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IRIDESCENCE AND ANCIENT GLASS A SELECTION OF GREEK, ROMAN, BYZANTINE AND ISLAMIC GLASS VOLUME II - 201 4

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IRIDESCENCE AND ANCIENT GLASS A SELECTION OF GREEK, ROMAN, BYZANTINE AND ISLAMIC GLASS VOLUME II - 201 4 “fama est adpulsa nave mercatorum nitri, cum sparsi per litus epulas pararent nec esset cortinis attollendis lapidum occasio, glaebas nitri e nave subdidisse, quibus accensis, permixta harena litoris, tralucentes novi liquoris fluxisse rivos, et hanc fuisse originem vitri.� There is a story that once a ship belonging to some traders in natural soda put in here (near Ptolemais in Phoenicia) and that they scattered along the shore to prepare a meal. Since, however, no stones suitable for supporting their cauldrons were forthcoming, they rested them on lumps of soda from their cargo. When these became heated and were completely mingled with the sand on the beach a strange translucent liquid flowed forth in streams; and this, it said, was the origin of glass. Pliny, Natural History XXXVI.1 91 The word iridescence comes from Iris, the Greek Goddess of rainbows and refers to rainbow-like Colors seen on the glass which changes when viewed in different lighting and different angles. The iridescence on ancient glass was not a deliberate effect, but rather unintentional and an accident of time and chemistry. Iridescence is the result of refraction of light by thin layers of weathered glass, resulting in lustrous changing colors. The interaction of the glass and the environment in contact with it is called weathering. Weathering is caused by alkali (soluble salt) being leached from the glass by slightly acidic water and then forming fine layers that eventually separate slightly or flake off causing a prism effect on light bouncing off and passing through the surface which reflects light differently. How much a glass object weathering depends on burial conditions and to a lesser extent the chemistry of that object. These conditions are humidity, heat, and type of soil the glass was buried in. The chemistry of ancient glass though basically similar, but differed in flux alkali used such as natron (sodium carbonate), or potash (potassium carbonate). Generally glass made in the Western Provinces of the Roman empire with potash has less iridescence than glass from the Eastern Mediterranean areas using natron. My fascination with ancient glass has been always based on quality, condition and rarity. For those reasons noted , the selection presented here in this catalogue have been chosen taken into consideration the iridescence and eye appeal of every piece. The main objective of this catalogue is to introduce collectors to the great variety of ancient glass. Our selection then is geared toward revealing the vast range of forms, the different techniques utilized, and the great array of colors. Among the pieces in the catalogue there are many characterized by exceptional iridescence, multicolored brilliant layers of gold, silver, blue, violet, red, and green. We are pleased to present in this catalogue a selection of ancient glass from Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Islamic times. Our ancient glass collection is vast and still growing. We are happy to share with you our collection, and we look forward to helping you in all of your collecting objectives for this fragile medium. J. Rifai Aphrodite Ancient Art


Introduction The manufacture of ancient glass reached substantial proportions during the second half of the first millennium B.C. Beginning in the sixth century B.C. and continuing through the Hellenistic period, a huge production of glass vessels made with the use of internal core, those vessels called coreformed. Their shapes relied on time-honored forms popularized in terracotta or stone, such as the oinochoe and alabastron. Then there was the invention of glass blowing, as we know it today, during the late first century B.C. By the first century A.D., glass blowing became widespread throughout the Roman empire, producing fascinating vessels incorporating a variety of shapes and forms. The Roman glassmakers not only produced free-blown vessels, but they also used elaborate molds to make more intricate shapes. Ancient glass brings to us across time objects whose fragility is often mirrored in their extremely thin walls. The kind effect of time on glass, transforming its outer surface into a thin iridescent layer. It is the striking hues of this iridescence that can often turn an ordinary piece of glass into a symphony of color.


GLOSSARY There are several technical terms associated with glassmaking, often utilized in our descriptions. A good but outdated listing is available in: Karanis- Donald B. Harden, Roman Glass from Karanis, Ann Arbor, 1 936, pp. 1 3 ff. A recent updated compilation of techniques and descriptive terms is in Toledo-David Frederick Grose. The Toledo Museum of Art, Early Ancient Glass. New York, 1 989 pp. 29-36. The following is a short glossary of the more common terms:

Base-ring - The application of a separately-made glass ting to the bottom of a vessel to allow it to stand.

Core-forming – An early technique of glassmaking done by trailing molten glass over a core of inert

materials held by means of a metal rod. After completion the core was removed. Coil base – A trail applied to the bottom of the vessel forming a ring which allows the piece to stand. Collared rim – A rim which is folded downward and then upward, creating a type of collar. Concave bottom – The concavity made by a tool which is evident on the bottom of many glasses (also known as a kick). Constriction ring – A tooled diaphragm (ring) of glass. This element is placed at the juncture between neck and body in sprinkler flasks. Its purpose is to restrict the flow of liquid. Fire polishing – The high polish of a vessel’s surface resulting from its reintroduction into the furnace to even out any irregularities. Folded rims – The edge of the rim is heated and then folded either inward (an infolded rim) or outward (an outfolded rim). Former mold – A mold made of either ceramic or metal in the shape of the vessel. A blank of glass can be sagged over it or in it to produce the vessel in the shape of that mold. Gather – Glass placed at the end of the blowpipe in preparation for blowing. Lathe-cut – A technique of making and decorating glass whereby a piece of glass is mounted and turned while a tool using abrasive is brought in contact with the glass either to produce its general form or to create various incised bands. This method can also be employed to produce an overall polish for the vessel. Pad base – A section of glass applied to the bottom of a vessel and splayed out to produce a circular base or foot which allows the piece to stand. Paraison – A slightly inflated gather at the end of a blowpipe. Pattern mold – A mold with various depressions or protuberances on its internal surface which create decorative patterns. A paraison of glass is blown into it, taking the general form and design. The vessel can be further blown which creates a particular distended effect on its surface patterns. Pushed-in base or foot – Base produced by the blowing of a secondary paraison below the bottom of the vessel and then pushing this upward to create a ring-like structure. Rounded rim – The rounding of a rim’s edge by reheating. Weathering – The result of the chemical interaction of the glass and the environment in contact with it.


RECOMMENDED REFERENCES Ancient Glass in the Museum of Fine Arts Boston, Axel von Saldern, Boston 1 968. Ancient Glass in the Hermitage Museum, Nina Kunina, 1 997. Ancient Glass in the Yale University Art Gallery, Susan Matheson, Meriden, 1 980. Ancient Glass at the Newark Museum, Susan Auth, Newark, 1 976. Ancient Glass – Sotheby’s. Ancient Glass auction. London, 20 November 1 987. Constable-Maxwell Collection, Sotheby’s Parke Bernet. The Constable-Maxwell Collection of Ancient Glass auction, London, 4 June 1 979. Corning Museum of Glass, Pre Roman and Early Roman Glass, Vol I, II, III, David Whitehouse, 1 979. Kofler-Truniger Collection – Christie’s Ancient Glass auction. London, 5 March 1 985 The Toledo Museum of Art, Early Ancient Glass, David Frederick Grose, New York 1 989. The Toledo Museum of Art, Roman Mold Blown Glass, E. Marianne Stern, 1 995.


1 - GREEK CORE-FORMED GLASS AMPHORISKOS Made of cobalt blue glass body with opaque yellow and white trailinig in zigzag pattern. Double looped handles and base knob. Cf: Toledo, amphoriskos form I:2 as defined on pp. 1 26 ff, Toledo Museum no. 97, p. 1 44; Hermitage Museum, nos 31 -35, p. 253. Culture: Greek Date: 6th - 5th Century B.C. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, preserving most of its original polish. Provenance: Ex- American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm.) $1 0,000


2 - GREEK CORE-FORMED GLASS AMPHORISKOS Cobalt blue glass body, decorated with opaque white and yellow zigzag pattern trailing and double looped handles and a base knob. Cf: Toledo Museum, amporiskos form I: 2 as defined on pp.1 26 ff; Hermitage, nos. 31 -35, p. 253, Toledo, no. 97, p.1 44. Culture: Greek Date: 6th - 5th Century B.C. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, excellent condition, with iridescence. Provenance: Ex- Early private American collection formed in the 1 990s. Dimensions: H. 3 3/8 in. (8.4 cm.) $1 2,500


3 - GREEK CORE-FORMED GLASS AMPHORISKOS Blue glass body, opaque yellow and green zigzag trailing. The body framed up by horizontal trails in yellow around the upper and lower body, a single trail in yellow around the rim, the middle with zigzag alternating trails in yellow and green. Cf: Hermitage nos. 31 -35, p. 253; The Toledo Museum of Art, Early Ancient Glass Collection,no. 97, p. 1 44. Culture: Greek Date: 6th - 5th Century B.C. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 3 in. (7.6 cm.) $1 5,000


4 - PHOENICIAN BIRD HEADED PENDANT Opaque green body and yellow trails Culture: Greek Date: 6 th – 5th Century B.C. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact. Provenance: Ex- American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: L. 1 1 /8 in. (2.8 cm.) $2,800


5 - GREEK CORE-FORMED GLASS AMPHORISKOS Greek core-formed glass amphoriskos with a dark blue body and trail decoration of opaque yellow and turquoise blue. The top-shaped body rests on a small base knob and has a cylindrical neck with outsplayed rim-disk.Two dark blue glass handles connect the shoulders and the upper part of the neck. A trail of opaque yellow is wound spirally around the upper part of the body. Cf: Toledo, cat. no. 1 04, p. 1 46. Culture: Greek Date: 5th Century B.C. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, some surface pitting and encrusted earth deposits . Provenance: Ex- American private collection; European art market. Dimensions: H. 2 7/8 in. (7.3 cm.) $3,200


6 - PHEONICIAN GLASS HEAD PENDANT Opaque blue glass body with yellow trails and white and blue eyes Culture: Phoenician Date: 5th Century B.C. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, Very good condition. Provenance: Ex- European art market; American private collection, 1 990s. Dimensions: L. 1 5/1 6 in. (2.3 cm) Cf. Reflections on Ancient Glass from the Borowski Collection. R. Bianchi, P-1 , p. 1 79. $2,500


7 - GREEK CORE FORMED PENDANT IN THE FORM OF A RAM’S HEAD Opaque blue glass body with yellow trails and white and blue eyes Culture: Greek Date: 4 th – 3rd Century B.C. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, excellent condition. Provenance: Ex- European art market; American private collection, 1 990s Dimensions: L. 1 5/1 6 in. (2.3 cm) Cf. Corning, no. 226, pp. 11 2-11 3 $4,500


8 - PHOENICIAN GLASS HEAD PENDANT Body in green glass applied trails in yellow, blue, and white. Culture: Phoenician Date: 3 rd – 1 st Century B.C. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, well preserved. Provenance: Ex- American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: L. 3/4 in. (1 .9 cm) Cf. Reflections on Ancient Glass from the Borowski Collection. R. Bianchi, P-37, p. 200. $3,000


9 - GREEK CORE-FORMED GLASS ALABASTRON Made of deep blue glass body, decorated with opaque white and yellow trailing arranged in a zigzag pattern. This alabastron has a tooled ribbed pattern noticeable on the upper part of the body as well as two small lugged handles. Cf: Toledo Museum, form III: I as defined on pp. 1 26 ff. Culture: Greek Date: 2nd Century B.C. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, excellent condition, preserving its original fire polish. Provenance: Ex- Early private American collection formed in the 1 990s. Dimensions: Diam. 4 1 /4 in. (1 0.8 cm.) $1 8,500


1 0 - GREEK CORE-FORMED GLASS AMPHORISKOS Blue glass body and trailed decoration in opaque white. This spectacular example of the amphoriskos form, a rendition in glass of the classical twohandled amphora. The vessel has an elongated ovoid body, a splayed rim, two handles and a base knob. A trail of opaque white glass is wound spirally around the neck and upper shoulders, combed into a closely set festoon pattern around the body, and finally wound spirally again around the pointed bottom. The body terminates in an applied base knob and is topped by a cylindrical neck with out-splayed rim. Toeldo 1 989 amphoriskos form III:2A. Cf: Toledo Museum Glass Collection 1 989, no. 1 70, p. 1 70. Culture: Greek Date: 2nd - 1 st Century B.C. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, exceptionally well preserved with iridescence. Provenance: Ex- American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 6 1 /8 in. (1 5.5 cm.) $1 7,500


11 - HELLENISTIC CONICAL BOWL OF YELLOW GLASS Made of brown colored glass. The exceptionally deep Hellenistic bowl has an elegant form with a wheel-polished interior and fire-polished exterior, two bands of deep wheel-cut groves appear midway on the bowl, while another pair highlight the carefully worked and polished rim. Cf: for a similar bowl in a different color, see Pittsburgh, no. 1 6, p. 43. Culture: Hellenistic Date: 2nd - 1 st Century B.C. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 3 5/8 in. (9 cm.), Diam. 6 1 /8 in. (1 5.5 cm.) $9,500


1 2 - HELLENISTIC CONICAL BOWL OF AMBER COLORED GLASS Formed by draping glass over a mold, the amber colored bowl has a rounded bottom and slightly flaring rim that is embellished by wheel-cut grooves on the interior. Cf: David Frederick Grose, The Toledo Museum of Art, Early Ancient Glass (New York, 1 989), cat. no. 234, p. 265 for form, and see pp. 244 ff. for a discussion of the complex process involved in making such glass. Culture: Greek Date: 2nd - 1 st Century B.C. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with sections of an iridescent silvery-grey layer preserved . Provenance: Ex- European art market; American private collection, 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 4 3/8 in. (11 .5 cm.) $6,500


1 2a. ROMAN PATELLA MOSAIC GLASS CUP Carinated cup, outsplayed rim with almost pointed edge, carinated side with two convex curves. Composite mosaic pattern formed from polygonal sections of canes in purple ground with opaque white rods. An outstanding example of this type of cup with exceptional iridescence. Culture: Roman Date: Late 1 st Century B.C. – Early 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, superb with breathtaking hues of iridescence. Provenance: Ex- European art market; American private collection, 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 1 1 /2 in. (3.8 cm.), Diam. 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm.) Cf. Toledo, Early Ancient Glass, nos. 508-51 9’ pp. 321 -322; Kofler-Truniger, nos. 1 77-1 80, pp. 99-1 00; Newark, nos. 304-308, p. 1 95; Yale, nos. 48-52, pp. 1 7-1 9. Price On Request.


1 3 - HELLENISTIC OPAQUE RED GLASS BOTTLE Of pear-shaped form with slightly indented base, slender neck and flaring mouth. The body and neck partially obscured by green metallic weathering. The green patina is caused by the emission of copper from the glass which forms a fine metallic skin. Cf: For similar example, formerly in the collection of ancient glass formed by the British Rail Pension Fund, Sotheby's London, November 1 987, lot 8, Important Ancient Glass from the Collection formed by the British Rail Pension Fund; also, the Benzian Collection of Ancient and Islamic Glass, Sotheby's London, July 1 994, lot 49; also another example formerly in the Harvey Rothenberg Collection, New York. Culture: Greek Date: 1 st Century B.C. - 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with green patina Provenance: Ex- Sotheby's New York antiquities auction, lot 88, December 201 2; Private collection, Beirut, 1 960s. Dimensions: H. 4 1 /8 in. (1 0.5 cm.) $9,500


1 4 - EARLY ROMAN RIBBED SHALLOW BLUE BOWL Cobalt blue glass. A remarkable example of early cast ribbed bowls, this piece was made using a saturated hue of cobalt blue glass. This type of vessel was created by a process of sagging, lathe-cutting and fire polishing, of extremely compact form, the bowl has a very slightly concave bottom, a curving body with a series of vertical ribs and a vertical rim with rounded edge. Although these bowls were quite popular in the first centuries BC/AD, the most frequently encountered specimens are in bluish-green glass. Pieces in colored glass, particularly such a rich dark blue, are extremely rare and seldom offered. Cf: Oppenlander, no. 253, pp. 96 & 99; Toledo 1 989, nos. 235 & 238, pp. 265-266. For a discussion of the complex process involved in making such vessels, see Toledo 1 989, pp. 244 ff. Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century B.C. - 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, Few stress cracks, small repairs. Provenance: Ex- European early private collection 1 970s. Dimensions: H. 2 in. (5 cm.), Diam. 6 1 /4 in. (1 5.9 cm.) $1 5,000


1 5 - EARLY ROMAN RIBBED BOWL OF ORANGE GLASS Roman ribbed bowl of pale orange colored glass, shallow form with 59 fine and closely spaced ribs, vertical rim with slight outward flare, on the interior two concentric grooves around the center with two others further out, the rim with deep lathe-cut groove on the interior, the lower part of the exterior fire-polished. This type of vessel was created by a process of sagging, lathe-cutting and fire polishing. Cf: Toledo Museum of Art, Early Ancient Glass, 1 989, no. 234, p. 265 for form, and see pp. 244 ff. for a discussion of the complex process involved in making such vessel. Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century B.C. - 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with creamy white iridescent layer, some stress cracks. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 2 in. (5 cm.), Diam. 6 3/4 in. (1 7.2 cm.) $1 5,000


1 6 - ROMAN ROUNDED MOSAIC FACE BEAD Green glass body decorated with three female heads. Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century B.C. - 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 950s. Dimensions: Diam. 3/4 in. (1 .9 cm.) Cf. Ancient Egyptian Glass and Faience Part III, Christie’s London, 8 December 1 993, No. 49. $2,000


1 7 - ROMAN ROUNDED MOSAIC FACE BEAD Green glass body decorated with three female faces separated by three patches in red. Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century B.C. - 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 950s. Dimensions: Diam. 1 /2 in. (1 .9 cm.) $1 ,800


1 8 - ROMAN ROUNDED MOSAIC FACE BEAD Pale green body, decorated with three female faces within red separated by checkered pattern within white. Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century B.C. - 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 950s. Dimensions: Diam. 1 /2 in. (1 .3 cm.) Cf. Ancient Egyptian Glass and Faience Part III, Christie’s London, 8 December 1 993, No. 49. $2,000


1 9 - ROMAN SQUARE MOSAIC FACE BEAD Dark blue body, decorated with two faces one on each side within yellow. Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century B.C. - 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 970s. Dimensions: L. 1 /2 in. (1 .3 cm.) Cf. Ancient Egyptian Glass and Faience Part III, Christie’s London, 8 December 1 993, No. 45 $2,000


20 - ROMAN ROUNDED MOSAIC FACE BEAD Flat bead with vertical edges, a circular female head on both sides, in layers of white, black and red. Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century B.C. - 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 950s. Dimensions: Diam. 1 /2 in. (1 .3 cm.) Cf. Ancient Egyptian Glass and Faience Part III, Christie’s London, 8 December 1 993, No. 44. $1 ,800


21 - ROMAN “PORTRAIT OF A LADY” BEAD Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century B.C. - 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 970s. Dimensions: L. 1 /4 in. (.5 cm.) Cf. Ancient Egyptian Glass and Faience Part III, Christie's London 8 December 1 993, No. 46 $1 ,500


22 - ROMAN SQUARE MOSAIC FACE BEAD The square shaped bead with a mask of Medussa at the center, with white for the flesh, the almond shaped eyes with black for the pupils, a black band with four squares merging with the surrounding checkerboard in red and yellow framed by alternating white and black dotted border. Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century B.C. - 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 950s. Dimensions: L. 1 /2 in. (1 .3 cm.) Cf. Ancient Glass formerly in the G. Sangiorgi Collection, Christie’s, 3 June 1 999, No. 83. $2,000


23 - ROMAN AUBERGINE GLASS TWO HANDLED FLASK Roman aubergine glass two handled flask with splashes of white and greyish blue. The ovoid body has a cylindrical neck with an out-folded rim and two slender handles. The aubergine color of the glass is enlivened with splashes of white and grayish blue. While vessels of this type have been found all around the Mediterranean, the majority with known find-spots are concentrated in northern Italy and adjoining regions. The type was in peak production during the JulioClaudian and Flavian periods. The color of this flask is quite rare. Cf: Verres antiques et de L'Islam. Ancienne Collection de Monsieur D (Paris sale, 3-4 June 1 985), cat. no. 99, p. 47 (with green handles); Axel von Saldern, Glas von der antike bis zum Jugenstil, Sammlung Hans Cohn (Mainz, 1 980), cat. no. 34, p. 44; Nina Kunina, Ancient Glass in the Hermitage Collection (St. Petersburg, 1 997), cat. nos. 1 88 & 1 90, pp. 1 51 1 52 & 292-293; an amphoriskos with the Sopritendenza Archeologica della Lombardia, Milan, inv. 78987, published in Vetro e vetri. Preziose iridescenze (Venice, 1 998), cat. no. 2, pp. 28 & 30-31 , fig. 4 & Tav. II.2 Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, excellent state of preservation with underlying iridescence. Provenance: Ex- German private collection 1 980s; European art market. Dimensions: H. 4 3/4 in. (1 2 cm.) $1 8,500


24 - ROMAN PSEUDO MOSAIC GLASS FLASK This flask is made of aubergine glass which has been decorated with swirls of opaque white glass and then combed into a loose festoon pattern in imitation of true mosaic glass. Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, excellent state of preservation with nice weathering film and iridescence. Provenance: Ex-American private collection 1 980s; European art market. Dimensions: H. 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm.) Cf. Canav, no.29, p.41 ; Kofler-Truniger Collection, No. 1 36, p. 80. $11 ,500


25 - ROMAN GLASS SIDONIAN FLASK WITH SCROLL PATTERN The Sidonian mold-blown vase with vegetal scroll pattern in the center.The two trailed handles are made of white glass. The bulbous body rests on a low base with a flat bottom, where the seam of the two-part mold is visible, and has a cylindrical neck with a splayed and in-folded rim. The middle of the body is decorated with a vine scroll, which is framed above and below by tongue patterns. Cf. Toledo 1 995, cat. no. 56, p. 1 53 (probably same mold); Corning Museum of Glass, 2001 , cat. no. 51 2, pp. 42-43; Berlin, cat. no. 56, p. 39; Oppenlander, cat. no. 41 3, pp. 1 44 & 1 47; Smith, cat. no. 75, p. 61 . Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, white weathering film. . Provenance: Ex- Early European private collection, 1 960s. Dimensions: H. 4 1 /2 in. (11 .5 cm.) $4,500


26 - ROMAN SIDONIAN GLASS VASE WITH SCROLL PATTERN Light aubergine in color, the ovoid body of this vessel was blown in a twopart mold. Around the body is a frieze with a continuous vine scroll flanked above and below by a band of ridges and vertical flutes. The cylindrical neck extends into a slightly splayed lip, with in-folded rim and two delicately trailed handles. An extremely fine vase retaining some of its original firepolished surface. Very rare in such a state of preservation. Cf: Toledo 1 995, no. 56, p. 1 53, D. Whitehouse, Roman Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass II, 2001 , 42, no. 51 2. Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, excellent with excessive iridescence and custom base display stand. Provenance: Ex- Private American collection, early 1 990's. Dimensions: H. 3.1 in. (7.8 cm.) $6,000


27 - ROMAN MOLD-BLOWN GLASS AMPHORISKOS Roman mold-blown amphoriskos of pale aubergine glass. The ovoid body of the vessel loosely resembles that of a Roman Amphora and is decorated by a pattern of neatly stacked horizontal ribbing. On top is a cylindrical neck with infolded rim and two elegant trailed handles with pinched rounded finials join the shoulders and lip. Cf: The more common variant lacking such elaborate handle treatment and made with a far less articulated mold in E. Marianne Stern, The Toledo Museum of Art. Roman Mold-Blown Glass (Rome, 1 995), nos. 65-68, pp. 1 58-1 59. Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition:Intact, with a black weathering crust lightly flaked in areas to reveal a highly iridescent layer. Provenance: Ex- American private collection; European art market. Dimensions: H. 4 5/8 in. (11 .5cm.) $5,500


28 - ROMAN SIDONIAN GLASS FLASK WITH BIRDS AND BUTTERFLIES From this point on we must go back to the coast and to Phoenicia. There was formally a town called Crocodilon, and there is still a river of that name...Then comes Cape Carmel...next are Getta, Geba, and the river Pacida or Belus....Close to the river is Ptolemais....Next Tyre, once an island separated from the mainland by a very deep sea-channel 700 yards wide, but now joined to it by the works constructed by Alexander when besieging the place...but the entire renown of Tyre now consists in a shell-fish and a purple dye!...Next are Zarephath and the City of Birds (Ornithonoppidium), and Sidon, the mothercity of Thebes in Boetia where glass is made. Pliny, Natural History V.75-76 Blown in a tripartite mold. The hexagonal body is decorated with a series of birds and winged insects perched atop spherical objects in aediculae with triangular pediments. Each of the six panels has a lower egg-and-dart border, below which is a series of 27 upturned tongues. The piece rests on a low foot with flattened bottom, where the carefully aligned mold seams are visible. Between the triangular pediments are spherical objects, with alternating pointed rays and leaves on the shoulder above them. The rather tall, separately made cylindrical neck has a rim that is folded first out, and then up and in. The panels contain a long-necked bird, perhaps a heron; a butterfly; a bird with folded wings facing left; a bird with long legs; perhaps an ibis; a bird flying with outspread wings; and another bird with outspread wings perched on a spherical object. The piece was made from an opaque glass that now has a glossy, slightly yellowish surface with a beige-toned area on one side. This surface has flaked off in small spots on the neck and body to reveal a rougher, green to purple iridescent layer. An exceptionally detailed mold of Series A from an early strike. The birds type of hexagonal mold-blown flask is relatively uncommon, with only about two dozen examples published, and within this type there are two series, A, as here, and B. Series A with at least four different mold employed. This flask appears to be from mold C, the same as the Toledo example, Toledo 1 995, cat. no. 46, pp. 1 44-1 45. Most of these flasks are opaque white, with a few blue. Scholars have hypothesized that the motif was chosen to evoke the name Ornithopolis, "City of Birds", located between Tyre and Sidon on the Phoenician sea coast, and mentioned in Pliny's passage cited above. Cf: Newark, cat. nos. 45-46, pp, 1 42-1 45; Ernesto Wolfe Collection 2001 , cat. no. 46, p. 11 6; Ancient glass Collection in the Israel Museum, cat. nos. 1 38-1 39, p. 1 33. Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, excellent state of preservation, an early strike from an exceptionally detailed mold of Series A., Provenance: Ex- American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 3 1 /4 in. (8.2 cm.) $1 8,500


29 - ROMAN GLASS SKYPHOS Pale bluish glass. A rare form in Roman glass production Cf: Corning 1 997, no. 1 34, p. 93. Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, excellent state of preservation with iridescence. Provenance: Ex- European early private collection 1 970s. Dimensions: H. 4 in. (1 0 cm.), W. 5 3/8 in. (1 3.5 cm.) $1 2,500


30 - ROMAN SIDONIAN AUBERGINE MOLDED GLASS FLASK Of aubergine colored body, molded with with a vegetal scroll pattern. Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence, very good condition. Provenance: Ex- European art market; American private collection, 1 990's Dimensions: H. 3 1 /8 in. (7.9 cm.) Cf. Roman Glass in the Corning Museum, Vol I, D. Whitehouse, No. 51 2, p. 42. $8,500


31 - ROMAN GLASS UNGUENTARIUM Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 4 1 /4 in. (1 0.8 cm.) Cf. Newark, No. 403, p. 211 ; Yale no. 90, p. 29. $850


32 - ROMAN GLASS UNGUENTARIUM Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 4 1 /4 in. (1 0.8 cm.) Cf. Newark, No. 403, p. 211 ; Yale no. 90, p. 29. $950


33 - ROMAN GLASS UNGUENTARIUM Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 5 in. (1 2.7 cm.) Cf. Newark, No. 403, p. 211 ; Yale no. 90, p. 29. $850


34 - ROMAN GLASS UNGUENTARIUM Culture: Roman Date: 1 st Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 4 1 /8 in. (1 0.4 cm.) Cf. Newark, No. 403, p. 211 ; Yale no. 90, p. 29. $850


35 - ROMAN BLUE COLORED THREADED GLASS FLASK Culture: Roman Date: 1 st – 2 nd Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with some repair. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 3 1 /2 in. (8.9 cm.) Cf. Oppenlander, no. 644, p. 221 ; Aquilea, no. 6. P.25; similar specimens (but without handles), in Hermitage, no. 1 98, p. 294, Monsieur D, no. 1 56, p. 73; Newark Museum, nos. 356-358, p. 203; Tale Museum, no. 74, pp. 2728 $1 ,200


36 - ROMAN GLASS BEAKER Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 1 st – 2 nd Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Superb condition. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection, 1 960s. Dimensions: H. 3 1 5/1 6 in. (9.9 cm.) $3,500


36a - ROMAN LARGE LIGHT BLUE GLASS JUG Roman light blue glass jug with an ovoid body resting on a circular pad base. The neck widens downward, the rim is flanged, nd the strap trail handle has a loop-shaped thumb rest and ribs; concave buttom with pronounced kick on the interior. Cf: Hermitage, no. 261 , p. 307; Louvre II, cat. nos. 880-881 , pp. 296-297. Publication data: Boisgirard & Associates, Archeologie. Arts de I'Islam (Paris, Hotel Drouot, 11 /28/2005), no. 41 . Culture: Roman Date: 2nd Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with iridescence and brown deposit on the interior. Provenance: Ex- American private collection; collected in the 1 990s. Dimensions: H. 6 7/8 in. (1 7.5 cm.) SOLD


37 - ROMAN HEMISPERICAL GLASS BOWL Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 2nd Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Superb condition. Provenance: Early American private collection, 1 960s. Dimensions: H. 2 1 /4 in. (5.7 cm.), Dim. 4 in. (1 0.2 cm.) Cf. Roman Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass, Vol I, D. Whitehouse, No. 96, P. 76 $1 ,600


38 - ROMAN GLASS VASE WITH BLUE TRAILED HANDLES Culture: Roman Date: 2nd - 3rd Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, excellent overall with weathering and iridescence. Provenance: Ex- European private collection.. Dimensions: H. 2 3/8 in. (5.8 cm.) $1 ,200


39 - ROMAN GLASS CANDLESTICK UNGUENTARIUM Culture: Roman Date: 2nd - 3rd Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with extraordinary golden weathering and iridescence. Provenance: Ex- American private collection, collected in the 1 990s. Dimensions: H. 1 3/4 in. (4.5 cm.) SOLD


40 - ROMAN LARGE GLASS PLATE Culture: Roman Date: 2nd – 3 rd Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, very good state of preservation, abundance of iridescence. Provenance: Ex- European art market; New York private collection. Dimensions: D. 1 0 1 /1 6 in. (25.6 cm.), H. 2 in. (5 cm.) Cf. The Constable-Maxwell Collection of Ancient Glass, Sotheby Parke Bernet, 4 June 1 979, No. 285. $7,000


41 - ROMAN BELL-SHAPED GLASS BEAKER Culture: Roman Date: 2nd - 3rd Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, excellent overall with weathering and iridescence. Provenance: Ex- Dutch private collection; Gerhbardt Hirsch Nachfolger, 265, (2/9/201 0), 29. Dimensions: H. 3 7/8 in. (9.8 cm.) $850


42 - ROMAN GLASS BOWL Of pale green glass, the bowl has a tapering cylindrical form with a thickened rim that is outfolded then back in, the bottom has a base ring and is pushed in. Some brown incrustation and many patches of iridescence. Cf: Smith Collection, no. 235, p. 1 27; Constable-Maxwell Collection, no. 65, p. 49. Culture: Roman Date: 2nd - 3rd Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with deposits and iridescence. Provenance: Ex- American private collection 1 980s; European art market. Dimensions: H. 2 5/8 in. (6.6 cm.), Diam. 5 3/8 in. (1 3.5 cm.) $1 ,200


43. ROMAN TWIN HANDLED BALSAMARIUM Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 2nd – 3rd Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Superb condition. Provenance: Early American private collection, 1 960s. Dimensions: H. 4 5/8 in. (11 .7 cm.) $1 ,200


44 - ROMAN GLASS DOUBLE HEAD-SHAPED FLASK Roman pale bluish green glass double head-shaped flask with chubby childlike faces. Blown is a two-part mold, the body is in the form of two back-to-back heads with similar childlike features and three rows of knobs of hair. The tubular neck has an outplayed rim that is folded out, then up and in. Cf: Toledo 1 995, cat. nos. 1 49-1 51 , pp. 232-235; Newark, cat. no. 74, p. 74; Yale, cat. no. 1 91 , p.73; Wolf Ancient Glass Collection, cat. no. 75, p. 1 81 ; Corning Museum of Glass 2001 , cat. no. 549, pp. 76-77. Culture: Roman Date: 3rd Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, superb condition with iridescence. Provenance: Ex- American private collection; European art market. Dimensions: H. 3 1 /4 in. (8.3 cm.) $3,500


45 - ROMAN GLASS FLASK WITH STYLIZED GRAPE PATTERN Of pale blue colored glass, the mold-blown bulbous body reproduces the texture of a cluster of grapes. The tall cylindrical neck has a slightly flared in-folded rim and is pushed-in at the shoulders creating a collared rim between itself and the body of the vessel. Culture: Roman Date: 3rd Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with iridescent highlights on sections of the flask. Provenance: Ex- Early European private collection, 1 960s. Dimensions: H. 4 1 /2 in. (11 .5 cm.) $4,000


46 - ROMAN GLASS JAR WITH FUNNEL MOUTH Culture: Roman Date: 3rd - 4th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, superb condition with iridescence. Provenance: Ex- American private collection; collected in the 1 990s. Dimensions: H. 3 1 5/1 6 in. (9.9 cm.) SOLD


47 - ROMAN GLASS BOWL Of pale green glass, the bowl has a tapering cylindrical form with a thickened rim that is outfolded then back in, the bottom has a base ring and is pushed in. Some brown incrustation and many patches of iridescence. Cf: Smith Collection, no. 235, p. 1 27; Constable-Maxwell Collection, no. 65, p. 49. Culture: Roman Date: 3rd - 4th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with deposits and iridescence. Provenance: Ex- American private collection 1 980s; European art market. Dimensions: H. 2 3/8 in. (5.8 cm.), Diam. 6 3/8 in. (1 6 cm.) $1 ,200


48 - ROMAN GLASS JAR WITH ZIGZAG TRAILING Culture: Roman Date: 3rd - 4th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, superb, fiery iridescence throughout. Provenance: Ex- New York art market; American private collection. Dimensions: H. 2 5/8 in. (6.6 cm.) SOLD


49 - ROMAN CARINATED DISH The elegant bowl made of yellow-green glass, has a carinated body extended into a broad lip with a vertical rim. Acting as an extension of the rim is a thick trail of glass which has been pinched in sections to create a scalloped effect. Culture: Roman Date: 3rd - 4th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, superb, fiery iridescence throughout. Provenance: Ex- New York art market; American private collection. Dimensions: H. 2 5/8 in. (6.6 cm.) Cf. Hermitage Collection, no. 335, p. 321 . $3,500


50 - ROMAN GLASS JUG WITH AQUAMARINE ZIGZAG TRAILING Culture: Roman Date: 3rd - 4th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, multicolored iridescence. Provenance: Ex- European art market; New York private collection. Dimensions: H. 4 in. (1 0.2 cm.) $2,000


51 . LARGE ROMAN FOOTED GLASS BOWL Made of greenish-yellow glass. This deep bowl has an elegant carinated profile resting on a circular-footed base that is indented inward. The rim terminates with a footed edge lip. Excellent quality and very rare in this color, size, and condition. Cf: The Constable-Maxwell Collection of Ancient Glass, Sotheby Parke Bernet, June 1 979, Smith Collection, no. 235, p.1 27. Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 3rd - 4th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Superb condition. Provenance: Ex- European art market; American private collection, 1 990's. Dimensions: H. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm.), Diam. 7 3/4 in. (1 9.7 cm.) $5,500


52 - ROMAN GLASS JUG WITH TRAILED HANDLE Culture: Roman Date: 3rd - 4th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excessive iridescence. Provenance: Ex- Private East Coast U.S. collection, 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 4 3/4 in. (1 2 cm.) $2,1 00


53 - ROMAN JAR OF COLORLESS GLASS WITH AUBERGINE STREAKS The large vessel has a spherical body with a pushed in bottom and a series of indentations around the body. The squat neck flares out toward the top and has an outfolded rib below the rim. Culture: Roman Date: 3rd - 4th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, entirely covered with a dark weathering crust with iridescent highlights. Provenance: Ex- American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 4 3/4 in. (1 2 cm.) $3,500


54 - ROMAN LARGE GLASS JAR OF AUBERGINE COLOR Culture: Roman Date: 3rd - 4th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, exceptional, with exquisite iridescent layer. Provenance: Ex- Private American collection. Dimensions: H. 5 in. (1 2.7 cm.), 4 1 /4 in. Diam. (1 0.8 cm.) $8,500


55 - ROMAN PATTERN-MOLDED GLASS SPRINKLER FLASK Of conical shape, decorated with concentric designs, the short neck has a splayed lip with an infolded rim. Very rare in this style and condition Culture: Roman Date: 3rd - 4th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, exceptional, with exquisite iridescent layer. Provenance: Ex- Private American collection. Dimensions: H. 5 in. (1 2.7 cm.) Cf. No. 489, p.1 77, Oppenlander using a similar pattern mold, also, Wolkenberg glass collection, no.44, p.27. $1 ,800


56 - ROMAN HONEYCOMB CUP OF COLORLESS GLASS WITH A YELLOWISH TINGE The cylindrical body rounded toward the bottom where it is concave; on top, the lip is slightly flared out with a cracked-off and unfinished rim. The spectacular decoration of such cups consists in a variably-sized honeycomb pattern achieved by first blowing the glass into a pattern mold and then inflating it further to create the gradual distension of the pattern. The exterior is fire polished. Cf: Related pieces in Pittsburgh, no. 21 0, p. 1 21 ; Kofler-Truniger Collection, no. 40, p.29; Cohn, no. 55, p. 62; Luzern, 322; Ancient Glass in the Yale University Art Gallery, S. Matheson, No. 284, p. 1 09. Culture: Roman Date: 4th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, excellent state of preservation preserving its original fire polish. Provenance: Ex- American private collection 1 980s; European art market. Dimensions: H. 3 3/8 in. (8.5 cm.) $8,500


57 - LARGE ROMAN FLASK Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 4th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Superb condition. Provenance: Ex- European art market; American private collection, 1 990's. Dimensions: H. 6 3/4 in. (1 7.2 cm.) For a closely similar example, see cat. no.31 2, p.1 78, Roman Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass, Vol I, D. Whitehouse. $1 ,400


58. ROMAN CONICAL GLASS BEAKER OR LAMP Culture: Roman Date: 4th - 5th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact. Provenance: Ex- European early private collection 1 970s. Dimensions: H. 2 5/8 in. (6.6 cm.) $3,500


59 - SASSANIAN FACET-CUT CUP OF PALE YELLOW GLASS A large deeply cut circular facet provides a flat surface on which the hemispherical cup securely rests. Above is a row of seven circular facets, then a row of fifteen pentagons with rounded buttom, then three rows of primarily hexagonal facets. A brownish weathering iridescent crust covers some of the surface, but it has peeled away in parts revealing the color of the glass and some iridescence. Cf: Persian Glass, no. 1 and pp. 34 ff. For a discussion of these facet-cut cups, other examples in Pittsburgh, no. 235, p. 1 38; Luzern, no. 483, p. 1 20; Oppenlander, no. 758, p. 259, Cohn no. 1 42, p. 1 49; Monsieur D. nos. 532-33, pp.21 9-20 (citing mainly related examples). Culture: Sassanian Date: 3rd - 6th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with good weathering film and iridescence. Provenance: Ex- American private collection 1 980s; European art market. Dimensions: H. 3 in. (7.5 cm.), Diam. 4 1 /4 in. (1 0.7 cm.) $5,000


60 - LATE ROMAN/EARLY BYZANTINE GLASS BEAKER Of conical shape and pale green glass, decorated with a row of dots in blue, the pointed bottom with a blue knob, the rim is everted and folded out. Cf.Corning 1 997, no. 366, p.21 3. Cf. Roman glass in the Corning Museum of Glass, Vol II, D. Whitehouse Culture: Roman Date: 5th -6th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, excellent state of preservation Provenance: Ex- European early private collection 1 970s. Dimensions: H. 4 in. (1 0 cm.), Diam. 3 1 /2 in. (9 cm.) $7,000


61 - ROMAN BEAKER WITH SWIRLLING DESIGN Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 3rd – 4th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with iridescence and some deposits. Provenance: Ex- European art market; American private collection, 1 990's. Dimensions: H. 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm.) Cf. Roman Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass, Vol II, D. Whitehouse $800


62 - LATE ROMAN/BYZANTINE SQUAT FLASK Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 5th – 7th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Superb condition. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection, 1 960s. Dimensions: H. 3 in. (7.6 cm.), Diam. 4 1 /2 in. (11 .4 cm.) Cf. Sassanian and Post Sassanian Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass, D. Whitehouse, no. 2, p.1 7 $9,500


63 - PARTHIAN OR SASSANIAN PATTERN-MOLDED HEMISPHERICAL CUP Parthian or Sassanian pattern-molded hemispherical cup of light green glass, the hemispherical section decorated with a vertical linked chain design, a vertical lip with thickened rim on top. This type of vessel was created using a complex process of gradually blowing the glass into the mold and then repositioning to create the next stage. A yellow-white weathering film covers much of the surface. The proposed dating of these cups varies greatly between the 1 st through the 7th centuries AD. Fukai dates a somewhat similar cup to between 1 st and 3rd centuries AD (Persian Glass, no. 1 6), while Von Saldern (Cohn, no. 1 46, pp. 1 52-1 53) tentatively places a closely related specimen with exactly the same design and rim to the 6th and 7th centuries AD. The later seems preferable. Culture: Near Eastern Date: 6th-7th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, very good state of preservation, with several stress cracks from an imperfection in the bottom of the cup. Provenance: Ex- American private collection 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm.), Diam. 4 5/8 in. (11 .7 cm.) $5,500


64 - BYZANTINE DECORATED GLASS CUP Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 6th – 9th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with very good iridescence. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection, 1 950s. Dimensions: H. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm.), Diam. 3 1 /2 in. (9 cm.) $4,000


65 - ISLAMIC MARVERED GLASS ALABASTRON Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 9th - 1 0th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Superb condition. Provenance: Ex- European art market; American private collection, 1 990's/ Dimensions: H. 4 1 /2 in. (11 .4 cm.) Cf. Glass from Islamic land, S. Carboni, cat. 3.63a, p.31 6. $1 ,500


66 - ISLAMIC DECORATED GLASS FLASK Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 1 0th – 1 2th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Superb condition. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection, 1 950s. Dimensions: H. 3 in. (7.6 cm.) Cf. Glass from Islamic land, S. Carboni, cat. 3.35a, p.246. $3,500


67 - ISLAMIC DECORATED GLASS FLASK Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 1 0th – 1 2th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Superb condition. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection, 1 940's/ Dimensions: H. 3 ¾ in. (9.5 cm.) Cf. Glass from Islamic land, S. Carboni, cat. 3.35a, p.246. $9,500


68 - ISLAMIC DECORATED GLASS FLASK Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 1 0th – 1 2th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Superb condition. Provenance: Ex- Early American private collection, 1 950s. Dimensions: H. 3 in. (7.6 cm.) Cf. Glass from Islamic land, S. Carboni, cat. 3.45a, p.254. $5,500


69 - BYZANTINE GLASS CHALICE Culture: Eastern Mediterranean Date: 1 4th – 1 5th Century A.D. Medium: Glass Condition: Intact, with excellent iridescence. Very good condition. Provenance: Ex- European art market; American private collection, 1 980s. Dimensions: H. 5 in. (1 2.7 cm.) Cf. The Constable-Maxwell Collection of Ancient Glass, Sotheby Parke Bernet, 4 June 1 979, No.355. $9,500


TERMS OF SALE The objects offered in this catalogue are subject to prior sale and are priced in US dollars. Shipping and packing charges are additional. All objects in this catalogue are available for viewing in our New York gallery by appointment. The authenticity of all objects is unconditionally guaranteed. Aphrodite Ancient Art LLC, New York 201 4 All pictures and text in this catalogue are copyrighted and cannot be used in any way without the express written permission of the gallery.

info@aphroditeancientart.com Š Aphrodite Ancient Art LLC 201 4

Glass brochure 2014  

A catalogue on ancient glass from Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Islamic times.

Glass brochure 2014  

A catalogue on ancient glass from Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Islamic times.

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