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Safety Guidance For Lifting Hot Tubs, Spas And Pools With a sharp rise in wet leisure projects taking place across the UK, guidance was needed to ensure safe practices regarding the lifting of pool, spa and hot tub products. The ALLMI and CPA along with BISHTA and SPATA drew up up the guidance and in this issue, a summary of the invaluable information is provided


ollowing an incident in South Wales, where a hot tub was dropped from height after a tag line became snared on the building, BISHTA contacted the Construction Plant-hire Association (CPA) for assistance to write some guidelines to minimise the chances of repeat incidents. The CPA involved the Association of Lorry Loader Manufacturers and Importers (ALLMI) to co-develop guidance for the safe lifting of hot tubs, exercise spas and one-piece pools. Due to the inclusion of one-piece pools, assistance was also provided by SPATA. Drawing on their collective experience of previous lifting incidents involving hot tubs (usually involving a dropped load or crane overturn), the four associations hosted an online seminar to launch the guidance. A recording of the presentation is available on YouTube – search or see: A large percentage of hot tubs are delivered to domestic customers who will not have the knowledge to plan or control the lift. Therefore, the guidance makes clear that domestic customers should only be offered a contract lift and not a crane hire agreement. A summary is provided below; however, the whole document covers the guidance in detail. Industry personnel are encouraged to obtain a free copy from the CPA website and the document is also available in the BISHTA / SPATA online Members Hub.

COSTS OF A LIFTING OPERATION The execution of a lifting operation to place a hot tub, etc., from delivery to the final position, can add a considerable amount to the overall purchase price (ultimately borne by the hot tub purchaser). Costings should be made clear to them during the purchasing period to avoid disputes or cost-cutting measures which can severely affect safety.

PLANNING It is a requirement of the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER 98) that: Every employer shall ensure that every lifting operation involving lifting equipment is: • properly planned by a competent person; • appropriately supervised; and • carried out in a safe manner. One person (the lift planner) should be appointed to have overall control of each lifting

28 June 2021 SPN 28_SPN_June_21_Lifting.indd 28

planners should consider an additional safety to compensate for increases over the declared weight of the unit.

SELECTION AND ATTACHMENT OF LIFTING ACCESSORIES The guidance gives recommendations that a lifting beam, spreader frame or lifting stillage is used to avoid placing compressive loads on the hot tub. It also mentions the use of lifting eyes and slings.

USE OF TAG LINES operation to ensure it is carried out safely. This lift planner is usually called the ‘appointed person’, and they should be competent to carry out the task planning. The guidance notes the importance of a site survey to identify site-specific hazards and constraints, for a risk assessment, as part of a safe system of work, forming the basis of a ‘Lift Plan’ to enable the completion of the operation safely.

TYPES OF HIRE CONTRACT • ‘Crane Hire’ – Hiring a crane from a crane owner and then managing the lifting operation themselves. The person hiring the crane is responsible for safety. • ‘Contract Lift’ – Employing a contractor, such as the crane owner, to carry out the planning, supervision and execution of the lifting operation(s).

SELECTING A CRANE HIRER Both the CPA and ALLMI provide resources to their respective members to assist their clients.

SLINGING AND HANDLING OF HOT TUBS Section 6 of the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 places duties on manufacturers and suppliers to provide information on the safe use of equipment within the installation instructions: • weight, dimensions and position of the centre of gravity of the hot tub and cover(s), including any protective packaging materials, timber frame or pallet; • how the lifting accessories (e.g., slings) should be attached to the hot tub. Swim spa and pool covers can be of significant weight, so it may be necessary for other lifts to be carried out for this equipment, etc. Lift

A tag line is described as a line (usually a dedicated rope) of sufficient length attached to the load with the other end controlled by a load handler. The guidance explains when tag lines should and should not be used and that the lift plan should identify the number of tag lines to be used and their load attachment method to avoid tag lines becoming fouled during use.

INSPECTION BEFORE LIFTING FROM THE DELIVERY VEHICLE Before unloading from the delivery vehicle, the hot tub should be inspected for damage and identify if any rainwater has entered the hot tub. Any accumulated water should be drained, and any loose or damaged packaging material should be removed. A check should be made that all devices used to secure the hot tub to the vehicle for transport have been removed.

SUPERVISION OF THE LIFT The lifting operation should be supervised by a crane supervisor, ensuring that it is carried out according to the lift plan. The crane supervisor should be competent and suitably trained and have sufficient experience to carry out all the relevant duties. The crane supervisor should have adequate authority to stop the lifting operation if it is dangerous to proceed.

ADDITIONAL GUIDANCE Further information is provided in the document relating to LOLER, HSE, CPA and ALLMI publications. CPA 020 7796 3366 ALLMI 0344 858 4334 27/06/2021 13:23

Profile for Aqua Publishing Ltd

SPN (Swimming Pool News) June 2021  

Informing the pool and spa industry since 1959. Covering the UK's wet leisure market, SPN (Swimming Pool News) is the UK's longest running a...

SPN (Swimming Pool News) June 2021  

Informing the pool and spa industry since 1959. Covering the UK's wet leisure market, SPN (Swimming Pool News) is the UK's longest running a...

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