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2014—2015/

Princeton—Mellon Initiative

Architecture, Urbanism & the Humanities


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Contents/ An Inaugural Year

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People

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Courses

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Fellows / Visitors 17 Conferences / Symposia 23 Programs 39 Contact / Credits / Sponsors 47

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2014—2015/

Princeton—Mellon Initiative An Inaugural Year

Since the launch of the Princeton-Mellon Initiative in Fall 2014, we have worked closely with a diverse group of faculty and institutional partners to create a dynamic program emphasizing the strengths of humanities scholarship, design research, and public policy at Princeton University. Steered by a robust sequence of inter-related courses, research programs, and fellowship opportunities, the PrincetonMellon Initiative has emerged as a central venue for an intellectual community that seeks to advance a nuanced understanding of the built environment. Following the introduction of our first course in Fall 2014, and sponsoring course enhancements in several others, we began offering our first full team-taught interdisciplinary courses in Spring 2015. Led by Princeton-Mellon affiliates, our courses combined traditional academic texts with experimental methodologies to examine historical and contemporary urban crises in Paterson, New Jersey and New York City. Complemented by extensive field work, these courses engaged the study of cities through material and visual culture, and challenged students to develop scholarship supported by tools found in design practice and humanities-based archival research. The heart of the Princeton-Mellon Initiative is our bi-weekly Mellon Forum for Research on the Urban Environment. Designed as a series of lunchtime conversations held at the School of Architecture, the Mellon Forum brought together students and scholars from across campus to engage in crossdisciplinary exchanges around architecture and urbanism. Curating a program on the theme of American Places allowed us to explore a range of topics including urban activism, place-based artistic practice, racial and economic segregation, immigration, and gentrification. These conversations fed into a spring semester full of major conferences, public workshops, lectures, and roundtable discussions that expanded on these key themes and enlivened the intellectual framework of the Initiative. Our programming efforts also included events aimed at building a cohort of graduate and undergraduate students interested in urban studies and urban planning at Princeton, as well as offering opportunities for students to present their research to an interdisciplinary audience. Particular focus was given to introducing students focused on public policy with those studying architecture and design. All together these events significantly increased the profile of urban inquiry at Princeton, allowed us to build partnerships across campus, and encouraged us to think through our intellectual and institutional goals. In the coming period, we will continue to build on the success of our inaugural year. In addition to growing our network of on-campus urbanists through courses, research forum, and ancillary events, we will enhance our research agenda through scholarly essays and primary source collections that inform public and scholarly debate on urban issues. We look forward to pursuing these initiatives in conjunction with the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, our partner programs across the nation, and our cohort of engaged faculty, students, and staff.

Princeton—Mellon Initiative

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People

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Administration/

Steering Committee/

Princeton— Mellon Fellows/

Stan Allen

Beatriz Colomina

Fabrizio Gallanti

Project Investigator, PrincetonMellon Initiative; George Dutton '27 Professor of Architecture, Architectural Design

Professor, History and Theory of Architecture; Director, Media + Modernity

Distinguished Princeton-Mellon Fellow

Bruno Carvalho

Professor, Classics; Chair, Council of the Humanities

Project Investigator, PrincetonMellon Initiative; Associate Professor, Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Cultures

Alison Isenberg Project Investigator, PrincetonMellon Initiative; Professor, History; Co-Director, Urban Studies

Aaron Shkuda

Denis Feeney

Ruben Gallo Professor, Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Cultures; Director, Latin American Studies

Johana Londoño Princeton-Mellon Fellow

Mariana Mogilevich Princeton-Mellon Fellow

Lilian Knorr Woodrow Wilson Postdoctoral Research Associate

Mario Gandelsonas Acting Dean, School of Architecture; Class of 1913 Lecturer in Architecture

Student Assistants/

Project Manager, Princeton-Mellon Initiative

William Gleason Professor and Chair, English

Martín Cobas Sosa

Mario Torres

Douglas S. Massey

Ph.D. student School of Architecture

Project Coordinator, PrincetonMellon Initiative

Professor, Sociology; Director, Urban Studies

Guy Nordensen Professor, Architecture

Stacy E. Wolf Professor, Theater; Director, Princeton Arts Fellowship

Nancy Demerdash Ph.D. student Art and Archaeology

José Escamilla A.B., Class of 2015 School of Architecture

Vincent Meyer-Madaus M. Arch student School of Architecture

José Meza M. Arch, Class of 2015 School of Architecture

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SoA Staff/

Affiliated Faculty/

Frances Yuan

Sigrid Adriaenssens

Department Manager

Assistant Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering

Karen Appleby Programs Coordinator

Lucia Allais

Kelley Bregenzer

Assistant Professor, History and Theory of Architecture

Receptionist

Camn T. Castens Business Manager

Daniel Claro Visual Resources Specialist

Francine Corcione Assistant School Administrator

John Hunter

David M. Ball Visiting Associate Professor, English

Kelly C. Baum Haskell Curator of Modern and Contemporary Art, Princeton University Art Museum

Joao Biehl Professor, Anthropology

Senior Technician, Architecture Laboratories

M. Christine Boyer

Erik Johnston

Katherine A. Bussard

Professor, Urbanism

William Tansley

Peter C. Bunnell Curator of Photography, Princeton University Art Museum

Senior Technician, Architecture Laboratories

Eduardo Cadava

IT Manager

Professor of English

Irene Small Assistant Professor, Contemporary Art and Criticism

Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor Assistant Professor, African American Studies

Eyal Weizman Visiting Research Scholar, School of Architecture

Partners/ African American Studies American Studies Canadian Studies Council of the Humanities Department of English Department of History Latin American Studies Lewis Center for the Arts Princeton University Art Museum School of Architecture Urban Studies

Vera S. Candiani Associate Professor, History

Esther da Costa Meyer Professor, History of Modern Architecture

Joshua Guild Associate Professor, History and African American Studies

Judith Hamera Professor, Dance

Aaron Landsman 2014-16 Princeton Arts Fellow

Rosina Lozano Assistant Professor, History

Jenny Price Currie C. and Thomas A. Barron Visiting Professor, Environment and the Humanities 6


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Courses

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Fall 2014/ Research stemming from ARC 448 led to additional research funding by the Graham Foundation to analyze specific case studies in Latin American that will produce specific national narratives supported by archival material, interviews, thematic maps, diagrams, and photographic surveys. Photo: Edi Hirose, Expansión 1, 2013

Las Ciudades del Boom: Economic Growth, Urban Life and Architecture in the Latin American City ARC 448 / URB 448 / LAS 448 Instructor: Fabrizio Gallanti

This course explores the consequences of recent economic growth in Latin America over the past 25 years on the social and spatial organization of cities. Course participants analyze how modifications in political systems and neo-liberal restructuring of economies have impacted the production of space. Connections between new phenomena of urban transformation, renewed social articulations and the surge of responses from the design fields are critically considered. Within the framework of a contemptuous concept as “Latin America” this course explores local differentiations and particularities in political, economic, and spatial development across the region. Enrollment: 3

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Spring 2015/ As part of the spring 2015 course "The Artist at Work," Princeton University undergraduates visit artists' studios in New York. Left: In the studio of Jonathan VanDyke in Sunset Park, Brooklyn. Photo: Princeton University Office of Communications

The Artist at Work ART 349 / HUM 349 / VIS 345 Instructor: Irene Violet Small

What are the environments, fictions, fantasies, and ideologies that condition the artist at work? This course takes as its investigative locus the artist's studio, a space of experimentation and inspiration, but also of boredom, sociability, exhaustion, and critique. Structured around visits to the studios of multiple practicing artists in New York City, the course tracks the trope of “the studio� from the Renaissance to the present, with emphasis on the concept's reconfiguration and reanimation in contemporary art. Lecture with discussion and field trips. Enrollment: 13

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Spring 2015/ Princeton-Mellon Fellow Mariana Mogilevich along with an interdisciplinary team of designers and scholars won the National Parks Now competition commissioned by the Van Alen Institute. The winning proposal drew from research and observation conducted in Making Sense of the City (ARC 449). Left: cognitive map of Paterson NJ.

Making Sense of the City ARC 449 / HUM 449 / URB 449 Instructors: Johana LondoĂąo, Mariana Mogilevich

This course starts from the premise that to engage the spatial politics of cities of the Americas, we must engage with the senses. We consider how vision, affect, and smell shape our understandings of and connections to urban space; and conversely, how different spaces condition our sensorial experiences. Employing the critical, interpretive and theoretical knowledge of the humanities, we examine how these sensorial markers of belonging in urban spaces relate to and expand social markers of citizenship, political boundaries, gender, class, race, and ethnicity. Enrollment: 3

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Spring 2015/ As part of ENG 357, students created a map of significant New York City sites across literature and art history. Project map and related essays available at: https://nycmodernism.princeton.edu/

Mapping NYC Modernism: Literature and Art ENG 357 / HUM 357 / URB 357 Instructor: David M. Ball

The years 1880-1930 overturned much of the settled ground of art and literature. Cities accelerated these changes by bringing together disparate racial, ethnic, and artistic communities, nowhere more so than in New York. Through a study of multicultural literature and the arts, this course maps the role the city itself played in these transformative years. Travel to sites that made these narratives possible – including extensive study of the holdings from the Princeton University Art Museum collection – offers course participants to engage in experiential learning about the modern period and studying the lasting aftereffects of modernism on the city in the 21st century. Enrollment: 6

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Spring 2015/ As part of Performing Environmental Stories, students designed a jamboree of interactive and playful projects about environment, public space, justice, and community.

Performing Environmental Stories ATL 497 / ENV 497 Instructors: Kelly C. Baum, Jenny Price

The term “social practice� refers to an increasingly popular form of public art that takes a participatory approach to urgent social and political issues. In this Atelier, participants create an eco-corps that focuses on environmental issues. Interactive projects such as tours, games, hoe-downs, dances, podcasts, and installations will be designed to encourage diverse audiences to experience, perform, and reimagine environmental problems and their solutions. Enrollment: 11

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Spring 2015/

Photo, Urbanism & Civic Change between 1960— 1980 ART 388 / SOC 388 / AMS 388 / ARC 388 Instructors: Katherine A. Bussard, Aaron P. Shkuda

In conjunction with the Princeton University Art Museum exhibition, The City Lost and Found, this course focuses on an extraordinary period of visual responses to the changing fabric of America's three largest cities: New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles. Seismic transformations – from political protests to urban renewal projects – made between 1960 and 1980 are closely examined in relation to artistic production. Students assess original artworks, films, texts, photographs, and a variety of print media (all on view in the Princeton University Art Museum) and analyze readings from disciplines as diverse as cultural geography, urban planning, urban theory, and art history. Enrollment: 19

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Field Studies/ Hipsters and High-rises: The Socio-Economic Effects of Gentrification in New York City

Workshops/ A Master Class in Montage and the City October 14, 2014

Mellon staff and fellows led pre-trip discussions and historical walking tours on this student-organized, weeklong “Fall Breakout” trip in October 2014. The initiative also funded a Bronx River kayak tour and Brooklyn neighborhood walking tour for participants.

Cassim Shepard, founding director of Urban Omnibus – an online publication of The Architectural League of New York – led a two-hour-long session on how “non-fiction film brings the infinite complexity of the city into the frame.” This unique class session offered an opportunity to think generally about the power of cinematic observation, particularly montage, to contribute to the study of the built environment.

Enrollment: 15

Enrollment: 25

Cities and Suburbs in American History

Artists Making Cities

October 29, 2014

November 12, 2014 As part of Cities and Suburbs in American History taught by urban historian Alison Isenberg, the Princeton-Mellon Initiative funded a historical walking tour of lower Manhattan. Participants learned about New York’s colonial history, the development of the Financial District, and the immigrant Lower East Side. Enrollment: 10

Walking the Waste Stream March 6, 2015 In conjunction with Producing Waste/Producing Space artists Lize Mogel and FICTILIS led a workshop offering participants a unique opportunity to trace the path waste takes as it travels from our bodies, through infrastructure, and out into a ’natural’ ecosystem; and from private to public and back again. The main part of the workshop was a tour of the sewage treatment facility that serves Princeton University and the surrounding region. Enrollment: 6

February 24, 2015 Adam Horowitz of the U.S. Department of Arts and Culture, Lou Pesce of Metabolic Studio, and Emily Scott of ETH Zürich/co-founder of World of Matter and Los Angeles Urban Rangers participated in a panel on the vital role artists are playing in revitalizing communities and making and remaking cities. Following the panel discussion, a series of workshops on creative place-making were led by the panelists. Enrollment: 40

Data Visualization Workshop and Seminar April 17, 2015 Led by Stephen Kennedy, a Design & Technology Fellow for the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau in Washington, D.C., this seminar provided an overview of new visualization tools and applications, and a workshop in which participants learned elementary data representation. Enrollment: 35

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Butler undergraduate student Emily Chang’s notes from Hipsters and High-rises: The Socio-economic Effects of Gentrification in New York City. Sketch by Emily Chang, Class of 2016

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Fellows/Visitors

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Princeton—Mellon Fellows/ To advance the growing field of urban humanities, the Princeton-Mellon Initiative offers a year -long fellowship to visiting scholars, architects, critics, curators, and artists, providing an opportunity to engage in urban research with support from academic resources across campus. Princeton-Mellon Fellows teach courses and conduct research in an inter-disciplinary manner with departments outside their field.

Fabrizio Gallanti Distinguished Princeton-Mellon Fellow Fabrizio Gallanti is an architect and architecture scholar with an international reputation with research interests focused on Latin American architecture and urbanism. His research and teaching has examined the relationship between economy, territory and urban transformation. Fabrizio received an MArch from the Universita di Genova and PhD from Politecnico di Torino. He was a founding member of the collective gruppo A12 and the architectural research studio Fig-Projects. He previously taught architecture design and architectural theory in Chile’s Pontificia Universidad Católica and Universidad Diego Portales, and Italy’s Politecnico di Milano. He has written for international magazines such as A+U, Domus, San Rocco, Clog, and The Journal of Architectural Education. He was also the architecture editor of Abitare magazine. At Princeton, Gallanti co-organized Learning from/in Latin America, a conference presented in response to the Museum of Modern Art exhibition, Latin American in Construction: Architecture 1955-1980, and developed the framework for “Las Ciudades del Boom” an on-going research project and course examining the economic, political, and social contexts of contemporary architecture and urban design in Latin America.

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Johana Londoño

Mariana Mogilevich

Princeton-Mellon Fellow

Princeton-Mellon Fellow

Johana Londoño is an assistant professor in the Department of Latin American, Caribbean, and US Latino Studies at the University at Albany, SUNY. She holds a PhD in American Studies from the Department of Social and Cultural Analysis at New York University and a BFA from Cooper Union. Her research explores how contemporary urban experts, including designers, planners, developers, ethnographers, and policy-makers interested in US Latino urbanization are transforming the way barrio culture has been thought about and discussed. Her research has appeared in Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, Antipode Foundation: A Radical Geography Community, and the edited volume Latino Urbanism: The Politics of Planning, Policy and Redevelopment.

Mariana Mogilevich is a historian of architecture and urbanism whose research focuses on the design and politics of the public realm. She studies the intersection of design practices and processes of urbanization, or, where architecture and planning meet real life. Her current research encompasses the role of the psychological sciences in urban design, the development of waste landscapes, and an investigation of the agency of visual images in urban change. Mogilevich’s multidisciplinary training includes a PhD in the history and theory of architecture and urbanism from Harvard University and a BA in literature from Yale University. Her written work appears in journals such as Praxis, Film Quarterly, Future Anterior, and Candide-Journal for Architectural Knowledge, and the edited volumes Use Matters: An Alternative History of Architecture, Summer in the City, and The City Lost and Found.

As a Princeton-Mellon Fellow, Londoño worked on her book manuscript, Abstract Barrios: The Latinization of Cities, Urban Design, and Representations of Poverty, and co-taught, Making Sense of the City, a new course that utilizes the critical, interpretive and theoretical knowledge of the humanities to think about cities and urban space. In addition, Londoño organized “New Jersey: The State Between,” a public forum that brought together interdisciplinary thinkers to discuss the forces and actors that shape New Jersey’s urban cultures, communities, and built environments.

In addition to co-teaching Making Sense of the City, Mogilevich had the opportunity to work on her book, The Invention of Public Space: Design and Politics in Lindsay's New York. Further, she co-organized a programmatically rich series of events titled, Producing Waste/Producing Space on waste and its effect on the production of urban space.

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Postdoctoral Research Associate/

Lilian Knorr Woodrow Wilson School Princeton-Mellon Initiative Lilian Knorr completed her PhD in Urban Policy and Planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in July 2014. An interdisciplinary scholar, she holds an MA in Comparative Politics from the Johns Hopkins University and earned an Urban Design Certificate from MIT while in the doctoral program. She is interested in the relationship between youth, the state and the urban built environment. Her dissertation examines the impact of urban policy, governance and place-making strategies on the everyday experience of urban youth. It also investigates the myriad ways that young people utilize and transform urban space in their everyday lives through their cultural activities, such as hip hop, skateboarding, pickup basketball and graffiti. Her research is based on case studies in New York City and Paris and was supported by a fellowship from the Minda de Gunzberg Center for European Studies at Harvard University. While in Paris Lilian was a visiting scholar at the Laboratoire Architecture Anthropologie at l’Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Paris La Villette. At Princeton, Lilian will work on turning her dissertation into a book, entitled Youth and Cities: Planning with Low-Income Youth and Urban Youth Cultures in New York City and Paris. The book will explore the potential role of urban planning, policy and design in improving youth contexts and outcomes.

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Visitors/

Eric Avila Visiting Scholar Professor of History, Chicano Studies, and Urban Planning UCLA In November 2014, the Princeton-Mellon Initiative hosted Eric Avila for a week-long residency during which he presented his current research at the Mellon Forum, visited undergraduate urban studies and graduate courses, and met with history and Latino Studies students and faculty for a question and answer session on the current state of Latino Studies scholarship. Professor Avila’s scholarly interests in urban space and cultural expression have shaped his new research project, Chocolate Cities and Vanilla Suburbs – a broad investigation of postwar American culture, reinterpreted through the rise of the postwar urban region and its attendant disparities—engendering new discourses on identity, new imaginings of community, and new expressions of social conflict.

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Conferences/Symposia

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A View of Freedomland after "Meadows near Greifswald" by Caspar David Friedrich, 1822.

Reimagining the American City November 14, 2014 Symposium— November 14, 2014

Organized by Stan Allen, Princeton-Mellon Initiative. Reimagining the American City was co-sponsored by the Center for Architecture, Urbanism, and Infrastructure. 25

This conversation explored Keith Krumwiede’s, Freedomland exhibition, a visionary experiment in reconciling the seemingly incompatible needs and desires that define our current economic, environmental – and, most importantly – political climate. Krumwiede’s bold and often absurdist vision for Freedomland colonizes the super grid that blankets America, attempting in the process to solve every problem, please every citizen. Like the work of a benevolent (or perhaps delusional) dictator, it seeks to accommodate every wish, every desire, no matter how contradictory and to combine them in a master plan that sets out a beautiful, if seemingly naïve, vision for a better, and more harmonious world. Discussants: Albert Pope, Rice University; Ana Miljački, MIT; Fabrizio Gallanti, Princeton-Mellon Initiative; Keith Krumwiede, NJIT; Martin Felsen, Urban Lab


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Graphic design by the International Typographical Union.

Producing Waste / Producing Space March 7, 2014 Workshop— March 6, 2015 Symposium— March 7, 2015

Organized by Curt Gambetta, PhD Student, School of Architecture; Mariana Mogilevich, Princeton-Mellon Initiative. Producing Waste/Producing Space was cosponsored by the Program in American Studies. 27

If waste was for much of the twentieth century a marginal topic for design discourse, recent scholarship and experimentation in architecture and the arts question the terms of its disappearance from the urban landscape and its segregation from critical debate. They acknowledge its immutable presence as something that we increasingly design and think with. Producing Waste / Producing Space brought together scholars engaging in innovative research on the origins, meanings and repercussions of waste landscapes in conversation with artists and architects conducting design research and interventions in spaces designated as waste or wasted. Through a series of interrelated programs Producing Waste / Producing Space seeks to locate points of intersection between the study of waste and strategies for waste in space.


Symposium/ Definitions/Waste What are we talking about when we talk about waste? What definitions and new directions in waste research are useful in the study of its role in the production of urban space? The Political Consequences of Definition Work Robin Nagle, New York University Max Liboiron, Memorial University, Newfoundland Museum of Waste: Capital/Ecology/Sovereignty C. Greig Crysler, University of California—Berkeley Shiloh Krupar, Georgetown University Respondent: Vera Candiani, Princeton University

Obsolescence How does the obsolescence of the built environment impact public health, practices of dwelling, and future design practices? How does material obsolescence intersect with ideas of spatial obsolescence?

Wastelands What is a wasteland, and what role does design play in its definition and reclamation? What is the relationship between wasteland improvement and social and economic transformation? The Wasteland Imaginary Vittoria Di Palma, University of Southern California Soils, Airs, Waters, Bodies Futures: Thinking Industrial Wastelands at Multiple Sites and Scales Lindsey Dillon, University of California—Davis Orange Agency Damon Rich, City of Newark NJ Respondent: Jenny Price, Princeton University

Second-hand Cities: Race & Region in the Antique Americana Trade from the Civil War to Urban Renewal Alison Isenberg, Princeton-Mellon Initiative Wasted House, Leaded World Catherine Fennell, Columbia University House Anamnesis Dennis Maher, SUNY Buffalo Respondent: M. Christine Boyer, Princeton University

Systems What politics and practices shape waste systems? How do waste materials move through and make space? Geographies of Trash Rania Ghosn, MIT Ghostly Matter: A brief history of Waste in Mumbai Vijayanthi Rao, New School Rubbish In, Resources Out Biba Dow, Dow Jones Architects, London Respondent: Jesse LeCavalier, NJIT Right (top): Max Liboiron Right (bottom): Obsolescence panel (l-r): Catherine Fennell, Alison Isenberg, and Dennis Maher Left: Damon Rich

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Graphic design by Katie Andresen.

Learning from/in Latin America April 3-4, 2015 Roundtable—Museum of Modern Art April 3, 2015 Symposium—Princeton University April 4, 2015 Organized by Stan Allen, Princeton-Mellon Initiative; Barry Bergdoll, MoMA; Bruno Carvalho, Spanish and Portuguese; Fabrizio Gallanti, Princeton-Mellon Initiative. Learning from/in Latin America was co-sponsored by the Princeton University School of Architecture and the Museum of Modern Art, New York. 29

Taking place from April 3-4, 2015 in conjunction with the Museum of Modern Art exhibition, Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955-1980, the Princeton-Mellon Initiative presented, “Learning from/in Latin America,” a two-day conference coorganized by Princeton University and MoMA designed to explore key positions, debates, and architectural activity arising from over three decades of architectural and urban development in Mexico and South America between 1955 and1980. Practitioners, planners, architecture and urban design historians, humanities scholars, curators and critics contributed to a polyphonic conversation about architecture in Latin America, its social and political implications, and the persistent legacies of modernism and modernization.


Roundtable/ Local variations and contextual conditions have characterized the deployment of modern architecture throughout Latin America, generating a highly diverse cultural landscape. As a counterpart to the materials displayed in the exhibition, Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955-1980 this roundtable program seeks to identify and critically analyze elements of continuity and transformation within the practice of architecture in Latin America today. Angelo Bucci, SPBR Arquitetos, São Paulo Tatiana Bilbao, Tatiana Bilbao SC, Mexico City Felipe Mesa, Planb: Arquitectos, Medellín Moderator: Fabrizio Gallanti, Princeton-Mellon Initiative

Symposium/ Campus as a Laboratory for the Ideal City Etymologically and historically, “campus” suggests removal from an urban environment. In mid-20th century Latin America, several key university campuses became sites of city-planning experimentation. How did these projects appropriate traditional typologies, and how did they innovate? How did they function as interfaces between nationalist discourses and modernist aspirations toward ideal cities? In what ways did Latin American campuses play with disciplinary boundaries—of universities as well as architectonic and landscape practices? How did models of administration at university campuses influence municipal policies of governance? Location, Location, Location Sylvia Ficher, University of Brasilia, Brazil Mexico’s University City: Tradition vs. Modernity. Integration? Cristina López Uribe, UNAM, Mexico The Open City: Building an Urban Mirage Fernando Pérez-Oyarzun, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago Moderator: Carlos Eduardo Comas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil Respondent: Anita Berrizbeitia, Harvard Graduate School of Design

Right (top): Cristina Lopez Uribe Right (bottom): Beatriz Jaguaribe

Urban Imaginaries The "urban imaginary" has become a trope in scholarly articulations of cities as both lived and imagined spaces. Between the 1950s and the 1980s, Latin American cities absorbed massive rural populations, undergoing significant transformations in scale, politics, and culture. How did writers, designers, artists, film-makers and urban dwellers negotiate these broad changes? What images, insights, tensions and desires did they generate? How did creative pursuits intersect with developmentalism, modernization, and state-sponsored narratives of progress? What roles did architecture play in Latin American “urban imaginaries” of the period? Imperfect Cities/Imperfect Films: Cinema Novo and New Latin American Cinema Eyes on a Continent, 1955-1980 Guillermo Barrios, U. Central de Venezuela, Caracas Time, Myth, Monument: Itineraries through the Olympic City Luis Castañeda, Syracuse University Copacabana: Urban Imaginaries and Mythologies Beatriz Jaguaribe, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Moderator: Patricio del Real, MoMA Respondent: Diana Agrest, Cooper Union 30


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The Form of the Informal To some degree, Latin American urban settlements lacking in regulatory structures are a legacy of the rapid growth and uneven development that characterized the period covered by the exhibition. In this panel we challenge conventional distinctions in debates around formal versus informal cities, by considering the varied morphologies of areas that social scientists might group as “informal.” How did architects and urbanists of the 1950s-80s contend with the form of informal cities (or fail to do so)? Does contemporary design and planning engage spaces like favelas (and their Spanish American equivalents) with greater nuance and effectiveness? What is at stake for architecture as a discipline and for Latin American societies in contemporary approaches to "informal" urbanism? Housing and the Search of Urbanity: Experimental Strategies in Lima, 1950s-1980s Sharif S. Kahatt, PUC Perú The Form of the Informal: Formative Process of the South American Hinterland Felipe Correa, Harvard Graduate School of Design What is the relevance of informal form? Gabriel Duarte, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, PUC-Rio, Brazil Opposite page: Graphic design by José Meza Above: The Form of the Informal panel (l-r): Felipe Correa, Sharif Kahatt, Gabriel Duarte Bottom: Luis Castañeda

Moderator: Jorge Francisco Liernur, Universidad Torcuato di Tella,Buenos Aires, Argentina Respondent: Helen Gyger, Columbia University 32


Graphic design by Princeton University Art Museum.

City as Stage / Art as Plan April 9-10, 2015 Keynote Conversation— April 9, 2015 Symposium & Walking Tour— April 10, 2015 Film Series— February 3-April 21, 2015 Organized by The Princeton-Mellon Initiative in collaboration with the Princeton University Art Museum. City as Stage/Art as Plan was co-sponsored by the Princeton University Art Museum. 33

This symposium brought together a dynamic group of scholars to discuss the relationship between visual arts and urban studies as presented in the exhibition, The City Lost & Found, organized by the Princeton University Art Museum. A lunchtime walking tour led by Aaron Landsman (Lewis Center) and students from THR 314 / VIS 314 Creating Collaborative Theater explored public spaces as they existed at Princeton in the 1960s and 1970s and investigate how students and activists tried to address and improve varying crises at home and abroad.


Keynote Conversation/ Martha Rosler in conversation with exhibition curators Kate Bussard (Princeton University), Greg Foster Rice (Columbia College Chicago), and Alison Fisher (Art Institute of Chicago)

Symposium/ New York Neighborhoods Real & Imagined Stories of the West Side Julia Foulkes, The New School “Who Are the People in Your Neighborhood?” Children’s Texts, Urban Representation, and the Great Society Aesthetic Ben Looker, St. Louis University Topographies of experience: plazas, parks and participation in Lindsay's New York Mariana Mogilevich, Princeton-Mellon Initiative Comment: Aaron Shkuda, Princeton-Mellon Initiative Kate Bussard, Princeton University Art Museum

Windows to the Past, Windows to the Future: Views of the Pan-American City Finding Our Atlantic World, One City at a Time Nathan Connolly, Johns Hopkins University Learning from la Vista: Transnational Architecture and Visual Culture in the Urban Americas Andrew Sandoval-Strausz, University of New Mexico Comment: Bruno Carvalho, Princeton-Mellon Initiative Alison Isenberg, Princeton-Mellon Initiative

Framing and Finding the City: Contemporary Arts Practice Million Dollar Blocks Laura Kurgan, Columbia University Performing a Perfect City Aaron Landsman, Lewis Center for the Arts Stories the City Tells Itself: Framing the Everyday Neil Goldberg, Artist Comment: Judith Hamera, Lewis Center for the Arts Lucia Allais, School of Architecture

Left: Laura Kurgan Right (top): Mariana Mogilevich Right (bottom): Andrew K. Sandoval-Strausz

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City Lost & Found Film Series/ Throughout the Spring 2015 semester, the Princeton-Mellon Initiative screened feature-length and short films included in the City Lost & Found exhibition, along with films from North and South America on similar themes and student-created shorts from the Mellon-sponsored course, Documentary Film and the City. Each screening featured faculty discussants.

The Trenton Project— Work Makes A City Work January 8 & 20, 2015 Students worked in partnership with Trenton residents, institutions and community partners to produce six micro-documentaries exploring how jobs, employment and work shape a city. These films offer a kaleidoscopic lens on the challenges Trenton faces, its ambitions for the future, and the many ways Trentonians are working together to weave and repair the fabric of their city. Public work-in-progress screening and critique featured Academy-Award winning director Megan Mylan. Final screenings took place at Artworks in Trenton, New Jersey.

Chicago 1968 March 24, 2015 The Battle of Michigan Avenue (1969) Medium Cool (1969) Paul Cronin, Director, The Making of Medium Cool Su Friedrich, Lewis Center for the Arts

Environment and Policy in Argentina April 7, 2015 Los Inundados (1961) Vera Candiani, History

Driving Los Angeles March 21, 2015 The Great Wall of Los Angeles (1978) Reyner Banham Loves Los Angeles (1972) Jenny Price, Lewis Center for the Arts Alison Isenberg, Princeton-Mellon Initiative

Portraits of Harlem Feb 2, 2015 The Cool World (1963) Diary of a Harlem Family (1968) Josh Guild, History and African American Studies

Contemporary Brazil Feb 17, 2015 Neighboring Sounds (2013) Pedro Meira Monteiro, Spanish and Portuguese Bruno Carvahlo, Spanish and Portuguese

Living Los Sures March 3, 2015 Los Sures (1984) Living Los Sures (2014) Johana LondoĂąo, Princeton-Mellon Initiative Christopher Allen, Filmmaker, Living Los Sures

Opposite page: Graphic design by Princeton University Art Museum.

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Graphic design by Johana Londoño. Opposite page: (right) Ulla Berg, (left) George Lipsitz

The State Between— A Symposium on New Jersey Urbanism May 1, 2015 Symposium— Organized by Johana Londoño, Princeton-Mellon Initiative. Special Lecture— Ferguson as a Failure of the Humanities Presented by the Center for African American Studies. The State Between was co-sponsored by the Program in American Studies. 37

In the celebrated song "New York, New York," Frank Sinatra’s yearning for success in the big city captures the aspirations of many in his hometown, Hoboken, NJ. With only four large cities in the state (the largest, Newark, has a population of about 270,000 people), Hobokenites aren’t the only ones suffering the “little town blues.” Jerseyans are known for wanting to escape to livelier places, but just as people leave, newcomers arrive looking for less expensive real estate, the American Dream in the suburbs, political refuge and employment. In and outmigration shapes the state’s urban space, producing new built environments, commuting streams, transnational communities, and ethnic and racial concentrations. Global industrial restructuring, national political movements, and national immigration policies condition these population flows and impact the state’s urban spaces. (continued on next page)


This symposium brought scholars and practitioners from multiple disciplines and professional fields to discuss the global, metropolitan, and local forces and actors that shape New Jersey’s urban cultures, communities, and built environments. By thinking of New Jersey as a constructed object of representation and research, we seek to unpack the methods, units of analysis, archives, and other sources that reveal how New Jersey’s spatial imaginary is constituted within the state and beyond.

Symposium/ Learning from New Jersey Urbanism New Jersey—The Garden State: A Working Model for a Dispersed Urbanism Rafi Segal, MIT Studio Hillier in Princeton, New Jersey Robert Hillier, Studio Hillier Small Towns and Schools for the Colored Wendell White, Stockton University Moderator: Kelly Baum, Princeton University Art Museum

The 1964 Paterson Riot George Lipsitz, UC Santa Barbara Moderator: William Gleason, Princeton University

New Jersey in a Metro Context Newport: Redeveloping and Reimagining the Jersey City Waterfront Andrew Urban, Rutgers University Latinos at the Edge of the Metropolis: The Case of Union City, NJ Johana Londoño, Princeton-Mellon Initiative The Units that Matter: City, State, Region—Camden, NJ Howard Gillette, Rutgers University Moderator: Mike Owen Benediktsson, Hunter College/CUNY

Documenting Stories about NJ Places Latino Americans of New York and New Jersey Rafael Pi Roman, Thirteen, PBS Documenting Urban New Jersey Ulla Berg, Rutgers University Queer Newark: Our Voices. Our Histories. Whitney Strub, Rutgers University/Queer Newark Oral History Project Moderator: Johana Londoño, Princeton-Mellon Initiative

Race and Space in New Jersey Street Therapists: Race, Affect, and Neoliberal Personhood in Latino Newark Ana Y. Ramos-Zayas, Baruch College/CUNY The Life and Death of Harlan Bruce Joseph: a “dreamer” “shot as a looter” in April 1968 Alison Isenberg, Princeton-Mellon Initiative

Special Lecture/ Ferguson as a Failure of the Humanities George Lipsitz (Black Studies/Sociology, UCSB) discussed how the events that took place in Feguson, Missouri not only demonstrates a failure of the criminal justice system, the political system, and the economic system, but it also illuminates a grievous failure of the humanities. The realm of knowledge devoted to promoting judgement, discernment and empathy, to envisioning a creative common existence has instead generated methods of evasion, denial and disavowal grounded in methodological individualism, hostile privatism and fear laden fantasies of dehumanized others.

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Programs

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Mellon Forum/ The intellectual core of the Princeton-Mellon Initiative is the Mellon Forum for Research on the Urban Environment an ongoing, flexible colloquium for the discussion and critique of faculty and graduate student research. The Fall 2014 forum on American Places co-organized by Bruno Carvalho (Spanish and Portuguese) and William Gleason (English) brought scholars across campus to engage in cross-disciplinary dialogue on the built environment.

Thinking Hemispherically About Cities September 22, 2014 Stan Allen, Princeton-Mellon Initiative Alison Isenberg, Princeton-Mellon Initiative Fabrizio Gallanti, Princeton-Mellon Initiative

Stadium Cultures in North & South America September 29, 2014 From the new World Cup arenas in Brazil to suburban ballparks in the United States, how have stadiums reflected – and even helped to produce – broader social and cultural changes? The panelists will present different perspectives on how sports stadiums, whether described in the language of business, design, or religion, play a vital role in various facets of North and South American cultures. Bruno Carvalho, Spanish and Portuguese William Gleason, English Sigrid Adrianesssens, Civil & Environmental Engineering

Postwar New York: How did we get here? October 13, 2014 The story of postwar New York is one multiple transitions, from center of the world to the nadir of urban crisis, from the Naked City to gentrification and the global city. How do we write a history of urban transition - physical, cultural, ideological? And what does the history of New York City - both exceptional and emblematic - tell us about urban change more widely? Two narratives - the story of artist-led gentrification in SoHo and a series of obscure design experiments in urban open space during the mayoral ad41

ministration of John V. Lindsay - can help elucidate the relationships between esthetics, culture and the politics of urban planning and development. Mariana Mogilevich, Princeton-Mellon Initiative Aaron Shkuda, Princeton-Mellon Initiative

Chocolate Cities & Vanilla Suburbs: Race, Space and American Culture after World War II November 3, 2014 In Chocolate Cities and Vanilla Suburbs, Avila proposes a new interpretation of postwar American culture, moving away from standard Cold War narratives to explore how the structural transformation of urban life after World War II — highway construction, suburbanization, urban renewal, slum clearance, deindustrialization and white flight — engendered new discourses of identity, new imaginings of community, and new expressions of social conflict. Eric Avila, University of California—Los Angeles

Unequal Ties: Gilberto Freyre’s Recife November 11, 2014 Brodwyn Fischer is a historian of Brazil and Latin America whose interests are focused on cities, citizenship, law, race, local politics, and urban history in Rio de Janeiro and Recife, Brazil from the late 19th century to the present. Fischer’s current project, “Understanding Inequality in Post-Abolition Brazil,” addresses some of the paradoxical ways in which struggles for survival and social mobility have historically reinforced rather than disrupted larger inequalities within Brazilian society. Brodwyn Fischer, University of Chicago

Cities of Latin/o America: Culture, Policy & the Built Environment November 17, 2014 Colonial legacies, migration patterns, tourism, and free-trade policies across the western hemisphere have produced contemporary urban spaces with varied cultural values and political economic ideologies. Latin-ized US cities and Gringo-ized Latin American cities are 20th and 21st century manifestations


of this ongoing diversity, hybridity, mestizaje, along a north-south axis. Three distinguished scholars will discuss a wide array of built environments, texts, and visual materials to explore the transnational flows and materialities of policy and culture, and their impact on identities, representations, and urbanism in the Americas.

History and Memory

Arlene Davila, New York University Zaire Dinzy-Flores, Rutgers University Johana Londoño, Princeton-Mellon Initiative

February 20, 2015

The Struggle for the Future of New Orleans December 8, 2014 Nine years after failed levees produced catastrophic flooding following Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans is a changed city, with a population that is both smaller and whiter than it was before the storm. While many swaths of the city bear few traces of the devastation of 2005, other areas remain mired in a fitful recovery nearly a decade later. The dismantling of public housing, the privatization of public education, and the gentrification of residential neighborhoods have defined post-Katrina New Orleans for many residents. Meanwhile, southeast Louisiana loses the equivalent of about a football field worth of land to erosion every hour, virtually guaranteeing future environmental disaster in the Crescent City. Given this picture, how should residents and those who love the city respond? How can preparations for New Orleans’ future be guided by the tenets of racial, economic, and environmental justice? And how will what lies ahead for New Orleans impact people elsewhere? Malik Rahim, Common Ground Relief, New Orleans Josh Guild, History and African American Studies

URB Research Seminar/ A weekly seminar introducing students to a diverse range of urban research methodologies. Sessions were presented thematically and led by Princeton faculty.

Planning and Design February 6, 2015 M. Christine Boyer, School of Architecture Mariana Mogilevich, Princeton-Mellon Initiative

February 13, 2015 Bruno Carvalho, Spanish and Portuguese Robert Karl, History

Gender and Sexuality Eleanor Hubbard, History David Minto, Society of Fellows

Medieval and Early Modern Cities February 27, 2015 Teresa Shawcross, History Yair Mintzker, History

Race and Ethnicity March 6, 2015 Johana Londoño, Princeton-Mellon Initiative

Landscape/Infrastructure March 13, 2015 Vera Candiani, History Sigrid Adriaenssens, Civil and Environmental Engineering

Urbanism(s) in China March 27, 2015 Esther da Costa Meyer, Art and Archeology Cary Liu, Princeton University Art Museum

Space, Place, Community April 17, 2015 Judith Hamera, Lewis Center for the Arts William Gleason, English

Political Economy, Data and Policy April 24, 2015 Stephen Redding, Woodrow Wilson School Steven Strauss, Woodrow Wilson School

The Architecture Lab May 1, 2015 Axel Kilian, School of Architecture Forrest Meggers, School of Architecture

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Student-led Initiatives/ Works in Progress Workshop

One Great Healthy City: Build to Last

On-going

November 7, 2014

Roughly every other week and twice over the summer, the Initiative hosted a group of faculty and graduate students from History, English, Architecture, Latin American Studies, and the Woodrow Wilson school, as well as students from local institutions such Rutgers and Columbia, as for an informal discussion of articles, book proposals, and chapter drafts.

A presentation by New York City's Commissioner of Design and Construction, Feniosky Peña-Mora. The Department of Design and Construction is the City’s primary capital design and construction project manager. Its portfolio of more than 800 active projects, valued at more than $10 billion, includes the design and construction of public buildings and infrastructure used by millions of New Yorkers each day.

The City, Space, and Ethnography: Blurring the Boundaries of Practice

Radical Cities: Across Latin America in Search of a New Architecture

March 3, 2015

November 13, 2014

As part of our sponsorship of the Interdisciplinary Ethnography Workshop, a yearlong series organized by students in the Religion, Sociology, and Anthropology departments, the Princeton-Mellon Initiative organized a session featuring Johana Londoño (Princeton-Mellon Initiative) and Elaine Peña (George Washington University).

Conversation with Justin McGuirk on his latest book, an exploration of how Latin America has been a testing ground for exciting new conceptions of the city.

Hidden in Plain Sight: Women and Urban Design in the 1940s–1970s

Conversation with Mari Vaattovaara, Professor in Urban Geography at the University of Helsinki and co -founder of the Urban Academy. The Urban Academy is a program organized by Aalto University and the University of Helsinki in which students and faculty examine topical questions related to urban studies and planning, as well as to urban living. Professor Vaattovaara spoke about urban issues pertinent to contemporary Finland, as well the challenges of doing interdisciplinary scholarship across the humanities, social sciences, engineering, and architecture.

April 23, 2015 Co-sponsored event with Women in Design and Architecture, a student-led group that provides opportunities for Princetonians to discuss the issues that face women pursuing design and architecture today. Alison Isenberg (Professor of History and Co-Director of the Princeton-Mellon Initiative in Architecture, Urbanism, and the Humanities) discussed her research on gender and urban design in San Francisco. During the postwar decades dominated by urban renewal and its backlash, women took leadership roles in urban design experimentation through allied fields such as architectural model-making, public relations, graphic design, property management, and public art.

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Ancillary Programs/

Urban Issues in Finland November 24, 2014

New American Public Art with Bevan Weissman December 3, 2014 Bevan Weissman, an engineer by training and artist by practice, discussed his contributions to the creation of artistic spaces in Camden and Philadelphia and his interactive public art works in these cities. This event was organized in conjunction with a student-led Fall Breakout trip focused on participatory urban planning in Philadelphia.


National Public Housing Museum: A Chicago Building with Paradox and Promise

Infrastructure, Architecture & Landscape on Paper

February 11, 2015

Conversation between graphic designers, architects, and academics about the history and present state of print in relation to architectural practice and design.

A Conversation with Todd Palmer, Associate Director and Curator, National Public Housing Museum, Chicago, Richard Anderson (Doctoral Candidate, History, Princeton) and Professor Keengha Yamahtta-Taylor (African-American Studies Princeton). Talk focused on what it means to activate a putatively defunct model of housing as an historic site from which to contest persistent narratives of abjection and failure associated with public housing policies, designs and populations.

Fluvial Metropolis Workshop March 27, 2015 This co-sponsored event with the Princeton Environmental Institute, School of Architecture, and Program in Latin American Studies was the inaugural meeting of a research network formed between Princeton and the University of São Paulo to elaborate an environmental approach to the design of fluvial infrastructure in urban and suburban areas of New York and São Paolo, Brazil. Meetings focused on the precedents, context, and potentials of the Waterway Ring Project for São Paulo as Fluvial Metropolis, a recent project that proposes a 106 mile long waterway ring that seeks to radically re-organize the growth of South America's largest metropolis.

The Modernist Frontier: Architecture and the Bureaucratic Medium in Latin America, 1950-1970 April 2, 2015 Through a comparative analysis of interventions spearheaded by architects closely tied to state bureaucracies in Mexico, Brazil and Peru, Luis Castañeda (Syracuse University) takes a revisionist look at the “golden age” of modern architecture and design in Latin America.

April 20, 2015

San Allen—School of Architecture Adrian Blackwell—Scapegoat Srdjan Jovanovic Weiss—Normal Architecture Office Mason White—Lateral Office

COSMO Andrés Jaque / Office for Political Innovation April 22, 2015 Lecture by Andrés Jaque (Princeton School of Architecture) with comments by D. Graham Burnett (Princeton, History of Science). Jacque’s project COSMO (on display at MoMA PS1 from June 23, 2015 – September 7, 2015) is a moveable artifact, made out of customized irrigation components, to make visible and enjoyable the so-far hidden urbanism of pipes we live by. The project addresses the statistic put forth by the United Nations, estimating that by 2025 two thirds of the global population will live in countries that lack sufficient water.

OIKOS: Affects, Economies, and Politics of House-ing May 17, 2015 International Seminar organized by João Biehl (Princeton) and Federico Neiburg (Museu Nacional, Brazil) co-Sponsored with Princeton’s Anthropology Department, Global Health Program, and the Race and Citizenship in the Americas Network. This seminar explored the house as a key nexus of politicaleconomic and interpersonal/affective realities in flux. Key areas of research iincluded: the anthropology of family and kinship (including affect, care, and relatedness); the economic dynamics of households (related to the provision and management of money, the circulation of objects and food, and planning for the future); and the anthropology of public policies and housing (concerning rights, governance, and citizenship).

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Exhibitions/

Tracing Waste February 23-March 13, 2015 School of Architecture, Digital Exhibition Gallery

Organized by Curt Gambetta, PhD Student, School of Architecture; Mariana Mogilevich, Princeton-Mellon Initiative. Tracing Waste was co-sponsored by the Lewis Center for the Arts and the Princeton University School of Architecture. 45

Accompanying the symposium Producing Waste/ Producing Space, the exhibition Tracing Waste examines a number of artistic works that trace the movement of trash and sewage. Ranging in strategy from mapping to performance, they experiment with different forms of social engagement, inviting spectatorship, rehearsal and participation in the movement of waste. By embodying and making visible otherwise invisible processes of waste making and disposal, the works in Tracing Waste propose that tracing is a crucial practice for reimagining how society lives with its discards.


Paper Rehabilitation Project 2011–2013 Found and recycled paper International Typographical Union (Danielle Aubert, Lana Cavar and Maia Asshaq)

Wildcat Hauling 2014–present Digital video (14:54 mins) FICTILIS (Andrea Steves & Timothy Furstnau)

Waste Music 2014 Digital video (5:32 mins) Mary Ellen Carroll and Billy Dufala

The Sludge Economy 2015 Digital video (3:42 mins) Lize Mogel opposite page/

Single Stream 2014 CinemaScope 4K, color, 5.1 sound (23:00 mins) Toby Lee, Ernst Karel, Paweł Wojtasik

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Contact/ Princeton—Mellon Initiative in Architecture, Urbanism & the Humanities Princeton University School of Architecture, S-110 Princeton NJ 08544 arc-hum.princeton.edu

Photo Credits/ Unless otherwise noted, all uncredited photos by JosĂŠ Escamilla, A.B. class of 2015. Publication by Mario Torres. Pg 3 Mario Torres Pg 19-21 Aaron Shkuda Pg 22 UCLA Office of Communications Pg 39-40 Curt Gambetta / Mariana Mogilevich Pg 45-46 see artist list

Support/ The Princeton-Mellon Initiative in Architecture, Urbanism & the Humanities is generously supported by

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Princeton-Mellon Initiative 2014-15  

2014-15 annual report of the Princeton-Mellon Initiative in Architecture, Urbanism & the Humanities - program of the Andrew W. Mellon Founda...

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