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Contents:  Version  One   Thesis  Statements Theory   Research Architecture

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Anthony  Stahl   Doug  Jackson  Thesis  Studio Cal  Poly,  San  Luis  Obispo   Visionary  Architecture Spring  2011

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Social Machine

Contents:  Problem   Solution Thesis  Statement

Length:  8  pages



Keywords: Thesis

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Private  Sector Connections Urban  Planning

Social  Infrastructures  in  the  Hyper-­Metropolis

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Preface

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Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

Social Machine

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Preface

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Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

Social Machine

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Preface

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Social Machine Anthony  Stahl

The City as Machine

Contents: City  Growth   Over  Population  Problems History  of  our  Urban  Model Data   Problems  Abroad What  is  Hyper-­Urban?

Length: 38  pages

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Keywords: Slum Rings Density Hugh  Ferris Manhattan  Model

Problems with  an  Ever-­expanding  City:  A  path  to  destruction?  

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A path to destruction?

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Social Machine Anthony  Stahl

The City as Machine

Visions of  a  metropolitan  future:  Hugh   Ferris

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A path to destruction?

“City under  a  single  roof.”

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Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

The City as Machine

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A path to destruction?

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A path to destruction?

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The City as Machine

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A path to destruction?

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American Condition Nice (Wealthy Core) Nice (Well to do Suburbia)

Cannot Absorb : No Space, No Growth other than Verticle = More Expensive = Less Access Deny Access to Social Resources: School, Infrastructure, Tech, Jobs

Emerging Country Nice (Wealthy Core) Extreme Poor (Slum Explosion)

25


Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

The City as Machine

26


A path to destruction?

27


Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

The City as Machine

28


A path to destruction?

number of people migrating to urban areas

30 MILLION

50 years 1960 2010

66% 82%

of nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pop.

29


Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

The City as Machine

30


A path to destruction?

number of people migrating to urban areas

350 MILLION

50 years 1960 2010

31

49% 82%


Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

The City as Machine

32


A path to destruction?

number of people migrating to urban areas

479 MILLION

50 years 1960 2010

16% 44%

of nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pop.

33


Social Machine

The City as Machine

Anthony Stahl

1960

2000

2010

66%

79%

82%

223,198,052

251,748,760

75%

82%

390,527,319

456,920,012

China 479 Million People 50 years 106,731,200

36%

44%

452,026,910

585,842,400

12% HIPCMillion People 181 50 years 20,822,731

75%

32%

141,012,481

202,247,050

America

30 Million People126,469,700 in 50 years Latin A. 49% 350 Million People 50 years 106,516,538

16%

Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Malnourished

175,900,000

87%

61% 352 Million People 50 years 436,905,023

75%

HIC

728,150,228

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34

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2000 79%

2010 82% America

223,198,052

75%

251,748,760

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456,920,012

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452,026,910

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585,842,400

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202,247,050

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HIC

1960

2010

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223,198,052

251,748,760

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390,527,319

456,920,012

44% 16%479 Million People 36% 50 years 106,731,200

452,026,910

585,842,400

12%181 Million People 75%50 years32% 20,822,731 202,247,050 Malnourished 87% 141,012,481 175,900,000

61% 75% 352 Million People 50 years77%

77% 789,240,983

2000

436,905,023

728,150,228

American Population: 307,006,550

35

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The City as Machine

Shengzen 1980

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The City as Machine

Fig. 1 Fig   1   :   The   skyscrapers   pictured   here  and  that  live  at  wall  street  to-­ GD\UHSUHVHQWWKHµFOLPD[VSHFLHV¶RI DQLQWHQVHXUEDQSURFHVVDQGPRGHO WKDW KDV GH¿QHG XUEDQ FHQWHUV around  the  world.  

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49


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50


HOUSTON HOUSTON A path to destruction?

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51


Social Machine Anthony  Stahl

The City as Machine

China ³$JULFXOWXUDODQGLQGXVWULDOUHIRUPLQWKHPRGHUQSHULRGUHVXOWHGLQGUDPDWLFLQFUHDVHRIUXUDOWRXUEDQPLJUDWLRQ8UEDQL]DWLRQZDV FRQWUROOHGXQGHU0DRWKURXJKIRRGUDWLRQLQJDQGUHVWULFWLRQVRQLQGXVWULDOGHYHORSPHQW7KLVLVVLJQL¿FDQWEHFDXVHLWDOORZHG&KLQDWR DYRLGUDSLGJURZWKRI³SHULSKHUDOVTXDWWHUVHWWOHPHQWV´WKDWFKDUDFWHUL]HPRVWQRQZHVWHUQXUEDQSODFHV&XOWXUDO5HYROXWLRQLQ H[SORVLRQRISRSXODWLRQLQXUEDQFHQWHUV7KLVZDVWKHODUJHVWVLQJOHPRYHPHQWRISHRSOHZLWKLQWKHERUGHUVRIDQ\FRXQWU\GXULQJWKH WZHQWLHWKFHQWXU\  RIWKHXUEDQSODFHV GDWD DUHLQFRDVWDOSURYLQFHV´ Johnson, Haarmann,  Johnson,  Clawson,  “World  regional  Geography”  Tenth  Edition

52


A path to destruction?

Sao Paulo   ³6HOIEXLOWUHVLGHQFHVZLWKLQYDVWVKDQW\WRZQVIRXQGLQRXWVNLUWVRIWKHFLW\0XQLFLSDOJRYHUQPHQWVZKLFKDUHKDUGSUHVVHGWRSURYLGH EDVLFVHUYLFHVVXFKDVGULQNLQJZDWHUVHZHUDJHHOHFWULFLW\JDUEDJHGLVSRVDODQGSROLFHSURWHFWLRQWRWKHROGHUHVWDEOLVKHGQHLJKERU-­ KRRGV¿QGWKHPVHOYHVDOPRVWWRWDOO\LQFDSDEOHRIVHUYLFLQJWKHQHZO\VHWWOHGSHULSKHU\´³0RVWXUEDQFHQWHUVDUHIRXQGLQDVHOISHU-­ petuating  cycle  of  growth” Charles  s.  Gargent,  “The  Latin  American  City,”  

53


Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

The American Model

Contents:  Machine  Tradition   Manufacturing

Length:  6  pages



Keywords: Hall-­Style

$PHULFDQ 6\VWHP

Interchangeability Manufacturing American  Style

Production  and  its  influence  on  modern  american  thinking  and  the   contemporary  form  of  the  city.

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54


A Machine Tradition

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55

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The American Model

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Social Machine Anthony  Stahl

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A Machine Tradition

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59


Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

Social America

Contents:  Reflecting  on  Compartamentalization Isolation  and  Transportation  parallels Reflecting  on  â&#x20AC;&#x153;Congestion  of  Contentâ&#x20AC;?  

Length:  8  pages



Keywords: Division

6RFLDO $PHULFD

Central  Park Compromizing  through  mixture Running  through  the  Louvre

Social  culture  in  the  21st  century  and  its  influnce  on  how  we  experience  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Urbanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

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Social culture in the 21st century

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Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

Social America

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Social culture in the 21st century

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63


Social Machine Anthony  Stahl

Social America

64


Social culture in the 21st century

65


Social Machine Anthony  Stahl

Social America

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67


Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

Brace Infrastructure

Contents:  Social  Machine  Infrastructure Aims  of  the  Infrastructure Problems  with  Reinvention Critiques  of  Visionary  Urban  Schemes Model  for  better  Future



Length:  24  pages

Keywords:

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Donut  Growth Infrastructure Interjection Intervention Change  over  Time Vertical  Community Connections  

A  Machine  for  the  Generation  of  New  Socio-­Urban  Enviornments

The issues threatening to harm our current and future cities can be categorized into two basic groupings: 1) Physical and 2) Social. 

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Frontal  dimension:   As   soon   as   one   starts   to   incline   planes   to   get   rid   of   the   vertical,   the   re-­ lationship   with   the   horizontal   changes,  gravity  does  not  come   into   place   in   the   perception   of   space  in  the  same  way  at  all.    We   work  with  gravity  in  a  new  way,   WKH REOLTXH D WKLUG UHODWLRQVKLS with  the  user,  either  speeding  up   or   slowing   down,   speed   comes   into   play.   The   individual   is   al-­ ways  in  a  state  of  resistance.   3DXO9LULOLRDQGWKH2EOLTXH $Q LQWHUYLHZ FXUHWWHG E\ (Q-­ rique  Limon

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“That life   is   not   only   lived   in   KHUPHWLFDOO\VHDOHGER[HVPDGH for   some   small   parallel   lives,   EXW DOVR LQ FLW\ DQG LQ FDUV LQ the   supermarkets,   in   the   cine-­ mas,  on  the  motorways..  shining   intersections  points  of  relation-­ ships…”

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“Somewhere in   the   19th   cen-­ WXU\ FHUWDLQ SDUWV RI WKH JOREH QHJOLJLEOH LQ WHUPV RI VXUIDFH developed   an   unprecedented   condition:   through   the   simulta-­ QHRXVH[SORVLRQRIPRGHUQWHFK-­ nologies  and  human  population   on  their  limited  territories,  they   found   themselves   supporting   the   mutant   form   of   human   co-­ H[LVWHQFH WKDW LV NQRZQ DV 0H-­ tropolis.” OMA

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1

Fig.  1   The   Metropolis   invalidates   all   the   previous   systems   of   articu-­ lation   and   differentiation   that   have   traditionally   guided   the   design  of  cities.  The  Metropolis   annuls   the   previous   history   of   architecture. But   if   the   Metropolis   is   a   true   PXWDWLRQLWFDQEHDVVXPHGWKDW it   has   also   generated   its   own   8UEDQLVP DQ DUFKLWHFWXUH WKDW LV H[FOXVLYHO\ FRQFHUQHG ZLWK the   â&#x20AC;&#x153;splendeurs   et   misresâ&#x20AC;?   of   WKH 0HWURSROLWDQ &RQGLWLRQ an   architecture   with   its   own   WKHRUHPVODZVPHWKRGVEUHDN-­ throughs  and  achievements  that   has   remained   largely   outside   WKHÂżHOGRIYLVLRQRIRIÂżFLDODU-­ FKLWHFWXUH DQG FULWLFLVP ERWK XQDEOH WR DGPLW D IXQGDPHQWDO rupture   that   would   make   their   RZQH[LVWHQFHSUHFDULRXV´

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The  10%  of  the  city  mass  that   LV UHVHUYHG IRU SHRSOH WR EH VRFLDOZKHQEURNHQGRZQLV really  even  less  reserved  than   that.  Much  of  the  street  is  in-­ DFFHVVDEOH GXH WR LQIUDVWUXF-­ tural  systems  dedicated  to  the   EXLOGLQJVWKHPVHOYHV

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6 When  this  is  factored  into  the   HTXDWLRQ LW EHFRPHV SODLQ to  see  that  most  of  the  city  is   VSDFH GHGLFDWHG QRW WR SXE-­ lic  social  space,  or  space  for   people   to   interact   in   sponta-­ neous   and   productive   ways,   EXW IRU PDFKLQH V\VWHPV WR support  the  city  itself.  

7 In  a  perfect  world,  as  the  city   mass   grows,   the   space   for   people  to  interact  would  grow   in  some  proportional  manner,   retaining   the   50   to   50   ratio   that  the  city  started  at.  

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8 7KLVSXEOLFVSDFHFRXOGWKHQEH GLVWULEXWHGWKURXJKRXWWKHPDVV of  the  city,  such  that  the  center   of  gravity  of  the  city  included  in-­ frastructure   systems   dedicated   to   the   people   as   well   as   to   the   city  itself  (the  city  proper).

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7KHSUREOHPZLWKWKLVLVWKDWLW LV QRW HFRQRPLFDOO\ IHDVLEOH WR do  this.   To   require   developers,   owners  and  investors  to  include   SDUN DQG SXEOLF VSDFH LQ WKHLU EXLOGLQJV ORZHUV WKH EXLOGLQJ¶V UHWXUQ RQ LQYHVWPHQW DQG HI¿-­ ciency,   therefore   rendering   the   SURMHFW LWVHOI LQIHDVLEOH ¿QDQ-­ cially.   Therefore   this   type   of   ODZDVJRRGDVLWZRXOGEHIRU the   city   itself,   will   never   come   to  pass.    

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Solution - Social Machine

Contents:  Model  For  the  Future Infrastructure  Goals

Length:  8  pages



Keywords: Elevations Reaction  as  Design

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Architecture as Catalyst

Contents:  Controlling  Change History  and  Cities,  what  does  it  mean? Case  Study:  OMA  City  in  Penang Creating  Vertical  Neighborhoods

Length:  16  pages



Keywords: Growth  Zones

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Contents:  Manhattan  Research Site  applicability Breaking  the  rules  of  Manhattan Typology  of  the  City

Length:  16  pages



Keywords: Tower

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Contents:  Zoning  three  Dimensions New  Transportation  Systems Outcomes  of  the  Machine Renders Rules  of  Growth Rules  of  Connections Codes



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Keywords: Light-­rail Community  Promenade Visual  and  physical  Connections Change

The  Architecuture  of  Architecture:  Urbanization  in  Three  Dimensions

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Contents:  History  of  the  Park History  of  Theatre Theatre  Typologies Program  and  application  

Length:  22  pages

Keywords: Hall-­Style Interchangeability Manufacturing American  Style

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Plan  of  Priene,  from  Armin  von  Gerkan,  1924

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Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

Machine Program

India The  aim  of  the  infrastructure  is  to  create  spaces  that  rival  great   squares  and  corridors  of  the  great  cites  of  the  world.  Given  that   WKHVH ZLOO QRW EH H[SOLFLWO\ GHVLJQHG DW WKH RXWVHW RI WKH LQIUD-­ VWUXFWXUHWKHLQIUDVWUXFWXUHPXVWEHSRVLWLRQHGLQWKHEHVWZD\ fro  these  to  develop  over  time.  The  key  is  to  create  environments   WKDW DUH QRW VWUDWL¿HG EXW XQGXODWH WKURXJK WKUHH GLPHQVLRQDO space.

Cordova, Â Spain

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Park for the performing arts

Vienna, Â Austria

Paris, Â France

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Social Machine Anthony  Stahl

Machine Program

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Takashi  Murakami  at  the  Louvre

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Social Machine Anthony  Stahl

Machine Program

Opera House: Change the Typology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Aesthetic of the Opera House 7KHSURJUDPPDWLFER[HVGRQ·WQHFHVVDULO\EHJWREHFKDQJHGLQWKDWWKH\

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$XGLWRULXP IRU WKH DXGLHQFH 6WDJH GHVLJQHG IRU SHUIRUPDQFH ]HDORXV LQ enhancing the  art  of  theatre  if  you  want   WR EXLOG D VXFFHVVIXO WKHDWUH 3HRSOH are  drawn  to  the  theatre  to  share  in  a   FRPPXQDOH[SHULHQFHQRWPHUHO\WREH REVHUYHGDNLQGUHGRI³HPRWLRQDODQG intellectual   sympathies   when   people   cry.   In   modern   theatre   the   patron   is   JHQHUDOO\DFLYLFERG\RUJRYHUQPHQW RUSULYDWHFLWL]HQ*UHHNVZHUHWKH¿UVW to   develop   theatre   separate   from   their   UHOLJLRXV EDFNJURXQGV 2SHQ WKUXVW LV when  the  audience  sits  on  three  sides  of   WKHVWDJHWKFHQWXU\LQ(XURSHEDO-­ OHWDQGRSHUDIRUPHGLQEDOOURRPVDQG formal  gardens,  many  of  the  plays  that   were  happening  at  this  time  were  set  in   temporary  space.  

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Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

Machine Program

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Park for the performing arts

3DUN 6L]HV LQ 1HZ <RUN  WR 6FDOH 7R LQFOXGH DOO RI WKHVH VL]HV ZRXOG EH D priority,  the  machine  itself  wants  to  in-­ clude   a   promenade   and   a   multiplicity   RIGLIIHUHQWH[SHULHQFHVZLWKLQLW

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Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

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Social  Machine Anthony  Stahl

Machine Program

IRFXVHGREMHFWLWFDQEHXVHGDVDQDFWLYDWRUIRUWKHVSDFHVXUURXQGLQJLWPXFK OLNHWKHDLPRIWKHVRFLDOPDFKLQHLWVHOI:KDWZRXOGHIIHFWWKHSODFHPHQWDQG DUFKLWHFWXUHRIWKHVSDFHVZRXOGEHWKHLUUHODWLRQWRVXUURXQGLQJFRQWH[WRXWVLGH RIWKHWRZHU7KDWZLWKWKHLQFOXVLRQRIWKHLGHDRISURFHVVLRQDQGMRXUQH\ DZD\IURPWKHFLW\ UHDOLW\ WRSXUHVRFLDO XQUHDOLW\ LQDSK\VLFDOPDQQHU XQGHUVWDQGLQJWKDWSK\VLFDOFRQQHFWLRQVDUHRIWKHXWPRVWLPSRUWDQFHLQXUEDQ â&#x20AC;&#x153;The  entire   theatre,   its   audience   ar-­ UDQJHPHQWV LWV RWKHU SXEOLF VSDFHV its  physical  appearance,  even  its  loca-­ tion   within   the   city,   are   all   important   HOHPHQWV RI WKH SURFHVV E\ ZKLFK DQ DXGLHQFHPDNHVPHDQLQJRILWVH[SHUL-­ HQFH´7KHSUHVHQWERRNVVHHNVWRH[-­ plore  some  of  the  implications  of  these   more  neglected  aspects  of  the  physical   VXUURXQGLQJV RI SHUIRUPDQFH E\ ZD\ of   demonstrating   not   only   how   such   VXUURXQGLQJV UHĂ&#x20AC;HFW WKH VRFLDO DQG cultural   concerns   and   suppositions   of   WKHLUFUHDWRUVDQGWKHLUDXGLHQFHVEXW even   more   important,   how   they   may   serve  to  stimulate  or  to  reinforce  within   audiences  certain  ideas  of  what  theatre   represents  within  their  society  and  how   WKHSHUIRUPDQFHLWLVRIIHULQJDUHWREH interpreted  and  integrated  into  the  rest   of  their  social  and  cultural  life.â&#x20AC;?

UDWKHUWKDQUHO\LQJRQGLJLWDOPHGLD LVZKDWZLOOEHWKHGULYLQJIDFWRUVLQWKH GHVLJQRIWKHVSHFLĂ&#x20AC;FVSDFH 'RHVWKHDWHUKDYHDQHHGIRUDUFKLWHFWXUHDQ\PRUH" Spatial Representation in the Machine 2QHRIWKHKXUGOHVLQWKLVSURMHFWLVKRZWRGHDOZLWKVSDFHLQWKHPDFKLQH 'XHWRWKHFRQĂ&#x20AC;QHPHQWRIWKHVSDFHWKLVWKLQJFDQQRWEHSXUHO\DV\VWHPRI UDPSZD\VWKHVHUDPSZD\VZLOOEHWRRVWHHSWREHIHDVLEOHWRXVHDVDYHUWLFDO WUDQVSRUWDWLRQV\VWHPWKHUHIRUHRWKHUWKLQJVZLOOKDYHWREHLQSODFHVXFKDV FRUHVDVZHOODVPRYLQJUDPSLQJV\VWHPV,WVKRXOGEHWKHUXOHWKDWWKHVHDOZD\V PDLQWDLQVRPHVRUWRIYLVXDOFRQQHFWLRQWRERWKWKHRXWVLGHDQGWKHLQVLGHZRUOG WKHUHIRUHWKHXQGHUVWDQGLQJRIHDFKLVQHYHUORVWDVRQHWUDYHOVYHUWLFDOO\7KLV ZLOOEHLQVWDUNFRQWUDVWWRWKHXVXDOW\SRORJ\RIWKHWRZHUZKLFKLVGHĂ&#x20AC;QHGE\ EOLQGQDYLJDWLRQDQGDVRUWRIWHOHSRUWDWLRQFKDUDFWHU2QHWKLQJWKDW,ZRXOG OLNHWRSUHVHUYHLQWKHPRYHPHQWRIYHUWLFDOLW\LVWKHLGHDRIPRQXPHQWDOLW\DQG WKHPRPHQWIURPZKLFKGLVSODFHV\RXIURP\RXUUHDOLW\DQGVKRFNV\RXLQWR DQRWKHU7KHDELOLW\WRPRYHIDVWHUWKDQEHIRUHLVDOVRQHFHVVDU\7RZURSHV ZLWKLQWKHZRRGV" )RUPQHHGVWRPHGLDWHEHWZHHQWKHLQGLYLGXDODQGWKHPRQXPHQWDOWKHMXPSLQJ EHWZHHQWKHWZREHLQJDQHSLFWKDWFOHDQVHVWKHPLQG

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Park for the performing arts

ELEVATIONS A1

WEST

GARDEN A1 A2 -­  A8

OPERA ENTRY A1  -­  B8 OPERA  ENTRY  2 A1  -­  B8 B8  ,  B7

SMALL VENUE C1 D4

GARDEN C1 -­  D8 P.W.  SUNSET E1  -­  F2 E1  -­  F3

AMPLITHEATRE E1 -­  F3 A2  ,  A6  ,  A  12

LARGE GRASS E1  -­  F3 R.  1  -­  4

TRANSFER FL. R.  1  -­  4 D.  2  -­  4  

SMALL GARDEN R.  1  -­  4 D.  2  -­  4   C1  -­  D8 A1

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Social Machine Anthony  Stahl

Machine Program

SOUTH

GARDEN A1 A2 -­  A8

OPERA ENTRY A1  -­  B8 OPERA  ENTRY  2 A1  -­  B8 B8  ,  B7

SMALL VENUE C1 D4

GARDEN C1 -­  D8 P.W.  SUNSET E1  -­  F2 E1  -­  F3

AMPLITHEATRE E1 -­  F3 A2  ,  A6  ,  A  12

LARGE GRASS E1  -­  F3 R.  1  -­  4

TRANSFER FL. R.  1  -­  4 D.  2  -­  4  

SMALL GARDEN R.  1  -­  4 D.  2  -­  4   C1  -­  D8 A1

GROUND FL.

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Park for the performing arts

NORTH

GARDEN A1 A2 -­  A8

OPERA ENTRY A1  -­  B8 OPERA  ENTRY  2 A1  -­  B8 B8  ,  B7

SMALL VENUE C1 D4

GARDEN C1 -­  D8 P.W.  SUNSET E1  -­  F2 E1  -­  F3

AMPLITHEATRE E1 -­  F3 A2  ,  A6  ,  A  12

LARGE GRASS E1  -­  F3 R.  1  -­  4

TRANSFER FL. R.  1  -­  4 D.  2  -­  4  

SMALL GARDEN R.  1  -­  4 D.  2  -­  4   C1  -­  D8 A1

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 3DUWV D&DFKHRIWKH0DFKLQH Section  under  construction  until  July  31st

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Social Machine (Working Draft)  

Thesis Book (Draft 1) _Anthony Stahl Cover art not included

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