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Assignment 8

Compartive AR 321



TWA Flight Center The TWA Flight Center or Trans World Flight Center, opened May 28, 1962 as a standalone terminal at New York City's John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) for Trans World Airlines. It was designed by Eero Saarinen. The design of the TWA Terminal began in early 1956, construction work in June 1959. The City of New York designated both the interiors and the exteriors of the Saarinen terminal a historic landmark in 1994[3] and in 2005 the National Park Service listed the Trans World Flight Center on the National Register of Historic Places.[4] The two satellites, annex buildings which contained the gates, were demolished in 2006. The Saarinen terminal (or head house) is being renovated, partially encircled by and serving as a ceremonial entrance[5] to a new adjacent terminal completed in 2008. Together, the old and new buildings comprise JetBlue Airways' JFK operations and are known collectively as Terminal 5 or simply T5. While noted architect Robert A.M. Stern called the evocative Saarinen-designed TWA Flight Center "Grand Central of the jet age", the pragmatic new encircling terminal has been called "hyper-efficient“ and a "monument to human throughput .

Heinz-Galinski School The Heinz-Galinski School is a state-accredited private day school under the auspices of the Jewish Community of Berlin. Its classes go up to the sixth form. Currently 270 pupils are enrolled in 17 classes, each of which has a maximum of 24 children. The school is open to children of Jewish and non-Jewish backgrounds. Pupils always are accompanied by a tutor during class time and free time, and there are both study and play rooms available. The building that houses the Heinz-Galinski School was designed by the Israeli architect Zvi Hecker. Its unusual shape, with interlocking segments, makes it reminiscent of a sunflower. Viewed from above, the building also resembles an open book – a direct reference to its function as a school. After all, the Hebrew word for book, “sefer,” is part of the word for school: “beit sefer” (house of books). The symbolism of sunflower and books together reflects the nature of children: pure joy and boundless curiosity, playfulness and serious concentration, optimism and the need to explore.

‫معماري مصري ُولد في عام ‪1328‬هـ ‪1900 /‬م‪،‬‬ ‫وكانت له معاناته الكبيرة من جراء‬ ‫سيطرة الثقافة الغربية على أفكار مهندسي تلك‬ ‫الفترة والتي لم يسلم منها حتى بعض زمالئه الذين‬ ‫سايروا‪ ،‬وجاملوا‪ ،‬وقلدوا شتى النزعات الغريبة‪.‬‬ ‫خص‬ ‫وترجع أهمية حسن فتحي إلى كونه أول من ش ّ‬ ‫مركب النقص عند المعماريين المصريين إزاء منجزات‬ ‫العمارة الغربية‪.‬‬ ‫المراحل التي مر بها ‪:‬‬ ‫المرحلة األولى ‪ : 1937 -1926‬بعد تخرجه مباشرة‬ ‫وفيها كان يتبع الطرز العالمية في البناء‪.‬‬ ‫المرحلة الثانية ‪ : 1956 -1937‬واتجه فيها إلى‬ ‫اكتشاف وإحياء العمارة المحلية وأبرز مشاريعها قرية‬ ‫القرنة‪.‬‬ ‫المرحلة الثالثة ‪ : 1962 -1957‬هي فترة عمله‬ ‫في اليونان وفيها قام بالعديد من المشاريع وشارك‬ ‫في مشروع مدينة المستقبل‪.‬‬ ‫المرحلة الرابعة ‪ : 1980-1963‬هي أكثر المراحل‬ ‫إنتاجية وابداعا وأشهر مشاريعها قرية باريس‪.‬‬ ‫المرحلة الخامسة ‪ : 1989 -1980‬قل ّت فيها المشاريع‬ ‫– لدواعي التقدم في السن – وأهم مشاريعها هي‬ ‫قرية دار اإلسالم‪.‬‬

assignment 8  

AR321.assignment 8

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