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College

barefoot


College

barefoot a cura di Anna Caselli

Edizioni


Barefoot College Progetto editoriale, testi e redazione: LiberLab - Servizi Editoriali - Savigliano (CN) Grafica di copertina e fotolito: gi.mac - Savigliano (CN) Edizioni Naba Responsabile iniziative speciali: Massimo Pellegrino Coordinamento editoriale: Franco Busti, Paola Morelli Segreteria di redazione: Anna Gribaudo Stampa: Grafiche Busti - Colognola ai colli (VR) Edizioni Naba srl Regione Domini, SS 30 km 40 - Milano (MI) tel. 0144 594374 fax 0144594288 e-mail: info@naba.it Prima edizione: 2007 [BX] 978-88-7906-475-0 Tutti i diritti sono riservati, in Italia e all’estero, per tutti i Paesi. Nessuna parte di questo libro può essere riprodotta, memorizzata o trasmessa con qualsiasi mezzo e in qualsiasi forma (fotomeccanica, fotocopia, elettronica, chimica, su disco o altro, compresi cinema, radio, televisione) senza autorizzazione scritta da parte dell’Editore. In ogni caso di riproduzione abusiva si procederà d’ufficio a norma di legge.


Sommario Introduction .................................................................................1 Solar Energy ..............................................................................5 Education .................................................................................25 Water .......................................................................................39 Livelyhood ................................................................................50 Healt Care ...............................................................................63 Crafts .......................................................................................70 People’s Action .........................................................................86 Communication .........................................................................98


INTRODUCTION About us

Established in 1972, the Barefoot College is a non-government organisation that has been providing basic services and solutions to problems in rural communities, with the objective of making them self-sufficient and sustainable. These ‘Barefoot solutions’ can be broadly categorised into solar energy, water, education, health care, rural handicrafts, people’s action, communication, women’s empowerment and wasteland development. The College believes that for any rural development activity to be successful and sustainable, it must be based in the village as well as managed and owned by those whom it serves. Therefore, all Barefoot initiatives whether social, political or economic, are planned and implemented by a network of rural men and women who are known as ‘Barefoot Professionals’. Rural men and women irrespective of age, who are barely literate or not at all, and have no hope of getting even the lowest government job, are being trained to work as day and night school teachers, doctors, midwives, dentists, health workers, balsevikas, solar engineers, solar cooker engineers, water drillers, hand pump mechanics, architects, artisans, designers, masons, communicators, water testers, phone operators, blacksmiths, carpenters, computer instructors, accountants and kabaad-se-jugaad professionals. With little guidance, encouragement and space to grow and exhibit their talent and abilities, people who have been considered ‘very ordinary’ and written off by society, are doing extraordinary things that defy description.

Since its inception, the long term objective of the Barefoot College has been to work with marginalized, exploited and impoverished rural poor, living on less than $1 a day, and lift them over the poverty line with dignity and self respect. The dream was to establish a rural college in India that was built by and exclusively for the poor. What the rural, impoverished and marginalised think important is reflected and internalised in the beliefs of the College. The Barefoot College is one of the few places in India where Mahatma Gandhi’s spirit of service and thoughts on sustainability, are still alive and respected. The College has adopted the Gandhian ideas into its lifestyle and work ethics, holding it true and relevant universally even in the 21st Century. The Barefoot College is viewed as a success story because it is shown as an example of what is possible if very poor people are allowed to develop themselves. It is a new concept that has stood the test of time. What the College has effectively demonstrated is how sustainable the combination of traditional knowledge (barefoot) and demystified modern skills can be, when the tools are in the hands of those who are considered ‘very ordinary’ and are written off by urban society.

1


Out of the school, during the break.

4


Thinking about the future.

5


Fahad and his sister Madjiva.

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Jagavi, 8 years old.

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Jamal, Lajita and Doyel with the grandmother Siya.

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Lajita, 6 years old.

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Indian girls at the night school.

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Night school lesson, the room is illuminated by solar lamps.

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The prayer after the lesson.

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Night school lesson for girls.

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Open air lesson.

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Shruti studying under the solar lamp light.

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Vanajit, Vyanjana, Niral, and Qays.

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Breakfast time.

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Lochan, 13 years old.

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Three sisters: Sobha, Chalama, and Chunni.

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Waiting the teacher with the grandfather.

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Welcome celebration.

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Problems with chalk.

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First day at school.

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Bhagya, 11 years old.

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Time to have a bath.

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Bibek, 9 years old.

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Bhagya, 11 years old.

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Solar panel.

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Two girls working.

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Bassim wearing indian traditional clothes.

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Solar panels in Benares.

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Barefoot engineers.

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The first solar lamp of the village.

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India sunset.

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Women traditional clothes.

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How to prepare tea with a solar panel.

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Sun on clothes.

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The future of the new generations.

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Bhagya, illuminated by tha sunlight.

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A group of women examinating their creation.

44


The new source of light.

45


Sun dance.

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Indian sunset.

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Tailor’s studio illuminated by solar lamp.

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Eeshwar studying under the solar lamp.

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Elijah studying under the solar lamp.

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Vegetable market selling during the night.

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African Barefoot engineers.

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How to transport solar lamps.

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Barefoot College Photo book