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Resumen Anual de Geography Tsunamis: A tsunami is formed when the energy from an earthquake JOLTS the SEA BED by several meters, displacing hundreds of cubic kilometers of water. In deep water the tsunami moves at great speed. When it reaches SHALLOW wter near COASTAL areas the tsunami slows but increases in height. In Kalutara the several waves of the tsunami came at intervals of between 5 and 40minutes.I reached at least 1 km (0.6 miles) in land causing widespread destruction. If a tsunami destroys a place you should buy: •

Tents: For the people to sleep in a safe place.

Clothe: So the people can wear something that keeps them warm.

Sleeping Bags: So the people can sleep warm.

Water Bourne diseases: It makes healthier.

Rice: Its basic for babies and old people, it’s also cheap.

Simple cooker: To cook food so it is digestible.

Eggs and Milk: For the people who need calcium to grow and survive.

Rehydration salts: If someone needs water urgently you give him these, they are very cheap.

Natural Disasters list: •

Tornado

Flood: When water gets out a river,etc.


Hurricane or typhoon or cyclone: A tornado in water.

Volcano eruption: When a volcano erupts or lava spills from the volcano.

Earthquake: When the crust of the earth crushes.

Avalanche: When snow falls from a mountain.

Blizzard: Strong wind.

Drought: When it doesn’t rains.

• •

Tsunami: When water goes out of the sea.

There are two types of hazard: The man made hazard: Man makes it, like global warming or the forest burning. The natural hazard: It’s made by the earth, like the ones in the list above this. Volcanoes: The parts of a volcano are: •

The magma chamber: Where magma is stored.

The main vent: Is the main channel where lava flows.

Lava: Is the liquid that flows in a volcano when it erupts.

Crater: Is the hole in the top part of a volcano.

Layers of Lava and ash

Here is a diagram of a volcano:


A volcano is an opening VENT in the ground where magma MOLTEN ROCK from deep inside the earth forces its way to the surface.

Volcanoes can be: •

Active: Erupted recently and is likely to erupt again.

Dormant: Erupted in the past 2000 years but not recently.

Extinct: Volcanoes that will not erupt again.

There are two types of volcanoes: Ash volcano Lava volcano


One of the areas in the world where volcanoes and earthquakes are common is the ring of fire. Countries: Some countries have brands like NIKE, UMBRO, Dior and Adidas. Nike has his HEADQUARTERS in USA and the clothe is made in China for example. That tells us that USA is more developed than China. Countries where theadquarters of the brands are: Life expectancy

GDP per capita

Female illiteracy

Germany

78

23,400$

1%

USA

77

36,200$

1%

UK

78

22,800$

1%

Countries where the product is made: Life expectancy

GDP per capita

Female illiteracy

Indonesia:

68

2,900$

19%

China:

72

3,600$

25%

Malaysia:

71

10,300$

17%

As you see the countries where the headquarters are, are much more developed that the countries where the product is made.

Development indicators: •

Health care

Education

Life expectancy

Peoples income and wealth

Employment structure


The employment structure: 1. Primary 2. Secondary 3. Tertiary The primary sector: The primary sector employs people to collect or produce natural resources from land or sea.

The Secondary sector: The secondary sector employs workers to make (manufacture) things.

The Tertiary: The tertiary sector employs people to provide a service.

Primary: •

Coolmirex

Farmer

Lumberjack

Fisherman

Secondary: •

Watch maker

Baker

Builder

Tertiary:


Shop assistant

Footballer

Teacher

Musician

Lawyer

Postman

Politician

Loar tender

Pilot

Bus driver

Air hostess

Police men

Weather: Weather is the day to day condition of the atmosphere. It includes Temperature, precipitation, wind speed and wind direction Climate: Climate is the average over a long period of time. The Equator is the hottest zone in the world.

Cacti have: •

Spikes

Fleshy Stems

Dormant seeds

Long roots


Thick waxy skin

Rainforest trees have: •

Main Canopy

Drip Tips

Shrubs

Emergents

Under Canopy

Lianes

Buttress Roots

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