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FORM&DATA Collective Housing Projects: An Anatomical Review Proyectos de vivienda colectiva: Una revisiรณn anatรณmica

TEXTS & DRAWINGS BY

research group


Title Título FORM & DATA. Collective Housing Projects: An Anatomical Review Subtitle Subtítulo Proyectos de vivienda colectiva: Una revisión anatómica ISBN 978-84-608-1485-6 Authors Autores a+t research group: AURORA FERNÁNDEZ PER JAVIER MOZAS

Layout and production Maquetación y producción AURORA FERNÁNDEZ PER DELIA ARGOTE

Coordination Coordinación IDOIA ESTEBAN

Communication and Press Comunicación y prensa PATRICIA GARCÍA

Editor English language version Responsable de la traducción al inglés KEN MORTIMER

Printing Impresión GRÁFICAS IRUDI S.L. VI 185-2016 VITORIA-GASTEIZ, 2016

Published by a+t architecture publishers © Edition: a+t architecture publishers © Texts, drawings and photos: a+t architecture publishers (except where otherwise indicated).

No part of this publication, including the cover, may be reproduced or transmitted without the express authorization in writing from the publisher. Ninguna parte de esta publicación puede reproducirse o transmitirse por ningún medio, incluida la cubierta, sin la expresa autorización escrita de la editorial. a+t architecture publishers Calle General Álava, 15 2°A. 01005 Vitoria-Gasteiz. Spain.

www.aplust.net


CONTENTS

Índice de contenidos THAT WHICH GOES UNSEEN An anatomical review Una revisión anatómica 6-9

a WORKS Collective Housing Projects Proyectos de vivienda colectiva 10-287

b. FORM&DATA Comparing and relating Comparación y relación 288-311

c. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Glossary, Credits Glosario, Créditos 312-320


a

WORKS Collective Housing Projects Proyectos de vivienda colectiva


01 COPPER LANE CO-HOUSING HENLEY HALEBROWN RORRISON ARCHITECS ........................................................................... 12 02 CARMEL PLACE nARCHITECTS................................................................................................................................................................. 22 03 33 HOUSING UNITS BRUTHER.................................................................................................................................................................. 28 04 SL11024 LORCAN O’HERLIHY ARCHITECTS.......................................................................................................................................... 40 05 EPPAN HOUSING feld72.............................................................................................................................................................................. 52 06 TERRES NEUVES URBAN MASTER PLAN TANIA CONCKO ARCHITECTS & URBANISTS......................................................... 64 06a BEGLES TERRES NEUVES LOT B1 TANIA CONCKO ARCHITECTS & URBANISTS..................................................................... 68 06b CARRÉ LUMIÈRE LAN................................................................................................................................................................................ 78 07 COSLADA HYBRID COMPLEX AMANN CÁNOVAS MARURI................................................................................................................ 90 08 HOME BUILDING HAMONIC + MASSON & ASSOCIÉS, COMTE VOLLENWEIDER .......................................................................102 09 ESCHERPARK E2A......................................................................................................................................................................................114 10 THE CARVE a-lab.........................................................................................................................................................................................124 11 HOUSING BASSINS À FLOT AGENCE
NICOLAS MICHELIN & ASSOCIÉS.....................................................................................136 12 KING'S CROSS CENTRAL R5 MACCREANOR LAVINGTON ARCHITECS........................................................................................150 13 EUROPAALLÉE BAUFELD E CARUSO ST JOHN - BOSSHARD VAQUER ARCHITECTS.............................................................160 14 EUROPAN 06 FICKEYSSTRASSE PPAG ARCHITECTS.......................................................................................................................172 15 HOUSING amRIETPARK, BUILDING SITE C EM2N.............................................................................................................................186 16 TIMMERHUIS OMA......................................................................................................................................................................................200 17 HUNZIKER AREAL URBAN MASTER PLAN DUPLEX ARCHITEKTEN WITH FUTURAFROSCH.....................................................214 17a HUNZIKER AREAL HOUSE A DUPLEX ARCHITEKTEN....................................................................................................................220 17d HUNZIKER AREAL HOUSE D MÜLLER SIGRIST ARCHITEKTEN..................................................................................................226 17g HUNZIKER AREAL HOUSE G POOL ARCHITEKTEN.........................................................................................................................232 17k HUNZIKER AREAL HOUSE K ARCHITEKTURBÜRO MIROSLAV ŠIK.............................................................................................238 18 VIA AT WEST 57TH ST BIG ........................................................................................................................................................................244 19 TRANSFORMATION OF ENTREPOT MACDONALD OMA, FAA+XDGA............................................................................................256 19a ENTREPOT MACDONALD LOT S2 ATELIER D`ARCHITECTURE BRENAC & GONZALEZ & ASSOCIES...............................262 20 THE INTERLACE OMA/OLE SCHEEREN................................................................................................................................................272

DENSITY SERIES

11


10. THE CARVE a-lab

FORM GENERIC FORM

SLAB

ACTION: CARVE

= SLAB

EXCAVATION + REMOVAL

CARVED SLAB

SPECIFIC FORM

CONCEPT This project is inserted into the Barcode plan, designed in 2003 by a-lab in partnership with MVRDV for the new Bjorvika district. The plan proposes a distance between the volumes oscillating between 10 and 15 m, for heights ranging from 50 to 60 m, which obliges the buildings to be sculpted to let in sunlight. The architects justify the fragmentation of the area into long narrow plots arguing the need to preserve the permeability between the maritime boundary –converted to a leisure and cultural space, with the construction of the Opera and the Munch Museum– and the transport infrastructures 126

El proyecto se inserta dentro del plan Barcode, diseñado en 2003 por a-lab en colaboración con MVRDV para el nuevo barrio de Bjorvika. El plan propone una proximidad entre los volúmenes que oscila entre 10 y 15 m, para unas alturas que van de 50 a 60 m, lo que obliga a tallar los edificios para conseguir soleamiento. Los autores justifican la fragmentación de la zona en lotes estrechos y alargados por la necesidad de mantener la permeabilidad entre el borde marítimo, –convertido en un espacio de ocio y cultura, con la construcción de la sede de la Ópera y del Museo Munch– y las infraestructuras FORM&DATA


CARVED SLAB BLOQUE TALLADO

DATA LAND OCCUPATION PLOT AREA: 2,218 m2 GROSS FLOOR AREA: 22,100 m2 COVERAGE: 0.84 FLOOR AREA RATIO: 9.96

LOCATION

59.907870, 10.760874

located to the north of the Urban Plan. The form of the block has been adapted to the required porosity and also creates large urban street fronts on the lateral facades which interact with the help of the pedestrian space running through them. The planning regulations associated with the plan required 50% of the horizontal space to be both green and open space, which meant the removal of a large part of the volume of the blocks and the creation of a large communal terrace. In addition to this, there was the real estate demand that all the dwellings had to be dual aspect. DENSITY SERIES

1:5000

10

50

de transporte que discurren al norte del Plan Urbano. La forma del bloque se ajusta a esa porosidad necesaria y crea además amplios frentes urbanos activos en las fachadas laterales, que interactúan, ayudadas por el espacio peatonal que las atraviesa. La normativa asociada al plan obligaba a que el 50 por ciento del espacio horizontal fuese verde y abierto, lo que suponía la sustracción de gran parte del volumen de los bloques y la creación de una gran terraza común. A ello se unió la exigencia inmobiliaria de que todas las viviendas tuvieran doble orientación.

127


17. HUNZIKER AREAL URBAN MASTER PLAN DUPLEX ARCHITEKTEN IN COOPERATION WITH FUTURAFROSCH DUPLEX ARCHITEKTEN: A and M FUTURAFROSCH: I and F MIROSLAV ŠIK: B, C and K MÜLLER SIGRIST ARCHITEKTEN: D, E and H POOL ARCHITEKTEN: G, J and L

100% RESIDENTIAL 91% DWELLINGS: 450 PARKING SPACES: 106 RETAIL 6% EDUCATION 2% FACILITIES 1%

RESIDENTIAL

RETAIL

FACILITIES

PLAYGROUND

MODERATE LAND USE

BUILDING FOOTPRINT

PUBLIC PEDESTRIAN SPACE

PUBLIC GREEN SPACE

PRIVATE GARDEN

URBAN FARMING

218

FORM&DATA


POINT-BLOCK CLUSTERS RACIMOS DE EDIFICIOS-PUNTO

y

DENSITY SERIES

z x

219


FORM&DATA research group

The illustration of the elephant is a reference to the issue of the relationship between support structure and form. This interior system is known to exist yet we are not always aware of its material nature. FORM&DATA includes an anatomical review of twenty collective housing projects, which gives an insight into the real relationship between form and internal organs and to finds the true location of the soul of each project. The volume continues along the route first taken with WHY DENSITY? and it is part of the Density series, considered to be a key global research work on collective housing.

El dibujo del elefante plantea la relación entre estructura soporte y forma. Sabemos que existe este sistema interior, pero no somos conscientes de su materialidad en todo momento. FORM&DATA incluye una revisión anatómica de veinte proyectos de vivienda colectiva, que desvela la verdadera relación entre forma y órganos internos y descubre el lugar donde se encuentra el alma de cada proyecto. Este volumen continúa el camino iniciado por WHY DENSITY? y forma parte de la serie Densidad, considerada la investigación sobre vivienda colectiva de referencia en todo el mundo.

ISBN 978-84-608-1485-6

architecture publishers www.aplust.net

FORM&DATA Collective Housing Projects: An Anatomical Review  

The illustration of the elephant is a reference to the issue of the relationship between support structure and form. This interior system is...

FORM&DATA Collective Housing Projects: An Anatomical Review  

The illustration of the elephant is a reference to the issue of the relationship between support structure and form. This interior system is...