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Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации Дальневосточный федеральный университет

Т.Ю. Аникеева, А.С. Спирина

Методические рекомендации и задания к роману Б. Ансворта «Моралите» Учебное пособие Учебное электронное издание

Владивосток Издательский дом Дальневосточного федерального университета 2013


УДК 82.01/.09 ББК 81.3 Англ А67 Рецензенты: Е.М. Бутенина, канд. филол. наук, доцент кафедры лингвистики и межкультурной коммуникации Школы региональных и международных исследований Дальневосточного федерального университета; Р. Данин, старший специалист по вопросам преподавания английского языка Генерального консульства США в г. Владивостоке

А67

Аникеева, Т.Ю. Методические рекомендации и задания к роману Б. Ансворта «Моралите» [Электронный ресурс] : учеб. пособие / Т.Ю. Аникеева, А.С. Спирина ; Дальневосточный федеральный университет. – Электрон. дан. – Владивосток : Издательский дом Дальневост. федерал. ун-та, 2013. – Режим доступа: issuu.com Целями настоящего учебного пособия являются развитие и практическое применение навыков интерпретации художественного текста, совершенствование навыков устной речи на английском языке, расширение страноведческих и искусствоведческих знаний. Пособие содержит языковой материал и упражнения к нему по каждой главе, задания на поиск информации и понимание прочитанного, задания, стимулирующие развитие критического мышления и навыков стилистического анализа текста, творческие задания по темам. Предназначено для преподавателей и студентов языковых специальностей.

УДК 82.01/.09 ББК 83.3 Англ

© Аникеева Т.Ю., Спирина А.С., 2013 © Издательский дом Дальневосточного федерального университета, оформление, 2013


Chapter I, II Assignment №1 (p. 1 – 18) •

Pre-reading

1.

Read the title of the book. Judging by the title, can you predict what this book is

supposed to be about? Now read the back cover of the book and say if your opinion has changed. 2.

Open the first page. What have you paid attention to? Why do you think the

publisher chose this font (шрифт)? 3.

Read the chapter without the aid of a dictionary. For a full understanding of the

book you should start reading it with A Commentary. Vocabulary. 1.

Absolution- отпущение грехов

2.

Cassock - ряса

3.

Cleric - духовное лицо

4.

Club – дубинка, булава

5.

Cudgel – дубинка

6.

Diocese - епископат

7.

Parish - приход

8.

Tonsure – тонзура – выбритое на макушке место у католических

священников. 9.

Halberd (p.4) – алебарда (франц. hallebarde, итал. alabarda — "лезвие на

древке") — старинное оружие, топор, привязанный к древку. Proper names and realia: Brendan, a Fool (p.6), Boniface VIII (p.9), Durham (p.14). • Answer the following questions. To answer some of them, you may need to consult the commentary. Mind that the commentary only gives you some explanation of


things which a Russian reader may not know or understand, but when answering the questions you are expected to provide plenty of examples from the book.

I.

Questions on the content of the chapters.

1.

Who is the narrator of the novel? Is it his true name? What is he?

2.

How did the lead character find himself in the woodland? Why did he decide not

to keep to the road? 3.

What did he see among the trees? How many people were there? Was there

anything unusual about the company? 4.

Why did they bring the dead body there?

5.

What was Brendan? How did he die? What were the travelling players’ feelings

about the dead? 6.

How did it happen that Nicholas was found?

7.

Did the players want to have Nicholas in their company? Why or why not? What

did they say about him? How did the travelling players test his reaction? 8.

Did the cleric decide to join the players? Did he want to take part in their plays?

What was the true reason of his joining the company? 9.

What kind of holy relic did Nicholas lose?

10.

Comment

on “to make

my

transformation

complete”.

“transformation”?

Explain the words and expressions from the text in your own words:

What

is the


to crouch, well-favoured, ill-assorted, ill-kept, weathered, to commit the sin, to come under the ban, to put a man at risk, besieged soul, to be sick at heart, profane purposes, to outdo sb. Find the situations from the book where we come across these words.

III. Match the words from the text and their meanings. to befall threadbare to stop a stray dog beetle priest virtue vice enterprise to commend to mock malice gloomy foliage sober

cleric to happen insect worn to praise to ridicule, scoff at teetotal goodness hatred leaves cur to cease sin adventure depressed

IV. Give a definition to the words below and write down at least three collocations/sentences with them: Morality, folly, lust, wiry, spare. V. Translate into English. Его лицо было мокрое от слез, белый аист, потертая одежда, подвергнуть риску, на вид не больше 20, безнадежное положение, неуклюжий неряшливый парень, изрядно потрепанная у горловины, разъяснять Священное писание, отшельник, превзойти кого-то, жидкие седые волосы, животное/скотина, издеваться над кемто, голод. VI. For study and discussion. 1.

What do you think is the genre of the book? Why do you think the novel is

entitled Morality Play?


2.

What is the exposition of the text?

3.

Why do you think the author begins the novel with a scene of a death?

4.

What is the setting of the novel (the time, place, social reality)? What is more

significant here – the place or the time? Support your answer with the examples from the text. 5.

Describe the lead character’s appearance. What do you think the author means by

saying “he is open-breeched to the winds of heaven”? 6.

What brought the main character to adultery? What are the main character’s

ethical qualities? 7.

What is the narrator’s attitude towards death? If you were Nicholas what would

you do in this situation? 8.

What are our own traditional ideas of sin?

9.

According to the Bible what are the deadly sins?

10.

What event divided the lead character’s life into two parts “before” and “after”?

11.

Comment on “to take a hammer to a beetle” What does it mean?

12.

Why do you think Nicholas felt guilty after being praised by Martin? How do you

understand the phrase “Men are distinguished by the power of their wanting”? 13.

Who was the leader of the company? Discuss the relationship among them. What

was the leader’s attitude towards the cleric? 14.

What’s ironical in the situation with Nicholas’ clothes?

15.

Why did the quarrel over Brendan’s body surprise Nicholas so much?

16.

Can you predict what is going to happen to the cleric later?

Discuss the language


1.

What is a figure of speech? What types of them do you know?

2.

Discuss the language of the novel. Is it an ordinary or extraordinary one?

3.

The author uses medieval words to colour his prose. Find them in the text.

4.

Does the author use figures of speech? Find them in the text. What is their

function? 5.

Find the Bible allusions in the text. What is their function?

6.

What stylistic device does the author use to describe Brendan’s singing?

VII. Extra task. List the items of clothes mentioned in the Сhapter 1 and find their pictures in the paintings or on the Internet. Chapter III, IV Assignment №2 (p. 19 – 36) •

Pre-reading

What is a teacher? Is there a person whom you could call “ My Teacher” Proper names and realia: Play of Adam (p.20), Feast of St. Lazarus (p.25), Eucharist (p.35). •

Answer the following questions. To answer some of them, you may need to consult the commentary.

II.

Questions on the content of the chapters.

1.

Who was the teacher of Nicholas?

2.

What qualities, according to Martin, does a player need? Why was Nicholas

criticized?


3.

What new information about the players does the author give? What are their

histories, social backgrounds and roles in the company? 4.

How did Brendan “decide their destiny”? What problem did Brendan cause

during the travelling? 5.

Where did the company decide to stay and why?

6.

How did the company look like? What was the citizens’ reaction to them?

7.

What was the innkeeper attitude towards the company?

8.

What did the author tell us about their spirits?

9.

What was the first part of Nicholas?

10.

Who is King’s Justice? Did Nicholas manage to know what had brought him to

the town? 11.

How much money did the priest ask to bury Brendan’s body?

12.

What did Martin say about the priest?

III.

Explain the words and expressions from the text in your own words:

to have a good nose for sth; disheveled hair; to reprove sb for sth; to reveal sth; set one's heart on; rubble; cupidity; to come to himself; swift justice; exact one’s due; to be harsh-tongued and gentle- handed. Find the situations from the book where we come across these words. IV.

Match the words from the text and their meanings. curiosity thrifty malice tireless wit nag scraps pillage vow (v) replenish (v) nimble foul fellow

guy humour frugal, economical leftovers energetic inquisitiveness plunder hatred refill stinking swear horse lively


V.

Give a definition to the words below and write down at least three

collocations/sentences with them: idle; wretched; tattered; abandon. VI.

Translate into English.

Засаленный передник; праздное любопытство; отвратительный запах; торговаться из-за пенса; половник; прийти в себя; рваные страницы; бережливый; жалкий; порицать за что-то; стрелок из лука; осуждать. VII. For study and discussion. 1.

Look at the description of the town (p.24). Why do you think the author describes

the town in detail? Is there anything symbolic in it? What was the lead character’s feeling about the town? Why does Nicholas say “There was a guidance in it”? Why does he call it “a gift of fortune”? 2.

Why do you think the author gave his characters such strange names as

“Springer” and “Straw”? What do their names reflect? 3.

Comment on the sentence: The slightest praise from him had to be earned doubly

over (p.20). 4.

What is “the great art of the player”? Do you agree with the author? Do you know

any actor of this sort nowadays? 5.

Is there an artist’s freedom? Is he/she the one who sets the rules, or the one who

should stick to the canons? 6.

Comment on the sentence: I felt no relation to anything I saw. (p.30)

7.

Comment on the sentence: I was set apart, in a different space, as the spectator is

always (p.30). Do you sometimes have the same feeling as Nicholas had in that moment? 8.

Comment on the sentence: To serve the time is the mark of wisdom (p.35).

9.

What was the lesson to be learnt over again?

10.

Why do you think the author says, “the shadow of this crime was over them.”

11.

What do you think will happen to them in the town?


Discuss the language

1.

What is “staring gloom”? Support your answer using the text.

2.

What is ironical about this sentence:

3.

“To be called for above better than to be called for below”? (p.32)comment Find

an example of metaphor in the longest paragraph of page 34 and comment on it. 4.

Why do you think the author capitalized the first letter in the word “Death”?

5.

How did medieval people depict death? Find the description in the literature or

pictures to prove it.

Chapter V, VI

Assignment №3 (p. 37-55) Pre-reading

Have you ever seen jongleurs? What skills do a person need to become a jongleur? Proper names and realia: Father of Lies (p.48), Fall of Lucifer (p.51), Baptist (p.51), Thomas Wells (p.53). • Answer the following questions. To answer some of them, you may need to consult the commentary. I.

Questions on the content of the chapters.

1.

Where did jongleurs usually perform? In what way was this group of people

different from Martin’s company? Did they have anything in common? 2.

What happened when the company was going to put on their play? Whose side

did the innkeeper take and why? 3.

How many people took part in the play? What roles did they perform?

4.

What was the first Nickolas’ role? Why did he feel unease?

5.

Why did Nicholas speak his own words playing the Fool instead of the words he

had learnt?


6.

What was the mood of the players after the performance?

7.

What new information does the reader learn about Martin?

8.

What new information does the reader learn about the woman accused of the

murder? Where from? 9.

Why did Nicholas suddenly feel strong fear in the tavern that night?

II.

Explain the words and expressions from the text in your own words:

to be outnumbered; to make haste; to lull to sleep; beyond the skill of sb; to shift the blame; stretched; to be a brawler by nature; crooning chant; to lessen; wickedness. Find the situations from the book where we come across these words.

III.

Find the information about the proper names and realia: the Fall (p.37), the

Fatal Tree (p.35), Father of Lies (p.48), Fall of Lucifer (p.51), Baptist (p.51), Thomas Wells (p.53). IV. Match the words from the text and their meanings. agitation to gulp down custom camouflage bargain to grasp twig to rattle to stretch ugly to swallow soothing song hideous anxiety to mock tradition disguise to pull out to clutch to hide to clatter branch to eclipse good deal lullaby to ridicule V.

Give a definition to the words below and write down at least three

collocations/sentences with them: disguise; to croon; chant (n,v); hostile; hiss(n,v).


VI.

Translate into English.

Босоногий; драчун по природе; комната для переодевания; петь колыбельную; невероятно

страшный;

враждебность;

церковное

пение

/унылый

напев;

повиновение; яшма; убить в ярости; усталый; тщеславие. VI. For study and discussion. To answer some of the questions, you may need to consult the commentary. 1.

What was the Martin’s attitude towards money? What features of his character

does it reveal? 2.

What is the function of Gospel allusion in the 1st paragraph on the page40?

3.

What kind of a paradox does “terror of freedom” (page 43) reveal? Why do you

think Nicholas uses it? How is this figure of speech called? 4.

Do you think Nicholas performed his roles successfully? Can you prove it?

5.

What do you think is more difficult: to play somebody’s role under the mask or to

be yourself under the mask? 6.

Why in your opinion does the author give such a detailed description of the Play

of Adam? 7.

How do you understand the saying “blessing in disguise”? What do you think was

“blessing in disguise” for Martin/Nicholas? 8.

On the page 48 Nicholas speaks about the 7th Commandment. How many

Commandments do you know? What are they? What is their origin 9.

What does Martin say about the God in the last passage of page 48? How does it

characterize him? 10.

What is the purpose of such a vivid description of Heaven on the page 49?

11.

What was the topic of conversation between Martin and Nicholas in the tavern?

Why do you think Martin chose Nicholas to talk to, not one of his old friends? 12.

What conclusion did they make about the plays?

13.

Comment on “I understood then, as I passed through the people and shook my

bells and saw them smile, what all players come to know very well, how quickly shifting are our loves and hates, how they depend on mocks and disguises” (p.43) Does it relate only to the performance?


Comment or explain the following sentences:

1.

… he had a nature like a loadstone for the feelings of others (p.39)

2.

When fear dies, daring is born (p.44)

3.

It was the Church that first made God a player (p.48)

4.

Small puzzles removed do not make a lessening of wickedness (p.53)

Chapter VII, VIII

Assignment №4 (p. 56-84) •

Pre-reading

Have you ever been to funeral? Did you want to attend it or you had to? Can you describe your feelings? •

Answer the following questions. To answer some of them, you may need to

consult the commentary. I. 1.

Questions on the content of the chapters. Describe Brendan’s funeral. Why didn’t Nicholas want to attend Brendan’s

funeral at first? What solution did they finally find? 2.

Why did Martin decide to stay longer in the graveyard?

3.

What was unusual about the knight whom the players saw?

4.

Whom does Straw compare knights to? Why?

5.

What is the attitude towards knighthood among the company of players?

6.

What plan did Martin introduce to his company in the inn? What was their

reaction? 7.

What was Nicholas’ opinion about Martin’s idea? Did he agree with Martin in his

heart of hearts? 8.

Why was Nicholas so afraid “to give meanings to things”?

9.

What was Martin’s idea about a new performance?

10.

What is the story of Thomas Wells’ last days? How did he die?


II.

11.

What was Martin’s version of Thomas Wells’ death?

12.

What difficulties did the players face while preparing the Play of Thomas Wells?

13.

What mattered more than the truth to Martin? Explain the words and expressions from the text in your own words:

Superfluous; deft touch; to tilt; to be reproachful; to beat about; to have a grudge against sb; to husband; common knowledge; disdainful face; deed. Find the situations from the book where we come across these words.

III.

Match the words from the text and their meanings.

superfluous

to choke

to linger

suffering

to graze

unclear

to halt

to feed on …

affliction

to stop

to sate

not required

to groan

to cry

to utter

courage

to sob

to moan

vague

confusion

bewilderment

to remain

boldness

to express

to strangle

to bear

to endure

to fill


IV.

Give a definition to the words below and write down at least three collocations/sentences with them: vague; mortal; flock; deed.

V.

Translate into English. Цапля; лишний человек; он ненасытный; cмутные воспоминания; от рассвета до заката; выносить страдания; не способен произнести слово; «рыбак рыбака видит издалека»; страдать от огорчения; сдвинуть кепку на бок; пастись на лугах; ходить вокруг да около; это общеизвестно; надменный. VI. For study and discussion. 1.

Read the description of the weather on the day of Brendan’s funeral. What does

this weather symbolize? 2.

How do the priests usually behave at funerals? What was unusual about that

priest’s behavior? Why? What can you say about today’s priests? Are they the same as about 600 years ago? 3.

How do people respond to fear? Do you think the men and women do it in a

different way? How do you personally respond to it? 4.

What was the reaction of the company towards “a great black beast’ seen in a

distance? How does their reaction characterize them? 5.

What was symbolic in knight’s riding?

6.

How can you characterize the role of Knighthood in the noble society of the

fourteenth century? 7.

Read the conversation between the company and a stranger who came to their

fire. What did he tell them? What meaning does the image of idiot usually have in culture, art and literature? 8.

Do you agree that “between truth and honesty there lay the hope of a replenished

purse’ (p.69) Is it still actual? 9.

What figures of speech does the author use to describe Martin’s conversation

with the company (p.70).


10.

Why do you think Nicholas says, “the same demons that now were guiding us”?

What are those “demons”? 11.

What figures of speech does the author use to characterize Straw’s temper (p.76)?

12.

What do you think it means “We will be playing under the gallows-tree.”?

Comment or explain the following sentences:

5.

All their life is in show and gear (p.60)

6.

It is my belief that he spent the money on purpose so as to restrict our scope for

choosing (p.61) 7.

“to knock folk out of their saddles” (p.61)

8.

Yes, he offered us the world, he played; Lucifer to us there in the cramped space

of the barn (p.65) Chapter IX, X Assignment №5 (p.85-113) Pre-reading Have you ever been to amateur theatres? Why do you think people go to see their plays? Proper names and realia: Simon Damian (p.98), Flint (p.102) • Answer the following questions. To answer some of them, you may need to consult the commentary. I.

Questions on the content of the chapters.

1.

Describe the morning before the play. What feelings did Nicholas suffer?

2.

What sort of people came to see their play?

3.

Why did the players change the lines from the interlude “Way of Life”?

4.

Who was the most talented actor in the company?

5.

What unexpected thing happened during the performance?

6.

How did Martin alter the scene of Battle for the Soul?

7.

How did they end the play?

8.

Was The Play of Thomas Wells a success? Was it profitable?

9.

What feelings did the players experience after the play?


10.

Why did Nicholas claim that grants and privileges for monks were undeserved?

11.

What did the Justice and Margaret speak about?

12.

How did Margaret know where Flint lived?

13.

Why did Martin decide to stay in the town and do the play again?

14.

What new version about the woman did appear among the players? What was it

based on? 15.

Why did Nicholas decide to go to the town? What place did he go to?

16.

Why was the Weaver hated?

17.

What did he tell Nicholas about his daughter?

II.

Explain the words and expressions from the text in your own words:

Effigy of Thomas Wells; travesty; to be resolved to do sth; conscience; wrongdoers; black felt (p.89); loose; to conceal sb; to draw sb on; to be tempted; their days are numbered; to repent; sentence of death. Find the situations from the book where we come across these words.

III.

Match the words from the text and their meanings.

to frown

to cry

bonnet

overcrowded

shovel

to flinch, to grimace

to whimper

baggy

to wince

spade

sole

to squeeze

cobble

hug

cramped

puzzle

to clench

cap


IV.

loose

bush

solemn

stone

riddle

to thaw

shrub

serious

flattery

part of a shoe

to repent

booth

embrace

to regret

to melt

to glare

stall

sweet talk

Give a definition to the words below and write down at least three collocations with them:

Burden; to occur; lure; temptation, to melt. V.

Translate into English.

Быть полным решимости что-то сделать; чучело/скульптурное изображение кого-то; просторная одежда; торжественная музыка; его дни были сочтены; соблазн велик; раскаиваться в грехах; притворное одобрение; до меня дошло (я понял), что…; cнег растаял; растопить масло; разморозить мясо; смертный приговор; говорить загадками. VI.

For study and discussion. 1.

How does the author draw a reader’s attention to what’s going to happen next?

(p.86) 2.

Read again about Straw’s talent as an actor (p.20 and p.91). Do you think that

extraordinary talent is often connected with some abnormality? Can you give any examples? 3.

Recall the scene of boy’s temptation by the woman from The Play of Thomas

Wells. Can you explain Straw’s strange and frightening movements and the words


“Thomas Wells went towards her […] as if under a spell” (p.92)? What impression was it supposed to make on the spectators? 4.

What is the function of inversion on page 94?

5.

Look at the drop-scene of the play on pages 97-98. What latent meaning does this

episode have? 6.

Why does the author call the same Martin’s gesture of triumph a blasphemy when

he raised the purse for the second time (p.98)? What do you think the purse symbolizes? 7.

What traits of character did Stephen reveal when they talked about the next

performance in the town? What turned to be a touchstone? 8.

What is the Weaver’s attitude towards the justices and the priests?

9.

What do you think the Weaver’s expression “the time of the harvest is coming”

mean? 10.

Common feature of Mediaeval English literature is the formulae. These were

widely used compound nouns or short phrases that were synonyms for often repeated words. Formulae are not simply synonyms, as each of them stressed a different aspect of the thing described. Look at the speech of the Weaver and find formulae he uses for the monk. 11.

What is the way to redemption according to Nicholas? What do you personally

think about redemption? 12.

What do you think Nicholas felt when he said “I felt my mind bruise against the

rock of the Weaver’s logic”? (p.112)

Comment or explain the following sentences: 1.

“…my sins crowded upon me” (p.85) “Or perhaps I was merely attached to my

sin” (p.86) 2.

“Danger of hurt for players comes like the sound of wind in the trees” (p.93)

3.

“Stephen was less able as a player, but he had a quality of hardihood that stood

him in good stead now” (p.95) 4.

“We were not the same people as those who had practiced…”


5.

“Some fascination of power led us to imprison ourselves in this Play of Thomas

Wells” (p.104) Chapter XI, XII Assignment №6 (p.114-142) Pre-reading Have you ever seen deaf people communicating? How do they do it? Is it possible to understand anything? Proper names and realia: John Lambert (p.106), William Stanton (p.108), the Children of the Spirit (p.109), Thorpe (p.111), Jane (p.113), William (p.121). •

Answer the following questions. To answer some of them, you may need to

consult the commentary. I.

Questions on the content of the chapters.

1.

How did Nicholas find himself at the market? Whom did he meet there? What

did they talk about? 2.

Where did they head for? What was the purpose of their going there?

3.

What was strange about the woman? Can you call the action in prison

“conversation”? 4.

Did Nicholas understand anything?

5.

What new clues did the players find that day? What was the actual reason of the

stranger’s visit to Weaver’s house? 6.

How did Martin’s attitude towards their play change after speaking with the girl?

What reaction did it cause among the players? Why? 7.

Describe Martin’s behaviour and disposition before the True Play of Thomas

Wells. 8.

What happened to Stephen during the performance?

9.

What unexpected thing did Martin do during the play?

10.

What news came up during the play? What was the behaviour of the audience

after that? 11.

How did they manage to save the play?


12.

How did the play the final scene?

II.

Explain the words and expressions from the text in your own words: to take

down sth; rational assembly; to have sb in thrall; at the edge of sth; to pine for sb; peacemaker; the extremes of his nature; the second thought; to lose the thread of their discourse. Find the situations from the book where we come across these words. III.

IV.

Match the words from the text and their meanings.

to fade

to pull

to surrender

caution

to contempt

to hang down

venture

to blow up

linen

to disdain

admonition

business enterprise

tide

sac

to jerk

wave

to waste

to become lighter

flounder

wobbly

bladder

to squander

to inflate

private

loose

to stop

confidential

to give up

to halt

splash

to dangle

cloth

Give a definition to the words below and write down at least three

collocations/sentences with them: cure (n,v); to embark; ordeal; to fade.


V.

Translate into English.

Убрать что-то; он держит его под контролем; сохнуть по кому-то; плыть по течению; без задней мысли; неизлечимая болезнь; лечить от какой-то болезни; надежды тают; начать свою карьеру; сесть на корабль; останавливать что-то; рискованное предприятие или начинание; надуть шарик; свободная льняная одежда; шатающийся зуб; упустить нить разговора; автобус дернулся и остановился; дальнейшее предостережение. VI.

For study and discussion.

1.

Why do you think Nicholas didn’t come up to Martin when he saw him?

2.

Why do you think Nicholas compares their agreement to get up the true play

about the boy’s death with something like “entering a walled place and not finding again the door”? Why did he say “again”? 3.

Why do you think it was important to know how the boy was buried? (p. 123)

4.

What was Lord de Guise’s coat of arms (you can find it above the prison

entrance)? What do these symbols signify in heraldry? 5.

How can you characterize Lord de Guise?

6.

Is it significant that it was Martin who was able to talk with Jane? How can you

explain it taking into consideration the function of art and an artist in culture and literature studies? 7.

Comment on the final episode of the conversation between Martin and the girl.

8.

Find an example of humour on p.124.

9.

Find an example of comparison in the 2nd paragraph of p.129.

10.

How can you explain Nicholas’ actions in the crowd?

11.

What is the death of the righteous in the context of The Play of Thomas Wells

(p.138) in your own opinion? 12.

Why do you think the players gathered into a circle while the crowd was

shouting?


13.

What was wrong with Monk’s outfit?

14.

Do you have any ideas about the murderer of the Monk?

15.

What was the expression of Martin’s face at the climax of the play? What new

traits of his personality does it reveal to the reader? 16.

What does Nicholas think about Death’s role in all the occasions happened to

their team? 17.

What do you think was the true reason of their invitation to the castle?

18.

What do you think happened to them there?

Comment or explain the following sentences:

1.

It would be more than his place is worth to speak (p.115)

2.

Only the thought of his shilling kept him civil towards us (p.116)

3.

to take the guard from one’s tongue (p.133),

4.

Sights that are momentary can last for ever (p.136)

5.

The Monk abused his place (p.138)

6.

But some angel of destruction led Martin further (p.140)

Chapter XIII, XIV Assignment №7 (p.143-168) Pre-reading Do you know what jousting is? Have you ever read anything about it? What was the reason for jousting in Medieval time? Vocabulary. 1. Lance – копье 2. Shield – щит 3. Herald – глашатай 4. Squire – оруженосец 5. Dagger – нож 6. Falcon/hawk – сокол 7. To joust - сражаться.


Proper names and realia: Miserere (p.149), Roger of Yarm (p.150), the Holy Land (p.150), Poitiers (p.150), Figures (p.157), Superbia (p.158), Chaplain (p.162), Sacrament (p.162). • Answer the following questions. To answer some of them, you may need to consult the commentary. I.

Questions on the content of the chapters.

1. Why did Nicholas feel fear in his heart? 2. What did they decide to play and why? 3. What did Stephen think about their being there? What was Tobias’s opinion? Whose opinion seems to be appropriate? 4. Whom did the players meet on their way from their chamber to the private apartments where they were going to perform? 5. What happened to young Roger during the jousting? 6. What did the players talk with the guard about? 7. What was the decision taken by Martin the players didn’t know about? 8. Why was Nicholas so touched by Stephen’s playing that time? 9. Describe Nicholas’ state of mind when he was watching Martin playing. 10.How far did Martin go in his performance? What interrupted him? 11.What was the effect produced on Nicholas by fear? II.

Explain the words and expressions from the text in your own words: traitor; to

grope one’s way; to fell on deaf ears; speechless and dull of eye; to be on the edge of despair; to take the leash from our tongues; to repent sb’s sins; to make confession; come in stealth. Do you remember the situations from the book where we come across these words? III.

Match the words from the text and their meanings.

premonition

to want sth

to dismount

to dive


IV.

decay

to strangle

to plunge

courage

leash

to mix

to seize

decompose

mettle

to get down

to mingle

feeling

bow

edge

splendour

suffering

brim

bend over

affliction

lead

to choke

to grab

to long for

magnificence

to scatter

bend

to be content

carefulness

curve

to spread out

prudence

to be satisfied

Give a definition to the words below and write down at least three collocations with them: to plunge; leash; bream; to choke; bow.

V.

Translate into English.

Предатель; погрузиться в сон; пришлось довольствоваться тем, что есть; держать кого-нибудь на коротком поводке; признаться в грехах; отпустить грехи; сделать тайком; игрушки, разбросанные на полу; собака была без поводка; он смешался с толпой; страх, смешанный с восторгом; благоразумие; быть довольным результатом; подавиться конфетой; ждать с нетерпением весны; огорчение/скорби; предчувствие чего-то.


VI.

For study and discussion.

1. How did the players behave in Richard de Guise’s castle? Why does Nicholas refer to them as “self-deceivers”? 2. Why do you think Nickolas said, ” They were not the words to end the play with”? What were the words? 3. What is jousting? What are the origins of jousting? What were the rules? 4. What was the attitude towards jousting among the people and the church? 5. What do you know about mediaeval knights? What was their usual social background? What was the code of chivalry they had to obey? What values did they uphold? 6. Comment on “What are power and wealth without display” (p.147). Are they nothing? 7. How did de Guise behave towards the players? Why do you think he had ordered to bring them and what was he going to do with them after the play? 8. What comparison does Nicholas use to describe the conditions in which they were playing before de Guise? 9. “Pride makes the end, not Justice”, - says Martin during the play (p.160). Whom are these words addressed to? Who are Pride and Justice? 10.Why didn’t the players end the play as they had planned to? Why did they obey Martin’s mad rush? 11.What is the “threefold arraignment” Nicholas is talking about (p.162)? 12.How would you estimate Martin’s actions? What two contrary states of the human soul did he reveal? Have you changed your opinion about him? 13.How would you interpret the scene of Roger’s death? What comparison does Nicholas use to describe it? 14.Do you think Nicholas made the right choice when he escaped from the castle leaving his friends there? 15.What do you think happened to him then? 16.Who do you think killed Thomas Wells?


• Comment or explain the following sentences: Fortune aided me as she had done in the manner of the Knight’s death (p.165)

Chapter XV, XVI Assignment №8 (p.168 - 188) Pre-reading •

What is “Sodom and Gomorrah”? What is the origin of this saying? What does

this metaphor mean? •

Answer the following questions. To answer some of them, you may need to

consult the commentary. I.

Questions on the content of the chapters. 1. What happened to Nicholas when he escaped from de Guise’s castle? Describe his physical state. 2. How can you describe the Justice’s manners and his social status? 3. Did the Justice see the play? What was his opinion about the play and the players? 4. What features of the Justice’s character does his appearance reflect? 5. What in Nicholas’s opinion was the purpose of the Justice’s coming to the city? And what was the true reason of his coming? 6. How did Thomas Wells really die? How was it proven? 7. Who brought the boys to the Lord’s son? What for?

II.

Explain the words and expressions from the text in your own words: to speak on business; to be accustomed to command; red and gold damask; weary state; to think otherwise; to learn by inquiry; the wine was loosening my tongue; to give you my word on it; a man who goes to extremes; to master myself; to shed full light on sth; to bargin with sb;


Find the situations in the book where we come across these words. III.

Match the words from the text and their meanings.

pursuit

doorsill

to resume

to become unconscious

knuckles

to refill

to faint

chase

to replenish

to start again

scrutiny

lawyer

threshold

finger-joint

attorney

inspection

wicked

miserable

realm

suffering

contagious

complain

wretched

bad

whine

infectious

torture

kingdom

IV.

Give a definition to the words below and write down at least three collocations with them: to pursue; to condemn; wretched; console.

V.

Translate into English. Из-за страха преследования, стоять на пороге; поговорить по делу; наполнить стакан; думать по-другому; вино развязало мне язык; даю тебе честное слово; идти на крайние меры; торговаться с кем-то по поводу чего-то; мир животных; заразная болезнь; он стоял на пороге; преследовать кого-то; это была пытка;

VI.

For study and discussion.


1. Why do you think Nicholas went to the Justice and was frank with him? 2. Comment on the last paragraph on p.170 in which Nicholas speaks about learning through the play? 3. How can you explain Margaret’s behaviour after Nicholas’s return? 4. What is the reason for considering players Devil’s offspring? 5. How did the Justice explain to Nicholas the origin of humane wickedness (p.186)? What did Nicholas think about it? What is it in your opinion – a part of human nature or an evil seed from the outside? 6. What is the genre of the novel? Have you changed your opinion after reading the book? •

Comment or explain the following sentences: 1. Down is a common time for killing oneself, but not others (p.172) 2. …he looked at me and I understood what it might mean to be an obstacle in the path of such a man as this (p.176) 3. … no mask could be more terrible than his own face (p.185) 4. God is not served by self-deceiving. The impulse to run away had not been folly but the wisdom of my heart (p.187) 5. And I wondered whether Martin would continue to love her, now that she was no longer chained (p.188)

Final task. Imagine that you are going to write a review for our local university newspaper. Your review will be read by your peers. Write 200-250 words.


Учебное электронное издание

Аникеева Татьяна Юрьевна, Спирина Анна Сергеевна


МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ И ЗАДАНИЯ К РОМАНУ Б. АНСВОРТА «МОРАЛИТЕ» Учебное пособие

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Morality Play studyguide  

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