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NORTHERN ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION TEAM BYLAWS

(Revised and Approved 19 June 2008)

Part 1 – Interpretation (1) In these bylaws, unless the context otherwise requires, a. “directors” means the directors of the society for the time being; b. “Board” means directors of the Society c. “Society Act” means the Society Act of British Columbia from time to time in force and all amendments to it; d. “registered address” of a member means the member’s address as recorded in the register of members. (2) The definitions in the Society Act on the date that these bylaws become effective apply to these bylaws. Words importing the singular include the plural and vice versa. Part 2 – Membership The members of the society are the applicants for incorporation of the society, and those persons and corporations who have become members, in accordance with these bylaws and have not ceased to be members. Any person, corporation or institution may apply to the directors for membership in the society and on acceptance by the directors shall be a member. Every member shall uphold the constitution and comply with these bylaws. A member shall be deemed to be in good standing when he has paid his current annual membership fee. The amount and structure of the first annual membership dues shall be determined by the directors and after that annual membership dues shall be determined at the annual general meeting of the society. There shall be four classes of membership in the Society, namely: Individual, Family, Corporate and Institutional Membership. a. Individual Members shall be entitled to one (1) vote per member at all meetings of the members of the society. b. Family Members shall be entitled to one vote per adult member of such family to a maximum of two (2), such adult members as being entitled to vote to be designated by the applicant at the time of application for membership. c. Corporate and Institutional Members shall not be entitled to vote at, but shall be entitled to notice of, meetings of the members of the Society. A person, corporation or institution shall cease to be a member of the society a. by delivering their resignation in writing to the secretary of the society or by mailing or delivering it to the address of the society; b. on death or in the case of a corporation on dissolution;

Revised BY-LAWS

Approved 19 June 2008 at Annual General Meeting


Page 2 c. on being expelled; or d. on having been a member not in good standing of 12 consecutive months. (1) A member may be expelled by a special resolution of the members passed at a general meeting. (2) The notice of a special resolution for expulsion shall be accompanied by a brief statement of the reason or reasons for the proposed expulsion. The person who is the subject of the proposed resolution for expulsion shall be given an opportunity to be heard at the general meeting before the special resolution is put to a vote. Part 3 – Meeting of Members General meetings of the society shall be held at the time and place, in accordance with the Society Act that the directors decide. Every general meeting, other than an annual general meeting, is an extraordinary general meeting. 13. The directors may, when they think fit, convene an extraordinary general meeting 14. (1) Notice of a general meeting must specify the place, day and hour of the meeting, and, in case of special business, the general nature of that business. (2) The accidental omission to give notice of a meeting to, of the non-receipt of notice by, any of the members entitled to receive notice does not invalidate proceedings at that meeting. 15. The first annual general meeting of the society shall be held not more than 15 months after the date of incorporation and after that shall be held at least once in every calendar year and not more than 15 months after the holding of the last preceding annual general meeting. Part 4 – Proceedings at General Meetings 16. Special business is a. all business at an extraordinary general meeting except the adoption of rules of order; and b. all business transacted at an annual general meeting, except, i. the adoption of rules of order; ii. the consideration of the financial statement; iii. the report of the directors; iv. the report of the auditor, if any; v. the election of directors; vi. the appointment of the auditor, if required; and vii. the other business that, under these bylaws, ought to be transacted at an annual general meeting, or business which is brought under consideration by the report of the directors issued with the notice convening the meeting 17. (1) No business, other than the election of a chair and the adjournment or termination of the meeting, shall be conducted at a general meeting when a quorum is not present.

Revised BY-LAWS

Approved 19 June 2008 at Annual General Meeting


Page 3 (2) If at any time during a general meeting there ceases to be a quorum present, business shall be suspended until there is a quorum present or until the meeting is adjourned or terminated. (3) A quorum is 10 voting members present. 18. If within 30 minutes from the time appointed for a general meeting a quorum is not present, the meeting, if convened on the requisition of the members, shall be terminated; but in any other case, it shall stand adjourned to a time and place determined by the chair, and a quorum at such adjourned meeting shall be those members present in person at such adjourned meeting; provided that in no case can any meeting be held unless there are three (3) members present in person. 19. Subject to bylaw 20, the president of the society, the vice president or in the absence of both, one of the other directors, shall preside as chairman of a general meeting. 20. If at general meeting a. there is no president, vice president or other director present within 15 minutes after the time appointed for holding the meeting; or b. The president and all other directors present are unwilling at act as the chair, the members shall choose one of their numbers to be the chair. 21. (1) A general meeting may be adjourned from time to time and from place to place, but no business shall be transacted at an adjourned meeting other than the business left unfinished at the meeting from which the adjournment took place. (2) When a meeting is adjourned for 10 days or more, notice of the adjourned meeting shall be given as in the case of the original meeting. (3) Except as provided in this bylaw, it is not necessary to give notice of an adjournment or of the business transacted at an adjourned general meeting. 22. (1) A resolution proposed at a meeting need not be seconded, and the chair of a meeting may move or propose a resolution. (2) In the case of a tie vote, the chair does not have a casting or second vote in addition to the vote to which he or she may be entitled as a member, and the proposed resolution does not pass. 23. (1) A member in good standing present at a meeting of members is entitled to one vote. (2) Voting is by show of hands, unless any member demands a ballot. 24. (1)Proxy voting shall only be permitted for Family Members whereby one designated voting adult member of a Family Member may cast an additional vote of an absent designated voting adult member of the same Family Member such that one designated voting adult member of a Family Member may cast both votes of such Family Member. (2)A designated voting adult member of a Family Member wishing to cast a vote by Proxy shall, forthwith after the calling to order of any meeting, provide written evidence of such Proxy to the chairman of the meeting and such evidence shall be in the following form or such other form as the directors or the chairman of the meeting shall approve:

Revised BY-LAWS

Approved 19 June 2008 at Annual General Meeting


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PROXY The undersigned, being a designated voting adult member of the Family Member _________________, hereby appoints _________________________________ as proxy holder for the undersigned to attend, act and vote for and on behalf of the undersigned at the general meeting of the Society to be held on the _____ day of ___________ 20___ and at any adjournment thereof.

Signed this ______ day of ____________ 20___. Signature Part 5 – Directors and Officers 25. (1) The directors may exercise all the powers and do all the acts and things that the society may exercise and do, and which are not by these bylaws or by stature or otherwise lawfully directed or required to be exercised or done by the society in general meeting, but subject, nevertheless, to a. all laws affecting the society; b. these bylaws; and c. Rules, not being inconsistent with these bylaws, which are made from time to time by the society in general meeting. (2) No rule, made by the society in general meeting, invalidates a prior act of the directors that would be valid if that rule had not been made. (3) Without in any way derogating from the foregoing, the Directors are expressly empowered, from time to time, to purchase, lease, or otherwise acquire, alienate, sell, exchange or otherwise dispose of lands, buildings, and/or other property, movable or immovable, real or personal, or any right or interest therein owned by the society for such consideration and upon such terms and conditions as they may deem advisable. (4) Every director of the society is deemed to have assumed office on the express understanding and agreement and condition that every director of the society and their heirs, executors and administrators and estate and effects respectively shall from time to time and at all times be indemnified and saved harmless out of the funds of the society from and against all costs, charges and expenses whatsoever which such director sustains or incurs in or about any action, suit or proceedings which is brought, commenced or prosecuted against them for or in respect of any act, deed, matter or thing whatsoever made, done or permitted by him or any other director or directors in or about the execution of the duties of their office, and also from and against all costs, charges and expenses which he sustains on incurs in or about or in relation of the affairs thereof, except such costs, charges or expenses as are occasioned by their own willful neglect or default. 26. The board shall, from amongst the directors, elect the following officers: president; vice president; secretary; treasurer; or alternatively a secretary treasurer rather than a secretary and a treasurer as provided in subparagraphs (c) and (d); any other officer, if any, as the Board may determine; and the Board may, at any time, terminate any such appointment.

Revised BY-LAWS

Approved 19 June 2008 at Annual General Meeting


Page 5 27. The directors shall number a minimum of 6 and a maximum of 9. 28. (1) At the first annual general meeting of the society, the whole board shall retire, but shall be eligible for re-election if otherwise qualified. (2) At the first annual general meeting of the society, three directors shall be elected for a two-year term and two directors for a one-year term. At all subsequent annual general meetings after the first annual general election, the term of office for each director shall be two years. 29. At every annual general meeting the members entitled to vote at the annual general meeting for the election of directors must elect a board of directors consisting of the number of directors for the time being set under these bylaws. 30. No election, appointment or designation of an individual as a director is valid unless: (1) that individual consents in writing to be a director; or (2) that individual is elected or appointed at a meeting at which the individual is present and the individual does not refuse, at the meeting, to be a director. 31. Separate elections shall be held for each office to be filled. 32. An election may be by acclamation. Otherwise it must be by ballot. 33. A director may hold office for any number of consecutive terms. 34. If: (1) the society fails to hold an annual general meeting on or before the date by which the annual general meeting is required to be held under the Society Act, or (2) the members fail, at the annual general meeting to elect or appoint any directors; then each director then in office continues to hold office until the earlier of: (3) the date on which his or her successor is elected or appointed; and (4) the date on which he or she otherwise ceases to hold office under the Society Act or these bylaws. 35. A director ceases to be a director when: (1) the term of office of the director expires; (2) the director dies; (3) the director resigns as a director by notice in writing provided to the Society; or (4) the director is removed from office pursuant to the bylaws. 36. (1) The directors may at any time and from time to time appoint a member as director to fill a vacancy in the Board. (2) A director so appointed holds office until the conclusion of the next following annual general meeting of the society, but is eligible for re-election at the meeting. 37. (1) If a director resigns, their office or otherwise ceases to hold office, the remaining directors may appoint a member to take the place of the former director.

Revised BY-LAWS

Approved 19 June 2008 at Annual General Meeting


Page 6 (2) No act or proceeding of the directors is invalid only by reason of there being less than the prescribed number of directors in office. 38. The Board may appoint a nominating committee to present to the annual general meeting a slate of proposed nominees for election as directors. 39. The members may by special resolution remove a director before the expiration of his term of office, and may elect a successor to complete the term of office. 40. No director shall be remunerated for being or acting as a director but a director shall be reimbursed for all expenses necessarily and reasonably incurred by him while engaged in the affairs of the society. Part 6 – Proceedings of Board of Directors (Board) 41. (1) The Board may meet together at the places they think fit to dispatch business, adjourn and otherwise regulate their meetings and proceedings as they see fit. (2) The Board may from time to time fix the quorum necessary to transact business, and unless so fixed the quorum shall be a majority of the directors then in office. (3) The president shall chair all Board meetings, but should the president not be present within 30 minutes after the time appointed for holding the meeting, the vice president shall chair; if neither is present the directors present may choose one of their number to chair at that meeting. (4) A director may at any time, and the secretary, on the request of a director, shall convene a meeting of the directors. (5) (1). A director who is entitled to do one or both of participate in and vote at a meeting of directors or of a committee of directors may participate or vote, as the case may be, (a) in person, or (b) unless the bylaws provide otherwise, by telephone or other communications medium if all directors participating in the meeting, whether by telephone, by other communications medium or in person, are able to communicate with each other. (2) A director who participates in a meeting in a manner contemplated by subsection (1) is deemed for all purposes of this Act and the bylaws to be present at the meeting. 42. (1) The Board may delegate any, but not all, of their powers to committees consisting of the director or directors as they think fit. (2) A committee so formed in the exercise of powers so delegated shall conform to any rules imposed on it by the directors, and shall report every act or thing done in exercise of those powers to the earliest meeting of the directors to be held after it has been done. 43. A committee shall elect a chairman of its members; but if no chairman is elected, or if at a meeting the chairman is not present within 30 minutes after the time appointed for holding the meeting, the directors present who are members of the committee shall choose one of their numbers to be chairman of the meeting. 44. The members of a committee may meet and adjourn as they think proper. 45. For the first meeting of directors held immediately following the appointment or election of a director or directors at an annual or other general meeting of members, or for a meeting of

Revised BY-LAWS

Approved 19 June 2008 at Annual General Meeting


Page 7 the directors at which a director is appointed to fill a vacancy in the directors, it is not necessary to give notice of the meeting to the newly elected or appointed director or directors for the meeting to be constituted, if a quorum of directors is present. 46. A director who may be absent temporarily from British Columbia may send or deliver to the address of the society a waiver of notice, which may be by letter, fax or electronic message, of any Board meeting and may at any time withdraw the waiver, and until the waiver is withdrawn, (a) no notice of meeting of directors shall be sent to that director; and (b) any and all meetings of the directors of the society, notice of which has not been given to that director shall, if a quorum of the directors is present, be valid and effective. 47. (1) Questions arising at a Board and Committee meeting shall be decided by a majority of votes. (2) In cases of an equality of votes the chairman does not have a second or casting vote. 48. No resolution proposed at a Board or Committee meeting need be seconded and the chair of a meeting may move or propose a resolution. 49. A resolution in writing, signed including electronic equivalent by all the directors and placed within the minutes of the directors is as valid and effective as if regularly passed at a meeting of directors. Part 7 – Duties of Directors 50. (1) The president shall preside at all meetings of the society and of the directors. (2) The president is the chief executive office of the society and shall supervise the other officers in the execution of their duties. 51. The vice president shall carryout the duties of the president during his absence. 52. The secretary shall a. conduct the correspondence of the society; b. issue notices of meetings of the society and directors; c. keep minutes of all meetings of the society and directors; d. have custody of all records and documents of the society except those required to be kept by the treasurer; e. have custody of the common seal of the society; and f. maintain the register of members. 53. The treasurer shall a. oversee the financial records, including books of account, necessary to comply with the Society Act; and b. render financial statements to the directors, members and others when required. 54. (1) The offices of secretary and treasurer may be held by one person who shall be known as the secretary treasurer.

Revised BY-LAWS

Approved 19 June 2008 at Annual General Meeting


Page 8 (2) When the secretary treasurer holds office the total number of directors shall not be less than 6 or the greater number that may have been determined pursuant to bylaw 23 (2). 55. In the absence of the secretary from a meeting, the directors shall appoint another person to act as secretary at the meeting. Part 8 – Seal 56. The directors may provide a common seal for the society and may destroy a seal and substitute a new seal in its place. 57. The common seal shall be affixed only when authorized by a resolution of the directors and then only in the presence of the persons prescribed in the resolution, or if no persons are prescribed, in the presence of the president and secretary of president and secretary treasurer. Part 9 – Borrowing 58. In order to carry out the purposes of the society the directors may, on behalf of the society, raise or secure the payment or repayment of money in the manner they decide, and, in particular but without limiting the foregoing, by the issue of debentures. 59. No debenture shall be issued without the sanction of a special resolution. 60. The members may by special resolution restrict the borrowing powers of the directors, but a restriction imposed expires at the next annual general meeting. Part 10 – Auditor 61. This part applies only where the society is required or has resolved to have an auditor. 62. The first auditor shall be appointed by the directors who shall also fill all vacancies occurring in the office of auditor. 63. At each annual general meeting the society shall appoint an auditor until they are reapproved or replaced at the next annual general meeting. 64. An auditor may be removed by ordinary resolution. 65. An auditor shall be promptly informed in writing of appointment or removal. 66. No director and no employee of the society shall be auditor. 67. The auditor may attend general meetings. Part 11 – Notice to Members 68. A notice may be given to a member, either personally or by mail to the member at the member’s registered address. 69. A notice sent by mail is deemed to have been given on the second day following the day on which the notice is posted, and in proving that notice has been given, it is sufficient to prove the notice was properly addressed and put in a Canadian post office receptacle.

Revised BY-LAWS

Approved 19 June 2008 at Annual General Meeting


Page 9 70.

(1) Notice of a general meeting shall be given to a. every member shown on the register of members on the day notice is given; and b. the auditor, if Part 10 applies. (2) No other person is entitled to receive notice of general meeting.

Part 12 – Bylaws 71. On being admitted to membership, each member is entitled to and the society shall give them, without charge, a copy of the constitution and bylaws of the society. 72. These bylaws shall not be altered and added to except by special resolution.

Revised BY-LAWS

Approved 19 June 2008 at Annual General Meeting

neatbylaws  

http://neat.ca/sites/neat.ca/files/page/144/attachments/neatbylaws.pdf

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