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mag JET

2015


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Letter from the editor True story:

I had just bombed out of uni (majoring in street basketball instead of science) and was looking for a job – any job – suitable for someone without any qualifications and useless at manual labour. When I’d begun to lose hope, I found an ad for the perfect job, applied for it, and scored a job interview. That dream job interview turned out to be a recruitment trap for the Church of Scientology, and I ended up clutching my CV as I sat alone in a private 100-seat cinema watching a propaganda film about

how JOBS to Scientology and its science fictional escapades (something about a volcano and a fleet of ocean-going ships, I think). When they attached me to some machine that tested my pain levels and began pinching my arm (to see how many aliens were clinging to my soul), I finally realised the job just wasn’t gonna happen … The great irony from that experience was that they quizzed 19-year-old me about whether I was a journalist. Perhaps subconsciously influenced by that weird experience, I later trained to become a journalist … and now I’m editor of JETmag! The moral of the story? Firstly, you never know where life will take you. Secondly, it’s a lot easier to get a great job if you have qualifications behind you ... or you at least know the type of work you want to do. You don’t want to end up like me and almost join some dodgy religion!

CONTENTS Youth Guarantee and Vocational Pathways Sector overview – Manufacturing and 46 technology

2 The guide to the guide

17 Tertiary study: it’s a real learning curve!

4 Getting the best out of StudyLink

18 Future vision: expectations after school

6 Life after school: what are your options?

19 Weird words at uni

50 Making a difference in medicine

8 The quiz: whats your personality type?

20 Where to study in Australia

52 How to impress in a job interview

Vox pop: When did you know what you wanted to do after school?

10 Match your personality type to a career

21

11 Vote with confidence

22 Missed out? It’s not the end of the world

12

Vox pop: Why did you choose your NCEA subjects?

13 NCEA in the real world 14

New Zealand’s tertiary institutions: what’s the difference?

16 Where to study in New Zealand

23 Don’t believe the hype! 24 Sunny side up: staying mentally healthy

44

53 Brand: You Sector overview – Social and community services Vox pop: What is the weirdest question 58 you’ve heard in a job interview? Sector overview – Construction and 60 infrastructure 54

26 Discover your passion

64 Having a side hustle

27 Guerilla exercise

65 Vox pop: What is your side hustle?

28 The parents’ guide to the empty nest

66 Sector overview – Primary

30 Finding a job – the basics

70 20 things 20-year-olds don’t get

32 Sector overview – Creative sector

72 Frequent flyers: a career as a pilot

36 That (sometimes) awkward conversation

74 Future jobs!

5 things you’ll learn from your first real job New Zealand Defence Force: a world of 38 possibilities 37

42 CV: the basics

75 10 most stressful jobs in 2014 76 Sector overview – Services 80

The endangered list: jobs that may not exist in the future

43 Revamp your resume: CV building 201

JETmag

1


CONTENTS continued

Check out the range of career profiles we have covered to give you an idea of where you can go after school. 32

Radio producer

60

Estimator/Quantity surveyor

33

Photographer

61

Glass manufacturing engineer

34

Fashion designer

62

Design technician

35

Graphic designer

63

Plumber

46

Service desk analyst

66

Farmer

47

Audio engineer

67

Marine scientist

47

Food scientist

68

Forestry scientist

48

Network engineer

69

Horticulturalist

49

Automotive apprentice

76

Financial associate

54

Registered nurse

77

Hairdresser

55

Early childhood teacher

78

Politician

56

Professional athlete

79

Marketing account manager

57

Doctor

The JETmag rainbow - your guide to the guide. Using this guide is super simple … follow the rainbow! »» Yellow – learn all about your study options, including lists of all the tertiary institutions in New Zealand and unis in Australia, plus some tips on applying NCEA to the next level. »» Orange – is all about jobs. These pages provide advice on how to look for work and fascinating insights into careers such as doctors, pilots, and the New Zealand Defence Force. »» Red – the sector overviews. Here you will find inspiring people in real jobs and training, categorised according to the Government’s Vocational Pathways. We

Editor Shane Cummings CONTRIBUTORS

Erin Boyle

Miah Kennett

cover opportunities in the construction & infrastructure, creative, manufacturing & technology, primary, service, and social & community sectors. »» Green – want to know about training? You’ll find that here. While training is covered in the sector overviews, the ‘green’ page explains the Government’s Youth Guarantee. »» Purple – life tips, including staying mentally and physically healthy, plus advice for parents. If you’re really not sure where to start, go to page 8 and do the personality quiz (go on, you can write in the mag if you want!). You’ll find out your Meyer Briggs personality and find a

JETmag

2015

DESIGN & LAYOUT Aaron Morey, Dan Phillips, Scott Irvine

2

Melissa Wastney

Shane Cummings, Editor

APN Educational Media Level 1, Saatchi & Saatchi Building 101-103 Courtenay Place Wellington 6011 New Zealand PO Box 200, Wellington 6140 Tel: 04 471 1600 Fax: 04 471 1080

JETmag

2015

www.facebook.com/jetmagnz www.twitter.com/jetmagazine

Paul Ordish Advertising Michael Conner, Belle Hanrahan

Bethany Pearson

list of possible study/job options that suit your personality. Life is a journey full of strange and wonderful destinations. Embrace the opportunities you get, even when you end up attached to wires and told you’re infested by aliens. Moments like these can spur you on to great things. Good luck on your journey!

Publisher Bronwen Wilkins Photos Thinkstock and supplied

© 2014. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be copied or reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher. ISSN: 1179-0377 Errors and omissions: Whilst the publishers have attempted to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information, no responsibility can be accepted by the publishers for any errors or omissions.


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The world needs Lincoln. The world needs you. www.lincoln.ac.nz | 0800 10 60 10


education

Getting the best out of

StudyLink

StudyLink is an essential resource for any student about to embark on their tertiary course for the first time. So what exactly can StudyLink do for you? Heaps! If it’s anything to do with financial support while studying, StudyLink can help. Here are some of their services:

Student Allowance

Student Allowance is a weekly payment to help with your living expenses while you study full-time. You don’t have to pay this back. You may be able to get the Student Allowance if you are: »» at least 18 years old (some 16–17-year-olds can also get it) »» under 65 on the start date of your course (for study starting on or after 1 January 2014) »» studying full-time »» studying an approved course »» a New Zealand citizen or meet the residence requirements. You can use the ‘What you can get’ tool on the StudyLink website to check your eligibility. Depending on your circumstances, such as your age, your living situation, your income, your parents’ income or whether you are considered to be independent from your parents, you can receive Student Allowance of up to $174.21 per week. If you qualify for Student Allowance, you may also be able to get an Accommodation Benefit. Go to the StudyLink Student Allowance online rate calculator to find out how much you may be able to get. There are circumstances where your Student Allowance could be reduced or not paid at all. These include if you move overseas, leave your course, or exceed 200 weeks of Student Allowance for tertiary study. Check with StudyLink if your circumstances change. You can do this online using MyStudyLink. You don’t want to unintentionally rack up a debt!

Student Loan

Student Loan is the money that pays for your course. It’s made up of three parts – course fees, course-related costs, and living costs. You must pay back a Student Loan. You may be able to get a Student Loan if you: »» are studying an approved course which is: »» full-time; or »» part-time and 32 weeks or longer; or »» part-time and less than 32 weeks with an EFTS value of 0.25 or more. »» are a New Zealand citizen or meet the residence requirements »» sign a contract with the Government »» nominate a New Zealand-based contact person (someone who resides in New Zealand). You can use the ‘What you can get’ tool on the StudyLink website to check your eligibility.

What is EFTS? EFTS stands for ‘Equivalent Full-time Student’. The EFTS value is a measure of the amount of study or the workload involved in undertaking a course. A year of full-time study is usually between 0.8 EFTS and 1.2 EFTS. If you’re unsure of the EFTS value of your course, check with your tertiary institution. 4

You can borrow up to 2 EFTS worth of study each year (see box for what this means), and you can generally only get a Student Loan for 7 EFTS of study in your lifetime, so it pays to choose your course wisely.

Get Sussed for study

‘Sussed’ is StudyLink’s online reality check. It’s the perfect way to look at your financial options as a freshly-minted adult and plan your living budget. For example, will it be broadband and baked beans? Dial-up and dining out? How much will you set aside for transport, groceries, and those unexpected expenses every week? The results – how much money you may need to support yourself – could surprise you … Tessa-Rose Midgley is studying a Diploma in Broadcasting and Radio Journalism at Whitireia New Zealand. “I didn’t use the Sussed tool but I really should have because financially I’m not in a good place.” Good advice, Tessa-Rose! Fortunately, once you’ve worked out your budget through Sussed, it explains all your options, including Student Allowance or Student Loan, scholarships, part-time work, and receiving support from parents or whānau. Get yourself Sussed, check it out at www.studylink.govt.nz

When is the best time to apply

Many students wait for their NCEA results in January before they apply for their Student Loan or Student Allowance (or both). Don’t! StudyLink will set a date in December that you will need to have your 2015 applications in by if you want everything sorted ready for the start of your study. You can always change your mind or withdraw your application if you don’t get into the course you want. Just be sure to get your application in! “I applied in April because my course started in July. I moved from Auckland to Wellington, so I had to have everything sorted before I left,” says Tessa-Rose. Doon Hanrahan is studying social work at uni, and she cautions you to apply for a Student Loan or Allowance with plenty of time to spare before your course begins. “I applied in October and it took till February to get everything sorted, around the time uni started.” This is one important reason for having a December application deadline. The hard-working people at StudyLink need time to process your application (along with the other 180,000 or so people applying for a Loan or Allowance at the same time). Raven David is studying a Bachelor of Creative Writing at Whitireia New Zealand, and she has plenty of experience applying for StudyLink assistance. “I’ve studied for a while, so StudyLink has all my personal information and I’ve already gone through the process of confirming my identity. When I first applied in 2007, I sent my application in November without waiting for my results. It takes a while to process a first loan application, so even if I failed with my NCEA results, it would be okay because I could always stop my application.”


education

The application process

You can apply for all your student financial support on StudyLink’s website: www.studylink.govt.nz Having gone through the online application process, Raven David’s advice is to be prepared. “Nowadays, you can get an online account and start the process, and then, of course, StudyLink will notify you what pieces of information you need to send in – birth certificate, bank account statement, and so forth.” Raven says the ongoing relationship with StudyLink gets easier, but there are still documents needed each year you receive a Student Loan or Allowance. “After your first year, every year gets easier because you don’t have to do identification and account authentication. However, providing parents’ information can be difficult, especially if your parents live overseas, or own their own business. Getting their financial information can be hard, but it has to be done every year.”

Tessa-Rose Midgley says she did “everything online” during her most recent application. “Everyone’s experience is different, but I had a really positive experience. I did everything online, and if I got stuck, I gave StudyLink a call, which was probably only once in the entire time I dealt with them. The online application process is really simple to use.” Tessa says it’s important to be patient when applying a Student Loan or Student Allowance for the first time. “If you’re going to use StudyLink, you have to go in with an open mind and realise they are dealing with every student in the country. Especially around the pressure times – like when you have a whole new year of uni students starting. Have a bit of patience with them.”

7

steps to your student finances

1. Apply at www.studylink.govt.nz for your financial assistance Remember to get your application in before the December deadline!

2. StudyLink begins processing your application They will check the information you give them and get things underway. You don’t need to do anything at this point unless you hear from them. 3. StudyLink will contact you You’ll receive a letter telling you what they need next. Make sure you read, sign, and return it (if required) and send in any documents StudyLink asks for. 4. Use MyStudyLink to track your application You can check to see if your documents have been received, check your Student Allowance and Student Loan status, view and update your personal details, get your mail, and apply for your course-related costs (once you’ve returned your contact). 5. StudyLink checks your details with your education provider You need to make sure you’re fully enrolled before this can happen. 6. StudyLink will finish processing your application StudyLink will send you a letter letting you know what you qualify for and when your payments will start. 7. Your payments can start The earliest your payments can start is in the second week of your course. This is because StudyLink makes payments in arrears.

This article is sponsored by StudyLink. www.studylink.govt.nz

5


life

Life after school:

what are your options?

Tertiary st udy

Congratulations! You’re about to finish school, and every adult in your life will have advised you on what your next steps should be. There’s an expectation that you’ll go on to further study, but that’s not necessarily the case. There is a world of possibilities out there. Here are a few of them. By now, you’ve probably got a good idea of the type of courses you should apply for. Your choice of subject area will influence the choice of institution at which you want to enrol. For example, if you want to be a doctor (see page 50 about life as a doctor), you will need to enrol at one of the university medical schools (University of Auckland or University of Otago). If you want to be an IT professional, you have a huge range of choices, from computer science degrees at university, polytechnic level diplomas or certificates, or qualifications from specialised IT private training establishments. Each institute has a different spin on the broader topic (some are hands-on, some are more theoretical), so do your research and compare the courses before you apply. It’s a bit more challenging if you have no idea what you want to study, right? JETmag has some suggestions to help you narrow your search:

What are your hobbies?

This is how a lot of people decide what they want to study after secondary school. You might think you want to be a scientist, but if you’ve always been good at art and love drawing pictures of buildings and funky designs, then maybe you should consider studying as an architect or draftsperson? For some, the passion is even more personal. If you’ve lost a family member to cancer, you might be motivated to become a cancer researcher. Bear in mind that you’re more likely to enjoy studying a subject you already love rather than the subject you think – or your parents or whānau think – you should do. There is an article on page 26 about discovering (or more accurately, cultivating) your passion.

What subjects have you most enjoyed at school?

This is a no-brainer. If you are a maths god, why not consider 6

studying to be a mathematician or statistician? Is English awesome? Consider an arts degree. Enjoy history, te reo Māori, or cultural studies? Continue your study in the social sciences or anthropology at uni. Sometimes, it doesn’t need to be a school subject. Do you love hanging with your friends and defusing their dramas? What about studying youth work or social work?

Whats your personality type?

The Meyer Briggs personality test on page 8 will guide you to study areas that are harmonious with your personality type. Just remember, your selected personality type is not set in stone – it reflects your thoughts and feelings right now. That could change subtly in the future … but for now, it’s a handy, quick tool to focus you on relevant subject areas.

Scour the web

The very best way to find information about study and specifics of courses is to go directly to the websites of the various universities, ITPs (polytechnics), Wānanga, and private training establishments. Check out the article on page 14 and the maps on page 16 (New Zealand) and page 20 (Australia) for comprehensive lists of all the tertiary institutions in New Zealand and universities in Australia. Remember, Kiwis are treated as domestic students in Australia, so you have more study options than you think!

Use Government resources

Foremost among these is the Careers New Zealand courses database (www.careers.govt.nz/education-andtraining). If you’re a lazy Googler, this website is a good place to start. You’ll find general information on hundreds of different study areas. Our advice: once you’ve decided what subject areas interest you, look on the individual institutions websites to get specifics about those courses. As with any third party website, the information is not guaranteed to reflect the latest changes. Go straight to the source.


Unpaid w o rk

The gap year

Get jo a b

life Decided that tertiary study isn’t for you? No sweat, there are still plenty of options. You can use your time to figure out if study might be an option further down the track.

If you’ve been working a weekend or part-time job while at secondary school, ask if they can bump your hours up once exams have finished. This doesn’t have to be a permanent move, but it

helps to keep earning money while looking for a job that’s more suited to the career path you want.

You don’t need to dive straight into a decision once you leave school. The time-honoured big OE (overseas experience) can show you the world in a way you only imagined in school. Take your pick where you go – the world is your oyster, and pearls of adventure lie in Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas. However, every country has different visa requirements, and for almost every country, you will

need a visa to enter. Research these on your chosen country’s government website. The glory of the gap year is that you can get a working holiday visa in some countries, which allows you freedom to earn while you experience life abroad. Great first-up jobs for gap year Kiwis include working as an au pair (nanny), summer camp work in USA, or being a snowboard instructor in Canada

or Europe. Casual work in hospitality (pubs, cafes, and restaurants) is a staple gap year income. The reason it’s called a gap year is because when you return to New Zealand, you then face the same choice: study or full-time work. Many successfully get into a course, defer their enrolment for a year, and then go off for their big OE for 12 months.

If you’ve kept a part-time job following secondary school, then you could try and set up some work experience or an internship at a company that you’re interested in. This is a common practice in fashion and some media companies. With many businesses under financial pressure, jobs aren’t exactly being handed out at the door, but

if you’re interning at a place on an ongoing basis, then you could be considered for a paid position when one becomes available. Potential employers may also appreciate someone who is willing to help out for nothing, and it’s great experience you can add to your CV. If interested in the not-for-profit

sector, you could also use the time to get into some volunteer work. Volunteering makes up a surprisingly huge sector in New Zealand, and help is always needed. You can find out how organisations handle getting the job done on a shoestring budget, and feel proud that you’re helping parts of society that desperately need it.

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7


life

whats your

personality Type? 1 At a party do you a b

Interact with many, including strangers Interact with a few, known to you

2 Are you more a B

Realistic than speculative Speculative than realistic

3 Is it worse to a b

Have your “head in the clouds” Be “in a rut”

16 In doing ordinary things are you more likely to

32 In making decisions do you feel more comfortable with

a b

a Standards b Feelings

Do it the usual way Do it your own way

17 Writers should a “Say what they mean and mean what they say” b Express things more by use of analogy

18 Which appeals to you more

4 Are you more impressed by

a b

a Principles b Emotions

19 Are you more comfortable in making

5 Are more drawn toward the

a b

a Convincing b Touching

20 Do you want things

6 Do you prefer to work a b

To deadlines Just “whenever”

7 Do you tend to choose a b

Rather carefully Somewhat impulsively

8 At parties do you a b

Stay late, with increasing energy Leave early with decreased energy

9 Are you more attracted to a b

Sensible people Imaginative people

10 Are you more interested in a b

What is actual What is possible

11 In judging others are you more swayed by a b

Laws than circumstances Circumstances than laws

12 In approaching others is your inclination to be somewhat a Objective b Personal

13 Are you more a Punctual b Leisurely

14 Does it bother you more having things a Incomplete b Completed

15 In your social groups do you a b 8

Keep abreast of others’ happenings Get behind on the news

a b

Consistency of thought Harmonious human relationships

Logical judgments Value judgments Settled and decided Unsettled and undecided

21 Would you say you are more a Serious and determined b Easy-going

22 In phoning do you a b

Rarely question that it will all be said Rehearse what you’ll say

23 Facts a b

“Speak for themselves” Illustrate principles

24 Are visionaries a b

Somewhat annoying Rather fascinating

25 Are you more often a b

A cool-headed person A warm-hearted person

26 Is it worse to be a Unjust b Merciless

27 Should one usually let events occur a b

By careful selection and choice Randomly and by chance

28 Do you feel better about a b

Having purchased Having the option to buy

29 In company do you a b

Initiate conversation Wait to be approached

30 Common sense is a b

Rarely questionable Frequently questionable

33 Are you more a b

Firm than gentle Gentle than firm

34 Which is more admirable a b

The ability to organise and be methodical The ability to adapt and make do

35 Do you put more value on a Infinite b Open-minded

36 Does new and non-routine interaction with others a b

Stimulate and energise you Tax your reserves

37 Are you more frequently a b

A practical sort of person A fanciful sort of person

38 Are you more likely to a b

See how others are useful See how others see

39 Which is more satisfying a b

To discuss an issue thoroughly To arrive at agreement on an issue

40 Which rules you more a b

Your head Your heart

41 Are you more comfortable with work that is a Contracted b Done on a casual basis

42 Do you tend to look for a b

The orderly Whatever turns up

43 Do you prefer a b

Many friends with brief contact A few friends with more lengthy contact

44 Do you go more by a Facts b Principles

45 Are you more interested in a b

Production and distribution Design and research

31 Children often do not

46 Which is more of a compliment

a b

a b

Make themselves useful enough Exercise their fantasy enough

“There is a very logical person.” “There is a very sentimental person.”


life

61 Do you see yourself as basically a Hard-headed b Soft-hearted

62 Which situation appeals to you more a b

54 Are you inclined more to be

47 Do you value in yourself more that you are

a Fair-minded b Sympathetic

a Unwavering b Devoted

48 Do you more often prefer the a b

Final and unalterable statement Tentative and preliminary statement

49 Are you more comfortable a b

After a decision Before a decision

a b

a b

52 Do you feel a b

Hasten to get to it first Hope someone else will answer

58 Do you prize more in yourself a b

More practical than ingenious More ingenious than practical

A strong sense of reality A vivid imagination

Add totals downwards to calculate your totals.

67 Which do you wish more for yourself a b

Clarity of reason Strength of compassion

a Fundamentals b Overtones

69 Do you prefer the

a b

Copy the totals for Column 2 to the spaces below the totals for Column 3. Do the same for Columns 4 and 6.

Identify with others Utilise others

a b

a b

Count the number of checks in each of the A and B columns, and total at the bottom.

a b

59 Are you drawn more to

53 Which person is more to be complimented – one of

Copy your answers to this answer key carefully

The more literal The more figurative

68 Which is the greater fault

60 Which seems the greater error

Clear reason Strong feeling

Easy to approach Somewhat reserved

66 Is it harder for you to

a Re-negotiable b Random and circumstantial

a b

a Experience b Hunch

Routinised than whimsical Whimsical than routinised

65 In writings do you prefer

56 In relationships should most things be 57 When the phone rings do you

51 Are you more likely to trust your

a b a b

Make sure things are arranged Just let things happen

50 Do you Speak easily and at length with strangers Find little to say to strangers

63 Are you a person that is more 64 Are you more inclined to be

55 Is it preferable mostly to a b

The structured and scheduled The unstructured and unscheduled

a b

Being indiscriminate Being critical Planned event Unplanned event

70 Do you tend to be more

To be too passionate To be too objective

a b

Deliberate than spontaneous Spontaneous than deliberate

Col 1

Col 2

Col 3

Col 4

Col 5

Col 6

Col 7

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

B

J

P

B

B

B

B

B

B

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

Circle the letters with this highest score. This is your type.

Copy to 

See over for your personality type.

E

I

Copy to 

S

N

Copy to 

T

F

JETmag

9


JOBS life

Match your personality type to a career

Now you know your personality type, here is a good list of occupations/fields of study. Read through and see if any of these areas interest you.

ISTJ – The Duty Fulfillers

ESFP – The Performers

ENTP – The Visionaries

Business Executives, Administrators and Managers, Accountants and Financial Officers, Police and Detectives, Judges, Lawyers, Medical Doctors/Dentists, Computer Programmers or Systems Analysts, Military Leaders, Military Officers, Judiciary, Police Officers, Management Officers, Income Tax Officers, Accounts Officers, Audit Officers, Information Officers, Business Administrators, Business Executives, Human Resource Managers

Artists, Performers and Actors, Sales Representatives, Counsellors/Social Work, Child Care, Fashion Designers, Interior Decorators, Consultants, Photographers, Fashion Designers, Artists, Actors, Musicians, Photographers, Public Relation Officers, Stock Brokers, Social Consultants, Real Estate Agents

Lawyers, Psychologists, Entrepreneurs, Photographers, Consultants, Engineers, Scientists, Actors, Sales Representatives, Marketing Personnel, Computer Programmer or Systems Analyst, Foreign Services, Judiciary, Lawyers, Psychologists, Scientists, Sales Mangers, Marketing Managers, Computer Programmers, Computer Experts, Journalists, Actors

ESTJ – The Guardians Military leaders, Business Administrators and Managers, Police/Detective work, Judges, Financial Officers, Teachers, Sales Representatives, Management Officers, Military Officers, Accounts Officers, Audit Officers, Finance Officers. Project Managers, Public Administrators

ISFJ – The Nurturers Interior Decorators, Designers, Nurses, Administrators and Managers, Administrative Assistants, Child Care/Early Childhood Development, Social Work/Counsellors, Paralegals, Clergy/Religious Workers, Office Managers, Shopkeepers, Bookkeepers, Secretarial Groups, Librarians, Curators, Physical Therapists, Artists, Real Estate Agents

ESFJ – The Caregivers Nurses, Teachers, Administrators, Child Care, Family Practice Physician, Clergy or other religious work, Office Managers, Counsellors/Social Work, Bookkeeping/Accounting, Administrative Assistants, Public Relation Officers, Public Administration, Commerce Officers, Office Management, Business Administrators, Teachers, Home Economics

ISTP – The Mechanics Police and Detective Work, Forensic Pathologists, Computer Programmers, System Analysts, Engineers, Carpenters, Mechanics, Pilots, Drivers, Motorcyclists, Athletes, Entrepreneurs, Police Officers, Pilots, Fire Fighters, Electrical Engineers, Athlete Coaches, Athletes, Circus Artists

ESTP – The Doers Sales Representatives, Marketing Personnel, Police/ Detective Work, Paramedic/Emergency Medical Technician, PC Technicians or Network Cablers, Computer Technical Support, Entrepreneurs, Athlete, Politicians, Diplomats, Fire Fighting Officers, Sales Representatives, Marketers, Pilots

10

ISFP – The Artists Artist, Musician/Composer, Designer, Child Care/ Early Childhood Development, Social Worker/ Counsellor, Teacher, Psychologist, Veterinarian, Forest Ranger, Paediatrician, Fashion Designers, Psychologists

ENTJ – The Executives Corporate Executive Officer; Organization Builder, Entrepreneur, Computer Consultant, Lawyer, Judge, Business Administrators and Managers, University Professors and Administrators, Management Officers, Executive Officers, Administrators, Lawyers, Judges, Managers, Bankers

INTJ – The Scientists Scientists, Engineers, Professors and Teachers, Medical Doctors/Dentists, Corporate Strategists and Organization Builders, Business Administrators/Managers, Military Leaders, Lawyers/Attorneys, Judges, Computer Programmers or Systems Analysts, Inventors, Engineers, Lawyers, Judges, Computer Programmers, Professors, Medicine Doctors, Dentists, Organizers, Economists, Environmental Planners

INTP – The Thinkers Scientists - especially Physics, Chemistry, Photographers, Strategic Planners, Mathematicians, University Professors, Computer Programmers or Systems Analysts, Technical Writers, Engineers, Lawyers/Attorneys, Judges, Forensic Research, Forestry and Park Rangers, Astrologists, Genealogists, Neurologists, Mysteries, Strategic Planners, University Professors, Technical Writers, Lawyers, Judges

ENFJ – The Givers Facilitator, Consultant, Psychologist, Social Worker/ Counsellor, Teacher, Clergy, Sales Representative, Human Resources, Manager, Events Coordinator, Politicians/Diplomats, Writers, Psychologists, Personal Consultants, Social Workers, Teachers, Religious Leaders, Human Resource Managers

INFJ – The Protectors Clergy/Religious Work, Teachers, Medical Doctors/ Dentists, Alternative Health Care Practitioners (e.g. Chiropractor, Reflexologist ), Psychologists, Psychiatrists, Counsellors and Social Workers, Musicians and Artists, Photographers, Child Care/Early Childhood Development, Scientists, Psychologists, Psychiatrists, Writers Playwright, Poet, Novelists, Art Editors, News Editors, Photographers, Musicians, Actors, Artists, Entertainers

ENFP – The Inspirers Consultant, Psychologist, Entrepreneur, Actor, Teacher, Counsellor, Politician/Diplomat, Writer/ Journalist, Television Reporter, Computer Programmer/Systems Analyst, Scientist, Engineer, Artist, Psychologists, Writers, Consultants, Actors, Scientists

INFP – The Idealists Writers, Counsellors/Social Workers, Teachers/ Professors, Psychologists, Psychiatrists, Musicians, Clergy/Religious Workers, Psychiatrists, Writers, Musicians, Religious Leaders, Researchers, Human Resource Developers, Poets, Novelists, Journalists, Editors, Art Directors


Vote with confidence

life

Turning 18 brings a bunch of awesome new rights … and responsibilities.

You’re a freshly-minted adult, and one of those rights is the ability to vote. You can vote for local councillors, for members of the national parliament (Prime Minister John Key and his mates), and in referendums (big questions put to the public for a vote). You might think … “boring, what do I care about politicians and stuff like that”. Sure, but you have to consider that in a democracy like New Zealand, voting is the only direct way to influence who speaks on behalf of you, your whānau, your community, and your country. It’s your voice, so exercise your rights!

To vote, you first need to enrol with the Electoral Commission. How to enrol

How to vote

Who should you vote for?

You have to enrol before you can vote. To do so, you can free text or call the Electoral Commission (check out their website for more info) or pick up a form at the local PostShop. When you have enrolled, your name will go on the electoral roll, which is the list of people who have

enrolled and are allowed to vote. If you are Māori, you can choose whether you want to be on the Māori or the general roll. If you are concerned about your safety or privacy when your name goes on the electoral roll, you can ask to go on the unpublished roll so you don’t get snooped.

Every three years, New Zealand holds a general election. This is when you choose the people and political parties who will make the decisions about the way New Zealand is run. In New Zealand, we use a voting system called MMP. In a general election, you have two votes. The first vote is the party vote, where you vote for the political party that you most want to see in parliament. This is called the party vote and largely decides the

total number of seats each political party gets in parliament. With your second vote, you can choose the person you most want to be your local Member of Parliament (MP). They will represent your electorate (your local community). The person who gets the most votes in your electorate will be your local MP. If you ever have community or national issues you want to discuss, this is the person you speak to.

With political parties such as National, Labour, the Greens, Mana, The Māori Party, New Zealand First, United Future, and even Kim Dotcom’s Internet Party, you have a lot of choice. There are some savvy and committed advocates for your future … and some dropkicks. You’ll have to work out who’s who for yourself … just don’t vote for the dropkicks! Source: Electoral Commission.

VOTING

GET READY NOW MP To have your say in this year’s General Election you need to be enrolled. Getting an enrolment form is easy. If you’re 18 or over you can enrol now. If you’re 17 you can still fill in an enrolment form and we’ll automatically enrol you when you turn 18. Got questions? Look online or give us a call.

To get an enrolment form:

Freetext your name and address to 3676

Go to our Facebook Page facebook.com/ivotenz

Freephone 0800 36 76 56

Visit our website elections.org.nz

JETmag MP

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vox pops

Shivash Mishra, Year 13 “Each subject has its perks, like in business, you make money, and in PE, you play games. My subjects pretty much revolve around the perks as well as my ability to actually pass them. I may as well have fun this year especially if I don’t need to excel for an easy ride to uni.”

By Miah Kennett

Kahu Ropata, Year 13 “I’m only in school until I can pass level 3, then I’m leaving, so I pretty much took subjects like life skills and retailing which will get me there the quickest (they are the easiest subjects to pass).”

Rhara Prameswari, Year 12 “I’m definitely already thinking about how my subject choice now will affect what I do at university! I don’t want to make the mistake of dropping an area like science then deciding I want to be a scientist, so I’ve got the broadest curriculum this year. Next year, I’ll narrow things down to what I’m serious and passionate about.”

“Why did you

Macaulay Rogers, Year 13 “If I’m honest, I was hardly going to pass extended calculus or scholarship English; art was more of my forte. This obviously resulting in all five periods of the day being spent in the art department, but stick to what you’re good at, I guess!”

choose

subjects?”

Courtney Millar, Year 13 “I chose subjects that I know I’m good at and would benefit my career path which is definitely going to be in an area of design. I kept English as a universal requirement and the rest of my subjects are graphics and design related.”

Hannah Mckegg, Year 13 “My number one reason for choosing my subjects was the individual credit opportunities. I went for what was initially going to help me later in life and also what will get me the most ‘points’ on my transcript during my applications to different universities, now that they have a new grading system.”

Dalton McAndrew, Year 13 “My teachers from last year were either really keen or the opposite to have me in their class, so at least they were honest and I can focus on what I need to do in each subject.”

12

your NCEA


NCEA in the

d l r o w l a e r NCEA and considering Are you sick to death of year? Before you do … leaving school early this New Zealand advice ree The staff at the Ca rs m people wanting to go line say they get calls fro These people weren’t too back to study as an adult. left early. Later on, they interested in school and e or career – but didn’t hav found their dream course me eso aw t tha into get to the NCEA credits needed course or career. , they lose a lot of the Once people leave school ily complete NCEA eas to t knowledge and contex dents still in school). It’s subjects (compared to stu subjects as an adult, but not hard to pick up NCEA ’t easy, either. isn ng sometimes, the learni people say they dits cre EA NC the Here are regret not doing:

, English, and NCEA Level 1 maths credits meracy literacy and nu Level 1? Forget it. The

but no »» Want to be a soldier who they give guns to, and out ab osy cho is y arm rightly so. d a certificate to work in »» Most trades. You nee need to be able to read most trades now, so you and write. do ask. »» Most jobs. Employers to get into a fees-free »» This is usually needed . Guarantee trade course course or fees-free Youth

education

, English, and NCEA Level 2 Maths credits meracy nu literacy and vy or

Air Force, Na »» Want to get into the Army? You need this. the in s role specialised entrance exam too hard »» You will find the police without this. rses, such as early »» Most polytechnic cou for this. childhood teaching, ask have this. you »» Employers like to see

gy NCEA Level 2 Biolo »» You need this to get into health-related courses.

nursing, midwifery, or

NCEA Level 2 Physics

dy year of pre-medicine stu »» You will find the first this. difficult if you don’t have s may require this. die stu vet and g »» Engineerin

NCEA Level 2, 3 Sciences to get into be able »» Without this, you won’t . medical school

NCEA Level 3

st university courses »» You cannot enter mo without NCEA Level 3. land. Source: Careers New Zea

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education

New Zealand’s tertiary institutions:

what’s the difference? There’s university, of course. Most people know what that is. But where do polytechnics (ITPs), industry training organisations (ITOs), private training establishments (PTEs), and wänanga fit into the picture? Here JETmag explains the differences.

G

eography is usually a big factor in choosing where to study. Aucklanders could study at the University of Auckland, AUT University, or Massey University, for example. But there’s also ITPs such as Unitec and Manukau Institute of Technology, not to mention dozens of private training establishments. Depending on the course you want, there are institutions such as Computer Power Plus, Servilles Academy, Media Design School, AMES IT Academy … the list goes on and on, and that’s just in Auckland alone! Qualifications can sometimes be similar across unis, ITPs, and private providers, but they all have a different emphasis. Take the time to do your research. The institutions’ websites always have course information – be careful to note any special advantages they offer, such as links to industry. Be sure to shop around when you’re deciding on your further learning institution. Don’t associate a university degree with being most likely to get you the job you want because the workforce continually changes, and a polytech or private training establishment may be the tertiary education provider that has evolved in your chosen sector the fastest. 14

Institutes of technology and polytechnics (ITPs)

Polytechnics pride themselves on being based on the practical pursuit of learning. Their courses are focused on getting you a job! The range of subjects at ITPs is wide and varied – you can study anything from nursing to interior design. Polytechnics offer qualifications to suit students of all ages, backgrounds, and experience. Each institution has a range of degrees, diplomas, and certificates you can study, all in specific fields. Like most tertiary education providers, ITPs have areas of speciality. For example, Whitireia excels in the arts and communication (e.g. creative writing, publishing, and journalism), whereas Otago Polytechnic and Unitec have strong veterinary nursing programmes. New Zealand ITPs »» Aoraki Polytechnic »» Bay of Plenty Polytechnic »» Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology »» Eastern Institute of Technology »» Manukau Institute of Technology »» Nelson Marlborough Institute of Technology »» Northland Polytech (NorthTec) »» Open Polytechnic of New Zealand

»» »» »» »» »» »» »» »» »» »»

Otago Polytechnic Southern Institute of Technology Tai Poutini Polytechnic Unitec New Zealand Universal College of Learning Waiariki Institute of Technology Waikato Institute of Technology (Wintec) Wellington Institute of Technology (Weltec) Western Institute of Technology at Taranaki Whitireia Community Polytechnic

Universities

Western civilisation is founded on the notion that knowledge and the desire to understand, and explain this understanding to others, is a fundamental human need. This is the purpose universities fulfil. The respect accorded to universities, embodied in the principal of academic freedom, is crucial to the ability of a society to mature and grow. Universities offer the highest and most challenging level of education. You go to university to get a degree (and after that, an Honours degree, postgraduate diploma, Master’s degree, or Doctorate). You study hard and learn how to rationalise, argue, test, research, and think laterally.


education

Industry training organisations (ITOs) Industry training organisations (ITOs) develop training programmes and qualifications for industries and the government. Following recent mergers, there are currently 14 ITOs in New Zealand, and they cover all industries. ITOs provide information about industry skill demand, define national skill standards, and qualifications required by industry, and broker training to meet the needs of employees in industry (working with private industryspecific training providers to do so). If you want an apprenticeship in the trades, the ITOs are the place to go. They organise on-thejob training, off-the-job learning, ongoing assessment, and provide up-to-date information to employees and employers. The current ITOs are: »» Building and Construction ITO »» Careerforce »» Competenz »» EmQual »» Funeral Service Training Trust of New Zealand »» Infrastructure ITO »» NZ Hairdressing ITO »» NZ Marine ITO »» NZ Motor ITO

There are eight universities in New Zealand. The University of Auckland has the highest international rankings, followed by the University of Otago, University of Canterbury, and Victoria University of Wellington. However, all New Zealand unis have good international reputations (all eight ranked in the top 500 in the 2013 QS World University Rankings). As with ITPs, universities have learning areas where they are internationally renowned. For example, Lincoln University has a focus on agriculture and farming, Victoria University excels in law and the humanities, and the University of Waikato has a great business school. Some research will help you to decide the best university for you. Universities in New Zealand »» The University of Auckland »» AUT University »» The University of Waikato »» Victoria University of Wellington »» The University of Canterbury »» The University of Otago »» Massey University »» Lincoln University

Wānanga

Wānanga are New Zealand tertiary education institutions that focus on practical learning, as well as embracing a teaching and learning philosophy that is built around Mäori culture and knowledge. In traditional times, the word wānanga conveyed meanings related to highly evolved knowledge, lore, and occult arts reached through “discussion” to arrive at deeper understanding. In wānanga classes, students learn from each other just as much as the teacher. At wānanga, you learn how to learn. They also offer: »» Bridging certificates »» Diplomas »» Bachelor’s degrees »» Postgraduate qualifications such as Master’s and PhD’s. Many of these programmes can be studied part-time during weekdays, in the evening, at the weekend, or from home. Programmes are delivered in a uniquely Māori environment and are based on a teaching which provides an inclusive, interactive, and nurturing learning experience.

»» Pharmacy ITO »» ServiceIQ »» Skills Active Aotearoa »» The Skills Organisation »» Universal College of Learning Quality qualifications The cost of industry training is subsidised, and you will be guided through the whole process – but you need to know a few things. Industry training usually means you have no need for a student loan. However, you may have to pay for course-related costs for NZQA registration, training materials, and the support from the ITO. The best way to find out about your fees is to talk to your employer, modern apprenticeship coordinator, or an ITO. The qualification you get at the end of the apprenticeship depends on your industry. It will usually be a national certificate at levels 3 and 4. New Zealand Qualifications Authority qualifications are recognised throughout New Zealand and can even be transported overseas. There are also special trade and business qualifications administered by the NZQA.

There are three wānanga in Aotearoa, plus Open Wānanga (a distance learning “campus” of Te Wānanga o Aotearoa. Each has campuses throughout the country: »» Te Wānanga o Aotearoa Open Wānanga (distance education) »» Te Wānanga o Raukawa »» Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārangi.

Private Training Establishments (PTEs)

For-profit doesn’t necessarily mean a compromise in training quality. Private training establishments take a niche and specialise in it, which can often lead to industry-specific programmes that lead to better employment prospects after you graduate. Great examples include Servilles Academy, which is a leading provider of training for hairdressers and hospitality workers, Computer Power Plus, which specialises in IT training, and CTC Aviation trains pilots. PTES generally provide education at the certificate and diploma level, and the sting in the tail can be high course fees, your employability is high. There are literally hundreds of training providers across the country. Online research may uncover the PTE that is right for you.

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JETmag 2015