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17 May. Thu. 2018

/fli6«o b}lgs

k[i7 $, d"No ?= #.–

k|bz] ;efsf] bf];f| ] clwj]zg z'? cg'df]bg ;dfrf/÷wgu9L k| b ] z gDa/ & sf] bf] ; | f ] ;+ ;b clwj] z g a' w af/b] l v ;+ ;b ejg wgu9Ldf z'? ePsf] 5 . ;ft gDa/ k|b]z k|d'v df]xg/fh dNnsf] clwj] z g cfXjfg ;DaGwL kq a}7ssf] cWoIftf ul//x]sL pk;efd'v lgd{ n f a8fn -hf] z L_ n] k9] / ;' g fPkl5 ;+ l jwfgsf] wf/f !*@ sf] pkwf/ ! adf]lhd a}7s cf/De ePsf] atfOg\ . k|b]z ;efsf] bf];f| ] clwj]zgn] cfufdL cfly{s jif{ @)&%÷)&^ sf nflu jflif{ s ah] 6 , gLlt tyf sfo{qmd ;d]t Nofpg]5 . a'waf/ a;]sf] a} 7 sdf cfly{ s dfldnf tyf of] hgf dGqL emk6axfb'/ jf]x/fn] cfly{s jif{ @)&%÷)&^ sf] ljlgof]hg ljw]ossf] l;4fGt, p2]Zo, k|fyldstf / k|d'v gLlt -s/ k|:tfj afx]s_ k|:t't u/]sf lyP . dGqL af]x/fn] k|b]z gDa/ & sf] k|b]z cfly{s sfo{ljlw P]g, @)&$ sf] bkmf ( tyf k|bz ] ;ef lgodfjnL @)&$ sf] pklgod @ sf] sfg'gL Joj:yf cg'¿k ljlgof]hg ljw]ossf l;4fGt, p2]Zo, k|yfldstf / k|d'v gLltx¿ k]z u/]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . dGqL jf] x /fn] k| : t' t u/] s f] ljw]osdf hgtfsf] ljsf; k|ltsf] rfxgf / k|b]z ;/sf/sf] gLltaLr tfbDotf sfod ug]{ k|d'v p2]Zo lnO{ cfufdL cfly{s jif{sf] ah]6sf] tof/L ul/g] atfP . pgn] ;+3Lotf sfof{Gjogsf nflu cfjZos sfg' g agfpg' , k" jf{ w f/ ljsf; ug'{, k|b]zjf;Lsf] hLjg:t/df ;'wf/ Nofpg', s[lifdf cfw'lgsLs/0f / Joj;foLs/0f ug'{, ef}lts k"jf{wf/ ljsf; ug'{, ko{6g If]qsf] ljsf; / lj:tf/ ;fy /f]huf/L l;h{gf ug'{, u'0f:t/Lo cfwf/e"t ;]jfdf hgtfsf] kx'r“ :yflkt ug'{ / o; k|bz ] nfO{ cfly{s ;d[l 4sf] af6f] tkm{ pGd' v u/fpg' cfly{s jif{sf] ah]6sf p2]Zo /x]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . dGqL jf]xf]/ fn] k|: t't u/] sf] ljw]osdf ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGq

;f+;bx¿n] eg]– ljkb\kLl8tnfO{ /fxt b]pm k|bz] gDa/ & sf ;f+;bx¿n] k|bz] sf gf} j6} lhNnfdf, klx/f], cl;gfa[li6 tyf xfjfx'/L, cfunfuL nufotsf b}jL k|sf]ksf kLl8tnfO{ tTsfn Ifltk"lt{ tyf /fxt pknAw u/fpg k|bz] ;/sf/;“u dfu u/]sf 5g\ . a'waf/b]lv z'? ePsf] k|bz] ;efsf] bf];f| ] clwj]zgsf] klxnf] a}7sdf ljz]if ;do lnP/ af]Ng] ;f+;bx¿n] xfjfx'/L, tyf cl;gfa[li6af6 ePsf] hgwgsf] Ifltsf] k"0f{ ljj/0f ;+;bnfO{ hfgsf/L u/fpg klg ;/sf/;“u dfu u/] . ljz]if ;dodf k|d'v k|ltkIfL g]kfnL sf“u;]| sf ;f+;b /0faxfb'/ /fjnn] k|bz] sf ljleGg :yfgdf cfPsf] xfjfx'/L, cl;gfa[li6, r6\ofª tyf klx/f]df Hofg u'dfPsf JolQmsf kl/jf/hgnfO{ tTsfn /fxt / Ifltk" lt{ k| bfg ug{ tyf 3fOt]x¿sf] plrt pkrf/sf] Joj:yf ug{ ;/sf/;“u dfu u/] . ;f+;b /fjnn] efif0fn] dfq}

k|b]zsf] ;d[l4sf ;Dej gx'g] atfP . ‘ca sfd ug{ klg ;/sf/n] Wofg lbg'k5{’ ;f+;b /fjnn] eg]– ‘tkfO{x¿ 7fp“–7fp“df of] u5'{ p u5'{ eg]/ af]Ng' x'G5, t/ sfd s]xL ug'{x'“b}g .’ pgn] g]kfnL sf“u|];n] k|b]zsf] ljsf; ug]{ ;jfndf ;w}+ ;sf/fTds / ;xof]uL x'g] rrf{ u/] . eg]– ‘xfdL k|b]zsf] ;d[l4sf nflu ;/sf/nfO{ ;xof]u ug{ tof/ 5f}+, tkfO{x¿ ;a};“u ;Nnfx, ;'e mfj, 5nkmn u/]/dfq cfufdL ah]6sf] gLlt tyf sfo{qmd Nofpg'xf];\ .’ ;f+;b /fjnn] k|b]z ;/sf/n] rLg;“usf] gfsf vf]Ng], uf}/Lkm06f gfsfsf] :t/f]GgtL ug]{, klZrd–;]tL kl/of] hgfnfO{ k|fyldstfdf /fVg ;'emfj lbP . pgn] k|b]zdf pBf]u Joj;fo ga9fP;Dd /f]huf/L a9fpg g;lsg] bf]xf]¥ofP . a} 7 sdf /fli6« o hgtf

kf6L{sL ;+;b dfnfdtL /fgfyf¿n] k|bz] ;/sf/n] ;Gt'lnt 9+un] k|bz] sf] ah]6, gLlt sfo{qmd Nofpg'kg]{ atfOg\ . pgn] k|bz] ;/sf/n] k|To]s /fhgLlts bnsf] ;+;bLo bnsf] sfof{no pknAw u/fpg dfu ul/g\ . ljz]if ;dodf af]Nb} Pdfn] ;+;b nLnfw/ e§n] xfjfx'/L, cl;gfkfgL nufotsf b}jL k|sf]ksf 36gfdf Hofg u'dfPsf tyf 3fOt]x¿ / kLl8tnfO{ Ifltk"lt{ / /fxtsf sfo{qmd 3f]if0ff ug{ ;/sf/;“u dfu u/] . ;f+;b e§n]] k|b]z ;/sf/;“u hgtfsf ck] I ff al9/x] klg k| b ] z ;/sf/ cndndf /x] s f] cf/f]k nufP . dfcf] j fbL s] G b| s f ;f+ ; b dfgaxfb'/ wfdLn] pRr lxdfnL e]ub]lv t/fO{;Dd ljkb\sf sf/0f s/f]8f}+sf] Iflt, ls;fgx¿sf e] 8 f, afv| f , s'v'/f, s]/f, -af“sL # k]hdf_

sfof{ G jogsf nflu cfjZos sfg'gL tyf ;+:yfut ;+/rgf lgdf{0f ug{ , k| b ] z sf] ljsf;sf nflu cNksfnLg, dWosflng tyf bL3{sfnLg cfjlws of]hgf, If]qut Pjd\ ljifout gLltx¿ lgdf{0f ug{, ;+ l jwfg k| b Q df} l ns xssf]

k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog, cfufdL cfly{s jif{ s f] ah] 6 lgdf{ 0 f ubf{ rfn' cfly{s jif{ )&$÷&% sf] ah] 6n] lgwf{/0f u/]sf k|fyldstf, pNn]v ePsf ;DefJo cfof] h gf tyf sfo{qmdx¿nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg] u/L ah]6 ljlgof]hg, ;dfhdf b]lvPsf

lje] b sf] cGTo u/L ;dftfd" n s ;dfhsf] ljsf;, ul/aL Go"gLs/0f nlIft sfo{qmd nufot k|fyldstfsf sfo{qmd /x]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . dGqL jf] x /fn] k| : t' t u/] s f] ljlgof]hg ljw]osdflysf] 5nkmn z'qmaf/ bf];|f] a}7sdf x'g] 5 .

ckf+utf tyf h]i7 gful/ssf nflu cf“vf lzlj/ cg'df]bg ;dfrf/÷nDsL s} n fnLsf] ab{ u f] l /of ufp“kflnsfdf a'waf/ ckf+utf ePsf JolQm tyf h]i7 gful/sx¿sf nflu

rf“of, kf]tf], rfp/Lkg x6fpg] lqmd kfOG5 .

lgMz'Ns cf“vf lzlj/ ePsf] 5 . ab{uf]l/of ufp“kflnsf j8f gDa/ $ sf] cfof]hgf / ufp“kflnsf :jf:Yo zfvf tyf wgu9L -af“sL $ k]hdf_

wgu9L M )(!–%@&$)^, df]= (*%*$@!&&$ 6Lsfk'/ M )(!–%^!@((, df]= (*$*$#@**(

kmf]xf]/ Joj:yfkg s]Gb| lgdf{0fsf nflu 5nkmn cg'df]bg ;dfrf/÷wgu9L wgu9L pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] j8f gDa/ @ df]xgfgbL lsgf/df PsLs[t kmf]x/ Joj:yfkg s]Gb| lgdf{0f ug]{ s'/fdf ;xdtL h'6fpg 5nkmn z'? u/]sf] 5 . a'waf/ gu/ k|dv ' g[kaxfb'/ j8n] PsLs[t kmf]xf]/ Joj:yfkg s]Gb| :yfkgf tyf ;~rfngaf/] wgu9Ldf /fhgLlts bnsf k|ltlglwx¿;“u ;+o'Qm ¿kdf 5nkmn u/] . a'wjf/ ljleGg /fhgLlts bnsf pkdxfgu/kflnsf :t/Lo gu/ sld6Lsf k|d'v tyf k|ltlglwx¿;“u 5nkmn ul/Psf] gu/ k|d'v j8n] atfP . ‘of] d gu/ k| d' v eP/ cfpg'eGbf klxn] lg0f{o ePsf] s'/f] xf] ’ 5nkmnkl5 gu/ k| d' v j8n] ;~rf/sdL{x¿;“u eg]– ‘;a} bnsf

g]tfx¿ PsLs[t kmf]x/ Joj:yfkg s]Gb| lgdf{0f ug]{ s'/f]df ;sf/fTds 5g\ .’ /fhgLlts bnx¿;“ u sf] 5nkmnkl5 PsLs[t kmf]x/ Joj:yfkg s] G b| lgdf{ 0 fsf ljifodf pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] kqsf/ ;Dd]ng ;d]t u/]sf] lyof] . kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf gu/ k|dv ' j8n] cfkm"x¿n] j8f gDa/ @ cGo j8fsf] eGbf ljsf;df k5fl8 k/]sfn] Toxf“ PsLs[t kmf]x/ Joj:yfkg s]Gb| lgdf{0fsf] of]hgf ;~rfng ug{ vf]hs ] f] atfP . pgn] eg]– ‘xfdLn] Toxf“ PsLs[t kmf]x/ Joj:yfkg s]Gb| dfq} lgdf{0f ug]{ 5}gf}+ ljsf;df k"jf{wf/x¿ ;d]t lgdf{0f ug]{ 5f} + .’ gu/k|d'v j8n] PsLs[t kmf]x/ Joj:yfkg s]Gb| lgdf{0f ug]{ / Toxf“ /f]huf/L lbg] ljifodf klg Toxf“sf afl;GbfnfO{ k|fyldstfdf /flvg] atfP .

u8\8frf}sLdf cfwf lsnf] ;'g;lxt b'O{ kqmfp cg'df]bg ;dfrf/÷wgu9L a' w af/ laxfg s~rgk' / sf] u8\8frf}sLaf6 cfwf s]hL ;'g ;lxt b'O{ ef/tLo gful/snfO{ g]kfn k|x/Ln] kqmfp u/]sf] 5 . g] k fnaf6 ef/ttkm{ uO/x] sf] ef/tLo gDa/ Kn]6sf] hLkdf ;'g /fv]/

n}hfb} u/]sf] uf]Ko ;"rgfsf cfwf/df s~rgk'/ lhNnf eG;f/ sfof{nosf] 6f]nLn] cfwf s]hL ;'g ;lxt b'O{ hgf ef/tLo gful/snfO{ kqmfp u/]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 . n]jn gnfu]sf] cfwf s]hL ;'g -af“sL # k]hdf_ ;lxt ef/tsf]

s] tkfO{ 5fnf tyf of}g /f]uaf6 u|l;t x'gx ' G' 5 < olb x'gx ' G' 5 eg] wgjGt/L cfo"j{]b xl:k6n P08 l;;h{ ;]G6/ tyf dftf dgsfdgf cfo'j{]b lSnlgs k|flnsf jl/i7 5fnf tyf of}g /f]u 8f= lzj/fd vltj8f wgu9Ldf olx ldlt @)&% h]7 @ / # ut] cfpg nfUg' ePsfn] ;dod} :jf:Yo k/LIf0f u/fO{ ljz]if ;]jfsf] nfe lng'xf];\ . 8fS6/åf/f lbOg] ;]jf != 5fnf M cg'xf/df ePsf bfu, 808Lkmf]/, 5fnf lrnfpg], rfof sfnf]kf]tf] bfb b'jL, ;]tf] b'jL, PnhL{, sf]7L, d';f cflbsf] pkrf/ . @= of}g k'?ifdf b]lvg] M lz3| ktg, of}g ;Gt'li6df sdL, of}g rfxgf gx'g,] of}g Ifdtfdf sdL, of}gf· lrnfpg], :jKg bf]if, wft' v:g], lk;fj kf]Ng] cflbsf] pkrf/ . dlxnfdf b]lvg] M ;]tf] kfgL aUg], of}gf· lrnfpg], dlxgfjf/L u8a8L, tNnf]k]6 b'Vg], kf7]3/ ;DalGwt ;d:of .

gf]6M sf]7L, d';f, 808Lkmf]/sf] ljz]if pks/0fåf/f pkrf/ .

cfjZostf o; cg'df]bg b}lgssf nflu wgu9L gu/ If]qdf klqsf ljt/ssf] cfjZostf ePsf]n] OR5's JolQmn] t'?Gt ;Dks{ ug'{xf]nf .

cg'df]bg /fli6«o b}lgs wgu9L, s}nfnL

la/fdL hf“Rg] ;do M @)&% h]7 @ ut] laxfg ! ah]bl] v ;f“em $ ah];Dd @)&% h]7 # ut] laxfg ( ah]bl] v ;f“em $ ah];Dd

dftf dgsfdgf cfo'jb]{ lSnlgs k|fln wgu9L, # rf}/fxf -ljzfngu/ /f]8 hfg] af6f]_ kmf]g g+= M )(!–$!&!%&, df]= (*%*$@!&()

wgu9L pkdxfgu/kflnsf–$, pQ/a]x8L


/fli6«o b}lgs

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cfwf/e"t cfjZostfaf/] Wofg b]pm :yfgLo txsf] klxnf] r/0fsf] lgjf{rg ePsf] Ps jif{ k'lu;s]sf] 5 . wgu9L pkdxfgu/kflnsf nufot s]xL :yfgLo txdf lgjf{rg ePsf] P3f/ dlxgf k'us ] f] 5 . of] cjlwdf :yfgLo txsf] sfdsf/afxLsf] cj:yf s] /Xof] <, lgjf{lrt hgk|ltlglw cfO;s]kl5 cfd gful/sn] s:tf] kl/jt{gsf] cg'ej u/] <, ;fj{hlgs ;]jf k|jfxsf] cj:yf s:tf] /Xof] <, of] cjlwdf ljsf; lgdf{0fsf] ult s:tf] /Xof] <, ;fj{hlgs hjfkmb]xLtf, kf/blz{tf, ljQLo cg'zf;g, hgtfsf u'gf;fsf] ;Daf]wgsf] cj:yf, lg0f{o k|lqmofdf hgtfsf] ;xeflutf nufotsf ;'zf;gsf dfgs ;'wf/df s] s:tf] k|of; eP < /, ;du|df ;DalGwt :yfgLo txsf hgtfn] ;sf/fTds kl/jt{gsf] cg'el" t ug{ kfP ls kfPgg\ < pgLx¿sf] hLjg ljutsf] t'ngfdf ;xh aGg ;Sof] ls ;s]g < jf pgLx¿df cfzf / ljZjf; a[l4 x'g ;Sof] jf ;s]g\ < nufotsf kIfsf] uDeL/ ;dLIff ug'k{ g]{ a]nf eO;s]sf] 5 . oL ;a} kIfsf] k|f/lDes / ;/;tL{ d"Nof+sg ubf{ cfd gful/sn] hglgjf{lrt :yfgLo ;/sf/ cfO;s] klg cfkm\gf] hLjg ;xh aGg ;s]sf] cg'ej ug{ ;s]sf] b]lvb}g . pbfx/0fsf nflu wgu9L pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf] 8'dlnofsf afl;Gbfn] clxn];Dd klg ljB't ;]jf pkef]u ug{ gkfPsf] cj:yfnfO{ lng ;lsG5 . z'4 vfg]kfgLsf] kx'r“ af6 al~rt x'gk' /]sf] cj:yfn] pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] ;fj{hlgs ;]jf k|jfxk|lt slQsf] Wofg lbO/x]sf] 5 eGg] b]vfp“5 . xf], Ps jif{sf] cjlwdf g} hgtfsf tdfd cfsf+Iff tyf dfusf] ;Daf]wg x'g ;Dej x'b“ }g, t/ cfd hgtfn] cfkm\gf] glhssf] ;/sf/n] l7s af6f] lnO/x]sf] 5 eGg] cg'ej u/]s} x'g' kb{5 . vfg]kfgL, ljB't, lzIff, :jf:Yo, ;/;kmfO{, ;~rf/, ;'/Iff h:tf cfwf/e"t ;]jfsf] cefjdf ljsf; lgdf{0fsf hlt;'s} 7"nf7"nf of]hgf ;~rfng ul/P klg To;sf] cy{ x'b“ g}  . ;d[l4sf] cy{ 7"nf7"nf ;efu[x cyjf cfw'lgs ;'ljwf;DkGg a;kfs{ cyjf rf}8f ;8s, pBfg cyjf cfsfz]kn' dfq} xf]Ogg\ . oL ;'ljwfsf] pkef]u ug]{ slt hgtf x'G5g\ < cfd gful/snfO{ ;a}eGbf a9L s'g s'/fn] ;'ljwf / /fxt k|bfg ub{5 eGg] d'Vo ;jfn xf] . To;}n] k|To]s ;/sf/n] ;a}eGbf klxn] cfd gful/ssf cfwf/e"t ;]jf / cfjZostfsf] cfk"lt{df Wofg lbPs} x'g' kb{5 . wgu9L pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] s]xL lbgcl3 of] Ps jif{sf] cjlwdf ePu/]sf sfo{ k|ult ljj/0f k|:t't ug]{ qmddf ef}lts ;+/rgf lgdf{0fnfO{ g} al9 k|fyldstf lbPsf] kfOG5 . o:t}, cj:yf c¿ :yfgLo txsf] klg b]lvG5 . o;sf] ;f]emf] cy{ hgtfsf cfjZostf / dfusf] k|fyldsLs/0fdf sxL g sxL r's ePsf] 5 eGg] g} xf] . s'g} klg /fhgLlts kl/jt{gn] cfd gful/ssf] hLjg ;xh agfPsf] x'g' kb{5 . hgtfn] cfkm\gf cfjZostf / dfuk|lt ;/sf/ uDeL/ ePsf] / cfk"lt{sf nflu 7f]; k|of; ul//x]sf] cg'e"lt ug{ kfPsf] x'g' kb{5 . 8'dlnof Ps pbfx/0f dfq} xf] . zx/L If]q dflgPsf :yfgdf a;f]af; ug]{ gful/sn] klg sltko ;Gbe{df cfwf/e"t ;]jfaf6 al~rt x'g'k/]sf] cg'ej ug'{ la8Dagf g} xf] . To;}n], pkdxfgu/kflnsf cyjf k|To]s :yfgLo ;/sf/n] hgtfsf cfwf/e"t cfjZostfsf cfwf/df ;]jf k|jfx ug]{ 7f]; k|of; ug'{ kb{5 . g] k fn PsLs/0fsf] g] t [ T j ;Dxfn]sf a8fdxf/fhf k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] lj=;+= !*@% df sf7df8f}+ pkTosf ljho u/]kZrft\ ljuts} k|zf;lgs k4ltnfO{ lg/Gt/tf k|bfg u/] . To;a]nf /fhfn] rf}tl/of / cGo ef/bf/L ;efsf] ;xfotfn] zf;g ;~rfng ub{ y ]   . k[ Y jLgf/fo0f zfxnfO{ /fHo lj:tf/ / ljhosf qmddf ;3fp k'¥ofpg] cof{n, kf08], vgfn, kGt, af]x/f / /fgf y/sf 5 hfltnfO{ ‘y/3/’ sf gfdn] k|zf;gsf] dflyNnf] ;d"xdf ;+nUg ul/Paf/]sf] ljj/0f Oltxf;sf/n] k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ . sf]tkj{sf] 36gfkZrft\ lj=;+= !()# df h+uaxfb'/ s'“j/ g]kfnsf zlQmzfnL k|wfgdGqL aGg k'u] . h+uaxfb'/ b]zdf hxflgof“ /f0ff zf;g :yflkt ug{ ;kmn /x]sfn] lj=;+= !()# b]lv lj=;+= @))& ;Ddsf] !)$ jif{df bz hgf /f0ff k|wfgdGqLn] Ps5q zf;g ug]{ df}sf kfP . o; cjlwdf /f0ff k| w fgdGqLn] k| z f;gsf dxŒjk"0f{ kbdf cfkm\gf kl/jf/ /

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lzIffdf 36\bf] ah]6 ;+ljwfgn] lzIffnfO{ df}lns xssf] ¿kdf :jLsf/ ug{'sf ;fy} lgMz'Ns tyf clgjfo{ cfwf/e"t lzIff / lgMz'Ns dfWolds lzIffnfO{ /fHosf] k"0f{ bfloTjleq /fv]sf] 5 . of] k|fjwfg sfof{Gjog ug{ ljBfno lzIffdf JolQmaf6 s'g} z'Ns glnO{ cfjZos ;a} ;|ft] ;/sf/n] pknAw u/fpg'k5{ . o;sf nflu ;/sf/n] x/]s jif{ ;fj{hlgs ah]6sf] ‘7"nf] lx:;f’ lzIffdf vr{ ug{k' 5{ . slt ah]6 vr{ u/]df To;nfO{ ‘7"nf] lx:;f’ dfGg] eGg]df ljleGg dt x'g ;S5g\ . t/ cGt/f{li6«o :t/df :jLsf/ ul/Psf] dfgs adf]lhd x/]s d'ns ' n] lzIffdf cfkm\gf] s'n ufx{:y pTkfbgsf] $–^ k|ltzt jf ;fj{hlgs ah]6sf] !%–@) k|ltzt ah]6 vr{ ug{k' 5{ elgPsf] 5 . g]kfndf s]xL jif{b]lv lzIff If]qdf ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] ah]6sf] k|ltzt -c+z_ 36\bf] qmddf 5 . cfly{s jif{ @)^&÷^* df !&=!! k|ltzt /x]sf] ah]6 qmdzM 36\b} cfly{s jif{ @)&$÷&% df cfOk'Ubf (=(! k| l tztdf em/] s f] 5 . ;fj{hlgs ah]6sf] t'ngfdf lzIff ah]6sf] k|ltzt 36] klg ah]6sf] dfqf a9]s} 5 eGg] ts{ klg ;'lgG5, h'g jf:tljs xf]Og . x/]s jif{sf] ah]6 rfn' d"Nodf aGg] ePsfn] jf:tljs d"Nodf pQm ah]6 s:tf] 5 egL x]g]{ ul/Psf] 5}g . pbfx/0fsf nflu utjif{sf] !)) ?k}ofF / o; jif{sf] !)) ?k}ofF b'j} a/fa/h:tf] b]lvP klg d'b|fl:kmtLsf sf/0f pQm b'O{ /sdsf] jf:tljs d"No km/s–km/s x'g;S5 . utjif{ !)) ?k}of“n] Pp6f skL vl/b ug{ ;lsGYof] eg] o; jif{ !)) ?k}of“n] ;f]xL u'0f / k|s[ltsf] skL lsGg ;ls“b}g . o;sf nflu !!) ?k}of“ nfUg ;S5 -olb d'bf| l:kmtL !) k|ltzt ePdf_ . o; cg';f/ utjif{ !)) ?k}of“sf] d"No / o; jif{ !!) ?k}of“sf] d"No a/fa/ x'g cfpg] b]lvG5 . t;y{ lzIffdf ut jif{eGbf o; jif{ ah]6sf] dfqf cfj/0fdf a9]sf] b]lvP klg jf:tljs d"Nodf Tof] gx'g ;S5 . ljut s]xL jif{b]lv clxn];Dd lzIff ah]6 psfnf] nfUg ;s]g, lg/Gt/ 3l6/Xof] . oBlk ;a} bnsf] egfOdf lzIff k|fyldstfdf lyof] . ljutb]lv g} lzIffnfO{ k|fyldstfdf /fVg'k5{ elgof], t/ To; egfOnfO{ sfof{ G jogdf NofOPg . clxn] /fhgLlts kl/b[Zo km/s 5 . ;+3Lo zf;g k4ltdf ;+3Lo ;/sf/n] klxnf] ah]6 Nofp“b5 }  . pQm ah]6df lzIffn] Jofjxfl/s ¿kd} s] slt k|fyldstf kfpnf eGg] ljifo cfd rf;f]sf] ¿kdf 5 . bnsf] 3f] if0ffkqdf pNn]v eP adf]lhd lzIffdf ah]6

a9\ 5 eGg] d f cfdhg ljZj:t b]lvG5g\ . lzIffdf ;fj{hlgs ah]6 j[l4sf] s'/f ul//x“bf o;sf cGo b'O{ kIf -;dtf / ;Ifdtf_ df klg Wofg lbg' k 5{   . lsgls ah] 6 a9\ b } d f To;af6 nlIft ;d"x nfeflGjt x'G5g\ / a9]sf] ah]6 ;xL 9+uaf6 ;b'kof]u x'G5 eGg] lglZrt gx'g klg ;S5 . pRrtd k|ltkmnsf nflu lzIffdf kof{ K t ah] 6 ljlgof] h g ug{ , ljlgof]lht ah]6af6 nlIft ;d"xnfO{ nfeflGjt u/fpg / pknAw ah]6nfO{ sd Ifltdf pRrtd 9+uaf6 ;b'kof]u ug{ lgDg s'/fdf Wofg lbg'k5{ . kof{Kttf M lzIffdf slt ah]6 eP k'U5 eGg]df Psdt 5}g . lzIff k|0ffnLdf to ul/g] dfkb08, dfgs / d"No ;DaGwL gLltut k|fjwfgn] ah]6sf] dfqfnfO{ Go'gtd / ck'usf] ¿kdf b]vfpg ;S5 . pbfx/0fsf nflu * jif{sf] lgz'Ns / clgjfo{ cfwf/e"t lzIffsf nflu Go'gtd x'g] /sd ( jif{sf] clgjfo{ lzIffsf nflu ck' u x' G 5 . o;} u /L s] slt hg;+Vofsf] nflu s:tf] ljBfno :yfkgf ug]{, ;fwf/0f / k|fljlws

ju{nfO{ yk ;xof]u pknAw u/fpg' klg xf] . ;a}nfO{ a/fa/ -ANofÍ]6_ k|0ffnLaf6 pknAw ah]6 ljlgof]hg ubf{ pQm sfo{ kf/bzL{ aGg ;Snf, t/ ;dtfd"ns sbflk aGg ;Sb}g . ;a} n fO{ 5fqj[ l Q oxL ANofÍ] 6 cjwf/0ffdf cfwfl/t 5 . ah]6 dfgj lxtsf nflu xf] . oxL dfgj ljleGg ;d"x / ju{df ljeQm 5, h;sf] aLrdf c;dfgtf klg 5 . o:tf] c;dfgtf JolQm jf JolQm /xg] :yfg ljz]ifsf sf/0f klg x'g;S5 . logLx¿dWo] sdhf]/nfO{ yk ;xof]u k'Ug] 9+uaf6 pknAw ah]6 ljlgof]hg ug{;s] dfq Gofo x'G5 . o;}u/L lzIffdf clxn] /fHosf] tkm{af6 ;xof]u ug{'kg]{ PsfO ‘JolQm’ /x]sf] 5 . JolQmnfO{ k|bfg ul/Psf] k|f]T;fxgaf6 3/kl/jf/n] nfe lng g;Sbf JolQmnfO{ lzIffdf cfslif{t ug{ sl7g b]lvPsf] 5 . ljBfno cfPsf aRrfn] ljBfno 5f]8\g'sf sf/0fdWo] of] klg Pp6f xf] . lsgls ul/a tyf ljkGg kl/jf/sf aRrfnfO{ 3/tkm{ tfGg] ‘k'n km\ofS6/’ alnof] b] l vof]   . afns jf aflnsfsf] k9fOnfO{ ;fGble{s / ;kmn agfpg

cfly{s jif{ @)^&÷^* df !&=!! k|ltzt /x]sf] ah]6 qmdzM 36\b} cfly{s jif{ @)&$÷&% df cfOk'Ubf (=(! k|ltztdf em/]sf] 5 . lzIff s] s;/L ;~rfng ug] { , kf7\oqmd s:tf] x'g], sltj6f ljifo cWofkg u/fpg], lzIfssf] of]Uotf / tflnd s] s:tf] x'g,] efiffsf] dfWod s] x'g,] z}Ifl0fs lqmofsnfk / z}lIfs ;fdu|L s:tf] x'g], k|ljlwsf] k|of]u s] s;/L ug]{, cgf}krfl/s lzIff s] s:tf] df]8naf6 ;~rfng ug]{ h:tf ljifon] lzIffdf Go'gtd ¿kdf slt ah]6 rflxG5 egL lgSof]n{ ug{ ;xof]u k'U5 . olb oL dfgsx¿sf] :t/ a9fOof] eg] clxn]s} ah]6 ck'u x'g;S5 / Go'gtd cj:yfdf k'Ug k'gM ah]6 a9fpg'k5{ . t;y{ ;fj{hlgs ah]6df kof{Kttfsf] ljifo ;Daf]wg ug{ clxn] ePsf ljBfnox¿df ;fljss} k4ltaf6 cg'bfg pknAw u/fpg] e Gbf klg lzIff ;] j fsf] k'g :;+ /rgf cfjZos 5 . o;n] ePsf ljBfno, sfo{/t lzIfs / hgzlQm, ;] jfsf] k| s[ lt / ;]jf k|jfxsf] :j?k abNg ;sf];\ . ;dtf M lzIffdf h]hlt ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/]sf] eP klg To;af6 s;n] nfe k|fKt u/]sf] 5 eGg] ljifonfO{ uDeL/ ¿kdf lng'k5{ . pknAw ah]6af6 s;n] nfe kfO/x]sf] 5 eGg] kIf ;dtf;“u ;DalGwt x'G5 . ;fj{hlgs ah]6sf] p2]Zo sdhf]/

3/kl/jf/nfO{ g} ;sf/fTds agfpg' cfjZos x' G 5 . o;sf nflu ;/sf/n] lbg] k|f] T;fxgsf] PsfO ‘3/kl/jf/’ x'g'k5{ . o; ;xof]unfO{ cfdf / aRrfsf] :jf:Yo k/LIf0f, afnaflnsfsf] k9fOsf] lg/Gt/tf / l;sfO pknlAw;“u cfa4 ug{ ;lsG5 . a|flhn, d]lS;sf] nufotsf sltko d'ns ' n] ;fdflhs ;'/Iff Pj+ ;'/Iff hfnf] sfo{qmd cGtu{t ‘;t{df cfwfl/t cg'bfg x:tfGt/0f’ -slG8;gn Sof; 6« f G;km/_ sf gfdaf6 ul/a 3/kl/jf/nfO{ ;xof]u u/]/ lzIffdf pNn]Vo k|ult xfl;n u/]sf 5g\ . gof“ cfly{s jif{sf] ah]6 alg/xFbf ANof+s6] cjwf/0ffdf lzIff dGqfno cGtu{t /x]sf] 5fqj[lQ / cGo lgsfosf] k|fT] ;fxgd"ns sfo{qmdnfO{ k'gM;+/rgf u/]/ 3/kl/jf/nfO{ ;xof]usf] PsfO sfod u/L ah]6nfO{ ;dGoflos agfpg' cfjZos 5 . o;af6 ;dtfd"ns ;dfh lgdf{0fdf Pp6f OF6f yKg ;lsG5 . ;Ifdtf M ah]6 s] slt pknAw eof] / s] s:tf k|of]hgsf nflu vr{ ul/of] eGg] ljifo hlQs} dxŒjk"0f{ pknAw ah]6 s] s;/L k|of]u ul/Psf] 5 eGg] x'G5 . pknAw ah]6sf] ;b'kof]u ug{ g;s]df ah]6 a9fp“b}df o;af6 km/s glthf cfp“b}g . sIff

k|zf;gdf gofF ;+:sf/ Oi6ldqnfO{ g} dxŒjk"0f{ kbdf lgo'lQm ub{ y ] . To; ;dodf ;} l gs / lghfdtL zf;gsf] vf;} cGt/ lyPg . /}tLnfO{ lbOg] dflyNnf] kb ;'Aaf dfq ePsfn] ;j{;fwf/0fn] cfkm\gf ;GttL / z'e]R5'snfO{ cflzjf{b lb“bf ‘;'Aaf ePM’ eGg] rng lyof] . sd{rf/Lsf] lgo'lQm k|To]s jif{ gjLs/0f ug{'kg]{ Joj:yf ePsfn] lgod sfg'gsf] kfngf ;a}n] ug{'kYof]{ . lj=;+= @))& df k|hftGqsf] axfnLkZrft\ b]zdf ax'bnLo zf;g Joj:yf k|f/De ul/of] . lj=;+= @))* df nf]s;]jf cfof]usf] :yfkgf u/L sd{rf/L egf{ lng] k|yf k|f/De ul/of] / lj=;+= @)!# df ;j{ky| d k|wfgdGqL 6+sk|;fb cfrfo{sf kfnfdf lghfdtL ;]jf P]g lgodfjnL th{"df ul/of] t/ k|zf;gdf /f0ff zf;gsf] sfo{z}nL / ;+:sf/df vf;} cGt/ cfPg .

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o;} ;Gbe{df lj=;+= @)!&–$^ sf tL; jif{df k|zf;gnfO{ cem a9L lgolGqt 9+un] ;~rfng ul/of] . s'g} sd{rf/Ln] Joj:yf lj/f]wL sfo{ u/]sf] kfOPdf lghnfO{ krf{ v8fu/L lgj[Q ug]{;Ddsf clwsf/ lghfdtL P]gdf g} ;'/lIft ul/of] . kmntM sd{rf/L Joj:yfk|lt cf:yfjfg /xL ;]jf k|bfg ug{ afWo t'NofOP . lj=;+= @)#^ df ;DkGg hgdt ;+u|xsf a]nfdf eg] sd{rf/Ln] 5ß ¿kdf zf;g Joj:yf kl/jt{gsf] kIfdf hgdt kl/rfng ug{ kl5 k/]gg\ . o;/L ;dli6df x]bf{ g]kfnsf] k|zf;g @)$^ ;Dd Hofb} lgolGqt, s]lGb|st[ / cg'zfl;t 9+un] ;~rfng /x]sf] kfOG5 . lj=;+ = @)$^ sf] hgcfGbf]ngkZrft\ b]zdf ;~rflnt #) jif{sf] lgb{nLo zf;g Joj:yfdf kl/jt{g NofO{ ;+j}wflgs /fhtGqsf]

;+;bLo k|0ffnL :yflkt ul/of] . /fhgLlts kl/jt{g;“u k|zf;gdf ;d]t cfd"n kl/jt{g ug{ lghfdtL ;]jf P]g @)$(, lgodfjnL @)%) lgdf{0f ul/P . P]gdf sd{rf/LnfO{ 6«]8 o'lgog u7g ug]{ clwsf/ ;d]t lbOof] . lj=;+= @)$^–^@ sf] cjlwdf ljleGg /fhgLlts bnsf g]tfx¿n] 6«8] o'lgognfO{ cfkm\gf] elugL ;+:yfsf] ¿kdf :yflkt ub}{ uP . o; cjlwdf o'lgogn] b}lgs k|zf;g ;~rfngb]lv gLlt lgdf{0f sfo{df ;d]t cfkm\gf] k|eT' j hdfp“b} nu] . cf=j= @)^@÷^# sf] hgcfGbf]ngsf ;dodf sfof{no kf]zfsd} sd{rf/L ;/sf/ lj?4 ;8sdf pqFbf o'lgogsf] ultljlw 5tf5'Nn x'g k'Uof] . o:tf] cj:yfdf cfdgful/sn] k| zf;gaf6 l56f] 5l/tf] ;]jf k|fKt ug{ b'is/ x'b“ } uof] . k| z f;g kl/0ffdd' v LeGbf

k|f=8f= eLdb]j e§ k|lqmofd'vLsf] rqmAo"df km:b} uof] . csf{]tkm{ e|i6frf/ k|zf;gsf] cleGg c+u aGg k'Uof] . /fhgLlts ljsf; qmdsf l;nl;nfdf @)^# df ;+ 3 Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGqfTds Joj:yfsf] k|fb'ef{j eof] . t/ lj8Dagf sd{rf/L ljutsf] ;+:sf/, k|j[lQdf s'g} ;'wf/ b]lvPg . ;/sf/n] 7"nf] wg/flz vr{ u/L cflwsfl/s 6«8] o'lgogsf] r'gfj ;DkGg u/fP klg lghfdtL ;]jfdf ax' 6«]8 o'lgogsf] pkl:ylt oyfjt sfod /Xof] . lj=;+= @)&$ df ;DkGg ul/Psf] :yfgLo tx, k|b]z ;ef, k|ltlglw ;ef / /fli6«o ;efsf] lgjf{rgkZrft\ ca b] z df ;+ 3 Lotf cg' ? ksf] zf;g Joj:yf ;~rfng ul/Psf] 5 . o;

xl/ nD;fn 5f8\g,] sIff bf]xf]?o{ fpg] h:tf sfo{n] ah]6 ;b'kof]udf k|Zg p7fO/x]sf] 5 . gS;f+sg lagf ljBfno v'Ng', v'n]sf ljBfnodf bL3{sfnLg of]hgflagf ef}lts lgdf{0f ul/g', sd ljBfyL{ ePsf] :yfgdf w]/} lzIfs /xg', lzIfssf] sfo{af]em cToGt sd x'g' cflbh:tf kIfn] c;Ifdtf b]vfPsf] x'G5 . lsgls hlt;'s} ah]6 a9fP klg pQm ah]6 o:tf sfo{df vr{ x'g] u5{ . t;y{ pknAw ;|f]t / ;fwgsf] pRrtd k|of]u ug]{ ljifo ;Ifdtf xf] . yf]/} ljBfyL{ ePsf] :yfgdf dlN6u| ] 8 sIff ;~rfng ug] { , kf7\oqmd oyfjt /xg]u/L l;km\6df z} l Ifs sfo{ q md ;~rfng ug]{ , ljleGg ljifo cWofkg ug{ ;Sg] lsl;daf6 lzIfssf] Ifdtf ljsf; ug]{, lzIffdf k|ljlw k|of]u ug]{, j}slNks df]8nnfO{ klg ;“u} ljsf; ug]{ h:tf sfo{n] ;|f]tsf] ;Ifdtf a9fpg ;xof]u k'U5 . ;fy} ljBfno lzIff slt jif{sf] x'g], ljBfnodf sltj6f ljifo cWofkg u/fpg], lzIfs tflnd s] slt ;dosf] x'g,] jflif{s kf7\oef/ s] slt ;dosf] x'g,] efiffsf] dfWod s] x'g,] s] s:tf pd]/ ;d"xsfnfO{ s] s:tf] k|sf/sf] lzIff pknAw u/fpg] h:tf ljifo klg lzIff k|0ffnLsf] ;Ifdtf;“u hf]l8Psf x'G5g\ . ;Ifdtf eGgfn] ;|f]tsf] k|of]udfq geO{ ;do Pj+ k|of;sf] k|of]u;“u klg hf]l8Psf] x'G5 . lzIffdf ah] 6 ga9\ b f u'0f:t/df df/ k5{ . jflif{s ¿kdf lzIfs tyf sd{rf/Lsf] u|]8 tyf k]G;gdf ylkg] bfloTj, OGwg tyf ;~rfng vr{df x'g] j[l4 cflbsf sf/0f rfn' vr{ x/]s jif{ a9\g] u5{ . ljlgof]lht ah]6af6 klxnf clgjfo{ bfloTj -tna, eQf, ;~rfng vr{, k]G;g cflb_ df ljlgof]hg u/]kl5 dfq ljsf; sfo{df ljlgof]hg ug]{ k4ltn] ah]6sf] dfqf x/]s jif{ h]hlt ¿kdf j[l4 ePsf] b]lvP tfklg u'0f:t/sf] nflu ah]6 a9]s} x'“b}g . dfly pNn]v ul/P h:t} /sd a9] klg vf; d"Nodf ah]6 ga9]sf] klg x'g;S5 . clg o;af6 lzIffdf ;'wf/sf] cfzf s;/L ug]{ < ;dfhdf /x]sf] c;dfgtf sd ug{ cfwf/e"t lzIffdf ;/sf/n] nufgL a9fpg'k5{, a9]sf] nufgL nlIft ju{df s]lGb|t x'g'k5{ . / pknAw ah]6 ;b'kof]udf cToGt ;+j]bgzLn aGg'k5{ . o;af6 JolQm–JolQm aLrdf /x]sf] c;dfgtf sd x'guO{ ;du| ;dfhdf /x]sf] c;dfgtf sd x'gk'U5 . nD;fn lzIff dGqfnosf ;x;lrj x'g\ . -;fef/M sflGtk'/ b}lgs_ ;Gbe{df ;+ljwfgdf Joj:yf ul/P cg'?k sd{rf/L k|b]z / :yfgLo txdf uO{ tQt\ ;/sf/nfO{ ;3fpg' kg]{ xf] . t/ of] sfo{ ;/n 9+un] cufl8 al9/x] s f] 5} g  . 6\ 8 { o' l gogn] ljleGg dfu /fvL o; sfo{nfO{ ljnDa u/fO{ /x]5g\ . jt{dfg ;dodf s]Gb|df sl/a ** xhf/ sd{rf/L lghfdtL ;]jfdf sfo{/t 5g\ . oLdWo] ^* xhf/ k'?if / af“sL @) xhf/ dlxnf 5g\ . g]kfn ;/sf/n] s]Gb|, k|b]z / :yfgLo txsf nflu cfjZos kg]{ sd{rf/Lsf] ;+Vof qmdzM #@ xhf/, !* xhf/ / &* xhf/ u/L hDdf Ps nfv @@ xhf/ lgwf{/0f u/]sf] 5 . o;dWo] ** xhf/ sd{rf/L dfq pknAw ePsf] ;Gbe{df yk #$ xhf/ gof“ sd{rf/L egf{ ug{'kg]{ b]lvG5 . oL sd{rf/L cfk"lt{ ug]{ ;DaGwdf 7f]; lg0f{osf] vf“rf] 5 . g] k fn ;/sf/n] sd{ r f/L ;dfof]hgaf/] lnPsf] lg0f{o aUuLsf] k5fl8 3f]8f ;flat ePsf] 5 . :yfgLo ;/sf/n]-af“sL # k]h df_


/fli6«o b}lgs

jif{ M @), @)&% h]7 )# ut] laxLaf/

cg'df]bg

g]kfnsf] ko{6g k|j4{gsf nflu b]x/fb"gdf 5nkmn cg'df]bg ;dfrf/÷b]x/fb"g ef/tsf] pQ/fv08 ;/sf/sf ko{ 6 g dGqL / g] k fnsf] Ps k|ltgLlwd08naf aLr ko{6g If]qsf] lj:tf/ / ljsf;af/] 5nkmn ePsf] 5 . d+unjf/ /flt ePsf] 5nkmndf pQ/v08sf ko{6g dGqfnosf] ;d]t lhDd]jf/L ;Dxfn] s f l;+rfO{ , af9 lgoGq0f / ;+ :s[l t dGqL ;tkfn dxf/fhn] g]kfn / ef/tsf ko{6snfO{ Pscsf]{ b]zdf n}hfg h?/L ePsf] atfP . xfdLn] rf/wfd / kz'kltgfynfO{ hf]8]/ wfld{s ko{6g a9fpg ;S5f+} pgsf] egfO{ 5 efiff, ;+:s[lt /xg;xg / vfgkfg ;d]t ldNbf]hN' bf] /x]sf]n] pQ/f~rn / g]kfnsf] ;ft gDa/sf] ko{6g If]q Jojl:yt agfpg' h?/L 5 . k| frLg 9+ u n] g] k fn ef/tsf] wfld{s ko{6g rNb} cfPsf] 5 o;nfO{ cem Jojl:yt agfpg' k g] { df dGqL dxf/fhsf] 7x/ 5 . kz'klt gfy, d'lQmgfy nufotsf If]qdf cfkm" uPsf] :d/0f ub]{ pgn] dfg;/f]a/ ofqf cem ;xh agfpg ;s] g]kfnn] 7"nf] kmfObf lng ;Sg] cfzo klg JoQm u/] . ko{6g hf]8g\ nfO{ snf, ;+:s[lt / nf]k x'b“ } uPsf] vfgfsf ljleGg k|sf/sf] cfbfg k|bfg ug'k{ g]d{ f hf]8 lbPsf dGqL dxf/fhn] k~r]Zj/ hnljB't cfof]hgf ag]kl5 g]kfn / ef/tnfO{ ax'If]qdf kmfObf x'g] ljZjf; u/] . pgn] lvr8L, 8'Ksf, /fOtf, ;]n/f]6L h:tf w]/} vfgfsf k|sf/x¿ g]kfn / ef/tsf] ;femf vfgfsf] k|sf/ /x]sf] rrf{ ub]{ o;sf] hu]gf{ ug'{ kg]{df klg hf]8 lbP . pgn] ko{6g, ;+:s[lt nufotsf If]qsf] ljsf; / k|j4{gsf nflu lnlvt ;'emfj / of]hgfsf] ck]Iff u/]sf lyP . lnlvt of]hgf cfP cfkm"n] d}n} ko{6g If]qsf] ljsf;sf nflu ;Sbf] k|of; u5'{ pgsf] k|ltj4tf lyof] . pgn] g]kfnL k|ltlglwd08nn]

p7fPsf] b]x/fb"g sf7df8f+} l;wf xjfO{ ;] j fsf] dfu k' / f ug{ k| o f; ug] { cfZjf;g klg lbP . dGqL dxf/fhn] g] k fnL 6f] nLnfO{ /flq ef] h lb“ b } pQ/fv08sf] ko{6g ;DjGwL hfgsf/L k':ts klg pkxf/ lbPsf lyP . ;f]§f] g]kfnn] cfGtl/s ko{6g k| j 4{ g sfo{ q md cGtu{ t dGqL dxf/fhnfO{ e]6]sf] lyof] . ;f] e]6df af]Nb} g]skf -Pdfn]_sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o tyf ko{6g k|j{4g ljefusf k|d'v ;"o{ yfkfn] rf/wfd;“u kz'klt gfynfO{ klg hf]8]/ ko{6s cfbfg k|bfg ug'{kg] { wf/0ff /fVf] . pgn] wfld{s If]qsf hfgsf/x¿n] rf/wfd ofqf kz'klt gfysf] ofqfkl5 dfq} k'/f x'g] atfPsf] :d/0f klg u/fPsf lyP . vKt8, z' Snfkmf“6 f, b]x /fb' g, P]ltxfl;s n8fO{ ePsf] If]q gfnfkfgL, xl/åf/, Clifs]z nufotsf If]qnfO{ hf]8/] cl3 hf“bf b'Oj{ 6} b]znfO{ kmfObf x'g] u/]/ pNn]Vo cfGtl/s / afx\o ko{6s Nofpg ;lsg] klg yfkfn] atfPsf lyP . g]tf yfkfn] g]kfnLx¿n] c+u|]h la:tf/afbsf la?4 g]kfnLn] n8]sf 7fp“sf] ;+/If0f ug'{ kg]d{ f hf]8 lbPsf lyP . ;f] cj;/df g] k fnL efifL

;" o { l jqmd zfxLn] P] l txfl;s If] q gfnfkfgL / sfu8fsf] ;+/If0f ;Dj4{g ug{ hf]8 lbPsf lyP . ;~rf/sdL{ k"jf{ l;+xn] klg g]kfnLsf] efjfgfTsd ;DjGw /x]sf] gfnfkfgL / sf“u8fsf] /fd|f] ;+/If0f ug{ ;s] g]kfnL ko{6sx¿ a9\g] ;Defjgf /x]sf] rrf{ u/] . ;f]§f]sf] cfof]hgfdf eO/x]sf] z' S nfkmf“ 6 f, gfnfkfgL / vKt8 cfGtl/s ko{6g k|j4{g ofqfsf ;+of]hs odaxfb' / v8\ s fn] rf“ 8 } ef/tsf pQ/v08 / klZrd g]kfnsf ko{6sLo If]qnfO{ nlIft u/]/ 6"/ Kofs]h agfpg] hfgsf/L lbP . z'Snfkmf“6f, gfnfkfgL / vKt8 cfGtl/s ofqf em08} b'O{;ftf;Dd ;~rfng x'g] pgn] atfP . 6f]nLn] d+unaf/ g} b]x/fb"gl:yt pQ/f~rn k|]; Snjdf kqsf/ e]63f6 u/]/ g]kfnsf] ko{6sLo If]qsf af/]df hfgsf/L u/fPsf] lyof] . ;f] 6f]nLn] s~rgk' / sf] ln+ u f, z' S nfkmf“ 6 f, ef/tsf] xl/4f/, Clifs]z, b]x/fb"g, d;'/L, gfnfkfgL / g}lgtfnsf] e|d0f ul/;s]sf] 5 . 6f]nLdf ;f]§f]df cfj4 ljleGg 6«fen Ph]G;Lsf ;~rfns / kqsf/ u/]/ !$ hgfsf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] 5 .

afn ;+/If0fsf nflu ;r]tgf cleofg •kbd l;+x÷afh'/f

afh'/fdf dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf sfof{non] lqj]0fL gu/kflnsf, a'l9u+uf gu/kflnsf / al8dflnsf gu/kflnsfdf afn ;+/If0fsf nflu kfl/jfl/s ;r]tgf cleofg ;~rfng u/]sf] 5 . lhNnfdf afnljjfx Go"gLs/0f ug{ / afnclwsf/af/] cleefjsnfO{ hfu?s agfpg cleofg ;~rfng ul/Psf] dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf sfof{nosf clws[t laGb' a8fnn] atfOg\ .

;f+;bx¿n] eg]=== t/sf/L nufotdf Iflt ePsf] hfgsf/L lb“b} ‘ls;fgx¿sf] ;d:of ;dfwfg ug{df k|b]z ;/sf/sf] Wofg hfg h?/L ePsf] atfP . ;+ ;b a} 7sdf af]N g] clwsf+; ;f+;bn] ef/tLo k| w fgdGqL g/] Gb| df]bLsf] g]kfn e|d0fsf qmddf g]kfnsf] /fli6«otf cf“r cfpg] ePsf] k|lt tLa| cfklQ hgfP . ljz]if ;dodf dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|sf ;f+;b jL/efg rf}w/L, g]kfnL sf“u];| sf s0f{axfb'/ dNn / clDas'df/L yfkf, zflGt g] k fnL, /tgaxfb' / yfkf, nfnaxfb'/ v8sf, ;'zLnf a'9fyf]sL, gGbaxfb'/ ;fp“b, g]kaxfb'/ rf}w/L nufotn] k| b]zsf ljleGg :yfgdf ePsf] b}jL k|sf]ksf 36gf, ef/tLo k|wfgdGqL df]bLsf] g] kfn e| d0f / /fli6«otfdfly ePsf] k|xf/af/] rrf{ u/]sf lyP . ;+ ; bdf cfPsf] k| Zgsf] k|ltlqmofsf] ;DalGwt dGqfnon] Ps xKtfleq ;+;bdf hfgsf/L lbg'kg] { pk;efd'vn] hfgsf/L lbOg\ .

tkfO{sf] cfhsf] lbg

lqj]0fL gu/kflnsf tf]lndf /x]sf] gjb'uf{ dlxnf tyf art C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yfsf cWoIf kbdf ;fp“bn] ufp“df afnljjfx tyf afnlx+ ;fsf 36gf Go"gLs/0fsf nflu kfl/jfl/s ;r]tgf sfo{qmd ;~rfng ul/Psf] jtfOg\ .

cleofgsf qmddf lqj] 0 fL gu/kflnsf] $, a'l9u+uf gu/kflndfsf] ^ / al8dflnsf gu/kflnsfsf] j8f gDa/ $ / * df sfo{qmd ;~rfng ul/Psf] dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf sfo{non] hgfPsf] 5 .

k|zf;gdf gofF ;+:sf/=== cfkm\gf] sfo{ k|f/De u/]sf] Ps jif{ lalt;Sof] . cfh;Dd ;/sf/n] sd{rf/Ls} Joj:yf ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g . sd{rf/L ;dfof]hgaf/] P]g, lgod klg l9nf] u/L lgdf{0f ul/Psf], P]gdf Joj:yf ul/Psf] :j}lR5s cjsf;sf] ljifodf klg jt{dfg ;/sf/sf] leGg wf/0ff /x]sf], 6«]8 o'lgogn] yk dfu /fVb} uPsf] cflbsf sf/0f ;d:of r'Flnb} uPsf] 5 . sd{ r f/Lsf] cefjdf sfo{ ;Dkfbg ug{ g;s]sf] Joxf]/f hgfO{ k| b ] z ;/sf/n] ;d] t s/f/df sd{rf/L egf{ ug{ kfpg' kg]{ dfu /fVb} cfPsf 5g\ . o; cg'¿k ;/sf/ cufl8 a9]df ef]ln tL sd{rf/L :yfoL ug{ yk ;d:of l;h{gf x'g ;S5 . lzIfs ;]jfdf ljutdf ul/Psf] uNtLaf6 klg o;af/] ;js lng' k5{ . sd{ r f/L ;dfof] h gaf/] ;/sf/n] ljleGg ljsNk k|:t't u/] tfklg ;f] ;kmn x'g ;s]sf] kfO“b}g . k|bz ] / :yfgLo txdf sd{rf/L k7fpg' g} ;d:of ePsf] 5 . sltko cj:yfdf k7fOPsf sd{rf/L klg lkmtf{ ul/Psf 5g\ . s] sfdsf nflu s] s:tf sd{rf/L slt ;+Vofdf cfjZos k/]sf 5g\ eGg]af/] PsLg

gu/L sd{rf/L k7fp“bf yk ;d:of l;h{gf x'g ;S5 . kl5Nnf] ;dodf ‘vbf{ /’ kbsf sd{rf/L cTolws v6fOPsf] / ‘;'Aaf’ kbsf sd{rf/L gk' u ePsf] ljj/0f cfO/x] 5 . :yfgLo txdf cfjZos kg]{ sd{rf/L ;+Vofsf] ;dGjo ;DalGwt k|b]zn] u/]sf] eP a9L oyfy{k/s x'GYof] . :yfgLo ;/sf/sf &%# txn] s]Gb|l;t k|ToIf ;DaGw /fVbf s]Gb| / :yfgLo txsf] b'/L al9/x]sf] 5 . dfly lbOPsf] ljj/0fcg';f/ ;/sf/n] ;+3, k|bz ] / :yfgLo txsf nflu gk'u #$ xhf/ sd{rf/L cfk"lt{ ug]{ af/]sf] u[xsfo{ ;d]t k|f/De ug{ lanDa ug{ ' x' “ b } g  . o;sf ;fy} sd{rf/Ln] klg cfkm"nfO{ ljutsf] h:tf] zf;s g7fgL ;]jssf ¿kdf k|:t't x'g' h?/L 5 . of] ;+:sf/ cjnDag gu/L l;+ x b/af/sf] clwsf/ ufp“3/df k'Ug} ;Sb}g . ctM cfd gful/sn] cg'e"t x'g] u/L ;]jf k|bfg ug{ ;j{ky| d ;a} txsf ;/sf/df sd{rf/Lsf] pkl:ylt clgjfo{ 5 . ljsf;, ;d[l4 / kl/jt{gsf ;+jfxs sd{rf/Ln] cfkm"nfO{ ‘ufp“kms{’ sf] ofqfdf ;dlk{t ug{s ' f] ljsNk b]lvGg . -;fef/M uf]/vfkq b}lgs_

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u8\8frf}sLdf=== xl/of0ff k|fGtsf hLt]Gb| ;fxgL / ;'/]zs'df/ kfnnfO{ kqmfp ul/Psf] u8\8frf}sLsf k|d'v eG;f/ clws[t dbg bfxfnn] atfP . k|d'v eG;f/ clws[ t bfxfnsf cg' ;f/ a/fdb ul/Psf] ;'gsf] tf}n rf/ ;o (^ u|fd /x]sf] 5 . u8\ 8 frf} s L Onfsf k| x /L sfof{nosf O~rfh{ l8s/b]j kGtn] t:s/n] sf7df8f}+af6 s'g} JolQm;“u l8lnª u/]/ ;'g NofPsf] x'g;Sg] atfP . kqmfp k/]sf b'j} hgf ef/tLo gful/snfO{ lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no s~rgk'/sf] lx/f;tdf /flvPsf] 5 . pgLx¿lj?4 eG;f/ P]g @)^$ adf]lhd d'2f rnfOg] eG;f/ sfof{no u8\8frf}sL hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . ;f] P]g cg';f/ ljuf] adf]lhd a/fa/sf] hl/jfgf tyf Ps dlxgfb]lv tLg dlxgf;Dd s}b ;hfo cyfj b'a} ;hfo x'g] Joj:yf /x]sf] 5 .

xfd|f] ;]jfx¿ laxfg ^M)) ah]bl] v ;f"em &M)) ah];Dd gf:tf kl/sf/sf] ;]jf -lrof, skmL, rfpldg cflb_ 1st floor lbpF;f] !@M)) ah]bl] v ;fFem ^M)) ah];Dd /]i6'/G] 6 ;]jf -dMdM, ;]sj' f, tf;, nnLkk_ ;fFem ^M)) ah]bl] v /flt !)M)) ah];Dd bf]xf]/L, ufos uflosx¿sf] ;fydf dgf]/~hg ;+uLt k|lzIf0f, lel8of] 5fof+sg / uLt /]sl8{u+ sf] ;d]t ;'ljwf ePsf] . 2nd floor

k|f]= snfsf/ nfnaxfb'/ yfkf d]g/f]8 wgu9L, s}nfnL, -lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldlt cufl8_

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ldy'g M -sf,ls,s',3,ª,5,s],sf],xf_ :jf:Yo ljifodf wg vr{ xf]nf . cfkmGtdf ljjfb knf{ . sfdsfo{df ljjfb tyf emd]nf cfpFnf .

l;+x M -df=ld=d'=d]=df]=6f=l6=6',6]_ cfF6s ] f] sfo{ ;kmn xf]nf . dfg;Ddfg k|fKt xf]nf . ;'v k|fKt xf]nf . ;do z'e /x]sf] 5 .

j[lZrs M -tf]=gf,lg,g',g],gf],of,oL,o'_ cfly{ s ;+ s6 knf{ . /f]usf] eo xf]nf . ckr tyf c?lrn] ;tfpFnf . cof]Uo ef]hg ldNnf .

ds/ M -ef],hf,lh,lv,vf],v],uf,lu_ k' q , kl/jf/ ljjfb knf{ . k7gkf7gdf cfn:otf xf] n f . sfdsfo{ lju|nf .

sGof M -6f],k,lk,k',if,0f,7,k],kf]_ /fHo kIfaf6 eo kg{ ;Snf . wg, wd{, efUosf] xfgL xf]nf . b]z TofUg' knf{ .

j[if M -O,p,P,cf],jf,jL,j],j',jf]_ cGg, j:q tyf wg nfe xf]nf . ef]hg tyf zogdf ;'v ldNnf . ldq tyf kl/jf/af6 ;xof]u k|fKt xf]nf .

ss{6 M -lx,x',x],xf],8f,l8,8',8],8f]_ cltly ;]jf ug{] df}sf knf{ . wg, j:q, cn+sf/sf] nfe xf]nf . ef]hg tyf zogdf ;'v ldNnf .

t'nf M -/,l/,?,/],/f],tf,lt,t',t]_ zq' gfz xf]nf . pBf]u, Joj;fo ug{ hf]zhfFu/ cfpFnf . wg, j:qflbsf] nfe xf]nf .

s'De M -u',u],uf],;f,l;,;',;],;f],b_ wg' M -of],o],df,le,e',w,kmf,9,e]_ /f]uaf6 d'lQm ldNnf . zq' gfz pb/ -k] 6 _ df kL8f xf] n f . xf]nf . wgfud xf] nf . oz a[l4 :jhg; u emu8f knf{ . dfgl;s lrGtf xf]nf . hnsf] eo kg{ ;Snf . xf]nf . cfgGb xf]nf .

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k~rsd{ ;]jf z'? ul/Psf] hfgsf/L u/fp“b5f}+ . h:t}M xftv'§f b'v]sf], hf]gL{ b'Vg], kf]Ng], emdemdfpg] gzf RoflQPsf], 9f8 sDd/sf] b'vfO{, xftv'§f ;'lGgg' ;Dk"0f{ afy/f]usf] pkrf/ cfo'j{]b k~rsd{ k4ltaf6 ul/G5 . xfd|f] ;]jfx¿M – Nofj – cN6«f;fp08 ;]jf – cflb ;]jf

gu/ sfo{kflnsfsf] sfof{no

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rf}dfnf, s}nfnL & g+= k|b]z, g]kfn

j}hgfy cfo'jb {]

@$ 306fleqdf # jf # eGbf a9L k6s kftnf] lb;f ePdf To;nfO{ emf8fkvfnf elgG5 . udL{sf] df};d;Fu} emf8fkvfnf /f]u;d]t a9\g ;Sg] ePsf] x'Fbf ;dod} ;ts{tf ckgfpg'sf ;fy} hg;d'bfodf :jf:Yo ;Gb]z km}nfO{ emf8fkvfnfn] ubf{ x'g] la/fdLb/ 36fpg tyf ;dodf :jf:Yo pkrf/ u/fO{ emf8fkvfnfaf6 x'g ;Sg] hgwgsf] IfltnfO{ /f]Sg cf-cfˆgf] :yfgaf6 ;xof]usf nflu xflb{s cg'/f]w ub{5f}+ .

;Dks{ :yfg PnPgrf}s, wgu9L, -lqgu/ :s"nsf] gof“ ejg_ kmf]g M )(!–%@%^!#, %@%*@$

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emf8fkvfnfaf6 aRg] pkfO{x¿

• lbzflkzfa ;w} rkL{df dfq} u/f}+ tyf v'Nnf lbzf lkzfasf] cGTo u/f}+ . • vfgf agfpFbf vfbf kmf]x/ j:t' rnfPkl5 tyf lbzf lk;fa wf]Pkl5 ;fa'g kfgLn] ldlrldlr xft w'g] .

• kfgLnfO z'l¢s/0f u/]/ dfq ldpg] . • af;L ;8]un]sf] tyf lemufF eGs]sf] vfg]s'/f gvfg] . • emf8fkvfnf nfUbf 3/}df k'gh{nLo emf]n agfP/ lkpg] / ;kmf kfgL tyf emf]n s'/fx¿ a9L lkpg] .

k'gZr M emf8fkvfnf nfu]df glhs}sf] d=:jf=:j=;]ljsf tyf glhssf] :jf:Yo ;+:yfdf uO{ ;dod} ;]jf lng'x'g cg'/f]w 5 . ;fy} % jif{ d'lgsf afnaflnsfx¿df emf8fkvfnf ePdf k'gh{nLo emf]n tyf lh+s rSsL v'jfpg' kb{5 . lh+s rSsL !) lbg;Dd v'jfpg' kb{5 . emf8fkvfnfsf] pkrf/ :jf:Yo ;+:yfx¿df lgMz'Ns kfOG5 .

!_ jg 89]nf]af6 Ifl0fs kmfO{bf dfq gx]/L 89]nf]af6 x'g] c;/sf] af/]df ufpF, 6f]ndf r]tgf hufP/ . @_ ef}uf]lns cj:yf x]/L ;Dej eP;Dd jg k|fljlwssf] ;xof]udf clUg/]vf lgdf{0f u/]/ . #_ jgdf HjngzLn kftklt+u/nfO{ ;dod} hDdf u/L sDkf]i6 dn jf ;f]Q/sf] ¿kdf k|of]u u/L jg If]qdf HjngzLn a:t'sf] ;+lrtLdf sdL Nofpg] . $_ ;fd'bflos jg ;d"xx¿n] jg sfo{of]hgf cg';f/ jg If]qsf] ;+/If0f ug'{ dxTj"0f{ bfloTj xf] . ;+/If0f sfo{ cGtu{t jg 89]nf] /f]syfd tyf lgoGq0f sfo{ klg kb{5 . jg 89]nf] nfUg glbgtkm{ ;r]t /xg], /f]syfd tyf lgoGq0f ug{ pkef]Qmfx¿df ;r]tgf sfo{qmdx¿ ;~rfng ug]{ . !_ ;fgf]ltgf} 89]nf] nfluxfn]df kfgL, xl/of] :ofpnf, df6f] afn'jf cflbn] xfg]' lgefpg ;lsG5 . @_ lgoGq0f ug{ g;lsg] 89]nf]nfO{ k|lt cUgL ljwL ckgfP/ h:t} M cfuf] cfO/x]sf] lbzflt/ klxn] g} cfuf] nufO{ HjngzLn j:t' ;dfKt u/L 89]nf] lgoGq0f ug{ ;lsG5 . #_ cUgL lgoGq0fdf pkof]uL cf}hf/x¿ h:t} M bfFt], r]K6], v's'/L, ;fj]n, aGr/f], aflN6g cflb k|of]u u/]/ . $_ ;fd'bflos jg ;d"xx¿n] jg 89]nf] nufpg]nfO{ sfo{of]hgf cg';f/ sf/jfxL cflb sfo{x¿ ug]{ / yk sf/jfxL ug'{kg]{ cj:yf eP lhNnf jg sfof{nodf k]z ug]{ .

afx|jg ;fem]bf/L jg Joj:yfkg ;ldlt a]nfb]aLk'/, aNdL s}nfnL

cg'df]bg b}lgssf nflu k|sfzs÷sfo{sf/L ;DkfbsM k|sfzljqmd zfx, k|aGw ;DkfbsM e/t zfx , ;x–;DkfbsM >j0f b]pjf, sfof{noM kfs{df]8, wgu9L, s}nfnL ] , wgu9L, k|wfg ;DkfbsM dgdf]xg :jf“/ kmf]g g+= )(!–%@$#$*÷%@%&^#, Email: anumodan.daily@gmail.com, Website: www.eanumodan.com, d'b0| fM uf8{g/ ckm;]6 k|;

जेठ ०३ गते (epaper)  
जेठ ०३ गते (epaper)  
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