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1.

Coverages

•Cleaning of roofs with replacement of all damaged elements-Replacement of tiles, beams, roof laths, ingots and other cement or other eaves.

-How to do: Broken tiles, lift the tiles that cover the starting tile, remove, lifting laterally and detach it from the nearby tile, lift the top tile for easy loosen up of the clapboard. Insert the new tile and attach it to the strip. If the tile is nailed or fastened with a hook start by detaching the tiles that are around. If you need to replace several tiles work from the bottom up. Beam damage, treat with fungicide and insecticide, if that is not enough, attach to each side, a board or a piece of thick plywood. Solidify the set screw and handle this reinforcement with fungicide and insecticide Moss on the roof, use high pressure machine with brush, work from the top to bottom in the direction of the inclination. Caution not to cover downspouts, so as not to clog. Allow to dry and apply anti moss with steamer and in the end apply a special protective impervious coverage.

⇒ Furr Carinhas

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Coverages

•Cleaning of gutters with clearing and replacement of sections in poor condition -How to do: Check this talon if it in a good condition if not replace it. The gutter shouldn´t be leveled, should have a slight slope towards the down pipe. Place grid in a half sphere or metal or plastic filter applied also net or other accessories that allow completely to cover the gutter and prevent leaves from accumulating. •Cleaning riser pipe with unlocking, and replacement of section in poor condition, manhole and exits -How to do: Clearance from the top using wire hook for cleaning, if the water runs between two sections of the drop tube it means that the obstruction is located below, use drain cleaner or high pressure cleaning machine, if it doesn’t work disassemble the downpipe piece by piece and clean

•Cleaning of chimneys, vent pipes and others with unblocking and repairing of cracks, fissures or zones in poor condition, and eventual replacement of finishes -How to do: Chimney cleaning, use a pipe cleaner to clean chimneys, depending on the height apply the cables together, for cracks and fissures apply plaster

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Interior Walls

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•Cleaning of interior walls and ceilings, including baseboards and moldings, with execution, if necessary, new finishes, or renewal of areas in poor condition..

• Execution of paintings or other finishes or coatings, with eventual chipping and reconstruction of plaster, outlines and stucco areas deteriorated

• Varnishing, if the woods are decayed -How to do:

-How to do:

-How to do:

The repair of a hole is made with filling product or with plaster. Scrape the edges of the hole and remove the dust and debris of plaster with a brush. Moisten the area with water. Spread the product across the area until the consistency is firm. Let it harden and apply the second layer. Smooth the plaster or other product using the spatula.

Put tape around the damaged tile and in the appropriate center. Drilling the tile with a special concrete drill for tiles (wear goggles and gloves to avoid splinters).

Remove the plaster that does not stick as well as all debris and dust. Nailing a batten straight in the opposite corner to be repaired. Fill the space between the lath and the wall with plaster, preventing it passes to the other side of the corner and let dry. Remove the strip of caution not to damage repairs effected at the corner. To prevent recurring damage apply a plastic or metal bracket

-How to do: Widen the crack with a putty knife or scraper. Clean and moisten with a sponge. Fill the crack with filler product. Smooth product and when properly dried pass thin sandpaper on its surface

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Interior Walls

•Damaged Tile

-How to do:

• Repair Cracks in stucco

5.

•Hole in the stucco

•Esquina danificada

Apply mass for wood and let dry, polish and clean the work area well and then apply varnish. The varnish is applied to doors, baseboards, wood floors, millwork, shutters and in the windows with one or two coats of varnish

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Interior Walls

Enlarge the hole with a chisel and a hammer, remove debris by hand. Scrape glue residues with the chisel. Now use a notched trowel to spread the glue in a new tile and press it against the wall. Allow to dry overnight before performing the joints.

•Hole in plasterboard -How to do: Cut the edges of the hole with a jig saw or a knife, make a rectangular shape, introducing a new piece of plasterboard in the hole according to the desired size. Place it in the hole and stick it with a filling product. Fill the joints alike. Larger pieces should be reinforced with a strip frame covered with a suitable filling.

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Exterior Walls

•Maintenance of stone wall -How to do: Washing with high pressure hose. When using this method be careful not to get water in the spaces around the windows and doors in order to prevent rotting of the woods. Polishing: If the prior art does not work, pass in stained zones of the wall with sandpaper applied to an electric drill. Use a moderate speed.

•Maintenance of a brick wall -How to do: •Use hot water and a stiff brush to remove dust and grime. Do not use soap or detergent in the water as it leaves stains that do not come out. To clean the toughest dirt, get a brick of the same type, leave it and use one of the pieces as an abrasive block, rubbing it in place.

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Products to apply

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Products to apply


9.

Openings

10. Openings

11. Openings

•Frames disjointed

•Door hinges squeaking

• Doors that block

-How to do:

-How to do:

-How to do:

You can separate them in order to put them back on the site after pasting it. Another method, the simplest, is to strengthen the angles of the frame with metal connectors. Placing the connectors in the corners on the inside and / or outside the frame and drawing with an X-acto, each perimeter. Digging and chopping wood enough that the connectors are at the level of the wood. Place the frame with a right angle and tighten the connectors. Cover with a layer of paint

Lift the door slightly and disengage the hinges with the help of a wooden wedge. Clean the bolts and snap ring hinges with a cloth soaked in turpentine and put mineral oil. Remove the wooden wedge and lower the door to test, open and close the door to spread the oil.

Check attachment of hinges, if it’s loose tighten if it doesn’t work look for where it can be blocked, if you have doubts put talcum powder on the floor and shoulder pads and close and open the door to find the place where it blocks. Sanding the site concerned and, if necessary use the planer and then sandpaper

•Door hinges to loosen

•Door rubs on the floor

-How to do:

-How to do:

Remove the hinge screws and curl a wire in each of the sides of the screw. Insert the screw into wood glue and put in place.There are other solutions put longer bolts of the same diameter or increase the bolt holes and placing a sleeve wood covered with glue slightly leaving the surface dry after sawing the part of the sleeve surface which was put by screwing the hinge the screw bushings.

Introducing a metal ring or nylon axes on the hinges. If there’s no result take apart and polish or even flatten the door. Polishing always in the direction of the wood grain.

•Frames rotting -How to do: Chopping wood with a pin punch tip to penetrate the wood easily if it is rotten. Eliminate the rotten wood until you find the wooden sound. Fill the parts removed with a new piece of wood or resin based product. If the hole is deep apply several coats and let dry between each application layer. Smooth the final layer so as to place it at the level of the wood surface which has been repaired. Sanding, after drying, the entire window before painting.

•Doors closing bad / warped -How to do:

•Lock cylinder -How to do: Periodically lubricate do not use oil because the powder sticks quickly. Remove the cannon, to cleanse by dipping it in a solution of oil or turpentine. Allow to dry and lubricate with graphite dust. Verify that it works before mounting

Solid wooden doors can deform due to humidity the only solution is replacement.

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12. Pavements

13. Pavements

•Maintenance of Marble pavements

•Repair a loose plank

-How to do:

-How to do:

Do not use abrasives. Pass the mop soaked in a solution of water and dishwashing liquid, work in sections to clean up the area if it is too large, scrubbing stubborn stains, if necessary. Then pass the floor with clear water and then dry it. Can shine by applying a wax or silicone based with a product suitable for marbles. Choose a product that does not make the surface slippery.

Lift the board to check for cables or pipes underneath. If the board is not completely loose, use a holder of pipes and cables. Screw the loose boards closer to the beams. With a drill, drill the boards to accommodate the screws and be sure to soak their heads.If a board has been cut and there is no support underneath, nailing a batten to the rafter to increase the size of this. Then, place the board on the lath and secure with screws.

•Parquet floors of maintenance

Atention!! The wooden floor does not get along with the water. As such, when you need to clean, do not use large amounts of water.

•Concrete: Mixture cement ,sand, gravel and water -How to do: Use a smooth, flat surface, mix the sand and gravel after that make a well in center hole in the mixture and add cement, mix until you have a uniform color make a new hole in the center and pour water and mix the dry mass with water . Add more or less water according to the use of concrete . Note: Concrete is on average the proportion 1 part cement, 2 parts sand and 4 parts gravel.

-How to do: Waxing and brushing along the grain. In the case of modern flooring, lacquered or glazed, simply vacuum or pass with a brush of silk. If the parquet is loose remove the parquets that are close to this loose and then remove the old glue residue from the floor, if there is no new material pass sandpaper on the old parquet apply on the parquet loose behind and put new glue in the soil and let dry.

14. Standard Tecnics

•Replacing s damage plank -How to do:

•Grout

If the boards are connected by a joint to the top,start at the end of the damaged board. Enter the chisel between the junction of the boards and get one that is damaged.As the nails are being pulled, push the board down to the studs are exposed and can be removed with the ears of a hammer. Avoid hammering hard, especially in an older home, to prevent damage to stucco ceilings downstairs. When lifting the board put slats under it while still removing the other nails. If the board is just used, you can repackage it turning it over and pinning the side has not used up. However, if the board is too damaged, cut a new one and nail it in place.

-How to do: Pour 2/3 of the amount of water in the rotary tub (mixer) and then mix the cement and sand, according to the quantities desired. Add more water (not much).The grout mix must be homogeneous nor too dry nor too liquid.Check the mixture through a small trick that consists on hand kneading a small ball of grout and can not leave water mixture and if this happens to be too wet or if the ball falls apart the mortar this too dry.

Note: There are on the market already prepared mixtures of 2 to 10 kg which is only necessary to add water.

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15. Safety


Maintencance Card