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AUVNOIIJIO

DICTIONARY of the TURKIC LANGUAGES eql Jo

sgcvncNv'I CIXUnT •


DICTIONARY

of the

TURKTC LANGUAGES ENGLISH: AZERBAUANI, KAZAKH, KYRGYZ, TATAR, TURKISH, TURKMEN, UIGHUR, UNEK

Kurtulug Oztopgu Zhoumagaly Abuov - Nasir Kambarov Youssef Azemoun

,r{L8",

-^4F\:

rRat

v= ' 4 F..oor

London and New York


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ffl rrfic ltrRGr-,[6B?eE Simultancusly poblidr.d in tu l,rSA adHtf 29 West 35th Street, New Yorlq NY l(mt First published in paperback 1999 Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor

ndatr

& Francis Croup

Reprinted 1999 O 1996 Kurtulug Oztopgu Set ln METtmes: Giirel/Saye4 Cambrldge, MA" USA Anatollano, and Uzbekkazakh: Geoffrey frrabam, Berkeley, CA, USA Ulghur: M. Rrza Betin, Dotu Turkistan Vakfi , Istanbul, Ttirkiye Database was destgned using 4th Dlmension for Macintosh. Layout was done with Word 5.1 for Macintosh. Customized multiltngual database and camera ready copy: Interactive Media and Geographic Information Systems, Oxnar( CA, USA. Printed in Great Britain by TJ International Ltd., Padstow, Cornwall

All rights reserved. No part of thts book may be reprinted or reproduced e1 slilizsf in any fonn or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, lncluding photocopytng and recording, or ln any infonnation storage or retrleval system, without pemdssion in writing from tbe publisbers. brirish Library Cataloguing in Publication Data catalogue record for this book is available from the British

A

Librry

Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication Data A dictionary of the Turkic languages: English, Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tatar, Turkish, Turlmen, Uighur, Uzbek/I(urtulug Oztop,gu... et. al. 1. English language - Dictionaries - Turkic I. Oztopgu, Kurtulug, 1950-. PL26.D531996 423'.943-dc20 96-5893 rsBN 0-415-14 r98-2 (hbk) ISBN Hls-I6M7-2 (pbk)

1V


For Mr Htkmet Aksan and Mrs Belkrs Aksan

v


Contents Preface

Alphabets and Transcription Systems Guide to Pronunciation Table of Alphabets and Transcriptions Notes on Entry Selection and Sryle Abbreviations Acknowledgments

Dictionary.

ix x xi

xii xiv XV

xvi

............

Index Index Index Index...... Index...... Index...... Index...... Index......

- English Azerbuiani J9 Kazakh - Engksh Kyrgyz - English Tatar - English Turkish - English Turkmen - English Uighur - English Uzbek - English

I

........171 ................ 195

................217 ...............239

..........263 ........285 ............309

.............339

vli


Preface This is the first English - Turkic languages dictionary to include all the eight major Turkic languages in their gtficlal alphabets, together with a convenient transcription system for those without an official Latin alphabet. It is also the first dictionary to use the riew Latin alphabets for the Turkmen and Uzbek languages. The dictionary is followed by eight Turkic language - English indices, one for each of the Turkic lang_uages included. The dictionary and the indices together fulfill an urgent need fo.{.1 multilingual guide to these languages, which are spo-ken by approximltely 150

mil[on people.

The new official Latin alphabets for Azerbaijani, Turkmen and Uzbek, employed in this d_ictionary, were adopted during the past thiee years as Azerbaijan, Turkineiristan and Uzbekistan became independenl They will, however, probably ndt be fully implemented for some time. $e--sponsibility for the content and editing of the individual languages was undertaken as

follows:

azgrbaljani, Turkish

an_d Uighur: Kurtulug Oztopgu, Visiting Assistant Professor of Languages at the Uliyepity of California, Los Angeles, and Visiring Ircturer for IutS.. Turkish at the University of California, Berkeley. Kazakh and Kyrgyz: Zhoumagaly Abuov, Kazak State Law Institute. Uzbek and Tatan N*it Kambarov, Uzbek State World Languages University. Turkmen: Youssef Azemoun, Turkmen expert.

The duties of the editor included the following: Compiling the basic English word list; incorporating all the changes in the officjal scripts that have occurred since the project began; determining.the requirements of a suitable database; editing, organizing ind inputting all of the data; checking for accuracy; finding attractive an-d workable fonts; coordinating the translations, the work of the authors andreviewers; preparing indices for all languages; and producing the final copy.

lx


Atphabets and Transcriptton Systems Turkish is given only in the official Latin alphabet, in use since 1928.

Azerbaijani, Turkmen and Uzbek are given in both their official Cyrillic and Latin scripts. In the following table of alphabets and transcriptions the Azerbaijani Latin alphabet is in its official alphabetical order, however the Cyrillic alphabet has been reordered to create a one to one correspondance with the Latin. For Turkmen and Uzbek since there is no one to one correspondance between their official Latin and Cyriltic alphabets these are provided simply in their official alphabetical order. Kazakh, Kyrgyz, and Tatar, which have no official Latin-based scripts, are given in their official Cyrillic alphabets and in our Latin transcriptions in parenthesis. While the Latin transcriptions of these different languages are almost identical, there is no absolute one-to-one correspondence between the cyrillic letters and the Latin transcription because one sound in one language may be rendered by a different Cyrillic letter in another. Uighur is given in its official Arabic script and in our Latin ranscription in parenthesis.

X


Guide to Pronunclatlon In the Turkic languages most words are pronounced

as they are writ[en, and each character usually has the same pronunciation no matter where in a word it occurs. In this dictionary we have provided either an official Latin script or a Latin transcription for each Turkic language. In the transcriptions we have prefened generally understood signs that reflect pronunciation rather than less well known, more scholarly symbols. Several different characters in the official Latin scripts and in the transcriptions correspond to either the same or similar sounds in English.

One character may be pronounced differently in different languages. Thus "8" is pronounced slightly differently in Azerbaijani and Turkish. The characters in the following chart should be noted because either they do not exist in the English alphabet, or because they may not be pronounced in the Turkic languages as they are in English.

Latin alphabet English or transcription equivalent c

as in gentleman as in child

a

e e a

as in as in as in as in

g

lehl

g'

lehl as in serial as in measure as in song

I

I

j

fr

o

ot tt q

I i.i

x r

v v

dad say bet dad

in qaalm as in boy as in tlrn as in guard or /kh/ as in s/rirt like German rr tvhl as in measure as in serial as in yes as

Appears in these languages... Azerbaijani, Turkish Azerbaijani, Turkish, Turkmen Azertaijani Turkish all Turkic languages except Turkish Kazakh, Tatar, Turkmen, Uighur Azerbaijani and Turkish Uzbek Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tatar, Turkish Azerbaijani and Turkish Turkmen Uzbek Uzbek all Turkic languages except Uzbek Azerbaijani Azerbaijani, Turkish, Turkm en all Turkic languages except Uzbek Azerbaijani, Uzbek Turkmen Turkmen Turkmen

xi


Teble of Alohabets Latin Cyrillic

Cyrillic Trans.

Cyrillic

e e

K

0)

a b

a

6

a a

c

rt{

6

I

q

B

(v)

d

A

r

r

x

e

e o

f

f A

G) Gh) (d)

0

(

g

(yo)

3

I

K

e e

(zh)

h

f h

E

x

x

I

A

i

bI H

k

r

T

q I

u

I M

a

j

m n

x

r

H

B

r A

(a) (b) (v) (e)

(d)

(yo)

(z)

3

(z)

H

(i)

LI

3

(z)

A

Pt

(i) (y)

YI

(ityl)

K

(y) (k)

K

(k)

T

(l)

T

(l)

M

(m)

M

(q)

H

(n)

TI

(m) (n)

(l)

I{

(ng)

o

(m) (n)

o o

(ng)

n

p c

(r)

rt

(o) (6) (p)

n

H

o

(o)

p

(r)

T

(o) (p)

c

(s)

T

(r) (u) (ri)

v 0

(r) (u)

K

X

e

e

u

tyle)

(y) (k)

p c

(r)

T

(t) ([u]w)

p

n

I s

p c

$

ill

v

t

T

u u

v

Y Y

Y

0

v v

B

I

B

6

e H

o

3

6

a

(tyle)

(t

z

a

Cyrillic Trans.

e

o

j

Trans. (a) (b) (v) (s) (d) (e) (yo)

(a) (a) (b)

(s)

(u)

v Y

0 x q

rI

(cn1

(kh) (ts) (ch) (sh) (shch)

IT

(sh)

(shch)

b

(')

bI

(r)

b

(')

a

e Y

(e) (yu) (ya) (a) (6) (ri)

X,

0)

b

(rs)

bI

rl

(ch)

b

UI

(sh)

q t

a

(shch)

x)

(')

ll

bI

(r)

I

(i)

q

b

(')

h

a

(e) (yu) (ya)

r.

xii

(') 0) (') (e) (yu) (ya)

1rs)

q

rq

x)

(D

(0

(kh) (h)

h q

(s)

(kh)

q

x

(o) (p)

x t{

(ii) (0

UI

(zh)

x) s.

a

(ng)

(h)


Latin

Cyrillic

Latin

a

a

a

Arabic Trans.

Cyrillic latin

IJ

(a)

a

a

.t

(e)

6

b

B

d

b

6

b

c

B

I

(b)

d

r

e

13

(p) (r)

A

f

G

0)

e

g

E

(ch) (kh)

e

h

X

t

j

I

r

d

A

e

e

e

a

f

e

f

g

X

g

g

E

h

s

(d)

3

h

3

i

(r)

H

I

YI

j

)

)

(z)

i4

k I

)

(zh)

K

m

a

i

t4

j

r

K

k

(s)

JI

n

k

T

I

(sh)

M

o

I

M

m

t.

Gh)

H

p

m

H

n

fi

(q)

o

o

o

,t)

(k)

o II p

q

II

*i ,j

(0

n

tt p

e

tt

c

t

p

5 J

G)

n

(ng)

T

u

r

p

r

J

v

c

s

t

0) (n)

v

s $

T

$

i)

t

v

t

I

u

Y

u

ii

0

u

v

x

w

v

4

z

rI

v v

tu

z

u[

b bI

r s

0

x

(n) (h)

x

v

q

z

(o) (u)

rI UI

ot g'

tr

(o)

b

sh

-f

(ii) (v)

b

ch

a

rg

(e)

m

(i)

f,

(y)

v r, f

-,1

-tr

J

€ € f

b a a

(')

X

X}

T

x11l


Notes on Entry Selectlon and Style The English corpus of approximately 8ffi words was selected from several lists of "most frequently used words." The remainder were added to meet the needs of the most likely users: students, businessmen, linguists, and tourisLs. Since an eight-language dictionary cannot be both porrable and comprehensive, an English entry is defined with the single most common Turkic equivalent from each Turkic language, unless two Turkic words are needed for a full definition. Thus under the entry "brother" the reader will find both the Uzbek "aka" and "uka" because the first means "older brother," the second "younger brother." An exception was also made for some Tatar words, where two equivalents are provided. The reason for this is that Tatar has uniquely been under Russian influence for more than four centuries so that colloquial Tatar has come to include a substantial number of borrowed Russian words.

Since this work is also, by way of its indices, a Turkic languages - English dictionary, some English entries were selectnd not because they are in common use in English but because of the frequent use of ti.eir Turkic equivalents. Thus we included such entries as "(be) bored," "(be) born" and words for objects common in the Turkic world such as "mulberry," "pomegranate," and "quince." To indicate that an entry word is being defined in a restricted sense, it is followed either by a subject category marker (e.g. "branch bot.", thus not a "branch of a bank"), by an abbreviation for a grammatical category (e.9. n., adj., adv.), or, if these do not suffice, by an explanation in parenthesis (e.g. "bright 1=6u11 of light)", thus not "intelligent'). The grammatical category designations that follow the English entry word apply only to that entry word, as the Turkic equivalents may not belong in the same grammatical category.

If the transitive and intransitive forms of an English verb

are both in common use, they

are entered separately and marked vt. or vi.

Verbs are entered by verb stem followed by a dash indicating the infinitive suffix, rather than the traditional practice in single-language dictionaries in which verbs are entered in their infinitive form.

xlv


Abbrevlatlons adjadv.

adjective adverb

med.

a,8.

agriculnre

art.

afis astronomy botany clothing conjunction culinary, food & utensils economics & finance geography geology geometry interjection

mus. n. num.

ast. bot. cln. conj. cul. econ. geo-

geol. Seom

interj. jud. ling.

lit. math.

judiciary linguistics & grammar literature mathematics

mil.

phv. phys. pol. pre. preppro. rel. spor. tech. v.

vi. vt. zool.

medicine military music noun numeral physics physiology politics press preposition pronoun religion sporls, games & physical educ. technology & tools verb verb intransitive verb transitive zoology

Signs:

x

*

synonym similar in meaning antonym additional information about enuy word used to indicate the infinitive suffix after Turkic verb stem

xv


Acknowledgments My co-authors and I would like to acknowledge the help of the following, without whose [.tp -tttt. project would not have been realized: Jala Garibova, Ralph Jaeckel, Agnes Sefeli-Clay, Kamran M. K[akimoy, Elmira Kochumkulova, Gulbahar Mamur, Alnur Oztopgu, Gcineng Oztopgu, Ozden Oztopgu, Seda Oztopgu, Mehmet M. Tulum, Ibadulla Zakhirov, Nadirbek Zheerenchiev, and Rakhmanova M. Zhumabekovna for checking various sections of the dictionary; Andreas J. E. Bodrogligeti and Giiliz Kuruollu foi their continuous support; my dear friend Suha Ulgln for designing a flExible, multilingual,. multiscript and multimedia database; Marla A. Petal, my agent, for recognizing the importance of this work and finding rhe right pubLisher; and last but not least, Simon Bell, senior editor at Routledge, a Turkophile and an enthusiastic supporter of the project from its inception. All shortcomings of the dictionary are, of course, the responsibility of the authors. Kurmlug Oztopgu Editor

XVI


DICTIONARY ENGLISH : AZERBAUANT, KAZAKH, KYRGYZ, TATAR, TURKISH, TURKMEN, UIGHUR; UZBEK


about

Dictionary of the Turkic l-anguages

add

ebout adv.

sbstroct adj.

2. ruarrarrQrn (shanamen) 3. qaxacrr uelreg

1. uruappeA mticonad 2. adcrparr (abstrakt) 3. aocrparryy (abstraktuu) 4. a6crpaKr (abstrakt)

l. raxur*ras te:aninan (c-fiamffim,efren)

4. qauacnr (chamasr) 5. tahminen 6.'raxunuran talmynan 7. g.;-;.c (tiikhminin) t. raxurlHas taxminan

rbout prep.

l.

harrurlIAa haqqrnda

(arwralt) 2. W 3. ryypanyy (tuuraluu) 4. xarurrga (khakmda) 5. hakkmda 6. oapaga barada

7. r.r^iio 8. xaXrUa

(heqqide)

l.

v.

e.nana

sr-

slave et-

5. *-!sovut 6. aocrpam abstrakt 7. c3l ,u+tr (abstrakt) 8. uanryu mavhum

2. Eg- (qos-) 3. roru- (kosh-) 4. ryu- (kush-) 5.e\!e6. rou- gog7. -::' (qosh-) 8. KyuI- qo'sh-

accept

additlon math. n.

v.

1. re6yx er- qebul et2. x,a6unu,a- (qabrlda-)

aJr- tliabrl al-) 3. F6b-r,'r 4. raoyn nr- (kabul it-) 5. kabul et6. xaoyr ar- kabul et-

7. -J;

.;*;

(qobul qil-)

8. x,a6y.r X,u-

qabul qil-

1. Jmruraua toplama

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Kocy (qosuw) xoruyy (koshuu)

rourua

go$ma

7.

;*y

(qoshush)

ryuy

(kushu) toplama

8. x.ymnil

qo'shlsh

haqida

ebove adv.

l. iyxaprrga yuxanda 2. xoraprrga (zhoghanda) 3. noropyao (iogorudo) 4. nraprr4a (yuganda) 5. yukanda 6. erapta lokarda 7. l,:,, -2i5a (yuqirida)

accldent

(*raffic)

n.

address n.

8. anapHr avariya

l. vnnas iinvan 2. a4)ec (adres) 3. a.qpec (adres) 4. aApec (adres) 5. adres 6. aApec adres 7.,r..1;sU (adres) 8. a2pec adres

account n.

adjecttve ling.

l.

reea qeza 2. auapxr (avarlya) 3. anapnr (avariya) 4. anapnr (avariya)

5. kaza 6. anapur awarlfa

7. l;u (qaza) \,U

8- nxopn,qa yuqorida

rbove prep.

l. vcrru4a iistiinda

2. vcrisle (iisttnde) 3. vcrrnAe (iistiindO) 4. eflâ‚ŹrrAa (Ostendii) 5. iisttinde 6- vcrrnAe tistiinde

7.

t;.-1,

(iistide)

t.

ycru4a

ustida

l.

hacao hesab

2. ecen (yesep) 3. acen (esep) 4. Hcan (is[p) 5. hesap 6. xacan basap 7. .-,!t-r.r (hesabat) 8. xucoo hisob

l. Azerbaijani Z.Kazak& 3.Kytgyz

l. cn@r sifat

n.

2.

cnrH ecil4lsrn yestm)

3.

@f6i6E(srn

aroocn)

4. cuESar (sryfat) 5. srfat 6. cnrnrr sypat 7. *b (siip[t) 8. cuQa'r sifat

4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


admlre

admlre

l.

Dctionary of the Turkic knguages v.

hejpau on- heyran ol2. 1arraaj- (tangdan-) 3. riE--arr- (hngdan-) 4. corrann_In ralrurT op(soklqrp karap tor-) 5. hayran ol6. gggar tlsin gal-

7. -Jx j.1U

(qayil bol-) qoyil qol-

8 @p*adult n. I . hag.qu-oYtryra

rlarubrrrr haddi-btilu$a qatmrq

2. e.Eggegr (yer zhetken) 3. ooFro -- KerKeH --: (boygo jetken)

4. oylha x,r{rKau Ouyga ji*en) 5.

Xg*tn

6. gnbr

sr€g

ia$y ieten

...Si <-, U . . 7. rrstJ v -J? I

(boyigha ylitkiin adlim)

n. l. uac.nahm maslahat 2. g6nrr-xeqec (aqil-kenges) 3. 6@qrd (kengesb) 4. uacnnar (mlslikhlt)

s.@

6. uacaaxar maslaxat 7. .r1*d (nlsihfrt) 8. uacaaxar maslahat

afrald: be afraid

l.

2. x,opx,- (qorq-) 3. ropr- (kork-) 4. rypr- (kurk-) 5. kork6. nrpr- gork7. _sr_$ (qorq') 8. xlpr- qo'rq-

adverb ling. n. 1- aad zarf

2. coq(song)

3.@(rakioochl

+.,@tr{vesh) 5. zarf 6. xaa

hal

7. ;x3.,

(rtivish)

8. oanrau 1-_-

ravish

advertlsement n. 1. pex;rau reklam

2.

Xa6aOnaHrrhrDv J :-4.:__:-1 -.

(khabarlandruw)

3.

qaptD(anya)

4. peuaua (reklama) 5. reklam 6. peraaua reklama

1.

l. corrpa sonra

3.

@@(kiyin)

4. coq 5. sonra 6. coqpa softra 7. o :$, (keyin) 8. rel&ur keyin (song)

afternoon

n. 1. xvnoyraAan corrpa giinortadan sonra t tvc (tiis) 3. rvru (tiish) 4. T€IIII"AH COHT'bI B{IKbIT +(trishtiin songgl vakrt) 5. 9fleden sonra

6. efire riile

-tryg:ggr

agaln adv. f

. ielrnaart yenidon

2.@(qayradan) 3. xanra.q,au 4. 6frt(u) 5. 6'ffia-l

(kaytadan) (tagrfnl)

6..6yene 7. ty (yine) 8. sna

yana

v.

ropx- qorx-

after prep.

2. kcreD (iistew)

(chiishtin keyin) 8. tushki payt

advlce

8. oa.norarra errag

oAaM balog'atga yetgan odam

7.# c#f

7. oY (elan) 8. peuaua reklama

against prep.

l. rapurnr qarqr

2. r,apcrr (qarst 3. rapnrnr (karshr) 4. rapulr (karshr) 5. kargr 6. rapumr gar$y 7

. ot:tr

(qarshi)

8. (apurx

age

qarshi

n.

l.

izuu yaq

{.

qrrr. (yash')

5. 6.

yag

2. xac (zhas) 3. xaur (iash)

ru iag 7. C\ $ash) 8. eu

yosh

sgo

adv. errr{a dnca 2. ffiFBrh(bunn) 3. @ (murda) 4. @ (elek)

l.

5.

Once

6.@ 7 . oj:j

ozat Ourun)

8. annatr avval

Azerbaijani 2.Kazath 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dctionary of the Turkic languages

agree

l.

pasnr

z.@

7. Ub

v.

on- razr ol-

(kelis-) 3. WXyggCgL- (makuldash-) 4. pnsa 6yl- (riza bul-) 5. razr ol6. -puraanrU- ylda$z. FIF-Caoshul-) 8. pora ofn- rozi bo'l-

rgreement

n. 1. rrrranr-urs mi.iqavile

2. reaiciu (kelisim) r 3. renrarrr.nr (kelishim\ _t{4. xrureruy (kileshii) ^**-1

"'\-:"

5.Q@

o. ifi-aa-arumr ylalagyk ?o" 7. F..t-JS (ke[shim) ^Y s. iiu.

r@

rgriculture

l.

n. xexg raceppvgaml kand tesamifatr

.1

(iwrl $ffinrt-r4 9" _ 3. 4nrrharrr*urrrr 5i1, (drykanchrhk) ,JY'' t

4.

a-Bru x)xqiurbrr.bor" ,)Y.' (avrl k-hujahgr) gor"S_-7 5. tanm 6. o6a xox,iurbrrbr oba hojalygy

uSJ& |1

(yezaigitiki)

t. r,ranaox, xyxaairu qishloq xoJaligi

dr n. l.

2.

havo

8. rarieparox

airline

n.

algebra

1@ havayolu 2. aya EoJrbr (awa zhoh)

(hava)

5- bava 6, xosa howa

l. Azrrbaijapi

2. Kazakh 3.

l.

n.

2. 3. 4. 5. cebir 6. a.lrredpa 8. amedpa

alrmall

altke adj.

n. 1. hasauormy havapogfu 2. asuanoura (aviapochta) 3. aslranoura (aviapochta) 4. awranoura (aviapochta)

tayyoragoh

rrraop cabr ameopa (algebra) anreopa (algebra) arn'e6pa (algebra)

3. a6a xony (aba jolu) 4. hana romr (hava yuh) 5. hava yolu 6. xosa â&#x201A;Źnu howa toly 7. Jr- l3lr (havayoli) 8. xaso irlnla havo yo'li

7. ,.#,Jv

algebra

(algebra) algebra

l'. oxurap oxgar

2. rq,cac (uqsas) 3. orrnorn (okshosh) 4. oxruau (okhshash)

5. -ugak poggsr

6. dEn-oqra awtapogta (hava pochtisi) aviapochta

8. anuanoqra

atrplane

n. 1. rejjape tayyara

2. cavolâ&#x201A;Źl (samolyot) 3. cauonBr (samotyot) 4. cauongr, oqKblrt (samolyot, ochkrch)

s.da6. @ uear 7.

o\rrrU

(ayropilan)

8. rauepa hyyora

l.

aya (awa) aoa (aba)

(ayroport)

8. xaso

airport

hana hava

34. hasa

7. orrlr-tr

(hava)

7. ,,-.-+t ljh

2. aywngqprxbrrrbrri T*'

7.

agree

meflzeg

7. ,,l,U.y

(okhsbash)

8. lxuraru

o'xshasb

allve adil. dffir'canh z. tsfiuril 3.@(tiiriiii)

4. x,arurnr (ianh) 5. canh 6. .qHpH diri 7. ,Lr; (ttrtk) 8. rnpxr tirlk

sll

adj.

1..6@

n.

britrin

z' GDJuarr)

mjjape rrxuaHbr tayyara limanr 2. aaponopr (aeroport) 3. aaponopr (aeroport) 4. aaponopr (aeroport) 5. havaalanr

3. 6aapu (baan) 4. harana (biimme) 5. btittin 6. axau lihlt

6. -_/ aaponopr

8. xauua

aeroport

Kyrgyz 4. Tarar

5.

7.@

(bamma) bamma

Turktsb 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


all

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

rll pron.

alphabet

2. oapi (blirt) 3. oaapu (baarr) 4. 6ap;rnrr (barlft) 5. hepsi 6. xetnrecn hemmesi 7. ."iJrt Oadiq) 8. xauua hamma

4. o.mrpoa (,ilifba) 5. alfabe 6. sannoHri elipbtt 7. ,4+ (elipbe) 8. anra(p6o alifbo

2. 3. 4. 5. badem 6. 6aAau badam 7. ;lst1 Oadan) 8. oottou bodom

ururAarm (mindal) urln4arll (mindal') oalau Oadam)

4.

3.

ffiApAaE

iapnuu Malrrbrrrbr tc'cili yardrm magrnl

(zhedel zhiirdem) ltez jardam)

vaurlnracu

--:-L/-!-

(Uz yardlim

ktirsfltii mashlnasr)

5. ambulans 6. rus KeMeK

Marrrbrlrbr kdmek nraSyny tiz

7.

I I

l t . ,:-

.l))-F (qutquzush mashlnisi) 8. :res rHt66tdt dpAau MaIIIHHacH tez tibbiy yordam mashinasi

Aa, Ao (d,a, d:i) da, de

5. 6. xeM, Aa, Ae

hem, da, de

'"

amount

always

alm

n. 1. rcrrgap miqdar 2. cart (san) 3. cas (san)

adv.

4. urxr4ap (mik'dar) 5. miktar 6. uyx4ap mukdar 7. ,l.ri- (miqdar) 8. m<gop miqdor

l. haraarra hamisa 2.@(iirqashan)

1.

deffik olar ki

2 @$p(dyerlik)

3.

3. .qpaprr{K (deerlik) 4. gt+rpter (diyarlek)

&pg:ol.d(ar daym)

4. hapnarnrt (hiirvakrt) 5. datma 6. xeuxrue hemige 7. ,X-.r (hemishli) 8. .Upmr doim

5^ themen hemed

@iyenyaty

7. ,LJ2,a s (deyfirltk) 8. Aesprn deyarli

snarchy pol. n. 1. anapxnja anarxiya 2. aHapxw (anarkhiya) 3. auapxrEx (anarkbiya) 4. auapxan (anarkhiya) 5. anargi 6. auapxur anarhiia 7. S:;;l;V (anarkhizm) 8. anapxar anarxiya

ambassadot n.

alone adj.

1. ca@rrp safir 2. ernui (yelshi) 3. artm (elchi) 4. rrrrqe (ilche) 5. elgi

. iarmre valorz z. ffiisiznargnu) f

3. xarr-nrs (ialgz) 4. rmrrs (yalgz) 5. valnrz

@-yete

7. :l\ (yalghuz) 8. â&#x201A;Ź.rnr.rl yolg'iz

l. Azerbaijanl Z.Kazal<h

r'ra'rrpuu

+.ffi

adv. l. &a,Aa da,do 2. rarur Aa (taghr da) 3. .qamr ga (dagr da)

1. oa4aru badam

o.

l.

also

almond bot. n.

6

ambulance med. n.

n. 1. armQ6a alilba 2. an[arum (alfavit) 3. a,t$ann'r (alfavit)

l. hauu hamr

6.

wr*t

l.

o?Ja (iilchi)

ilgi

8. enqr-r elchi

3.

Kyrgyz 4.Tatar

5.

Turkisb

6.

Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Diaionary of the Tu*ic languages

rnd

conj.

l-pva

angry adj.

hau (hliln)

5- ve

6.re we 7. .j (vli) t.m va

2.

anrytrht (ashuwh) (achuuluu) (achuh)

ffiffiv

3. 4. auynnr 5. kusm 6.

ffapmr

t@w

jahli chiqqan

anlmal

2- uepiurre (perishte) 3- nepluure (pertshte)

2.

Qepema (fiireshtli)

5- melek 6- nepum.U,e peri$e 7. r*,re, (pflrishtA)

t.

gaharly

S.ggl4jlq,qer

rngel rel. n. l- reaar malak {

an$wer

1. aqbrrnbr acrqh

2. rone (zhlne) 3. raga (iana)

{-

and

Qaprama farishta

8nltwer

n. 1. hejnarr heyvan aiayau (aywan)

7. ol-LL (hayvan) 8. xAfuon hayvon

annlverssry n.

(asiuw) 3- Gqy, (achuu)

2. mra.6r(

{- iEi

(achu)

*Wdr sahar^'d ?- ;,r3<i (Shiizip) t- ra{rr jahl

nde

math. n.

r-

ffi;b

3-

dDl5u;ch)

bucao

z dypf,forbuniu

r'q@oochak) 5-â&#x201A;Źll)

6- oypu

burg

t- â&#x201A;Źltoutung) t. q@ burchaf;

l.rffiY

ildciniimil MepeKe

(zhrldrq mereke)

3. mragDrr (rldrk) 4. -erymrr (yelhk) 5. yrld0niimii 6. moraqeri fubilei 7. Jrjl,i $illiq)

4.4ffi>yru*

enother adj.

l.gury bagqa

2. '@51 (basqa) 3. oaruxa Oasfrka) 4. 6auxa (bast*a)

5. bagka 6. 6aura

7. tiit{

ba$ga

(bashqa)

8. 6orilEa

n.

rrrasa6 cavab xayan (zhawap)

3. arioaH (ayban) 4. xarbarr (khayvan) 5. hayvan 6. xatrsan haiwan

tnger n. l- nasad oazab

z@

v. 1. r{asa6nep cavabver2. xayau oep (zhawap ber-) 3. xoon oep (ioop ber-) 4. qasarr 6rp (avap bir-) 5. cevap ver6. x,oran Oep jogap ber(iavabbtir) 7. -r, =lJt+ javobber8. xaaoooep

1. 2. 3. noon (ioop) 4. 4anau (avap) 5. cevap 6. x,orau jogap 7. vljt+ (iavab) 8. xasoo javob

tnt zool. n. 1. trrglulla qanqqa 2. roIEgg (qumrsqa) 3. ryuypcra (kumurska) 4. nrpumcra ftumrska) 5. @tg.a 6. rapun4a

garynja

7.!_b-b (chiiniila) 8. gyuory chumoli antanna te:h. n. 1. arrrenna antenna 2. armenua (antenna) 3. aurenna (antenna) 4. amenna (antenna) 5. anten 6. arrrerura antenna 7. L';r:;tr (antenna) 8. anremra antenna

boshqa

l- Azerbaljant 2. Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

5.

Turkish 6. Turkmen

7.

Ulghur 8. Uzbek


8ny

Dictionary of the Turkic lamguages

any pron.

l.

hap

2. ap, ap riu,

ap 6ip (iir, iir kim, er bi-r)

3. ap. Hepqe (ar, nerse)

4.@gg@,'vi -.+jr_a

(telilsl nindi)

5. herhansi 6. ftffin 7. ;l.r;lir+r

islentlik (hiirqandaq)

8 @ rryggd l.

.ryqgA, hap xac kimsa, her kes 2. ap riu, oipey (er klm, btrew)

3.6npoe,apKrlM Oird0, ar kim)

4. hapreu, xerdAep (hlirkem, kemder)

5. kimse, herkes 6. xep ruu her kim 7. 3,-, ,?s I

ffim,@

xa.rf,Ma, xaD K}IM

@harktm anythlog pron. !ap_han$_r orp ruej har hansr bir gey oip Hapce (bir niirse) q,ru*ggpgg (bir nerse) qelgp Hapc? (beriir niirsil) herhan$l bir Sey xaicnr xeM 6o.nca 6r{p 3ar haisy hem bolsa bir zat

ard r o--r Oirtirniirsit) 9npop napca biror narsa

l.

1. uansrut manzil 2. narep (piter) 3. oarup (batir) 4. @rrp, KBilyrupa (fatir, kvartira) 5. apartman dairesi 6. rnaprupa kwartira 7. *n t*r Oina tiyl 8. xuaprnpa kvartira

apple bot. n.

l.

2.

apologlze

y.

1. vsp!rcrâ&#x201A;Ź- tizrista2. reruipiu crpa-

spply

(keshirim sura-)

3. reurpmr

cypa(kechtrtn sura-) raQy copa- (gafu sora-)

4. 5. 0ztir dile6. sryrrq copa- 0tiing

7.

-lt.r fj:j;6

(kflchiirUm sora-) 8. yrp cypa- uzr so'ra-

a.rnra alma anria (alma) anaa (alma) arnra (alma)

3. 4. 5. elna 6. anra alrn 7. Utr (alma) 8- oaxa olma

har qanday

anybody pron.

U.

7. -Jx l.qr, @eydabol-) 8. rrarilo 6yr- paydo bo'l-

apartment n.

harrcrr har hansr

sora-

l.

(=make a request) v. xrparnrar er- mfrraciat

et-

z-

@rotin-l

3. ervu- (6En-) 4. uepeqararb rrr(gr0dijegat' it-)

s.@r:9

6.

apaa

6ep,

arza brur-,

apology 1. vsp rin

n.

2. reruipiu (keshirim)

l. d-@(kechirim) i@f'(krcherii) - #

4.

f.

ozur

6. erynqcopaMa Otung sorama

7. ;c 8. pp

7. -l;

u"t

x,rurmurojaat qil-

appointment (=engagement) n. 1 . ra'jr*r oJrynuyrrr Kepyur ta'yin olunmuq gtiriiq

2. reagecy

uzr

3.

v. 1. xeprn- gOrtin-

2. repin- (kttrin-) 3. repru- (kdriin-) 4. rvpeu- (ktiren-) 5. gortin6. repnr- gdrUn-

=1.'. (iltimasqil-)

8. uypoxaar

(apu)

sppear

itrr r5/t

j&_g

(kezdesuw)

@(kezdeshiiii)

4. ouparuy (ochrashu) 5. randevu 6. ffirymbTr.i dugugyk

7.@(uchrishish) 8. yupauyn

uchrashuv

AzerbaijanL 2.Kazal& 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


appolntment

fXrionary of the Turkic languages

lppolntmont (=n55igning to a position) n. railtt te'yin

April

ann phys. n.

n. 1. arrpen aprel

1. ron qol 2. ror (qol) 3. ron (kol) 4. ryr (kul) 5. kol 6. ma gol

2.@B

(k6kek) t(aprel') (taghaymdaw) 3. arrpem !- nrarbm4ay (daymdoo) l- .qArbrlqoo , 4. aupem (aprel') (tflgayenlAii)ir-- 5. nisan 4-@

lffi"'** ?-

g:i

j)&-d(: (tiiyinliish)

6. aupezr aprel 7. &xv (aprel) 8. anpenr aprel'

z.64tunarl 8. x,in qo'l

$- mrlranaaru tayinlash

archltect

n. 1. ue'uap me'ma-r 2.f..qj-*roul(slwletsht) 3. apxurexmp (arkhitektor) 4. apxrrexrop (arkhitektor) 5. mimar 6. apxurerrop arhitektor

ryprosch v. t- txrttutgu- yaxrnlag!- rar.nruAa- (zhaqrnda-) I- rarnrnga- (akmda-)

l-

n<nulrlarrr- (yakmlash-) gemeleg-

(yeqinlash-) fl_

ra;rnnaru-

i:ffiffuPrau)

6- raxyuaua S-

5l,Bq

l-

aprar,

makullama

argue

8. xpecao

l.

bot. n.

army mil. n. 1. op.ry ordu

4. k6rou- (b[*blslesh-) 5. a-L/ mtrs:l 6. Aasaraur- dawalag-

bahslash-

argument n.

raicu erik, qaysl

1. uroahsca mribahisa 3.

(talash-tarush) 4. 6axac (biikhils) 5. miinakaga 6. .[aBa dawa

(tiriik)

7. ,

t- ifpnr o'rik

u

3.

5. ordu 6. rouyu gogun 7. *-)V (anniye) 8. xlruun qo'shln

arrtval

n.

t.ffigaliq

2. rerry fteluw) 3. reary (keliiU) 4. rnrry (ktlU)

s.@

geltg

7. uL{S (kelish)

.b_.rlit:

oax$

2. apwu. (armtya) 3. aprarr (armiya) 4. racrep GaskAr)

6. rc.ruau

8.

(talash-tartish) 8.

l- Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh

v.

rry6ahraco â&#x201A;Źrrl miibahisa et-

8. 6atcraru-

5- tayrr 6- apnx erlk

Jj:g

?.@

kreslo

(ytiliinch iikl iik orunduq) kreslo

2. rannc- (talas-) 3. Gnmr| (talash-)

(Orek, abrikos)

-

Q<reslo, kf,nefi)

5.@

6. rpecao

(talash-tartish qil-)

tasdiqlash

2- epir (ttrik) 3- oprr (0rUk) 4- e1nx, aopxKoc

7

4. rpecno, raneQrr

7. r.:Sr+rrU (arkhetektor) 8. uennop me'mor

7. -t; ur*:rb_;!t:

(maqullash)

mc.q,s(rau

ryrlcot

n. 1. xpec.no kreslo 2. roeciro (kreslo) 3. @(oturguch)

yaqinlash-

rypmval n. l- mcfryu'errra tasdiq etma I- rax,Ynqay (maquldaw) 3- xaryngay (makuldau)

?.

armchalr

relral

kelish

bahs

Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

5.

Turktsh 6. Turknen

7.

Uighur 8. Uzbek


/to arrlve

v.

t , 2Y: l. uar.., je'r*ru- qat-, yetigy 2. ren-, ner- (kel-,

zhet-) _rl, /' 3. Ke.rI-, Eer- (kel-, jet-) ,, '../{ ,,,")r r, 4. reub,ru'rr- (kil-, jit-) 0 fi'5. gel-, var-

lr)r-'p 6. 6ap-, ren- bar-, gel(kill-, ytir-) *0 )r/'' 7 . J,S ,-i .:

/, , _rI, Jt

8. xer-, erH6 dop

arttflctal adj.

ash

l. cnr'u stin'i

2. xacasnDr (zhasandr) 3. xaca;nra (asalma) 4. gcarnra (yasalma) 5. vanav g

6.

:ca*a tasama

7.

,f -

(siin'ty)

8. cyHrufr

sun'iy

kel-, yetib bor-

arttllery mil.

arow mil. n. l. ox ox 2. ryBae (zhebe) 3. ;ffi gebe)

8rt n. l. ruflracanan

2. enep (Oner) 3. ncxyccrno (iskusstvo) 4. canrarr (slingat') 5. sanat 6. cynrar sungat 7, s.::r- (slin'iit) 8. caHrar san'at

artlcle

l.

(*in a periodical)

uerana maqala 2. uaqwla (maqala) 3. uaraaa (makala)

4. uararra (miikale) 5. makale 6. uaxaaa makala 7. dtiL (maqal[) 8. uaKona maqola

n.

\

2. aywmepnr 3

2.

n. ayrwuepuja artilleriya

4.

(artilleriya) (anilleriya) ayrwmepnr (artilleriya)

5.

Erl

. aytwrnepur

6. aprrranreprn artillertia 7.

J c:.1. oj

(zdlTlbtrilk)

8. agruruepur artilleriya

arttst

incasenet

4. rer (k0l) 5. kiil 6. rvn ktil 7. JjS (kiil) 8. ryr kul arhamed: be asnamed vl. vran- utan-

l.

4. yr (uk) 5. ok 6. rtuiq orrt iaiyfl oky 7. .;; (oC) 8. Y o'q

n. ry.rl hil 2. rvr (kiil) 3. rrrt (kiil)

l.

n. 1. peccav rcssam 2. rypenni (suwretsht) 3. crperuv (stircitchti)

4. peccau

(rlissam)

5. ressam 6. xy4ongsx hudolnik 7. f*0, (rflssam) 8. paccou rassom as lf conj. 1. carrpr sanki 2. eryXg,r (siyaqtr)

3. currryy (sryaktuu) 4. rvs(rH) (gtiyatkrl) 5. sanki 6. gga hamala z. .s. G:huddi) "t 8. xygglr xuddi

l. Azerbaijani 2.Kar;akh 3.Kyrgyz

fu-

(uyal-)

3. yrn- (uyal-) 4. oyt- (oyal-) 5. utan6. yrau-, yrn- uan-, uyal-

7._t9f (uyd-) 8. p;t- uyaF ask

v. copyur- soru$2. cvpa- (sura-) 3. cypa- (sura-) 4. copa- (sora-) 5. sor-

l.

6. copa-

sora-

7. -lr-r (sora-; 8. cfpa- so'rassslgnment (=school task)

n.

1. nasr@ vazifa 2. 'rancupua (tapsrma) 3. ranurnrpua (tapshrrma)

4.@Cirem)

5. tidev 6. Tadrnbrpbrr tabgyryk

7. ,l:Z*, (tapshuruq) 8. naar@ vazlfa

4.

Tatar

5.

Turkish 6. Turkmen

7.

Uig[ur

8. Uzbek


ll

Eicrionary of the Turkic Languages

rsstst

v.

!- reuar et.

kcimak eti rapteuAec- (zhlrdemdes-) 3 - rapg,augau- (iardandash-) 4. rp4eu rr- (yardilm it-) 5" yardm et-

7. -J; l;j^

(hujum

attack n. t. hruyu htimm

August n. 1. axycr avqust

2. uaoynn

(shabuwrl)

Idstance n.

7. Shb

-J-=\{

[- rexex ktimak

f- rexer

t @ yordam J prep. !*

3-

-tra, -,4a -da, -do -tra, -Ae, -Ta, -a€

({a

-de, -ta, -te)

S" -tra, -Ae, -Ta, -Te, -Ao, -Ao,

do, -rrg (-da, -de, -ta, -te, do, dd, -to, -tO)

4|. -!a, -,q,a,.ra, -T€ ({4 -de, -ta, -te) 5- da" {e, -ta, -te 6. -tra, -A,e da, -de

-" .;- , ti- , rs- r ls {{a" -de, -ta, -tA) t- -aa {a

rllrck [.

a

v. hruyu err- hticum et-

raoyru.4a-

(shabuwrlda-)

$.wwgg-

knabuul koy-)

4- herru ur (hOjiim it-) 5- bcum et6. qog- coz-

1 ----z

3.

@(chabuul)

Gujum)

8. rymyu hujum

(kOmek)

S- rexer (kom6k) r*. 4gau (yard?im) 5'. yadm fi. rp4au iardam . il'- ;,rs2l2 (yardiim)

z.6Gluanr 8. xoen6a joziba

4. hex,ru (h0jiin) 5. hticum 6. xvqyu hiijiim

,

qll)

8. ayryu 4,lr.n- bujum qil-

reuer 6ep kOmek ber-. t : ros_:Q (yard.lim qil-) fr- \3-l FnaxrraurJ ko'maklash-

,6"

asslBt

attempt

n. 1. ranra66vc togabbris 2. aperer (flreke$ 3. aparer (arakeQ 4. Cr6fu5iIF9 (trnshu)

5. ieseSbEi

6. cnrsaslnrrbrK

synanygyk

7.@(ririshish) 8. xgparar KlurHrr harakat qilish

attentlon

n. l. ;prrsr diqqet 2. uasap (nazu)

3. uaaap (nazar) 4. Arxrraru (dik'kat') 5. dikkat 6. ync tins ?. .:,+ii.s (dtqq[t) 8. &rxxar diqqat

attractlon

n. 1. uagHoo caziba 2. {grryblMnbub15 (tartmdrhq)

3.g:oegw

(stiyktimdtiiiliik)

4. cekeulenex (stiykemlelek) 5. cazibe

6. rppluererlnux gtirmegetlik

-

2. rarou (tanu; 3. anrycr (avgust) 4. arryct (avgust) 5. alustos 6. anr'ycr awgust 7 . ;-- ]L 3U (avgbust) 8. anrycr avgust

aunt

n.

1. xara, 6yr6:g xala, bibi 2. ana (apa) 3. rarl axe, axe (tay eje, eje) 4. arra, rsrali (apa tliUly) 5. teyze, hala 6. Aarlga, e[,eKe daiza, ejeke

7.

Ltr

8. xora,

(bamma)

aMMa xola, amma

author

n. jaanrulr yazlgr 2. arrop (avtor) 3. avrop (avtor) 4. arrop (avtor)

l.

5. yazar 6. arrop awtor 7. :*U (aptor) 8. uya:unaQ muallif

automoblle n. l. arrouoou avtornobil

2. arrouo6rum (avtomobil') 3. asrouodnm (avtomobil') 4. avrouo 6nnb (avtomobil') 5. otomobil 6. uarunru ma$yn 7. ,hy*tr (aptomobtl) 8. anmuo6H.ur avtomobil'

I- Azerbaijani 2. Kazakb 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbck


autonomy

t2

autonomy pol. n.

l. uyrrapuijar muxtariyyat 2. an'rououNr (avtonomiya) 3. asrorroruur (avtonomiya) 4. vgruapa (iiztdarii) 5. Ozerklik ffiLouHs awtonomita 7. .rry;b;.; (mukhtariyet)

6.

8. uyxrrrpHsr muxtoriyat

awake vt.

axe ftch.

avenue n.

baby

awake vi.

(yanga tugan bala, biibi) 6. 6adeK babek -

gr:?(uoael -@9498 chaqaloq

back phys.

1. ojau- oyan(oyan-) (oygon-) (uyan-) yxuuyanoyan-

-oJIt_--

3. gnrou-

5. 6. o*r7. :q-f (oygnan-) 8. yxroH- uyg'on-

yomon

n.

qanra qanta

sumka

baggage n. l. irK y"k 2. wvx (zhtik) 3.

rrr

fitik)

4. ner (y<ik) 5. yuk 6. rlvr fiik

7. uL;-J52 (ytik-taq) 8. ror yuk

baker

n. 1. ueporrm qorokEi 2. Faydarirrbr (nawbayshr)

n.

1. apxa arxa 2. apx,a (arqa) 3. apra (arka) 4. apra (arka) 5. srrt 6. apra arka 7. q.j" (dtimUa) 8. opx,a orqa

2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4.

8. euott

8.qry

5. bebek

8.

ott

2. ceMKe (somke) 3. coure (somke) 4. rytcca (sumka) 5..1\-----/ canta 6. cyuxa sunka 7. UJti (khalta)

6anta (balta) aanra (balta)

n. 1. xepna kdrpa 2. oeoer O0bek) 3. oooer (bdbok) 4. rqa ryrau 6a.na,6a6H

7.

6. .apogr- erb€t (yaman) 7.

l.

5. balta 6. nanra palta 7. t"J! (palta) 8. oonra bolta

6. rrpocnerr prospekt ?. b-J iJ$ (chong kocha) 8. xs€6on xiyobon

4. uauap (nachar) s. Lqlii

bag

n.

2. aarna (balta) 3.

nauarr (ziaman)

3. xauarr gaman)

l.:sarrra balta

1. xajaoan xiyaban 2. rrpocnexr (prospekt) 3. npocnexr (prospekt) 4. rrpocuerr (prospekt) 5. bulvar

l. Azerbaijani

L

5. uyandrr6. orp-, orr- oiar-, oiat7. :q_f (oygha!-) 8. yEror- uyg'ot-

4.

4.

bad adj. l. prc pis

l. ojar- oyat2. orr- (oyat-) 3. oliror- (oygot-) 4. yrr- (uyat-)

SUtUmn n. l. najnn payrz 2. rvs (kiiz) 3. rvs (ktiz) 4. xea ftdz) 5. sonbahar 6. rrrb giiiz 7. ;[ (kuz) 8. ry: kuz

2.

Dictionary of the Turkic Languages

Tatar

3. Haa6aritmr (naabaychr) 4. rxuax ilettrepYqe (ikmek pesheriiche)

5. finncr 6. ueperw gorekgi 7. g.liti (navay) 8. nosBorl novvoy

5.

Turkish 6. Turluren

7.

Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dictionary of the Turkic l^anguages

bakery

ballet

n.

1. uapaxxana qrirakxana 2. rravdarlxana (nawbaykhana)

3. f,errre (gmgk0) 4. EfUaX:I{oerâ&#x201A;Ź. (ikmek kibere)

finn 6. uepexxaua gorekhana -5.

7. tJLr{l3b

(navaykhana)

8. nosuofixoHa

novvoyxona

n. 1. oarrrou balkon

2. 6arron (balkon) 3. oanxon (balkon) 4. oarron (balkon) 5. balkon 6. daru<on balkon 7. oF[ Oalkon) 8. oarxon balkon

takyr kelle

,gg (taqtr;

8. ra.n kal 1. mn top

2. .qpn (dop) 3. ron (top) 4. ryn (tup) 5. top 6. nexlN, ron Fikgi, (top)

8. 'ryn

to'p

l. Azerbaijani

bare adj. l. Jnumar

banana bot. n.

2

top

Erlpaq xa;r-aqaru (zhalan

sargr bezt

blnt

s.@

6. snaqaq idanag 7. etfu* (yalingach) 8. srranr yalang

bark bot. n. 1.{gggr

qabrq

8. ounr blnt

8.

bant

barley bot. n.

econ. n.

l.

bank

2. oarx (bank) 3. oarx (bank) 4. oarn (bank) 5. banka 6. oanr bank 7. t*t? Oanka) 8. oarx bank

2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4.

Tatar

)

I

7."&ir

oarr

g as h

1g*gt{"y (dangach) 4. sJtafl (yalan)

2. laotrq, (qabrq) 3. xadnx (kabft) 4. ra6nx (kal*) 5. kabuk 6. raonrr gabyk

or.firr (binO 6rdrr (bint) orarr (bint)

6anr

.

z.urk_(F$!g)

1.

spor. n.

7.ri

5. bale 6. oa.ue,r balet(balet) 7. ".lt 8. oaaerr balet

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

2. raZ (az) 3. ras (taz) 4. nenaur (peliish)

ball

l. aaja@r ziyafat 2. oanrer (banket) 3. oarxer Oanket) 4. oarxer (banket) 5. ziyafet 6. oanxer banket 7. c,gl:j (ztyaPlt) 8. arl@r ziyofat

2. 6aner (balet) 3. 6aler (bale0 4. 6aner (balet)

bandage med. n. l. ourn bint

bsld adj. l. {9.!aI kegal

5. kel 6. rqXslpjg4ae

banquet n.

n. 1. oarer balet

1. 6asan banan 2. 6anan (banan) 3. 6anau (banan) 4. 6anan (banan) 5. ruz 6. 6anan banan 7. obt, Oanan) 8. darrau banan

balcony

z.

bakery

13

(qovzaq)

:fycraof

po'stloq

apna arpa

2. aprra (arf'a) 3. aprra (arpa) 4. apna (arpa) 5. arpa 6. apua arpa

7. tylr

(arpa)

8. apna .rpa

5.

Turktsh 6. Turkmen

7.

Uighur

8. Uzbck


Vvr'.L

a;-... (, C

') 2) /'

barometer

,1 14

barometet

battle mil. n.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. oapouerp

l.

ruvhapr-roa miiharibo

2.

.6id(uns)

n. 6apouc'r'p barometr 6agtuc'l'p (baromctr) oapoucrp (baromctr) 6apouerp (baromctr) biuometre

l.

7. ,+-,rL

barometr

(barometr)

8. oapouetp

barometr

basket

n. ca6orr sobat 2. raprirrxa (kiirzinkii) 3. rop:ulrra (korzina)

l.

4. rapqun (kirjin) 5. sepet 6. ce6gr sebet 7. .rg* (sevlit) 8. canar savat

n. l. 6acrer'6ol basketbol 2. 6acrer6on (basketbol) 3. 6acrerr6on (basketbol) 4. oacrerooa (basketbol)

5. basketbol 6. 6acrer6on basketbol 7. J,irrL I j (vaskerbol) 8. 6acxer6on basketbol

bathroom n. saHHa

2. saHna

qqlb;

vanna otafr

o.:Qtq4e,qt

(vanna bolmesi) 3. sarura (vanna) 4. natrta, Iobrrrv dy.rtMoce (vanna, yurnu biilmiise) 5. banyo 6. Barrrra oTarbr wanna otagy

7. *2t iL

(muncha)

8. narrrra

1.

vanna

*y1ry

5. savas +J, 6. elglg stiweg 7. jJt- (izlng) 8. xanr jang

bay geo. n.

l.StrF3

l. dimdik ^2. runr:tnK ---, (tumsrq) rrdi-clrx, 3. 'ryuruyr (tumshuk) (tomstuk) 1' fg"*9. 5. saaa 6 ciiflk

ffi \-/

7. A1:-;

(tumshuq)

8. r'yuulyX,

tumshuq

bean bot. n.

kcirfoz

2. ururasaq (shrghanaq) 3. ffiElSutunsi 4. ryltnrx (kuluk) 5. korfez 6. Gna-aD aylag

7.

beak zool. n.

,iFr :4r (dengtz qoltuqi)

' l.

nax.[a, .ruo6ja paxla, lobya orpurar, (burshaq) oyypuax (buurchak) lpcorn (fasol') fasulye sorlda notba Jhr.r (purchaq)

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. aosHs loviya

8. xlpQas ko'rfaz

basketball

l.

vuvut (urush) -3. <:-4-' (sugrsh) 4.

Dictionary of the Turkic l^anguages

bear zool. n.

l. ajrr ayr 2. am (ayu) 3. any (ayuu) 4. an (ayu) 5. ayr 6. atui ary 7. ,*," (eyiq1 8. artrl4 ayiq

be v. l. on- ol2. ooa- (bol-) 3. oor- (bol-) 4. oyr- (bul-) 5. ol6. 6or- bol7. -Jr{ 0ol-) 8. oyt- bo'l-

beach n. l. {eorap,ft cimarlik z rurrs-lffizril 3. rurs (plyaj) 4. rurcn (plyazh) 5. plaj 6. nnrn pliaf

t. 8.

*S*&s runm plyaj

(dengiz boyi)

beard phys. n. l. carral saqqal 2. car.u (saqal) 3. carar (sakal) 4. carar (sakal) 5. sakal 6. caxrar sakgal 7. JEL (saqal) 8. coqon soqol

Azerbaijani 2.Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

t


/'

Dictionary of the Turkic Languages

beautlful adj.

bed

l.

1. â&#x201A;Źgg4l gozel

2. -eAeui ([demi)

3..Agtft 4. Ma_IUp

2. 3. 4.

(suluu) (matur)

5. gtlzel 6. pjry owadan 7. d4l_- (chirayliq)

8.ry

n.

cYtrynnr4 (sutuwhq) 3. cy.rryynyr (suluuluk) 4. uarypmrr (maturhk) 5. giizellik

3. xara ryprau

(yokr bfibnlse)

Etinki (son&qun) 3. Q!gqg4)5!aH

ggll5tglr

7. ,aj.;b!

(yataqtiyi)

8. eroExoHa

yotoqxona

(oshonduktan) 4. rroHKH (ch0nki) 5. giinkii 6. I{THK}I gtinki

bee zool.

7'

4.

n.

1. apu an 2. apa (ara) 3. aaprr (aan)

(chtinki)

6an

xoprbr (bal koru)

5. art 6. 6ur apblcbr bal

8. trfrct chunki

7

v.

2. aon- (bol-) 3. aoz- (bol-) 4. ayn- (bul-)

art

yeti) (uy eti) 4. cuep me (sryer ite) 5. srfrr eti 6. cnu'rrp arn sygyr eti

3.69vru

7. -Jr Ool-) 8. 6yn- bo'l-

7.

qJ-)s

8. uor 3.

(kala goshi)

rfurru

1.

v. 6aruaa- baglaoacra- (basta-) 6arura- (bashta-) 6anna- (bashla-)

2. 3. 4. 5. baEla6. 6aura- bagla7. -uq (bashla-) 8. ooruna(n)- boshlalnl-

l.

2. &p eri (siyrr

bol-

begin

behave

beef cul. n. 1. uan sru rnal ati

5. ol-

otag

arysy

@(hara)

8. aplr

on- ol-

l. Azerbaijani 2.Kazakh

,

5. yatak odasr 6. sTrrnsn orar iatylian

l. ifYlilcg

6. oor-

4. o-oplrr (bonn) 5. once o. gg- 6n 7. .iir! (burun) 8. orwm oldin

6e.mdo

(ata turgan mhnO) 4. frorlr 6Ynuace

1. asBafi awal

z. blp'rH (bunn)

3. rryp;1g (murda)

6o.rnde

(uyrqtayun b6lme)

because conj.

l.

before prep.

2. yfur(rarirrrn

6. ouagarunrr owadanlyk 7. .,LUc3$ Giizltllik) 8. rfiarurran go'zallik

become

3. rnno (pivo) 4. crrpa (sra) 5. blra 6. nhuo piwo 7. 13,= @iva) 8. nr.mo pivo

n. jarar oTarbr yataq otafr

l.

2.

,Fh

n. pive 1. rmae 2. cnrpa (sra)

iamr yataq repeyer (kerewet) repeder (kerebet) rapaaar, /pbrH (karavat, unn) yatak rpamrr krawat

bedroom

1. xeearrtrn grizallik

J

beer cul.

n.

5. 6. 7. ,>13,16 (karivat) 8. rapanor karavot

chiroyli

beauty

beauttful

15

v.

4aupan- dawan-

2. esiH yqra- (rizin usta-) 3. glYrr_g4gn rrp (0ztin ahp jiir-) 4. WsE_Iga- (iizen tot-) s. {ell4!: 6. ervr{H iurbrrr Oap OzUfli alyp bar-

7.-;t e)j 8. yrarnr ryr-

(Ozlnttut-)

o'zini tut-

mol go'shU

Kyrgyz 4.Tatar

5.

Turkish 6. Turkmcn 7. Uighur 8. tJzbck


behavlor

l.

n.

aanparrnr-ur davranrE

2. r'aprirr (tiinipl 3. fqgrytrr (tartip) 4. 5pZtg; (khohk) 5. davranrg 6. IUg gylyk zzr-=--Ti-^ "'' ,y))Y-'3))l-

8. xy;rx, xulq

behtnd adv.

l. al"agg an<ada 2. agrta (artu9 3. ayrra (ana) 4. aprra (artta; 5. arkada 6. apxala arkada 7. I ,. :ttj

(arqida)

8. opxaaa

rgra14

16

Dictionary of the Turkic L,anguages

bell

n. 1. garrx zong 2. (orurrpay (qongrraw) 3. xorqrypoo (kongguroo) 4. 3nonor (zvonok)

5' lil 6. x,arr jafl

7 ,&j;3t

(qongghuraq)

8. x,yurHpoq,

qo'ng'iroq

belly phys. n. l. rapnrrr qann

inam

bend

v. ai:-?Y2. 0rr- (biig-) 3. {iv-)

l.

gt

4. ru-r- (iy) 5. eE6. ar- eg7. -3.r (ag) 8. ar-, 6yx-

eg-, buk-

beneftt n. l.@jao fayda

2. 4,apuH (qann) 3. Xg,ryGann) 4. gg(ech) 5. kann 6. rapuu garyn

2. nafi4a (payda) 3. nafrta (payda)

8. Xopr-m qorin

4. @r.rAa (fayda) 5. fayda 6. ndfi,qa peirda Z. l+b (payda) 8. @raa foyda

below adv.

beside prep.

aruarnr4a aqafrda 2. reues.qe (trimende)

jaunrlqa yanrnda 2. xaulur4a (zhanrnda) 3. xarnru4a (anrnda) 4. *mrnga (yanrnda) 5. yanrnda 6. sHnrHAa ianynda

7.iU

(qorsaq)

orqada

bellef rel. n. 1.

/

,/

behavlor

l.

l.

2. qggty (senim) 3. rugggtgo (ishenim) 4. ryugryy (rshanu) 5. inanq 6. nurarrr{ ynang

3. reuen4e (trimdndcj) 4. F?ffi-aa (ttibiin&i) 5. aga[rda 6. Auaraa a$akda

l. gy

7. o.l; rjjj

(rovanda)

7. I '-r

8. npm4a

pastda

8. em-Ua yonida

(ishiinch)

8. muosq

believe

(yenida)

ishonch

v.

1. rcran- inan-

2. ceu- (sen-) 3. ryg3s- (ishen-) 4. nnuan- (rshan-) 5. inan6. nrran- ynan7. -: a"-t (ishiin) 8. rlrrorr- ishon-

belt clo. n.

besldes prep.

1. rauep kamar

1. @gg baqqa 2. Aeg5g (basqa) 3. 6arura (bashka) 4. oaurra (bashka) 5. bagka 6. oarura-Aa baqga-da 7. â&#x201A;Ź1.*tr (rashqiri) 8. 'raruq,apa tashqari

2. Agnaqy $elbew) 3.

trg_gr

(bel boo)

4. awrcay (bilbau) 5. kemer 6. ryrax gu$ak 7. iUr Ozilbagh) 8. rauap kamar

L Azerbaijani Z.Kazal<h 3.Kyrgyz

4.Taw

5.

Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur g. Uzbek

L


/ l7

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

best

best adj.

btcycle

4. rm,xxrrbr

5. en iyi 6. ru{ roBbr tfl gowy

1. rerocnne4 velosiped 2. penocweA (velosiped) 3. serocnne.q (velosiped) 4. ueaocrileg (velosiped) 5. bisiklet 6. rerocrrre.4 welosiped

7. u:rti

7. --r-.

1. en jaxrutr on yax$l 2. etl na(cbr (yeng zhaqu) 3. arl xaxurbr (eng jakshD (ing yakhshr)

3..1 (iingyakhshi)

8. anr D(IIH

eng yaxshi

better adj. 1. naha jaxrunr daha yaxgr 2. xaKcrrpaq (zhaqsraq) 3. xarurnrpaax (iakshraak) 4. n<ttrlr (yakhshr) 5. daha iyi 6. ronrrpax gowyrak

8. opacnga

bevelrge

l.

(arisida) orasida

n.

mncr iqki 2. iuriu4ir (ishimdik) 3. cyycyuAyx (suusunduk) 4. aqere{er (echemlek) 5. igecek 6. nurn iggi 7. ^'tJ # (ichimlik) 8. uquu.rrrrr icbimlik

1.

l.

1=n statâ&#x201A;Źment n.

2. rvc (qus) 3. rym (kush) 4. rou (kosh) 5. kug 6. ryr gug

7. ,pF

(qush)

8.

qush

ryu

n. 1. 4oryn dofum 2. rywny (tuwrluw) 3. ryynyu (tuulush)

4. ryy (tuu) 5. doftm 6. goryrnra dogulna

,--\

!* (chong) 8. Igg katta btll

btrd zool. n. l. ryu gug

btrth

2. YGgrr 3. Wg (chong) 4. ayp (zur) 5. biiytik 6. yg; uly

between prep.

7. lt-'-rtr

velosiped

brg adj. l. Qjry bdyuk (tilken)

7.

2. apacnruaa (arasrnda) 3. apacrrnAa (arasrnda) 4. apacnruaa (arasrnda) 5. arasrnda 6. apacuHga arasynda

r,3 (velisipit)

8. reaocrane4

7. .;l *:;,Q $akhshiraq) 8. rxurrrpox, yaxshiroq 1. apacrrugg arasrnda

n.

4i;

(ugJrut) 7. 8. r:yn.uau tug'ilish

of

account)

hecao hesab

2. eceu lyesep) 3. acen (esep) 4. cqEr (schyot) 5. hesap 6. cqer sgyot 7. .rLr-.ro (hesabat) 8. xllcoo-rFrod Eapa(,acH

birthday n. 1. _ag 4nrv ad grtnii

2. ryEarl.XfH (tuwghan ktin) 3. ryyrrau rvu (tuulgan ktin) 4. ryrau reu (tugan kcin) 5' Qlf,qrtguu 6. Aoraarr rnr doglan giin

7'oF oat' (tughulghan kiin)

8. ryrrurraH Kyrr

tug'ilgan kun

hisob-kitob varaqasl

btllton num. l. Mrurfapg milyard

2. wrnwrap4 (milliard) 3. wuumapa (milliard) 4. uusuntap4 (mtlllard) 5. rnilyar 6. usntwtapA milliard 7. srL*J. (milyard) 8. mrrunrapg milliard

blte v. l. .qranura dipla-

2. 'ric're- (tiste-) 3. mrurre- (Ushte-) 4. reuuro- (teshlii-) 5. rsrr6. ruaurc- diglc7. -d":*? (chishlli-) 8. r:Hrura- tishla-

Azerbarjani 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4.'Iatar 5. Turkisb 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uz.bck


bttter

bltter

adj.

l. alg;lt

act

2. a_199t (ashcht) 3. auyy (achuu) 4. aqbt (acht) 5. act 6. ax,rt ajy 7. ..i*U (achchiq) 8. auunq achchiq

black adj. l. rap qant 2. rapa 3. xapa (kara) 4. rapa (kara) 5. siyah 6. rapa gara (qara)

7. l)ti

I

4s

(qara)

8. r,opa

qora

blanket n. t. aajil adyal

2. oqesrt (odeyal) 3. uyypran (uurkan) 4. roprart (yurgan) 5. battaniye 6. oAeu odeial

Dictionary of the Turkic Languages

blouse clo.

blind

adj. t. 4_o.-g kor 2. coKbrp (soqr) 3. coryp (sokur)

6. rep ktlr 7. *E(qariehu) 8. *yp ko'r

2. o.ny:ra (bluwzka) 3. rer.ittsr (ktjynijk) 4. 6ryea (bluza) 5. bluz 6. 6.uy:lra blui4<a 7. Jdlf (kringl:rk) 8. o.rry:a bluz;t

bllndness

blue adj.

4. g$ltB 5. ktir

l.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

(sukrr)

n. korluo ronnvr {_J2 eoxupnrlr (soqrhq) coxyp.yx (sokurluk) cyxup.ttur (sukrl*) k0rliik rep.irrr kdrliik

, @ 8.

(qarishuluq)

xlpnur

ko'rlik

l.

l. efrtt- oyun-

rau

qan <as (qan) ras (kan) xas (kan)

2. 3. 4. 5. kan 6. rax

2. ua(rart- (maqtan-) 3. uax'raq- (maktan-) 4. uax'ras- (maktan-) 5. civiin6. envn- 0wtin7. -;b-iL (ntakbtan-) 8. uaKrarr- rtaqtan-

gan

7. 66 (qan)

bleed

blood pressure med. n.

1. rana- qana-

2. Kasa- (qana-) 3. rana- (kana-) 4. rana- (kana-) 5. kana6. rana- gana7. -tjG (qana-) 8. x,ona- qona-

1.

8. Korr

qon

l.

ran reejmH qan tazyiqi 2. xall. (bICbIy.bI (qan qrsrnu) 3. rart ffiGr-mI (kan basrmr) 4. xan 6lffir Gan basrmr)

5. lansiyon 6. @ertlle dawleniie 7

. f*

oE

l. xei goy 2. xer (kdk) 3. xex (kok) 4. sarlrop (idnggar) 5. mavi 6. rex gdk 7. .j.J;S ftok) 8. rlx ko'k boast v.

blood phys. n.

Z. J+ss (iidiyal) 8. aAen adyol v.

n.

1. o.rryr bluz

(qan besimi)

8. Korr docHMH

qon bosimi

boat

n.

1. rajrrr qayrq 2. xaprux (qaytq) 3. xauntx (kayft)

4. raer (kayek) 5. kaytk 6. rar-trx gayyk 7. 6.*,; (qeYiq) 8. Xaltry, qayiq

Azerbaijani 2.Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


/

/ Dictionary of the Turkic languages

book

body phys. n.

4. xrran Krldgre

n.

l. rmao kitab

1. 6aAan badan 2. &ene (dene) 3. gBHe (Oqr\

(kitap kibete)

2. ri'ran (kitup) 3. prren (kitep) 4. rorran (kitap) 5. kitap 6. rnran kitap

1.pry@egY 5. Decen 6. 6e.qeu beden 7. g, csq Oadan) 8. oaAau badan

botl

body

19

5. kitapgr 6. rnrau uaragunu kitap nugadni

7. -ti*S (htab) 8. rsroo kitob

7. bEyL:J (kitabkhana) 8. xuroOAyKoHu

.

kitob do'koni

. boot clo.

bookcase n.

v.

1. rajna- qayna2. <arlna- (qayna-) 3. rarlra- (kayna-) 4. xalnra- (kayna-) 5. kayna6. rairtra- gajma7. -L*G (qayna-) 8. Kafrna- qayna-

1. xura6 ura(prr kitab gkafi 2. rirau uraQu (kitap shkafr) 3. rq5ge (tekche) 4. araxepra (etazherka)

bomb mil. n.

bookseller

1. 6ou6a bornba 2. 6ouon (bombr) 3. oouoy (bombu)

2. riran caTyulbl

qaKMa

luzunboSazJ gakma (yetik) 3. reflts (oriik)

2.

@

a'@'(itttt)

s'sry

s.(K_@

6. enlui iidik 6. xr+ran urra(lrr 7 ,,FB -{i.s (krtab jazisi) 7. ,tiy (6ttik) 8. rrllrooâ&#x201A;Ź-qg*g11Dkilobjavoni 8. srHx etik kitap gkafy

n. 1. xrma6 caraH kitab satan

"

4.W

3. xuten caryyqy (kitep satuuchu)

5'gntt

(kitap satuchrsr)

7.

5. kitapgr 6. raran carbrx,brcbr

stimrik (siiyek)

1. 4apnrx-- dirnx-

2. sdpir- (zerig-) 3. sepur- (zcrik-) 4. ntancyla- (yamansula-) 5. sikiL' "u(zcrik-) 7.

kitob sotuvchi

bookshop

l.

n. xrfl'ad Mafa3acbr kitab mafazasr

o.F

=!:_;_ 8.{!gf-

2. xiran Arreni (kitap diikeni)

3. xHrcu

chegara

bored: be bored v.

(kitabpurush)

8. rsmo coryrlqH

2. cniex 3. ceer (stt'ttk) 4. cerr (s6yak) 5. kernik 6. cvrtr sijflk 7. J3;- (xingiik) 8. cyxr suyak

serhet

IS,t (chegra)'r''t''

8. gg33g

kitap satyjysy

7.,.rjr+S

(chik)

6. cepxm

4. rrrau caTflblcbr

rrone phys. n.

border pol. n. 1. cophaa sorhad 2. ruerapa (shekara) 3 utii gpa (chek ara)

'(kitap satuwshr)

4. 6ou6a (bomba) 5. bomba 6. 6ouoa bomba 7. Vy Oomba) 8. 6ouoa bomba

r. crurK

n.

1. fvevH6oras) '+----

z*rik-

AYKarrY

(kitcp dilkOnii)

l. Azerbaijani 2.Krt.akh

3.

Kyrgyz 4.Taw

5.

Turkish

6.

Turkmcn 7. Llighur 8. Uzbck


? bortng

Dictionary of the Turkic Ianguages

l.

agpUxnulpblr+{bl

danxdrncr 2. pggixti pc'r-iu (zeriktirctin)

3.gagt'ua fiadatma) 4. gtqtrclg (kurk;u) 5.

v. l. rrapahar m- narahat et2. uarala- (maala-) 3. mrrrqcnnAarulbrp (trnchsrzdan&r-)

3.gg

7. &,J)5, ),; (zerikirlik) 8. reprr rlapaAxrart zeriktiradigan

(kechkenl iirji)

5. kutu 6. rytu guty 7. tr-p (quta) 8. x,yrN quti

5. 6. dmrnqiulbrK yrbiynjalyk et7,

r.,ljU

-Li

(avarfi qit-)

boy n. l. or-narr o$ut 2. vl oa.rra (ul bala)

8. Tiulr BHlrI.naH,II,HI>

born: be born 1.4oryn- do[ul2. rywn- (tuwrl-) 3. ryyn- (tuul-) 4. ry- (tu-) 5. dog6. totyr- dogul7. JI' (tughul-) 8. ryrlrl- tug'il-

borrow

tashvishlandir-

y.

v.

bottle

n. 1. unua Etigo 2. unara (shiysha)

3. aprex oara (crkek (ir balir) 5. o[lan 6. or,narr oglan

4..1{'@

3. 6etsrxe (bot0lk0) 4. ruerua (sheshii) 5. gige 6. uYtlue guitge 7. 8;;:, (botulka) 8. rupuua

8.

both ... and conj. 1. hau ... hau 4a harn... ham da 2. rc.,.sa (da ... da) 3. M...sa (da ... da) 4. hau... hera (ham ... hiim)

5. bem ... hem 6. xeu,.. xen hem... hem 7. f- . .. f lr (hZim ... haim) 8. xau .,. xaM ham... ham

4.;al(mi)

5. beyin 6. oeiam belni

7.S;_t*gryl 8.

@ i.â&#x201A;Źb b.rlr' 8. lffil

uur

miya

branch bot. n.

kamon

1. 6yAat budaq 2. ovt-ax (butaq) 3. oy"rar (butak) 4. omar (botak) 5. cel 6. uraxa gaha 7. (tr (shakh) 8. ruox shox

kasa

2. xece (kese) 3. xece (kese) 4. raca (kasA) 5. kise 6.

6o/ra og'il bola

1. oejrur beyin 2. ry@iv) 3. Ug9 (mee)

bowl cul. n. 1. xaca

lrxa

bratn phys. n.

shtsha

OoPr+r

7. L (va) 8. ranon

bala)

7. it{ J}i (ogtlrl bala)

an- borc al2. x,apnrs ar- (qanz at-) bow mil. n. 3. rapnr: an- (kanz al-) l. i{ vav 4. oypntxa a.rr- Ounchka al-) 2.@ (sadaq) 5. cidting al3. caa,qar (saadak) 6. rapa a.n- karz al4. x.as fiaya) 5.yay (titna 7. -JV "s;; al-) 6. {.t iaji 8. raps on- qarz ol1.

(ashik)

a.Seulggjg.o

(trnrchsrzla-) rahatsrz et-

irging

n.

1. ryry qutu 2. xaurix (zhiishik)

4.Truurystgta-

stkrcr

6. Nprarru

box

bother

bortng adj.

okara (oacha) '

kosa

l. Azerbaijani 2. Kazalrh 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

5.

Turkish

6.

Turkmen 7. Uighur

8" Uzbck


lzt

Dictionary of the Turkic I-anguages

uecyp casur

2.QrW.(baul) 3. raitparryy (kayrattuu) 4. 6amrp (baur) 5. cesur 6. 6arrtp batyr 7. t-+ fiisur) 8. raap4 mard

1. 4gg1 dtiq

2. euuer (yemshek) 3. arrqer (emchek) 4. rnCggf (imchak)

7. 8.

,.;$

(koks)

gllgt

2. Has (nan) 3. narr (nan) 4. rxrrar (ikn{k) 5. ekmck 6. ueper grirek 7. irU (nan) 8. non non

,trf

ko'krak

2.tBtr (dem) 3. ApM (dem;

,

a'@un)

5. nefes 6. Aeu dem

7.

,rrti

8.

na(Dac nafas

brldge

n. 1. xeprrv korpti 2. r6ffi-DGtipir) (kdpiint) 3. 4. rrnep (kiiper)

-erwpo 5. kciprti 6. renpH kopri

(nlipiis)

7.{rj!;Go11$) 8.

break vt. 1. cbrH/Frp srndrr2. crurlprp (srndrr-) 3. crnrrrp (srndrr-) 4. cnru.qrp (srndr-) 5. krr6. .qep dow7. -:j.u; (sundur-) 8. cnngnp- sindtrn. l. cahap jeuaju sahar yemayi 2. rarreureru'i ac -<--__--

(tangh ash)

a. rygg"*glg (irtlinge ash) 5. kahvaltr 6. aprtlp.rrlil( ertirlik 7.

;LL:

^.J-

f.&

*:

(a!-gA!U! tamaq) 8.

HonyuTa

,l#"$ 6a{r t -'lat'|l ilffi 3. xaprx (iank)

a. S-f $aku) 5. avdrnl* {-6. rrrnl iagty

5.agB 8.

kerptg

(khish)

rlmr

ko'prik

l:

4. runpneu (kirpech)

7. ,u

xfirpx

, brlght (=full of light) adi.

7. oj:y (yoruq) 8. @t Yorqin lo'1'n'

g'isht

n. xarmn golin 2. ggr*tggptX (qalmgdq) 3. xenru (kelin) 4. rr.r.nen (krbn) 5. gelin 6. ,tlypmyua qblrslr rtl3

, brlng

l.

(tangyertenggt as)

rg5l1..r

n. 1. xeprnlu kerpic 2. ripniut (kirptsh) 3. pnn(hsh)

obrk:

breakfast

3.

Ech

6. xeprmu

retcY (kiyaU)

5. giivey 6. blin-erulan riurlrr dileniiin iigit 7. @wglqL 8. XUg, SJov

gtiwtis

breath n. 1. n@c nafes

Ccirek

4.

5'Pgs

6. ryrg1;

bread cul. n. 1. uepor

, brldegroom n. 1. 6aj boy 2. xvfiey (ktiyew) 3. xvrloe (kUy6O)

breast phys. n.

brave adj.

l.

brave

v.

l. xamp

gatir(ekel-) 3. @In-re4 (ahp kel-) 4. arrnrrr rHa- (ahp kil-) 5. getir6. reeup getir-

2. gSS*

durmuga gyklan gyz

(elipkil-) 7. )S:"-+ 8. orur6 rer- olib kel-

7. J*qS

Gelin) 8. xennrr kelin

nonushta

l. Azerbaijani

2. Kazakh

3.Kyrgyz 4.Tarar 5. Turkish

6.

Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


/'

1. xettmu gcnig 2. ren (kcng) 3. xert Geng) 4. rcur Gine)

5. genig 6. rNq gifl 7. :J.S (kting) 8. xeur kcng

broken adj.

l. ruryur qrtq

A. s'Fsk-

6. (tenvil

7. A;'broom

(stntq)

(srnrk) (vatrlgan)

dowtik

(sunuq)

8. cnunx,

siniq

n.

1. cvnrpxa stiptirga 2. crrmtpruru (srprghr6h) 3. runrnnrprnr (shrprgt)

4.@ 5. 6.

7.

(seberke)

stioiirse

ddl

Erh-

subse

(siipiirgi)

8. cyrryprH

brother 1.

supurgi

n.

LqpAi11g qardag

2.@Ggt(agha, ini) 3. ara,,IruH (aga, ini) 4. @l@â&#x201A;ŹD(abry, ene) 5. erkek kardeg

6.{ry dogan 7. 6 j ,6U (aka, uka) 8. ara, yra

1.

Dictionary of the Turkic I:nguages

butld v. I.,{ffi) rik-

brown adj.

broad adj.

2. cnrulrK 3. cnurntr

r'

/zz

broad

aka, uka

l. rnhrnin

qahval

2

2. Io*ru:g (qortgr)

3. 4. 5.

3. .1"!gf(kiirting)

4. xntlruurr

KoPoIr

(Etrsrftffif

@

(qur-) *yp itcur-) rot> Gor-) inga et-

5. kahverengi 6. rottyp goflur

6.@,

7. ,$-r'gggg)

8.ryp-

patrr jigar 8. xr.rrap # _

j butldtng n. l.

3. xypy;ryur (kurulush)

4. at*ta (bina) 5. bina 6. onna

7. t+

(chotka)

n.

" bull zool. n.

1. oyra bufa 2. orx,a (buqa) 3. oyra (buka) 4. vres (tigez) 5. bola 6. oyra buga 7. ti;" Ouqa) 8. oyr,a buqa

4. .gg49r (chiliik) 5. kova

6.@

bedre

(cheliik)

8. qe.rax

chelak

budget econ. n. 1. oYlrqre biidca

2.

(bina)

cho'tka

(chaka)

7. .J.J'3

bina

8. oruro bino

l. pgrup vedre 2. Ueney (shelek) 3' Igrg

orura bina

z Gfu(qunlrs)

2. ugrra (shchyotka) 3. qBrra (shchyotka) 4. gqgg(sbchyotka) 5. Lt$g 6. qmra gotga

bucket

qur-

rang

n. gnrpua frrqa

7. & -l 8. ulrra

sal-, gur-

7. -rF (qur-).

brush

l.

ryp-

awryer(byudzhet)

3. oroAge'r (byudjet) .. 4. 6rotwe'r (byudzhct) Vt's. r ' 6. 6nxer byulet 7. ':.tr s} (budjet) 8. ororyrr byudjet

!9199

,

burglat

n. 1. orpy o$u 2. Yn Tolrayl-rbl (iiy tonawshr) 3 . Yriro-iro?fqy (tiy tonoochu) a. Xglgj (karak) 5. hrstz 6. orpnt ogry

7. o-*-f (oghri) 8. lrpu o'g'ri

Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

3

t


Dictionary of the Turkic languages

burn vi. l. jaH- yan-

burn

23

n

buslness n.

l.

2. xau- (zhan-) 3. xau- (ian-) 4. cu- (yan-) 5. yan6. sr- yan7. -:;5 (koy-) 8. ur- yon-

8.

burn

buslnessman n.

2. ic (is) 3. *nu,6rnnec (ish, 4. cav4a (sliidfl) 5. ticaret, ig 6. ces.qa stiwda

7. lsz-

vt. jar4prp 1. yandu-

2. xar- (zhagh-) 3. xar- (iak-) 4. trHtprp (yandrr-) 5. yak6. rr- iak7. -:j+f (kciydiir-) 8. e(- yoq-

bury v. l. oaqr,nrp basdrr-

2. reu- (kdm) 3. ren- (kOm) 4. rru- (kiim-) 5. gdm6. ruu- grim-

7.

biznes)

rau

savdo, ish ,

1. ousgecuen biznesmen 2. icxep (isker) 3. ggtg- (ishker)

5. 6. oFuecraeH biznesmen 7. ,&sr* (sodlgitr) 8. nlounapMorr ishbilarmon ---->busy adj.

n. arrodyc avtobus 2. arrooyc (avtobus) 3. ar:n6yc (avtobus)

l.

anroOyc (avtobus)

5. otobUs 6. anro6yc

awtobus

7. ,-rl;;i9

(aptobus)

8. antodyc

avtobus

2. Kazakh

8.

Gosn dukani)

ryurAirona

go'sht do'koni

butter cul. n. 1. repejarnl keraya$r 2, caprr uarl (san nray) 3. MaH (may) 4. capnr uali (san rr,ay) 5. tereyalr 6. uecre rr mesge lag 7. qU ,j, ry (seriq may) 8. capnâ&#x201A;Źr sariyog'

(aldirash)

gau.q band

but

conj. 1. auua arnma 2. oipax Giraq) 3. oupox (birok)

'butterfly

zool. n. 1. renauer kepenak 2. redenex (k0belek)

3. reneaer (k6p0lttk) 4. ryoelax (kiibfilfik) 5. kelebek 6. reoeler kebelek 7. J<l*S (kepinatl 8. ranalax kapatak

4. arora (itmma) 5. ama 6. auua emma 7. L,t (enma) 8. orpoa biroq

3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar

7. 66jc upF

,

l. ueruryt mag$ul

arArxaulr etdtikanr

2. er 4vreni (yet dtikeni) 3. ar,qyrerry (et diikdnii) 4. r-rrxr.r6ere (it kibete) 5. kasap dtikkAm 6. aTAYKalrbr et dtikany

(biznesmen, siitid?tgiir) iq adamr

8.

bus

butcher shop n. 1.

4. 6agnecMeH, coyAarâ&#x201A;Źp

,. t,n*

(qasapshr)

5. kasap 6. raccan gassap 7. -1,,* $ (qassap) 8. 4,accoo qassob

(soda)

can4o,

rBcca6 qassab

3.trAmn'qrDftasapchr) a. @d1-itcnel

3. oort auec (bosh emes) 4. uaurrynr (mlshgul') 5. meggul 6. uerurya meggul

--f

l. Azerbaijani

l.

2. (,acarnunr

2. 6oc euec (bos yemes)

Gom-) 8. KyM- ko'm-

4.

butcher n.

nruapor ticarot

5.

Turkish

6.

Turkmen

T.

Uighur

g. Uzbek


button clo. n.

"4.

l.

nvjua driyme 2. 'ryfiue (ttiyme) 3. ryinro (tuymrt) 4. rctuda (t6yme) 5. diiSne

5.

8. ryrua

7. (). *1d

, O.Ly

Gilen, Lliripidin)

btlan, orqali

tugrna

I

bye-bye interj.

v;

buyer

(qosh bohngu)

3. xoru donyr{y3 (kosh bolunguz)

5. pasta 6. rogr tort 7. .rr; (tort) 8. nr.rpoxHoe pirojnoye

5. allaharsmarladrk 5. xour hog

7.,-F---_.8. xalip

(khilyr-kbosh)

xayr

calculate

v. 1. hecaoaa- hesabla2. ecerrre- (yesepte-) 3. acerrre- (esepte-) 4. xscarura- (k-hisapla-)

, Cab see taxi ,',

(kheridar)

8. xapn4op xaridor

5. hesapla6. xacanna- hasapla(hesabla-) 7. -\t*f 8. 4rcoOrra- bisobla-

bot. n. Ka.rraM kolam Kaqysra (kapusra)

ISIycra fgpecm

(kapusta) (kiibesui)

lahana

calendar

re.rreu kelem

by prep. rl.Jta,ra@rnr4aH ila, tarofindan

2. MeH, apKburbr (men, arqrh) 3. ueHeH, apKaJryy (menen, arkaluu)

1. Azerbatjant

Oilesh, pirog)

(khush, khushrgrz)

(sa[p aluuchu) 4. carmnur)^rbr (saUp aluchr),

l.

rFJ4i--.|

4. xyru, xyrxbrbr3

annr.l{br ahcr carnru e[yrrrbr (satrp aluwshr)

,l.r,r+

l. nrpoxna pirojna 2. ropr (tort) 3. rom (tort) 4. b_g4errd rlrpor

xy4ahaQnr mdahafiz 2. rour dorrlrqnrs

n.

5. ahcr 6. a,rnrx,rr alyjy

cake cul. n.

l.

3. carbrn &ryy.ry

7.

n.

l. rar[c kafe 2. rarle (kafe) 3. ra([e (kafe) 4. xaQe (kafe) 5. kafeterya 6. ratp kafe 7. Uli oF d (qiihviikhana) 8. rarp kafe

8. 6lutarr, opKiuru

7. -n-1^r* (setival-) 8. co'rN6 on- soUb ol-

2.

cafd

6eran, apKburbr (beliin, arkrh) ile, tarafindan bilen, tarapyndan

1. carnur a,u- satrn al2.'ca'rnrn a.rr- (saup al-) 3. catnrn aa- (satrp al-) 4. carrrn a.n- (saup al-) 5. saun al6. camrn an- satyn al-

l.

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

6. 6HreFr, TapanbrrrAaH

6.ffiilik 7. 3' (tiigne) buy

,/

a

button

7'e:45 @t

1.

2. 3. 4. 5. takvim 6. ranen4apr kalendar 7. rl ,+tS (kalendar) 8. ra.neuAapl kalendar'

karan

2.Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

n. :rarsru taqvim ra.nen4apl (kalendar') ranengapn (kalendar') raaeuAapn (kalendar')

5.

Turkish

6.

Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dictionary of the Turkic I anguages

call (=5hsut for) l. uartrp ga[u-

canal

v.

l.

Aana dava

n.

gam

2. urnrpar, (shuaq) 3. uau (sham) 4. uau (shitn) 5. num 6. ueu gem 7. ftr Gham) 8. uau sham

candy cul. n.

camer& n.

1. rou@eT konfet

1. (pomanapar fotoaparat

2. @oroanuapar (fotoapparu) 3. (poroannapar (fotoapparat) 4. @'roannapar (fotoapparat) 5. fotograf makinasr 6. (po'roarmapa'r fotoapparat 7. .rl.,t-U ;; (foto apparat) 8. Soroarmapar fotoapparat

3.

8. rlu

(zllmbirlik)

to'p

csptaln

l. uru

2. rYite (ttiye) 3. ree (tdd) 4. gor (d0ya) 5. deve 6. g,ve dtie 7. Ef (triga) 8. r1n tuya

. :J os* r;

candle

4. pax (rak)

n.

7

5. kanser 6. par rak 7. Jlj (rak) 8. par rak

1. xapuarx xargang 2. par (rak) 3. par (rak)

4. rrutrrr (unrch) 5. sakin 6. rosam iuwa$ 7. 6;; (Unch) 8. ocoiuarra osoyishta

l. Azerbaijanl 2.Kaza}h

i.

2. se{6iper (zengbirek) 3. rau6nper (zanbirek) 4. ryn (tup) 5. top 6. ron top

capttal (*city) n. l. naimxr paytaxt 2. acrasa (astana) 3. oopoop Oorbor) 4. oaura.rra Oashkala) 5. bagkent 6. uarirarr paytagt 7. -:i.+k @aytAkh$ 8. noitrar<r poytaxt

cancer med.

adj. 1. can+r sakit 2. ruunrq (unq) 3. rnrnq (unch)

l.

(kanal)

3. xalran (kanal) 4. xasaa (kanal) 5. kanal 6. raHan kanal 7. JUE (qanal) 8. ranan kanal

ctlm

cnmel zool.

cannon mil. n. l. mn top

n.

xarra.n kanal

2. xanwt

2. ua(,brp- (shaqr-) 3. uarorp (chakrr-) 4. uarorp (chakr-) 5. ga$r6. uarnrp- gagyr7. -ri+ (chaqir-) 8. rraKnp- chaqir-

call

25

n.

1. raranrarr kapitan 2. ranrrau ftapltan) 3. ranuras (kapltan) 4. xaurlras (kapitan) 5. kapUn

6. rararrarr kapitan 7. oQK (kapitan) 8. rarnrran kapttan

cal n. l. uarulrn ma$m

2. raMnlfl (k5mpit) 3. xeunyt (kemput) 4. rerrSn:r (kflnfi$ 5. geker 6. cvrina stiiji

2. uau na (mashina) 3. uat,rss6 (mashina) 4. uarnlura (mashtna) 5. araba 6. uaruun ma$yn

7. oi-d Qcetnpii$ 8. xourpr konfet

7. h-rL

(mashtu|a)

8. vaurr-rsa

Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5. Turktsh 6. Turlanen

7.

mashlna

Uighur 8. Uzbck


-

q

'^

( 6rNL/*\

carefi{

adj. I-lu-rn ryr,'rr d i qqatli

carrot bot. n.

2. FoaEl(abay) 3.146@\(abayla) |4'harl(sak) 5. dikkatli 6. arncq.rrbr iitiiagly

2. coois (slbiz) 3. cadns (sabiz) 4. ruuep (kisher) 5. havug 6. xaurp kii$r

7. okJti*r{+ (ehtiyatchan) 8. atrne1'Kop ehtiyotkor

.

ciugo 1.

o3

j<,-, (sAvzii)

gwozdika

v.

cashier n.

l.

.,

ragr-

gek-

)*46 (qAlfimpur) 8.@chinnigul 7.

carpet

n. 1. xarmr xah

2. rineu (kilem) 3. xr.ureu (kilem) 4. rerreu (keliim) 5. balt 6. xamr haty 7. f& Gilam) 8. rrraau gilam

CArt n. apada araba

2. ap6a(arba)

3. 4. apda (arba)

apaoa (araba)

5. at arabasr 6. apaoa araba

7. l3,b

(harva)

8. apana

csrtoon

n. 1. narA rryn naqd pul 2. uax,r'rr aqua (naqu aqsha) 3. rrax arua (nak akcha) 4. ryrua oynrarr aKqa

7. Jh ;t (n[q pul) 8. rraxl, rryn naqd pul

7. -*; (toshu-) 8. r:aux- tashi-

l.

cash

(kulda bulgan akcha) 5. nakit 6. rrarr nagt

8. ca63H sabzi

5.

(kanitfer chichlik)

1.

.

6.(.@

2. <anaumrp (qalampr) 3. xaaeuurrp (kalempir) 4. xarr@p qaqaK

?.

7

1. .rqarunr- daqr2. 'racnr- (tasr-) 3. r'arurr- (tasnr-; 4. ramrr- (tashr-)

carnatlon bot. n. l.r"p"uQnn qaranfil

5. karanfil 6. f_tgtlnt*g

Dictionary of the Tukic l"anguages

1. jeproxv yerkdkri

carry

n.

jrr yiik

2. rrr (zhiik) 3. rrx (iiik) 4. Her (y0k) 5. yiik 6. nvr iiik 7. .r! (ytik) 8. nr yuk

"

v

-!26

careful

arava

n-

1. rapma'rypa karikahra 2. raprxarypa (karikatura) 3. xapmarypa (karikatura) 4. raprxarypa (karikatura) 5. karikatiir 6. rapaxarypa karikatura 7. f* o) d j"(hAjviy riisim)

8. KapHKarypa karikarura

raccrrp kassir

2. raccrnp (kassir) 3. raccrrp (kassir) 4. raccrp (kassir) 5. veznedar 6. xaccrp kassir 7. )*tS (kasr:r) 8. xaccrp kassir

cassette n.

l.

racerr kaset 2. xaccer (kasset) 3. raccer (kasseO 4. xacce'ra (kasseta)

5. kaset 6. xacsra

kaseta

7. s*-"'+ i.lk;i Gldghs lentisi) 8. raccera

kasseta

cat zool. n. 1. rnauxr pigik 2. rmrcnr4, (mrsrq) 3. rorrunrr (mshk)

4. nec*t (pesi)

5. kedi 6. nxuur pigik 7. .!pi (mtishiik) 8. uyruyx mushuk

Azerbaijani 2.Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Twkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

$

ti

t


catch

celebrate

v. l. iaxana- vaxala2. ,fucra\ (usta-)

cemetery n.

v.

1. daipauJn- bayram et2. ueperene- (merekele-)

3.@b(kanna-)

1. radr4lxctaH qabiristan

2.

zwpar (ziyrat)

4. -rur- (tot-)

3. uafipauAa- (mayramda-) 4. Oaripau ur- (blyrflm it-)

7JsJ^'tut6.\rJD

6.

oaffpau

7. ;j; (tut-) 8. ry'r- tut-

7.

8.@-qtg4Ai

-dSrc

nishonla-

3. xepvcren (k0rtistOn) 4. raoeprer (kaberlek) 5. mezadrk 6. uaeapwurbrx mazargylyk 7. ,,/rl3l- (mazrliq) 8. q,adpr,rcrou qabriston"

cattle

celebration

n.

censorship pre. n.

s.&!!a-

n. 1. uarr-rapa mal-qara

2. Xapa ual (qara mal) 3. xapa uar (kara mal) 4. uan-ryap (mal-tuar) 5. sr[r 6. rapa ua.n gara mal 7. JU lrE (qara mal) 8. xopauon qoramol

cause

n.

1. ca6eo

2.

sabab

cefler:. (sebep)

3. ceoen (sebep) 4. caden (s[bep) 5. sebep 6. ceOan sebiip 7. uoj<-, (sevdb) 8. caoao sabab

cetllng

n.

1. TgSg tavan 2. ,"ag(rObe) 3. etrmr(shrp) 4. rgtg. (riish:im) 5. tavan 6. qmorgl potolok

7.@(torus) 8. unm

-

1.

shin

fi6Q

m-

bairam et(UbrikH-)

1. 6ajpau etua bayram etma 2. ueFpau4ay (mey*amdaw) 3. uarrpaugoo (mayramdpo) 4. xouay (kotlau) 5. kutlama 6. 6aiipau arue bairam eEne

7. .,:,ujb-ii

(qutluqlash)

8. m.nuorurau

nishonlash

celery bot.

n. karaviz repgsrg 2. cnngepli (selderey) 3. cergepeli (selderey)

l.

4. cermg,epeli 5. kereviz 6. cergepeli

(sel'derey) selderei

1. ceueypa senzura

2. qensypa (tsenzura) 3. rr,ensypa (tsenzura) 4. qeHayln (tsenzura) 5. sansiir 6. ueusypa tsenzura (tjikshiirilsh) 7. (F 8. qeu3ypa tsenara

center (=a central point) n. 1. ueprea merksz 2. qffi;iR(ortalrq) 3. oopoop Oorbor)

4.@

(iizek)

?.**b(chingsay)

5. merkez 6. uepxee

8. cenl,4epeli

7. 36r,- (m5rkflz)

sel'derey

Cement n. 1. ceuenr sement 2. qeuesr (tsement) 3. qeuenr (tsement) 4. qeues'r (tsement) 5. gimento 6. qeuerrr tsement 7. .*** (semont) 8. ueuem tsement

8. uapras

merkez markaz

Century n.

l. ecp asr

2. racup (ghasr) 3.('Kb-ffii8(klhm)

4. racnro (sasrr) s frffiftr'" 6. acup asyr 7. .* c (Asir) 8. acp asr

Azerbaijani 2. Kaz.akh 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turtrnen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


cefcmony

ceremony

l.

/

/ n.

/ Dctionary of the Turkic Ianguages

28

"@pnel (*TV, radio)

l.

xarra.n kanal

3.

xaHa.n (kanal)

n.

cheek phys. n.

7. .;.:.;c (tAnune) 8. 'ranraua tantana

5. 6. 7. Jtiu (qanal) 8. xana.ry kanal

l. jauar yanaq 2. eer (be0 3. oc'r (bcO 4. *1ar (yangak) 5. yani* 6. sr{ar iiaflak 7. -$- (m:lngz) 8. erro( yonoq

chair

chase

cheese cul. n.

rarnerta tontona

2. FeEpaid(meyram)

2. xalra":r (kanal)

4.'rarl'raua (tantana)

4.

l"E@(saltanat) 5.@d 6.@qrp

1.

dabara

n.

gIvr

stul 2. (qpe1HAU$ (onndrq) 3. opyrrgyr (orunduk) 4. ypnrrr4nrr (unndrk) 5. sandalye 6. myr stul 7. ;,jsjr_f (orunduq)

rarra.rr (kanal) kanal ranar kanal

v.

t. (ffi4 izla2. igre r:vc- (tzge ttis-) 3. Hsre r:ru- (izge tiish-) 4. ry- (!u-) ,

1. nerryryrp pendir

2. ipiuruir (irimshik) 3.

b$Krr)

5. FoVfia 6. xouafia- kowala7. l$; (qoghla-) 8. q,yu(ra)- quv0al-

4. crrp (srr) 5. peynir 6. nerlrnrp .peiinir 7. qt: (pishlaq) 8. raruroK pishloq

cheap adj.

cherry bot.

2. ap:au (arzan) 3. aprau (arzan) 4. apaaH (arzan) 5. ucuz 6. apaau arzan 7. s)3rc ([rzan) 8. apaon arzon

2. wue (shiye) 3. apua (archa) 4. rna (chiya) 5. kiraz

change (=small coins) n. 1. xlrp4arryn >ordapul

check econ.

chess spor. n.

2. tv.afita

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. qex gek 7. Jt (chiik) 8. qer chek

8.@p

rursi

chrnge (=alter) vt. l. aajmlg,llp dayiEdir2. _6ilEF (ozgert-) 3. esrepr.- (ozgdrt-) 4. rsnayr'. (iizsZirt-) 5. 6eltstir} 6. yfrrrsr- iiytget7. -;rE35t (<izgert-) 8. irraprrlp o'zgartir-

3.

4.

a{,rrra (mayda aqsha) Marlg,a arua (mayda akcha) sar axqa (vak akcha) bozuk para

5. 6. onrryx rryx 7

. Jh t.,!

(parchii pul)

8. uariga rryn

1.

ownuk pul mayda pul

l. ywyr ucuz

l.

1. reurac gilas

Efrb tiUe 7. o* Gtlas) 6.

8. onqa

n.

uer qek qex (chek) qex (chek) qer (chek) gek

Azerbaijani 2.Kazakh 3.Kytgyz 4.Tatar

n.

olcha

1. ruahua'r gahmat

2. ruaxuat (shakhmat) 3. ruaxuar (shakhmat) 4. ruaxuar (shakhmat) 5. satrang 6. rnu'r kiigt 7. .rLrtl (shahmat) 8. ruaxuat shaxmat

5.

Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur

8. Uzbek

n.

i'# .ti.3 *n


(

Dictionary of the Turkic Languages

child

chest phys. n. 1. crana sina 2. rexiper (k0kirek) 3. rerrpex (kiiktirOk) 4. rnpar (kiikrak) 5. gdgiis_ --... o. ABur oo$ 7. l^.;t (kdkrlik) 8. rlrpar ko'krak

chestnut bot.

/

29

n.

l. rua6armr4 gabahd 2. raruran$ashtan) l. iarffikashtan)

4. regrana (kilstiinii) 5. \€!ta{rg 6. Kartt'rsll ka'tan

2. 6ana (bala) 4.

aana (bala)

5.

.Qocuk

6. qara casa 7. !!-(bala) 8. ooaa bola

v. uejna- geyna2. Ug1}ra. (shayna-)

l.

3. qarAra- (chayna-) 4. qar?ro- (ch[ynfl-) 5. gilne6. qetlne- E€!.nez. -Qb (chayna-) 8. qafirla- chayna-

chlcken cul. n. l. mjyrcrn toyuqeti

2. raynr4, eri (tawrq yeti) 3. r'oor rrH (took eU) 4. rasnrK rue (tavrk ite) 5. tavuk eti 6. muyr am towuk eti

n. 1. oaua baca 2. rrrpxa (murzha) 3. uop (mor) 4. ,Uqpga (morja) '

s.Qs

. ,iF,.j

1. Az,erbaijani 2.

tiissegykar

(khristi'an)

xristian

church rel. n. 1. rcaca kilsa 2. uiprey (shirkew) 3. urrpree (chirkdd) 4. uuprav (chirkiii) 5. kilise 6. 6yrxana buthana

7.JK,''3

(tu*hun)

(cherkav)

8. uVou mo'ri \J 1-

8. uepron cher(ov

chln phys. n. 1. uane gane

clgsrette

2. uex (iyek) 3. @x (eek) a. gr (iyak) 5. gene 6. aqe4- eilek 7. Jfu(eng6k) 8. gr iyak

4. cnrapen (sigaret) 5. stgara 6. uaruar gilim

choose

clnema

n. 1. cru'aper siqaret 2. reueri (temeki) 3. mxenr (tameki)

7. 6Lti

v.

2. gjg.qg- (tangda-)

ffi,;f

) J

{

tanla-

Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

(tamaka)

8. cmapvr

t.@ seq-

ji1, (totctru gdshi) i. 8. rcnyx, rlurrn tovuq go'shu 8. rarua-

7. df

7. gti-.,-; 8. xpucraau

chimney

7

chew

2. xpucrnan (khristiyan) 3. xpracruar fthrtstian) 4. xpacruas (khrlstian) 5. Hristiyan 6. xpucrnan hrlstian

oa.na (bala)

6. rrcceunrrap

7. ok !6 (kashtan) 8. Karnms kashtan

Chrtsttan rel. n, l. xpxcruax ristian

n. 1. uuar u$aq

3.

chest

5.

l.

sigaret

n.

rc*rmearp kinoLeatr 2. x*tro (hno) 3. rrclo (kino) 4. runoT earp (kinoteau) 5. slnema 6. mrrcrrearp klnoteatr

7. tilrr:.J (kinokhana) 8. n*rmea'rp klnoteatr

Turkisb 6. Turlcnen

7.

Uighur

8. Uzbek


{ /

clrcle

circle geom n.

l.

4arrpo dairo

30

city

n. 1. ruahap gahar 2. Kana (qala)

Dctionary of the Turkic languages

clean odj.

l. raunr tomiz

2. pertdep (shcngbcr) 3. lFp6x (tegcrek) 4. ggnpor (ttig:irek) 5. dalre 6. lgge.ner tegelck

3. ntaap (shaar) 4. mahap (shahiir) 5. gebir 6. uaxep glher

7. o;ls (da'trii)

7. su.-: (shiihJr)

8. .q,onpa

8. tuax,ap shahar

2. rala (taza) 3. rara (taza) 4. raea (taza) 5. tcmiz 6. apacca arassa 7. l3t; (laza) 8. maa tozn

clap v.

clean vt.

7. 1'lr; (tirazh) 8. rupax ttraj

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.elbrlla6. en qapn- el garp7. -Jh .;ljb (chavaq chal-) 8. ,ral]qx rg4- chaPak chal*

2. 'rara.na- (tazala-) 3. raaana- (tazala-) 4. raeayr- (tazart-) 5. temizle6. apaccara- arassala7. -r,;b (tazila-) 8. r'olala- , rzala-

clrcus

classroom

clever adj.

2. qxpx (tstrt<) 3. qllpr (tsirk) 4. t+{pr (tsirk) 5. sirk 6. 4upx tsirk 7. J).,i- (serk) 8. qupx tsirk

2. uacc (klass) 3. r.nacc (klass) 4. xracc ftIass) 5. srnrf 6. xaac klas 7. ,-.:* (sinip) 8. cuHQ sinf

1. arunrrrr afrlh 2. a(nrnu,nr (aqildr) 3. arlusyy (ahlduu) 4. arluuru (akrlh) 5. akrlh 6. arrrxru akylly 7. JJLi.r (flqillliq) 8. avuua aqlli

cltlzen

clay geol. n. 1.ga pl

doira

circulatlon pre. n. l. rr4ax tiraj 2. nnpax (tirazh) 3. rnpax (tiraj) 4. rrpax (ttrazh) 5. tiraj 6. rnpax tiral

l.

n. cnpx sirk

n.

1. pegnggJr vatandag 2. aq@r (azamat) 3. rpax4ax (grajdan) 4. rpaxgan (grazhdan) 5. vatanda$ 6. rpaxgan grafdan

en qan- ol qalurarlarg5Ta- (shapalaqta-) xo/l uan- (kol chap-) ryr uan- (kul chap-)

l. ur*rg

2. oa4ruu4, @alshrq) 3.

+.

@(topurat) @gr Galchft)

5. *iL

6. lorou_

7. st4tJ3 @razhdan)

7.t'! *

8. qryqBo

8.

1.

fuqaro

n. sinif

rorl

toyun

loy

(seghiz lay)

l.

'rauler.qa- tamizla-

Cltmate n. 1. ru'rnan iqlim

2. ayaparat

(awa rayr)

3. aoa rrparlrr (aba rayr) 4. rrrprua'r (klimat) 5. iklim 6. xrnarar klimat 7. /rr (iqlim) 8. ru4ar iqtim

Azerbaijani Z.Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

*


/

/tr

Dictionary of the Turkic t^anguages

cltmb

v.

1. lFrpMaH- drrman2. @eo"- (Ormele-) 3. xepueaen rrbrK(0rm0l0p chrk-) 4. rpuanan MeH(tirmiilAp men-) trrman-

5. 6. gmpuaur- dyrma$-

1. -lL!

$amash-)

8. rrpuaruHd rrrq,-

closed adj.

coal

1. oarlnr ba$h 2. waEyr, (zbabrq) 3. FaonIx (iabrk) 4. s.Sgtix (yabtk) 5. kaoalt 6. ryt* iapyk 7. ,H (yepiq) 8. erux, yopiq

1.

2. reuip (k6mir) 3. xeurp (k0miir) 4. rn*ep (kiimer) 5. kdmiir 6. rerrrp kttmtir 7. ,-rf Grtmiir) 8. ryu4 komir

clothes

coast geo. n.

n. paltar 2. K{iM (kiyim) 3. rodcnr (kryim) 4. nrerr (hyem)

l. ry

tirmashib chiq-

cllnlc

cllmb

med. n.

1. x.rrcma klinika 2.@arrg (yemkhana)

1. cahnr sahil 2. rfaFo(zhagha)

3. aurana (emkana) 4. rmruma (klinika) 5. klinik 6. rrnnsura kliniki

5. elbise 6. arsn-aurHx egin-egik 7. f4 ftiyitn) 8. $@nr-rpqax

7. uti'rj;-ijs 8. x.uurura

cloud

kiyim-kechak

(dokhturkhana)

divar saatr

2. carar (saghat) 3. ,u,you caar (dubal saat) 4. crena cararâ&#x201A;Ź (stena silgate) 5. duvar saati 6. gl{Bap care,t(r'I diwar sagady 7. 6:-sL St; (tam sa'iti) 8. ,qesop coaru devor soati

8. en-

7'

,P* ;!"

(dengiz qirghiqi)

8. .qernug coxIlIIH

coffee cul. n. 1. rsha qahve 2. ror@ (kofe) 3. xoQe (kofe) 4. r@ (kofe) 5. kahve 6. ro@ kofe

5. bulut 6. 6ynyr bulut 7. o!! (bulut) 8. oynyr bulut

7. ,9

c

(q6hvl)

8. xaxpa organization) rrryo klub 2. r;rya (klub) 3. xrryo (klub) 4. r.ny6 (klub) 5. kliip 6. xryO klub

l.

vt. 1. oarna- ba$a2. xa6- (zhab-) 3. xan- (iap-) 4. sn- (yap-) 5. kaga6. sn- iap-

-t\

n. l. oyqya bulud 2. ovrrr Oult) 3. 6yrryr (bulut) 4. oonnrr (boht)

club (=n social

close

7.

3. x5'er (eek) 4. rp 6ye (yar buye) 5. sahil 6. ra yaka

dengiz sohili

klinika

clock n, l. .qmap caarbr

geol. n.

rerrrp krimrir

7.

vff

n

2'v]lig(tinn)

damirpul

3. mrrlun (tryrn) 4. â&#x201A;Ź1ry (tangke) 5. madeni para 6. uart t nya Eaty pul

i$9 (uingen)

8. \----./ raura

8. rnyo klub

(yarr)

coln n. l. gom,rprryn

?.

Gulub)

qahva

tansa

yop-

l. Azerbaijani 2. Ka?rkh

3.

Kyrgyz

4.

Tatar

5.

Turkish 6. Turkmen

7.

Uighur

8. Uzbck


/ cold

cold

l.

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

2. cynx, (suwrq) 3. cyyr (suuk) 4. cyux (surk) 5. sofuk 6. conyr sowuk 7

color n. l. prrx rong

adj.

cojyr soyuq

. oj - (soghuq)

8. conyq,

sovuq

med. n. l. cojyr,4ajua soyuqdoyma

comb

,

l.

2. E Mgy (tumaw) 3. tygs (tumoo) 4. rouay (tomau) S. si$-uf"agurh[r

7. f5i:

diimew

7. -t)V

(zukam)

8.ryg

8. apa-

collar clo. n. l. jaxa yaxa

(yaqa)

8. er,u

yoqa

collect v. l.'\-_, mura- tonlasgg (zhiyna-)

? J. rrhrHHa-

Ulyna-)

4. xpt- (r-) 5. topla6. rbrma- iygna(yieh-) 7. * 8. lrr.r'- yig'-

l. Azerbaijani 2.Kazal<h

).

tara-

,\ose{

come

7. .'t-b.rl, (rah[tlik) 8. r,yran qulay

i.

1. nepxvn vergiil 2. yrip (iitir) 3. rrrp (iitUr;

4. e'rep (oter) 5. virgtil 6. oryp otur 7. ,f ,t (pesh) 8. neprynr vergul'

e COltrltrSnd

v. l. xan- gal2. xen- (kel-) 3. xen- (kel-) 4. rua- (kil-)

v. aup err- amr et2. orriprr4 6ep- (buynq ber-) 3. 6ynpyr oep- (buyruk ber-) 4. ooepnm orrp- (boyenk bir-) 5. emret6. 6yrlpyr 6ep buiruk ber(buyru-) 7.

l.

5. gel6. ret- gel7. _J6 Gar-) 8. xerr- kel-

Tatar

rahat

comma ling.

2. rapax, (taraq) 3. rapax (tarak) 4. rapax (mrak) 5. tarak 6. 4apax darak 7. .;Grb (targhaq; 8. rapox, uroq

3. Kyrgyz 4.

'

6. x,allnrr jaily

dara-

n. 1. .uapar daraq

t

pahat rahat

2. $lggfn'pl (rngghayh) 3. rttratllyy (rnggayluu) 4. yw{uryt (ungayh)

comb

2. xara (zha8ba) 3. naxa (iaka) 4. rra (yaka) 5. yaka 6. cKa yaka

7. 6L

l.

(tara-)

T

shamollash

, comfortable adj.

v. 4apa- dara(tara-) "apampa- (tara-) rapa- (tara-) tara-

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. gapa-

n.

l. roueru{a komediya 2. roueAr-rr (komediya) 3. roue,u,Hs (kornediya) 4. xoue,4Hl (komediya) 5. komedi 6. roue4nx komediya 7. .a, *-5 Gornediyli) 8. xoueAHs komediya

2. rrc (tiis) r. Vc irtisi ,;? 4. rec (ttis) 5. renk I )' 6. pcrlr refik J 7. J os (rting) { 8. parrr rang

cold

6. lvues

comedy art.

-jx|

8. oyrnpyX oep- buyruq ber-

5.

Turkish 6. Turlsren

7.

Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dictionary of the Turkic languages

communicatlon

l.

2.

complain

n.

aaare alaqa 6aFrxannrc (baylanrs)

3. Oarlaanuur (baylanrsh) 4. darzanlrul (baglanrsh) 5. ilettEim

v. composltion mus. n. 1. urrxaiar sr- gikayet et1. rrycxrur acaprl 2. aprregarr- (anzdan-) musrqr asan 2. umrapua (shrgharrra) 3. apnrs4au- (anzdan-) 4. uuxagm r*n (shtkayat' it-) 3. urrrapuq (chrgarrn) 4. KOMIIO3HI{HTT 5. gtkiyet et(kompozitstya) 6. mnrarr sr- $tkayat et5.-ugs-lr7. -J; .r., t(.. ,. 6. cas eceps saz eseri (shikayet qil-) 8. rurxorr r,nrr- shftoyat qil- 7. e:y (muzika) 8. rorrnos*nt$s. kompozitsiya .+'r.

6. apararuarrrbrK aragamagyk 7. G (qamash) "it: 8. anox,a aloqa

company econ.

n.

1. lurrprar qirkat

complaint

2. xorauarilrs (kompaniya) 3. rorcnaruls (kompaniya) 4. ror,rrralills ftompaniya) 5. Eirket 6. @upua finna 7. u.,6r-t (shirkilt) 8. nurpxar shtrkat

1. rurxajar

6. urxrasr gikatat 7. oqt(; Gbikayet) 8. urxorr shftoyat

l. @ffiErrrpyy (sahshtrruu) deflesdinne (setishnrrush)

qiyoslash

2.W!

(riisel) 3. rrrel (ttigtil) 4. ryalr (tutr)

5.

tam.

V

6. Go-rrl_9 doly

t. EU

(roluq) tugal

competluon. econ. n.

l.

peradar raqabat,X# \ooh

(ataandashuk)

4. rprnuyuburbrK (yanshuchrhk) 5. rekabet

6. oocAeurnxx

b5sdeglik

. e4lL,

(riqablt) 8. par.ooar raqobat 7

l. Azerbaijani

7.

o ..;t- ,'*L-r-.

8. rournurep

complere adj. l. rau tam

8. ryran

2. xaptlc (zhans) 3. lG6qarumIr

l computer n. 1. rourrrrep kompilter 2. roumrsrep (komp'yuter) 3. rourmrarep (komp'yuter) 4. rournro.rep (komp'yuter) 5. bilgisayar 6. routrrrep kompiuter (hesablash mashinisi)

4. [iarbmhupy (cbagrshtru) 5. kargrlaqtrrma

8. (uecaaru

Eikayet

4. @ (zar) 5. gikAyet

1. rrrrajuce mtiqayisa 2. ca.mrcrrrpy (sahstnuw)

7

r?.

?'@(anz) 3. apnrs (anz)

comparlson n.

o.@irtpy: . rii:t*J

comEunlcatlon

33

2. Kazakh

, composer mus. n. 1. dacrerap bestakar 2. rounosmop (komlnzttor) 3. rorcuosrrnrp (kompozttor) 4. rouuoerrop ftompozitor) 5. besteci 6. xouuogr.rrop kompozltor

7. :p )ry15 (kompozitor) 8. xounosr.rrop, dacrarop kompozitor, baslakor

3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

5.

komp'yuter

COnCert mus. n. '1. roHcegr konsert 2. xorqeyr (kontsert) 3. ronqeyr (kontsert) 4. ronqeyr (kontsert) 5. konser 6. rouqepr kontsert 7. o #-$ (konsert) 8. rouuepr kontsert

concrete adj. 1. rorrper konkret 2. na6,rlr

(naqtr)

3.fgr(tak) 4. annx (anrk)

5.erut

6. roxxper konkret (konlaet) 7.

-rg-f

8. gmx. aniq

Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uigtrur 8. Uzbek


/ condltlon

conditlon (=a requisite) n. uapr qart

uaur (shart) ruapr (shart) mapr (shart)

lart

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

34

congratulation 1.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

n.

radpur tobrik x,yrru(ray (qutuqnw) xyrryrroo (kuttuktoo) xor:ray (kotlau) tebrik

rytnaua

gutlama

uepr $ert

7.&r,c

c,2..: (shiirt) uapouT sharoit

8. ra6pl{Knau

l. han hal â&#x201A;Ź) xarr,afi (zhaghday) J. uarnafi (iagday) 4. xaa (khill) 5. hal

@ *ouo iagdai 7. Jb (hal) 8. axsotr ahvol

tabrtklash

confldence n.

I.

e'rrmaA e'timad

Dftduifl(senim)

6.)*-H-r* 4.

@ @

(ishenim) uua.rmru (rshanrch) giiven

uHare ynam

7. g.xs (ishiinch) " 8. tnuonq ishonch

congrstulate 1.

y. raOprx err- tabrik et6,rrrnr4,ra- (qutuqta-) xyrryrca- (kuttukta-) xorna- (kotla-) tebrik et-

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. rytaa- gutla7. -4S ),tc (Uibrikla-) 8. ra6purna- tabrikla-

1.

$

n.

(iinstiz ubrsh)

(tartrk)

O Fderegg]

0. ;;it @

Q

seklmsiz

(iizilk tavush)

undosh

con$tlpatlon med. n. 1. naoxsltrfi oabizlik

@

convenlent adj. Q. armepnu.rm alverigli (?. roraurmr (qolayh)

(3) xapauayy (aranduu) X. yrrarunr (ungayh) 5^. elverigli

$) auarrmr

tinstiz

y"oo*

8. nc'rerruo.lrrln lste'molchl

5. devam et6. Aonau ar- dowam et7. -J; pl3ls (davamqil-) 8. Aasou an- davom et-

1. caranr samit @ gaynrccue (dawrssrz) 6 nrcvs rbr6bnrr

Q *p**

i* rary (ish qatuw)

3. xq Kalryy (ich katuu) 4. aq xary (ech katu) 5. kabzhk 6. uwcf rarirMa igif, gatama

[],i d.+J e; 8. q,aosast

(istemalchi)

v. 1. Aanaue'r- davametvaac- (ulas-) O f yrax- (ulan-) )Q. -4. Aanau ur- (d2ivam it-)

_!. nur*rgau vicdan

-

usreh-narun istehlakqr (tutrnuwshr) rvlnmyurnr @. ?. â&#x201A;Ź!g*"ueqv (kerektdochti) Q} fy4gi nyu rr (kul lanuchr) 5. tiiketici Q) arnrx,nr alyjy

continue

(D tspttot) 3. dF'(ar) 4. no&r(au (v<tjdan) 5. vicdan 6. suxAaH wyfoan 7. gl.l"-, j (vtjdan) 8. sHEAorr vijdon

consonant ling.

l.

7. ,Jl ,r*-;

(riibrik)

consclence n. conditlon (=state) n.

consumer n.

(ich qetish) qabziyat

amatly

O g&y (onsay)

Q xyo*

qulay

cook

n. 1. arrrsS3

a$paz

2. acnaa (aspaz) 3. aruuos (ashpoz) 4. aru reueprqe (ash peshertiche)

5. aggt 6. arunee agpez 7. )*v (ashpiiz) 8. ournas oshpaz

Azerbaijani 2. KazaLh 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

i $

t


/

/ Dictionary of the Turkic l,anguages

cook vi. l. 6lnu- big-

/ cook

35

copper geol.

2. nic- (pis-) 3. 6nru- (brsh-) 4. ueru- (pesh-) 5. pil6. 6xtu- big-

2. rmrc (rrus) 3. xes 0ez) 4. oarurp (bakr) 5. bakrr 6. rmc mis

7. :-

7.

(pish-)

8. manr-

pish-

cook

vt. 1. orarrp bigir2. nicip- (pisir-) 3. 6ruurrp (brshr-)

4. neurep (pesher-) 5. pigir6. ouruIlp bigir7. -r'e- (pishur-) 8. nranrlp pishir-

,*

8. rmc

rye driz @. (r@ (tuwra)

CD

3. ryypa @ Aepec 5.

(mis)

7.

mis

8.

corn bot. n.

l. raprnrAa.nnr

(qonaq)

1. xylr'll ktinc 2. tm-L-rfr Ounsh)

cool

l.

adj.

capmr sarin 2. carx,nnr (salqrn) 3. ca.nrlnr (salkn) 4. canrrrn (salhn)

5. serin 6. ca.rxlrn salkyn 7. uAu (salqin) 8. ca.nx,rnrr salqtn

:3-/

.t!j

(toghra)

rlrpn

to'g'ri

n. 1. roppyncraja komrpsiya 2. xoppyn4r-rs (korruptsiya) 3. roppyru-U{s (koffuptsiya) 4. pnuuaruener (rishvAtchelek)

5. irfikap 6. roppyn4ur komrptsiia (chiriklishish)

8. nopaxlpnxK poraxo'rlik

corner

5. kurabiye 6. Fsxe kdke .rl 7. rL; o.,ry (piriintk) t 8. rylg,e pechen'ye

To&--

8. uaxraxlxopu makkajo'xori

neuerrje neuenne 3. neqerne 4. neqeme

pegenye (pechen'ye) (pechen'ye) (pechen'ye)

(ddres)

corruption

qarfrdah

12. xrrepi (zhtigeri) 13. rrrepv (tigdrii) la. *y*ypye (kukuruz) 5. mrsr G) uerreqenen mekgejriwen

7.AV

(tuura) ,/ l.) 2"

6. gorpnr dogry

cleEe cul. n. l. t.

correct adj.

n.

l. rarc mis

n.

\Q'@E""nl (pochmak) I 4. nouuar 5. ktige 6. oypu burq 7.

@..ry"y'Cr,ilnui

4. ruffiorar (kryrrmet) 5. paha 6. oaxa baha 7. t t* 0aha) 8. uapx narx

ug$ulung)

8. gJpg

cost (=!rice) n. 1. rrduor qiymet 2. 6ara (basha)

burchak

COrfeCt v.

cotton bot. n.

O. ar-sa.rrr- dtizalt2. rrssr- (tiizet-) 3. rvser- (tiiziit-) 4. ressr- (t0zer-) 5. diizelt-

6. .qrrsr-

O

*g

diizet-

(tcehrtla-)

8. ryrpnaa- to'g'rila-

1. naudrrr pambrq 2. uax,ra (maqta) 3. naxra (pakhta) 4. uarmx (mam*) 5. pamuk 6. nama pagta

7.

t*k

(pakhta)

8. naxra

l. Azerbaijanl 2.Kazal& 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

5.

pa;rta

Turkish 6. Turkrren 7. Uighur

8. Uzbek


/

/

cough

t

36

Dictionary of the Turkic ,c-\

cough med. n. [. ocrvlnr dskiimk 2. xe'rni; (zhcitel) 3. norerr (i0r0l)

4.

rru

(yuUil)

5. oksiirtik 6. ycry.nenvr risgiilewrik (yrruit) 7.

f;;\ @ ffiir count

yo'rat

sana-

7. -UL (sana-) 8. cana- sana-

countryslde

n.

1. ran.q kand

?'w(awrl) 3. aarur (ayrl)

4. nrp (kr) 5. EJ 6. o6a epa oba Veri "-\--_-__a_ 7. ll q. (sehra) 8. 4,nuno4, noE qishloq joy

courage n. 1. 2. ^J.

z

uecapar cesaret oarnrl4u4, @atrldrq) +-/"

KaHpaTTaHy (kayrattanu) (y<iriiklelek)

+ tryter

6. a4eprrenrrr-rr edermenlik 7. a.sLL (iasara| 8. uapgTrr mardlik

2. wa6- (zhab-) 3. xan- (iap-) 4. sn- (yap-)

6. oarup batyr 7. _r_r+ fiiisur) 8. xacyp jasur

6. epr- rirt-

).

cesur

5.Ort7 -

.

Fiq

(yap)

!_J

E. Urr- yop-

adv.

cow zool. n.

3. atoerre (alberte) 4. an6arta (iilbetE) 5. elbette 6. anderge elbetde 7. a..;Jrt (tlviitt{) 8. aa6ana albatta

1. mrsx inak 2. cHrrp (siyr) 3. yrr (uy) 4. cnlep (sryer) 5. inek 6. crmrp sygyr 7. YK (kala) 8. cmHp sigir

court jud.

coward adj.

n. uahxaua mahkama 2. cor (sot) 3. cor (sot) 4. cya (sud) 5. mahkeme

l.

6.

@

sud

7. a-* (. u cr-t(sot mahkimisi)

8. ry4

sud

courtyard

n.

l. hajar heyet 2.caEro(awla) 3. ropoo (koroo)

4.i@(ishegatdr)

5.@-

6. xonrnr howly

7. \,.

(hoyla)

8. xpwrt.r hovli

l'

v. ort-

E{btg(barrl) 3. Iglrpauyy (kayratruu) 4 Qarbg(batrr)

z.@trriyne)

5. isav)

{"

o-..r ot

courageous adj. qn\r-l?over '{ l. eprl' IglYII..ntu'

course: of course 1. oloyrre elbatta

v.

1. caj- say2. caHa- (sana-; 3. cana- (sana-) 4. tqla- (sana-; ,r-Jl.6.99

-\

l. ropxar qorxaq 2. ropr,ax (qorqaq) 3. xopror (korkok) 4. ryprax (kurkak) 5. korkak 6. roprax gorkak 7. ;Girj (qorqqaq) 8. rlpqoq qo'rqoq cowsrdlce

n. 1. ropxarmrr qorxaqhq

2. r,opx,atrrnr4 (qorqaqtrq) 3. xopxorryx (korkoktuk) 4. rypraxrmrr (kurkakhk) 5. korkakhk 6. ropraxznrx gorkaklyk 7. d:-$Bir; (qorqqaqliq) 8. <Ipxoqrnx qo'rqoqlik

Azerbaijani 2-Kazak'& 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur g. Uzbek


Diaionary of the Turkic l,anguages

$azy

crlme

2. mffir-(zhrndr) 3. mlrt.4l (indi) 4. a.nugarr xlrag

2. 4unrmrc

l.

5.

adj. @r.tmrn) gl$m

(akrldan y^zgan) grlgrn

8.

6i?f,8;inni

cream cul. n. 1. rajuar qaymaq 2. 4artuaq (qaymaq) 3. ralhrax (ka)4nak) 4. rarhrar (loymak) 5. kaymak 6. rarhrar gaimak 7. Ot.6 (qaymaq) 8. xaturof qaymoq

credit econ. n.

l. rpeplr

kredit

rpearr (krediO rpeam (kredit)

2. 3. 4. rpe.qm (krcdit) 5. kredi 6. rpe.qar laedtt 7. ,z' r,JS (krediO 8. raF qarz CrcSCent n.

l. ajnapa aypara

2. naprrr arl (zhartr ay) 3. xapuu afi (anm ay)

4. aN (yanga ay) hilal 5. "rtu 6. rpuuari iarymai 7. ev oL 1yeng, ag/ 8. >+lryo.rr hilol

(qrLnrs)

l. -ffiitsdutnlstr)

4. u,rcrarrr (iinayat') s.610 6.

6. @Tr.rl defi

?.@(dve)

n.

l. uumaiar cinayat

iffia,

r,eHarr

giin?i, jenaiat

7. o.:b- (inayiit) 8. mrrorr jinoyat

crlmlnal

n. 1. warrajarxap cinayetkar 2. q,rrrnmrcrep (qrlmrsker) 3 . (E=mBTffiCD (krhn r shker) . 4. -------------g-' x,llrra-rrlue (inayat'che)

5. suglu 6. rrgonra, EeHaxrqbl gtiniili, jenaiatgy

7' o;'{l.*+ (iinaYttchi) 8. xnuorrqu jinoyatchi crocodile zool. 1. rr.nrcah timsah

n.

2. xporogu (laokodil) 3. xporo4rnn Qcrokodil) 4. rpoxogsa (krokodil) 5. dmsah 6. xporo4an krokodil 7. et" ,.: (drrsab) 8. rrancol, timsoh

1. radaga

Kerru.ryr

piyada kegidi 2. xon4rnl (r.rburbrcbr (zboldrng qiyrhsr)

3. xoagyq nrrbr.mrqnr $jldung-krVrhchr) 4. qon uam{_(yul chau) 5. mFsec-idt

6.@fgeselge 7

.

J- ,Fy

uohcyl mahsul

2. eriH (yegin) 3. an*r (esin) a. M6hi("unersh)

5.kEin'r 6. araH ekin 7. Jr* (hosul) 8. 4ocr.Lrr hosil

l.

rapna qarEa

7.

@

2. q,apra (qargha) 3. rapra (karga) 4. rapra (karga) 5. karga 6. rapra garga (qagha)

8. x,apra qarg'a Crowd n. 1. lqmhru izdiham 2. ren xurbr4 GOp Ura1ql 3. rannrr{ aa (kahng el) 4. xarmrr rtopKeue (khal* rtirkeme) 5. kalabahk 6. uopexe miireke (adllmllir topi)

8.[o4lToâ&#x201A;Ź

I

i I

i

Tatar

olomon

" cruel adj.

l.

sa.rbnd zahm

2. XggA (qaral) 3. raraa.n (kataal) 4. vapxausrce3 (m?rkh{mttsez) 5. zalim 6. s&trbru zalym

.J

8. porroc"g 3. Kyrgyz 4.

"k

crow zool. n.

7. '.*r l. Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh

:"L

(piyadiltu 0tish yoli) 8. uoppaxp chorraha

7. ,oli ,+L rctt

crop ag. n.

l.

Cro8swalk n.

5.

(rdhimsiz)

rahmsiz

Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


crush

crush

l.

38

culture

vt.

n. ua4arrHjjar madaniyyot 2. ua4errHer (miidentyet)

l.

as- az2. s- (yez-) 3. sr- (ez-) 4. *n- (iz-)

5. ez6. onpa'r-

owrat-

7. -:r (Lz-) 8. m- ez-

3. uagannrr (matLuiyat) 4. ua4arlrlrr (miidiiniyat) 5. kiilttir 6. ueAerrusr medeniiet 7. c,.*; rsr. (miidiiniyAt) 8. uagarrHrr madaniyat

Dictionary of the Turkic [anguages

cure

l.

med- n. uyaru*ra rnrialica

2. eru (yem) 3. ar'r (em) 4. 4ana.rray (dlvalau) 5. tedavt 6. mu em

7. ;Yl3ls

(davalastr)

8. Aanolaur

davola-sh

cry v. l. ar,rra- a$la-

cup cul.

2. mIrra- (zhrla-) 3. rrr?ra- (ryla-) 4. ena- (yela-) 5. a!la6. arra- agla7. -rr-. (yighla-) 8. fixrla yig'la-

2. ilnrnnras6 (shrnrayaq) 3. qulrrr an< (chrnr ayak) 4. qrrnasx (chrnayak) 5. flncan 6. qama ga$ka 7. .,tl-t (piyale) 8. nuâ&#x201A;Źna piyola

2. ar,ua (aqsha) 3. arqa (akcha) 4. arqa (akcha) 5. para 6. nyl pul 7. Ji (nul) 8. uyn pul

cucumber bot. n.

cupboerd

Curtaln

3. ruxat[ (shka$ 4. urxa@ (shkaO 5. dolap 6. urarp gkaf 7. *lSl .l (ishkap) 8. urxaQ shkaf

2. nepge (perde) 3. uapta (parda) 4. uapga (piirde) 5. perde 6. nep4e perde 7. os.;:, (plirda) 8. nap4a parda

Cufe med.

cushlon

l.

,cdap xiyar 2. rtlr;p (qiyar) 3. oaglrpaq (badrang)

4. rorgp (kryar) 5. hryar 6. xurp hytar

7. Jserc

(utrkhiimiik)

8. oo.qlrur

bodring

cultlvatlon ag.n.

l.

jenauTrypua yetipdirma

2. xytrwwqris (kulrivatsiya) 3. xytrrcaqrls (kultivatsiya) 4. xyrrrrnnarlusJray (kulrivatsiyalAu) 5. tanm 6. erHH erue ekin ekme (teriqchiliC) 7. .il--*.;

8. .qex.Korrqwrkrr

l.

n.

tlnrruax fincan

n. 1. Aoaa6 dolab 2. urarp (shka$

v.

1. uyarnrqra sr- mrialica et2. eute- (yemde-) 3. gapnr.rra- (danla-)

4. 4ena.rra- (diivala-) 5. tedavi et6. 6es,ep bejer7. -lljls (davala-) 8. Aa-uora- davola-

curTency econ. n. l. rryl pul

l.

n.

nap4a parda

n. 1. jacrrrr yastrq 2. xac'rtrq, (zhastrq) 3. xacrnrr (iastrk)

4. uerl4ap (mendiir) 5. minder 6. sccrm iassyk 7. 2:S (korpe) 8. rlpnaua ko'rpacha

dehqonchilik

1.

Azerbaijanl z.Kazal& 3. Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

t

t


Dictionary of the Turkic

l-anguages

I

39

CugtOttr

custom n.

dagger n.

1. aggr adat 2. eger-rxprrn (f,det-ghunp) 3. ypu-agar (urp-adat)

4. ropoQ-ragar (goref-gaddQ 5. selenek -ae cc y p diip-dessur 6. EE-:-u 7. .: esU (adliQ 8. yp([o.4ar urf-odat

1. xerrwap xancor 2. qarrnap (qanzhar) 3. xaruap (kanjar) 4. xennep (khflnjAr) 5. hanger 6. raua gama 7. :.+".i (khfrtjiir) 8. xauxap xanjar

customer

daisY bot. n.

n. 1. rrrrureprn mtigtari 2. carrrn arr5nxbr

| @&qrzsiEeyi

(satrp aluwshr)

3. camru aryyqy (saup aluuchu)

4. carnru aJrlrqbr (saup 5. miigteri 6. unu4epu mti$eri 7. ,l.r.,r+ (kheridar) 8. xapu4op xaridor

customs n. l. xerrpn gdmnik

2. 3. 4. 5.

aluchr)

2. pouaurra (romashka) 3. por*arura (romashka) 4. {f;Ei!^E, (ak chiichlik) 5. papatya 6. xaprapNr:ra margaritka 7. J$rU*.s (diistargiil) 8. g,acropryn dastorgul

dam

n.

l. oanq band ,- "v-u\

2. 6orer (b<ige0b" .r' 3. 6erer (b0g00 rauoxnr (tamozhnya) ,uo 4. 6ya (bua) daxr'rxasa (bajrkana) s{ 5. baraj rauoxnr (tamozhnya)v O. oenr Uent o*.'i?_^ giimdik 7. Ly (tosna) v;.,5-

6. rvrrprx giimrtik 7. t;3-b (tamozhna) 8. doxxona bojxona

cut v. l. xac- kas-

2. xec'(kes-) 3. xec- (kes-) 4. xuc- (kis-) 5. kes-

6. rec-

kes-

7. *,5 lfas-) 8. xec- kes-

l. Azerbaijani

8. rVrou to'g'on Ir-5o*I"-)u*damage n. \

l.

aujan ziyan 2. x.m't (ziyan)

4.Tatu

l.

nau

nam

2. thtu\mn(dmqrl) (

\co"ti c

t

>

3. rmrugyy (nrmduu) 4. tpru.mr (dunft) 5. nemli 6.

ffi-i

qyely

7. po (niim) 8. rrau nam

dance

l.

v.

perr er- raqs et-

@ oivle-; 3. alaErc- (biyle-) 4. 6H- (bi-) 5. dans et6. rauc ar- tans et-

?.2.

7. -!--; Jl*, 8. .paK,cra ryru-

dancer

(ussul oyna-) raqsga tush-

n.

l. pory_c(a) raqqaslal

2.

@)(biyshi)

3. ordrqu (biychi)

4.WS

@tyuche)

5. dansrir, dans6z 6. raxcqlr tansgy

7.

dpj:

(ussulchi)

8. pax,xoc(a)

danger

raqqos(a)

n.

t. r'arurrra tehltiko alor(v

2. .-(aTiE(qawtp) 3. reXy:ryq ftorkunuch) 4. xarap Ghe6r) 5. tehltke 6. xonn howp

3. armr (zryan) 4. srmr (zryan) 5. ziyan 6. enrsg zvVan zyyan 7. ov: (dyan) 8. eHeH ziyon

2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz

{qaop adj.

I

8.

5.

(kheuir)

xanQ xavf

Turktsh 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


dangerou,

/

/

t'

dangerous adj.

l.

date bot.

n. xypua xurrna 2. qrpua (qunna)

l.

rah.nyrann tahliikali

2. x,ayirrri (qawipti) 3. ropryHyqryy

3. xypua (kurma) 4. xopuo (khdrma) 5. hurma 6. xyprua hurma

(korkunuchtuu) xaraple (khAdrle) tehlikeli xonn.nu howply

4. 5. 6. 7. rIJrc "i (khlitArlik) 8. xanQna xavfli dark (=with no light)

l. raparr.nnr qaranhq

7. 8.

3. EaFa-(data)

8.@d

8. x,oporrrra qorong'i

sana

daughter

darkness n.

1. rnrs qrz 2. x,rn (qrz) 3. xnn (kz) 4. lors (krz) 5. ktz 6. mte gyz

1. raparunrr qaranhq r,aparrmr.rrbr(, (qarangghrhq)

3. rapaqrblrrbrK (karanggilft) 4. xapaqrbrJrbrK ftaranggilrk) 5. karanhk 6. raparrlurbrK garaflkylyk 7. UjJjSlrG (qarangghuluq) 8. 6,oponrr.rrux qorong'ilik n.

1. ua'.rryua.r ma'lumat 2. ueniuer (miilime$ 3. uaa.nnnrar (maahmat) 4. uararrruarnap (mlig'liimatlar)

5. veri 6. uarrrylaarnap nraglumatlar 7. .:Li.l.. (miilurnat) 8. uawryusr ma'lumot

l. Azerbaijanl

&honna) xypuo xurmo

4. raplot (arikh) 5. tarih 6. cene sene 7. *. ilJ (vaqit)

l. ;3lru (qarangghu)

data

Urr

date (*time) n. 1. T aonx tarix 2. C)fiilid (waqrt)

4d,1.

2. (apaqrnr (qarangghr) 3. xaparrlr (karanggr) 4. xapaqrlt ftaranggr) 5. karanhk 6. rapaqxlr garaflky

2.

40

day

n.

l. rrn

giin (kiin) 2. nnr 3. rru (kiin) 4. ren (k0n)

5. gtin 6. rru giin 7. ;$ (kiin) 8. xyrt kun

daytime

l.

n. xynAye grindtiz

2. rnuis (ktindiz) 3. xvrr4vs (kiindiiz) 4. rexges (kOndez) 5. giindtiz 6. rrt4{s giindiz 7. :jtF (hindiiz) 8. xyu4yt kunduz

dead (x alive) adjl. errv cilti 2. eair (Olik) 3. errrr (Oli.ik) 4. vre (iile)

).

olu

8. q,ur qiz

6. eau iili 7. rjy (6luk) 8. frur o'lik

dawn

deaf adj.

7. ?

n.

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

3;

@iz)

n. 1. aan dan 2. mq (trog) 3. rar{ (tang) 4. rar{ (tang)

5. tan 6. aaq dafl 7. JE (tang) 8. ronr tong

1. xap kar

2..sru9

ftereng) 3. i{,vnori (diiloy) 4. qq4lnrpay (sanggrau)

5. qaE,r - 6. rep ker

7. 3L 8.

(pang)

tgggr

sarans

2. Kag;akJl 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

tq

t *


ff t-

/

I ''

deafness n. 1. raprmr karhq

2. repeuair (kerengdft)

3. tvpirryr. (dtil0yltik) 4. caru-nrpaynbrK (sanggraultk)

5' tgglrk

6. repnr,rr kerlik 7. A4g (pangliq) 8. rapaumur garanglik

adj.

deafness

4t

Dictionary of the Turkic l-anguages

December n.

l.

deep adj.

,qexaop dekabr

2.

(zhelroqsan)

_Eâ&#x201A;ŹnTO(-ca d 3. geraopr (dekabr') 4. leradpn (dekabr')

s.r@

(q[dirlik) 7. *!:gi 8. a*n aziz

6. 4eraopr dekabr 7. :,9s (dekabr) 8. Aeraopr dekabr'

decide

deer zool. n.

v.

n. 1. errvu riltim 2. eniu (Olxn) 3. enru (iiliim)

4. yreu

(iilem)

5. 6liim 6. orrvrr Oltim 7. S!! (6ltim) 8. lrmu o'lim

debt

n. 1. oopu borc

2. 4,apua (qanz) 3. raprrs (kanz) 4. oypnru (bunch) 5. borg 6. 6epru bergi 7. )ri (qiirz) 8. Kaps qrz

1.

8. fapop 4Ha-

declslon

death

4.\@(tirf,n)

5. qeri! 6. ICg)p guflflur 7. JjtS* (chongqur) 8. qySy!. chuqur

l. rapapaKan- qararagal(uyghar-) l. cenranrm sevimlitrm-,.a, O @i (qrmbaur) (chech-) 2. <nlyoar'rrr $' @ 3. rcruoarry5r ftrmbattuu) 4. rapap lrr- (karar it-) 4. rasrc Gazn) 5. karar ver5. sevgili 6. rapapa rer- karara gel6' sts eziz 7. *J; ,116 (qarar qil-) dear

1. gapurr darin 2. repeu (tereng) 3. repeq (tereng)

qaror qil-

n.

1. repap qarar @. ueuriu (sheshim)

0. ggglg

(chechim)

4. rapap (karar) 5. karar 6. xapap karar 7. )l)ti (qarar) 8. x,apop qaror

decrease vi.

l.

aear- azal-

3.

a3aH-

2. aeafi- (azay-') @

3. oyry Ougu) 4. oonan (bolan) 5. geyik 6. xerhx keiik

7. ti;,- Ougha) 8. oyry bug'u

defeat v. l. umnyder ma[lubetq2. nen- (zheng-) \3. xeu- (ieng)

[.

ary'0ins-)

$. ven6. err- iefl7. -1.. geng) 8. ropuop x,nn- tor-mor qil-

4efeat n. r. uauyoujiar maflubiyyat

@ftim-)

2. seqinic- (zhengilis) 3. xeruurrY (engiliiti) 4. x;qerrv (iingelti)

.rryg-

6. egasu yen[$ 7. o**r. (maghlubiyat) 8. uarryorErr mag'lubi;lat

(any-)

5. azal6. asaa- azal7. -21;ts (azay-)

@

1. uapan maral

2. 6Yrnt OughD

kamay-

s.@

Azerbaijant 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5.'furkish 6. Turkmen 7. Utghur 8. Uzbek


?'

defend

defend

l.

y. uv.4agna e'r- mridalia et-

(qorgha-) (Korgo-) IKopru/ 4. Gdtrel (sakta-)

? ciollI'4l J.

5. ,-'6tvm o.oopa>

gora-

7. -J; r*-lsi.

(mudapi'{ qil-) 8. 4rauor q,ru himoya qil-

defense n.

l.

rrr4agna mridafia 2.{i&rat(qorshaw) 3 . Fo--pr--d r-r

yt (korgonu u)

4. @6b'poii?(oborona) \ -r ).

rsavunma/

- \,#+goraruna 6..folglgg 7. .:-lsj,. (mudapi'A)

8. uynoQaa mudofaa degree (=measurement of heat) n.

I. i2 2. 1

gaparira daroca

lPalYc (gradus) 3. rpa4yc (gradus) 4. rpagyc (gradus) 5. derece 6. rpa4yc gradus

7. u"jslrS

(gradus)

8. 4apaxa

daraja

delay

deliclous adj. l. ror:surr lazzatli 2.

xaun(diimdD

I.Vfdaffip

,r-t

1. .4euoxpa'rria demokratiya

(ent

demon rel.

l.

. -l; -rl(;, (inkar qil-) 8. ru*op x,ul- inkor qil-

n.

depart

(demon) (demon)

4. u6mrc (iblis) 5. geytan 6. ueu'ras $eymn 7. ot+o (sh[ytan) 8. lrorrllc iblis

demonstratlon pol. n. (demonstrat^siya)

3. AeMoHsrpaqr-rs (demonstratsiya)

6.

o.

(demonstratsiya)

s..@

AeMoHcTpaqHf, demonstlatsiya

7. ._inLU

(namayish)

8. nauofiuru

y.

7

ruejran qeytan

2. Aeuon 3. Aeuon

tish doktori

1. urxapsr- inkaret2. uorlggggug- (moymdama-) 3. felL{tan-) 4. uurrpr ur- (inkyar'it-) 5. inkar et6. r*rap rr- inkiir et-

8. 4enorparur demokratiya

4. 4euoHc'rpa4nr

8. xeurxm4nau kechiktirish

7. ,.5;.il;js

2. ger'.roxpatur (demokratiya) 3. geuorpa'rnr (demokratiya) 4. Aeuoxparur (demokraUya) 5. demokrasi 6. 4euoxparnr demokratiia

(keyinge_grluw)

7. ,JrL*f

(ttsh dangeri) 4. reru Bpaqbr (tesh vrachr) 5. di99i 6. 4lnu Aon'opbr dig dogtory

8. r'nu AoKtopH

3.gapfranyv/Garmaluu) 4. coqa xarfo (songa kalu)

(kechikish)

,

democracy pol. n.

yubanma

s.ffir'" Efi"*".Feglenme

n. 1. amuhorranH diq hakimi 2. nc4apirepi (tis d:irigeri) 3. rprru AapbrepH

(chish dokhturi)

2. .qeuoucrpau,H{

n.

dentist

3. .qaan4yy (daamduu) 4. ralllre (tiimle) 5. lezzetli 6. raraurrnr tagamly 7. &t, c (tiimlik) 8. uaran.r mazali

1. nnuajmu niimayiq

2.geEffiT?(any

1.

Dictionary of the Turkic Languages

42

"l

v.

1. jo.rragru- yoladtig2. xer- (ket-) 3. xer- (ket-) 4. xsr- (kit-) 5. kalk6. FS-q- ugra7. -;- U,i $olgha chiq-) 8. gfHao xer- jo'nab ket-

department n. 1. ruo'6a

2. aemlu

3. 6errvu

4.6vtex

gri'ba

(bttlim) (bOliim)

(billek)

5. bdltim 6. 6e.rrru boliim 7. Slh &dliim) 8. oyrurra bo'lim

namoyish

Azerbaijani 2. Kazak,h 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

{t

t!


r Dictionary of the Turkic

languages

department store n. 1.

2. 3. 4.

ynrmepuar univermaq ywnepuar (univermag) yrumepuar (univermag) ymaepuar (univemrag)

43

department st0re

descrlptlon

n. racnup tasvir 2. cyperrey (suwrettew) 3. crper:ree (siir6tt60) 4. mcnr4nay (tasvirlau)

l.

6. yuoepuar uniwermag 7. 6l)U ls-p (sodasaray) 8. yrurepuar univermag

5. tasvir 6. nacn arue wasp etme 7. -r, i- c (tiisvir) 8.'racnnpram tasvirlash

departure n.

desert geo.

5. btiyiik ma$aza

l.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

4. wn

1|qgt!4lgiune

7.,il 3\trJ-it

7. vtJ' . i-i-

lij -

5. gril 6. uon

8.

(yolgha chiqish)

8. xlrao

depth

KeTI.Irrr jo'nab ketish

n.

1. 4apmrrnx dorinlik 2. repertqix (terengdik) 3. repeq.4rc (terengdik) 4. rlrparuler (tirlinlek) 5. derinlik

6. tryrvryr guflluk (chongqurluq) 7. .ijlrjit 8. uyr,yprux chuqurlik

describe v. l. recnrp el. tesvir et-

2.

n.

cypvrce- (suwrette-)

3. crperT e- (silr0ttti-) 4. racrupla- (tasvirla-) 5. tarif et6. 6errr ar- beian et-

7.-4-ypc

(tiisvirlA-)

8. racsrrpna- tasvirla-

l.

'

1. qerurrK Ertlltik 2. mer (sh0l) 3. qen (chOl)

jona AYurMo yola driqma xery (ketuw) rerYY (ketiiii) ro,rrY (kitii) kalktg vroaua. rrrrue #

(chul)

gtil

uir

deslre

cho'l

n.

3. raTTyy TaMaK

(tattuu tamak) 4. .qecepr (desert) 5. Iatlr 6. Aecepr desert 7.

ul-J5.-^, .t*b tJ (tatliq yemiiklik)

8.

rilrlplilutrfi

destroy

shirinlik

v.

1. garnrr- dafrt2.6Ys-(buz-) 3. rurrlpat- (kryrat-) ?, (imer-) 35. gf34,rp tahrip et(chril-bayavan) 6. tuir- !yk- r'x 7. -:h Ouz) 8. oya- buz- P"'z

1. apoy aran 2. x,anay (qalaw) 3. iE6i-oo (kaaloo)

4.w

dessert cul. n. 1. un4nrjjar girniyyat 2. rsrri rarau (tltd tagham)

(telflk)

development

l.

2. 3.

1r

r

n.

srxrauaQ inkiqaf

@

(damuw) (rinrigriti)

b.'.'i

i'.iE f\

5. arzu 6. apsyB ilrzuw 7. j:rV (arzu) o.r _ _ 8. lorulu xobish ,v '-g'*

4. ilrr'a 6aprrur l4tga uanin) 6r-[1a'r' ' 5. geligme qa\â&#x201A;Ź e rt' 6. effi tistig "obJF

desk

8. pruoxnauurrr rivojlanish

n. 1. napra parta 2. nagra (parta) 3. napra (pm) 4. nayra (parta)

5. 6.

srra

Ea-pra parta

7. b-rk (parta) 8. napa parta

7.,I-IJ+131,

(ravajtinish)

dlamond geo.

l. pouo romb

n.

2. poruorr (rombr) 3. pouo (romb) 4. pou6 (romb) 5. baklava btgimi 6. poM6 romb

7. u"UtJ (almas) 8. pouo romb

Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uigbur 8. Uzbek

.


/44

dtarrhea

dlarrhea med.

dining room n.

2. 3. 4. a}a-rn,v (cch kiru) 5. ishal 6. E:Igul[e iggegme (ich sririish) 7. e\i-e 8. tfg rs.glrr ich ketish

2. 6acKa (basqa) 3. 6aura (bashka) 4. daurra (bashka) 5. farklr 6. yurreuur iiitgegik 7. ..:.tJirg (@elik) 8. rypru turli

2.

dicttonary n. l. nrrer lti$at

difficult adj. ,

n.

Hcha.n ishal iru ety (ish 6tuw) rrq tlryy (ich drriti)

2. cesAix (sdzdik) 3. cer,qvr (s0zdtik) 4. cr:lcx (siizlek) 5. sdzltik 6. ces.rrvx sdzltik

.

)l Qughit$ 8. nyrar lug'at 7

c.,&

dle v. l. an- ril-

2. ea- (ctl-) 3. er- (ctl-) 4. vr- (iil-) 5. 0l6. er- itl7. -Jy (6t-) 8. yn- o'l-

dlfference

#

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

dlfferent adj. l. rpprrrlr fanqli

l.

v

/

n. 1. qppr fary 2. arinrprra (ayrma) 3. atimpua (ayrma)

4. aeprrumlr (aenmhk) 5. fark 6. ranaoyr tapawut 7. .j''.'t (pifq) 8. Qap4, farq

1. uarrlrr gatin 2. EEgi (qiyrn)

3. x-tttllur (kryrn) 4. gmp (avrr) 5. zor 6. nrr kyn 7. oc (r.its) 8. x,ldun qiyin

jeuor o'riubr yemok otalr ac irusliu 6anMe (as ishetin kilme)

3. aurxana (ashkana) 4. au oYlruace (ash b[lmlse) 5. yemek odasr 6. uaxap uirpurrlarr orar nahar

iiilitin

otag

7.

q! gt-.r.,r: ;LE

8.

(uunaq yeyidighan ciy) oruxorra oshxona

dinnsl

n.

1, uahap nahar

2. xenri ac (keshki as) 3. xeqxra raMaK (kechkl tamak)

4. rrlqxe aru (kichke 5. ak$am yemefi

ash)

5. anuauimrK Hixap

dtg

y.

aggamlyk nabar

1. ramt- qaz-r2. 6,aa- (qaz-) 3. rar- (kazj 4. xas- (kaz-) 5. kaz6. taz- gaz7.

-:a Gaa-) 8.â&#x201A;ŹItu- kovladtllgent adj.

1. qarmrurran gahgqan 2. nqpraacrtl (rqrlastr) 3. aAenrry (adeptiiti) 4. xesuar conqan (khezmlit srlyuchiin)

5. gah$kan 6. rrxlacnrr yhlasly 7.

.ot*-rl

(tirishchan)

8. gnp-g5g_q tirishqoq

1.

l.

7. .;LU .,S;.S Gecbkr mmaq) 8. xeqxn on4ar kechki ovqat

dtploma

l.

n.

/pnurou diplom

2. Wlr.nou(diplom)

3. glrurou (diplom) 4. rorlaou (diplom) 5. diploma 6. Anuou diplom 7. f* s (diplom) 8. Xra-urou diplom

dlrectton (-way) n. 1. scrurauar istiqamat 2. qq*E @aghrr) 3. oartrr (bagrt) 4.

js

(yak)

5. r9g

6. ww usur 7. ,i-t4;r (ycini[sh) '' 'Y--4 8. rlyrralrlru yo'nalish

Azerbaijanl 2.Kazat& 3. Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen ?. Uighur 8. Uzbek

i L


I

/ Dictionary of the Turkic Languages

drfiy adj. l. .nryr(an) qirkllil

2. aac (las) 3. nnp (kir) 4. rmrupar (prchrak)

5.!!S

6. xana

hapa

U-l-L 7. '----------f

dlscusslon

n. 1. rrYraxrnpe miizakirs 2. Ta.rEntzay (talqllaw) 3. rarxlrnoo (talkrloo)

4. uonasapa (monazara) 5. miizakere 6. uacnaxartra[rua maslahatla$ma

(paskina)

7. ,'5132.

8. NQroc iflos

(muzakirii)

8. uy:oxapa

disappear

l.

v.

foxon- yoxol-

2. xoran- (zhoghal-) 3. xoron- (ogol-)

4. roraa- (yugal-)

5. kaybol6. roeAen raimrn 6ongOzden

gaiyp bol(yoqal-)

7. -Jt3r4 8. frfx,on-

yo'qol-

dlscount econ. n. 1. xreaur grizagt

I

2. apoan4ary (arzandatuw) 3. aprangaryy (arzandatuu) 4. regrepY (ttisherti) 5. indirim 6. apiaruarua rzanlahra 7. .-pi-r** ,j-Ltt (bahastni chiish iirUsh)

8. aprorurerrrrl{pril arzonlashtirish

discover

I.

2.

v. xaruQerl kagf et-

gU

(ash-)

3. aq- (ach-) 4. aq- (ach-) 5. kegfet6. 13lr tap-

. -J; ?j

.S (klishp qil-) 8. xauQ 4,lul- kashf qil7

l. Azerbaijani

2. Kazakh 3.

dtrty

45

muzokara

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

2.

n. raojyian MarrrbrH qabyuyan ma$ln ur/r,nrc E);11II1 (rdrs zhuwghrsh)

3. namn ryyryq

4.

(idish juuguch) casrrr $ylrbr Marrrrilra (savrt yuuchr mashina)

5. bulagft makinesi 6. ran-raq nBMa Marubrgbr iuwma ma$yny

n. trra[par nifrat

?

wripreny (zhiyirkenuw) mnn4xeFrrY (iyirkeniiii) ua$par (nilfrlt)

8. rruau roBarrrarr uarrrnHa

'' (f

nefret

â&#x201A;ŹUgg.q yigreng 7 . a os. r; (niipr[| 8. na([pat nafrat

. rl

r I t

" rrtlt!

LU

t

(qacha yuyush mashinisi)

idish yuvadigan mashina

dlstance n.

l.

uacaqp masafa

2. CE_Ignr-IK"_b.r5 (ara qashrquq)

dish (=msal; n. f . igg95 yemek

2. rauaq, (tamaq) 3. rarrar (tamak) 4. auraunnrr (ashamhk)

).

l.

gap-gag

disgust

l.

dtshwasher

yemek

3. aparmrr (arallk) 4. qla (ara) 5. mesafe 6. apa.rmx aralyk 7. 6J )U (ariliq) 8. uaco@ masofa

6. uaxap nabar 7. *E (ta'am) 8. raou taom

2. aen- (b0l-)

dtsh (=plate) n.

4. avn- (btit-)

1. qorrrrag bogqab 2. ra6ax, (rabaq) 3. raperxa (tarelka) 4. rannrxs (Uilnkd) 5. tabak 6. uex,xe mejme 7. .*;,c (t{kls{) 8. 44gg tdish

5. paylagtrr6. nari.na- paila7 . J; |*i (j (t{qstm qtl-) 8. raKcnrrra- taqsimla-

Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

dlstrtbute v.

l.

5.

naila- payla-

3. oea- (b('l-)

Turkish 6. Turkmen ?. Uighur 8. Uzbek


dlsturb

Dictionary of the Turkic langrrages

disturb

dlvorce

4.

ooruarrna boqanma 2. aunrpacy (azhrrasuw) 3. axupauyy (ajrashuu) 4. aepnrrmlruy (ayenhsbu)

y. I " rrapahat c.r- narahat et2. avs-(buz-) 3. oy.r- (buz-) 'rurrurrqcbl3Jla(trnrchsrzla-) rahatsrz et-

5. 6. rrru,anuxcbr3/rarrghrp ynjalyksyzlandyr-

7. -lJ c-,1ljti (avarlqil-) 8. 6eeoma Klur- bezovta qil-

dive v. l. 6aru nyp bag vur-

2. crr{ri- (siinggi-) 3. cvurY- (stinggti) 4. uyn- (chum-) 5. dal6. uru- gtim-

(stLngghu)

Z.

-;t;, 8. ulrru-

sho'ng'i-

divtde

v. 1. oen- bril2. aen- (b<it-) 3. oen- (bdl-) 4. 6vn- (btil-) 5. bol6. oea- b6l-

7. -Ji 0ol-) 8. oyl- bo'l-

division math. n. 1. derrua bolme aerry (ktluw) 3. oerrr (b6l{i) 4. 6vnv (biilti) 5. brilme 6. dernrer b0lmek

2.

7.

,|j*

(txlliish)

l.

dog

n.

zCIol. n.

l.mit

5. boqanma 6. alrprrnua airyhna

2. m'(iyt) 3. N'r (i0 4. sr (et) 5. kdpek 6. nr it

7.,:*:.ral.l

(ajrishish)

7. ,:-;

8. axparHu

ajralish

8.

divorce vi.

l.

6ouarr- bogan-' 2. axltpac- (azhrras-) 3. axuparu- (ajrash-) 4. aeprur- (ayenl-) 5. bogan-

la'

(it)

it

donkey zool.

l.

eururar eggak

2.

ecex(yesek)

6. arlpruruu- afrylyg-

3. ilrer (eshek) 4. r,ttuar (ishlik) 5. egek 6. auex egek

7. -alr,-tl

(ajrash-)

7.

!*;

ajrash-

8. auar

8. axpaur-

do v. l. gr. et-

door

(esh:tk) eshak

n.

2. q,nu- (qrl-) 3. ruur- (krl-) 4. lou- (krl-) 5. yap6. yr- etZ. -t*: (qil) 8. a,ur- qil-

1. rarnr qapr 2. ecir (yesik) 3. suxx (eshik) 4. muer (ishek) 5. kapr 6. ramt gapy 7. ^:1...'"; (ishik) 8. euufi eshik

doctor

doubt

med. n. 1. harcm hakim 2. 4apirep (diiriger)

3. 4,aprrrep (danger) 4. 4onop (doktor) 5. doktor 6. npau wrag 7. , F.i js (dokhnn) 8. 4,orrop doktor

n.

n. l. ruvoha gtibha 2. rruan (ktiniin)

3. ruerrenrY (shekteniiti) 4. rueoha (shobha) 5. giiphe 6. ruyoxe giibhe 7. 6uf Guman) 8. ruyox,a shubha

8. olaHru bo'lish

1.

Azerbaijani 2.Kauakh 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

i A

t


Dictionary of the Turkic [anguages

down

adv.

1. auarrr agafr 2. reuen (tOmen) 3. rsueH (tdmtin) 4. ryden ($bdn) 5. aga[t 6. auar a$ak 7. o,3g (tcivlin) 8. uacr past

dozen

n.

1. grrrrr diijiin 2. Almrsa (dyuzhiyna) 3. oueKrl.u,aga (on eki dana) 4. rom,ma (dyuzhina) 5. diizine 6. ou uxn on iki

7.

b33s (dozhna)

8. .4roxuna dyujina

drama art.

n.

1. qpauacapa dramasari 2. .4nua (drama) 3. .qnua (drama)

4. paua (drama) 5. piyes 6. rneca pitesa

7. Llrs

(drama)

8. g,paua

drama

drawlng art.

l.

2.

n.

urarret gekil mrcy (srzuw)

3. cnrryy (srzuu) 4. cntsbnd (szm) 5. gizim 6. cypar qcKMe surat gelore 7. f .; (riisim) 8. qlllrilx chiztsh

1.

down

47

dream n. 1. jyxy yuxu 2. rvc (ti.is) 3. rvu (ttish) 4. reu (rttsh) 5. rtiya 6. srnu diiig

7.

,-p9* (chiish)

8. ryru

tush

dress clo. n. 1. nalrap paltar 2. rorlaer (k0ylek) 3. rcrturu (kiyim) 4. ryrnrax (kiihek) 5. elbise 6. asr xefuierur aial kdynegi 7. rJ-r < .lJLtr

8.

(ayallar kiyimi) rllutar ko'ylak

drill

tech. n. 1. 6ypry burgu 2. orprnr (burghr) 3. 6ypry Ourgu)

4. oopay (borau) 5. nntkap 6. oypan buraw 7. V:! Ourgha) 8. napua.qacra parmadasta

drfnk

drfnk (*alcoholic) n.

1. ltrcr iqki 2. imiu4ir (shimdik) 3. uuarlpx (ichfmdft) 4. uceyrxeq aqeMtrex (isertkech echemlek)

5. igki 6. rruru iggi 7. ,;l-rb (haraq) 8. crmprru llqr-rl&rruK spirtli ichimlik

drlve v. 1. crp srir2. afita-

(ayda-)

3. ariga- (ayda-) 4. fiepr- (ydrt-) 5. siir6. crry siir7. -o+.. GeydA-) 8. xanAa- hayda-

drlver

n.

1. crpnrv sibticri 2. uroi[ep (shofyor) 3. afrAooqy (aydoochu) 4. uoQep (shofyer) 5. siiriicti 6. u@ep gotlor 7. .rh* (sbopr) 8. xAri.qosqu haydovchi

y.

1. Nu- iq-

drop (*of liquid) n.

2. iru- (ish-) 3. ltq- (ich-) 4. aq- (ech-) 5.iE6. nq- iq-

1. Aalnmr damcr 2. mrmmr (tamshr) 3. ranqnr (mmch| 4. rauqu (umchl) 5. damla 6. Rarrs.a damja 7. r;.E (tamcbA) 8. touq.r tomchi

7. *-; (ich-) 8. Nq- ich-

Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


drought

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

drought

n.

l. ryparnur

quraqhq 2. xvprax,urburbrK (qurghaqshrhq)

3. xypraruburbrK (kurgakchrhk) 4. ropunlrr (konhk) 5. kurakkk 6. rypaxwlrblK gurakgylyk

7. d*J*-iU-r-ii (qurghaqchiliq) 8. xypro<qr{JruK qurg'oqchilik

l. ooryn- bogul-

4. 6a'r- (bat-) 5. bogul6. rapr 6on-

7.-S1q

(chdgtip ket-)

gark bol-

(chok-)

8. rryK- cho'k-

drug med. n.

l.

2.

4apuan darman

xapi (deri) gpprt (dan) 3. 4. Aapy (daru) 5. ilag 6. .4epuax dennan 7. lsls (dora)

8. 4opn dori

drunk adj. 1. uecr mast

2. uac (mas) 3. uac (mas) 4. rrcepex (iserek) 5. sarhog 6. cepxour serhog 7. ,:-q (mast) 8. uacr mast

1.

dust

2. xYprar, (qurghaq) 3. xyprar (kurgak) 4. ropnr (kon) 5. kuru 6. ryprr gury 7. o)ry (quruq) 8. (ypyK quruq

Z. uaq (shang) 3. qarr (chang) 4. tyaau (tuzan) 5. toz 6. ro:arr tozan

dry

dury (=p51; n.

l.

drown vi.

2. aar- (bat-) 3. .{eryn rer-

dry adj. l. rypy qrrru

vi. rypy- qunr-

2. x,vpra- (qurgha-) 3. rypra- (kurga-)

n.

l. 'rm toz

7. ,il:, ilU (chang-toan) 8. qanr chang

l.

na:nrpa vazifo 2. uirrasr (mindet)

8" 4,ypH- quri-

3. nruge'r (mildet) 4. oypuu (bunch) 5. gOrev 6. tresune wezipe 7. y )r3 (viizipl) 8. 6ypu burch

duck zool. n.

dye

4. rop

(kor-)

5. kuru6. rypa- gura7. -)rp (quru)

l.

ep4er rirdak 2. vxper (iiyrek) 3. epger (rirdctk) 4. rpg,ax (iirdiik) 5. Ordek 6. epger tirdek 7. J ctsy (6rdiik) 8. !p4ar o'rdak

dusk

n. 1. roparumrr toranhq 2. rnrnryrl'(rmrrt)

3. ryrrru (kiitigiim) 4. ar{repueqrep (engger-mengger)

5. akgam karanhlr 6. e*1plrK inrik 7. #S Gueum) 8. o(ruou oqshom

l.

2.

vt. ooja- boyaaos.- (boya-)

3. ooe- (boyo-)

4.

ayr.- (buya-)

5. boya6. oor- boia7. -\:t QoYa-) 8. 6yx- bo'ya-

eagle zool. n.

l. raprarr qartal 2. orpxir (b[rkit) 3. orpxv'r (bffktit) 4. Oopxer (b6rket) 5. kartal 6. 6vprv'r biirgtit 1. ofirt Otirkiit) 8. oypryr

burgut

Azerbaijanl 2.Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4.Talar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


l.

satrsafie zslzsls 2. xep cirxinic (zher stlktnis) 3. xeprr{Trrpoo (er titirOO) 4. Ar4 rerpoY (ih teFefi)

5. deprem 6.eprlrrpeMecn

6. ry;rar gulak 7. .;t' (qulaq) 8. rylox quloq

ier

titremesi

8.

adv. epren erkan

eafth (=the world)

l. iep yer

(Hulrpnaul yer qimirlash ep

edge

n. 1. ranap kanar 2. uer (she$ 3. qer (chet)

east

n. 1. urapr getq 2. rurrmrc (shrgbrs) 3. qlrrnrru (chrgsh)

2. etrre (yerte) 3. apre (erte) 4. rlpra (irtli) 5. erken 6. tp ir 7. o.fuc (edgiin) 8. agra erta

2. vep (zher) 3. uep (er)

easy adj. 1. acarr asan

3. auwng.Oittm)

2.

5. diinya 6. ep ler 7. ,st9 .r.r (y[r 8. q yer

3. 4. anca'r

(ansu)

5. kolay 6. aqcar

aflsat

shari)

educatlon

n. rehcrar tahsil 2. aimuQilim)

4. qrp (lr)

l.

4. rep6nr (t{rbtya) 5. efidm 6. 6nrnar bilim 7. +rr.:+c (tlilim-cirbiye) 8. rarynna ta'lim

osata (ongay) oqotr (ongoy)

7. oLir (asan) 8. ocon oson

earth (-soil) n. l. mpuar torpaq 2. mrmrpax (toprraq)

effect

n. re'crrp ta'sir 2. acep (Iser)

l.

eat

v. f . ie- ye2. ne- (zbe-) 3. se- (ie-)

3. rcrrypar (topurak) 4. ry{pax (tufrak) 5. toprak 6. ronpar toprak 7. ot-,.j (tupraq)

3. raacrp (taastr) 4. raacrp (tliesir) 5. etki 6. rocrrp tAsir

4. aua- (asha-) 5.ye6. wFF ly-

tuproq

l. Azerbaijanl Z.Kar;akJl

4. rrrr (chit) 5. kenar 6. rrrpa gyra 7. .rl. (chiit) 8. q,nppa qtna

4. xorqlrruu ftOnchrgrsh) 5.dolu 6. rnr,qorap giindogar 7. ,j_r* (sberq) 8. ruapx sharq

n.

7.

Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

)* o (rasir)

8. rarcup

. -,2 (ye-) 8. e- ye-

7

3.

1. rcmca.ryijar iqtisadiyyat

2. aronouma (ekonomfta) 3. arououtxa (ekonomtka) 4. aronouuxa (ekonomika) 5. ekonomi 6. aronouura ekonomika

7. st--:i*J (iqtisad) 8. lr,rucoA iqtisod

7. ;o-,J.i -rq $ertiwiish)

early

8. ryrrpox.

economlcs n.

earthquake n.

eLr phys. n. 1. rynar gulaq 2. X,grtax (qulaq) 3. ry.uar (kulak) 4. ronar (kolak) 5. kulak

l.

g8r

49

Dictionary of the Turkic l^anguages

5.

Turkjsh

6.

ta'sir

Turlanen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dictionary of tbe Turkic l:nguages

egg cul. n.

l. jyrrypra yurnurta 2. xxurtyr<a (ziumrtqa) 3. xyuyprra (iumurtka) 4. irountpxa (yomrka) 5. yumurta 6. touyyrra iunurtga 7

' fFi

(tukhum)

8. ryxyu

tuxum

num. caxcart sokson 2. cercerr (seksen) 3. cerceg (scksen) 4. cnxcarr (siksiin)

electlon

5. seksen 6. cercelt segsen 7. ;,Jr- (s{ksltn) 8. caxcorr sakson

5. segim 6. caiuan sailaw 7. f \L (saYlam) 8. cair.rlon saylov

eighty

n. 1. ceurn seqki

l.

2. ca6nay (saylaw) 3. uairaoo (shayloo) 4. caturay (saylau)

eggplant bot.

electriclty

2. dauaxau (baklazhan) 3. oaxnaxaH (baklajan) 4. oaxraxas Oaklazhan) 5. pathcan 6. oaAaunan badamjan 7. o-r-g (ch6yz,ll) 8. oaKaanolt baqlajon

2. arextp (elektr) 3. anerrp (elektr) 4. anerrpNqegfuo

l.

n. 1. eaerrp*x elcktrik

n. da,r,r'rurran badrmcan

(elektrichestvo)

5. elektrik

6. anerrpmrorbl

7.

elektrik togy (elektr) 7. 8. arreKr? elektr

;lrlt'

8.

etght

l.

num.

caxrlls sakkiz

2. 3. 4. 5. sekiz 6. cepls

ceris (segiz) cerus (segiz) cHres (sigez)

l.

n. .rprpcar dirsak

elephant zool. 1. (}rrrl fil

2. 3. rrrrxanar (chrkanak) 4. repcar (tersiik) 5. dirsek 6. tnpcer tirsek rumrr:rax, (shrntaq)

sekiz

7. j*SS..

(sAkkiz)

8. caxrge

sakkiz

1. ou caKKHs on sakkiz 2. ott cerir (on segiz) 3. on cerx3 (on segiz) 4. yncnrea (unsigez) 5. on sekiz 6. on ceKltr] on sekiz

7. 2.5r*, 01; (onsiikkz) 8. yrr caKKHs o'n sakkiz

elect 1. ceu-

2.

vt.

n.

Z. rrin (pil) 3. mu (pil) 4. Olil (fil) 5. fil 6. nu.n pil 7. Jt? (pil)

7. Jq,.+ fieyniik) 8. rr4car tirsak

etghtâ&#x201A;Źen num.

1. Azerbaijani

elbow phys.

8. @ru fil

,.

elevator

seq-

2. rn@r (lift) 3. imtfr (lif0 4. /tr{rr 0if0 5. asansor 6. rnnQr lift 7. .-.i,1 (lift) 8. rm1[r hft

3. urallrra- (shayla-) 4. cafria- (sayla-) 5. seg6. caHna- saila7. -\L (sayla-) 8. carina- sayla-

Z.Kazath S.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

5.

n.

1. rll4rr lift

cafina- (sayla-)

Turkish

6.

Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

n

it

I

I


5l

Dictionary of the Turkic Languages

eleven

eleven

end

num. on 6rlp on bir 2. on6ip (on bir) 3. on 6ltp (on bir) 4. ynoep (unber) 5. on bir 6. oH 6rrp on bir

enjoy

n. 1. con son

l.

3. cor6y (songku) 4. coq (song) 5. son 6. corpr sofly

v. gsur 1. a,rr- zdvq al2. par,amaH- (raqattan-) 3. reqvaau- (kdngtil ach-) 4. neesarnau- (l!izz{tllin-) 5. zevk aI6. xesgnsr- hezileG

1. -;:Jrj;9 (huzurlan-) 8. pox,auan- rohatlan-

2.

cort(song)

7. )4 irJ

(on bir)

8. YH 6Hp

o'n bir

7. :,;U (akhtr) 8. oxrp oxir

embrace

y.

enemy mil.

enmity

2. way (zhaw) 3. xoo (ioo) 4. Aouuan (doshman) 5. diigman 6. 4yruuan dugman 7. ;r,* js (diishnan) 8. ,qyruuau dushman

2. .qrunangr6, (dushpan&q) 3. .qruuarrmtr (dushmandrk) 4. Aoruuanmx (doshmanl*) 5. diigmanl* 6. 4yuuaruburbrK

l.

1. ryurarna- qucaqla-

2. xnua(ra- (qushaqta-) 3. ryuarta- (kuchakta-) 4. xoqaraa- (kochakla-) 5. kucakla6. ryu,ax.na-

t. -*h-it

gujakla-

(quchaqla-)

8. Xyqonua-

quchoqla-

n. .r4rruuen diigman

emPty adj.

englne tuch. n.

1. ooru bog 2. ooc (bos) 3. ooru (bosh) 4. oyur Oush) 5. boS 6. oour boS

1. uorop motor 2. uorop (motor) 3. uomp (motor) 4. uorop (motor) 5, motor 6. uorop motor

7.

7. ;iL (mator) 8. uompmotor

,i,

(bosh)

8. oyru

bo'sh

empty

n. uvhau,ryrc mrihandis 2. Hrrsenep (inzbener) 3. urrseHep (injener) 4. HmeHep (tnzhener)

l.

3. 6oruo'r- (boshot-) 4. oyuar Oushat-) 5. bo$alt6. 6ouar- bo$at7. *itl, (boshat-) 8. oyruar- bo'shat-

l. Azerbaijant 2. Kazakh

5. mtihendis 6. rarxesep in fener 7. ,-1j* (inziener) 8. uyxanTgac muxandis

3.

Kyrgyz 4. Tamr

dugmangytyk

7. .,:lJdjs (dtisbmenhk) 8. 4nrruanrnx dushmanlik

enough adv.

englneer

vt. 1. oourarrr- bogalt2. oocar- Oosat-)

n. 1. .qnuuarqElrrfx dtigmanEilik

5.

Turkish

1. ru@iar reAap kifayat qadar 2. xerKinirri (zhetkiliktt) 3. xerxnurxrYY (ietkiliktiiii) 4. x,Nrapaer (iitttrlek) 5. yeteri kadar 6. erreprrx ieterlik 7. clJrr:- (yeUirlik)

8. erapnH yetarli

eoter v. 1. relp gir-

2. rif (kir-) 3. rup (tir-) 4. rep (ker-) 5. gir6. nlp glr7. -rJ (kir-) 8. rrp kir-

6. Turkmen 7.

Uighur

8. Uzbck


cntertslnment

envy

entertainment

n. 1. aj.narrua oylanca

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

otllls-cayblK

(oytn-sawtq)

onn ulooK (oyun shook) naHrrq (yuantch) e$lence

rnlueHue giiimenme 7. t:LU-oj.JJ (oyun-tamasha)

8. 'rouorua

1.

7. !r:-,J Gitlsh) 8. rrrpnu kirish envelope n. aag[ zarf

2. xormpr (konvert) 3. rormyr (konvert) 4. rornegr (konvert) 5. zarf 6. 6yKqa bukja 7. or, yf (konve*) 8. roxneyr konvert v.

3. rorsraH- (hzgan-) 4. rnrelrx- (ktztk) 5. hskan6. rssN rutt- g0zi git-

1.

x,rul-

hasad

3. Aoop (door) 4. apa (era) 5. devir 6. apa era

7. .,jo.r (d{vr) 8. ganp

davr

v.

l. crvr- sil-

2. eruip- (6shir-) 3. eurp- (tichiir-) 4. ceyr- (s0rt-) 5. sil6. oos- boz-

equal adj.

erSser n.

l. -:hg 8. iulp

(6chtir-) o'chir-

1. oapaOap barabar 2. rctr (teng) 3. rcrr (teng)

1. noean pozan 2. oruipriru (Oshirgish) 3. ouvprvq (dchiirgtich) 4. oerepreq (betergech) 5. silgi 6. ooaryu bozgug 7. 5f :q! (ochiirgiich) 8. iwlprrnq o'chirgich

equlpment

escape

r?.

1. asagasrlrr avadanhq 2. Kypan (qural) 3. rypa.n (kural) 4. qNhaanap (ihazlar) 5. teghizat 6. arm,aurap enjamlar Jl)js

(qoral-sayman)

v.

1. rau- qag2. Karu- (qash-) 3. raq- (kach-) 4. raq- (kach-) 5. kag6. raqnrn rHr- gagyp git7. -rc (qach-) 8. x,oqlr6 xer- qochib ket-

8. acooo-ycKyrra

(htisitkhorluq qil-) xaca,q,

n. 4oup dtiw 2. 4ayip (d:iwir)

l.

2. arnc (epik) 3. anrx (epik) 4. anoc, Aac'rag (epos,dastan) 5. desran 6. Aeccas dessan 7. drLr-lr (dastan) 8. Aoc'roH doston

7. ol^.L

7. -t;,;il,rg:r-o

era

erase

n. AasraH dastan

4. tr4 (ung) 5. egit 6. .q,eq defl 7. 3 .; (tling) 8. rerr teng

1. ruo'ra er- qibta et2. repe atrMa- (kOre alma-)

8.

5. haset 6. ropnnrux gtiriPlik ..r (hlisAtkhorluq) 7 . j!,*.8. xacaa basad

eptc lit.

2. Kipy (kiruw) 3. xrrprr (klrtil) 4. repr (kerii) 5. girig 6. rrrperre girelge

envy

n. hasad hocaA 1. 2. iru TaprIbI( (lsh tarltq) 3. llqu rap.4brK (tchl urd*) 4. xeHqeaer (kOnchelek)

tomosha

entrance n. l. xxprul girig

l.

Dictionary of tbe Turkic larguages

52

qil-

asbob-uskuna

Azerbaijanl 2.Kazakb 3.Kyrgyz

4.Tatx

5.

Turkish 6. Turlanen

7.

Uighur

8. Uzbek

i

I

t I


espectally adv 1. xvcycuna xtisusile 2. epenue (yerekshe) 3. aliprrrua (aynkcha)

4. aepyra

(ayerucha)

5. 0zellikle 6. ruar?ra-4a ylafta-da

7. o-yr Ghususiin) 8. arrrflqca ayniqsa

eternity

event

n. harurca hadisa 2. o4ura (oqiygha)

everywhere adv.

3. oryr (okuya) 4. saKbuira (vakryga) 5. olay 6. xaIn166 hadysa 7. ri 13 (vdqe) 8. ao4ea voqea

(barhq zherde) 3. ap EepAe (ar jerde) 4. heprangg (h{rkayda) 5. her yerde 6. xep epge ber ierde 7. os-2e .ro (htiryiitdli)

l.

hap iepaa har yerda

8. xap ep4a n.

1. aoe;g{ijar abediyyat 2. uaqrinir (miinggilik) 3. rv6enrK (rtibluk) 4. uaqrelex (mAnggelek) 5. ebediyet

every adj.

l.

n. mrraharr imtahan euraxan (yemtiykhan) cnrsoo (srnoo) rarrro<au (im0khan)

6. aoepall:"rx ebedilik 7. Jj,j3- (nr5nggiiltik) 8. uanryrm mangulik

even

everybody pron.

adv.

l. hsrra hatta

2. n,nrr (Uptt) 3. a,n ryprali (al turgay) 4. xatra (khAtta) 5. hatta 6. xarAA hatda 7. h:o (h{th) 8. xarro hatto

gygntng

n. axruau ax$am

2. reu (kesh) 3. req (kech) 4. nrq (kich) 5. akgam 6. anuau aggam 7. ,.llj'tr (akhsham) 8. ox,ruou oqshom

har yerda

examinatlon

hep har

2. ep (?lr) 3. ap (ar) 4. hap (hiir) 5. her 6. xep her 7. ;o (hhr) 8. XAp har

l.

l.

2. oapnnrqsepAe

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. smav 6. arsaueg ekzamen 7. gk.:.-i (indhan) 8. anrrro(on tmtibon

l. haprac herkas 2. apriu (er kirn) 3. ap rHu (arkirn) 4. hapreu (hflrkem) 5. herkes 6. xep xrar her ktm (her kim) 7. 8. xAp ruu harklm

t':u

example

n. rrruyna ntimuna rorcaa (m$al) rrncarr (misat) rcrcan (misal)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Ornek 6. rolca,rr mysal 7. J*- (misal) 8. urcoa misol

everythtng oron. 1. hapurej ha, gey 2. 6api (beri) 3. oaapu (baan) 4. hapuapca (h{rn{rsfl) 5. hergey 6. xep gar her zat 7 . <-, sri lt Jo (hlir bir nf,rsl) 8. xpp Hapca bar narsa

l. Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4. Taar

5.

excltement

l.

n. hajelrax hayacan

2. x,oey (qozuw) 3. mnryngoo (tolkundoo) 4. gynxlrlrnaHy (dulkrnlanu) 5. heyecan 6. noruryH jo$gun 7. otrtrtr (hayajan) 8. x3gxon hayajon

Turktsh 6. Turkmen 7. Utghur 8. Uzbek


Dictionry of the Turkic languages

excu$e

excuse

l.

n. oahass bahana

exlt n. l. uuxnrur

explaln Etxtg

2. cnrrtay (srltaw) 3. erlpnunrulr (tirichilik) 4. crrrray (srltau) 5. ba-bane 6. 6axana bahana 7. otrL (bahane) 8. 6atona bahona

2. urrry (shrghuw) 3. urrryy (chrguu) 4. urrry (chrgu) 5. gtktg 6. qnxama gykalga

exhibition

expense n.

n.

l. capxH saryi

7. ,:*i-

(chiqish)

8. qr.r4,uru

l.

chiqish

xopu xarc

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

repue (kOrme) xepresue (korgOanO) rrprezua (kiirglizrnli) ceprut sergl

2. runtrnur (shtghm) 3. qrn'bru (chtgm) 4. rrbrbru (chrgrm) 5. gider 6. r{ntKAax.br, xapa[,ar

.

u 3,3 2jS (ktirgzizrre) ryprasua ko'rgazma

gykdajy, harajat 7. .rr-l-,p; (khirajat)

7

8.

sergi

8. xapaxa'r

exlstence n.

l.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

napnnrr varhq oapnnr6, $arhq) 6aprmrx (barl*) oaprmrx (barl*) varltk

xarajat

expenslYe adj. 1. oaha baha

v. l. rnah c'r- izah et2. rvcirrAip (ttlsindir-) 3. r'vuvugYp- (ttishiindiir-) 4. aqnrsa- (achtkla-) 5. agtkla6.4vnrrsg,up diigtindirJj{rF- (chtishiindiir-) 7.

-.,j 8. ryruyurup tushuntir-

explanation

n. izahat L nrahar 2. rvciHxipy (tustndtruw)

3. rnurHgYpYY (riisbiindtirtiii)

4. a:uarraa (anglatma) 5. agrklama 6. AvruvnJlrrpnrr dtigtindirtg 7. c,'ltli*' (izahat) 8. ryruyrtrapxrll tushuntirish

extlnguish

v. 1. cell&rp sondiir2. eruip- (oshir-)

7. o... sj+j- (miivjudiylt) 8. uanxygTrur rnvjudlik

2. KbrMoar (qunbat) 3. rnru6ar (kmbat) 4. ronhmot (kymmat) 5. pahalr 6. rrrrrvat gymmat 7. .: r.*i (qinmet) 8. x,mnra'r qimmat

exlt

experlence n.

eye phys.

1. ravpv6a tecrtiba 2. raxipHoe (tiizhiriybe) 3. mrpnrtroa (tajnyba) 4. TeEpH6e (tiijriba)

1. xea goz 2. reg (kdz) 3. res (kOz) 4. xve (ktD) 5. gtt 6. res g62

l.

oap dorndaKrrblK bar bolmaklyk

v.

tmrx- qrx-

2. runrr- (shrgh-) 3. qnx- (chrk-) 4. qrx- (ch*-) 5. gtk6. urrr- gyk(chiq-) 7. -,; 8. uuq,- chiq-

1.

5. tecri.ibe 6. 'rex,pnoe tejribe 7. q,-,,+.i (tiijribe) 8. ranpuda tajriba

3. eurp- (Ochtir-) 4. cnlqep (stinder-) 5. sdndiir6. ceu4vp- sdndtir-

l. -:*_y

(ochiir-)

8. Yt-P- o'chir-

:f

7. 8. KtB

n.

(kdz) ko'z

Azerbaijanl Z.Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


l4ctig*g!{the

Turkic

eyebrow phys. n. 1. raur qag 2. <ac (qas) 3. raur (kash)

l.anguages

55

eyebrow

faint v. l. hyuryHy HTrrp

6. raur gag 7. ,,iE (qash) 8. Kour qosh

hugunu itir2. rwretnxal- (tahp qal-) 3. ramrnxaa- (tahp kal-) 4. hyrurau rs- (hushtan yaz-) 5. bayrl6. eavu.4eH rrrr- dziinden git7. -i'6 o/J--ija

eyelash phys. n.

8. xyu4an

4. raru 5.

(kasb)

kag

l. nrrrplr

(hushidin klit-)

kiprik

2. ripnir (kirpik) 3. rrlpurx (kirpik) 4. xe1@r (kerfek) 5. kirpik 6. lcryrnx kirpik (ktrpik) 7. +-; 8. nlrrpar kiprik

face phys. n. l. re riz

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

oer (beO oer (bet) olrr (btt)

7.

q|+

8.

(etiqad)

yuz

factory n. l. rladprtr fabrik 2. rpdprxa (fabrika) 3. rpopuxa (fabrika) 4. $a6pnxa (fabrika) 5. fabrika 6. Qaopur fabrik

atrr.mrr achq

8. smnXon e'tiqod

famous adj.

fall

1. uauhyp meghur 2. arax,rnr (ataqu) 3. araxryy (ataktuu) 4. arararr (atakl) 5. meghur 6. ueruxyp megbur

vi.

5. dtig6. turrnrn- iykyl-

(cbiray)

l. Azerbaijani

iman

7. sli; t'

famine n.

l.

1. e'mu'ag e'tiqad 2. ceuiu (senim) 3. mueHran (ishenim) 4. roEu (din) 5. itikat

6. ranarr

2. ceurr (sem'ya) 3. vtt-6Yne (iiy-b[l0) 4. lnwrc (gaiH) 5. atle 6. Manrrara maggala 7. dr9 (a'ilii) 8. or,tra oila

2. aurapurlnbr( (asharshrhq) 3. auapuunrrx (acharchrlft) 4. aqlnrx (achhk) 5. aghk 6. aryrnx aglyk 7. OL--rhLr (acharchiliq) 8. ouapururrx. ocharchilik

grru-, jrrxlra- dtig-, yrxrl2. 4vna- (qula-) 3. ryna- (kula-) 4. reru- (tosh-)

ftrs iiiz

7. *)Jl5 (zavut) 8. eanoA zavod

xushdan ket-

fatth rel. n.

l.

ytD

rc

rer-

family n. l. ar,rra aila

7.-.l.h

(chiish)

8. ryu-,

fru(lla-

7. sj+ru (mf,shhur) 8. uaru4lp tush-, yiqil-

false adj. cax'ra saxta 2. watnav (zhalghan) 3. xaman (ialgan)

4. sca,rua (yasalma) 5. sahte 6. ualrlarl yalandan 7. biL (sakhh) 8. Ka.rroarr-r qalbaki

4.'Ianr

5.

Turksh

far adj. l. laar uzaq

2. aruc (ahs) 3. a,'nrc (alrs) 4. epax (yeraa) 5. uzak 6. 4au dag

l.

2. Kaz.akb 3. Kyrgyz

nrashhur

7. ol:l

(uzaq1

8. yaox, uzoq

6.

Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbck


Dictionary of the Turkic languages

fare

l.

fast (=rsP16; adi.

n. joa rry.ny yol pulu

fate rel. n.

2. xol a<u (ifiol aqr) 3. xor rHp (lol kire) 4. rylay ($leii) 5. yol parasr 6. Ua nrperlu iol kireii

l.

,{arA cald

2. mulau (zhrldam) 3. 'res (tez) 4. rHs (riz) 5. hult 6. qa;rr galt

1. rarre tale 2. rar/prp (taghdrr) 3. rar2prp (tagdrr) 4. rtlonu (yazmrsh) 5. kader 6. nxda.n ykbal

7. u*r- Jx (yot heqqi) 8. ltir xaXH yo'l haqt

7.

;;

(tez)

7. -r. sc

tez

8. ra(Alrp

farm

fasten

n. 1. mcoppvi[a'r tasarrtifat 2. @pua (ferma) 3. (ppua (ferma) 4. @pua (ferma) 5. qiftltk 6. @pua ferma

7. ;l+ {. .i1+ti9

s

(dehqar:chiltq mdydani)

8.

xlnanrx

1. uoAa moda

2. uona (moda) 3. uosa (moda)

4. uoga (moda) 5. moda 6. uoAa moda 7. ls2. (moda) 8. uo.qa moda

fast rel. n. 1. opyu oruc 2. opasa (oraza) 3. oposo (orozo) 4. ypaaa (uraza) 5. orug 6. opa:a oruza

8.

pFa

Goza)

ro'za

v. oar.na- bafla2. 6eriT- (bekit-) 3. oexrm- (bekit-) 4. asl'^ne- (bayH-) 5. ba$la-

l.

6. aas- dafl7. -Iit Oaghla-) 8. ooraa- bog'la-

xojalik

fashion clo. n.

7. l3r,

8. 'res

fat

taqdir

n.

l. rra ata

2. axe (iike) 3. ata (ata) 4. a'ra, arn (ata, [ti) 5. baba 6. raxa kaka

7. lsls (dada) 8. ma ota

faucet

adj.

n.

l. rpaH kran

1. rex kdk 2. cexie (senriz) 3. ceuus (semtz)

4.

father

(Uiqdir)

2. rpan (kran) 3. rpaH (kran) 4. rpan, dopbrrr (kran, bonn) 5. musluk 6. xpan kran

marr (yuan)

5. gigman 6. ceune semiz 7. 3--- (sâ&#x201A;Źrniz) 8. ceuris semiz

fat cul. n.

7. Jujp

(umak)

8. rpan

kran

fault

f

n. 1. xara xata

3. MaH (rnay) 4. Mar{ (may) 5. vaB 6. n" iag

2. q,a're (qate) 3. rara (kata) 4. xa'ra (khata; 5. hata 6. snHnriltrtnrx lalflyglyk

7. ,t

(yagh)

7,

8.u

yog'

. iar yaf 2. Mai4 (may)

l. Azerbaijani Z.Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4.Taw

(ayib)

-5 ayb 8. aEd

5.

Turkish 6. Turkmen

7.

Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dictionary of the Tukic l-anguages

fear

fear

57

fcelng n.

n.

fever

1. ropxy qorxu 2. q,op4,nrnnrm (qorqrrush) 3. ropxyy (korkuu) 4. rypxy (kurku) 5. korku 6. roprur gorky 7. u-t 'j (vflhimli) 8. EypKyB qo'rquv

3. ceelild (sezim) 4. mrtorr (toygr) 5. dnygu 6. .qyliril duigy 7. h,, (tuyghu) 8. >qrc his

feather

fence

n.

med. n. 1. mra4trrpua qrzdrrma 2. 4nrey (qrzuw) 3. rermreparypa (temperatura) 4. rcuneparypa (temperatura) 5. ateg 6. rtrsrbru gyzgp

1. Ayiry duy$u 2. cesiu (sezim;

(qizitma) 7. 6* 8. Hcrtrrra isibna

few

n.

1. ryru r"rKY qug ttihi 2. 4,rc xrui (qus zhiini) 3. ryu KaHarlr (kusb kanau) 4. rarrau (kaltinl 5. kugtiiyii 6. e.nex ielek 7. .5ry (Rer) 8. rmr pat

3. rauaa (kashaa) 4. rolhra (koyma) 5. git 6. repuen germew 7. .:* (chit) 8. naruapa panjam

February

fertlllzer ag.n.

5. gubat 6. rpapa.nr fewral

1. xvopa gubre 2. mrt1arir4ntul (ungayqrsh) 3. xrtr (hk) 4. rrpec (Ures) 5. giibre 6. 4errH ddktin

n. rpnpa.n fewal 2. a{,nas (aqpan) 3. rpenpa.nr (fevral') 4. Qeapa.u (fewal')

l.

7. J1:3t

(fevral)

8. 0espo/6 fevral'

feel v. l.

hscc e'r- hiss et-

2. w- (sez-) 3. cee- (sez-) 4. crls- (siz-) 5. hisset6. AyI{- dui7

. -L; ,-rr

8. xnc XHr-

(hcs

1,. uanap gapar 2. uap6a( (sharbaq)

7. o*-f (oghut) 8. inrrr o'g'it

5. az 6. as

az

7. iv (az-) 8. rau karr

fleld ag.n. 1. raprrra tarla

2. erinA3rracbr (yegin 3. raaaa 0alaa) 4. nrp (kr) 5. tarla 6. ueli.qan metdan 7. :,.;+ (e[z) 8. ap.na dala

flfteen

2. uepere (mereke) 3. @mrmarn (festtval') a. @cmna;rn (festtval') 5. gcnlik 6. oaripauqbl.Irbrr

ott oec (on bes) 3. on 6eu (on besh) 4. yuaw (unbtsh) 5. on beg 6. orr oau on blg

bairamgylyk

7.

ft-!

Oayram)

8. @ctHsaal

1.

4. n (az)

festtval n. l. (pcrnna,rr festival

qil)

his qil-

adj. L. at az 2. u (az) 3. m (az)

fesl.ival'

Azerbaijuti 2. Kazakb 3.Kyrgyz 4.'latar

dalast)

num. 1. onoeur onbeg

2.

7.

,?,

8.

fu 6eu o'n besb

;rr"

5. TurkJsh 6. Turkrnen 7.

(on b5sh)

Uighur 8. Uzbck


of the Turkic languages

flfty

fllt

2.

4. nue (ille) 5. elli 6. a.n.nu elli 7. cLu,g (iillik) 8. aarlrr cllik

2. rorn'nrp (toltr-) 3. 'rorryp- (toltur-) 4. ryrup (tutrr-) 5. doldur6. aorayp- doldur7. -;jd-y (toldur-) 8. rll4xp- to'ldir-

l. mrua inca 2. xv6,a (zhuqa) 3. ryra (juka) 4. xxa (yuka) 5. ince 6. unue inge 7. .S-#-r (inchikl) 8. rnrrprqxa tngichka

fig

film (*for camera) n.

finger phys. n.

l.

num. arum olli

eny (yeluw) 3. arrv (eliiti)

l.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

bot. n. arrwrp ancir irrxip (inzhir) unxup (injir) rutxp4 (injir) incir HnqHp injir :Fa (iinjtir)

8. urmrp

flght l.

flne (=161n; adj.

v.

l. 4ol,ryp doldur-

l.

nerrr lent

1. oapuar barmaq 2. cayca4 (sawsaq) 3. uanxa (manja) 4. oapuar (barmak) 5. parmak 6. oapuar barmak 7. ,Urt, (barmaq) 8. oapuox, barmoq

2. rurenKa(plyonka) 3. ruerrra (plenka) 4. rureura (plyonka) 5. film 6. ruenxa plionka 7. lt / (lenta) 8. rurema plyonka

anjir

flnd

v.

aejvur- doyus2. xrpec- (kiires-)

flnlsh vt. l. rygrap- qurtar-

v. 1. ran- tap2. ra6- (tab-)

3. rrpeur- (kilr0sh-) 4. xepeu- (kOrflsh-) 5. kavga et6. ypyru- urug(soqush-) 7. :f 8. xypanr- kurash-

3. ran- (tap-) 4. ran- (tap-) 5. bul6. rarr- tap7. -*b (tap-) 8. ron- top-

2. oi'rip- (biur-) 3. 6vrrp (btittir-) 4. 6erep (beter-) 5. bitir6. ryrap- gukr7. -:-r,h (ptirttir-) 8. ryra'r- tugat-

flle tuch. n.

flne (=good) adj.

fir

1. aja aya 2. erey (yegew) 3. oree (ogOO)

4. rrpv (igAii) 5. eSe 6. rue ige 7. J&" (ekiik) 8. aron egov

l. Azerbaijani

l.

xeaan grizal

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

xa4clr

7.

2. Kazakh 3.

oflat (yakhshi) yaxsbi

Kyrgyz 4.Tatx

5.

n.

l. xxHap kiiknar

giizel

":rt 8. nuls

bot

2. urnrpma (shrsha) 3. 6a.na'rrr (balatr) 4. unlprurr (chrshr) 5. kriknar 6. nux'ra pihta 7. i5U.rG ..iU (aq qarighay) 8. x,opaxapararl qoraqarag'ay

(zhaqsr)

xaxrunr (iakshr) rxrunr (yakhshr)

oqa'r

\

Turkish

6.

Turlanen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dilqglqry of the Turkic Ianguages

ftre (-a destructive burning) n. 1. janrrrn yanfirn 2. epr (6rt) 3. epr (itn) 4. cHrnru (yangrn) 5. yangm 6. nutru iangyn 7. Crr;t" (yanghin) 8. gsrun yong'in

fire (-burning)

1. ot od 2. or (ot) 3. or (ot) 4. Yr (u0 5. ateg 6. crr ot 7. ,z; (ot) 8. yr o't

flrm

econ. n. 1. Qrprra firma

2. ronuaruls (kompaniya) 3. xorcnaruu ftompaniya) 4. rorrraruls (kompaniya) 5. girket 6. Qapua firura (shirkiit) 7. 4* 8. unrprat shirkat

flsh zool. n. l. oa.mn bahq

2. 6aarr( (batrq) 3. 6amrr (bahk) 4. 6a.rmrr (bal*) 5. balft 6. darrur balyk 7. ,r+. (bcliq) 8. oamq baliq

l'

flsherman

n. 1. da.inrrqrr bahqg 2. 6annr4nrnr (bahqshr) 3. oannrrqrr (balftchD 4. dannrxqu (baLkchr) 5. bahkgr 6. oa-mrxrnr balykgy (beliqchi) Z. "**t'. baliqchi 8. Oanr-r{,.rn

five

n.

flre

59

num. 1. oeru beq 2. oec (bes) 3. oeru (besh) 4. awtGish) 5. beg 6. oau biig

7.

@esh)

"p, besh 8. oeur

flea zool. n. 1. onpe bira

2. 0vpre (biirge) 3. orpre (btirgri) 4. oopua (borcha) 5. pire 6. ovpe btire 7. &r* (biirga) 8. oypra burga

flee v. l. rau- qag-

2. x,am- (qash-) 3. xaq- (kach-; 4. xaq- (kach-; 5. kag6. rau- gag7. -tE (qach-) 8. q,ouuo (yrynqochib qutul-

8g n.

flfght (=travel by ur)

oajpar bayraq Eiuray (zhalaw) xerreK (elek) danpaK (bayrak) bayrak 6ali.qaK baidak (bayraq)

2. peric (reys) 3. peric (reys) 4. penc (reys) 5. ugug 6. pefic reys

6artpoK bayroq

7.

.il;:!

flame

l.

yqFu uqul

ehl

8. peEc

n.

(uchush) reys

n.

l. arog alov 2. xa.mrrr (zhahn) 3. xalun (ahn) 4. sxnn (yalkrn) 5. alev 6. s.rbnr lalyn 7. o:^t\ (yalqun) 8. a.naura alanga

flood n. l. eir sel

2. cy arbrnbr (suw aghrnr) 3. cy artrnlr (su agrmr) 4. raruxlrn (tashkrn) 5. sel 6. cyn Aerilrbll{bl suw daggyny

7. ;f- (seir 8. cyn rorux,HrrH

suv toshqinl

Azerbatjani 2. Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4. ]'atar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur g. Uzbek


floor floor (*of a room)

l.

Aeuoua dtigama egeu (yeden) no.rt (pol)

2. 3. 4. rutas (iditn) 5. ddgeme 6. uor pol 7. .Jl4 (nol) 8. non pol

flour

8.

cul. n.

l.

(un)

"n un

flow

v.

ax- axZ. u_ (agh-) 3. ar- (ak-) 4. ar- (ak-) 5. ak6. ar- ak7. -;u (aq-) 8. o<- oq-

flower bot. n. 1.

n.

flu l.

xrrr giil

2. rva (giil) 3. rvr (gtil) 4. rer (gtil) 5. 9i9ek 6. rvr gtil 7. J-F Gul 8. ryr gul

1. Azerbaijani

fold vt.

med. n.

l.

rpnn qrip

(yuqumluq zukam)

fly

gripp

/

vi.

l.yq-

7. t$-rt

folktale

n. 1. rraruur na$l 2. eprer (yertek) 3. xouor (omok) 4. xa.rmrr aKllsre

1. rorrrqar milgak 2. runr6nrH (shrbrn) 3. qnnrun (chmrn) 4. qe6en (cheben) 5. sinek 6. csqer sifiek (chivin) 7. y* 8. uarurua pashsha

fog n. l. 4nralr duman

(khahk likiyate)

5. halk hikAyest 6. xarx Aeccagbr halk dessany 7. J."J" (chochiik)

8. xa.nf agrarx xalq

2. rsuan (tunan) 3. rylrax (tuman) 4. muan (toman) 5. sis 6. rurp, Ayualr iimiir, duman (tuman)

8. ryuarr turum

z.Kazakh S.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

(folklor)

8. @rnx.rtqp folklor

fly zool. n.

,*j

folklore n. l. (pnr,rrop folklor 2. ipoanr.nop (fol'klor) 3. Qorlxaop (fol'klor) 4. Qorluop (fol'klor) 5. folklor 6. @.mxrop folklor

uS-

2. vw- (usn-; 3. yu- (uch) 4. oq- (octr-; 5. ug6. yu- ug7. _-j (uch-) 8. yt- uch-

7.

rar.rra- qatla-

2. (atra- (qatta-) 3. rarra- (katta-) 4. osx- (bdk-) 5. katla6. aue- eple7. -$6 (qatla-) 8. oyx.rua- bukla-

2. rprmu (glpp) 3. rprrm (gnpp) 4. rpltrrn (gnpp) 5. gnp 6. rpun grip 7. fS j: .rjtjij,8. rpmm

1. yu un 2. vu (un) 3. yr (un) 4. otl (on) 5. un 6. yn un

7. oji

Dictionary of the Turkic lanrguages

60

ertagi

follow v.

l. tlnlrc- iila2. eV (yer-) 3. aapuN- (eerchi-) 4. apatruuan dap (artrnnan bar-) 5. izle6. rrsapura- yzula-

7. -.a c(.: (Agash) 8. apraru- ergash-

5.

Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur

8. Uzbek

I

I

i"


1&.

:# ,$:

:,';d

food

n. 1. rus,a qida 2. asrr(-rYnir (azrq-tiilik) 3. rauatr-atrr (tamak-ash) 4. au (ash) 5. ytyecek 6. xhmr iimit

force n. 1. rrw giic

forget v. l. yun- rmut-

2. rvur (ktish) 3. rrq (kilcb) 4. xeq (k0ch) 5. guc 6. rrEu gtiig 7. eF Giich) 8. ryu kuch

2. nrlrr- (umt-) 3. ysy.- (unut-) 4. omrr- (orut-) 5. unut6. Wyr- unut-

foot phys. n.

forehead phys. n.,

forgive

aiar ayaq

1. arnm alm 2. rraqqari (mangday) 3. ualrqafr (mangday)

1. oarururaa- ba$rpla2. xemip- (keshir-) 3. reur.rp- (kechir-) 4. ra@y rn- (gafu it-) 5. affet6. oarnruraa- bagygla7. -:nE (kechiir, 8. retnlp kechir-

7. !u'

(yemiik)

8. osn(,-onx,ar

l.

2.

oziq-ovqat

asK, (ayaq)

3. asr (ayak)

4.

4. ua-rrrafr (manggay) 5. altn 6. uarurarl trnfllay 7. <;t4- (peshanli) 8. ueurana peshana

asr (ayak) ayak 5. ayak 6. (nut) 7. c,j.,

ar

8. oex, oyog

for prep. 1. ruru riqrin

forclgner

n. 1. xaprwr xarici 2. wer eaair (shet yeldik) 3. qer arlInx (chet eldik) 4. wm rir reruece

2. vruiu (iisbin) 3. vqrs (iichiin) 4. eqen (tichen) 5. igtn 6. vtrln iigin 7. o*i (tichtin) 8. YqYH uchun

(chlt

mrE- (try-) mur- (try-) mm- (hy-)

7.

ar-

gadagan et-

-l; os.. (m[n't qil-)

8. uau sr-

1.

7. rLJJd &? (chetellk) 8. qer a.rurr.lK chet ellik

forest

n.

l. ueua me$a

yasakla-

ra4araN

keshese)

da$arY iiurtlY

forbld v. l. ra4ararr er- qadafan et2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

il

5. yabancr 6. .qaruap'bl toFvlbr

firan et-

2. opuan (onnan) 3. mrori (tokoy) 4. ypuan (urman) 5. omran 6. r:oraIi

l.okai

7. oL:-f (orman) 8. fpuon o'rmon

1. -it1l 8.

(untu-)

yny-

unut-

v.

fork cul. n. l. qas.an gengal

2. uanrurx,lr (shanrshqr) 3. nura (vilka) 4. qaserlre (chlnechke) 5. gatal 6. surra wilka

7. tSl"J (vllka) 8. casrr(lr sanchqt

form

l.

(-paper document) n. olarrr blank

2. anaw.

(blank) 3. omlr (blank) 4. onarur (blank)

5. fsn 6. 6ranra

7.

:nri

blanka

(qeghez)

8. dranra

blanka

Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turlmen 7. Utghur 8. Uzbek


fo*y

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

forty num. l. mrpx qrrx

fourteen num.

l.

2.

ou ;1ep4 on dtind

free pol. adj. l. irxu azrd

2. 4,upnrx, (qmq) 3. rlrpr (krk) 4. xrrpux (krnk) 5. krk 6. torpr kyrk 7. u,;; (qiriq) 8. <tpq qlrq

repr (on tdrt) 3. ou repr (on trlrt) 4. yn4vyr (undiirt) 5. on dtirt 6. on4epr ondOrt 7. og i/; (on tdt) 8. !n rlpr o'n to'rt

2. arar (azat) 3. apxrn (erkin) 4. npreH (irken) 5. Ozgtir \ 6. arar azat

forward adv. I. Npna irali

fox zool. n. l. rry.rxy trilhi

free (=gratis) adj.

atr

2. 3. 4. 5. ilert 6. eqe 6f,e 7. tJtJ (algha) $. r, rro olg'a

2. rvrtKi (riilki)

fountaln

fractlon math.

arra (aleha) a.nra (alea) anra (alga)

n.

3. rvnrv (rtilkti) 4. re.rxe (t<ilke) 5. rilki 6. rsrrcr ttlkl (rukr) 7. 8. 'rymn tulkl

&'

n.

7. *.S

four

num.

1. aep.q ddrd 2. 'regr (tdrt) 3. regr (tdrt) 4. argr (diirt) 5. ddrt 6. Aepr d0rt 7.

.]j;

8.

Tygr

1.

(rot)

to'rt

8. racp

Gesir) kasr

frame (*for pictures) n.

l.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

uapurma qarqive xaq,ray (zhaqtaw) parrra (ramka) pawa (ramka) gergeve paura ramka

7. tS.l-, (ramka) 8. paura

ramka

>JX

(pulsiz)

8. 'rerHs

7. oL;,r

fontan

(nrkin)

8. apxutr erkin

7.

l. racrrp kasir 2. cenuex (bitlshek) 3. oenqer (b0lchdk) 4. saKnarrua (vaklanma) 5. kesir 6. ,rqpoor drob

8. @orran

. c.6,{

l. rryncy: pulsuz 2. reris (tegin) 3. oexep (beker) 4. rvlavceg (rtiliii.isez) 5. bedava 6. uyrr mugt

1. @rman fontan 2. (pouraH (fontan) 3. Qou'raH (fontan) 4. ([onrau (fontan) 5. gegme 6. ([onraH fontan (fontan)

7

tekin

fieedom pol.

l.

n. asa,q.rrblr azadhq

2. asar'rbrq, (azattrq) 3. apxru1ryx (erkindik) 4. rpxeuer (irkenlek) 5. dzgtirliik 6. aaa'untx azatlyk 7. 4J'J.l{, (iirkinlik) 8. apxxnnsx erkinlik

freeze vi. 1. non- don2. mH- (tong-) 3. toq- (tong) 4.'ryr\- (tung) 5. don6. ,u,oq- dofi7. -xl; (tongla-) 8. uyua- muzla-

Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

i

i

I


Dictionary of tbe Turkic languages

fresh

63

I

! !

l

frog

fresh adj. l. raea taza

zool. n. 1. rypdara qurbafa 2. Xrpdaqa (qurbaqa) 3. 6ara (baka) 4. 6ara (baka) 5. kurbala

2. sarta (zhanga) 3. xar$r 0angt) 4. cl{a (yanga) 5. taze 6. rase tllze

7. ;L

6. rypoara

7. tik

(yengi)

8. ruru

4. x,oura (omga) 5. cuma 6. asna anna 7. uh (tirtti) 8. xyua juma

frlend

n. 1. aoc.r dost Roc (dos) aoc (dos) ayc (dus) arkadag Rosr dost (dost)

8. xym

do'st

n. gocr:rryr dostluq

l.

AocrnrK (dosuq) aosryr (dostuk) gycnrtx (dushk) arkadaghk

gorrayr

dostluk

7.

;:h-,s (dostluq) 8. alcrrnx do'stlik

l. Azerbaijani

-dan

front: ln front of prep.

frtendshtp

4. 4raneur $imesh) 5. meyve 6. urne miwe 8. uena

8. -xas

7. .:-1s

n. 1. uejua meyqo 2. xeuic (zheuris) 3. neronu (emish)

7. n*

(-din, -tin)

1. orrnrga rintindo 2. aaupnua (aldmda) 3. aqmnUa (aldrnda) 4. a.nsa (alda) 5. dntinde 6. eI{rHAe tifliinde

7. l.r".rjb (aldlda) 8. or.uflIa oldida

frost n. l. uraxra gaxta 2. an (ayaz) 3. mq (tong) 4. cyux (surk) 5. don 6. an ajaz

2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz

4.Taw

sovuq

frutt

1. -Aas,-Aan -dan,dan

7 . g;- , Cy' s

(qirav)

8. couyr,

from prep. -rart, -Terr, -,4,iu{, -AeH, -HaH, -Herr (-tan, -ten, -dan, -den, -nan, -nen) 3. -,4an, -AeH, -AoH, -[oH, -TaH, -TeH, -mH, TeH (-dan, -den, don, -dOn, -tan, -ten, -ton, -tOn) 4, -gan, -Aarr, JTaH, -T'â&#x201A;ŹH, -Harr, -HaH (-dan, -dan, -tan, -uin, -nan, -niin) 5. -dan, 'den, -tan, -ten 6. -Aas, -Aen -dan, -den

3. xyua (uma)

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

qurbaqa

2.

wYua (zhuma)

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

(paqa)

8. x,ypoaqa

yangi

Friday n. l. qrua ctima 2.

gurbaga

7. jt--;

(mevi) meva

frutt jutce

n. 1. ueina rurlpocu meyva Errcsr

2. urnpmn (shnn) 3. rur4e (shire) 4. cy (su) 5. meyva suyu 6. rame cynnr miwe

suwy

7. o,.a (shirn[) 8. uapoar

full

sharbat

adj.

1. .qo/ry dolu 2. m.mr (toh) 3. mno (tolo)

4. ryrnr (tuh) 5. dolu 6. gP,tnt doly 7. A!; (toluq) 8. rira to'la

fur n.

l. xm xaz 2. mpi (teri) 3. rcpa (teri) 4. uex (mekh) 5. kiirk 6. dararra bagana 7.

.r4

8.

uprra mo')rna

(ter[)

5. Turktsh 6. Turkmen 7.

Uighur 8. Uzbek


&

furnlture

furniture

l

n.

ue6en mebel

2. ueleru- (mebel') 3. auepr (emerek) 4. srlhas (iihaz.) 5. mobilya 6. veoern mebel 7. a-/:|.rt* *y (dy jahazlirt) 8. xNx,or jihoz

future n. I. xerausr galacak 2. ooraurar, (bolashaq) 3. xereqer (kelecbek) 4. rnnaqar (kiliichiik) 5. gelecek 6. reas,er geljek

7. s-jg.S 8.

(ktrlgtisi)

reraxal

l. ojyn oyun 2. oimra (oym) 3. onn (oyun) 4. yex (uyen) 5. oyun 6. otou olun

7. irk-rt (oyun)

yitrfi

garage n.

l.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7.

gas phy. n. l. rar qaz 7, ns (gaz) 3. ras (gaz) 4. rar (gaz)

rapax qaraj rapax (garazh) rapax (garaj) rapax (garazh)

5.W

garaj

rapax

6. r'a:

garaf

t.

3trK (garazh)

8. rapan

garden n.

'

;tS (W)

8. ra:

garaj

gaz.

gaz

gasoline n,

l. oar baf 2. oa(ua (baqsha) 3. oarqa (bakcha) 4. 6arqa (bakcha) 5. bahge 6. 6ar,6axx,a bag, bakja 7. â&#x201A;Ź3t, (baghchl) 8. 6or bog'

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

gardener n.

gate

l.

6etrsgu benr,in 6errslilr (bcnzin) derremr (benzin) oengrur (benzin) benzin

deHglffr bcnzin

ux

Oenzin) deHsHH benzin

kelajak

game n.

8.

Diaionary of the Twkic l-anguages

l.

oardaH ba$ban 2. oaroan (baghban)

n. 4apnara darvaza 2, {,aqna (qaqpa)

l.

3. oarqlr Oakchr) 4. 6arqaqnr (bakchachr) 5. bahgtvan 6. oardan bagban 7. .>,F\ Oaghviin) 8. ooroon bogbon

3. 4apoaea (darbaza) 4. rarrra (kapka) 5. kapt 6. Repseee derweze 7. l3l3r.s (diirvaza) 8. ,q,apuoaa darvoza

garllc bot. n.

general adj. 1. ruyuu tirnumi

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

2. wurrmr (zhalpr) 3. xarunr (alpr) 4. rouyulr (gomumi) 5. genel 6. yuymr umumy 7. aFyt (omumiY) 8. Wprm umumiy

o'yin

game (*hunting) n. l. os ov

2. aq (ang) 3. aq (ang) 4. ay (au) 5. av 6. an aw 7. ji (ov) 8. os ov

l. capnrucar sanmsaq capnrucaq, (sanmsaq)

capuucax (sanmsak) capnrucar (sanmsak) sarmrsak

capnrucax sarymsak

,.;L..L

(samsaq)

capmrco4, sarimsoq

l. Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatu

5.

Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

,l


.4:,:. *.i,il;

generous

65

Dictionary of the Turkic l-anguages

get uP (=arise) v.

generous adi.

geology

1. arrnaqtrr aliagrq 2. xouayr (zhomart) 3. xoouapr (oomart)

1. xeonoxuja geologiya

4. nrrapr (yumart) 5. c0mert 6. caxnl sahy

l. o.;-

(sekhty)

8. caxuli

saxiy

2. 3. 4.

n.

reonor*rs. (geologiya) reonoruc (geologiya) reoaortrs (geologiya)

5. jeoloji

6. reonorrlr geologiia

7.

4 j*S

8. reoaorr.rc

gentle adj.

geometry

1. rrvnajmr miilayim 2. naeix (nezik) 3. naslr (nazik) 4. naerrrr (nazh) 5. nazik 6. uaxr4rm mfihirli

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7.

7.

(yavash)

(ge'ologiyr) geologiya

1. hanAacs handasa reouetpnr (geometriya) reousrpnr (geometriya) reouerpra (geometriya) geometri

reouerpur geometriia

+-+4

8. reouerpur

gentleman

get off v. 1. arru- diig2. rvc- (tiis-)

l.

n.

qanad canab

2. rorpaa (mma) 3. rorpsa (mrza) 4. @rue (ef:inde) 5. efendi 6. x,entrmuen jentlmen 7. .9.ri<-,<i (Apiindi) 8. xano6 janob

geography n.

l.

rrrorpar[nia co$rafiya 2. reorpaQxr Geograftya) 3. reorpaQur (geografiya) 4. reorpaQac (geografiya) 5. cofrafya 6. reorpai[xr geografiia

7.,?il)Fi+

(ughrapiyl) 8. mfrpor[nr jo'g'rofiya

3. 4. 5. 6.

rrrt-

geometriya

l. rrs

-

5. dev 6. .qes d0w 7. ,9.: (div[) 8. ,upa dev

tush-

gtrl

n. 1. mra qrz 2. rpra 6arra (qrz bala) 3. lorg (krz) 4. rora oara (krz bala) 5. hz 6. rnta gyz

3. mltt- (min-)

4. yrntp (utr-) 5. bin6. unr- miin7. := (chiq-) 8. uu4- chtq-

Tatar

div

Aoy (dliw)

3. .uBe (dit0)

dtig-

4.

n.

4. wm(dtyu)

get on v. l. mm- min2.'uin- (min-)

l. Azerbatjani )Xaza*fr 3.Kytgyz

n.

1. ra6yc kabus 2. mrn (zhrn) 3. uariran (shaytan) 4. epar (rtr6k) 5. ruh 6. apaax arwah 7. o,^" (in) 8. apnor arvoh

2.

(chiish-)

ryu-

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. -r; 8. ryp- nr-

glant

(tusn-;

7.-th 8.

Qe'onetriy[)

reru- (rtish-) tn-

4vru-

ra,rrx- qalxrrp- (tur-) ryp (tur-) mp (tor-) katkryp- tur(tur-)

ghost

n.

"lrtjL- nozik 8. nosrfi

l.

7. ); @n) 8. xus qiz

5.

Turkish 6. Turlanen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


glYe

Dictionary of the Turkic I angu,aSes

give v. l. rep ver-

glasses n. l. xetrYr grizliik

3. oep (ber-) 4. orp- (bir-) 5. ver6. 6ep- bcr7. -)q (biir-) 8. oep- ber-

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8,

glad adj.

glove clo.

7. aev (ber-)

l.

urag gad

2.

puza (riyza) nrpaasnt (raaa)

3. 4. xasararr (kan[gat') 5. memnun 6. uar gat (khushal) 7. "[.; 8. xypcarg xursand glass (*material) n.

l. urua

griqa

2. ruuuu (shrnr) 3. ar&tex (aynek) 4. rnrsna (pryala) 5. cam 6. afiua ayna 7. tJ q,c (iiyniik) 8. uuua shisha glass (-cup) n. 1. craran stakan 2. rrcraras ftstakan) 3. rrcraxaH (rstakan) 4. craxarr (stakan) 5. bardak 6. c'raran stakan 7. o6ti*, (isakan) 8. c'raxan stakan

1.

xesirgipix (kttzildirik) xes aiurcr (kciz aynek) xyener (ktizlek) gdzliik

ofiner iinek

!q,.;;5

(kOziiyniik)

rf.lofinax

ko'zoynak

n. l. a"rrr*ar alcak 2. 6,onran (qolghap) 3. xorran (kol kap)

goat zool.

l.

n.

reuN keEi

2. eruri (yeshki) 3. aqrur (echki) 4. rax,a (kaje) 5. kegi 6. reuN gegi 7. .S;-i, (ochki) 8. aqxu echki

God rel. n.

8. XI.nXou qolqop

1. rarrplt tarrn 2. xvgarl (quday) 3. ryaari (kuday) 4. arua (alla) 5. Tann 6. rarpnr taflry 7. .sJo (uingri) 8. xy4o xudo

glue

gold geo. n.

4. awnof(biyalAy) 5. eldiven 6. ar.nnx ellik

7. qay

(peley)

n. jarmruraH l. yapr$qan 2. xeniu (zhelim) 3. sernnr (ielim) 4. xgaeu (ilem)

5. zamk 6. ernru ielim 7. /F (Yelim) 8. ennu yelim

go v. 1. xer get-

-

2. aay (bar-) 3. rer- (ket-) 4. oap (bar-) 5. git6. rrm. git7. -.,lr (bar-) 8. oop bor-

l. rut:rur qrzrl 2. a.rrrnilr (alunl 3. a.nrrnr (alun) 4. arrnrn (alun) 5. alun 6. rnnrur gyzyl 7. ,iPu (altun) 8. orrnm oltin good adj. 1. jaxunr yax$l 2. xaq,cnr (zbaqsr) 3. xaxrunr (iakshr)

4. aitnsr (Aybat) 5. iyi 6. ronnr gowy

7.

#t,

8. o<run

(yakhshi) yaxshi

Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh S.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dictionary of the Turkic l.:nguages

i

goods

67

goods n.

graduatlon n.

1. ua,tl mal 2. flvit.ru Ouym) 3. 6ywu(buyum)

uarra66llrlrpMa maktab bitirma 2. oiripy (bitiruw) 3. oryyHy dYrYpYY

4. rorap (tovar) 5. mal 6. xapnruap harytlar 7. ;[. (mal) 8. uor mol

goose zooL 1.

(okuunu bUriirtiii)

(ukunr beterti)

5. mezuniyet 6. oryuryrapMa okuw gutarma

n.

rl '' rf)sltl

8.

3t

8. ryxyuar

grsdually

(oqushni ptitiiriish) ryranau tugatish

1. roxlnr, AaH toxum, dan p;ale, ypbr( (diin, unq) 3. ypy*,4an (uruk, dan)

2. 4.

(ashhk, orhk)

8. aon

l.

n.

nana nava

2. neraepe (nemere) 3. Heoepe (nebere) 4. onnm (onrk) 5. torun 6. arrnx agtyk

adv.

l. ra4pruan tsd.rican 2. oiprinA,en (birrindep) 3. oapa 6apa (bara bara) 4. axpururau (aknnlap) 5. tedricen 6. ronaru-roBau,q,aH

7. 5)a

(nlvrA)

8. Hempa

n.

1. oaoa baba 2. ara (ata)

iuwag-tuwagdan (bara-bara)

3. qor{ ara (chong 4. oaoari (babay) 5. dede 6. ara aul

asta-sekin

3.

l.

nerro nsne

7. L-,

(mma)

8. 6yar.r buvi

grspe bot. n.

1. ygyu riaim 2. rysiu (zhtizim) 3. xrsyM (iiiziim) 4. riegeu $6zem) 5. iizfim 6. rsrM tiziim

7. 7i:!

8. yspr

(iiziim) uzum

Kyrgyz 4.Tatar

2. rueu (shtip) 3. qen (cbttp) 4. yaau (UIen) 5. ot, gimen 6. or ot 7. .ry (ot) 8. y'r o't I

nevara

grandfather

7. lrL.-lrL

grsndmother n.

grsss bot. n. l. tlt, tIoMaH ot, gamen

don

grandchtld

hukumat

l. Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh

dflne, tohum (ashltq, dan)

7. gle ,d:.ljU

(h0kiitrtAt)

8. ac'ra-ceKuH

arrr.rmtr, otrurbrK

5. tane, tohum 6. gane,Toxyrd

3. errdot (6*ilr00 4. xexyuar (khdkiimlt) 5. hiik0met 6. xexyuet hdkiimet jS

(f.rt:.YY

grain ag.n.

government pol. n. 1. heryum hrikumat 2. yriuer (iikimet)

.,:'u

tsl

1

raa qaz

Qova) 8. oooo bobo

2. axe (Azhe) 3. qoqane (chong ene) 4. aon (,ibi) 5. nine 6. aue, MaMa ene, mama

4. yryrnr derepv

2. xas(qn) 3. xae (kaz) 4. rae (kaz) 5. kaz 6. raz gaz 7. :t' Gnaz) 8. ros g'oz

7

7. l3:,

l.

ata)

5.

grasshopgar zool. n. l. uajrgrra gayirtl<e 2. ueriprre (sheglrtke) 3. ueruprxe (cbegirtke) 4. rnxeprra (chiker&ti) 5. gekirge 6. uerHyrre gekirtge 7. &<5* (chek[&e) 8. rrrfrrlfnxa chigirtka

Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


grautude

68

gratltude

l.

n. unruryr/(apnbrr minnatdarlrq

2. a,nmrc (alghrs) 3. a,rrnru (alkrsh) 4. pexurr (rlkhmAt) 5. minnettarhk 6. urrrrrre'rAolymlr minnetdarlyk

7. .jJrl.r;.r* (minnetdarliq) 8. loruuar:4opqlurHK minnatdorchilik

greet (=large) adj. 1. oejn boy|rk 2. yrren (iilken) 3. qolr (chong) 4. ayp (zur) 5. biiytik 6. yrnt uly

7. t:i6 (katu) 8.

rarra

l.

iarunur yagrl

{.

rnrrsyl (yashel)

2. wacmn (zhasrl) 3. xnrtr614 (iashrl)

5. yegil 6. runrn iagyl 7. J*!* (yeshil) 8. nuwr yashil

l.

guess

salamlag-

2. auan4ac- (amandas-) 3. auanlaru- (amandash-) 4. ncanrraur- (is6nliish-) 5. selamlag6. camraau- salamlaq: 7. -)t 1.!L (salam ber-) 8. ca.rrounaru- salomlash-

2. cYp (sur) 3. cyp (sur) 4. copnr (son)

5' sd 6. qan gal 7. !,)5 Giilrilng) 8. ryr panr kul rang

grtnd y. 1. rjvr- tiyrit..

7. -ri J-r, d (fikhmin qil-) 8. rycuorra- tusmolla-

guest n.

2. rrir- (Ugit-) 3. uanao.rya- (maydala-) 4. rapr'- (tart-) 5. dBur6. vre- iiwe7. -:,l; (tart-) 8. uafiAara- maydala-

1. rorrar qonaq 2. x,ona( (qonaq) 3. rorror (konok) 4. ryHar (kunak) 5. tnisafir 6. rrnrxuan myhman

7. ot ft

(mehman)

8. ur'l*on

mehmon

gutlty adj. 1. rr-nahrap gtinahkar 2. arrlrnrnr (ayrptr) 3. xrnesrep (ktin<i,rikor) 4. raenne (gayeple) 5. suglu 6. ryserap giiniikiir 7. -rl-r*.rc (Ayibdar) 8. a*6gop ayMor

2. ec- (ris-) 3. ec- (6s-) 4. vc- (tis-) 5. btiyu6. ec- Os7. --;: (ris-) 8. fc- o's-

lrowth n. l. oejrua briytima

4. vcv (iisU) 5. btiytime 6. ecnu risiig 7. ;-y (dstim; 8. lcruu o'sish

l. Azerbaijanl 2.Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar

v. rarrrr c-r- zann et2. 6onna- (bolzba-) 3. 6onso- (boljo-) 4. yirna- (uyla-) 5. tahmin et6. qaKra- gakla-

l.

1. oos boz

2. ecy (osuw) 3. ecrr (ctsti[)

v.

carauranr-

grey adj.

grow vi. l. 6ejY- briyti-

katta

green adj.

greet

Dictionary of the Turkic Languages

gun mil. n. 1. cnrrah, r:ou silah, top 2. qapy (qaruw) 3. xypan-xapar (kural-jarak) 4. xopar(koral) 5. silah 6. rpar iarag 7

. Jt,-r, (qoral)

8. 4,ypoa qurol

5.

Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


r

Dictionary of the Turkic

hablt

Languages

69

half adj. l. japnru yanm

n.

1. a.qsr adet

2.

ener (ede0 3. a'qar (adat) 4. ra,qar (gad8t)

5. adet 6. aafr adat 7. .r osti (ad:i$ 8. oAar odat

hail n. l. xony dolu

halr (*on head) phys.

handkerchtef n. 1. 4ecuarr dosmal

2. xayrlr (zbaru) 3. xaprru (ianm) 4. rgmr (yartr) 5. yanm 6. r1nnr irym 7. f *, (Yerim) 8. rpNu yarim

2. 4on opauiur (qol oramal) 3. roaaapqbr (kol aarchr) 4. rymy.mrr (kul'yauhk) 5. mendil 6. ut xrrrbrx eliaglyk

hammer tech. n.

handle

2. aatna (balgha)

2. rxq,a (tutqa) 3. ryrra (tutka) 4. can (sap) 5. sap 6. can sap 7. vL (sap) 8. con sop

l.

2. orpuaX (burshaq) 3. uongrp (mOndtir) 4. oos (boz) 5. dolu 6. ,qp.mr doly 7. "tjtJ:. (m6ldtir) 8. Ayn do'l

7. 6Jlt{

qanlqr gakic

5. 9eki9 6. uerau gekig 7. wy (bolqa) 8. 6oara

Ttt'u

n.

hand phys. n.

l.

Jt

(qol yagtrliq)

8. piuorrua ro'molcha

3. oaura (balka) 4. qrreq (chiikech)

1. cau sag 2. uraru (shash) 3. qaq (chach)

habtt

n. 1. gacrer dastak

handsome ndj. l. ramartr qo$ang

air al

4. qaq (chitch) 5. sag 6. caq sag 7. eb (chach) 8. coq soch

2. ror (qol) 3. ror (kol) a. ryr (kul) 5. el 6. ar el 7. Jt (qol) 8. r,in qol

2. aAeui (edemt) 3. crrhrxgrr (stiykiimdiiii) 4. rrpran (hirkim) 5. yakg*lr 6. rrpuerefr gdrmegef 7. ,rS:-JJ (kelistrkdn) 8. eXraarx yoqimlt

halrdresser n.

handbag n.

hang vt.

l.

6ep6ep, Aorurax

berbar, dallek 2. uarurapas (shashwaz) 3. uaurapaq (chachtarach)

1. en qarnacnr el qantasr 2. xoncoMre (qol sdmke) 3. rol ceMxo (kol sdmk0)

4. cyrnra,

dyKrra (sumka, bukcha)

4. naprxuaxep (parikmakher) 5. berber, kuafdr 6. Ae.nner dcllek

5. el gantasr 6. an cyuracbr el sunkasy

7. ,.plr;L

7. .rJ-y

Jr,

8. cyuraua

sunrkacba

(satirash)

8. capraporu

1.

sartarosh

(qolsonrktsi)

l.

ac- as-

2. in- (il-) 3. rur- (il-) 4. ac- (as-) 5. as6. ac- as(as-) 7. -B 8. oc- os-

Azerbaijanl 2.Knakh 3.Kytgyz 4. Talar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Utghur 8. Uzbek


hangcr

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

70

hard (x easy)

hanger n.

l. acrut asqr

2. i.nriu (ileish) 3. run-rq (ilgich) 4. rneu &rreq (kiyem elgech) 5. askr 6. rcuarxa wegalka 7. 1,*;it f-J &yimasquch) 8. nnrax ilgak

l.

adj.

uarnrr qatin 2. r,nnur (qiyrn) 3, rnrpitnt (kryrn)

4. anrrp (avrr) 5. zor 6. rnut kyn 7. .,,c (uis) 8. r,Hrlulr qiyin

harmony mus.

l.

n.

aharx

ahong rapuorrru {garmoniya) rapuorrNx (garmoniya) rapruorrurr (garmoniya)

2. 3. 4. 5. uyum 6. rnuaruua sazlagma 7. .j!u,1.l3 trU (ahangdaslrliq) 8. xauonalrr.rtxK hamohanglik

happen

l.

hard (x soft) adj.

y.

l.

orr- ol-

qal-) 2. oo.nnrn Kar3. oonyn xa,'r- (bolup kal-)

oapx bark

7. -r, :j: (ytiz Uir-) 8. m 6ep yu"ber-

2. 3. 4. rnrr (nft) 5. katr 6. rarnl gaty 7. A::6 (qattiq) 8. rarrrq qatUq

happy adj.

harm

x,arru (qatu) raryy (katuu)

(bohp

4. 6yx- (bul-) 5. ol6. 6oa- bol-

l.

n. l. eapop zaror 2. sanan (zalal) 3. eaaan (zalal) 4. eapap (zarar) 5. zarar 6. snrsH zytan

xoqbaxt 2. 6ax,un'rr (baqrttr) 3. oarmrrryy (bakuluu) xou6axr

4. uar (sba$ 5. mutlu 6. 6amrmr bagtly 7. ,r^-,r.{ (btikhtiyar) 8. 6axrsep baxtiyor

n. l. runran liman 2. rasaHr (gavan') 3. rananr (gavan') 4. rasaHr (gavan') hArbOr

5. liman 6. noyr

port

7. a-tli

(port)

8. nopr

port

'1. stso3 @arfu) g. rapap zarar

, harmful adi.

"

harvest ag.n.

l. onumr triqin 2. erirt opy (yegin oruw) 3. opyy (oruu) 4. ypy (uru) 5. hasat 6. opar orak 7. J--r,

(bosul)

8. xpcnn hosil

haste

n. l. rengcrrK.rtrfi talasiklik 2. acnrrnrctnr4 (asrghrsuq) 3. anmrryy (ashrguu) 4. aumrry (ashrgu)

5. acele 6. xouryrMawDrK howlukmaglyk

7. J^l:,|r. JtJ (aldirashliq) 8. ruorullru shoshisb

1. aapeprnr zararli

hat clo. n. (ziyandr) 3. anrrn4yy (zryanduu) 1. uanar papaq 4. sapaprmr (zararh) 2. KannaK (qalpaq) 5. zararlr 3. ra.mar (kalpak) 6. zenerutn zelelli 4. auuaua (eshHp[) laPtta 7. .;*-rrLr; (ziyanliq) l' narraK 6' PaPak 8. aapaprrur zuuli' 7. # ,iti Gash kiYim) 2. svtniwr

8. rurrua

l. Azerbaijani Z.Knah,h 3.Kyrgyz

4. Tatrar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7.

shlyapa

Uighur

8. Uzbek

I

t


{ f

Dictionary of tbe Turkic l^anguages

hate

7'

v.

1. runQparm- nifratet2. xer xop (zhek kOr-) 3. xer rep (ek kOr-)

;\

.4omuau (doshman ktir-) 5. nefret et6. r7urpeu- itgren7. o;-c (ndpriitliin-)

hate

heart phys. n. 1. rper tirak 2. rrper (zhiirek)

(bash)

8. oou

rrp

4.

7l

bosh

headache n. 1. oau arpbrcbr bag afnsr

2.

aac aypybr (bas awruwr)

8. Ha@pauan- nafratlan-

3. oau oopyy Oash ooruu) 4. oaur aDbrpybr (bash avrru) 5. bag afinsr 6. rerrramrprr kellagyry

hazelnut bot. n.

7. **tt

-:rh

l.

8. 6oru orpHPH

Qnnr.prr findrq

2. opuan xar{ra4,

health

(omran zhangghaq) (ormon janggak)

7. ottt oLs-f (orman yangiqi)

8. ipuon eurorr{

o'rtrlon yong'og'l

oJr,

!

o

ol, o

(u',t

8.yu

hozy

(sauhk)

5. sa$ft 6. carrux saglyk 7. ^.L.lc.!L (salamfltlik) 8. cornm sogllk

healthy adj.

hear

y.

l. eux'r- egit-

head phys. n.

2. ecir-

1. oau baq 2. 6ac (bas) 3. 6arr (bash)

(yesit-)

3. yx- (uk) 4. raum- (tshet-) 5. duy6. anur- egit7. -J3u (angla-) 8. aruur- eshit-

4. oam (bash) 5. bag 6. renae kelle

l. Azerbaijanl

4. cay.mrr

2. cay (saw) 3. coo (soo) 4. cay (sau) 5. salhkh 6. carar sagat 7. lsL (saghlam) 8. coraou sog'lom

l. o o 2. oa (ol) 3. a.n (al) 4. yr (ul) 6. 7.

n.

1. carnau saflam

he pron.

5.o

bosh og'rig'i

1. carzau.rrlr saflam}q 2. gencay.mrS, (densawhq) 3. Aen coonyK (den sooluk)

3. opuoHEar1raK a. i[yn,qyK (funduk) 5. find* 6. ([frAyr xosbr funduk

(bashaghriqi)

.it*

2.

Kara}l. 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tarar

5.

3. nvpox (itir0k) 4. fieper (ydriik) 5. kalp 6. rirpex iiirek 7. :Jo.l1 (yiiriik) 8. npar yurak

heat

l.

n.

hapapr hararat

2. nrcrrr6,mrr, (rsuqtrq) 3. nrcnrrrnrr (rsrktrk) 4. rrrey (krzu) 5. rsr 6. it'tnlr,nur iylylyk 7. A*-,*s (issiqbq) 8. nccrq,ar,x isdiqfik

hervy

adj. 1. amrp afrr

2. aynrp (awrr) 3. oop (oor) 4. asbrp (avrr) 5. a[r 6. arntp agyr

7. *+

(eghir)

8. o*rp og'lr

h."rlght n. 1.

jncar.rnx yiiksaklik

2. ouixrix @iytktik) 3. Olm.rxrr.x (biyiktik) 4. 6rlerler (biyeklek) 5. yiikseklik 6. oetrur.nm betiklik 7. .:l-J.*+ (egizlik) 8. 6anang4Hx balandtik

Turktsh 6. Turkmen

7.

Uighur 8. Uzbek


hellcopter

helicoptet

n. 1. nepm.rrjm vertolyot 2. nepron9r (vertolyot) 3. neyrorer (vertolyot) 4. ueprorer (vertolyot)

5. belikopter 6. rcpmrer wertolyot 7. ,i\:xtt ,L; rJ ': (tik ucbar ayropilan) 8. repmrer vcrtolyot

hell rel. n. l. t{ahan}rau cohannom

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

rosa( msor

(tozaq)

(tozok) (tiimug')

mryln

cehennem .q,omax dowzah

i.)35s

4!sax

(dozakh)

1. canau salam

2. anrcu

(sitlem) ca.nau (salam) ucamueceg (isiinmesez) merhaba

5. 6. canau salam 7. ;* 1.,-:rt1 $akhshimusiz) 8. caaou salom

help

y.

1. reuarsr- krimaket2. xeuerrec- (k0mektes-) 3. xsuerrsu- (k0m0ktrlsh-) 4. rp.4au 6lrp- (yardrlm bir-) 5. yardrm et6. rp4au er- iardam et7. -l; fos.,l* (yardrim qil-) 8. ep4awrau- yordamlash-

1.

help

kcimok

2. reuer 0<timck) 3. napgau (iardam) 4. cplau (yardilm) 5. yardm 6. rp4au fard.ern 7. ;.s,! (yardiim) 8. epgau yordam

hen zool. n. l. rnjyr toyuq 2. raylrx, (tawrq) 3. mox (toot; 4. mnur (tavrk) 5. tavuk 6. ronyr towuk 7. ot*4- (mekiyan) 8. ToBy( tovuq

her adj.

l. ouyH onut 2. omrq (orung) 3. annrg (anrn) 4. aHnrq (anmg) 5. onun 6. orrye onufl 7. I;' (uning) 8. yr*rrrn uning het pron. 1. ony onu 2. oun (onr) 3. annt (anr) 4. aHnr (anr) 5. onu 6. omr ony

7.

Dictionary of the Trnkic l-anguages

herb bot. n.

n.

l. reuor

do'zax

hello interj. 3. 4.

72

;;

(uni)

8. yHN

uni

l. o'r, 6rrru ot, bi&i

2. eu uon (yerr shtip) 3. eu qou (cm chitp) 4. ,[,apy Y.ratle (daru iilflne) 5. ot, bitki 6. 4epual ocYM.[HrH derman tisiimltgi

7.

,$:L,yI

)x5

(dora 0si.iml[ktiir) 8. ;lopHnop fcmr.nHx dorivor o'simlik

herd

n.

l. crpv si.irti

2. orap (otar) 3. o'rop (otor)

4. xew (k0rii) 5. siirti 6. cvpH siiri 7. lsL (pada) 8. no4a poda

here

L

adv.

6ypa.qa, oypaja burada, buraya 2. ocnruga, MYrrAa (osmda munda) 3. rmrng,a, 6yn HepAe (mrnda, bul jerde)

4. uotlla

(monda)

5. burada buraya 6. oy epae bu ierde

7. os.;q pi

,os-r9

-i*

(bu yiird?i, mushu yiirda) 8. 6y epAa, 6y epra bu yerda, bu yerga

Azerbaijanl 2.Kazal& 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


herc pron. l. onymy onunku

2. orrixi (oniti; 3. arnrcr (anftt) 4. alrltrur (antu) 5. onunki 6. onyurnr

onufiky

7. ,6LY

(uningki)

8.

uniki

ymxu

herself pron. l. esr dzti 2. sei (6zi) 3. esv (Ozii)

4. vse (iize) 5. kendtsi

6. esu Ozi 7. o5Y @zi) 8. FH o'zi

htde

vt.

l. rcanar- gizlat2. xacrrp (zhasrr-) 3. xamrrp- (iashr-)

4. ruep- (yasher-) 5. sakla6. mrne- gale7. -:*x 8. rurup-

l. onynxy onunku 2. onixi (oniki) 3. arrnrmr (anftt) 4. amrrnr (anfu) 5. onunlC 6. orryexrt onufiky

hlm pron.

htstorian n. 1. rapaxu tarixqi

1. orry onu 2. ornr (onr) 3. arru (am) 4. anrr (anr) 5. onu 6. orrr ony

7. ;; (uni) 8. ynu uni

htmself pron. 1. esv 6zti

2. esi (6zi) 3. esv (0zii) 4. vee (iize) 5. kendisi 6. esll Ozt 8.

3. durnc (btyik) 4. 6ner (biyek) 5. ytiksek 6. oelir.x beiiik 3-Srt @gn)

8. oananA

baland

hls pron.

1. reua tapa 2. re6e (tobe) 3. Asoe (d0Ht) 4. rarryrrr (kalkultk) 5. tepe 6. g,ene depe 7. 3;s (ddng) 8. rena tepa

yashir-

y!{a uca 2. alo,r Oiytk)

1.

geo. n.

7. o;Y

r.

7.

hlll

(yoshur-)

htgh adj.

hers

73

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

(6zt)

Frl hts adj.

o'zi

l. onyu onut

2. onnrq (orung) 3. amtn (anm) 4. auuq (anmg) 5. onun 6. ouyn onufl

7. J;' (uning) 8. ynnnr uning

7. 6Ly 8.

(unineki)

yr*rru uniki

2. mprauutr (tariykhsht) 3. raprrxulr (tankbcht) 4. rapro<uu (tarikbcht) 5. tarihgi 6. raprrxubl taryhgy 7

.

o"l))^rJ-rE

(tarikhshunas)

8. mpn<wl tarixchi

hlstory

n. l. rapro< tarix 2. raptu. (tariykh) 3. raprrx (tat*h)

4. raproc (tartkb) 5. tarlh 6. r:apru taryh 7

. V':tr

(tarikh)

8. mprc< artx

htt

v.

1. syp- vur2. vp- (ur-) 3. yr (ur-) 4. cyr- (suk-) 5. vur6. yp- ut7. -rj: (ur-) 8. yp- ur-

Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4. Talar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen ?. Utghur 8. Uzbek


Dictionary of the Turkic languages

honor

hold v. l. ryr- tut-

home

2. vcra- (usta-) 3. rapua- (karma-) 4. wr- (tot-) 5. tut6. 'ry'r- tut7. -:; (tut-) 8. yula- ushla-

2. yx (tiy) 3. YH (Uy) 4. eA (0y) 5. ev 6. oH tl! 7. .5;r (cif) 8. yrr uy

2. 3. 4. uarryc (namus) 5. geref 6. xopua'r hormat 7. -r;.^l (shiirfip) 8. ruapa$ sharaf

hole n. l. garur dolik

honest adj.

hope

l.

l.

rr:cir (tesik)

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

'reuHx (tcshik) 'rnruer (tishck) delik

Aeuxr

degik

n. cn ev

l.

5. diirtist 6. gorpyulrr

5. umut 6. yulm umyt

dogrugyl

\r* r- (s{nfrniy)

holtday

honey cul. n.

8. nsx,qou.rra vijdonlt n.

oajpau bayram ueftpau (meyram) uafipau (mayram) 6oirpeu Oeyriim) bayram

6arlpaM bairam ,.1- t 6aftpau bayram (bayram)

holtday (-vacation) n. l. ra'rrur ta'til

2.

geuurcrc (demahs)

3. Aeu rurbrru (dem ahsh) 4. xn (yal) 5. tatil 6. Arrrrq aJrbnu dyng alyg 7. tr;,: (UiUl) 8. Aau orrHilr dam olish

1.

n.

7. atrclt (adal) 3. qnruqntr (cbrnchtl) 4. uarayc.nrt (namush) 7.

(-commemoration)

l.

vur.u tirnid 2. vuit(timit) 3. vuvr (timtit) 4. euc'r (6me0

,rlvpvc'r dtiriist

J* f (tttshtik) 8. rcusr teshik

7.

n.

ruopcxp qoraf rrauuc (namts) rraurrc (namts)

l.

oan bal

7.

"-j 8. paq

(timid) umid

hope v. 1. ncrl err- timid et-

vuir'rerl- (iimitten-)

2. oar (bal) 3. oar (bal) 4. oar (bal) 5. bal 6. 6a bal 7. ,-l-.u (hesil) 8. acan asal

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

honeymoon n.

horlzon

1. oa.rr ajr'r bal ayr 2. aan afr Oal ay) 3. oar an (bal ay) 4. urrpdar ae (shirblt aye) 5. balayt 6. oar artnr bal ayy (sherin ay) 7. ,tU u* 8. acan orur asal oyi

1. vQrr tifiiq

rxvt

KbuI- (iimiitkll-) euerrnaH- (rimetliin-) um-

yulrr ar-

umyt et(timid qil-)

7. -J; .r-jl 8. pllgx,ren-

umid qil-

n.

2. rex xlteK (kdk zhiyek) 3. r'opnaonr (gorizont) 4. oOntr (ofik) 5. utuk 6. ropuaoHr gorizont 7. aiY (upuq) 8. yQa ufq

Azerbaijani 2.Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

i

I $


trr i

Dictionary of the Turkic l,anguages

horn zool. n.

7. .; !h-3,r;Lt

1. dlnya buynuz

horn

75 .

7

8. uexuon,ufcnur

3. urtiva (miiyiiz) 4. uoree (m<igez) 5. boynuz 6. nax gah 7. :Sli. (mthggtiz) 8. urox shox

n. 1. escahgdH ev sahibi 2. Koxartrur (qozhayrn) 3. xonorotr (kojoyun)

8. rreadon

(61ieis0

how adv.

mezbon

1.

hot

6.mat

7. .:U (at) 8. or ot

hospttal

n. 1. xagraxaHa xestaxana

2. aypyxana (awruwkhana) 3. oopyraHa (oorukana) 4. uru(}axaxe (shifakbanii) 5. hastane 6. xecenxaHa keselhana 7. ulirlirs (dokhturkhana) 8. xacarxona kasalxona

2. ganafi (qalay) 3. ranAari (kanday) 4. srlqer (ntchek) 5. nasd 6. waxutm ntihilt 7. .;lsG (qandaq) 8. raruarr qanday

hotcl

l. seroAop naqeder 2. x,anua (qansha) 3. ranqa (kancha) 4. rulqa (nich[) 5. ne kadar 6. uaue nflge 7. .?*c (nflchchl) 8. neqa necha

how much (=what amount) a/v.

Uyi)

hospttaltty

n. 1. ronarceBaprux qonaqsevarlik

(meymankana) 4. KyHaKxaHo (ku nakkbanA)

2. ueftraau,qocrbr(

6. MbIxMarD(aHa myhmanbana

5. otel

(meymandosuq)

7. 8.

(meyuundostuk)

4. xylraruluurbrK 5. 6. unrxuanceepuK

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

myhmansiiierlik

l. Azerbaijani 2.Kaza[dt

bt:.;l tr - (mehmankhana) MexuoHxoga mehmonxona

3.

caram (sligat') saat sagat

Kyrgyz 4.Tatar

(=what pnce) adv. ueuaja neqoya

2. Kanua (qansha) 3. rarrqa (kancha) 4. Hlrqa (ntch[) 5. kaga 6. naue nliEe 7. eG (qanchi) 8. Kauua qancha

cara'r (saghat) caar (saat)

cara'r

how much

l.

hour n. l. caar saat

(kunakchrlhk) konukseverlik

Heqra neca

adj. 1. acrs isti 2. nrcrnrq, (rsuQ) 3. nrcnx (rsrk) 4. acce (esse) 5. srcak 6. nrccm yssy (isslq) 7. ,# 8. Hccrq, tssiq n. 1. uehuam<ana mehmarxana 2. KoHa( rxi (qonaq 3. xerbranraga

3. uelhrar{U,ocryx

soat

4. Eopr (yort) 5. ev 6. eu tit 7. 65s (6y) 8. ylr uy

4. xyx,a (khuja) 5. ev sahibi 6. eF aeul <it eiesi

7. o* 1" t5I

(sa'iit)

n. 1. es ev 2. vu (Uy) 3. ra (iiy)

host

2. ar (at) 3. at (at) 4. ar (at) 5. at

$l-

house

mehmondo'stlik

horse zool. n. 1. ar at

c,,

8. coar

(mehmandostluq)

2. uYFis (miiyiz)

.

5.

Turkish

6.

Turkmen 7. Uigbur 8. Uzbek


huge

huge adj. 1. rrox 6ejrx

Dictionary of the Turkic l:nguages

Eox boytik

2. y.rxeu (iilken) 3. qoq (chong)

4.

awx syp Oik zur)

5. kocaman 6. arxpr y.nnt itgirt uly 7. :J* Ja l)-:-tr[ (nahayiti chong) kattakon

8. xarraros

human belng n.

l.

nrrcan insan

2. Etdu (adam)

3. a.qaM (adam) 4. aAau (adiim) 5. insan 6. nnrcan ynsan 7. 1.rsU (adiim) 8. onau odam

hundred num.

l. jva ytiz 2. xrs (zhiiz) 3. xvr (Uz) 4. riea (yOz) 5. yiiz 6. tTrr iiiz 7. iy Qnz) 8. m yuz

hunger n. l. awrnr adrq

2. arumr4 (ashtrq) 3. aqrrrx (acbuk) 4. aumry (achrgu) 5. aghk 6. arurx aglyk 7. J:^l"lr (achliq) 8. oqrux ochlik

hungry adj.

I

au ac 2. au (asb) 3. aq (ach) 4. aq (ach) 5. ag 6. aq ag 7. 6i: (ach) 8. oq och

2. ueu (men) 3. uen (men) 4. war (min) 5. ben 6. uen men 7. A" (niin) 8. uerr men

hunt

ice

l.

l.

vt.

pron. uan man

n.

1. oyr buz

1. onna- ovla2. art ay/Ia- (ang awla-) 3. au yyna- (ang uula-) 4. ayna- (aula) 5. avla6. asna- awla(ovla) 7.

8. owra- ovla-

2. Mrg (muz) 3. Mys (muz) 4. oos (boz) 5. htz 6. oys buz 7. ;j. (muz) 8. rrye muz

hurry

lce crcam cul.

-'!j_f

1.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

y. re.rrac- telasacrrK- (asrq-) aunrr- (ashft-) arunrr- (asbft-) acele etxonnyr- howluk-

l.

2. oa.rnrvs.qa4, (balmuzdaq) 3. oamyag,ar (balmuzdak) 4. ryrLprpua (tungdrma) 5. dondunna 6. uapoxenoe marofenoie 7. ,;3::l (marozhni) 8. uyaxafuao( muzqaymoq

7. -l-r, JU (aldin-) 8. morur-u-

n. dondurma .4onrypua

shoshil-

husband n.

ldea

2. xvirey (kiiyew) 3. xvrios (ktiydd) 4. llp (ir) 5. koca

l.1[r.Kr{p fikir 2. on (oy) 3. on (oy) 4. ([rxep (fiker) 5. fikir 6. runcrp pikir

1.qar

6.q 7. ,c 8.ry

^r

(u)

7'

@Y)

's-f 8. tli o'y

er

l. Azerbaijani 2.Kazalrh 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatx

n.

5.

Turkish

6.

Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


ldtom ling.

lmmedtately adv.

n.

l.

1. r@,u,a ifada

2. uq$ova(tdiwta) 3. *rwroua(idioma)

4. nlnoua (tdiwta) 5. deyim 6. 4&roua idioma 7. f*l*l (idt'om) 8. x6oPa ibora

If l.

gepey (derew) Iapoo (daroo) xaaep vx (khlzer tik)

3. 4. 5. hemen 6. xeppes

derrew

T.JUtos (dlirhal) 8. Aapx.ol

darhol

1. rrvhvu miihiim 2. uarpreAnr (mangzdt) 3. uaarurrrrr (maaniliiii) 4. uehru'( (mtthim) 5. <inemli 6. uexru m6hiim

7. fut 8.

ill med. adj. l. xocra xasta

(muhin)

axawrrlnl

ahamiyatli

tmposstbie adi.

2. apy

(awruw) oopyy (ooruu) annrpy (avru) hasta crrpxan syrkaw

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. J4 (kesfil) 8. racon kasal

1. HMKarrcbrg imkansrz 2. MYMKiH euec

(miimktn yemes) 3. MTUKYII

xac aJruK xestolik (awruw)

3. oopy (ooru) 4. annrpy (avuu) 5. hastalft 6. xecer kesel 7. {l.rh.-S (keslllik) 8. racanrux kasallik

AMCC

(miimktin emes) 4. rrapacbr3 (charasrz) 5. tmkenstz 6. MTMxrlH gan miimkindiil 7.

tllness med. n. 2. apy

xaphal dorhal

important adj.

conj. axap eger

2. erep (yeger) 3. arep,qe (egerde) 4. arap (agiir) 5. e$er 6. arep eger 7. ,,3a (Agar) 8. arap agar

l.

2.

7. c- rb- rr-r

olj.l,, O-S; (munrldn bohntghan)

8.

ln 1.

2.

rrroxcr{3 llojsiz prep. -Aa, -Aa -da, -de -Aa, -Ae, -Ta,

,ls

(-da, -de, -ta, -te)

8. -aa

-da

lncome

n. 1. xaar4 galir 2. ripic ltciris) 3. rrpeure (kireshe) 4. ruurcp (kiler) 5. gelir 6. n4,qex.u girdejt 7. f f Gjrim) 8. Aapoual daromad

lncrease vi. 1. agr- art-

2.

xa6eia- (kttbey-)

3. re6eri- (k0b6y-) 4. apr. (art-) 5. art6. ayr- art7. -r.sf Gonav) 8. rfnafi- ko'paytndependence pol. n. MrsrorruulllK miisteqillik reyezcis.qir (tlwelsizdtk) apxrdwflc (erkindik)

uecrarlnirnrrer (mdstllhyl'lek) bafmsrzltk

ralnucblsJlblr garagsyzlYk .:J*ILi c- j. (mustiqtllft) Mycra$tJUIHr mustaqillik

{e

(-da, -de, -ta, -te)

3.

-Aa, -Ao, -Ao, -Ao, -Ta, -T8,

4.

-!.f., -,u,4, -Ta, -TB

-T0,,re (-da, -de, -do, -d0, -ta, -te, -to, -to)

(-da, -de, -ta, -u) 5. -da, -dg, -n, -te 6. -Aa, -AB -da -de

l. Azerbaijant

2. Kazal& 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkisb 6. Turtmen 7. Utghur 8. Uzbek


lnfectlon

Dictionary of tbe Twkic l,anguages

78

lnfectlon

med. n.

l. rcupxcnia infeksiya

2. rurrpruerr (infektsiya) 3. rnlQexqnr (infektsiya) 4. HnQer4r-rx, Hortlrn (infcktstya, yogrsh)

5. enfeksiyon 6. Htrrpertg* infcktsiia 7. a;tlq 0ailugh) 8. xui[erqHx infektsiya

lnflatlon

lnformatlon

2. nnrtt.u,lrlu6, (zirndrftq) 3. xanrAnrrHx (iindilik) 4. rsrerex (dlelck) 5. delilik 6. nam.vrx dalilik

7. a-])r-

i. eJf lrL

8. xa6ap

(miilurnt)

l.

uvpoxrod mtirokkab 2. cur (siya) 3. crrs (srya) 4. rapa (kara) 5. miirekkep 6. clrr syia

7. $r*Jtrt

8, cHex,

(siya)

siyoh

n. ra'crrp ta'sir

l.

2. ecep (2iser) 3. raacNp (taasir) 4. raacxp (tiiesir) 5. etki 6. racrp tiisir

7. *c

(6sir)

8. rarcup

ta'sir

inform v. l. xa6apnep

xabarver-

2. afir- (ayt-) 3. raoapna- (kabarla-)

4.

aelt4ep- (belder-) 5. haber ver6. xa6ap 6ep- habar berj (uqtur-) 7.

-:F

8. xa6ap 4ul-

lnnocence n.

l.

lnfluence

xabar qil-

(sarangliq)

l.

rynahcbr&/rbrr grinahsrdrq 2. rynacis.qir (kiinlisizdik) 3. xvHeecY3.qrK (ktin00siizdiik) 4. reuahcbrarrbrK (gdnahsnlft)

oouox bocak

2. Kvpr.x,rrubrpcKa (qurt-qumrrsqa)

3. rygr-ryuypcKa (kurt-kumurska) 4. oex,ax (b0jAk) 5. bocek 6. uepuex,er mOr-mrijek

7.

.pul pakhalliqi)

8. urr($rrtHr inflyatsiya

n.

4arnnrrlr dalilik

lnsect zool. n.

ink n.

7. L:*

l.

8. nrnn*uuax jinnilik

xabar

econ. n. l. rulpriacrja inflyasiya 2. r*r$,nrl1xs (inflyatsiya) 3. urr$m1ur (inflyatsiya) 4. uuQ.nnlru (inflyatsiya) 5. enflasyon 6. rrn(parqnr infllatsila

Jl

tnsanity

n. 1. ua'.rryua.r ma'lumat 2. urrgopuaqnr (informatsiya) 3. arsopuarpr (informatsiya) 4. mr$opuauHr (informatsiya) 5. bilgi 6. wrrpopuargr informatsiia

;i3j-o,;;

(qurt4onggbuz) 8. xauapo'r hasharot

lnslde adv.

5. masumiyet 6. orarynennx bigtiniilik 7. 4J'*.,, :-..1c (iiyibsizlik) 8. oeryuox.&rK begunohlik

1. nuapaga igarida 2. iruinle (ishinde) 3. nqHHAe (ichinde) 4. eqre (echtli) 5. igeride 6. Huep,zqe igerde 7. r,r.*r*j (ichidii) 8. FqKapHAa ichkarida

innocent adj.

instrument mus. n.

1. rr.nahcnrs giinahsrz 2. arllrncnls (ayrpsrz) 3. rvnescve (kiin0{istiz)

4. raenceg (gayepsez) 5. sugsuz 6. orryyrra bigiinli (lyibsiz) 7. *,c 8. oeryuox, begunoh

l. qa.mbr iursru gal[r alati 2. acuan (aspap) 3. acnan (aspap) 4. uysnxa.nn lrrrcrpJrMerrr (muzrkal' instrument) 5. galgr aleti 6. cas rypurbr saz guraly

7. aAtf.,

(chalghu isvabliri)

8. acoo6

l. Azerbaijani 2.Kaza}h 3.Kyrgyz

jrjb

4.

Tatar

5.

asbob

Turkish 6. Turkuren 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dicdonary of the Turkic languages I .

lnsurance n.

lntâ&#x201A;Źrest

n.

1. cnrroPra srforta 2. ca(ranAlrpy (saqtandruw) 3. rauctlenoo Qramsudoo) 4. crpaxoma (strakhovka) 5. sigorta f. crpaxoearrrle strahowaniye

1. uapar maraq 2. 4trenry (qutghuw) 3. rursnrryy (krzrguu) 4. mrsrrrcDmy (krzftsrnu) 5. ilgi 6. xesec hOwes

7.E;t_r

7

(sughurta)

8. cyrygra

sug'urta

intellectual

n. 1. sujarmr ziyah

2.

svtsrrht(ziyalt)

. ;t-;- ys (qiziqish)

1. amuunr afrlh 2. seper (zerek) 3. aeeugrr (zeendtii.i)

4.

axll.tumt (akrlh)

5. zekl 6. arrrnnrr akylly 7. J:.ll-r s (Aqilliq) 8. avum aqlli

lntentlon

n. 1. ruljaT niyyat

2. rllliw (niyet) 3. rl,ter (nte$ 4. nnrr (niyat) 5. niyet

6. rruer niiet

7. a2; (niye$ 8. nHrr niyat

lntestine phys.

n. oamrpcar ba$rrsaq 2. iruer (ishek) 3. Frerr{ (ichegi) 4. aqer (echlk)

l.

5. balrsak 6. ruere tgege

7.

q<1.Y (iichay)

8. Kusll4ru qiziqish

8. lrrraK

interest

lntroduce (*person)

1.

econ. n.

1pans faiz

2. nalaga (payda) 3. narlga (payda) 4. npouenr (protsent)

3. rune.rulrenr (inteligent) 4. yrcrrmrlltru (ukmrshh) 5. fuz 5. aydtn 6. r,mrenneKTyan intellektual 6. rrpoqeu'r protsent 7. IYY (ttstim) 7. \r/\- ) (ziYaliY) 8. Qona,a foyda 8. sugau ziyoli

tntelltgent adj.

lngurance

79

lnterestlng adj.

l.

uapar.rnr maraqh

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

ichak

tarrnuu er- tanrg et-

rannrcmrp- (tanrsur-) raarrrrurnrp- (taamshur-)

raulrnrrlrp

(tanrshtu-)

tanrgtrr-

rarnuug,nrp

7. -->;:;li 8.

tanygdyr-

(tonushtur)

rarumrup

tanishtir-

lnvestlgation

n. 1. 'ra4pt'ar tadqiqat 2. teprey (tergew) 3. tepree (terg(Xt)

2. KrrelrK (qmq) 3. rcrsnrK (ktzrk) 4. rrranxnu (krzrkh) 5. ilging 6. rtrsnrxrrbr gfzykly

4. nmuepv (Eksherii) 5. aragtrrma

7.e>s

"ijrjjsd tekshirish 8. rerurrrpmu

(qiziq)

8. KHgxKap.nH qiziqarli

lnternatlonal adj. 1. oejuanxam beynalxalq 2. xamrx,apa,rrbl( (kbahqarahq) 3. an apiurbrK (el arahk) 4. xamrxapa (khal*ara) 5. uluslararasr 6. xarxapa halkara 7. lrldc, (khtrlq'ara)

8. xa.rrx,apo xalqaro

v.

6.tepqes 7.

derflew (tAkshtiriish)

lnvestment

econ. n. l. rarrrrra,rr roiyrrnuy kapitalqoyulugu 2. x,apxrrraHrbrpy (qarzhrlandrruw)

3. rapmraaugbrpyy (karjrlanduuu)

4. rarmral

ca,rry

(kapital salu) 5. yatrrm 6. uar ro$u maia gotug

7. ,2Ls<- Oli.li (qoshqan slirmayli)

8.'raruaocyc 1.

tashabbus

Azcrbaijani 2. Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkrnen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


lnvltatlon

tnvltatlon n. l. 4a'no"r da'vct

2. uraq,llpy (shaqrruw) 3. uarupyy (chakrruu) 4. uaxlrpy (chakru) 5. davet 6. qatourbx grkylyk

7. (r,aklip) =*Isc 8. raxaae nklif

lnvite v. l. 4o'wrc-r-

da.votet2. ruax,nrp- (shaqr-) 3. ualorp (cbakrr-) 4. uamrp (chakrr-) 5. davet et-

Dictionary of tbe Turkic Languages

lsland gez. n.

7. o;; (6zi) 8. ysn o'zl

It

jacket clo. n.

l.oo

l. xaxer jaket 2. narer (zh[ket) 3. xarsr (iaket) 4. sargr (zhaket) 5. ceket 6. xyyrra kunka 7. ohb (chapan) 8. xauaya kamzul

2. on (ol) 3. a.rr (al) 4. yn (ul)

5.o 6. on, o 7' j (u)

8.yu

lr.on geol. n. l. 4aurp damir

Its adj. l. onyu onun

ol, o

jall

7. ;_rg (rdmtir) 8. reuup temir

2. olmnl (omng) 3. aslrn (anrn) 4. arrrn{ (anrngl 5. onun 6. orryr{ onufi 7. !t;j (uning) 8. ynrun uning

lron rcch. n.

Its pron.

vrv Uhi 2. vrir (iitik) 3. vrrx (tittit; 4. vryr (tiriik) 1.

5. iirii 6. vryx iitiik 7. Jt :.s (diiznal) 8. 4asuo.rr dazrnol

l. erv riai 2. eri (rizi) 3. e:ry (rizii) 4. v:e (tize) 5. kendisi 6. srtl Ozi

pron.

6. uamrp- gagyr7. _$ *rSc (raHipqit-) 8. rar.na@ 4Ha- aktif qil-

2. .reuip (remir; 3. rewrp (temir) 4. runrep (timer) 5. demir 6. Aeunp demir

ttself pron.

1. aqa ada 2. apal (arat) 3. apan (aral) 4. yrpay (utrau) 5. ada 6. qua ada 7. Jt)V (aral) 8. opon orol

2. rvpue (riirme) 3. rrpue (ttirnr;y 4. repua (r6rmA) 5. hapisbane 6. rvpue t{irme 7. r-r.F (tiirmA) 8. Kar*o(xoua qamoqxona

l.

oHyuxy onunku 2, onixi (oniki) 3. annrrlr (an*r) 4. aslrxn (anrkr) 5. onunki 6. ouyqxrr onuflky

7. 6Luy (uningki) 8. yr*trrl uniki

l. Azerbaijani Z. Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar

5.

n.

I. ha6cxana habsxana

J8m cul. n. 1. rrrpoooa mrirabba

2. (allnarna (qaynatpa) J. Bapenbe (varen'c) 4. napeure (varen'ye) 5. regel 6. urpenoe mtirepbe

7. \lry

(murabba)

8. uypao6o

Turkish 6. Turkmen

7.

murabbo

Uighur g. Uzbek

;II


Ianuary

jeweler

n.

l.

1. jamap yanvar 2. Karfrap (qangtar) J. runapr (yanvar') 4. rnricrnap (grynvar) 5. ocak 6. *mapr ianwar

i:\

7. tl

jar l.

yanvar'

(banka) (banka) (banka) kavanoz 6aura banka

5.

6. 7. ;:-.ur (idish) 8. 6anra banka

7. ,r*: (ish) 8. rau ish

jealous adj.

l.

mrcrarrq qrsqanc

2. 4,rraraauax, (qrzghanshaq) 3. xnteranuaar (kuganchaak) 4. xorrue (kOnche) 5. krskang 6. ra6anx,aq gabanjafl 7. :-F r- <r (hilslitkhor) 8. xaca.qqn hasadchl

.

iohys,H yehudi 2. eupefr (yevrey) 3. esperi (evrey) 4. enpetr (yevrey) 5. Musevi

6. erperl lewrei

.

sjr,:

(yehudiy)

8. oqyaru

yahudiy

7

g,

l. Azerbatjani

2. Kazakh

l.

8. ca(Fp

safar

judge jud.

ai{.n (Azil)

3. aglut (aztl) 4. nargry (shayartu) 5. gaka 6. Aerrnrue degtgme Z. Ohsb (chaqchaq) 8. xasur haztl

journaltst

Jew rel. n. f

joke n. l. sapa([ar zarafat 2.

(ttipiir)

l. cesruil{ sevinc 2. x,yarrrtu (quwansh) 3. ry6artrq (kubanrch) 4. uratmrr (shatl*) 5. seving 6. 6ereuq begeng 7. .tJJtii. ftnushalliq) 8. ruo&m,x shodlik

1. nu ig 2. rrurrc (zbums) 3. lalr (ish) 4. au (esh) 5. ir 6. llu ig

6anra banka

2. oarxa 3. oarra 4. 6arxa

7. s1'-

joy n-

job n.

n.

n.

1. cejahar sayahat 2. canap (sapar) 3. canap (sapar) 4. camer (s6yakh6t) 5. yolculuk 6. crrcxar syiahat

2. aeprep (zerger) 3. seprep (zerger) 4. sapran (zerkfin) 5. kuyumcu 6. seprep zer.gtr 7. ,Er4 @Argfr) 8. saprap z$gar

(yanvar)

8. rnuapl

journey

n. sapxep zargst

n.

rypnaaacr iurnalist 2. rypualHcr (zhurnalist) 3. ra6apuu (kabarchr) 4. rypHanucr (zhurnalist) 5. gazeteci 6. xypHarucr furnatist (mukhbir) 7. *.i 8. xypnarucr jurnalist

3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar

5.

n. 1. hapru hakim 2. cot (sot) 3. cor (sot)

4. cywr,xirKau

(sud'ya" khakim)

5. yargrg 6. cyrnr sudta

7.

,# -

8. cylFr

(sorchi) sud'ya

jug

n. 1. oap,4ar bardaq 2. xvutrpa (qumra) 3. rylrypa (kumura) 4. rryrndax (chtilmik)

5. testt 6. xrrise kiitze

7. t:_$

ftoza) 8. rfca ko'za

Turktsh 6. Turkrnen 7. Ulghur 8. Uzbek


Iuly

July

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

n.

l. rriyr iyul

keep

l.

kill

v.

l.

caxra-

saxla(saqla-) ca4'ra-

v. en71vp oldiir-

2. udrure (shilde) 3. lrrvrn (iyul') 4. nionn (iyul') 5. tcmmuz 6. am.nn itul 7. Ji*; (iyul) 8. rrxvrn iyul'

2. 3. c.arta- (sakta-) 4. cax.na- (sakla-) 5. tut6. caxra- sakla7. -yiL (saqla-) 8. cavra- saqla-

2. o.rrip (dltir-) 3. orrYp- (Oltiir-) 4. n'ep- (titcr-) 5. 6ldiir6. e.n4vp- Oldiir7. -r|y (oltiir-) 8. !'r,r1lrp- o'ldir-

jump

key n. l. auap agar

tlnd

v.

l. a'rlul- atrl-

2. cerip (sekir-) 3. cernp- (sekir-) 4. caxep- (siker-) 5. srqra6. oer- bok7. -, j.- (slikrl-) 8. caxpa- sakra-

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

June n.

klck

1. Niyrr iyun 2. uaycuu (nrawsrm) 3. uronl (iyun')

4. ruonr

(iyun') 5. haziran

6. ruorrl iiun 7. oF (iyun) 8. ruonn iyun'

justlce

3. aXwtryr (adildik) 4. raAana'r (gadaliit) 5. adalet 6. aAarrar adalat 7. .r<JlsU (adal;it) 8. a.q,onar adolat

uehpndarr rnehriban

2. uenipiuni (meyirimdi) 3. xairpnrunyy (kaynmduu) 4. liouuar KYr{eJure

anahtar

(yomshak kiingelle)

auap

5. nazik 6. uaxxprm miihirli 7. 6!ra* (mehriban) 8. r.rex.puoon mehribon

agar

e;laU (achquch) raaNr kalit y.

l. ranlrue-

tapikla-

2. 3. 4. ruu- (tip) 5. tekmele'rerr- (tep-) r'en- (tep-)

6.tBn-

kfnd n. l. Hos ndv 2. r:rp (ttir) 3. tvp (tiir) 4. cogr, rep 5.gegit 6. xxr hil

dep-

7. -tn (ulp-) 8. ren- tep-

7. 8.

n.

1. ega.rrar adalat 2. eginer (iidilet)

1.

l.

riar'(kilt) xeuu'r &ilit) aqruq (achkrch)

adj.

ktdney phys.

l.

n.

oejpor brlyrek 2. orfrper (btiyrek) 3. oerrper (ktyntk) 4. oeep (bdyer) 5. bdbrek 6. oenpex bdwrek

7. J tsi (b0riik) 8. oyupar buyrak

Azerbaijani 2.Kazak& S.Kyrgyz

4.Taw

5.

(sort, tor)

J-

Chil) xrryr xil

kfng

n. 1. rpa.r kral 2. xoporm (korol') 3. roponn (korol') 4. xoporm (korol') 5. kral 6. xopoan korol

7. eb-:! (fadishah) 8. agpoa qirol

Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur

8. Uzbek


klss

knot n. l. xrinr dtiyrin 2. rxins (ttiyin) 3. rninr (tiiyun)

4. vn- (tip-) 5.op6. orua- ogga7. -t? (sdy) 8. yrr- o'p-

4. x,ea (irty) 5. diigiim 6. Rrsrrr diiwtn 7. g6i (tiigiin) 8. ryryH tugun

kitchen

know

v. 1. en- tip' 2. cviric- (sUyis-) 3. en- (0P-)

n. l. uar6ax matbax 2. ac vit (as iiy) 3. aurrana (ashkana)

4.

aur ee, KJrxrur (ash Oye, kukhnya) mutfak

5. 6. xyxur kuhnia 7. qF tit;.-rtJ (ashkhana0Y) 8. onrxoHa oshxona

knee phys.

l.

n.

n. nap4roan nardivan cartr (satt) uarnr (shau) oacrrrq Oashch)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. merdiven 6. uep.qraarr merdiwan

7.tr* lady

v.

rarmr- taru-

7.

-;;

2. mruraK $rshaq) 3. 6nr.rar (brchak) 4. rnrqar (ptchak) 5. brgak 6. rnrqax. pypk (pichaQ)

n.

7.-L

(khanxn)

8. xorunr v.

xonim

lake

geo. n. xen gtil rea (kOl) xer (ktil) rvr (kiil) gd xen ktil (kol)

8. ralur- tani-

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

knowledge

lamb zool. n.

(tonu-)

n. 1. olerm bilik 2. 6iaiu oilim)

knlfe n. l. 6lrqar brEaq

narvon

1. xarllru xamm 2. xarmu (khanm) 3. arirru (aym) 4. xartru (kbanm) 5. hantm 6. xanrru hanym

1. orur- bil2. 6in- (bil-) 3. 6xr- (bil-) 4. oen- (bel) 5. bil6. aun- bil7. -l*{ (bil-) 8. os.u- bil-

l.

(shora)

8. uapnou

2. rarmr- (tant-) 3. r:aarnr- (taant-) 4. mnnr- (taru-) 5. tanr6. rana- tana-

4. reg (tez) 5. diz 6. ,q,bte dfz 7. 3; (uz) 8. rrlga tizza

;*

ladder

know (a person)

,rys diz 2. rise (tize) 3. rnse (tize)

7.

kles

83

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

Jf

qfa

ko'l

1. ryry quzu 2. Kogrr (qozt) 3. rosy (kozu) 4. 6afll (bed) 5. kuzu 6. ryert guzy 7. os! (paqlan) 8. 4lrrluox qo'zichoq

3. onrrran (bilim) 4. 6e.rreu Oelem) 5. bilgi 6. dnrnarl bilim 7. * Oitim) 8. ownan bilim

8. nrnqoK pichoq

l. Azerbatjani

2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4.

Tatar

5.

Turkish 6. Turkmen

7.

Uighur 8. Uzbek


lsmp

lamp

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

84

n.

l. rauna lampa 2. aauna (lampa) 3. narrna (lampa) 4. naula (lampa) 5. lamba 6. rauna lampa 7. i.f,.a (chiragh) 8. qNpof chiroq

l. axrrpurrqlbl axrnncr 2. cor{mt (songgn; 3. arntpru (aktrkt) 4. coqmr (songgr) 5. son 6. cor6lr sof,ky

language n.

late

l. mr

dil 2. rin (til) 3. run (tjl) 4. ter (tel) 5. dil 6. nna dil 7. Jr (ril) 8. rs.n til

large adj.

1. jera yeka 2. ipi (iri)

3. llpr (iri) 4. ayp (zur) 5. btiyiik 6. ymr, rurl uly, gifl

7.

laxatlve

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

2. iru erriretirt.tlopi

l.

xeut (kesh) xeq (kech) cor{ (song)

rlru

gig

7.ed

(kach)

8. xeq

kech

med. n.

rrur.nryruo AopMaIIbI

iqlatmo dormanr

(ish ritktzetin dziri) 3. lrq srKspvYr{Y Aapbr (ich ci&<iriitichti dan) 4. aq frouruagrruru (ech yomshartktch) 5. mtishil

geE

laugh v. 1. rrn- giil2. rvr- (kiil-)

law jud.

7. olss y (6rkiin) 8. irrau o'tgan

5. avukat 6. npuc'r yurist 7. .:t53 jsU (etdvokat) 8. aAnoxa'r advokat

adv. 1. xeu gec

last (*for week, year etc.)

gegen

6. rrrxrtn crprion igifli stiriiin

lazlness

n.

1. tanoa.nrux tanballik 2. xazx,aynnrr (zhalqawhq) 3. xamooryr (ialkooluk) 4. ruraymrr (yalkaulft) 5. rembellik 6. srrraJnrr laltalyk 7. A*jrb (hurunluq) 8. Aarnaca,rur dangasalik

n.

l. rauyn qanun

2. sart (zang) 3. rmuisau (myzam) 4. xauyn (kanun) 5. kanun 6. rarryu kanun

lxzy adj. l. rsn6a-rr tanbal

7. o-lu (qanun) 8. 4oHyu qonun

2. wan4ay (zhalqaw) 3. xanroo (ialkoo)

4. wrcay (yalkau) 5. tembel 6. rrrra iialta (hurun)

'irb 8. 4auraca Azerbaijanl 2.Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz

AepMarr derman

7. 8.,-* (stirga) 8. cyprH surgi

7.

1.

n.

uarr.rn vakil 2. 3altrep (znngger) 3. sartqrr (zutgch) 4. a/snxar, sKrayqbl (advokat, yaklauchr)

8. oxHprn oxirgi

7. o3 @or) 8. xarra katta

6. reqerl

l.

(akhirqi)

;*u

3. rvn- (k'iil-) 4. rea- (k6l-) 5. gtil6. rvr- gtil7. _J5 ftiil-) 8. ryr- kul-

adj. 1. xe.rag keqan 2, oryreH (cttken) 3. srren (tttkttn) 4. yrraH (ii&en) 5. gegen

lawyer jud.

last (-final) adj.

4.Tatu

5.

Turkish

6.

dangasa

Turlmen 7. Uighur

8. Uzbek


Dictionary of the Tu*ic l-anguages

lead geol. n.

l.

ryprylilyn qurfugun

2. 4,opracnru (qorghasrn) 3. ropronryu (korgoshun) 4. ryprau(rru) (kurgashlrnl) 5. kurgun 6. rypuytt gurgun 7. o*-*y (qoghushun) 8. x,fpnorumr qo'rg'oshin bot. n. japuar yarpaq 1. 2. xarnrpax, (zhapraq) 3. xaaonrpar (albrrak) 4. r([par (yafrak) 5. yaprak 6. rnpar iaprak

olrhy

8. oapr

leave

legend lit.

6. rargprp- galdyr7. -:6 (ket-) 8. (rarraao) rer-

1. a(ftaue efsane 2. arrnn (angrz) 3. yaaunnu (ulamnh) 4. pr,laarrr (rivayat') 5. efsane 6. neren,4a legenda 7.,:,<2|'-p, (rivayiit) 8. aQcona afsona

v. 1. repxer- terket2. rw- (ket-) 3. rcF (ket-) 4. ranura- (tashla-) 5. terk et-

n.

ltashlabl ket-

leaf

7.

lead

85

(yopurmaq)

barg

learn

v. l. efpeH- riyren2. rtipeu- (iiyren-) 3. rirpeu- (tiyr0n-) 4. eripoH- (Oyrfin-) 5. Ofren6. eapeH- 0wren(ttgtin) 7.

-iEy

8. ipraH-

o'rgan-

leather

n. l. aapH deri 2. rcpi (teri) 3, reppr (teri)

4. rrpe (tire) 5. dert 6. rarbru gaity$ 7. i,f Gon) 8. repu teri

lemon bot.

lecture

n. l. rrvhasr4o miihazira 2. nexqas (lektsiya)

3. aerquc (lekbrya) 4. aerqrar (lektsiya) 5. konferans 6. nerqrar lektsiya 7. *^4 (leksty{) 8. aexrgc lektstya

4. osrmrftrr (ozrnhk) 5. uzunluk 6. yenuumx uzynlyk 7. A*j:' (uzunluq) 8. yapuux uzunllk

lentil

Tatar

bot. n.

1. uapu merci 2. xacnrulrx, (zhasrmrq) 3. xaclrurrr (asrm*) 4. rculrr (yasmrk) 5. merclmek 6. uepx,raner merjimek 7. .ij-*r. $esimuq) 8. rcrnq yasmtq

n.

1. mru qrg 2. acq (ayaq) 3. oyr (but) 4. asr (ayak) 5. bacak 6. as aitak 7. .r; (RuO 8. ou(, oyoq

4.

3. runron (imon) 4. runrou (limon) 5. limon 6. rpmon limon 7. o-/ Qimon) 8. manou limon n. 1. yeprryr uzunluq 2. ranru4prx (uzrndrq) 3. yeyngyr (uzunduk)

2. cor (sol) 3. cor (sol) 4. ry.r (sul) 5. sol 6. ueu gep 7. J,* (sol) 8. uau chap

l. Azerbaijanl Z.Kau;a}J. 3. Kyrgyz

1. rnanon limon

2. l'cnuLolg.(imon)

length

left n. l. con sol

leg phys.

n.

5.

Turkish

6. Turlcrnen 7.

Uighur

8. Uzbek


lesson

lesson

Dictionary of the Turkic l,anguages

level n. l. cannjjo

n.

l. 4a1r dars 2. caoax. (sabaq) 3. ca6ar (sabak) 4. gapec (diircs) 5. ders 6. canar sapak

" letter (*of an alphabet) n. " libral,v hapip harf

2. opin (iirip) 3. aprn (arip) 4. xapa! (kh[refl 5. harf 6. xapn harp 7. y1*r (hArp) g. xap0 hd

" letler (-mail)

l.

n.

uaxryo moktub

2. xar (khat) 3. ra'r (kat) 4. xar (khaO 5. mektup 6. xar hat 7. c,.i (khiit) 8. xar xat

'

lettuce bot.

l.

n.

3. ca.nar (salat) 4. caaa, (salat) 5. marul 6. canar salat 7. .rkS;S .F _r*, (bir khil kdktat)

1.

salat

2.

(yalgan soylil-)

5. yalan s0yle6. aqga- alda7. -,J:y JLJI{

n.

l. rHtadxara kitabxana 2. riraro<arra (kitapkhana) 3. xlnenrana (kitepkana) 4. xnranxana (kiupkhanii) 5. kuriiphanc 6. rrlrarp<aHa kitaphana 7. uq;;S

ftiittiPklana)

8. ryrydxorra

lld

kutubxona

n.

l. .Lu.t* qapaq 2. x,a\na( (qaqpaq) 3. farxar (kapkak) 4. rarrraq (kapkach)

lle (down)

v.

1. y:au- uzln2. war- (zhat-) 3. xar- 0at-) 4. rr- (yat-) 5. yat6. rr- iat7. -; ! (yat-) 8. er- yor 1. haja'r hayat

2. euip (rtmir) 3. errrp (ctmiir) 4. Toptolgl (tormrsh) 5. hayat 6. nypuyttt durmug 7. ot*t.t (hayat) 8. xaeT hayot

n. 1. jauan yalan 2. naman (zhalghan) 3. xaman (ialgan)

lift

(yalgan)

5. yalan 6. raarr yalan 7. vS out* (yalghan 8. enron yolg'on

(yalghan sdzlii-) 8. a,aaa- alda-

llfe n.

" lle

.4. rrran

1it;

(=rc11 v. jaaarr Aarrbnnyalan danrqanr.a- (alda-)

3. aryta- (alda-) 4. s.nrarr cerlna-

5. kapak 6. ranar gapak 7. 6Qu (qapqaq) 8. x,onx,ox, qopqoq

xalmr kalu 2. catrar (salat)

8. ca.nar

l.

soviyya

2. Aerrei'r (denggcy) 3. /der{raal (denggc:l) 4. lapx,a (diirAjA) 5. seviye 6. lepex,e dereje 7. <y3r- (siiviyi) 8. cawrx saviya

7. u,res (diirs) 8. rapc dars

l.

lie

glip)

v.

1. ra.n&rp qaldr2. fere+- (kriter-) 3. rorop- (kotdr-) 4. rv'rap- (kiitlir-) 5. kaldrr6. rerep- goter-

l.-r_yf S.@

(kdttir-) ko'tar-

Azerbaijani 2.Kar;akh 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek

,l


|'' Dictionary of the Turkic [,anguages

light (xheavy)

llke

prep. 1. rcrulr kimi 2. cEil'rur (sivasu) 3. cr-Fryy'lsryattuu) 4. oxruaru (okhshash) s. €&! 6. -srrrr yaly

adj.

l. jnmYa yringul 2. xe;+un (zhengil) 3. xeqran (iengil)

4. nllqe.u (ingel) 5. hafif 6.

euaa

yenit

7.

7. d;-+ (leniC) 8. enrr-ur yengil

light (-illuminarion)

n.

1. rauntr igrq 2. {gp5 (zhanq) 3. xapnx (iank) 4. qpf45tr (yakuhk) 5. $!L 6. nnurrr ygyk

l. A:J':l+

(yoruqluq)

8. epyrrur yoruglik

Itghtntng n. l. tUtgflgjirK gimgek

2. ggrnqleg (nayzaghay) 3. .tgtplfq'A-g (chagrlgan) 4. nueu (yashen) 5. grmgek 6. ql4lplpl1r iyldyrym 7. .iub (chaqmaq) S.

{ffior

Itke v. l. Xgrulg-

chaqmoq

xogla-

5.:Eil

u'=gjsy8.

5-g

1.

line (*thin mark)

e:rti

$akhshf k0r-) yoqrir-

n.

1. xsr:r xatt 2. cnrarq, (srzrq) 3. cnrgnrx (srz*) 4. cnrsnr (surk)

2. apucr:an (anstan) 3. apcran (arstan) 4. apnrcaas (anslan) 5. aslan 6. €noapc tolbars 7. ,"1 (shir) 8. uep sher

llp

phys. n.

1. AQAqr dodaq

6. qnrgnrr gyzyk 7 . ,i >- (siziq) 8. wlsrq, chiziq.

5. gngi

2. epis (yerin) 3. eggr.(erin) 4. rpen(iren) 5. dudak 6. AoAar dodak 7. IHS Galpuk) 8. aao lab

Itngutst

Itqutd phy.n.

n. a.unur dilgi 2. wrtrrllacr (lingvist) 3. rnlrnsucr (lingvist) 4. renqe (telche) 5. dilci

l.

6, Wwt dilgi 7. o"t6)aJ; (tilshunas) 8. ruauryuoc

Itngulsttcs

2. Xgg- (unat-) 3. gg5pttr fiaktrr-) 4. rpa'r- (yarat-)

7. -rf

(okhsbash)

"irui kabi 8. Ka6H

llon zool. n. l. m4 Eir

Slsbunos

n.

A}UIIIIYHACJIbIT

dilEtinashq

rix oi.rriui (til bilimi) TPrJr vuryrur (tll ilfuni) Ter ocneMe (tel beleme) dilbilim .IrarrrDHcrHra lingwistika

jrl-tr i':Li

(ttlshunasliq)

Tlunrryuocnnx tilshunoslik

l. uaje maye 2. crrbrX,mrq, (suyrqtrq) 3. qrm (suyuk) 4. clrexrmx (sryekhk) 5. srvl 6. cypyr suwuk 7. A*h:- (suyuqluq) 8. cynfalx suyuqlft llsten

v. 1. mlrura- dinla-

2. mrr14,a- (trngda-) 3. rtur.qa- (ungda-) 4. rtrrvra- (trngla-) 5. dtnle6. rulqae- diflle7. -rlb (angla-) 8. auur- eshit-

Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Itterary

88

Dictionary of the Turkic l^anguages

l.

Itttle adv. l. 6rlp as bir az

6. aAeon edebl

2. oipar (biraz) 3. orlp as (bir az) 4. oepae (beraz) 5. biraz 6. n3ax,rrrK uajyk

2. x,aprra (qanz) 3. rapnrs (kanz) 4. oypnru (buncb) 5. borg 6. xagr karz

7. :u ,*s Oir az) 8. 6np os bir oz

7. jt.3

Itttle (x big) adj.

lock n. l. rHn4q kilid

Itterary adj. o.qodH adabi 2. age6u (Adebiy) 3. aaa6ldr (adabiy) 4. ogodx (Adebl) 5. edebi

7. A4..r

([d[biy)

8. anaoni

adabiy

llterary werk

n.

l.

2. op;eou

(ldebtv zhumrs)

3.

aaaorfo@ (adabiy emgek) acop (Adiibi tsdr)

4. a4o6u

5. edebl eser 6. ageou acep edebl

7. sut g*osc

eser

(iidilbiydslr)

8. agaoNri acap adabiy asar

Itterate adj.

l. camlrnr savadh 2. cayarnr (sawattr) 3. caoarryy (sabattuu) 4. uarrrrruarJlbr (miigltimath) 5. glur-va&ar

6. coaarrnr

sowatly

7. J:f,ISL

(savatliq)

8. casoAIN

savodli

literature

n. l. a4a6njja'r edabiyyat 2. axelraw (itdebiyet)

3.

aAaor-rsr (adabiyat)

4. aleavxr (iidiibiyat)

5. edebiyat 6. aAeor.r*'r edebitat 7. o!-, o:c (idiibiyat) 8. a4aor.rer adabiyot

1.

loan

econ- n. 1. oopu borc

(qlirz)

8. r,ag:, raeu

qarz, zayom

danarira balaca 2. riruxentafr (kishkenny) 3. xrqwnereri (ktchtnekey) 4. xeqrena (kechkent) 5. kiiguk 6. prwr kigt

2. (Ynnnr (quhp) 3. ryrrry Gulpu) 4. rlogax (yozak) 5. kilir 6. ry.nn gulp

7. .t.+J Gichtk) 8. r-rrur klchik

7. vly

llve

long adj.

v.

(qulup)

8. xy.nQ qulf

. iarua: yaga2. rvp- (tur) 3. xaura- (asha-) 4. rure- (yashii-) 5. yaga6. sua- iap7. -bl* (yasha-) 8. nua- yasha-

l. ytyn uzun 2. vsnrn (uzrn) 3. ysyn (uzun) 4. osrrn (ozrn) 5. uzun 6. lalm uzyn 7. gj:j (uzun) 8. ysyH uzun

llver

look

f

phys. n.

l. rapatru{ap qaraciyar

2. oayrrp (bawr) 3. ooop (boor) 4. oannrp (bavrr) 5. karaci[er 6. oarrrp bagyr 7. r.S* (iietir) 8. rorap jigar

v.

1. oax- bax2. 4,apa- (qara-) 3. rapa- (kara-) 4. xapa- (kara-) 5. bak6. oar- bak7. -l.,6 (qara-) 8. (apa- qara-

Azerbaijani 2.Kazath 3.Kyrgyz .Tarar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dictionary of the Turkic l^anguages

look

for y.

loud adj.

2. isne- (izde-) 3. wsle- (izde) 4. a n* (ezlA-)

2. 4,arrnr (qaru) 3. raryy (katuu) 4. ramr (karr) 5. ytiksek (ses) 6. rarlr lcecl gaty fses] 7. ..j:^sE (qaniq) 8. oa,rranA [ososl

5. ara6. rsene- gOzle'1. cs',J (IzdA-) 8. Xnlnp- qidir-

louse zool.

ooru, xeH bog, gen 6oc, xeq (bos, keng) 6oru, rerl (bosh, keng)

3. 4. 6yru, rrtq (bush, king) 5. gevgek, bol 6. ronutax, rr.rE gowgalq gifl 7. J,S ,,',lr Grosh, kf,ng) 8. 6yu, KeHr bo'sh, keng

lose

2. reueu (tdmen) 3. reuen (td,miin) 4. rYnall (tiibdn) 5. algak 6. nec pes

7.

,"a

(pds)

8. nasr

past

baland [ovoz]

loose (x tighr) adj.

2.

low adj. l. anqar alqaq

l. oepr berk

1. axrap axtar-

1.

look for

89

vt.

l. mrp

1. orr bit 2. oxr Oiyt) 3. 6rrr (bi0 4. oer (bet) 5. bit 6. oHr bit 7. .:-,g (nit) 8. orlr bit

luck

n. 1. ruanc Aans 2. cardnix (s[ttilik) 3. camyy (sauuu) 4. yqlrru (mgrsh) 5. gans 6. oam bagt '1. s+.U (ame$ 8. ouag omad

n.

lukewarm adj.

love

itir2. xoranr- (zhoghalt-) 3. xorot- (iogot-) 4. rorarrr- (yugalt-) 5. kaybet6. trutup- iitir7. -:G- (yoqar-) 8. riixor- yoqot-

l.

2.

1. wnn ihq 2. mr.mr (zhrh) 3. muryy (rluu) 4. nruru (rh) 5. thk 6. tuvrrr tyly 7. 6J4 (yiltiq) 8. nnuX iliq

v. ces- sevcvir- (stiy-;

3. cyri- (stiy-1 4. rpar- (yarat-) 5. sev6. ceri- sd,y-

7. -tt-

8. ces-

loss econ. n. l. r{arr ziyan

(sdy-) sev-

lunch

love

2. ssdnt (ziyan)

1.

3. sbrrrr (zryan) 4. sbmr (zryan) 5. ziyan 6. rilmra iitgi 7. ot*; (z.iyan) 8. aHbu ziyon

n. uahao6gr mohebbat uaxa66ar (makhabbar) uaxa66ar (makbabbat) uaxa66ar (mlhlbb{O

I

.

n.

rfi,-.crvs.r,cahap jeuajn rKrnct sanor yemayl

2. rrcri ac (ttiskt as) 3. rmrry rauaK

2. 3. 4. 5. sevgi, agk 6. ceirrn s0igt 7. o."<.rj. (mufrfibbet) 8. uylpOoar muhabbat

(ttishkti ranak)

4. reure aur (ttisbke 5. dlle yemegl 6. rnroyra Haxapbr

asb)

g[norta nahary

7.

,jtU

.:Jjl,!1i

(chtishltik tamaq)

8. r'yurnur tushlik

l. Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh

3.

Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

5.

Turkish

6.

Turkmen 7. Utghur 8. Uzbek


lung

lung phys. n.

l. arur{op a[ciyar 2. erne (Okpc) 3. enro (rtpkO) 4. rnxa (iipkA) 5. akci$er 6. ofixerr 6!ken 7. *r (6pka) 8. lnra o'pka machine n. l. Mnrubltr ma$m

2. Martrrule (mashine) 3. uaurcra (mashina) 4. uarulura (mashina) 5. makina 6. uarurrn matyn 7. U-.lL (mashtn) 8. Mnrrrrnta maShina

mschlne gun mil. n. l. rryreujor pulemyot

2. rryneuer (pulemet) 3. rryneuer (pulemet) 4. asroua'r (avtomat) 5. rnkinah tiifek 6. rryreueT pulemtot 7. .:,j*"I- (pilimot) 8. asrouar avtoInat

msgazlne 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

rypnar

(urnat)

rypuan

(zhurnal)

rypuar

r

lurnal 7. JE:j': (zhurnal) 8. xypua.n jurnal

1.

i

maglc n.

I

1. cehp sehr 2. cnx,rtp (siyqr) 3. cnrfixupAyy (srykrrduu) 4. crn<cp (sikher) 5. sihir 6. x,a,qllt jady 7. -*tr (sehir) 8. cexp sehr

mailbox

n.

- 1. noqr ryrycy poEt qutusu 2. nourra xauriri (poshu zhashtgi)

3. noqro xaulfira (pochto jashigi)

4. noqra ruryrrbr (pochta yashchigt)

5. posta kutusu 6. noq'ra cu&Irra pocta ya$gigi \t,

J

rJt

(pochta sanduqi)

8. hoqra (yrucH pochta qutisi

mallman

n. 1. nouta.rrjou pogtalyon 2. noruraurnr (poshtashr) 3. noqroqy (pochtochu) 4. noq:rarnon, xar rililytrbl (pochtal'on, khat tashuchr)

5. postacr 6. noqra.;mon

7.

;.S-:;a

8. noqtarm

pogtalon

(pochtiklish) pochtachi

maln adj.

l. ecac asas

7. g*LU

(asasiy)

8. acocnrl

asosiy

majority pol. n.

l. arcopHjjirr aksoriyyat 2. rernuinix (kopshtlik) 3. renqv.rrvr (kdpchiiliik) 4. ryilqe.rrer (ki.ipchelek) 5. qofunluk 6. reuqvrux k0pgtilik 7. J:.t;L -;5 (kdp sanliq) 8. rlnunrHr ko'pchilik make

v. gr-, Av3a.rrr- et-, drizalt2. naca- (zhasa-) 3. naca- (asa-) 4. cg- (yasa-) 5. yap6. sr- et-

l.

7. -t-L $asa-) 8. rca- yasa-

7. ;lr;L h--

n.

xypxan iumal xypuar (zhurnal)

dergi

Dictimary of the Turkic languages

90

2. ueriari (negizgi) 3. Herr,rern (negizgi) 4. ren (trip) 5. ana 6. acacrr esasy

In&Il (=621e) n. 1. rrnlN kigi 2. eprer (yerkek) 3. aprer (erkek)

4. np (ir) 5. erkek 6. aprer erkek 7. ,a (u) 8. aprar erkak

msnager n.

l. urgrp mtidir 2. Mer{repymi (menggeruwshi) 3. oauxapyyuy (bashkaruuchu)

4. ul,ape rrrYr{e (idarll ittiche) 5. yOnetict, idareci 6. eaoauqbr, MeHex,ep iolbaggy, menejer 7

. ,5i#:Ft

(bashqurgbuchi)

8. oorux,apyBqH

boshqaruvchi

Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


V

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

msny adj.

marrlage

1. uox gox 2. reu (k0p) 3. ren (k0p) 4. xrn (ktip) 5. gok 6. Ken,ran k0p,kf,n 7. ;;5 (ktin) 8. rlu ko'p

n. 1. earrarnra evlanme 2. v-urcny (iiylenuw) 3. rr?reHYv (tiylOniiii) 4. efinallv (ttyHnti) 5. evlilik 6. eEtnev.ue,,qpMyIIIa rlbll3ta riilenme, dunnuga gykma 7. rl5; (nikah)

map

8. ytraaunu, TylMylxra

l.

n. xeprrra xarita

2. rayra (karta) 3. rapra (karta) 4. rapra (karta) 5. harita 6. xagra karta 7

.

.:-

r.;

(khAfitli)

8. xapura xarita

March

l.

n. uagr mart

2. naypnra (nawrz) 3. uayr (nart) 4. uayr (man) 5. mart 6. uapr mart 7. c.,2L (mart) 8. uapr mart

market

n.

1. oa:ap bazar 2. oaaap Oazar) 3. oasap Oazar)

4. oaaap Oazar) 5. pazar 6. 6asap bazar 7. ,l:\ (bazar) 8. oorop bozor

1.

uylanish, turmushga chiqish

8.

4.

efisrcn- (ttyHn-) 5. evlen6. erinen-, A)?uyua rrblKOilen-, durmuga gyk-

-t; .e; (toy qil)

8. iliran-, rypMyrtrra qrq,o'ylan-, turmushga chtq-

masterpiece art.

n. ruahacep gahasar

2. Aanamr( rybrHltbl (danalq tuwmdr)

3. me,4erp (shedevr) 4. rvsan acap (gtizdl {sAr) 5. gaheser 6. nermc Hu nepis tg

. su 4

-ts) (zor [s{r) 8. urot acap shoh asar 7

match

l.

2. uarrt (match) 3. uarq (match) 4. uarq (match) 5. mag 6. orou oiun

7. ill-r.

1. eunau- evlan2. vfineu- (tiylen-) 3. rtrren- (Uylttn-)

l.

match spor. n. l. ojyn oyun

qr4KHrrr

marry vi.

7.

7. .Sl rrr- (s#ingg[) 8. ryrygr gugurt

n.

lc-rdprr kibrit

2. cipirrxe (siringke) 3. rurper{xe (shirengke) 4. uurpnlr (shrpr) 5. kibrit 6. mnyuon otlugdp

Flrfi

(musabtqi) o'yin

malerlal

n.

1. uarepxan material 2. uarepraarr (material) 3. uareprar'r (material)

4. uarepuarrr (material) 5. malzeme 6. uarepahn material 7. JV *L (nuteriyal) 8. varepuan material

mathematlcs n. 1. p.{arnjjar riyaziyyat 2. uareuarraa (matematika) 3. nareuaurxa (maternatika) 4. uareuarma (matematika) 5. matematik 6. uareuansa matematika 7, tSi tp t- (matematika) 8. uareuarrxa matematlka

matter phy.n.

l.

uaA.qa madda

2. nr (zat) 3. sar (zat) 4. uatla (matd{) 5. madde 6. ua.rJta madda

7. lsrL (nadda) 8. uoga modda

Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbck


mattrâ&#x201A;Źss

mattress n.

92

Dictionry of

the Turkic languages

l.

meadow n. 1. mrar otlaq

medicine (=drug) n. 2. .qapi (dfui) 3. ,uapnt (darr) 4. Aapy (daru) 5. tlag 6. Aepuau dernnn

7. ,rf ;L (matras) 8. ryruar to'shak

2. xafuurnru (zhayrlrn) 3. xarinl.r (iayt) 4. rerv.ner (koriilek) 5. otlak 6. rfrra iaila 7. ..;$i (orlaq) 8. cfrnos yaylov

May n. !. uaj may

measure n.

medium adj.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. eruer olgeg 7. ;,*! (6lchzim) 8. iauon o'lchov

2. opra (orta) 3. oyro (orto) 4. ypra (urta) 5. orta 6. opa orta 7. l:-nf (ottura) 8. ipraua o'rtacha

meet

2. ariu (ekim) 3. arcnr (akim) 4. uap (mer) 5. belediye bagkanr 6. rrap mer

megt cul. n. 1. sr at 2. er (yet) 3. en (et) 4. tm (it) 5. et 6. sr et

2. ree,q,ec- (kezdes-) 3. xesAeu- (kezdesh-) 4. ouparu- (ochrash-) 5. kargilag6. g,yruyru- dugug-

7. ui-l-lL;<r<.:

7.

"pf Gosh) go'sht 8. riurt

7. -tl,.7jr

medlclne (*profession)

meettng n.

n.

1. jnrrrrrrvrar yr$rncaq 2. w*ratlsrc (zhiynahs) 3. mrrlrrH (irym)

geurar drigok 2. recex (ttisek) 3. repneue (kdrpdchd) 4. uatpac (matras) 5. yatak 6. Anuer diigek

uarmrp (mamn) Mar{ (may) MaH (may) mays

uafi mai

dl. (*y) uafi

may

mayor

l.

n. uep mer

(shiDar bashliqi)

8. xprrnr hokim

tae pron. 1. uarfi msni 2. ueni (meni) 3. uerm (meni) 4. rccre (mine) 5. beni 6. uerxr meni

7. ,* (meni) 8. uerrr meni

1.

l.

eJrrrr dlEr.i eruueu (Olshem) enqeu (Olchdm) y$rau (iilch[m) 0l9ii

. j!ri*:s

(dokhturluq)

8. ueAuqnHa

4apuan darman

7. ls,:

(dora)

8. gopN dori 1. opra orta

l.

1. rsoo tibb 2. ueglal:*ma (meditsina) 3. ueAlqr*ra (meditsina) 4. ueAmryma (meditsina) 5.up 6. neAnqana meditsina 7

l.

8.

y.

rapruruaru- qargrlaE-

yupa*-

(uchrash-) uchrash-

4. x,rrennrnr (iryehsh) 5. toplantr 6. rtrrrnar iygnak (yigbin) 7. * 8. uanrurc majlis

meditsina

Azerbaijani 2.Kazal& 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dictionary of the Turkic [anguages

melon bot. n.

l.

ronyn qovun

2. Xaynnr (qawm) 3. roon (koon)

4. rannrn

(kavm)

5. kavun 6. ranyn gawun 7. oy_tt (qoghun) 8. KoByH qovun

melon

93

mend

v.

1. ra'rm4l et ta'mir et2. xsnAe- (zhOnde-) 3. xeuAe- (i6ndct-) 4. resar- (tdzat-) 5. onar-

6. oqap oflar7. -: r;j; (tiizitt-) 8. rysar- tuzat-

mtddle odj. 1. opra orta 2. otrra (orta) 3. opro (orto) 4. ygra (urta) 5. orta 6. oyra orta

7.

vi. 1. epH- ari-

menu

2.

epi- (yeri-) 3. apu- (eri-) 4. ape (ere-)

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

uerno (menyu) ueuro (menyu) uemo (menyu) yemek listesi ueruo meniu

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7.

os-l-;; .;tt:

7

member

l.

n.

veB tizv 2. uyrue (miishe)

3. 4. 5. 6.

rrrqe (miichti) arma (Ag'za) iiye arsa agza

midnight

n.

l. uetriy menyu

1.

tizinliki) 8. raoranoua taomnoma (tamaq

l. rapuarapbrurbrr qarmaqan$rq

2. lwnnrc,Oftq) 3. apa.nauran (aralashkan) 4. oyralrurx (butalch*) 5. karmakang* 6. 6yxarunrx bulagyk

memory

8. ar4apriiarap

l.

2. ec (yes) 3. ac (es) 4. xorep (khfiter) 5. hafiza 6. sr itat 7. ,.c (fs) 8. xorupa xotlra

(qalaymiqan)

yadm tun

cul. n.

2. crr (stit) 3. cvr (siit) 4. cer (xit) 5. siit 6. crfrr sUit 7. .rj- (sii$ 8. cyr sut

mtll tech. n. l. 4ajupuan dayirman

ag'dar-t::'ntar

metal geol.

n. 1. uenar metal

2. uerum(metatl) 3. ugra,ur (metall)

4. uet'um (metall) 5. metal 6. uetal metal 7. Jt+. (metal) 8. uera.nn metall

l. Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

. ,f *, 8. rprnr ryn

l. crz sild

7. l3a (Aza) 8. amo a'zo n. hai[rua hafiza

n. japnrcnr geco yanst xeqa ryla opracbr (tiin ortasr) rnr oprocy (tiin ortosu) reu yfnacbr (t0n urtasr) gece yarnr rprr rrlxe iary gije o-F (tiin Yerimi)

mtlk

messy adj.

7. oV,4!6

(ottura)

8. ypra o'rta

melt

5. eri6. ape- ere7. -"; (eri-) 8. apn- eri-

l:;;-f

5.

2. 4ripueu (diyirmen) 3. rerrpuen (tegirmen) 4. rcrcpuan (tegermln) 5. delimren 6. gen4uen degirmen

7. o"31; 0tigmen) 8. renrpuoH

teglrmon

Turktsh 6. Turlmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


ptlllon

94

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

mlllton num. l. uunjou milyon

minority pol. n.

uwuunarr (mittion; 3. unrumon (milhcn) 4. t*vn*torr (million)

2. a:lunr.rnrf (azshrhk) 3. a3qnunrx (azchrl*) 4. asqlulrrx (azchrhk) 5. azrnhk 6. a:rrtr azlyk

2. 5.

6.

milyon rus.runHorr million

7. arJ-

(milyon)

8. unuruou million

mlnd phys. n.

l. amur afrl

l.

awrnrr azhq

mlstake

n.

8. osqHru{K ozchilik

1. cahn sohv 2. (are (qate) 3. rara (kata) 4. xar:a (khata) 5. hata 6. s.nrptu ialnyg 7. .iJtr ti (khalaliq) 8. xaro xato

mint

mlx

7. JJ. :U

(az sanliq)

bot. n.

vt.

1. lraua nana 2. wandbrs (zhalbrz) 3. xaronrs (ialbn) 4. derner (britnek) 5. nane 6. rtaprmr: narpyz

1. raprrrx4rlp qanqdrr2. aparacrnrp (aralastrr-) 3. aparamrup- (aralashtr-) 4. xa'mrutorp (katrshtrr-) 5. kangtrr6. raprtru4nrp- garyylyr-

7. ;.,'J\ (yalpuz)

7

8. s,rrrg yalpiz

8. apararurnp aralashtir-

mlne pron.

mlnute

1. uanrnrxrl manimki

molst rdj.

l. uau nam 2. wtrcur (rlghal) 3. cyy (suu) 4. roeur (yuesh) 5. nemlt 6. an 0l

8. uesrtrr.r meniki

1. gornra doqiqa 2. wrHyr (minut) 3. Mrne'r (mtinot) 4. m*ryr (minut) 5. dakika 6. urcryr rdnut 7. oF (minut) 8. .qa<rq,a daqiqa

mlnlsler pol. n.

mlrror

1. uaarp nazir

moment

1.

2. a4prn (aqrl) 3. arnur (akrl) 4. arnu (akrl) 5. akrl 6. atopr akyl 7. tr;c (aqil) 8. aX,.rr aql

2. uesiri (meniki) 3. uerurxs (meniki) 4. rc-rnere (rrineke) 5. benimki 6. uennr{xs menifrkl

7. ,r(fr.r

(meningki)

2. wrt*rcrp

(ministr) 3. rnmacrp (ministr) 4. ulrmcrp (ministr) 5. bakan 6. wn*rmp ministr

7. *:-;-

(ministir)

8. naerry vaztr

n.

n.

rysKr

4. resre ftrizge) 5. ayna 6. aaua aina 7. J*u ([ynlik) 8. xfiry ko'zgu

4.

Tatar

(arilashtur-)

7. ,.<; (n:im) 8. nau nam n.

1. an an

grizgu 2. airsa (ayna) 3. rvery (kiizgti)

l. Azerbaijani z.Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz

. -ri*!,_rU

5.

2. uouesr (moment) 3. r.ronerrr (moment) 4. nouerrr (moment) 5. an 6. carrnru salym 7. ;o.r (diirt) 8. on on

Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


I'

Monda

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

Monday

n. 1. 6aaap eprcclr bazar ertasi 2. AvfrcesOi (dtiysenbi)

3. tyriueudY (diiyshdmbii) 4.,qruauoe (dtishflmbe) 5. pazartesi 6. Ayuende du$enbe 7. .;a js (dtishiinbe) 8. Ayuanoa dushanba

money

n.

1. rryn pul 2. anra (aqsha)

3. axqa 4. arqa

(akcha) (akcha)

5. para

6. nya pul 7. J; (nul) 8. rryr pul

monkey zool. n. 1. uejuyu me)rmun 2. uarbmr.n (mayml) 3. uarbor.n (mayml) 4. uarirmu (mayml) 5. maymun 6. uar1rour mafinyn

7. ox,U (ruymun) 8. ualirryu maymun

month

l.

2.

n.

ai ay a[t"

(ay)

3. aN (ay) 4. as (ay) 5, ay 6. aH ai 7. .5u (ay) 8. oN oy

monument n. 1. aor.rAo abide

2. ecreprrim (yeskertkish) 3. acrerux (estelik) 4. harken (heykel) 5. anrt 6. q/Frrapatx tadygiirlik

7. g-j;i

o)*:ti'

(khatiri munarisi) 8. erropinu< yodgorlik

1. arruarana,q, alcaqanad

2. uaca (masa) 3. urpretr (chirkey) 4. ueprur (cherkt) 5. sivrisinek 6. qlrorru gybyn

1. aj ay 2. afi (ay) 3. afi (ay) 4. au (ay)

5.ay 6. ari ai 7. .5u (ay) 8. ofr oy

i.

2. reoiper (k0birek) 3. reovpeer (ktibiirdOk) 4. apmrrpar (arugrak) 5. daha gok 6. xonpar k0prlk 7. J .;iS Gdprtik) 8. rinpoa ko'proq

1. enqox onqox 2. egren (yeng kOp) 3. aqxen (engkdp) 4. laltxrn (ing ktip) 5. en gok 6. rc{ reu tfl kOp 7. vS 3.: (eng k0p) 8. aHr rin eng ko'p

mother

n. ana ana 2. asa (ana)

l.

n.

cehap sahar

2. raqeprâ&#x201A;Źrt (tangyerteng) 3. tar{ aprer{ (tang erteng) 4. ryra (tr6) 5. sabah 6. apn4 ertir 7. o&r.s ([Ugen) 8. apra.nao ertalab

4.

(pasha)

most adj.

1. ,qahauox dahaqox

l. Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz

L:k

8. wmm chivin

more adj.

l.

3. ueqrrr (mechit) 4. uaqff (mtchet) 5. cami 6. uerEHT metjit 7. c.-.1* {. (mAschit) 8. uacm44 masjid

mosquito zool. n.

moon ast. n.

mornlng

mosque rel. n. 1. uacwu mescid 2. ueuir (meshit)

Tatar

5.

3. ane (ene) 4. aHa, anu (ana,fint) 5. anne 6. aue eje

7. bU (ana) 8. orra

ona

Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Utghur 8. Uzbek


motorcycle

motorcycle

l.

96

n.

move vi.

Dictionary of the Turkic l-anguages

mulberry bot. n.

2. umoqxrr (mototsikl) 3. umoqaxr (mototsikl) 4. umoqprs (mototsikl) 5. motosiklet 6. uotounKJr mototsikl 7. c., l(-- -:r. (motsikliO 8. uoroqsKn mototsikl

l. ropnau- torpon2. trosral- (qozghal-) 3. xosror- (kozgol-) 4. xalnrorlon- (khiirlik[tlin-) 5. hareket et6. mrunr.n4a- gymylda7. -:,h&.,.r (htirikttliln-) 8. xy.t- ko'ch-

2. r'n (tut) 3. rtrr (ut) 4. 'ryr (tut) 5. dut 6. ryr tut 7. .rj (tut) 8. ryr tut

mountaln geo. n.

movle

multipllcatlon math.

umocsx.n motosikl

1. .qar da! 2. ray (taw) 3. roo (too) 4. ray (ku) 5.dag

6. aar

n-

Sruru film

2. gwmx, (fiI'm) 3. curo (klno) 4. Srumu (fil'm) 5. flm 6. @4/6M nh 7. ,S (kino) 8. Qnrbu fil'm

dag

7.

'eE (tagnl

8.

rnr

tog'

mouse zool.

n.

1. crrqaH sigan 2. rnrru4aH (ushqan)

3. qbr.Karr 4. rrrqrau

l.

(chrcbkan)

(uchtan)

5. srgan 6. crrrrag sygan 7. ol;.rg (chas&an) 8. cllqx,og sichqon

mouth phys.

n.

much adj.

nypua vurrna

2. rederiry (kcibeytuw) 3. reoorirrv (k0btiytiiii) 4. rarxlrpnay (tapkrrlau) 5. garpma 6. xenerm*er kdpeltnek

7.

(k0@Vdsh)

a-iS "r+ 8. xlnalrrr4mu ko'paytirlsh

2. xeprinix'ri vriuerr (zhergilikti {ikime| 3. xeprlunnTYY eKuor (ergiliktiiii Okm00 4. rryluaarurturrrrer

6. ren kcip 7. y;5 (kop) 8. rln ko'p

(munitsipalitet)

5. belediye 6. uraxep aAapacbr

mud

4. asr.rs (avrz) 5.a$tz 6. arms agyz 7. 3.4s (eghiz) 8. orue og'iz

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

oarrar (batkak) oarrar (batkak)

giiher edarasy

7.

,

8.

*uf y

.:LJ',o<-! (shtihiirlikhdkiimet) maxpp

xoKuMlilrra

shahar hokimiyati

gamur

uarqnx

palgyk

.il;i:t1 (natQal) oa,u.mX balchiq

muscle phys. n. 1. oaano ozala

2. vycxyn(muskul) 3. oynuyu &ulchung) 4. rrycxyn (muskul) 5. kas 6. ralrruqa

7.

J5*,

my$tsa

(muskul)

8. uycryr 1.

n.

n. 1. oanaRrdja baladiyya

2.

arytn (awz) 3. oos (ooz)

l.

tut

muntclpaltty

l. uox gox 2. ren (k0p) 3. xen (k0p) 4. xrn (kiip) 5. gok

n. l. uarrqnrr palgrq 2. 6aruaq, (batpaq)

1. anrs afrz

l. ryr

muskul

Azerbaijani Z.Kaza}fr 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


[$* I

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

muteum

97

i

Muslim rel. n.

museum

n. muzey uyaej 1.

l.

2. tv-y:r-ir (muzey) 3. uyaefi (muzey) 4. rryeeli (muzey) 5. mfize 6. uyaefi muzei

7. gr)r

(muzcY)

8. rryaefr

muzey

mushroom bot. n.

mutton cul. n. 1. rojynaru qoyuneti

rrvcerman mtiselman

2. uY cnunr.as (musilman) 3. rrycyrmas (musulman) 4. uecerruan (mtiselman) 5. Miisliiman 6. uycyauan musuhum 7. ,i[-, (musulman) 8. uycyrmon musulmon

2. XoFr eri (qoy yett) 3. roE arrr (koy eti) 4. capnrc rrre (sank ite) 5. koyun eti 6. roros arr gofun ett

mustache phys. n. 1. orrr brfi 2. urgr (murt)

my adj.

l. gf r5r (wv goshi)

8. KyH rlurtu qo'y go'shti

1. uaruan manim 2. lreniq (mening) 3. uerucr (menin) 4. wlrreu (minem) 5. benim 6. ueruq menifi

1. xedanor gdbalak 2. x,osnr(aptur (qozrqann) 3. rosy KapbIH (kozukann) 4. reuoa G0mb.i) 5. manur 6. reuexer kdmelek 7. F. (rrogu) 8. XisuXopun qo'ziqorin

3. uypyr (murut) 4. urrer (ruyek) 5. bryrk 6. uypr murt Ouru0 8. uir?rou mo'ylov

7. L't- (mening) 8. uemrrr mening

muslc

mustard cul. n.

myself prln.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

1. esvu 6ztLn 2. esiu (0dm) 3. osrM (iiziim) 4. Yeeu (iizem) 5. kendim 6. esrM Oztim 7. y )f (ttzim) 8. lamr o'zim

mythology

7.

n.

1. rrycnru musiqi 2. rryaura (muzrkn) 3. rryenrra (muaka) 4. rryalrra (muzka) 5. mtizCk 6. cas saz

oj:}

xap4a.n xardal x,rnlra (quha) ropuntqa (gorchttsa) ropqaqa (gorchitsa) hardal

8. uycux,a

musiqa

nrpqlrlda gorgttsa 7. L?.J (qicha) 8. xanraa xantal

muslclan

n.

mute

7.

&:b

(muzika)

l. uycnruuN musiqiqi 2. rryrmarrr (muz*ant) 3. rrymrrarr (muzrkant) 4. rrlnrrrarrr, MJEbrra ocracbl

5.

2. uurlorornr (mifologiya) 3. mr@rornr (mifologtya) 4. uurprorur (mtfologiya) 5. mitolojl 6. urlrpozornr mifologiia 7. drl-U i,:.;t-d

5. dilstz 6. mn lal

(muzrkant" muz*a ostasr) miizisyen

7. hK

6. casarrAa saz-anda 7. .:.;tS,3j. (muzikant) 8. uyerrr,aqx muzikachl

l. Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh

n. 1. un(pnoxr{a mifologiya

n. rnu lal 2. rmux,ay (mrlqaw) 3. nyayr (duduk) 4. rerces (telsez)

I

(gacha)

8. co4os

soqov

8.

3.

Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

5.

Turkish

6.

([psanishunasliq) uH(pnorur mifologiya

Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


nsll

nall phys. n. 1.

gprprru' drrnaq rrrpuax, (umaq) rnrpuar (trmak) rntprrax (trnak)

2. 3. 4. 5. trrnak f. .rptpnax dyrnak 7. .;br; (tirnaq) 8. rrrprrox, tirnoq

nall

l.

tech. n. rorx mx

2. ruere (shege) 3. uux (mrk) 4. ra.qax (kadak) 5. gtvt 6. trrH giii 7. i- (mikh) 8. raor mix

nSme n. 1. aR ad 2. a'r (at) 3. ar (at) 4. sceu (isem) 5. ad 6. ar at 7. .rtc (at) 8. nrrr ism

napkin

n. 1. ca@er salfet 2. cw@rra (salfetka) 3. xaras Kon aaprrbl kagaz kol aarchr) 4. racrrnuar (tastmal) 5. pegete

6. ca{[erra salfetka 7. d*{t (mayliq) 8. canQerra salfetka

Dictionary of the Turkic Languages

98

narrow adj.

nature n. l. r06Hdr tabiat

1. mp dar

2. rap (ur) 3. rap (ur) 4. 'rap (tar) 5. dar 6. Aap dar 7. rti (tar) 8. rop tor

2.'ra6HraT (tabiyghat) 3. raOan'(tabiyat) 4. raoru'arb (tabigat')

natlon n.

near adv.

l.

5. doga 6. redr-rnat tcbigat 7. .r..1-+i (Hbi'et) 8. Ta6HAT Llbiat.

uttsvtst millat

2. vrr (ult) 3. yryr (ulut) 4. uunnor (miilAt) 5. millet 6. wennm millet 7. .:,dl- (millflt) 8. mam'r millat

natlonallsm

n.

1. wurnsrwryus millatgilik 2. vnnunrn,ulrr, (ultshrldrq) 3. yaytyn4x (ulutchulduk) 4. warlna.r'qarlex (milliitchelek) 5. milliyetgilik

6. r*urrrsrwernx milletgilik 7. *IJ t; dJ- (milliitchilik) 8. wurnarqr.mx millatchilik

natural adj.

l. raoru

tabii

2. ra1tr.lu (tabiyghiy) 3. radrmrir (tabigry) 4. ra6rubrE (tabigry) 5. doEal 6. re6nmr tebigy (rlibi'iy) 7. ,*c 8. m6ru& tabiiy

l.

jaxnttt, jaxnruAa yaxln, yaxrnda 2. naK,nrrr, Ea(,bIIIAa (zhaqrn, z.haqrnda)

3. xarnrrr, xaKbrrlAa (akrn, jaknda)

4. rruur, f,KbrH,4a (y&n,yaknda) 5. yakrn, yaktnda 6. ronari, roaarlga golay, golaida

7. l.'

*iff ,O*+

(yeqin, yeqinida)

8. g,ran, s4r{rrHAa yaqin, yaqinida

neat prep. 1. jaxnnrruga yaxrnrnda 2. xalnrn.qa (zhanrnda) 3. xarmrn,4a (anrnda) 4. muuga (yakmda) 5. yakrnrnda 6. ronafilrn4a golaiynda

7. l.'"'Jtl

(yeqinida)

8. s4rrurlAa yaqinida

necessary adj. 1. xaper.rm garakli 2. 4,axemi (qazhetti) 3. rapnu (zaril) 4. rurpoue (kiriikle) 5. gerekli 6. sepyp zerur

7. :j:$ (z6rtir) 8. 3apyp zarur 1.

Azerbaijani 2.Kaza}J 3.Kyrgyz 4.Talar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Utghur 8. Uzbek


l* necesslty

n. 1. ehrr{au ehtiyac

2. (axerdlir (qazhettiltk) 3. xaxsr (kajeO 4. ro<rrrq, (tkhuyaj) 5. thtiyag 6. sepypimx zerurlyk

needle n.

nerve phys. n.

1. ujua iyna

1. acao

asab

8. aapypum zaruriyat

2. llr,re (iyne) 3. rdu;e (iyne) 4. asa (en6) 5. i$ne 6. rtffe iflfie 7. & (yingne) 8. urHa igna

2. wvilre (zhiiyke) 3. uepn (nerv) 4. uepa (nerv) 5. sintr 6. uepu nerw 7. tj* (nerva) 8. acao asab

neck phys. n.

neighbor

1. oojyn boyun 2. uorbrn (moyrn) 3. uoron (moyun)

never adv.

1. roumy qon$u 2. repuri (krirshi) 3. roqrny (kongshu) 4. rvpure (ktirshe) 5. komgu 6. ror1tunr gofl$y

7. .*la-:4rl

(ehtiyaj)

4. rryen (muyen)

5. boyun 6. 6oron boiun 7. ,>k-y. (boyun) 8. oyurur bo'yin

need

v.

1. ehrr{armr oa- ehtiyacr ol2. repex ooa- (kerek bol-) 3. xeper Ool- (kerek bol-) 4. uoxraq, dyl- (mokhtaj bul) 5. muhtag ol6. reper do.rr- gerek bol-

n.

7. W_F (qoshna) 8. q,frunN

qo'shni

netghborhood n.

-,Jr--5 (kerflkbol-) 8. repar 6tl- kerak bo'l-

1. uahersra mehalle 2. reprui.nir (kOrshilik) 3. rorury (kongshu) 4. rnapra.n (kvartal) 5. mahalle 6. xurpopafron mikroraion 7. djo<. (mehiillli) 8. uaxBa.ita mahalta

need

nelther ... nor conj.

7.

l.

-l5

n.

ehrniaq ehtiyac

2. raxemiair (qazhettilik) 3. raxm (kajet) 4. rc<mru, (iknuyaj) 5. ihtiyag 6. sepyprnx zerurlyk

7.

..t+,,^i1+ (ehtiyaj)

8. sapypnxr zwunyat

1.

l.

Ha... Ha (,qa) na... na [del 2. rc... ae (de ... de) 3. ne ... xe (ie ... je) 4. wr... uu (nt ... ni) 5. ne ... ne [de] 6. ue... ue(-Ae) ne... ne [-de] 7. ,;,,. c (n[ ... nA)

8. na...

ua na ... na

1. heqmxr hegvaxt 2. euKauau (yeshqashan) 3. aq KaqaH (ech kachan) 4. hranarorr (hichvakrt) 5. asla 6. acnr.n asyl 7. OLti*r (hechqachan) 8. teq Eaqon hech qachon

new adj. f

. iemn yeni

2. xar{a (zhanga) 3. xaqrr (iangr) (yanga) 4. yeni 5. "qa 6. rase Uze

7.

&

8. rrrru

gengi) yangi

New Year n. l. raga un Laza il

2. xaqa xrrn (zhanga zhrl) 3. Xarnr Knvr (Jangr Jrl) 4. ea (yanga yet) yent yrl 5. "*t" 6. rcge ft,rn tAzn lyl 7. J4 ,rL (yensi yit) 8. *nrl rcarr yangt yil

Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur

B. Uzbck


news

n. 1. xo6op xabar 2. xar{anu4, (zhangahq) 3. xar{nrmrx (iangrhk)

4. xa6op (khaUArl

5. haber 6. xadap habar 7. ;rJ<i (kh{viir) 8. xa6ap xabar

newspapef

l.

n.

ntght

no adv. l. iox, xeip yox, xeyr

n. 1. xerrre geca 2. rYH (rtin) 3. rnr (tiin) 4. mH (tdn) 5. gece 6. rux,e gije

8. TyH tun

2. xoq (zhoq) 3. nox (iok) 4. tm (yuk) 5. hayrr 6. tx yok 7. .j! (Yaq) 8. Hyx, yo'q

nlne

nobody pron.

7. oji

(run)

num. l. .q,orry3 doqquz 2. rornrs (toghrz)

l.

rpssr qazet 2. rasff (gaz.et) 3. reexr (gezit) 4. rasgra (gazeta) 5. gazete 6. rarer gazet (gezit) 7. *;f 8. rasera gaz.eta

3. mrys (mguz) 4. ryrnra (tugrz) 5. dokuz 6. 4oxyr dokuz 8. rlaaNs toqqiz

2. ew riu (yesh kirn) 3. a,r pnd (ech kim) 4. hffqxeu (hichkem) 5. hig kimse 6. xuq rmr hig kim 7. f5?rr (hechkim) 8. teq rrm hech kim

next adj. l. nes6ara

nlneteen num.

nol$e

ntivbati

2. re.neci (kelesi) 3. renepxu (kelerki) 4. arr4arlr (aldagr) 5. gelecek 6. un4rxu indiki 7. ,,$ (keler) 8. re.nrycu kelgusi

nlce adj. l. xoul xog

7.

l.

:*;

(toqquz)

oHAorrys ondoqquz

2. oH rorbr3 (on toghn) 3. on rory3 (on toguz) 4. yaryrnrs (untugrz) 5. on dokuz 6. on.qoxy3 on dokuz 7. :*; oj (on trqquz) 8. yrr rf(qrâ&#x201A;Ź o'n to'qqiz

nlnety

2. saq,ctr (zhaqsr) 3. xaxum (akshr) 4. efr6ar (Aybe$ 5. hog 6. oqar oflat

7. o:rt

7.

8. axor&rO ajoyib

8.

n.

cac-rrj sas-hiy

2. ury (shuw) 3. uant-uyy (rzr-chuu) 4. reparrre (gcirelte) 5. giiriiltti 6. narntp4rr wagyrdy 7. Sjrjtsjjrrrj (varang-churung) sbovqin

8. ruos(,rlu

num. 1. ,4oxcan doxsan 2. mq,cax (toqsan) 3. rorcon (tokson) 4. ryrcaH (tuksan) 5. doksan 6. rorcan togsan

(yakhshi)

l.

heqxac heqkas

(toqsan)

'*;; rlxcou

to'qson

l. Azerbaijanl 2.Kazalrb 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar

5.

noon n. 1. rrnoyra

grinorta

2. rvc (tiis) 3. rnn (tiish) 4. .reu BilKbrrbr (t<ish vakrtr) 5. o$e 6. rnropraH giinortan

7. ,iE 8. ryur

(chiish) tush

Turkish 6. Turturen 7. Uighur g. Uzbek


7.

Diaionary of the Turkic languages

north

nothtng

n.

l.

1. unana.n $imal 2. corrrvcrix (solttistlk) 3. rYlr4rr (tiindiik) 4. relr r (tOn'yak) 5. kuzey 6. Aeurpra3brK demirgazyk

7. Jl--t

heq-Ha heg na

3. aq Hepce (ech nersâ&#x201A;Ź) 4. hllqnu (hichnt) 5. higbir gey 6. xlq aar hlg zat 7. .-..r--.r (hechneml) 8. xp.r Hapca hech narsa

8. rumroa shtmol

l.

n.

2. ert Hapce (yesh n[rse)

(shinal)

noso phys.

2.

7. irtri (burun) 8. oypyu burun

8.

sar eciu (zat yesim) atooch)

or

(istn)

novol lit. n.

2. euec (yemes) 3. auec (emes) 4. rrrer (tUgel) 5. degil 6. .qpr d:il

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7.

7. ,iLtt

(Ames)

pouan

l.

g,en.u,ep depder

(roman)

3.

8. xpslrp hozir heq iepta heE yerda 2. emnepAe (yesh zherde) 3. aq xepAe (ech jerde) 4. hxqxari,na (hichkayda) 5. htgbir yerde 6. xr{q eple hig terde 7. os;<p-r (hechyerdl)

nursg ned. n.

l.

4,apanra (qarasha)

noropr (noyabr') rror6pn (noyabr') kasm uor6pr noiabr (noyabir)

8. uordpr

8. .qa0rap dafiar

l. Azerbatjani 2. Kazakh

roman

n. uojaop noyabr

7. rr\i

7. -2.i.s (dtptllr)

(haztr)

5. sayt 6. can san 7. i,,L (san) 8. con son

rornan

Novembet 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7. -r tb

4. can (san)

roman

notebook 1.

gIndi xeeuP hezir

1. cai say 2. can (san) 3. can (san)

porran (roman) pouan (roman) pouan (roman)

8. pouau

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

xaaep (khdzer)

number math. n.

poualr roman

8. arrac emas n. deftar aaQrep .qarrrep (d{pter) nerrrep (depter) .qsQrrap (deft{r) defter

rasip (qaztr) arrp (azr)

8. xpu (aepAa herh qayerda

ot

not

adv. 1. aeprn,jox deyil, yox

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

l.

3. sar arooq (zat 4. nceu (isem) 5. isin

6.mat 7. f*t

now adv. 1. rrwr indi

nowhere adv.

noun ling. n. 1. nsnr isim

n.

6ypys burun 2. rrrpnm (munn) 3. uypyn (murun) 4. ooprrn (bonn) 5. burun 6. 6ypyu burun

,rus

north

101

noyabr'

Kyrgyz 4. Talar

5.

rH66 datrblcbr tibb bacrsr (med biybi) 3. ueacesrpa (meGestra) 4. rueipxam'ryrambl (shAftat' tutash)

2. uer6u6i

5. hastabakrct 6. ueAcesrpa medsestra 7. )-2;-1- (sestra) 8. xaurrlrpa hamshira

Turkish 6. Turhnen

7.

Uighur

8. Uzbek


osk

102

oak bot. n.

l.

na.nnr4araq{br palrd 2. erren (yemen) 3. aiuen (emen)

afacr

occupatlon

n.

1. nerua pqa 2. rocirr (kisip;

4. mrau (imin) 5. mege afiacr 6. gyo dub 7. ,;-rrs -js (dubdiirikhi) 8. euas eman

3. xecnr-r (kesip) 4. heuap (hrtniir) 5. meslek 6. rop kiir 7. y,*.t (kisipl 8. xaco kasb

obey

ocean geo. n.

v.

1. nraar e-r- itaat et2. 6amrn- (baghrn-) 3. 6arnrn- (bagrn-) 4. oytrcrru- (buysrn-) 5. ilaat et6. 6orou oon- boiun bol7. ;ht 0oysun-) 8. oyncyu- bo''rsun-

l.

orean

okean unxHr (mukhiyt) orearr (okean) oxeau (okean)

Dctionary of the Turkic languages

offlce

n. 1. orpo btiro 2. u[Hc (ofts) 3. ofifHc (offis)

4. onpo

(byuro)

5. biiro 6. ruu Ka6HHerH ig kabinet"i 7. bl;-.'. ; (ishkhana) 8. ranxorra ishxona

officer n. l. saorrr zabit

2. 3. 4. 5. okyanus 6. orean okean

2. o0Hl{ep (ofitser) 3. oOHIIep (ofitser) 4. oOxqep (ofitser) 5. subay 6. o0rnrep ofitser

7. o6-*

(okyan)

7. ,,,, ,;^;g

8. oreaH

okean

object ling. n.

October n.

1. rarrau.mrr tamamhq 2. ronuq,taybnil (tohqtawrsh) 3. rorryxtoou (toluktooch) 4. ronau.rnx (tiimamhk)

1. orrjaop oktyabr

(ofitser)

8. oQrrqep ofitser

offlclal

adj. pecuu 1. rasmi 2. pecml (resmiy) 3. pacunrl (rasmiy)

4. pocun (riismi) 5. resmi 6. pecuu resmi

7. s;I-rj.rl; (toldurghuchi) 8. rllgupyBrrn to'ldiruvchi

2. 6,aeaH (qazan) 3. oxmopr (oktyabr') 4. orrxopn (oktyabr') 5. ekim 6. orrropn oktiabr 7. )-.cJ;t (rtkfiibir) 8. oKTsdpb oktyabr'

obvlous adj.

offer

offtctal pol.

5. nesne 6. AonAypruru

l.

dotdurgyg

aqbrr-arrtrap aErq-agkar

2. annrq, (anrq) 3. anlrr (amk) 4. aqnrx (achrk) 5. besbelli 6. arnx anyk 7. u.;rs (eniq) 8. arurq aniq

l. Azerbaijani

v. 1. mxrrnger- tsklif et-

2. ycurl- (usrn-) 3. cyuyru- (sunush-) 4. rarl.ryan lrr- (uik'dim it-) 5. teklif et6. xegvpne- hddtirte-

. -t;

*id (riiqdim qil-) 8. mx.m@ rr- taktif et7

,.,

7. a*o, (rlismiy) 8. pacwfi rasmiy

l.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

n.

ryruryruy qulluqgu

qnraraerxep (qumetker) ararius (atayrn) xesMarxap (khezm?itklir) memur pecrru aAaM resmi adam

7. ,rg, sil

(khizmerchi)

8. xueuarrm

xizmatchi

2. Kazal& 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turlcren

7.

Uighur

8. Uzbek


Dctionary of the Turkic Languages

often

old (=aged) adi.

adv. res-T€ 1. tez-Iez

2.

often

103

rj,Tes-Tes (zhiyi, tez-tez) 3. ree-ree (tsz-tez) 4. eur-eu (yesh-yesh) 5. srk srk 6. rHe-rHsAeH tiz-tizden 7. .:t*.:,L (pat-pa$

one

num. 1. orp bir 2. oip (bir) 3. ollp (nir)

1. nrrua qoca 2. xepr (kflri) 3. xapar (kan) 4. xagr (kart)

8. res-r€B tez-tez

5. yElr 6. rapprr garry 7. a* (qeri) 8. q,apu qari

4. 6ep Oer) 5. bir 6. oup bir 7. r4 Oir) 8. orp bir

oil

old (x new) adj.

onion bot.

cul. n. jar ya$ 1. 2. Mait (may) 3. Mari (may)

4. \rai4 (may) 5. laE 6. n' iag 7. 'e\ 0aeh) 8. F yog'

oll geol. n. l. Heifr neft.

2. ecri (yeski) 3. acKlr (eski) 4. ucre (iske) 5. eski 6. xeue kOne

n. 1. coraH sofian 2. rlara (piyu) 3. rms (piyar,) 4. cyrax (sugan) 5. sofan 6. coran sogan

7. E-S (kona) 8. acru eski

7. )* (piyu) 8. rur0s piyoz

ollve bot. n.

open adj.

l.

xehrro krihna

2. wYsah(munay) 3. uefrr (neft') 4. Ho1[rr (neft') 5. petrol 6. rreour nebit 7. c.;.'; (nefit) 8. u@r neft

2. wErryn (zAytun) 3. rerrryn (zeytun) 4. sar?rYg (z8ytUn) 5. zeytin 6. sefiryn zeitun

l. aunrr aqrq 2. autrq, (ashrq) 3. aqnrr (ach*) 4. aqnlr (ach*) 5. agrk 6. aqrr agyk

7, oj+.;

(z[ynn)

(ochuq)

8. aaliryn

7. Ah;

zaytun

8. ornq,

ochiq

OK adv. l. orgy ondu

on prep.

2. xa4,cnr (zhaqsr) 3. xanum fiakshr) 4. rptrri (yany) 5. tanam 6. muu iagSy 7. ,* (khop) 8. xlrr xo'p

l. Azerbaijanl 2.Kzrath

1. aejryn zeyhrn

open vt, l. aq- aC-

1. vcrrnge tisttinda 2. ycringe (iisttnde) 3. vcrrH,qo ({istiind0) 4. ecleula (dstend{) 5. iistiinde

2. aru- (asn-1 3. aq- (ach-) 4. aq- (acn-; 5.ag6. au- ag7. -tU (acn-; 8. oq- och-

6. rcrruge iistiinde 7. t*'"j (tisUde) 8. yc'rn4a usUda

3. Kyrgyz 4.

Tatar 5. Turkish

6.

Turlonen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


opers

opera mus.

n. oncpa opera onepa (opera) onepa (opera) onepa (opera) opera

l.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. onepa

1. lar

opera

(opera)

8. onepa

opera

operation med.

n. auanNjjar omaliyyat

l.

2. onepaunr (operatstya) 3. onepau,Hx (operatsiya) 4. orrepaunr (operatsiya) 5. ameliyat 6. onepaulrr operatsiia 7. .*--:lnj (operatsiyl) 8. onepaqHs operatsiya

oplnlon

n. 1.Qr.rKr.rp 6kir 2. uirip (pikir)

3. nllrrp (pikir) 4. t[rxep (ftker) 5. fikir 6. ofi-rnrcrp oit-pikit

7. *+

(piktr)

8. QHrp fikr

opposlte adj. 1. c.un zidd 2. x,apaua-(apcbr (qarama-qarsr)

3. rapaua-Kap[rbr

4.

Diaionary of the Turkic [anguages

104

(karama-karshr) rarma-xapurbr (kapma-karshr)

5. at 6. rapurnr

gargy

7. ;;E j--rE

7. ,', r .;i (toq seriq) 8. r}x capHK to'q sariq

(qarimu qarshi) 8. x,apava-KaprlrH qarama-qarsht

oppression pol.

l.

orange bot. n. n.

svrnd zrilm

2. x,anay (qanaw) 3. a:vv (eziiti) 4. gonnru (zohm) 5. zuliim 6. :yrryu zulum 7. dh (zulum) 8. syru zulm

optlctan

l.

n. ejrraxuu eynakEi

2. orrrrr (opUyk) 3. orrrmc (optik) 4. orrnllc (optik) 5. grizliikgii 6. orrrrx optik

7. ,*jsL

-J<ar;;S

ft0zAyniik satghuchi)

8. rtrormaK Myraxacclrcu ko'zoynak mutahassisi

or

conj. 1. ja ya

2. Heuece (nemese) 3. xe (e) 4. wt (yaki) 5. veya 6. r, r-4a ia, ia-da

7. Ct 8. eru

(yaki)

yoki

oratrge adj.

l.

Hapnrrrubr nanncl

l.

noP'l'aran Portafal

2. anerlcltrr (apel'sin) 3. ane;rlcun (apel'sin) 4. anerurcnrr (apel'sin) 5. portakal 6. ane.nrcrar apelsin 7. ,)h (iizll) 8. anemcrur apel'sin

order (=command) v. 1. aup sr- amr et2. ovuprr4 6ep- (buynq ber-) 3. OyHpyr 6ep- (buyruk ber-) 4. ooeprrr orp- (boyenk bir-) 5. emret6. oYrrPy'a 6gP buiruk ber-

7. -jx| (bunu-) 8. oyrof buyurorder (=request) v. l. car[aprau nep sifari$ ver2. rancup (tapsrr-) 3. raumrrp (tapshu-) 4. earas 6llp (zakaz bir-) 5. 6.

rsmarlasaKas

6ep, 6ynp-

zakaz ber-, buiur-

7. : jx;. (buyrut-) 8. Oyropl- buyurt-

other adj1. darura bagqa 2. 6ac(a (basqa) 3. 6auxa (bashka) 4. 6auxa (bashka) 5. difer 6. Oerllerur beileki

2. Knrsnra-capbr (qrzil-san) 3. capru.rrr (sargrlt) 4. rclremr.rr capnr (krzgrlt san) 7. U..:t? (bashqa) 5. portakal rengi 8. 6our(a boshqa 6. uarcaun miimigi

l.Azerbaijanl z.Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatar 5.Turkish 6.Turkrnen T.Uighur 8.Uzbek


Dictionary of the Turkic languages

our

105

our

oven

g5xoaxa (dukhovka)

4.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7.

t{Fjs

adj. 1. o'llglrrr bizim 2. 6i3[ir{ Oizdtng) 3. auuwlr Oizdin) 6esrreq (bemeng)

5. bizim

6. 6r,x3rr{ bizif, 7. ^rL;ia &izning) 8. drasurlrrr. bizning

l.

(dukhupka)

8. .qxonra

duxovka

over prep. 1. vcrrnAa tisttinda 2. ycrirUe (i.istinde) 3. vcrrng,e (iistiindO) 4. ecren4a (Ostendii) 5. tizerinde 6. vcrnr.4e iisttinde

1. eeruve riztimtiz

2. esiuis (Ozimiz) 3. esvuYs (Oztimiiz) 4. Yse6e3 (iizebez) 5. kendimiz 6. esYrele Oztimiz

. y. )y (Ozimfz) 8. ia nua o'zimD oul rlde adv. 7

l.

oajnrpga bayrrda

2. crrprnrnga

(srrtrnda) rnrrurapbr.q,a (trshkanda) rnrrura (ushta) drganda

3. 4. 5. 6. gBuapg,a

7. 1.r..: -- .

dagarda

(sirtida)

8. raurx,apHAa hshqartda

4. vree (iigez) 5. Okiiz 6. ervs 0kiiz 7. !6 (kala) 8. 4frlar hokiz

finn .4yxonxa duhowka

1. dnsHlrxllr bizimki 2. 6is.4iKi (bizdiki) 3. ousArnx (bizdiki)

ourgelves pron.

zool. n. 1. erve dlqiz 2. erie (itgiz) 3. srvs (0eiiz)

(dukhovka) (dukhovka)

4xoora ,qxorra

ours pron.

4. oeanexe (bezneke) 5. bizimki 6. onsru{rla biziflki 7. .fL;4 Oimingki) 8. drlgnrfir,r bizrtki

ox

n.

gyxoara duxovka

7. o-' :.,!

(tistidA)

8. ycrsga

ustida

page n. 1. cah4p

patn

Overcoat cl.o. n. l. uarto palto 2. na.nrm (pal'to) 3. na.mto (pal'to) 4. namro (pal'to) 5. palto 6. na.nrr:o

7. 8.

n. 1. arpnr afn

2. apy

palto

1;J'-r (pelto) uanmo pal'to

patnt

zool. n. 1. oajryur bayqug 2. yri (iiki) 3. yrv (iikii) 4. s6a.rraK (yabalak) 5. baykug 6. oarrryu balgug

4. 6yz- Ouya-)

5. boya6. oor- bota-

-l),-

8. 6yr-

(mtishtik yaptlaq) 8. doliFff-r boyo'g'll

Turkish

aas.- (boya-)

3. ooe- (boyo-)

7.

5.

y.

1. 6oja- boya-

2.

.i\t{ 'tFi

l. Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

(awruw)

3. oopy (ooru1 4. amrgry (avrtu) 5. aln 6. arurpnr agyry 7. ,j, -*U (aghriq) 8. orpq, og'riq

owl

7.

sahifa

2. oet (bet) 3. oer (bet) 4. &il (bit) 5. sayfa 6. caxnna sahypa 7. e* OAt) 8. catnQa sahlfa

6.

(sirla-) bo'ya-

Turkmen 7. Uigbur 8. Uzbek


pslnter

palnter

l.

palace

(=house painter) n.

porxcar

rongsaz

2. ooryuu (boyawshr) 3. cup4oouyy (srrdoochu) 4. oyryuu (buyauchr) 5. boyacr 6. xy.u,oxrrlrr hudolnik (sirchi) 7. ,** 8. ayer,uH bo'yoqchi

painting art.

l.

n.

uraxrvr gakil

2. cyper

(suwret)

3. crpor (siir0t) 4. peceu (riisem) 5. resim 6. cypat surat 7. f .., (riisim)

8.pacu

psrade

n.

1. capaj saray 2. capafi (sray) 3. capaft (saray)

n.

8. capofi

saroy

1. nap71 parad 2. napa:I (parad) 3. napag (paraci) 4. napal (parad) 5. resmigegit 6. uapa4 parad 7. c,l_rL (parat) 8. napa4 parad

pan cul.

4. capau 5. saray 6. xour 7

.

6l

(saray) kOgk

(saray)

)L-

n.

paradise rel. n.

1. rana tava

2. Ta6a (uUa; 3. nncrelr (miskey) 4. ra6a (taUa1 5. tava 6. raOa taba 7. ljb (tava) 8. msa tova

1. t.rarrrrvr cannat 2. oeriru (beyish) 3. oenmu (beyish) 4. narma'r (iiinnat) 5. cennet 6. x,eune'r jennet 7. c,ctr- filnnet) 8. narrHar jannat

pants clo. n.

psragrsph ling.

1. ruannap Ealvar 2. uandap (shalbar) 3. nnnr (shm)

1. a6sac

rasm

pair 1.

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

106

n. uyr ctit nap (par) nap (par) uap (par) gift qY6Yr jtibtir

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. .;j-, (iip) 8. 4r@r juft

4. 5. 6.

7. ot2V

(shim)

8. unar n.

1. rmxaua pijama 2. rursaua (piyzhama) 3. runuaua (pijama)

4. rnrmaua (pizhama) 5. pijama 6. rprsaua pilama

7. s, *S "iYr-it (ukhlash kiyimi)

paragraf

paralysts med. n.

n. 1. rarnre kafrz

1. H{ynlur iflic 2. napanwu (paralich)

2. x,aras (qaghaz) 3. xaras (kagaz) 4. rarasr (khgaz") 5. kA$rt 6. rartrs kagyz

7. 3n$

(abzas)

8. naparpaQ

shim

paper

psjamas clo.

8. rmsarua

2. naparpa(p (paragrafl 3. naparpa@ (paragra0 4. naparpaQ (paragra0 5. paragraf 6. naparpa([ paragraf

qan6ap (chalbar) pantolon oarar balak

l. ,;

n.

abzas

3. naparrnu (paralich) 4. naparnu (paralich) 5. felg 6. uaparulu paralig 7. .r h.Jti (palachlik) 8. iparau falaj

(qaghiiz)

8. x,oroe qog'oz

pijama

l. Azerbaijani

2. Kazakh S.Kyrgyz 4.

Tatar

5.

Turkish

6.

Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


-..

parcel

n.

1. naxer paket 2. nocnvxa (posdka) 3. nocnrma (posdka) 4. nocrrrra (posrlka) 5. paket 6. nocruxa posylka

parcel

t07

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

pass

v. 1. reu- keq2. er- (0t-) 3. en- (6t-)

n. 1. hscca hisse 2. oeniu O0lim) 3. oenru (b0liim) 4. eneu (<tlesh) 5. *rsm

Part

4. vr- (iit-) 5.geg-

8. nocurxa posilka

6. oenru bdliim 7. -*3 (qisim) 8. rscu qism

6. reu- geg7. -:;s (tit-) 8. !r- o't-

Parents n.

partner

passenget n.

7

.

6.J-r si (posulka)

1. na.nraejmap valideynlar 2. ara-ana (ata-ana) 3. ara-ane (ata-ene) 4. ara-ana (ata-ana) 5. ana baba 6. ara-ane ata-ene 7. Ut:_ti U (ata-ana) 8. ora-oua ota-ona

n. oprar ortaq cepir (serik) opmK (ortok) rraPrHgp, Hrrrallr (partnyor, iptflsh) ortak uraprfi,4errr gArikdeg

.iLrr-!

(sherik)

1. caprnaum sornigin 2. xoaayruu (zholawshr) 3. xrprnrqv (iiirgiinchii) 4. naccaxrrp (passazhir) 5. yolcu 6. p^narrnr iolaggy

7.

,s;!x (Yolucht)

8.

itlronuu

yo'lovchi

rrrepuK sherik

park

n. 1. uapx park 2. napr (park) 3. napr (park) 4. annapKbr (yal parkr) 5. park

6. napx park 7. .rrq $aghche) 8. uc'rrpoxar 6oru istirohat bog'l

psrsley bot. n. 1. u@pu cafari

2. nerpyuxa (petrushka) 3. nerpyruxa (petrushka) 4. nerpyrura (petrushka) 5. maydanoz 6. nerpyruxa petrugka

7.

C-Pu

(ashkoki)

8. rrerpyrura

1.

petrushka

party

n. 1. rxjaQar ziyafat 2. cayrrr, reui (sawrq keshi) 3. orypym (oturush)

4. naxTrec (mejle.s) 5. parti 6. mypu.mrrrrbrK oturyly$yk T. rijrrrl-* (olturush) 8. lrHpHnr o'tirlsh

prrty pol. n. 1. naprr.rja partiya 2. l:aynar (partiya) 3. nag*rr (partila) 4. nagnc (partlya) 5. parti 6. nap'rnr pariliia 7. +;-rk (partiye) 8. naprHr partiya

Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz

4.Tatx

5.

p$sport n. l. nacnopr pasport

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

nacuoyr (pasport) uacuoyr (pasport) nacnoyr (pasport)

7.

orry\

pasaport

uacnoyr

pasport @asport)

8. uacnopr

pasport

patlent adj.

l.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

caonpru sabirli caOlrP'mr (sab61) urgau4yy (chrdamduu) caoupnnr (sabrh) sabrrlr caonrpmr sabyrly ohr3<- (sfiwchan)

ca6pnu sabrli

Turkish 6. Turkmen

7.

Uighur 8. Uzbek


patlent

patlent

Diaionary of tbe Turkic languages

108

med. n.

l. xacra xosta 2. uar{Herrr (patsient) 3. naquerrr (pastent) 4. naquenr (patsient) 5. hasta 6. cnrpran syrkaw 7. J4 (kesrl) 8. oeuop bemor pay v. l. ega- rjdo2. rene- (tdle-) 3. rene- (t6l6-) 4. rvna- (riiH-) 5. ode6. rere- tOle7. _.Ji (role-) 8. rfra- to'la-

pe8 bot. n. 1. xoxy.4, noxud 2. orpuax (burshaq) 3. oyypuax Ouurchak) 4. oopuax (borchak) 5. bezelye 6. rer Hoxyr gtik nohut 7. Ubrjr, $urchaq) 8. ulxar no'xat

peace n. l. cvnh nilh

2. oerioirrui.nir (beybitshilik) 3. rnrnqrnrr (unchtrk) 4. mumrqrmx (unrchl*) 5. bartg 6. napaxarrrburbrK parahatgylyk

7. G^l+.r (tinchliq) 8. rrmq.rrfi tinchlik

pen

peach bot. n.

l.

n.

6. uerAanlt getdaly 7. Jj?u (shaptul) 8. ruatfrorlr shaftoli

1. urparra6lx rolau mtirakkabli qalom 2. Ka,qau lqalam) 3. rarreu (kalem; 4. P)^*u (ruchka) 5. mtirckkepli kalem 6. pyuxa rugka 7. lJd (qaftim) 8. pyura ruchka

pear bot. n.

Pencil

ruatfra.nu paftalr

2. uraoaanrr (shabdah) 3. rililoAa,rlr (shaMalt) 4. rrepcur, utafra.rry (persik, shhftalu)

5.geftali

n. l. rapangaru karandag 2. (aptrs,q,au (qanndash) 3. rapau,qam (karandash) 4. rapaggalil, Kiutau (karandash, kalllm)

l. apuyg armud

2. uruvyr (almurt) 3. a.rnrypyr (almuru$ 4. rpyua, apMyr (grusha, armut) armut

5. 6. aplron armyt 7. c.1.ta (amut) 8. llox nok

5. kurgun kalem 6. rarau galam

peasant n. 1. rarwm kandli

pentnsuls geo. n.

7.

8. (arau

'1.

5. yanmada 6. rpnruala iarymada 7. Jl)u f r. (Yerimaral) 8. rpmr opoa yarim orol

people

n. 1. xarn xalq

n. rrrjaaa piyada wary (zhayaw) xoe (ti<i) qarvne $eya[le)

.^CL

l>|J

qalam

japmuaga yanmada 2. rr"6ex (rtibek) 3. xapnru apa.n (ianm aral) 4. rpnruytpay (yanmutrau)

pedestrian 1.

(qerindash)

l.

2. uapya (sharuwa) 3. lprkart (&ykan) 4. ru'enqe (tgenche) 5.giftgi 6. Xarixalr daihan 7. oUts (dehqan) 8. Aex5on dehqon

2. 3. 4. 5. yaya 6. rnuga

;l.lrr*i

2. xanrr( (khaltq) 3. an (el) 4. xa.rmx (khal*) 5. halk 6. xarrr halk 7. d- Ghelq) 8. xarx, xalq

pyj,ada

osl.*

(piyadii mangghuchi)

8. rme4a piyoda

1.

Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh S,Kyrgyz

4,Taw

5.

Turkish

6.

Turlsren 7. Uigbur 8. Uzbek


IT. Dictionary of the Turkic l*nguages

pepper

109

pepper cul. n.

perlod ling. n.

1. ncraor istiot 2. orprrru Ounsh) 3. r4'pu (murch) 4. ooplru (bonch) 5. karabiber 6. 6ypu burg

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

l.

Herrâ&#x201A;Ź

rrrrte

pharmacy n. 1. armex aptek 2.,4apixana (dlirikbana)

nciqta

(niikte) qerc{r (chektt) norra (nokta) nokta norar nokat

7. .--5:l (chekit) 8. uyKra nuqta

3.,4aplrraua (dankana) 4. arrrera (apteka) 5. eczane 6. an'rera apteka 7. tit.;..rls (dorikhana) 8. g,opraxona dorixona

perfect adj.

permit

phone booth n.

1. rrrrauuen mtikemmel 2. xeri.tueu (zhetilgen) 3. xerumen (etilgen) 4. rrsrarfirar (mdkiimmiil) 5. miikemmel

1. rr,+{age nep icaze ver2. prr,car er- (ruqsat et-) 3. ypyrcar er- (uruksat et-) 4. pexcar u'r- (rOkhsiit it-) 5. mtisade et6. pyrcar 6ep rugsatber-

rea@ou 6y4racnt telefon budkasr 2. rendpoH arrouar 3.

re.n@n arroMar

7. -t, .x-ij, (rukhsit

4.

rea@x dyrracbr

7

. 6)-.tts

8. uypu

(qarimuch)

murch

6. oepr berk 7. J*6j. (rukiimmiil) 8. rryramrar mukammal

perfume n. l. arr4 atir

v.

8. pyxcar 6ep-

b:lr-)

ruxsat ber'

person n.

l.

2.

uaxc

gexs

3. alax, KHnIrir (adaru kishi) 4. ruaxec (shflkhes)

5. parftim 6. arnrp atyr

5. Eahrs 6. aAau

7. ,;d 8. mlrp

(Adr)

7. ,^o

(sbekhs)

atir

8. uraxc

shaxs

atp:"r (adam)

adarr

cr*

dcirigar

"-J;tabotkisi) (telefon 8. rcn@x 6y,u5acu telefon budkasi rreupocu telefon ncimresi

2. ren@n nouipi (telefon nOmiri)

(dorrger)

8. Aopurap

(telefon butkasr) 5. telefon kuliibesi 6. rerrot[on Ka 6rilrrilc br telefon kabinasy

l. rcz@u

1. arrrsarrbr oczaF 2. @puauerr (farnatsevt) 3. rppuar{err (farmatsevt) 4. arrerault (aptekach) 5. eczacr 6. anrerapr aptekar

7. ,&,ps

(telefon avtomat)

phone number n.

pharmactst n.

2. oarxiu (belkin) 3. oarxrnr Oalkin) 4. 6arxn Oeki) 5. belki 6. oerxn belkl 7. tr*'r,'. (ehtimal) 8. axmuon ehtirnol

(telefon avtomat)

7.

2. arip (etir) 3. amrp (atr) 4. Hcneuali (islemay)

perheps adv. l. oaxa bolka

l.

3. reaoQouHouypy (telefon nomuru)

4. rea@H Houepbr (telefon nomen)

5. telefon numarasl 6. ren@u HoMepH telefon nomerl 1

t

'

t

.

tis-r -y

.l-

vt+

(telefon nomuri) IroMepH telefon nomeri

8. rcre@n

l. Azerbaijani

2. Kazakh

3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

5.

Turktsh 6. Turlanen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


photo

photo

n.

l. Qorouorur fotoqakil

2. @rorpa@ur (fotografiya) 3. rpororpa($nr (fotografiya) 4. @'rorpaQnr (fotografiya) 5. fotolraf 6. Qoro foto

7. 8.

;;

(foto) surat

"ytrtt

phystcs n.

l. gnrnxa fizika

2. Qrcnxa (fizika) 3. Qnrrxa (flzika) 4. r!runxa (flzika) 5. nzik 6. rfuaHxa fizika

7.

tl;;

(fizika)

8. QHaura fiz*a n. 1. ruexnrr gakil

Plcture 2. cypr

(suwret)

3. crpe'r (siirrit) 4. peceu (riisem) 5. restm 6. rypar surat 7. f .; (riisim) 8. pacrr r:lsm

plg zool. n. 1. 4orrye donuz 2. uroru4,a (shoshqa) 3. qorrxo (chochko) 4. .qnurra (dunggz) 5. domuz

6.Aouye

7. b*

Dictionary of the Turkic larguages

110

dofluz (choshqa)

8. ufu6,a

cho'chka

plgeon zool.

l.

plne bot. n.

n.

xejapurul griyarqin

2. xerepurirr (krigershin) 3. xerrqxen (kOgiichk0n) 4. rvropuerr (ki.igiirchen) 5. giivercin 6. xengepx kepderi 7. -,...:-.S (kepdr) 8. ran'rap kaptar

ptll med. n.

I. uau araqbr gam afacr 2. 6,aparafi (qaraghay) 3. raparal-r (karagay) 4. rrapar (narat) 5. gam alacr 6. cocua sosna 7. qgti.;6 (qarighay) 8. q,aparafr qarag'ay

l.

plnk adj. l. uohpaju

4. ra6retra (tabletka) 5. hap 6. mra.rrar.q,epMar{

2. Knr:nlur (qzghllt) 3. runrnrlrr (ktzgtl$ 4. arcy (alsu) 5. pembe 6. rvmvrr gtilgiin

had hob 2. raorgma (tabletka) 3. raorsrra (ubletka)

togalak dennan

7. 6r:.t,b (tabte*a; 8. xaugopn

xapdori

2. xac.rn6, (zhasuq) 3. saeAbtr (iazdft) 4. ueHgep (mendiir) 5. yastrk 6. sccnr yassyk 8. ecrrq,

$astuq) yostiq

(halr:ing)

8. nyurH Ruftt

1. da.nlrruyav bahgrizti

2. xacrnr4, Tbrcbr (zhasuq trsr) 3. xas4prx rau (azdrk kap) 4. rgrux rbrilurbrrbr (yasuk trshhgr)

5. yastrk krhfi 6. xccnrx Aarxbr iassyk dagy 7. e.*s dFti (yastuqqepi) 8. ecrnx, wkrJr4la yostiq jildi

5.

l. rrycrp ptista 2. nicre (piste) 3. rscre (piste) 4. nec're (pestii) 5. gam frsugr 6. nHcce pisse 7. c* (pistii) 8. nucra pista

pltsher cal. n.

plllowcase n.

l. Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4.Tatx

3.jtr

plstachlo bot. n.

ptllow n. l. oarmrur bahg

7. At*\

7.

gahrayr

1. rpatpuu qrafin 2. rpa$mr (grafin) 3. rpaiprur (grafin) 4. rpafim (grafin) 5. siirahi 6. rpai[mr grafin

7. t:-f

(koza)

8. rpa([rur grafin

Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dictionary of the Turkic languages

place

plant bot. n. 1. ollrnr bi&i

play (ra game)

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. ep ier 7. .sl+ fiay) 8. xofi joy

2. eciuair (Ostrndik) 3. ocnuxrr (dsiimdtik) 4. vceuaer (iisemlek) 5. bitki 6. ecvururx Osiimlik 7. ,t*-t-y (dsiimliik) 8. lcuuruar o'simlik

(oyna-) 3. or&ro- (oyno-) 4. {r-mla- (uyna-) 5. oyna6. ofina- oina-

plain

plate cul. n.

play (*an instrument) l. uur- Eal2. olma- (oyna-)

l.

n. jep yer opuH (onn) opyg (orun) ypnrn (unn) yer

geo. n. AysaH.nrn dtizanlik xastl(, (zhanq) rvs (tiiz) rrryeerex (tigezlek)

1. oina- oyna-

2. 3. 4. 5. ova 6. Xrs.rrr diizliik 7. -,r -rt<Jjj: (ttizHnglik) 8. reruc.rux tekislik

l. oourrao boEqab 2. ra6a6, (tabaq) 3. raperxa (taretka) 4. renrurra (titlinkii) 5. rabak 6. raperma tarelka 7. <-ic (tllkhse) 8. rape.lra tarelka

plane see airplane

pladorm (*for trains)

1.

planet ast. n.

l.

rsraner planet

2. wn*twa

(planeta)

3. rurane.ra (planeta) 4. rr.rrarrsra (planeta) 5. gezegen 6. naane'ra planeta

7.

2Qu

(siiyyar:i)

8. rsranera

planeta

plant

v. l. sr- ek2. er. (yeg-) 3. ar- (ek-) 4. yrtrpr- (utrrt-) 5. dik-, ek-

6. ar- ek7. -Sr (tik-) 8. ar- ek-

l. Azerbaijanl

2. oi*ra-

7. -u-_-f (oyna-) 8. !'rfna- o'yna-

7.-Jb

(chal-;

8. qa,rr- chal-

playlng card n.

n.

1. xayr kart 2. rayra (karta) 3. rayra (karta) 4. rapra (karta) 5. iskambil kafdr

6.rapr kart 7. lir6 (qarta)

7. l:.F\

@latfonna) 8. ruar@pua platfonna

8. (apra

play lit. n. l. njec pyes

qarta

playwrtght

n. gpauarypr dramaturg 2. .qnuarypr (dramaturg) 3. .rqnuarypr (dramaturg) 4. 4nuarypr (dramaturg) 5. oyun yazarT 6. 4pauarypr dramaturg

l.

2. rneca (p'yesa) 3. rneca (p'esa) 4. rneca (p'yesa) 5. oyun 6. rneca piyesa

. ,9-* ri ce r8. rneca p'yesa

v.

3. ueyr- (chert-) 4. yrnua- (uyna-) 5. gal6. qarr- gal-

1. ueppou perron 2. rua'r@opua (plaforma) 3. ruar(lopua (plaforma) 4. rma![opua (pladorma) 5. peron 6. ruar@pua platforma

7

v.

7. s-*?i;)t* Llrs

(slihnl tisiri)

(drama yazghuchisi) dramaturg

8. 4pauatypr

2. Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz

4.Tatar

5.

Turkish

6.

Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


tt2

please

7. ii! c (eynula) 8. onxfpn olxo'ri

please adv. 1. sahurr o/IMaca zahmat olmasa

2. srirreuirr (<itinemirt) 3. nryaxlru anilul3 (rakrn ctingtz) 4. poxnu rrere3

7

l.

wro cib

poem lit.

1. eohoprru zohorli

2. yrn,t (uwh) 3. yyryy (uuluu) 4. aryrmr (aguh) 5. zehirlt 6. saxepnH zliherli 7. ^.L.l.ro '; (zflhldik) 8. sax,apnH zaharli

n.

1. 2. aneq (6leng) 3. nrp (r) 4. rurmrpr (shigr') 5. giir 6. rorurnr go$gy

7. r

n.

pollceman

n. 1. norurc polis 2. wrsvtryts. (militsiya) 3. wurrryrr (militsiya) 4. urllNr{Ho}rep (militsioner)

(she'ir) she'r

poet lit. n.

1. rasa-nbr gavah 2. Kapa epix (qara drik) 3. xapa epYK (kara Oriik) 4. cJnma, Kapa EJadeuI

l.

5. polis 6. usrmqur militsiia

uaup gair

2. ar,nrH (aqm) 3. arnrn (akn) 4. uarnrr?pr (shagryr') 5. gair 6. uaxrtp gahyr 7. ->rA (sha'ir) 8. uorp shoir

(sliva, kara jimesh)

5. erik 6. rapa.nnt garaly

l. Azerbaijani 2. Kazakh

,-+*

8. urerp

3.

Kyrgyz 4.Tatar

5.

n.

polsonous adj.

ure'p qe'r

7. E_s- (soqa)

poison

4. ary (agu) 5. zehir 6. raxep zflher 7. su r; (ziihiir) 8. saxap zahu

'. cep

2. coKa (soqa) 3. coxo (soko) 4. ca6an (saban) 5. saban 6. aean azal

plum bot

tala-

o. EY6H jiibi 7. .;r*t* (yanchuq) 8. ulHrar cho'ntak

1. rman kotan

nazrn

sahap zahar 2. y (uw) 3. yy (uu)

2. xairra (qalta) 3. qeurer (ch0ntttk) 4. xeca (kes[)

ag. n.

(she'ir)

8. naeu

l.

pocket clo. n.

rohat

omoch

7. --r-:

(bulangchiliq qil-)

l. renr ztivq 2. pa4,ar (raqat) 3. nrpaxar (trak.hat) 4. poxa'r (riikheQ 5. zevk 6. reftn keyp 7. .:o;;.J (lLzxAr\

n. noeuria poeziya

2. noggHs (poeziya) 3. noa:sr (poeziya) 4. unmprmr (shig'riyat) 5.giir 6. noasns poeziia

. -J; ;**31;

8. rana-

pleasure n.

8. ouoq

l.

2. lranln- (tala-) 3. ra.na- (tala-) 4. 'ra.na- (tala-) 5. ya[mala6. 'raaa- tala-

8. uapxguar marhanat

plow

poetry lit.

plunder v. 1. rapar*. qaratet-

(riikhim itegez) 5. ltitfen 6. xanrtru a4rlaprur haiyg edylirin 7, .:,...r rc" (miirhlimiit)

8.poxat

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

Turkish

7.

ot'L

(saqchi)

8. noruunr politsiya

6.

Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dictionary of the Turkic languages

poltte

poor adj.

2. a,qerrri (edep$) 3. crrnairrr (srpayr)

1. xacm6 kasrb 2. xegeri (kedey) 3. regeri (kedey)

l.

4.

adj. nagararrul nozakatli

agarurc (adeple) kibar q4enmr edepli

5. 6. 7. .'L+ osrl (tidliblik) 8. xyruuyouana xushmuomala n. cujacar siyasat 2. cascar (sayasat) 3. cascar (sayasat) 4. cascer (siiyaslt)

l.

8. rau6aran

kambag'al

miimkingilik

7. .,LJ t;.f ,j" (munkinchilik) 8. ramoRrlrr tmkoniyat

n.

posstble adj. 1. rrnrxrs mrimkrin

5. niifus 6. nirar tlat

7. eht (nopus) 8. atoan aholi

l.

.qorry3

qlruxa

rre

(chuchka tre)

5. domuz etl 6. .u,oqys sTr-r dofluz eti

l'< tt.tt tt)t " uy -r t

7. ,*6 uJr,-

(su i.iziish kdli)

(choshqagoshi)

8. uluqa rirurr.r

basseyn

(murrtdn)

8. uyrrrurr mumkin

e.fl{ donuz ati 2. ruou\,a eri (shoshqa yeti) 3. qoqro arur (chochko ett)

4.

2. unriH (mtimkin) 3. rrnrrys (miirnkiin) 4. uenxr+r (md,rrldn) 5. miimkiin 6. rrrrrrrur miimldn

7. o-5.;.

pork cul. n.

2. oacceirn Oasseyn) 3. oaccetur (basseyn) 4. oaccerlu (basseyn) 5. havuz 6. xouya howuz

2. raqnrrtr (tasuwshr) 3. raruyyuy (tashuuchu) 4. riexqe (y0kche) 5. hamal 6. xarman hanunal 7. JLt^ (hammat) 8. xprnron hammol n. 1. ehrrnra,r ehtimal 2. ururisAix (miimkindik) 3. rrrrmrlrgrr (miimktindiik) 4. uerrrcurer (mOmldnlek) 5. fnken 6. unmummrurr

(kalkun sanr) 4. xarrrrr caHbr (khal* sanr)

l. honl: hovuz

n.

jrrgarulrjaH yiikda$ryan

possibtltry

2. xamrq, (khahq) 3. ra.nrtnrlr cagbr

spor. n.

8. oaccerlu

GemMghel)

l. aha-rs ahali

2. anap (anar) 3. anap (anar) 4. anap (anar; 5. nar 6. uap nar 7. )VV (anar; 8. anop anor

'l

7. Jer..d

populatlon

n.

uap nar

pool

4. rpuu (yarh) 5. fakir 6. raprm garyp

1. rosar qovaq 2. reper (terek) 3. reper (terek) 4. rr4er (tiriik) 5. kavak 6. Aeper derek 7 . .! o2{ (rerhk) 8. repar terak

5. siyaset 6. cnrrcar syyasat 7. sr-,t, * (siyzMt) 8. craecar siyosat

l.

l.

poplar bot. n.

Politics

pomegisnatâ&#x201A;Ź bot.

porter

post o-fice n. l. nour poqt

2. norura (poshta) 3. noqro (pochto) 4. noqra (pocbra) 5. postane 6. nour:a pogta

7. l;|,i.-,- (pochtikhana) 8. noqra pochta

cho'chqa go'shtl

l. Azcrbaijant 2. Kazakh

3,

Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

5.

Turktsh 6. Turlancn

7.

Ulghur 8. Uzbek


postsge

2. rrorura htbrrblrl,qapbt (poshta shrghrndan) qblrblrl,u,apbl

3. noqto

(pochto chtgtndan)

4. noqra qbIrbIMbI (pochta chrgrmt)

5. posta ticreti 6. noq'ra qbIKAaF,bICbI pogta gykdajysy ots

pr&ise

potato bot. n.

n.

1. noq'r xapqulopn poqt xarclori

7.

Dictionary of the Turkic larguages

114

Postage

- btx

(pochu hriqqi)

l.

v. 1. rn'pur[na- to'riflo-

rapro@ kartof

$angyu) 8. xaproruxa kartoshka

2. ua(ra- (maqta-) 3. u,x'ra- (makta-) 4. lrarra- (makta-) 5. ov6. en- dw7. -UiL (makhta-) 8. uax.r'a- maqta-

pour vt. l. rer- tcik-

pray rel. v. l. trya et'- dua et-

2. ragrorr (kartop) 3. rapromro (kartOshkti) 4. ooparge (b:irtugge) 5. patates 6. xaprouxa kartogka

z.

;3'*

postcard n.

2. r,vfi- (quy-) 3. xyii- (kuy-) 4. rofi- (koy-) 5. dok6. ryu- gui-

1. uoq'r KaFrbI poqt kartr 2. aunrx, xar (ashrq khat) 3. orxpnrrra (otkntka)

2. ltauas oK,br- (namaz oqt-) 3. nauag ory- (namaz oku-) 4. sauas yrnr- (namaz ukt-) 5. dua et6. Aora ora- doga oka-

7. -zF (quy-) 8. aytr- quy-

7. -J; trjs (du'a qil-)

power

preyer rel. n.

8. xlltarua xfl(n jo'narna baql

4. orrprrrra (otkntka) 5. kartpostal 6. mxpnrxa otkry&a

7. tgr*L:

(atkiritka)

8. o'rrpu'rra otkritka

postpone

l.

v.

Ta'xupo can- ta'xira sal-

2. reliisre (anqbrp (keyinge qaldr-)

3. rurfolrrxrce Kiurrbrp (kiyinkige kalur-) 4. xcrqeKnep (kichekter- ) 5. ertele6. rairpa roli- gatra goi7.

-.j:("*S

(kechikttir-)

8. KeqHKTHp- kechiktir-

8. H6oAar r,u"n- ibodat qil-

n. 1. rrq gtic 2. xvur (kiish) 3. rrq (kiich) 4. xeq (krtch) 5. gug 6. rvtrq giiyg 7. e.F Giich) 8. ryu-4ysna'r kuch-quvvat

l. 4ya dua 2.6ara(bata) 3. crrrlnmyy (sryrnuu)

4. Aora (doga) 5. dua 6. gora doga

7. tsSs (du'a) 8. ayo

powerful adj.

precautlon n.

1. rrqurv giiclii

1. ehrr{at ehtiyat 2. ca('ran (saqtan) 3. cartanyy (saktanuu) 4. cax.rrnx (saklft) 5. tedbir 6. argsrrnnx iitiiaglyk 7. ys.] (t,idbir) 8. ra46rrp tadbir

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

rvurri (kiishti) xrqrvv (kiichttiti) xeqne (kochle) giiglii rr*qrm gtiiEli

7. ojJ*'lS (kiichliik) 8. ry,1ru{ kuchli

1. Azerbaijani

duo

2.Kazakh 3. Kyrgyz 4.Tatar

5.

Turkish

6.

Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dictionary of tbe Tukic l-anguages

prectpitate (*rain, snow, etc.) f . iar- ya!-

v.

pregnant (*for humans) aaj.

7. -,i'L $agn-) 8. er- yog'-

1. hamura hamile 2. FrKTi (zhiikti) 3. ooos (booz) 4. rier.ne (yttkle) 5. hamile 6. renpe.uu gOwreli 7. -rl '-,t..le (hamilidar) 8. XourEzagop homilador

preface lit. n.

prepare v.

2. way- (zhaw-) 3. xaa- (aa-) 4. *y- (yau-) 5. vaE6. rr- iag-

1. rrrraAlgma miiqaddime 2. ripicue (kirispe) 3. xup n ces (kirish sdz) 4. cYs 6aurnr (siiz bashr) 5. dnxiz 6. cesoamr scizbagy 7. :y .i-rJ (kirish sOz) 8. cls doullir soz boshi

prefer v. 1 ycryrr rp-

3. aprrtx rep- (aruk 4. rxunrpaK KYp-

kdr-)

(yakhshrak ktir-)

5. tercih et6. msrr rep gowy g<ir7. -rf J,: jc (flvziil kdr-) 8. aQaaa xip- afzal ko'r-

pregnsncy (*for humans)

1. harnrpna- hazrrla-

2. AarinrHRa-

(daymda-)

3.,q,arpAa- (dayarda-) 4. arepna- ([zerlii-) 5. hazrrla-

6. rarlrpra- taiiula7. -!.rL:* c (tfiyyada-) 8. raliâ&#x201A;Źpna- tayyorlamed. n. 1. pecerrr resept 2. peu"nr (retsept) 3. pe.{eto (retsept) 4. peqeto (retsept) 5. regete 6. peqenr retsept 7. .o.-,.-q-r (retsep) 8. peueu'r retsept

present

l.

n.

1. harouernlx hamilalik 2. rrrri-rrir (zhilktilik) 3. rou dofi.rryr (kosh boyluk) 4. rlexlener (yOklelek) 5. hamtlelik 6. reupernemx g0wrelilik 7. 6Jrl.' -L,, b (hamtlidarltq) 8. xpuuaaAopnHx

rerArnr

v.

er-

teqdim et(sryla-) 3. cnni.ua- (sryla-) 4. rarrr.qa,r rr- (tiik'dim it-)

2. cl,frrna-

5. sun6. repree-

g0rkez-

rid (tliqdim qil-) 8. xasoza Kur- havola qil7. -L;

|..

present (*time) n. l. nrlryuor indiki 2. r,aeipri (qazirgi) 3. rasarpnt (kazrkr) 4. xasep (ktflzer) 5. gtmdiki zarlan 6. xaarpru hdzirki 7. -t,:lt (hazir) 8. xosrp hozir

president pol. n. 1. rrpesrneur prezident

prescription

iisttin tut2. aprrtx, xep (aruq kdr-)

preclpltate

115

2. rrpetug:enr (prezident) 3. rrpesu,q,eur (prezident) 4. upesulenr (prezident) 5. cumburbagkanr 6. upesHAeHT prezident 7. .:.r..t r.t.X @rezident) 8. rrpegulenr prezident Press (=squeeze) 1. cnrx- srx-

Y.

2. aac- (bas-)

3. oac- (bas-) 4. crx- (srk-) 5. srk6. clrr- syk-

7. i*

(stq-)

8. cuX-

siq-

ptcs$ (-print media) n. l. uardyar matbuat 2. oacnacss (baspasdz) 3. oacua ces (basma sriz) 4. ua'royrar (matbugat) 5. basrn 6. Mâ&#x201A;Źr6yrar metbugat 7. c,ls; e. (m[tbu'at) 8. uardyor matbuot

homiladorlik 1.

Azerbaijani 2. Kau,akb 3. Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


pretty

pretty adj.

l.

Dictionary of the Turkic languages

116

xaiuox

griyEak

2. cvmiuai (stiykimdi) 3. cyiiryulrv (siiykiimdiiii) 4. uaryp (matur) 5. giizel 6. reren gozel 7. dJil-r,* (chirayliq) 8. unpoiuN chiroyli

prevent v. l. rapuurcbllrbl ivlqarqrsrnr al-

2. ca(r:an- (saqlan-1 3. caxras- (saktan-) 4. rnrr ryhra- (yul kuyma-) 5. Onle6. er{vsa a.n- dfltint al-

prtest rel. n.

l.

xerulnu keqig 2. non (pop) 3. non (pop) 4. pyxauu (rukhani)

5. papaz 6. pyxarmr ruhany 7. v; (pop) 8. pyx,oltxn ruhoniy

prtme mlnlster pol. n.

l.

6au Ha3Hp

baE

nazir

2. rryemepMnHucrp (prem'yer-ministr)

3. rrpemepw{Hurrp (prem'er-ministr)

4. xerruar dantrblrbr (khokdmAt bashhgr)

(aldini al-) 7. -lV ,rr "JlJ 8. oa:prrur on- oldint ol-

5. bagbakan 6. npeurep Murrncrp

price

'7 ' ' Js

n.

l. nduvr qiymat

2. oara (bagha) 3. oaa (baa) 4. oar (beya) 5. fiyat 6. 6axa baha

7. t 8.

t

(baha)

Hapx narx

prlde

n.

l. nfrrcrap iftixar

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

ua(rannrru (maqtanrsh) uaxramrq (maktanrch) ropypznx (gorurlft) gurur

rynanu

guwang

.,t;..:-.: (iptikhar) ufrn<op iftixor

premler minlstr .

rl

LJPY

Oash mintstir)

7. oq c. (mltb['l) 8. uar6aa matbaa

prlsOn

n. gycrarxaua l. dustaqxana 2. rvpuc (trinne) 3. rYpue (tlirmo) 4. repua (torma) 5. hapishane 6. r:vpue ttirme 7. u,:j (tiirmA) 8. Kauox,xolra qamoqxona

prlze

n.

l. uvra(pr

mtikafat

2. wvnne (zhtilde) 3. oamn 0ayge) 4. 6vrar (billdk) 5. ndiil 6. 6atrpar bairak 7. .rLKi. (mukapat) 8. conpHx sovrin

8. ryxyuar 6oulrrrrn

probably

Prtnt vt.

2. unmiu (mtimlln) 3. oa"mrnr, MYMKYH

hukumat boshlig't

l.

l. qansr- qapet-

2.

aac- (bas-; oac- (bas-)

Oalkhr, miimkiin)

ro<:rranaa (ikhtirnl) 5. muhtemelen 6. axrqrran ehfimal

4.

3. 4. oac- (bas-; 5. bas6. qan ar- gap et7. -*t* (bas-) 8. ooc- bos-

7

. JL't:'. (ehdmal)

8. oaaru balki

problem

printing press n. 1. Mar6oa metbea

2. oacnaxasa (baspakhana) 3. oacuaxasa (basmakana) 4. uar6yrar lioyru (matbugat yoru) matbaa

5. 6. qarD(arra

adv. ehmanann{ ehtimal ki

l.

uacora masalo

2. rrpoal;eua (problema) 3. upooneua (problema) 4. uecmna (miis'itlit) 5. sorun 6. rrpodneua, Mecere problema, mesele

gaphana

7. ,J*r. (miisilii) 8. uaca.na

l. Azerbaijani 2.Kazah S.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar

5.

n.

Turkish 6. Turluren

7.

masala

Uighur

8. Uzbek


ff:.:g

'4

Diaionary of the Turkic l-anguages

prose lit.

v. l. HCTehca[ en istehsal et2. all.ryp- (dndir-) 3. eHIYp (0ndiir-) 4. auaan rrbrraP (eshl6p chtgar-) 5. iiret-

pronoun ling. n. 2. eciuljx (yesimdik) 3. a'r arooq (at atooch) 4. anuanrmr (almashltk) 5. zamir 6. qanbnilua galy$rn

2. rrpoea (proza) 3. rrpora (proza) 4. rrpoaa (proza) 5. nesir 6. rrpoaa ptoza

6. engrp- Ondiir7. -"rli-; gd:*J

7. ;UU

7. l)s::

(proza)

8. uacp

nasr

protect

v.

produce

(ishllp chtqar-) 8. raunao qr{Kap ishlab chiqar-

proflt

econ. n. 1. ragarqr qazanc 2. nafiw (payda) 3. uariRa (payda) 4. rsmeu (ttlshem) 5. ktu 6. uefi,qa peilda

7. l+k

(payda)

8.@tnau foyda

program

n.

l. rrporpau proqram

2. 3. 4. rrporpauua (pmgnamma) 5. program 6. rporpamra progrilrruna

rrporpaxua (programma) rrporpauua (programma)

7.

l-\j*.

(progranma)

8. .qacryp

dastur

promlse

v.

1. ces nep stiz ver2. yoge oep (wlide ber-) 3. ydana 6ep (ubada ber-)

4. namga 6up (vlig'dli btr-) 5. s6z ver6. cea oep sdz ber7. -)<a rs rJ (vldeber) 8. nar.q,a 6ep- va'da ber-

1.

1. amg.mx avazlik

(almash)

8. ornrom

olmosh

proof jud.

n. 1. cvoyr siibut 2. Aanan (diilel) 3. mwr;n (dalil) 4. gawur (diilil) 5. delil

6. cyoynraua subutntuna 7. # rs (diilil) 8. aarmr dalil

propaganda n. 1. raOrncar tabli[at 2. Hacro<ar (nastykhat) 3. rrvr-nacblrr (tigtit-nasryat)

4. rrponaranga (propaganda) 5. propaganda 6. rrponaran4a propaganda 7. .:,1,i, Jil d (Hsbviqat) 8. rarusrlKor tashvtqot

prophet rel.

n. l. nejraudap peyfembar 2. naErau6ap (paygbambar) 3. narbauoap (payganbar) 4. narhauoap (pflygambAr)

5. peygamber 6. rurau6ep pygamber 7. s*,4a (RAlehlimber) 8. nalirauoap payg'ambar

l.

n.

ueql nasr

1. rrr.qaQua er- mridafia et2. ropra- (qorgha-) 3. ropro- ftorgo-) 4. capra- (sakla-) 5. koru6. ropa- gora-

7. 8.

-ts; t.Qnroc

(qoghda)

xran- himoya qil-

proverb

n. 1. am-rrapcesv atalar sdzti 2. uaKan (maqal) 3. uararr (makal) 4. uararn (mlkal') 5. atasOzii 6. uarlu nakyl 7. JEt (maqal) 8. uax,or maqol

provlnce

n. 1. roerraiar vilayet 2. nponnn4ur (provintslya) 3. rrporumqrrr (provintslya) 4. eltra (6ke) 5. vilayet 6, nenarr welaiat

7. SJy (olke) 8. sunorr viloyat

Azerbatjani 2. Kazakh 3.Kyrgyz 4. Tatar 5. Turkish 6. Turkmen 7. Uighur 8. Uzbek


Dictionary of the Turkic Languages

publtc phone n. 1. 'rcaerf:rr-arr0Ma'r telefon-avtomat

2. rerapou

aB'r'oMaT

(telefon avtomat) 3. renaporr anroMar (telefon avtomat) 4. rura[orr arroMa'r (tclcfon avtomat) 5. umumi tclefon 6. x,eumtc.rqr.rJrnx reae@unr jemgyyetgilik telefony

7. o.i+lr:

.5

f*U

(ammivi telefon) 8. xauoar reneQorrH jamoat telefoni

publtshtng house n. l. uaupnjjar nagriyyat 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

6acna rr.r (baspa iiy) 6acua (basma) narupum (nlishriyat) yayrnevi ueurpar negiryat c,t 1r*<; (nilshriyat)

narupuer nasbriyot

Punlsh

v.

l. qaraDe;r cazaver2. xasara- (zhazala-) 3. xa:ara- fiazala-)

4. qala.na- (ilizala-) 5. ceza ver6. x,e3a oep- jeza ber7. -!l;L (azala-) 8. xa:roaa- jazola-

5. maksat 6. uaxcar maksat 7. .:,<-ir. (m?iqslt) 8. rua(caA maqsad n. J, rryn KHcocH pul kisosi 2. 4,anrunr6, (qapshrq) 3. xarrqnrx (kapchrk) 4. axqa gur{bu"br

1. qarn caza 2. nasa (zhuza) 3. xasa fiaza)

4. x,asa (iilza) 5. ceza 6. 4esa jeza 7. l;t1 $aza) 8. xaro jazo

(akcha yanchrgr)