Fascinating Facts About The U.S. Government
Created by: Austin WashĂ&#x;urn, Caleb Carter and Haley Graham
Chapters 1. Federalism 2. separation of powers 3. Checks and balances 4. Legislative branch 5. Executive branch 6. Judicial branch 7. Bill of rights 8. Amendments 11-27 9. Students rights 10. Bonus chapter
Chapter One: Federalism Federalism is the powers shared between the central government and the states. This is because no one wanted too much power to fall in the hands of the central government. Federalism also organized the constitution, by establishing courts, collecting taxes and providing general welfare. Of course there are many more ways on which it helped to organize the constitution but these are three of the main ones.
Chapter Two: Separation of Powers Separation of powers means no one branch can have all power. This is because the framers* were getting worried that too much power could fall into the hands of one group. There are three branches Legislative (chapter 5), Executive (chapter 6) and Judicial (chapter 7). If all the Legislative branch had all of the power, there would be too many laws and no one to enforce them. If the executive branch got all power there wouldn't be many laws to enforce.
*framers-people who wrote the constitution
Chapter Three: Checks and Balances A long time ago framers decided that it was best to include a system of checks and balances to make sure that the branches work together (they didn't want too much power to fall into the hands of any "one"branch.) like for example, only congress can make laws but the president can refuse them and the supreme court can declare that,the law, if it was signed by the president, violates the constitution.
Legislative Ă&#x;ranch Chapter 4: The Legislative Branch is the main role of congress. There are two houses in this branch. The houses are; House of Representatives, and The Senate.
Executive Ă&#x;ranch Chapter 6: The Executive branch Is another branch. The leader is the President and Vice President. The President enforces the laws. He is also a commander in chief of the army and navy. The President has the power to fill up vacancies spots that may happen. He also can make the army go and make treaties with other places. You must be a natural born citizen to run for office of president and also be in the country fourteen years. Presidents have a four year term. The age of the president is at least thirty five.
Judicial Ă&#x;ranch Chapter 5: The judicial branch interprets the law. The judicial branch has the Supreme Court and the lower courts. There are nine justices in the Supreme Court; serve for life, death, or retirement. They can also say a law is unconstitutional or illegal, this is called Judicial Review.
Amendments 1-10 Bill of Rights Amendment 1 Religious and political freedom Amendment 2 Right to bear arms Amendment 3 Quartering troops Amendment 4 Search and seizure Amendment 5 Rights of accused persons Amendment 6 Right to a speedy trial Amendment 7 Trial by jury in civil cases Amendment 8 Limits of fines and punishments Amendment 9 Right of people Amendment 10 Powers of states and people
Amendment 10 " powers of states and people" is basically saying that whatever powers the constitution does not give to the government goes to the people.
Amendments 11-27 Amendment 11 Lawsuits against states Amendment 12 Election of executive Amendment 13Slavery abolition Amendment 14 Civil rights Amendment 15 Right to vote Amendment 16 Income tax Amendment 17 Direct election of senators Amendment 18 Prohibition Amendment 19 Women suffrage Amendment 20 Lame duck session Amendment 21 Repeal of prohibition Amendment 22 Limit on presidential terms Amendment 23 Voting in the District of Columbia Amendment 24 Abolition of poll taxes Amendment 25 Presidential disability succession Amendment 26 18 year old vote Amendment 27 Congressional pay
Women suffrage is a big deal because women are people too and they can do just as much as men. They are not treated as good as men and it's not right that they can't vote because of this.
Student rights are different in school than out of school and they are important. There are many different things you can do in school than out of school like out of school you can swear and no one will really care. You can also text without a teacher taking your phone away.
We need to follow the constitution because if we don't the no one in the United States would be safe. The constitution helps by stating all the rights we have. The most important amendment is that the police can't search any of your belongings without a permit.
Smile...the torture is over!