Issuu on Google+

ANNIE RITZ PORTFOLIO


contents STUDENT 9 PROFESSIONAL 35 RESEARCH 49


student


contents AQUA-ARIUM 2008 ALLIANCE FRANCAISE 2007 LAS VEGAS 2007


0

Rain

Air

City

uban transmission cycle pollution cycle water cycle

THERMAERIUM

8/24

8/03

ppm

8/17

7/27

8/31

7/20

7/13

8/24

uban Toronto Rainfall water cycle

8/17

7/06

6/29

8/10

6/22

uban 1000 ppm water PROCESSING Toronto cycleRainfall CAPACITY

8/03

6/15

7/27

7/20

6/08 7/13

6/01 7/06

6/29

6/22

6/01

6/15

0

mm

0

mm

6/08

simply tanks, while bowl-shaped aquaria are also known as fish bowls. Size can range from a small glass bowl to immense public aquaria. A number of components are used to maintain appropriate water quality and characteristics suitable for the aquarium's residents. There are many types of aquaria, classified by the organisms maintained or the type of environment that is mimicked.

ppm

mm

8/10

mmimmensely aquarium hasAquaria a long history and maintaining an aquarium has become parent side in which water-dwelling plants orThe animals are kept. are primarily used type of environment that is mimicked. popular worldwide; person whoandownsaquatic or maintains an aquarium is known as an aquarfor fishkeeping, although invertebrates, amphibians, marine amammals, ist. Aquaria a variety materials, shapes, and sizes. They are typically conplants are also housed in aquaria. The term combinescanthecome Latinin root aqua,of meaning structed of glassto".[1] or high-strength plastic. Cuboid aquaria are also known as fish tanks or water, with the suffix -arium, meaning "a place for relating simply tanks, while bowl-shaped aquaria are also known as fish bowls. Size can range 20are used to from a an smallaquarium glass bowl immenseimmensely public aquaria. A number of components The aquarium has a long history and maintaining hastobecome maintain anappropriate quality characteristics suitable for the mm aquarium's resipopular worldwide; a person who owns or maintains aquarium water is known as anandaquarThereandaresizes. manyThey typesareoftypically aquaria,conclassified by the organisms maintained or the ist. Aquaria can come in a variety of materials,dents. shapes, type ofaquaria environment is mimicked. structed of glass or high-strength plastic. Cuboid are alsothat known as fish tanks or

Rain

Air

River

Body of Domestic Industrial Commercial Sewage

Evapouration

silo cycle WATER

uban water cycle

Strom Drain

TREATMENT

City

River

To POTW

Body of Water

WATER

T TMEN TREA

uban water cycle

transmission cycle pollution cycle

silo cycle WATER

N UTIO 3 ISTRIB ENT D SEDIM

TREATMENT ENT EATM

7

R TR WATE

transmission cycle pollution cycle

silo cycle WATER

2

UTION ISTRIB ENT D SEDIM

TREATMENT ENT EATM

7

R TR WATE

Combined Sewer Overflow Discharge Point Existing Sewers

Mouth of the Don

NO SWIMMING

FLO

6

1

teria.

POND CREATION

POND CREATION

POND CREATION

POND CREATION

Rainfall

20

as heat the purified water. Through gas heating, water is heated to a temperature

mm

Toronto 2005

Overflow

Rainfall

8/10

8/03

7/27

7/20

7/13

6/29

6/22

6/15

TODAY: NO BEACH

Beach closures No Swimming Lake Contamination

OVERFLOW

8/03

8/10

ppm

Rainfall

6/22

POND CREATION

6/15

40 6/29 CSOs occur 7/06 7/13 7/20 7/27 about 50 to 60 times a year in Toronto Rainfall 6/08

POND CREATION

6/08

POND CREATION

POND CREATION

POND CREATION

6/01

10000

mm

POND CREATION

Rising E.Coli levels

Rainfall

Proposed Cycle Intervention

0

Swimming Pond Creation

POND CREATION

ASHBRIDGES BYPASS: SEWAGE INTO LAKE ONTARIO

OVERFLOW

Rainfall

POND CREATION

Beach closures No Swimming Lake Contamination

Water Filtration and pond creation

POND CREATION

POND CREATION

20

mm

Slip / 3. SITE / 4. Hanlan’s Point beach / 5. Centre Island beach / 6. Ward’s Island beach / 7. Cherry Beach

OVERFLOW INTO SILO

POND CREATION

Current Rainfall Cycle

Swimming Pond Creation

POND CREATION

POND CREATION

Water Filtration and pond creation

POND CREATION

POND CREATION

E. Coli per 100 ml

Rainfall

OVERFLOW INTO SILO

Rainfall

POND CREATION

NO SWIMMING

NO SWIMMING

Keating Channel

OVERFLOW

Rainfall

POND CREATION

Lake Ontario

CSO Diversion

E. Coli per 100 ml

NO SWIMMING

Beach closures No Swimming Lake Contamination

Rising E.Coli levels

Proposed Cycle Intervention

Keating Channel

CSO Diversion

Rainfall

NO SWIMMING

NO SWIMMING

NO SWIMMING

NO SWIMMING

NO SWIMMING

NO SWIMMING

ASHBRIDGES BYPASS:BEACH NETWORK SEWAGE INTO 1.HtO Urban Beach / 2. Jarvis LAKE ONTARIO Rising E.Coli levels

OVERFLOW

Rainfall

River

CSO Diversion

ASHBRIDGES BYPASS: SEWAGE INTO LAKE ONTARIO

OVERFLOW

Rainfall

ROMAN BATHS OF DIOCLETIAN

Current Rainfall Cycle

River

NO SWIMMING

E. Coli per 100 ml

NO SWIMMING

NO SWIMMING

NO SWIMMING

NO SWIMMING

NO SWIMMING

Anaerobic digesters convert biowaste teria. Rainfall Cycle into biogas and sediment, using Current an envi-

Toronto Rainfall

River

NO SWIMMING

Anaerobic digesters convert biowaste into biogas and sediment, using an envi-

Downtown Beach Network

fluent. Heavier objects such as solids, biowaste sink to the bottom of the tank

Don

NO SWIMMING

Downtown Beach Netwo

OVERFLOW

CSO Diversion

Don

E. Coli per 100 ml

bic digesters to be processed.

Toronto Rainfall

Rainfall E.Coli Beach Closure This project is enabled by the city’s dirty water. On a bimonthly basis Swimming Limit 20 Toronto Rainfall 100 the city exceeds its infrastructural limits of processing polluted water, Current Rainfall Cycle 10 40 Ashbridges Capacity mm due to heavy rainfall, snow or melting ice. During these periods,OVERFLOW ASHBRIDGES BYPASS: SEWAGE INTO 0 10000 1 40 ONTARIO BEACHES Beach closures 6/01 7/13 water 7/20 7/27 8/03 8/10 TORONTO 8/17 LAKE 8/24 8/31 Rising E.Coli levels polluted water flows directly into the city’s harbour rendering the Rainfall No Swimming Lake Contamination 1000 ROMAN BATHS OF DIOCLETIAN 1920’S VIBRANT TORONTO BEACH hazardous and polluted. Recognizing this cycle as both natural and 20 1930 Roman Baths Toronto clean water. These outputs are used to construct new ponds CSOs mm Rainfall E.Coli Beach Closure in which visitors can bathe, swim and socialize. The ponds are Approximately sixty times per year, CSOs are dumped into Lake Swimming Limit 20 100cleaning 100 by the process and inserts filled with treated CSO waproject itself into this rhythm and uses these Ontario untreated. They cause highperpetual, levels of pollutants heated and this ter. As the number of overflow mounts, the silo site continues to CSO Diversion

COMBINED SEWER INPUT

1

fluent. Heavier objects such as solids, biowaste sink to the bottom of the tank

NO SWIMMING

WATER PROCESS

NO SWIMMING

NO SWIMMING

NO SWIMMING

E. Coli per 100 ml

POSITIVE POLLUTION IN TORONTO’S HARBOUR

E.Coli, forcing beaches to post ‘No Swimming’ signs. We use grow and the lattice like structure accumulates. water to clean everything; from the dishes to our bodies, water is imperative to our notions of cleanliness and purity. However, 10 the act of cleaning transforms clean water into dirty water. SITE This STRATEGY Combined Overflow site isSewer based on water immersion and expeproject is enabled by dirty water. On the days when water The flow program on the Point Acting asDischarge a new type of park, the site can be navigated in the city exceeds the infrastructural limits, the site and silorience. are from within or1onExisting top ofSewers the new form work. Pools are distribput into action. Ontario uted in varying6/01 sizes to6/08 accommodate a 6/22 variety of6/29 uses and 6/15Lake 7/06 Proposed Diversion group sizes. SILO PROCESSOR Victory Silo Acting as a processor, the silo treats the dirty water as ana input and productively reuses its by-products: sediment, heataand clean water. These outputs are used to construct new ponds Rainfall in which visitors can bathe, swim and socialize. The ponds are heated by the cleaning process and filled with treated CSO water. As the number of overflow mounts, the silo site continues to grow and the lattice like structure accumulates.

Rece mate Anae into ronm vert proje

andCSO are Diversion removed and sent to the anaeroronment devoid ofSwimming oxygen, bacteria conof 45 degrees. The aquarium has a long history and maintaining an aquarium has become immensely Limit 20 100 100 7 SEDIMENT ELEVATOR bic digesters to be processed. vert the waste material into the fuel of the 1 COMBINED SEWER INPUT BEACH NETWORK Water overflow that is collected the is known as an aquarAll material extracted from the purificapopular worldwide; a person who owns or maintainsfrom an aquarium project. 4 WATER DISTRIBUTION 1.HtO Urban Beach Jarvis Slip / 3. SITE / 4. Point beach / 5. Centre Island beach / 6. Ward’s Island beach / 7. C 9Hanlan’s due to heavy runoff is diverted from tion process is transported via/ 2.grain eleHeated water is distributed through a pipist. Aquariacity comedestination in a variety of of materials, andand sizes. They areSECONDARY typically con- SEDIMENTATION itscanfinal Lake shapes, Ontario vator, to the distribution deck, where it is 3 CLARIFIER ing network over the site, forming ponds Proposed Cycle Intervention into the reprogrammed silo.also known Suspended loaded into the crane for site distribution. 10 10 structed oftransferred glass or high-strength plastic. Cuboid aquaria are as fish tanks or solids are treated by aerat- 5 Clarification is done by causingCapacity a preAshbridges of varying exposure and temperatures. ing the effluent. Oxygen is introduced Water arrives from four points: two loSediment is dropped from the crane into 7 Water is finally drained from the ponds cipitate to form in the water which can be 40 simply tanks, while bowl-shaped aquaria are also known as fish bowls. Size can range into the tanks to create a habitable enCombined Sewer Overflow cated at the mouth of the Don River, one conical piles around the site. removed. Initially the precipitate forms into Lake Ontario, from where it re-enters mm Discharge Point vironment growth. The bacChannel, anoth-of components 0 from a smallsouth glassofbowlthetoKeating immense public aquaria.and A number are used tofor bacterial Keating Channel as very small particles but as the water the water cycle. 6 teria consume the suspended solids and er to the west of the silo. Water, mixed mm 1 Existing Sewers 1 is gently0 stirred, these particles stick tomaintain appropriate water qualityurban and characteristics resi- source depletes die and fall as the sfood with dirt, sewage, runoff, and suitable other 10000 40 for the aquarium' Ontario6/29 6/01 6/08 6/15Lake6/22 7/06of the 7/13 8/10 8/24 gether 8/31 to form bigger particles. Large 6/01 6/08 6/15 6/22 6/29 CSOs occu 7/0 to the 8/03 bottom the tank to 8/17 be removed pollutants silo underground to 7/27 Proposed Diversion dents. There are many enters types aquaria, classified by7/20 the organisms maintained or to thetheofdigesters. pieces of precipitate are removed and TORONTO BEACHES and sent begin its processing cycle. sent to the digester. type of environment that is mimicked. Victory Silo 5 Mouth of the Don 1920’S VIBRANT TORONTO BEACH 1000 NO SWIMMING

E. Coli per 100 ml

NO SWIMMING

NO SWIMMING

Silo (un)natural Victory processes OUTPUT

T PU

WATER PROCESS

T PU

CSO Diversion

Don

Ontario untreated. They cause high levels of pollutants and E.Coli, forcing beaches to post ‘No Swimming’ signs. We use WATER CLEAN WATER water to clean everything; from the dishes to our bodies, water SEWAGE BIOGAS BIOMATTER SEDIMENT is imperative to our notions of cleanliness and purity. However, the act of cleaning transforms clean water into dirty water. This project is enabled by dirty water. On the days when water flow in the city exceeds the infrastructural limits, the site and silo are This proposal envisions a new beach typology for the Toronto into action.10000 Waterfront. Responding to the lack of swimming atput Toronto’s new urban beaches and consistent CSO closures at surrounding swim areas, we offer new possibilities for water immersion SILO PROCESSOR of the and activity that are enabled, rather than prohibited,Acting by polluasMouth a processor, the Don silo treats the dirty water as an in1000 reuses its by-products: sediment, heat and tion. SITE PLAN: CSO DIVERSION POINTS put and productively clean water. These outputs are used to construct new ponds CSOs in which visitors can bathe, swim and socialize. CSO TheDiversion ponds are Approximately sixty times per year, CSOs are dumpedheated into Lake by the cleaning process and filled with treated CSO waPROCESS OUTPUT INPUT 100 Ontario untreated. They cause high levels of pollutants ter. Asand the number of overflow mounts, the silo site continues to WATER CLEAN WATER E.Coli, forcing beaches to post ‘No Swimming’ signs. Weand usethe lattice like structure accumulates. grow SEWAGE BIOGAS water to clean everything; from the dishes to our bodies, water BIOMATTER SEDIMENT is imperative to our notions of cleanliness and purity. SITE However, STRATEGY 10 the act of cleaning transforms clean water into dirty water. This The program on the site is based onOverflow water immersion and expeCombined Sewer project is enabled by dirty water. On the days when water flow This proposal envisions a new beach typology for the Toronto Discharge Point rience. Acting as a new type of park, the site can be navigated in the city exceeds the infrastructural limits, the site and silo are Waterfront. Responding to the lack of swimming at Toronto’s from within or on top the new form work. Pools are distrib10000 1 of put into action. Existing Sewers new urban beaches and consistent CSO closures at surrounduted in varying sizes to accommodate aLake variety of uses Ontario 6/01 6/08 6/15 6/22 6/29and 7/06 ing swim areas, we offer new possibilities for water immersion Proposed Diversion group sizes. SILO PROCESSOR and activity that are enabled, rather than prohibited, by polluVictory Silo Acting as 1000 a processor, the silo treats the dirty wateraas an intion. put and productively reuses its by-products: sediment,a heat and PROCESS

W IN

4 ANA

IS T fluent. Heavier objects such as solids, R D EN biowaste sink to the bottom of the tank ATEEDIM andimmensely are removed and sent to the anaeroThe aquarium has a longWhistorySand maintaining an aquarium has become

River

NO SWIMMING

1000 of the Don Mouth

8

WATER PROCESS

Don

SITE PLAN: CSO DIVERSION POINTS

CSOs Proposed Diversion Approximately sixty times per year, CSOs are dumped into Lake

ER OV

AQUA-ARIUM NO SWIMMING

10000

new urban beaches and consistent CSO closures at surrounding swim areas, we offer new possibilities for water immersion

and activity that are enabled, rather than prohibited, by polluExisting Sewers tion.

INPUT

NO SWIMMING

Victory Silo Combined Sewer Overflow This proposal envisions a new beach typology for the Toronto Discharge Point Waterfront. Responding to the lack of swimming at Toronto’s

NO SWIMMING

CLEAN WATER BIOGAS SEDIMENT

O 1 NTARIO

BEACH N andimmensely are removed and sent to the anaeroronment devoid of oxygen, bacteria conThe aquarium has a long history and maintaining an aquarium has become 1.HtO Ur 7 SEDIMENT ELEVATOR bic digesters to be processed. vert the waste material into the fuel of the 1 COMBINED SEWER INPUT R Water overflow that is collected the is known as an aquarAll material extracted from t popular worldwide; a person who owns or maintainsfrom an aquarium 1 project. 4 WE due to heavy runoff is diverted from tion process is transported vi SE ist. Aquariacity comedestination in a variety of of materials, andand sizes. They areSECONDARY typically con- SEDIMENTATION itscanfinal Lake shapes, Ontario vator, to the distribution deck 3 CLARIFIER into the reprogrammed silo.also known Suspended loaded into the crane for site 40 structed oftransferred glass or high-strength plastic. Cuboid aquaria are as fish tanks or solids are treated by aerat- 5 Clarification is done by causing a preHEATED WATER ing the effluent. is introduced Water arrives from four points: two loSediment ismm dropped from the SEWEROxygen OVERFLOW SEDIMENT cipitate EXTRACTED to form in the water which can be simply tanks, whileatbowl-shaped alsoRiver, known one as fish bowls. Size into can therange tanks to create a habitable encated the mouthaquaria of theare Don conical piles around the site. removed. Initially the precipitate forms An aquarium (plural aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium consisting of at least one transvironment Channel, anoth-of components from a smallsouth glassofbowlthetoKeating immense public aquaria.and A number are used tofor bacterial growth. The bacas very small10000 particles but as the water 40 teria consume the suspended solids and er to the west of the silo. Water, mixed parent side in which water-dwelling plants or animals are kept. Aquaria are primarily used is gently stirred, these particles stick tomaintain appropriate water qualityurban and characteristics resi- source as the sfood die and fall with dirt, sewage, runoff, and suitable other for the aquarium' BEACHES 1 depletesTORONTO gether to form bigger particles. Large for fishkeeping, although invertebrates, amphibians, marine mammals, and aquatic 3 to the bottom pollutants siloclassified underground to 2 There are many enters types of the aquaria, by the organisms maintained or the of the tank to be removed pieces of precipitate are removed and PRIMARYdents. and sent to the digesters. 6 CHLORINATION begin its processing cycle.4 ANAEROBIC DIGESTER 8 WATER HEATING 2 aqua, plants are also housed in aquaria. The term combines the Latin root meaningSEDIMENTATION the digester. The first phase water treatment settles Receiving all sludge, dirt, and extracted Chlorine is added sent to thetopurified water to Biogas extracted from the digestion protype ofofenvironment that is mimicked. 1000 ROMAN BATHS OFlasting DIOCLETIAN 5 large particles and objects out of the efmaterials from the cleansing process. remove any pathogens, to power the silo as well Mouthand of bacthe Doncess is used water, withEXTRACTING the suffix -arium, meaningMATERIAL "a place for relating to".[1]

NO SWIMMING

WATER SEWAGE BIOMATTER

W IN

FLO ER OV

LAKE

6

AQUA-ARIUM R WE SE

Combined Sewer Overflow Discharge Point

Proposed OUTPUT Diversion

R WE

Water overflow that is collected the is known as an aquarpopular worldwide; a person who owns or maintainsfrom an aquarium city due to heavy runoff is diverted from ist. Aquariaits canfinal comedestination in a variety of of materials, andand sizes. They areSECONDARY typically con- SEDIMENTATION Lake shapes, Ontario 3 CLA into the reprogrammed silo.also known Suspended structed oftransferred glass8or high-strength plastic. Cuboid aquaria are as fish tanks or solids are treated by aerat- 5 Clari ing the effluent. Oxygen is introduced Water arrives from four points: two locipita T simply tanks, whileatbowl-shaped alsoRiver, known one as fish bowls. Size into can therange tanks to create a habitable encated the mouthaquaria Don EofA theare remo H 2 S vironment growth. The bacChannel, anoth-of components OVERFLOW from a smallsouth glassofbowltheGtoKeating public aquaria.and A number areSEWER used tofor bacterial Aimmense asEX v teria consume the suspended solids and er to the west of the silo. Water, mixed is ge BIOwater qualityurban An aquarium (plural aquariums or 4aquaria) is a vivarium consisting of at least one trans- maintain appropriate and characteristics resi- source depletes die and fall as the sfood with dirt, sewage, runoff, and suitable other for the aquarium' geth N to the bottom of the tank to be removed pollutants enters the siloclassified underground to parent side in which water-dwelling plants or animals are kept. AquariaTare used dents. There IOprimarily are many types of aquaria, by the organisms maintained or the piece C and sent to1the digesters. begin its processing cycle. A sent R for fishkeeping, although invertebrates, amphibians, marine T mammals, and aquatic type of environment that is mimicked. EX PRIMARY SEDIMENTATION CHLORINATION 2 M 2 aqua, 4 ANAEROBIC DIGESTER plants are also housed in aquaria. The term Ecombines meaning 6 NT the Latin root The first phase of water treatment settles Receiving all sludge, dirt, and extracted Chlorine is added to the purifi DIM large particles and objects out of the efmaterials from the cleansing process. remove any lasting pathogen water, withEXTRACTING the suffix -arium, meaningMATERIAL S"aE place for relating to".[1]

Victory Silo

Existing Sewers SITE PLAN: CSO DIVERSION POINTS

T EN DIM TI SE RIBU T DIS R TE WA

UT

T An aquarium (plural aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium consisting of at9 least one transEA 2 SH parent side in which water-dwelling plants or animals are kept. Aquaria are primarily used GA BIO for fishkeeping, although invertebrates, amphibians, marine mammals, and aquatic 4 N PRIMARY SEDIMENTATION 2 aqua, TIOroot plants are also housed in aquaria. The term combinesIOthe meaning NLatin The first phase of water treatment settles TRAC U large particles and objects out of the efwater, withEXTRACTING the suffix -arium, meaningMATERIAL "a placeTRforIBErelating XT to".[1]

5

3

Proposed Diversion

PROCESS

E OV

INP

W LO RF

AQUA-ARIUM SE

INPUT

4 5

3

6/01

THERMAERIUM

7/06

THERMAERIUM

transmiss

8/17

8/

1000

Urban Cycles

ppm Silo Pond activation Swimming Limit PROCESSING CAPACITY

E.Coli 20

Current Rainfall Cycle Proposed Cycle Intervention periods of overflow - instances of pollution - as positive moments in 10 bypass of city sewage Ashbridges Overflow Diversion to Silo bypass bypass bypassCapacity ofcity bypass bypass of of of of bypass of city sewage city city sewage sewage city sewage sewage city sewage pollutio treatment facility capactiy treatment facility treatment facility treatment facility treatment treatment facility facility treatment facility capactiy capactiy capactiy capactiy capactiy capactiy uban transmission cycle 0 0 ASHBRIDGES BYPASS: the production of raw materials. Normally a shameful consequence OVERFLOW OVERFLOW into Lake Ontario OVERFLOW0INTO ppm mm into Lake Ontario into Lake Ontario into Lake Ontario into into Lake Ontario Ontario into Lake Ontario 1Lake SEWAGE INTO0 waterSILO cycle 7/13 7/20 7/27 8/03 8/10 8/17 LAKE 8/24ONTARIO 8/31 6/08 6/15 6/22 6/29 7/06 7/13 7/20 7/27 8/03 8/10 8/17 8/24 8/31 Beach closures 6/01 levels percipitation rising pollution levels rising pollution beach closures Rainfall Rainfall cycle rising pollution levels beach closures percipitation percipitation percipitation percipitation percipitation pollution levels rising rising beach rising pollution pollution closures pollution levels levels levels beach beach beach levels closures closures closures beach closures Warer Filtration of modern urban life, the city’s polluted water becomes a percipitation source for Rising E.Coli No rising Swimming and pond creation Lake Contamination TODAY: NO BEACH 1920’S VIBRANT TORONTO BEACH The “water-pollution-swimming” cycle as a result of Overflow water runoff. materials, and energy in a geo-engineering process that reverses the E.Coli Rainfall E.Coli Urban Beach Closure Silo Pond activation Cycles Proposed Cycle Intervention OVERFLOW

OVERFLOW INTO SILO

8/31

8/24

8/17

8/10

8/03

7/27

7/20

7/13

7/06

6/29

6/22

6/15

Swimming Pond Creation

CSOs occur about 50 to 60 times a year in Toronto

City

Keating Channel

Lake Ontario

uban w

harmful effects of water pollution. Instead of losingbypass the ofability of to Current Rainfall Cycle

Rain

Water Filtration and pond creation

6/08

Rainfall

River

CSO Diversion

6/01

Don

Keating Channel

CSO Diversion

treatment facility

WATER bypass bypass of bypass bypass of of of of bypass SEWAGE treatment facility treatment facility treatment treatment facility facility treatment facility BIOMATTER

into Vicotry access the city’s waterfront, the polluted water becomes theSilos catalyst in ASHBRIDGES BYPASS: OVERFLOW SEWAGE INTO the creation of a new public beach. LAKE ONTARIO Beach closures

WATER WATER WATER WATER WATER bypass of CLEAN WATER SEWAGE SEWAGE SEWAGE SEWAGE SEWAGE

WATER SEWAGE treatment facility Proposed Cycle Intervention BIOGAS BIOMATTER BIOMATTER BIOMATTER BIOMATTER BIOMATTER BIOMATTER

CLEAN WATER CLEAN CLEAN CLEAN WATER CLEAN WATER WATER WATER BIOGAS BIOGAS BIOGAS BIOGAS BIOGAS

CLEAN WATER BIOGAS

Don

Process Input/Output silo into VicotryisSilos pollution its storage capacity reprogrammed as a SEDIMENT water facility. SEDIMENTtreatmentSEDIMENT SEDIMENT SEDIMENT SEDIMENT uban SEDIMENT transmission cycle cycle OVERFLOW OVERFLOW INTO beach formations beach formations beach formations beach beach beach formations formations formations beach formations input processing output water cycle input Sewage processing output input input input input processing processing processing processing input output output output output processing output lines adjacent to the site, that flowSILOdirectly into Lake Ontario Swimming Rising E.Coli levels Rainfall Rainfall cycle Warer Filtration No Swimming Pond new construction materials new construction materials new construction materials new new new construction construction construction materials materials materials newand construction materials Creation pond creation At the confluence of Lake Ontario and the Don River, one of the main Lake Contamination are re-routed into the silos for treatment. Integrally linked to weather TODAY: NO BEACH feeding rivers of the harbour lies an old industrial silo. The abandoned and the environment, the silo ‘splices’ itself into the natural water CSO Diversion

CSO Diversion

into Vicotry Silos into Vicotry Silos into into Vicotry Vicotry Silos Silos into Vicotry Silos

Primary Sedimentation

Rain

Air

Aeration

Final Storage Tank

Final Sedimentation

Domestic Industrial Commercial Sewage

Evapouration

Strom Drain

Grit Removal

River

Outfall Pipe to Lake

City

River

To POTW

Body of Water

Body of Water

Keating Channel

January

High Rainfall Snow Collection Winter Thaw causes Sewer Input

Lake Ontario

Pump

Sediment

Station 1 uban water cycle

Sediment 2

Sediment 3

Aeration 1

Victory Silos lie on a site adjacent to the Don River and several sewer lines that deposit runoff into the harbour. Its proximity to the waterfront,

cycle of the city. Activated during specific climatic conditions, the silo Process Input/Output processes and filters polluted water into its constituent parts producing

the Don River and the sewer lines makes it an ideal site in which to address the current condition of the Toronto waterfront. The silo, with

clean water, bio gas, and sediment. These materials are in turn used as raw construction materials in the formation of new public beaches.

Sediment

Aeration

Aeration 3

Aeration 2

1b 4 transmission cycle

Sediment 2b

Sediment 3b

Influent

Domestic Industrial Commercial Sewage

Evapouration

Grit Removal

Final Sedimentation

Pump Station

Strom Drain

5178

3592

4216

5489

Sediment 2

Sediment 3

Aeration 1

uban water cycle

30658 33938

Body of Water

Aeration 2

Aeration 3

Aeration 4

Sediment 1b

Sediment 2b

Sediment 3b

Final Tank 1

Final Tank 2

Public Access Area

Final Tank 3

transmission cycle

December

2950

To POTW

Body of Water

January

Sediment 1

North elevation

pollution cycle

East elevation

silo cycle

Rainfall E.Coli Pollutants Beach Closure Water Level

Chlorination

Influent

Heat

Pump Station

Process Input/Output

Primary Sedimentation

Aeration

Methane Production

Anaerobic Digestion/Biosolids

Final Storage Tank

Final Sedimentation

Water Feedback

Grit Removal

Gas Heater Fueled by Methane

High Rainfall Snow Collection Winter Thaw causes Sewer Input

Pump Station

Sediment 1

Sediment 2

Sediment 3

Aeration 1

Aeration 2

Aeration 3

Aeration 4

Sediment 1b

Sediment 2b

Sediment 3b

Final Tank 1

Final Tank 2

Final Tank 3

Public Access Area Future Pond Chlorination

Influent

Heat

Pump Station

Methane Production

Anaerobic Digestion/Biosolids

Water Feedback

Gas Heater Fueled by Methane

Final Ta

pollution 3cy Rainfall E.Coli Pollutants Beach Closure Water Level

Methane Production

56013

3592

330

River

Pump Station

Final Tank 2

Anaerobic Digestion/Biosolids

42 325 m3

Outfall Pipe to Lake

City

High Rainfall Snow Collection Winter Thaw causes Sewer Input

Final Tank 1

Heat

Final Storage Tank

4053

Aeration

Air

38191

Primary Sedimentation

Rain

4053

SITE STRATEGY The program on the site is based on water immersion and experience. Acting as a new type of park, the site can be navigated from within or on top of the new form work. Pools are distributed in varying sizes to accommodate a variety of uses and group sizes. a a

Future Land (from sediment)


3

uban water cycle

WATERFRONT POLLUTION

Rain

Air

Domestic Industrial Commercial Sewage

Evapouration 2

The current condition of the Toronto waterfront, like many North American cities, has been inherited from its industrial past. The inner

Strom Drain

harbour and the rivers and tributaries that feed it have long been used as a site of manufacturing, processing and shipping. For many years environmental pollutants flowed unabated into Lake Ontario causing

4

1

City

the cleanliness and ecology of the water to be permanently altered. Currently the cleanliness of the harbour water suffers from ongoing

River

Body of Water

To POTW

3

2

pollution due to a dated sewer infrastructure where older sewer systems are directly connected to the harbour. During periods of heavy rainfall, snow fall or ice melting, runoff from the city streets and sewers

uban water cycle

transmission cycl 1

is diverted from processing at the Ashbridge’s Bay treatment facility and deposited directly into the harbour. Sewer Outlet 1 2 3 4

Lake Ontario Overflow Point Victory Silo Site Sewer Line Don River Don River and Lake Ontario Ashbridge’s Bay Treatment Plant

Overflow Point Sewer Line Don River and Lake Ontario

silo cycle WATER

ENT D SEDIM

TREATMENT T

N BUTIO ISTRI

7

MEN REAT

RT WATE

LAKE

ONTA R

IO

9

5

3

R TE WA

6

8

2 4

R VE

FLO

N WI

D SE

T PU

ION CT

NT IME

HE

IBU TR DIS

N TIO

AT

A TR EX

city sewage city sewage city sewage capactiy capactiy capactiy

bypass of bypassbypass of of treatment facility treatment treatment facilityfacility into Lake Ontario intoOntario Lake Ontario into Lake

rising pollution levels beach closures rising pollution levels beach WATER PROCESSING: EXTRACTING MATERIALS rising pollution levels beachclosures closures

1

S

S GA BIO

percipitation percipitationpercipitation

AQUA-ARIUM O ER EW

Downtown Beach Network

An aquarium (plural aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium consisting of at least one transparent side in which water-dwelling plants or animals are kept. Aquaria are primarily used for fishkeeping, although invertebrates, amphibians, marine mammals, and aquatic PRIMARY SEDIMENTATION 2 aqua, plants are also housed in aquaria. The term combines the Latin root meaning The first phase of water treatment settles large particles and objects out of the efwater, withEXTRACTING the suffix -arium, meaningMATERIAL "a place for relating to".[1]

WATER PROCESS

percipitation

WATER WATER bypass ofbypass of WATER SEWAGE SEWAGE bypass of city sewage bypass of treatment facility treatment facility BIOMATTER SEWAGE BIOMATTER treatment facility capactiy SEWER OVERFLOW treatment facility into Vicotry Silos into Vicotry Silos BIOMATTER into Lake Ontario into Vicotry Silos

1

CLEAN WATER CLEAN WATER

city sewage CLEAN WATER BIOGAS BIOGAS

capactiy EXTRACTED SEDIMENT BIOGAS SEDIMENT

bypass of

HEATED treatment WATER facility

SEDIMENT SEDIMENT

into Lake Ontario

beach formations percipitation rising pollution levels beach closures processing output beach formations input input processing output beach formations input processing output new construction materials new construction materials new construction materials 3 2 WATER bypassWATER of CHLORINATION HEATING WATER

Toronto Rainfall

BEACH NETWORK 1.HtO Urban Beach / 2. Jarvis Slip / 3. SITE / 4. Hanlan’s Point beach / 5. Centre Island beach / 6. Ward’s Island beach / 7. Cherry Beach

10000 ppm

40 N

EATION

mm REATION

10000

CREATION

40

TORONTO BEACHES

rising pollution le

bypass of CLEAN WATER 8 facility and cleaning. 4 ANAEROBIC DIGESTER The proposed “water-pollution-swimming” cycle as a result treatment of processing SEWAGE SEWAGE 6 treatment facility

Receiving all sludge, dirt, and extracted Chlorine is added to the purified water to BIOGAS Biogas extracted from the digestion proBIOMATTER BIOMATTER into Vicotry Silos Vicotry Silos materials from the cleansing process. remove any lasting pathogens, and bac- into SEDIMENT cess is used to power the silo as well fluent. Heavier Clarifier objects such as solids, Anaerobic digesters convert biowaste teria. as heat the purified water. Through gas Combined Sewer Input beach formations 1 input processing output input processing 5 to the bottom of the tank biowaste sink into biogas an enviwater is heated to a temperature Water overflow collected during heavy Precipitate in the effluent is gathered andand sediment, Theusing Victory late 1970’s,heating, given a new life. new construction materials andimmensely are removedextracted and sent to the anaeroronment devoid of oxygen, bacteria con-Silos, abandoned since the ofare 45 degrees. The aquarium has a long history and maintaining an aquarium has become rainfall is diverted into the Vistory Silos 7 SEDIMENT ELEVATOR bic digesters to be processed. vert the waste material into the fuel of the 1 COMBINED SEWER INPUT With its 27 large vertical chambers, Water overflow that is collected the is known as an aquarAll material storage extracted from the purifica- the silo is reprogrammed popular worldwide; a person who owns or maintainsfrom an aquarium project. 4 Primary Sedimentation Chlorination 9 WATER DISTRIBUTION due is diverted from tion process is transported via grain ele2 to Heated waterdirectly is distributedinto through a pipist. Aquariacity come in The aheavy variety ofrunoff materials, shapes, sizes. They settles areSECONDARY typically con-6 SEDIMENTATION as a small water treatment facility. Sewer flow first phase waterandtreatment Chlorine is added to the purified water itscanfinal destination of Lakeof Ontario and vator, to the distribution deck, where it islines that 3 CLARIFIER ing network over the site, forming ponds 5 Suspended solids are treated by aeratlarge particles and objects out of the effluent removing any lasting pathogens transferred into the reprogrammed silo. loaded into the crane for site distribution. structed of glass or high-strength plastic. Cuboid aquaria are also known as fish tanks or Clarification is done by causing a preof varying exposure and temperatures. Lake Ontario areSediment diverted into from thethesilo for The treatment ing the effluent. Oxygen is introduced Water arrives from four points: two lois dropped crane intotreatment. 7 Water is finally drained from the ponds cipitate to form in the water which can be simply tanks, while alsoRiver, known one as fish bowls. Size into can therange tanks create a habitable encated theSecondary mouthaquaria of theare Don conical piles around the site. Sedimentation Elevator 3atbowl-shaped 7 toSediment removed. Initially the of precipitate forms into Lake where it re-enters the incoming polluted water produces biomatter toOntario, formfrom biogas, vironment growth. bac- is transporte via the Keating Channel, anothsolids are treated by aeration. Extracted solidThe material from a smallsouth glassofbowlthetoSuspended immense public aquaria.and A number of components are used tofor bacterial as very small particles but as the water the water cycle. 6 teria consume the solidsfor and er to the west of theis silo. Water, to mixed Oxygen introduced stimulate bacteria oldsuspended grain elevator storage is gently stirred, these particles stick tosediment and clean water. The materials extracted from the process maintain appropriate water quality and characteristics suitable for the aquarium' s resias the food source depletes die and fall with dirt, sewage, urban runoff, and other gether to form bigger particles. Large to the bottom the tank Heating to be removed Anaerobic Digestor pollutants siloclassified underground to dents. There are4many enters types of the aquaria, by the organisms maintained or the8 of Water pieces of precipitate are are removed storedand on site and form the raw materials for a construction process and sent to the digesters. begin its processing Incoming cycle. effluent is converted into biogas Biogas extracted from the cleaning process is sent to the digester. type of environment thatand is mimicked. sediment used for heating cleaned water for public use that will create 5 new public swimming facilities along the waterfront. Mouth of the Don

EATION

cle

4

C

output

new constructio


CONSTRUCTION METHOD

LO

Placement Placement GridGrid

PRESSURE AND FORM-MAKING

Forms attatched to Grid Air Air Forms attatched to Grid

Workers assembling EFTE spheres in preparation of a future drop of sediment

PASSIVE CONSTRUCTION

A construction method is devised to allow the processed materials to be deposited on the site in a passive manner. Sediment that has been extracted from the cleaning process is mixed with concrete and deposited on site via the silo’s grain elevator. Large conical piles are formed along the radius of the grain elevator. Within these piles, plastic deformable spheres are placed creating voids within sediment. When hardened, the spheres are deflated and removed, leaving a ‘lost form’ geometry. Placement Grid Placement Grid Placement Grid

Air Forms attached to Grid Air Forms attatched to Grid Air Forms attatched to Grid

Deformation according to pressure

Lost Form space

Deformation according to Pressure Deformation according to Pressure

Form Space LostLost Form Space

DEFORMATION BY PRESSURE 6.82

7.67

8.53

9.52

6m radius No Deformation

11.34

7mm fibre re-enforced ETFE skin

3.00

Placement Grid Air Forms attatched to Grid Placement Grid Air Forms attatched to Grid Air Forms attatched to Grid Air Forms attatched to Grid Deformation according to Pressure Form Space Deformation according to Pressure LostLost Form Space Placement Air Forms attatched to Grid Placement Grid AirGrid Forms attatched to Grid Deformation according toAir Pressure Form Space Deformation according to Pressure LostLost Form Space Placement Grid Air Forms attatched to Grid Placement Grid Forms attatched to Grid Deformation according to Pressure Deformation according to Pressure

Placement Grid Placement Grid

spheres affixed to ties

6.00

6.56

6.82

7.67

8.53

9.52

4.25m Height, 8m Width Medium Compression

11.34

11.34

7.67

8.53

9.52

6.00

11.34

6.56

7.67

8.53

6.00 11.34

9.52

6.56

6.82

7.67

8.53

9.52

11.34

3.00

6.82

6.00

6m radius No Deformation

3.00

6.00

3.00

6.00

spheres removed Form Space and LostLost Form Space 5m Height, 7m Width sediment hardened Slight Compression

Deformation based on pressure

Canvas attatchement

6m radius straps No Deformation

3.5m Height, 9m Width 7mm fibre re-enforced 7mm fibre 7mm re-enforced fibre re-enforced 7mm fibre re-enforced 6m radius ETFE skin ETFE skin ETFE skin ETFE Highskin Compression No Deformation

(Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene)

Deformation according to Pressure Deformation according to Pressure

6m radius 6m radius No Deformation No Deformation

3.00

9.52

6.82

Deformation according toSpace Pressure Deformation according toSpace Pressure Lost Form Lost Form

3.00

8.53

6.00

6.56

3.00

7.67

3.00

6.82

6.00

deformation from sediment

3.00

6.56

6.00

6.00

3.00

grid of ties

(Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene)

3.00

6.56

6.00

6.00

Lost Form Space Lost Form Space

(Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene) (Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene)

(Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene)

5m Height, 7m Width 5m Height, 5m Height, 7m Width 7m Width 5m Height, 7m Width Slight Compression Slight Compression Slight Compression Slight 3.0mCompression Height, 10m

7mm fibre re-enforced

ETFE skin Width (Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene) Extreme Compression

5m Height, 7m Width

4.25m Height, 8m 4.25m Width Height, 4.25m Height, 8m Width 8m 4.25m Width Height, 8m Width Slight Compression Medium Compression MediumMedium Compression Compression Medium Compression 150 mm Drainage Pipe

Height, 8m Width connection to adjacent4.25m pond

3.00

3.00

Canvas attatchement CanvasCanvas attatchement attatchement Canvas attatchement straps straps straps straps

Medium Compression

200 mm steel anchor Canvas attatchement straps

3.5m Height, 9m Width 3.5m Height, 3.5m Height, 9m Width 9m Width 3.5m Height, 9m Width 500Compression mm concrete block High CompressionHigh Compression High CompressionHigh

Varied pressure based on sediment

3.5m Height, 9m Width High Compression

3.0m Height, 10m 3.0m WidthHeight, 3.0m Height, 10m Width 10m 3.0m WidthHeight, 10m Width Extreme Compression ExtremeExtreme Compression Compression Extreme Compression

3.0m Height, 10m Width Extreme Compression

3.00

3.00

Sphere Detail Deformation of spheres within sediment 3.00

3.00

3.00

150 mm Drainage 150 Pipemm150 Drainage mm Drainage Pipe 150 Pipemm Drainage Pipe 150 mm Drainage Pipe connection to adjacent connection pond connection to adjacent to adjacent pond connection pond to adjacent pond 500 mm concrete block 500 mm500 concrete mm concrete block block 500 mm concrete block 200 mm steel anchor 200 mm200 steel mm anchor steel anchor 200 mm steel anchor

connection to adjacent pond 500 mm concrete block 200 mm steel anchor

Interi


FUT FUT UR UR E E DU DU

M

M

P P

P

TE SI TE SI

TE SI

NCENCE NC E TTERNATRA WES WTEESN WEST ENTRA

EAST ENTRANCE EASETAESN TTERNATNRCAENCE

FUT

UR

E

DU

M

B B

B

PLAN AND SECTIONS 1:500 PLAN AND SECTIONS 1:500

A A

Site plan after 10 years of growth

PLAN AND SECTIONS 1:500

East-West Section East-West Section

East-West Section

East-West Section

A


SIZE:

OUTDOOR POND

SILO

SWIMMING, WADING,

USE:

ATMOSPHERE: 55% SILO / 45% RAIN SOURCE: Similar to a typical pool, the outdoor ponds have a basin to contain water, but are left completely open to 25 Coriginating - -5 C from the silo TEMPERATURE: the elements. Water, while has been cooled by prior ponds and is now completely open to the exterior environment. All water, VARIATION: either in solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed within the HIGH pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool, but cooler temperatures could make it the most ideal place to 65% PURE / 35% ?? CLEANLINESS: spend a summer afternoon. SIZE: USE:

SILO

SWIMMING, WADING,

ATMOSPHERE:

Similar to a typical pool, the outdoor ponds haveSa ILO WATER FLOW basin to contain water, but are left completely open to

the elements. Water, while originating from the silo CSO INPUT has been cooled by prior ponds and is now completely open to the exterior environment. All water, either in solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed within the PROCESSING pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool, but cooler temperatures could make it the most ideal place to INTERIOR OUTDOOR INTERIORPOND POND OUTDOOR POND POND spend a summer afternoon.

INTERIOR

POND

SPILL-OVER POND

SOURCE: SOURCE:

SOURCE: 100% 100%SILO SILO

25% SILO / 25% RAIN / 50 % LAKE SOURCE: SOURCE:

TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE:

TEMPERATURE: 45 45CC- -CONSTANT CONSTANT

20 C - 0 C

100% 100%PURE PURE CLEANLINESS:

CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS:

HOT AND CLEAN

SOURCE

25% PURE

SEA

VARIATION: VARIATION:

HIGH HIGH

CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS:

65% 65%PURE PURE/ /35% 35%?? ?? SUMMER

TEMPERATURE

SIZE: SIZE:

45 C SI SILO LO

SEMI INDOOR POOL

USE: USE:

SPA, HAMMAM, SPA,SIZE: HAMMAM,SAUNA SAUNA

LOST FORM POOLS SPILL-OVER

SILO

POND

USE: USE: OUTDOOR POOL

SWIMMING, SWIMMING,WADING, WADING, TEMPERATURE

INTERIOR

WINTER

ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: DRAINAGE POOL USE: Completely the Similar Completelycontained containedwithin within thestructure structureofofthe thesedisediSimilartotoaatypical typicalpool, pool,the theoutdoor outdoorponds pondshave haveaa The geometry through the ‘lost form’ process basin of construction isbutare ment, interior ofof ponds are totocontain ment, the the most most interior pondscreated are completely completely basin containwater, water,but areleft leftcompletely completelyopen opentoto removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipithe elements. Water, while originating from the removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipitheONTARIO elements. Water, while originating from thesilo silo LAKE idealfrom for the containment and transfer of water. Based on a cooled sphere’s ent the has by entofofpurified purifiedwater waterfrom thesilo, silo,these theseinterior interiorponds ponds has been been cooled by prior prior ponds ponds and and isis now now comcomare the purest water available. Maintained at a conpletely totothe environment. ATMOSPHERE: are the purestposition waterSOURCE: available. Maintained at a conpletelyopen open theexterior exterior environment. All Allwater, water, within the sediment pile, and its corresponding amount of stant either stant45 45degrees, degrees,these theselarge, large,group grouppools poolsare areaaconconeitherininsolid, solid,gas, gas,ororliquid liquidstate stateisismixed mixedwithin withinthe the tant Filtered light above pond. rainfall tantimmersive immersiveenvironment. environment. Filtered lightfrom from above pond. Heavy Heavy rainfallcan canpollute pollutethe thepool, pool,but butcooler cooler pressure, the sphere is deformed. with amounts of pressure The release point for all water originating in the silo Water conditions change throughout the site. TheAreas structure medi-lower reaches ininthick streams passing through temperatures could make ititthe most ideal place toto reachesthe theponds ponds thick streams passing through temperatures could make the most ideal place CLEANLINESS ates between processed water, rain water and lakeDraining water. Theonto the land and collected by the ponds. thick and thats emmited the spend aasummer afternoon. thickhumidity, humidity,maintain andsteam steam thats emmitedfrom from the outward spend summer afternoon. the spheres concave geometry andDe-are small and deeper pools, qualities change respectively, radiating from the silo. TEMPERATURE: water. water. and overtime gradually flooding the shoreline of the pending on where the pools is relative to the slope of sediment,

ECOLOGICAL HABITAT

P

75% SILO VAR 25% RAIN

100% SILO

25 25CC---5 -5CC

TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE:

SIZE: SIZE:

OUTDOOR

SEMI INDOOR CLEA

TEM

CLEAN WATER

HIGH

DOOR

55% 55%SILO SILO/ /45% 45%RAIN RAIN

INDOOR POOL

NONE NONE VARIATION:

VARIATION: VARIATION:

SEMI OUT

ATMO PROG SOU

POND

45 SE MIC OUT

DOOR

25% SILO / 25% RAIN / 50 % LAKE

OUTDOOR

POND

20 C - 0 C

while areas subject and to higherDrainage pressure for at wider and shallower pools. pools aresite, indoor,these sem indoor pools exist pondsoutdoor. mix pond water with Lake Ontario the edgesvariations where the structure meetsoutwards Lake Ontario.from the centre of the sediment pile, These radiate water. The shoreline of the sediment provides excelVARIATION: HIGH The pressure change the qualities spaces throughout the the lentzones habitat spaces for small aquatic wildlife and natuwhere the highest amount ofof pressure creates most deformation, to cones. The centre of a large cone is a high pressure zone due to ral water filtering plants. While not clean water, the the greater amount of compression from the peak. Those spaces the outside where little pressure forces little deformation. final central release point releases of water and atmobetween large, grouping spaces. Floodedcontrol with natural light PURE from CLEANLINESS: above openings, centre ofwildlife the cone25% become a type of hub sphere tothe natural and water.

USEAGE

from which all pools stem. a a

SIZE:

SEMI-OUTDOOR SEMI-OUTDOORPOND POND SOURCE: SOURCE:

SPILL-OVER SPILL-OVER POND POND

USE: ECOLOGICAL 75% SILO / 25% RAIN

75% SILO / 25% RAIN PERPETUAL PHASING

HABITAT

SOURCE: SOURCE:

INTER

25% 25%SILO SILO/ /25% 25%RAIN RAIN// 50 50% %LAKE LAKE

SOURCE:

ATMOSPHERE: 45 TEMPERATURE: 20 45CC ++OUTDOOR OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: 20CC --00CC The release point for all water originating in the silo VARIATION: VARIATION: VARIATION: VARIATION: - -MID HIGH andLOW collected LOW MIDby the ponds. Draining onto the land HIGH and overtime gradually flooding the shoreline of the PURE 25% 75% PURE 25%PURE PURE CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: site,75% these ponds mix pond water with Lake Ontario CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: water. The shoreline of the sediment provides excellent habitat spaces for small aquatic wildlife and natuSIZE: SIZE: SIZE: SIZE: YEAR ral0water filtering plants. While not clean water, the final release point releases control of water and atmoUSE: USE: USE: USE: HOT ECOLOGICAL HOTTUB, TUB,STEAM STEAMROOM ROOM ECOLOGICALHABITAT HABITAT sphere to natural wildlife and water. TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE:

ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE:1. SITE PREP

YEAR 0/0m Grid ties are distributed and fixed to the site,

Nearly within sediment, small openings Nearlycontained contained within the sediment, small openings ready forthe sphere placement. The silo is inWATER allow by fluctuating weather allowthis thispond pondto tobe beaffected affected by fluctuating weather ternally prepared for wastewater treatment Site Preparation conditions. Rainwater, snow, and atmoconditions.BUILD Rainwater, snow,fog fog andother other atmoand the sediment elevator and arm are attached. Finally major is laid to distribspheric enter, though ininpiping limited amounts. sphericwater watercan can enter, though limited amounts. ute cleansed waterthe to future ponds. water the that 45 theresult resultisisaapond pond thattakes takes the 45degree degree water from from the the interior interior ponds ponds and and mixes mixes itit with with small small amounts amountsfrom fromthe theexterior exterior. .The Thewater waterwithin withinthis thisarea area maintains maintainsaahigh hightemperature temperatureand anddue duetotoitsitsexposure exposure with withthe theoutside outsidewill willproduce produceplumes plumesofoffog fogininthe the colder coldermonths. months.

ATMOSPHERE: 2. ACCUMULATION AND ATMOSPHERE: SPHERE

3. SEDIMENT RELEASE

TEMPERA

VARIATIO

CLEANLIN SIZE: USE:

INTE

ATMOSPH

4. AIR RELEASE

PLACEMENT 10/0m 10/35m YEAR YEAR 10 ininthe The originating Therelease releasepoint pointfor forall allwater water originating thesilo silo placed spheres. The distributes and takes its As the silo2treats water it stores processed

YEAR piping11 is secured.

Accumulation and Deployment

Air Release

The first round of sediment is released on the

and onto land natural angle repose. andcollected collected bythe theponds. ponds. Draining Draining ontoofthe the land The sphere, once sediment and clean water. Spheres are tiedby regular, become of deformed and overtime the in place for the first sediment pour and ar-gradually and overtime graduallyflooding flooding theshoreline shoreline ofthe the by the varying amounts conical form. ranged in a radiating grid surround the sedisite, ponds with Lake Ontario site,these these pondsmix mixpond pondwater water withwithin Lakethe Ontario ment drop point. The silo iswater. not yetThe publicly water. Theshoreline shorelineofofthe thesediment sedimentprovides providesexcelexcelused. lent habitat spaces for small aquatic wildlife and natu-

Sediment Release

lent habitat spaces for small aquatic wildlife and natural ralwater waterfiltering filteringplants. plants. While Whilenot notclean cleanwater, water,the the final finalrelease releasepoint pointreleases releasescontrol controlofofwater waterand andatmoatmosphere to natural wildlife and water. sphere to natural wildlife and water.

Air is released from the afixed spheres and 20/60m Though not entirely removed, all removed sheres create new pond spaces.

Completel ment, the removed f ent of purif SOURCE are the pu stant 45 d tant immer TEMPER reaches th thick hum water. VARIATIO

CLEANLI SIZE: USE:

ATMOSP

Complete

SEMIment, the

removed ent of pur


m

VARIATION: either in solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed within the HIGH pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool, but cooler temperatures could make it the most ideal place to 65% PURE / 35% ?? CLEANLINESS: spend a summer afternoon. SIZE: USE:

SILO

SWIMMING, WADING,

ATMOSPHERE:

Similar to a typical pool, the outdoor ponds haveSa ILO WATER FLOW basin to contain water, but are left completely open to

the elements. Water, while originating from the silo CSO INPUT has been cooled by prior ponds and is now completely open to the exterior environment. All water, either in solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed within the PROCESSING pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool, but cooler temperatures could make it the most ideal place to INTERIOR OUTDOOR INTERIORPOND POND OUTDOOR POND POND spend a summer afternoon.

INTERIOR

POND

SPILL-OVER POND

SOURCE: SOURCE: TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE:

SOURCE: 100% 100%SILO SILO

25% SILO / 25% RAIN / 50 % LAKE SOURCE: SOURCE:

TEMPERATURE: 45 45CC- -CONSTANT CONSTANT

20 C - 0 C HIGH

100% 100%PURE PURE CLEANLINESS:

CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS:

TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE:

25% PURE

SIZE: SIZE:

DOOR

HOT AND CLEAN

OUTDOOR

SOURCE

55% 55%SILO SILO/ /45% 45%RAIN RAIN

SEAS

75% SILO VARIA 25% RAIN

100% SILO

25 25CC---5 -5CC

VARIATION: VARIATION:

HIGH HIGH

CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS:

65% 65%PURE PURE/ /35% 35%?? ?? SUMMER

TEMPERATURE

45 C

SIZE: SIZE:

SI SILO LO

SEMI INDOOR POOL

SPA, HAMMAM, SPA,SIZE: HAMMAM,SAUNA SAUNA

USE: USE:

SILO

SPILL-OVER POND

USE: USE: OUTDOOR POOL

SWIMMING, SWIMMING,WADING, WADING, TEMPERATURE

INTERIOR

WINTER

ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: DRAINAGE POOL USE: Completely the Similar Completelycontained containedwithin within thestructure structureofofthe thesedisediSimilartotoaatypical typicalpool, pool,the theoutdoor outdoorponds pondshave haveaa ment, basin ment, the the most most interior interior ofof ponds ponds are are completely completely basintotocontain containwater, water,but butare areleft leftcompletely completelyopen opentoto removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipithe elements. Water, while originating from the removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipitheONTARIO elements. Water, while originating from thesilo silo LAKE ent has entofofpurified purifiedwater waterfrom fromthe thesilo, silo,these theseinterior interiorponds ponds has been been cooled cooled by by prior prior ponds ponds and and isis now now comcomare the purest water available. Maintained at a conpletely ATMOSPHERE: are the purest waterSOURCE: available. Maintained at a conpletelyopen opentotothe theexterior exteriorenvironment. environment. All Allwater, water, stant either stant45 45degrees, degrees,these theselarge, large,group grouppools poolsare areaaconconeitherininsolid, solid,gas, gas,ororliquid liquidstate stateisismixed mixedwithin withinthe the tant Filtered light above tantimmersive immersiveenvironment. environment. Filtered lightfrom from above pond. Heavy Heavyrainfall rainfallcan canpollute pollutethe thepool, pool,but butcooler cooler The release point for all water originating in the pond. silo Water conditions change throughout the site. The structure medireaches ininthick streams passing through temperatures could make ititthe most ideal place toto reachesthe theponds ponds thick streams passing through temperatures could make the most ideal place CLEANLINESS ates between processed water, water and lakeDraining water. Theonto the land and collected byrain the ponds. thick thats emmited the spend thickhumidity, humidity,and andsteam steam thats emmitedfrom from the outward spendaasummer summerafternoon. afternoon. qualities change respectively, radiating from the silo. DeTEMPERATURE: water. water. and overtime gradually flooding the shoreline of the pending on where the pools is relative to the slope of sediment,

ECOLOGICAL HABITAT

P

SEMI INDOOR CLEAN

TEMP

CLEAN WATER

INDOOR POOL

NONE NONE VARIATION:

VARIATION: VARIATION:

SEMI OUT

ATMO PROG SOUR

POND

45 SE MIC OUT

DOOR

25% SILO / 25% RAIN / 50 % LAKE

OUTDOOR

POND

20 C - 0 C

pools aresite, indoor,these sem indoor and outdoor. Drainage pools exist ponds mix pond water withatLake the edges where the structure meets Lake Ontario.

Ontario water. The shoreline of the sediment provides excelVARIATION: HIGH The pressure change the qualities spaces throughout the lentzones habitat spaces for of small aquatic wildlife and natucones. The centre of a large cone is a high pressure zone due to ral water filtering plants. While not clean water, the the greater amount of compression from the peak. Those spaces final central release point releases of water and atmobetween large, grouping spaces. Floodedcontrol with natural light PURE from CLEANLINESS: above openings, centre ofwildlife the cone25% become a type of hub sphere tothe natural and water.

USEAGE

from which all pools stem. a a

SIZE:

SEMI-OUTDOOR SEMI-OUTDOORPOND POND

HABITAT

SOURCE: SOURCE:

ATMOSPHERE: 45 TEMPERATURE: 45CC ++OUTDOOR OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: The release point for all water originating in the silo VARIATION: VARIATION: - -MID andLOW collected LOW MIDby the ponds. Draining onto the land and overtime gradually flooding the shoreline of the PURE 25% 75% PURE 25%PURE PURE CLEANLINESS: site,75% these ponds mix pond water with Lake Ontario CLEANLINESS: water. The shoreline of the sediment provides excellent habitat spaces for small aquatic wildlife and natuSIZE: SIZE: ral water filtering plants. While not clean water, the final release point releases control of water and atmoUSE: USE: HOT ECOLOGICAL HOTTUB, TUB,STEAM STEAMROOM ROOM ECOLOGICALHABITAT HABITAT sphere to natural wildlife and water.

TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: VARIATION: VARIATION: CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: SIZE: SIZE: USE: USE:

As sediment is deposited and water flows throughout the site, the interior areas of the sediment piles become central circulation areas. Hollowed out through the high degree of pressure and deformation of the spheres, 25% 25%SILO SILO/ /25% 25%RAIN RAIN// spaces are conjoined to form one central ‘atrium’. Penetrated with shafts 50 50% %LAKE LAKE of C light filtering in from above, the lattice structure provides an open 20 20 C --00CC communal area from which all pools, support services and facilities can HIGH be accessed. HIGH

SPILL-OVER SPILL-OVER POND POND

USE: ECOLOGICAL 75% 75%SILO SILO/ /25% 25%RAIN RAIN

SOURCE: SOURCE:

INTERIOR CAVERN

ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE:1. SITE PREP

YEAR 0/0m Grid ties are distributed and fixed to the site,

Nearly within sediment, small openings Nearlycontained contained within the sediment, small openings ready forthe sphere placement. The silo is inWATER allow by fluctuating weather allowthis thispond pondto tobe beaffected affected by fluctuating weather ternally prepared for wastewater treatment conditions. Rainwater, snow, and atmoconditions.BUILD Rainwater, snow,fog fog andother other atmoand the sediment elevator and arm are attached. Finally major is laid to distribspheric enter, though ininpiping limited amounts. sphericwater watercan can enter, though limited amounts. ute cleansed waterthe to future ponds. water the that 45 theresult resultisisaapond pond thattakes takes the 45degree degree water from from the the interior interior ponds ponds and and mixes mixes itit with with small small amounts amountsfrom fromthe theexterior exterior. .The Thewater waterwithin withinthis thisarea area maintains maintainsaahigh hightemperature temperatureand anddue duetotoitsitsexposure exposure with withthe theoutside outsidewill willproduce produceplumes plumesofoffog fogininthe the colder coldermonths. months.

ATMOSPHERE: 2. ACCUMULATION AND ATMOSPHERE: SPHERE PLACEMENT 10/0m

3. SEDIMENT RELEASE

The first round of sediment is released on the 10/35m The originating ininthe Therelease releasepoint pointfor forall allwater waterplaced originating thesilo silo spheres. The distributes and takes its As the silo treats water it stores processed and onto land natural angle repose. andcollected collected bythe theponds. ponds. Draining Draining ontoofthe the land The sphere, once sediment and clean water. Spheres are tiedby regular, become of deformed and overtime the in place for the first sediment pour and ar-gradually and overtime graduallyflooding flooding theshoreline shoreline ofthe the by the varying amounts conical form. ranged in a radiating grid surround the sedisite, ponds with Lake Ontario site,these these pondsmix mixpond pondwater water withwithin Lakethe Ontario ment drop point. The silo iswater. not yetThe publicly water. Theshoreline shorelineofofthe thesediment sedimentprovides providesexcelexcelused. lent habitat spaces for small aquatic wildlife and natu-

INTER SOURCE:

TEMPERATU

VARIATION:

CLEANLINE SIZE: USE:

INTER

ATMOSPHE

4. AIR RELEASE

Air is released from the afixed spheres and 20/60m piping is secured. Though not entirely removed, all removed sheres create new pond spaces.

lent habitat spaces for small aquatic wildlife and natural ralwater waterfiltering filteringplants. plants. While Whilenot notclean cleanwater, water,the the final finalrelease releasepoint pointreleases releasescontrol controlofofwater waterand andatmoatmosphere spheretotonatural naturalwildlife wildlifeand andwater. water.

Completely c ment, the m removed from ent of purifie SOURCE: are the pure stant 45 deg tant immersiv TEMPERAT reaches the thick humidi water. VARIATION

CLEANLINE SIZE: USE:

ATMOSPHE

Completely SEMI-O ment, the

removed fro ent of purifie are the pure SOURCE: stant 45 deg tant immers reaches the TEMPERATU thick humid water.

20/60mAND USAGE 5. WATER DISTRIBUTION YEAR 11 The site is finally ready for public usage. In

20/60m 20/60m 20/60m

30/60m, 35m35m 30/60m, 35m 35m 30/60m, 6. NEW PILE30/60m, CREATION

Water Flow and Usage

New Construction Phase

it’s off season, when accumulation occurs and sediment pouring is halted, the site is open to the public. Certain ponds fill with the heated and cleansed water and the public is welcome to come and use the site.

YEAR 12

Accumulation and release is repeated as new piles are formed on the site. While a new pile is forming, existing structure is fully occupiably. By alternating piles, during construction, the public is ensured a place to swim no matter the weather.

50/100m, 35m 50/100m, 50/100m, 35m 35m

50/100m, 35m 50/100m, 50/100m, 35m 35m

50/100m, 35m 7. SEDIMENT RELEASE YEAR 18 As sediment accumulates, so does the out-

50/100m, 35m 8. FURTHER WATER DISTRIBUTION YEAR 20 Over time the structure expands and the

Sediment Release

Water Distribution

door structure. The spaces within grow and transform as pressure on spheres increases.

public capacity grows too. In accumulation periods the site is transformed into a unique space for a new type of interaction with Lake Ontario.

VARIATION:

CLEANLINE SIZE: USE:

SEMI-O

ATMOSPHE

Nearly conta allow this po conditions. spheric wate SOURCE: the result is from the in amounts from TEMPERAT maintains a h with the out


e the pool, but cooler most ideal place USE:to

PURE / 35% ??

SILO

SWIMMING, WADING,

ATMOSPHERE:

Similar to a typical pool, the outdoor ponds haveSa ILO WATER FLOW basin to contain water, but are left completely open to

POND

SOURCE: 100% 100%SILO SILO

SOURCE: SOURCE:

oor ponds haveSa ILTEMPERATURE: 45 TEMPERATURE: OCC--CONSTANT 45 CONSTANT TEMPERATURE: completely open to VARIATION: NONE VARIATION: NONE ating from the siloVARIATION: CSO 100% INPUT and isCLEANLINESS: now com100%PURE PURE CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: nment.SIZE:All water, SIZE: s mixed within the PROCESSING USE: SPA, HAMMAM, USE: SPA,SIZE: HAMMAM,SAUNA SAUNA he pool, but cooler ost ideal place to ATMOSPHERE: SPILL-OVER ATMOSPHERE:

ND

25% SILO / 25% RAIN / 50 % LAKE SOURCE: SOURCE: 20 C - 0 C

SILOOUTDOO

HOT AND CLEAN

SEMI INDOOR C

T

SOURCE

CLEAN WATER CLEAN WATER

S

25 25CC---5 -5CC

TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE:

AT PR

75% SILO V 25% RAIN

100% SILO

INTERIORHIGH HIGH POND VARIATION: VARIATION:

25% PURE

TEMPERATURE

65% 65%PURE PURE/ /35% 35%?? ?? SUMMER

CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: SIZE: SIZE:

45 C

DOOR

HOT AND CLEAN

SEMI INDOOR POOLPOOL SEMI-INDOOR

SILO

SEMI OUT

INTERIOR

OUTDO

SI SILO SEMI INDO LO

SWIMMING, SWIMMING,WADING, WADING, TEMPERATURE

USE: USE:

OUTDOOR POOL OUTDOOR POOL

WINTER

ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: DRAINAGE POOL DRAINAGE POOL USE: Completely the Similar Completelycontained containedwithin within thestructure structureofofthe thesedisediSimilartotoaatypical typicalpool, pool,the theoutdoor outdoorponds pondshave haveaa ment, basin ment, the the most most interior interior ofof ponds ponds are are completely completely basintotocontain containwater, water,but butare areleft leftcompletely completelyopen opentoto removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipithe elements. Water, while originating from the removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipitheONTARIO elements. Water, while originating from thesilo silo LAKE ent has been entofofpurified purifiedwater waterfrom fromthe thesilo, silo,these theseinterior interiorponds ponds hasONTARIO been cooled cooled by by prior prior ponds ponds and and isis now now comcomLAKE are the purest water available. Maintained at a conpletely ATMOSPHERE: are the purest waterSOURCE: available. Maintained at a conpletelyopen opentotothe theexterior exteriorenvironment. environment. All Allwater, water, stant either stant45 45degrees, degrees,these theselarge, large,group grouppools poolsare areaaconconeitherininsolid, solid,gas, gas,ororliquid liquidstate stateisismixed mixedwithin withinthe the SOURCE: tant Filtered light above tantimmersive immersiveenvironment. environment. Filtered lightfrom from above pond. Heavy Heavyrainfall rainfallcan canpollute pollutethe thepool, pool,but butcooler cooler SOURCE: The release point for all water originating in the pond. silo Water conditions change throughout the site. The structure medireaches ininthick streams passing through temperatures could make ititthe most ideal place toto reachesthe theponds ponds thick streams passing through temperatures could make the most ideal place CLEANLINESS ates between processed water, water and lakeDraining water. Theonto the land and collected byrain the ponds. thick steam thats emmited the spend thickhumidity, humidity,and andCLEAN steam thats emmitedfrom from the outward spendaasummer summerafternoon. afternoon. WATER qualities change respectively, radiating from the silo. DeTEMPERATURE: water. 100% SILO water. and overtime flooding the shoreline of the pending on where the pools gradually is relative to the slope of sediment,

C -0C

DOOR

INDOOR POOL INDOOR POOL

HIGH

POND OUTDOOR POND

ATM PRO S

55% 55%SILO SILO/ /45% 45%RAIN RAIN

OUTDOOR POND HABITAT ECOLOGICAL % SILO / 25% RAIN / 25% SILO / 25% RAINSOURCE / % LAKE SILO 55% SILO/ /45% 45%RAIN RAIN 5055% % LAKE

POND

45 SE MIC OUT

DOOR

OUTDOOR

75% SILO 25% RAIN

20 C - 0 C

25 25CC---5 -5CC

TEMPERATURE: pools are indoor,these sem indoor and outdoor. Drainage pools exist site, ponds mix pond water withatLake TEMPERATURE:

POND

Ontario

the edges where the structure meets Lake Ontario. WATER FLOW water. The shoreline of the sediment provides excel-

VARIATION: POOL HIGH TheINDOOR pressure change the qualities spaces throughout the lentzones habitat spaces for of small aquatic wildlife natuThe curved forms thatcone result from thezone ‘lost form’and construction lend cones. The centre of a large is a high pressure to VARIATION: ralamount water filtering plants. While notdue clean water, the HIGH VARIATION: the greater of compression from the peak. Those spaces HIGH themselves to be used as swimming, wading or diving pools. The final central release point releases of water and atmobetween large, grouping spaces. Floodedcontrol with natural light 25% PURE from CLEANLINESS: above openings, centre the cone a type of hub water, cleansed by the ofsilo, is become heated with the extracted TEMPERATURE gas and sphere tothe natural wildlife and water.

H

from which all pools stem. USEAGE 35% CLEANLINESS: a pumped throughout the site and 65% sediment piles. / /Gathering 65%PURE PURE 35%?? ??in the CLEANLINESS: SUMMER a depressions SIZE: left by the spheres, new swimming pools are formed with varying characteristics. process SEMI-OUTDOOR POND SPILL-OVER POND SEMI-OUTDOOR POND Ultimately, the silo and its construction SPILL-OVER POND SIZE: SIZE: reverses the damage caused by polluted waters and instead of closed USE: HABITAT SEMI INDOOR POOL ECOLOGICAL public beaches creates an entirely new model of public bathing facility. 75% 25% 75%SILO SILO/ /25% 25%RAIN RAIN 25%SILO SILO/ /25% 25%RAIN RAIN// SOURCE: SOURCE: SOURCE: SOURCE: USE: SWIMMING, 50 USE: 50% %LAKE LAKE SWIMMING,WADING, WADING, TEMPERATURE ATMOSPHERE: 45 C +POOL OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: 20 C - 0 C

45 C

% PURE

SILO

45 C + OUTDOOR

TEMPERATURE:

The release point for all water originating in the silo

ATMOSPHERE:

INTERIOR

WINTER

ATMOSPHERE: VARIATION: VARIATION: LOW -POOL DRAINAGE and collected LOW -MID MIDby the ponds. Draining onto the land

VARIATION: VARIATION:

CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: SIZE: SIZE:

CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: basin to contain water, but are left completely open to

water. The shoreline of the sediment provides excelthe elements. Water, while originating from the theONTARIO elements. Water, while originating from thesilo silo LAKE lent habitat forby small aquatic wildlife and natuhas been cooled prior ponds and comSIZE: SIZE: has beenspaces cooled by prior ponds and is is now now comral wateropen filtering Whileenvironment. not clean water, pletely the All water, pletely opentotoplants. theexterior exterior environment. Allthe water, final release pointgas, releases control of water and within atmoeither in solid, or liquid state is mixed the USE: USE: either in solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed within the HOT HOTTUB, TUB,STEAM STEAMROOM ROOM sphere naturalrainfall wildlifecan andpollute water. the pool, but cooler pond. toHeavy

SILO / 25% RAIN / pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool, but cooler LAKE originating in the temperatures silo cture medicould make it the most ideal place to USE: USE:

IN

SSIL IL

SOU

20 C - 0 C

TEMPERATURE:

Similar totoaagradually typical the outdoor ponds and overtime flooding shoreline of have the Similar typicalpool, pool, thethe outdoor ponds haveaaPOND CAL HABITAT 75% basin toPURE contain butwater are left completely open to 75% PURE site, these ponds water, mix pond with Lake Ontario

HIGH HIGH 25% 25%PURE PURE

45 SE MIC OUT

TEM

VAR

DOOR

-0C

from from the the interior interior ponds ponds and and mixes mixes itit with with small small

amounts ment provides excelamountsfrom fromthe theexterior exterior. .The Thewater waterwithin withinthis thisarea area maintains maintainsaahigh hightemperature temperatureand anddue duetotoitsitsexposure exposure with will produce oughout the withthe theoutside outside will produceplumes plumesofoffog fogininthe the atic wildlife and natucoldermonths. months. one due colder to not clean water, the ose spaces ol of water and atmonatural light PURE type of hub ter.

20/60m 20/60m 20/60m 20/60mAND USAGE 5. WATER DISTRIBUTION

used.

AL HABITAT

SOURCE: SOURCE:

ginating in the silo VARIATION: VARIATION: ning onto the land e shoreline of the CLEANLINESS: with Lake Ontario CLEANLINESS: ent provides excel-

SIZ

POND

USE

IN

ATM

4. AIR RELEASE

Air is released from the afixed spheres and 20/60m piping is secured. Though not entirely removed, all removed sheres create new pond spaces.

Com me rem ent SO are stan tan TE rea thic wat VA

CL

SIZ

US

AT

Co

SE me

USEAGE 30/60m, 35m35m 30/60m, 35m 35m 30/60m, 6. NEW PILE30/60m, CREATION

Accumulation and release is repeated as new piles are formed on the site. While a new pile is forming, existing structure is fully occupiably. By alternating piles, during construction, the public is ensured a place to swim no matter the weather.

25% 25%SILO SILO/ /25% 25%RAIN RAIN// 50 50% %LAKE LAKE

Axonometric view of the reprogrammed Victory Silos with water distribution

TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE:

OUTDOOR

lent lenthabitat habitatspaces spacesfor forsmall smallaquatic aquaticwildlife wildlifeand andnatunatural ralwater waterfiltering filteringplants. plants. While Whilenot notclean cleanwater, water,the the final finalrelease releasepoint pointreleases releasescontrol controlofofwater waterand andatmoatmosphere spheretotonatural naturalwildlife wildlifeand andwater. water.

SPILL-OVER SPILL-OVER POND POND

The site is finally ready for public usage. In it’s off season, when accumulation occurs and sediment pouring is halted, the site is open to the public. Certain ponds fill with the heated and cleansed water and the public is welcome to come and use the site.

CLE

ECOLOGICAL ECOLOGICALHABITAT HABITAT

ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE:1. SITE PREP ATMOSPHERE: 2. ACCUMULATION SPHERE 3. SEDIMENT RELEASE temperatures could make it the most idealAND place to CLEANLINESS water. The The first round of sediment is released on the PLACEMENT YEAR 10/0m 10/35m Grid ties are distributed and fixed to the site, raining onto the land spend a0/0m afternoon. Nearly within sediment, small openings The originating ininthe spend asummer summer Nearlycontained contained within the sediment, small openings Therelease releasepoint pointfor forall allwater waterplaced originating thesilo silo spheres. The distributes and takes its As the silo treats water it stores processed ready forthe sphere placement. The silo afternoon. is ine silo. DeWATER allow by fluctuating weather and onto land natural angle repose. allowthis thispond pondto tobe beaffected affected by fluctuating weather andcollected collected bythe theponds. ponds. Draining Draining ontoofthe the land The sphere, once sediment and clean water. Spheres are tiedby ternally prepared for wastewater treatment the shoreline the regular, become of deformed conditions. Rainwater, snow, and atmoand overtime the in place for the first sediment pour and ar-gradually sediment, conditions.BUILD Rainwater, snow,fog fog andother other atmoand overtime graduallyflooding flooding theshoreline shoreline ofthe the by the varying andof the sediment elevator and arm are atamounts conical form. ranged in a radiating grid surround the seditached. Finally major is laid to distribspheric enter, though ininpiping limited amounts. site, ponds with Lake Ontario sphericwater watercan can enter, though limited amounts. site,these these pondsmix mixpond pondwater water withwithin Lakethe Ontario ools at ment drop point. The silo iswater. not yetThe publicly ute cleansed waterthe to future ponds. water er exist withthe Ontario result that 45 theLake resultisisaapond pond thattakes takes the 45degree degree water water. Theshoreline shorelineofofthe thesediment sedimentprovides providesexcelexcel-

m

SEMI OUT

SPILL-OVER POND

, WADING,

D

INTERIOR

the elements. Water, while originating from the silo CSO INPUT CSO INPUT has been cooled by prior ponds and is now completely open to the exterior environment. All water, either in solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed within the PROCESSING PROCESSING pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool, but cooler temperatures could make it the most ideal place to INTERIOR OUTDOOR INTERIORPOND POND OUTDOOR POND POND spend a summer afternoon.

20 20CC --00CC HIGH HIGH 25% 25%PURE PURE

rem en are SOU sta tan rea TEM thi wa

50/100m, 35m35m 50/100m, 50/100m, 35m 35m 50/100m, 7. SEDIMENT RELEASE As sediment accumulates, so does the outdoor structure. The spaces within grow and transform as pressure on spheres increases.

50/100m, 35m35m 50/100m, 50/100m, 35m 35m 50/100m, 8. FURTHER WATER DISTRIBUTION Over time the structure expands and the public capacity grows too. In accumulation periods the site is transformed into a unique space for a new type of interaction with Lake Ontario.

VAR

CLE

SIZ

USE

SE

ATM

Nea allo con sph SO the from am TE ma with cold VA

CL

SIZ


CLEANLINESS HIGH UNCONTROLLED ATMOSPHERE

SOURCE

SILO SILO/ /45% 45%RAIN RAIN

TEMPERATURE

---5 -5CC

100% 45 C SILO

TEMPERATURE

POND

LOW

25% RAIN

45 C

CLEANLINESS:

VARIATION

SEMI OUT POND INTERIOR DOOR INTERIOR POND 65% SILO

SEASONAL 75% SILO VARIATION

ATMOSPHERE &SOURCE CONTROLLED WATER LOW PROGRAMME SOURCE

SEASONAL VARIATION

HH

INTERIOR

LOW 35% RAIN ?? CONTROLLED WATER

SILO HIGH

USE:

CLEANLINESS CLEANLINESS degr 100% PURE LAstant KE 45 FHIGH LHIGH

O

tant immersivO INTERIO OUTD OUTDO

??

SILO OUTSIZE: DOOR50% PORAIN 50% ND

100%SILO SILO 100%

SOURCE: SOURCE:

D

LOW

reaches the p TEMPERATURE TEMPERATURE 45 thick humidit 45 C C

HIGH

30% SILO water.

SEASONAL SEASONAL 30% RAIN VARIATION UNCONTROLLED ATMOSPHE VARIATION UNCONTROLLED ATMOSPHE 40% LAKE LOW LOW SOURCE:

SPILL OUT

PON SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA SOURCE: SOURCE:

NATURE

TEMPERATUR SEMI OTEMPERATURE UTDOOR ATMOSPHERE: - CONSTANT CLEANLINESS TEMPERATURE: TEMPERAT 4545CC- CONSTANT TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATU SILO NATURE INTERIOR POND within the structure of the PURE /35% 35%?? ?? O U SUMMER RPURE T IOR /P D Completely contained sediO OR POND HIGH LOW ONDWATER CONTROLLED ment, the most interior of ponds are completely 45 C VARIATION: SEMISEMI OT AND CLEAN SEMISOUTDOOR OUTDOOR DRAINAGE CONTROLLED WATER P CLEANLINESS IL OUTINDOOR CONTROLLED WATER L O DOOR UT POND VARIATION: removed from all exterior recipiVARIATION: VARIATION 100% SILOconditions. The firstVARIATION: NONE SOURCE: TEMPERATURE ATMOSPHERE SOURCE LOW OUUNCONTROLLED SOURCE ent of purified water from the silo, these interior ponds TDOHIGH LAKENONE UNCONTROLLED ATMOSPHERE OR POND SI SILO NATURE F SILO NATURE L O 45 C ?? SILO NATURE O D IN SILO LO are the purest water a conG TEMPERATURE: 45 C - available. CONSTANTMaintained atCLEANLINESS SPILL OUT TEMPERATURE CLEANLINESS G, 100% PURE CLEANLINESS G,WADING, WADING, TEMPERATURE IN stant 45 degrees, these large, group pools are a conP CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINE ORI INTE 100% PURE N INTERIOR TE D SEASONAL CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINES RR PO RIO O HIGH LOW POND HIGH ND ?? 45 C POND tant immersive environment. Filtered light from above LOW AVARIATION: SE NONE KDO E SEM VARIATION WINTER MIL UT LRthe IO OO OINTERIOR UT POND O DOF D R HIGH LOWSEMI O IN O reaches ponds in thick streams passing through G TEMPERATURE SIZE: LOW HIGH O TEMPERATURE UTPOND OUT UTDO SEASONAL DOOR O DO INTERIOR PO OR SEMI-O Rthats POND INTERIOR OUTDOOR POND 45 ?? 100% PURE thick humidity, and steam emmited from the SIZE: ND CLEANLINESS: 45 C C ?? SIZE: OUSIZE: POND OUTDOOR POND SP door SPIL TSIZE: tdoorponds pondshave haveaaPOND DOOR 50% 75% SILO VARIATION INTERIOR 65% SILO SILO 30% SILO ILLL O OUT UT P water. P 45 C -5 C P SEASONAL O SE open LOW HIGH N 100% SILO SEASONAL D M25% tcompletely completely opentoto RAIN 35% RAIN 50% RAIN 30% RAIN I UNCONTROLLED ATMOSPHERE O U T UNCONTROLLED ATMOSPHERE D VARIATION O SVARIATION OR USE: PILL SIZE: nating 45 Cfrom ?? inating fromthe thesilo silo CONTROLLED WATER OU40% LAKE LOW HIGH T 100% SILO LOW HIGH P O SOURCE: O U N T ss and is now comD D USE: USE: O and is now comSPA,HAMMAM, HAMMAM,SAUNA SAUNA OR POND USE: SOURCE USE: SPA, L/A45% SOURCE: 100% 55% onment. USE: ronment. All Allwater, water, SOURCE: SOURCE: SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA E CONTROLLED WATER FRAIN LRAIN 100%SILO SILO SPILL OU 55%SILO SILO /K45% OOD SILO NATURE SOURCE: SOURCE: eisismixed mixedwithin withinthe the T POND ATMOSPHERE INTERIOR POND the pool, the pool,but butcooler cooler 45 C CONSTANT SOURCE LOW HIGH TEMPERATURE: ATMOSPHERE: CLEANLINESS ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHE L A K E ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHER F most ideal place to Completely co L withinOtheDstructure most ideal place to Completely contained O of25 the sediHIGH SILO NATURE TEMPERATU INGLOW 45 CC- --5-5CC ment, TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: TDOOR POCLEANLINESS INTERIOR PONDwithin OUTDOOR POND Completely contained within structure sediSimilar a 45CC- -CONSTANT CONSTANT 25 ment, the most interior of ponds are completely the TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: Completely contained thethe structure of of thethe sediSimilar to to amo t 100% SILO ND SOURCE: removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipiment,TEMPERATURE themost mostinterior interior pondsarearecompletely completely basin con removed from OUTDOOR DRAINAGE ment, theCONTROLLED of ofponds basin to to conta WATER ent of purified water from the silo, these interior ponds CNDOORCLEANLINESS SEMISOUTDOOR 45 C PILL OUT P VARIATION: CONTROLLED WATER NONE 45 Cconditions. The first arerecipithe purest water available. Maintained?? at a conremoved from all exterior the elemenw ent of purified O N removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipithe elements. D 100% SILO 55% SILO / 45% VARIATION: RAIN 45 group C - CONSTANT SOURCE TEMPERATURE: HIGH LOW 45 degrees, theseSOURCE: large, pools HIGH are a conVARIATION: VARIATION: SOURCE SOURCE: purified water from the silo, these interiorstant ponds has been are the purest LAKENONE VARIATION: VARIATION: SEASONAL NONE SILO NATURE of of purified has been coc tant immersive environment. Filtered light fromHIGH above F UNCONTROLLED ATMOSPHERE SILOwater from the silo, these interior ponds NATURE LOODING entent VARIATION reaches the ponds in thick streams passing through are purest water available.Maintained Maintained a conpletely ope stant 45 open degre SI SILO are thethe purest water available. at at aVARIATION: conpletely 100% PURE LO CLEANLINESS: 45 C - CONSTANT 25 C - -5 C LOW HIGH TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: NONE thick humidity, and steam thats emmited from the

ATMOSPHERE & PROGRAMME TEMPERATURE

SEMI OUTPOND INTERIOR DO 65% SILO

SEASONAL % SILO VARIATION

C % RAIN OUTD

USEAGE

OOR

ND DND WATER

CLEANLINESS CLEANLINESS stant degrees, these large, group pools a coneither so tant immersive stant 4545 degrees, these large, group pools areare awater. coneither in in solid IN CLEANLINES INTE 100% 65% ?? HIGH LOW TERIO R PO CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: HIGH LOW ?? PURE 100% PURE 65%PURE PURE/ 35% / reaches 35% POND tant immersive environment.Filtered Filtered light from above pond.?? Hea the po CLEANLINESS:RIOR CLEANLINESS: ND tant immersive environment. light from above pond. Heavy 100% PURE CLEANLINESS: VARIATION: VARIATION: SE NONE HIGH M SE I O M UT IO DO reaches the ponds in thick streams passing through temperature UT thick humidity, TEMPERATURE DOO R O reaches the ponds inUT thick streams passing through temperatures TEMPERATURE R SIZE: O O DO UT O DOO 45 ?? R thickhumidity, humidity, and steam emmitedfrom from spend a sum water. PO Rthats 45 C C and ?? CLEANLINESS: ND PO thick steam thats emmited thethe spend a summ 100% PURE 65% PURE / 35% ?? SIZE: ND CLEANLINESS: SIZE: SIZE: SIZE: 50% SILO 30% SILO SP IL SP water. ILLL O SIZE: SIZE: SEASONAL OUT UT PO HIGH water. SEASONAL POND

45 C

OR POND

LOW 35% RAIN

OUTDOOR

SOURCE:

TEMPERATURE:

OR

OUTDOOR 50% RAIN POND

INTERIOR POND INTERIOR POND OUTDOOR POND 30% RAIN

OUTDO SEMI-OUTDOOR PONDOUTDO

-5 C

0C

ND

LA

LAKE FL KE SIZE: SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA FLO USE: HIGH OO SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA ODI 100% SILO USE: HIGH DING NG SOURCE: USE: 100% SILO USE: USE: PO100% SOURCE: SOURCE: SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA SWIMMING, WADING, P 55% SILO / 45% RAIN USE: SWIMMING, ND SILO NDHAMMAM, SAUNA 75% SILO / 25% RAIN SOURCE:OSPA, USE: USE: SOURCE: SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA WADING, ATMOSPHERE: USE: SWIMMING, WADING, SPILL OUT L A KCompletely E FLO contained within the structure of the sediPOND ATMOSPHERE: ODOUTDOOR INTERIOR POND POND INof G 45 C - CONSTANT ment, the most interior ponds are completely TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATU ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: LAKE FLOO removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipiATMOSPHER SEMI-OUTDOOR POND ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: 45 C CONSTANT Completely contained within the structure of theTEMPERATU sediTEMPERATURE: 45 C - CONSTANT 25 C -5 C TEMPERATURE: ent of purified water from the silo, interior ponds ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: D Completely contained within the structure of the sediSimilar tothese a typical pool, the outdoor ponds have a 45 C + OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: ING POND INTERIOR POND OUTDOOR POND INTERIOR POND OUTDOOR VARIATION VARIATION SIZE: 40% LOW LAKE LOW UNCONTROLLED ATMOSPHERE SOURCE: UNCONTROLLED ATMOSPHERE

SPILL OUT

45 C

are the purest water available. Maintained at but a conment, most interior of ponds are completely basininterior to contain water, are left completely open to ment, the of ponds areponds completely Completely contained within the structure of theSOURCE: sedi-thefrom Similar to amost typical pool, the outdoor have a contai Nearly 100% SILO 55% SILO / 45% RAIN SOURCE: stantSimilar 45 degrees,to these large, grouppool, pools are a conremoved The first recipithe elements. Water, while originating the silo Completely contained within the structure of the sedi- all exterior conditions. a all typical the outdoor ponds have a removed from exterior Thefrom first recipiVARIATION: VARIATION: NONE ment, the most interior of ponds are completely basin to contain water, butconditions. are left completely open to tant immersive environment. Filtered light above ent of purified water from the silo, these interior ponds has75% been cooled by prior ponds and is now comallow SILO /from 25% RAIN SOURCE: ment, CONTROLLED the most100% interior of ponds are completely basin to contain water, but are left completely open this to pon DRAINAGE reaches the ponds in thick streams passing through are the purest water available. Maintained at a conpletely open to the exterior environment. All water, WATER ent of purified water from the silo, these interior ponds 100% SILO 55% SILO / 45% RAIN VARIATION: VARIATION: SILO 55% SILO / 45% RAIN SOURCE: SOURCE: NONE SOURCE: CONTROLLED SOURCE: WATER removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipithehumidity, elements. Water, while originating the silo VARIATION: conditions. R NONE VARIATION: 45 group C - CONSTANT 25state C- -isMID -5 Cfrom TEMPERATURE: T POND LOW thick and steam emmited from the stant 45 degrees, these large, poolsHIGH are a coneitherthats in solid, gas, or liquid mixed within the removed from all exterior conditions. The firstTEMPERATURE: recipithe elements. Water, while originating from the silo are the purest water available. Maintained at a conSOURCE water. ent of purified water from the silo, these interior ponds has been cooled by prior ponds and is now comLOW tant immersive environment. Filtered light from above pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool, but cooler spheric 45 C by + OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: --0SI 0SICLO C ent of purified water from the silo, these interiorCLEANLINESS: ponds has45been cooled priormake ponds and now com-water LAKE FLOO SOURCE are reaches ponds in thick streams passing through temperatures it the most idealis place to 100% PURE SILO NATURE LO stant degrees, these large, group pools are athe con45 C -theCONSTANT 25the C -exterior -5 could C CLEANLINE TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: 45 Cavailable. - CONSTANT 25 C -5 C TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: SILO NATURE the purest water Maintained at a conpletely open to environment. All water, result is a VARIATION: DING are the purest water available. Maintained atCLEANLINESS: HIGH thick humidity, and steamNONE thats emmited from the spend a summer afternoon. a conpletely openVARIATION: to the exterior environment. All water, 100% IN tant immersive Filtered from above CLEANLINES INTE 100% PURE 65% PURE PURE / 35% ?? TERI stant 45 degrees, these large, group pools are awater. coneither in solid, environment. gas, or MID liquid state PURE is light mixed within thethe int CLEANLINESS: 75% RIO from CLEANLINESS VARIATION: CLEANLINESS: ORR PO LOW CLEANLINESS POND stant 45 degrees, these large,VARIATION: group pools are CLEANLINESS: a coneither the in solid, gas,-or liquid state passing is mixed through within the ND reaches ponds streams VARIATION: VARIATION: VARIATION: SE NONE HIGHin thick HH NONE HIGH HIGH LOW tant immersive environment. Filtered light from above pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool, but cooler SEM 100% PURE 65% PURE / 35% ?? amounts from CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: MII O HIGH LOW UT O ?? DO UT tantDO immersive environment. Filtered light fromSIZE: above pond. Heavyand rainfall can thats polluteemmited the pool,from butSIZE: cooler O R O R thick humidity, steam the reaches the pondsO in thick streams passing through temperatures could make it the most ideal place to UT 75% PURE CLEANLINESS: maintains O DO UT O DO R reaches the ponds in thick streams passing through temperatures could make it the most ideal place to a h PO OR CLEANLINESS: TEMPERATURE ND PO 100% PURE CLEANLINESS: 65% PURE / 35% ?? 100% PURE 65% PURE / 35% ?? TEMPERATURE CLEANLINESS: ND water. SIZE: SIZE: CLEANLINESS: thick humidity, and steam thats emmited from the spend a summer afternoon. SIZE: SIZE: SIZE: SIZE: SP with the outs SIZE: PURE SPIL PURE 45 ?? ILLL O thick humidity, and steam thats emmited from the spend a summer afternoon. OUT 45 C C ?? PO UT POND ND water.30% SILO SIZE: O 50% SILO colder months LA water. LAKE SEASONAL FL KE SIZE: HIGH SIZE: 30% RAIN SIZE:SPA, HAMMAM, O SEASONAL FLSIZE: O USE: USE: DI O SAUNA N 50% RAIN NG O USE: USE: DI SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA SWIMMING, WADING, NG VARIATION VARIATION SOURCE: USE: USE: 40% LOW LAKE HIGH SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA USE: USE: USE: 100% SILO SILO 55% SILO // 45% 45% RAIN LOW HIGH SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA SWIMMING, WADING, USE: HOT TUB, STEAM ROOMSILO OND SOURCE: SOURCE: 100% 55% RAIN 75%SILO SILO / 25% RAINSWIMMING, SOURCE: SOURCE: HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM SOURCE:SAUNA SOURCE: USE: USE: 75% / 25% RAIN USE: USE: SPA, HAMMAM, WADING, SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA SWIMMING, WADING, SOURCE: SOURCE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: 100% SILO SPILL OUT PO 55% SILO / 45% RAIN SEMI-OUTDOOR POND SOURCE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHE Completely contained within the structure of the sediSimilar to a typical pool, the outdoor ponds have a ND ATMOSPHERE: INTERIOR POND OUTDOOR POND ment, the most interior of ponds are completely basin to contain water, but are left completely open to ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: TEMPERATUR ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: LAKE FL O ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHER CAL CALHABITAT HABITAT INTERIOR POND OUTDOOR POND Nearly contained within the sediment, openings ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: Completely contained within the structure of the sediSimilar to a removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipithe elements. small Water, while from the silo 45 C CONSTANT 25 Coriginating -5 CC ATMOSPHERE: TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: SEMI-OUTDOOR SPILL-OVER POND 45 C -- CONSTANT C -- -5 Completely contained within the structure of the Similar sedi- to aPOND Similar to apond typical pool, the outdoor ponds25 have a Dstructure Completely contained O within the of the seditypical 45 pool, C the outdoor ponds have a this OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: TEMPERAT INareG allow to be affected by SILO fluctuating weather +left+OUTDOOR ent of purified water from the silo, these 45 interiorC ponds has75% been cooled / by priorRAIN ponds and is now comTEMPERATURE: TEMPERATU 25% INTERIOR POND OUTDOOR POND SOURCE: ment, the most interior of pondsthe are contained completely basin to contain water, but are left completely open to Completely within the structure of the sediSimilar tocont a t ment, the most interior of ponds completely basin to contain water, but are completely open to ment, most interior of ponds are completely basin to conditions. snow, open fog and other atmo-environment. All water, Completely contained the structure of theSOURCE: sedia available. typical pool, the ponds have a Rainwater, 45 C - CONSTANT 25recipiC - -5 C areSimilar the purestto water Maintained at aoutdoor conpletely to the exterior TEMPERATURE: 100% SILO 55% SILO / 45% RAIN SOURCE: INTERIOR PONDwithin OUTDOOR removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipithe elements. Water, whilethough originating from the silo removed from all exterior conditions. The firstPOND the elements. Water, while originating from the silo Nearly within theor sediment, small openings spheric watercontained can enter, in limited amounts. stant 45 degrees, these large, group pools are a coneither in solid, gas, liquid state is mixed within the ment, the most interior of ponds are completely basin to conta removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipithe elements SEDIMENT RELEASE 4. AIR RELEASE ment, the most interior of ponds are completely basin to contain but are left completely open ent of purified water from the silo, these interior ponds been cooled by prior pondsthe and isdegree coment of purified water from the silo, these interior ponds haswater, been cooled by prior ponds and is now has com100% SILO 55% SILO /now 45% RAIN SOURCE: SOURCE: VARIATION: the resultto isthis a pond that takes 45 water tant immersive environment. Filtered light from above pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool, but cooler allow pond to be affected by fluctuating weather 75% SILO / 25% RAIN 25% SILO / 25% RAIN / 45 Cmixes + OUTDOOR he first round of sediment is released on the Air is released from the afixedVARIATION: spheres and TEMPERATURE: SOURCE: SOURCE: 10/35m 20/60m 30/60m, 35m 50/100m, the purest20/60m water available. apletely conpletely open to the exterior environment. water, are the purest water available. Maintained at aare conopen toconditions. the exterior environment. All water, removed fromatall exterior The first recipithe elements. ent ofMaintained purified from the silo, these interior ponds has been co VARIATION: from the interior ponds and it All with small removed conditions. first VARIATION: recipithegroup elements. Water, while originating the silo NONE HIGH reaches the ponds in water thick streams passing through temperatures could make it the most ideal place to 100% SILO 55% SILO / 45% RAIN VARIATION: iginating ininthe VARIATION: VARIATION originating thesilo silo 45 group C - CONSTANT 25state -5 Cfrom SOURCE: NONE HIGH TEMPERATURE: aced spheres. The distributes and takes itsfrom all exteriorpiping is SOURCE: secured.The Though not entirely re- these large, large, pools are aTEMPERATURE: coneither in solid, or liquid is mixed within the LOW - -isMID stant 45 degrees, pools are astant con-45 degrees, theseVARIATION: either in solid, gas, or liquid mixed within 50 LAKEotherVARIATION: conditions. Rainwater, snow, fog% and atmoamounts fromgas, the exterior . state The within this area LOW - CMID thick and water steam thats emmited from Maintained the spend a water summer afternoon. ent ofhumidity, purified from the silo, these ponds has been co are the purest water atcooler athe conpletely open 100% 55% SILOenvironment. / 45% RAIN tant immersive light from above pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool, cooler ining onto land of purified water fromSILO the silo, these interior ponds has cooled byavailable. prior ponds and is but now comSOURCE: SOURCE: tant immersive environment. Filtered light from above pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute theinterior pool, tural angle repose. sphere, once moved, all removed sheres create new pond aining ontoofthe the land The ent VARIATION: 45Filtered Cbeen - CONSTANT 25 and Center, -due -5 Citsbut TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: maintains a high temperature to exposure NONE HIGH water. spheric water can though in limited amounts. 45 C + OUTDOOR VARIATION: TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: 20 C 0 C reaches the ponds in thick streams passing through temperatures could make it the most ideal place to LOW MID reaches the ponds in thick streams passing through temperatures could make it the most ideal place to are the45 purest water available. Maintained atAll awith pletely stant degrees, these large,environment. group pools are aconconeither open in soli SILO gular, become of deformed the the varying spaces. Maintained at a conthe outside will produce plumes of fog in the he theshoreline shoreline ofthe the byare purest water available. pletely open to the water, 45 humidity, C - CONSTANT 25 C -exterior -5 C afternoon. TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: VARIATION: VARIATION: CLEANLINESS thick thats emmited from the spend a months. summer afternoon. HIGH thick and steamNONE thats emmited from thehumidity, and steam spend a summer the result is a pond that takes the 45 degree water colder INTERIOR VOI mounts conical form. r with Lake Ontario 100% PURE 65% PURE / 35% ?? stant 45 degrees, these large, group pools are a coneither in solid tant immersive environment. Filtered light from above pond. Heav er withwithin Lakethe Ontario D CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: C - CONSTANT 25 PURE C - -5 C water. TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE:100% water. 65%mixes PURE / 35% ?? stant 45 degrees, 45 these large, group poolsINTE are a coneither state is mixed within the 75% PURE CLEANLINESS: VARIATION: VARIATION: CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINE NONEin solid, gas, or liquid HIGH RIOCLEANLINESS: 75% PURE R POND 75%ponds PURE and HIGH from the interior it withCLEANLINES small CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: VARIATION: VARIATION: ment provides excelLOW MID ment provides exceltant immersive environment. Filtered light from above pond. Heavy reaches the ponds in -thick streams passing through temperature 100% PURE 65% PURE / 35% ??Heavy tant immersive environment. Filtered light from above pond. rainfall the pool, but cooler 100%SEM PURE 65% PURE / 35% ?? CLEANLINESS: VARIATION: VARIATION: CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: NONE HIGH can pollute PO I-OUTDOOR tic ND wildlife PO amounts from the exterior . The water within this area a sum atic wildlifeand andnatunatuND POND reaches the ponds in thick streams passing through temperatures thick humidity, and steam thats emmited from the spend VARIATION: VARIATION: SE NONE HIGH 100% PURE 65% PURE / 35% ?? reaches the ponds in thick streams passing through temperatures could make it the most ideal place to OUT CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: DOOR PON SEM SIZE: MII O not D notclean cleanwater, water,the the OUT 75% PURE 25% PURE SIZE: UTDO CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: maintains a high temperature and due to its exposure O DO R OR thick humidity, and steam emmited fromSIZE: the spend a summ water. SIZE: SIZE: 100% 65% PURESPIL /thats 35% ?? thick humidity, and steam thats emmited from the PURE spend a summer afternoon. O CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: SIZE: SIZE: SIZE: OUT SIZE: olofofwater waterand andatmoatmoDO L-OVER PON UT DOO with the outside will produce plumes of fog SIZE: inSIZE: the SIZE: D OR R PO POND water. 100% PURE 65% PURE / 35% ?? ND CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: er. water. SIZE: SIZE: er. SIZE: SP LAK SPIL USE: SIZE: SIZE: E colder months. ILLL O WATERSTEAM ROOM UT HOT TUB, O PO UT ND POHAMMAM, ND SIZE: SIZE: USE: USE: SPA, SAUNA LA SWIMMING, WADING, USE: LAKE FL KE 75% SILO / 25%USE: RAIN SIZE: SIZE:SPA, HAMMAM, FLO O USE: USE: SOURCE: O USE: USE: SAUNA SWIMMING, WADING, ODI SPA, HAMMAM, WADING, DING USE: USE: NG SAUNA SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA WADING, 100% SILO USE: 55% SILO / ROOM 45% RAINSWIMMING, ATMOSPHERE: USE: USE: SWIMMING, USE: USE: SOURCE: SOURCE: HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM ECOLOGICAL HABITAT HOT TUB, STEAM USE: USE: RAIN SWIMMING, 75% SILO / 25% 25% SILO / 25% RAIN ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA SWIMMING, WADING, USE: SOURCE: SOURCE: HAMMAM, SAUNA WADING, Nearly contained within the sediment, small openings 75% SILO / 25% RAIN 25% SILO / 25% RAIN/ SOURCE: SPILL-OVER POND USE: USE: the structure SWIMMING, SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA WADING,SEMI-OUTDOOR Completely contained within of the ATMOSPHERE: sediSimilar to aPOND typical pool, the outdoor ponds have aSOURCE: ATMOSPHERE: allow this pond to be affected by fluctuating weather ATMOSPHERE ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: 50 % LAKE ment, the most interior of ponds are completely basin to contain water, but are left completely open to conditions. Rainwater, snow, fog and other atmoCompletely contained within the structure of the sediSimilar to a typical pool, the outdoor ponds have 50 LAKE ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: 45 Ctoa%+originating OUTDOOR ATMOSPHERE: TEMPERATURE: D INTERIOR POND OUTDOOR ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: removed from all exterior conditions. The firstPOND recipithe Water, while originating silo ATMOSPHERE: SEMI-OUTDOOR POND POND INTERIOR POND OUTDOOR POND spheric water can enter, though in limited amounts. SEMI-OUTDOOR POND SPILL-OVER POND Nearly contained theelements. sediment, small openings The point for all water in the ATMOSPHER siloATMOSPHE ment, the most interior of ponds are within completely basin to contain water, but arerelease left completely open 45 CATMOSPHERE: - CONSTANT 25 C - -5 Cfrom theSPILL-OVER ATMOSPHERE: TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: Completely contained within the structure of the sediSimilar to apond typical pool, thebeen outdoor ponds ent of purified water from the silo, these interior ponds has cooled by have prior aponds and is now the comLAKE FL O contain INTERIOR POND OUTDOOR POND the result is a Water, pond takes thepool, 45bydegree water allow this to first be affected by SILO fluctuating weather and collected the ponds. Draining onto the Nearly land removed from allof conditions. The recipielements. while originating from the silo ATMOSPHERE: 45the C ++OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: Completely contained within the structure the sediSimilar to aathat typical the outdoor ponds have /aa 20 C -the 0shoreline C 75% / 25% RAIN 25% SILO / 25% RAIN SOURCE: SOURCE:pool, ofthe ponds completely basin to contain water, but are left completely open to are purestare water available. at aent conpletely open to the exterior environment. All water, Completely contained within structure ofexterior the sediSimilar to typical the outdoor ponds have Dstructure Completely contained O within the of the ment, sedi- the most interior Similar toMaintained a typical 45 pool, theofoutdoor ponds have a silo, C OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: IN from the cooled interior ponds mixes it now with small 20 C 0 C conditions. Rainwater, snow, fog and other atmoandand overtime flooding ofallow the The purified water from the these interior ponds has been by prior ponds andgradually is comG Nearly contained within the sediment, small openings this pond removed from all exteriorstant conditions. The these first recipithe elements. Water, while originating from the silostate small 45 degrees, large, pools arebut aare conin solid, gas, oramounts. liquid is mixed openings within the Nearly contained within sediment, The release p 50 % LAKE ment, of ponds are completely basin togroup contain water, arethe leftpurest completely open to ment, the interior of ponds areponds completely basin to contain water, butmix are left completely open torelease amounts from exterior . water, The water within this area spheric water can enter, though inthe limited site, these ponds pond water with Lake Ontario water available. Maintained at aeither conpletely open tothe the exterior environment. All water, hin the structure of theSOURCE: sedi-the most interior 100% Similar to amost typical pool, the outdoor have a ment, the most interior of ponds are completely basin to contain but are left completely open to 4. AIR RELEASE SILO 55% SILO / 45% RAIN ent of purified water fromSOURCE: the100% silo, these interior ponds has been cooled by prior ponds and isdegree now comSOURCE: tant immersive environment. Filtered light from above pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool,/ 25% but cooler 75% SILO / 25% RAIN 25% SILO / 25% RAIN / SILO 55% SILO / 45% RAIN allow this pond to be affected by fluctuating weather and collecte removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipithe 75% elements. Water, while originating from the silo SILO / 25% RAIN 25% SILO RAIN / conditions. R maintains a high temperature and due to its exposure SOURCE: SOURCE: SOURCE: SOURCE: VARIATION: the result is a pond that takes the 45 water water. The shoreline of the sediment provides excelSOURCE: stant 45 degrees, these large, group pools are a coneither in solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed within the LOW MID allow this pond to 45 be affected by itfluctuating weather and collected removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipithe elements. Water, while originating from the silo C + OUTDOOR Airofis released from the afixed spheres and TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: 20 C 0 C 20/60m 20/60m 30/60m, 35m 50/100m, 35m 50/100m, 35m are the purest water available. Maintained at a conpletely open to the exterior environment. All water, reaches the ponds in thick streams passing through temperatures could make the most ideal place to ponds are completely basin to contain water, but are left completely open to removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipithe elements. Water, while originating from the silo 100% SILO 55% SILO / 45% RAIN ent of purified water from the silo, these interior ponds has been cooled by prior ponds and is now comVARIATION: VARIATION: withatmothe outside will can produce of but fog in theaquatic wildlife and natu- and overtim from the interior ponds and mixes itsnow, with small lent habitat spaces for small SOURCE: SOURCE: NONE HIGH tant immersive environment. Filtered light from above pond. Heavy rainfall pollute the pool, cooler 50 %plumes LAKE 50 % and LAKEother conditions. Rainwater, fog spheric water piping is secured. Though not entirely restant 45 degrees, these large, group pools are a coneither in solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed within the thick humidity, and steam thats emmited from the spend a summer afternoon. conditions. Rainwater, snow, fog and other atmoand overtime are the purest water available. Maintained at a conpletely open the exterior All VARIATION: VARIATION: ent ofelements. purifiedwater water fromtowhile the silo, these interior ponds has been cooled by prior ponds and now comcolder months. amounts from the exterior . The water within this area ral itwater filtering plants. While not clean thecomLOW -environment. HIGH reaches theinterior ponds in water, thick streams passing through temperatures couldcooled make theby most ideal place to conditions. The first recipitheof Water, originating the silo ent purified from the silo, these ponds has been prior ponds and isiswater, now VARIATION: VARIATION: 45 group C - CONSTANT 25 C-MID -isMID -5 Cfrom light from above pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool, butexposure cooler in limited amounts. TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: water. HIGH moved, all removed sheres create new pond these large, stant 45 degrees, pools are atant con-immersive environment. either gas, LOW or liquid state mixed within the spheric water can though site, these 45 C +emmited OUTDOOR 45Filtered C - CONSTANT 25enter, Center, -due -5 Cits TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: the result is po a 45inCsolid, + OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: maintains awater high temperature and to final release control of water and atmoC - exterior 0point C releases TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: 20 - 0 C amounts. thick humidity, and steam thats from the spend a summer afternoon. spheric can though in Climited site, these are the purest water Maintained at a conpletely open to20the the environment. All water, VARIATION: reaches the ponds in thick streams passing through temperatures couldwill make itLOW the plumes most ideal place - MID HIGH the silo, these interior ponds has been cooled by and is but now comtant environment. Filtered light from above pond. rainfall canwater. pollute the pool, cooler are the purest water available. Maintained at aVARIATION: conpletely open to environment. All water, 45immersive C - CONSTANT 25 CHeavy -available. -5prior C ponds spaces. with the outside produce of fog in to the sphere to exterior natural wildlife and water. TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: 75% PURE the result is a pond that takes the 45 degree water in water. The from theThe inte CLEANLINESS: thick humidity, and steam thats45 emmited from thethese could spend a months. summer afternoon. reaches the ponds in thick streams passing through temperatures make it the most idealare place toconthe result is a pond that takes the 45 degree water water. sh colder stant degrees, large, group pools a either solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed within the PURE PURE / 35% ?? lable. Maintained at50/100m, a conpletely open to the exterior environment. water, stant 45 35m degrees, these large, group pools areAllaVARIATION: con- the interior ponds 65% either in solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed withinlent the CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: 50/100m, 35m 50/100m, 35m 50/100m, 35m 35m 50/100m, 50/100m, 35m 35m 50/100m, 35m 50/100m, VARIATION: VARIATION: SEDIMENT RELEASE 8. 100% FURTHER DISTRIBUTION HIGH thick humidity, and steamNONE thats emmited fromwater. the WATER spend a summer afternoon. VARIATION: VARIATION: from and mixes it with small habitat VARIATION: VARIATION: VARIATION: amounts from LOWthe - MID HIGH NONE HIGH LOW - MID HIGH it with small 75% PURE 25% PURE from ponds and mixes habitat sp 75% PURE 25% PURE CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: tant immersive environment. Filtered light from above pond. HeavyCLEANLINESS: rainfallcan canpollute pollute the pool,but butlent cooler group pools are awater. coneither solid,environment. gas, state islight mixed within the interior sarge, sediment accumulates, so does the outOver time the structure expands andinthe tant immersive Filtered from above pond. the pool, cooler 75% PURE 25% PURE VARIATION: VARIATION: NONE HIGHor liquid CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: amounts from exterior . The water within this area Heavy rainfall water fil hig amounts from thethe exterior . The water within this area ralral water or structure. The spaces within grow and public capacity grows too. Inreaches accumulation reaches the ponds ponds thick streams passing through temperatures could make make it the most ideal maintains place to afilter ent. Filtered light from above pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool,/ 35% but cooler the ininPURE thick streams passing through temperatures could to 100% PURE 65% PURE ?? PURE a high CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: 75% 25% PURE it the most ideal place 100% PURE 65% PURE / 35% ??due 75% 25% PURE CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: maintains temperature and to its exposure final release with the outsip ansform as pressure on spheres increases. periods the site is transformedCLEANLINESS: into a unique SIZE: maintains a high temperature and due to its exposure final release SIZE:the SIZE: afternoon. thick humidity, could and steam thats emmited from spendaasummer summer 100% PURE 65% PURE / 35% ?? ck streams passing through temperatures make it the most ideal place to CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: thick humidity, and steam thats emmited from the spend afternoon. SIZE: SIZE: space for a new type of interaction with Lake withthetheoutside outsidewillwillproduce produceplumes plumesof offogfoginSIZE: inthethe sphere n colder months with sphere to to natu SIZE: water. m thats emmited from the spend a summer Ontario. SIZE: water. SIZE: SIZE:afternoon. SIZE: SIZE: SIZE: SIZE: SIZE: SIZE: colder months.SIZE: USE: USE: colder months. HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM ECOLOGICAL HABITAT SIZE: SIZE: USE: 75% SILO / 25% RAIN HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM SOURCE: SOURCE: USE: USE: USE: USE: SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA SWIMMING, WADING, SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA WADING, USE: USE: USE: USE: USE: SWIMMING, SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA WADING, HABITAT HOTUSE: TUB, STEAMSWIMMING, ROOM HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM ECOLOGICAL ATMOSPHERE: 75% SILO / 25% RAIN USE: USE: SOURCE: SOURCE: USE: USE: 75% SILO / 25% RAIN SWIMMING, SILOHABITAT / 25% RAINECOLOGICAL / ATMOSPHERE: HAMMAM, SAUNA WADING, HOT TUB, ROOM ECOLOGICAL HABITAT SOURCE: USE: USE: 100% SILO SPA,SOURCE: 55%STEAM SILO / 45% RAIN the sediment, small25% SOURCE: HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM ECOLOGICAL SEMI-OUTDOOR POND POND Nearly contained withinSPILL-OVER openings The release point for all water originatingHABITAT in the silo ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: 50 allow this POND pond to be affected by fluctuating weather and collected by the ponds. Draining onto the land ATMOSPHERE: SEMI-OUTDOOR SPILL-OVER POND 45 C%a +LAKE OUTDOOR Completely contained within the structure of the sediATMOSPHERE: Similar to a typical pool, the outdoor ponds have a to a typical TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATU conditions. Rainwater, snow, fog and otherhave atmoand overtime gradually flooding the shoreline of the Similar pool, therelease outdoor ponds Completely contained ATMOSPHERE: within the structurewithin of the sediATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: INTERIOR POND OUTDOOR POND The release point for all water originating in the silo Nearly contained within the sediment, small openings Nearly contained the sediment, small openings The point for all water originating in the silo ment, most of interior of ponds are completely basin to contain water, but are left completely open to SEMI-OUTDOOR POND SPILL-OVER POND spheric water can enter, though in limited amounts. site, these ponds mix pond water with Lake Ontario basin to contain water, but are left completely open to ment, the most interior of ponds are completely Completely contained within thethe structure the sediSimilar to a typical pool, the outdoor ponds have a ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: 45 C + OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATU collectedcontained by the ponds. within Draining the onto sediment, the land alloworiginating this pond to be the affected by fluctuating weather allow this pond to be affected by SILO fluctuating weather and collected by the ponds. Draining onto theand land 45 C + OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: removed fromare all contained exterior conditions. The first recipithe elements. Water, while from silo 20 C 0 C Nearly small openings 75% / 25% RAIN 25% SILO / 25% RAIN / ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: the result is a pond that takes the 45 degree water water. The shoreline of the sediment provides excelSOURCE: SOURCE: SEMI-OUTDOOR POND SPILL-OVER POND the elements. Water, while originating from the silo removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipithe most interior of ponds completely basin to contain water, but are left completely open to Completely within the structure of the sediSimilar to a typical pool, the outdoor ponds have a 45 Cment,- CONSTANT 25 C -5 C TEMPERATURE: andthe overtime gradually flooding the shoreline of the conditions. Rainwater, snow, fog and other atmoconditions. Rainwater,has snow, fogcooled and other atmoand overtime gradually flooding the shoreline of ent of purified water from the silo, these interior ponds been by prior ponds and is now comfrom the interior ponds and mixes it with small lent habitat spaces for small aquatic wildlife and natuOUTDOOR POND has beenin cooled prior ponds and is mix nowpond coment of purified water from the silo,water theseWater, interior ponds removed from all exterior conditions. The first recipithe elements. while originating from amounts. thespheric silo 50water % LAKE 75% SILO / by 25% RAIN 25% SILO /water 25% RAIN / allow this to be affected by fluctuating site, theseto ponds pond mix pond water with Ontario water can enter, though limited amounts. SOURCE: SOURCE: WATER AS PROGRAM spheric can enter, though in the limited site, these ponds with Lake Ontario Nearly contained within sediment, small openings The release point for allLake originating inweather the silo ment, the most interior of atponds are water completely basin to contain are left the water Maintained a are con-the purest pletely open to isthenow exterior environment. All water, amounts from the .water, The waterbut within area completely open ral water filtering plants. While not clean water, the pletely theexterior exterior environment. Allthis available. a conent of purified water fromare the100% silo,purest these interioravailable. ponds has been cooled by at prior ponds and comSILO 55% SILO / 45% RAIN Nearly within the sediment, small openings release point all water the silo water.The The shoreline of the sediment provides excel- originating in VARIATION: the result is mixed a pondwithin that takes open the 45todegree water SOURCE: SOURCE: VARIATION: the resultMaintained is contained a pond that takes the degree water water. The shoreline ofwater, the sediment excel50 % for LAKE -CMID 75% SILO RAIN 25% SILO 25% RAIN /- 0provides stant 45Maintained degrees, these group pools are aSOURCE: con- 45 degrees, these inCsolid, gas, or liquid state is the conditions. Rainwater, snow, fog and other atmo45 +45OUTDOOR maintains a high temperature and due to/ LOW its exposure final release point releases control of water and atmoSOURCE: TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: 20 Cfrom 30/60m, 35m 50/100m, 35m 50/100m, either solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed within the stant large, group are either ato conare the purest20/60m water available. atall a large, conpletely open topools the/ 25% exterior environment. water, allow this pond be affected by fluctuating weather and collected byaquatic the wildlife ponds. Draining onto the land removed from exterior conditions. The first recipithe elements. Water, while originating the silo habitat spaces35m for small and natufrom the the interior ponds and inmixes it with small from the interior ponds and mixes it All with small lent habitat spaces for small aquatic wildlife andlent natutant immersive environment. Filtered light/from above pond. Heavy rainfall can pollute pool,/ 25% but cooler allow this pond to be affected by fluctuating weather and collected byC ponds. onto the land 75% SILO 25% RAIN 25% SILO RAIN /outside VARIATION: VARIATION: with the will can produce plumes of but fog cooler in the sphere tothe natural wildlife andDraining water. pond. Heavy rainfall pollute the pool, tant immersive environment. Filtered light from above stant 45 degrees, theseVARIATION: large, group pools are a coneither in solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed within the 50 % LAKE SOURCE: SOURCE: LOW MID VARIATION: 45 C + OUTDOOR ral water filtering plants. While not clean water, the amounts from the exterior . The water within this area TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: spheric water can enter, though in limited amounts. 20 0 C amounts from the exterior . The water within this area ral water filtering plants. While not clean water, the LOW - MID HIGH Water Conditions change throughout theand structure. Mediating between conditions. Rainwater, snow, fog other atmoovertime gradually flooding the shoreline of the ent ofCpurified from the silo, these ponds has been cooled by prior ponds is now comreaches the light ponds inwater thick streams passing through temperatures could make it theand most ideal place to months. 55% SILO / 45% RAIN VARIATION: colder temperatures could make the most ideal place to and reaches theinterior ponds in pond. thick streams passing through SOURCE: tant immersive environment. from above Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool, but cooler NONE HIGH 50 LAKE release point releases control of water and atmomaintains a high temperature and due to its exposure 45Filtered - CONSTANT 25 and -due -5 Csnow, conditions. Rainwater, fog% and other atmoand overtime gradually flooding shoreline of the TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: maintains high temperature to its exposure finalit release control of water and final atmothick humidity, and steam thats emmited from the humidity, and steam spend aCsummer afternoon. 45thats C a+emmited OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: the result is ponds a and pond that takes the the 45 degree water VARIATION: 20 Cto exterior - 0point C releases spend aplumes summer thick from reaches the ponds in thick streams passing through could make itthe the most ideal place to LOW - MID HIGH water can enter, though inthelimited amounts. site, these mix pond water with Lake Ontario are the purest water available. TEMPERATURE: Maintained at temperatures aspheric conpletely open the environment. All water, sphere to natural wildlife water. with outside will produce of afternoon. fog to inVARIATION: the with the outside will produce plumes of fog in the sphere natural wildlife and water. water. 75% PURE spheric can enter, though limited amounts. site, these ponds mix pond water with Lake small Ontario mechanically processed clean water, rain water, and the water of Lake 45 C + OUTDOOR CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINE water. thick humidity, and steam thats emmited from the spend a months. summerwater afternoon. TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: 20 in C -0C colder months. VARIATION: VARIATION: colder from the interior ponds and mixes it with LOW MID HIGH the result is a pond that takes the 45 degree water water. The shoreline of the sediment provides excelstant 45 degrees, these large, group pools are a coneither in solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed within the 25 C - -5 C TEMPERATURE: water. 75% PURE VARIATION: VARIATION: the result is a pond that takes the 45 degree water water. The shoreline of the sediment provides excelCLEANLINESS: CLEANLINES 50/100m, 35m 50/100m, 50/100m, 35m 35m 50/100m, 35m NONE HIGH 8. FURTHER WATER DISTRIBUTION 75% PURE 25% PURE PURE 25% VARIATION: VARIATION: CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: amounts from the exterior . The water within and this area LOWthe - MID HIGH can pollute 100% PURE CLEANLINESS: 65% PURE / Ontario. 35% TheCLEANLINESS: conditions change frombutpure, clean processed water towildlife interior 75% ponds and mixes it with small lent habitat spaces for small aquatic natutant immersive environment. Filtered light from from above pond.??Heavy rainfall thePURE pool, cooler CLEANLINESS: Over time the structure expands and the from the interior ponds andCLEANLINESS: mixes it with 75% small lent habitat spaces for smalland aquatic wildlife and natuVARIATION: VARIATION: LOW - MID HIGH PURE 25% PURE CLEANLINESS: maintains high temperature dueclean to its exposure amounts from the 65% exterior . The water within this temperatures area ral water plants. While not water, the reaches the ponds in thick streams passing through could make it the most ideal place to afiltering public capacity grows too. VARIATION: In accumulation HIGH 100% PURE PURE / 35% ?? CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: amounts from the exterior . The water within this area ral water filtering plants. While not clean water, SIZE: SIZE: polluted, natural water based on the distance from the silo. The level 75% PURE 25% PURE CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: SIZE: SIZE: with the outside will produce plumes of fog in thethe periods the site is transformed into ahumidity, unique maintains a high temperature and25% duePURE to its exposure final release point releases control of water and atmothick and the spend a summer afternoon. 75%steam PURE thats emmited from CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: maintains a high temperature and to its exposure final release point releases control of water and atmoSIZE: SIZE: space for a new type of interaction with Lake SIZE: due SIZE: colder 65% PURE / 35% ?? with the outside will produce plumes of fogofinSIZE: the spheremonths. to natural wildlife and water. water. CLEANLINESS: purity of the water is a result of the SIZE: construction process, whereby SIZE: SIZE: Ontario. SIZE: with the outside will produce plumes of fog in the sphere to natural wildlife and water. SIZE: SIZE: USE: USE: HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM ECOLOGICAL HABITAT colder months. SIZE: colder months.SIZE: USE: USE: USE: USE:the sediment pools depending on TUB, the position within pile HABITAT are indoor, HOT TUB, -STEAM ROOM ECOLOGICAL HOT STEAM ROOM SIZE: USE: USE: SPA, HAMMAM, SAUNA SWIMMING, WADING, USE: USE:RAIN / USE: USE: ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: USE: USE: 75% SILO SILO / 25% 25% RAIN ECOLOGICAL 25% SILO SILO // 25% 25% HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM HABITAT HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM SOURCE: SOURCE: 75% / RAIN 25% RAIN / HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM ECOLOGICAL HABITAT USE: semi-outdoor, or fully exposed to the elements. The level of exposure SOURCE: SOURCE: HAMMAM, SAUNA SWIMMING, WADING, USE: USE: ATMOSPHERE: HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM ECOLOGICAL Nearly contained within the sediment, small openings release point for all water originating in theATMOSPHERE: silo USE: RAIN SWIMMING, WADING, 75%ATMOSPHERE: SILO / 25% 25% SILOHABITAT / 25% RAIN / The 50 % LAKE LAKE ATMOSPHE SOURCE: ATMOSPHERE: allow this pond to be affected by fluctuating weather and collected by the ponds. Draining onto theThe landrelease point for all water originating in 50 % ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: Nearly contained withinATMOSPHERE: the sediment, small openings the silo

SILO SILO/ /25% 25%RAIN RAIN// OOR OUTDOOR LAKE % LAKE VARIATION: O U

NATURE

INTERIOR POND POND INTERIOR OUTDOOR -5 CPOND

OND

OUTDOOR POND POND SEMI-OUTDOORPOND PONDOUTDOOR SEMI-OUTDOOR

0C

SEMI-O SPILLSPILL-O

45 C

INTERIOR POND

-5 C

OND

OUTDOOR POND SEMI-OUTDOOR SEMI-OUTDOORPOND POND

0C

SEMI-OUTDOOR POND OUTDOOR POND

SEMI-OUTDOOR POND SEMI-OUTDOOR POND SPILL-OVER POND

SEMI-OUTDOOR POND POND SEMI-OUTDOOR SPILL-OVER POND

OOR POND

SEMI-OUTDOOR POND SPILL-OVER SPILL-OVERPOND POND

SPILLSPILL-O

SPILL-OVER POND POND SPILL-OVER

SEMI-OUTDOOR POND SEMI-OUTDOOR SPILL-OVER POND ultimately determines theflooding level of “mixing” naturally occurring SPILL-OVER POND conditions. Rainwater, snow, fog and otherhave atmoand overtime gradually the shoreline ofand thecollectedwith Completely contained within the structure of the sediSimilar to aPOND typical pool, the outdoor ponds a this pond to be affected allow by fluctuating weather by the ponds. Draining onto the land ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: 50 % LAKE ATMOSPHERE: SEMI-OUTDOOR POND Nearly contained withinSPILL-OVER the sediment, openings The release point for allsite, water originating in the silo spheric watersmall can enter, though in limited amounts. ment, the most interior of ponds are completely basin to contain water, butPOND are left completely open to + OUTDOOR ATMOSPHERE: ATMOSPHERE: 45 conditions. Rainwater, snow, fog and other atmo-these ponds mix pond water with Lake Ontario andTEMPERATURE: overtime gradually flooding the shoreline of the ATMOSPHERE: TEMPERATURE: 20 ATMOSPHERE: 45 CC OUTDOOR Nearly contained within the small openings TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: allow this pond to be affected by fluctuating collected by the ponds. Draining onto sediment, the landsediment 20 CC -- 00 CC the result is a Water, pond weather that the point 45 degree water water. The shoreline of the provides excelwater. OUTDOOR Nearly contained the sediment, small openings Thetakes release for the all water inenter, theand silo removed from all exterior conditions. Thewithin firstPOND recipithe elements. while originating from silo+originating spheric water can though in limited amounts. site, these ponds mix pond water with Lake Ontario Similar to a typical pool, the outdoor ponds have a

conditions. Rainwater,has snow, fogcooled and other atmoand overtime gradually flooding thespaces shoreline of theaquatic from the interior ponds mixes itthe with small lent habitat for small wildlife andweather natu- The shoreline of the sediment provides excelthis these pond interior to be affected by SILO fluctuating weather andand collected ponds. Draining onto the land of purified water fromallow the silo, ponds been by prior ponds andbyis now com45theCent + OUTDOOR Nearly contained within the sediment, small allow this pond to be affected by fluctuating TEMPERATURE: the result aC pond that takes the 45 degree water 20 C -SILO 0isshoreline 75% /sediment, 25% RAINwater 25% / 25% RAIN /a SOURCE: SOURCE: Nearly contained within the small The forfiltering allLake water originating in water. the silo basin to contain water,atbut are leftfog completely open to 75% SILO 25% SILO /plants. 25% RAIN / clean openings hin structure of the sediSimilar to typical pool, the outdoor ponds have spheric can openings enter,pletely though in limited amounts. site, theserelease ponds mix point pond25% water with Ontario SOURCE: SOURCE: amounts from the exterior The water within area thetheinterior water While not water, thehabitat conditions. Rainwater, and other atmoand.RAIN overtime gradually flooding of the are the purest water available. Maintained a snow, conopen to the/a exterior environment. Allthis water, from ponds and mixes it with ral small lent spaces for small aquatic wildlife and natuthe elements. Water, originating from amounts. the the silo result is a pond that 75% SILO / 25% RAIN 25% SILO 25% RAIN /LAKE 50water % allow this pondRainwater, to be byDraining fluctuating weather conditions. snow, fog and other atmotakesin the 45 degree water water. The shoreline of the sediment provides excelmaintains ato high temperature and due to/ its exposure release point releases control of water and atmoSOURCE: SOURCE: spheric water can enter, though in limited site, these ponds mix pond with the Lake Ontario stant 45 are degrees, these large, group pools arewhile ato coneither solid, gas, or liquid state is mixed within the 50 %affected LAKE allow this pond be affected by fluctuating weather and collected by the ponds. onto the land of ponds completely basin contain water, but are left completely open to amounts from exterior . The water within thisfinal area ral water filtering plants. While not clean water, the has been cooled by prior ponds and is now com55%the SILO / 45%water RAIN from the interior ponds and mixes it will withcan small lent habitat spaces for small aquatic wildlifewildlife and natuwith the outside produce plumes ofLOW fog in the sphere to natural and water. SOURCE: VARIATION: VARIATION: the result is alight pond that takes 45 degree water. The shoreline ofcooler the sediment provides exceltant immersive environment. Filtered from above pond. Heavy rainfall pollute the pool, but 50 % LAKE MID HIGH maintains a high temperature and due to its exposure final release point releases control of water and atmoconditions. Rainwater, snow, fog and other atmospheric water can enter, though in limited amounts. VARIATION: VARIATION: 45 C + OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: 20 C 0 C LOW MID HIGH 30/60m, 35m 50/100m, 35m 50/100m, 35m openinterior topassing the exterior environment. conditions. Rainwater, fog and other atmoand overtime flooding conditions. The first recipithe elements. Water, while originating from the silo C + could OUTDOOR amounts from the exterior . 45 Themonths. water within make thislent area ral water filtering plants.gradually While water, the the shoreline of the TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: colder 20 Cnot- clean 0C fromstreams the ponds and mixessnow, it All withwater, small spaces small wildlife andproduce natureaches the ponds in pletely thick through temperatures ithabitat the most idealforplace toaquatic with the outside will plumes of fog in the sphere to natural wildlife and water. either inCsolid, gas, orfrom liquid.the is mixed within the 45thats +emmited OUTDOOR a high temperature due to its exposure final release pointis releases control of water and water atmospheric water enter, though in limited amounts. TEMPERATURE: TEMPERATURE: the result acan pond that takes the 45 degree water VARIATION: Cbyfiltering - 0prior C plants. amounts from the exterior The water within thismaintains area ral20 water Whilemonths. not clean the thick and steam spend a summer afternoon. LOW - humidity, MID HIGH spheric water can state enter, though in limited amounts. site, these ponds mix pond with Lake Ontario colder the silo, these interior ponds hasand been cooled ponds and is water, now compond. Heavy rainfall can pollute pool, cooler with the outside will produce plumes of fog in therelease point releases control of water and atmosphere to natural wildlife and water. 25 and Cthe -due -5 Citsbutexposure TEMPERATURE: maintains a high temperature to final water. the result isinterior ashoreline pond that takes 45 degree from theThe ponds and the mixes it with water small VARIATION: VARIATION: could itLOW the plumes most ideal place to - MID HIGH the result is will amake pond that takes the 45 degree water water. VARIATION: VARIATION: lable. Maintained at temperatures a conpletely open to theto exterior environment. All water, LOW - MID HIGH of the sediment provides excelwith the outside produce of fog incolder the months. sphere natural wildlife and water. 75% PURE 25% PURE PURE CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: spend a months. summer afternoon. 75% PURE 25% VARIATION: from the interior ponds and mixes it withand small amounts from the exterior . The waterwildlife within this area colder LOW - MID HIGHor liquid CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: the interior ponds and mixes it with VARIATION: small lentthe habitat spaces for small aquatic natuarge, group pools are from aVARIATION: coneither in solid, gas, state is mixed within HIGH 75% PURE 25% PURE 75% PURE 25% PURE amounts from the exterior . The water within this area maintains a high temperature and due to its exposure CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: 75% PURE PURE While not clean water, the water within this pond. area ral water filtering25% plants. ent. Filtered light from amounts above from the exterior . The CLEANLINESS: Heavy rainfall can pollute the pool, butCLEANLINESS: cooler 75% PURE 25% PURE CLEANLINESS: CLEANLINESS: aoutside high temperature andplumes due its exposure with will produce of fog the maintains a high temperature and ?? due to its exposure final the release point releases control of to water andinatmock streams passing through temperatures could make it the most ideal maintains place to 65% PURE / 35% CLEANLINESS: SIZE: SIZE: SIZE: the outside will produce plumes SIZE: with themonths. outside produce plumes of fog inSIZE: the colder SIZE: SIZE: with of fog SIZE: inspend the a summer sphere to naturalwill wildlife and water. m thats emmited from the afternoon. SIZE: SIZE: colder months. SIZE: colder months.

SEMI-OUTDOOR POND SIZE:

USE:

USE: USE: HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM 75% SILO SOURCE: USE: SWIMMING, WADING, ATMOSPHERE:

SPILL-OVER POND

USE: USE: ECOLOGICAL HABITAT HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM ECOLOGICAL HOTHABITAT TUB, STEAM ROOM

USE: USE: USE: / 25% RAIN

HOT TUB, STEAM ROOM SOURCE:

ATMOSPHERE:

ECOLOGICAL HABITAT

USE: USE: 25% SILO / 25% RAIN /

ATMOSPHER The release The andrelease collectep and andcollected overtime and site,overtime these p site, these water. Thepos water. The sh lent habitat s lent sp ral habitat water filte ral water filter final release final release sphere to nap sphere to natu

ECOLOGICALHABITAT HABITAT ECOLOGICAL


THERMAERIUM

Combine Discharg

Existing

Propose

Victory S


transmission cycle

ed Sewer Overflow ge Point

pollution cycle

silo W

TR

AQ

An aquarium parent side in for fishkeep plants are a water, withEth

W

g Sewers

ed Diversion

Silo

Mouth of the Don

The aquarium 1 C W popular worl ist. Aquariaci c its tra structed of g W simply tanks ca from a smallso er maintain app w po dents. There be type of envir


alliance francaise

FRENCH CULTURAL CENTRE AND LANGUAGE SCHOOL The main function of the Alliance Francaise is teaching language. So, the requirements of a new facility dictate a collection of small individual classrooms. However, a collection of discreet closed spaces may not capture the latent potential of the language centre. This proposal takes the classroom as a basic building unit and sees its multiplication and configuration as a tool to create new programmatic and social spaces. The classrooms are conceptualized as structural units: a classroom “box” supported by a structural column. This unit, along with the core provides the structural support for the entire building. The column of the classroom, while ‘owned’ by the class supports both the classroom and the lower floor plates that it passes through. The unit is therefore an enabler of open spaces both as an autonomous cell and a structural member. The arrangement of these units create in between spaces of varying sizes and qualities. These interstitial spaces function as ante rooms, lounges, and meeting places for new programs of the Alliance

Unit

School

Francaise. The two programs: learning and social spaces have a symbiotic relationship, and therefore can benefit from their coexistence in one building.


600 430 350

520

475

Winter

cafe

library media centre

430

lounge

Winter

cafe

Summer

350

Spring/Fall

430 350

Level Four + 26.00m

Winter

430

430

350

LOW

Spring/Fall

Summer

Five Classrooms Lounge 475 Outdoor Patio AHU

600

A

AHU

475

520

cafe 475

e

AHU

AHU

430

lounge

library media centre

Winter

Summer

430

475

350

cy

Level Three + 19.75m

2300 m2

Winter

Four Classrooms Media 600 Lab meeting areas Library 520

oor 475 e

Summer

3mm Wood Flooring 1.5mm Foam Underlayer

520135mm Adjustable Aluminum Pedestal

430

HIGH

350

LOW

meeting areas

AHU

350

Three Classrooms Auditorium library media centre Cafe Media Lab 600

2300 m2

475

cafe

Winter

Outdoor Space

meeting areas

430 350

library media centre

HIGH

lounge

cafe

600

Noise 600

me are

book store

430

475

520

Level One + 6.25m

Privacy 13

cafe Four classrooms Auditorium Entrance Outdoor Patio HIGH

lounge

8

tall

520 library media centre

gallery

600

m ar

520

meeting areas

LOW

cafe

lounge

Privacy

library media centre

2300 tall m2

Winter

meeting areas

430

475

book store Level Two + 13.50m 520

475

Noise

tall

library media centre

gallery

Outdoor Space

3mm Wood Flooring 1.5mm Foam Underlayer 135mm Adjustable Aluminum Pedestal 150mm Service Plenum 220mm Reinforced Concrete Slab 110mm x 4.5mm Aluminum Bracing 12.7mm Sheathing 6mm Plywood Finish

cafe 520

Light

11mm Safety Glass + 11mm 8mm Structural Silicone Gla 100mm x 40mm Aluminum 100*40mm Aluminum Rail

AHU

Light

lounge

520

150mm Service Plenum 220mm Reinforced Concrete Slab 110mm x 4.5mm Aluminum Bracing 12.7mm Sheathing 6mm Plywood Finish

475

library media centre meeting areas

11mm Safety Glass + 11mm Ai 8mm Structural Silicone Glass 100mm x 40mm Aluminum M 100*40mm Aluminum Rail

475

520

cafe

17 LOW

meeting areas

library 2300 m2 media centre

430

600

cafe

meeting areas

library media centre

3mm Wood Flooring 1.5mm Foam Underlayer 135mm Adjustable Aluminum Pedestal 150mm Service Plenum 335mm Reinforced Concrete Slab Vapour Barrier 75mm Batten Insulation xxmm x xxmm Steel Framing Water Proofing Membrane 12mm Rigid Insulation Z-Tie 3mm Aluminum Panel

libra med

Section BB North South 1:75

13

Light

tall

gallery Noise

Section BB North South 1:75

8

Outdoor Space

2300 m2

Noise

475

520

+

15.95 cafe

library media centre 520

tall

Privacy

library media

Ground Level + 0.0m

Five Classrooms Two Galleries lounge Main 600 Reception

Light

600

Section BB North South 1:75 600

HIGH

tall

cafe

2300 m2

17 LOW

3mm Wood Flooring 1.5mm Foam Underlayer 135mm Adjustable Aluminum Pedestal 150mm Service Plenum 335mm Reinforced Concrete Slab Vapour Barrier 75mm Batten Insulation xxmm x xxmm Steel Framing Water Proofing Membrane 12mm Rigid Insulation Z-Tie 3mm Aluminum Panel

lounge

book store

lounge

Privacy

2300 m2

lounge

gallery

FLOOR PLANS 475

meeting areas

cafe

book store tall

Outdoor Space

LOW

Section BB North South 1:75

lounge

HIGH

cafe

+ +

library media centre

meeting areas

12.71 Light

un deux trois

15.95

Noise LOW

gallery

Light

book store +

tall Section BB North South 1:75

Privacy

lounge

cafe Section BB North South 1:75


meeting areas 13

16

lounge

gallery

+ 9.75m

library media centre

3mm Wood Flo 1.5mm Foam U 135mm Adjust 150mm Servic 220mm Reinfo 110mm x 4.5m 12.7mm Sheat 6mm Plywood

book store

14

+6.22m

LOW

9

8

+6.60m

Light

12

+6.36m

10

+7.80m

Noise

Privacy +6.22m

Outdoor Space

9

8

8

+6.60m

HIGH

13

11

12

+6.36m

10

+7.80m

tall

lounge

gallery

cafe

l m

book store 8

13

11

8

6 7

5

Class room unit adjacent to library. 8

Interior view of auditorium.

6

5

STRUCTURAL CONCEPTS The number of classrooms and their spatial requirements create a repetitive unit comprised of a cell and column. These

Section BB North South 1:75

+

15.95

+

12.71

3m 1.5 13 15 33 Va 75 xx Wa 12 Z-T 3m

View of Auditorium, Cafe and Classroom with Library

7

Section AA East West 1:75

3 1 1 1 3 V 7 x W 1 Z 3

cells, which are inherently closed and hermetic, move freely in plan to create inverse spaces that are distinct, open and varied. The column, an integral part of the classroom, supports Section BB North South 1:75 East West 1:75 both the Section classAAunit and the lower floorplates it interacts with. The unit is therefore an enabler of open spaces both as an autonomous cell and a structural member. Despite the

Lowther ave

Section BB North South 1:75

Section AA East West 1:75

2

1 gallery

4 +

reception

Lowther ave Spadina Rd

+

baby depot

4

15.95

1

9.56

up/down

+

12.71

+

6.41

2

1

repetitive nature of the cell, each responds to its environment + 15.95 uniquely and is therefore distinct. For example, classrooms adjavent to the media ramp respond with specialized audiovisual capabilities. Classrooms surrounding the cafe support cooking demonstration and wine tastings.

3

1

gallery

bookstore

4

baby depot

reception

4

1

9.56 +

Spadina Rd

+

1 up/down

3.30

+

3 +

12.71

1

6.41

bookstore un deux trois

0

1 +

3.30

- 2.75

+

9.56

Section AA East West 1:75 un deux trois

Utlilisateur 001

lilisateur 001

0

Utlilisateur 003

Utlilisateur 002

+

Utlilisateur 004

Utlilisateur 005

Utlilisateur 006

15.95

+

15.95

+

12.71

+

9.56

- 2.75

+

+

12.71

Utlilisateur 003

Utlilisateur 002

+

6.41

Utlilisateur 004

Utlilisateur 005

Utlilisateur 006

9.56

+

3.30

+

6.41

+

6.41

+

3.30

+

3.30

0

0

0

- 2.75 - 2.75

East West Section

26


meeting areas

library media centre

Green Space

Classroom

Column The structural unit of the project consists of the classroom, and its supporting column . This unit, along with the core, provides the structural support for the entire building. The column of the classroom, while ‘owned’ by the class, supports both the class and the lower floor plates it passes through. The unit is therefore an enabler of open spaces both as an autonomous cell and a structural member.

Floor Plates

The Classroom Unit.

Section BB North South 1:75

+

15.95

+

12.71

+

9.56

+

6.41

STRUCTURAL UNIT The structural unit of the project consists of the classroom, and its supporting column. The number of classrooms and

+

3.30

their spatial requirements create a repetitive unit comprised of a cell and column. These cells, which are inherently closed and hermetic, move freely in plan to create inverse spaces that are distinct, open and varied. The column, an integral part of the classroom, supports both the both the class and the lower floor plates it passess through it. The unit is therefore

0

- 2.75

North South Section

an enabler of open spaces both as an autonomous cell and a structural member.


PROGRAMMATIC RELATIONSHIPS This proposal envisions a vibrant, animated and open sapce for the new Alliance Francaise. A space where two prgrams, classrooms and entertainment space, have a symbiotic relationship and therefor can benefit from their coexistence in one building. These two programs have distinct spatial qualities in occupancy, form and need; the classrooms are enclosed and intimate spaces and the gallery, cafe and auditorium are open and more collective. By cross-pollinating the programs, one can achieve a mutaully advantageous arrangement, where the use of one program activates the space of another; leaving no space inanimate, empty or unused.

North Elevation

View of cafe and outdoor space, Level 2.


18

13

18 17

8

17

Floor 5 8

17 Teacher meeting area 18 Office

14 8

+6.60m

16

+6.36m +7.80m

Floor 4

15

14 Check out/Help desk 15 Library 16 Study carrels

+9.38 + 9.75m

13

16

14

+6.22m

9

8

+6.60m

Floor 3

12

+6.36m

10

9 10 11 12 13

+7.80m

Auditorium Cafe Cafe storage Media Ramp Green Roof 8

13

11

8

6 7

Floor 2 5 6 7 8

5

Classroom group space Gallery viewing deck Stage Outdoor patio

Ground Floor 1:150

1 2 3 4

Classroom Reception Bookstore Gallery

Lowther ave

2

1 gallery

4

baby depot

reception

4

<< enter

up/down

Spadina rd

1 gallery

3 1 bookstore

1

Floor Plans


Planet Hollywood 5540 City Centre ~13 500 New York New York 8 500

Rio 2 400

MGM Grand 11 200

Holiday Inn 3175

Bellagio 12 400

Ceasar’s 4800

Flamingo 2275

Bally’s 5200

MGM Grand 11 200

Imperial Palace 3875 Mirage 4 000 Harrah’s 1800 Venetian 6500

Paris 4400

Monte Carlo 4 250

capitalizing on the car

NEW PARKING TYPOLOGIES FOR LAS VEGAS Las Vegas has a 24 hour rush hour of commuters driving to and from their jobs on the strip. Eighty-six percent travel in single cars and park in large parking towers adjacent to their respective work places. Most hotels use 22% of their valuable real estate on employee parking, an

88 kg C02/yr

unfortunate necessity. Two years ago, a private company, supported by the city, built a monorail line on the street one block east of the strip. Located behind the strip and at the rear of most casinos, tourists don’t seem to be using the new Las Vegas monorail. A massive financial investment,the monorail company currently faces bankruptcy and default. Although the line does not extend to the suburbs, where most employees live, it is an interesting opportunity for the casinos to create employee parking at vacant sites along the monorail line. Real estate costs on the strip are exorbitant and there is a financial incentive for casinos to free up space and effectively outsource parking. Parking at the monorail stops could activate the monorail, free up the traffic on the strip, and create a place for employee community while reducing car idling time elsewhere in Las Vegas. This proposal attempts to free up highly coveted strip real estate by outsourcing employee parking to a site along the peripheral monorail line. By increasing the amount of time Las Vegas employees spend

Standard Drive Thru

Plant Role in Carbon Cycle

Productive Re-Alignment

The car’s emissions realigned in a productive relationship.

in parking lots and making parking lots productive places. Designed as a productive parking strucutre, the generic structures of drive thru and parking are combined and coupled with “Emission Gardens” and adaptation of a Japanese technology that filters car emission through gardens.


home

errands/ chores/ fun/ other

CURRENT DAYTIME ACTIVITIES

home

errands/ chores/ fun/ other

parking lot

parking lot

work

parking lot

work

parking lot

errands/ chores/ fun/ other errands/ chores/ fun/ other

home

home

PROPOSED DAYTIME ACTIVITIES

home

home

parking lot

parking lot

work

parking lot

work

parking lot

home

home

1. Increase and consolidate time spent in parking lot.

FROM HOME TOand WORK, FROM LOT TO LOT 2. Decrease consolidate driving and idling time elsewhere.

1. Increase and consolidate time spent in parking lot. 2. Decrease and consolidate driving and idling time elsewhere.

HENDERSEN, NV

THE MIRAGE HOTEL EMPLOYEE PARKING

The Nevadan lifestyle is based on single family homes in familiar suburbs.

Parking structures are opportunities for community, not available at home in the suburbs.

PUBLIC PARKING AS A NEW PUBLIC LANDSCAPE The current Las Vegas employee spends a large percentage of his or her day commuting to and from work, essentially moving from one parking lot to another, or from individual lot to collective - and then back again. The collective destination of the employee parking lot may provide one of the few instances of potential social condensation in an otherwise individual and private life. By increasing the time spent productively in parking lots, employees will decrease and consolidate driving and idling time elsewhere on the strip. By expanding the programs, activities and services in the parking lot, isolated time in the car is replaced by new social funtions in the most unlikely of places.


PARKING BELOW

RAISED GARDEN

MONORAIL

WALKWAY TO CASINO

GARDEN BELOW

CAFE

GROCERY GARDEN BELOW RAISED GARDEN

RAISED GARDEN

WALKWAY TO CASINO

RAISED GARDEN

RAISED GARDEN RAISED GARDEN

RETAIL PARKING BELOW

EMISSIONS GARDENS Emission gardens are a concept based on Fujita Technologies Earth Air Purifiers. Through percolation and the plant role in the carbon cycle, these gardens occur above drive-thrus and parking. All gardens are open to above and therefore begin to open up the once closed and generic parking structure. The volume of air that each garden can purify is based on the amount of cars able to circulate and park below. They create exciting spaces for commuters to consolidate wasted time.

soil layer Soil Layer duct Duct air volumeMeter meter Air Volume fan Fan aeration zone Aeration Zone ceiling chamber Ceiling Chamber

East-West Section


EMISSIONS GARDEN TYPOLOGIES

TYPE 4 TARGET EMISSIONS --LEVEL 3 AREA 900 M2 SOIL VOLUME 2276 M3 AIR VOLUME 2276 M3

TYPE 3 (THE LINK) TARGET EMISSIONS --LEVEL 2 AREA 1200 M2 SOIL VOLUME 3526 M3 AIR VOLUME 3526 M3

TYPE 2 TARGET EMISSIONS --LEVEL 1 AREA 1600 M2 SOIL VOLUME 4632.2 M3 AIR VOLUME 4632.2 M3

TYPE 1 TARGET EMISSIONS --DRIVE THRU AREA 1800 M2 SOIL VOLUME 4632.2 M3 AIR VOLUME 4632.2 M3


PARKING, DRIVE-THRUS + GARDENS

PEDESTRIAN LEVEL MONORAIL ACCESS, NO PARKING

PARK LEVEL 3 720 PARKING SPOTS

PARK LEVEL 2 860 PARKING SPOTS

PARK LEVEL 1 990 PARKING SPOTS

The gardens extend and link the parking structure to adjacent destinations.


PUBLIC ARENA Where the green oasis was previously the spectable of the resort casino, here it is given over to the public realm. The presence of the gardens within a previously barren and unwelcoming structure creates a new public space within Las Vegas. Green spaces within the parking lot allow for new programs, uses and services to emerge out of the parking structure. Roof top raised gardens.

View of Level 4 at the new monorail stop.


Collective parking as a tool for new communities in a car dominated urrban environment


professional work


contents TORONTO CENTRAL WATERFRONT: PAVING MOCK-UP AND LIGHT PROTOTYPE AND DEVELOPMENT WINTER 2009 - FALL 2009 GOVERNORS ISLAND COMPETITION SUMMER 2007 PORT OF ROTTERDAM COMPETITION WINTER 2007


DESIGN OF THE TORONTO WATERFRONT WITH WEST 8 (ROTTERDAM) AND DTAH (TORONTO)

YORK STREET

SIMCOE STREET

REES STREET

SPADINA AVENUE

Toronto Central Waterfront

Boulevard/Slip-Ends

Statements

The Toronto Central Waterfront is an ongoing project under phase 1. a design competition won by West 8 in 2005, construction. Originally imagelakefront of thewhile the proposal harkensThere back toexists the idealaofclear the Canadian Canadian playfully reinterpreting its themes. lakefront; Emphasizinghowever, the need forwhat unified

1 Floating Waterfront

+

is waterfront, Toronto’s andand relation connections along the the identity project stitches weaves the

to the water? How can weas:promote waterfront and its tracks through interventions, such wavedecks LOATING WATERFRONT”

PART III: “QUEENS QUAY/SLIP-END BOULE

QUEENS QUAY BLVD, STREETSCA & DESIGN OF SLIP-END PUBLIC SP

the authentic at the head of previously vacant slips, Canadian the extensionlakefront and wideningwithin of W FLOATING SHORELINE

an existing pedestrian / bike route (the Martin Goodman Trail), new metropolis? nt dramatically expands the water’s edgethe condition, creating enveloped in a field of granite maple leaf paving, d public space typevibrant that is public flexibleareas and able to accomodate ologies and special events, changing the seasons. a unique lightingthroughout scheme unifies and distinguishes the area, and 2. that blishes a new aquatic habitatanwhile its deck hosttreatment a variety system finally, innovative water into the a - can Connectivity alongintegrated the lakefront viding for important promenade boat-related and docking boarwalk. -needs. Connectivity to the hinterland

WATE PUBL

Primary Waterfront

+

The new Queens Quay is conceived in tand where the city kisses the lake. A singular g articulate the city’s first contact with the wa and the 8 heads of slips define a new public e and its greatest natural asset.

- Representation of identitites and Description = intimately bound to the mythology of Woven, Multiple Waterfront There exists an undeniable identity of the Canadian lakefront, client, is in discussions developers to find the best andwithitsarchitects tracks and outdoors.The competition winning entry from West 8 + DTAH explores the urban equivalent, attemp solution for the area. Under the guidance of West8 and DTAH and a a vision for themay Toronto series of development proposals, Toronto’s East Bayfront prove toCentral Waterfront that brings an ecologically sustainable green foot to the 3. Sustatinability be one of the most interesting addresses in town. - Biotopes - Stormwater - Durable timber detailing - Moonlight lighting - Clean water -Aquatic habitat - Accessibility - Public transit and bikes

R O N T OMPETITION

In addition, the proposal creates interesting residential waterfront cultures onanthe waterfront opportunity called the East Bayfront. At present, WaterfronToronto, the - Stitching & weaving the waterfront

1


Waterfront 18m

MINIMUM PUBLIC ROW 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Granite paved promenade (min. 10m ROW) Double row of Maple Trees Granite capstone step/bench Floating Pontoon (8m x 40m, with Douglas fir decking) Wooden boardwalk (min. 8m, Douglas fir with herringbone pattern) Column supports for catilevered boardwalk Wood linear bench (double-sided) Underhanging root zone (in clear gravel supended in gabion mesh and tensar fabric) supporting aquatic habitiat

A generous dimension for the Primary Waterfront is essential to establish the appropriate metropolitan scale of the lakefront. An 18m ROW is the new minimum standard width for the water’s edge promenade. This dimension is necessary to accomodate the ideal section, based upon: the minimum spacing of trees to allow for a dense, green promenade with adequate room for trees to establish a solid root zone; the allowance for a mix of different types of movement including walking, jogging and in-line skating; and the appropriate diversity of spatial quality that allows for shade and protection within the tree canopy and the openess and exposure along the lake edge. The promenade is public and continuous, extending the length of the central waterfront. It must adapt to a range of existing contexts and conditions; therefore, its section is changing and flexible. However, a consistency and coherence remains through the material treatment along its entire length. The promenade is formed by two principal parts: a granite promenade along the existing quay wall, plus a slightly lowered cantilevered wooden boardwalk that extends over the water. These two parts work as a pair, to ensure that a generous dimension is maintained.

PARLIAMENT STREET

SHERBOURNE STREET

JARVIS STREET

YONGE STREET

8

Overall plan for the waterfront.

s

Queens Quay Promenade: Trees + Mosaic Queens Quay is made memorable through a generous promenade defined by a double-row of trees and a granite mosaic paved surface.

Composite View - Queens Quay Public Realm

VIEW ACROSS THE WOODEN BOARDWALK TO THE FLOATING WATERFRONT

THE “GREEN FOOT” VIEWED FROM THE BAY

EVARD”

APE 2.1 PACES

(right) Impression of the gateway public space created at the heads of slip, view from Queen’s Quay Boulevard. (

it l ft) St di

1.1

Queen’s Quay (above) Reference: Las Ramblas, Barcelona, a model example of a memorable street. The coherence of the streetscape is shaped larged by the trees and surface treatment.

dem with a series ofWaters new civicEdge spaces Promenade gesture with surprising to The variations Water’s Edge Promenade runs ater’s edge, Queensfrom QuaySpadina Boulevard Avenue in the the west environment that relates both the city to Parliament Street in the east. It is a 30m public realm the meets the water’s edge and give the public prime access to the Lake Ontario’s magnificent views.

Paving Strategy VIEW ACROSS WOODEN Central waterfront is unified TheTHEToronto BOARDWALK TO THE FLOATING by large scale granite maple leafs. They WATERFRONT

represenet the Canadian national icon and unify the large area into one zone. The pattern varies depenging on the

i th

i ti

f

PART IV: “CULTURE FROM THE CIT 1.1

LINES OF CULTURE FROM THE HINTERLAND Lighting Scheme CLAIM AN ADDRESS WITHIN THE WATERFRONT In addition, custom lights, altered for

Reconnect the city to the water. Re-estblish Toronto as a city that specific locations, also help to unify the lake, where the vibrancy and diversity of the city and its culture fi area. There are six different versions expression and an address on the waterfront. of the light that are currently under development. A light mock-up has proven to be a powerful tool to help

Client: Toronto Waterfront Revitalization scale and location of each street, but Corporation it sits on toparchitecture finalize the design.design: Schollen and C is unmistakable in its meaning. f the Canadian The promenade boardwalk Landscape (lead): West 8 + DTAH Ecological of innovative water treatment tanks, and pting to define Civil/ traffic/ structural engineer: 2.2ARUP Sustainability/ structural engineer: Halsal therefore serves a dual purpose. e metropolis. Architect: Diamond and Schmitt Architects Incorporated Industrial Designer: Dav 2.3

Water’s Edge Promenade


Composite view - water’s edge public realm

s edge promenade and boardwalk over storage tank WATER’S

EDGE PROMENADE

Portion of mosaic paving strategy


SIMCOE WAVEDECK

Giving new access to Torontoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s waterfront.


Toronto Central Waterfront - Paving Mock Up CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS AND ADMINISTRATION

PAVING MODULE 1

Extent of Leaf Motif Mock-up

PAVING MODULE 2

Extent of Leaf Motif Mock-up

PAVING MOCK-UP Construction images


(above) Concept diagram: Iconic form of CN Tower plus the material and texture of a native tree inform the lighting mast design.

Components Toronto Central Waterfront - Light Prototype and Development PURCHASE ORDER AND CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT

Mast

Timber Tapered

Luminaire Fixture

1. Selux Olivio fixture Custom design by West 8

27

Attachment Arm Detail

Straight branches w/sleeve

Visual Continuity, Amenities & Details / Central Waterfront Masterplan

+

(above) Concept diagram: Iconic form of CN Tower plus the material andLIGHT texture of FIXTURE a native tree inform the lighting mast design. DETAILS

The overall lighting strategy for the East Bayfront and Central Components Waterfront serves to differentiate the waterfront as world class,

reinforcing and expressing the concept of the â&#x20AC;&#x153;Canadian lakefrontâ&#x20AC;? down into the finer details. This custom lamp will Mastreinforce a very unique civic identity that is consistent with other materials and finishes from the public realm. The lighting component of the public realm will create coherence across the East Bayfront district and the Central Waterfront. In addition,

Timber theTapered timber mast is a sustainable option as lifecycle analysis

indicates a significantly lower CO2 emission for timber poles Attachment Detail combination of timber masts, Arm custom cast aluminum bark base, and special arm and fixture, make the

Luminaire Fixture over metal. The

lighting a unique and memorable feature of the overall public realm design.

Footing

Footing

Cast metal footing, tapered with Oak/ Maple bark pattern


governors island, new york

NEW ILLUSIONS FOR TODAY’S URBAN LIFE COMPETITION FOR THE REDEVELOPMENT OF GOVERNORS ISLAND, NEW YORK Previously owned by the U.S. Coast Guard, Governors Island was sold to the City of New York in 1999 and was placed on the public radar. After years of speculation the Governors Island Committee initiated an international competition to envision a new island. At West8 we envisioned the island as a world park. Protecting the surrounding monumentality of New York Harbor, Governors Island would become a landscape park and a cyclist’s sanctuary. Over time a development scheme was designed to create a habitable and programmable landscape. Earth forms filled with museums, schools and wildlife, we envisioned the island as an entirely new terrain for the city. We believe it is necessary to manufacture contemporary illusions of paradise. World Park Governors Island is such a place, fantasies of a lost paradise - of nature, the primordial landscape, of artificial worlds. Governors Island can carry forward a new image for a park that transcends its local context and ambition, aspiring to perhaps just the right illusion… a World Park.

Governor Island, the last remaining free space in New York.


EVOLUTION OVER THE NEXT 50 YEARS Governors Island phasing.

EXISITING CONDITION

PHASE 1

Governors Island is curently a collection of an old fort and living quarters for the U.S. Coast Guard. The north-eastern condition, the old fort, is considered a heritage site and is not a part ofthe competition. However, all the housing and buildings to the south will be razed and the rest of te site is considered a blank slate.

A very important component to the project is first to revitalize an exisiting ferry stop and to create a second ferry stop to the south of the site. The Lima pier to the south will be used for temporary services and as a construction outlet. Finally, intial park construction can begin.

PHASE 2

PHASE 3

The education program on the site begins to infill in some of the exsiting and remaining buildings. Construction continues and additional buildings start construction: Oyster Bar, Spa, Culinary programs and cultural center.

World Park is completed. Coast Guard Museum established with Buttermilk Channel marina; heritage vessels and visitor berthing. The Hudson River vertical Reef is created and the Opera House is established.


SITE PLAN

The final site plan includes marshland at the south end, programmed earth forms, arena and park space. The programs are linked by a series of bike paths and intended to be experienced on foot or by the free bike initiative. Water plays an important role in the layout of the island and reinforces the sense of solitariness. The old fort is maintained and activated once again as a viable tourist destination. Education centres and cultural programming create a unique arena in which the World Park becomes a new entity.


VIEW TOWARD LOWER MANHATTAN Pedestrian promenade the west side of Governors Island

GOVERNORS ISLAND BIKE SHARE Free bikes for the island visitors to explore the new world park.

WILDLIFE HABITAT New marshland will creat a rich and vibrant new habitat.


research


contents CO HABITATION REAPPRAISING AGRICULTURAL LAND 2008


cohabitation

REAPPRAISING AGRICULTURAL LAND

72% of the Greater Toronto Area live in the peripheral-urban spaces known as suburbs. Horizontal urban expansion occurs in large part through the replacement of agricultural land with residential land; productive land with spaces of consumption. In 2005 the Greenbelt was initiated to protect valuable natural systems and some agricultural land from pressures of urban expansion, suggesting that growth in its current state will no longer be possible. Effectively creating a new growth boundary, the Greenbelt leaves a residual zone between the current edge of development and this new protective border. Largely Class 1 agricultural land, farms in this zone supply local food to the GTA in addition to significantly contributing to regional economies. As the last extension of expanding suburbs, the future of this zone is uncertain. Until now industrial agricultural practices and the global market, which effectively outsources food production and relies on fossil fuels for distribution, has absorbed the impact of our vanishing farmlands. Today however, as oil prices rise and drought prevents large exporting countries from meeting quotas, the value of local food production is being reconsidered.

Current land use suggests agricultural and residential land is mutually exclusive, but as land runs out and the population swells, architectural innovation and evolution must occur. This thesis explores the exclusive relationship between agriculture and housing, seeking a mutually beneficial cohabitation.


PRIME FARMLAND 429,000 HECTARES 1,220,000 HECTARES

OHABITATION HABITATION OHABITATION

TORONTO AND ITS FARMLAND: HISTORY

Toronto ter Greater Toronto Area Toronto Area live in live Areain live in eral-urban ban spaces spaces known spaces known as known as as rban tal orizontal urban expansion urban expansion expansion oc- oc- ocegh hrough part thethrough replacement the replacement the replacement nd th ralwith residential landresidential with residential land;land; land; with paces landspaces with of consumpspaces of consumpof consumpenbelt 05 Greenbelt the was Greenbelt was initiated initiated was initiated atural valuable le natural systems natural systems and systems and and cultural dl land fromfrom pressures landpressures from of pressures of of gesting nsion, suggesting suggesting that growth that growth that growth nt e l no will state longer nowill longer be no poslonger be posbe posating ctively creating acreating new a new growth agrowth new growth eenbelt elt he leaves Greenbelt leaves a residual leaves a residual a residual een rrent e current the edge current edge of develof edge develof develnew d protective thisprotective new border. protective border.border.

gricultural ltural ss 1 agricultural land,land, farmsfarms land, in in farms in local upply food food to local the tofood GTA the to GTA intheinGTA in 19701970 1970 20002000 2000 20302030 2030 cantly ysignifi contributing cantly contributing contributing to re-to re- to reExisting Existing farmland Existing farmland outside farmland outside of new outside of new GreenofGreennew GreenAn overall An overall An loss overall loss of 30% ofloss 30% prime of prime 30% agriculprime agriculagriculCohabitation Cohabitation Cohabitation is a strategy is a strategy is aforstrategy integrated for integrated for integrated s. nomies. s the As last theAs extension last the extension last extension belt line. belt line. The belt urban The line.urban The boundary urban boundary isboundary expandis expandexpandland.land. tural 50% land. 50% of loss new of 50% new development new development residential residential residential and and agricultural agricultural and agricultural purposes. purposes. for integrated farmland outside ofisnew Greenbelttural tural An overall ofof development 30% prime agricultural Cohabitation is purposes. a strategy s, burbs, ingthe suburbs, future the future of thethis future of thisof Existing this ing horizontally, ing horizontally, ing horizontally, replacing replacing active replacing active agriculactive agriculagriculin Canada in Canada intakes Canada takes placetakes place on formerly place on formerly onproformerly pro- proAdapting Adapting toAdapting thetoexisting the existing to the agricultural existing agricultural agricultural land-land- landertain. ilUntil now now industrial Untilindustrial nowagindustrial ag- agtural tural land land tural with with land residential residential with residential settlements. settlements. settlements. ductive ductive land. ductive land. The land. The current current The condition current condition and condition and and in Canada scape, scape, thisresidential scape, proposal this proposal thiscreates proposal creates a mutually creates a mutually a mutually line. The urban boundary is expanding horland. 50% of new development and agricultural purposes. dsactices the andglobal the and global market, the global market, market, The The practice, practice, The however, practice, however, is however, permanent. is permanent. is permanent. Greenbelt Greenbelt policy Greenbelt policy suggest policy suggest that suggest in that theinnext that the next in the next benefi benefi cial cial benefi and and integrated cial integrated and integrated system. system. By system. By By ctively sources outsources outsources food food pro- profood proOnce Once converted converted Once to converted residential to residential to active residential purposes, purposes, purposes, 30 years, 30 years, this 30 years, prime this prime agricultural this on prime agricultural agricultural land land will will land will including including agriculture including agriculture agriculture in urban in urban expansion, in urban expansion, expansion,agricultural lan izontally, replacing agricultural land takes place formerly productive land. Adapting to the existing dsfossil relies on fossil fuels on fuels fossil for disfor fuels dis-for disClassClass 1 agricultural Class 1 agricultural 1 agricultural land land cannot cannot land be cannot rebe re-be rebe permanently be permanently be permanently converted converted converted to residential to residential to residential the land the land and theand it’s land productive it’s and productive it’s productive capabilities capabilities capabilities as d orbed the absorbed impact the impact the of our impact of our of with our residential settlements. The practice,uses.uses. Theuses. current condition and Greenbelt poliscape, this a mutually covered. covered. covered. are preserved, are preserved, are preserved, adding adding to our adding toproposal future our to future food our future foodcreates food nds. armlands. Today Today however, Today however, as however, as as security security and security productive and productive and productive potential. potential. potential. dught se drought and prevents drought prevents large prevents large large however, is permanent. Once converted to cy suggest that in the next 30 years, this benefi cial and integrated system. By inom es ountries from meeting meeting from quotas, meeting quotas, quotas, ffood production localproduction food production is being is being is being residential purposes, Class 1 agricultural prime agricultural land will be permanently cluding agriculture in urban expansion, ed.

1970

2000

2030

land cannot be recovered.

converted to residential uses.

the land and it’s productive capabilities are preserved, adding to our future food security and productive potential.

nd eggests suggests use agricultural suggests agricultural agricultural ntial nd mutually island mutually is exclusive, mutually exclusive, exclusive, dand out runs and theout population the and population the population nnovation hitectural ral innovation innovation and and evo- evoand evor. his occur. This thesis thesis This explores thesis explores explores ationship ve shiprelationship between between agribetween agri- agridseeking ing, housing, seeking a seeking mutually a mutually a mutually n.ation. ohabitation.


GROWTH SCENARIOS

YEAR 1 The fi rst phase of the growth scenario involves the creation of a transit hub and major artery road. The GTA intends to reactivate several dormant railroad lines as part of the 2020 Metrolinx plan. Most of these lines extend through the majority of the pressure zones. The transit centre is intended as both a people moving and food moving centre. Flanked by retail, the central space is defi ned, active and public.

RIOS

of a transit hub dormant railroad end through the as both a people pace is defined,

poses. As develtions and well as twork, these open dens, allowing for

YEAR 1

The first phase of the growth scenario involves the creation of a transit hub and major artery road. The GTA intends to reactivate several dormant railroad lines as part of the 2020 Metrolinx plan. Most of these lines extend through the majority of the pressure zones. The transit centre is intended as both a people moving and food moving centre. Flanked by retail, the central space is defined, active and public.

YEAR 10

3 farms have developed their build zones for residential purposes. As opment occurs, open spaces are required for visual connections and w water storage and treatment. Following the existing water network, these spaces are composed of wooded areas and allotment gardens, allow community participation in agriculture.

YEAR 10 3 farms have developed their build zones for residential purposes. As development occurs, open spaces are required for visual connections and well as water storage and treatment. Following the existing water network, these open spaces are composed of wooded areas and allotment gardens, allowing for community participation in agriculture.

YEAR 10

3 farms have developed their build zones for residential purposes. As development occurs, open spaces are required for visual connections and well as water storage and treatment. Following the existing water network, these open spaces are composed of wooded areas and allotment gardens, allowing for community participation in agriculture.

YEAR 30

In 30 years all the farms decided to participate in residential development. site is transformed into an active residential and agricultural area and a m for other pressure zones to follow. The new community is sustainable and ductive.

YEAR 30 In 30 years all the farms decided to participate in residential development. The site is transformed into an active residential and agricultural area and a model for other pressure zones to follow. The new community is sustainable and productive.

YEAR 30

In 30 years all the farms decided to participate in residential development. The site is transformed into an active residential and agricultural area and a model for other pressure zones to follow. The new community is sustainable and productive.


SITE PLAN SITE PLAN King-Vaughan Road

King-Vaughan Road

SITE SITE PLANPLAN King-Vaughan Road

King-Vaughan King-VaughanRoad Road

Waterbury Waterbury

Street

Street k Road

Cold Cree

han Road

Albion Vaug

han Road

k Road

Cold Cree

Albion Vaug

Street

Street Waterbury Street Waterbury

Waterbury

Sports

Retail

Retail Sports

LOT 1 Weekend Market/ Public Space

Retail

Cold Cree Cold Cree k Road k Road

Sports

Weekend Market/ Public Space Retail

k Road

han Road n Vaughan Road Albion Albio Vaug

han Road

Albion Vaug

Cold Cree

LOT 1

Pavilion Sports

Pavilion

Sports

Sports Sports

Rai Retail LOT 1

lroad

:G

Retail Retail LOT LOT1 1

oT rans

it R

Weekend Market/ Public Space

Weekend WeekendMarket/ Market/ Public PublicSpace Space

Retail

Sports

Rai

oute

Retail Retail

lroad

:G

oT rans

Sports Sports

it R

Pavilion

SYSTEMS SYSTEMS

Rai

lroad

oute

Pavilion Pavilion

:G

oT rans

it R

oute

RR aiai lrolro adad :G :G o oT T rara nsns it itRR ouou tete

SYSTEMS SYSTEMS

EXISTING PLOTS

1 EXISTING PLOTS

The medium scale agriculture in the

2 WATER SYSTEMS

Nashville Ontario lies just west of the

WATER SYSTEMS

3 ROAD NETWORK

New roads in the Nashville community

ROAD NETWORK

4 HOUSING

The overall project strategy is to situ-

5 PUBLIC SPACES

The public spaces follow existing water

NashvillePLOTS site is divided into long rectHumber River and has dry creeks running are adapted from exisitng plot and parate housing on the perimeter of active lines creating WATER SYSTEMS ROAD NETWORK HOUSING SPACESopportunities for drainage 1 EXISTING 5 PUBLIC plots. Over time, portions have 2 Nashville down the site, adding to its fertility. New 3 New celroads lines.in As adaptedcommunity grid the new 4 Theagricultural plots.strategy Circulation water sharing. Theangular medium scale agriculture in the Ontario lies just west of the thean Nashville overall project is tooccurs situ- in Theand public spaces follow existing water been sold Nashville site creating is dividedsomewhat into long irregular rectdivisions. notetime, is theportions dramatic scalar angular plots.OfOver have difference between the residential settlebeen sold creating somewhat irregular ment to the west and the agricultural divisions. Of note is the dramatic scalardivisions tobetween the east.the residential settledifference

adapted the current ate an housing on grid the using perimeter of activeagrilines creating opportunities for drainage cultural plot andCirculation crop as markers. Over agricultural plots. occurs in andAGRICULTURE water sharing. 6 a community thatagrimarks an time adapted grid using will the arise current Adapted housing requires a slight adjustthe agricultural landscape and includes cultural plot and crop as markers. Over ment to the current agriculture lands and AGRICULTURE and resource 6 perimeters, creating visual connections timeproduction a community will arisesharing. that marks crops.housing requires a slight adjustAdapted ment to the west and the agricultural diviand opportunities for resource sharing the pressure zones would be adapted to the agricultural landscape and includes ment to theSPACES current agriculture lands and EXISTING EXISTING PLOTS PLOTS WATERSYSTEMS SYSTEMS ROAD ROAD NETWORK NETWORK HOUSING HOUSING HOUSING PUBLIC PUBLIC SPACES 1 EXISTING PLOTS 11 sions to the east. own agricultural pattern. 4 and resource sharing. 2 WATER SYSTEMS 22 WATER 3 ROAD NETWORK 33 their 44 production 5 PUBLIC SPACES 55crops. The medium scale The The agriculture medium medium scale scale in the agriculture agriculture Nashville in in the the OntarioNashville Nashville lies just Ontario Ontario west of lies lies the just just west west New of of roads the the in theNew New Nashville roads roads community in in the the Nashville Nashville community community The overall project The Thestrategy overall overall project isproject to situstrategy strategy isisThe to to situpublic situ- spaces The The follow public public existing spaces spaces water follow follow existing existing water water Nashville site is Nashville divided Nashville into site sitelong isis divided divided rect- into into long Humber long rectrectRiver andHumber Humber has dry River creeks Riverand and running has hasdry drycreeks creeks are running running adapted fromare are exisitng adapted adapted plotfrom from and exisitng parexisitng plot plot and ate and parhousing paron the ate ateperimeter housing housing on on of the active the perimeter perimeter of lines of active active creating opportunities lines lines creating creating for opportunities drainage opportunities for for drainage drainage angular plots. Over angular angular time,plots. plots. portions Over Over have time, time, portions portions downhave have the site, adding down downtothe the its site, fertility. site,adding adding Newto toits itsfertility. fertility. cel lines. New New As ancel cel adapted lines. lines. grid As As an the an adapted adapted new grid grid the agricultural the new new plots.agricultural agricultural Circulationplots. plots. occurs Circulation Circulation in occurs occurs and water in in sharing. and andwater watersharing. sharing. been sold creating been been somewhat sold sold creating creating irregular somewhat somewhatopen irregular irregular spaces markopen open the natural spaces spaceswatershed mark markthe thenatural naturalwatershed watershed community is permeable community community andisaccessible. ispermeable permeableand andaccessible. accessible. an adapted grid an using an adapted adapted the current grid grid using using agri- the the current current agriagridivisions. Of notedivisions. divisions. is the dramatic Of Of note note scalar isis the the dramatic dramatic andscalar scalar act as a counter and andpattern, act actas asaaopening counter counterthe pattern, pattern,opening opening The strategy the the for perimeter The The strategy strategy occupation for for perimeter perimeter is occupation occupation culturalisisplot and crop cultural cultural as markers. plot plot and and crop crop Overas as markers. markers. Over Over AGRICULTURE AGRICULTURE 66 AGRICULTURE difference between difference difference the residential between between settlethe theresidential residential perimeters, settlesettle- creating perimeters, perimeters, visual connections creating creating visual visual connections connections here adapted to here the heresite, adapted adapted otherto to sites the the in site, site, other othertime sites sitesain in community time time willaaarise community community that marks will will arise arise6that that marks marks Adapted housing Adapted requires Adapteda housing housing slight adjustrequires requiresaaslight slightadjustadjustment to the west and ment ment the to toagricultural the thewest westand and divithe theagricultural agricultural and opportunities dividiviand and for resource opportunities opportunities sharing for forresource resourcesharing sharing the pressure zones the thewould pressure pressure be adapted zones zoneswould would to be beadapted adapted the agricultural to to landscape the the agricultural agricultural and includes landscape landscape and and includes includes ment to the current ment ment agriculture to tothe thecurrent current lands and agriculture agriculturelands landsand and sions to the east. sions sionsto tothe theeast. east. their own agricultural their theirpattern. own ownagricultural agriculturalpattern. pattern. production and resource production production sharing. and andresource resourcesharing. sharing. crops. crops. crops.

HOUSING

open River spaces mark watershed Humber and has the dry natural creeks running andthe actsite, as aadding countertopattern, opening down its fertility. New the perimeters, creating visualwatershed connections open spaces mark the natural for resource sharing andand act opportunities as a counter pattern, opening the

is permeable andand accessible. arecommunity adapted from exisitng plot parstrategy perimeter cel The lines. As anfor adapted gridoccupation the new is here adapted to the and site,accessible. other sites in community is permeable the pressure zones would be adapted The strategy for perimeter occupation is to their own agricultural here adapted to the site,pattern. other sites in

PUBLIC SPACES

AGRICULTURE


CROP ACCESS

8m

ACCESS AND RESOURCES

15m L TIA FER N E F 5m BU SID m E 0 R 1 K D EWAL A O R SID

The perimeter systems allows residents and farmers to circulate around

ACCESS AND RESOURCES one another uninterupted. Crop cultivation and harvesting occurs in the same pattern it used to. Housing adapts to it, creating openings where OFF SITE ACCESS necessary for tractor and truck access. Residential circulation occurs on the perimeter on new roads created at the time of construction.

RESIDENTIAL CIRCULATION

RESIDENTIAL max height 12m

RESIDENTIAL max height 20m

PUBLIC SPACE CISTERN ACCESS

1 MICRO SYSTEMS

As farms choose to develop residential parcels, independent resource sharing can occur, not only enabling plot by plot development but also a more sustainable option for water treatment and 1 space heating. The public space openings are designed to allow for cistern and water tank access. Micro digesters can treat grey water and black water on site 6 and redistribute it to crops during dry periods. In addition, the tanks can act as 4 and water valves allowing for irrigation storage during wet seasons. Finally, the heat generated5 from water treatment can be converted into space heating and has the potential for electricity generation, servicing both the residential and farm components.

STORAGE SUPPLIES LOADING TOOLS

2 FARM BUILDINGS

Each plot contains an operating farm and homestead. The necessary storage and supply buildings existing on the site and are unique to each plot. Access to these buildings is uninterrupted.

The dry creek is a part of the Humber River watershed.7 Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s location on the site is marked by open public spaces where water treatment and storage is made accessible.

5

RESIDENTIAL ST

3

The Nashville area um scale agricultur canola and rapese vary in size.

T

EN

M CH AT RC

TE WA IN RA M RO DF HE IVER S R R TE ER WA UMB H

CROP ACCESS

8m E ON 15m IAL ER Z T N F E F 5m BU SID RE K 10m L WA AD RO SIDE

OFF SITE ACCESS

CROPS

The Nashville area um scale agricultur FAR M A canola and rapese C CES 8m S vary in size. The p lows residents and around one anothe cultivation and har same pattern it use

2

3 DRY CREEK

4

RESIDENTIAL CIRCULATION

1 MICRO SYSTEMS

As farms choose to develop residential parcels, independent resource sharing can occur, not only enabling plot by plot development but also a more sustainable option for water treatment and space heating. The public space openings are designed to allow for cistern and water tank access. Micro digesters can treat grey water and black water on site and redistribute it to crops during dry periods. In addition, the tanks can act as valves allowing for irrigation and water storage during wet seasons. Finally, the heat generated from water treatment can be converted into space heating and has the potential for electricity generation, servicing both the residential and farm components.

2 FARM BUILDINGS

Each plot contains an operating farm and homestead. The necessary storage and supply buildings existing on the site and are unique to each plot. Access to these buildings is uninterrupted.

4

CROPS

5

RESIDENTIAL STREET

3 DRY CREEK

The dry creek is a part of the Humber River watershed. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s location on the site is marked by open public spaces where water treatment and storage is made accessible.

The Nashville area is composed of medium scale agricultural plots. Mostly corn, canola and rapeseed, plots and parcels vary in size. The perimeter systems allows residents and farmers to circulate around one another uninterrupted. Crop cultivation and harvesting occurs in the same pattern it used to.

The Nashville area is composed of medium scale agricultural plots. Mostly corn, canola and rapeseed, plots and parcels vary in size.

6

PUBLIC SPACES

Creating visual permeablitily, in addition to acting as water access, the public spaces have the potential to become important features of the community. Developed as residences develop, each public space can be different and programmed as desired. Closer to the major artery, and potentially serving more people daily, seating and landscape features may be more suited. Nestled away from the major artery are opportunities for allotment gardens, playgrounds and water features to emerge.

7 BUILD ZONE HOUSING

The housing parcels respond to the proximity to public spaces, major roads and the transit centre. The maximum buildable volume and maximum building heights are determined by shadow studies. The housing most not cast shadow on the crop parcels during growing season. Thus, building shadows are cast in the buffer zone and crops remain in full sunlight throughout the day.

7.00m

15.00m

YPE 3b

Crops 0m

7.00m

Buffer Zone 5m

10m

Residence 15m

Sdwk

Street

Sdwk

Residences

Buffer Zone

25m

15.00m

Crops 0m

Buffer Zone 5m

10m

Residence 15m

25m

Sdwk

Street

Sdwk

Residences

Buffer Zone

Crop Field

Buffer Zone

Public Space Sdwk

Water Tanks

Street


M RO F R ED SH RIVE R TE ER WA UMB H NE

ZO

1 MICRO SYSTEMS

6 PUBLIC SPACE

3 DRY CREEK

Creating visual permeablitily, in addition to The dry creek is a part of the Humber As farms choose to develop residential acting as water access, the public spaces River watershed. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s location on the site parcels, independent resource sharing can have the potential to become important is marked by open public spaces where occur, not only enabling plot by plot develfeatures of the community. Developed as water treatment and storage is made acopment but also a more sustainable option residences develop, each public space cessible. for water treatment and space heating. can be different and programmed as deThe public space openings are designed sired. Closer to the major artery, and poto allow for cistern and water tank access. tentially serving more people daily, seating 4 CROPS Micro digesters can PUBLIC treat grey SPACES water and HOUSING 6 7 BUILD ZONE andparcels landscape featurestomay more suitblack water on site and redistribute it to is composed of mediCreating visual permeablitily, in addiThe housing respond thebe proxThe Nashville area is composed of meed. Nestled away from the major artery are crops during dry periods. In addition, the ral plots. Mostly corn, tion to acting as waterdium access, the publicplots. Mostly imity to public spaces, major roads and scale agricultural corn, opportunities for allotment gardens, tanks can act as valves allowing for irrieed, plots and parcels spaces have the potential become im- plots andthe transit centre. The maximum build- playcanolatoand rapeseed, parcels grounds and maximum water featuresbuilding to emerge. gation and water storage during wet seaperimeter systems alportant features of thevary community. Develable volume and in size. The perimeter systems allows sons. Finally, the heat generated from wa- develop, each public d farmers to circulate oped as residences heights are determined by shadow studresidents and farmers to circulate around 7 BUILD ZONE ter Crop treatment can bespace converted er uninterrupted. caninto bespace different and programmed ies. The housing most not HOUSING cast shadow one another uninterrupted. Crop cultivation rvesting occursheating in theand has the potential as desired. Closer to the major artery, on the crop parcels during growing seafor electricity and harvesting occurs in the same pattern The housing parcels respond to the proxed to. serving more people daily, son. Thus, building shadows are cast in generation, servicingand bothpotentially the residential it used to. imity to public spaces, major roads and seating and landscape features may be the buffer zone and crops remain in full and farm components. the transit centre. The maximum buildable more suited. Nestled away from the masunlight throughout the day. TREET volume and maximum building heights are jor artery are opportunities for allotment 2 FARM BUILDINGS is composed of medidetermined by shadow studies. The housgardens, playgrounds5and water features RESIDENTIAL STREET ral plots. Mostly corn, Each plot contains an operating farm and ing most not cast shadow on the crop parto emerge. eed, plots and parcels homestead. The necessary storage and The Nashville area is composed of mecels during growing season. Thus, building supply buildings existing on the site and dium scale agricultural plots. Mostly corn, shadows are cast in the buffer zone and are unique to each plot. Access to these canola and rapeseed, plots and parcels crops remain in full sunlight throughout the buildings is uninterrupted. vary in size. day.

Crop Field

Buffer Zone

Public Space Sdwk

Water Tanks

Street


end


Annie Portfolio