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PORTFOLIO OF WORKS PLANTING/ LANDSCAPE/ LANDART

KYUNG WON LEE MA. LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE (MERIT) BA. FINE ARTS


PORTFOLIO OF WORKS PLANTING/ LANDSCAPE/ LANDART

KYUNG WON LEE Based in Singapore MA. LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT (MERIT) BA. FINE ARTS +65 82669305 aportofentry@gmail.com

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, including photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the publisher, except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical reviews and certain other noncommercial uses permitted by copyright law.


Kyung won Lee

Landscape architect. horticulturist. I am a hard-working and passionate person, willing to take challenge and possess various qualifications. I obtain artistic vision towards the landscape and able to practically deliver those idea to the finishing stage. I have special interest in how spatial quality of landscape forms the narrative of society and the individual.

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE JAYEON JEJU Jeju-do, South Korea 2016 - 2018 PROJECTS:

ROLE:

Hotel 'Haebeach' Golf Club 'Pinx' Restaurant 'Black stage' Resort 'Hueannae' Kiosk 'Gapado' Kitchen gardens

Planting design & visualisation. Planting design & visualisation Landscape design & 3D modeling. Planting design & visualisation. Landscape design & 3D moeling. Planting design & visualisation. Planting design & visualisation. Garden design & visualisation. Detail design.

FREELANCE SET/ PRODUCTION DESIGNER Seoul, South Korea 2010 - 2013 PROJECTS:

ROLE:

Independent movie 'A mere life' Performance 'Open one's mouth' Musical 'Tale of two cities' Performance 'Prometheuse's fire' Play 'A country doctor' Production workshop 'Stage begginings'

Preproduction. Location setting. Site staff. Market research. Stage design & production. Market research. Stage design assistance. Model & prop making. Performer. Prop making. Stage deesign assistance. Prop making. Scenic painting. EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

SHEFFIELD UNIVERSITY Sheffield, UK 2014 - 2016 MA Landscape Architecture with merits ARKO HRD CENTRE Gyeonggi-do, South Korea 2010 Certificate Performing Stage design CHUGYE UNIVERSITY OF FINE ARTS Seoul, South Korea 2005 - 2009 BA Fine arts SKILL SETS Hand Sketch Adobe Photoshop Adobe Indesign Adobe Illustrator Autodesk AutoCAD Sketchup Excel Architectural model making

Korean English


Table of contents

contents

pages

PROFESSIONAL PROJECT

01 - 16

Haebeach

01 - 04

Hotel / Resort Jeju-do, South Korea

Black Stage

05 - 08

Restaurant Jeju-do, South Korea

Hueannae

09 - 12

Hotel / Resort Jeju-do, South Korea

The Kiosk

13 - 16

Amenity Jeju-do, South Korea

ACADEMIC PROJECT Gangjeong Project

17 - 34 17 - 22

Landart Jeju-do South Korea

Wasteland

23 - 26

Square Sheffield, United Kingdom

Silver Forest

27 - 30

Urban Landscape Sheffield, United Kingdom

Renewable Energy Project Landscape Character Assessment Peak District National Park, United Kingdom

31 - 34


...enhance the quality of living experience with spatial context

Salt Projections, Chelsea, MA by Landing Studio (2005)


Professional Projects 2016 - 2018


Haebeach Hotel/Resort Jeju island, South Korea

vast lawn area exposed to the coastal motor way Located at the southern east part of Jeju Island, the hotel is facing the sea with a communal area and motor way in between.The hotel targeted luxury living environment while maintaining the sense of Jeju locality. The existing communal area is composed of pools, naturalistic garden, and paths. It is the vast lawn that make this whole landscape with various programs unified. Apart from openness of the outdoor experience, its monochromatic landscape forms blandness and disconnection between programs, lacking intimate feeling that able to lead customers to explore the area.With its inaccessibility, despite of its vast land, the space seems limited. The re-modelling project aims to improve the customer experience by reconsidering the whole outdoor spatial connection.The strategy is to reduce the unused lawn area and introduce mediumscale interventions that can connect the space together. The breaking down

LEGENDS

1

of scale will mainly achieved by the use of plants and landscape elements. The landscape will also incorporate other functions that enhance the visual and spatial quality of the development. They are, sometimes, use to screen or frame, create privacy, and create distinction at particular space. All the plants are design such as it can be low-maintained, and improve the biodiversity by using native plants as the major palette. Local volcanic stones are also incorporated into the design, to create the sense of locality. Architectural and exotic plants are used to draw visual interest and form distinction in each of the planting area. With all these various interventions, the remodelling give a stark contrast to the user experience by improving the connection between inside and outside while maintaining the formal of the luxury living quality of the hotel.

4

1 main entrance 2 main building

6

3 reception hall 4 parking lot

b

5 main pool 6 naturalist garden 7 family pool

2

8 vast lawn area

3

9 coastal motorway 10 coast & sea

7

a

path with vast lawn area

8

Screen the motor road Attract the user Expand the notion of space Vibrant environment Architectural plants

b

air-conditioning facility corner

Screen the outer facility Enhance qulity the corner Easy maintenance Vibrant environment Architectural plants

Haebeach Professional Project

a

5

9

10

01


to improve customer experience of landscape

main building

02

vast lawn are with a path

coastal motor way

Professional Project Haebeach


SYMBOL & NAME

a

SECONDARY PLANTS

Lomandra

SPECULATION (mm/ea)

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

500

450

40

SYMBOL & NAME FEATURE

Stone walls

SPECULATION (mm/ea)

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

1500

-

-

Yucca fillamentosa

600

900

28

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

Hesperoyucca whipplei

2000

900

20

Agave americana

1800

3000

15

ACCENT PLANTS 공조실

화장실 화장실

대기실

수영장

SYMBOL & NAME

b

SECONDARY PLANTS

Hesperaloe 소

Dasylirion Longissimum

ACCENT PLANTS

SPECULATION (mm/ea)

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

900

1200

14

1200

4

SPREAD

QTY.

900

900

8

2500

-

-

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

Pebbles

-

-

-

Lawns

-

-

-

SYMBOL & NAME ACCENTS PLANTS

Fouquieria Splendens TREE & PALM

Thuja Occidentalis

SPECULATION (mm/ea)

HEIGHT

6000

SPREAD

4000

QTY.

4

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

7000

3000

3

공조실

화장실 화장실

1200 HEIGHT

Stone artwork GROUNDS

대기실

수영장

Haebeach Professional Project

Echinocactus Grusonii Agave Stricta

900

1300

20

Agave Americana

2000

3000

4

Washingtonia Filifera

10000

4000

3

GROUND

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

Pebbles

-

-

-

Path (brushed cement)

-

-

-

03


04

Professional Project Haebeach


Black Stage Restuarant Jeju island, South Korea

shared space: parking lot and garden front This detached restaurant is located in north of Jeju-do with farmlands surrounding the development. It is only accessible by cars through the adjacent 6-lane motorway. The site is situated on the lower terrain (approximately 3m. from the main road) and surrounded by stones embankment in all sides. Thus, the experience will only happens internally and disconnected from the adjacent land. The restaurant targeted mostly on tourists and will potentially be arriving with private coaches. The clients wanted a straight-forward design, low-maintenance, and space for parking units that located as close to the restaurant building as possible. The landscape should be able to achieve mainly in creating visual aesthetic for the customer inside and outside of the restaurant. With the hectic, car-based environment, the design strategy begins with creating certain constraint that collated with

the buildings and the boundary which allows all the other programs to work under those premises. Thus, the idea of generating uniformed grid that respond to the rectangular architural feature of the building emerged. All the constitute forming the landscape will be constructed in relation to those grid. Series of planters are created around the perimeter to form a boundary between parking units. One main planter have been introduced in the central courtyard of the site. This main planting mainly served as visual focal point to both outside and inside the restaurant. The flush planters extend the possibility of free movement for the pedestrian. Most of the plant selections are based on their verticality characteristic, this is due to the visual ability for the higher ground. The planting pallet will be architectural, neat and simple with the incorporation of brushed pebbles and volcanic stones.

8 LEGENDS 1 main building

5

2 open air deck 3 shared space 4 main entrance

a

5 main wayout 6 main planter 7 neiboring orchard 8 neiboring hyper mart

6

9 existing hills 10 exsting hills

2

1

3 7

a

10

main planter

Give an order of whole arrangement Shelter to pedestrian Secure the movement Intimate environment Architectural plants

Black Stage Professional Project

4

9

05


to share the space beautifully

grid upon the space

06

Professional Project Black Stage


a

SYMBOL & NAME

SECONDARY PLANTS

Agave stricta

SPECULATION (mm/ea)

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

600

900

22

3000

900

6

ACCENT PLANTS

Hesperoyucca whipplei Agave americana PALMS

3000

4000

4

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

5000

3

Washingtonia filifera 18000

Black Stage Professional Project

SYMBOL & NAME FEATURE

Flat broad rocks (sitting area) Flat broad rocks (planter edges)

SPECULATION (mm/ea)

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

-

-

10

600

1200

77

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

Pebbles (brushed)

-

-

-

Pebbles

-

-

-

GROUNDS

07


08

Professional Project Black Stage


Hueannae Hotel/Resort Jeju island, South Korea

farmland tiltied toward coast The resort is situated in south of Jeju-do within the local farmland by the coastline. It is aiming to be a luxury vacation house destination, with view over-looking the shoreline. The undulating topography, open farmland with volcanic stone wall are one of the elements that give unique landscape character to the site. However, due to the high demand for living units developments, the buildings will consumed most of the site area. As the result, the construction will give a stark contrast to the scale and disruption to the natural feature of the context. The challenge is to overcome the limitation of space and create the landscape that will be able to provide unique experience through visual and spatial aspects. The main design strategy is to involve with grading the existing undulated landform into tiers. This is will provide the site will more useable space. These tiers which is located in the

central courtyard of the development will be terracing down into the lowest point of the site where artificial pond is created. This method in will also provide privacy between units and create variation in the visual aspect. Each of the tiers will also be designed in various texture: lawn, herbaceous and perennial plants, mulch and pebbles, and stepping stone. The juxta-positioning between straight architectural language and organic planting area will give an interesting pattern to the design. Planting pallet give an all-year-round interest while evergreen tree such as palm and Cyprus are used to give a verticality expansion to the site. Plants are also design to served different functions such as to screen, to frame, and to provide attention at the different corners of the development.

10 12 LEGENDS

6

1 reception building 2 communal restaurnat

7

3 pool 4 communal garden 5 main path 6 main entrance 7 parking lot

5

8 neighboring farmland

a 1

9 neighboring farmland 10 neighboring farmland

2

11 stone wall 12 farm road

a

communal garden and pool

Create circulation Accomodate various programme Arrange activity harmoniously Expand the space visually Vibrant environment Architectural plants

b

b

8

3

11

4

herbaceous border

Offer an intimate landscape Perrenials with all year interest Easy maintenance Vibrant environment Arrange privacy

Hueannae Professional Project

9

09


to expand the space

arrangement of topography of the site

10

Professional Project Haebeach


a

SYMBOL & NAME SECONDARY PLANTS

Herbaceous border Lawn area Screening plants (hedge) Waterbody Pebbles Stepping stones Stepping stones Topography edges Deck

b

SYMBOL & NAME

SPREAD

QTY.

Heuchera

450

500

50

Lomandra

500

500

20

Lavandula

500

500

16

Stipa

1000

500

2

900

1200

12

Hesperaloe parviflora Illex crenata

800

1200

1

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

Yucca filamentosa

600

900

12

Euphorbia jolkinii

400

-

10 m2

phormium tenax

900

1200

6

ACCENT PLANTS

Cornus

1000

500

7

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

Juniperus tenax

300

2400

6

Mulch

-

-

-

Ground

Pebbles TREE & PALM

Cupressus senpervirens

-

-

-

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

12000

900

3

18000

5000

3

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

Flat broad rock (topographic edge)

-

-

-

Steps

-

-

-

path

-

-

-

Washingtonia filifera FEATURES

Hueannae Professional Project

SPECULATION (mm/ea) HEIGHT

SECONDARY PLANTS

11


12

Professional Project Hueannae


The kiosk Amenity Gapa island, Sout Korea

patches in betweens A small garden design project for the community kiosk situated area the port of Gapa-do, a detached island situated in the west of Jeju-do. Surrounded by farmland and residential houses, the kiosk also served as the local gathering spot in the neighbourhood. Despite to its modernistic, stand-alone building, the strategy is to localise the landscape design for which it can visually blended in with the adjacent context. The design should be aesthetically attractive, but yet humble, intimate, straight-forward with low-maintenance. The plant selections should be robust, tolerant to sea wind and native species concentrated.

to block out accessibility and screenout M&E works. Around the perimeter stone wall, ground-cover planting is used to accommodate the feature looks of the distinctive partitioning system. For all these fore-mentioning areas, they can be perceived as patches of small gardens that woven together holistically. The different planting palette at various corner defined the use of the building and also create a seamless connection to the adjacent context.

In the front garden where most the gathering occurred, the planting palette is concentrated on the lower layer in order to enhance the closed-proximity experience. Whereas, the different small corners around the building will be decorated with medium layer planting

5 1 LEGENDS

3

1 main entrance 2 main building 3 public path and coast road 4 neiboring farmland 5 sea

a

6 planting verge 7 gap 8 backdoor garden

2 6

c

9 neiboring farmland

a

planting verge

Perrenial herbaceous border Enhance community feeling Vibrant environment

b

Screen the outer facility Enhance qulity the corner Vibrant environment Architectural plants

c

4

gap between stone wall and building

7

8

9

backdoor garden

Recreational area Enhance qulity the corner Easy maintenance Vibrant environment Native planting

The Kiosk professional Project

b

13


to discover the corners

woven fragmented landscape

14

Professional Project The Kiosk


SYMBOL & NAME

SECONDARY PLANTS

Cenchius ciliaris Asarum candense

SPECULATION (mm/ea) QTY.

HEIGHT

SPREAD

300

500

15

600

-

4 m2

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

Yucca filamentosa

600

900

12

ACCENT PLANTS

Kniphofia uvaria

900

600

Opunita ficus-india

500

-

7 m2

phormium tenax

900

1200

6

Euphorbia jolkinii

400

-

5 m2

Hylotelephium spectabile

400

-

4 m2

16

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

Hibiscus hambo

1000

1000

5

Pittosporum tobira

1200

1200

8

SHRUB

GROUND

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

Lamprantuhus spectabillis

180

500

6 m2

Gazania

180

180

2 m2

Pebbles FEATURES

Stone walls

-

-

-

HEIGHT

SPREAD

QTY.

-

-

-

-

-

Stones

The Kiosk professional Project

15


16

Professional Project The Kiosk


...seek spatial communality with artistic approach

Park FIction, Hamburg, Germany by local community (2005)


Academic Projects 2014 - 2016


Gangjeong project Land art Jeju island, Sout Korea

state santioned infrastucture over the old village The naval base at the coastline of the village Gangjeong in the southern part of Jeju has been operating since the beginning of 2016. The completion of the project doesn’t take long after the sole decision was made between the government and the military regime. Undoubtedly, the decision and the operational process of the military installation was made almost at forceful manner. As the result of this illegal implementation by the authoritarian of the central state, it has caused conflict and despair not only to the villager but also the prestige landscape of Jeju Island. The vast installation has swept out neighbouring villages and relocation of community with unfair administrative procedure. Up until this very day, local and activists who empathise this issue of militarisation of the village are still resisting for their peace against the institutional invasion which initiated unfairly.

Authority power of central state over the old village Gangjeong

From the early settlement in Jeju Island, villages are formed around areas where underground water is available; since it is the only source of water for the locals. The spot, thus, has been considered sacred; people drink and worship at it until now. Gangjeong was one of those villages in Jeju, the notation that the central government decided to installed military operational ground where villages reside, ignited issue for the locals and activist all over South Korea. The coastline made of flat broad rock called Guroembi became symbolic feature of resistance since then. The rock was not only a rare natural feature but also a communal landscape element for the villager; people attached to its existence where memories were both individual and collective. Livelihood of villagers made up the majority part in the landscape of Gangjeong: orchards and farmlands being located on the adjacent area of local residence, small bistro and retail markets being existed just few steps away from every household, and tools and suits for small scale fishery mostly done by women diver called ‘Hanyeo’ found in the backyard garden. Family, relatives, and friend lives nearby each other, they share paths diverted from the main road up breaking down to Gangjeong Project Academic Project

coastline of Gnagjeong, 2003

coastline of Gnagjeong, 2015

17


to raise awareness through the venacular landscape

Isolation of militarisation by the network created by people together

unpaved alley leading to individual houses. The only boundary that separates one land from another is a stone wall being made of local volcanic rock. The bond between them grows within the landscape.

Gureombi, flat broad rock

fabric of the village

18

This vernacular landscape is weaved by the geometry of farmlands. All the forementioning elements gives the area its uniqueness which reflected the trails of the local way of life. With its symbolic status, the land-art project started from selecting some of the major farmland to install representational element as an act against militarisation over the village. As the installation started from solidarity element, it aims to raise awareness collectively from the villagers and seek isolation of militarisation from the area. The first three land art will be initiated at farmlands available around the centre of the village: abandoned farmland, farmland in resting period, and gap between farmland, memorising the vanished nature feature Gureombi. Eventually this land art project will expand in circular form surrounding the village. The core concept of this project is to utilise time and development of project at different stage rather than finishing, standalone object itself. It shall provoke permanent movement against militarisation permeating into every corner of landscape of the village.

Study-form of rock GUreombi

Academic Project Gangjeong Project


The first three farmlands

a

b

secret of geometry/resistance

Gangjeong Project Academic Project

abandoned farmland

farmland in resting period

c

gap between farmland

19


Masterplan-initial stage

b

a

c

20

Academic Project Gangjeong Project


Land arts in first three farmlands

attachment Based on the villager’s both collective and individual memories on flat broad rock which is mostly physical, the negative form of rock is transplanted on the one of abandoned farmland a in the village. Negative form of Gureombi that land art reconstruct will remind people of huge lost and sorrow derived from destroy of the rock.

emergence It was not only a sorrow but anger when the rock was exploded. One of farmlands in the resting period b will be disturbed and excavated to bring moment of destroying Gureombi. Display of scattered rocks and stones under the ground will evoke once-existed natural feature that is destroying in our memory endlessly.

sympathy There will be a red soil put under the topsoil of the gaps in farmlands c , being gradually exposed as people walk on. The more people gather the more saturated red it becomes. Colour of red symbolically evokes what has happened in the village against the will of community and nature.

Gangjeong Project Academic Project

21


Masterplan-final stage

time-based land art/ landscape architecture project This set of drawings elaborate the process of farmlands in the village turning into land art in the concept of flipt book and finally become a masterplan of the project. Farmlands are expected to surround the centre of the village eventually and this process will be both symbolically and practically operating as a protection to militarisation that permeate all corners of the village otherwise act against. As a mean of resistance, this land art/landscape project is based on the time and process which will be permanent movement until it achieve its goals. The play ‘Mother Courage and Her Children’ written by Bertolt Brecht on which these drawings drawn tells the stroy of mother and children torn apart during the world war happening.

22

Academic Project Gangjeong Project


Wasteland Square Sheffield, UK

space to be developed at the borders between city centre and residential area

A space bound to future development having been operated as an enclosed parking lot and outdoor warehouse at the border between edges of city centre and residential area bears possibilities in operating as a public realm due to its context appears communal with complex use of the adjacent area: main roundabout being nearby, major grocery markets gathering around, community church standing alone, and various population from students and family living nearby. This proves that the site will find more values if it were served as a public realm rather than current reality that is privately owned. Under the belief in the new possibility of the site as a communal sapce like square, imagination starts from the current condition of the site: massive arrangement of concrete units on floor, spontaneous plants emerging from cracks, scattered facilities and graffiti which forms the unique quality of the site. With manipulation of its neglected status and rough characteristics of dominant material to the site, the concrete, design aims to helping quality of the site to grow beautifully, approaching with simple rearrangement strategy. Concentrating on the poetic aspect of the floors composed of massive concrete that holds rainwater, wiggling shadow of scattered objects, and spontaneous vegetation design of this public square requires only rearrangement of the Wasteland Academic Project

ground layer by removing and piling; chunks of concretes units will be removed from the half of the ground and pile to another half. This sculptic surface derived from it creates the depth on the flat and monochromatic floor and accommodate various patterns of the site. The void creating from the concrete removal will become a planter for spontaneous vegetation growing on it gradually and the plane risen up at the other half of the site will serves as a vast recreation area for people.With its given location and enhanced characteristics that is rough enough to serve many purpose, the site can afford to support various program and activity. Spontaneous vegetation socially recognised as a mere weed will be used as a main source of landscaping vegetation of the site with its unknown aesthetical possibility. To create exclusiveness to the planter, it will be maintained with further management plan while spontaneous vegetation possibly rooted on cracks and gaps other than planter will be kept. Plane risen up with inclination towards the ground will be accessed by people act as a role of recreation area that people to walk on, sit on, and lie one it.

ground patterns with concrete units

narrative of the site

spontaneous vegetations of the site

spontaneous vegetations of the site


To reclaim land for people

human interaction and opportunity for spontaneous vegetation to emerge

LEGENDS 1 main entrance 2 recreation area 3 planter 4 existing concrete ground

6

7

5 secondary entrace 6 inner ring road

5

7 shared sapce 8 local hypermaert

a

4

8 2

b 3

a

recreational AREA

1

Height difference with an inclination Vibrant environment Uniquely finished material

b

planter Spontaneous vegetation Enhance the neglected corner Vibrant environment

24

Academic Project Wasteland


planting and material

1

2

3

Axonometric drawing

Wasteland Academic Project

25


1

recylced concrete with textured finshing surface

2

existing concrete surface

3

exposed soil

26

spontaneous vegetation emerges

Impervious concrete surface is the dominant material on the site. The concept is to introduce depth to the flat, one-dimensional square, which can be achieved by integrated more land-cover and differentiation to its height. As such, opportunity to create various recreational space can be emerged. The strategy is to reconsider and reuse what is available on the site and constructed space that is unique and sustainable for the people. The first portion will be the demolition of the existing concrete paver in order to expose the planting soil for spontaneous vegetation. This will mark the lowest elevation on the site and plants are expected to grow gradually as the bare soil has been in-situ. The waste concrete from the demolition process will be recycle as a sub-base layer to create a higher ground which situated on the opposite end of the site.This is the where most of the recreational activities will occur. As such, finer textured of concrete finishing will be implemented which can provide more formally gathering/entering space. The existing surface will be kept as its original status in order to retain the quality of the site. It will be bordering between the two created surfaces which will served as the stitching element that holistically bind the landscape element together.

Academic Project Wasteland


Silver Forest Urban landscape Sheffield, UK

The border between the edges of city center and residential area The site border between the edge of Sheffield city centre and its outer ring road. The current condition of the landscape is its big wide road, built on the concept of car-based living environment. In conjunction to that, most of the buildings along the main streets are stand-alone type where pedestrians are unwelcome and unsafe to commute in this neighbourhood. The site composes with multi-stories student accommodations on the northern part while smaller, low raise residential units are located on the southern end. The challenge is to reconsider the opportunity to integrated human-scale interventions to the section of the outer ring road. This landscape proposal aims to be able to adapt and grow sustainably as the city centre expand. As the result, various architectural and landscape design approach will be used to create a new unique part of Sheffield. This includes spatial arrangement of

trees, investigating cultural and urban typologies, addressing ecological and social context. The Silver Forest Ring Park is a live project, proposed in the context of the need for a global increase in urban forest or climate resilience and biodiversity. The main strategy is to use landscape to bring flow from Sheffield city centre into the area by creating pedestrian friendly environment with various landmarks. The Silver Forest concept has been interpreted through the different stages in which human manually manipulated the silver through method such as heating and giving shape to the silver. These notion of human-related to silver has been matched with the arrangement of new zoning in corresponding to the existing building uses. The uses of vegetation and creation of landmarks are also use to generate ambience that match to the assigned zoning.

LEGENDS 1 Amphitheatre

13

2 Existing car showroom

14

3 Community mall 4 Round-about 5 Existing brownfield 6 Art & Exhibition hall 7 Market/ Community market 8 Outdoor exhibition hall 12

9 River corridor wlak/ The sheaf walk 10 Service route for purposed market 11 Service route for existing garage 12 Minor routes 13 Existing student accomodation

10

14 Existing community 7

3

1

8 9 2

6 11 4 5

Silver Forest Academic Project

27


to connect

TRANSMITTER avenue spring interest ACTIVE woodland edge summer interest EXPLORE woodland automn interest

CONCEPT OF SILVER FOREST

PASSIVE grove winter interest

The cycle of silver has been influencing on arragement of zoning throughout the project. This is to create different urban condition as well as different interest throughout the year by the use of vegetation. Inspired by the character of vegetation habitat, the design create avenue, forest, woodland, woodland edge, and grove under the concept of silver forest: transmitter, active, explore, and passive. Each concept then fulfill the interest of four seasons and by doing so the area at the edge of the city center being neglected will be revived with its connectivity created by the woven fabric of vegetation habitat. 28

Academic Project Silver Forest


planting schedule PLANTING SCHEDULE SPECIES MIX A (14.4 m2)

%

NO.

spacing: 350mm density: 8p/m2 sunny/well-drained/poor to moderate fertile

2x Betuala utillis Var. jaccquemontil 'Grayswood ghost'

MIX D

Fagus sylvatic 'Dawyck gold'

MIX B

3x Deschampia cespitosa 5x Astillbe chinensis var.t. 'superba' 3x Ligularia przewalskii

MIX C MIX E

13 17 13 43

MIX B (17.5 m2)

spacing: 700mm density: 2p/m2 sunny/well-drained/poor to moderate fertile

shade/well-drained/poor to moderate fertile

MIX A

MIX C

30 40 30 TOTAL 100

15 6 Deschampsia cepitosa 20 7 Helictotrichon sempervirens Succisa pratensis 10 4 30 11 Sanguisorba officinalis 9 Rudbeckia laciniata 'Herbstsonne' 25 TOTAL 100 56 spacing: 350mm density: 8p/m2 MIX C (17.6 m2)

MIX C

MIX D

Deschampsia cepitosa Succisa pratensis Liberita peregrinans

MIX A

MIX E

35 50 Brunnera macropjylla 'Jack frost' 40 57 Saxifraga x urbium 25 36 Aspienium scolopendrium TOTAL 100 143 2 MIX D (13.9 m ) spacing: 600mm density: 3p/m2

MIX F

MIX B

shade/well-drained/poor to moderate fertile

Brunnera macropjylla 'Jack frost' Saxifraga x urbium Aspienium scolopendrium Dryopteris wallichiana Digitalis ferruginea Lychnis coronaria TOTAL

140x Allium caesium 210x Narcissus unique Fagus sylvatic 'Dawyck purple'

57x Allium caesium 173x Narcissus sir winston churchill 230x Chionodoxa sieve

MIX E (5.8 m2)

15 20 15 20 20 10 100

6 8 6 8 8 4 40

spacing: 900mm density: 1.25p/m2 sunny/well fertile

3 40 Persicarina bistoria 'Superba' 60 5 Persicarina affinis 'Darjeeling red' 100 8 Deschampsia cepitosa spacing: 1000mm density: 1p/m2 MIX F (5.1m2) sunny/well fertile

Sanguisorba officinalis Succisa pratensis TOTAL

MIX D

Silver Forest Academic Project

MIX B

MIX A

POOTPATH

MIX A

MIX E

50 50 100

3 6 8

MIX F DRIFT DRIFT B C

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PLANTING SCHEDULE SPECULATION SPECIES SIZE NO. TREES 1 5L Fagus sylvatic 'Dawyck gold' Fagus sylvatic 'Dawyck purple' 1 5L Betuala utillis var. jacquemontii 3L 2 'Grayswood ghost' SIZE NO. HERBACEOUS& GRASSES 9cm 14 Sanguisorba officinails 24 9cm Syccisa pratenis 2L 9 Rudbeckia laciniata 'Herbstone' 58 Brunnera macrophylla 'Jack frost' 9cm 9cm 70 Saxifraga x urbium 2L 47 Asplenium scolopendrium 9cm 6 Dryopteris wallichiana 2L 9 Digitalis ferruginea 2L 3 Persicarina bistoria 'Superba' 9cm 5 Persicarina ffinis 'Darjeeling red' 3L 5 Astibe chinensis var. t. 'Superba' 2L 3 Liqularia przewalskii 9cm 7 Helictotrichon sempervirens 23 Deschampsia cespitosa 9cm 2L 10 Lychnis coronaria SIZE NO. BULBS Allium caesium 197 500mm Narcissus 'Unique' 210 350mm Narcissus 'Sir Winston Churchill' 173 500mm Chlonodoxa sleve 230 350mm

The interpretation of silver cycle concept has been implemented into the Silver Forest Project. The basic stages of silver that’s related to human manipulation are heating, shaping, cooling down and occupying. These stages have inform the general zoning in the design process where the seasonal interest of vegetation are the main features. The combination of meadow, tree, shrub and bulbs have been intergrated harmoniously to create different layer of interests during different time of the year.

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Academic Project Silver Forest


Renewable energy project Landscape Character Assessment Peak District, Sheffiled, UK

Placement of wind turbines in Peak District National Park The official terms for Landscape Character Assessment (LCA) is well defined by the Natural England and Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs as ‘the process of identifying and describing variation in character of the landscape’ LCA documents identify and explain the unique combination of elements and features that make landscapes distinctive by mapping and describing character types and areas. They also show how the landscape is perceived, experienced and valued by people. LCA can be done at any scale and prepared by local councils, planning departments, community groups, consultants, developers, private practices, and land owner. It can be use for a wide range of activities such as planning policies and decisions, sensitivity and capacity studies, land management plans, landscape and visual impact assessments. It is also a useful

tool for monitoring change across the landscape. Overall, it is a main assessment tools mainly use in the United Kingdom and some of the European countries for identifying and categorising sets of landscape in order to help in decision making. This tools is comparable to EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) but the main concerns are towards keeping the quality of the prestige/heritage landscape and identifying project that can potentially harm or created impact to the existing condition. The project is conducted in the Peak District National Park where one has to conducted LCA within specified boundary. The LCA has been done in correlation to LSC (Landscape Sensitivity & Capacity Assessment) which later be used to identify the most suitable location for wind turbines site that will create least the impact on the existing landscape.

Landscape character types

The hierarchial division that the professional bodies have given to these environmental assessment is generally in four different types: 1) National Level, 2) Local Authority Level-Landscape Character Types, 3) Local Authority Level-Landscape Character Areas 4) Local Level. The diagramm above demonstrates the LCA in local authority level, types and skeches afterwards elaborating landscape areas in details.

Renewable Energy Project Academic Project

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Landscape character areas Urban Fringe

Parliamentary Enclosure Fields

Wadsley&Loxley Urban Fringe

Loxley Chase Enclosed Fields

Bailey Castle Undulating Pastures

Rocha Undulating Pastures

Undulating Upland Pastures

Assarted Enclosure Pastures

Bradfield Dale Enclosed Pastures

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Academic Project Renewable Energy Project


valley Resirvoirs

Damflask Reservoir

R1 Strines Reservoir

R1 Dyke Reservoir

R2 Agden Reservoir

Sugworth Edge Scarp Pastures

Agden Scarp Pastures

Scrap Pastures

Renewable Energy Project Academic Project

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Upland Moorland

Strines Upland Moor 2

Agden Shooting Moor

Expansive Conifer Plantation

Rugged Thornseat Quarry

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Bole Edge Conifer Plantation

Academic Project Renewable Energy Project


KYUNG WON LEE Email: aportofentry@gmail.com Tel: (+65) 82669305

Portfolio of Works  

Planting/Landscape/Landart

Portfolio of Works  

Planting/Landscape/Landart

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