Summer, 2022 issue 2 - English edition
Li f e
V&Y s r e t t i L Stages of Visit: On The Measure Meet: Road: Puppy Height Rickard Uppsala Hagstrom P 35 Development Sweden P 21
Welcome Thank you all for posting your summer photos in the Whatsapp chat! I chose the cover model from among these, the irresistible Ursula (Tuscan Red Urlo) which expresses the feeling of summer so well, but also ties in to the article on puppy development. We are going to Sweden in this issue, the home of the sire of our V litter, James, which, as rarely happens in Tuscan Red, followed the U litter immediately (Then Y as well!). Welcome to all our new families! Back-to-back litters was an arduous undertaking, but thanks to the regular visits of the Mei family and the help of Silvia, the workload was considerably lightened, I am deeply grateful. Our time in Sweden was brief, but it remains high on my list of beautiful destinations. Following a question in the chat, I have prepared what I hope is a clear explanation of how to measure height. It is important that the dog is standing square on four legs, not slouching, or trying to back up which will give you an inexact reading. A small block of cheese in your hand should be helpful in getting the attention of your Irish. Wishing you all a smooth transition to the Autumn, see you then in our next issue.
P 21 P 35
The first year of a puppy’s life, es-
pecially the first six months, is a time of intensive growth and development. In fact, every single day of the first months of life marks significant change. In view of this rapid sequence of events, this time of a puppy’s life has been extensively studied and discussed. In order to identify the most significant steps, the first months have been divided into stages, and, though not all outlines align on exactly the same timescale, I will discuss the model most widely accepted which is also presented on the AKC website. (https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/ training/puppy-growth-timeline-transitions-puppyhood/) 5
The Stages of Puppy Development
1 Neonatal - 2 weeks In the newborn phase the puppy is as far from resembling an adult dog as a human newborn is from an adult person. Dark and tiny, the puppies only sleep and nurse. They are difficult to tell apart in the Irish terrier breed, and many kennels use tiny colored collars to ensure exact measurements of each individual for the weight chart where progress and eventual warning signs are noted. The all-important quality of vigor can be seen from the moment of birth. A Vigorous puppy will seem to have google maps fully operational because it moves immediately at birth toward the mother and grasps a nipple. This is incredible to witness since the pups are both blind and deaf, they have only two senses active at this time, touch and taste. The Mother is entirely dedicated to her litter and will be reluctant to leave the nest even for eating or eliminating. A good mother licks the pups almost constantly. At birth this cleans the pup and gets the lungs pumping. Licking expresses care toward the pup and stimulates movement of the bladder and bowels. She will also provide their warmth keeping them close since they cannot yet produce body heat. 6
2 Transitional period 2-4 weeks The puppies will have at least doubled their birth weight. They now begin to develop the other four senses. Starting about day 12 the eyelids will show a tiny fissure which gradually opens over the following two or three days. When the puppy’s eyes are fully open, they can see light and dark and vague shapes near them according to most studies. Their eyesight will steadily improve, and they can recognize a person nearing the whelping box by 3/4 weeks. The hearing and smell have also sharpened and at this time music and other sounds will help stimulate their neural development. At 21 days the puppies at Tuscan Red begin their transition from milk to puppy food. The first step is a tiny taste of Royal Canine puppy mousse. After a few days a proper meal of mousse is given in the morning and a second in the evening with plenty of Mother’s milk at any time.
By the end of this period the puppies will utter small barks at one another, wag their tails, and pounce on littermates and soft toys. Their relationship with their mother is tender, they still nurse but they also look her in the face, and seek her attention by pawing her chin. They can now generate body heat and the tiny muscles of their bowels work without external stimulation. The breeder sometimes needs to help Mother keep the nest clean at this time, especially if the litter is large. She will now spend some time on a bed prepared for her in front of the whelping box leaving the puppies in a heap to share body warmth, and she will gladly leave the room for some brief exercise.
3 Socialization period 3-12 weeks
though the puppy door to the protected outside area. Mom can leap in and out of the nest and accompany them inside and outside the puppy door. The menu will gradually shift from mousse to soaked and blended puree of Monge puppy food three times daily. After four weeks Mother wears a cotton covering to keep the puppies at bay during the day and nurses the pups only at night. By five weeks the
This period of time is often divided into smaller phases because the puppy makes such a huge transition from a tiny baby to a small dog. At 3 weeks a Tuscan Red litter moves to a kindergarten nest, one that can be modified over the upcoming weeks as the pups begin to walk well enough to pass 8
litter spends time with the other dogs in the group, and are about to begin full weaning Staring at 4 weeks the puppies have their first experiences outside in clement weather, exploring grass and pavement usually for very brief periods and at first, they remain huddled together on the vetbed inside the ‘den’ made using the upper part of a dog crate. These experiences will highlight any particularly confident individuals in the litter, those who will set foot outside the protective area first or may stray a few steps from the group. Daily repetition of this experiment will make the pups familiar with the idea and soon they will all look forward to the outing. At 5 weeks the litter can spend more extended periods of time outdoors with the other adult dogs. They start having breakfast in the covered and fenced gravel yard and nap in the insulated
dog box. Once or twice a day they go up to a fenced grass field where they can explore among the olive trees and run for longer distances. At night the puppies begin to sleep alone in their crate between 6 and 7 weeks of age. A stuffed animal keeps them company and they are all together in the same room. Very early in the morning they are all together outside again. At about 58 days they have their first vaccinations, and the Microchip is placed. This is the moment when I must make final decisions on which puppy will be paired with which family, and the following weekend they will be collected by their new ‘parents’. Puppies are at a great advantage when they are collected at about eight weeks old. The socialization period is the best time to be introduced to new places and people and to begin learning the house rules and rhythm. Tuscan Red is situated in a small town in the countryside, and while this offers many advantages, the environment is quiet day and night. Heavy traffic, the sounds of their new home, alarms, doorbells, and all that goes on in the outside world will be incorporated into their idea of normal living during this phase of life.
4. Testing period 3-6 months This is the time when you will be grateful for all the energy invested in training during the puppy’s first weeks at home. His permanent teeth start to push out the deciduous set, making the puppy uncomfortable and irritable. If corrections are well managed consistant, timely, gentle but firm, you will face the next phase from a stronger position.
5. Adolescence 6 – 18 months Males • • • • • • •
Descent of the testicles Scent marking
Raising his leg to mark (pee) Becomes less friendly
More interested in roaming and less interested in obeying May start lifting his leg indoors
Females • • • • •
Usually starts with first heat cycle Exhibits erratic behaviour Moody
Can become aggressive towards other male dogs
During this phase the puppy wants to know what his position in the group will be. A pack leader (you) has the responsibility for the safety of the group, and your puppy needs to know that he can place full confidence in you, and he is apt to experiment exactly how firm all the rules truly are. •
Starting inappropriate chewing (furniture, shoes, etc.)
Running around like a maniac and/or exhibiting exuberant energy
Starting sexual behavior if not spayed or neutered, humping etc.
Starting to claim the bed or couch areas and growling when you try to move him or her
Starting to pee and/or poop indoors
Displaying aggressive behaviour (towards people or other dogs)
Lack of respect and response
Lack of focus and concentration (usually noticed during training sessions)
Selective “deafness” (i.e. doesn’t come when called)
Guarding-type breeds (i.e. German Shepherds, Rottweilers, Dobermans, etc.) may start to display severe guarding tendencies
Manipulative behaviour and continually “testing” you
May start to challenge humans
Adolescent dogs can become destructive in the final stages of puppy development 14
If your prior training has been carefully implemented, this period will not present serious challenges. Stay on the alert for chewing of furniture or belongings, soiling in the home, and other behavior that you considered part of the past. Manage wildness and bad behavior just as before, give the young dog plenty of opportunity to run, play, and tire himself out. Reinforce recall and all other safety exercises, double up on calming routines and quiet time together. Occasionally Part of the whole growing up process includes what are termed ‘fear periods’ this is when your puppy is feeling especially vulnerable and sounds or places that were acceptable before now elicit a frightened reaction. The most authoritative sources recommend that you remove the puppy from the source of fear and avoid it for a short time. This is not the time to challenge the puppy or try to ‘make him strong’. He is consoli-
dating his world view, and his self-confidence, so the best approach is gentle support and comfort. If he is abundantly supplied with this, he will learn that fear can be overcome, that fearful experiences always end in a warm happy one, and thus learn that the world is a safe place, and he can handle most situations. Moreover, you confirm your role as pack leader, guaranteeing that your puppy will not need to feel fear since you are in charge and are able to remove him from perceived danger. All of this effort on your part may seem excessive but consider that human children require greater support and care for well over 18 years, so the 18 months of upbringing required to obtain a well behaved and confident adult dog are comparatively, a short-term project, and the resulting satisfaction is proportionately much greater than the initial effort invested. The project of introducing a dog into our lives, as an individual or a family project is in fact a developmen-
tal exercise for us as well, learning to communicate with an animal, and challenging our own capacity for patience, unconditional love, and constance, all valuable qualities in an adult human. Thus, the idea of ‘getting a dog’ is a serious, energy intensive proposal, requiring modifications in our daily schedule and our home environment, optimally begun during a period of stability, prepared to set in motion a series of challenges on logistical and emotional planes. A good training center, a groomer, a veterinarian and your breeder will complete your team. However, the day to day, hour to hour events will require action from you, sometimes even a good deal of creativity in problem solving.
Rickard Hagstrӧm Rickard is the second generation of the Hagstrӧm family to work in Irish Terriers under the kennel name Merrymac. He learned from his parents, but also from Connie Clark and Allison Sunderman, both handlers based in the USA.
Merrymac is arguably the leading kennel of Irish Terriers in Europe, and Rickard has big shoes to fill after the achievements of his parents Gertrude and Thomas who have established consistently elegant type in the breed which has garnered the respect of breeders, and judges around the world. Rickard has been part of Merrymac from the start, but his involvement has increased over the years, especially over the last ten years, and he is also involved in junior handling organization with the Irish Terrier Club of Sweden as well as breeding and handling the family dogs with his parents. He lives in Uppsala Sweden, in a neighborhood developed in the 1930’s where he renovated an apartment himself. Rickard works at a construction company (Peab) which handles many different sorts of projects including extremely technical modernization of waterways and parkland. His dog James (Merrymac Goldfinger) lives with him and often tags along to work on site and in the
How to Measure the dog’s
Where is the withers? -At the point where the cranial angle of the scapulae meet the spinal apophysis of the second and third thoracic vertebrae.
height at the withers How to measure the height: 1.Stand the dog near a wall. 2.Hold something tasty in front of him to be sure he is standing straight on all four legs. 3. A second person balances a level on the withers and marks the point on the wall with their finger. 4. Measure from that point to the ground.
On the Road: Sweden
mating with Merrymac Goldfinger in Sweden, she was entered in the show with fingers crossed. As the show day (11th March) drew closer, Silvia kept a close eye on our girl, but there were no signs of heat, in fact she was in top form and returned from Birmingham with a third place ribbon.
Return trip on left
I should have been there to see Grace’s moment of glory, but on 28 February I found the need to beat my bedroom rug, a long and heavy one, and I got all twisted up in it falling over in a whirl and fracturing the fifth metatarsal bone of my right foot. Crufts, therefore, I visited only in snapshots on social media. Upon her return to Italy on 14 March, Silvia called me with the awaited news that Grace had her first drops of blood, though only a tiny bit. Hazarding a rough estimate, we figured that we needed to be in Sweden for the mount twelve days from then, on 26 March approximately.
Trip going on the right
Silvia made an appointment for the first progesterone testing with Dr. Ludovica Salamon, and I began to plan how we would get to Uppsala by the 26th in view of the fact that the final x-ray for my foot was booked for 31 March. I did not have many alternatives since Silvia did not feel
The departure was by no means guaranteed. To begin with Grace’s heat coincided with the most anticipated show of the year, the mythical Crufts, held every winter at the Birmingham NEC. Despite the planned
in a perfect culture of the vaginal tract but a progesterone level of only 0.49. (Immagine that the progesterone level rises to 4-8 ng/ml the day of ovulation and on to 30-40at the height of fertility after ovulation.)
she could make such a long drive, the train was not suitable for a long journey with a dog who does not have access to a human WC. Flying was an option I excluded for a bitch in heat, alone in cargo, with all the noise and variations in temperature.
Dr. Salamon however confirmed that the heat was begun. It is usually a good idea to travel beffore the peak of fertility in order to arrive at any given point of Europe in good time for the mount. The current level of progesterone set us ahead a day or two but did not exclude a mount for the weekend of 26/27 March, so we continued to check the weather forecast and toss an extra sweater in the bags.
I therefore launched an appeal on the Whatsapp group for all the Tuscan Red families. Many were the replies, individuals with a will to be helpful but booked up at that time, did I have an alternative date? Unfortunately, in these matters, a breeder is the slave of nature and maximum flexibility is necessary to guarantee that the male and female will meet up on the right day. As you will see, in this case, nature gave us a hand to make possible the union of Grace and her prince charming. Maria Grazia Zadro was the one person able to move some appointments to help us drive on the day we needed to travel. This adventurous woman loves to see the world and was delighted to participate in our ‘on the road’ project, from the Mediterranean to just below the arctic circle. She and I therefore packed our bags while we waited for the result of Grace’s progesterone test.
Tuesday 22 March, the progesterone level had decreased to 0.33, so we understood that our trip would slide forwrd a bit, perhaps Monday, therefore Maria Grazia moved more of her appointments, Silvia changed her booking for Logan at the kennel and we all made several little changes to accommodate the new plan. The coming Friday Grace had a third test booked
A reliable thermometer to evaluate the heat of a bitch is the interest level of a good male dog. Silvia had communicated that her Logan was showing decided interest in Grace, though limited to polite courting. The vet visit of 18 March resulted
and we were looking for a steep rise in the value to set our new plans in motion, leaving on what would be the 14th or 15th day of heat. Midweek Silvia noticed that Logan had given up courting Grace an extremely negative indication, however, on the Thursday, Maria Grazia optimistically set out for Silvia’s house and accompanied Silvia to the vet visit the following morning. The value had lowered to 0.31. Though a surge over the weekend would still have justified leaving on the Monday or Tuesday, we had to let Maria Grazia return to her regular routine and face the possibility of a split heat or worse, and interrupted heat with a wait of another six months for Grace’s first litter. Monday 28 March, Silvia called excitedly that the test that morning read 0.84, a definite rise! Maria Grazia had returned to her engaements, and I had my foot x-ray and medical visit Friday 31. At this point I called Dr. Salamon and we determined that the heat had begun on the 17th, rather than the 14th, in that case we could expect a value of about 4.0 on the coming Friday, so perhaps the mount for Sunday, the 16th day of the new heat calendar. Rickard thought that a mount on Sunday
was advisable in view of the data. Friday 1 April, Confident about the result of my x-ray, I put my bag in the VW Caddy, but nothing happened when I turned the key. Marco wired mine up to his and jump started the Caddy, then drove behind me to the cafè opposite the hospital where we stopped for breakfast. My car was dead again, so Marco left me at the hospital and then went in search of a mechanic. While I was waiting for the osteologist, Silvia was waiting for the result of the sixth test. I was free at 10:30 with a good report and permission to drive from the doctor. He probably thought I would drive to the grocery store and back, but I took it as free license to cross the length of Europe. Silvia confirmed that we now had a reading of 3.25 ng/ml. Marco arrived with a smile since there was a garage right next to the café and he had a brand new battery installed in the Caddy. First stop Rivolta d’Adda to collect Silvia. Efficient as always, Silvia was waiting at the door and proceeded to load bags, dog and a cooler with food in just 10 minutes so that by two p.m. we were already setting out
Did not expect this...
for Innsbruck. We hit a snowstorm at the Brennero pass and that raised the tension to a cartain pitch, but got through the thick of it before dusk began to fall. At 7:30 we were checked into the hotel and with our remaining energy decided to go for dinner at an Indian restaurant. Saturday 2 April At five am we started driving again. Entering Germany we stopped at a McDonalds for breakfast which was a bit depressing since neither of us like fast food, but we were pleasantly surprised. The locale was elegant with a wide selection of pastry and a cheerful lit fireplace. W eran into heavy rain and ice with low visibility, and traded off the driving while listening to Paola Cortellesi reading Pride and Prejudice ten hours we made it to Sassnitz where we had booked a ferry to Sweden the following morning.
As seen on Booking
I had made reservations for the night for a room in a cottage on Booking which had seemed promising. Incredulous we arrived at the address which was such a rundown place (we immediately nicknamed ‘the shack’) that it did not seem lived in. There was a rusty satellite dish in the middle of the front yard which confirmed that we had made a mistake, but a potbellied rubicund man (the serial killer) hailed un from the gate waving a set of keys. With spurts of spitting English he pointed us to a sort of shed in the back yard with furniture someone must have
Seen upon arrival!
left on the roadside for collection. We decided to find a nice place for dinner and headed for the highest rated place on trip advisor. This was a living room in someone’s home with some wooden tables under a reflecting ball from the 1970’s and strings of colored lights, all hanging there but not lit up. It might have been worse if they had been lit. The menu was entirely in German. The elderly matron who came to hear our order spoke only German. However, it was not too difficult to understand in the end since there were only two section on the menu and the same word (pork) lead the brief description of each entry. Grilled pork with potatoes, fried pork with potatoes, porkchop with potatoes, porkchop with mushrooms and potatoes. The last entry was different; chicken with potatoes.
The best restaurant in town
Silvia saw no alternative but to suspend the vegetarian diet she had maintained for her entire adult life, but she put it in a positive light saying that she had found herself in the same position the night before Crufts so it must be a lucky omen! Our order took forever to arrive, and the dishes were so sadly presented that breakfast at McDonalds seemed like a wedding banquet to us now. Returning to the shack we discovered that the bedroom was upstairs that were steeper than a ladder and perhaps narrower, not good news for my leg that had the brace taken off the day before. Upstairs
the heating was not actived, and we barely got up the courage to change into our pajamas. I fell into bed but fortunately Silvia pulled back the covers and paused to find a spider sitting in the middle of the sheet. We were so exhausted that after escorting our roomate out the window we fell straight to sleep. Sunday 3 April In the car by 5:30 we searched in vain for somewhere to have breakfast, so we headed to the port where we were the fourth car in line. When the gates were finally opened, the first car spent eleven minuites before completing the checks necessary to pass through. We complimented ourselves on our excellent position in line which would speed us on our way after only thirty minutes of further waiting, though we would surely make it to our ferry, while the fate of the cars behind us was much less assured. A moment of hilarity came over us as we sat there in our down jackets when Silvia noticed that one of the guards near the gate was in a hort sleeved shirt in the morning air of spring which measured about 4 degrees! He was definitely not from Italy, neither were his parents, grandparents or great grandparents. We boarded our ferry, and the personnel were really welcoming and kind, overflowing with compliments and attention for Grace. There was service at your seat due to COVID regulations and the young lady that helped us perplexed that we preferred pastry and coffee for breakfast over the
plates of bread, salmon, tomatoes and cucumber on the menu. The crossing to Ystad was smooth, but we found ourselves waiting in line again to leave the port. Then we understood, as we neared the gates, that the guard was giving asking for the passenger’s green pass for COVID, so we got ours ready on our phone. It appeared that he was making a swab of the drivers because he was leaning in but imagine our surprise when we pulled up to find that it was a breathalyzer to test the alcohol level – at 10:30 in the morning! The drive to Uppsala was easy, and we were able to get our bags into the rooms of the Hotel in time to arrive at Rickard’s place by seven pm. Rickard welcomed us as good friends and we set off right away for a quick walk so the promessi sposi could get to know each other a bit. Once inside the apartment the two dogs lost no time in concluding the union and Rickard invited us to dinner at a good restaurant where we tased some marvelous Thai food, so welcome after the miserable fare of the day before. Monday 4 April Our ‘free day’ in Uppsala started at seven, quite a late rise compared to our routine until now. We walked out with Grace and decided to make it to the center on foot, even though I would need to go slow as I got used to walking almost for the first time in a month. At the corner we met a young mother with her child in the stroller who offered to accompany us along the quickest route. In our conversation she con-
firmed that Sweden considers itself European and western and sentiment ran against the Russian aggression in Ukraine. She also explained that most people in Uppsala are already out by five am because they go to the gym before returning home for breakfast (bread, salmon, and cucumbers) and going to work. Nonetheless everything but the offices and gyms (one on every corner) was closed and for breakfast the only option was the cafe at the central station. We sat at our little table with our pastry for over an hour and a half waiting for places to open, and since the hairdressers were earlier than shops Silvia decided to go ahead and have her hair done which at least provided a nice sofa and rug for Grace and I to wait on. Walking through the streets the blinds started to go up and doors opened, and we explored until lunch. Rain began making the cold more uncomfortable, so we decided to go back and rest until we met Rickard again at 5:30 for the second mount. Tuesday 5 April, We met Rickard at 6:30 for a final mount and he prepared a beautiful breakfast table with homemade scones he took from the oven, jams, cheese and sliced cucumbers and tomatoes. We could not have had a better start for the drive across Denmark to the ferry at Redby which we caught at 5:20. It was only 30 minuites to Puttgarden so we drove a bit more towards Hamburg. We
finished off some snacks in our cooler, too tired for any dinner, and were in the car again at five am. We stopped for gas after just a couple of hours, but going down some granite steps chatting with Silvia, I managed to slip and fall, causing intense pain in the left foot (not the recovering right foot). I made it to the car in Silvia’s shoulder and she took over the driving. We got a bit mixed up at the border with Austria and Switzerland, but got quickly back on track for the San Bernardino pass. The altitude, the tunnels and hairpin curves put Silvia to the test, but she felt much more at home in the intense traffic we snaked through from Como to Milan. At seven she and Grace were safely unpacking at home and I decided to continue homeward after resting for the entire 12 trip that day. Marco was thrilled to have me home at 12:30 pm and he looked forward to sleeping in late the next morning because after five weeks of full responsibility for the dogs (one month with the leg brace and the week in Sweden) I would take over. Limping toward the front door however I had to tell him that instead he would be driving me for an x ray at the hospital, and in fact, the test showed that I had broken foot number two.
Let me introduce myself, I am Silvia Nannicelli
Meet Silvia Nannicelli Costa
After two years one Fox was not enough, adn so we brought home Karisma Special. With her it was love at first sight! I gazed at her not knowing that soon this ‘white dog’ and I would become one being. With her such a special feeling evolved that it was pure love. I wanted to learn to handle her to advantage and so I participated in handling classes which led to fantastic adventures. Karisma earned several titles and above and beyond the satisfaction f her career, she was a marvelous companion and will always retain a special place in my heart. The greatest problem with dogs is that they live such a short time.
Logan is a wonderful dog, faithful. Loyal, affectionate, joyous and excellent with children. After two and a half years I fell in love with Tuscan Red Migliara whom I saw when she was about eight months old. Anne had faith in me and let me have her. I called her Grace.
Costa, married to Luciano and our daughter is Martina, grown up and out on her own now. I have always loved dogs and they have always been a big part of my adult life. When Luciano and I decided to get a dog, we thought a lot about which breed could suit us best. We wanted a playful, spirited dog, and, why not, handsome too! We thought of a smooth Fox Terrier and soon our sweet and feisty Asia arrived in our home. She inspired us to participate in shows, then to work in agility, den trials, and aptitude testing for terriers.
Compared to Logan, Grace is a tough gal, but also vary affectionate and cuddly. As soon as she arrived, we began showing, but this time I wanted to enjoy her ringside so I handed the grooming and handling over to Francesco Antonio Ragosta, known in the show world as ‘Tony Rago’. Notwithstanding the year at home during the height of COVID, Grace has garnered the following prestigious titles;
Attending shows I got to know the Irish Terrie and felt bewitched. I began researching the breed. I met Anne and as soon as possible I obtained my first puppy, Tuscan Red Incontri “Logan”. These are marvelous dogs with all the advantages of Terriers but without the drawbacks. With Logan obviously we began showing, with me alone grooming and presenting him.
Crufts 2022 open class Third Prize Open class Winner World Dog Show 2022 Interra Winner and BOS 2022
So far he has earned:
Italy’s#1JR Irish Terrier 2018
BOB puppy WDS’17
Italian JR Champion
Split Winner 2021
Italy’s#1JR Irish terrier 2019
Junior Italian Champion
Junior Latin Winner
Multiple best of breed winner, Multiple Group Placer.
International Champion With my girl I have realized many of my dreams such a s participating in Crufts and finally I had the honor of producing a litter with a dog from the prestigious kennel Merrymac!
Italian Champion T.A.N. passed 18/20 Selected Reproducer 33
Modern Uppsala1 began in the 6th century as a port town called Aros to the city center of Gamla Uppsala (founded in the third century). Trade on the Fyris river brought the new port to grow so much that the archdiocese of Uppsala decided to build the new cathedral there, bringing the name Uppsala with it. Shortly thereafter the University of 1 Originally Upsala with one p, Up meaning upper and Sal meaning hall it can be read as Upper Hall, founded as it was in the uppermost navigable point of the river.
Uppsala, the first such institution in Northern Europe, was founded (1477) making this city both a religious and an intellectual hub. The city flourished until the 16th century when the policies of Gustav Vasa saw much ecclesiastical property return to the crown, and the spread of the Reformation which brought the seat
of religious power to the royal court in Stockholm. The crown consolidated direct power in Uppsala with the construction of the castle in 1549. Under the reign of Gustavus Adolphus and the century of power in the Baltic regions he began, known as the Swedish Empire, Uppsala was considered a second capital after Stockholm. The king invested heavily in the University and under his influence the first Political Science department in the world was developed.
In 1643 much of the medieval center was demolished to make a regular city plan with straight wide streets. The oldest part of the city including part of the cathedral was destroyed by fire in 1702 and Uppsala sank in importance nationally. Though many great figures of the Age of Enlightenment lived in Uppsala, the city only began to revive in the late 19th century when Natural Science be-
came the dominant department at the University, due in part to the work of Carl von Linné (Carolus Linnaeus), the great biologist who developed the Latin binomial nomenclature of plants was born here and became a professor at the University in 1741. Between 1870 and 1900 the population of the town doubled. Enrollment at the University tripled and starting in 1870 this included women. New important buildings at the University such as the library and a
hospital were built, and in Uppsala in 1866 a huge Central Station was built which sparked commerce in both the agricultural and brickmaking industries. For the 400th anniversary of the University, the state built a Main Hall which is still in use, though today the University operates over several campuses as a multi-and inter-disciplinary model. In the post war era, much of the city center was renewed with modernistic buildings for esthetic and practical rea-
sons rather than any damage from the war, since Sweden had remained outside of the conflict, then, in the mid-20th century the population doubled, creating the need for considerable expansion. Today Uppsala is the fourth largest city in Sweden, the city population counts over 177,000, (municipality over 225,000) there are over 50,000 students and 5,000 researchers.
The climate is humid and continental, near the 59th latitude north, 70 km north of Stockholm, it can be compared to St. Petersburg Russia, though somewhat warmer due to the Gulf Stream. There are 6 hours of light at the winter solstice and 18 hours at the height of summer.
Important places to visit are: The Castle, which also houses the Art Museum and the botanical garden The Cathedral The Museum of Evolution The Linnés Hammarby, summer residence of the family, now dedicated to the History of the family and to 18th century biology and farming. The Linnémuseet, his home, now dedicated to the history and work of Carl con Linné. Uppsala University. There are many other attractions including group boat trips on the river, and a steam train trip as well as family amusement attractions such as a swimming pool and adventure park. Uppsala boasts Sweden’s oldest cinema (1911), and a modern concert hall inaugurated in 2007. https://www.uu.se/en/about-uu/history/summary/ https://www.britannica.com/place/Uppsala-Sweden https://en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Uppsala 39
3 May 2022 Tuscan Red Mediterra & Tuscan Red Brusco Dei Barbi Uccelliera Urlo Ugo Contini Bonacossi Urlo di Lupo Uno Ugolaia Villa Ursina
New In Our Cellar
31 Maggio 2022 Tuscan Red Mediterra & Merrymac Goldfinger Vallocaia Vign’Alta Vermiglio Valvàra Vallenuova Ventoso Vigorello
14 Agosoto 2022 Geordan Principia & Trackways Cassidy Pi’d Piper Yaro
Image Credits Cover: Tuscan Red Urlo (Ursula) by Nadia Bakh
10: Tuscan Red Migliara (Grace) with Tuscan Red Ripa delle More, Tuscan Red Villa Ursina, Tuscan Red Urlo di Lupo (Red) and Litter V.
1: Background by Daniel Torbelkov, Tuscan Red Tegolaia, Tuscan Red Vigorello
11: Amor Costante (Dante) with Litter U, Tuscan Red Villa Ursina and Tuscan Red Vign’Alta.
2 :Anne Tureen with Tuscan Red Ripa delle More by Elise Gordon 3- 4: Rickard Hagstrom; fb 30 April 2020, Tuscan Red Ucelliera (Tara) and Sassicaia, Silvia Nannicelli and Tony Rago at Crufts, La casa di Carl Von Linnè at Hammersby, Silvia Nannicelli and Tuscan Red Migliara (Grace) on the ferry.
12: Roberta e Francesco with Tuscan Red Villanuova (Fragola). 13: Tuscan Red Vermiglio (Pol) by M. Cicogna.
5: Tuscan Red Urlo (Ursula)
15-16: Tuscan Red Urlo di Lupo by Rachele Mei.
6: Tuscan Red Migliara (Grace) with puppy.
17-18: Tuscan Red Orma (Vita) and Livia.
7: Tusca Red Mediterra (Hibiki), Tuscan Red Urlo (Ursula) by Beatrice Mei.
19: Rickard Hagstrom with Merrymac Goldfinger, fb 11 June 2021. Rickard, Gertrude and Thomas Hagstrom with Marrymac Zinnia Of Gold Again, fb 5 May 2020.
8: Tuscan Red Mediterra (Hibiki) with Litter U by Maria Mei.
20: Peab worksite, fb 21 oct 2021.
9: Amor Costante (Dante) with Tuscan Red Migliara (Grace) and Litter V.
21: Withers illustration modified by A. Tureen. 22: Tuscan Red Migliara (Grace).
Images not identified are the author’s or found on internet without specific reference. Any person with information concering the images used here will please contact Anne Tureen who will make the necessary changes.
23: Trip to Uppsala, Anne’s right foot
24. Tuscan Red Migliara (Grace) and Tuscan Red Incontri (Logan) by Silvia Nannicelli. 25: Maria Grazia Zadro with Tuscan Red Dialogo (Dago) and Tuscan Red Guadipiani (Guadì).
35: Cathedra in Uppsala.
26: Snowstrom on the road to the Brennero Pass.
36: Central train station in Uppsala.
27-28: Booking advert, Photo of advertized property, Restraunt in Sagreb.
37: Street in Uppsala. 38: Inside the University of Uppsala.
29: Port in Sassnitz, Tuscan Red Migliara and Silvia Nannicelli in Uppsala, Silvia Nannicelli and Rickard Hagstrom with Merrymac Goldfinger (James).
39: Botanic Gardens Uppsala. 40: Paintings of birds by Carl Von Linnè.
30-31: Breakfast at the Central Station in Uppsala, Left foot of A.Tureen.
44: Tulia, Livia and Tuscan Red Farnito (Tintin)
34: Silvia Nannicelli and Tuscan Red MIgliara (Grace) by Kate Colapietro.
Back cover: Summer day at Tuscan Red