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January 2010

Proceedings of conclave on ‘Climate change mitigation: Building energy initiatives’, at the World Future Energy Summit, 19 January 2010, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Project Report No. 2009BS11 www.teriin.org

The Energy and Resources Institute


© The Energy and Resources Institute 2010

Suggested format for citation T E R I. 2010 Proceedings of conclave on ‘Climate change mitigation: Building energy initiatives’, at the World Future Energy Summit, 19 January 2010, Abu Dhabi, UAE New Delhi: The Energy and Resources Institute. [Project Report No. 2009BS11]

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Table of content Proceedings of conclave on ‘Climate change mitigation: Building energy initiatives’ ..............1 Introduction ..............................................................................................................................1 Proceedings of the Conclave...................................................................................................2 (i) Inaugural session ............................................................................................................2 (ii) Round table discussions................................................................................................4 Session 1: Energy Cheque: Transforming the existing for future.............................5 Session 2: Climate change and built environment: National initiatives..................8 Participants..............................................................................................................................10

Annexure 1: Agenda ..............................................................................................................11 Annexure 2: List of participants...........................................................................................13 Annexure 3: Minutes of inaugural session .........................................................................15

List of Figures Figure 1: Mr. Deepak Gupta, Mr. Talmiz Ahmed, Dr. R.K.Pachauri, HE Dr. Farooq Abdullah and Dr. Tayeb Kamali at the inaugural session ................................2 Figure 2: HE Dr. Farooq Abdullah, Dr. Tayeb Kamali and Dr. R K Pachauri ................3 Figure 3: Mr. Deepak Gupta delivering the address .........................................................3 Figure 4: Mr. Peyman Mohajer delivering the vote of thanks...........................................4 Figure 5: Round table discussion: Energy Cheque: Transforming the existing for future.........................................................................................................................6 Figure 6: Ms. Gauri Singh and Dr. Leena Srivastava during the second round table discussion .................................................................................................................8 Figure 7: Dr. Nawal Al-Hosany and Mr. Lars Ostenfeld Riemann ...............................10


Proceedings of conclave on ‘Climate change mitigation: Building energy initiatives’

Introduction It is widely recognized that buildings are responsible for substantial quantities of total energy use and associated greenhouse gas emissions globally. The building sector can contribute to mitigating impacts of climate change by delivering significant greenhouse gas emission reductions; and energy, resource, and cost savings through action oriented policy initiatives. In association with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India, Ramboll and Centre of Excellence for Applied Research and Training (CERT) - UAE, TERI hosted a conclave titled ‘Climate change mitigation: Building energy initiatives’, on 19th January 2010 at the World Future Energy Summit (WFES), Abu Dhabi to provide an international exposure to India’s Solar Energy Mission and to identify future areas of research and policy development in the buildings sector of the UAE. This conclave brought together important stakeholders from national and international arenas to a common platform, facilitating interaction and dialogue on green building initiatives for existing buildings and policy frameworks to facilitate better understanding and usher in partnerships that will benefit not only the United Arab Emirates (UAE), but the whole region. The agenda of the conclave is attached as Annexure 1.

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Proceedings of the Conclave (i) Inaugural session The inaugural session, attended by senior diplomats, policy makers and professionals from the building and energy sector urged for cooperation on issues of energy security and building energy efficiency between India and the UAE. Dr. R.K.Pachauri, Director General TERI, encouraged institutes in the UAE and India to usher partnerships and work together to address the issue of green house gas emissions from the buildings sector. Dr. Tayeb Kamali, Group CEO, CERT, and ViceChancellor, HCT highlighted activities being undertaken at Higher Colleges of Technology in this field and hoped that initiatives on energy and green building retrofits towards a common framework are undertaken as a result of the conclave.

Figure 1: Mr. Deepak Gupta, Mr. Talmiz Ahmed, Dr. R.K.Pachauri, HE Dr. Farooq Abdullah and Dr. Tayeb Kamali at the inaugural session

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Figure 2: HE Dr. Farooq Abdullah, Dr. Tayeb Kamali and Dr. R K Pachauri

Figure 3: Mr. Deepak Gupta delivering the address

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HE Mr. Talmiz Ahmed, the Indian Ambassador to the UAE, said that the issue of energy security offers a huge scope of cooperation between India and the UAE, which requires working together of the financial, technological and human resources. HE Dr. Farooq Abdullah, Union Minister of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India, expressed the need for technological developments and co-operation between nations for India to meet the ambitious target of installing 20,000 MW of solar power by 2022. Mr. Deepak Gupta, Secretary MNRE, also emphasized the potential of joint initiatives to minimize emissions from the buildings sector.

Figure 4: Mr. Peyman Mohajer delivering the vote of thanks

Mr. Peyman Mohajer, Managing Director Ramboll, mentioned that energy efficiency in new buildings is being addressed through various green buildings rating systems; however this new building stock is outnumbered by the existing building stock that needs attention. He announced a contribution of 300,000 AED towards research on existing buildings by Ramboll. Minutes of the inaugural session have been attached as Annexure 3.

(ii) Round table discussions Through moderated round table discussions, sessions at the forum provided an opportunity to exchange information on the ongoing initiatives, share good practices from India and the UAE and provide a platform to identify a future roadmap in this direction.

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Session 1: Energy Cheque: Transforming the existing for future In addition to energy-efficient new construction, existing building stock also has a vast potential of reducing carbon emissions. Retrofitting and energy management in existing buildings are fast and financially feasible strategies towards reducing emissions from the building sector. Through a moderated round table discussion, Energy Cheque: Transforming the existing for future highlighted and sought views on enhancement of existing initiatives towards lowering emissions from the existing building stock. The session on existing buildings was moderated by Mr. Heath Anderson Director, Sustainability & Renewables, Ramboll and Ms. Mili Majumdar Associate Director, Sustainable Building Science, TERI. A presentation by Ramboll and TERI provided a backdrop to discussions and inputs from the panelists. Presentation by moderators An overview of the present status of energy efficiency in existing buildings in India was presented. India is experiencing rampant energy inefficiency with a large use of electricity by the commercial sector. The government of India has undertaken the following initiatives for retrofitting of existing building stock: •

• • •

Bureau of energy efficiency has an ambitious energy efficiency retrofit programme for existing buildings in government sector through performance contract. A star rating programme for existing commercial buildings based on actual performance of the building has been launched by Bureau of Energy Efficiency. Several important government buildings have been retrofitted with significant savings in electricity use. The President’s estate has recorded 23% energy savings. 35 energy saving companies have been empanelled.

TERI’s experience so far comprises: • Energy efficiency studies/audits of over 100 buildings to enable retrofit in many achieving average savings of 20%. • Technical partners to Clinton Climate Initiative in Energy Efficiency Building Retrofit Programme. • Enabling retrofit of 100 government buildings in the National Capital Territory of Delhi.

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Figure 5: Round table discussion: Energy Cheque: Transforming the existing for future

Ramboll presented the UAE perspective on energy consumption by residential and commercial existing buildings and highlighted the need for a consistent roadmap for successful implementation of initiatives to achieve energy efficiency in the existing building sector. The drivers to facilitate this change include: • Introduction of minimum energy performance regulations for new and existing buildings • Market and developer acceptance of international rating systems • Establishment of local rating system • Continued education of the industry as a whole The barriers to implementation are: • Emerging market lacks clear and consistent policy • The initiative is not yet market driven • Very few owner operated buildings, hence no incentive to become more energy efficient for owners. Discussions • Since energy consumption accounts for 10% of building operation costs, it is important to establish mechanisms for implementing financial incentives for large scale adoption of energy efficiency in the building sector. • In addition to targeting energy efficiency at individual building levels, the UAE could consider providing clean energy to the grid and thus being carbon neutral.

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• •

Through the Masdar Initiative the government of Abu Dhabi has spearheaded a transfer of the UAE from being a fuel economy towards being a knowledge economy. However, huge knowledge gaps still exist at various levels. Abu Dhabi has committed for 7% renewable energy till 2020 and to initiate a change in mindset, the Masdar Initiative has introduced solar roofs as an integral design feature in the upcoming development. Regulation and policy for new and existing buildings is coming in play in Abu Dhabi. The codes have been developed by adapting international codes such as ‘International Energy Conservation Code’ to the region. Successful implementation of the strategy may be achieved by highlighting the business case, return on investment and subsidized tariffs. Banks are working in collaboration with the government and developers to encourage demand side management in existing buildings. Extensive capacity building even at the level of school children is going on to promote energy efficiency in buildings. Abu Dhabi is looking at empowering the local industry through designating “Building inspectors” and regulating through the public private partnership model. Awareness generation and bridging of knowledge gap is most important. TECOM being a major developer of free zones has taken an independent decision to adopt green building design principles, setting an example for others to follow who are waiting for policy initiatives. Integration of energy efficiency has benefited utilities like Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) by allowing them to install lesser number of substations corresponding to a reduced capital investment. Considering that there is a cap on supply of electricity for any upcoming development, integration of energy efficiency has allowed developers to construct more building units within the given electricity supply limit, and hence benefit financially.

Outcomes Roadmap to achieve energy efficiency to address: 1. Policy gaps: By integration of local and national government policy with a common goal; establishing clear and consistency targets and providing incentives/penalties for compliance/ non-compliance.

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8 Proceedings of conclave on ‘Climate change mitigation: Building energy initiatives’ 2. Identification of market trends: By demand creation (for products, services and expertise) necessary to move markets. 3. Knowledge gap: Amongst owners, designers, users, developers and utilities.

Session 2: Climate change and built environment: National initiatives This session showcased national initiatives to combat climate change and highlighted the actions taken by India and the UAE at their national levels. This session was moderated by Ms. Gauri Singh, Joint Secretary, MNRE, GoI and Dr. Nawal Al-Hosany, Director of Sustainability of Masdar City, UAE. Presentations by the two moderators provided a backdrop to further discussions on the topic. Presentation by Moderators Ms. Gauri Singh highlighted the National Action Plan on Climate Change of India with a special emphasis on the Solar Energy Mission. The aim, proposed target and the suggested road map to achieve 20 GigaWatt goal by 2022, was shared with the audience.

Figure 6: Ms. Gauri Singh and Dr. Leena Srivastava during the second round table discussion

The objective of the Jawaharlal Nehru Solar Mission is to boost solar power and enhance large scale solar power generation in India. The mission aims to:

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Achieve rapid and large scale diffusion of solar power generation technologies; Building local manufacturing, R&D and human resource capability. Reduction of cost to move towards grid parity.

• • • •

The proposed targets for 2022 are: 20,000 MW grid power installed capacity 2000 MW off-grid power 20 million sq.m. of thermal collectors

The suggested road-map through phases 1,2 and 3 were discussed with the following pathways to achieve the goal: Innovative investor friendly single window mechanism Solar specific Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) Concessional Finance / subsidy for decentralized, off grid systems Attractive feed in tariff for utility scale and rooftop solar power plants Tariff based bidding for large solar thermal plants Emphasis on Industry led research projects

• •

• • • • • •

Other MNRE initiatives on solar/green buildings and solar cities were also presented to the audience. India aspires to be one of the world leaders in 2011 and targets to register 1000 green buildings, accredit over 5000 professionals and facilitate green building materials market of USD 40 billion by 2012. Dr. Nawal Al-Hosany made a presentation on Masdar’s mission and its business units including the Masdar Institute, Masdar Sustainable Cities, Masdar Power and Masdar Carbon. The Masdar city inspired from traditional Arabian cities shall be powered by renewable energy, have integrated mobility with personal rapid transport systems towards being a carbon neutral city. The initiative has adopted a sustainable supply chain and followed the triple bottom line to sustainability. Discussions • MNRE is assisting 60 cities in India in making there solar master plan • The main challenges for Masdar was to get people/clients/owners to understand life cycle costs since the upfront costs, higher by 8-10% shall be recoverable in 3-5 years. • Awareness generation and regulations for existing and new cities needs to be addresses. Energy efficiency in street lighting is another aspect that can contribute

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significantly and hence, one could look beyond just buildings and address issues at larger scale. The UAE is moving away from subsidies on gas and oil based energy. There is a cap on the cost of energy that can be charged to the consumers; therefore even though the energy generated from renewable energy is very expensive, the costs can not be transferred to the consumers. There are no incentives on use of renewable energy, but as in Europe, a penalty on emissions due to use of electricity could be looked. It is the vision of UAE to be an energy exporter and not just an oil exporter.

Participants The conclave was well attended and represented by senior officers from the Masdar City Initiative- UAE, Department of Municipal Affairs- Emirate of Abu Dhabi, ghm design- Abu Dhabi, TECOM Investments, which is a developer of knowledgebased business clusters and a subsidiary of Dubai HoldingDubai, Microsol International LL FZE- a leading manufacturer and supplier of solar cells from the UAE, Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology- Pakistan, Ramboll, CERT, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India and TERI. In addition to the above, several journalists from Khaleej Times, representatives from the Dubai Media City and the Energy Press also attended the discussions.

Figure 7: Dr. Nawal Al-Hosany and Mr. Lars Ostenfeld Riemann

A detailed list of participants is attached as Annexure 2 of the report.

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Annexure 1: Agenda 13:30-14:00 14:00-15:00 14:00-14:05 14:05-14:15 14:15-14:25 14:25-14:40 14:40-15:00 15:00-15:05 15:05-15:10

Registration Inaugural session Welcome remarks by Fellow, TERI Gulf Centre: Ms. Meena Janardhan Opening remarks by the Indian Ambassador to the UAE: HE Mr. Talmiz Ahmed Address by Group CEO CERT, and Vice-Chancellor, HCT: Dr. Tayeb Kamali Keynote Address by Director General, TERI, and Chairman, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Dr. R K Pachauri Inaugural address by the Chief Guest and Union Minister of New and Renewable Energy, India HE Dr. Farooq Abdullah Remarks by Secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India: Mr. Deepak Gupta Remarks and vote of thanks by Managing Director, Ramboll, UAE: Mr. Peyman Mohajer

15:10-15:30

Tea/ Coffee

15:30-16:15

Energy Cheque: Transforming the existing for future Round table discussion, moderated by • Mr Heath Andersen, Director, Sustainability & Renewables, Ramboll • Ms. Mili Majumdar, Associate Director, Sustainable Building Science, TERI

16:15-17:15

Climate change and built environment: National initiatives Lead speakers: • Ms. Gauri Singh: Joint Secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, India. • Dr. Nawal Al-Hosany, Director of Sustainability of Masdar City, UAE

17:15-17:30

Summary and Vote of Thanks • Mr Heath Andersen, Director, Sustainability & Renewables, Ramboll • Ms. Mili Majumdar, Associate Director, Sustainable Building Science, TERI

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Annexure 2: List of participants S.no. Name 1. HE Dr. Farooq Abdullah 2. 3.

HE Mr. Talmiz Ahmed Dr. R K Pachauri

4.

Mr. Deepak Gupta

5. 6. 7.

Dr. Tayeb Kamali Mr. Peyman Mohajer Mr Heath Andersen

8.

Ms. Mili Majumdar

9.

Dr. Nawal Al-Hosany

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

Dr. Leena Srivastava Mr. Anjan Turlapati Mr. Abdul Fattah Montasser Dr. Imran Amin Dr. Faouzia Khan Mr. Milan Svatek Mr. Muneer Pandyala Mr. Matthew Plumbridge Mr. Rajan Menon Ms. Jerin Thomas Mr. Rahul Deshpande Mr. T Ramavarman Ms. Gauri Singh

23. 24. 25. 26. 27.

Dr. Bandhopadhya Mr Ali Bin Towaih Mr Sougata Nandi Mr. Lars Ostenfeld Riemann Mr Matthew Byram Plumbridge Dr Senthil Nathan Mr Sultan Karmostaji Mr Will Sibia Mr. Anthony Miles Ms. Priyanka Kochhar Ms Pooja Shukla Ms. Meena Janardhan

28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34.

Organisation Union Minister of New and Renewable Energy, India Indian Ambassador to the UAE Director General, TERI, and Chairman, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, India Chairman, CERT, and Vice-Chancellor, HCT Managing Director, Ramboll, UAE Director, Sustainability & Renewables, Ramboll Associate Director, Sustainable Building Science, TERI Director of Sustainability of Masdar City, UAE Executive Director, TERI Microsol International LL FZE Albayan Press Dean Faculty, MEPIC Dean Faculty, MEPIC Sr. Architect, G H M Design Siraj Malyalam Daily Emirates of Abu Dhabi Vice President, Energy Manager Energy Manager REED Exhibitions Khaleej Times Joint Secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Ministry of New and Renewable Energy ENPARK SEED, TECOM Ramboll Department of Municipal Affairs, Emirate of Abu Dhabi HCT-CERT CERT Ramboll Ramboll TERI TERI TERI Gulf Centre

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Annexure 3: Minutes of inaugural session Opening remarks by the Indian Ambassador to the UAE: HE Mr. Talmiz Ahmed • Huge scope of co-operation towards energy security which requires working together of the financial, technological and human resources. • Commercially viable technologies for future generations is the immediate area of struggle and requires cooperation. • India is the only country of the world with a ministry dedicated to renewable energy and with commitment to clean coal technologies have come with a message for cooperation. Address by Group CEO CERT, and Vice-Chancellor, HCT: Dr. Tayeb Kamali • • • •

Expressed his happiness for being a part of this important event. Mentioned that the topic of Building Energy Initiatives is one that we can act on immediately. Building sector offers low-hanging fruit or early win for our environmental cause. Informed the audience about a report on Energy Efficiency in Buildings presented by World Business Council for Sustainable Development in April 2009, in which they presented results of an analysis of energy use of millions of existing and new building. The report showed how energy use in buildings can be cut by 60% by 2050, to meet global climate change targets but it requires immediate action. This report made six principle recommendations to implement in an integrated effort: - Strengthen building codes for energy labelling. - Incentivize energy-efficient investments. - Encourage integrated design approaches and innovations - Use advanced technology to enable energy-saving - Develop workforce capacity for energy saving - Educate and promote an energy-aware culture Highlighted activities being undertaken at Higher Colleges of Technology in this field. - Regulations: Initiated discussions between International code council and UAE building regulatory agencies. This has now helped the local municipalities to develop new building codes incorporating building energy efficiency.

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Retrofitting and use of renewable energy in existing campuses Integrated design approach to achieve energy efficient buildings in the new campus in Abu Dhabi. CERT is working with TERI and Research Triangle International (RTI) from North Carolina to incubate and commercialise new technologies in this area. Capacity building: They are launching a unique bachelors programme in Sustainable Built Environment in collaboration with leading universities of the world. Working with Urban Land Institute (ULI) in providing continuing education to professionals and plan to offer a bio-technology degree for young nationals. Redesigning campuses as “teaching buildings” that showcase and demonstrate new technologies in energy efficiency.

Mutually beneficial initiatives on energy and green building retrofits can be undertaken towards a common framework in which the region can move forward positively as planned.

Keynote Address by Director General, TERI, and Chairman, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Dr. R K Pachauri • He emphasized the fact that the buildings sector contribute to significant emissions • India and UAE institutes should create partnerships and work together to address the issue of green house gas emissions from the buildings sector. • He expressed his delight about the partnership between TERI and CERT and also to see that Ramboll has joined hands with TERI to work in this direction. • Acknowledged support from MNRE for supporting our work which includes developing an environmental rating system for India called GRIHA. • He highlighted he need for an indigenous rating system for UAE suitable for the local climate and conditions. • Appreciated Masdar initiative. Inaugural address by the Chief Guest and Union Minister of New and Renewable Energy, India HE Dr. Farooq Abdullah • Even though several people in India do not have access to electricity, we have solar and wind energy that may be used to start where many other countries have reached. • To develop energy we need the latest technology. • We want to tie up with Masdar which will be the largest centre of excellence.

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The Solar Mission targets to install 20,000 MW by 2022, but we will need help to achieve the ambitious target.

• Address by Secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India. Mr. Deepak Gupta • Buildings in developing countries are going to be big energy guzzlers and there is immense potential of working together. Remarks and vote of thanks by Managing Director, Ramboll, UAE: Mr. Peyman Mohajer • Everyone is aware of the consequences therefore strategic initiatives to minimize emissions are required. • Several are looking are LEED/Estidama for new buildings which are outnumbered by existing buildings which need o be addressed. • Ramboll shall provide 300,000 AED for research on existing buildings. This research shall be available free of charge for all who may require it.

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WFES 2010 Ramboll/TERI roundtable  

Climate Change mitigation: Building energy initiatives