Leonardo de Vinci "Sketch of Uterus with Foetus" (1511-13) Leonardo observed the world closely, studying psychology and anatomy in order to create convincing images of the human form.
Johannes Vemeer "The Astronomer" 1668 It was here in the 17th century that the microscope and telescope were first developed.
Daniel Henry Kahnweiler "Pablo's Picasso" 1910 Combines Monet's ideas about the contingency of time and Seurat's theory about the perception of Vincent Van Gogh discrete elements.
"Starry Night" 1853 In the wake of the Impressionist revolution, a new generation of artists pushed the basic pictorial components of color, line, and composition into new psychological and formal territories, influencing many abstract of the early 20th century
Claude Monet "On the Bank of the Seine, Bennecourt" 1868 His impression is pre-cognitive-before the mind labels, identifies, and converts what it sees into memory.
Edgar Degar "Science of Color Painting" 19th Century In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the physiological, psychological, and phenomenal effects of color and light were of primary concern to Impressionist and Post-Impressionalist artists. Paul Gauguin "Eugene Henri" 1990 In the late 19th century, the Impressionists defied academic tradition in French Art with their emphasis on modern subjects, sketch Iike technique, and practice of painting in the open air with pure, high-keyed color.