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The Real Issue

Gun Control, Women’s Rights, LGBTQ+

Table of Contents Page 1- Letter From Editors Page 2- Times When Being LGBTQ+ Isn’t Fabulous- by: Anna Sa Page 4-Thank You Ma’am: An Analysis- by: Anna Sa Page 5- Pull the trigger, Watch the aim. - by: Jeremy Vides Page 6- Does Change Have a Color?- by: Jeremy Vides Page 7- Segregation, Gun Violence, Racism, Drugs. Why not Women Rights?- by: Janaisa Mendoza Page 8- Three Times, In hospital, but she's fine.- by: Janaisa Mendoza Page 9- Article Citations

Hello reader, yes you, hello! Thank you for reading The Real Issue. We’ve brought you some of the most interesting but not yet solved issues in our current world. When we began, we started with the words: “Community” and “Activism” which helped us come up with our research question. What kind of risks do each community of activists face? This issue follows three of the most mainstream world problems for which these activists are fighting. Jeremy Vides focuses on Gun Control since it has been affecting our lives, many incidents have occurred some causing harm and struggles, others leading to even death. Many of those shootings we ignore could lead to our chaos. My main focus was to raise awareness towards such an lethal issue through his articles “Pull the trigger, watch the aim.” and “Does change have an color?”. In “Times When THe LGBTQ+ Isn’t Fabulous” by Anna Sa, The LGBTQ+ community has seen their bad days, both individually and together. She hopes to spread those bad days in one article, for even one person to listen. In “Segregation, Gun violence, Racism, Drugs. Why not Women Rights?” By Janaisa Mendoza, focuses mainly on the struggle of female’s fighting for their rights. Sexism has mislead us into inequality the differences between gender are issues that have been underestimated over time. In this article, you see the true pain and harm women rights activist are put through. “Does change have a color?” by Jeremy Vides ,focuses on a activist that through segregation, racism and discrimination he still managed to speak up for his people through his music. “Thank You, Ma’am: An Analysis” by Anna Sa investigates the meaning behind the 60 year-old story by Langston Hughs. And why a strong woman choose kindness over prejudice. The article “three Times, In hospital, but she's fine” by Janaisa Mendoza, shows the true meaning behind the poem “10-year old shot three times, but she's fine”, by the incredibly activist, Patricia Smith. Activism is a way that we can make a difference in our world. All of us at The Real Issue sincerely hope our jobs of bringing these issues to the top will give inspiration for new fights. Or at least make you go, “huh.” We can already see the young generation realizing they can change the world. Best regards, The editors of The Real Issue.

Times When Being LGBTQ+ Isn’t Fabulous by Anna Sa The LGBTQ+ community has had its share of hardships and risks that they faced. From Youtube to health risks, these are just some of the risks members from all around the world face. 1. Youtube Demonetizations Earlier this year, YouTubers like Tyler Oakley noticed a strange phenomenon happening to their videos, they were being demonetized for no apparent reason. “Ross has also posted about his personal experiences transitioning.” Megan Farokhmanesh wrote for The Verge. “According to Ross, YouTube’s algorithm seems to be triggered by the word ‘trans’ specifically to demonetize his videos.” This doesn’t look good for Youtube. Not only are Youtubers not getting the money for their videos but, “They also remove education and information for young people who may not have access to it any other way.” Farokhmanesh writes. Along with the anti-LGBTQ+ ads running before videos, this is just one of the hurdles they need to jump through. 2. Anti-LGBTQ+ States Though many LGBT members are lucky to be safe in their neighborhoods and towns, there are places around the globe that don’t like the idea of anything other than a man and a woman together. 3. The Political Hardships Like in Mississippi, “Mississippi passed a “religious freedom” law that Since the start of 2018, the health care of LGBT would allow businesses to deny service to LGBT couples.” Nico Lang Americans became at risk. “Health Affairs study last writes for Rolling Stone. “the bill was strikingly similar to the one year found that many LGBT individuals have less Arizona governor Jan Brewer vetoed last year.” Or Alabama with it’s “No Promo Homo” laws that prohibit students access to care than heterosexuals,” Dan Diamond writes from learning about gay and transgender problems. From which they for Politico. “in a Harvard-Robert Wood Johnson-NPR could learn from Youtube but, as discussed earlier, it’s a bit harder now. survey one in six LGBT individuals reported But now these will be utterly surprised when they enter the real world. experiencing discrimination from doctors or at a clinic.” The Republican party of Texas also aren’t crazy for gay people as they During Obama’s run as president, LGBT Americans are “of the least accepting of same-sex marriage, his party currently backs were health benefits such as “loosening the rules on conversion therapy for minors, a practice that California has outlawed.” hospital visitation rights after some same-sex couples Lang writes. had been barred from seeing each other.” Writes Conversion therapy practices trying to change the sexuality of one to being heterosexual. If you’ve never heard the stories, the stories say it’s Diamond. Now we seem to be back-tracking. close to torture. If you want to learn more, there’s a great article on what The Trump administration has made it clear who happens during conversion therapy on the New York Times by Sam they support. In January of 2018, they’ve made it easier Brinton. for health workers to deny care to LGBT Americans if 4. On Being Bisexual they have a religious reason for not wanting to. This Speaking of health risks, “Bisexual individuals have higher rates of leads to many not getting the care they need when they depression and anxiety and are at a higher risk for suicide than gay and need it the most, for their sexuality. lesbian folks.” Zachary Zane writes for Washington Post. If you don’t already know, being bisexual means you are attracted to both men and women; unlike pansexual which means to be attracted to a person regardless of their gender or sexuality. But as Zane writes, “Sabra L. Katz-Wise, an assistant professor at Boston Children’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, mentioned that bisexuals are ‘often experiencing discrimination from both heterosexual and sexual minority communities, where the same may not be true for lesbian and gay individuals.’” This means that bisexual individuals are facing discrimination for being even more different then you’d expect. Though it’s not as prominent as the challenges of a trans person, this issue is still important. The one thing the LGBT community has truly been fighting for all these years is acceptance and this needs to be done for bisexuals as well as transgender people. The LGBTQ+ community has had its share of hardships. From Youtube to health risks, these were truly only some of the hardships they have to face. They were ignored or put in danger by others and by themselves. But if ever need someone to talk to about your sexuality and its hardships, and you don’t already, you can call at 1-866-488-7386 or text START 678678 to talk to someone over at the TrevorLifeline for the Trevor Project, an organization created as a crisis hotline for LGBT youths.

Thank You Ma’am: An Analysis By Anna Sa “He barely managed to say “Thank you” before she shut the door. And he never saw her again.” (3) “Thank You Ma’am” by Langston Hughs is a short story about a woman who takes in a child for dinner after he tries to steal her purse. Though Mrs. Luella Bates Washington Jones doesn’t seem to be an activist for something, she seems to be a small activist for kindness, as she takes the boy in when he doesn’t deserve it. The author’s intention behind creating “Thank You, Ma’am” was to entertain the reader but also teach them something. The message they wanted to get across was that anyone can make a lasting impact on someone just by caring. Hughs says, “‘If you think that that contact is not going to last awhile, you got another thought coming. When I get through with you, sir, you are going to remember Mrs. Luella Bates Washington Jones.’ ” (2) Though she may not seem kind here, her actions show that she is. Again, she showed kindness even after he tried to steal her purse but also the way she handles is comical. What makes this work stand out is how sweet the woman was after the teen tried to steal her purse or steal her money. She didn’t hold any grudges. She treated the boy with kindness as she let him wash his face and eat her food. The tone of the short story is benevolent because there is no part where the woman is being harsh to be harsh. Hughs writes, “The woman was sitting on the day-bed. After a while she said, ‘I were young once and I wanted things I could not get.’ There was another long pause. The boy’s mouth opened. Then he frowned, but not knowing he frowned. The woman said, ‘Um-hum! You thought I was going to say but, didn’t you? You thought I was going to say, but I didn’t snatch people’s pocketbooks. Well, I wasn’t going to say that.’ Pause. Silence. ‘I have done things, too, which I would not tell you, son—neither tell God, if he didn’t already know. So you set down while I fix us something to eat. You might run that comb through your hair so you will look presentable.’ ” (2-3) Instead of an angsty story where the boy goes to jail because he’s just a poor boy trying to steal a woman’s purse, it’s a story about a boy who tries to steal a woman’s purse and instead of bringing him to jail, he’s being cared for with food and drink. The boy learns something from the woman instead of potentially holding a grudge against her or hating her like what’s already happening at the time. This piece makes a commentary about the issues they write about by basically saying that kindness goes a long way. Usually, one wouldn’t be able to do anything if their purse was stolen but Washington Jones was able to save herself and show the boy who tried to steal her purse, some kindness. During the time this story was published, in 1958, the Civil Rights Movement and the Korean war was active. The communities were split in two. People were not nice to others. “ ‘You gonna take me to jail?’ asked the boy, bending over the sink. ‘Not with that face, I would not take you nowhere,’ said the woman. ‘Here I am trying to get home to cook me a bite to eat and you snatch my pocketbook! Maybe, you ain’t been to your supper either, late as it be. Have you?’ ‘There’s nobody home at my house,’ said the boy. ‘Then we’ll eat,’ said the woman, ‘I believe you’re hungry—or been hungry—to try to snatch my Pocketbook.’ ” (2) You can tell that they come from different worlds but he doesn’t leave when he has the chance and she doesn’t call the police. It’s clear she doesn’t believe in leaving people without a lesson. For him, it was kindness, which he wouldn’t be able to see back then. Thank You Ma’am by Langston Hughs is a short story about a woman who takes in a child for dinner after he tries to steal her purse. Though Mrs. Luella Bates Washington Jones doesn’t seem to be an activist for something, she seems to be a small activist for kindness, as she takes the boy in when he doesn’t deserve it. We are not in the 1950s anymore but we can always improve. In our days, the internet has become a place where hate and prejudice can grow and flourish. We can always just be a little bit kinder.

Pull the trigger, watch the aim.

By:Jeremy Vides

How could an average citizen get access to customized military weaponry? It is easier than people think. In the United States, about 307 Mass shootings since January to November have occurred in America. A Mass Shooting occurs when an individual or a group of people kill more than 3 individuals. Sometimes citizens question their own safety. If we ignore nonfatal shootings, we do not realize the impact gun violence has in our current society. Gun violence has been involved in our community, it could easily affect anyone's safety when you least realize it, it could cause a lot of damage to family, property, and people. We could stop gun violence we just need to realize it to have the proper safety in our community. “Fatal gun violence is often categorized in ways that make it easy to track and study. That’s how researchers know that the murder rate in the United States has declined steadily over the past three decades. But what about gun violence that does not result in death? That is far trickier to measure. That’s because nonfatal gun violence has mostly been ignored.” David S. Bernstein wrote for The Atlantic. According to The Atlantic, we have been ignoring the nonfatal shootings that have occurred could easily lead us to the misunderstanding of the dangers of weaponry in our community. Realizing how gun violence affects our community could lead to the solution of the conflict. It also suggests that it is harder to measure a nonfatal shooting since in the US it's been mostly ignored over time. However, students and citizens stood up together to fight for their safety and their education against gun violence in the country. After the shooting incident in one of our high school people have started to slowly realize why gun control is important to keep our society safe. “Demonstrators flooded streets across the globe in public protests on Saturday, calling for action against gun violence. Hundreds of thousands of marchers turned out, in the most ambitious show of force yet from a student-driven movement that emerged after the recent massacre at a South Florida high school” New York Times mentioned in one of their articles. New York Time’s point is that people have shown that they do care about their safety and that by working together they could benefit from the result. Our community has started movements that involve acts against gun violence such as our students and teachers combining to fight back against the abuse of power of weaponry in the US. Students had started to question their safety in public places such as the school in which they get their education. There had been a lot of movements regarding the case of Parkland and students now feared their safety was at risk. “The first protests began before students even had a chance to return to class. On Feb. 20, hundreds of students from neighboring West Boca High spontaneously walked out of school during a moment of silence and hiked more than 10 miles to the Parkland campus. Some wanted to show solidarity with their neighbors, others decried a lack of safety at school.” Said Danielle Haynes for UPI. In other words, Danielle Haynes believes that people have been paying their respect and honoring those who have fallen to such a horrible incident. She also believed that students had realized the dangers of our country and now questioned and feared their safety even at their own local schools. How could a man possibly enter a well-secured place with firearms without calling any suspicion? That's the exact question agents and the police had been wondering about. He had access to military customized weaponry to use in this chaotic situation. He was not detected neither looked suspicious to the security at all. “Among the questions they have: How a former accountant with a penchant for high-stakes gambling obtained a weapon that sounded to those on the ground like it could fire as an automatic, and how he was able to bring it and many other weapons into a Vegas hotel suite undetected.” Mentioned Lynh Bui, Matt Zapotosky, Devlin Barrett and Mark Berman for Washington Post. We could easily relate this information back to the old times such as Columbine when two students had entered the school with firearms without calling attention before the incident. This quote also shows that even secured places are vulnerable to gun violence and that if we do not stand strong against it we might have another main conflict in our society. All of these events guide towards the bigger issue of guns and how we underestimate the harm and the damage that could be caused easily by the pulling of a trigger. If we underestimate guns we could guide this world into chaos by making foolish decisions, war and many other shootings could occur. Many groups of different movements have attempted to stop this and are now successfully stopping it, this relates to our thesis of activism in our society against the main issue. Our society is in danger and we need to stop it.

Does Change have a color? By: Jeremy Vides

2pac’s new single “Changes” was released back in 1998

Changes are what decide whether we make progress or don’t, all you have to do is realize what side you are standing on. In the song “Changes” by 2pac, he talks about the struggles he goes through, like police brutality, discrimination and inequality because of his race. He mentions are Tupac would influence his audience by using a variety of simple but meaningful words, these would easily call awareness towards the conflict, which in this case it would be the inequality and discrimination of black communities. His lyrics would open many possible perspectives towards this conflict, allowing the people to choose what side they are on as long as they look into both sides first. Tupac’s intention was to speak up for the black community and how discrimination has left them in harsh conditions with no changes whatsoever. His main message was to call out awareness towards the killing and the conflict between races since segregation was still a thing back in this time. One of his lines is “Cops give a damn about a negro pull the trigger, kill a nigga, he's a hero.” shows that back in 1992-1998 one of their biggest conflicts was racism and inequality which easily allowed Police brutality to occur. With this line, he is speaking up for the black community and calling awareness towards the discrimination to his race. The tone for “Changes” is significant since he tries to call awareness of one of our biggest issues such as discrimination, police brutality, and inequality. One of the strongest lines were “ "It's time to fight back," that's what Huey said Two shots in the dark, now Huey's dead.” shows how activism or any act against the conflict will have consequences even deadly ones. The tone easily adds suspense to the details that are being mentioned throughout the melody. “Changes” focuses mainly on the conditions and the discrimination blacks had to go through. All of the inequality between each race affected blacks the most since they were treated as if they were inferior to the “Superior race.” In conclusion, it brings awareness towards racial issues in our country that still occur till this day. His lyrics use specific details and manage to fit into the stereotypes, he also manages to make people realize that, some people today still don't notice the dangers of discrimination and the equality some of us still experience today. 2pac uses his lyrics to show the conflict from many different perspectives. In conclusion, uses his lyrics to talk about the struggles the black community has to go through, he also uses his tone, and most importantly his intentions to set off a mood that allows other to take different perspectives from the issue. This creative piece relates to activism and community since 2tupac not only speaks up for an issue occurring in the community but he also mentioned his part of the community and how he was treated.

Segregation, Gun violence, Racism, Drugs. Why not Women Rights?

By: Janaisa Mendoza We’ve gone over issues like Segregation, Gun Violence, Racism, and Drugs but why not Women rights? When it comes to the topic of Women rights, they usually have to fight for them. The rights that a community of activist face differs from each community, based on what they are acting for, as seen in women rights. First off, a woman named Neha traveled to Southern Yemen to see the most horrific thing she ever experienced. In this quote, the reporter is getting ready to cover a very important case on women rights. “Prepare yourself,” my colleague warned me as I was about to travel to Aden, a port city in southern Yemen, to cover the devastating impact of the country’s war on women and girls. “It’s the worst I’ve ever seen.”(‘We Are Willing to Die Here’: The Fight for Women’s Rights in Yemen, by Neha Wadekar). There are many horrible situations that include Women and girls. Even after seeing many other Women rights situations this one was known as devasting, horrible, and the worst ever seen. Secondly, people around the world come together to act for women rights. This explains what they are fighting for and how hard they will fight for it.

Secondly, people around the world come together to act for women rights. This explains what they are fighting for and how hard they will fight for it. It was the beginning of a 16-day campaign urging individuals and organizations to fight the kind of violence that will affect more than a third of women globally during their lives, according to the United Nations.” There are many people out in the world who are willing to fight for something as big as women rights. They fight so hard for this because it affects many women/girls in their lives. Sometimes even very horribly. Third of all, many women rights activists are sent behind bars and treated horribly. After being imprisoned many women activists are faced with many horrifying ‘activists detention’. “Several women’s rights activists who have been imprisoned in Saudi Arabia for more than six months have been subjected to psychological or physical abuse while in custody, including sleep deprivation and beatings, according to four people familiar with the conditions of the activists’ detention.”

Many women in Saudi Arabia are punished in prison. They aren’t punished easily in fact that are punished very horribly. Fourth of all, many activists are being punished horribly because they acted for an issue. People who decided to stand up and act for an issue were horribly punished in jail and showed signs of their horrible treatment. “Activists were repeatedly tortured by electrocution and flogging, leaving some unable to walk or stand properly, with marks on their bodies and uncontrolled shaking of the hands.” After acting for a big issue activists are punished in prison. They are punished very horribly to the point where they are showing physical signs of harm. In conclusion, many people have noticed the issue of women rights, but also with acting for this issue they are punished. With acting for a cause there is always a consequence. When acting for different issues there is different risks and different consequences people face. In the end, you should learn how women are treated for acting up for a cause that affects every woman. You should also learn who badly this can affect women and the way they are treated.

Three Times, In hospital, but she's fine. By: Janaisa Mendoza People believe segregation is in the past but is that really true? The poem “10-Year-Old Shot Three Times, but She’s Fine” talks about a young black girl and her perspective on the situation of her being shot by a white man as she in the hospital room. The poem also shows us how her mother and her school felt about this situation. This poem relates to the risks activist take because she was shot when blacks and whites did not get along so most likely she was shot by a white person. The intention was to show people what happened to young black children through the tough time of segregation. The message they wanted to get across is that innocent children are being harmed or even killed just because of their skin color. In 2017, segregation was a big problem. There were many protests and shootings about it. In this poem it says “Dumbfounded in hospital whites, you are picture-book itty-bit, floundering in bleach and steel” (Patricia Smith, stanza one). Basically, this quote from the poem is saying that she woke up in a hospital full of white people, and if we connect it back to the thesis she was shot because she was black and that is a risk that they take for not just them but their family. As she is laying in the hospital bed she is questioned about the experience. She explains to them what she knows as they continue to question her. This poem can have many different tones but the one that sticks out the most is direct because the young girl is direct about what she sees and doesn’t hesitate to tell them what she saw. Evidence of this tone is “Who shot you, baby? I don’t know. I was playing. You didn’t see anyone? I was playing with my friend Sharon. I was on the swing and she was— Are you sure you didn’t— No, I ain’t seen nobody but Sharon. I heard people yelling though, and—” (stanza two). This is explaining how she directly told them she didn’t see anything and directly told them who was with her. She also directly explains what she heard, saw and who she was with. The poet Patrica Smith is known for making poems to send a message about an issue in the world, I believe this poem is trying to say is they may have a physical difference but they have the same emotions.

And to show that segregation is not okay because it puts innocent people and children in danger. During 2017 there was a lot of issues with segregation but also during 2017, Donald Trump proposed his budget proposal which happened to budget federal Medicaid by 15 percent over 10 years. A part of this poem that shows this is “No need to coo or encircle anything, no call for anyone to pull their official white fingers through your raveled hair, no reason to introduce the wild notion of loving you loud and regardless” (stanza 4). This is showing that this child feels unloved and that they think it is impossible for them to be loved, just because of their color. This connects to my thesis because this shows that one risk they can take is the feeling of hopelessness. The poem I choose was “10-Year-Old Shot Three Times, but She’s Fine”, this poem was by Patricia Smith. Throughout reading this poem we can identify the author’s intentions, her tone,

Article Citations Page 4Megan Farokhmanesh, “Youtube is demonetizing some LGBT videos” The Verge, June 8th, 2018, accessed Nov. 20, 2018 Nico Lang, “The 5 Worst States for LGBT People” Rolling Stone, November 24th, 2014 accessed Nov. 26, 2018 Dan Diamond, “Trump administration dismantles LGBT-friendly policies” Politico, Feb 9th, 2018 accessed Nov. 21th, 2018 Zachary Zane, “In the LGBT community, bisexual people have more health risks. Here’s what could help.” Washington Post, September 25, 2017 Article Link accessed Nov. 20th, 2018 Page 5Langston Hughs, “Thank You, Ma’am” 1958,%20Ma'am.pdf accessed Dec. 5, 2018 Dec 11 , 2017 Page 6Lynh Bui ,Matt Zapotosky ,Devlin Barrett and Mark Berman “At least 59 killed in Las Vegas shooting rampage, more than 500 others injured” Washington Post, October 2, 2017 6 accessed Dec 3, 2018 DAVID S. BERNSTEIN “Americans Don't Really Understand Gun Violence” The Atlantic,Dec 11 , 2017 accessed November 25th, 2018 Danielle Haynes “After Parkland: A timeline of gun-control activism, legislation” UPI, NOV. 8, 2018 accessed November 25th, 2018 New York Times “March for Our Lives Highlights: Students Protesting Guns Say ‘Enough Is Enough’” NEW YORK TIMES, March 24, 2018 accessed November 25th, 2018 Page 72pac “Changes” recorded 1992, released 1998 accessed December 5th 2018 Page 8Wadekar, Neha. “We Are Willing to Die Here’: The Fight for Women’s Rights in Yemen”. New York Times, 20 November,2018. Accessed Nov.20.2018 Joseph, Yonette, Iliana Magra, and Raphael Minder. “Marching to End Violence Against Women” . The New York Times, 25 November, 2018. . Accessed Nov. 25, 2018. Fahim, Kareem. “Jailed Saudi women’s rights activists said to face electric shocks, beatings, and other abus”. The Washington Post, 20 November, 2018. 51d2_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.b5284204341c . Accessed Nov.25, 2018. Spark- Smith, Laura. “Saudi Arabia tortured activists including women, rights groups claim”. CNN, 21 November , 2018. Accessed Nov.25, 2018. Page 9: Smith, Patricia. “10-Year-Old Shot Three Times, but She’s Fine”. Poetry Foundation, 2017. . Accessed: Dec 12, 2018.

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The Real Issue  

Quarter 2 magazine project for Revere Public Schools

The Real Issue  

Quarter 2 magazine project for Revere Public Schools