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PRATT INSTITUTE

ANNA LU

PORTFOLIO

INDUSTRIAL DESIGN 2018


PROBLEM STATEMENT

STRATO


A protective garment for volcanic pollution


PROBLEM STATEMENT

V T tr th e


Volcanic eruptions pollute the air with toxic gases and heavy ashfall

Volcanic eruptions pose a huge threat to the health of surrounding communities. The air becomes polluted with toxic gases and volcanic ash that have the ability to ravel thousands of kilometers from the eruption. Although evacuations take place, he ash and gases still affect an incredibly wide range of the communities outside of evacuation zones.

500,000,000

people live within the potential exposure range of a volcano

~80,000

deaths ocurred in the 20th century alone due to volcanic pollution

+ Volcanic Pollution

Volcanic Ash

Toxic Gas


Health hazards due to volcanic pollu

RESPIRATORY PROBLEMS

ABRASIVE TO THE SKIN

SKIN/EYE IRRITATION

Breathing in ash causes respiratory problems such as coughing, wheezing, throat irritation, shortness of breath, silicosis disease, and increases bronchitic symptoms.

Volcanic ash is made up of small fragments of rock that are abrasive to the skin. Continuous contact with the skin can cause irritation, rashes, and infections.

Both ash and acid rain from absorbed gases ca cause skin and eye irritation, which leads to infections and acute conjuctivitis.


(Jim Shelton / The Spokesman-Review)

ution

N

n an

o

REDUCED VISIBILITY Ash and gas particles in the air create volcanic smog, heavily impacting visibility. Roads and air traffic become dangerous.


CONCEPT PROPOSALS

03

01 Emergency Portable Shelter

02 Transformative Jacket


3 Protective Poncho

(Photo Archive / The Spokesman-Review)

(J. Bart Rayniak)


CONSTRUCTION + PROTOTYPING Muslin prototype Dozens of initial prototypes were made until a design was finalized through user testing to meet the needs for both form and function.

Fabric pro


ototype


PROBLEM STATEMENT

ST ha


TRATO, an outerwear garment designed to protect wearers from armful volcanic pollutants such as hazardous gases + heavy ash fall.


PROTECTING BODY FROM VOLCANIC POLLUTION

Nylon ripstop material is used to lightweight, durab The fabric protect having low friction resistant.


The poncho protects the user’s body from falling ash as a plastic poncho would for rain. The hood prevents ash from falling onto the user’s face/eyes. The sleeves are open to allow for mobility, but are adjustable for more or less protection.

o make the garment ble and tear resistant. ts the skin from ash by n and being abrasion


PROTECTING LUNGS FROM ASH AND GAS

Activa layers airborn chemic and ga

Respiratory fits the natu of the face the nose an

A respiratory mask is bu to protect the user’s lun on/taken off with the us Elastic is sewn into the b mask streamlined and s


ated carbon cloth filter out harmful ne particles and cals such as ash as

y mask ural curve and protects nd mouth

uilt into the poncho ngs. It is easily put se of a side zipper. back to keep the snug to the face.


INCREASING VISIBILITY FOR SAFETY

Reflective 3M trim is used to line and emphasiz user’s figure. This helps to ea reflect light in low light cond making the figure more visib safety.

Reflective 3M is also incorpo reflectivity.

Ashfall creates a blanket of volcanic smog that blocks sunlight and heavily reduces visibility. This becomes a safety hazard, especially for pedestrians on heavily populated roads.


ze the asily ditions, ble for

M cording orated for extra


ADJUSTABILITY FOR COMFORT

Metal snaps are featured on the sides to create sleeves, bringing more security around the arms. The snap’s trim also incorporates reflective 3M material.

Durable cords and cord locks are used to adjust the hood and side sleeves to help ensure the fit of the garment according to the magnitude of protection the wearer wants.


REVERSABLE FOR WEARABILITY

The poncho is reversible with the dark grey side worn when the wearer needs protection, and the burgundy side for casual wear.

It is important for the poncho not only to serve as a protective garment but also as one that can be wearable for every day use. This way the user is more likely to have it on hand for when protection is needed. It also gives the garment more of a practical use.


A hidden pocket is exposed on the reverse side of the poncho. The pocket is on the outside to allow easy access. When the grey side is worn, the pocket is hidden on the interior, adding an extra layer of protection to personal items from the ash.


PROBLEM STATEMENT


STRATO


PROBLEM STATEMENT

VOLVE ANNA LU + JAKOB KUKULA

+ Presented at NASA’s Wearable Technology Symposium Johnson Space Center


A stress detector + reliever for astronauts


X

SPACE IS STRESSFUL In space and aboard the ISS, astronauts are constantly exposed to high stress situations where peaks of stress can come at any time. Having to perform difficult and important tasks every day, astronauts must be able to anticipate this stress and be able to remain calm without disrupting their work.


Volve aims to help astronauts detect + relieve their stress

–––

–––

1. Detects

2. Notifies

3. Guides

Device detects high peaks in stress through biosensors

Vibrations are sent out to notify the user in a noninvasive way

Patterned vibrations guide the user through breathing Vibrations = breathe in Pause in = breathe out vibrations

4. Relieves Deep breathing helps reduce stress. Vibrations continue until stress levels lower


USER TESTING

Where on the body is the best place for the device?

Deciding the placement of the device required a quick prototype mockup to user test with. An arduino programmed vibration motor is sewn into a strip of fabric. The fabric has four way stretch, allowing for easy adjustment to different body parts for testing.


ANKLE 23.8%

UPPER ARM 38.1%

CALF 4.8%

COMFORT

WRIST 9.5%

UPPER ARM

BACK 14.3%

WAIST 23.8%

BACK

WAIST

ANKLE 23.8%

WRIST

CALF

UPPER ARM 33.3%

VIBRATION STRENGTH CALF 19%

BACK 4.8%

ANKLE WRIST 4.8%

WAIST 14.3%


IDEATION + PROTOTYPING


1 Sketch models

2 First 3D print 4 Semi-final

3 First sew


ELECTRONICS

Biosensors are integrated in order to detect stress

Galvonic Skin Response sensor measures the conductance of the skin to detect a change in emotion.

Pulse sensor tracks the user’s heartrate and bpm.

Temperature sensor measures the body’s temperature levels.


EXPLODED VIEW LID

BLUE BEAN Bluetooth Temperature sensor Able to load code BATTERY 3V coin cell

SENSOR CASING

VIBRATION MOTOR

GSR SENSOR

PULSE SENSOR

LYCRA Four way stretch

NEOPRENE

SENSOR HOLDER Exposes sensors to the skin

VELCRO Stability Easy attachment


FINAL PROTOTYPE


ANNA LU + JIL BERENBLUM + PHOENIX LAI + ESTHER CHANG

PROBLEM STATEMENT

MERAKI

+ Lexus Design Award Shortlist + Biodesign Challenge Finalist Presented at the MoMA + Displayed at Global BioSummit // MIT Media Lab + Dispayed at New Harvest Conference // GenSpace Exhibit


A sustainable material alternative


PROBLEM STATEMENT


How do we move towards a more sustainable future? As designers, we must be aware of how materiality affects consumer products. For example, plastic is an often-used material that is utilized in everything from packaging to household items. The problem with plastic items is that they are often quickly disposed of. Plastic takes over 450 years to degrade, which causes the material to build up in landfills.

300,000,000

tons of plastic is produced globally each year

91%

of plastic is not recycled and ends up in landfills


PROCESS / EXPERIMENTATION

Experimenting with Food Waste

Playing with Chitosan

Food waste such as peels, seeds, and shells were experimented with. Food waste is both sustainable and biodegradable.

Chitosan is a biomaterial made out of crustacean shells. We took inspiration from MIT’s recipe and research.

Testing Com

Different ingr combinations and food wast in order to cre with the traits


mbinations

redients and s from biology te were tested eate a material s we desired.

Combating Warping, Cracking, and Shrinkage

Finalizing Material

Ingredients were tweaked in order to avoid or mediate these results to make it more durable and reliable.

After the final ingredients were determined, hundreds of iterations were made in order to come to the final material.


PROBLEM STATEMENT


FINAL INGREDIENTS


MERAKI = 50% FOOD WASTE + 50% SUSTAINABLE NATURAL RESOURCES Gluten

Orange Peels

25%

ORANGE PEELS

CHITOSAN

The fibrous nature of orange peels gives the material its strong and durable structure. The peels also make up the mass of the material.

The chitin from shrimp shells can be used to create Chitosan. Chitosan with acetic acid is used as the perfect binder for all of the ingredients.

GLUTEN

CRICKET PROTEIN

PLANT PROTEIN

Gluten can be extracted from wheat, an abundant resource. The elasticity of gluten decreases brittleness and reduces cracking while drying.

Crickets are an abundant and sustainable source of protein. Protein powder from crickets helps add extra strength and structure to the material.

Plant protein is another sustainable and abundant protein resource and can be an alternative to cricket protein.

44%

6% Chitosan

25% Cricket or Plant Protein


Turning waste into value

UTILIZING FOOD WASTE Over 40% of our food is thrown out and wasted. This makes food waste an abundant and cheap resource. Utilizing food waste helps recycle the waste and keep it out of landfills. Rotting food in landfills contributes to the dangerous release of greenhouse gases. Inspired by a local juice bar that was throwing out bags of orange peels, we discovered their amazing properties. After experimenting, the peels quickly became a key ingredient for our material.


Harnessing the benefits of orange peels

ESSENTIAL OILS

CELLULOSIC MATERIALS

LIMONENE

PECTIN

- Natural insecticide to keep bugs away from the fruit - Antiseptic that keeps the fruit fresh - Antimicrobial

- Natural chemical compound that contributes to its fragrance - Can be used as a solvent (paints, glues, and polystyrene)

- Outer layer is made up of cells that become thicker in the internal peel - Fibers contribute to durability and strength

- Polymer/soluble fiber found in the white layer of the orange - Holds the peel to the fruit - When activated in heat becomes gel-like substance - Helps bind ingredients together in the mixture


What are the benefits of Meraki?

SUSTAINABLE

BIODEGRADABLE

DURABLE

By using food waste to create the material, other resources are not depleted. This also keeps the waste out of landfills, turning waste into value.

Because Meraki is made entirely out of food waste and natural resources, it’s both biodegradable and compostable, taking less time to degrade.

Meraki is extremely durable and structural, making it a good material alternative to hard plastics.

MANUFACTUR

It has manufac potential due moldable abilit hold both simp complex geom and is able to be drilled, and po


RABLE

cturable e to its ty. It can ple and metries e sanded, olished.

Molded with complex geometries Polished Finish


PROBLEM STATEMENT

COMBI


A waterbottle cover + light converter


PROBLEM STATEMENT


Combi is an accessory that turns your water bottle into a light Campers and hikers all know the struggle of having to carry too many items while being in the great outdoors. To help eliminate the burden, Combi is an accessory that combines two products into one. With the Combi water bottle cover, your bottle is both a water and a light source.

+ Water

= Light

Both!


IDEATION + PROTOTYPING


Cord + spring lock for adjustability Rubber grip material lined on the inside to help hold cover in place Durable neoprene material. Side strap can also act as handle.

Open to allow optimal amount of light to shine through. Water refracts and disperses the light.

Light insert at the bottom to allow light to shine upwards


PROBLEM STATEMENT


The cover comes with a hidden push switch to easily turn on/off the light.


PROBLEM STATEMENT

Without Cover

Combi is designed specifically as an accessory for the Camelbak Eddy, a popular outdoor water bottle.


With Cover


PROBLEM STATEMENT


PROBLEM STATEMENT

3D MODELING


+SolidWorks +Keyshot +Fusion 360


PROBLEM STATEMENT

Toy Lantern

French Press


Wireless Earphones

Wireless Earphones


PROBLEM STATEMENT

Redesigned Nebulizer


Profile for Anna Lu

Anna Lu Portfolio  

Industrial Design Portfolio Pratt Institute 2018

Anna Lu Portfolio  

Industrial Design Portfolio Pratt Institute 2018

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