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Our City Our Playground A presentation for NZ Recreation Conference, Napier 2013

ANTHONY VILE ARCHITECTURE+URBANISM ŠAV2013

Exploring opportunities for recreational activity as an integrated aspect of architecture, urban design and city planning.


about me :

Architect and urbanist currently based in Hawkes Bay. Formal architecture and urban design education was completed in New York . Professional body of work ranges from residential architecture, public art and urban design to urban planning and cultural analysis. Has worked in the public and private sectors and has taught design at the University of Auckland School of Architecture as well as Unitec. A regular contributing columnist to Architecture NZ and Bay Buzz magazines.

ANTHONY VILE ARCHITECTURE+URBANISM mob: + 021 989079

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anthonyvile@ihug.co.nz


assumptions about the city

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The city is the new house. The city is a recreational space. The city is a collective space. Quality urban environments are essential to social well being and economic growth.


recreation?

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Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time. Recreational activities are often done for enjoyment, amusement, or pleasure and are considered to be "fun". wikipedia

Community recreation Cental Park


welcome to the urban century

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The number of urban residents is growing by nearly 60 million every year. global urbanization trends

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The global urban population is expected to grow roughly 1.5% per year, between 2025-2030. By the middle of the 21st century, the urban population will almost double, increasing from approximately 3.4 billion in 2009 to 6.4 billion in 2050. Almost all urban population growth in the next 30 years will occur in cities of developing countries. By 2050 70% of planet will live in cities ( currently just over 50%)


WHO suggests at least 8 m2 recreation space is needed for every city dweller. recreational space requirements

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2050 population urban population of 5.2 billion will require 41,600 km2

NZ national Parks area = 30000 km2

NZ inc enjoys generous amounts of recreational space. Is recreation planning then about providing the physical space or enabling the discretionary time WHO provides no guidelines regards time for recreation which obviously is less of an issue in the “developed “ world.


New Zealand context

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Urban population 1950’s 73% Urban population 2050 predicted 91 % We are a already a highly urbanized culture

Waitangi Park Wellington


Technological advances. Environmental concerns. Climate change. Demographic shifts.

change pressures

CLIMATE CHANGE

65 + 90,000 80,000

Number at each age

70,000 65+

60,000

65 +

large increase

55-64

50,000

40-54

40,000

25-39

30,000

15-24

20,000

0-14

general decrease

10,000 -

2006

2011

2016

2021

2026

2031

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Subnational Population Projections by Age and Sex, 2006(base)-2031 Update

Projected Change in Numbers by Broad AgeGroup, Hastings District 2011-2031, Medium Series

0-14 Projected age structure 2031

HERETAUNGA PLAINS URBAN POPULATIONS 65 + POPULATION

SIGNIFICANT GROWTH

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+ 68 %


new approaches

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Ways of thinking about problems. Ecological and resource management. Integrated and collaborative solutions.

transition to a highly urbanised technological culture


integrated outcomes

Silo Approach :

The danger of silos – transportation planners plan transport , recreational planners plan recreation, land use planners plan land use, asset managers manage assets etc Urban design is potentially the thread that can create a greater than equation. A Discipline focused on the big picture connections. Exploiting the overlap, synergies and collaborative opportunities between disciplines.

urban design adds value Static status quo Ignoring the overlap Possible communication linear Limited Opportunities

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2+2=5 The sum of the parts is greater than the whole.


the city primarily seen as a place of movement and exchange is also a space of recreation. recreational opportunities

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Specific opportunities can be considered for recreation within the urban fabric which may not necessarily be about “ park” or “ playground” but promote the idea that urban spaces can achieve more than one outcome.


Parkour involves ‘seeing’ one’s environment in a new way, and imagining the potentialities for movement. my playground The Urban environment is seen as a playground ripe for exploration through movement. www.myvimeo.com/7240892

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Parkour - an extreme integration of recreation and the urban fabric.


integrated outcomes

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What are the opportunities for integrating recreation and play into public buildings and urban spaces by design ? What if active recreation was integrated into the urban and building fabric?

basketball cafe


integrated outcomes

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community cycling hub


integrated outcomes

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Danish Pavillion World Expo 2012


recreational space by design?

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Although specific venues are required for some recreational activities a large amount of recreational activity occurs in the public spaces which are generally programmed spaces of movement not programmed necessarily for “ recreation.”

Street as a recreational space


life between buildings

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“Life between buildings comprises the entire spectrum of activities, which combine to make communal spaces in cities and residential areas meaningful and attractive.” Jan Gehl

Life between buildings is recreational space


Public space is everywhere

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When we look at 20th century urban development we generally see a progressive erosion of urban space by the automobile. This trend has only in the last 10 years started to be reversed. When we look to countries leading in this field Northern Europe, progressive states in the US we see a slow but considered return of car space to people space.


car domination

1817 35% 1817,

On street Public oī street Private oī street 3111, 61%

210, 4%

Source: Hastings Parking Study - 2002 Review

TOTAL PARKING NUMBERS = 5138 APPROXIMATE GROSS AREA (12.5M2 PER CAR ) = 6. 4225 HECTARES

Parks, 4.000 Footpaths, 4.684

Building area, 22.943

Hastings CBD area = 60 Ha Street area = 15 Ha Area of Cornwall P-ark = 15 HA 1333 car parks

}

Carriage way, 9.035

AREA

approx. 1/3 cbd area

The Hastings example

hectares

Parks Footpaths Carriage way Other Building area Other, 23.421

Source: Quotable Value Data 2008

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Generally we can see in 20th century urban environments a large proportion of city centres given to the car through movement corridors and parking.


the new paradigm

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The predominant definition of urban form remains the automobile as enabler of individual movement – for a number of reasons this situation is been reconsidered The demand is growing for urban spaces with less marginalization of the human element and more integration of transport alternatives such as walking / cycling

An inversion of open space priorities


cities are for people

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create attractions create reasons to pause create better connections create density in land use prioritise pedestrian movement integrate infrastructure enable innovative design solutions

Whynyard Quarter people space


the liveable cities index

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Livability has become a criterion in which cities around the world compete.

The livable cities index


people first

“People come first in modern cities An increasing number of vibrant metropolises have adopted people first policies as city planning strategy............vivid public spaces define a city more than anything else.� By extension the city as a recreational space is becoming more a way of thinking than city as a machine for efficient vehicle use and easy parking.

Regent Street before

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Regent st proposed recreational space


Permanent solutions or temporary experiments ?

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Permanent solutions or temporary experiments ?

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Permanent solutions or temporary experiments ?

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Permanent solutions or temporary experiments ?

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Creating opportunities for people space : Low cost high value


Temporary has the facility to become permanent. open space by design

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Innovative thinking allows more than one out come.


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Permanent solutions need to bold and tested


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People space = recreational space


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People space = recreational space


NZ inc. an open space surplus

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The challenge : How do we better integrate nature and recreational space in our growing cities


AV2013_A+U - Thinking Rec