Water in Mars The founding of water in Mars has been the most relevant discovering in the NASA this last years. The craters were seen with something that was required to be the presence of a liquid, which is a very good requirement for the existence of life. They were first seen as ice glazers that where under the surface of the planet. Scientifics already had theories about this discoveries since 2002. In the finals of 2016, a coat of ice was buried in latitudes in the middle of Mars that contains so much water like in the long of the Superior. The eight places were you can see the water in Mars are normally in the shores, were the erosion may leave them exposed by rock coats and ice.
Gamma Rays In April 2015, Nasa discovered Gamma Rays older than Earth. They were captured by Nasa’s Ferni Gamma-ray Space Telescope. Due to the galaxy they come from being too far away, the scientists managed to estimate the Gamma Rays “age”. The Gamma Rays are from the galaxy “PKS 1441+25” which is 7.6 billion light years from Earth.
First Planet Generation The analyses from a meteoritic that crashed on Sudan in 2017 revealed the existence of a planet that existed long time ago on our Solar System. The asteroid which has 4 meters diameter known as 2018ts3, crashed at 37 kilometers height in the Nubia dessert in october from 2008, but it came with some “gifts”, thousands of tiny diamonds were found on pieces of the asteroid. And in studies the diamond because of their characteristics it was revealed the has 4550million years and that they require a presión from 200000 bares to formatted. Which implies that the only possible origin is in the mant of an internal planet that in this moment, doesn’t exists. This would be an ancient protoplanet as big as Mercurio or Mars and because of some crash with other planet it was destroyed. Sending the diamonds that were in it at the interplanetary space, part of this material ends being part of the planets that we well know. But, some kept orbiting he sun, until they failed on the Earth. This means we have in our hands an space treasure , the rests of the unknown first planet generation.
Gravitational Waves First ever direct detection of gravitational waves, in February the LIGO announced the first ever direct detection of gravitational waves; they are ripples that stretch and compress itself space. According to Albert Einstein, the space and time are primarily linked. These waves carry information about the object that created them; this is why they are so important. This information cannot be transmitted by any other means. Now, scientists are able to study the universe by the collection of the light of distant objects, but the same machines that create light are not the same ones that catch the gravitational waves.
Water on the moon In 2017 it was discovered that the Moon has water in its surface. This is good as it is cheaper than to carry water from Earth to space for astronauts. Recent researches done to complement a study of rocks of the moon containing water in its composition done in 2008, has found via satellite data that the Moon has “water-rich deposits” . The study was done by the : “Brown University” in Rhode Island, USA. This could be very good if it really is easier and cheaper to extract than to transport water from Earth.
Kepler 452b: The very similar to the Earth The NASA had announced the discovery of more tan 700 celestial bodies outside our Solar System. One of the most importan was the Kepler 452b. What is Kepler 452b? It is an exoplanet. This means that is a planet outside of the Solar System. Kepler 452b orbits around a star called Kepler-452. Was discovered and officially confirmed by the NASA on July 23 of 2015 and was identified by the Kepler telescope. This new planet has similarities to those of the Earth, among them, the fact that rotates almost at the same distance that pur planet does around the sun. This open the possibility this place has liquid water. Kepler orbits a star of the same class as Earthâ€™s star. Is only 4% more massive and 10% brighter. Takes to Kepler 385 days to complete go around the star, a 5% more than planet Earth. Thats Why is considered the most similar planet to the Earth!
Emissions of water in the moon of Jupiter A group of scientists of the NASA, led by William Sparks captured emissions of water in the moon of Jupiter in the direction of Europe space. They caught the emissions while watching one end of the moon when passing in front of Jupiter. They discovered it through images that could be captured by the Hubble Space Telescope. They explained that the emissions reach a height of about 200 kilometers before returning material to the surface of the moon, which suggests that its interior has a huge ocean with twice the water of all of the earth. Thanks to this discovery, now NASA plans to do a mission in 2020, which is not to find life but to analyze the habitability of the moon.
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