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A Changing Nation

Summer Goodall and Brittany Crask and


Chapter 1 1803 

The Federal Judiciary

The guardians of the constitution, the federal courts judge weather laws, actions conform to constitutional principles.

The lower courts hear most federal cases starting with the United States

Witness and Juries are not involved during the appeal process

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Chapter 2 1789 

The constitutional government isn’t sure if they will continue to survive. It depends on the principles of the Constitution.

There are three parts to the constitution. The preamble, the articles, and the amendments.

The constitution divides the federal government and state governments.

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Chapter 3 1790 

The United States begins as a nation with a constitution and a president, George Washington.

The country had nearly 4 million people; there were too many citizens so the country needed to expand beyond its colonial borders.

Between 1790 NS 1800 adding three new states to the luscious 13 already in the country.


Chapter 4 1804 

Lewis and Clark traveled up the Missouri River to the unexplored American West; they discovered many plants and animals that were yet to be discovered.

Most of what they discovered was part of the Louisiana Purchase.

When Jefferson bought the Louisiana Purchase from Brittan he expanded the western boundary from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains

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Chapter 5 1830 

An expansion in democracy in the U.S. got Andrew Jackson to the presidency in 1828.

Jackson later became a judge, a U.S. senator, and military hero.

Since Jackson was elected voters didn’t have to own land, but sadly women slaves and some African American men couldn’t vote still.


Chapter 6 1787 

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By 1819, there were 11 slave states and free states. Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama entered as slave states. Slavery suddenly became an issue. The Senate finally became part of the situation in 1820 and things changed. Maine asked to become a free state and this gave the opportunity for a deal known as the “Missouri Compromise”.

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Chapter 7 1850 

During 1850, the north and south were trying to divide the union over the issue of slavery. Many people in the north started to accept slavery where is already existed.

Other who did not except slavery tried to help the salves make their way to freedom. People built escapes for them and safe houses for runaways that became known as the Underground Railroad.

The arguments over the enlargement of slavery was renewed after the U.S. acquired vast lands in the Southwest in its war with Mexico.

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Chapter 8 1857 Dred Scott and his wife, Harriet, wanted

freedom. They did not want to runaway. Therefore, in 1846, they sued for their freedom in a court in St. Louis, Missouri. 

This couple had lived with their boss for many years in Wisconsin. It was a free territory, which made them free people, they had said.

In 1857, the Dred Scot Decision was issued by the court. It began by looking over the Declaration of independents which quotes, “all  men are created equal”.

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Chapter 9 1861 

The country divided between the Union and the Confederacy and they braced for war

Both the north and south thought it would be an easy win on their own land.

The first battle (Bull Run) was won by the south but it wasn’t easy for them,  both sides still thought they had the upper hand but the south was victorious that day.

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Chapter 10 1864 

3 million men fought in the civil war, a third of the soldiers died or was wounded.

Even though many people didn’t survive the few that did left their families for 4 years  while enduring numerous hardship.

During this battle there were many new, deadlier weapons like the rifled musket.

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