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13 MAR 2019 13 MAR 2019 POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, POMONA CALIFORNIA CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN,POMONA DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN, DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 5040 HOUSING AND URBAN DESIGN, HOUSING TYPOLOGY CASE STUDIES ARC 5040 HOUSING AND URBAN DESIGN, HOUSING TYPOLOGY CASE STUDIES

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HANCOCK LOFTS 05 BROADWAY HOUSING

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NEMAUSUS 23 HABITAT 33

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13 MAR 2019 13 MAR 2019 POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, POMONA CALIFORNIA CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN,POMONA DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN, DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 5040 HOUSING AND URBAN DESIGN, HOUSING TYPOLOGY CASE STUDIES ARC 5040 HOUSING AND URBAN DESIGN, HOUSING TYPOLOGY CASE STUDIES

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CONCEPT In the late 1990s the project originated from a desire to address the difficulties of parking and public access to the local businesses and housing for the area. The effort to increase the urban density of the area was promoted by the City of West Hollywood and developer CIM Group. Koning Eizenberg Architects was commissioned to design the project which completed construction in 2009. The principle architect Julie Eizenburg commented on the firms concept initiative to facilitate business and housing in which she stated, “The big fight in communities which are in metropolitan areas is about density.”

Project Name: Hancock Lofts Project Architect: Koning Eizenberg Date built: 2009 Location: West Hollywood, CA Cost per SF: N/A Typology: Multifamily Housing Project Density: u/acre Number of units: 31 Number of unit types: 10 Private outdoor space p/u: 204 ft2 Parking spaces p/u: 156

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PUBLIC / PRIVATE The public and private entrances and circulation of the complex do not overlap. Public entrance is on Santa Monica Blvd. with ease of access to the restaurant at the south end. Residents enter the facility at the west side of the complex

adjacent to Hancock Avenue. This lobby area is 375 square feet with a stairway at the north end and an elevator at the east. To the north end of the private entrance are six two-story twobedroom townhouses.

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UNIT ANALYSIS This complex is a mixed-use facility of 133,476 square feet. It is located at the cross streets of Hancock Avenue and Santa Monica Boulevard in West Hollywood. The facility is four levels with balconies, patios, courtyard, swimming pool, and

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private and public parking. The ground floor is commercial and rental studios. The complex provides 31 units. The units are comprised of condominiums and lofts. An additional seven units are affordable-housing rental studios.

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These units are above the rental studios at ground level. The townhouses are 1,861 Sq. Ft. There is a uniformity of the six units which contain wet walls stacked with the studio wet walls below for efficiency. Each of the townhouses feature two outdoor patios. Occupants of the townhouses can access a private patio of 204 Sq.Ft. on the unit’s first level to the west. The second level of the unit provides a patio at the east end of 108 Sq.Ft. One- and two-bedroom lofts comprise the other 25 units of the complex.

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SCALE The commercial areas of the plan are focused on Santa Monica Blvd. at the south side of the complex which is the most public. This area is 11,600 square feet comprised of a restaurant and AAAAutomobile Club. To the north and adjacent to the commercial areas are seven studio units on Hancock Avenue which provides the residential areas of the district. The area for the studio units is 9,000 square feet. Each unit is 500 square feet with 105 square feet of patio space assigned for each unit. The patios are adjacent to Hancock Avenue. These spaces are designed in such a way as to allow the occupants of the studios to apply a degree of individuality to each unit. Fourfoot block walls separate the patios and feature plants, small trees and bushes chosen by the occupants. PEDESTRIAN AND AUTOMOBILE Parking is arranged according to the ease of public and private access. 100 feet from the public corner of Santa Monica Blvd. and Hancock Avenue is the entrance to CHRIS SMITH SANTOS PEÑA SERAPHIM GULIN BEATRIZ VAZQUEZ

the lower-level parking that accommodates 156 spaces of public and employee parking with additional resident parking spaces. Ramps provide access to the resident parking on the second level above the studios. Two parking spaces are provided for the two-bedroom units and one space for the onebedroom units. UNIT ANALYSIS The lofts are not a series of identical machine units. There are 5 various arrangements for each of the one- and twobedroom units. Wet walls are stacked for structural efficiency. But a degree of individuality is achieved in the floor plans of the lofts. The lofts are positioned above the commercial portion of the complex at ground level on Santa Monica Blvd. and extend northward 100 feet adjacent to Hancock Avenue. The façade for these portions of the architecture feature glass and Mangaris wood panels. It offers a residential ‘break’ from the metal and concrete portions of the design that facilitate structure.

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LIVABILITY A second-floor open air courtyard of 325 Sq.Ft. is provided for the residents. This courtyard is at the middle west of the complex and is easily accessed from a hallway that spans the distance of the lofts to the south and the townhouses at the north end. Sixty feet to the east of the courtyard a resident openair swimming pool is located on the third floor. LIGHT + AIR Natural light, and ventilation for the facility is achieved by openings on the roof of the architecture for the lofts and the townhouses. The lofts’ patios of the third floor contain roof openings that facilitate ventilation and light able to penetrate the curtain walls of those units. CIRCULATION Means of egress are provided for the residential levels through a series of stairs that open to grade level endings at the west and east of the north and south side of the facility. Additional emergency exits are provided in the mid portion of the complex that end at grade level to the west on Hancock Avenue.

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ONE BEDROOM PLANS NOT TO SCALE

TWO BEDROOM PLANS NOT TO SCALE

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13 MAR 2019 CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, POMONA COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN, DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 5040 HOUSING AND URBAN DESIGN, HOUSING TYPOLOGY CASE STUDIES

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Project Name: Broadway Housing Project Architect: Kevin Daly Architects Date built: 2012 Location: Santa Monica, CA Total Construction Cost: $10,900,000 Typology: Multi-Family Courtyard Project Density: 33 units / .07 Acre Number of units: 33 Number of unit types: 2 (two and three bedroom units) Private outdoor space per dwelling unit: 33225 ft2

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CONCEPT Kevind Daly Architects’ (previously Daly Genik Architects) Broadway Housing is designed to respond to the City of Sant Monica’s need for affordable housing. The Community Corporation of Santa Monica is one of the city’s largest developers. KDA has relied on a simple “kitof-parts” scheme, that almost repeats and basic L-shaped floorplan to accommodate 2 and 3 bedroom units while protecting a play area for children and providing community activity rooms located on the periphery of the project.

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INTEGRATED MATERIALS / SAFETY / LIGHT + AIR The architects’ were able to use a solid wood guard rail system that sucessfully provided a measure of safety, while integrating on-site vegetation to mitigate heating effects during the day. These wood screens also encourgaed residents to open their windows to allow ventilation instead of relying on active cooling strategies to support a livable environment. These screen also work on a scalar level; nearby a viewer can peek through to a great distance, while when seen from afar only a very limited view is possible.

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CIRCULATION + UNIT ANALYSIS KDA was able to offset views from eaceh unit to keep a sense of privacy while maintaining the flow throughout the entire program. STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS Wood and steel load-bearing frame with wood shear walls that support the units, while a concrete and composite metal deck on a steel frame supports the walkways.

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PUBLIC / PRIVATE Public and private space essentially organized by setting the group of buildings facing the street, with a central entry that leads up to the walkways accessing the upper storeys. The walkways to each unit are essentially private for residents. SCALE Three floors of L-Shaped neighborhood scale units blend with the city’s mission to provide amenable low cost housing to those who work nearby in order to support familes that will ultimately contribute to a robust social infrastructure.

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LIVABILITY Because each group of units was able to be rotated around the site, each residence boasts a different experience from the next, thereby increasing the indivuality and sense of ownership any resident may enjoy. CONCLUSION Broadway Housing is a rational amalgamation of value driven moves— both in the cost sense and the socially aware, future-forward thoughtful approach that modern designers and developers need to reach for in light of our current housing crisis, and immediate need to integrate our cities within the means of those who make them intimately reflective, rewarding and joyful places to live.

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Project Name: Nemausus Project Architect: Jean Nouvel Date built: 1985-1987 Location: Nimes, France Cost per SF: (unknown) Typology: Slab Housing / Courtyard Project Density: 44.4DU/AC (1 unit: 91m2) Number of units: 144 Number of unit types: 2 (studio, one bedroom) Private outdoor space per dwelling unit: 135 ft2 Parking spaces per dwelling unit: 1.2 (139 Spaces)

CONCEPT In the past two centuries cities attracted large amounts of people looking for better economic opportunities and closer proximity to jobs. Very often the cities were poorly designed to deal with large influx of migrant populations that came from rural to urban areas. The lack of affordable housing is still largely a problem today as well. Neimausus apartment complex was designed to address the issue of affordable housing shortage and to create a new housing model that could make cheap affordable housing also in good quality and pleasant to live in. The City of Nimes in France enjoys a nice and warm Mediterranean climate, similar to that of California. It also boasts a rich historic heritage that is inherited from the Roman times. The concept of the Architect was to create good-quality affordable housing while also promoting the use of outdoor space.

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EXPLODED STRUCTURE P1

For the Architect, the good quality apartments meant that it was a large unit for its size, and that it could be converted into any living space that was needed. The units could be flexible, comfortable and able to permit light and natural ventilation with optimal efficiency. The units would be placed in a row pattern

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inside the two nearly identical twin buildings separated by a courtyard, and the unit core would be surrounded by circulation access. The central courtyard would be placed to encourage the residents to use the outdoor spaces and all the pleasant climate city of Nimes has to offer. The design of the building

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would also take advantage of the pleasant winds of the Mediterranean that would allow to keep the units comfortable and cool during the day. The garage of the units would be kept partially subterranean in order to keep it from distracting from the design of the building, and allow for a cleaner look.

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EXPLODED STRUCTURE P2

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UNIT ANALYSIS The Units were meant to be large and spacious, and some had double and triple floor ceiling heights, which gave large amount of open space to experiment with.

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UNIT LAYOUT AND CIRCULATION The apartments are stacked together in “Slab Housing” Typology. The units all fit together in the center separated by structural concrete wall ordering system, supported by a exterior circulation access that also acts as balcony space. This type of layout is also similar to “Row Housing” typology, but I would still place it within the category of “Slab Housing” typology due to the unique placement of two buildings relative to each other.

VENTILATION AND LIGHT The central unit arrangement between the exterior walls with windows and doors on both directions allow a good amount of air circulation inside the unit due to “cross-draft” wind effect. This also minimizes the need for air conditioning systems, further limiting the cost of living for the residents.The space is kept bright by multitude of windows and doors on both sides, while the top units also have skylights that allow greater light penetration through the ceiling.

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BUILDING MATERIALS The primary materials selected for the project were concrete, perforated metal and glass. These three materials created a kind of modern and minimalist design that was popular in urban Europe in 1970’s and 1980’s. The apartment units have the”studio loft” feel to them, and this is exactly the architect’s intent with the project, to make a versatile and customizable living area tuned to the need and imagination of the resident.

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CONCLUSION In analyzing this type of design and its inherent typology, it becomes apparent that this building does succeed in conveying what the architect intended for it to do. Even though the building may seem lacking any real private outdoor space, the architect tries to make up for that with the placement of the central courtyard that encourages the residents to interact with one another and develop relationships with their neighbors. The studio feel of the units attracts large number of young professional to the building who find the apartment complex affordable and enticing to live in. Overall the architect succeeded in creating a building that is simple yet sophisticated, minimalist yet memorable, plain yet beautiful.

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Project Name: Habitat 825 Project Architect: Lorcan O’Herlihy (LOHA) Date built: 2007 Location: West Hollywood, CA Cost per SF: $913 f/2 Typology: Courtyard Project Density: .03 Units Per Acre Number of units: 19 Number of unit types: 3 Private outdoor space per dwelling unit: 150 ft/2 Parking spaces per dwelling unit: 2 + 5 guest spaces

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CONCEPT Part of what shaped the form of the housing project was the neighoring Schindler house. The form was diagonal-ly offset from the Schindler house, allowing breathing space and drawing attention to central open space. Courtyard carved out to allow any future connection between the two buildings. Building was setback away from the street to allow for a continuation between the pedestrians/sidewalk and the building. For this a small urban park, benches were scattered as well.

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The rectangular volume represents the maximum allowable building area. In order to allow for visual transperancy, physical circulation, and sunlight, space was extruded out of the rectangular volume. This also allowed for the semi-public open space in front of the project that connects the sidewalk/street to the building.

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CIRCULATION Vertical Circulation Pedestrian Circulation Parking Pathway

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PUBLIC / PRIVATE Private Spaces Shared Spaces Underground Parking

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UNIT ANALYSIS There are 19 housing units with three typical varia-tions of 1-2 story and 2 to 3 bedrooms. The first type of unit is the one-story two bedrooms, typically has a larger floor compared to the two-story units to make up for the extra square footage. For all the one-story units there are only two bedrooms. The second type of unit is the two-story two bed-rooms, which is divided by having two bedrooms on one floor and the shared spaces, such as the kitchen, living, and dinning, on the second floor. Or can also be divided by having one bedroom with the shared spaces and the second bedroom on its own floor. The third variation is the two-story threebedroom units where it’s either split by having two bedrooms on one floor and the third bedroom on the second. floor, or having all three bedrooms on one floor and the shared spaces on the second floor. All units have a private open space on their units, and some units also have a private roof deck. The design of the units was also organized to have direct access to the main courtyard in the center.

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13 MAR 2019 CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, POMONA COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN, DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 5040 HOUSING AND URBAN DESIGN, HOUSING TYPOLOGY CASE STUDIES

CHRIS SMITH SANTOS PEÑA SERAPHIM GULIN BEATRIZ VAZQUEZ

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MATERIALS For the materials in this project it’s interesting that there was a certain care for which materials they used and where they came from. For example they used local forest dark stained Redwood siding and non-combustable cement board. They also used a rain screen system that allowed for a long life-cycle and reducing the need for mainte-nance and repair.

13 MAR 2019 CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, POMONA COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN, DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 5040 HOUSING AND URBAN DESIGN, HOUSING TYPOLOGY CASE STUDIES

CHRIS SMITH SANTOS PEÑA SERAPHIM GULIN BEATRIZ VAZQUEZ

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STRUCTURAL ORDERING SYSTEMS

13 MAR 2019 CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, POMONA COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN, DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 5040 HOUSING AND URBAN DESIGN, HOUSING TYPOLOGY CASE STUDIES

CHRIS SMITH SANTOS PEÑA SERAPHIM GULIN BEATRIZ VAZQUEZ

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HUMAN SAFETY

13 MAR 2019 CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, POMONA COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN, DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 5040 HOUSING AND URBAN DESIGN, HOUSING TYPOLOGY CASE STUDIES

CHRIS SMITH SANTOS PEÑA SERAPHIM GULIN BEATRIZ VAZQUEZ

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NATURAL LIGHT & VENTILATION When design the form of the project extra attention was put into the direction of the sun and the shadows it could cast on the neighboring Schindler house. For this reason they succesfully avoided casting shadows by reducing the building on the north (adjacent to neighbor house) to two stories. In addition, the design pays attention to the warm climate of Los Angeles, by breaking the desity of the project with a courtyard and other setbacks it allowed for natural ventilation and light to come in. The movement of air between the building and the cladding cools the inner face of the exterior and reduces the demand for cooling energy.

13 MAR 2019 CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, POMONA COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN, DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 5040 HOUSING AND URBAN DESIGN, HOUSING TYPOLOGY CASE STUDIES

CHRIS SMITH SANTOS PEÑA SERAPHIM GULIN BEATRIZ VAZQUEZ

47


LIVABILITY The organization of the units allowed for a shared courtyard making the living situation pleasent and less secluded. Also the small setback that allowed for the continuty of the sidewalk makes it a social place to live in. However, each unit also has a private open space that maintains the balance between privacy and socializing.

CONCLUSION Habitat 825 is a project that pays attention to minimal and yet crucial parts that make the living situation an enjoyable one. The fact that many design moves allowed for light, natural ventilation, increasing the outdoor spaces, and reflected the neighboring Schindler house makes this a socially aware and innovative project.

13 MAR 2019 CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, POMONA COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN, DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 5040 HOUSING AND URBAN DESIGN, HOUSING TYPOLOGY CASE STUDIES

CHRIS SMITH SANTOS PEÑA SERAPHIM GULIN BEATRIZ VAZQUEZ

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13 MAR 2019 CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, POMONA COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN, DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 5040 HOUSING AND URBAN DESIGN, HOUSING TYPOLOGY CASE STUDIES

13 MAR 2019 CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY, POMONA COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN, DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 5040 HOUSING AND URBAN DESIGN, HOUSING TYPOLOGY CASE STUDIES

CHRIS SMITH SANTOS PEÑA SERAPHIM GULIN BEATRIZ VAZQUEZ

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Profile for Applied Visual Thinking

Smith_Pena_Gulis_Vazquez_TEAM_12.pdf  

Housing Typologies Case Studies

Smith_Pena_Gulis_Vazquez_TEAM_12.pdf  

Housing Typologies Case Studies

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