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QUARTERLY NEWS EDITED BY CATAS

YEAR 16 / N. 04 DECEMBER 2011


Management, Editing and Administration CATAS spa Via Antica, 24/3 33048 San Giovanni al Natisone Udine / Italy Tel. 0432 747211 Fax 0432 747250 www.catas.com President Michele Bressan Managing Director Andrea Giavon Coordination CATAS News Franco Bulian Franco Prete Luca Bertossi

Design Deeper Comunication Udine / Italy Layout and graphics Maurizio Marussi Annamaria Franz

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Reproduction or duplication of the contents of this quarterly on any support is authorized under condition that the source - Š CATAS - San Giovanni al Natisone - Udine - Italy is being cited All rights reserved


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in this issue

04 Opening of the new building of CATAS 06 CATAS pricelist for 2012 has been published 07 The list of fire prevention activities has been updated 10 The European Directive (IED) 2010/75/EU on industrial emissions 13 Continues the successful activity of the Federlegno Wood Expert Registry 14 A proposal for a new class for formaldehyde emission from wood based panels. The E1-plus 15 Obligations for timber trade operators 16 A new working group “Finishes for Wood“ has been published by UNI 17 Assigned to CATAS the secretariat of the working group WG 22 of CEN TC 38 19 Published the book “Materiali e tecnologie dell’industria del mobile” (“Materials and technologies of the furniture industry”) 20 CATAS team to the Udine 2011 Telethon relay race 21 Publications

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07

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Andrea Giavon

Opening of the new building of CATAS

On 3rd December 2011, the new premises of the chemical department of CATAS were officially opened. This happened in the presence of municipal, provincial and

regional authorities and the presence of the past president and current CATAS president. What has been written so far is by no means the press release, other more experienced than me are called to do so, but this is the frame of historical events on which I would like to engage some thoughts. The chemical department long had the need for more space, occurred for both the increasing analytical work of formaldehyde emissions (CARB certification) and for the growing market demand for the control of VOC emissions. Also the key section for the surfaces test was showing the need for more space to work better. Moreover, in the mid of 2009 the chemical laboratory of the Chamber of Commerce of Udine, located about

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fifteen kilometres from the San Giovanni al Natisone mother house, merged in our society. After that a deep reflection on the need to merge under one roof all these various activities started. The principle shared with thenpresident and the Board has made an assessment of the economic resources for such an investment. The moment for interest rates and the possibility of access to loans has initiated this project now completed. I want to focus on one aspect which is one of the values of CATAS, supported by our history, that the sharing of daily experiences of the technicians who perform their work in physical proximity is essential for the development and advancement of knowledge. When this is possible then all the other positive consequences are possible, be they of a economics, logistics, etc.


Andrea Giavon The possibility to have people who work in proximity allows also another effect that is what I call the “multiplier” that is, the possible things to develop and/or design are more than the algebric sum of the separate realities. This need led us then to define the functional requirements together the designers of the various laboratories that are part of new construction.

tion for the furniture industry, the food sector, microbiology included, with the area dedicated the environment as a superposition of two distinct realities so far and now in the merging process. This is what a willingness to share, business risk, and trust was inaugurated with an event managed in a very accurate way and prepared by those who work at CATAS. It is understandable in this framework the CATAS story told by “young engineer”, who alone started the activity of the Institute more than 40 years ago, is interrupted by a moment of great emotion that has the depth of a life past here, made up above all of past and present faces. Touching also the presence of many people coming from far away, who wanted to share such an important moment for us. The writer, who has now passed the canonical age, has experienced this with great emotion and without hiding it.

The result of this process and work has now materialized into two floors of approximately 1400 m2 each. The ground floor houses the formaldehyde section, the big room where the chambers are arranged for emissions, the surface section and the one of wood related microbiology. The first floor is reserved for the analitical sec-

This new physical building is the indispensable tool for the extensive planning that we have ant it is the rigth location for the new possibilities that will come knocking and/or we will look for.

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Il CATAS tra internazionalizzazione, CATAS price list for 2012 has been published innovazione e realtĂ  quotidiana Franco Staff CATAS Bulian Like every year, CATAS has prepared and published the price list for the following year. This document can be considered a real working tool as it contains various information regarding even the names and contacts of the CATAS technicians for the various activities and needs. Also the 2012 price list is sent in digital format like the first experience of 2011. We can remind that this change, which also covers the newsletter of our Institute, reflects the objective of CATAS to minimize the use of paper involving some practical benefits already successfully experimented by many of our customers. The first advantage is the fact that the price list is going to be sent to all the mail addresses of the CATAS database. Thus, both the price list and the newsletter can be simultaneously received by more people of the same organization. In this regard, we invite all companies to report back any additional e-mail addresses for inclusion in our database. The second benefit comes from the ease procedure with which you can find a test within the digital file. Using the “Searchâ€? command of the Adobe Reader program, you can type the item of interest or even the reference standard, thus obtaining

the desired response in few seconds. The use of a digital format easily overcomes the difficulty of tracing a test within the printed version due to the large number of methods. As already mentioned, in addition to the test section, the CATAS price list contains also information on other services of our Institute. We would like to highlight in particular the section dedicated to training courses. These courses are devoted to basic topics that may be requested at any time to CATAS. They can also be provided outside the institute, in companies or associations premises. In addition to courses, the price list includes also detailed information about our product certification procedure, the CATAS Quality Award. CATAS began the product certification activity in 1992 and up to now we have exceeded the 100 certified products being continuously growing. The price list will display the various certifications CATAS on which is active with the indication of costs and activities.

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The list of fire prevention activities Gli appartamenti - palestra has been updated According to the slogan “Less paper, more safety,” the Presidential Decree of 1st August 2011, No 151, amending the procedures for fire prevention in several ways such as, for example, project evaluation, control commands by the Provincial Fire Brigades and the periodic renewal of conformity, was published in the Official Gazette No. 221 of 21-09-2011. The provisions of the decree within the scope of measures to simplify procedures and therefore the relationship between business operators/citizens and government institutions. For the first time the setting of the decree is founded on the principle of proportionality according to which administrative formalities are varied depending on the size and sector in which the company and the actual need to protect the public interests relating to fire safety. To this aim, therefore, the old lists of activities subjected to fire prevention controls, contained in the D.P.R. No 689 of 1959 and Ministerial Decree 16-02-1982 have been withdrawn and now replaced by a new, updated version, which divides activities into three categories: A (low risk), B (medium risk) and C (high risk). These are identified by size, activity sector and by the existence of specific technical regulations. For each category different procedures are defined and in particular for categories A and B are much simpler than the previous ones. For those resulting in A category, for example, the activity can begin after presenting the SUAP (Sportello Unico per le Attività Produttive) the SCIA (Segnalazione Certificata di Inizio Attività) which is attached to the technical documentation (sworn, certifications/declarations evidence for fire protection, technical report, drawings). In this case the compliance opinion of the

Fire Brigades is no longer required and therefore the certificate of fire prevention is no longer issued. A major role is assigned to the experts on the lists of the Home Office, called upon to assert compliance with the safety standards of installed products and systems, so relieving the Provincial Fire Brigades Commands by an excess workload due to less dangerous activities.

Franco Prete Sara Zanchiello

not be certified or approved (see Ministerial Circular No. P 8964122/1 of 6th June 2004); - if the chair is used in other areas of the hotel (for example bedrooms and conference rooms), may be sold only if it is approved 1.IM class or certified (in the same class) for that particular supply, but this limitation is applied only if they can sleep more than 25 people in that hotel. The company, therefore, with this type of client should ask the following questions: 1) is the final destination of supply an activity subjected to fire

prevention controls? 2) if so, is this activity regulated by a specific decree? 3) if so, is the product to be supplied subjected to fire reaction? 4) if it is, do I need to provide homologation or would certify the supply only? To answer the first question you should consult the list of activities subjected to fire prevention in Annex I of the D.M. No 151, in particular the activities 65 - 66 - 67 - 68 - 69 - 71 - 72 and 78 that are recalled in the box. Note that for the first time are cited or otherwise identified more clearly the gyms (activity

This article does not enter into the specificity of new bureaucratic procedures, but they highlight some important issues that affect CATAS clients as suppliers of “fire” products or those intended to be installed and used in activities under the control of the Fire Brigades. It is important that the supplier fully understands what are the procedures to be observed to meet the requirements that the “law” requires in such cases. The first analysis, therefore, shall take into account the type of product and the type of activity to which it is intended. For example, if an upholstered chair has to be used in a hotel, be aware that: - if the chair is used in the dining room/breakfast room, it shall 7


Franco Prete Bulian

The Il CATAS list of tra fireinternazionalizzazione, prevention activities innovazionehas e realtĂ  beenquotidiana updated ANNEX 1

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CATEGORY

CATEGORY

CATEGORY

A

B

C

Up to 200 people.

More than 200 people.

ACTIVITY

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Entertainment premises, sports centers, public and private gyms with a capacity greater than 100 people or a surface area exceeding 200 m2.

66

Hotels, motels, hotel resorts, tourist-hotel residences, student residences, tourist villages, agrotouristic accommodation, youth hostels, mountain refuges, bed and breakfasts, dormitories, guest houses with more than 25 beds.

Up to 50 beds.

More than 50 beds and up to 100 beds.

More than 100 beds.

67

Schools of any level, grade and type, colleges, academies with more than 100 attending people. Nurseries with over 30 people attended.

Up to 150 people.

More than 150 people and up to 300 people.

More than 300 people.

68

Health facilities, old people homes with more than 25 beds.

Up to 50 beds.

Up to 100 beds.

More than 100 beds.

69

Commercial premises, trade fairs and exhibition centers with a surface area exceeding 400 m2.

Up to 600 m .

More than 600 m2 and up to 1.500 m2.

More than 1.500 m2.

71

Office buildings with more than 300 people.

Up to 500 people.

More than 500 people and up to 800 people.

More than 800 people.

72

Buildings open to the public, designed to contain libraries and archives, museums, galleries and exhibitions (Decree January 22, 2004, No 42).

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Buildings and/or complex buildings for commercial use and/or industrial buildings characterized by promiscuity.

77

Domestic buildings with a height greater than 24 m.

78

Terminals, train stations, maritime stations with a surface area accessible to the public greater than 5.000 m2. Subways with whole or partial underground route.

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All.

Up to 32 m.

Up to 500 units or up to 6.000 m2.

More than 500 units or up to 6.000 m2.

More than 32 m and up to 54 m.

More than 54 m.

All.


Franco Prete 65), bed & breakfast (66), day nurseries (67), old people homes (68), fair buildings (69), air terminals and railway stations (78). For the second question it is useful to check what are the specific decrees in force (see box); if there is a ministerial decree, is indispensable to read the technical annex, in particular the one concerning the fire reaction of materials in which the products and their requirements (minimum class required) are listed. Finally, the fourth question must be considered. We must immediately clarify that the two options are not at the discretion of the manufacturer/supplier, but they respond to the legislation scheme that distinguishes serial products, which must always be approved, those made only on request (una tantum) for which the test certificate issued according to art. 10 of Ministerial Decree of 26-06-1984 (procedure not for homologation) is sufficient. All these aspects can not ignore, however, the joint assessment with the customer who remains the responsible subject for the proper implementation of all safety measures in its activities. So these will have to consider their own activity and will apply the adequate measures through its consultant, a fire

prevention expert. But often it does not happen and the correct request is received when it is too late, after that the supply occurred. The advice may be given in these cases is to always ask the customer, from the first contact, if he needs a fire reaction certificate and, if it proves unwilling, it is recommended to protect the supplier in writing that the product being delivered shall not be targeted to those areas in which fire reaction requirements are mandatory. In fact, in the opinion of a lawyer, the fact that the law requires the homologation for certain products in certain activities or, where applicable, the so-called ad hoc certification, before their placing on the market, does not relieve the producer/provider to ignore these laws. The Decree No 151 came into force on 7th October 2011. The text of all decrees cited and attachments can be viewed and freely downloaded from our site www.catas.com, menu Activities - Fire reaction - Fire Prevention - Fire Prevention Documents.

ITALIAN LEGISLATION ON FIRE REACTION. LIST OF THE MAIN ACTIVITIES FOR WHICH THE USE OF APPROVED MATERIALS IS MANDATORY. • Buildings of historic and artistic interest used as museums, galleries and exhibitions (Decree 20-05-1992, n. 569) • Schools (Decree 26-08-1992) • Hotels, motels, hotel resorts etc. (Decree 09-04-1994 modified by D.M. 06-10-2003) • Buildings of historic and artistic interest used as libraries and archives (D.M. 30-06-1995, n. 418) • Sport facilities (D.M. 18-03-1996) • Entertainment premises (D.M. 19-08-1996) • Health facilities (D.M. 18-09-2002) • Office buildings (D.M. 22-02-2006) • Commercial premises (D.M. 27-07-2010)

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The European Directive (IED) 2010/75/EU on industrial emissions Margherita Tiberio and Bianca Maria Scalet Margherita Tiberio - Province of Udine Bianca Maria Scalet - European Commission, European EIPPC Bureau, Joint Research Centre (JRC) - Seville The IPPC (AIA), which is the current implementation of Directive 2008/1/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC), represents the single administrative act authorizing the operation of industrial plants, high pollution potential in size and/or characteristics, atmospheric emissions, water discharges, management, disposal and recycling of waste generated by the plants, in order to achieve a high level of environmental protection in accordance with the requirements of Title III Part Two bis of Legislative Decree 3 April 2006, No 152

and its amendments. The new EU directive on industrial emissions (IED) 2010/75/ EU, entered into force on the 6th of January 2011, will replace within the 7th January 2013 (date set for its implementation in the member countries), the IPPC Directive 2008/1/EC recast into a single legal text, seven sectoral directives and engaging in “IPPC system”, new types of industrial plants, including those burning thermal power between 20 and 50 MW, the preservation of wood and of wood products with chemicals with a production capacity exceeding 75 m3 per day, wood-based panels production (OSB, particle board or MDF), excluding plywood, with a production capacity exceeding 600 m3 per day and other activities using volatile organic compounds covered by the the VOC Solvents Emissions Directive 1999/13/EC. The Directive aims to ensure common IED implementing in10

side European Union by introducing common laws and administrative simplifications, reducing the bureaucratic burden on operators and standardizing the requirements for environmental performance for industrial installations in order to prevent, reduce and as far as possible eliminate, pollution in compliance with the “polluter pays” principle and the principle of pollution prevention. The ultimate goal is to ensure, under economic conditions, cleaner production through careful management of natural resources and the implementation of preventive strategies for the optimization of integrated products and processes, in order to minimize emissions into the environment and to avoid

the transfer of pollutants from a matrix to another. The Directive provides for a close review of the IED permits issued, an intensification of self-control and supervision over the planning of inspections with a frequency proportional to the risk of the sites and the inclusion of specific requirements regarding the closure and remediation upon of their closing. The application of the Directive IED, similar to IPPC, focuses on the identification of technological standards and management criteria represented by the best available techniques (BAT), which is of proven technologies, not only process, but also design, management and disposal, which are the most effective in achieving a high level of environmental protection as a whole and can be applied in the industrial sector concerned, so it is feasible from both technical and economic point of view.


Margherita Tiberio and Bianca Maria Scalet The European Commission, in order to identify the BAT on the basis of an exchange of information among representatives of the Member States, European industry associations and NGOs, established since 1996 a special office at the Community Centre for Research in Seville, the EIPPCB (European Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Bureau), which coordinates the activities of the technical working groups (Technical Working Group - TWGs), one for each industrial sector involved in the application of the Directive, responsible for the preparation of reference documents called BREF (BAT Reference documents) that describe the state of the art in the various industrial sectors and their environmental standards (emission levels achievable) linked to the application of best available techniques. The results of the activities and technical documents prepared at various stages of their development, are published and made available on the website http://eippcb.jrc.es. The documents formally adopted until the entry into force of the new directive 2010/75/EU (Formally Adopted BREF) are a tool for dissemination of knowledge on the use and comparison of industrial processes and provide a support to the competent authorities in the assessment of best available available for the implementation of IPPC legislation in Europe. The reference documents (B) REF are divided into two main categories, one related to topics that are common to most industrial sectors such as those relating to economic and environmental assessments (Economics and Cross-Media Effects) and environmental monitoring, and ‘ other related specifically to each industry or, in some cases, to an industrial process applied by several sectors (e.g. waste water and common waste gas, industrial cooling systems, surface treatment using organic solvents), with description of various processes, the best techniques available applicable, emerging technologies, the ranges of emission-EFTA BAT (BAT Associated Emission Levels), achievable by the application of BAT and representative of the performance that a technology can provide. Within the IPCC, the European Commission found, however, that often the permits issued do not fully reflect, without justification, the implementation of BAT reference documents described in the BREF specific. At the end of a more rigorous implementation of BAT in the Directive IED the innovative concept of “findings of BAT (BAT Conclusions)” is introduced which are papers, containing the conclusions of the BREF specifically on the identification of BAT and levels emission and performance (Associated performance levels) associated with them (BAT and BAT-AEL-APL), both in terms of emissions and consumption of resources. The levels reported in BAT Conclusions are intended to define the minimum requirements at EU level. These papers assume a key role in the process of issuing permits becoming mandatory because the emission limit values, prescribed by the competent authority, shall not exceed the BAT-AEL referred to therein. The competent authority may fix emission limit values that deviate from BAT-AEL explaining, in an annex to the authorization, the reasons for the application of any exemptions, to ensure that there is no major pollution events, a high level of environmental protection is obtained and that it has to be demonstrated through the monitoring results, that under nor-

mal operating conditions the same emissions do not exceed the emission levels associated with best available techniques adopted in the “BAT Conclusions”. The ability to waive the application of emission limit values equal to or less than the BAT-AEL is related to the determination of whether costs are disproportionate to the environmental benefits, particularly due to the geographical location of the plant or local environmental conditions, or to technical characteristics of the installation. Since the beginning of the preparation of reference documents (1996) to date, following the first publication of the IPPC Directive (1996/61/EU), the Commission adopted a total of 33 BREFs that need to be periodically reviewed and updated in relation the development of BAT. The Commission intends to establish a review period of approximately eight years. So far, it has completed the review of three documents: Cement, lime and magnesium oxide (CLM BREF), Glass (GLS BREF), Iron and steel (IS BREF), the adoption of CLM BREF took place under the IPPC 2008 / 1/CE, while GLS BREF and IS BREF were the first documents to be adopted under the new directive 2010/75/EC; its BAT Conclusions have received a favorable vote by the State Committee Members November 21, 2011. As regards the activity of production of wood-based panels (oriented fiber, particle board or fiber) included in the Directive IED, has been recently established the Technical Working Group (TWG) for the preparation of the BREF WBP (WoodBased panels). The kick-off meeting was held in Seville on days 8 to 10 November 2011. The working group is currently composed of 70 members representing 22 European Union Countries, 1 candidate country member (Turkey), the European associations (European Panel Federation, the European Federation of wet process fibreboard manufacturers, the European Confederation of woodworking industries, etc..), environmental NGOs (European Environmental Bureau) and the European Commission. At any time new members of the working group in addition to or replacing existing ones may be appointed either by representatives of member countries (Ministry of Environment) and through industry associations in the sector (Business Europe and the national associations affiliated). In short, the report for the kick-off meeting should be made available at http://eippcb.jrc.es/reference/. In the coming months (not before 6 months), the EIPPCB will collect the information necessary for preparation of the initial draft document, which is estimated to be submitted to the TWG for comment in early 2013. At this stage the contribution of the TWG is crucial, in particular by providing data on the plant that may qualify the performance of the techniques applied in terms of environmental benefits associated with the operating conditions, costs and any other evidence to establish the ‘applicability of the technique in question. All information deemed suitable for the preparation of the BREF WBP dall’EIPPCB will be considered, although not coming directly from the TWG. The totality of the information received dall’EIPPCB is shared among the members of the TWG by a specific information space (BATIS: BAT Information System) for members. A second draft of the BREF WBP will be prepared on the basis 11


The European Directive (IED) 2010/75/EU on Il CATAS tra internazionalizzazione, industrial innovazione e realtàemissions quotidiana Margherita Tiberio and Bianca Maria Scalet Franco Bulian of comments received and will be used for the preparation of the final meeting during which will be discussed in particular the BAT Conclusions and related emission levels associated with them (BAT-AELs). The Directive also merges 2010/75/EU and 99/13/EC Directive (Directive “Solvents”) by establishing in Annex VII the thresholds of consumption and the emission limits for the different activities that use volatile organic solvents. However, the system of integrated environmental authorization that is the basis of 2010/75/EU Directive applies to installations which exceed the thresholds defined in Annex I, class 6.7, ie plants with a capacity of solvent consumption organic than 150 kg / hour or greater than 200 tons / year. For such plants, the emission limits must be established on the basis of BAT and BAT Conclusions- AELs that will be defined during the review of the STS BREF reference document (surface treatment using organic solvents). In the specific case of the production of wood-based panels,

only those activities that are an integral part of the production cycle, which usually are performed in the same production site will be duly considered and described in the BREF WBP in BAT Conclusions. Any other activities, usually carried out separately from the cycle of production of wood-based panels, and making use of organic solvents will be discussed in the STS BREF document horizontally. The category of activities mentioned in clause 6.10 of Annex I of Directive 2010/75/EU on the conservation dl wood by chemicals with a production capacity of more than 75 m3/day, will be a new document reference WPC BREF. The creation of a working group (TWG) and the beginning of the drafting of the document are planned for 2012.

Bibliography • DIRECTIVE 2010/75/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL • of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions (integrated pollution prevention and control). • DIRECTIVE 2008/1/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL • of 15 January 2008 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control. • D.Lgs. 3 aprile 2006, n. 152 così come modificato dal D.Lgs. 29 giugno 2010, n.128. • Spinetti, R., Trotta, N.V., Gasparrini, G.(2010) La nuova di Direttiva sulle emissioni degli impianti industriali. Ambiente & Sviluppo. • Report from the Commission on the implementation of Directive 2008/1/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and control and Directive 1999/13/EC on the limitation of emissions of volatile organic compounds due to the use of organic solvents in certain activities and installations.

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Continues the successful activity of the Gli appartamenti - palestra Federlegno Wood Expert Registry Federlegno, the Italian Federation of wood and furniture industry, has promoted since few years, the Wood Expert Registry. The Registry was created with the intent to be a valuable reference tool for anyone who needs to find a technical consultant in the wood and furniture sector whose skills are recognized by an independent scientific body. The Registry is open to all companies, courts, commercial operators, the technical departments of public and private body and also to final consumers. The Registry is managed by an Operating Committee appointed by the Board of Directors of the Federation, whose activities are organized by specific rules. The Committee is composed of prominent personalities in the specific field with expertises in different areas of scientific, regulatory and legal issues. The main function of the Committee is to identify and select, in the face of rigorous examinations held twice a year, the technicians who may be admitted to the Registry. The Committee activity, however, is not only limited to exa-

Sara Zanchiello Staff CATAS

mine the candidates, but promotes a continuous updating of the members listed in the Registry with the organization of a series of courses and seminars specifically devoted to them. Over the years several meetings have been dedicated to in-depth technical, regulatory and legal issues. The latest evidence of this activity has been a one-day course on adhesives and coatings organized at the headquarters of Federlegno in Milan on the 26th October 2011. The teaching was given by prof. Franco Bulian of CATAS also member of the Registry Operating Committee. From the matter presented above, it is important to stress the originality of this initiative, which, in addition to meet the need to find out competent experts, also demonstrates a “dynamic� value as the preparation of the members is constantly updated to the continuous and often sudden changes of this important market sector.

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A proposal for a new class for formaldehyde Il CATAS tra internazionalizzazione, emission from wood based panels. The E1-plus innovazione e realtà quotidiana Franco Bulian The meeting of the Working Group 5 (dangerous substances) of the Technical Committee CEN TC 112 has experienced a significant participation of national delegates (25 members) as a result of the importance of the main topic under discussion, being the revision of EN 13986. The harmonized standard EN 13986 refers to the CE marking of woodbased panels for the building (construction) sector and, in this regard, the TC 112 and its WG 13 had already agreed to establish a new class for formaldehyde emission based on the value of 0,080 mg/m3 (0.065 ppm) with the chamber method (EN 717-1).

are highly variable. This means that every production declared in class E1-plus would have its own QCL (quality control limit) derived from correlation studies carried out with the gas analysis of with the perforator on direct responsibility of the manufacturer. This system is also adopted by the California Rules of CARB

The experts of WG 5 were then asked to propose a name for this new class and to indicate the correlation limits for derived methods, i.e.

the gas analysis (EN 717-2) and the perforator (EN 120). It was decided to call this new class E1-plus. The reason is that many national laws, including the Italian, establish the exclusive use of E1 class panels. With the new classification the “E1” is therefore evident as the laws require, with and additional “plus” to distinguish it from the previous class. It was also decided not to put any limit for the derived methods, as global correlations below the E1 class

certification. The matter presented above has still the character of a mere proposal and will be published only after the necessary mandatory steps. It is important, however, the Italian market becomes aware of this possible evolution submitting any comments in the appropriate commissions or preparing for a possible future change of the scenarios on this subject.

Class E2 ≤ 0,3 mg/m3 (≤ 0,24 ppm) Class E1 ≤ 0,124 mg/m3 (≤ 0,10 ppm) Class E1-plus ≤ 0,080 mg/m3 (≤ 0,065 ppm) The three classes as defined in the draft revision of standard EN 13986. 14


Obligations for timber trade operators Gli appartamenti - palestra

Sara Alice Zanchiello Santi

Alice Santi graduated in 2011 with an experimental thesis on thermal conductivity of wood-based floors carried out at CATAS laboratories. She is currently attending a training at a company specialized in timber trading.

From the 3rd of March 2013 a EU regulation aimed at operators at the basis of the wood and wood products supply chain comes into force. Importers and retailers will be then required to produce adequate traceability documentation for wood products, similar to those imposed in the food sector. The obligation imposed by this Regulation, EU 995/2010, was born from the need to prevent illegal logged timber marketing. Importing companies will be required to apply the Due Diligence system of by making available information on: • trade name product; • Country of production; • quantity of imported material; • documents establishing the conformity of the products. They shall also carry out an assessment on wood and derived products about the risk they are illegally marketed. Retailers have the sole obligation to maintain adequate documentation about suppliers and clients to whom they sell the material for a minimum period of five years. In case of non-compliance, companies will be subjected to penalties, which may include: • financial penalties; • seizure of wood or derived products; • immediate suspension of the trading authorization. The severity of the measure is proportional to the environmental damage, to the value of wood or derived products, to the tax losses and to the economic damage resulting from the rules violation. The entire document can be directly consulted on the home-page website of the Official Journal of the European Union, indicating 2010 as publication year, the letter L as a GU series and 295 as the number of interest (where GU stands for Gazzetta Ufficiale).

Paolo Balutto

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Franco Bulian

A new working group “Finishes for Wood� has been established by UNI

The 12th October 2011 has been the kick off day for the new standardization working group established by the UNI Wood Committee. The goal of this working group is to represent a reference point for all the sectors in which wood, or derived materials, are subjected to finishing processes for protective and decorative purposes.

The main areas in which the working group will operate include the following: - finishing processes for wood for outdoor use; - furniture finishing processes; - floor finishing processes; - finishing processes for interior building materials (doors, etc.).

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The participation is open in particular to coating producers and users which can also consider the meetings of this working group as an opportunity for dialogue and growth on standardization issues. The inclusion of the finishing processes of various products within a single committee tends to facilitate comparisons and synergies between different sectors. This latter aspect is particularly sensible for the market because, at present, the existing committees, also at a international level, are generally almost exclusively attended and managed by the manufacturers of the products specifically considered. The group will also work in parallel with the following national and international committees: - CEN/TC 207/WG 7 and UNI Furniture Committee; - CEN/TC 139/WG 2 and UNICHIM Committee on paints and varnishes; - CEN/TC 175 and UNI Wood Committee; - CEN/TC 351 (Assessment of release of dangerous substances). The preparatory meeting was attended by more than twenty people and the richness of the agenda has suggested a specific scheduling of activities since the first official meeting for early next year.


Assigned to CATAS the secretariat of the working group WG 22 of CEN TC 38 Andrea Giavon and Franco Bulian Sara Zanchiello (AREA SCIENCE PARK) During the recent plenary meeting of CEN Technical Committee TC 38 (Durability of wood and wood-based products), the delegates of the 8 countries represented: Sweden, United Kingdom, Denmark, France, Germany, Austria, Spain and Italy, have unanimously agreed to the resolution of assigning the Convenor (coordinator) of the Working Group WG 22 to Elena Conti of CATAS.

Dr. Elena Conti, biologist, is working at CATAS since 2002. She was employeed with the aim to start up a new biological section for evaluating the effectiveness of the protective treatments of wood according to European standards. She is now the head of this section, which over time has expanded its activity from biological tests on wood to those on other materials used in building and furnishings like fabrics, polymers, insulating materials, panels. In addition to the laboratory activities, including the implementation of quality procedures for granting and maintaining of the accreditation, Dr. Conti has been involved for years in standardization activities at national level as a member of the UNI GL 2 of Wood Committee and at the European level, as a member of several working groups of TC 38. WG 22 “Performance - Assessment and specifications (Treated wood - wood preservatives)”, previously coordinated by Prof. Horst Hertel of BAM Institute of Berlin, is responsible for developing and reviewing European

standards for protective treatment of wood, in particular to establish the evaluation criteria and performance requirements. Among the standards under the responsibility of this group the EN 599-1 “Efficacy of preventive wood preservatives as determined by biological tests - Specification according to use class”, that determines the biolo-

gical tests shall pass for wood preservatives in order to meet the efficacy requirements in relation to classes of intended use, is of particular importance because of its implications with the Biocides Directive 98/8 EC. Other standards assigned to WG 22 concern the specifications for treatments of wood infested by fungi or insects. The role of the convenor is to coordinate the activities of the group according to the work program assigned by the TC, in this case the TC 38. In addition to organize and coordinate group meetings, the responsibility of the convenor is especially that to examine the standards subjected to systematic revision, propose new work items and report on the activities of the group in the plenary meetings. By its nature, a working group within CEN is asked to carry out the work assigned by the parent body (Tech17


Assigned to CATAS the secretariat of the working group WG 22 of CEN TC 38 Staff CATAS

nical Committee) and its participation is restricted to industry experts appointed by the national standards bodies. This appointment underlines in particular the level of competence achieved by CATAS, in this case with the person of Dr. Conti. The recognition also has an even greater value because all the other countries present at the meeting expressed great satisfaction with the choice. The standardization work is primarily the result of the will of experts, institutions and companies to devote business and personal resources without apparent immediate return. The active participation in national and international standards committees is in fact proper of the most far-sighted companies whose long-term vision is to have a privileged position of knowledge, preparation and anticipation. Being protagonists of the proper future and representing the interests and needs especially of the national sector involved, makes extremely meritorious the participation in standardization activities. In this line CATAS has always been at the forefront and the appointment of Dr. Conti is an example in this regard as well as an important milestone for the Institute and a definite source of pride. Well done Elena and good job!

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Published the book “Materiali e tecnologie dell’industria del mobile” (“Materials and technologies of the furniture industry”)

Staff CATAS

The vice-director of Catas, Dr. Franco Bulian, has recently published a new book that describes the features and the processes associated with wood, wood based panels, covering materials, edges, adhesives and coatings. The composition of each material is firstly examined. Then the book presents their properties, uses, working procedures and finally the main defects to which they can be subject. The book is designed as a text for the course that Dr. Bulian held at the University of Trieste, but the basics primarily derive by the same cultural experiences at CATAS. The following is the brief presentation of the book edited by the Director of CATAS, Dr. Andrea Giavon.

description, for each material, of the test methods used to evaluate performance and suitability for the end-use, through the main Italian and European technical standards. The success of a product passes through the knowledge, the old verbal transmission, from father to son, to the present situation through the study of books that tell the story and the current technical knowledge; this text has this specific purpose.

Presentation The Italian furniture industry has an important story, not only to tell, but also to continue to live as an absolute protagonist. Despite the great changes we are experiencing, the most interesting technological developments still undoubtedly go through Europe with Italy as undisputed leader. This situation derives from the evidence that in the last thirty years all tangible developments, the most important ideas, technologies and knowledge, more or less successful, have been integral parts of the culture “of furniture manufacturing”, unknown to many, but representing the solid basis of what is considered as the second Italian industrial sector. The scenario described above has been characterized for a long time by a constant movement and constant evolution, considering obvious its ability to survive and regenerate itself. But now we are passing through a generational change that, moving on completely different dynamics, needs a moment of deep reflection in which to consider the current technical situation, the “state of the art” if I can use this common expression. This publication of my friend and colleague Franco plays today this indispensable role, to record a distillation of knowledge, techniques and experiences, along with many of these shared at CATAS, which otherwise would be very difficult and expensive to search and find out to multiple and often unknown sources. The publication is also characterized by a format that makes it very modern. It is addressed to students, but it is useful also for other different subjects in this industrial sector. Its aim is, in fact, to give them a complete overview of the complexity of the product they are dealing with, producing or selling. This ability of the book derives in particular in the

I want to close this brief presentation with a little advice for the wonderful students of our universities: close your laptop for a while and open this book, you will find that is something worth the effort.

The text is available at bookshops or at: www.edizionigoliardiche.it

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Staff CATAS

CATAS team to the Udine 2011 Telethon relay race

For the first year CATAS sponsored a team to the Telethon relay race 24x1hour in Udine. The team of 24 athletes was composed for more than half by CATAS technicians and for the rest by athletes of the Udine sports gym Fitness Island. Here you are with an image of the CATAS athletes who took part to the relay race; each of them run for 1 hour starting from Friday the 16th of December at 17.00 until Saturday the 17th at 17.00. The relay race is for charity purpose, as each sponsor collects 5 â‚Ź per km run. Well done!

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Title GLUING WOOD Author Alberto Bandel Editor CATAS SpA

Purchase CATAS (lab@catas.com) CATAS Subscriber € 35,00 + IVA Non CATAS Subscriber € 45,00 + IVA

Gluing Wood was written by dr. Alberto Bandel, one of the greatest European experts in the field of wood adhesives thecnology. Since the first edition (1994), the book has represented a good theoretical basis but, moreover, a significant working tool for all the manufacturers. The book is written in a simple style, with many practical examples, pictures and tables. The collaboration with CATAS (and in particular with ing. Speranza, dr. Giavon and dr. Bulian), especially for the normative parts, has completed the book also with some useful references to test methods and standards. The book is divided into three chapters: Adhesives in the wood Industry- Materials in the Wood Industry and Gluing Technologies) which contain different pharagraphs about subjects related both to the raw materials and the working processes.

Title THREE DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF WOOD. A scanning Electron Microscope Study Authors B.A. Meylan and B.G. Butterfield Purchase CATAS (lab@catas.com) (Italian translation by Angelo Speranza) CATAS Subscriber € 25,00 + IVA Editor CATAS SpA Non CATAS Subscriber € 45,00 + IVA This book is a collection of scanning electron microscope photographs selected to illustrate various features of the structure of wood. Althought is intended to supplement general plant anatomy texts for Botany and Foresty students at the upergraduate level, it should also be useful work for anyone interested in wood science. The lists of further reading included in each section contain only general texts and revelant paper on each topic.

Title WOOD COATINGS. THEORY AND PRACTICE Authors Franco Bulian and Jon Graystone Language English Editor Elsevier

Purchase Specialised bookstores Internet web sites: www.elsevier.com, www.amazon.com

Wood Coatings, written by Franco Bulian (CATAS) and Jon Graystone (Paint Research Association) addresses the factors responsible for the performance of wood coatings in both domestic and industrial situations. The term ‘wood coatings’ covers a broad range of products including stains, varnishes, paints and supporting ancillary products that may be used indoors or outdoors. Techniques for coating wood go back many centuries but in recent decades there has been a move towards more environmentally-friendly materials, for example, the use of water-borne rather than solvent-borne chemicals. A major objective of Wood Coatings is to explain the underlying factors that influence selection, application and general operational issues. Basic information on the chemistry and technology of coatings is included for the benefit of students and laboratory technicians. Additionally, the book includes individual chapters of interest to architects, specifiers, and industrial users.

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