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SHEET NO.1

THE

INSPIRATION FROM A BASIC FORM OF SWASTIKA WITH DOTS

SITE

In indian context, SWATIKA is considered as an Auspicious

THE SITE IS irregular in shape SITE Area : 16.5 acres The site is: •Accessible from Pathankot Dalhousie highway. •At the junction of three northern states, so it is an ideal location for setting up a residential school.

PUNJAB

symbol which brings

Favourable Conditions

My design of school building would be: Favourable towards Children Favourable towards Client Favourable towards Environment.

SITE DEVELOPMENT The vehicular traffic is limited to the periphery in order to have safe pedestrian movement within the campus.

ACADEMIC

RECREATIONAL

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

PATHANKOT

•STEP 1

the basic form of SWASTIK with four dots symbolizing 4 STEPS towards SUSTAINABILITY: • Use of local materials •Cost effective •Labour intensive •Energy effective

•Planning of classrooms along the arms •2 blocks for academic, one for admin. and one for common facilities COST EFFECTIVENESS IN WALLS AND ROOF CONSTRUCTION BY APPROPRIATE USE OF TECHNOLOGIES •Rotating the form to open up the spaces in between.

•STEP 2

•Cost Effective' is not only concerning economy. The respective costs are one important consideration but just as important is the question of how much energy (or fuel) was used in their manufacture. •By careful selection of materials and technologies in order to reduce consumption, it is possible to significantly reduce emissions. There are a no. of the available and usable technologies in India, which have proven to be successful after years of trial by scientists, engineers and architects from different parts of the country.

•RELATED STUDIES RESIDENTIAL

Low height construction with courtyards inside

•STEP 3 •Form of Swastik for common circulation. •Planning w.r.t. N-S Orientation

•Workshop of CSEB, RAMMED EARTH and other earth construction techniques at Auroville. •Study of various techniques developed and promoted by HUDCO, ANIL LAUL AND OTHER AGENCIES

The concept

SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

A Residential School is one where students stay in the hostels and pursue their studies. They live in with fellow students. Some schools offer residence as an option for outstation students while in some others, availing the residence facilities of the school is compulsory.

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

School is such a place where a child starts his real development. It provides an environment where the future mankind is shaped. School is child’s first institution which is responsible for shaping his character & building his future. It gives society a civilized person, a more sensitive & competent citizen.

G.N.D.U.

DESIGN concept

A R C H I T E C T U R A L T H E S I S


ACADEMIC/ ADMIN.

RECREATIONAL

FUTURE EXPANSION RESIDENTIAL

WITH THE FUTURE EXPANSION OF HOSTELS, STAFF HOUSING, ACADEMIC BLOCK AND AUDITORIUM, GROUND COVERAGE: 27%

THE SITE

PERMISSIBLE Land Area Requirement As Per N.B.C.( Built up area- 28% Open space- 72% Built up area includes: School building area- 18% Residential area- 10% Open area includes: Parking, Playground and fields- 72%

SITE PLAN SITE PLAN SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

A R C H I T E C T U R A L T H E S I S

SCALE – 1:600

SITE ZONING

RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

RESIDENTIAL: 6% ACADEMIC: 6% SUPPORTING FACILITIES AND SERVICES:4%

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

SITE AREA: 16.5 ACRES PERMISSIBLE GROUND COVERAGE: 35% BUILTUP AREA: 16% OPEN AREA(INCLUDING PARKS, PLAYGROUND AND OPEN: 84%

G.N.D.U.

SHEET NO.2


ACADEMIC AND ADMINISTRATION BLOCK PLANS

GROUND FLOOR

GROUND FLOOR

SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

A R C H I T E C T U R A L T H E S I S

SCALE – 1:150

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

G.N.D.U.

SHEET NO.3


ACADEMIC AND ADMINISTRATION BLOCK PLANS

FIRST FLOOR FIRST FLOOR

SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

A R C H I T E C T U R A L T H E S I S

SCALE – 1:150

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

G.N.D.U.

SHEET NO.4


SECTION A-A’

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

SECTION B-B’

NORTH ELEVATION

WEST ELEVATION

ACADEMIC AND ADMINISTRATION BLOCK

ELEVATION/SECTIONS ELEVATIONS/ SECTIONS

SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

A R C H I T E C T U R A L T H E S I S

SCALE – 1:150

RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

G.N.D.U.

SHEET NO.5


RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

G.N.D.U.

SHEET NO.6

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

Aerial views

VIEW FROM NORTH EAST

INTERIOR VIEW

VIEW FROM NORTH WEST

SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

3D VIEWS

A R C H I T E C T U R A L T H E S I S


SHEET NO.7

HOSTEL PLANS

GROUND FLOOR

FIRST FLOOR SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

A R C H I T E C T U R A L T H E S I S

SCALE – 1:100

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

G.N.D.U. RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

N


INTERIOR VIEWS

SECTION AT Y-Y’

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

SECTION AT X-X’

NORTH ELEVATION

HOSTEL elevation/ sections

SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

A R C H I T E C T U R A L T H E S I S

SCALE – 1:100

G.N.D.U. RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

SHEET NO.8


SHEET NO.9

AUROVILLE EARTH INSTITUTE

ANANGPUR BUILDING CENTRE

STABILIZED RAMMED EARTH WALLS A soil sample from the site, tested at Auroville Earth Institute, found the exact proportions required for stabilization of the soil. For silty soil of the site, with 5% cement, and 30% sand, good quality rammed earth walls,12” thick, can be constructed with the use of simple moulds.

IN THE ACADEMIC/ADMIN. BLOCK, ALL THE INTERNAL WALLS ARE CONSTRUCTED AS STABILIZED RAMMED EARTH WALLS12” THICK. S.R.E. FOUNDATIONS

THE STABILIZED MUD CEMENT MORTAR IS USED WITH 7% CEMENT STABILIZATION

RAMMING

FORMWORK

S.R.E. WALL

ADVANTAGES OF RAMMED EARTH CONSTRUCTION •ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY - Using rammed earth as a construction material greatly reduces the amount of CO2released during the construction of the building. • THERMAL PERFORMANCE - the energy required to both heat and cool the building can be greatly reduced •COST EFFECTIVE - In using soil taken directly from the site, there is no transport requirement

IT COSTS AROUND RS.2055/CU.MT. OF WALL AS COMPARED TO RS.4944 FOR FIRED BRICKS,THAT IS, APPROX. 60% CHEAPER WALL CONSTRUCTION. •LOW MAINTENANCE AND FAST CONSTRUCTION •FIRE RESISTANCE - Rammed earth complies with Building Regulations for insulation, strength, water

CONTRUCTION OF S.R.E. WALLS FOR A SCHOOL BUILDING IN BANGALORE

resistance, fire and acoustics

•NOISE REDUCTION

PREFINISHED HOLLOW CORE INTERLOCKING BLOCK This walling system employs the concept of "Surface Engineering" by using an impervious diaphragm on the exterior surface exposed to weathering with a lean back up material constituting the main body of the blocks.

THESE BLOCKS HAVE THESE PROPERTIES: Impermeable non-erodable diaphragm with Lean back up material for the body of the block with rationalised crushing strength. Appropriate locally available material such as stabilized mud can also be used. The blocks are best produced by the use of hand moulds; thereby opening up of possibilities of permanent resilient finishes for the face of the block.

MOULD

The male and the female profiles are made to interlock. The hollow in the block provides for easy handling by the mason. SIZE OF BLOCK: 8”X8”X8”

PROCESS:

COMPOSITE COLUMN CONSTRUCTION

ADDITIONAL BENEFITS •Involves simple procedure. •lower maintenance costs •Filling the hollow core with waste polythene can increase thermal insulation. •Appropriate and cost effective

WALLING TECHNIQUES b.m.t.p.c.

C.B.R.I.

COST OF A FINISHED HOLLOW CORE BLOCK 8”X16”X8” – RS. 20 FOR THE SAME VOLUME THE FIRED BRICK COSTS APPROX RS. 35 EXCLUDING COST OF PLASTERING AND PAINTING.

•Rich cement slurry is poured over the desired colour and pattern. •Lean concrete mix, flyash, mud is then laid over. •Then compacted. •A pipe is Inserted in mould. •Balance mould is filled leaving enough space to finish the Second Impermeable diaphragm •Marble powder is spread over the finish and pipe is gently removed. •The block is demoulded after few minutes and cured •Waste polythene can be filled in hollows to provide insulation.

RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

public buildings in emerging countries are particularly prone to suffer from a lack of care and poor maintenance, and are therefore amongst the most neglected buildings. Fast deterioration of such structures does not only cause economic threats but leads also to severe institutional and social damages.

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

the built environment has the most profound influence on the human consciousness and needs to be dealt with sensitivity. the construction industry is also the largest single contributor to environment degradation. sustainable development is a very basic issue that needs to be addressed urgently

G.N.D.U.

APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES

COST EFFECTIVE CONSTRUCTION

SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

A R C H I T E C T U R A L T H E S I S


SHEET NO.10

AUROVILLE EARTH INSTITUTE

ANANGPUR BUILDING CENTRE

Further, the arch distributes the point load in all directions equally thus, is able to withstand impact loading at any point. REINFORCEMENT

•It is able to withstand impact loading at any point. •Cement slurry in the ratio 1:2 is used to keep the materials in position. •Interesting patterns can be created by artistically mingling the chosen materials along with waste by-products

ADVANTAGES OF FUNICULAR SHELL DESIGN OF THE FUNICULAR SHELL ROOF ROOFING •It eliminates use of high-energy steel reinforcement used in the conventional RCC roof. •It allows efficient use of waste materials and provides personality, colour and texture. •It minimised the requirement of internal plasters. It provided roofing at a comparatively lower cost i.e. 15% cheaper.

Cement slurry in the ratio 1:2 is used to keep the materials in position.

DESIGN OF THE EDGE BEAM As per the span, the beam is designed for a coffer slab or a grid of beams. ! Cast the beam using concrete in the mix 1:2:4. ! Allow it to acquire its full strength, then remove the shuttering. ! Cast the funicular shell with the remaining part of the beam.

•The entire area to be roofed is divided into a grid depending on the size of the funicular shell required or the • size / shape of moulds available. •The Edge beam / supporting beam is half cast. The reinforcement cage of the edge beam can either be pre •welded or made in the conventional manner. •The rise to span ratio is 1:6 thus; the optimal span of the shell is 3 m though it can span up to 15 m. •The mould is supported between the edge beams. Timber planks are used to bridge the gap between the edge of the mould and the edge beam. •A thin layer of sand is put on top of the mould with a layer of the finishing materials- brick / stone tiles / mud blocks •etc. along the curvature of the mould or according to individual choice. •Interesting patterns may be created by artistically mingling the chosen materials along with waste by-products e.g.- edging of marble / granite slab or broken tiles etc. •Cement slurry in the ratio 1:2 is poured over the assembly and is allowed to settle. It keeps the finishing materials in position. •A second layer comprising broken stone / bricks is placed on edge so that it acts as a series of wedges resulting in an arch action. •To achieve a flat surface, brickbats or cinder can be used as filler material over the funicular shell.

WELDED TRUSSED WIRE GIRDERS

A-FRAMES A- FRAME IS THE MOST BASIC STRUCTURE EXCELLENT FOR CYCLONE, HURRICANE & EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT STRUCTURES THE SYSTEM CAN BE INCREMENTED IN ALL DIRECTIONS. SIMPLE JOINTS PROVIDE FOR ALL COMBINATIONS.

The steel welded trussed members and the joints are elementary components that can be made by an average smithy at the Town level. The resultant triangulated structure transfers the stresses to the earth in the most efficient manner. The steel welded members contain the same amount of steel as in Reinforced Cement Concrete but are welded from the beginning. These members are more resilient than Reinforced Cement Concrete and have a larger strength even without the concrete component. This form of reinforcement consumes 30% less steel.. They are stable without concrete as concrete is reduced to a filler material. The members can subsequently be filled with concrete at any point of time subsequently. The skeleton of the structure is a steel welded truss member that is connected with cuboid nodes used as connectors. This joint has been the significant innovation that has simplified the constructions process. Simple joints provide for all combinations. Components can further be pulled out at different junctions and levels for construction of upper storeys an terraces. This manner of construction allows for flexibility, not only in the different types of walling and cladding materials, but also offers different spatial compositions

RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

A funicular shell is a doubly curved structure on edge beam. The funicular shell roof is one such compression structure, which ensures conservation of natural resources by utilising waste materials effectively and optimising the use of expensive steel and cement.

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

FUNICULAR SHELL ROOFING

G.N.D.U.

APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES

COST EFFECTIVE CONSTRUCTION

b.m.t.p.c.

C.B.R.I.

SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

A R C H I T E C T U R A L T H E S I S


SECTION

Staff housing

SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

A R C H I T E C T U R A L T H E S I S

SCALE – 1:80

FIRST FLOOR

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

GROUND FLOOR

G.N.D.U. RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

SHEET NO.11


SECTION PRINCIPAL RESIDENCE

SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

A R C H I T E C T U R A L T H E S I S

SCALE – 1:80

FIRST FLOOR

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

GROUND FLOOR

G.N.D.U. RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

SHEET NO.12


DINING HALL SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

SCALE – 1:80

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

G.N.D.U. RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

SHEET NO.14

A R C H I T E C T U R A L

T H E S I S


STUDENTS CENTER

SUBMITTED BY: BHANU MAHAJAN(606)

SCALE – 1:150

ARCHITECTURAL PROPOSAL FOR A

G.N.D.U. RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, PATHAN KOT

SHEET NO.13

A R C H I T E C T U R A L

T H E S I S


Thesis Prsentation Sheets