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LATAKIA

Índice de contenido LATAKIA........................................................................................1 LATVIA..........................................................................................1 LEBANON (French).......................................................................2 LEBANON.....................................................................................4 LEEWARD, Is................................................................................9 LESOTHO.....................................................................................9 LIBERIA.......................................................................................10 LIBYA. Italian Colony...................................................................13 LIBYA..........................................................................................16 LIECHTENSTEIN........................................................................20 LITHUANIA..................................................................................21 LJUBLJANA................................................................................21 German occupation...............................................................22 LOURENÇO MARQUES.............................................................22 LUXEMBURG..............................................................................23

LATAKIA (1931-37) Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 280,000 (1936 estimate). This area, originally called Alaouites, was a district of western Syria under French mandate. Its stamps were replaced by tho se of Syria in 1937, after its merger with Syria in December 1936.

Theater Bosra 1931

Perforation: 12 x 12 ½

Technique: Engraved

Unwmk

Designer: J. De la Neziere Printer: Helio Vaugirard Sheet: AR

MI

1.

SC

Issue: **

YV

13

3 P yel grn (R)

3,25 €

∘ 3,25 €

Palmyra 1931

Perforation: 13 ½

Technique: Engraved

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: J. De la Neziere Printer: Helio Vaugirard Sheet: AR

MI

2.

SC

Issue: **

YV

C5

3 p blue grn (R)

3,25 €

∘ 3,25 €

Lyon 1931

Perforation: 13 ½

Technique: Engraved

T

Unwmk

Designer: J. De la Neziere Printer: Helio Vaugirard Sheet: AR

MI

3.

SC

Issue:

YV

J2

15 p blk, dl rose (R)

**

13,00 €

13,00 €

LATVIA (1918-41, 1991-) Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 2,437,649. A republic on the Baltic and the Gulf of Riga. Although the majority of Latvians are Slavic, the area was long dominated by a German land-ow ning class, descendants of the Knights of the Tuetonic Order, who conquered the region during the Middle Ages. Latvia was ruled by Poland and Sweden until Russia occupied the territory in the 18th century. During 1917-18, Latvia was occupied by Germany, and in 1918 it declared its inde pendence from Russia. During 1919, the Latvian government fought both the Red Army, which sought to reestablish Russian control, and the Army of the West, which sought to maintain German influence. By the end of 1919, Latvia was able to secure its independence. In 1939, as part of the Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact, the Soviet Union established military bases in Latvia. In June 1940, Soviet forces seized the country, and in July it was absorbed into the Soviet Union. In July 1941, Germany occupied the country, and many cities overprinted their stocks of Russian stamps for provisional use. In November, German "Ostland" issues were introduced, replacing the many local issues. During 1944-45, Soviet forces again occupied Latvia, and ordinary Russian stamps were again placed into use. Latvia declared its independence on August 21, 1991,

Icarus 1932, 7 Dic. Technique:

Perforation.: 10

ñ Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet:

archaeostamps 1

Issue: 11.420


LATVIA

AR

MI

SC

1.

210A

CB9

YV 5s 25s olive bus & grn

**

Temple of Venus in Baalbek

25,00 €

25,00 €

1925, 1 Mar.

Imperf.

Technique: Litho

1933, 15 Mar

Perforation.: 11 ½

Technique:

Sheet:

2.

215A

CB15

Sheet:

Unwmk

Printer:

SC

Unwmk

Printer: Helio Vaugirard

ñ

Designer:

MI

T

Designer: J. de la Neziere

Icarus

AR

Perforation: 13 ½

AR

MI

SC

3.

P15

J15

Issue: **

YV 5 P black, bl grn

4,60 €

∘ 4,60 €

Issue: 12.620

YV 2s 52s Blk & red org

**

17,00 €

25,00 €

Imperf.

Temples of Baalbek

Hermes and Poseidon 1997, 21 May Perforation: 13 ½ x 14 Technique: Lirho

1926, 1 May

Perf.: 12 x 12 ½

Unwmk

Designer: J. Savkunenko

Tech.: Litho

Printer:

Unwmk

Sheet: AR

MI

SC

3.

458

455

Issue: **

YV 20s multicolor

0,80 €

Designer: J. de la Neziere ∘

Printer: Helio Vaugirard

0,80 €

LEBANON (FRENCH) (1924-1941) Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 3,858,736. A republic in western Asia, bordering on the Mediterranean Sea. Under Turkish rule until 1918, Lebanon was occupied by the French after World War I under a League of Nations mandate. It was declared independent in 1941, and in 1944, its independence was implemented.

Sheet: **

YV

MI

SC

4.

82

B4

1 P + 0,50 P (B)

3,00 €

3,00 €

5.

86

B8

2,50 P + 0,75 P (R)

4,20 €

4,20 €

The city, then known as Heliopolis (there was another Heliopolis in Egypt), was made a colonia by Septimius Severus in AD 193, having been part of the territory of Berytus on the Phoenician coast since 15 BC. Work on the religious complex there lasted over a century and a half and was never completed. The dedication of the present temple ruins, the largest religious building in the entire Roman empire, dates from the reign of Septimus Severus (193-211 AD), whose coins first show the two temples. The great courts of approach were not finished before the reigns of Caracalla (211-217 AD) and Philip the Arab (244-249 AD). In commemoration, no doubt, of the dedication of the new sanctuaries, Severus conferred the rights of the ius Italicum on the city. Today, only six Corinthian columns remain standing. Eight more were disassembled and shipped to Constantinople under Justinian's orders circa 532-537 AD, for his basilica of Hagia Sophia.

Temples in Baalbek

Perforation: 12 x 12 ½

Technique: Litho

1926

Unwmk

Perf.: 12 x 12 ½

Designer: J. de la Neziere 26 Aug.

Printer: Helio Vaugirard Sheet: AR

MI

SC

1.

62

54

** 1 P Magenta

Tech.: Litho

Dec.

Unwmk Issue:

YV

AR

Temple of Jupiter in Baalbek 1925, 1 Mar.

1,70 €

Designer: J. de la Neziere ∘

Printer: Helio Vaugirard

1,20 €

The greatest of the three temples was sacred to Jupiter Baal, ("Heliopolitan Zeus"), identified here with the sun, and was constructed during the first century AD ( completed circa 60 AD ). At the time it was the largest temple in the empire[citation needed]. With it were associated a temple to Venus and a lesser temple in honor of Bacchus (though it was traditionally referred to as the "Tem ple of the Sun" by Neoclassical visitors, who saw it as the best-preserved Roman temple in the world – it is surrounded by forty-two columns nearly 20 meters in height). Thus three Eastern deities were worshipped in Roman guise: thundering Jove, the god of storms, stood in for BaalHadad, Venus for ‘Ashtart (known in English as Astarte) and Bacchus for Anatolian Dionysus.

AR

Sheet: **

YV

MI

SC

6.

99

65

6 P on 2,50 P (B)

1,40 €

1,40 €

7.

100

69

7,50 P on 2,50 P (B)

1,70 €

1,70 €

Temple of Bacchus and Jupiter in Baalbek 1925, 1 Mar.

Perforation: 12 x 12 ½

Technique: Litho

Temples in Baalbek

Unwmk

1927, 1 Jul

Designer: J. de la Neziere

Perf.: 12 x 12 ½

Printer: Helio Vaugirard Sheet: AR 2.

MI 66

SC 54

2,50 P peacock bl

Tech.: Litho

Issue: **

YV

1,70 €

Unwmk

∘ 1,20 €

Designer: J. de la Neziere Printer: Helio Vaugirard

Sheet: **

MI

SC

8.

106

72

1 P (B)

0,20 €

0,20 €

9.

113

83

7,50 on 2,50 (B)

0,80 €

0,50 €

archaeostamps 2

YV

AR


LEBANON (French)

Temple of Venus in Baalbek 1927, 1 Jul

Perforation: 13 ½

Technique: Litho

T

Unwmk Muses

Phoenician ship

Designer: J. de la Neziere Printer: Helio Vaugirard Sheet: AR 10.

MI P20

SC

**

J20

Diverse

Issue:

YV 5 P black, bl grn

Tribute for Ahiram King (Phoenician)

1931, Apr

5,00 €

Perforation: 13 ½

Technique: Litho

5,00 €

T

Unwmk

Designer: J. de la Neziere Priests of Baal

Printer: Helio Vaugirard Sheet:

Temples in Baalbek 1928, 4 May Perf.: 12 x 12 ½

Tech.: Litho

#13

MI

SC

123

88

a

YV

SC

18.

P30

D5

1 P blk, gray bl

0,90 €

0,90 €

19.

P33

D8

5 P blk, orange

6,00 €

6,00 €

20.

P34

D9

8 P blk, lt rose

3,60 €

3,60 €

21.

P36

D10

15 P black

3,60 €

3,60 €

Unwmk Temple of Bacchus

Printer: Helio Vaugirard

11.

**

MI

Designer: J. de la Neziere

AR

Issue:

AR

1931, May.

Sheet: ∘

0,60 €

0,60 €

Designer:

35,00 €

25,00 €

**

YV 1 p (B)

a

Inv. Ovp.

Perforation.: 14

Technique: Litho

12.

128

98

7,50 P on 2,50 P (B & R)

1,30 €

1,30 €

13.

146

99

7,50 P on 2,50 P (R)

1,20 €

1,20 €

 Unwmk

Printer: Sheet: AR

MI

SC

22.

167

116

Issue: **

YV 0,25 P deep blue

0,60 €

∘ 0,60 €

Temple of Venus Temple of Venus in Baalbek

1928 Perf.: 13 ½

Printer: Helio Vaugirard

Designer: J. de la Neziere Printer: Helio Vaugirard MI

SC

Unwmk

Designer: J. de la Neziere

Unwmk

AR

Perforation: 14

Technique: Photo

Tech.: Litho

May.

Apr.

1931, May

T

Sheet:

Sheet: **

YV

14.

P25

5 P black, bl grn (B & R)

15.

P28

5 P black, bl grn (R)

6,00 €

6,00 €

11,00 €

11,00 €

AR

MI

SC

23..

175

124

Issue: **

YV 3 P black brown

4,00 €

∘ 2,00 €

Temple of Jupiter in Baalbek 1928-1929

Perforation: 12 x 12 ½

Technique: Litho

MI

16.

151

SC

Unwmk

Temple of Jupiter in Baalbek 1931, May

Printer: Helio Vaugirard

Technique: Photo Issue: **

YV 1 P Magenta

0,60 €

1930, Oct

Perforation: 14

Technique: Photo

Sheet:

SC

17.

185

134

YV 100 P Black

Issue: **

MI

SC

24.

180-I

129

7,50 P deep blue

4,20 €

1,80 €

a

180-II

-

7,50 P deep blue

6,00 €

4,60 €

Unwmk

YV

AR

Temples in Baalbek

Printer: Helio Vaugirard

MI

Unwmk

Printer: Helio Vaugirard

0,60 €

Designer: J. de la Neziere

Sheet:

Perforation: 14

Designer: J. de la Neziere ∘

Temples in Baalbek

AR

ARQ #24a

Designer: J. de la Neziere

Sheet: AR

ARQ #24

ñ

1932, Aug Issue:

Perforation: 14

Technique: Photo

**

Designer: J. de la Neziere

65,00 €

25,00 €

Printer: Helio Vaugirard Sheet:

archaeostamps 3

Unwmk

Issue:


LEBANON (French)

AR

MI

SC

25.

169

118

**

YV 0,75 P ol brn

1,50 €

∘ 1,50 €

Temples in Baalbek 1937, 1 Dec

Perforation: 13

Technique: Photo

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: J. de la Neziere Printer: Helio Vaugirard Sheet: AR

MI

SC

26.

233

C70

Issue: **

YV 10 P dull violet

0,80 €

∘ 0,60 €

Temples of Baalbek 1938 Perf.: 14

Tech.: Photo Unwmk

Luxury proof

Designer: J. de la Neziere Printer: Helio Vaugirard

Sheet: **

YV

LEBANON

AR

MI

SC

27.

245

147

6 P on 7,50 P

2,00 €

2,00 €

28.

247

149

7,50 P on 100 P

2,00 €

2,00 €

Temples in Baalbek 1940

Perforation: 13

Technique: Photo

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: J. de la Neziere Printer: Helio Vaugirard Sheet:

Issue: **

YV

(1941-) Lebanon's population is 57 percent Muslim and 40 percent Christian, and from 1943, the two groups co-existed through a constitutional apportioning of key government posts. During 1969-75, Palestinian commando groups became increasingly powerful in Lebanon, which they used as a base for raids against Israel. Efforts of the government to restrain Palestinian activities, with which many Lebanese Muslims sympathized, and after 1970 Israeli counterattacks against Palestinian bases in southern Lebanon destabilized the Lebanese government. During 1965-76, these tensions erupted in civil war. Generally, Arab nations supported the Palestinians and leftist Muslim factions, while Israel supported the various Christian groups. In 1976, Syria intervened, suppressed PLO activity and attempted to mediate the conflict. The civil war resumed in 1981, and the country disintegrated into chaos between numerous Muslim and Christian groups, variously backed by Syria and Israel. In 1982, Israel invaded Lebanon in an effort to finally suppress Palestinian terrorist activities, withdrawing, under U.S. pressure, to a security zone in the south in 1983. Continuing terrorist operations in southern Lebanon brought Israeli raids in 1993 and 1996.

AR

MI

SC

29.

234

C71

15 P turq bl

1,60 €

1,60 €

National Museum

30.

235

C72

25 P violet

5,50 €

5,00 €

1945

31.

236

C73

50 P yellow grn

10,00 €

9,00 €

32.

237

C74

100 P brown

5,50 €

4,00 €

Technique: Litho

Printer: I.C.Beyrouth Perforation: 13 ½

SC

33.

P35

D5

Sheet:

Issue: **

SC

34.

P37

J37

2p brn black, yel

3,50 €

3,50 €

Designer: J. de la Neziere

35.

P38

J38

5p ultra, rose

4,00 €

4,00 €

Printer: Helio Vaugirard

36.

P39

J39

25p blue, bl green

6,00 €

6,00 €

37.

P40

J40

50p dark bl, blue

7,00 €

7,00 €

Unwmk

Issue: **

YV 10 P grn,

5,00 €

∘ 5,00 €

YV

MI

Sheet: MI

T

AR

Technique: Litho

AR

T

Unwmk

Designer: P. Koroleff

Muses 1940

Perforation: 11 ½

The National Museum of Beirut is the principal museum of archaeology in Lebanon. The collection was begun after World War I, and the museum was officially opened in 1942. The museum has collections totalling about 100,000 objects, most of which are antiquities and medieval finds from excavations undertaken by the Directorate General of Antiquities. About 1300 artifacts are exhibit ed, ranging in date from prehistoric times to the medieval Mamluk period. During the 1975 Lebanese Civil War, the museum stood on the front line that separated the warring factions. The museum's Egyptian Revival building and its collection suffered extensive dam age in the war, but most of the artifacts were saved by last-minute pre-emptive measures. Today, after a major renovation, the National Museum of Beirut has regained its former position, especially as a leading collector for ancient Phoenician objects.

Temples of Baalbek 1945

Perforation:

Technique: Litho

FISCAL Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet: AR

archaeostamps 4

MI

SC

YV

Issue: **


LEBANON

38A.

-

-

- 5p Red

38B.

-

-

- 10p Blue

Rape of Europe 1948, 23 Nov

Phoenician ship 1947, 17 Jun

Technique: Litho

Perforation: 11 ½ x 12

Technique: Litho

ñ

Printer: I.C.Beyrouth Sheet:

Printer: I.C.Beyrouth Issue: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

39.

374

C132

50p dk slate grn

5,00 €

1,40 €

40.

375

C133

75p purple

6,35 €

2,00 €

41.

376

C134

100p dark brown

9,00 €

4,50 €

**

YV

MI

SC

55.

398

220

10p dk red & org red

2,60 €

1,80 €

56.

399

221

12.50p pur & rose

3,50 €

2,60 €

57.

400

222

25p ol grn & pale green

4,20 €

2,60 €

Minerva

Technique: Litho Designer: P. Koroleff

Sheet:

Designer: P. Koroleff Sheet: **

MI

SC

42.

377

CB5

YV 12.50 + 25pi brt bl grn

43.

378

CB6

44.

379

45. 46.

Unwmk

Printer: I.C.Beyrouth

ñ

Tech.: Litho

AR

Perforation: 11 ½

1947, 27 Jun

Unwmk

AR

1948, 23 Nov

Printer: I.C.Beyrouth

Issue:

Statues

Perf.: 11 ½

Unwmk

Designer: P. Koroleff

Unwmk

Designer: P. Koroleff

Sheet:

Perforation: 11 ½

Issue: **

MI

SC

58.

406

C144

35p car rose & rose

7,50 €

3,50 €

59.

407

C145

75p bl grn & lt green

15,00 €

8,00 €

YV

AR

Temples of Baalbek

9,00 €

7,00 €

25 + 50pi blue

10,00 €

8,00 €

CB7

50 + 100pi choc

13,00 €

10,00 €

380

CB8

75 + 150pi brt pur

26,00 €

20,00 €

381

CB9

100 + 200pi sl

50,00 €

35,00 €

1952

Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Litho

Unwmk

Designer: P. Koroleff Printer: I.C.Beyrouth Sheet:

Aqueduct of Zebaide

Issue: **

MI

SC

60.

467

260

7.50p red

3,00 €

0,60 €

61.

468

261

10p brt violet

6,50 €

0,70 €

Designer: P. Koroleff

62.

469

262

12.50p blue

6,50 €

0,70 €

Printer: I.C.Beyrouth

63.

470

263

25p violet bl

8,00 €

1,80 €

1948, 1 Sep

Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Litho

Sheet:

Unwmk

Issue: **

YV

Amphitheater, Byblos. ∘

AR

MI

SC

47.

387

215

7.50p rose red

7,00 €

0,30 €

48.

388

216

10p dl violet

1,50 €

0,30 €

49.

389

217

12.50p blue

11,00 €

0,30 €

50.

390

218

25p blue vio

16,00 €

0,90 €

51.

391

219

50p green

36,00 €

7,00 €

1952

Hermel monument 1948

Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Litho

T

Unwmk

Designer: P. Koroleff

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: P. Koroleff Printer: I.C.Beyrouth Sheet:

Issue: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

64.

479

C171

50p blue green

10,00 €

0,70 €

65.

480

C172

100p deep blue

70,00 €

3,00 €

66.

481

C173

200p dk blue grn

40,00 €

5,50 €

67.

182

C174

300p black brn

55,00 €

12,00 €

Temple of Bacchus Issue: **

YV

Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Litho

Printer: I.C.Beyrouth Sheet:

YV

AR

1954, Mar ∘

AR

MI

SC

52.

P44

J44

2p blk, yellow

3,50 €

1,10 €

53.

P45

J45

3p black, pink

8,00 €

4,00 €

54.

P46

J46

10p black, blue

20,00 €

7,50 €

Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Litho

A 2,000 Year Old Monument in the Middle of Nowhere, located ten kilometers before the town of Hermel, this twenty-seven meter-high monument on top of a hill can be seen for miles in every direction. Three of its faces are carved with hunting scenes that suggest the pyramid-topped structure is a tomb, probably of a Syrian prince of the first or second century BC.

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: P. Koroleff Printer: I.C.Beyrouth Sheet:

Issue: **

MI

SC

68.

510

C183

5p yel green

0,50 €

0,10 €

69.

511

C184

10p dull purple

1,00 €

0,10 €

archaeostamps 5

YV

AR


LEBANON

70.

512

C185

15p carmine

1,10 €

0,10 €

71.

513

C186

20p brown

1,60 €

0,10 €

72.

514

C187

25p dull blue

1,80 €

0,30 €

73.

515

C188

35p black brn

2,50 €

0,30 €

Temple of Jupiter 1963, 4 Nov

Perforation.: 13

Technique: Litho

ñ Unwmk

Designer: Temple of Jupiter 1955, Sep

Printer:

Perforation.: 13 x 13 ½

Technique: Litho

Unwmk

Designer:

Sheet: AR

MI

SC

90.

828

C380

Issue: **

YV 35p lt bl, org & blk

1,20 €

∘ 0,60 €

Printer: Sheet:

Temple of Jupiter in Baalbek

Issue:

1965, 11 Jan

Perforation: 13

Technique: Litho **

YV

AR

MI

SC

74.

553

300

7,50p yel org & cop red

1,00 €

0,10 €

75.

554

301

10p emer & sal

1,10 €

0,10 €

76.

555

302

12.50p ultra & bl grn

1,20 €

0,10 €

77.

556

303

25p dp ultra & brt pink

2,50 €

0,25 €

78.

557

304

50p dk grn & lt bl

3,50 €

0,50 €

79.

558

305

100p dk brn & sal

5,50 €

1,10 €

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet:

Issue: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

91.

882

429

2.50p blk & red org

0,20 €

0,20 €

92.

883

430

7.50p black & blue

0,50 €

0,30 €

Temple of Jupiter 1956, 10 Dec

ñ

Perforation: 13 x 13 ½

Temple of Jupiter

Technique: Litho

1966, 20 Jul

Designer:

Unwmk Print:

**

YV

Print:

Technique:

Designer:

Unwmk

Sheet:

ñ

Perforation: 12

Sheet:

AR

MI

SC

80.

572

C223

2.50p dark brown

0,50 €

0,20 €

AR

MI

SC

81.

573

C224

10p green

0,70 €

0,30 €

93.

940

C463

2.50p brn vio, bl & orange

0,20 €

0,15 €

82.

574

C225

12.50p light blue

0,80 €

0,50 €

94.

941

C464

5p mag, bl & org

0,20 €

0,15 €

83.

575

C226

25p brt vio bl

1,20 €

0,60 €

95.

942

C465

7.50p vio bl, bl & pink

0,20 €

0,15 €

84.

576

C227

35p red lilac

2,60 €

1,00 €

96.

943

C466

15p pur, bl & pink

0,40 €

0,40 €

85.

577

C228

65p slate blue

4,20 €

2,20 €

97.

944

C467

30p dk grn, org & blue

0,90 €

0,50 €

98.

945

C468

40p vio, org & bl

1,30 €

0,90 €

**

YV

Nubian monuments 1962, 1 Aug Tech: Engr

P.: 13

Beit Mery, roman ruins

ñ

1966, 25 Oct

Unwmk

Designer: P. Koroleff

Technique: Litho

Printer: J. Saikali

Designer:

Sheet:

Printer:

Goddess Isis

Abu Simbel

Perforation.: 12 x 11 ½

Sheet: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

86.

786

390

5p light ultra

0,60 €

0,20 €

87.

788

391

15p brn lake & mar

0,80 €

0,30 €

88.

789

C351

30p yellow green

2,00 €

0,70 €

89.

790

C352

50p slate

3,60 €

1,50 €

AR

MI

SC

99.

949

448

Unwmk

Issue: **

YV 5p gold & multi

0,15 €

∘ 0,10 €

The Roman rulers of Lebanon made Beit Mery their summer resort due to its high location and pleasant summer weather. This huge site, on a strategic location overlooking Beirut, is on three levels. At the top are the ruins of a Roman temple dedicated to the important local god baal marqod which has a church built on parts of its foundations. The temple itself, probably dating to the first century AD, has masonry intact up to three meters. Three of the six columns are still standing, although not at their original height. A short walk down the hill leads to the site of a small second century AD temple to the god dess June. A monumental doorway still stands amid a jumble of ancient stones, some with Latin inscriptions. This doorway was probably the start of a processional path between the two temples. Below the June temple is an extensive area of scattered ruins.

archaeostamps 6


LEBANON

Roman bust

Tyre 1968, 20 Mar Sarcophagus of Ahiram King of Biblos

Phoenician ship

Phoenician alphabet in the Mediterranean

Unwmk

Designer: Perforation: 12

Technique:

Printer:

ñ

Sheet:

Unwmk

Printer: Sheet:

Issue: **

YV

Issue:

Sarcophagus

Designer: Phoenician alphabet

**

YV

MI

SC

109.

1045

C552

2.50p pink, brn & buff

0,10 €

0,10 €

110.

1046

C553

5p yel, brn & lt bl

0,20 €

0,10 €

111.

1047

C554

7.50p lt grnsh bl, brn & yel

0,30 €

0,15 €

112.

1048

C555

10p sal, brn & lt bl

0,50 €

0,30 €

MI

SC

100.

958

C476

10p dl grn, blk & lt brn

0,10 €

0,10 €

101.

959

C477

15p rose lil, brn & ocher

0,40 €

0,20 €

102.

960

C478

20p tan, dk brn & bl

0,50 €

0,30 €

Tyre

103.

961

C479

30p org, dk brn & yel

1,00 €

0,50 €

1968, 20 Mar Tech: L.&E.

Roman monuments 1966, 25 Oct Tech: Engr Temple of Jupiter

P.: 12x11½

MI

**

113.

Bl 37A C555a

Perf.

25,00 €

25,00 €

114.

Bl 37B

Imperf.

25,00 €

25,00 €

AR

**

104.

970

C448

20p gold & multi

0,35 €

0,10 €

105.

971

C489

30p gold & multi

0,50 €

0,15 €

MI

SC

YV

Tyre is an ancient Phoenician city and the legendary birthplace of Europa and Elissa (Dido). Today it is the fourth largest city in Lebanon and houses one of the nation's major ports. Tourism is a ma jor industry. The city has a number of ancient sites, including its Roman Hippodrome which was added to UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 1979

Justinian

Temple of Jupiter in Baalbek 1967, 25 Sep

Perforation: 12 ½

Technique:

1968, 10 May

ñ

Perf.: 11 ¼ x 12 ¼

Unwmk

Designer:

Unwmk

Sheet: AR

MI

SC

992

C510

Issue: **

YV

Designer:

5p multicolored

Printer:

Temple of Bacchus in Baalbek

AR

MI

SC

1967, Oct

115.

1050

C556

5p blue & multi

0,10 €

0,10 €

Perf.: 12 x 11 ½

116.

1051

C557

10p blue & multi

0,10 €

0,10 €

117.

1052

C558

15p red & multi

0,20 €

0,10 €

118.

1053

C559

20p blue & multi

0,30 €

0,20 €

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: Printer:

Sheet: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

107.

1008

C521

35p multi

0,70 €

0,20 €

108.

1009

C522

40p multi

1,10 €

0,20 €

Temple of Baal

Sheet:

Temples

Tech.: Temple of Baal in Tyre

ñ

Tech.: Photo

Printer:

106.

Unwmk

Sheet:

Designer: P. Koroleff

YV

ñ

Printer:

Unwmk

Printer: J. Saikali

SC

P.: 10 ¾

Designer:

Sheet: AR

AR

AR

Amphitheater of Biblos

ñ

Technique: Litho & engr

Phoenicians 1966, 25 Sep

Perforation.: 12

Triumphal arch See #137

archaeostamps 7

**

YV


LEBANON

Silver Coin from Byblos, 5th Century B.C

Temple of Jupiter Temple of Jupiter

Gold dagger, Byblos, 18th cent. B.C

Temple of Bacchus

Phoenicians

Temples in Baalbek

1969, 20 Feb

1968, 25 Sep

Perf.: 12 ¼ x 11 ¾

Perf.: 12 ¾

ñ

Tech.: Photo

Breastplate with cartouche of Amenemhat III (18491801 B.C.).

Unwmk Temple of Bacchus

Printer:

Designer:

119.

MI 1062

SC

**

YV

C568

Tech.: Photo gold impressed Unwmk

0,10 €

5p gold & multi

Sheet: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

129.

1083

C589

2.50p grn, yel & lt bl

0,10 €

0,10 €

0,10 €

130.

1084

C590

5p vio, brn & yel

0,20 €

0,10 €

1085

C591

7.50p dl yel, brn & pink

0,30 €

0,10 €

Sheet:

AR

Phoenician bird vase from Khalde, 8th cent. B.C.

ñ

Designer:

Temple of Bacchus

Printer:

King Dining in the Land of the Dead, sarcophagus of Ahiram, 13-12th cent. B.C.

120.

1063

C569

10p gold & multi

0,15 €

0,15 €

131.

121.

1064

C570

15p gold & multi

0,30 €

0,20 €

132.

1086

C592

30p blue & multi

0,60 €

0,30 €

133.

1087

C593

40p multicolored

0,90 €

0,80 €

122.

1065

C571

20p gold & multi

0,50 €

0,30 €

123.

1066

C572

25p gold & multi

0,70 €

0,50 €

Roman temple in Bziza 1971, 18 May Perforation: 12 Technique: Litho

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Phoenician Statue

Votive stele, Phoenician, 6th century B.C

Olmec jade head, 500-400 B.C

Diverse

Sheet: AR

MI

SC

134.

1119

C631

1968, 19 Oct Perf.: 11 ¼ x 12 ¼

Aztec stone calendar and Phoenician ship

**

YV 35p multicolored

0,60 €

∘ 0,20 €

Mosaic from Biblos, Rape of Europe

ñ

1971, 20 Nov

Tech.: Photo Axe in shape of human head, Vera Cruz region

Issue:

Perforation: 12

Technique: Litho

Unwmk

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: Printer:

Designer: Printer:

Sheet:

Sheet:

Issue: **

MI

SC

AR

MI

SC

1067

C573

5p lt ultra, yel & gray

0,10 €

0,10 €

135.

1146

C652

10p slate & multi

0,20 €

0,10 €

125.

1068

C574

10p mag, lt ultra & blk

0,15 €

0,15 €

136.

1147

C653

40p gold & multi

1,30 €

0,40 €

126.

1069

C575

15p cit, ocher & brn

0,30 €

0,15 €

127.

1070

C576

20p dp org, brn & ocher

0,50 €

0,30 €

128.

1071

C577

25p light brown

0,70 €

0,50 €

**

YV

YV

AR 124.

Tyre 1972, 20 May Perforation.: 12 Technique: Litho & engr

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: Printer:

Triumphal arch

Sheet: AR

MI

SC

137.

1151

C657

Temple of Bacchus

archaeostamps 8

Issue: **

YV 5p on #111

Triumphal arch in Tyre

0,30 €

Temple of Jupiter

∘ 0,20 €


LEBANON

Diverse

149.

1973, 25 Sep

ñ

Perforation: 11 ½ x 12 Designer:

Unwmk Print:

4131

568

4,00 €

L£2000 multi

4,00 €

ARQA It is mentioned in antiquity in the Amarna letters of Egypt-(as Irqata), as well as in Assyrian documents. The Roman town was named Caesarea of Lebanon or Arca Caesarea. The Emperor Alexander Severus was born there.

Technique: Photo

NIHA. Niha is home to four Roman temples that were constructed between the 1st and 3rd century AD. The Lower two temples are located on the edge of the village, and the upper two temples are about 2 km above the village in what is known as "Hosn" Niha.

Sheet: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

138.

1175

C678

5p multicolored

0,15 €

0,10 €

139.

1176

C679

10p multicolored

0,20 €

0,10 €

140.

1178

C681

20p multicolored

0,45 €

0,15 €

Bziza 2002, 20 Nov

Perforation.: 13 ¼ x 13 ½

Technique: Litho

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet:

Hunter Spearing Lion

Statue of Astarte

Dogs hunting boar

Print:

SC

150.

1429

566

Issue: **

YV L£1100 multi

2,20 €

∘ 2,20 €

LEEWARD, IS. (1890-1956)

ñ

Perforation: 12 ¾

Technique: Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 109,000 (1954 estimate). A group of islands in the West Indies, southeast of Puerto Rico. The Leeward Islands was a former administrative unit of British island possessions in the Caribbean -- Antigua, Montserrat, St. Kitts, Nevis and Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, and Dominica (until 1940). Leeward Islands issues were used throughout the colony, while the issues of the individual presidencies were valid only within their own territories.

Designer:

Unwmk

MI

Greco-Roman tomb

Archaeological items from Hermel 1974, 13 Dec

AR

Sheet: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

141.

1224

C722

5p blue & multi

0,15 €

0,10 €

142.

1225

C723

10p lilac & multi

0,30 €

0,10 €

143.

1226

C724

25p multicolored

1,50 €

0,50 €

144.

1227

C725

35p multicolored

2,30 €

1,60 €

Wmk 1

Hermes - Mercury 1940, 10 Oct. Perforation: 13 ½ x 14 Fakra

Technique: Eng & Litho

Tyre

Bziza

Wmk #1

Designer:

Temples 1984, Dec

Perforation: 13 ½ x 14 ¼

ñ

Printer:

Technique: Photo

Sheet:

Designer: Samir Ghantous

Unwmk Print:

Sheet: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

1.

110

126

Issue: **

YV 2 1/2p slate

0,20 €

∘ 0,20 €

AR

MI

SC

145.

1327

488

100p multicolored

1,50 €

0,60 €

146.

1328

489

200p multicolored

3,00 €

1,40 €

147.

1329

490

20p multicolored

7,50 €

3,00 €

Hermes - Mercury 1940, 10 Oct. Perforation: 11 Technique: Eng & Litho

Wmk #1

Designer: Archaeology

Printer:

2002, 20 Nov

Sheet:

Perf.: 13 ¼ x 13 ½

Tech.: Litho

AR

MI

2.

112

SC

Issue: **

YV 6p red lilac

1,20 €

∘ 1,20 €

Unwmk

LESOTHO

Niha (The lower small temple)

Arqa

Designer:

(1966-)

Printer:

Sheet:

AR

MI

SC

148.

1430

567

**

YV L£1500 multi

3,00 €

∘ 3,00 €

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 2,007,814. A kingdom in southern Africa, surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. Until it became independent as Lesotho in 1966, this territory was the British crown colony of Basutoland. Lesotho is completely surrounded by South Africa, and the majority of its work force is employed in that country.

archaeostamps 9


LESOTHO

Wmk ARQ #1 Scott #362– Michel #3

Baboons, Sehonghong Thaba Tseka

Trance Dancers

Hunter attacking mountain reedbuck

Rock art 1983, 20 May Perforation: 14 ½ Technique: Litho

Wmk 1

Designer: Hunters

Baboons

Archers

Printer:

Eland, Leribe

Rock art

Sheet:

1968, 1 Nov

AR

Perf.: 14 ½ x 14 Eland

Hunting scene

AR

SC

Issue: **

YV

10.

398

6s multicolored

0,40 €

0,45 €

Tech.: Photo

11.

399

25s multicolored

0,85 €

0,85 €

Unwmk

12.

400

60s multicolored

0,95 €

0,90 €

13.

401

75s multicolored

1,00 €

1,00 €

Designer: Printer:

MI

Sheet: MI

SC

**

YV

1.

60

3c dk & lt green & brn

0,35 €

0,20 €

2.

61

3 ½ c dk brown & yel

0,45 €

0,20 €

4.

63

10c black, brt rose & org

0,65 €

0,30 €

6.

65

20c black, yel & lt grn

1,25 €

0,70 €

7.

66

25c dk brown, yel & org

1,40 €

1,10 €

P.: 14 ½ x 14

Rock art 1968, 1 Nov Tech: Photo

Unwmk

10 s Hunters

Designer:

Rock art

Printer:

1983, 20 May

Sheet:

AR

MI

Cranes SC

Print: **

YV

AR

3.

62

5c sepia, yel & red brn

0,50 €

0,20 €

5.

64

15c olive brn & buff

1,00 €

0,50 €

Perforation: 14

Technique: Litho

14.

SC 402

**

YV Multicolor

3,75 €

∘ 3,75 €

LIBERIA

Wmk 1

Technique:

Sheet: 5 MI

Rock art 1976, 2 Jun

Designer:

Unwmk Javelin thrower

Perforation: Imperf

(1860-)

Designer: Printer: Sheet: AR

MI

8.

SC

Issue: **

YV

207

50c multicolored

2,25 €

∘ 1,90 €

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 2,602,068. A republic on the west coast of Africa, Liberia was colonized after 1822 by freed slaves from the United States. In 1847, Liberia was proclaimed independent. Liberian political and economic life was long dominated by the descendants of these freed slaves, who constitute less than 3 percent of the country's population. In 1980, a military coup led by Sgt. Samuel Doe overthrew the establishment government. Doe's harsh rule prompted an assassination attempt in 1985 and rebellion in 1989. In 1990, he was captured and executed. A chaotic civil war lasted until 1996, claiming more than 150,000 lives.

Rock art 1980, 20 Oct

Perforation: 14

Technique: Litho

Wmk 1

Designer: Printer: Sheet: AR 9.

MI

SC 309

**

YV 50s on 50c multi

Wmk ARQ #1 Scott #143– Michel #1 – Yvert

Issue:

0,80 €

∘ 0,80 €

archaeostamps 10


LIBERIA

Hermes as god of commerce 1894

Perforation: Imperf.

Technique: Engraved

a

a

Center and ovp inverted

30,00 €

b

b

Inverted overprint

6,00 €

 Hermes as god of commerce

Wmk 1 ¿?

1909, Dec

Designer:

Perforation: 14

Technique: Engraved

Printer: Sheet:

**

MI

SC

1.

43

52

5c carmine black

5,00 €

3,40 €

2.

44

53

5c carmine black (rouletted)

8,00 €

5,40 €

Sheet: AR

MI

SC

8.

109C

118 b

Technique: Engraved

Issue: **

YV 10c plum & blk

2,25 €

a

-

118 c

9.

109D

125

a

-

118 a

Imperf, pair

19,00 €

b

-

118 d

Perf 12 ½ x14

2,75 €

Hermes as god of commerce Perforation: Imperf.

Unwmk

Printer:

AR

1898

Designer:

Issue:

YV

pair, imperf between

1,00 €

2,25 €

0,60 €

2,25 €

Unwmk Hermes as god of commerce

Printer:

1909

**

Perforation: Rouletted

Technique: Engraved

Issue:

YV

27,50 €

10c plum & blk Rouletted

Designer:

Sheet:

3,00 €

Unwmk

Designer:

Ovp 2

AR

MI

SC

3

D29

O26

5c vio & grn

2,80 €

1,20 €

Printer:

4

-

O27

5c vio & grn (rouletted)

2,80 €

1,20 €

Sheet: AR

MI

SC

10.

D59D

O69

Issue: **

YV 10c blk & ultra

1,30 €

∘ 1,30 €

Ovp ARQ #1

Hermes as god of commerce 1901

Surch ARQ #1

Perforation: Imperf.

Technique: Engraved

Hermes

Wmk 1 ¿?

1910

Designer:

Perf.: Rouletted

Printer: Sheet: AR

MI

SC

5

70

69

Tech.: Engraved

Issue: **

YV 5c carmine black & OS ovp

300,00 €

Unwmk

∘ 300,00 €

Designer: Printer:

Hermes - Mercury 1906

Perforation: 14

Technique: Eng

6.

94

102

SC

11.

117D

126

118D

126B

a

**

YV 3c on 10c plum & blk (Bl)

a

0,50 €

0,50 €

36,00 €

7,00 €

“3” inverted 3c on 10c blk & ultra (R)

#12 is roulette 7. It also exists in roulette 13.

Sheet: SC

MI

12.

Printer:

MI

Sheet:

AR

Unwmk

Designer:

AR

Hermes as god of commerce

Sheet: **

YV 2c carmine & blk

0,20 €

1912

∘ 0,20 €

Perforation: 12

Technique: Engraved

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet:

Ovp ARQ #2

Hermes - Mercury 1906

Perforation: 14

Technique: Eng

AR

MI

SC

13.

109A

118

Issue: **

YV 10c plum & blk

0,50 €

1912

Printer:

Technique: Engraved

AR

MI

SC

7.

D43

O47

Sheet: **

YV 2c carmine & blk

0,20 €

0,50 €

Hermes as god of commerce

Unwmk

Designer:

Sheet:

Ovp 2 ∘

Perforation: 12 ½ Unwmk

Designer: Printer:

0,20 €

archaeostamps 11

Sheet:

Issue:


LIBERIA

AR

MI

SC

13-I.

D59A

O62

**

YV 10c blk & ultra

Designer:

0,60 €

0,40 €

Printer: Sheet:

Hermes as god of commerce 1912

Perforation: Diverse

Technique: Engraved

Surch 1 & 2 + Ovp 2

Unwmk

Designer:

Surch 1

AR

MI

SC

20.

D73I

B2

a

D73II

b

D73III

Printer: Sheet: AR

MI

SC

14.

117A

127

a

-

a

** 3c on 10c plum & blk (Bl) Perf. 12 ½ Imperf., pair

**

YV

Issue:

YV

Issue:

1,30 €

4,20 €

2c + 3c on 10c blk & ultra Thin

1,30 €

4,20 €

a

Double surcharge

0,50 €

0,30 €

22,50 €

-

1918

Hermes as god of commerce Perforation:

b

-

b

Double surcharge, one invtd.

22,50 €

-

Technique: Engraved

c

-

c

Double vertical surcharge

-

-

Designer:

15.

117C

-

-

-

Printer:

16.

118A

127E

22,00 €

1,00 €

3c on 10c plum & blk (Bl) Perf. 14 3c on 10c blk & ultra (R) Perf. 12 ½

Sheet: AR

MI

SC

21.

152

162

a

152K

a

b

152F

-

Hermes as god of commerce 1912

Perforation: Diverse

Technique: Engraved

 Unwmk

Issue: **

YV 3c on 10c plum & blk

3,50 €

5,50 €

“3” inverted

10,00 €

15,00 €

Overprint at the back

10,00 €

13,00 €

Unwmk Hermes as god of commerce

Designer:

Surch 1 + Ovp 2

2c + 3c on 10c blk & ultra Thickness

1918

Printer: Sheet:

Technique: Engraved

Issue: **

YV

MI

SC

17.

D66D

O70

3c on 10c blk & ultra (R) Rouletted

0,90 €

0,50 €

18.

D66A

O71

3c on 10c blk & ultra (R) Perf. 12 ½

0,90 €

1,60 €

Pair, one without surch., the other with dbl. surch., one invtd.

b

Double surcharge, one inverted

 Unwmk

Designer:

Ovp 2

AR

a

Perforation:

Printer: Sheet: AR

MI

SC

22.

D91

O97

Issue: **

YV 3c on 10c plum & blk

3,00 €

∘ 3,00 €

Hermes - Mercury 3,75 €

1918

Perforation: 14

Technique: Eng

 Unwmk

Designer: Printer:

Surch ARQ #2

Sheet:

Hermes as god of commerce 1915, 24 Nov

Perforation: 12

Technique: Engraved Surch 1 & 2

Unwmk ¿?

Designer:

AR

MI

SC

23.

158

168

Printer:

**

YV 20c claret & blk

0,40 €

∘ 0,20 €

Hermes - Mercury

Sheet:

Issue:

1918

**

YV

AR

MI

SC

19.

128 I

B1

+ 2 c on 3c on 10c plum & blk Thickness

1,10 €

3,80 €

a

128II

-

+ 2 c on 3c on 10c plum & blk Thin

1,10 €

3,80 €

b

-

a

Double red surcharge

-

-

c

-

b

Double blue surcharge

-

-

d

-

c

Both surcharges double

-

-

e

-

d

Pair, one without “2c ”

-

-

 Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet:

Perforation: 12

Technique: Engraved

Perforation: 14

Technique: Eng

AR

MI

SC

24.

D97

O103

Hermes as god of commerce 1915

Sheet:

Unwmk ¿?

archaeostamps 12

Sheet:

**

YV 20c gray lil & blk (R)

0,80 €

∘ 0,20 €


LIBERIA

b

Hermes - Mercury 1936

Perforation: 14

Technique: Eng

 Unwmk

Designer:

-

b

Imperf. pair

Sheet:

1921, Jul.

Sheet:

Perforation.: 14 x 13 ¼

Technique: Engraved MI

SC

25

267

252

325,00 €

Roman galley

Printer:

AR

352,00 €

The image of Diana of Ephesus is a specialized form of Diana from late antiquity that includes as pects of Ishtar, Isis, Cybele and Inanna. She is a comprehensive figure of the divine feminine, and was called "Queen of Heaven", "Magna Mater" (Great Mother), Mother of the Animals, and Lady of the Wild Beasts. The many pomegranate-like breasts and the varied wild beasts adorning Diana of Ephesus show her also as an image of Mother Nature herself, fruitful and providing for all living things.

**

YV 8c on 20c

0,20 €

Wmk 1

Designer:

Printer:

0,60 €

LIBYA. ITALIAN COLONY (1912-1945) Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 5,648,359. A republic in northern Africa, bordering on the Mediterranean Sea. Occupied until 1912 by Turkey, the area that is now Libya passed to Italy after its victory in the Turko-Italian War of 1912. The colonies of Tripolitania and Cyrenaica were united into Libya in 1934.

Sheet: AR

MI

SC

7.

30

26

a

-

a

8.

31

27

a

-

a

b

-

b

9.

32

28

Issue: **

YV 30 c Blk & blk brn Center inv. 50 c Blk & ol grn Blk & brn (error)

1,00 €

1.250,00 €

1.250,00 €

6,50 €

0,20 €

250,00 €

Center inv 55 c Blk & vio

10,00 €

1.450,00 € 8,00 €

0,50 €

Victory of Tripoli 1921, Jul.

Perforation.: 13 ¾ x 14

Technique: Engraved

Wmk 1

Designer: Printer:

Wmk ARQ #1 Scott #140 – Michel #1 – Yvert

Sheet:

Roman legionary (signifer) 1921, Jul.

Perforation.: 14 x 13 ¾

Technique: Engraved Designer: Printer:

SC

10.

33X

29

a

33Y

-

11.

34

30

12.

35X

-

a.

35Y

31

Issue: **

YV

MI

SC

1.

24a

20

a

24b

-

2.

25

21

3.

26

22

a

-

a

Blk & red brn (error)

1.500,00 €

b

-

b

Center inv.

60,00 €

60,00 €

c

-

c

Imperf. pair

225,00 €

225,00 €

1 c Blk & brn

2,00 €

0,90 €

2,00 €

2 c Blk & red brn

0,90 €

2,00 €

5 c Blk & grn

1,40 €

0,80 €

Diana of Ephesus Perforation.: 14 x 13 ¼

Technique: Engraved

4.

27

23

a

-

a

5.

28

24

a

-

a

6.

29

25

a

-

a

10 L Dk bl & ol grn 0,00 €

0,30 €

95,00 €

60,00 €

38,00 €

10,00 €

190,00 €

95,00 €

350,00 €

220,00 €

Perforation: 13 ¾

Wmk 1

Printer: Sheet:

Issue: **

AR

MI

SC

13.

36a

E3

30 c Bl & rose

a

36b

14.

37

E4

50 c Rose red & brn

YV

Ultra & rose

2,20 €

5,00 €

2,20 €

5,00 €

3,20 €

7,50 €

Victory

Wmk 1

1922, 3 Apr.

Perforation.: 13 ¾ x 14

Technique: Engraved

Wmk 1

Designer:

Sheet: SC

5 L Blk & dk blue

11,00 €

Designer:

Printer:

MI

Without watermark

Technique: Engraved

Designer:

AR

** 1 L Dk brn & brn

1921, Jul.

0,90 € Blk & sepia

Issue:

YV

Italia turrita ∘

AR

1921, Jul.

MI

Wmk 1

Sheet:

AR

Issue: **

YV 10 c Blk & rose Center inv. 15 c Blk brn & brn or Center inv. 25 c Blk bl & bl Center inv.

Printer: ∘

Sheet:

1,40 €

0,40 €

60,00 €

60,00 €

50,00 €

1,70 €

110,00 €

150,00 €

1,30 €

0,30 €

20,00 €

20,00 €

AR

MI

SC

15.

45

33

a

-

a

16.

46

34

b

-

c

-

archaeostamps 13

Issue: **

YV 5 c Ol grn

1,20 €

0,50 €

Double ovp

150,00 €

100,00 €

1,20 €

0,50 €

a

Double ovp

150,00 €

100,00 €

b

Inv ovp

190,00 €

125,00 €

10 c Red


LIBYA. Italian Colony

17.

47

35

15 c Slate grn

1,20 €

0,75 €

a

57Ab

52

Blk brn & or

2,75 €

1,00 €

18.

48

36

25 c Ultramarine

1,20 €

0,75 €

b

57Ca

-

Blk brn & brn or (Perf. 11)

100,00 €

8,00 €

c

57Cb

a

Blk brn & or (Perf. 11)

100,00 €

8,00 €

d

-

b

#52a Center inv.

750,00 €

Italia turrita 1923, 1 Sep.

Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13 ¾

Technique: Engraved

 Diana of Ephesus

Wmk 1

1924, May.

Designer: Printer:

Technique: Engraved

Sheet:

Issue: **

YV

MI

SC

19.

28

E5

60 c Dk red & brn

5,50 €

10,00 €

20.

39

E6

2 L Dk bl & red

8,00 €

20,00 €

Perforation.: 14 x 13 ¼ / 14 x 13 ¾ / 14 /13 ¾

Sheet: AR

MI

SC

28.

56Aa

-

a

56Ab

51

b

-

b

Unwmk

Printer:

**

MI

SC

YV

21.

60A

55

a

-

b

Center inv.

1.000,00 €

b

60C

a

Perf. 11

500,00 €

30 c Blk & ol grn

Slate & rose

0,30 €

0,30 €

30,00 €

1,20 €

29.

58Aa

53

50,00 €

0,40 €

a

58Ab

-

Indigo & dkbl

50,00 €

0,40 €

b

58Ac

-

Indigo & bl

50,00 €

0,40 €

c

-

a

#53 Center inv.

110,00 €

110,00 €

25 c Bk bl & ultrmar

Roman galley

0,30 €

Perforation.: 14 x 13 ¼ / 14 x 13 ¾ / 14 /13 ¾

Technique: Engraved

MI

SC

61A

56

Unwmk

Unwmk

Printer: Sheet:

Sheet:

Issue: **

YV 30 c Blk & vio

170,00 €

Designer:

Printer:

22.

0,30 €

Blk & rose (Perf. 11)

Designer:

AR

0,30 € 82,50 €

-

1924, Aug.

Technique: Engraved

Blk & carmine #51 Center inv.

a

0,30 €

Perforation.: 14 x 13 ¼ / 14 x 13 ¾ / 14 /13 ¾

0,30 €

56Ac

Roman galley 1924, Mar.

0,30 €

56Ca

0,30 €

** 10 c Blk & rose

c

Issue:

AR

Issue:

YV

d

Designer:

Sheet:

Unwmk

Printer:

Roman galley

Technique: Engraved

Designer:

AR

1924, Feb.

Perforation.: 14 x 13 ¼ / 14 x 13 ¾ / 14 /13 ¾

AR

MI

SC

30.

59Aa

54

∘ 300,00 €

Issue: **

YV 30 c Blk & blk brn

0,30 €

0,70 €

a

59Ab

-

Blk & red brn

0,30 €

0,70 €

b

59Ca

54a

Blk & blk brn (Perf. 11)

100,00 €

1,40 €

c

59Cb

-

Blk & red brn (Perf. 11)

100,00 €

1,40 €

Libyan Sibyl 1924, Apr.

Perforation.: 14 x 13 ¾

Technique: Engraved

Roman legionary (signifer)

1924, Oct.

Unwmk

Designer: A. Calcagnadoro (Dis.) A. Repettati (Eng.)

Technique: Engraved

Printer: Issue: **

YV

MI

SC

23.

49A

39

20 c Deep green

0,70 €

0,30 €

24.

50A

40

40 c Brown

2,00 €

0,60 €

25.

51A

41

60 c Deep blue

0,70 €

0,40 €

26.

52A

42

2 L Carmine (perf 13 ¾)

3,00 €

1,70 €

Sheet:

Diana of Ephesus 1924, Apr.

Perforation.: 14 x 13 ¼ / 14 x 13 ¾ / 14 /13 ¾

Technique: Engraved

AR

MI

SC

31.

53Aa

47

a

53Ab

-

-

1 c Blk & gray brown

2,75 €

0,50 €

2,40 €

Blk & gray brown (Perf. 11)

150,00 €

47a 48

0,70 €

2,40 €

a

54Ab

-

Blk & gray brown

0,70 €

2,40 €

b

24Ca

48a

Blk & red brn (Perf. 11)

150,00 €

Unwmk

** 15 c Blk brn & brn or

2,40 €

Blk & sepia

54Aa

2 c Blk & red brn

Libyan Sibyl Perforation.: 11

Technique: Engraved

Issue:

YV

0,50 €

53Ca

1926/1929.

Sheet: SC

**

YV

b

Printer:

MI

Issue:

32.

Designer:

57Aa

Wmk 1

Printer: ∘

AR

27.

Designer:

Sheet:

AR

Perforation.: 14 x 13 ¼ / 14 x 13 ¾ / 14 /13 ¾

 Unwmk

Designer: A. Calcagnadoro (Dis.) A. Repettati (Eng.)

∘ 1,00 €

Printer: Sheet:

archaeostamps 14

Issue:


LIBYA. Italian Colony

**

YV

AR

MI

SC

AR

MI

SC

33.

49C

39a

20 c Deep green

0,70 €

0,30 €

44.

55A

49

34.

50C

40a

40 c Brown

2,00 €

0,60 €

a

55C

49a

35.

51C

41a

60 c Deep blue

0,70 €

0,40 €

36.

52C

42a

2 L Carmine (perf 13 ¾)

3,00 €

1,70 €

**

YV 5 c Blk & grn Perf. 11

1931, Feb..

Technique: Engraved Designer:

Printer: MI

SC

37.

63

E9

38.

64

E10

Unwmk

Sheet: AR

MI

SC

45.

74

-

Issue: **

YV 75 c Violet & carmin

Sheet:

AR

Printer:

Tech.: Engraved

Designer:

3,50 €

Perforation.: 14

1926

Wmk 1

0,70 €

50,00 €

Victory of Tripoli

Italia turrita

Perf.: 13 ¼ x 13 ¾

1,20 €

0,70 €

0,20 €

Legionary / Roman galley **

YV

70 c on 60 c (Blk)

5,50 €

10,00 €

2,50 L on 2 L (Red)

8,00 €

20,00 €

1931, Mar.

P.: 14

Tech: Engr

Unwmk

Designer: Victory of Tripoli 1926, Sep.

Printer:

Perforation.: 14 x 13 ¼ / 14 x 13 ¾ / 14 /13 ¾

Technique: Engraved

Unwmk

Designer:

Sheet: SC

**

YV

AR

MI

46.

73

7 ½ c Blk & brn red

0,40 €

2,50 €

47.

75

1,25 L Indigo & blue

0,20 €

0,20 €

Printer: Sheet: AR

MI

SC

39.

62A

58

40.

62C

58a

Libyan Sibyl

Issue: **

YV 1 L Dk brn & brn Perf. 11

1931.

8,00 €

0,30 €

Technique: Engraved

100,00 €

0,40 €

Designer: A. Calcagnadoro (Dis.) A. Repettati (Eng.)

Unwmk

Printer:

Italia turrita 1927, Feb.

Perforation.: 14

Perforation: 11

Technique: Engraved

Wmk 1

Designer:

Sheet:

Issue: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

48.

71

42

1,75 L orange

0,50 €

0,40 €

49.

72

44

2,25 L violet

3,50 €

5,00 €

Printer: Sheet: AR

MI

SC

41.

65a

E11

Italia turrita

Issue: **

YV 1,25 on 60 c (Bl)

1933

5,50 €

Perf.: 11

2,00 €

Tech.: Engraved Victory of Tripoli 1927

Wmk 1

Perforation.: 14 x 13 ¼ / 14 x 13 ¾ / 14 /13 ¾

Technique: Engraved

Printer:

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet: AR

MI

SC

42.

A62A

60

a

A62C

60a

43.

B62C

61

Issue:

YV 5 L Blk & dk blue Perf. 11 10 L Bk bl & ol grn (Perf. 11)

Designer: Sheet: MI

SC

50.

65b

E11b

1,25 L on 60 c (Blk)

51.

A65

E12

2,50 L on 2 L (red)

Italia turrita

80,00 €

40,00 €

1936, Apr.

1.500,00 €

200,00 €

350,00 €

250,00 €

90,00 €

Perforation: 14

Technique: Engraved

250,00 €

Wmk 1

Designer:

Unwmk

Sheet:

 AR

MI

SC

52.

65al

E11a

Designer: Printer: Sheet:

∘ - 5.500,00 €

Printer:

Perforation.: 14 x 13 ¼ / 14 x 13 ¾ / 14 /13 ¾

Technique: Engraved

YV

**

Roman legionary (signifer) 1929, Oct.

**

AR

Issue:

archaeostamps 15

Issue: **

YV 1,25 on 60 c (Bl)

17,00 €

∘ 3,50 €


LIBYA. Italian Colony

Leptis Magna 1936, 1 Oct.

Leptis Magna Perforation.: 14

1941

ñ

Technique: Engraved

Wmk 1

Perforation.: 14

ñ

Technique: Engraved

Wmk 1

Designer: E. de Rosa

Designer: E. de Rosa

Printer: Officina Carte Valori Roma

Printer: Officina Carte Valori Roma

Sheet:

Sheet:

AR

MI

SC

53.

79

C3

Issue:

**

YV 50 c Carmin

0,30 €

∘ 0,20 €

Theater of Sabratha 1937, 15 Mar. Perforation: 14 Technique: Engraved

**

YV

MI

SC

64.

124

C45

60 c red orange (oct.)

0,90 €

65.

125

C46

70 c deep blue (apr.)

0,90 €

0,20 €

66.

126

C47

80 c dull violet (feb.)

0,90 €

0,20 €

Cirene

Wmk 1

Designer:

1941, Sep.

Printer: Inst. Pol. Stato – Off Carte Valori

Technique: Engraved

Sheet:

Designer: E. de Rosa

Issue: **

YV

SC

54.

83

C28

50 c Dk violet

1,70 €

5,00 €

55.

84

C29

1 L Violet blk

1,70 €

7,00 €

Theater of Sabratha 1937, 15 Mar. Perforation: 14

Perforation: 14

MI

SC

67.

130

C44

Issue: **

YV 1 L black

4,50 €

1942

Wmk 1

Perforation.: 14

Printer: Inst. Pol. Stato – Off Carte Valori

Designer:

Sheet:

AR

MI

SC

56.

87

C30

50 c Dk violet

7,50 €

17,00 €

AR

MI

SC

57.

88

C31

1 L Violet blk

7,50 €

17,00 €

NI1.

-

EY3

Tech: Engr

 Wmk 1

P.: 14

** 10 c sepia

0,70 €

LIBYA

Wmk 1

Issue:

YV

Agustus 1938, 25 Apr.

20,00 €

Printer: Officina Carte Valori Roma

Issue: **

Silphilum

ñ

Technique: Engraved

Sheet:

Wmk 1

Sheet: AR

Designer:

YV

ñ

Printer: Inst. Pol. Stato – Off Carte Valori

MI

Technique: Engraved

AR

ñ

AR

Ovp “XI FIERA DI TRIPOLI”

Issue:

(1951-)

Designer: C. Mezzana Printer: Ist Pol Stato Off Carte Valori Sheet:

Augustus from Prima Porta

During World War II, the colony was occupied by the Allies with Tripolitania and Cyrenaica under British administration, using "M.E.F." stamps (Middle Eastern Forces), while Fezzan-Ghadames was under French administration, using its own issues. On Dec. 24, 1951, the independent Kingdom of Libya was established. In September 1969, the monarchy was overthrown, and the Libyan Arab Republic was established. The new regime, under Col. Muammar al-Qadaffi

Goddess of harvest blessing from Ara Pacis **

YV

AR

MI

SC

58.

89

77

5 c Olive brn

0,40 €

1,00 €

59.

90

78

10 c Brown red

0,40 €

1,00 €

60.

91

79

25 c Dk yel green

1,20 €

0,80 €

61.

92

80

50 c Dk violet

1,20 €

0,60 €

62.

93

91

75 c Orange red

3,40 €

1,70 €

63.

94

82

1,25 L Dull blue

3,40 €

2,20 €

Wmk ARQ #2 Michel #3 – Yvert

Wmk ARQ #1 Scott #310– Michel #2 – Yvert

Cyrene 1965, 24 Dec. P.: 11 ¾ x 12 Tech:

Wmk 1

Designer: Printer: Waterlow and Sons ¿? Sheet: AR

archaeostamps 16

MI

SC

YV

**


LIBYA

1.

200

291

50 m vio blue & olive

0,80 €

0,40 €

2.

202

293

200 m pur & Prus blue

3,20 €

1,10 €

Cyrene was founded in 630 BC as a settlement of the Greeks from the Greek island of Thera, tra ditionally led by Battus I, ten miles from its port, Apollonia (Marsa Sousa). Details concerning the founding of the city are contained in Book IV of Histories, by Herodotus of Halicarnassus. It promptly became the chief town of ancient Libya and established commercial relations with all the Greek cities, reaching the height of its prosperity under its own kings in the 5th century BC. Soon after 460 BC it became a republic. In 413 BC, during the Peloponnesian War, Cyrene supplied Spartan forces with two triremes and pilots.[5] After the death of Alexander III of Macedon (323 BC), the Cyrenian republic became subject to the Ptolemaic dynasty. The inhabitants of Cyrene at the time of Sulla (c. 85 BC) were divided into four classes: citizens, farmers, resident aliens, and a minority population of Jews. The ruler of the town, Apion, bequeathed it to the Romans, but it kept its self-government. In 74 BC Cyrene was created a Roman province; but, whereas under the Ptolemies the Jewish inhabitants had enjoyed equal rights, they now found themselves increasingly oppressed by the now autonomous and much larger Greek population. Tensions came to a head in the insurrection of the Jews of Cyrene under Vespasian (73 AD, the First Roman-Jewish War) and especially Trajan (117 AD, the Kitos War). This revolt was quelled by Marcius Turbo, but not before huge numbers of people had been killed.[6]. According to Eusebius of Caesarea the outbreak of violence left Libya depopulated to such an extent that a few years later new colonies had to be established there by the emperor Hadrian just to maintain the viability of continued settlement.

Sheet: AR

MI

6.

205

a

Bl12

7.

206

a

Bl13

8.

207

a

Bl14

SC

Issue: **

YV 10 m Minisheet of 4 15 m Minisheet of 4 45 m Minisheet of 4

0,30 €

0,20 €

1,50 €

1,50 €

0,40 €

0,20 €

2,00 €

2,00 €

1,30 €

0,50 €

5,00 €

5,00 €

Leptis Magna 1965, 24 Dec. Perforation.: 11 ¾ x 12 Technique:

Wmk 1

Designer: Printer: Waterlow and Sons ¿? Sheet: AR

MI

SC

3.

201

292

Issue: **

YV 100 m Prus bl & deep org

1,30 €

∘ 0,60 €

Leptis Magna, also known as Lectis Magna (or Lepcis Magna as it is sometimes spelled), also called Lpqy, Neapolis, Lebida or Lebda to modern-day residents of Libya, was a prominent city of the Roman Empire. Its ruins are located in Al Khums, Libya, 130 km east of Tripoli, on the coast where the Wadi Lebda meets the sea. The site is one of the most spectacular and unspoiled Ro man ruins in the Mediterranean. Leptis Magna remained as such until the reign of the Roman emperor Tiberius, when the city and the surrounding area were formally incorporated into the empire as part of the province of Africa. It soon became one of the leading cities of Roman Africa and a major trading post. Leptis achieved its greatest prominence beginning in 193, when a native son, Lucius Septimius Severus, became emperor. He favored his hometown above all other provincial cities, and the buildings and wealth he lavished on it made Leptis Magna the third-most important city in Africa, ri valing Carthage and Alexandria. In 205, he and the imperial family visited the city and received great honors. In 439, Leptis Magna and the rest of the cities of Tripolitania fell under the control of the Vandals when their king, Gaiseric, captured Carthage from the Romans and made it his capital. Unfortu nately for the future of Leptis Magna, Gaiseric ordered the city's walls demolished so as to dis suade its people from rebelling against Vandal rule. The people of Leptis and the Vandals both paid a heavy price for this in 523 when a group of Berber raiders sacked the city. Belisarius recaptured Leptis Magna in the name of Rome ten years later, and in 534, he destroyed the kingdom of the Vandals. Leptis became a provincial capital of the Eastern Roman Empire (see Byzantine Empire) but never recovered from the destruction wreaked upon it by the Berbers. It was the site of a massacre of Berber chiefs by the Roman authorities in 543

Minisheet of 4 Djerma (or Germa) mausoluem 1966, 10 Feb.

Technique: Engraved

Sheet: 4

AR

MI

SC

9.

208

296

Issue: **

YV 70 m Purple & salmon

Tolemaide

1965, 24 Dec.

1967, Jan.

Perforation.: 13 x 13 ½

Technique: Engraved

YV

4.

203

294

500 m car rose & grn

5.

204

295

1 L grn &depp org

Printer: Off Carte Valori Tureti Lombardi E.C. - Milano

7,00 €

3,00 €

15,00 €

7,50 €

AR

MI

SC

10.

230

312

Perforation: 11 ¾

Issue: **

YV 25 m lil red brn & blk

0,40 €

∘ 0,20 €

Ptolemais or Ptolemaida was one of the ancient capitals of Cyrenaica. It was probably named after Ptolemy III Euergetes. Its Latin name in Roman times was Tolmeta, from which the modern Libyan town of Tolmeitha derives its name The town was most probably founded in 7th or 6th century BC by settlers from Barka. Soon it became one of the founding city-states of the Pentapolis federation. In 331 BC the union was dissolved after all of its towns surrendered to Alexander the Great. After his death the area formed part of the Ptolemaic empire. In early 1st century the region was conquered by Rome and became a separate province. Roman Tolmeta had no local water supply, but Roman architects built a con duit from the hills and stored the water in eighteen huge galleries under the forum, about fourteen feet high by ten feet wide. These are in perfect repair and were rediscovered during the Italian occupation. In the course of military operations against rebels, it was discovered that the rebels used the underground as a place of hiding; two or three hundred men could easily be hidden in them

Nubian monuments – Abu Simbel

Technique:

Unwmk

Wmk 1

Sabratha's port was established, perhaps about 500 BC, as a Phoenician trading-post that served as a coastal outlet for the products of the African hinterland.The Phoenicians gave it the Lybi co-Berber name 'Sbrt'n', which suggests that there may have been a native town built there prior to the Phoenicians' arrival. Sabratha became part of the short-lived Numidian Kingdom of Massinissa before being Romanized and rebuilt in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD. The Emperor Septimus Severus was born nearby in Leptis Magna, and Sabratha reached its monumental peak during the rule of the Severans. The city was badly damaged by earthquakes during the 4th century, particularly the quake of AD 365. It was rebuilt on a more modest scale by Byzantine governors. Within a hundred years of the Arab conquest of the maghreb, trade had shifted to other ports and Sabratha dwindled to a village.

1966, 1 Jan.

Designer:

**

SC

0,90 €

Tech.:

Sheet:

MI

2,50 €

The same monument in Fezzan

Sheet:

AR

Unwmk

Printer: Poligrafica & Carte valori- Naples

Designer: Printer: Waterlow and Sons ¿?

Designer:

Sabratha

Perf.: 11 ¾ x 12

Perforation.: 11 ½

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: F. Kabazzi Printer: Courvoisier, S.A.

archaeostamps 17


LIBYA

Children statuary group 1968, 22 Mar. Perforation.: 11

Technique: Lithography

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet: AR

MI

SC

11.

252

334

Issue: **

YV 25 m gray, blk & mag

0,40 €

∘ 0,20 €

Perforation.: 14 ¼

Technique: Lithography

AR 12.

MI 377

Perforation: 13 ½ 4

Fish

Technique:

Designer:

Unwmk Print:

Unwmk

Peacock

Mosaics 1976, 15 Nov.

Tombs of Ghirza 1972, 15 Feb.

Head of Medusa

Men in boat

Sheet:

Designer:

AR

MI

SC

Printer:

16.

Dm21

J45

5 d bister & multi

0,80 €

0,20 €

Sheet:

17.

Dm22

J46

10 d orange & multi

0,80 €

0,40 €

18.

Dm23

J47

20 d blue & multi

1,60 €

0,40 €

19.

Dm24

J48

50 d emerald & multi

1,60 €

0,40 €

SC

Issue: **

YV

464

5 m lilac & multi

0,40 €

∘ 0,20 €

Ghirza was an ancient Roman town near the Limes Tripolitanus in Roman Libya. Ghirza actually is situated in a desert area, but in Roman times the area was relatively fertile. Romans developed in Tripolitania their system of farms called Centenaria, with some small urban areas inside: Ghirza was one of these small frontier cities. The Legatus Quintus Anicius Faustus in 197 AD was appointed legatus of the Legio III Augusta and built several defensive forts of the Limes Tripolitanus in Tripolitania, among which Garbia and Golaia (actual Bu Ngem) in order to protect the province from the raids of nomadic tribes. He fulfilled his task quickly and successfully defeating the Garamantes. As a consequence the Roman city of Ghirza, situated away from the coast and south of Leptis Magna, developed quickly in a rich agricultural area. Ghirza became a "boom town" after 200 AD, when Septimius Severus had better organized the Limes Tripolitanus of Roman Libya. But with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the fifth century the area was partially abandoned by the Ro manized libyans, who retreated to coastal places like Theodorias

**

YV

This stamps have multiple coats of arms printed on back in pale green beneath gum

Crocodile and young

Elephant hunting

Giraffe

Rock carvings, Wadi Mathendous

Arch of Marcus Aurelius in Tripoli 1972, 15 Feb.

Perforation.: 14 ¼

Technique: Lithography

1978, 1 Jan.

Unwmk

Perf.: 12 ½

Designer: Antelope

Printer: Sheet: AR

MI

SC

13.

379

466

** 15 m dp org & multi

0,40 €

Printer:

0,20 €

Perforation.: 14 ¼

Technique: Lithography

Elephant

Designer:

Petroglyph of garamates 1972, 15 Feb.

 Unwmk

Designer:

Sheet: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

MI

SC

16.

624

711

10 d multi

0,20 €

0,20 €

17.

625

712

15 d multi

0,20 €

0,20 €

18.

626

713

20 d multi

0,30 €

0,20 €

19.

627

714

30 d multi

0,50 €

0,20 €

20.

628

715

40 d multi

0,80 €

0,40 €

14.

381

468

Issue: **

YV 55 scar & multi

2,80 €

∘ 0,70 €

Goddess Libya and the nimph Kurene. Relief from Cyrene 1972, 15 Feb.

Perforation.: 14 ¼

Technique: Lithography

 Unwmk

Sailing ship Horse

Designer: Printer: Sheet: AR

MI

SC

5.

382

469

Issue: **

YV 70 ultra & multi

5,50 €

AR

Printer: Sheet:

Tech.: Unwmk

Issue:

YV

∘ 1,00 €

archaeostamps 18

Peacocks


LIBYA

Panther

Fish Musician

Mosaics from Qasr Libya, ancient Olbia or Theodorias 1981, 15 jan.

Perforation: 13 ½

Technique:

Designer:

Unwmk Print:

Sheet: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

21.

860

915

10 d multi

0,80 €

0,20 €

22.

861

916

20 d multi

0,80 €

0,40 €

23.

862

917

30 d multi

1,60 €

0,40 €

24.

863

918

40 d multi

1,60 €

0,40 €

25.

864

919

50 d multi

2,00 €

0,40 €

26.

865

920

115 d multi

5,00 €

0,80 €

The Museum of Qasr Libya (Castle Libya) is in a sense a Mosaic Museum. The mosaics were ex cavated from the nearby Christian church after they were discovered by Libyan labourers in 1957. The collection contains 50 panels, mostly of animals, gods, goddesses, nymphs, and famous landmarks like the Pharos light house of Alexandria; illustrating the coexistence of Christian beliefs with the earlier pre-Christian iconography. The pagan or ancient religious traditions continued to flourish among the early Christian around the Mediterranean basin, and in some respects to the present day as folklore

Mosaic in Tripoli Museum 1983, 1 Dec.

Perforation: 12

Technique:

Designer:

Unwmk Print:

Sheet: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

36.

1220

1148a

50 m multi

0,70 €

0,30 €

37.

1221

1148b

50 m multi

0,70 €

0,30 €

38.

1222

1148c

50 m multi

0,70 €

0,30 €

39.

1223

1148d

50 m multi

0,70 €

0,30 €

40.

1224

1148e

50 m multi

0,70 €

0,30 €

41.

1225

1148f

50 m multi

0,70 €

0,30 €

42.

1226

1148g

50 m multi

0,70 €

0,30 €

43.

1227

1148h

50 m multi

0,70 €

0,30 €

44.

1228

1148i

50 m multi

0,70 €

0,30 €

Mosaic in Tripoli Museum 1982, 1 jan.

Perforation: 13 ½

Technique:

Designer:

Unwmk Print:

Theatre Sabratha

Temple Cyrene

Monument Sabratha

Arena, Leptis Magna

Temple Cyrene

Basilica, Leptis Magna

Sheet: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

27.

956

975a

45 d multi

0,60 €

0,60 €

28.

957

975b

45 d multi

0,60 €

0,60 €

29.

958

975c

45 d multi

0,60 €

0,60 €

Monuments Libya

30.

959

975d

45 d multi

0,60 €

0,60 €

1984, 10 Feb.

31.

960

975e

45 d multi

0,60 €

0,60 €

Unwmk

32.

961

975f

45 d multi

0,60 €

0,60 €

Print:

33.

962

975g

45 d multi

0,60 €

0,60 €

34.

963

975h

45 d multi

0,60 €

35.

964

975i

45 d multi

0,60 €

Perforation: 14

Technique:

Designer: Sheet: **

MI

SC

0,60 €

45.

1280

1172

50 d multi

0,40 €

0,20 €

0,60 €

46.

1281

1173

60 d multi

0,60 €

0,20 €

47.

1282

1174

70 d multi

0,70 €

0,30 €

48.

1283

1175

100 d multi

1,10 €

0,50 €

archaeostamps 19

YV

AR


LIBYA

49.

1284

1176

150 d multi

1,60 €

0,70 €

Roman Fibula, 3rd Century

50.

1285

1177

200 d multi

2,20 €

1,10 €

1976, 11 Mar. Perforation: 11 ¾ Technique: Photo

Unwmk

Designer: Georg Malin

LIECHTENSTEIN

Printer: Courvoisier, S.A. Sheet: 5 x 4

(1912-) Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 31,461. A principality in central Europe between Switzerland and Austria. Liechtenstein, founded in 1719, became a sovereign state in 1806, and became independent in 1866. Until 1918, it retained close ties with Austria, which until 1920 operated the Liechtenstein postal service. Since 1920, it has been associated with Switzerland, its post office having been under Swiss administration since 1921. In 1868, Liechtenstein abolished its army and has since remained free of foreign entanglements. Liechtenstein is one of the major tax havens of the world, and many international corporations have headquarters there. The country's major ex ports include postage stamps and plastic postage stamp mounts.

AR

MI

SC

5.

648

589

Issue: 671.945 **

YV 90rp vio bl, grn & gold

1,30 €

∘ 1,10 €

Prehistoric Settlement of Borscht 1953, 26 Nov. Perforation.: 11 ¾ Technique: Engraved

 Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Courvoisier Sheet: 4 x 3 AR

MI

SC

1.

320

275

Issue: 61.427

YV 20rp deep gray green

**

13,00 €

15,00 €

Rössen jug 1953, 26 Nov. Perforation.: 11 ¾ Technique: Engraved

 Unwmk

Bronze Age in Europe

Designer:

1996, 4 Mar.

Printer: Courvoisier Sheet: 3 x 4 AR

MI

SC

2.

321

276

Issue: 81.188

YV 1.20fr dark blue gray

65,00 €

45,00 €

Printer: Courvoisier Sheet: 5 x 4

AR

MI

SC

6.

1128

1064

Tech.: Engraved Unwmk

Designer: Luois Jaeger Sheet: 5 x 3 **

YV

AR

MI

SC

3.

536

478

25rp dp ultra & bluish blk

0,40 €

0,30 €

4.

537

479

30rp dk brown & green

0,40 €

0,30 €

Issue #3 930.469 / Issue #4 1.034.098

Theme: Peacock, Roman, 2nd cent. City: Vaduz Text: Vaduz / Ausgabetag / 11 Marz 1971 LIE_19710311

FIRST DAY COVER

90rp Crucible, pin

1,60 €

Text: 9490 Vaduz / 4 März 1996

1971, 11 Mar.

Printer: Courvoisier,S.A.

**

YV

City: Vaduz

LIE_19710311

Perf.: 11 ¾

Issue: 482.344

Theme: Peacock, Roman, 2nd cent.

Sculptures

Peacock, Roman, 2nd cent.

 Unwmk

Designer: G. Malin

**

The Rössen Culture (German: Rössener Kultur) is a Central European culture of the middle Neo lithic (4,600–4,300 BC). It is named after the necropolis of Rössen (part of Leuna, in the Saalekreis district, Saxony-Anhalt). The Rössen Culture has been identified in 11 of the 16 states of Germany (it is only absent from the Northern part of the North German Plain), but also in the southeast Low Countries, northeast France, northern Switzerland and a small part of Austria. The Rössen culture is important as it marks the transition from a broad and widely distributed tradi tion going back to Central Europe's earliest Neolithic LBK towards the more diversified Middle and Late Neolithic situation characterised by the appearance of complexes like Michelsberg and Funnel Beaker Culture. Rössen vessels are characteristically decorated with double incisions ("goat's foot incision" or German '"Geißfußstich"') with incrustation of white paste. Grooved or stamped incisions are also com mon. Over time, the extent of the decorated areas appears to decrease, so that on later vessels it is mostly restricted to the neck or entirely absent. Typical shapes include tall footed bowls, globular cups, rectangular sheet-made bowls and boat-shaped vessels.

Bronze Boar, La Tene Period

Perforation.: 11 ¾

Technique: Photo

0,30 € Maximum Card

archaeostamps 20

FIRST DAY COVER MAXIMUM CARD

2,00 € 3,00 €

∘ 1,40 €


LIECHTENSTEIN

Mars of Gutenberg 2001, 5 Jun.

Perforation.: 11 ¾

Technique: Photo

 Unwmk

Designer: G. Malin Label / Archeological Site of Kernave

Printer: Courvoisier Sheet: 4 x 5

Diverse

Issue:

2002, 22 Jun. AR

MI

SC

7.

1267

1206

**

YV 70 rp multicolored

1,00 €

0,90 €

Perforation: 11 Designer: H.Ratkevičius

Unwmk

printing-house

LITHUANIA

Technique: Print: Budapest' Securities

Sheet: 4 stamps + 2

Issue: 50.000 **

YV

AR

MI

SC

3.

769

726a

2 l multi

1,60 €

1,60 €

4.

797

726b

2 l multi

1,60 €

1,60 €

(1918-40, 1990-)

FDC

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 3,635,932. A country of eastern Europe, northeast of Poland and south of Latvia. Lithuania ruled a large empire in the later Middle Ages, stretching from the Baltic to the Black Seas. In 1385 it was united with the Kingdom of Poland. Initially the domi nant partner, Lithuania was gradually eclipsed by Poland. It was absorbed by Russia in 1793 and remained under Russian control until World War I. In 1915, the country was occupied by Germany, which supported its declaration of independence from Russia in 1918. German troops remained in Lithuania until the end of 1919. In 1920, the border district of Central Lithuania was lost to Poland, but this was somewhat offset by Lithuania's seizure of the German port of Memel from the Allies in 1923. In October 1939, Lithuania reoccupied Central Lithuania, in return for which it allowed the Soviet Union to establish military bases. In June 1940, Lithuania was seized by Soviet forces and in July was annexed to the Soviet Union. In June 1941, German forces occupied the country, and a number of local overprints on Russian stamps were used, as well as general overprints for Lithuania as a whole. From November 1941 to 1944, German issues overprinted "Ostland" were used. In 1944, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. With the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Lithua nia was one of the first nations to declare its independence, on March 11, 1990. This independen ce was recognized by Western nations in August 1991, and by Russia in September. The last Russian troops were withdrawn in 1993. Lithuania has since pursued membership in the European Union.

Animal face carved on ritual staff. 3000 years before Christ 1997, 12 Jul.

Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13

Technique: Litho

Unwmk

Designer: A. Prelgauskas

7,50 €

Archeological Site of Kernave 2010, 7 Aug. Tech:

P.: 14

Unwmk

Designer: R. Jucaitis Printer: Österreichische Staatsdruckerei GmbH Sheet: 9 **

AR

MI

SC

YV

5.

-

-

3 l multi

6.

-

-

3 l multi

The Kernavė Archaeological site, about 35 km north-west of Vilnius in eastern Lithuania, repre sents an exceptional testimony to some 10 millennia of human settlements in this region. Situated in the valley of the River Neris, the site is a complex ensemble of archaeological properties, en compassing the town of Kernavė, forts, some unfortified settlements, burial sites and other archaeological, historical and cultural monuments from the late Palaeolithic Period to the Middle Ages. The site of 194,4 ha has preserved the traces of ancient land-use, as well as remains of five im pressive hill forts, part of an exceptionally large defence system. Kernavė was an important feudal town in the Middle Ages. The town was destroyed by the Teutonic Order in the late 14th century, however the site remained in use until modern times

Printer: Budapest's state printing-house Sheet: 5 x 10 AR

MI

SC

1.

645

579

Issue: 500.000 **

YV 90c multicolored

LJUBLJANA

0,60 €

0,50 € (1941-45)

Amber circle of neolithic age 2000, 2 Dec.

Perforation.: 12

Technique: Litho

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. Western Slovenia, separated and established as an Italo-German puppet state during World War II.

Unwmk

Designer: A.Aksys Printer: Sheet: 5 x 10 AR

MI

SC

2.

748

683

Issue: 500.000 **

YV 1 l multi

1,00 €

1,00 €

Theme: Labrynth

Ovp ARQ #1 Ljubljnanska Pokrajina Provinz Laibach

Wmk ARQ #1 Scott #140 – Michel #1

GERMAN

City: Vilnius Text: LIT_20001202

She wolf FDC MC

2,00 € -

1944, 5 Jan. Tech: Photo

First people in Lithuania 10000 B.C.

OCCUPATION

98 A.D. Tacitus mentions Aistians

P.: 14

Wmk 1 / Ovp 1

Designer: Printer: Sheet: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

1.

1

N36

5c olive brn

0,60 €

1,50 €

10.

14

N46

2,55L on 5c olive brn

5,00 €

9,00 €

Issue #1: 492.675; #10: 152.038

archaeostamps 21


LJUBLJANA

Pegasus

Iulius Caesar

1944, Feb.

1944, 5 Jan. P.: 14

Tech: Photo

P.: 14

ñ

Wmk 1

Designer:

Tech.: Photo

Printer:

Wmk 1 / Ovp 1

Sheet: Designer: Printer:

Sheet: **

YV

AR

MI

SC

2.

2

N37

10c dark brn

0,60 €

1,50 €

7.

10

N45

1L deep vio

1,00 €

3,50 €

9.

19

N54

50L on 1,75L red org

60,00 €

200,00 €

SC

**

YV

MI

13.

34

50c + 10L ol brn

20,00 €

350,00 €

15.

38

5L + 20L dk grn

20,00 €

350,00 €

Issue #13: 15.995; #15: 15.973 Surcharged “DEN WAISEN,” “SIROTAM,” Heraldic Eagle and Surtax in Blue

Pegasus 1944, Feb.

Issue #2: 241.799; #7: 67.621; #9: 23.952

Tech: Photo

Italia 1944, 5 Jan. Tech: Photo

P.: 14

AR

P.: 14

ñ

Wmk 1

Designer:

Printer:

Wmk 1 / Ovp 1

Sheet:

Designer:

Sheet:

14.

40

50c + 10L ol brn

20,00 €

350,00 €

16.

44

5L + 20L dk grn

20,00 €

350,00 €

**

YV

MI

SC

3.

3

N38

15c sl grn

0,60 €

1,50 €

5.

7

N42

35c dp bl

1,00 €

1,50 €

Issue #3: 64.088; #5: 93.735

YV

MI

AR

SC

**

Printer:

AR

Issue #14: 15.990; #16: 15.992 “WINTERHILFE,” “ZIMSKA POMOC,” Heraldic Eagle and Surtax in Blue Ljubliana items in Michel Catalog, see Deutsche Besetzungsausgaben 1939/45 (Kurland / Laibach). In Scott catalogue see Yugoslavia → Ljubljana

August

LOURENÇO MARQUES

1944, 5 Jan. P.: 14

 (1895-1920)

Tech.: Photo Wmk 1 / Ovp 1

Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 474,000. A district of southern Mozambique. Its stamps were replaced by those of Mozambique in 1920.

Designer: Printer: AR

Ceres

Sheet: MI

SC

**

YV

1914

Technique: Typo

4.

4

N39

20c rose red

0,60 €

1,50 €

8.

12

N47

1,75L red org

5,00 €

18,00 €

17

17

N52

20L on 20c rose red

16,00 €

60,00 €

Printer: Pegasus

Sheet:

1944, 5 Jan.

AR

P.: 14

ñ

Tech.: Photo

Designer:

SC

Issue: **

YV

116

¼ c olive brn

0,20 €

0,20 €

2.

117

½ c black

0,20 €

0,20 €

a

a

0,20 €

0,20 €

3.

118

1c blue grn

0,20 €

0,20 €

4.

119

1 ½ c lilac brn

0,20 €

0,20 €

Sheet:

Value omitted

a

a

0,20 €

0,20 €

5.

120

2c carmine

0,20 €

0,20 €

140,00 €

6.

121

2 ½ c lt vio

0,20 €

0,20 €

10,00 €

140,00 €

7.

122

5c dp blue

0,20 €

0,20 €

8,00 €

110,00 €

8.

123

7 ½ c yellow brn

0,20 €

0,20 €

9.

124

8c slate

0,20 €

0,20 €

10.

125

10c orange brn

1,50 €

0,85 €

11.

126

15c plum

1,00 €

0,35 €

12.

127

20c yellow grn

2,50 €

0,50 €

13.

128

30c brown, green

3,50 €

1,00 €

14.

129

40c brown, pink

7,50 €

4,00 €

**

AR

MI

SC

6.

22

NC12

50c ol brn

16,00 €

11.

26

NC16

5L dk grn

12.

27

NC17

10L dp car

Issue #6: 20.307; #11: 21.798; #12: 24.146

MI

1.

Wmk 1 / Ovp 1

YV

Unwmk

Designer: Constantino de Sobral Fernández / Arnaldo Fragoso

Issue #4: 196.408; #8: 30.937; #17: 33.488

Printer:

Perforation.: 15 x 14

archaeostamps 22

Imperf.


LOURENÇO MARQUES

15.

130

50c orange, sal

5,00 €

3,00 €

16.

131

1E green, blue

7,00 €

3,00 €

In 1921 #2 and #4 were surcharged 10c and 30c respectively, for use in Mozambique as. These same values, surcharged 5c and 10c respectively, with the addition of the word “PORTEADO,” were used in Mozambique as postage dues.

Ceres 1915

Perforation.: 15 x 14

Technique: Typo

Designer: Constantino de Sobral Fernández / Arnaldo Fragoso Printer: Sheet: AR

MI

17.

SC

Issue: **

YV

139

LUXEMBURG

Unwmk

¼ c on half of ½ c blk, pair

9,00 €

∘ 9,00 €

Perforated Diagonally and Surcharged in Carmine The added perforation on #17 runs from lower left to upper right corners, dividing the stamp in two. Values are for pairs, both halves of the stamp.

(1852-) Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 422,474. A grand duchy in western Europe, strategically located between Germany, France and Belgium. Until 1890, Luxembourg was ruled by a succession of foreign powers, although from 1815, it was technically independent, joined in personal union with the Netherlands. With the death of William III, king of the Netherlands and grand duke of Luxembourg, the country became completely independent. Luxembourg was occupied by Germany in both world wars. In 1949, it abandoned its traditional neutrality to become a charter mem ber of NATO. It is a member of the Common Market and is an enthusiastic promoter of European cooperation. Luxembourg is a prosperous, highly industrialized nation.

Britannia

Ceres 1918

1945, 1 Mar. Perforation.: 15 x 14

Technique: Typo

Technique: Engr

Printer:

AR

MI

SC

Issue: **

YV

Unwmk

Designer:

Unwmk

Printer: Helio Vaugirard

Designer: Constantino de Sobral Fernández / Arnaldo Fragoso

Sheet:

Perforation: 13

Sheet: AR

MI

SC

1.

343

B119

Issue: 351.241 **

YV 2.50fr + 3.50fr dp bl

0,20 €

∘ 0,20 €

18.

B1

¼ c olive brn

2,00 €

3,00 €

Roman wheel

19.

B2

½ c black

2,00 €

4,00 €

1960, 19 Sep

20.

B3

1c blue grn

2,00 €

4,00 €

Technique:

21.

B4

2 ½ c lt vio

4,00 €

4,00 €

Designer: P. Rahikainen

22.

B5

5c dp blue

4,00 €

6,00 €

Printer: Enschedé

23.

B6

10c orange brn

5,00 €

7,00 €

24.

B7

20c yellow grn

5,00 €

8,00 €

AR

25.

B8

30c brown, green

5,00 €

9,00 €

2.

374

2.50fr indigo & emer

0,50 €

0,50 €

26.

B9

40c on 2c car

5,00 €

10,00 €

3.

375

5fr maroon & blk

1,00 €

0,50 €

27.

B10

50c on 7 ½ c bis

8,00 €

12,00 €

28.

B11

70c on 8c slate

10,00 €

15,00 €

29.

B12

$1 on 15c mag

10,00 €

15,00 €

Perforation: 11 x 11 ¾

Unwmk

Sheet: MI

SC

**

YV

Issue #2: 1.542.100; Issue #3: 1.052.100

Ceres 1920

Perforation.: 15 x 14

Technique: Typo

Unwmk

Pottery bowl, Terra Sigillata

Designer: Constantino de Sobral Fernández / Arnaldo Fragoso

Bronze Cavalry mask

Printer: Sheet: AR

MI

30.

SC

**

159

4c on 2 ½ c violet

1,00 €

1972, 6 Mar

∘ 0,30 €

Perforation: 11 ¾

Perforation.: 15 x 14

Technique: Typo

Unwmk

Designer: Constantino de Sobral Fernández / Arnaldo Fragoso Printer: Sheet: AR 31.

MI

SC 161

a

a

32.

162

** 1c on 2 ½ c vio (Bk) Inverted surcharge 1 ½ c on 2 ½ c vio (Bk)

0,60 €

Sheet:

Issue: 650.000 **

SC

842

508

1fr lemon & multi

0,20 €

0,20 €

5.

843

509

3fr multicolored

0,40 €

0,20 €

6.

844

510

8fr multicolored

1,00 €

1,00 €

7.

845

511

15fr multicolored

0,80 €

0,70 €

∘ 0,40 €

0,60 €

archaeostamps 23

YV

MI

4.

40,00 € 0,80 €

Technique: Photo

AR

Issue:

YV

Designer:

Unwmk

Print: Enschedé Ceres 1921

Glass jug in shape of head.

Archaeology in Luxemburg

Issue:

YV

Bust


LUXEMBURG

Theme: Roman coin (Empress Helena) City: Luxembourg Text: Panther killing swan

BEL_19790305

Bronze boar .

Epona on Horseback

Celtic gold stater inscribed Pottina

1989, 18 Sep

Perforation: 11 ¼

Print: Courvoisier, S.A.

Sheet:

Unwmk

Printer:

Issue: 600.000 **

YV

Sheet:

MI

SC

8.

585

519

1fr salmon & multi

0,20 €

0,20 €

9.

586

520

4fr beige & multi

0,30 €

0,30 €

10.

587

521

8fr multicolored

1,20 €

0,90 €

11.

588

522

15fr multicolored

0,80 €

0,80 €

Theme: Celtic coin (Pottina) City: Luxembourg Text: Serie Culturelle FDC

2,50 €

AR

MI

SC

17.

1231

825

Issue: 1.000.000 **

YV 18fr multi

1,30 €

City: Rodange

City: Steinsel

Text:

Text: Jumelage Philatélique Steinsel-Durbuy CONM

BEL_19901006 2,50 €

Head of young man. Mosaic of Diekirch 1977, 15 Sep

Perforation.: 11 ¾

Technique: Photo

 Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Courvoisier Sheet: AR

MI

SC

12.

954

604

Julius Caesar on Denarius, c. 44 B.C.

Issue: 1.000.000 **

YV 6fr multicolored

Empress Faustina I on Sestertius, 141 A.D.

1,00 €

Empress Helena on Follis, c. 324-330.

∘ 0,30 €

Emperor Valens on Solidus, c. 367-375.

Roman coins in Luxemburg 1979, 5 Mar

Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Photo

Designer: Musée de l'etat

Unwmk

Print: Courvoisier, S.A.

Sheet:

Issue: 600.000 **

YV

AR

MI

SC

13.

981

618

5fr multicolored

0,30 €

0,20 €

14.

982

619

6fr multicolored

0,70 €

0,20 €

15.

983

620

9fr multicolored

1,00 €

0,60 €

16.

984

621

26fr multicolored

2,00 €

1,50 €

∘ 0,80 €

Covering an area of some 50 ha, the oval-shaped Titelberg plateau is approximately 1 km long (NW to SE) and 500 m wide. It was occupied continuously for 700 years from about 300 BC. There is evidence of sporadic settlements dating back even further, perhaps to 2000 BC or before. From the 1st century BC and during the Gallo-Roman period, foundations of masonry replaced the earlier, less durable constructions. These, together with the 9-m high earthen ramparts around the pe riphery, clearly demonstrate the importance of the Celtic oppidum which appears to have been the seat of the Treveri chiefs. Although some interest had been shown in the site in 1928, serious archaeological excavations began in 1968 and continue today. These have been coordinated by Luxembourg's National Museum of History and Art with the assistance of specialists from the University of Missouri. In particular, the digs have unearthed the main residential area in the centre of the plateau and the public or recreational area, a few hundred meters to the south east. Both are located to the west of the farm road through the site which follows the path of the old Celtic/Roman road. There is also evi dence of metal working and coin-minting activities long before the Roman conquest

Theme: Altar Theme: Roman coin

BEL_19740814

Designer: P. Bequet

AR

LUX_19730373

Perforation.: 13 ½ x 13 ¼

Technique: Litho & Engr

Technique: Photo

Designer: Musée de l'etat

Unwmk

2,50 €

Titelberg. Oppidum gaulois, Vicus romain

Archaeology in Luxemburg 1973, 14 Mar

FDC

archaeostamps 24

CONM

-€


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