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Compos i t i onal l yt he bui l di ngs s hape c omes f r om a pr el i mi nar ys t udyc ar r i edoutont heNat i onalGal l er yi n Ber l i n byMi es v an derRohe.Hav e been i dent i f i ed: modul ar s c anni ng, modul ar s pac es di s t r i but i on, s y mmet r y and s i z e oft he s pac es ac c or di ng t ot he geomet r i cl awsr el at edons quar ed.Thes por t sc ent er hasbeenadaptAc c or di ngt ot heenv i r omentwher et he Nat i onalGal l er yi s( Cami gl i at el l o)hasbeenadaptt he s por t sc ent ert hr ough a t r as l at i on s hotbet ween t he di f f er entpar t si ns uc hawayt of i ndt her i ghtmat c hwi t h t hes i nousr oadwhi c hdel i mi t st heent i r epr oj ec tar ea. Thi st r ans l at i ongi v esac l eardet ac hmentf r om Mi es s s y mmet r y ;bal anc eandt i di nes sdonotc omeany mor e f r om t he s y mmet r y but t i di nes s bec omes an as y mmet r i c albal anc e.Al lt hei nt er nalenv i r oment sar e s pr eadedf ol l owi ngamodul arr ul ewhi c hc omesf r om an ac c ur at eanal i s y soft hemai npr oj ec t .Thei rdes i ngar e madei tbas edonf unc i onalpac kageswhi c hes t abl i s han hi r ear c hybet weent hepar t s .Al lt hei nt er nals pac esar e s pr eaded on mul t i l ev el st oc ompens at et he gr ounds i nc l i nat i on.Ongr oundl ev elar ec ol l oc at edpool s ,pi t c h, c hangi ngr ooms ,s er v i c esandammi ni s t r at i onof f i c es . Ont hef i s tf l oorar ec ol l oc at edgy m,f i t nes sar ea,bar r es t aur antwhi c hf ac esont heCampi gl i at el l oswoods . Ont het hi r dandl as tl ev eli sc ol l oc at edanopenr oof pat i owhi c hgi v esl i ghtt omos toft hebul di nga ndmi xt he na t ur e a r o und wi t h t he bui l di ng i t s e l f .

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Thepr oj ec tt heme,aboutas pec i f i car eaofSant Al es s i o dAs pr omont e,i nv ol v es t he S. P. R. A. R.pr oj ec t ,whi c h at t end t or ec i ev e and i nt egr at ei mmi gr ant si n poor ec onomi cands oc i alc ondi t i ons .Thepr oj ec ti sbas edon an aggl omer at e of pr eex i s t i ngs bui l di ngs i nhomogeneous ,byf uc t i onandage,andi sl ooki ngt o bui l d apubbl i cs pac e wher es har i ng and i nt er ac t i on bet ween who hos tand who i s hos t ed ar et he mai n t ar get .Mus i ci st he t heme dev el oped: t hr ough a r ehear s als t udi owher epeopl ec anl ear nt oget herdo ex i bi t i onands har i ngdi f f er enti deasonauni v er s alt opi c whi c ht hemus i ci s .Thebui l di ngc anf i tabout10peopl e butwi t houti ns t r ument st hi snumbergoesup t o 30 peopl e,i fweat herc ondi t i onar egoodi spos s i bl et ous e t heopenar eawhi c hc anf i tmor et handoubl eoft he peopl ewr i t t enabov e.

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T odes i gnt hev ent i l at edf r onti t í sc hos ent os pl i toutt he bui l di ngí sper i met er( f r ontbyf r ont )f ol l owi ngequaland modul ardi mens i onsof120c m.Theent i r epr os pec ti s t hans pl i touti nbl oc ksby120x 120c m. dev el opedi n el ev at i on, t hebl oc kc hanget o120x 60c m whenmeett he i nt er s t or ey( A\ 2) .Ast eac hi ngdi r ec t i onsr equi r ed, al lt he i nt er nals pac esoft hebui l di nghav ebeendes i gned.The gr oundf l oorhasbeenas s i gnedt os hopsandbus i nes s ac t i v i t y :onc et hemai nel ement s(t he2s t ai r way sand t hes er v i c es )hav ebeenc ol l oc at edi nc ent r alpos i t i on t hes pac ededi c at edt ot heabov eac t i v i t yi sgoi ngt obe t heper i met eroft hebul di ngwhi c hgi v et headv ant ageof anat ur ali l l umi nat i onpl usat her eal i z z at i onofanopen s pac e. Aboutt heFl oorT y pehav ebeenpl ac ed4di f f er ent apar t mentoneac hf l oor :2t wobedr oomsf l atand2 t hr ee bedr ooms f l at .Dur i ng t hei r pr oj ec tf as e and di s t r i but i onhasbeent akeni nt oc ons i der at i ont heex ac t pos i t i on bet ween f r ont and openi ngs i n or der t o guar ant ee,t o eac hf l at ,a bal c ony r el at ed t ot he ki t c hen/ l i v i ngr oom. Thebui l di ngí sf r onts y s t em i smade f r om bl ac ks t onewar e por c el ai n enamel l ed pol i s hed pl at es . Thec hoi c et oadoptt hi smat er i alc omesf r om t he es t et i c alneedst ohi det hel eakbet weenonepl at eand anot her ,whi c hi spos s i bl et hr oughas pec i alpr oc es sof pr eas s ur r i ngf ot hemat er i al .

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A=1 2 0 x 1 2 0c m |A/ 2 =1 2 0 x 6 0c m

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I tí saboutar eales t at e,ex pos edt onor t h/ wes t ,whi c hi s l oc at ed att he bas e ofa r es i denc e pal ac e of5 f l oor s ov er gr oundandi twasus edasas t or agef ori l l egalac t i v i t i es . Thi s depos i t ,about650 m2,c oul d be c ons i der at ed a bas ementbec aus emos toft hef l oori sl oc at edatanal t i t ude ofabout5met er si nr el at i ont oanHy pot het i c alZer oLev el c or r es pondi ngt ot hev i aAnapoí sone.Fort hi sr eas onmos t oft heex t er nalv er t i c alpar t i t i onsar el oc at edi nc ont ac twi t h t he gr ound, hav i ng t he onl yl i ght poi nt sl oc at ed at s out h/ wes t , t heonl ypar toft hebui l di ngabov egr oundwhi c h f ac est heboxgar ages í sent r anc e,atanal t i t udeofabout 9. 70 met er s( Vi a Anapoí s HZL) .Fr om t he ar c hi t ec t ur al t y pol ogyi seas yt odeduc tt hatt hebui l di nghasbeenbui l t bet weent he70í sandt he80í s :bear i ngs t r uc t ur eandbr i c k mas onr yl i ni ngar ev er yv i s abl edet ai l swhi c hc har ac t er i z e t hebui l di ngnex tt ot hes t or ageandt heabov eone.The pr oj ec t í s ex pec t at i on i st or eal i z e an ex pos i t i on c ent r e t hr ough a r et r of i t t i ng oper at i on whi c h gi v es t ot he ol d bui l di ngnewandbet t erf unc t i ons . Thet ar geti st oi dent i f yan ar t i s t i c / c ul t ur al / ex pr es s i v e pol e,al be t os etup a s oc i al pr oj ec tt hr oughwhi c hunder s t and,di s c ov erandl ear nt he pot ent i alofi ndi v i dual s ,c omuni t yandt er r i t or y .Themai n oper at i onhasbeent or eal i z e,i ns i det hebui l di ng,as ec ond l of tt omaket hemos toft heav ai l abl ehei ghtandt ogeta bet t erdi s t r i but i on f os pac es .The pat hs ar e ar t i c ul at ed t hr ough a s y s t em ofdoubl e hi gh s pac e and hangi ng wal kway sac r os st heal lbui l di ngal l owi ngt hos ewhous e t hem t os eeanddi s c ov ert hes ur r oundi ngar ea.Thepat hs f i ndt hei rwayoutt hr ought hebui l di ngí sper i met erc r eat i ng i n t hi s way ov er hangi ng v ol umes t o bot h i t s par t . Subs equent l yhasbeenpl annedt oj oi ntanewv ol umewhi c h wor ksasheader .Thi sv ol ume,dev el opedonas i ngl ehei ght of10m,i st ot al ydedi c at edt oabi gs t ai r waywhi c hgi v es ac c es sf r om quot e4. 70m t o+4. 70m.

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ex c av at i on

ex t r us i on_1

ex t r us i on_2

gr af t

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Thedes i gnex er c i s ei t ' saboutpl anni ngaGr eenwayal ongt he " Vi al edel l aLi ber t a"i nReggi oCal abr i a( I t al y ) .Thei nt er es t ed ar eas t ar tf r om Annunz i at ar i v er ' smout handi tex t endsal ongt he av enueunt i lt heuni v er s i t yar ea.Theav enuehasbeenr eal i z ed af t ert he wor l d war2 and has a s equenc e ofs pac es and c ondi t i onsv er ydi f f er entbet weeneac hot her s . Ther oadway , wi t h i t s dr i v eway s ,r oundabout s ,par ki ng ar ea and s ome gr een s pac es ,t akesov ermos toft heav enue.Bot hs i desoft heav enue ar ef i l l edupwi t hr es i denc ebui l di ngsandbus i nes sac t i v i t i es whi c hkeepst heAv enuev er ybus ydur i ngt hedayt i mehowev er dur i ngt heni ghtt i met heal lav enues hut sdown.Ov er al lt he av enuehasal otofpot ent i als i nc ei si nac ent r alar eaofReggi o' s ur banl i f e.Whati smi s s i ngi t ' spr obabl y :anewdes i gnwhi c hwi l l gi v emor ehomogenei t yt ot heAv enue,anewmobi l i t ypl anei t her bywal korbi kewi t hat r af f i cr az i onal i z at i onandapl ant ogi v e v al ueandqual i t yt oal lt hepubbl i cs pac esandc onnec t i onsal ong t heAv enuear ea.I nt hel engt hc l os et ot heuni v er s i t yt hec ov er s t opsandt her i v eri sv i s abl et hr ought hegar denss y s t em onbot h s i desoft her i v er . Ther i v eri st henanat ur alel ementwhi c h, whi t h i t ss mel l s ,s oundsandc ol or s ,br eaksdownt heur banl i f e.The pr oj ec t ' spur pos ei st oi nc r es et heAv enue' squal i t i eswi t ha s t r at egyt hatgoest oi dent i f yi nt her i v erandannex esnat ur al ar easanur bans y s t em ofpubbl i cs pac eswhi c hi nc r eas et he v al ueofnat ur ei nanur banenv i r onment . Hasbeenc hos ent ous e t he" SLOW"s t r at egy ,whi c hs l owsdownt hedai l yl i f er hy t hm.I t ' s t henac ul t ur alr ev ol ut i ont hatgoesagai ns tt het y pi c al" doi t qui c k, s peedi tup"oft oday s ' sc i t i es , al t houghi tdoes n' tmeanbe as nai lbutt hephi l os ophybehi ndi st odoev er y t hi ngatt her i ght pac eenj oy i ngt het i mei ns t eadt hanc has i ngi t ,doev er y t hi ng be t t e rr a t he rt ha nqui c k e r . Le a r n, t he n, ho wt oha v er e s pe c to f l i f ei t s e l f .

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Thees sayi t ' st hepr oj ectofanar chi t ect ur albodywi t h r esi denc e and nei ghbor hood ser v i c es.Basi c al l yt wo di s t i nc tbutc onnec t edar hi t ect ur almoment sabl et o ev i denc et het y pol ogi c alandmor phol ogi c alr eal t i ons bet weent hem i namut i ngc ont ex t .Thepr oj ec tar ea has been i ndi v i duat ed i n a si t e al ong v i a Car di nal e Por t anov ai nt heci t yofReggi oCal abr i a.Thepr oj ec t goest oc ompl et eanur banpar tnex tt ot hec i t ywhi c h c omes f r om a demol i t i on of what was a pos t ear t hquakeshacksaggl omer at edwai t i ngt obe r ebui l dedandr ec ol l oc at ed.Easi l yt oi dent i f yar et he Cal abr i aT ar ant o hi ghway ' s py l ons acr os st he ar ea whi ch r ef l ectamul t it y pesur ban env i r onmentwi t h det ached houses,mul t if l oorbui l di ng and gar dens, pl ussoci als t r uct ur esasschool sandempt yspac es wi t h noeasyac c es si bi l i t y .Thet ar geti st hen s t r i c l y r el at edt ot henec es si t yofi mpl ement i ngnewf unc t i ons hel pi ngt ol i v eandenj oyt i meatt hebes t ,r edesi gni ng t hent heal lar ea.T ot henec es si t yofr ec onquert he l and and t he pubbl i c spac es i s added t he i dea of bui l di ngasr egener at i ngandf ocusi ngofanew ur ban def i ni t i on. The soci al housi ng r appr esent a c ont empor anyandf l ex i bl eanswert oani nt er c ul t ur al ques t i on,opent onew soci alandhumani dent i t i esas: c ar e homes,homes f or par t i cul ar f ami l y pr of i l es, homesf ori mmi gr ant set c. .

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Thepr oj ect uali deac omesf r om ar ef l ec t i onaboutt he sy mbol ' sshapesofsacr edar chi t ect ur e,ex pec i al l yon t heappl i c at i onoft hesacr edgeomet r yi nr el at i onwi t h t he i dea ofr el i gi on as di r ectc onsequenc e oft he uni v er se' sc onc ept i on.Pur e shapes,sy mmet r y and modul ar i t yar et hemai nel ement swhi c hemphasi z es t hespac eandappealt oc ommonsy mbol sofc i v i land r el i gi ousl oc alcul t ur e.Thebui l di ngi spl ac edi nt he spac e as a pur e geomet r i c shape,f ew measur es, si mpl e and pr eci se whi c hc an be t r asmi t t ed t ot he c ommuni t yf orac or r ectandi mmedi at er eal i z z at i on. Al t hough t he i sl ami cc ont es twoul di mpose i nt he wor shi ppl ac et hesepar at i onbet weenmenadnwomen andanabl ut i ons' ssour c e;Ihav echosent oc onc ei v ea spac ewher et hoser ul eswoul dnotappearasdomi nant butex al t edf r om gi v i ngupofev er yel ement samenabl e t oaspeci f i cr el i gi oust r adi t i oni nf av orofar c het y pal sy mbol smeani ngf ulf orev er y one.Modul at edonagr i d t o make easi er t he c ons t r uct i v ec ompr ensi on,t he bui l di ngshowsuoanhor i z ont alsc anwhi c hf ol l owst he meani ngoft hel i t ur gi c alpat hc onc ei v edasl ooki ngf or anddi sc ov er i ngofmedi t ai on.Denseofmeani nghas beent hechoi c eofmaki ngt hemai ndoorwi t hanhei ght bel ow t he nor m maki ng,t hen,t he f ai t hf ul s do t he ges t ur eofbowi ngt heheadt ogeti nsi de,meanwhi l e t hef l oorsl i ght l yi ncl i nat edt ot hesacr edspac emakes t hel at t ert hemai npoi ntt owar dswhi c hc onv er gesal l t hef ai t hf ul ' sat t ent i on.Thec onc eptoft hi sspac ei sa set ofel ement s( wat er ,l i ght and nat ur e)f ul lof sy mbol i c meani ngs whi c h cr eat e an at mospher e of peac e wher e, t he nat ur al el ement s( t he t r ee) met aphor ofl i f e -i s guar ded and pr ot ec t ed.The i nt er nalspac ei sc onc ei v edasdi aphanousspac e:t he gl oom ent r anc ei nt r oduc est oagr eatl i ghtbeam whi c h engagest he i nsi de oft he bui l di ng t hr ough z eni t hal di r ect i on.Thel i ghtmodul at i oni st henoneoft hemos t s t r ongt hemeaddr es sedt ot hedesi ngpl ust hec hoi c e ofmaki ngt heal lbui l di ngi nwhi t ec ol our( i nsi deand out si de) has been t aken t o ex al tt he sur f ac es' s pur enes si nsuchawayt odi s sol v et hemat er i al i t yof t hebui l di ngi t sel f . 69


a c t i v i t i e s

c o n n e c t i o n s

r e q u i r e me n t ss a t i s f i e d

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P W

R W

P C

S T

S

MT

P a l mWo o d

R a wL a n d

P u r eC l a y

S c r a pT i r e

S h e l l s

Me t a l S h e e t s

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T hema i n goa loft hi swor k s hop i st odev el op pr oj ec t s f oc us edont het r a di t i ona lec onomi esoft heCa s a ma nc e r egi oni ns out her nS enega l . S pec ic a l l y , ourgr oupha sbeen a s s i gnedt ot het hemeofT a i l or i ng,l oc a t edi nt hec i t yof Ba mba l i . T her ef or e , wi t hourpr oj ec twepr opos eac ompl e x t ha ti nc l udesa na r eaf ort r a i ni ng a nd apoi ntofs a l e , c ons i der i ngt hepos s i bi l i t yofc r ea t i ngawi derc ommer c i a l s pa c ewhi c hbr i ngst oget herac ooper a t i v eofwor k er sa s wel l a sa ni ndependenta nda ut onomousonef orea c hs t or e . Oneoft heba s i cl ea di ngc r i t er i aofourpr oj ec twa st he a bi l i t yt oma k ei tr epr oduc i bl enotonl yi nt hec i t yoft he i nt er v ent i on,buta l s oi nt hes ur r oundi ngr egi ons .I twa s dec i ded,t her ef or e ,t heus eofaba s i cmodul et ha twoul d a l l owt hea ggr ega t i onofmul t i pl euni t si nor dert oa c hi ev e mul t i pl ec ompos i t i ons ol ut i ons , whi c ha r ea bl et os a t i s f yt he needsofea c hc ommuni t y .E a c hmodul ei sc ov er edbya wi des l opi ngr ooff ol l owi ngt heunder l y i ngpl a t f or m whi c h ea c h uni ti spr ov i ded wi t h.E a c h uni ti nc l udesma ny f unc t i ons :t heba c ki sf orwor k i nga ndt r a i ni ngoff ut ur e wor k er s ,t hef r onti sdedi c a t edt ot hee x hi bi t i ona nds a l e . T hi st r a ns i t i onf r om amor epr i v a t es pa c ei namor epubl i ci s r eec t edont heout erwa l l : i tc ha ngesf r om as ol i dma s onr y t oal i ght er , t hr ought heus eofac oa t i nga ndpl a s t i cbot t l es l l edwi t hwa t ert ha tr eec tt hes unl i ghti nt ot her oom. T he des i gn ha da saf ur t hergui del i net heus eoft hel oc a l r es our c esi nt he a r ea ofi nt er v ent i on,s oa l s or educ e c ons t r uc t i onc os t . T hes uppor t i ngs t r uc t ur eofea c huni ti s , i nf a c t , ma deof c l a ybr i c k sha v i nga sba s i st i r esc ompr es s ed wi t hs oi lwhi c hpr ov i deas ol i d a tba s ef ort hes t r uc t ur e . T heov er l y i ngc ov eri sma debya16% i nc l i nedc or r uga t ed s heetmet a lwhi c hpr omot est hec ol l ec t i onofr a i nwa t er t owa r dsas pec i a l t a nk ; i twi l l beus edbyt a i l or sf orwa s hi ng t e x t i l es . T heent i r er oof i ss us t a i nedbyba mbooc a nesa nd4 s t r ut soft hes a mema t er i a l , unl oa di ngdownhi swei ghtt o t hegr ound. T heent i r epr oj ec t , c onc ei v eda nddes i gnedf or t hel oc a l sa ndf ort hei rneeds , wa nt st obeapos s i bl epl a c e oft r a i ni nga ndpr oduc t i v i t ygr owt hf ort hewhol ec i t y .

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Al ongt hepl a t ea u' ss out her nbor dert her ei sabui l di ng' sr ow s y s t em whi c ha c t sa sawa l ls ur r oundi ng t he ol d ur ba n t e x t ur e . Ma dei ta r oundt he70' st hepr oj ec t ' si deawa st obui l d anewc i t ye x pa ns i ona bl et os a t i s f ynewl i v i ngneedsof bi gger s pa c es a nd c uba t ur es r el a t ed t o as oc i et y no l onger c onc ent r a t edona gr i c ul t ur a lj obonl y .I ti sdev el opeda sa t y pol ogyc ons ol i da t i onofbui l di ngsi nr owswi t h5or6 oor s , hi s t or i c a l l yobs ol et ec ompa r edt ot hee x i s t i ngur ba nt e x t ur e . S t r ongl yc ompa c ti nv er t i c a ls oa si n hor i z ont a ll i net hi s bui l di ngsc ha i na c t sa sapr operur ba nwa l l , abor derbet ween t he c i t ya nd t he c ount r y s i de .T he homogenei t y oft he oper a t i onc ont r i but est oas t r ongl yuni t a r yi ma gea sar es ul t ofapot ent i a lur ba npr a c t i c epr oj ec t edonmodel sa bl et o c ont i nuet hec i t ys t or y .F r om t hos ec ons i der a t i ons t a r t st he des i gni deat ooper a t eonadoubl el ev el ofaa r t i f a c ta ppr oc h a ndr emov a l . T he s r tc a s ei t sa boutoper a t eont het r a s v er s a l s ec t i onpl a na ndont he gur a t i v equa l i t y ;i ti snec es s a r yt o wor kouta ga i nt heper mea bi l i t yr a t i obet weent her oa da nd t hel a nds c a pe' sv i ewa ndbet weenpubbl i ca ndpr i v a t es pa c e k eepi ng i n c ons i der a t i on t he pos s i bi l i t yt o gi v ea n a r c hi t ec t oni c bui l di ng qua l i t y -c ompl i a nc e wi t h ener gy a v i ngs ,s ei s mi ca nd f uc t i ona lr egul a t i onsc a n beagood s oppor t uni t yba s ed onbui l di ngs ' sc a s i ng a nd ov er l a y .T he s ec ond c a s ei t sa bout oper a t e on t he ba s ement s oi l , unr es ol v edf r om t hepoi ntofv i ew oft hea r t ef a c t ' sr oot i ng a nd t hei rr el a t i ons hi p wi t ht hena t ur a ls y s t em,r el oc a t i ng t hem i nt heov er a l ll a nds c a pea ndt hee x i s t i ngenv i r oment a l geogr a phy .

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