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ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Índice de contenido

BAHAMAS

BAHAMAS.....................................................................................................................1 BAHAREIN.....................................................................................................................1 BANGLADESH..............................................................................................................3 BARBADOS...................................................................................................................3 BASE ATLANTICA (Italian)............................................................................................5 BASUTOLAND...............................................................................................................6 BAVARIA........................................................................................................................6 BECHUANALAND.........................................................................................................6 BELARUS......................................................................................................................7 BELGIUM (German Occupation)..................................................................................7 BELGIUM.......................................................................................................................7 BELIZE.........................................................................................................................13 BENIN (French colony)................................................................................................14 BENIN PEOPLES REPUBLIC.....................................................................................14 BERLIN........................................................................................................................16 BERMUDA...................................................................................................................17 BOLIVIA.......................................................................................................................18 BOSNIA (Austro-hungarian Occupation)....................................................................23 BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA............................................................................................23 BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA (Croatian admin., Mostar)..........................................24 BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA (Serbian admin., Banja Luka)....................................25 BOTSWANA................................................................................................................25 BRAZIL.........................................................................................................................26 BRITISH GUIANA........................................................................................................31 BRITISH HONDURAS.................................................................................................32 BRITISH SOLOMON Is...............................................................................................33 BRUNEI........................................................................................................................33 BULGARIA...................................................................................................................33 BUSHIRE (British Occupation)....................................................................................39

(1859-64) Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 262,034. A scattered group of some 700 islands and 2,000 islets in the Atlantic Ocean, east of Florida. One of the Bahamian islands, San Salvador (Watling Island) was the site of Columbus' first landfall in the New World. After Columbus, the Bahamas were largely bypassed by Europeans until British settlement began in 1647. In 1783, the Bahamas became a British colony. The Bahamas became self-governing in 1964 and fully independent in 1973. International banking and tourism are the country's major industries.

Wmk ARQ #1

Hermes - Mercury 1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 13 ½ x 14 Technique: Engraved

Wmk 1

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 1.

d

**

Violet

0,30 €

∘ 0,35 €

Hermes - Mercury 1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 11 Technique: Engraved

Wmk 1

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 2.

6 d

Blue gray

** 0,90 €

∘ 1,25 €

BAHAREIN (1933-) Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 603,318. An archipelago in the Persian Gulf. Under British protection 1861-1971, Bahrain used a variety of stamps: Indian stamps from 1884 to 1933, overprinted Indian issues 1933-48, overprinted British issues 1948-60 and its own designs from 1960. Oil was first discovered in 1932 and, until the depletion of reserves in the 1970s, brought enormous wealth to this tiny country. Today, Bahrain is a center of international banking. Tensions between the Sunnite majority (60 percent) and Shi'ite minority (40 percent) have grown since the establishment of the fundamentalist Shi'ite regime in Iran. Violence in 1996 by Shi'ite dissidents brought a crackdown by the Sunni-led government. Dilmun Culture (sometimes transliterated Telmun) is an ancient civilization usually associated with archaeological sites on the islands of Bahrain in the Persian Gulf and the nearby coast, including Qatif. Because of its location along the sea trade routes linking Mesopotamia with the Indus Valley Civilization, Dilmun developed in the Bronze Age, from ca. 3000 BC, into one of the greatest entrepôts of trade of the ancient world. The first contact of the area with Southern Mesopotamia is attested during the Ubaid period, with the finds of numerous sites showing the importation of the ine Ubaid were pottery There is both literary and archaeological evidence for the later trade between Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley (probably correctly identified with the land called Meluhha in Akkadian). Impres sions of clay seals from the Indus Valley city of Harappa were evidently used to seal bundles of merchandise, as clay seal impressions with cord or sack marks on the reverse side testify. A number of these Indus Valley seals have turned up at Ur and other Mesopotamian sites. "Persian Gulf" types of circular stamped rather than rolled seals, known from Dilmun, that appear at Lothal in Gujarat, India, and Failaka, as well as in Mesopotamia, are convincing corroboration of the long-distance sea trade. The Bahrain National Museum assesses that its "Golden Age" lasted ca. 2200 - 1600 BC. Its decline dates from the time the Indus Valley civilization suddenly and mysteriously collapsed, in the middle of the 2nd millennium BC. This would of course have stripped Dilmun of its importance as a trading center between Mesopotamia and India. The decay of the great sea trade with the east may have affected the power shift northwards observed in Mesopotamia itself Dilmun, sometimes described as "the place where the sun rises" and "the Land of the Living", is the scene of some versions of the Sumerian creation myth, and the place where the deified Sumerian hero of the flood, Ziusudra (Utnapishtim), was taken by the gods to live forever. Dilmun is also described in the epic story of Enki and Ninhursag as the site at which the Creation occurred. Ninlil, the Sumerian goddess of air had her home in Dilmun. It also features in the Epic of Gilgamesh, and is one of the sites that some theorists have proposed as the true location of the Garden of Eden. However, in the early epic "Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta", the main events, which center on

1


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B – Enmerkar's construction of the ziggurats in Uruk and Eridu, are described as taking place in a world "before Dilmun had yet been settled".

Copper bull's head

th

Gateway to Dilnum 7 B.C.

Grave mounds

8.

100 f

multicolor

9.

100 f

multicolor

10.

100 f

multicolor

11.

200 f

multicolor

12.

200 f

multicolor

13.

200 f

multicolor

Dilnum culture

14.

250 f

multicolor

1970, 1 Mar.

15.

250 f

multicolor

16.

250 f

multicolor

Perforation: 14 ½

Technique:

**

Printer: Oriental Press State of Bahrain

Unwmk

Designer: Printer:

Seal 2000 B.C.

Sheet:

**

1.

60 f

multicolor

2,25 €

2,00 €

2.

80 f

multicolor

3,50 €

2,25 €

3.

120 f

multicolor

4,25 €

3,50 €

4.

150 f

multicolor

5,00 €

4,25 €

Archaeology 2000, 26 Feb. P.: 14 ½

T.: Unwmk Bull's head

Bull's head

Designer:

Souvenir Sheet

Seal

Printer:

Qal'at al-Bahrain Sheet:

2005, 27 Apr.

5.

100 f

multicolor

0,55 €

0,55 €

6.

150 f

multicolor

1,10 €

1,10 €

7.

200 f

multicolor

1,25 €

1,25 €

Perforation: 14

Technique:

Printer: Oriental Press State of Bahrain Sheet: 1 from sheet

Seal

Sculpture

Pottery

Pottery

Receipts

Unwmk

Designer:

17.

Sculpture

500 f

**

multicolor

Souvenir Sheet

Architecture

Qal'at al–Bahrain is a typical tell – an artificial mound created by many successive layers of human occupation. The strata of the 300x600-metre tell testify to continuous human presence from about 2300 B.C. to the 16th century A.D. About 25% of the site have been excavated revealing structures of different types: residential, public, commercial, religious and military. They testify to the importance of the site, a trading port, over the centuries. On the top of the 12m high mound there is the impressive Portuguese fort, which gave the whole site its name, qal'a, meaning fort. The site was the capital of the Dilmun, one of most important ancient civilizations of the region. It contains the richest remains inventoried of this civilization, which was hitherto only known from written Sumerian references

Architecture

Architecture

Dilnum culture 1970, 1 Mar. Perforation: 14 ½ Technique:

Unwmk

Technique: Sheet: 9 from Sheet

Designer:

2


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

BANGLADESH

Surch ARQ #1 Ovp ARQ #1 Kingson Relief Foundation

(1971-) Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 125,340,261. A republic in the Bengal region of south Asia. In the partition of British India in 1947, Moslem Bangladesh comprised East Pakistan. Years of resentment with the domination of the country by West Pakistan finally erupted in a bitter civil war in March 1971. Indian intervention in December 1971, after the deaths of an estimated 1 million Bengalis, resulted in a quick Pakistani defeat, and Bangladesh became an independent republic. Since independence, Bangladesh has suffered continuing economic problems and political instability. In foreign affairs, it is closely linked to India. Before the issue of Bangladesh's first definitive set (and for some time thereafter), existing stocks of Pakistani stamps were overprinted locally, creating thousands of varieties that are not listed in the major stamp catalogs.

Hypocamp 1892 - 1903

Perforation: 14

Technique: Typo

 Wmk 1

Designer: Printer: Sheet:

**

1.

1 f

carm slate (’96)

1,60 €

0,20 €

2.

½ p

green

1,90 €

0,20 €

3.

1 p

rose car

3,50 €

0,20 €

4.

2 p

org slate (’99)

5.

2½ p

Archaeology of Mahasthan (Gupta period (4th - 5th century)

6.

5 p

1992, 30 Nov Perforation: 14 ¼ x 13 ¾

7.

Gupta stone columns

Sculpture

Terracotta seal and head

Technique: Litho

Unwmk

Sheet: 5 strips of 4

Designer: **

Printer:

6,00 €

0,70 €

12,50 €

0,20 €

olive brn

5,25 €

3,50 €

6 p

carm vio

9,50 €

1,50 €

8.

8 p

org ultra

2,75 €

15,00 €

9.

10 p

grn bl carm

6,00 €

5,00 €

10.

2,6 sh

org slate

35,00 €

35,00 €

11.

2,6 sh

prp grn (’03)

55,00 €

97,50 €

ultra

1.

10 t

multicolor

1,00 €

1,00 €

3.

10 t

multicolor

1,00 €

1,00 €

Hypocamp

4.

10 t

multicolor

1,00 €

1,00 €

1897 - 1989

মহাসানগড়

Mahasthangarh (Bengali: Môhasthangôṛ) is the earliest urban archaeological site so far discovered in Bangladesh. The village Mahasthan in Shibganj thana of Bogra District contains the remains of an ancient city which was called Pundranagara or Paundravardhanapura in the territory of Pundravardhana. A limestone slab bearing six lines in Prakrit in Brahmi script, discovered in 1931, dates Mahasthangarh to at least the 3rd century BC.[4] The fortified area was in use till the 18th century A

Technique: Typo, blue paper

Perforation: 14 ¼ x 13 ¾

Technique: Litho

Sheet: 12.

13.

10 t

½ p

14.

multi Sheet of 20

15.

1,00 €

1,00 €

a

14,00 €

-

16.

1 p

rose car

2 p

ultra

BARBADOS (1852-66)

5 p

olive brn

6 p

carm vio

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 257,731. An island in the West Indies, Barbados was a British colony from 1628-1966. On Nov. 30, 1966, Barbados became an independent state within the British Commonwealth.

27,50 €

1,75 €

0,30 €

Bl paper

25,00 €

27,50 €

2,00 €

0,35 €

32,50 €

35,00 €

Bl paper 8 p

org ultra Bl paper

10 p

grn bl carm

a 20.

24,00 €

Bl paper

a 19.

Bl paper

Bl paper

a 18.

0,30 €

Bl paper

a 17.

1,25 €

green

a ∘

**

carmin gray

a

Printer:

2.

1 f

a

Unwmk

**

Wmk 1

Printer:

Designer:

Sheet: 5 strips of 4

Designer:

Terracota from Mahasthan (Pala period 8th - 12th century) 1992, 30 Nov

Perforation: 14

Bl paper 2,6 sh

org slate

a

Bl paper

4,25 €

0,70 €

35,00 €

40,00 €

8,50 €

9,25 €

210,00 €

225,00 €

12,00 €

14,00 €

125,00 €

125,00 €

7,00 €

15,00 €

125,00 €

140,00 €

30,00 €

35,00 €

175,00 €

200,00 €

35,00 €

42,50 €

100,00 €

110,00 €

Hypocamp 1907

Perforation: 14

Technique: Typo Wmk ARQ #1

Wmk ARQ #2

Wmk ARQ #3

 Wmk 2

Designer: Wmk ARQ #4

Printer: Sheet: 21.

3

2 p

Ovp #1 on stamp #4

**

1,75 €

2,50 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

a

Without dot after 1d

15,00 €

17,50 €

b

Inv ovp

1,75 €

2,50 €

c

Inv ovp & without dot after 1d

15,00 €

17,50 €

d

Double ovp

600,00 €

650,00 €

e

Double inv ovp

600,00 €

-

Hypocamp 1916. 16 Jun.

Perforation: 14

Technique: Typo Designer: Printer: Sheet:

Hypocamp 1907

40.

Perforation: 14

Technique: Typo

 Wmk 3

Printer:

22.

1 f

brown

¼ d

brn bright brn

a

Designer:

Sheet:

 Wmk 3

**

0,30 €

0,25 €

0,60 €

0,25 €

41.

½ d

green

0,75 €

0,20 €

42.

1 d

red

1,00 €

0,20 €

43.

2 d

gray

3,50 €

10,00 €

**

44.

2½ d

ultra

0,85 €

0,75 €

3,25 €

0,25 €

45.

3 d

vio /yellow

2,25 €

2,20 €

4 d

red /yellow

0,60 €

5,00 €

23.

2 p

gray

5,00 €

7,75 €

46.

24.

6 p

dark vio

6,25 €

12,00 €

47.

4 d

red black (1918)

0,85 €

2,50 €

25.

1 sh

blk

6,50 €

12,00 €

48.

6 d

claret

1,50 €

2,25 €

49.

1 sh

black /green

3,50 €

5,00 €

50.

2 sh

vio /blue

15,00 €

8,50 €

51.

3 sh

dk vio

32,50 €

70,00 €

52.

3 sh

vio dk grn (1918)

15,00 €

30,00 €

150,00 €

175,00 €

Hypocamp 1912, 23 Jul.

Perforation: 14

Technique: Typo

 Wmk 3

Designer:

vio bright green

a

Printer: Sheet:

**

Hypocamp

26.

¼ d

brown

0,40 €

0,85 €

27.

½ d

green

1,50 €

0,20 €

-

-

3,00 €

0,20 €

a 28.

Booklet of 6 1 d

carmin

1921, 14 Nov. Perforation: 14 Technique: Typo

 Wmk 3

Designer: Printer:

a

scarlet

12,50 €

2,00 €

**

b

Booklet of 6

-

-

53.

¼ d

brn

0,20 €

0,20 €

0,35 €

0,20 €

0,30 €

0,20 €

Sheet:

29.

2 d

gray

1,60 €

8,25 €

54.

½ d

green

30.

2½ d

ultra

1,00 €

0,25 €

55.

1 d

carm

a

1 d

Hypocamp 1912, 23 Jul.

Perforation: 14

Technique: Typo

 Wmk 3

Designer: Printer: Sheet:

**

carm rose

56.

2 d

gray

1,25 €

0,20 €

57.

2½ d

ultra

0,95 €

4,00 €

58.

6 d

claret

1,50 €

3,50 €

59.

1 sh

bl /emer (’24)

30,00 €

55,00 €

60.

2 sh

vio /blue

13,00 €

12,50 €

31.

3 d

Violet / yellow

1,00 €

9,50 €

Hypocamp

35.

4 d

Blk scarl / yellow

6,00 €

7,00 €

1921, 14 Nov. Perforation: 14

36.

6 D

Violet red

6,00 €

7,00 €

Technique: Typo

Perforation: 14

Technique: Typo

Printer:

Printer: **

**

62.

3 d

Violet / yellow

0,75 €

4,00 €

63.

4 d

Red / yellow

0,70 €

7,75 €

64.

1 sh

Black / emerald

4,00 €

7,00 €

Sheet:

Wmk 3

Designer:

Sheet:

Wmk 3

Designer:

Hypocamp 1912, 23 Jul.

37.

1 Sh

Black / green

4,00 €

6,50 €

Hypocamp

38.

2 Sh

Violet / blue

24,00 €

26,00 €

1925, 1 Apr.

39.

3 Sh

Green violet

27,50 €

52,50 €

Technique: Typo

Perforation: 14

 Wmk 4

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 65.

4

¼ d

brn

**

0,20 €

0,20 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

66.

½ d

green Perf. 13 ½ x 12 ½ (’32)

a 67.

1 d

car Perf. 13 ½ x 12 ½ (’32)

a 68.

1½ d

2 d

70.

2½ d

0,20 €

Hermes - Mercury

5,00 €

0,20 €

1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 13 ½ x 14

0,20 €

0,20 €

4,50 €

0,20 €

0,75

0,60

Perf. 14

2,50 €

0,80 €

gray

0,50 €

1,25 €

p blue

0,50 €

0,50 €

18,00 €

2,50 €

Ultra (’33)

a

Perf. 13 ½ x 12 ½ (’32)

b

4,50 €

2,00 €

3 d

vio brn /yell

0,60 €

0,45 €

72.

3 d

red brn /yell (’35)

6,00 €

6,00 €

73.

4 d

red /yell

0,80 €

0,80 €

74.

6 d

claret

0,80 €

0,80 €

75.

1 sh

blk /emer Perf. 13 ½ x 12 ½ (’32)

Designer:

Sheet: 97.

1½ d

**

Orange

Hermes - Mercury 1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 13 ½ x 14 Technique: Engraved

Wmk 4

Printer: Sheet: 98.

4 d

1,50 €

2,50 €

Hypocamp

37,50 €

22,50 €

1925, 1 Apr.

1 sh

blk brn /yell (’32)

4,25 €

7,25 €

2 sh

vio /blue

5,00 €

4,00 €

78.

2,6 sh

15,00 €

17,50 €

Printer:

79.

3 sh

8,00 €

12,50 €

Sheet:

dk vio

99.

2 p

a

Technique: Typo

 Wmk 4

Designer:

Hypocamp Perforation: 14

Perforation: 14

Technique: Typo

77.

car/blue (’32)

**

Black

76.

1925, 1 Apr.

Wmk 4

Designer:

71.

a

Technique: Engraved

Printer:

org Perf. 13 ½ x 12 ½ (’33)

a 69.

0,20 €

**

Surch on #86a

1,00 €

1,00 €

Surch on #86

2,00 €

2,00 €

 Wmk 4

BASE ATLANTICA (ITALIAN)

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 80.

½ d

green Perf. 14

a 81. 82.

½ d

bister (’42)

1 d

carm

1 d

green

Perf. 13 ½ x 13

a 83.

3,00 €

0,20 €

45,00 €

1,40 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

7,75 €

0,20 €

2,00 €

0,50 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

1½ d

red orange

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. During World War II, the Supreme Commander of Italian submarine forces authorized the overprinting of a number of Italian stamps for use by Italian military person nel stationed in Bordeaux, France.

Wmk ARQ #1

Perf. 14

a 85.

2 d

rosa lake (’41)

0,20 €

2,25 €

86.

2 d

bght rose red (’43)

0,20 €

0,35 €

0,20 €

1,00 €

0,25 €

0,35 €

Perf. 14

a 87.

(1943-44)

Perf. 13 ½ x 13

a 84.

**

2½ d

88.

2½ d

89.

3 d

ultra (‘38)

Ovp “ITALIA / REPUBBLICANA / FASCISTA / BASE ATLANTICA” Emperors

blue (‘44) brown Perf. 14

a 90.

3 d

dk blue (’47)

91.

4 d

black Perf. 14

a

1,10 €

0,25 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

1,00 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

1.

10 c

0,30 €

0,30 €

2.

20 c

6 d

vio

0,40 €

0,20 €

93.

8 d

red vio (’46)

0,25 €

1,10 €

94.

1 sh

olive brn

0,50 €

0,20 €

brown vio

3,25 €

0,80 €

1,50 €

3,00 €

95.

2,6 sh

96.

5 sh

indigo (’41)

¼ d

Post Card

Specimen

Perf.: 14

Tech.: Typo

Wmk 1

Designer: G. Cisari

0,20 €

92.

1943, Nov.

Julius Caesar

Augustus

Printer: Officina Carta Valori Roma Sheet: 100

**

Dark brown

1.300,00 €

1.300,00 €

Rosa red

1.300,00 €

1.300,00 €

Ovp “ITALIA / REPUBBLICANA / FASCISTA / BASE / ATLANTICA”

Emperors

10,00 €

5

1943, Nov.

Perf.: 14

Tech.: Typo

Wmk 1


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Designer: G. Cisari

BAVARIA

Printer: Officina Carta Valori Roma **

Sheet: 100

∘ (1849-1920)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 7,150,146 (1919). Former kingdom in southern Germany. Bavaria joined the German Empire in 1870, retaining its own monarchy. The country was briefly independent following World War I. Bavarian stamps were replaced by German issues in 1920.

Julius Caesar

Augustus 3.

10 c

Dark brown

4.

20 c

Rosa red

5,00 €

13,00 €

25.000,00 €

12.500,00 €

Ovp “REPUBBLICA / SOCIALE / ITALIANA / BASE / ATLANTICA” Emperors 1943, Nov.

Perf.: 14

Tech.: Typo

Wmk 1

Ovp ARQ #1 Freistaat Bayern

Germania

Designer: G. Cisari

1919, 30 Nov. Perforation: 14

Printer: Officina Carta Valori Roma Augustus

**

Sheet: 100

5.

10 c

Dark brown

6.

20 c

Rosa red

Technique: Typo

120,00 €

240,00 €

1.000,00 €

1.500,00 €

 Unwmk

Designer: P. Waldraff Printer: State Printing Works Sheet:

BASUTOLAND (1933-66) Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 750,000 (1964 estimate). A former British crown colony surrounded by South Africa. Under British control after 1871, Basutoland became the independent state of Lesotho on Oct. 4, 1966. Stamps of the Cape of Good Hope were used 1871-1910 and those of the Union of South Africa 1910-33, when the colony began to use its own issues.

**

gray

0,20 €

0,70 €

3 pf

brown

0,20 €

0,70 €

3.

5 pf

green

0,20 €

0,70 €

4.

7 ½ pf

orange

0,20 €

0,75 €

5.

10 pf

carmin

0,20 €

1,00 €

6.

15 pf

dk vio

1.

2 ½ pf

2.

a

Double ovp

0,20 €

0,80 €

300,00 €

925,00 €

7.

20 pf

ultra

0,20 €

0,70 €

8.

25 pf

org blk /yell

0,20 €

1,00 €

9.

35 pf

red brn

0,20 €

1,10 €

10.

40 pf

blk blue

0,20 €

1,10 €

11.

75 pf

blk green

0,25 €

1,50 €

12.

80 pf

blue blk / rose

0,25 €

2,00 €

Wmk ARQ #1

BECHUANALAND

Hermes - Mercury 1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 13 ½ x 14 Technique: Engraved

Wmk 4

(1888-1966)

Designer:

Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 540,400 (1964). District in south-central Africa, directly north of the Republic of South Africa. A British protectorate was established over the region in 1885, ending with the area becoming independent as the Republic of Botswana in 1966.

Printer: Sheet: 1.

d

**

Blue

0,50 €

∘ 1,25 €

Hermes - Mercury 1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 11 Technique: Engraved

Wmk 4

Designer:

Wmk ARQ #1

Printer: Sheet: 2.

6 d

Orange yellow

** 1,25 €

Hermes - Mercury

2,50 €

1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 13 ½ x 14 Technique: Engraved

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 1.

d

Blue

0,25 €

Hermes - Mercury

6

**

∘ 0,25 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 11 Technique: Engraved

6 d

1914 - 1915

Unwmk

Perforation: 14

Designer:

Technique: Typo

Printer:

Designer: P. Waldraff

Sheet: 2.

Germania

**

Rose Vio

1,25 €

Printer: State Printing Works

2,50 €

Sheet:

BELARUS (1992-) Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 10,439,916. A republic in eastern Europe. The area of Belarus was part of the Lithuanian-Polish state during the Middle Ages and was conquered by Russia in the 18th century. Belarus, then called White Russia, was divided between Poland and the Soviet Union after the Russian Revolution but was reunited after WWII as the Belyorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, within the Soviet Union. In 1991, Belarus became an independent state. During 1996-97, Belarus signed several accords with Russia, closely linking the two countries politically and economically.

3 c

On 3 pf brown

0,45 €

0,20 €

5 c

On 5 pf green

0,40 €

0,20 €

3.

10 c

On 10 pf carm

0,50 €

0,20 €

4.

25 c

On 20 pf ultra

0,50 €

0,25 €

5.

50 c

On 40 pf lake & black

2,50 €

1,25 €

6.

75 c

On 60 pf magenta

0,90 €

1,25 €

Germania 1916 - 1918

Perforation: 14

Designer: P. Waldraff

2003, 1 May.

Printer: State Printing Works

Perf: 13 ½

Sheet:

Designer: Printer: Republican State Association Belpocta Sheet: 1 1.

1000 r

Multicolor

**

25000

1,60 €

0,25 €

0,25 €

On 3pf brown

0,35 €

0,25 €

5 c

On 5 pf green

0,35 €

0,25 €

10.

8 c

On 7 ½ pf orange

0,65 €

0,35 €

11.

10 c

On 10 pf carmin

0,25 €

0,25 €

12.

15 c

On 15 pf yellow brown

0,65 €

0,25 € 0,45 €

14.

20 c

On 25 pf org & blk, yel

0,35 €

0,35 €

15.

25 c

On 20 pf ultra

0,35 €

0,25 €

a

25 c

On 20 pf blue

0,40 €

0,25 €

Designer:

16.

40 c

On 30 pf org & blk, buff

0,40 €

0,30 €

Printer: Republican State Association Belpocta

17.

50 c

On 40 pf lake & blk

0,35 €

0,30 €

18.

75 c

On 60 pf magenta

1,00 €

12,50 €

19.

1 F

On 80 pf lake & blk, rose

2,00 €

2,50 €

Perf: 13 ½ Unwmk

25000

**

2,40 €

2,40 €

Similar series of stamps without "Belgien" was used in parts of Belgium and France while occupied by German forces, see France

Atlantes - Karyatides

Technique:

On 2 pf drab

3 c

On 15 pf dark violet

Sheet: 1

2006, 2 Jun.

2 c

8.

15 c

Tech:

Multicolor

Perforation: 14 x 14 ½

BELGIUM

Unwmk

Designer: (1849-)

Printer: Republican State Association Belpocta Sheet: 18 3.

360 r

13.

2003, 1 May.

1500 r

**

0,65 €

Pottery (Bronze Age)

2.

 Unwmk

7.

9. ∘

1,60 €

2.

Battle axe (Bronze Age)

Unwmk

**

1.

Technique: Typo

Tech:

 Unwmk

**

Multicolor

∘ -

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 10,203,683. A constitutional monarchy in northwest Europe, bordering on the English Channel. Conquered by Julius Caesar in the first century B.C., Belgium was ruled by a succession of foreign nations for nearly 2,000 years. In 1830, Belgium became independent from the last of these foreign rulers, the Dutch. Because of its strategic position, Belgian independence and neutrality was guaranteed by the major European powers. Germany again occupied Belgium during World War II. After 1945, Belgium aligned itself with the West and is a member of both NATO and the Common Market. Its prosperity is built on its foreign trade.

-

BELGIUM (GERMAN OCCUPATION) (1914 - 1918)

Ovp ARQ #1 Winged wheel

In 1914, Germany occupied most of the country, although Belgium's spirited resistance throughout the war earned worldwide respect.

Ovp ARQ #1 Freistaat Bayern

Ceres 1932, 1 Jun.

7

Perforation: 13 ½ x 14


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Technique:

Unwmk

11.

5 F

Ultra (belgique-belgie)

0,20 €

0,20 €

Designer: L. Buisseret / E. Pellens

12.

6 F

Red (belgique-belgie)

0,20 €

0,20 €

Printer:

13.

3 F

Emer. (belgie-belgique)

0,20 €

0,20 €

14.

5 F

Ultra (belgie-belgique)

0,20 €

0,20 €

15.

6 F

Red (belgie-belgique)

0,20 €

0,20 €

**

Sheet:

1.

2 c

Pale green

0,35 €

0,35 €

Athena

2.

10 c

Olive green

0,25 €

0,25 €

1946, 18 Jul.

Pair tete-beche

4,00 €

4,00 €

Carnet

15,00 €

15,00 €

0,60 €

0,20 €

a b 3.

25 c

Dark red

a

Pair tete-beche

3,50 €

3,50 €

b

Carnet

5,00 €

5,00 €

Perforation: 11 ¼

Technique: Photo

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 16.

65+75 c

407.605

**

1,00 €

0,65 €

Hermes - Mercury 1932, 1 Jun.

Perforation: 13 ½ x 14

Technique:

Icarus

1946, 7 Sep.

Unwmk

Perforation: 11

ñ

Designer: L. Buisseret / E. Pellens

Technique:

Printer:

Designer: R. Bruynseraede / L. Janssens

Sheet:

**

4.

5 c

Dark orange

0,20 €

0,20 €

5.

20 c

Bright violet

1,00 €

0,20 €

6.

35 c

Dark green

2,40 €

0,20 €

Unwmk

Printer: Printed in Mechelen **

Sheet: 17.

2+8 F

228.792

0,60 €

∘ 1,00 €

Hermes - Mercury Ceres 1932, 1 Jun.

1951, 1 Sep. Perforation: 13 ½ x 14

Technique:

Technique:

Unwmk

10 c

**

0,50 €

0,60 €

18.

25 F

Dark blue Imperforated

1954, 10 Sep

8,50 €

75,00 €

-

Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Engraved

Unwmk

Unwmk

Designer:

Designer: L. Buisseret / E. Pellens

Printer:

Printer: Sheet: Olive green

**

0,50 €

0,60 €

**

Sheet: 18-I.

80 c

Dark green

0,65 €

∘ 0,30 €

Theme: Orolaunum

Deadulus and icarus 1944, 16 Apr.

10,00 €

Mermaid - Mars

Perforation: 13 ½ x 14

Technique:

10 c

59.000

a

Hermes - Mercury

8.

**

Sheet:

Olive green

1932, 1 Jun.

Unwmk

Printer: Printed in Mechelen

Printer: Sheet:

Designer:

Designer: L. Buisseret / E. Pellens

7.

Perforation: 12 ½

Perforation: 11 ¼

Technique: Photo

City: Alon

Text: Arlon / Cite Romaine

Unwmk

BEL_19540814

Designer:

-

2,00 €

Printer: Sheet: 9.

35 c

+ 1,65 F slate green

409.000

**

0,50 €

0,60 €

Hermes - Mercury 1957, 15 May. Perforation: 11 ¼ Technique: Engraved

Hermes - Mercury 1945, 7 Jul

Designer:

Perforation: 13 ¼

Technique: Photo

 Unwmk

Printer:

Unwmk

**

59.000

7,75 €

0,20 € 0,20 € 0,30 €

Sheet:

Designer: 19.

Printer: Waterlow & sons Ltd London Sheet: 10.

3 F

Emer. (belgique-belgie)

** 0,25 €

∘ 0,25 €

8

14 F

Bright green

20.

19 F

Olive green

59.000

8,00 €

21.

22 F

Rose carmin

59.000

8,75 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B – settlement quickly became one of the largest Gallo-Roman administrative and military towns in the 1st century. Atuatuca Tungrorum suffered through a destructive fire during the Batavian siege in 70. In the 2nd century, it erected its first defensive wall, portions of which can still be seen today. Typical Roman buildings were built in town, while villas and graves (tumuli) dotted the surrounding area. Soon after the 4th-century Germanic invasions, the city became the center of a Christian diocese – one of the earliest in the Low Countries – under the influence of Saint Servatius, bishop of Tongeren, then of Maastricht.

Hermes - Mercury 1957, 15 May. Perforation: 11 ¼

Technique: Engraved

Unwmk

Designer: Printer:

Spiennes neolithic flint mines

Sheet:

**

1968, 13 Apr.

22.

20 F

On 19 F Olive green

22,50 €

0,35 €

23.

20 F

On 22 F Rose carmin

27,50 €

0,55 €

Technique: Photo

Technique:

Printer:

28.

Unwmk

**

24.

3 F

lila

7.626.000

0,50 €

0,20 €

25.

6 F

Olive green

1.990.000

2,00 €

0,70 €

Theme: Antigone City: Artwerpen (Antwerp) Text: Antigone / Eerste Kring Dames - Filateliste Conmemorative

Multi

2.750.000

a

Printer: Sheet: 30 ¿?

6 F

**

0,25 €

0,20 €

5,00 €

Imperforated

The Neolithic flint mines at Spiennes, covering more than 100 ha, are the largest and earliest concentration of ancient mines in Europe. They are also remarkable for the diversity of technological solutions used for extraction and for the fact that they are directly linked to a settlement of the same period. The Neolithic flint mines at Spiennes provide exceptional testimony to early human inventiveness and application. The arrival of the Neolithic cultures marked a major milestone in human cultural and technological development, which is vividly illustrated by the vast complex of ancient flint mines at Spiennes. The flint mines at Spiennes are outstanding examples of the Neolithic mining of flint, which marked a seminal stage of human technological and cultural progress. The Michelsberg Culture came from the Rhineland and Northern France between 6000 and 4800 years ago. These Neolithic farming peoples settled in parts of Belgium and the Netherlands. The name MICHELSBERG came from a site with a ceremonial enclosure discovered in the Rhine Valley and accompanied by a unique assemblage of settlement sites and material. The pottery of this culture is largely undecorated. The stone tools include very large examples (macrolithic) and polished flint axes. Around 6300 years ago, the Michelsberg Culture introduces extensive deep mining of flint, and flint production expands to almost an "industrial" scale. This can be seen at the fa mous flint mines at Spiennes, Belgium.

Designer: P. Rahikainen

BEL_19621028

Unwmk

Sheet: Perforation: 11 ½

Designer:

Roman wheel 1960, 17 Sep

Perforation: 11 ½

3,00 €

Roman lamp, Virovino - Viroviacum H. Pirenne 1963, 15 Jan.

1968, 13 Apr. Perforation: 11 ¼

Technique: Engraved

Technique: Photo

Unwmk

Sheet:

Sheet:

**

0,35 €

0,20 €

29. Ultra

8.250.000

6 F

Multi

Technique:

10+4,50 F

multi

0,25 €

0,20 €

The modern Werbik is the ancient Virovino or Viroviacum is aimed at proving that Wervik was really founded 2000 years ago by displaying various Gallo-roman objects excavated in Wervik. According to popular belief, a small temple dedicated to Mars was built on what nowadays is called Saint Maarten's Square (Dutch: St-Maartensplein).

Maya codex figure

Aztec solar disk

Toltec Atlant from Tula

Archaeological items in Mexico 1968, 25 May Perforation: 11 ¾ Technique:

Unwmk

Designer:

Pyramid from Chichen Itza

Printer: Sheet:

Unwmk

**

Designer:

30.

1+0,5 F

multicolor

949.435

0,20 €

0,20 €

Printer:

31.

2+1 F

multicolor

891.974

0,20 €

0,30 €

32. 3+1,50 F

multicolor

889.630

0,30 €

0,30 €

33.

multicolor

873.187

0,30 €

0,30 €

Sheet: 20 27.

**

5,00 €

Imperforated

Ambiorix and gate of Tongeren, Atautuca Tungorum Perforation: 11 ½

1.770.000

a

Henri Pirenne (December 23, 1862, Verviers - October 25, 1935, Uccle) was a leading Belgian historian. He also became prominent in the non-violent resistance to the Germans who occupied Belgium in World War I. Henri Pirenne's reputation today rests on three contributions to European history. First, what has become known as the Pirenne Thesis, concerning when the Middle Ages started, Second, a distinctive view of Belgium's medieval history, and finally a model for the development of the medieval city. Traditionally, historians have dated the Middle Ages from the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century, a theory Edward Gibbon famously put forward in the 18th century. Pirenne challenged the notion that Germanic barbarians had caused the Roman Empire to end, and he challenged the notion that the end of the Roman Empire should equate with the end of the office of Emperor in Europe, which occurred in 476. He pointed out the essential continuity of the economy of the Roman Mediterranean even after the barbarian invasions, that the Roman way of doing things did not fundamentally change in the time immediately after the "fall" of Rome. Barbarians came to Rome not to destroy it, but to take part in its benefits; they tried to preserve the Roman way of life. According to Pirenne the real break in Roman history occurred in the 7th century as a result of Arab expansion. Islamic conquest of the area of today's south-eastern Turkey, Syria, Palestine, North Africa, Spain and Portugal ruptured economic ties to Europe, cutting the continent off from trade and turning it into a stagnant backwater, with wealth flowing out in the form of raw resources and nothing coming back.

1966, 27 Aug

Unwmk

Printer:

Printer:

3 F

Designer:

Designer:

26.

Perforation: 11 ½

** 1.011.298

1,00 €

∘ 0,65 €

Before the Roman conquests, this area was inhabited by the Eburones, a Belgic tribe. During Juli us Caesar’s campaigns in this area in the 1st century BC, Ambiorix, an Eburonian chief, incited his people to rise up against Caesar and proceeded to kill an entire Roman legion near a place called Atuatuca. This victory was understandably short lived and the entire Eburones tribe decimated, while the Tungri, more friendly to the Romans, took their place. The Roman camp grew into a sizeable settlement known as Atuatuca Tungrorum. Located on the important road linking Cologne to Bavay via the relay of Liberchies, and surrounded by the fertile lands of the Hesbaye region, the

6+2 F

The travelers, roman bas-relief from Arlon, Orolaunum 1969, 15 Mar.

9

Perforation: 11 ½


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Technique: Photo

Unwmk

BEL_19720112

CONMEMORATIVE

Designer: M.J. De Vos

0,20 €

Printer: Atelier du timbre a Malines **

Sheet: 30

Text: Arlon / 2000 ans

34.

2 F

Violet brown

a

0,20 €

3.500.000

God Amon (XVIII Dinasty) 14th cent. BC

0,20 €

1973, 23 Jun.

5,00 €

Imperforated

Before the Roman conquests of Gaul, the territory of Arlon and a vast area to the south-east were settled by the Treveri, a tribe of mixed Celtic and Germanic origins. The local population adapted relatively easily to Roman culture. The number and quality of sculpted stones and monuments that have been unearthed in the area demonstrate that the vicus of Orolaunum quickly became a vibrant commercial and administrative centre of Roman civilization. The Germanic invasions of the 3rd century destroyed most of these early advances, despite the defensive walls that had been built on the Knipchen hill to protect the vicus.

Printer: Sheet: 37.

3,5+1,5 F

FDC

0,75 €

MC

1,00 €

1973, 23 Jun.

Designer:

1970, 30 May Perforation: 11 ¾

Printer:

 38.

**

Sheet: multicolor

891.994

0,35 €

8+4 F

∘ 0,35 €

City: Virton Text: Moissonner Trevire? Musee Gaumais

708.659

FDC

1,60 €

Theme: Roman coin, Geminiacum

Philatelic Document

0,50 €

City: Luttre

Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Engr & photo

BEL_19730623

FDC

1,50 €

City: Luttre **

Sheet: 2.700.000 Imperforated

0,30 €

Text: De romeinse vlakte

BEL_19750928

0,20 €

CONMEMORATIVE

1,50 €

3,75 €

The same design in Iran

Mars and mercury simbols

Theme: Achaemenid empire

1977, 14 May. Perforation: 11 ½

City: Brussels

Technique: Engr & photo

Text: Iran 2500 / Brussel 1000 Bruxelles FDC

0,60 €

Theme: Roman coin, fibula

Printer:

a

Unwmk

Designer:

multicolor

0,60 €

Text: Geminiacum

Achaemenid tomb, Buzpar

BEL_19711002

**

multicolor

For more than a century, the Commune of Luttre, by its section of Liberchies, is an active center of archaeological researches and is the theater of numerous Gallo-Roman discoveries: temple, thermal baths, villas, wells, roads, statues, coins among which more listed 3000, potteries, utilitarian objects of period. The site of Bonvillers and particularly rich Brunehault, covering a rough surface of 40 hectares, is localized on the big Roman way Drooled Cologne; many historians assure that it is about Geminiacum, military settlement, mentioned in the Roman routes. The "Treasure of Luttre-liberchies" is a set of 386 golden coins of Roman period, of which the most ancient date of the year 63 (Nero’s administration) and the most recent of the year 166 (administration of Marcus-Aurelius). Except the Treasury of Rome (Via-Po, on 1929) which counted 378 coins, it is the biggest Roman treasure preserved in its integer.

Theme: Vertunum

7 F

0,20 €

Unwmk

Sheet:

Unwmk

Printer:

1971, 2 Oct.

0,20 €

Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Engr & photo

Roman bas-relief from Virton, Vertunum

Designer:

36.

708.689

Hadrian & Marcus Aurelius coins. Treasure from Luttre-Liberchies, Geminiacum

Technique: Engr & photo

BEL_19700530

**

Multi

Text: Arlon 2000 Orolaunum

7+3 F

Unwmk

Designer:

City: Arlon

35.

Technique: Engr & photo

Theme: Orolaunum

BEL_19690315

Perforation: 11 ½

 Unwmk

Designer: 0,70 €

Printer: **

Sheet:

Theme: Vertunum 39.

City: Virton Text: Musee Gaumais BEL_19711014

-

5 F

Multi

4.000.000

0,25 €

0,20 €

Jean Capart, egyptologist 0,20 €

1977, 3 Dec

Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Engr Th: Oralaunum

Designer:

City: Arlon

Printer:

10

 Unwmk


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

**

Sheet:

City: Artwerpen (Antwerp) Text: 20 jaar Antigone BEL_19820130

CONMEMORATIVE

0,20 €

Th: Ambiorix 40.

10+5 F

Magenta

828.397

a

Imperforated

0,55 €

0,55 €

3,11 €

-

City: Tongeren BEL_19830228

ADVERTISING Theme: Gallo romain pottery, Aqualia

0,50 €

Text: Ambiorix

City: Aywaille Theme: Mermaid

Text: Vestiges gallo-romaines BEL_19790317

CONMEMORATIVE

City: Middelkerke

1,00 €

Text: Zee / Zand / Zon ADVERTISING

BEL_19890706

Caduceus 1979, 19 May. Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Photo

Mayan sculpture

Unwmk

1993, 22 May. Perforation: 11 ½

Designer: Printer:

Technique: **

Sheet: 30 41.

8 F

Multicolor

0,25 €

10.000.000

0,35 €

 Unwmk

Designer: Printer:

0,20 €

Sheet: 30

**

Theme: Caduceus 43.

City: Verviers Text: 175 ans Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie BEL_19790519

FDC

15 F

Multicolor

2.500.000

0,60 €

0,20 €

Theme: Mayan sculpture

1,00 €

City: Vilvoorden Text: BEL_19930522

Th: Caduceus City: Verviers

FDC

0,55 €

MC

2,00 €

See Germany DEU_19930522

BEL_19791114

Th: Mermaid

CONMEMORATIVE

City: Middelkerke

0,50 €

Text: 175 ans / Cambre de / commerce et/ d'Industrie/ Verviers

BEL_19950410

ADVERTISING Merchants, roman bas-relief

0,50 €

1979, 19 May Perforation: 11 ½ Technique:

Shilingxia vase

Unwmk

2001, 12 Jun.

Designer:

**

Sheet: 30 10 F

Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Photo

Printer:

42.

Text: Badcentra / Middelkerke / Westende

Red & multicolor

2.500.000

0,60 €

 Unwmk

Designer:

Printer:

0,20 €

Sheet:

**

Icarus 1980, 22 Dec. Perf.: Tech:

44.

Unwmk

City: Brussels **

Text:

Cinderella On balloon post cover On balloon post cover

3.423.090 Imperforated

Theme: Shilinxia vase

Printer:

C1.

Multicolor

The same design in China, P.R.

Designer:

Sheet:

17 F

a

BEL_20010612

0,50 € 0,50 €

Th: Mermaid

Theme: Antigone

11

FDC

0,55 €

MC

2,00 €

0,75 €

0,50 €

3,00 €

-


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

City: Middelkerke BEL_20010801

ADVERTISING 0,25 €

Text: Middelkerke

0,6 €

Multicolor

-

-

49.

0,6 €

Multicolor

-

-

50.

0,6 €

Multicolor

-

-

51.

0,6 €

Multicolor

-

-

Theme: Asterix

Ambiorix 2003, 5 Jun.

48.

City: Bruselles Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Photo

Text: BEL_20060926

Unwmk

FDC

3,00 €

Designer: Printer: Imprimierie du Timbre à Mechelen

45.

0,41 €

Multicolor

Tintin

**

Sheet: 1 of 10 10.000.000

0,80 €

2007, 22 May. Perf.: 11 ½ Tech:

0,80 €

Unwmk

Designer:

In 57 BC Julius Caesar conquered Gaul and also Belgica (nowadays Northern France, Belgium and a southern piece of The Netherlands until the river Rhine.) There were several tribes in the country who fought against each other regularly. The Eburones were ruled by Ambiorix and Catuvolcus. In 54 BC Caesar's troops urgently needed more food and thereby the local tribes were forced to give up part of their harvest, which had not been good that year. Understandingly the starving Eburones were reluctant to do so and Caesar ordered that camps were built near the Eburones' villages. Each centurio was ordered to make sure the food supplies were delivered to the Roman soldiers. This in turn, created resentment with the Eburones. Although Julius Caesar had freed him from paying tribute to the Atuatuci, Ambiorix joined Catuvolcus (winter, 54 BC) in an uprising against the Roman forces under Quintus Titurius Sabinus and Lucius Aurunculeius Cotta. One day, Ambiorix and his troops attacked and killed Roman soldiers who were searching for wood. The survivors fled back to their camp, followed by Ambiorix and his men. There he realised there were too many Romans for his troops to fight and he decided to negotiate with them. Ambio rix explained to the Roman camp leaders, Sabinus and Cotta that he had no problems with them and in fact, was very happy with them, because now he had no troubles with the other tribes. He warned the Romans that these other tribes were planning to attack them and would get the support of German tribes who would cross the Rhine. Ambiorix advised them to relocate to another Roman camp so that they would be stronger to battle these troops. He also promised them he would leave them alone when they made this crossing. Sabinus and Cotta debated the whole night on what they should do. Sabinus trusted Ambiorix and considered it would be wise to do what he had advised them. Cotta thought it would be better to stay and try to fight back when the attacks would happen. Ultimately, Cotta decided they would stay, but it wouldn't be his fault if they all got killed by doing so. This made the Roman troops very unsure and therefore they decided to leave anyway. The two closest Roman camps were behind hills and in the other option behind a plain near a valley. Sabinus and Cotta chose for the easy solution and crossed the valley. While they crossed the valley Ambiorix and his men attacked them from up the hills and slaughtered them. Sabinus, Cotta and their troops were massacred. When the Roman Senate heard what happened, Caesar swore to put down all the Belgic tribes. It was very important that the other Roman provinces knew that the almighty Roman empire couldn't be beaten so easily. After all, Ambiorix had killed a whole Roman legion and five cohorts. A Belgic attack on Quintus Cicero (brother of the orator), then stationed with a legion in the Nervii's territory, failed due to the timely appearance of Caesar. The Roman campaigns against the Belgae took a few years, but eventually the Belgae were no match against 50,000 trained Roman soldiers. The tribes were slaughtered or hunted away and their fields burned down. The Eburones were history from that point. Ambiorix and his men, however, managed to cross the Rhine and disappeared without a trace.

Printer: Imp. du Timbre à Mechelen Sheet: 2of25 The cigar of Pharao

**

Temple of Picaros

52.

0,46 €

Multicolor

-

-

53.

0,46 €

Multicolor

-

-

Neolithic mines of Spiennes 2009, 6 Apr.

Perforation: 11 ½

Technique: Photo

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Imprimierie du Timbre à Mechelen Sheet: 1 of 5 54.

1

**

Multicolor

-

-

Diadumenianus s.f.

Perforation:

Technique: Personalized stamp

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet:

55.

**

Multicolor

5,00 €

-

Marcus Opellius Antoninus Diadumenianus or Diadumenian (died 218) was born in 14th of September 208 a.C or according to Historia Augusta in 19th of September 208 a.C because he shared the same birthday with the emperor Antoninus Pius. In addition to this he was the son of Roman Emperor Macrinus, who served his father briefly as Caesar from May, 217 to 218, and as Augustus in 218. His mother was Empress Nonia Celsa, although her existence remains dubious, because she was only mentioned by the Historia Augusta. He was born Marcus Opellius Diadumenianus, but his name was changed and added Antoninus to solidify connection to the family of Marcus Aurelius as done by Caracalla. Diadumenian had little time to enjoy his position or to learn anything from its opportunities because the legions of Syria revolted and declared Elagabalus ruler of the Roman Empire. When Macrinus was defeated on June 8, 218, at Antioch, Diadumenian followed his father's death

Brunehaut Stone 2009, 24 Oct. Tech:

Perf.:

Unwmk

Designer: Personalized stamp

Printer: Sheet:

Asterix and the Belgians 2006, 26 Sep.

Perforation: 12

56.

Technique:

Issue: 20.000

Sheet: 6

**

**

∘ 2,50 €

The Pierre de Brunehaut (Stone of Brunhilda) is the largest menhir of Belgium. It is situated in Hollain, a village in the province of Hainaut. It measures 3 metres by 4.4 metres in height. It is supposed to be erected around 2500 BC (according to wikipedia). It had started to topple in the 18th century, but the locals re-erected it

Designer: / Print: Imprimierie du Timbre à Mechelen

Unwmk

Multicolor

46.

0,6 €

Multicolor

-

-

47.

0,6 €

Multicolor

-

-

12


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

BELIZE

11.

City: Belize

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 224,663. An independent republic in central America. Belize was formerly the British colony of British Honduras. The name "Belize" was adopted in 1973. Belize became independent on Sept. 20, 1981. Neighboring Guatemala has long claimed Belize, although tensions between the two countries has eased in recent years.

Stag

Fire snake

Parrot

Eagle

Text: First day of issue BLZ_19780421

Mouse

Altun Ha

1974, 1 May.

1983, 14 Nov

6 c

Lamai

**

∘ 0,20 € 0,20 €

3.

16 c

Lil & multicolor

0,20 €

0,20 €

4.

26 c

Bk brown & multicolor

0,20 €

0,20 €

5.

50 c

Lt brown & multicolor

0,65 €

0,65 €

Hunt scene

Figure

Priest

Unwmk

Printer: Sheet:

0,20 €

Blue & multicolor

Designer:

0,20 €

Green & multicolor

Perforation: 13 ½ x 14

Technique: Photo

Tech.:

Sheet: 3 c

Cerros

Xunantunich

Printer:

Issue:

5,00 €

Maya architecture

Unwmk Designer:

FDC

Mayan pottery decoration

Perf.: 14 ½

2.

Red & multicolor

Theme: Jaguar god of day and night

(1973-)

1.

75 c

**

12.

10 c

Multicolor

0,20 €

0,20 €

13.

15 c

Multicolor

0,20 €

0,20 €

14

75 c

Multicolor

0,50 €

0,50 €

15

2 $

Multicolor

1,10 €

1,10 €

Symbol

Maya urns 1975, 2 May.

Perforation: 14 ½

Technique:

 Unwmk

Designer:

Xunantunich

Printer:

Maya Architecture

Sheet:

**

1983, 14 Nov.

Priest 6.

3 c

Green & multicolor

0,20 €

0,20 €

7.

6 c

Lt blue & multicolor

0,20 €

0,20 €

8.

16 c

Dull yell & multicolor

0,20 €

0,20 €

9.

26 c

Lilac & multicolor

0,20 €

0,20 €

10.

50 c

Lt brown & multicolor

0,50 €

0,50 €

Perf. 13 ½ x 14

Issue: 16.

Technique: Photogravure

Sheet: 1

**

2,25 €

2,25 €

Designer: / Print:

Unwmk

3 $

Multicolor

Jaguar god of day and night 1975, 2 May. Technique:

Perforation: 14 ½

 Unwmk

Designer: Incense Holder, Santa Rita site

Printer: Sheet: 8 of 24

**

Cylindrical vase, Actun Chapat

Tripod vase, Santa Rita site

Maya artifacts 1984, 30 Nov.

13

Perf. 15

Technique:

Kinich Ahau (sun god), Altun Ha site


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Designer: / Print:

Unwmk

19893

Perforation: 14 x 13 ½

Technique: Typo

17.

25 c

Multicolor

0,25 €

0,25 €

Designer: J.A. Sage / E. Sage

18.

75 c

Multicolor

0,75 €

0,75 €

Printer:

19,

1 $

Multicolor

1,00 €

1,00 €

Sheet:

20

2 $

Multicolor

2,00 €

2,00 €

Issue:

**

Sheet:

Sheet:

21.

15 c

Multicolor

22

25 c

Multicolor

23

30 c

Multicolor

24

75 c

Multicolor

25

10 $

Multicolor

14.

1 c

black /bluish

2,00 €

1,50 €

15.

2 c

brn /buff

2,00 €

1,50 €

16.

4 c

claret /lav

2,00 €

1,50 €

grn /grnsh

2,50 €

1,50 €

17.

5 c 10 c

blck /lavender

3,50 €

2,50 €

19.

15 c

blue /quadrille p.

5,50 €

2,50 €

2005

20.

20 c

red /grn

5,00 €

4,00 €

6,50 €

3,00 €

Unwmk

Issue:

**

18.

Tech.: Photo

Printer:

Unwmk

Maya archaeology

Perf.: 14

Designer:

**

21.

25 c

blk /rose

22.

30 c

brn /bis

4,00 €

3,50 €

23.

40 c

red /straw

12,00 €

7,00 €

24.

50 c

car /rose

16,00 €

8,00 €

25.

75 c

vio /org

10,00 €

8,00 €

26.

1 F

3,00 €

2,00 €

brnz grn /straw

BENIN PEOPLES REPUBLIC (1976-) In 1895, the area was grouped with recently conquered inland territories to form the French colony of Dahomey. In November 1975, Dahomey changed its name to the People's Republic of Benin.

BENIN (FRENCH COLONY)

Acropolis and frieze showing Pan-Athenaic procession

(1892-99)

1978, 22 Sep. Perforation: 12 ½ x 12

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 5,902,178. The coastal area of Dahomey, on the Gulf of Guinea, Benin was occupied by the French in the 19th century. Separate stamps were issued from 1892.

Technique: Litho

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: Hermes – Mercury as god of commerce 1893

Perforation: 14 x 13 ½

Technique: Typo

Printer:

Sheet:

Unwmk

1.

70 F

Multicolor

**

0,35 €

0,20 €

Designer: J.A. Sage / E. Sage Parthenon and frieze showing Pan-Athenaic procession

Printer: Sheet:

**

1978, 22 Sep. Perforation: 12 ½ x 12 Technique: Litho

1.

1 c

black /bluish

2,00 €

1,75 €

2.

2 c

brn /buff

2,75 €

2,10 €

3.

4 c

claret /lav

2,75 €

2,50 €

4.

5 c

grn /grnsh

4,00 €

3,00 €

5.

10 c

blck /lavender

4,50 €

3,00 €

6.

15 c

blue /quadrille p.

22,50 €

14,00 €

7.

20 c

red /grn

11,00 €

8,00 €

8.

25 c

blk /rose

29,00 €

18,00 €

9.

30 c

brn /bis

12,50 €

11,00 €

10.

40 c

red /straw

3,75 €

3,00 €

11.

50 c

car /rose

3,50 €

2,50 €

12.

75 c

vio /org

7,00 €

6,00 €

13.

1 F

42,50 €

35,00 €

brnz grn /straw

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 2.

250 F

Multicolor

**

1,25 €

0,80 €

Parthenon 1978, 22 Sep

Perforation: 12 ½ x 12

Technique: Litho

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: A. Assouto Printer: Cartor Sheet: 3.

500 F

Multicolor

Save the Parthenon in Athens campaign.

Hermes – Mercury as god of commerce

14

** 1,25 €

∘ 0,80 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Column from Philae Island 1980, 15 Apr.

1986, Jun.

Perforation: 12 ½ x 12

Technique:

Printer: Delrieu Sheet:

Sheet:

Multicolor

a

Unwmk

Designer: P. Lambert

Printer:

50 F

ñ

Technique:

Unwmk

Designer:

4.

Perforation: 12 ½

Imperforated

**

0,35 €

0,35 €

0,60 €

-

10.

100 F

Overprint on DAH #38

**

3,00 €

1,00 €

Ceres 1988

Abu Simbel 1980, 15 Apr.

Perforation: 12 ½ x 12

Technique:

Perforation: 13

Technique: Engr

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: Larriviere

Unwmk

Printer:

Designer:

**

Sheet:

Printer: **

Sheet:

11.

100 F

Overprint on DAH #40

∘ 5,00 €

Caduceus 5.

60 F

Multicolor

a

Imperforated

0,35 €

0,35 €

0,60 €

-

1992

Perforation: 12 ½

Technique:

Unwmk

Designer: P. Lambert Abu Simbel 1980, 15 Apr.

Printer: Delrieu Perforation: 12 ½ x 12

Technique:

**

Sheet:

Unwmk

Designer: 12.

Printer: Sheet: 6.

150 F

**

Multicolor

a

Imperforated

125 F

Hermes - Mercury

0,75 €

0,50 €

0,85 €

-

1994 - 1995

Printer: Delrieu

ñ 13.

Designer:

35 F

Printer:

7.

90 F

**

Multicolor

0,30 €

1994 - 1995

0,30 €

14.

**

Surcharged on #3

135 F

-

60,00 €

5,00 €

1995 -

Perforation: 13

Technique: Typo

ñ

Unwmk

Designer: P. Lambert Perforation: 12 ½ x 12

Technique:

Printer: Edna

ñ

Sheet:

Unwmk 15.

Designer: A. Assouto Printer: Cartor

150 F

Surcharged on DAH #39

Caduceus

Parthenon

9.

**

Sheet:

Unwmk

Sheet:

Sheet:

ñ

Unwmk

Printer: Edna

ñ

Printer: Cartor

1984, 28 Dec

Perforation: 13

Technique: Typo

Designer: A. Assouto

90 F

100,00 €

Surcharged on DAH #37

Designer: P. Lambert Perforation: 12 ½ x 12

Technique:

8.

Caduceus

Parthenon 1984, 28 Dec

**

Sheet:

Unwmk

Sheet:

ñ Unwmk

Designer: P. Lambert

Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13

Technique:

Perforation: 12 x 13

Technique:

Sidon merchant 1984, 28 Dec

Surcharged on DAH #38a

**

Surcharged on #3

Caduceus

15

150 F

Surcharged on DAH #39

**

∘ -


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Cornucopia 1996

Mayan sculpture, ball player Perforation:

Technique:

1998

 Unwmk

Technique: Engraved

Designer:

Printer:

Sheet: 150 F

**

Surcharged on DAH #35

Sheet:

38,00 €

23.

Perforation: 12 x 13

Technique:

35 F

ñ

BERLIN

Unwmk

Printer: Delrieu

(1948-90)

Sheet:

150 F

Surcharged on DAH #31

Designer: P. Lambert

17.

**

-

Hermes - Mercury 1996

ñ Unwmk

Designer:

Printer:

16.

Perforation: 13

**

25,00 €

Surcharged on DAH #36

Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 1.8 million. The capital of Prussia and, after 1871, of Germany. Surrounded by the Soviet Zone of Occupation, Berlin was divided into U.S., British, French and Soviet sectors in 1945. In 1948, political tension brought the creation of the zones of West (Allied) Berlin and East (Soviet) Berlin. The two zones each issued separate series of stamps, the East Zone in 1945 (the "Berlin Bears") and the West Zone from 1945 until 1990. Stamps of West Berlin were discontinued in 1990, with the reunion of the two Germanys, and they became obsolete December 31, 1991..

5,00 €

Ceres 1996

Perforation: 13

Technique: Engr

150 F

1974, 13 Jul.

Unwmk

Perforation: 14 x 13 ½

Designer: Larriviere

Technique: Photo

Printer:

Designer:

Sheet: 18.

Amor & psyche

ñ

**

Surcharged on DAH #40

14,00 €

Unwmk

Printer:

Sheet:

5,00 € 1.

50 pf

Multicolor

8.670.000

**

0,70 €

0,45 €

Caduceus 1996

Perforation: 12 ½

Technique:

Athena & Hermes

ñ

1981, 16 Jul.

Unwmk

Designer: P. Lambert

Perforation: 13 ½ x 14

Technique: Photo

Printer: Delrieu

Designer:

Sheet:

**

Printer: Sheet: 2.

19.

300 F

Unwmk

3,00 €

Surcharged on DAH #38

50 pf

**

Multicolor

10.550.000

0,75 €

∘ 0,55 €

1,00 €

Egyptian art 1984, 12 Jan. Tech: Litho

Perf.: 13 ¾

Unwmk

Designer: Egyptian

Greek

Cleopatra VII

Assyrian-Phoecian

Printer:

Couple from Giza

Sheet: 2of25

Ships 1997, 10 Sep

Perforation: 12 ½

Technique: Litho

Multicolor

14.525.000

0,95 €

0,75 €

4.

50 Pf Multicolor

10.092.000

1,25 €

1,00 €

Unwmk Stone God from Mexico

Printer: Sheet:

30 pf

Designer: Roman

**

3.

1984, 12 Jan. **

Perforation: 13 ¾

Technique: Litho

19.

135 F

Multicolor

0,40 €

0,40 €

Designer:

20.

150 F

Multicolor

0,50 €

0,50 €

Printer:

21.

200 F

Multicolor

0,70 €

0,70 €

22.

270 F

Multicolor

0,90 €

0,90 €

Unwmk

Sheet: 5.

16

60 pf

Multicolor

8.100.000

**

1,60 €

1,40 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Theme: Art in Berlin Museums

1988, 14 Jul.

City: Berlin

Technique:

Text: Kunslschälze in Berliner Museen

Designer:

BER_19840112

FDC (SERIE)

1,40 €

MC

3,25 €

CS

0,75 €

Perforation: 14

 Unwmk

Printer: Sheet: 13.

70 pf

Dull blue & fawn

401.800

**

1,50 €

2,25 €

a

Pair

4,50 €

6,75 €

b

Coil stamp with number

3,00 €

4,50 €

Queen Nefertiti, bust 1989, 12 Jan.

Perforation: 14

Technique: Khantaros 1st

Tumbler 3rd

Jug 3rd

Designer:

Diatreta 4th

Printer:

Roman glass 1986, 16 Oct.

Perforation: 13 x 13 ¼

Sheet:

Technique: Litho

Print:

**

Sheet: 6

6.

50+25 pf

Multicolor

11.725.000

1,10 €

1,10 €

7.

60+30 pf

Multicolor

7.152.000

1,50 €

1,50 €

8.

70+35 pf

Multicolor

5.343.000

1,50 €

1,50 €

9.

80+40 pf

Multicolor

11.213.000

1,90 €

1,90 €

0,35 €

0,75 €

1,10 €

2,25 €

b

Coil stamp with number

0,70 €

1,50 €

1989, 12 Jan.

 Unwmk

Printer: Sheet: 15.

FDC

2,00 €

MC

4,00 €

CS

1,65 €

140 pf

398.800

**

1,60 €

0,40 €

a

Pair

3,75 €

1,20 €

b

Coil stamp with number

3,25 €

0,80 €

BERMUDA

Snake brazalet 3rd

Athena plate 1st

yellow

Late La Tène A to Early La Tène B (mid-4th century B.C.E.). Waldalgesheim is located slightly to the west of the confluence of the Rhein and the Nahe at Bingen (near Mainz). A farmer dug up the tomb contents in 1869. Nothing is known about the tomb, other than that there was some stone packing involved. The deceased is considered female on the basis of the lack of weapons in the tomb assemblage.

Bermuda (1848-)

Roman jewlery Perforation: 14

Technique: Litho

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 62,569. A group of islands in the west-central Atlantic Ocean. A British colony since 1609, Bermuda was granted internal self-government in 1968. In 1995, in a referendum on independence, voters chose by a wide margin to retain their colonial status.

Designer:

Print:

**

Sheet: 6

10.

50+25 pf

Multicolor

9.396.000

0,75 €

0,90 €

11.

60+30 pf

Multicolor

7.214.000

1,10 €

1,25 €

12.

80+40 pf

Multicolor

7.214.000

1,60 €

1,75 €

Theme: Roman jewlery City: Berlin Text: Fur die wohlfahrts-pflege BER_19871015

Perforation: 14

Designer:

Text: Fur die wohlfahrts-pflege

Unwmk

398.800

Technique:

City: Berlin

1987, 15 Oct.

Dull blue & fawn

Bronze flagon from Waldalgeshein

Theme: Roman glass

Ornament 5th

Pair

20 pf

Similar design in Germany

BER_19861016

**

a

14.

Designer:

Unwmk

 Unwmk

Wmk ARQ #1

FDC

1,50 €

MC

2,50 €

CS

1,50 €

Queen Nefertiti, bust

17


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Hermes - Mercury

Hermes - Mercury 1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 13 ½ x 14 Technique: Typo

1925

Technique: Engr.

Wmk 1

Printer:

Printer: **

Sheet: 2½

d

Unwmk

Designer:

Designer:

1.

Perforation: 14

Sheet:

∘ 2.

Slate

0,50 €

0,50 €

2 Bs

**

Orange

a

3,50 €

Specimen punche hole

∘ 1,75 €

8,00 €

Hermes - Mercury 1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 11 Technique: Typo

Wmk 1

Designer: Printer: **

Sheet: 2.

6 d

Rose violet

1,10 €

NE-01

NE-02

NE-03

NE-04

NE-05

NE-06

NE-07

NE-08

NE-09

NE-10

NE-11

NE-12

NE-13

NE-14

NE-15

NE-16

1,10 €

BOLIVIA (1867-) Stamp-issuing status: active; Population 7,669,868. A land-locked republic in South America, Bolivia was part of the Inca empire during the 13th-16th centuries. It was conquered by Spain in the 1530s and, as the Presidency of Charcas, was attached to the viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata. Notable primarily for its rich silver mines, which were exploited and depleted by the Spanish, Bolivia was an imperial backwater for three centuries. In 1825, the Spanish were expelled, and Bolivia, taking its name from the Great Liberator Simon Bolivar, became independent. Bolivia has been beset by numerous wars and revolutions. In the first 100 years of its independence, Bolivia lost terri tory to Chile, Brazil and Paraguay, three of its four neighbors. Its only coastal territory was lost to Chile in the War of the Pacific (1879-84). Chronic internal instability has given Bolivia one of the lowest standards of living in Latin America. Its government has been a bewildering succession of military dictatorships. In recent years, anti-American feeling has grown because of the government's efforts, under U.S. pressure, to limit the traffic in coca, the raw material for cocaine. Because of frequent shortages of regular postal issues, revenues, postage dues and bisects frequently are used provisionally by Bolivian post offices.

Gate of the sun

Ruins

NE-17

Monolith

NE-18

Tihuanaco 1914 (not Issued) Unwmk

Perforation: 14 ½

Reliefs from the Gate of the Sun, Tiwanaku

Technique:

1925, 26 Feb.

Designer:

Print: (Belgium)

Sheet:

NI-01.

1 c

Green

NI-02.

5 c

Brown

NI-03.

1 B

Green

**

Tech:

Perf.: divers Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet:

**

Monolith, Tihuanacu culture 1916, 1 Apr.

Perforation: 11 ¼

Technique: Litho

NE-19

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 1. a

½ c

Brown Hor. Pair imperf. Vert.

Ni-01.

½ c

red

Ni-02.

1 c

red

a **

0,20 €

0,20 €

5,00 €

Ni-04. a

18

4,00 € 4,00 €

"CTO" insted of "cto" 2 c

blk

a

Ponce stela in the sunken courtyard of the Tiwanaku's Kalasasaya temple. The city of Tiwanaku, capital of a powerful pre-Hispanic empire that dominated a large area of the southern Andes and beyond, reached its apogee between 500 and 900 A.D. Its monumental remains testify to the cultural and political significance of this civilisation, which is distinct from any of the other pre-Hispanic empires of the Americas

(Not issued) "-" after "CORREOS"

b Ni-03.

(Not issued)

(Not issued) 4,00 €

"ots" instead of "cts" 3 c

grn triangle between t & s of cts

(Not issued) 4,00 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

b Ni-05.

4,00 €

triangle below O of Bolivia 5 c

c

grn

Gate of the sun

(Not issued)

Ni-06.

10 c

grn

(Not issued)

Ni-07.

15 c

ind

(Not issued)

Technique: Engr.

"CORREQS" instead of "CORREOS"

4,00 €

b

"OORREOS" instead of "CORREOS”

4,00 €

20 c

red

a

4,00 €

22 ½ c

red

(Not issued)

Ni-10.

25 c

grn

(Not issued)

**

Sheet: 5.

"CCRREOS" instead of "CORREOS"

20 c

Green

0,20 €

a

Imperf. Sheet 1 of 3

b

Perf. Sheet 1 of 3

b

c of cts with accent

4,00 €

c

O of BOLIVIA with accent & central figure with broken eye

4,00 €

d

central figure with incomplete eye

4,00 €

Technique: Engr.

Printer: Security Banknote Company **

Sheet: 6.

20 c

Carmin

0,20 €

30 c

red

(Not issued)

Ni-12.

40 c

grn

(Not issued)

Ni-13.

50 c

vio

(Not issued)

Ni-14.

60 c

vio

(Not issued)

Technique: Engr.

Ni-15.

1 B

grn

(Not issued)

Designer:

1954 - 1955

"BOLIV´A" instead of BOLIVIA"

4,00 €

b

upper right bird´s eye with 3 iris and central figure with 3 eyes and misshaped mouth

4,00 €

a Ni-17. b

0,20 €

Perforation: 10 ½

T Unwmk

Printer: Lito Unidas, La Paz, Bolivia Sheet:

**

7.

1 B

Brown

0,20 €

0,20 €

8.

1 B

Carm. rose

0,20 €

0,20 €

(Not issued)

gray

Gate of the sun

4,00 €

second O of CORREOS shaping and inverted C 3 B

Postman blowing horn

a

bl

ñ

Unwmk

Designer:

Ni-11.

2 B

0,20 €

1951, 15 Mar. Perforation: 12 ½ 4,00 €

Ni-16.

Gate of the sun

two dots after CORREOS

a

Printer: Security Banknote Company

(Not issued)

Ni-09.

Unwmk

Designer:

a

Ni-08.

1951, 15 Mar. Perforation: 12 ½

4,00 €

vertical bar across c of cts

1951, 15 Mar. Perforation: 12 ½ (Not issued)

Technique: Engr.

4,00 €

vertical bar across B of BOLIVIA

Ni-18.

4 B

gray

(Not issued)

Ni-19.

5 B

gray

(Not issued)

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Security Banknote Company **

Sheet: 9.

350 B

Surch. On #5

0,20 €

∘ 0,20 €

Monolith, Tihuanacu culture 1930, 21 Apr.

Perforation: 11 ¼

Technique: Litho

25 c

1951, 15 Mar. Perforation: 12 ½

Designer:

Technique: Engr.

Printer:

Designer:

Sheet: 3.

Gate of the sun

 Unwmk

Surch. On #1

ñ

Unwmk

Printer: Security Banknote Company

**

0,80 €

0,80 €

**

Sheet: 10.

700 B

Surch. On #6

0,20 €

∘ 0,20 €

Hermes - Mercury 1937, 25 Feb. Perforation: 14 Technique: Engr.

Gate of the Sun, Tihuanacu culture

1960, 26 Mar.

Unwmk

Designer:

Technique:

Printer: Sheet: 4.

5 Bs

Perforation: 11 ½

ñ Unwmk

Designer: **

Printer: La Papelera, S.A., La Paz

Sheet:

Surch. On #2

**

11.

3.000 B

Gray

2,00 €

1,10 €

12.

5.000 B

Orange

3,00 €

1,10 €

13.

10.000 B

Rose claret

4,75 €

2,75 €

Blue violet

7,00 €

4,50 €

14.

15.000 B

The 10 ton Gateway of the Sun is monolithic, carved from a single block of Andesite granite, and is broken right down the center. Its upper portion is deeply carved with beautiful and intricate de-

19


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B – signs, including a human figure, condors, toxodons, elephants and some symbols. Directly in the center of the gate is the so-called "Sun-god," Viracocha, with rays shooting from his face in all di rections. He is holding a stylized staff in each hand which may represent thunder and lightning. He is sometimes referred to as the "weeping god" because tears are on his cheeks. The figures flanking the centerpiece are themselves unfinished, leading investigators to wonder what could have interrupted the craftsmen working on the gate that it was left unfinished. This monolith, when first discovered, was broken in half, and was lying askew deep in silt until restored to its proper position in 1908. The Sun Gate now stands in the northwest corner of the Kalasasaya temple. Legends of the Aymara Indians say that the Creator God Viracocha rose from Lake Titicaca during the time of darkness to bring forth light. Viracocha was a storm god and a sun god who was represented as wearing the sun for a crown, with thunderbolts in his hands, and tears descending from his eyes as rain. He wandered the earth disguised as a beggar and wept when he saw the plight of the creatures he had created, but knew that he must sustain them. Viracocha made the earth, the stars, the sky and mankind, but his first creation displeased him, so he destroyed it with a flood and made a new, better one, taking to his wanderings as a beggar, teaching his new creations the rudiments of civilisation, as well as working numerous miracles. Viracocha eventually disappeared across the Pacific Ocean (by walking on the water), setting off near Manta Ecuador, and never returned. It was thought that Viracocha would re-appear in times of trouble. References are also found of a group of men named the suncasapa or bearded ones they were the mythic soldiers of Viracocha, aka the 'angelic warriors of Viracocha'. The famous carved figure on the decorated archway in the ancient (pre-Incan) city of Tiahuanaco, known as the "Gateway of the Sun," most likely represents Viracocha, flanked by 48 winged effi gies, 32 with human faces and 16 with condor's heads

Double ovp, one inv.

a

40,00 €

21.

500 B

Surch. On #Ni_08

0,35 €

0,25 €

22.

500 B

Surch. On #Ni_13

0,40 €

0,20 €

23.

600 B

Surch. On #Ni_09

0,45 €

0,45 €

24.

600 B

Surch. On #Ni_14

0,55 €

0,50 €

25.

700 B

Surch. On #Ni_10

0,70 €

0,20 €

26.

700 B

Surch. On #Ni_15

1,00 €

1,00 €

27.

800 B

Surch. On #Ni_11

0,60 €

0,20 €

28.

900 B

Surch. On #Ni_12

0,45 €

0,20 €

29.

1.000 B

Surch. On #Ni_16

0,60 €

0,50 €

30.

1.000 B

Surch. On #Ni_17

5,00 €

3,50 €

31.

4.000 B

Surch. On #Ni_18

30,00 €

25,00 €

32.

5.000 B

Surch. On #Ni_19

7,50 €

7,00 €

Nos. 14-31 were not regularly issued without surcharge. The decree for Nos. 14-31 stipulated that 7 were for air mail (500b on 50c, 600b on 60c, 700b on 1b, 1000b, 1800b, 4000b and 5000b), but the overprinting failed to include “Aereo.” The 800b surcharge also exists on the 1c red and gold. This was not listed in the decree.

Polychrome painted clay cup 1968, 14 Nov. Perforation: 13 ½ x 13 Technique:

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: La Papelera, S.A., La Paz Sheet:

**

∘ 0,20 € 0,35 €

33.

20 c

Dk bl grn & multicolor

0,20 €

34.

60 c

Vio bl & multicolor

0,35 €

Relief from the Gate of the Sun 1970, 6 Dec.

Perforation: 13 x 12

Technique:

 Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 35.

30 c

Surch. On #19

**

0,25 €

0,25 €

Caduceus 1977, 18 Mar.

Perforation: 13 ½ x 13

Technique: Reliefs from the Gate of the Sun, Tiwanaku 1960, 16 Dec. Tech:

Perf.: divers

Printer:

Sheet:

Unwmk

35.

3 B

Multicolor

**

0,75 €

0,30 €

Reliefs from the Gate of the Sun, Tiwanaku

Printer: **

Unwmk

Designer:

Designer:

Sheet:

1977 Tech:

Perf.: 11x13 ½

Unwmk

Designer: 15.

50 B

Surch. On #Ni_01

0,45 €

0,30 €

16.

100 B

Surch. On #Ni_02

0,35 €

0,20 €

17.

200 B

Surch. On #Ni_03

a b

0,75 €

0,35 €

Red large ovp,

50,00 €

50,00 €

Vio. small obp.

50,00 €

50,00 €

0,25 €

0,20 €

18.

300 B

Surch. On #Ni_05

19.

350 B

Surch. On #Ni_06

0,25 €

0,75 €

20.

400 B

Surch. On #Ni_07

0,35 €

0,20 €

Printer: Sheet:

36.

20

5 B

Surch. On #32

**

1,00 €

1,25 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

43.

80 c

Multicolor

0,55 €

0,20 €

Monolith 1978, 1 Jun.

Perforation: 10 ¾

Technique:

1 B

1993, 28 Sep

Unwmk

Designer:

Technique:

Printer:

Designer:

Sheet: 37.

Rock art, Cochabamba

Browm & lemon

Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13 ½

Unwmk

Printer:

**

0,20 €

0,20 €

**

Sheet: 44.

80 c

Multicolor

0,55 €

∘ 0,20 €

Gate of the sun 1983, 5 Nov.

Perforation: 13 ½ x 13 ¾

Technique: Litho.

150 B

1993, 28 Sep

Unwmk

Designer: S. Stoll

Technique:

Printer: La Papelera, S.A.

Designer: **

Sheet: 38.

Rock art, Calaca, Oruro

Brown camine

1,00 €

45.

Technique:

 Unwmk

Printer: Sheet: 39.

11.000 B

**

0,25 €

0,25 €

80 c

Multicolor

1993, 28 Sep

Technique:

50 c

Multicolor

Sheet: 46.

0,50 €

80 c

Unwmk

Multicolor

Sheet: 47.

1,00 €

∘ 0,40 €

1993, 28 Sep. Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13 ½

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 42.

80 c

Multicolor

**

0,55 €

0,20 €

80 c

0,55 €

∘ 0,20 €

Unwmk

Designer:

Printer:

Unwmk

Sheet:

Designer: 48.

Printer: **

**

1993, 28 Sep. Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13 ½ Technique:

1993, 28 Sep. Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13 ½

Sheet:

Multicolor

Rock art, Chiquisaca

Rock art, Beni

Technique:

Unwmk

Inkamachay and Pumamachay, Dept. of Chuquisaca: A shelter and small cave in the Serranía de Chataquila. The visitor will have a 32 km drive on Sucre – Ravelo road as far as Chaunaca. From this point you have to walk on a path for about 7 km (2 hours). In 1958 Incamachay was declared a National Monument. More than forty years later, in 2002, the Municipality of Sucre constructed a wall around the rock shelter and a small house for a guardian to control visits to the site. In May 2004, a new phase of the project of an archaeological park began when the Municipality signed an agreement with SIARB to take steps to preserve the rock art of Incamachay and develop the site for tourism. In consequence, SIARB held a training course for the guardian and tourism guides, prepared a new register and photographic recording of the rock art and undertook initial conservation measures. Besides, a path for visitors of Incamachay was paved to avoid stirring up dust. Two information boxes with laminated sheets were installed. The cave of Pumamachay was closed by a fence allowing visits of small groups accompanied by the guardian. The new archaeological park (prepared by SIARB and the Municipality of SIARB ) was inaugurated on May 21, 2005 . www.siarb-bolivia.org

Rock art, La Paz

Technique:

Printer:

Printer: La Papelera, S.A.

1 B

0,20 €

Designer:

Designer:

**

Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13 ½

Technique:

1989, 12 Oct. Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13 ½

41.

0,55 €

Rock art, Inkamachay, Chiquisaca

0,20 €

1993, 28 Sep

Sheet:

**

Multicolor

Kalasasaya

Technique:

Unwmk

Printer:

Printer: La Papelera, S.A.

40.

Designer:

Unwmk

**

0,20 €

Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13 ½

Technique:

Designer: CIMA

Sheet:

0,55 €

Rock art, Potosí

Metal working 1989, 12 Oct. Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13 ½

**

Calacala, Dept. of Oruro: This site is situated near the village of Calacala , 25 km southeast of the city of Oruro . The guardian of the archaeological park lives in the village and must accompany tourists to open the gate of the fence protecting the rock art site. In a small cave and a rock shelter are paintings in red, white and black, as well as a few engravings. The principal motifs are domesticated camelids (llamas) apart from some felines and a few stylized human figures. SIARB constructed a visitors’ platform in front of the site allowing tourists to view the art without climbing the rock walls. An archaeological survey by Pilar Lima and three other archaeologists in the valley of Calacala revealed a continuous occupation since preceramic times, including a notable presence of people during the Inca period. www.siarb-bolivia.org

Designer:

Violet blue

Unwmk

Sheet:

0,50 €

Perforation: 11

Printer:

Chasqui, postal runner 1985, 11 Apr.

Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13 ½

21

80 c

Multicolor

**

0,55 €

0,20 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Rock art, Vallegrande, Santa Cruz

Gate of the sun

1993, 28 Sep. Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13 ½ Technique:

1997, 28 May Perforation: 13 ½

Unwmk

Technique:

Designer:

Designer:

Printer:

Printer:

Sheet: 49.

80 c

Multicolor

Sheet:

**

0,55 €

0,20 €

57.

2 B

Technique:

Technique: Litho

Printer:

58.

3,5 B

Unwmk

**

Multicolor

1,25 €

0,55 €

Vase from Omerque culture, Idol from Pachamama culture 1999

**

Multicolor

Unwmk

Designer:

Printer:

80 c

0,20 €

1998, 11 Oct. Perforation: 13 ½

Designer:

Sheet:

0,30 €

Sheet:

Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13 ½

Amazon mask, Beni

Rock art, Carija 1993, 28 Sep

**

Multicolor

Vallegrande in west of Dept. Santa Cruz belongs to the Andean highlands. Numerous rock art sites have been registered with a great variety of paintings and engravings that span at least several millenia. Two sites are presented here: SC 074, a small cave with paintings and engravings executed in different periods. The oldest representations are more than 20 negative hand stencils. In later times a large stylized human figure was painted in white holding a staff and another object (height: 1,13 m). Some animals were partly painted on top of this anthropomorph, in red and white. Apparently, a few abstract motifs in yellow and red represent the next phase, and finally there are white paintings belonging to the Colonial period, including a human figure holding up a cross, apparently scaring away another anthropomorph pictured in a frog www.bradshawfoundation.com/bolivia/

50.

Unwmk

0,55 €

Perforation: 13 ½ x 13 ¾

Technique:

0,20 €

Unwmk

Designer: Printer:

El Fuerte, temple ofSamaipata 1995, 4 Dec. Tech:

Perf.: 13x13 ½

Sheet:

59.

2 B

Unwmk

2000, 28 Apr.

Printer: **

**

0,70 €

0,35 €

Pottery, Santa Cruz

Designer:

Sheet:

Multicolor

Perforation: 13 ½ x 13 ¾

Technique:

Unwmk

Designer:

51.

1 B

Multicolor

0,80 €

0,50 €

Printer:

52.

1,90 B

Multicolor

1,50 €

1,00 €

Sheet:

53.

2 B

Multicolor

1,50 €

12,00 €

54.

2,40 B

Multicolor

1,80 €

1,20 €

60.

5 B

Multicolor

**

1,00 €

0,50 €

This archaeological site is situated on a mountain top at 8 kilometres from the centre of Samaipata and provides a spectacular view of distant mountain ranges. “El Fuerte”, meaning “The Fortress”, was first settled by tribes from the Amazon and Gran Chaco lowlands and later by the Incas. It was probably a religious ceremonial centre. Its predominant feature is the world´s largest carved stone, forming a platform of 300x40 metres. A few years ago UNESCO declared “El Fuerte” World Cultural Heritage site.

Chasqui, postal runner 1996

Perforation: 11

Technique:

Potosí

Pando

Beni

Tarija

Oruro

Cochabamba

Santa Cruz

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 55.

1,90 B

Surch. On #39

**

0,60 €

0,25 €

Chuquisaca

Cultural artifacts

Monolith 1997, 28 May. Perforation: 13 ½ Technique: Litho

2000, 13 Jun.

Technique:

Unwmk

La Paz

Printer:

56.

80 c

Multicolor

** 0,30 €

 Unwmk

Designer:

Designer:

Sheet:

Perforation: 11

22

Sheet:

**

61.

50 c

Brown

0,30 €

0,30 €

62.

50 c

Brown

0,30 €

0,30 €

63.

70 c

Brown

0,50 €

0,50 €

64.

90 c

Brown

0,50 €

0,50 €

∘ 0,20 €

Printer:


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

65.

1 B

Brown

0,50 €

0,50 €

66.

1 B

Brown

0,60 €

0,60 €

67.

3 B

Brown

2,00 €

2,00 €

68.

5 B

Brown

3,50 €

3,50 €

69.

20 B

Brown

14,00 €

14,00 €

Croatia and later NATO, fighting the Bosnian Serbs, supported by Yugoslavia, which was by now reduced to the core Serbian state. This civil war was marked by atrocities and by the Serbs' ruthless policy of ethnic cleansing, the expulsion or execution of non-Serb minorities in the areas they controlled. In 1995 a peace agreement divided the country between the Croat-Muslims and the Serbs and created a collective government. Since then, a shaky peace has been maintained by a large international peace-keeping force.

Paleolithic rock carving, Badanj 1997, 31 Mar.

Gate of the sun, monolith 2001, 26 Sep

Perforation: 13 ½ x 13 ¾

Technique:

Technique:

Unwmk

Sheet: **

Sheet: Multicolor

1,10 €

1.

∘ 1,10 €

2006, 21 Aug. Perforation: 13 ½ Technique:

 Unwmk

Designer: Printer: **

Sheet: 1 B

72.

1,5 B

35 d

Multicolor

100.000

blue

Ceramic head (Neolithic, Butmir culture) Perforation: 14 ¾

Technique:

 Unwmk

Designer: N. Čmajčanin Printer: Courvoisier Sheet:

(1879-1918)

2.

50 d

Multicolor

100.000

1997, 31 Mar.

**

a

0,20 €

0,20 € 250,00 €

0,35 €

0,35 €

13,00 €

13,00 €

Inv. Ovp 5 h dp green Perf. 11 ½

250,00 €

80 d

Multicolor

100.000

**

0,90 €

0,90 €

This bronze wagon was found in former Yugoslavia. It was classified as in a group of "Kesselwagen with ornithomorphic protomes" by Pare. The symbolism of the combination of wheel, vessel, and water-bird was found in the central and western Europe including Italy from previous period. For example, a wagon from a grave at Acholshausen, Germany (c.1000 BCE) has four bird-figures and a vessel. It continued in Hallstatt era and even beyond it. Pare introduced the record of use of wagons by Antigonos of Carystos in the third century BCE. "They say that in Crannon in Thessaly there are only two ravens. This is why two ravens on a bronze wagon (two, because more than two are never seen) are represented on written treaties of friendship as the distinguishing emblem of the city, which it is usual to add in all cases. The wagon was attached for the following reason (for this might seem a strange thing to do): they have a bron ze wagon set up as a votive offering which, in times of drought, they shake, praying to the god for water; and this, they say, is then granted. Theopompos reported something even more remarkable. The ravens, according to him, stay in Crannon only until they hatch their young; when they have done this, they leave their young behind and depart. Ktesias tells of something similar in Ec batana and in Persia. But since he lies so often, I omit that passage as belonging to the realm of romance. Myrsilos of Lesbos reports that in the Lepetymnos mountains in Lesbos there is a temple of Apollo and a heroon of Leperymnos, where (as in Crannon) there are only two ravens, although there are many ravens in the places round about" (qtd. in Pare 185). Here Antigonos talked about custom in Crannon, a Greek city in the third century BCE. The wagon with water-bird was used for a votive offering in the period of drought in Crannon. The people in Crannon had a certain belief in the relation between water-bird and rainfall. Pare also points out that there were some bronze coins from the city of Crannon of the fourth century BCE, which de picted vessel wagons with birds. His other example in Balkans is Apollo’s chariot draught by the team of swans. Vehicles (in Apollo's case, the chariot) with birds had a religious relation to Apollo. According him, “clearly the meaning of the "vessel-bearing wagon" and the "vessel with antithetic bird-pair’ survived at least until the 3rd century BC in the Balkans." (Pare 185) The Greek custom only suggests the early stage of cult wagon. We cannot conclude that the use of the vessel wagon with birds, as this one, had the same use as Crannon one. However, we could assume the Greek belief suggests its remote origin in Hallstatt culture.

Issue:

b

Unwmk

Sheet: 3.

Printer:

Perf. 11 ½ x 12 ½

Printer: Courvoisier

Unwmk

Designer:

2 h vermilion

0,50 €

Designer: N. Čmajčanin

Perf: 12 ½

Sheet:

0,50 €

Perforation: 14 ¾

Technique:

Tech: Typo

Bronze Age bird wagon, Glasinac

Hermes - Mercury 1918

**

The Butmir Culture was a culture in Butmir, near Ilidža, Bosnia and Herzegovina, dating from the Neolithic period. The culture disappeared during the Bronze Age, most likely conquered by the Illyrians who settled the area at the time. The Illyrian tribe who occupied the area after them were the Daesitates.

Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Located in southwestern Yugoslavia, the provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina were long ruled by their various neighbours. After nearly five centuries of Ottoman Turkish rule, they were placed under Austrian protection in 1878, and a year later their first separate stamps appeared. In 1908, Austria-Hungary formally annexed Bosnia-Herzegovina, arousing the fears of Serbian nationalists, who sought to add the area to the Kingdom of Serbia. In 1914, Austrian Archduke Ferdinand, heir to the aging Austrian emperor, was assassinated at the capital, Sarajevo, by agents of the Serbian secret police, setting off the series of events that culminated in World War I.

2.

0,30 €

See postmark in Jugoslavia JUG_19911014

BOSNIA (AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN OCCUPATION)

a

0,30 €

green

1997, 31 Mar.

1.

**

The archaeological site of Badanj is situated on cadastral municipality near Stolac, Borojevići, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It consists of a semi-cave or overhang recessed beneath a cliff that rises steeply 45m. above the right bank of the Bregava. The Bregava gorge is 18 km. long in this area and about 100 m. deep in Eocene limestone between Vidovo plain and the Neretva river. Using archaeological methods the site can be dated to the later Upper Palaeolithic – late Epigravettian, i.e. 13,000 to 12,000 BCE. The site was discovered in 1976. Of particular significance is the discovery of a drawing carved into the rock of the Badanj site, one of the oldest examples of art in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The drawing is partly damaged. It is cut into the diagonal surface of a large polished block of stone broken off from the stone massif forming the cave, with the surface inclined at an angle of about 30º from west to east. The drawing is on the south-western angle of the rock, and probably represents the figure of a horse seen from the offside flank that has been hit by arrows. Only the rear half of the body survives, with flanks typical for a horse and part of the body; the rest of the drawing has been destroyed. The cuts are 5mm. deep. The drawing is not anatomically perfect, which was not what mattered to the men of those days

Chasqui, postal runner

71.

Unwmk

Printer: Courvoisier

Printer:

5 B

Designer: N. Čmajčanin

Designer:

70.

Perforation: 14 ¾

-

BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA (1992 -) Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 2,607,734. After World War I, Bosnia and Herzegovina became part of the newly established Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During World War II, ancient ethnic antagonisms were renewed and reinforced as Croats, Serbs and Muslim Bosnian forces fought one another. In 1991 the Bosnia and Herzegovina parliament declared the states sovereign and in early 1992 declared independence from Yugoslavia. This was bitterly opposed by ethnic Serbs, and a three-way civil war broke out, with the loosely allied Croat and Muslim factions, backed by

23


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Bear figures 2007, 1 Jun.

Perforation: 13

Technique:

Unwmk

Designer: L. Bešić / S. J. Hodović Printer: CPU B&H **

Sheet: 10 8.

Perforation: 14 ¾

Technique:

Designer: N. Čmajčanin

Unwmk Print:

**

Sheet: 2

4.

100 d

Multicolor

50.000

1,00 €

1,00 €

5.

120 d

Multicolor

50.000

1,00 €

1,00 €

30.000

1997, 20 Jul.

Perforation: 14 ¾

**

Sheet: 30 1.

1,40 k

Multicolor

City: Sovići Text: Zupni ured Gorica / Samatorje – Gorica / Prvi dan

Unwmk

BIH-HRV_19970420

FDC

3,00 €

MC **

1,25 €

1,25 €

Hillfort of Ošanići – Stolac, Diluntum 1999, 3 Nov.

Multicolor

100.000

2002, 28 Jun.

Perforation:

Technique:

 Unwmk

Designer: Nikola Vučković

Roman galley Perforation: 14

Technique:

Printer: Zrinski Čakovec

**

Sheet: 30

Unwmk 2.

Designer: L. Šehić Printer: Bundesdruckerei

0,10 M

Multicolor

0,20 €

∘ 0,20 €

Theme: Coin

Sheet: 2

** 30.000

2,00 €

City: Stolac

2,00 €

Text: Gradina Osanići / Prvi dan BIH-HRV_19991103

Theme: Ships

FDC

3,50 €

MC

City: Sarajevo Text: Brodogradnja / Rimska Galija BIH_20080628

Unwmk

Printer:

Sheet: 2

Multicolor

Designer: Anđelko Mikulić

Printer:

1,20 d

MOSTAR)

Perforation:

Technique:

Designer: N. Čmajčanin / S. Gušo

7.

ADMIN.,

Theme: Architecture

Technique:

100 d

2,00 €

The archaeological site Šamatorje in Gorica

War of Troy

6.

2,00 €

BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA (CROATIAN

Daorson consisted of three ensembles, the central one being the fort/acropolis, surrounded by the “cyclopean” walls made of huge stone blocks (similar to those in Mycenae, in Greece). All the im portant administrative, public and religious buildings were situated in it. The defensive wall extending from southwest to northeast was 65 metres long, 4,2 metres wide, and from 4,5 to 7,5 metres high; it had doors and towers on both sides. The Daorsi adopted the Greek language and alphabet; they kept trading relations with the Greeks. The remnants of numerous wine amphorae have been found, including some ceramic fragments. The most valuable of the finds is a bronze helmet decorated with a series of Greek mythological figures, including Aphrodite, Nika, Heli, Dionysius, Muse, Pegasus, and others. The inscription on it is similar to the inscription on a helmet found in Macedonia. The remnants of a granite sculpture of Cadmus and Harmonia have also been found; the piece includes an Illyrian relief with thirteen snakes and five pairs of eagle’s wings. In a small building a mint facility was uncovered, with appropriate tools and stencils, 39 different coins (29 bearing the image of King Ballaios from 168 BC, and 9 with a Greek inscription and a boat image). Money was of immense importance to the Daorsi, ensuring the tribe's independence while also confirming their well developed business, cultural and trade links with other peoples.

1997, 3 May.

Multicolor

The Visoko region shows evidence of long continuous occupation, with the first traces of life dating back to 4000 BC. Because there are two rivers that go through Visoko, the Bosna and Fojnica, the area of Visoko was always inhabited. In the Neolithic period, the area of Central Bosnia played an important role as a mediator between the settlements of Adriatic Coast and the central Balkans. These metropolitan areas were connected by Neretva and Bosna rivers. Since Visoko was situated on the Bosna River, it has gained a lot of economic traffic between the two larger cities. Neo lithic emplacements were founded on the shores of the rivers in places known today as Arnautovići, Donje Moštre, Okolište, Zbilje, Ginje, and Dvor. In these settlements, many tools, and other objects have been found from this period. Since 2002, smaller excavations and geophysical prospectus ions in the big settlement hill Okolište were carried out. As the first, the result of these activities showed a geomagnetic plan of a 5 house settlement with house lines and connection systems. During the first excavations, 6 5 x 5 m surfaces were uncovered. The findings of excellently preserved settlements as well as typological, radiometric, archaeological, and botanical analyses of the present excavations show a large scientific potential of the place regarding the late Neolithic period. In September 2007 the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina continued archaeological excavations of Okolište, where it is estimated that around 3000 people lived in the settlement during the Neolithic Age. The age of settlement is estimated by Radiocarbon dating to be around 4700 to 4500 years B.C.E. This is one of the largest settlements found in Bosnia, confirmed by materials found and the number of houses that were located using the geomagnetic method.

Illyrian walls from Darson – Stolac, Diluntum 1997, 31 Mar.

1 d

FDC

Helmet of the Illyrian warrior from Vranjevo selo

3,00 €

2008, 12 May Perforation: 14 Technique:

Unwmk

Designer: Ariana Noršić Printer: Zrinski d.d. Čakovec

24


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

**

Sheet: 8 + 2 vignettes 3.

2,90 M

Multicolor

0,20 €

0,20 €

The archeological site Vranjevo selo is located in the area of the municipality of Neum and is the national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina with the remains of the Roman settlement and medieval necropolis of stele. At the site of Vidića guvno the remains were found of the grave of the Bronze Age containing rich metal and ceramic finds. It is probably the prince's grave of the Illyrian warrior in full battle kit. The warrior's grave which, among other contained also parts of the two Graeco-Illyrian helmets can be put into 4th century before J.C. and attributed ethnically to the Illyrian tribe of Ardijevci. Only two similar Illyrian helmets were found on the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the last one in 1904. At present, Illyrian-Greek helmets are located in the Museum and gallery of town of Neum which has been opened on 25. august 2007.

Ancient greece monuments 2004, 12 Jul.

Perforation: 13 ½

Theme: Illyrian helmet

Technique:

City: Neum

Designer: Radomir Bojanić/Nadežda Skočajić

Text: Archaeolosko blago / Kaciga Ilirskog ratnika iz vranjeva sela

Printer: FORUM - Novi Sad

BIH-HRV_20080512

FDC

Sheet 3+3 vignettes

3,50 €

MC

BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA (SERBIAN

ADMIN.,

BANJA LUKA)

Perforation: 13 ¾

Technique:

0,5 M

Multicolor

7.

0,5 M

Multicolor

8.

0,5 M

Multicolor

9.

1 M

Multicolor

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 1,500,765. A republic in central southern Africa, directly north of the Republic of South Africa. Formerly the British Bechuanaland Protectorate, the republic became independent as Botswana on Sept. 30, 1966. Many Botswanans are migrant workers in South Africa, with which Botswana is closely linked.

Printer: FORUM - Novi Sad

1.

0,5 M

Multicolor

(1992 -)

Designer: Radomir Bojanić

**

**

BOTSWANA

Unwmk

Sheet: 1 of 6

Sheet: 8

6.

Egyptian obelisk 1999, 22 Nov

Unwmk

1,20 €

1,20 €

Tsodilo, rock painstings Greco-Illyrian Helmet 2002, 5 Sep.

1968, 30 Sep

Perforation: 13 ¾

Technique:

0,5 M

Technique: Litho

Unwmk

Printer:

Printer: FORUM - Novi Sad

Sheet:

Multicolor

20.000

**

0,60 €

0,60 €

1.

Perforation: 13 ¾

Technique:

Unwmk

Designer: Radomir Bojanić Printer: FORUM - Novi Sad Sheet: 9 3.

1 M

**

Multicolor

3 c

1,20 €

0,30 €

Technique: Litho

Unwmk

Designer: Printer:

Perf.: 13 ¼ x 13 ¾

Sheet:

 2.

Tech.: Unwmk Designer: Radomir Bojanić/Nadežda Skočajić **

0,30 €

1973, 23 Mar. Perforation: 14

2004, 2 Mar.

Sheet: 2

Multicolor

Chariot of sun, Trundholm

1,20 €

Richshaw Race from Hellenic period

Printer: FORUM - Novi Sad

**

With one of the highest concentrations of rock art in the world, Tsodilo has been called the 'Louvre of the Desert'. Over 4,500 paintings are preserved in an area of only 10 sq. km of the Kalahari Desert. The archaeological record of the area gives a chronological account of human activities and environmental changes over at least 100,000 years. Local communities in this hostile environment respect Tsodilo as a place of worship frequented by ancestral spirits. In its justification for inscription the UNESCO states that for many thousands of years the rocky outcrops of Tsodilo in the harsh landscape of the Kalahari Desert have been visited and settled by humans, who have left rich traces of their presence in the form of outstanding rock art. Tsodilo is a site that has witnessed visits and settlement by successive human communities for many millennia. The Tsodilo outcrops have immense symbolic and religious significance for the human communities who continue to survive in this hostile environment.

Silver snake heads 2002, 5 Sep.

Unwmk

Designer:

Designer: Radomir Bojanić

Sheet: 9 2.

Perforation: 13 x 13 ½

4.

1,50 M

Multicolor

20.000

1,80 €

1,80 €

5.

1,50 M

Multicolor

20.000

1,80 €

1,80 €

25

4 c

Multicolor

** 0,20 €

∘ 0,20 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Tsodilo, rock paintings 1999, 24 May

Perforation: 13 ½ x 14

Technique:

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Rhinoceros

Ostrich

Hyena

**

Sheet:

Tsodilo, rock painstings 1975, 25 Jun.

Perforation: 14 x 14 ½

Technique: Litho

9.

1 P

multicolor

Unwmk

2008, 29 Sep

Printer:

Perforation: 14

Technique:

Sheet:

**

0,45 €

Tsodilo, rock painstings

Designer: M.F. Bryan

Scorpion

0,45 €

3.

4 c

Yellow & multicolor

0,85 €

0,20 €

4.

10 c

Buff & multicolor

1,40 €

0,20 €

5.

25 c

Blue & multicolor

2,50 €

0,75 €

6.

35 c

Lilac & multicolor

2,75 €

1,50 €

Unwmk

Designer: P. Melenhorst Printer: Southern color print Sheet: 25 x 2 10.

4,90 P

multicolor

**

0,20 €

0,20 €

BRAZIL (1843 - ) Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 164,511,366. A large republic, occupying nearly half of South America. Brazil was discovered by Europeans in 1500, and Portugal soon began colonizing the coastal areas. During 1808-21, after Napoleon had occupied Portugal, Brazil was the seat of the Portuguese empire. In 1821 the Portuguese king returned to Lisbon, leaving his son, Dom Pedro, to act as regent in Brazil. In 1822 Dom Pedro declared the independence of the Empire of Brazil. Although Dom Pedro and his son, Dom Pedro II, were popular, the feeling grew that an American monarchy was an anachronism, and in 1889 a bloodless coup established the republic. Since 1930, Brazil has often been ruled by various military regimes. A civilian government was in power 1956-64, and civilian rule was re-established in 1985. Ambitious industrial and agricultural programs since 1930 have capitalized on the country's enormous natural resources, and Brazil has become the leading industrial nation of Latin America. Economic growth has been slowed in recent years by income maldistribution and inflation.

Watermark #1 REPUBLICA DOS ESTADOS UNIDOS DO BRAZIL CORREIO FEDERAL

Watermark #2 CASA DA MOEDA

Watermark #3 ESTADOS UNIDOS DO BRASIL

Watermark #5 ESTADOS UNIDOS DO BRASIL

Watermark #6 EUBRASIL

Tsodilo, rock painstings 1975, 25 Jun.

Perforation: 14 x 14 ½

Technique: Litho

Designer: M.F. Bryan

Unwmk Print: 7.

Sheet: 4 74 c

Multicolor

** 10,00 €

Watermark #4  CASA DA MOEDA 

2,75 €

Tsodilo, rock painstings 1999, 24 May Perforation: 13 ½ x 14 Technique:

Unwmk

Designer:

Watermark #7 EUBRASIL

Printer: Sheet: 8.

35 t

multicolor

** 0,20 €

Watermark #8 CORREIO BRASIL (various stamps)

Watermark #9 CASA+DA+MOEDA+DO +BRASIL

0,20 €

Watermark #10

26

Watermark #11

Watermark #12


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B – BRASIL·CORREIO

CASA+DA+MOEDA+DO +BRASIL (8 mm)

BRASIL  CORREIO (7mm)

Hermes - Mercury 1922, 2 May.

Perforation: 13 x 13 ½

Technique: Typo

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Watermark #13 BRASIL CORREIO (5mm)

8.

400 r

22,50 €

Blue

∘ 3,50 €

Hermes - Mercury

Hermes - Mercury 1894

**

Sheet:

Watermark #14 CASA+DA+MOEDA+DO +BRASIL (5 mm)

Perforation: 11 x 14

1922, 2 May.

Technique: Litho

Perforation: 13 x 13 ½

Technique: Typo

Unwmk

Wmk #2

Designer:

Designer:

Printer:

Printer: Sheet:

**

1.

1000 r

Green & violet

55,00 €

1,75 €

2.

2000 r

Black & violet

60,00 €

15,00 €

**

Sheet:

∘ 9.

400 r

Blue

Hermes - Mercury Hermes - Mercury 1899

Technique: Litho

1000 r

 Unwmk

Printer: Sheet: ** 125,00 €

Wmk #3

Designer:

Printer:

Green & violet

Perforation: 13 x 13 ½

Technique: Typo

Designer:

Sheet: 3.

1922, 2 May.

Perforation: 8 ½ x 9

10.

400 r

Blue

**

3,75 €

3,75 €

12,50 €

Hermes - Mercury Hermes - Mercury 1904

Technique: Litho

1000 r

Unwmk

Printer:

Sheet: ** 160,00 €

11.

9,00 €

Perforation: 11 x 11 ½

Technique: Litho

5.

1000 r

300 r

Olive green

a

Hermes - Mercury 1904

**

1,90 €

0,25 €

1,90 €

0,20 €

7,50 €

0,50 €

Booklet of 6

12.

400 r

Blue

13.

500 r

Brown red

a

Booklet of 6

Wmk #1

Designer:

Hermes - Mercury

Printer:

1929

Sheet:

Technique: Typo

Green & violet

Wmk #4

Designer: Printer:

Green & violet

Perforation: 13 x 13 ½

Technique: Typo

Designer:

Sheet: 4.

1924 - 1925

Perforation: 11 x 11 ½

** 290,00 €

Perforation: 13 x 12 ½

Wmk #2

Designer:

30,00 €

Printer: Hermes - Mercury

Sheet:

1920, 12 May. Perforation: 13 x 13 ½ Technique: Typo

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet:

**

**

14.

300 r

Rosa red

0,35 €

0,25 €

15.

400 r

Orange

0,75 €

0,60 € 0,20 €

16.

500 r

Ultra

8,50 €

17.

600 r

Brown orange

7,50 €

3,00 €

18.

700 r

Violet

7,50 €

1,75 €

19.

1000 r

Turq blue

9,50 €

0,70 €

6.

300 r

Olive green

12,50 €

0,50 €

7.

500 r

Claret

17,50 €

0,50 €

Hermes - Mercury 1929

Perforation: 13 ½ x 12 ½

Technique: Typo Designer: Printer:

27

Wmk #6 #7


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Sheet: 20.

300 r

rosa red Wmk #7

a

**

39.

200 r

On stamp #20

12,50 €

12,50 €

0,60 €

0,20 €

40.

200 r

On stamp #20a

87,50 €

87,50 €

0,65 €

0,30 €

41.

200 r

On stamp #14

0,45 €

0,45 €

21

400 r

orange

0,70 €

0,25 €

a

Inv surcharge

35,00 €

22

500 r

ultra

7,00 €

0,45 €

b

Double surcharge

35,00 €

110,00 €

15,00 €

Wmk #7

a 23

600 r

brown org

8,50 €

0,60 €

24

700 r

dp violet

2,25 €

0,20 €

25

1000 r

turq blue Wmk #7

a

Icarus 1933, 1 Oct.

Perforation: 13 ½ x 12 ½

4,00 €

0,20 €

Technique: Typo

6,50 €

6,50 €

Designer:

Unwmk

Printer: Hermes - Mercury 1930

Technique: Typo

**

Sheet:

Perforation: 13 ½ x 12 ½

42.

Wmk #5

100 r

Deep brown

a

Perf. 11

0,65 €

0,25 €

2,20 €

0,30 €

Designer: Icarus

Printer: Sheet: 26.

300 r

Rosa red

**

1934, 15 Apr.

0,60 €

0,25 €

Technique: Typo

27.

500 r

Ultramar

1,50 €

0,25 €

Designer:

28.

1000 r

Turq. Blue

0,25 €

0,65 €

Printer:

Perforation: 11 ¼ Unwmk

Sheet: Hermes - Mercury 1931

Perforation: 13 ½ x 12 ½

Technique: Typo

29.

200 r

Inv. Surch. On stamp #20a

On stamp #14

0,30 €

Printer:

45,00 €

45,00 €

0,90 €

0,90 €

44.

200 r

Dark olive

0,25 €

0,25 €

40,00 €

40,00 €

45.

400 r

Carmin

1,50 €

1,50 €

17,50 €

17,50 €

46.

700 r

Ultramar

1,50 €

0,90 €

47.

1000 r

Orange

3,75 €

0,60 €

Sheet:

300 r

60,00 €

**

1936 - 1938

1931 – 1934

Technique: Typo

Perforation: 13 ½ x 12 ½

Designer:

Printer:

Printer:

Sheet:

Olive green

0,60 €

Perforation: 11

 Wmk #10

Designer:

Wmk #8

**

Hermes - Mercury

Hermes - Mercury

Sheet: 32.

60,00 €

Technique: Typo

Unwmk

0,30 €

Inv. Surch. 200

Designer:

**

On stamp #20

0,50 €

Hermes - Mercury

Wmk diverse

Sheet: On stamp #26

Technique: Typo

c 31.

0,50 €

Printer:

a b

**

Blue

1934, 12 May Perforation: 11

Inv. Surch. 200

200 r

Designer:

a 30.

43.

**

48.

300 r

Olive green

0,25 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

49.

400 r

Blue

0,45 €

0,20 €

0,70 €

0,20 €

33.

400 r

Ultra

0,85 €

0,20 €

50.

500 r

Red brown

34.

500 r

Red brown

3,50 €

0,20 €

51.

600 r

Brown orange

1,50 €

0,20 €

600 r

Brown org

3,50 €

0,20 €

52.

700 r

Violet

2,75 €

0,20 €

3,50 €

0,20 €

53.

1000 r

Turq blue

3,00 €

0,20 €

12,50 €

0,20 €

35. 36.

700 r

37.

1000 r

Vio Turq blue

Hermes - Mercury 1938 - 1939

Hermes - Mercury 1933, 28 Jul.

Perforation: 13 ½ x 12 ½

Technique: Typo

Technique: Typo

Sheet: On stamp #26

Wmk #11

Printer: Sheet:

Printer:

200 r

Designer:

Wmk diverse

Designer:

38.

Perforation: 11

**

54.

300 r

Olive green

0,60 €

0,60 €

55.

400 r

Blue

56.

500 r

Red brown

28

**

0,50 €

0,20 €

100,00 €

35,00 €

0,50 €

10,00 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

1938 - 1939

Perforation: 11

Technique: Typo

Control number

a

Hermes - Mercury

1947, 15 Nov. Perforation: 11 x 12

Wmk #11

Sheet: Blue, thin paper Thick paper

a 58.

600 r

59.

1000 r

Brown orange Turq blue

**

4,50 €

0,20 €

7,50 €

0,40 €

4,50 €

0,20 €

11,00 €

0,20 €

Designer: Printer: Casa da Moeda Sheet: 65.

1,20 Cr

Gray violet

1947, 15 Nov

1941, 30 Sep. Perforation: 11 Technique: Typo

Gray violet

66.

5,00 €

0,40 €

Thick paper

10,00 €

0,60 €

b

Thick paper

5,00 €

0,40 €

40+10 c

a

Imperforated pair

1948, 13 Aug

 Wmk #9

67. **

9,00 €

9,00 €

Unwmk

**

1,20 Cr

Technique: Typo

Blue

0,30 €

1952, 20 Sep

 Wmk #13

Perforation: 11 x 12

68. **

5,00 €

0,20 €

0,70 €

0,20 €

3,80 Cr

0,30 €

∘ 0,20 €

Caduceus & winged helmet 1953, 22 Feb. Perforation: 11 x 12

Hermes - Mercury

Unwmk

Designer:

Perforation: 11

Technique: Typo

**

Violet brn & lt grn

Technique: 1942 - 1947

Unwmk

Sheet:

Ctrl number

Printer:

Printer:

Gray violet

0,20 €

Designer:

Designer:

Sheet:

Caduceus

Technique:

Perforation: 11

ñ

Printer: Casa da Moeda

Hermes - Mercury

a

Perforation: 11

Designer:

Printer:

Gray violet (ctrl number)

0,20 €

250,00 €

Sheet:

Sheet:

Three graces

Designer:

1942 - 1947

0,35 €

Technique:

Perforation: 11

Technique: Typo

2000 r

**

Orange red

Hermes - Mercury

62.

Unwmk

Sheet: **

a

2000 r

ñ

Printer: Casa da Moeda

Sheet:

61.

0,25 €

Designer:

Printer:

1942 - 1947

0,30 €

Perforation: 11

Technique: Typo

 Wmk #11

Designer:

2000 r

**

Icarus

Hermes - Mercury

60.

ñ

Technique: Typo

Printer:

400 r

1,10 €

Icarus

Designer:

57.

1,70 €

Printer:

Wmk #11

Sheet:

Designer:

69.

1,20 Cr

Dl brn & fawn

** 0,25 €

∘ 0,20 €

Printer: Sheet:

Athena - Minerva

**

Gray violet

3,00 €

0,20 €

a

Thin paper no-number

6,00 €

0,60 €

Technique:

b

Thick paper, number

9,00 €

1,20 €

Designer:

63.

2000 r

1954, 24 Feb. Perforation: 11 x 11 ½

Printer:

Hermes - Mercury 1942 - 1947

Perforation: 11

Technique: Typo

Sheet:

70.

Wmk ¿?

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 64.

2 Cr

Gray violet

Unwmk

**

4,00 €

0,20 €

29

1,50 Cr

Dp plumb

** 0,25 €

∘ 0,25 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Icarus

Marajoará triangular jug

1959, 1 Feb.

Perforation: 11 x 11 ½

Technique:

1981, 18 May. Perforation: 11 ¾

ñ

Unwmk

Designer:

Designer: Alvaro A. Martins

Printer: Sheet: 71.

3,30 Cr

**

Ultramar

0,20 €

Printer:

Sheet:

0,20 €

75.

7 Cr

Th: Icarus

0,25 €

0,20 €

Technique:

CONMEMORATIVE

Designer: Alvaro A. Martins 7,00 €

Printer: Text: Mostra filatélica / da semana da ASA de 1959 / [ ] 09 oct em / cooperaçao com o / clube filatélico do Brasil

Sheet: 76.

1975, 8 Jul.

Perforation: 11 ¾

City: Rio de janeiro

Designer: A. Carvao

Text:

Printer: Casa da Moeda do Brasil

BRA_19810518

Multicolor

**

0,50 €

0,40 €

FDC

1981, 18 May. Perforation: 11 ½ x 11

Printer:

Perforation: 11 ¾

Sheet:

Technique: Designer: A. Carvao 77.

Printer: Casa da Moeda do Brasil

30 Cr

Multicolor

**

Hermes - Mercury

0,35 €

0,40 €

1984, 10 Sep

Funerary urns have not been studied in depth in spite of the fact that they are found throughout the Amazon region. Brazilian funerary urns are the best known and most endangered of all. They are classified in four different types according to the region they are issued from: Marajoará (Marajó island), Macará, Cunani (Amapa state), and Guarita (mostly in the Urubu river). Even though scientific and chronological excavations are limited, urns can be dated from 500 to 1500 AD. Urns were used to keep ashes and human remains. They range from 30 to 85 cm in height and are characterized by a more or less globular shape and intricate geometric decoration. Marajoará or Marajó urns are globular with a wide mouth and intricate incised geometric decoration painted in white, red, and ochre with a few slightly protruding elements. Schematic human features can be distinguished, particularly human faces, and animals such as turtles, birds, snakes and figures with human and animal features.

Technique:

**

Sheet: 78.

100 Cr

Multicolor

0,20 €

Printer:

Multicolor

0,25 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

Printer:

Designer: Alvaro A. Martins

7 Cr

0,20 €

Designer: Alvaro A. Martins – Marcio Rocha

Technique:

Unwmk

**

**

Perforation: 11 ¾

Macará indian funerary urn 1981, 18 May. Perforation: 11 ¾

Technique: Designer: Marcio Rocha

Sheet:

0,20 €

Athena - Minerva

1975, 8 Jul.

Sheet:

0,25 €

1,00 €

Marajoará vase, from a burial in Guajará mound

Multicolor

**

Theme: Ancient pottery

The stamp is one of a set of three issued by Brazil in 1975. It shows petroglyphs from the “cultiva ted rock” of Ingá, the most important object in Brazilian archaeology. It is a monolith, 23 meters long and 1 meter high, engraved with inscriptions called “itacoatiaras.” It is located in the western part of the state of Paraíba

1 Cr

Multicolor

Technique:

Sheet: 0,7 Cr

7 Cr

The Tupi people are one of the main ethnic groups of Brazilian indigenous people, together with the related Guaraní. They first inhabited the Amazon rainforest, then spread southward and gradually occupied the Atlantic coast.

Petroglyphs, stone og Ingá

74.

**

1981, 18 May. Perforation: 11 ¾

BRA_19591009

73.

Multicolor

Tupi-Guarani bowl

City: Río de Janeiro D.F.

72.

Technique:

Deers from Cerca Grande

Macará urns are big and in the shape of animals and human figures. Those in the shape of human figures, which are much more common, are cylindrical with protruding arms and legs.The arms are usually folded in a forced manner and placed on the knees. The lids portray the head. Human depictions can be both male and female and they are mostly portrayed seated on stools. Zoomorphic urns are oblong with an opening in the back and four legs. They feature geometric designs and remains of white, black, yellow and red paint can be identified.

Lizards from Lapa do Cablloco

Deers from Grande abrigo de Santana do Riacho

Rock art 1985, 18 May. Unwmk

30

Perforation: 11 ½ x 11

Designer: Alvaro A. Martins

Technique:

∘ 0,20 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Print: 79.

300 Cr

Multicolor

a

From sheet per. 10 ¾

80.

300 Cr

Multicolor

a 81.

**

Sheet:

From sheet per. 10 ¾ 2000 Cr

Multicolor

a

From sheet per. 10 ¾

Pedra pintada, Roraima

0,20 €

0,20 €

1991, 6 Jul.

0,60 €

0,60 €

Technique: Litho

0,20 €

0,20 €

Designer: Lucia Tv Ramos - Álvaro A. Martins

0,60 €

0,60 €

Printer:

0,75 €

0,50 €

Sheet:

0,60 €

0,60 €

86.

Perforation: 11 x 11 ½

**

45 NC Multicolor

0,30 €

Theme: Rock paintings

Rock art, Serra de Capivara

City: Belo Horizonte

1992, 17 Jul.

Text: Arlon / Cite Romaine

Technique:

BRA_19850518

FDC

Unwmk

∘ 0,20 €

Perforation: 12 x 11 ½

Designer: Lucia Tv Ramos Printer: Sheet: 87.

550 Cr

Multicolor

**

0,50 €

0,30 €

Sambaquis sites 1993, 19 Sep P.:12 x 11 ½ Tech: Litho

Unwmk

Designer: Lucia Tv Ramos Printer: **

Sheet:

Technique:

Designer: Alvaro A. Martins

Unwmk Print: 82.

Perforation: 11 ½ x 11

Sheet: 3 2600 Cr

**

Multicolor

Hermes - Mercury 1989, 1 Aug.

Perforation: 11 ½ x 12

Technique: Litho

Unwmk

Designer: D. Rosa Printer: Sheet: 83.

**

50 NC Multicolor

0,40 €

88.

17 NC Multicolor

0,25 €

0,50 €

89.

17 NC Multicolor

0,25 €

0,50 €

Sambaqui - The Sambaquis are shells hills with over 30 meters of high. The word came from Guarani (great Indian group who lived in Brasil in colonial times) language: tamba (shells) and quí (conic hill). The "Sambaquianos" ate molluscs, and piled up the shells living over them, because it was a high and dry place. In the Sambaqui we can find several evidences of occupation as burials, lithic pieces, fire vestiges, feeding rests (fishes, birds and mammal bones) and several adornments. The Sambaquis are depredated by man since colonial times, in road paving and in building cement making. Later these sources were exploited to lime fabrication, which drove to a complete destruction of several Sambaquis. The successive reoccupation of the Sambaquis by several cultures has created two periods in archaeological analysis: the Preceramic and the Ceramic. Lithic Stations - They are vestiges left by prehistoric individuals who used diabase and eventually sandstone to sharp and polish their lithic implements. the act of scratching the tools against the rock left depressions, some in dish-like form and others in furrow-like form, leaving registrated those activities by thousands of years. Rock Engravings - They are the most beautiful prehistoric legacy of the Island, but due to the large number of occupations by different cultures, the authors are still not positively identified. This is the oldest tradition we have vestiges from in this region, and the first signs of occupation (until now) are dating from 4 500 BP (Rohr,1977). They were the sambaquis builders this is the re ason why we sometimes call them sambaquianos. They were pre-ceramist individuals and practised body painting, following archaeological evidences found on burial bones (Rohr, 1962), usually red paintings. Those burials could be flexed, semiflexed or extended, and contained often funeral objects as axes, pebble, necklaces made on bones or vertebrae, arrows, and other kinds Many of these archaeological sites were completely devastated by the whitewash industry, which used to get raw material from the shells of the sambaquis. http://www.rupestre.net/tracce/catarina.html

Rock art 1985, 18 May.

Pottery

2002, 15 Dec

0,30 €

Perforation: 11 ½ x 12

Technique:

Archaeology

Unwmk

Designer:

1989, 12 Oct. Perf.: 12 x 11 ½

Printer: Brazilian Mint

Sheet: 2

Tech.:

90.

0,6 r

**

Multicolor

Unwmk

Vase of caryatids

BRITISH GUIANA

Muiraquitá

Designer: Alvaro A. Martins Printer:

Sheet:

**

84.

1 NC Multicolor

0,80 €

0,60 €

85.

4 NC Multicolor

3,20 €

2,40 €

(1850-1966) Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 630,000 (1966 estimate). A former colony on the northern coast of South America, British Guiana became an independent republic in 1966, assuming the name Guyana. Early issues of British Guiana include a number of major rarities, among them "The World's Most Valuable Stamp," the 1¢ black on magenta of 1856. This stamp is unique and has passed through the hands of some of the giants of philately.

31


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Hermes - Mercury 1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 11 x 11 ½ Technique: Engraved

Wmk 1

Designer: Printer: Sheet: Wmk ARQ #1

3.

10 c

Hermes - Mercury 1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 13 ½ x 14

**

Rose carmin

0,20 €

**

Sheet:

0,20 €

4.

15 c

Violet & yellow green

0,20 €

1961, 1 Mar.

Unwmk

Perforation: 13 ½

Technique: Engraved

Designer:

∘ 0,35 €

Wmk 2

Designer:

Printer:

Orange

Wmk 1

Mayan ruins

1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 11

12 c

Printer:

Hermes - Mercury

2.

0,35 €

Designer:

Sheet:

Sheet:

Perforation: 13 ½

Technique: Engraved

Printer:

Technique: Engraved

0,35 €

1953, 1 Sep.

Designer:

4 c

Brown

Mayan ruins

Technique: Engraved

1.

**

Printer: ** 0,20 €

Sheet:

0,75 €

5.

15 c

**

Ovpt #1 on stamp #4

0,20 €

∘ 0,35 €

Mayan stele

BRITISH HONDURAS

1968, 15 Jul.

Perforation: 13 x 13 ½

Technique: Litho

(1866-1973)

Wmk 2

Designer: Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 135,000 (1973 estimate). Located in Central America on the Caribbean Sea, this area was contested by the British and Spanish until 1798, when British authority was secured. In 1862 it became a British colony under Jamaican administration and in 1884 became a separate colony. In 1973, British Honduras changed its name to Belize.

Printer: Sheet:

6.

Wmk ARQ #1

50 c

Multicolor

**

0,50 €

0,50 €

Wmk ARQ #2

Ovp ARQ #1 New Constitution / 1960

Mayan figures 1938, 14 Feb. Perforation: 11 ½ x 11 Technique: Engraved

Human figure

Wmk 1

1 c

Green violet

Technique: ** 0,20 €

∘ Sun God

0,70 €

Wmk 1

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 2.

4 c

Green

** 0,35 €

Unwmk

Printer: Sheet:

1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 13 ½ x 14

Designer:

Hermes - Mercury

Technique: Engraved

Figure and mask

1972, 22 May Perforation: 14

Printer:

1.

Priest on throne

Mayan carved jade

Designer:

Sheet:

Dancing priest

∘ 0,35 €

32

**

7.

3 c

Rose red & multicolor

0,20 €

0,70 €

8.

6 c

Violet blk & multicolor

0,25 €

0,25 €

9.

16 c

Brn & multicolor (horiz.)

0,60 €

0,60 €

10.

25 c

Olive grn blk & multicolor

0,60 €

0,60 €

11.

50 c

Purple & multicolor

1,25 €

1,25 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

BRITISH SOLOMON IS.

1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 11 Technique: Engraved

Solomon Islands (1907-)

Wmk 1

Designer: Printer:

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 426,855 (1997 estimate). A group of islands in the western South Pacific. The islands were a British protectorate designated as the British Solomon Islands until 1975, when, as the group approached independence, the "British" was dropped. The Solomons became self-governing in 1976 and fully independent in 1978.

Sheet: 2.

25 c

**

Red lilac

1,75 €

1,75 €

BULGARIA (1879-) Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 8,652,745. During the 10th and 12th centuries, the Bulgars ruled much of the Balkan peninsula but subsequently declined in power, falling under Turkish control in 1396. In 1878, Bulgaria became an autonomous principality under nominal Turkish rule. In fact, Bulgaria was independent -- more closely aligned with Russia than with Turkey -- and this independence was formalized in 1908. The Treaty of San Stefano (1878) established a "Greater Bulgaria," which included all Bulgars and encompassed territory that now forms parts of Macedonia, Greece, Romania and Turkey. The powers, fearing the expansion of Russian influence in the Balkans through such a large client-state, overturned that treaty at the Congress of Berlin later in the year. Bulgaria's foreign policy from 1878 through 1944 was based on the creation of this Great er Bulgaria. In 1885, Bulgaria absorbed Eastern Rumelia, and in the Balkan Wars (1912-13) further expanded its borders. Its defeat by the Allies in World War I cost Bulgaria its Aegean coastline, and its defeat in World War II brought the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of a communist regime. In 1990 the Bulgarian Parliament ended the monopoly of the Communist Party on political power in the country, and the communist leadership was replaced by democratic opponents. Bulgaria's economy is going through a wrenching transition, as the country works to overcome years of neglect, to modernize and integrate with the rest of Europe

Wmk ARQ #1

Hermes - Mercury 1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 13 ½ x 14 Technique: Engraved

Wmk 1

Designer: Printer: **

Sheet: 1.

2 d

Red brown

1,00 €

∘ 0,85 €

Wall of Hissaria, Diocletianopolis Hermes - Mercury

1963, 20 Feb.

1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 11 Technique: Engraved

5 d

Printer:

Sheet: ** 1,00 €

 Unwmk

Designer:

Wmk 1

Printer:

Green

Perforation: 10 ½

Technique:

Designer:

Sheet: 2.

0.

5 s

**

Multicolor

0,20 €

0,20 €

Archaeological research has revealed that a town existed near the Hissar mineral springs 5000 years BC. Many years later Thracians, and after them Romans, settled around the warm springs. The Roman emperor Diocletian visited the town in 293 and built a fortified wall round it. The town was named Diocletianopol. In 1976 the archeological importance of Hissaria was recognized and an area of 300 decars was granted the status of a national archaeological reserve.

1,25 €

BRUNEI

PS01

Brunei (1906-)

Walls of Hissaria Diocletianopolis

 Print:

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 307,616. A sultanate on the northwest coast of Borneo, situated between the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak. The state of Brunei was a regional power in the 16th century but, after a long decline, came under British protection in 1888. Brunei secured full self-government in 1971 and became fully independent in 1984. Its oil and natural gas industry has made the country quite wealthy in recent years, and the Sultan of Brunei is one of the world's richest men.

2s **

Wmk ARQ #1

Hermes - Mercury 1949, 10 Oct. Perforation: 13 ½ x 14 Technique: Engraved

Wmk 1

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 1.

8 c

Rose carm

** 1,60 €

∘ 1,60 €

Hermes - Mercury

33


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Designer:

Unwmk Print:

Charioteer and chariot

Horses

Trumpeters

Woman carring tray with food

Thracian tomb of Kazanlik 1963, 28 Dec. Perf.: 10 ½ Tech:

Unwmk

Designer:

Woman in armchair

**

Sheet:

1 s

Multicolor

2.200.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

10.

2 s

Gray green & gold

2.200.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

11.

3 s

Gray dk bl & gold

1.200.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

12.

5 s

Gray red brn & gold

700.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

13.

6 s

Gray prus bl & gold

400.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

14.

8 s

Gray brn ol & gold

200.000

0,80 €

0,20 €

15.

10 s

Gray sepia & gold

200.000

0,80 €

0,20 €

16.

13 s

Gray dk vio bl & gold

200.000

0,80 €

0,30 €

17.

20 s

Gray vio brn & gold

200.000

0,90 €

0,30 €

In 1949 while digging for clay for brick-making near the town of Panagyurishte in Sredna Gora mountain of central Bulgaria, a team of workmen came upon what was obviously an important tre asure. When finally unearthed, it was found to consist of a phial and eight rhytons, one shaped like an amphora and the others like heads of women or animals. Dated to the turn of the fourth and third century BC, the find was sensational, not only for its weight in gold - over 6 kg, but also for the originality of its forms.

Printer: Man holding bowl

**

Sheet: 2

9.

1.

1 s

Gray org & dk red

200.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

2.

2 s

Gray org & purple

200.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

3.

3 s

Gray del yel & grn

200.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

4.

5 s

Pale grn, ochr & brn

200.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

5.

13 s

Pale grn bis & blk

200.000

0,40 €

0,20 €

6.

20 s

Pale grn org & dk car

200.000

0,75 €

0,30 €

Theme: Panagyurishte treasure City: Sofia София Text: BGR_19661128

FDC

2,50 €

MC

2,50 €

The Thracian Tomb of Kazanlik is under the protection of UNESCO. Discovered in 1944, this tomb dates from the Hellenistic period, around the end of the 4th century B.C. It is located near Seuto polis, the capital city of the Thracian king Seutes III, and is part of a large Thracian necropolis. The tholos has a narrow corridor and a round burial chamber, both decorated with murals representing a Thracian couple at a ritual funeral feast. The murals are memorable for the splendid horses and especially for the gesture of farewell, in which the seated couple grasp each other's wrists in a moment of tenderness and equality. The paintings are Bulgaria's best-preserved artistic masterpieces from the Hellenistic period. Thracian coin. Deroni tribe 6th BC

Thracians 1964, 14 Mar. Tech:

Perf.: 10 ½

Macedonian tetradrachma 2nd BC

Ancient coins

Unwmk

1967, 30 Mar.

Designer: Mask noble man

Warrior

Printer:

Perf.: 11

Sheet: 7.

s

8.

2 s

Philip II of Macedonia 4th BC

Tetradarchma of Odessus 2nd BC

**

Deep grn & red

2.200.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

Olive gray & red

1.200.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

Tech.: Thracian king Seuthus VII 4th BC

Apollonian coin 5th BC

Unwmk

Designer: Printer:

Deer head drinking cup

Amanzon's head jug

Ram's head jug

Sheet:

**

18.

1 s

Brn blk & silver

1.200.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

19.

2 s

Red lil blk & silver

1.000.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

20.

3 s

Grn blk & silver

700.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

21.

5 s

Brn org blk & silver

350.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

22.

13 s

Brt bl blk & bronze

150.000

0,70 €

0,25 €

23.

20 s

Vio blk & silver

150.000

1,25 €

0,45 €

Roman coins from Sofia, Ulpia Serdica 1969, 25 May. Perf.: 13 ¼ x 12 ¾ Circular plate

Amanzon's head jug

Deer head drinking cup

Tech:

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet:

Amanzon's head jug

Ram's drinking horn

Amphora

Perforation: 12 x 11 ½

1 s

Multicolor

0,20 €

0,20 €

25.

2 s

Multicolor

0,20 €

0,20 €

Sofia was originally a Thracian settlement called Serdica, named after the Thracian tribe Serdi. Around 500 BC another tribe settled in the region, the Odrysi, known as an ethnos with their own kingdom. For a short period during the 4th century BC, the city was possessed by Philip of Mace don and his son Alexander the Great. Around AD 29, Sofia was conquered by the Romans and renamed Ulpia Serdica. It became a municipium, or centre of an administrative region, during the reign of Emperor Trajan (98-117). The

Panagyurishte treasure 1966, 28 Nov.

**

24.

Technique:

34


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B – first written mention of Serdica was made by Ptolemy (around 100 AD). The city expanded, as turrets, protective walls, public baths, administrative and cult buildings, a civic basilica and a large amphitheatre called Bouleutherion, were built. When Emperor Diocletian divided the province of Dacia into Dacia Ripensis (on the banks of the Danube) and Dacia Mediterranea, Serdica became the capital of Dacia Mediterranea. The city subsequently expanded for a century and a half, which caused Constantine the Great to call it "my Rome". Serdica was of moderate size, but magnificent as an urban concept of planning and architecture, with abundant amusements and an active social life. It flourished during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I, when it was surrounded with great fortress walls whose remnants can still be seen today. The city was destroyed by the Huns in 447 but was rebuilt by Justinian and renamed Triaditsa Phoecian

Egyptian

Silistra, Durostorum

Greek

Ships

1969, 11 Oct. Perf.: 11

1975, 25 Dec

Perforation: 13

Tech.: Photo

Technique: Photo

Unwmk

Designer:

Unwmk

Printer: **

Sheet: Roman

Designer: Printer: 26. 27.

Sheet: 2 s 13 s

Silver ultra & gray

2.000.000

Silver dk green & gray

150.000

** 0,20 € 0,60 €

∘ 0,20 € 0,30 €

The Romans built a fortress in 29 AD on the site of an earlier settlement and kept its name, Duros torum (or Dorostorum). It became an important military centre of Moesia and grew into a city at the time of Marcus Aurelius. In 388, Durostorum became the seat of a Christian bishopric and a centre of Christianity in the region, and Roman general Flavius Aetius was born in the town in 396. After the Roman Empire was split, the town (known as Δουρόστολον, Durostolon in Byzantine Greek) became part of the Byzantine Empire.

36.

1 s

Multicolor

3.000.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

37.

2 s

Multicolor

2.000.010

0,20 €

0,20 €

38.

3 S

Multicolor

1.000.020

0,20 €

0,20 €

39.

5 s

Multicolor

800.010

0,20 €

0,20 €

Belt buckle 8-7th BC

Brooch 8-7th BC

Mirror handle 6th BC

Helmet cheek cover 5th BC

Vulchitrun treasure, Bronze Age 1970, 5 Jun. Tech: Photo

Perf.: 12 ½

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: **

Sheet:

28.

1 s

Blk bl & gold

2.500.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

29.

2 s

Blk lt vio & gold

2.000.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

Thracians

30.

3 s

Blk verm & gold

750.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

1976, 30 Jul.

31.

5 s

Blk grn & gold

550.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

Unwmk

32.

13 s

Blk org & gold

220.000

0,70 €

0,20 €

Print:

33.

20 s

Blk lil & gold

220.000

0,85 €

0,20 €

The treasure was discovered by accident on 18 December 1924 by two brothers who were deepploughing their field four kilometers from the village of Vulchitran, Pleven district. The ploughmen stumbled across 13 gold objects at a depth of about 40-cm. It consists of 13 vessels - a large, deep vessel with two handles, one big and three small cups with one handle each, two big and five smaller discs. All items are made of solid gold, the total weight is 12.425 kg. The vessels were used in cult ceremonies. This treasure is the most remarkable example of the art of the Later Bronze Age in Thracia (XIII-XII c. BC).

Submarine archaeology 1973, 24 Jan. Tech: Photo

Perf.: 12 ½

th Lion's head harness Knee guard 4 BC decoration 5-4th BC

Gold ornament

Unwmk

Perforation: 13

Technique: Photo

Designer: **

Sheet: 2 1 s

Multicolor

1.000.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

41.

2 s

Multicolor

1.000.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

42.

3 s

Multicolor

1.000.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

43.

5 s

Multicolor

225.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

44.

13 s

Multicolor

225.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

45.

18 s

Multicolor

225.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

46.

20 s

Multicolor

225.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

47.

28 s

Multicolor

225.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

Theme: Gold ornament **

Sheet: 34.

40 s

Multicolor

35.

20 s

Multicolor sheet

from

imper.

136.000

0,95 €

200.000

0,95 €

City: Sofia София

Text: Трaкийско Изкуство

0,30 €

BGR_19760630

35

40.

Designer: Printer:

Pendant 4th BC

FDC

0,00 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Horses from Kazanlik tomb 1976, 3 Dec. Tech:

Perf.: 12

Unwmk

Designer: Printer:

54.

2 s

Multicolor

1.500.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

55.

5 s

Multicolor

800.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

56

13 s

Multicolor

500.000

0,50 €

0,20 €

57

23 s

Multicolor

500.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

58

35 s

Multicolor

500.000

0,75 €

0,25 €

59

53 s

Multicolor

100.000

1,25 €

0,30 €

Sheet: Theme: Ancient ceramic City: Sofia София Text: Антична Керамика BGR_19770728 ** 48.

50 s

Red & multicolor

115.000

1,25 €

FDC

0,00 €

∘ 0,50 €

PS02

Goddes from Boutovo 3-4th AD

1979 Print: Septimius Severus

2s

Caracacalla

Caracacalla

**

Coins from Sophia, Ulpia Serdica

1977, 28 Jan. Perf.: 13 ½ x 13

Diocletian

Caracacalla

Tech.: Photo Mosaic of St Sophia church 6th AD

Unwmk

1978, 20 Nov

Designer: Printer:

**

Sheet:

Technique:

49.

1 s

Multicolor

1.000.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

Designer:

50.

2 s

Multicolor

1.000.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

Printer:

51.

13 s

Multicolor

300.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

Sheet:

52.

18 s

Multicolor

300.000

0,25 €

0,20 €

53.

23 s

Multicolor

250.000

0,45 €

0,20 €

60.

5 s

Perforation: 13

 Unwmk

**

Multicolor

100.000

0,20 €

∘ 0,20 €

Theme: Coins from Sophia, Ulpia Serdica

Ragozen treasure. Thracian gold-leaf collar

City: Sofia София

1979, 16 May. Perf.: 13

Text: МОНЭТИ ϹЭЧЭНИ BGR_19770728

В

ϹЕРДИКА

Tech:

FDC

0,00 €

Unwmk

Designer: Printer: Sheet:

Goddes from Boutovo 3-4th AD

Mask from Boutovo 3-4th AD

Vase from Pvlikeni 3-4th AD

** 61.

Vase from Boutovo 3-4th AD

Head of Silenus from Pvlikeni 2-3rd AD

Unwmk Print:

Perforation: 13

Cock from Boutovo 3-4th AD

Technique:

Designer: Sheet:

**

Multicolor

60.000

2,25 €

∘ 1,50 €

Rogozen Thracian Treasure. Also, called the find of the century, was also discovered by chance. In this case the finder was a tractor driver, who in the autumn of 1985 was digging a trench in his garden when he discovered a collection of sixty-five silver receptacles. On January 6, 1986, in a second trench near the first one, a hundred more receptacles were found by the archaeologists of the local museum. The treasure consists of hundred and eight phials, fifty-four jugs and three goblets. All the objects are silver and some with a golden gilt. Their total weight is twenty kilograms. The ornamentation, embossed in relief, is different in every case. This variety of motifs and decorative elements makes the Rogozen Treasure an invaluable source of information for the fifth and fourth centuries, BC. Several of these pieces seem to had been imported, but most were made in Thracia.

Ancient ceramic items 1978, 26 Apr.

1 L

36


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Thracian rider. Votive tablet 3rd BC 1980, 29 Jan.

Woman from the tomb of Kazanlik

Perforation: 13

1985, 25 Sep. Perforation: 12 ¼ x 12 ½

Technique:

Unwmk

Technique:

Designer:

Designer:

Printer:

Printer: **

Sheet:

62.

2 s

Brown & multicolor

500.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

66.

60 s

Multicolor

1,10 €

1985, 15 Oct. Perforation: 13 ¼ x 13 ½

Unwmk

Technique:

Designer:

0,60 €

Unwmk

Designer:

Printer:

Printer:

Sheet:

**

Olive & multicolor

150.000

0,20 €

**

Sheet: 67.

13 s

150.000

Изложва∘

Coliseum

Perforation: 13

Technique:

63.

**

Sheet:

Deines stele 5th BC 1980, 29 Jan.

Unwmk

42 s

Multicolor

200.000

0,75 €

∘ 0,40 €

0,20 €

Theme: Horseman Theme: Archaeological Museum

City: Sofia София

City: Sofia София

Text: Световна Филателиа Изложва

Text: Национален Археопгически Муэєѝ

BGR_19851015

BGR_19800129

FDC

FDC

0,00 €

0,00 €

Ragozen treasure, pitcher Spartacus 1980, 10 Jun.

Perforation: 13

Technique:

Unwmk

Sheet: Olive & multicolor

** 180.000

Unwmk

Sheet: 8 + 8 vignettes

0,20 € PS03

0,20 €

Preslav

1980 Print: 5s **

Technique:

10 s

Blue & multicolor

600.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

69.

10 s

Red & multicolor

600.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

600.000

3,00 €

3,00 €

0,50 €

0,50 €

6,50 €

6,50 €

1,50 €

1,50 €

a

Perforated block

b

Perf. Strip of 2

c

Imperf Block

d

Imperf strip of 3

Lioness atack stag

120.000

Floral pattern

1987, 31 Mar.

Designer:

Tech: Photo

Printer:

Designer: **

Floral motives

Winged horses

5 s

Dk green

300.000

0,20 €

0,20 €

37

Multicolor

Perf.: 13

Unwmk

Printer: Sheet:

65.

Warriors on horseback, duelling

Rogozen treasure

 Unwmk

Sheet:

68.

Priestess Auges approaching Heracles

Perforation: 13

**

Pegasus 1981, 2 Oct.

Tech:

Printer:

Printer:

13 s

Perf.: 13 x 13½

Designer:

Designer:

64.

1986, 5 Dec.

**

70.

5 s

2.400.000

71.

8 s

2.400.000

72.

20 s

73.

30 s

74.

32 s

0,20 €

0,20 €

1.800.000

0,45 €

0,30 €

700.000

0,70 €

0,45 €

1.000.000

0,75 €

0,50 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

75

42 s

1.000.000

0,90 € PS04

Thracian treasure. Nike as Charioteer

0,60 €

Jar of Ragozen treasure

1987 ¿?

1989, 22 May. Perf.: 13 Tech:

Designer:

Print:

Printer:

5s

Sheet: **

Totem 1987, 24 Apr.

**

Perforation: 13 x 12 ¾

Technique:

Unwmk

78.

Unwmk

1 L

a

Multicolor

180.000

2,25 €

1,00 €

12.500

18,00 €

18,00 €

Imperf. & numerated

Designer: Byzantine sculpture

Printer: **

Sheet: 76.

42 s

Multicolor

300.000

1,00 €

1993, 1 Jan.

Perforation: 13

Technique:

0,40 €

 Unwmk

Designer: Stefan Kanchev Amphitheatre of Plovdiv, Trimontium 1988, 2 Nov.

Perforation: 13

Technique:

Printer:

 79.

Designer:

1 L

Printer:

a

5 s

Multicolor

Multicolor

700.000

0,75 €

0,75 €

Tomb of Svesthari

Sheet: 77.

**

Sheet:

Unwmk

** 500.000

0,20 €

1997, 2 May.

0,20 €

Perforation: 13 ¾ x 14

Technique:

Imperforated

Unwmk

Designer: Maya Bouyoukliyska Printer: **

Sheet: 80.

600 L

Multicolor

1.000.000

0,55 €

∘ 0,55 €

Discovered in 1982 near the village of Sveshtari, this 3rd-century B.C. Thracian tomb reflects the fundamental structural principles of Thracian cult buildings. The tomb has a unique architectural decor, with polychrome half-human, half-plant caryatids and painted murals. The 10 female figures carved in high relief on the walls of the central chamber and the decoration of the lunette in its vault are the only examples of this type found so far in the Thracian lands. It is a remarkable reminder of the culture of the Getes, a Thracian people who were in contact with the Hellenistic and Hyperborean worlds, according to ancient geographers

Tomb of Kazanlik 1997, 2 May.

Perforation: 13 ¾ x 14

Technique:

Unwmk

Designer: Maya Bouyoukliyska Printer: Sheet: The ancient theatre in Plovdiv town is the most impressive building of Roman time that has come to us. Most probably the theatre had a capacity of 7000 spectators at the most. The names of the respective city quarters were chiseled on the benches in each sector. The two-level stage exhibits the architectural and decorative wealth of the building; top -quality materials and the artistic working unambiguously show the tremendous social importance attached to the city theatre.

81.

38

1000 L

Multicolor

** 1.000.000

1,00 €

∘ 1,00 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

PS06

Gold mask

2005

Print: 0,45 ** Jug

Jug

Rython, Ram's drinking horn

Rython. Deer's head cup

Panagyurishte treasure 1999, 15 May. Perforation: 13 ¾ x 14 Technique:

Unwmk

PS07

Designer: Maya Cholakova

Neolithic figure

2005

Printer: Sheet:

**

Print:

0,45 Amazon's head jug 82.

**

0,02 L

Multicolor

0,03 L

Multicolor

a 83.

500.000 Perf. 12 ¾ 500.000 Perf. 12 ¾

84.

0,05 L

Multicolor

500.000 Perf. 12 ¾

85.

0,3 L

Multicolor

500.000 Perf. 12 ¾

86.

1 L

Multicolor

1.000.000 Perf. 12 ¾

0,20 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

0,20 €

0,50 €

0,50 €

0,30 €

0,30 €

2,00 €

2,00 €

1,00 €

1,00 €

BUSHIRE (BRITISH OCCUPATION) (1915)

Mosaic from Stara Zagora, Augusta Trajana 2000, 31 May Perforation: 13 Technique:

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. An Iranian port on the Persian Gulf. Bushire was occupied by British forces from Aug. 8, 1915, to Oct. 16, 1915. During the British occupation, Persian stamps were overprinted and used in Bushire.

Unwmk

Designer: Gregori Yankov Printer: **

Sheet: 87.

5 s

Multicolor

60.000

1,00 €

1,00 €

Stara Zagora is considered to be one of the oldest settlements in Bulgaria and Southeastern Europe. It was founded by the Thracians under the name Beroe (meaning iron) about 6th-5th century BCE, with the Neolithic dwellings and the copper mine near the city being the oldest preserved ones in Europe. The area has been a mining region since Antiquity. Under the Roman Empire, the town was renamed to Augusta Trajana in honour of emperor Trajan. At the time of the Byzantine Empire, it adopted the name Irinopolis after Byzantine empress Irene.

Wmk ARQ #1 Scott #161 – Michel #1 – Yvert CC and crown

Theme: Chrismon City: Sofia София Text: 2000 Ѕочuнu Рожесмбо Хрuсмобо BGR_20001128

FDC

0,00 €

Ovp ARQ #1

King Darius, Ahura Mazda overhead PS05 2005

Archaeological Museum

1915, 15 Sep

Perforation: 11 x 11 ½

Technique:

Wmk 1

Designer:

Print:

Printer:

0,45 **

**

Sheet:

∘ 1.

1 k

Silver yel brn & gray

500,00 €

550,00 €

2.

2 k

Silver bl & rose

450,00 €

480,00 €

3.

3 k

Silver vio & brown

650,00 €

700,00 €

Silver bron & green

600,00 €

650,00 €

4. a

39

5 k

Inv. overprint

10.000,00 €


ARCHAEOSTAMPS – B –

Persepolis 1915, 15 Sep Technique:

Perforation: 11 x 11 ½

Wmk 1

Designer: Printer: Sheet: 5.

1 T

Gold purp & blk

6.

3 T

Gold cl & red brn

**

550,00 €

600,00 €

3.500,00 €

3.800,00 €

40


B-Countries