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The Constitution Chapter 1- Separation of Powers Chapter 2- Checks and Balances Chapter 3- Legislative Branch Chapter 4- Executive Branch Chapter 5- Judicial Branch Chapter 6- Bill of Rights Chapter 7- Amendments 11-27

By Owen and Jake B.


Chapter 1 Introduction The Constitution is an important document because it is the highest law of our land and we still use it to this day. American freedoms are guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution.


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The preamble (beginning) of the Constitution is very famous. It goes like this:

"We the people of United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."


Chapter 2 The Separation of Powers was created to make sure power would not fall into one group. This was created by the Framers who are the men who created the Constitution. This separates the groups into three branches. The three branches are Legislative, Executive and Judicial.

Separation of Powers Article 1Legislative BranchCongress creates the laws Article 2- Executive Branch- President and vice- president enforces the laws

Article 3- Judicial Branch- Supreme Court translates the laws


The three articles of the Constitution and what they mean.


Checks and Balances Chapter 3 The Checks and Balances consist of the Legislative,Executive and Judicial Branch

The Legislative is made of Congress, The House of Representative and the Senate. The Judicial Branch is the Supreme court.

The Executive Branch is the president the vice president and the cabinet

------------------------Note:

Checks and balances is a way to make sure that each branch can check up on another to make sure they so not get to powerful.


Legislative

Executive Branch

The Legislative Branch can impeach the President.

Judicial Branch The Supreme Court can call the Presidents acts unconstitutional.

Judicial Branch The supreme court can declare a law to be unconstitutional.

The President can veto a law from the Legislative Branch

Executive Branch The President can pardon convicted criminals.

Legislative Congress can reject nominees of the Supreme court.


Chapter 4

Legislative Branch


The Legislative Branch is the House of Representative and the Senate. Congress is The House of Representatives and the Senate. There are 535 members of congress.

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The House of Representatives has 435 members.

The Senate has 100 members


What the Legislative branch can do. The Legislative branch can impeach the president.

199 democrat 3 vacant There are 233 republicans The Congress has to meet at least once a year.


Chapter 5 The executive branch enforces the laws. The leaders are the president and the vicepresident. The president commands the military and makes treaties with foreign countries but he needs the Senate's approval first. The power of the executive for the president allows him to stay in office for four years along with the vice-president.

Executive Branch Powers of the President: Military- President is the commander of the Army and Navy of the United States of America. President has power to delay or cancel offenses against United States unless in the case of impeachment.

Treaties- President has power, from the Senate first, to make treaties. With the advice from the Senate there will be ambassadors.


The basic powers and details of president.


Chapter 6

Judicial Branch (Supreme Court)

The Judicial Branch is the second article of the Constitution. This makes sure the laws go with the court. The Supreme Court and other federal courts are included. The Judicial Branch also checks on the president and Congress to make sure they are doing their job right. The power extends to all federal cases or problems such as a trial.

Judicial reviewLets the judicial branch decide if a law is legal or illegal.


New law is created and Judicial Branch makes sure it goes with court.


Chapter 7 Amendment- A change or fix to the Constitution.

The main idea of the Bill of Rights is it protects citizens from government interference. The idea for the Bill of Rights appeared in 1787 Thomas Jefferson sent James Madison a letter about the Constitution. In the year 1791 the ten amendments were added to the Constitution.

Bill of Rights The Five Freedoms 1- Freedom of religion- Right to worship or support a religion. 2- Freedom of speech- right to have a voice.

3- Freedom of the press- right to create and publish ideas.

4- Freedom of assembly- Right to meet kindly in groups.

5- Freedom to petition- Right to protest against the government.


First ten amendments of the Bill of Rights.


Chapter 8


This amendment was passed in 1951.

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on n t ca o n de or tw i s pre fice f e Th in of be ms. ter

ly

President Franklin Roosevelt was such a good president he served for 4 terms.

A presidential term lasts for 4 years.


Franklin D. Roosevelt Why was Franklin D. Roosevelt such a great president? FDR did not end The Great Depression however he did set up a "brain trust" of advisers.

Fireside chats were the first media development that facilitated intimate and direct communication between the president and the citizens of the United States. So it would be like the modern day news just with president FDR.

FDR had three steps to boost public confidence. 1. He declared a "bank holiday" 2. Only banks that are in good shape were allowed to reopen. 3. The day before the banks open FDR gave many fireside chats.


Constitution