INDUSTRIAL DESIGN 2018
A protective garment for volcanic pollution
V T tr th e
Volcanic eruptions pollute the air with toxic gases and heavy ashfall
Volcanic eruptions pose a huge threat to the health of surrounding communities. The air becomes polluted with toxic gases and volcanic ash that have the ability to ravel thousands of kilometers from the eruption. Although evacuations take place, he ash and gases still affect an incredibly wide range of the communities outside of evacuation zones.
people live within the potential exposure range of a volcano
deaths ocurred in the 20th century alone due to volcanic pollution
+ Volcanic Pollution
Health hazards due to volcanic pollu
ABRASIVE TO THE SKIN
Breathing in ash causes respiratory problems such as coughing, wheezing, throat irritation, shortness of breath, silicosis disease, and increases bronchitic symptoms.
Volcanic ash is made up of small fragments of rock that are abrasive to the skin. Continuous contact with the skin can cause irritation, rashes, and infections.
Both ash and acid rain from absorbed gases ca cause skin and eye irritation, which leads to infections and acute conjuctivitis.
(Jim Shelton / The Spokesman-Review)
REDUCED VISIBILITY Ash and gas particles in the air create volcanic smog, heavily impacting visibility. Roads and air traffic become dangerous.
01 Emergency Portable Shelter
02 Transformative Jacket
3 Protective Poncho
(Photo Archive / The Spokesman-Review)
(J. Bart Rayniak)
CONSTRUCTION + PROTOTYPING Muslin prototype Dozens of initial prototypes were made until a design was finalized through user testing to meet the needs for both form and function.
TRATO, an outerwear garment designed to protect wearers from armful volcanic pollutants such as hazardous gases + heavy ash fall.
PROTECTING BODY FROM VOLCANIC POLLUTION
Nylon ripstop material is used to lightweight, durab The fabric protect having low friction resistant.
The poncho protects the userâ€™s body from falling ash as a plastic poncho would for rain. The hood prevents ash from falling onto the userâ€™s face/eyes. The sleeves are open to allow for mobility, but are adjustable for more or less protection.
o make the garment ble and tear resistant. ts the skin from ash by n and being abrasion
PROTECTING LUNGS FROM ASH AND GAS
Activa layers airborn chemic and ga
Respiratory fits the natu of the face the nose an
A respiratory mask is bu to protect the userâ€™s lun on/taken off with the us Elastic is sewn into the b mask streamlined and s
ated carbon cloth filter out harmful ne particles and cals such as ash as
y mask ural curve and protects nd mouth
uilt into the poncho ngs. It is easily put se of a side zipper. back to keep the snug to the face.
INCREASING VISIBILITY FOR SAFETY
Reflective 3M trim is used to line and emphasiz userâ€™s figure. This helps to ea reflect light in low light cond making the figure more visib safety.
Reflective 3M is also incorpo reflectivity.
Ashfall creates a blanket of volcanic smog that blocks sunlight and heavily reduces visibility. This becomes a safety hazard, especially for pedestrians on heavily populated roads.
ze the asily ditions, ble for
M cording orated for extra
ADJUSTABILITY FOR COMFORT
Metal snaps are featured on the sides to create sleeves, bringing more security around the arms. The snapâ€™s trim also incorporates reflective 3M material.
Durable cords and cord locks are used to adjust the hood and side sleeves to help ensure the fit of the garment according to the magnitude of protection the wearer wants.
REVERSABLE FOR WEARABILITY
The poncho is reversible with the dark grey side worn when the wearer needs protection, and the burgundy side for casual wear.
It is important for the poncho not only to serve as a protective garment but also as one that can be wearable for every day use. This way the user is more likely to have it on hand for when protection is needed. It also gives the garment more of a practical use.
A hidden pocket is exposed on the reverse side of the poncho. The pocket is on the outside to allow easy access. When the grey side is worn, the pocket is hidden on the interior, adding an extra layer of protection to personal items from the ash.
VOLVE ANNA LU + JAKOB KUKULA
+ Presented at NASAâ€™s Wearable Technology Symposium Johnson Space Center
A stress detector + reliever for astronauts
SPACE IS STRESSFUL In space and aboard the ISS, astronauts are constantly exposed to high stress situations where peaks of stress can come at any time. Having to perform difficult and important tasks every day, astronauts must be able to anticipate this stress and be able to remain calm without disrupting their work.
Volve aims to help astronauts detect + relieve their stress
Device detects high peaks in stress through biosensors
Vibrations are sent out to notify the user in a noninvasive way
Patterned vibrations guide the user through breathing Vibrations = breathe in Pause in = breathe out vibrations
4. Relieves Deep breathing helps reduce stress. Vibrations continue until stress levels lower
Where on the body is the best place for the device?
Deciding the placement of the device required a quick prototype mockup to user test with. An arduino programmed vibration motor is sewn into a strip of fabric. The fabric has four way stretch, allowing for easy adjustment to different body parts for testing.
UPPER ARM 38.1%
UPPER ARM 33.3%
VIBRATION STRENGTH CALF 19%
ANKLE WRIST 4.8%
IDEATION + PROTOTYPING
1 Sketch models
2 First 3D print 4 Semi-final
3 First sew
Biosensors are integrated in order to detect stress
Galvonic Skin Response sensor measures the conductance of the skin to detect a change in emotion.
Pulse sensor tracks the userâ€™s heartrate and bpm.
Temperature sensor measures the bodyâ€™s temperature levels.
EXPLODED VIEW LID
BLUE BEAN Bluetooth Temperature sensor Able to load code BATTERY 3V coin cell
LYCRA Four way stretch
SENSOR HOLDER Exposes sensors to the skin
VELCRO Stability Easy attachment
ANNA LU + JIL BERENBLUM + PHOENIX LAI + ESTHER CHANG
+ Lexus Design Award Shortlist + Biodesign Challenge Finalist Presented at the MoMA + Displayed at Global BioSummit // MIT Media Lab + Dispayed at New Harvest Conference // GenSpace Exhibit
A sustainable material alternative
How do we move towards a more sustainable future? As designers, we must be aware of how materiality affects consumer products. For example, plastic is an often-used material that is utilized in everything from packaging to household items.Â The problem with plastic items is that they are often quickly disposed of. Plastic takes over 450 years to degrade, which causes the material to build up in landfills.
tons of plastic is produced globally each year
of plastic is not recycled and ends up in landfills
PROCESS / EXPERIMENTATION
Experimenting with Food Waste
Playing with Chitosan
Food waste such as peels, seeds, and shells were experimented with. Food waste is both sustainable and biodegradable.
Chitosan is a biomaterial made out of crustacean shells. We took inspiration from MITâ€™s recipe and research.
Different ingr combinations and food wast in order to cre with the traits
redients and s from biology te were tested eate a material s we desired.
Combating Warping, Cracking, and Shrinkage
Ingredients were tweaked in order to avoid or mediate these results to make it more durable and reliable.
After the final ingredients were determined, hundreds of iterations were made in order to come to the final material.
MERAKI = 50% FOOD WASTE + 50% SUSTAINABLE NATURAL RESOURCES Gluten
The fibrous nature of orange peels gives the material its strong and durable structure. The peels also make up the mass of the material.
The chitin from shrimp shells can be used to create Chitosan. Chitosan with acetic acid is used as the perfect binder for all of the ingredients.
Gluten can be extracted from wheat, an abundant resource. The elasticity of gluten decreases brittleness and reduces cracking while drying.
Crickets are an abundant and sustainable source of protein. Protein powder from crickets helps add extra strength and structure to the material.
Plant protein is another sustainable and abundant protein resource and can be an alternative to cricket protein.
25% Cricket or Plant Protein
Turning waste into value
UTILIZING FOOD WASTE Over 40% of our food is thrown out and wasted. This makes food waste an abundant and cheap resource. Utilizing food waste helps recycle the waste and keep it out of landfills. Rotting food in landfills contributes to the dangerous release of greenhouse gases. Inspired by a local juice bar that was throwing out bags of orange peels, we discovered their amazing properties. After experimenting, the peels quickly became a key ingredient for our material.
Harnessing the benefits of orange peels
- Natural insecticide to keep bugs away from the fruit - Antiseptic that keeps the fruit fresh - Antimicrobial
- Natural chemical compound that contributes to its fragrance - Can be used as a solvent (paints, glues, and polystyrene)
- Outer layer is made up of cells that become thicker in the internal peel - Fibers contribute to durability and strength
- Polymer/soluble fiber found in the white layer of the orange - Holds the peel to the fruit - When activated in heat becomes gel-like substance - Helps bind ingredients together in the mixture
What are the benefits of Meraki?
By using food waste to create the material, other resources are not depleted. This also keeps the waste out of landfills, turning waste into value.
Because Meraki is made entirely out of food waste and natural resources, itâ€™s both biodegradable and compostable, taking less time to degrade.
Meraki is extremely durable and structural, making it a good material alternative to hard plastics.
It has manufac potential due moldable abilit hold both simp complex geom and is able to be drilled, and po
cturable e to its ty. It can ple and metries e sanded, olished.
Molded with complex geometries Polished Finish
A waterbottle cover + light converter
Combi is an accessory that turns your water bottle into a light Campers and hikers all know the struggle of having to carry too many items while being in the great outdoors. To help eliminate the burden, Combi is an accessory that combines two products into one. With the Combi water bottle cover, your bottle is both a water and a light source.
IDEATION + PROTOTYPING
Cord + spring lock for adjustability Rubber grip material lined on the inside to help hold cover in place Durable neoprene material. Side strap can also act as handle.
Open to allow optimal amount of light to shine through. Water refracts and disperses the light.
Light insert at the bottom to allow light to shine upwards
The cover comes with a hidden push switch to easily turn on/off the light.
Combi is designed specifically as an accessory for the Camelbak Eddy, a popular outdoor water bottle.
+SolidWorks +Keyshot +Fusion 360
Industrial Design Portfolio Pratt Institute 2018