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PRINCIPLES OF INTERIOR DESIGN Submitted by : Anuj Somani IAD (A) Submitted to : Ms. Shachi Parmar

INDEX 1. Analysis of Current Space

1.1 Activity/Aim , Process, Learning Outcome 1.2 Plan of Current Space 1.3 Zoning 1.4 Clearance & Movement 1.5 Access & Proximity 1.6 Quality of Space 1.6.1 Harmony 1.6.2 Symmetry & Asymmetry; Proportion & Disproportion 1.6.3 Balance & Rhythm 1.6.4 Emphasis 1.7 Space Usage 1.8 Surface Finishes 1.9 Bubble Diagram

2. Case Study of a Residence 3. Project Brief 3.1 Design Brief 3.2 Project Brief 3.3 Site Plan, Structure and Elevation

4. Current Quality Table/ Desired Quality Table 4.1 Activity/Aim, Process, Learning Outcome 4.2 Current Quality Table 4.3 Desired Quality Table

5. Current Proximity Matrix/ Desired Proximity Matrix

5.1 Activity/Aim, Process, Learning Outcome 5.2 Current Proximity Matrix 5.3 Desired Proximity Matrix

6. Site Analysis Sheets 6.1 Activity/Aim, Process, Learning Outcome 6.2 Single Plan showing various factors 6.3 Single Section showing various factors

7. Application of Research Methodology in Concept Development 7.1 Activity/Aim, Process, Learning Outcome 7.2 Cultural Usage in Plan 7.3 Inference of Family Members in Plan

8. Adjacency Bubble Diagrams 8.1 Activity/Aim, Process, Learning Outcome 8.2 Three Bubble Diagrams 8.3 Final Bubble Diagram

9. Schematic Zoning

9.1 Section Zoning 9.1.1 Activity/Aim, Process 9.1.2 Options of Section Zoning 9.2 Plan Zoning

10. Design Development Stage

10.1 Activity/Aim, Process, Learning Outcome 10.2 Design iterations 10.3 Different furniture placements

11. Concept 11.1 Activity/Aim, Process, Learning Outcome 11.2 Design Approach 11.3 Concept Plan Sheet

12. Analysis of Design 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4

13. Model Making and Model Documentation 13.1 Activity/Aim, Process, Learning Outcome 13.2 Paper Model Pictures

14. Final Plan and Sections 14.1 Final Plan of the House 1:100 14.2 Final Plan of Ground Floor 1:50 14.3 Final Plan of First Floor 1:50 14.4 Sections

15. FINAL RENDERED PLANS 15.1 Activity/Aim, Process, Learning Outcome 15.2 Final Rendered Plan of Ground Floor 15.3 Final Rendered Plan of First Floor

16. CONCEPT SHEETS 16.1 Master Bedroom 16.2 Kitchen 16.3 Formal Living

17. SKETCHUP STAGES 17.1 Exploded View 17.2 External View 17.3 Top Views 17.4 Some more Views



Analyse the current space you are living in, using various factors like zoning, proximity and access, clearances, quality of space, etc.


Take exact measurements of your residence and draft the plan in AutoCad. Observe the activities that take place in your residence and analyse spaces according to the observation explaining various factors like zoning, proximity and access, movement, etc. Take pictures from your current space to explain various topics elaborately.

LEARNING OUTCOME • How to measure a spaces accurately. • How to observe and make inferences out of them. • How to make proper presentations using template styles.

Zoning Public Semi Public Semi Private Private

The house has very well defined zones. The Lobby at the entrance and the guest room are absolute public places. Where as the kitchen, lounging area and the drawing room are semi public. Anything beyond that are very private areas.


Having a lot of space can be a boon, but having that lot of space designed bane. My house is one of the best examples.


Due to the major imbalance of space in the house, symmetry is hard to find. Although, walking into the washroom does give one a feeling on symmetry.

Form & Space


Zoning The zoning of this residence has been very very clear. Starting from public spaces on the lowest level, to the most private space on the top most level.




BriefThe brief given to ADS wasn’t very simple, they needed a mix of ethnicity and a contemporary feel. So, they started with very traditional designs on the lower level, fading them out gradually to a modern feel.

Unlike any other room, the master bedroom sports a very minimalist and contemporary design. Furniture pieces like

The family lounge is a cozy enclosure that is used as a guestroom, entertainment zone and a study area. The study unit is built in the wall which cam be pulled out when needed

the dresser, Wardrobe, blend with the white walls.

The Dinging and the kitchen have been clubbed together. Maintaining the traditional feel the ceiling has been treated with a floral pattern above the six seater Dining.

The living room is the first space we enter in the house. It has got a very traditional feel to it. The have used elements like Jharokas and Wooden swings .

Design Brief Formal Living

Existing : A Spacious room with 3 three seater sofas, a center table and an LCD Problem : The same space has to be shared with the formal and the informal guests. Solution : Separate spaces should be created for formal and informal guests.

Dining Room

Existing: Does not exist. Problem: We all end up eating in one of the master bedrooms or the lounge Solution: A minimum seating for 8 should be created with enough clearance.

Family Lounge

Existing: It is a space that has been created very centrally. Equidistant from my room and the Master bedrooms. Problem: It is not big enough. Solution: Space designated to it should be more.

Master Bedroom (Mom) - 1

Existing: It has a queen sized bed with a shared washroom and a tea corner. Problem: It has a shared washroom with no dressing space. Solution: The large space should have been utilized better. A separate washroom should be created. With a walk in closet.

Master Bedroom (Dad) - 1 Existing: It has a queen sized bed with a balcony/utility. Problem: To go to the utility the help has to go through the room. Solution: Create a utility with a separate entrance. Guest Bedroom Existing: The guest bedroom is a cozy space just at the entrance with a queen sized bed with a t.v unit

Problem: The room does not have a washroom, they end up using our washrooms Solution: A separate washroom for the guests.


Existing: A U Shaped kitchen Problem: No problem as such. Solution: A new design can be created.


Existing: A space created behind the master bedroom.

Problem: Its only access is through the master bedroom and far away from the kitchen. Solution: It should be near to the kitchen for washing big utensils easily and it should not be located near the master bedroom.

Site Plan, Structure and Elevation


Look at the current qualities of your space based on parameters like feeling/mood, image/style, quality of light, etc., create a current quality table and based on these parameters come up with a similar desired quality table which you would like to have in your residence redesign.


Thinking and penning down the current qualities of the current spaces being used and the rethinking what would be the ideal condition instead.


Understanding how to judge a space based on certain parameters and then pointing out what should change and what should remain the same.



Draw a single plan and a section showing -Sun path diagram, winter and summer sun in plan mentioning 3 times of the day -Wind Circulation in Plan -Green Area -Drive Way -Road Location -Neighbours /Adjacent Plots - View on all 4 sides -Sound Impact


Analysed the given site on the basis of given parameters on a single plan and section.


On the basis of the analysis I figured out where exactly should I place certain spaces in the residence redesign.


• Indicate in plan as to how your design changed because of your cultural usage. (Puja, festivals, etc.) • Indicate in plan as to how the design responds to your inference of family members using the space. (Fathers office, grandparents use)


Incorporated spaces in design according to the conclusions made in the Family Research Paper.


• Design should always have some context i.e. factors related to the cultures of a family should be looked into. • Certain spaces should be designed according to the way they are generally supposed to be used.

APPLICATION OF REM IN CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT According the research documented in the REM Module my priority was to design keeping two things in mind. Conflict and Open Spaces. The guest bedroom has been placed on the ground floor because everybody is extremely finicky about their privacy. The ground floor also has spaces flowing into one another. To have a sense of openness. Double height spaces like a courtyard and a Pool Deck have also been incorporated. The 2nd Floor has 2 sections. One for my Mom and the other one for my Dad.


ACTIVITY/AIM To make the bubble diagrams of the following rooms• Entrance lobby • Drawing Room • Dining Room • Family Lounge • Master bedroom • Siblings Room • Den • Guest bedroom • Kitchen • Utility

Each bedroom is made in the form of a bubble, the size of the bubble depends on the significance and size of the room. All the bubbles are then joined in such a way that the location is also indicated as well as which room should be near which room. Adjacency ration is thoroughly taken in consideration to make bubble diagrams. LEARNING OUTCOME • How to make different relationships of spaces keeping in mind how the family lives . • Choosing and deciding which relationship format works the best. • Not every aspect of the required space relationships can be fulfilled due to space constraints.

Pool Deck

Mom’s Room


Den Guest Room Stairs

Dad’s Room WC

Guest WC Lobby Living Room

Entran ce Lobby

Kitchen and Dining



SCHEMATIC SECTION ZONING ACTIVITY/AIM To make the sectional division of all the rooms and divide them accordingly on the ground floor and first floor of the house and on the basis of bubble diagram of individual rooms and whole house. It does not state the positioning of the rooms. It is only bubbles representing rooms and staircase and how we divide it on the 2 floors according to our design brief and adjacency ratio. PROCESS • I thought of the position of the master bedroom in the beginning and then made the bubble of it in the ground floor. Considering my adjacency ratio the dining room, kitchen, puja room and my den should be near the master bedroom, thus they came on the ground floor. • The kitchen is highly adjacent to the dining room and powder room. The powder room should also be near the entrance, thus they too came on the ground floor. The utility is also near the kitchen. • The family lounge shares adjacency to the sibling's room, the guest bedroom and the pantry. It’s on the first floor. The staircase needs to be near the lounge so that it is easily accessible from the den and the master bedroom right below. • With the option of the formal lounge upstairs, pantry and the guest bedroom upstairs with one more staircase in the house. So I came up with volumetric zoning. LEARNING OUTCOME • Elaborate thinking about the placement of spaces according to adjacency ratios. • Compromising on few adjacencies due to space constraints of the given plot.

This residence has an extremely clear zoning pattern. The members of this house, as earlier mentioned are extremely finicky about their privacy and want no interferences in their lives. The ground floor exlcluding the Den, only has Public or Semi Public Zones. Like the Entrance lobby, living room, guest area. The kitchen, utility and dining. Whereas the 1st floor only has Mom’s and Dad’s area.



Public and Semi Public

Public and Semi Public

SCHEMATIC PLAN ZONING ACTIVITY/AIM • To locate the rooms in the form of bubbles only on the ground floor and the first floor keeping in mind the -The direction of poles -The climatic changes -The direction of wind flow -Privacy of the house -The seasonal changes -View of the garden -Adjacency ratios of rooms -Bubble Diagram of whole house -Sectional Zoning The main entrance of the complete house with the garden and the driveway is through the north pole. We were also given the instruction of having the entrance from either north or west direction. • To keep in mind the above aspects, coordinate them according to our design brief and rather than finding a solution to the design, making the design considering all aspects. PROCESS • Made various zoning options for a better design LEARNING OUTCOME • Elaborate thinking about the placement of spaces according to adjacency ratios. • Compromising on few adjacencies due to space constraints of the given plot.


Pool & Deck

Guest Area


Entrance &Lobby

Mom’s Area

Kitchen &Utility

Dad’s Area



To develop a particular concept of the space by understanding the design layouts and language. Also in cooperating design elements that depict a particular design statement in order to generate some similarity throughout the designed space. Concept of a space allows us to explain the idea behind each area which enables in better understanding.

PROCESS • • • •

Creating a sheet that has all the elements that reflect the design language and statement of the given space. Highlighting and depicting all elements that majorly comprise of the entire space. Depicting the quality of space and generating understanding about the nature of each area in order to create a similar design language. Making a sheet that contains all the required elements that depict functions and requirements.


Understanding the quality and nature of space in order to develop a design language.

ROOTS The concept chosen for designing this house was very simple. Keep in mind what you’ve grown up with and design a house around it. My key words were set in stone. – Vintage. Old homes. Calcutta. Courtyards. Conflicts. Antique. Art. Marwari.

MODEL MAKING AND MODEL DOCUMENTATION ACTIVITY/AIM Make a paper model of both the ground floor and the first floor on the scale of 1:100 exploring all the openings and elevations taking cues from the reference images selected for design development PROCESS • Making paper model out of paper and drawing elevations on it • Making extensions and checking for alignments. LEARNING OUTCOME • Converting a 2D into a 3D form gives one a better understanding of the space. • Understanding alignments. • Avoiding awkward protrusions in spaceswhich were not evident in 2D.

Final Plans

The Living room has been given a very rusitc old time look. The entrance has an arch, the wall opposite to it has french windows complementing it. And the other two windows has prints of Vangogh and Vermeer.

The Kitchen has been given Victorian feel. The finishes used are very baisc, mostly wood. But in different shades.

The room has been given a very cozy feel. It has a round bed a study area and a walk in. To add to the cozy feel the bed has been placed on a level a carpet on it. The other flooring also has carpeting.


Anuj final portfolio