 % 30 % 47 %

3.8 % 93.1 % 1.7 %

13.3 % 69.9 % 15 %

30.8 % 59.1 % 6.4 %

43.9 % 24.4 % 24 %

63.7 % 14.3 % 15.8 %

% High School or Higher % Bachelors or Higher

78 % 15 %

88.4 % 13.8 %

85.6 % 15.8 %

91.7 % 27.2 %

84.8 % 35.3 %

87.6 % 31.9 %

Median Household Income

$39,023

$39,623

$39,530

$48,319

$66,172

$57,166

% Unemployed % People Under Poverty Line

15.6 % 22 %

18.2 % 25.3 %

18.2 % 25.3 %

19 % 20.1 %

11.7 % 17.2 %

10 % 14.4 %

Total Housing Units

9,591

6,135

16,233

9,765

2.17 M

5.3 M

Vacancy Rate

14.4 %

20.6 %

20.6 %

12.8 %

11 %

9.8 %

% Built pre-1959

64.8 %

53 %

39 %

66.5 %

54.3 %

42.3 %

% Built pre-1939

35.6 %

10.3 %

12.2 %

3.6 %

31.2 %

22.7 %

Riverdale

Calumet City

Park Forest

Blue Island

Cook County

source: American Community Survey, 2014

Illinois


# Housing Units Built before 1939

> 250

250 - 500

500 - 1000

1000 - 1500 > 1500


# Housing Units Built 1940-1959

> 250

250 - 500

500 - 1000

1000 - 1500 > 1500


# Housing Units Built 1960-1979

> 250

250 - 500

500 - 1000

1000 - 1500 > 1500


# Housing Units Built 1980 - 1999

> 250

250 - 500

500 - 1000

1000 - 1500 > 1500


# Housing Units Built Since 2000

> 250

250 - 500

500 - 1000

1000 - 1500 > 1500


NUMBERS


Cook County #s

700,000+ tons Annual C&D Waste Rebuilding Exchange captures .5% of that waste 10-20 tons

reused materials / house

2,500 tons / $250,000 in sales Annual turnover for self-sustained reuse center 3 FTE employees

10,000 sf Reuse Center

3 FTE Warehouse and 25-30 FT Deconstruction jobs.

source: Cook County Deconstruction Strategy Report 2011 p2 source: Cook County Deconstruction Strategy Report 2011 p2

source: Reuse industry rule of thumb cited in Cook County Deconstruction Strategy Report 2011 p12

source: Rebuilding Exchange Model, Cook County Deconstruction Strategy Report 2011 p12

source: The Rebuild Depot Model, Cook County Deconstruction Strategy Report 2011 p12


Deconstruction Practice

129 Algonquin Park Park Forest, Il

1708 Darrow Ave Evanston, Il


Deconstruction Practice

4-8%

28-29%

Percentage Reused

80-92%

61-62%

Percentage Recycled

4-12%

12-14%

Percentage Landfill

4-9 tons

52-50 tons

tons reused

75-103 tons

102-105 tons

tons recycled

3-5 tons

21-24 tons

tons reused

Foreclosed Ranch Homes, Park Forest

2-Story Homes Evanston

(most of the reused material here was brick)

source: Case Study of 8 Deconstructed Homes, Cook County Deconstruction Strategy Report 2011 p9


Chicago 3D Ordinance 5/70/25 Reuse / Recycle / Waste Breakdown applies only to housing zone SF-1 with 4 units or less. Applies to all of Cook County Documented through submittal of weight tickets and receipts to municipality


Chicago 3D Ordinance

demolishes

Contractor

5% Reuse

sorted into

sorted into

Owner

70% 5% Recycle Reuse

SF-1, less than 4 units

Municipality

25% Clean Fill documents through receipts

Ordinance

Education

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


PRELIMINARY CONCLUSIONS


1. HOW TO INCENTIVIZE EXISTING CONTRACTORS TO DIVERT MORE MATERIAL TO REUSE. 2. HOW TO INCENTIVIZE THE CREATION OF NEW DECONSTRUCTIONRELATED BUSINESSES. 3. HOW TO BUILD & EXPAND A SUSTAINABLE END MARKET FOR REUSED MATERIALS.


MATERIAL PRACTICES


Deconstruction Process

Ordinance

Education

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Legal Demolition

Contractor

demolishes

down time

Permitting Process up to x weeks

Municipality

Ordinance

issues permit to

Owner

applies to

hires

5% Reuse

Education

Permitting

sorted into

70% 5% Recycle Reuse

increases taxes on

25% Clean Fill

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Illegal Demolition

no-permit demo

Contractor

Owner

applies to

hires

5% Reuse

70% 5% Recycle Reuse

Permitting Process

Municipality

Ordinance

unsorted

Education

Permitting

100% Fly-Tipping

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Reused Material Paths

donated to

5% Reuse

sold to

Reuse Center

reused in

Contractors

General Public

tax deducation to

70% 5% Recycle Reuse Owner

New Construction

25% Clean Fill

Ordinance

Education

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Recycled Material Paths

Pays Tipping Fee to

Steel

Contractor

driven to

70% 5% Recycle Reuse

Ordinance

Education

Waste Transfer Station

Permitting

Separated into

sold to

Steel Recycler

Asphalt Shingle

Asphalt Shingle Recycler

Concrete

Concrete Crusher

Wood

Wood Recycler

Brick

Brick Recycler

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Recycled Material Paths

Contractor

sold to

Steel

Separates on Site

70% 5% Recycle Reuse

Ordinance

Education

Steel Recycler

Asphalt Shingle

Asphalt Shingle Recycler

Concrete

Concrete Crusher

Wood

Wood Recycler

Brick

Brick Recycler

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Rebuild The Exchange Loop

Salvage One Reuse Depot

DuPage County

Kane County

Urban Remains

Cook County

The Loop

36 min

Chicagoland 30 min

28 miles

21.8 miles

30 min 38.4 miles

27.9 miles

2.Land and Lakes Clean Fill

Will County

Kendall County

2.Laraway Recycling & Disposal

Grundy County

48 min 36.6 miles

Shingles Recycling

Kankakee County 2.Waste Management

2042 Grove INDIANA St, Blue Tri Station 2.CDOT Island Disposal Inc 2.Gary 1.Metro Total Disposal 30 min Works 8 min Recycle Inc 13.4 miles 2.7 miles 3.United States Steel Land & Corporation 1.Tri State 1.River Bend Lakes Co 24 min 15 min Disposal Prairie Transfer 29 min 18 miles 10.2 miles miles 2042 24.6 Grove St, Blue Island 1.Asphalt

1.11601 Austin Ave

56 min 49.4 miles

INDIANA

41 min

20.3 miles

57 min


applies to

“Soft Strip�

Deconstruction Contractor

notifies

Reuse Center

Demolition Contractor

brought to

Owner

70% 5% Recycle Reuse

Municipality

Ordinance

25% Clean Fill

Education

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Business

The Reuse Depot + OBI Deconstruction The Reuse Depot + OBI

OBI Deconstruction

hires

20% Reuse

The Reuse Depot

sold to tax deduction to

Contractors

Owner

55% 5% Recycle Reuse

Waste Transfer Station Owner

Full Deconstruction

20% Clean Fill

Ordinance

Education

General Public

Permitting

Landfill

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


PRECEDENT RESEARCH


Precedent Research

Business ReBuilding Exchange

Business Building Huggers

Business Building Huggers

Business The Reuse People

Business The Reuse People

Business ReBuilding Exchange

Business ReBuilding Exchange

Business The Reuse Depot

Code City of Boulder

Demonstration ScrapHouse

Permit San Jose Demo Deposit

Zone California IWMB

Online Library King County, WA

Permit Decon Permit, Atherton, CA

Business OBI Deconstruction

Code Seattle, WA

Demonstration The Reuse Contest

Permit Seattle, WA

Demonstration Texas City Coliseum Decon

Demonstration Hartford HOPE VI Decon

Ordinance

Education

Waste Calculator Seattle, WA

Demonstration Hartford HOPE VI Decon

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Demonstration Project Demonstration Project

Hartford HOPE VI Deconstruction Hartford Hope VI Deconstruction

Contractor

+

partners to found

replies to counts extra toward

Hartford Housing Authority + Partners Hartford, CT 1998

Residents

Ordinance

Sources:

founds

HUD HUD

Education

Hartford RFP Community Decon Co.

conducts requires

Soft Strip

funds

Municipality

1992

trains

provides funding for training

Contractor Hartford Housing Authority requiredDeveloper deconstruction and decon training for the Stowe Village in partnership with a resident-owned deconstruction company.

partners to found

2005

2014

Hartford Hartford Housing Housing Authority Authority

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Demonstration Project

Hartford HOPE VI Deconstruction

replies to

+ Contractor

counts extra toward

Contractor

Developer

RFP

requires

Soft Strip

funds

Municipality HUD

Ordinance

Education

Hartford Housing Authority

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Demonstration Project

Hartford HOPE VI Deconstruction

partners to found

Residents

trains

provides funding for training

Contractor

founds

conducts

Soft Strip

partners to found

Municipality HUD

Ordinance

Hartford Community Decon Co.

Education

Hartford Housing Authority

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Demonstration Project Demonstration Project

Hartford HOPE VI Deconstruction

Texas City Coliseum City of Austin Austin, TX 2006

partners to found

Contractor

Residents

trains

provides funding for training

Austin required deconstruction of this city-owned venue as part of its redevelopment, probably as a way of raising the profile of deconstruction. founds

Ordinance

Sources:

conducts

Soft Strip

partners to found

Municipality

2005

Hartford Community Decon Co.

HUD

Education

Hartford Housing Authority

2014

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Demonstration Project Demonstration Project

Hartford HOPE VI Deconstruction

ScrapHouse

Public Architecture + Partners San Francisco Earth Day 2011

partners to found

Contractor

Residents

trains

provides funding for training

A temporary demonstration project as part of a civic celebration of Earth Day

founds

conducts

Soft Strip

partners to found

Municipality HUD

Ordinance

Hartford Community Decon Co.

Education

Hartford Housing Authority

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Code

City of Boulder Mandates a scheduled deconstruction assessment through a local deconstruction contractor. Also gives extra points for material brought to reuse center or reused on site.


Code

City of Boulder

Contractor counts extra toward

% Reuse

assesses

documents

educates

requires

Owner

70% 5% Recycle Reuse

Permitting Process Requires a Deconstruction Plan

Municipality

Ordinance

issues permit to

The Resource Center

Education

Permitting

25% Clean Fill

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


We want to implement a deconstruction deposit, so that if the plan is implemented and verified, the deposit is returned, to create a financial incentive for the contractor to follow through.

Noah Eisenman

Sustainability Specialist City of Boulder Department of Planning

“Best described as a work in progress… you can get to 65% very easily from just recycling asphalt and concrete,so a lot of contractors were just using that as a loophole, you don't have to recycle your fixtures.”

Ordinance

“We want to train up building inspectors so that they are in a position to sign off on implementation of a deconstruction plan.”

Because the deconstruction plan they submit isn’t mandatory, the contractors kind of had this attitude: 'Ok tell me what I should do. Ok, see ya later.'

Education

Permitting

Decon / Demo

We're sort of building up the industry each and every year…we just got the Resource Center a denailing facility.

Separation

Resale


We do the deconstruction assessment for free, and then we write the deconstruction plan for a fee.

Brandon Hill

Senior Manager The Center for Resource Conservation, Boulder, CO

We accept everything, but certain things we can’t do anything with. Asphalt shingle is a problem, and most concrete gets crushed and reused on site.

A lot of people do this because they are interested - 75-100. We charge $250 to write a plan because it really complicated and we're the best at it.

The construction deposit is a really good idea - that’s the one that will really incentivize the growth of the process from a permitting standpoint.

The value of the charitable donation and its tax deduction is really what makes this work economically.

Ordinance

Education

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Code

City of Boulder - Adjustments

Remove Asphalt and Concrete from Equation

Not Concrete

Contractor

Municipality

70% 5% Recycle Reuse

Not 5%Concrete Reuse

educates

counts extra toward

returns deposit to

Owner

educates and observes

% Reuse

Deconstruction Receipts submitted to

signs off on

Building Inspectors

Ordinance

Education

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Permit

C&D Waste Deposit, San Jose, CA

resturns deposit to

issues permit for

pays deposit to

hires

Owner

Waste Transfer Station

provides receipts to

Reuse Center

demolishes

Contractor

Municipality

Ordinance

Education

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Online Resource Library

King County, Washington King County prioritizes deconstruction for projects that sit on its land, and offer some good resources and case studies. Case Studies: Deconstruction Case Study Greenbridge Hybrid Deconstruc-

•

KCHA agreed to provide the King County Solid Waste Division with the opportunity to remove three of the buildings (duplex units) using hybrid deconstruction techniques.

•

•

Hybrid deconstruction is the practice of selectively using heavy machinery to strategically dismantle a building in such a way as to recover materials of value as quickly as possible

•

•

Deconstruction work was done by the King County Roads Department Crews

•

Partial funding for this project was provided by the Washington State Department of Ecology

The most valuable resource that has come from this project is the knowledge gained. Several tip sheets and short educational training videos are being developed as products of this project. To be updated on the development of these resources contact Kinley Deller (contact info on back).

Toll Free 1-800-325-6165, ext. 6-4466 TTY Relay: 711

Nearly nine tons of materials were salvaged for reuse from these buildings. Salvaged items included rafters, beams, doors, windows, decking, and vinyl siding.

• Two tons of glass windows were salvaged from the Fisher Mill warehouses. • Concrete was the most abundant material, by weight, recovered from the site, mainly from foundations and floors. More than 620 tons of concrete was recycled off-site. • More than 60 tons of primarily ferrous metals was also recycled. • All the recovered old growth wood is being sold on-line on CraigsList. The old growth wood is popular in high-end homes as accent beams, flooring, trim, and cove base. The wood is also popular for timber frame construction.

The King County Construction Works web site also provides helpful information:

- Bill Busselle, Project Manager, State Construction

About the project

• Covered 35,859 square feet. • Bid as a demolition/rebuild project. Demolition/deconstruction portion bid at $86,000 by State Construction. • Deconstruction occurred between July and August 2005. • New, 67,000 square foot building will be completed by September 2006.

Resources Saved State Construction reported saving tens of thousands of dollars from salvage and reuse activities, and says it wants to incorporate more salvage and reuse into its future projects.

Project Background

Resources Saved

• The 18 wood-framed buildings in Shoreline were built in the 1940s as a convalescent center for World War II veterans.

• The salvage of reusable building materials saved the demolition contractor from paying disposal costs estimated between $1,900 and $3,000.

• The structures covered approximately 75,000 square feet.

• Nearly 10 tons of light salvage materials, such as six-pane windows, large built-in cabinets with glass doors, and a gymnasium floor were recovered.

• The building removal was bid as a straight demolition project, with deconstruction information provided in an addendum. • The winning bid was more than half a million dollars lower than the county engineer’s estimate of $1.2 million. • Demolition occurred between May and July 2005.

• 28 tons of beams of various sizes, measuring 8� x 12� or larger were salvaged. • The estimated value of the recovered materials was approximately $12,500 for the beams and about $10,000 for the light salvage materials. • It is estimated that about 8 percent of the feasibly salvageable materials from the North Recovery Facility were recovered for reuse. • The use of hybrid deconstruction techniques, had they been employed, could likely have diverted more than 500 tons of material from the landfill and saved the contractor between $26,000 and $41,000 in disposal fees.

Jacquelynn Roswell, Project Manager, King County Wastewater Treatment Division

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Dismantling the past for a more valuable future.

“Reusing on-site saved me the cost of both hauling off and importing structural fill.�

Project Background

About the project

“Overall, I think the salvage was good and something I would like to see happen on all King County projects.�

Deconstruction Case Study

Dismantling the past for a more valuable future.

• Brick and post-and-beam 1957 school building in Bellevue School District .

- Robert Renouard, Project Manager, King County Facilities Management Division

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• In 2005, Grayhawk Construction deconstructed the two-story warehouses using a combination of both manual labor and machines.

• 178 tons of wood, including beams, rafters, and posts, were salvaged for reuse; an additional 11 tons of wood was recycled.

“It was great to see the RE Store giving some of the materials in the buildings a new life.�

Deconstruction Case Study

• King County Solid Waste Division put the effort out to bid as a straight deconstruction project, and Grayhawk Construction’s $234,000 bid came in nearly $14,000 under the county engineer’s estimate - much lower than the average bid.

• Deconstruction of the warehouses generated nearly 360,000 pounds (more than 179 tons) of used building materials and another 1.3 million pounds of debris was kept out of the landfill through recycling.

Deconstruction Case Study

Nearly five tons of materials were recycled. These included scrap metal, appliances, and damaged lumber.

This material will be provided in alternate formats upon request.

• The county Solid Waste Division decided to deconstruct and remove two dilapidated wooden warehouses (built around 1910) and associated structures, totaling over 40,000 square feet.

Resources Saved

This project diverted 38 tons of materials for reuse, including 10 tons of light salvage materials and 28 tons of beams.

Hidden lead and contamination concerns. Initial lead testing did not turn up any lead so plans were put in place to panelize the walls and deconstruct them off-site. Additional lead testing just prior to the onset of the deconstruction process revealed lead paint on the innermost (4th) layer of siding. This prevented the walls from being panelized and prevented the recycling of any of the exterior wall material as the C&D recycler would not accept any lead contaminated material.

• In 2003, King County Solid Waste Division acquired the historic Fisher Mill site on Harbor Island to serve as a potential location for an intermodal facility for solid waste.

North Recovery Facility

•

Don’t do deconstruction if materials in the building do not warrant the effort Valuable lessons were learned from this project and salvage/ deconstruction techniques were refined. A series of one page tip sheets and short videos will be issued so that others may learn from this project. These materials will be made available to anyone with web access through the King County GreenTool’s website (www.greentools.us).

Project Background

Deconstruction Case Study

Site limitations. The presence of several protected trees, efforts to minimize impacts on soils and grass, required citing of perimeter fencing, and the presence of abatement crews working on other houses all impacted access to the buildings.

Fully understand what materials are in the building(s) and how they are connected (to the greatest extent possible)

•

Deconstruction Case Study

•

•

•

About the project

• 100 percent of the 5,000 tons of concrete foundation and asphalt were either reused on-site as fill or recycled. • Nearly 100 percent steel disassembled and resold, reused, or recycled. • 95 percent of copper wiring recovered and taken to a company that melts it down for use in new products. • Over 8,000 linear feet of non-structural lumber and 450 individual items, totaling more than 60,000 pounds and having a retail value of over $20,000, were salvaged. • Usable lumber, 2’x6’and larger, recovered and resold. • Windows in good shape salvaged and resold. • Casework and electronic equipment donated to other schools. • Eight I-beams resold, used for site lighting and artwork at the school, or recycled.

Westfield Corporation provided for salvaging from the condemned Doubletree Inn at Westfield Southcenter diverting for reuse over 66 tons of materials, including over 36,000 board feet of lumber.

In 2006 the King County Housing Authority (KCHA) needed to remove structures under their authority to make way for phase II of their new mixed-income community – Greenbridge.

Low quality trusses. In addition to the problem of the trusses being very strongly nailed at the bottom, they were of a lower quality than originally thought. All attempts to remove the trusses intact ended in considerable separation and splintering of the wood.

- Francis Gaspay, project manager King County Solid Waste Division

Southcenter Doubletree Inn

Make sure that all suspect materials are tested for hazardous materials as early as possible and take efforts to get as accurate a cost estimate as possible

“Deconstruction projects like the Harbor Island effort can help extend the life of landfills, benefiting the environment and ratepayers.�

Deconstruction Case Study

Hybrid deconstruction can save time and labor money while recovering materials of value from a project.

•

The deconstruction of this warehouse diverted a total of more than 1.7 million pounds of materials from the landfill. An estimated 93% of the materials were recycled or salvaged, resulting in disposal cost savings in the range of $40,000 - $60,000 in disposal costs.

•

Ceilings double layered. The ceilings were extremely sturdy and constructed of double layers of furring strips and drywall nailed heavily to the underside of the trusses. This made the intact removal of the trusses nearly impossible.

Harbor Island Fisher Mill

Abatement overruns. The abatement process took considerably more time and money than originally planned which resulted in having to cut the scope of the project from three buildings to two.

•

The contractor on this project, State Construction, was newly introduced to deconstruction but found it to be a worthwhile endeavor and a method they intend to utilize on future projects.

•

Dismantling the past for a more valuable future.

Powered by King County

Medina Elementary School

Lessons Learned & Recommendations

•

Kinley Deller, King County Green Tools King County Solid Waste Division 201 S. Jackson St., Suite 701 Seattle, WA 98104 206-296-4434 kinley.deller@metrokc.gov

Resources Saved •

•

Dismantling the past for a more valuable future.

Deconstruction Case Study

This project explored the practicality of hybrid deconstruction techniques on low income housing units. The knowledge gained will help others in overcoming the disincentives of increased labor costs and delayed schedules on future projects.

Greenbridge Hybrid Deconstruction Pilot Project

Deconstruction Case Study

Challenges

For more information contact:

Project Background

Deconstruction Case Study

Deconstruction Case Study

Dismantling the past for a more valuable future.

tion Pilot Project

Hybrid deconstruction can save time and labor money while recovering materials of value from a project.

About the project

Deconstruction Case Study

Greenbridge Hybrid Deconstruction Pilot Project

Dismantling the past for a more valuable future.

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Deconstruction Case Study

“We did salvage because it was the right thing to do. It didn’t cause a hassle or negatively impact the scheduling.� - David Kautz, project manager, Westfield Corp.

About the project Project Background • Built in the late 1960s, the two-story, 200-room DoubleTree Inn was located next to Westfield Southcenter (formerly Southcenter Mall) in Tukwila. • Westfield Corporation acquired the property and contracted with PDG, Inc., to conduct asbestos abatement and then demolish the hotel and meeting facility. • Before granting the demolition contractor access to the building, Westfield permitted American Development Company to conduct some non-structural deconstruction and salvage activities at the hotel. • The deconstruction company was allowed to remove a large cedar trellis from the building’s exterior as well as any interior materials that would not impair the woodframed hotel’s structural integrity or security. • Salvage, deconstruction, and demolition occurred in summer and fall of 2005.

• Demolishing the hotel helps pave the way for Westfield Corporation’s Southcenter expansion plans, which include new parking, retail stores, restaurants, and a possible future hotel.

Resources Saved • The project owner, Westfield Corporation, allowed American Development Company to do salvage and deconstruction work prior to demolition of the hotel. Westfield stated that the salvage effort did not cost them any additional money and it also did not cause any schedule delays or other problems. The project manager noted that salvaging materials was the right thing to do, and the company expressed interest in incorporating salvage efforts in future demolition and construction projects, including its upcoming expansion work at Westfield Southcenter.

• Soil reused on-site as fill rather than exported to a topsoil facility.

http://www.metrokc.gov/dnrp/swd/construction-recycling/constructionworks.asp

9/19/2016

Diversion (recycling and beneficial use) rates for construction and demolition debris recycling and processing facilities in King County, WA

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DNRP > SWD > Green Building > Construction & Demolition Recycling > Diversion/Recycling Rates for Local Processing Facilities 9/19/2016

GreenTools Eco­Cool Remodel Tool EcoCribz GreenTools for Builders & Homeowners King County Green Building Construction & Demolition Recycling Diversion/Recycling Rates for C&D Processing Facilities Cost­Effectiveness of Jobsite Diversion/Recycling Construction and Demolition Debris Recycling C&D Definitions Design Specifications and Waste Management Plans Design for Disassembly (DfD) Build a Successful Diversion/Recycling Program Prevent Jobsite Waste Alternatives to Demolition

Designated C&D Processing Facilities and Waste Transfer Stations Beginning Jan. 1, 2016, mixed construction and demolition (C&D) materials and C&D waste from jobsites located in King County (outside of Seattle) must be sent to the facilities listed below (all links external).

Local Processing Facilities

Designated C&D Material Recovery Facilities (for mixed recyclable C&D materials) Black River (owned by Republic) CDL Recycle (owned by DRS) – closed until further notice DRS Renton DRS Woodinville

Diversion (recycling and beneficial use) rates for construction and demolition debris recycling and processing facilities in King County, WA

9/19/2016

County facilities. However, the new regulation extends the ban on C&D contained in mechanized dump beds to trailers (in addition to trucks). King County transfer stations are designed and operated to manage the county’s municipal solid waste, not C&D waste. 2. When do the bans become effective? The regulation became fully in effect as of January 1, 2016. Bans on C&D contained in mechanized dump trailers may receive informational or warning letters during this time. The Division will not issue citations and fines on dump trailers until November 1, 2016. 3. What is a Designated Facility? A designated Facility is either a C&D Material Recovery Facility (MRF) or a privately owned transfer station that has a signed agreement with King County that permits it to accept mixed C&D and waste C&D from jobsites located within the county’s jurisdiction. 4. Where can I locate a Designated Facility? King County list of Designated Facilities. 5. What is defined as ‘mixed C&D’? Mixed C&D is contains both recyclable and non­recyclable C&D waste and material that has not been separated. 6. Does the regulation apply to C&D materials that I separate from other waste for recycling? No, provided that each material is managed separately (e.g., wood, metal, wallboard, etc.). However, if the separated materials are mixed together it is considered ‘mix ed C&D’ and must be sent to a Designated Facility. 7. What areas are included in the County’s solid waste jurisdiction and subject to this regulation? The County’s jurisdiction for solid waste includes all areas of King County, including unincorporated regions, other than the cities of Seattle and Milton. 8. Does Seattle have similar requirements? Yes, visit the Seattle Public Utilities website (external) 9. Is painted drywall banned from disposal? Only new gypsum scrap is banned from disposal. Some C&D recycling facilities accept painted drywall for recycling but the material should first be tested to confirm that it does not contain lead or asbestos. Drywall removed during a remodel or demolition is still allowed to be landfilled. 10. Can painted or treated wood be recycled? No, not at this time. 11. How are you enforcing the new regulation? The County has contracted with the King County Sheriff’s office to provide a full­time detective whose job is to enforce the regulation. King County Solid Waste Division staff will also be assisting. 12. What happens if I do not comply with the regulation? Violators are subject to an initial fine of $100 that becomes $500 upon the second infraction. Subsequent infractions result in a doubling of the previous fine. In some cases, violators may also be subject to

http://your.kingcounty.gov/solidwaste/greenbuilding/rates.asp

Diversion (recycling and beneficial use) rates for construction and demolition debris recycling and processing facilities in King County, WA

9/19/2016

County facilities. However, the new regulation extends the ban on C&D contained in mechanized dump beds to trailers (in addition to trucks). King County transfer stations are designed and operated to manage the county’s municipal solid waste, not C&D waste. 2. When do the bans become effective? The regulation became fully in effect as of January 1, 2016. Bans on C&D contained in mechanized dump trailers may receive informational or warning letters during this time. The Division will not issue citations and fines on dump trailers until November 1, 2016. 3. What is a Designated Facility? A designated Facility is either a C&D Material Recovery Facility (MRF) or a privately owned transfer station that has a signed agreement with King County that permits it to accept mixed C&D and waste C&D from jobsites located within the county’s jurisdiction. 4. Where can I locate a Designated Facility? King County list of Designated Facilities. 5. What is defined as ‘mixed C&D’? Mixed C&D is contains both recyclable and non­recyclable C&D waste and material that has not been separated. 6. Does the regulation apply to C&D materials that I separate from other waste for recycling? No, provided that each material is managed separately (e.g., wood, metal, wallboard, etc.). However, if the separated materials are mixed together it is considered ‘mix ed C&D’ and must be sent to a Designated Facility. 7. What areas are included in the County’s solid waste jurisdiction and subject to this regulation? The County’s jurisdiction for solid waste includes all areas of King County, including unincorporated regions, other than the cities of Seattle and Milton. 8. Does Seattle have similar requirements? Yes, visit the Seattle Public Utilities website (external) 9. Is painted drywall banned from disposal? Only new gypsum scrap is banned from disposal. Some C&D recycling facilities accept painted drywall for recycling but the material should first be tested to confirm that it does not contain lead or asbestos. Drywall removed during a remodel or demolition is still allowed to be landfilled. 10. Can painted or treated wood be recycled? No, not at this time. 11. How are you enforcing the new regulation? The County has contracted with the King County Sheriff’s office to provide a full­time detective whose job is to enforce the regulation. King County Solid Waste Division staff will also be assisting. 12. What happens if I do not comply with the regulation? Violators are subject to an initial fine of $100 that becomes $500 upon the second infraction. Subsequent infractions result in a doubling of the previous fine. In some cases, violators may also be subject to

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http://your.kingcounty.gov/solidwaste/greenbuilding/rates.asp

Diversion (recycling and beneficial use) rates for construction and demolition debris recycling and processing facilities in King County, WA

County facilities. However, the new regulation extends the ban on C&D contained in mechanized dump beds to trailers (in addition to trucks). King County transfer stations are designed and operated to manage the county’s municipal solid waste, not C&D waste. 2. When do the bans become effective? The regulation became fully in effect as of January 1, 2016. Bans on C&D contained in mechanized dump trailers may receive informational or warning letters during this time. The Division will not issue citations and fines on dump trailers until November 1, 2016. 3. What is a Designated Facility? A designated Facility is either a C&D Material Recovery Facility (MRF) or a privately owned transfer station that has a signed agreement with King County that permits it to accept mixed C&D and waste C&D from jobsites located within the county’s jurisdiction. 4. Where can I locate a Designated Facility? King County list of Designated Facilities. 5. What is defined as ‘mixed C&D’? Mixed C&D is contains both recyclable and non­recyclable C&D waste and material that has not been separated. 6. Does the regulation apply to C&D materials that I separate from other waste for recycling? No, provided that each material is managed separately (e.g., wood, metal, wallboard, etc.). However, if the separated materials are mixed together it is considered ‘mix ed C&D’ and must be sent to a Designated Facility. 7. What areas are included in the County’s solid waste jurisdiction and subject to this regulation? The County’s jurisdiction for solid waste includes all areas of King County, including unincorporated regions, other than the cities of Seattle and Milton. 8. Does Seattle have similar requirements? Yes, visit the Seattle Public Utilities website (external) 9. Is painted drywall banned from disposal? Only new gypsum scrap is banned from disposal. Some C&D recycling facilities accept painted drywall for recycling but the material should first be tested to confirm that it does not contain lead or asbestos. Drywall removed during a remodel or demolition is still allowed to be landfilled. 10. Can painted or treated wood be recycled? No, not at this time. 11. How are you enforcing the new regulation? The County has contracted with the King County Sheriff’s office to provide a full­time detective whose job is to enforce the regulation. King County Solid Waste Division staff will also be assisting. 12. What happens if I do not comply with the regulation? Violators are subject to an initial fine of $100 that becomes $500 upon the second infraction. Subsequent infractions result in a doubling of the previous fine. In some cases, violators may also be subject to

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http://your.kingcounty.gov/solidwaste/greenbuilding/rates.asp

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Permit

Education and Best Practices, King County, WA

Contractor

Reuse Center Steel Recycler

Asphalt Shingle Recycler

Waste Transfer Station

Owner

Concrete Crusher

Wood Recycler

Brick Recycler

Municipality

Ordinance

King County Online Best Practices, Permits, Case Studies, etc

Education

Permitting

Landfill

Online Database of Landfills, C&D Recyclers, Reuse Centers

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Business ++ Demonstration Business DemonstrationProject Project

Steel City Salvage Steel City Salvage, Gary, IN The Delta Initiative recieved $345,000 from the Knight Foundation to start a reuse center in Gary. Delta Initiative

funds

founds

Steel City Salvage

12 Home Pilot Program

20% Reuse

Steel City Salvage

55% 5% Recycle Reuse

Waste Transfer Station

decons owns funds

City of Gary

Knight Fdn

Ordinance

20% Clean Fill

Education

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Landfill

Resale


Business + Demonstration Project

Steel City Salvage

Delta Initiative

funds

founds

Steel City Salvage

12 Home Pilot Program

20% Reuse

Steel City Salvage

55% 5% Recycle Reuse

Waste Transfer Station

decons owns funds

City of Gary

Knight Fdn

Ordinance

20% Clean Fill

Education

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Landfill

Resale


Permit

Deconstruction Ordinance, Atherton, CA Makes structures planned for demolition available for “deconstruction, salvage and recovery prior to demolition.�

15.52.030

Deconstruction and Salvage and Recovery

Every structure planned for demolition shall be made available for deconstruction, salvage and recovery prior to demolition. It shall be the responsibility of the owner, the general contractor and all subcontractors to recover the maximum feasible amount of salvageable designated recyclable and reusable materials prior to demolition. Recovered and salvaged designated recyclable and reusable materials from the deconstruction phase shall qualify to be counted in meeting the diversion requirements of this chapter. Recovered or salvaged materials may be given or sold on the premises, or may be removed to reuse warehouse facilities for storage or sale. Title to recyclable materials forwarded to the operator of recycling facilities or of a landfill that is under contract to the cities in southern San Mateo County will transfer to the service provider upon departure of materials from the site.


Permit

Mandated Soft Strip, Atherton, CA

Demolition Contractor

Deconstruction Contractor

Owner mandates

‘Soft Strip’

70% 5% Recycle Reuse

Soft Strip Period = Building Permit Processing

Municipality applies

Ordinance

issues permit to

deconstructs

Education

Permitting

25% Clean Fill

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


Permit

Deconstruction Permit, Seattle, WA Sets 20% threshold for Reuse excluding asphalt, brick, and concrete Provides rigorous calculator for all deconstruction / demo permits Allows for deconstruction to begin before permit is issued

ASPHALT, BRICK AND CONCRETE 100% of asphalt, brick and concrete must be reused, recycled or beneficially used Material Hauler ASPHALT, BRICK, CONCRETE OTHER

Final Material Destination

Recycled Quantity (in tons) .00 .00

.00 TONS REUSE A minimum of 20% of the building materials excluding asphalt, brick and concrete, by weight Material Hauler ROOFING METALS WINDOWS WOOD GWB/PLASTER WALLS & PARTITIONS INSULATION CEILINGS FLOORING

Final Material Destination

Quantity (in tons) .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00 .00

TOTAL REUSED: RECYCLING AND BENEFICIAL USE Minimum of 50% of the building materials excluding asphalt, brick and concrete, by weight ** Select a recycling diversion rate from any recycling center listed on the "Recycling Rates" tab and insert that rate(s) in the "Facility Recycling Rate" cell(s) Facility Recycling Rate ** Quantity (tons) Material Hauler Recycling Quantity (tons) (At time of permit Facility (before recycle (after recycle intake submittal) rate applied) rate applied) .00 ROOFING 0.00 0.00% .00 METALS 0.00 0.00% .00 WINDOWS 0.00 0.00%

.00 TONS


Zone

Recycling Market Development Zones, CA Geographic zones approved by the California Integrated Waste Management Board that allow C&D recycling businesses to apply for loans, technical assistance, free marketing, and access to Recycle Store.


Zone

California Integrated Waste Management Board Recycling Market Development Zones

Contractor

Reuse Center

Steel Recycler

Asphalt Shingle Recycler

Concrete Crusher

Waste Transfer Station

Owner

Wood Recycler

Brick Recycler

Municipality

Ordinance

State of California Loans, Marketing, Best Practices

Education

Permitting

Decon / Demo

Separation

Resale


RESEARCH GOALS


1. HOW TO INCENTIVIZE EXISTING CONTRACTORS TO DIVERT MORE MATERIAL TO REUSE. 1. HOW TO INCENTIVIZE THE CREATION OF NEW DECONSTRUCTION-RELATED BUSINESSES. 2. HOW TO BUILD & EXPAND A SUSTAINABLE END MARKET FOR REUSED MATERIALS


WORK PLAN RESEARCH 1. CONTINUE USER INTERVIEWS 2. GROW PRECEDENT LIBRARY

PRODUCTION 3. CREATE GUIDE TO REUSE ECONOMY COMBINING PLACEMAKING PROJECTS + CODE / PERMIT ADAPTATION + TRAINING + ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

PORT Urbanism + Archeworks Research Study  
PORT Urbanism + Archeworks Research Study  
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