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ANNA BRAMBILLA PORTFOLIO

2009 2012


Graduation Thesis

THE GROWING SCENARIO

A GENERATIVE ECOSYSTEM FOR A BIOACTIVE CITY Anna Brambilla, Marta Michieli Prof. Giuseppe Longhi AY 2010/2011

ABSTRACT How can we contribute to human and environmental good by learning about material and design from nature? Thesis aims at enhancing the relationship between the human, the built and the natural environments by employing design principles inspired by nature and implementing them in the invention of digital design technologies. To reach this target it tests digital morph at architectural scale, favouring the investment into human and natural resources, taking the opportunity brought by high technology and processes with zero waste, at a very low cost.

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This thesis explores the potential of biologically inspired digital design, at the urban scale. The more we move forward technologically, the more we realize how brilliant nature is. Inspired by nature, our research seeks to integrate urban morphology, behavior, material and structure by combining computational form-finding strategies with biologically inspired technologies. Making architecture nowadays means work with atoms as homogeneous matter and look into nature processes of generation, growth and adaptation, in order to grasp their way of operating. The translation of these processes into city planning through a new design approach, leads us to a paradigm shift: from the mechanics age to the biological one, in which, applying the method of parametric design, we end up defining a real generative architecture. Cities, like the life sciences, do not exhibit one problem in organized complexity. The variables are many, but they are not helterskelter, they involve dealing simultaneously with a sizable number of factors which are interrelated into an organic whole. The city can be similar to the organic complexity of a leaf. Investigating the structure of a leaf we should be able to learn how a single material can readjust itself, change directionality, and redistribute its organic matter where necessary to achieve strength in one place, flexibility AMSTERDAM BIOPLAN: design process in another. We refers to this process as translating from WHAT FUTURE FOR AMSTERDAM scale to scale. And in the end AMSTERDAM SUR EY it’s just a matter of moving the dial.The project parameTHINK! AMSTERDAM FIRST TRY AGAIN BIOACTIVE CITY HUMAN RESOURCES ters aim at raising the incluGENERATI E ECOSYSTEM siveness, at reaching a smart NATURAL RESOURCES AMSTERDAM urban management and a suBIOPLAN stainable future. Investing into AMSTERDAM IS AMSTERDAM IS BIOACTI E NOT BIOACTI E OUR human resources, technoPROJ ECT M ETHO SCIEIE D GROWING SCENARIO logy, and protection of natuNTIF IC ME THOD ral ecosystems. The best way of expressing the morphology of this sustainable city is what we call BIOPLAN. ASK QUESTION

DO BACKGROUND RESEARCH CONSTRUCT HYPOTHESIS

THINK! TRY AGAIN

TEST WITH AN EXPERIMENT

ANALIZE RESULTS DRAW CONCLUSION

HYPOTHESIS IS TRUE

HYPOTHESIS IS FALSE

REPORT RESULTS


ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

• Prov

s•

BENEFITS FROM THE REGULA TION OF NATURAL PROCESSES water filtration waste decomposition climate regulation crop pollination regulation of o some me human diseases

lating s

• Regu

LANDSCAPE CORRIDOR

CORE AREA STEPPING STONE CORRIDOR

ervices

LINEAR CORRIDOR

REGULATION OF BASIC ECOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS AND PROCESSES THAT ARE NECESSARY FOR THE PROVISION OF ALL OTHER ECOSYSTEM SERVICES nutrient cycling photosynthesis soil formation

orting s

BUFFER ZONE

ervices

• Supp

service

PSYCHOLOGICAL AND EMOTIONAL BENEFITS GAINED FROM HUMAN RELATIONS WITH ECOSYSTEMS enriching recreational, aesthetic and spiritual experiences

ral serv

SUSTAINABLE-USE AREA

ices •

• Cultu

RESTORATION AREA

GOODS OBTAINED DIRECTLY FROM ECOSYSTEMS food medicinee timber fibre biofuel

nin isio g

• INVESTMENT IN HUMAN RESOURCES

ECOLOGICAL NETWORKS

• protected areas • marine

• development

• INVESTMENT IN NATURAL CAPITAL • forests

• valuing biodiversity and ecosystem services

• wellbeing

• investment in biocapacity

• progress • fresh water

• green jobs

• ENERGY AND FOOD

• investing in technology and innovation

• ecological footprint • food, feed and fuel production

• equitable access to food • use the power of the market to drive change

• LAND ALLOCATION AND LAND-USE PLANNING

• zero emissions

• SHARING LIMITED RESOURCES/INEQUALITY

• local govenance • multi-stakeholder groups

• land and forests for biofuels and biomaterials

• INSTITUTIONS DECISION MAKINGAND GOVERNANCE

• roundtables and certification • geopolicy

• DECOUPLING NATURAL RESOURCE USE AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS FROM ECONOMIC GROWTH • Green Economy Initiative

LIFE SCIENCE AND CITIES: A METHODOLOGICAL SYMMETRY

• LESS PRESSURE ON ECOSYSTEMS

• energy-efficient buildings and transport systems

• resources challenge

BIODIVERSITY IS CRUCIAL!

• biome-based imperatives

• promotion of decoupling

• International collective action

• societal prosperity and resilience • voluntary governance

“The CITIES of human beings are as natural, being a product of one form of nature, as are the colonies of prairie dogs or the beds of oysters.”

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AMSTERDAM | ZEEBURG 2050

4 MONTHS (spring)

INPU T

URBAN ECOSYSTEM 12 MONTHS (summer)

OUTP UT

INPU T

2 YEARS 03 OUT PUT

INPU T

4 YEARS FA R M I NG

PRODUCTION CHAIN

CONSUMPTION

WASTE RECYCLING

OUT PUT

2050

URBAN LANDSCAPE SCENARIO 2050

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EVOLVING METABOLISM DIAGRAMS


HISTORICAL HARD CORE

FUTURE BIOACTIVE CITY

PRESENT SMART CITY

Micro Spaces

+

+

Micro Generation Macro HighTech Environment Decoupling Human Resources

hard morphology

soft morfology

Natural Resources

CULTURAL

ECONOMIICAL

SOCIAL

PHYSICAL AMSTERDAM SCENARIO Physical, social, economical and cultural collaboration: from listing diagram to future scenario.

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THE CITY IS AN ORGANIC SYSTEM FROM A PROBLEM OF SEPLICITY ...

... THROUGH A ONE OF DISORGANIZED COMPLEXITY ...

SYSTEM

MODEL | SCHEME

problems of simplicity

binary tree

CENTRAL CITY

SYSTEM

problems of disorganised complexity NEW TOWN

UNIVERSITY AND SCIENTIC CENTER

... TO A PROBLEM OF ORGANIZED COMPLEXITY!

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matrix

CITY CENTER PROJECT AREA

binary system_tree model

MODEL | SCHEME

multivariable system_matrix model

ALMERE


STRATEGIC IDEA STRATEGIC ABACUS FOR A SUSTAINABLE AGENDA OUTPUT

ELEMENTS

PRODUCTION

mitigating climate biodiversity dispersind seeds emissions abatement

SERVICES

STRATEGIES

CO2

=

TRANSPORT

energy network sustainable transport

economic network social network

car sharing car pooling driverless car bike sharing switch to cleaner fuels electric transport smart grid energy station intermodal green axis

-

inclusion creativity equity happiness aesthetic cultural

smart public spaces flexible spaces housing policy coworking

=

light heat electricity

windfarm solar island road runner piezoelectric sensor algae farms heat exchanger

-

fitodepuration green machine

biodiversity

local and sustainable food forage

biodiversity mitigating climate air purification carbon storage

VALUES

=

health fishing desalinated water

-

INPUT

MOBILITY

sustainable water

DRINKINGWATER

SOIL

HOW

CO2

mitigating climate air purification dispersing seeds

GROUNDWATER

SEA

OUTPUT

= desalinated machine

urban farm carbon storage urban garden fertility (seeds, nutrients) online ordering retention/filtering water private nutrition monitoring decomposition smart trade self-sufficiency local economy

HR

NATURAL RESOURCES

RAINWATER

HOW STRATEGIES

-

-

FAUNA

hunting farming

biodiversity pollination weed control

ecological network biodiversity preservation green databases

=

VEGETATION

environmental quality new species

biodiversity carbon storage climate mitigation retention/filtering water

ecological network green corridor green roof

-

ENERGY

AIR

SERVICES

MATERIAL

PRODUCTION

IT

INPUT ELEMENTS

RENEWABLE

wind energy solar energy geothermal energy kinetic energy desalinated seawater

WASTE

energy sustainable material

pneumatic waste collection cogeneration plasma arc gasification reducing construction waste bio-tech

-

RAW MATERIAL

sustainable material 0 km material

reuse center nano-tech

-

NETWORK

connection

smart grid wireless chips free internet connectivity interactive wall screens digital transport stops

=

opportunity ubiquity knowledge telemanagement social net

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INFRASTRUCTURES: A PROCESS OF MAPPING

VORONOI DIAGRAM_VACANT LAND gradient intensity

VORONOI DIAGRAM_SOCIAL gradient intensity

VORONOI DIAGRAM_BIODIVERSITY gradient intensity

VORONOI DIAGRAM_IMMATERIAL gradient intensity

VORONOI DIAGRAM_TRANSPORT gradient intensity

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ZEEBURG NETWORK POTENTIAL

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BIOACTIVE DESIGN PROCESS

ENERGY HUMAN RESOURCES

SUSTAINABLE USE AREA

MOBILITY RESTORATION AREA

WASTE

NETWORK POTENTIAL

IMMATERIAL

ISOCHRONES REPORT

BIODIVERSITY +

CORE AREA

+

LINEAR CORRIDOR

+

+

+

+ +

+ + +

+ +

+

BUFFER ZONE

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

STEPPING STONE CORRIDOR

10

+

+

+ +

+

+ +

++

+

+

+

ECOLOGICAL NETWORK

POTENTIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

SUSTAINABLE USE AREA

CORE AREA

CONCEPT

STEP 1

STEP 2

STEP 3

ZEEBURG BIOACTIVE CITY The Zeeburg Bioactive City concept seeks to create a sustainable urban system composed of a distributed network of small-scale, self-sufficient units. The sprawling subject city is first divided into small-scale urban units we named “Community Cells”. Next, green areas we named “Green Cells” are created for each Community Cell or are already a local resource. Each pair of Community Cell and Green Cell forms a smallscale circulation system to promote the recycling and reuse of materials and energy. These circulation systems are networked to provide complementary functions. While interacting with the existing wide-area infrastructure, the circulation systems complete a broad, sustainable urban system.


ZEEBURG URBAN PROGRAM [si] solar island [af] algae farm [wf] wind island

[es_w] energy station_waste [uf] urban farm [in] intermodal node

[mlc] marine life center [tlc] terestrian life center [tc] tech center

[mdh] medium density housing [hdh] high density housing [sc_cc] sport_cultural center

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BIOMORPHING: CELLULAR GROWTH

BIO ATTRACTOR

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HR CELL

HR GENOME

HR ATTRACTOR

BIO GENOME

HR CELL

BIO CELL

BIO CELL

BASIC CELL

GENOME INTRODUCTION

CELL FORMATION

CELL MATURATION

Analyze the context of the existing city and identify and designate the ideal cell layout pattern.

Introduce genomes at appropriate locations to form the actual cells and achieve the designated cell layout pattern.

Individual cells begin autonomous cell formation, supported by the functions of the genomes.

Each type of cell grows and matures independently while maintaining coexistence with the existing urban areas.


AN UNIVERSAL SYSTEM THAT BRINGS OUT LOCAL CHARACTER Zeeburg Bioactive City is a universal system, with great potential for application to various cities around the world. In order to detect areas and contexts of the existing city, it is allowed to apply different kind of energy systems or life assist systems. As a result, the form of developed city and the lifestyles of the people in each city will be completely different. The self-developing nature of this type of program will bring out the character of the place while changing a standardized system into a system with greater flexibility. solar park eolic park geothermic heating system heat exchanger pressure sensitive floor nanotech devices biotech devices driverless car_stop/parking bikesharing_stop/parking internet point chips and sensors smart lighting digital facades digital displays location based service

smart transit station software for pubblic transport management road traffic sensor biotic stop shelter_rainwater harvesting kindergarden hobbies area elderly care center high density labour room low density labour room research center labs shared cultivation private cultivation pharmaceutical labs

natural grass green roof pond green terrace garden pic-nic area open air activity wetland greenhouses ornamental goods collection center centro inventario specie urban garden riprocessing medical resources biological species inventory center rainwater collection and storage constructed wetland

food market digital database food network customized comfort control u-sanity u-service u-security call box pneumatic waste system sensors C02 emissions sensors pneumatic waste collection incineration microgeneration system cogeneration system electrical point of recharge

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Internship 2012Architecten

ABSTRACT In order to contribute to cities that use their resources efficient, 2012Architecten has been investigating processes that empower local exchange and production. When we want to transform cities into smart environments that behave like ecosystems we need program and buildings that provide an alternative to transporting our resources, products and components around the globe. These connectors between wasteflows and resource demands are called Cyclifiers.

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CYCLIFIER Anna Brambilla Supervisor Jan Jongert July 2011/ January 2012

As internship I had an amazing six months experience within the 2012Architecten office. I worked with them mainly at the research programme called Cyclifier, as graphic designer and research assistant. The term “cyclifier� is introduced to identify a typology of actors in the built environment that enable sustainable urban systems. The research began by investigating case studies of practical applications of industrial ecology within architecture, infrastructure, and planning. Cyclifiers are defined as metabolic processors that operate in ecological niches; create symbiotic connections; and increase resource efficiency, thereby decreasing system-level inputs and outputs and intensifying the use of space. The methodology used for investigating potential cyclifier cases uses the industrial ecology methods of material flow analysis and ecological systems theory. The results of the research show themes of ecological niches; ecological roles; inputs and outputs; and risks. It was found that cyclifiers operate in ecological niches with at least two dimensions: material and policy; cyclifiers perform activities including supply-demand matching and transformational processing. Through this research, the ambition is to be able to elucidate the type of actor that creates conditions within the built environment leading towards industrial ecology. The intention of creating the new term was to be able to identify this specific type of actors such that the proposed typology could be methodologically analyzed, discussed, and designed. In this way, the term cyclifier seeks to extend the industrial ecology discourse by redefying the class of actors contributing to sustainable urban systems.

WEBSITE GRAPHIC DESIGN During my internship I designed the new website of the research project: http://www.cyclifier.org/ Cyclifier.org shows more than 80 interventions to (re)establish links between wasteflows and resources for 15 different flow-types. This platform is open to everyone to learn and share about new connecting concepts. Cyclifier.org is an online community of innovators that enable local exchanges of resource flows.


GRO-HOLLAND DIAGRAM

3D SANKEY DIAGRAMS

320 Km

Sankey diagrams are a specific type of flow diagram, in which the width of the streams is shown proportionally to the flow quantity and the flows can be combined, split and traced through a series of events or stages. They are typically used to visualize energy or material transfers between processes.

160 Km 80 Km

OYSTER MUSHROOMS SPORES

from Belgium | 240 kg/week

40 Km

DE-COMPACTION ADDITIVE

20 Km

natural

10 Km

PLASTIC BAGS

perforated

DRINKING WATER

5 Km 0 Km

COFFEE WASTE

O

2.500 kg/week

2

WASTE HEAT

CO

CAFES CUSTOMERS 670.000/week

2

O

TRUCK

1/week

LA PLACE CAFES

2

CO

2

MIXING/PACKING

MUSHROOMS

(PACKED) COFFEE MIXTURE

350 kg/week

WASTE WATER INCUBATION ROOM COFFEE-MYCELIA MIXTURE

OYSTER MUSHROOMS

FILTER FRUITION ROOM

WASTE

plastic bags

WORKFORCE 3 people

GRO-HOLLAND FOOD AND ORGANICS TRANSPORT

SOIL CONDITIONER

2.500 kg/week

INORGANIC MATERIAL AIR

0 Km

WATER AND LIQUIDS

5 Km

ENERGY

10 Km 20 Km

OTHER TWO 3D SANKEY DIAGRAMS I DEVELOPED (total 13 diagrams)

20 Km 5 Km national

0 Km

PACKAGED FOOD

Dutch consumers

VEGETABLE BASED WASTE

international

12 t/day

30 Km

FOOD

international supply

5 Km

COWS

RAINWATER

MANURE 12 t/day

HEAT

GREEN ELECTRICITY 750 kW

DIGESTER

CO

SALT NaCl

0 Km

PACKAGING FACILITIES

BIOMASS

MISLABELED FOOD

DIGESTATE

2

CORPORATE EVENTS

WATER EVAPORATION

EXTRA FOOD VOLUNTEERS

FARM LAND

ALGAE PONDS

TRANSFORMER DRIED ALGAE LOCAL RECIRCULATION

R’DAM COMMUNITY

MILK

FOOD COLLECTION

3.000 l/day

MIXER / PRESS

VOLUNTEER LABOUR

GREEN ELECTRICITY

HALLUM FARM

FOOD 2.500 Kg/week

550 kW to the grid

PICK-UP FACILITIES

ENRICHED SALT BLOCKS

R’DAM FOOD BANK

HOUSEHOLDS 5.000

0 Km

FOOD AND ORGANICS AIR ENERGY INORGANIC MATERIAL

LOW INCOME HOUSEHOLDS

5 Km

SPOILED FOOD municipal waste

0 Km

20 Km

FOOD AND ORGANICS LABOUR USER

5 Km 10 Km

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Competition Holcim Awards

ABSTRACT The Holcim Awards is an initiative of the Holcim Foundation for Sustainable Construction based in Switzerland. The competitions aim to encourage and inspire a built environment that goes beyond convention to address the challenges of sustainability. The “Next Generation� category is open to student projects created within university programs at final year bachelor level or above.

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THE NEW ROAD Anna Brambilla, Alice Braggion, Alessandro Carabini, Marta Michieli Prof. Giuseppe Longhi AY 2010/2011

This project finds its ideal roots on one hand in Lisbon Agenda, and on the other hand in the so-called New Silk Road (TRACECA_Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia and TAE_Trans-Asia-Europe programmes). The mission of Lisbon Agenda is to fulfill European target of creating socially just and technologically advanced urban environments; the New Silk Road, which will link East and West by railroad, sea and digital means, is the backbone of the Euro-Asian relations of the next future. To keep a key role in the new continental system the European cities must radically change approach and get engaged in the tumultuous growth of Oriental way of designing, instead of standing out against it. The described trends can be regarded as huge opportunities for the revival of Venice, a city that can have an active role in the new Euro-Asian dimension as hub city for the upcoming flows of cultures, goods and people. Our location is Portomarghera ex-industrial area, and specifically via Fratelli Bandiera, a 4 km road connecting Venice-Mestre railway station to the lagoon. Our New Road symbolically connecting the northeast of Mediterranean Sea with the New Silk Road. The strategic target of year 2050 is reached through a responsible way of designing that enhances natural resources, increases local biocapacity and biodiversity and uses 100% renewable energies. - User capacity: 10.000 - Free TLC network: 20 Mb - Local and Sustainable materials: 80% - Sustainable water: 100% - Sustainable transport: 100% - Waste: 0% - Carbon: 0%

VoD: A GLOBAL PLATFORM Our ultimate purpose is to bring forward a settlement and gathering model able to reassert human resources while respecting biocapacity, and suitable to combine the ever-growing digital side of the city with natural resources.


FLOWS GENERATOR In our scenario of year 2050 we outlined the road as an innovative production model, a bare 2D street turned into a 4D infrastructure. Flows of resources and services run all along the road, permeable and dense at the same time, creating catalytic elements (the knot-buildings) on different levels and with different interactions. To know, to learn, to trade, to research: the buildings are physical and digital platforms describing a variable, user-oriented morphology, and act as a filter between the natural environment and the existent urban fabric.

ONE PLANET STANDARDS Regarding the site morphological variation due to climate change, we restore a nonstop biotic environment that flows from the lagoon to the urban area. The metabolic formulation of the project aims at limiting the collection of raw materials,limit and dispose wastes, eliminate CO2 emissions, merging technosphere with biosphere. - Ecological footprint<1 - 100%renewable sources - Food self-sufficiency - Animals and plants species preservation - Integrated water cycle management - Sustainable transport - 0 emissions

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THE NEW SILK ROAD The New Road is intended as a creative place of hospitality not only for the oriental community. It appears that itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s only with the welcoming and opening up to comparison that we will be able to renew the declining urban contexts, for an European reality more cohesive between East and West. Into it, the space 2.0 and the ongoing definition of the city in real time make possible the use of high efficiency services: the immaterial infrastructures lead the interactivity to social organization and to a load level reduction on the environment. The incorporation of the elements that generate sustainability in architectural components makes our idea applicable in different contexts, in a simple way and within the reach of all. Physical plants, traditionally exogenous elements to building, are fully integrated in the facades, roofs, road surfaces and in every element of the project; everything plays a multifunctional role generating services and socializing, without consuming energy but producing it.

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CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE METABOLIC PROJECT The New Road is meant as gathering place of the renewed Oriental technological, artistic and cultural creativity on the model of Venetian and Oriental Fondaci, multifunctional structures able to meet the needs of the most different guest communities. Only if open to integration and change can the declining European urban contexts be renewed. Climate change is one of the key factors we have taken into account when designing, because of the deep impact on morphology, sea level rise, biodiversity and temperature increase. The New Road is also the result of a sustainable, holistic, cooperative and creative designing process.


HUMAN RESOURCES AND ADHOCRATIC MODEL (SPACE USE) The New Road gives users the chance to act in a collaborative way (for society and environment benefit) as well as the opportunity to express their own ideas for developing the urban context. The main challenge is to meet the needs of 10 billion people in 2050, acting in harmony with natural resources. In this globalized dimension we propose to welcome different cultures and stakeholder.Students, researchers, local and global citizens have here the opportunity to make their contribution to development: more concentration of meetings means more sharing and production of ideas, and also more efficiency for the entire system. - U-services: health, transport, entertainment, culture, government, community - Education: spots of quick learning and cultural forum - Fair trade, ethical purchasing groups - Social Network: digital platforms, communication, information and economy BACKCASTING AND ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT The New Road has a great valueadded because it provides high quality interactive services and contributes to produce energy thanks to the installation of PV systems. Not only it contributes to raise the scientific knowledge rate and positively improves the exchanges of knowledge between Europe (mostly the Mediterranean northeast part of it) and the East, but it also brings forward the international conventions and EU objectives about goods and energy consumption and technological innovation. It has positive impact on the surrounding environment because its layout is integrated into the new paths made by the urban requalification of the existing built. It proposes itself as a transferable model thanks to the technologies that it incorporates, its compatibility with the biotic production, its interactivity.

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BUILDING #1 AND #2

To_Know knot DIAGRAMS

To_Learn knot DIAGRAMS

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visualization To_Know knot

visualization To_Learn knot

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BUILDING #3 AND #4

To_Research KNOT DIAGRAMS

To_Trade knot DIAGRAMS

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visualization To_Research KNOT

visualization To_Trade knot

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ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT REDUCTION

ONE LIVING PLANET STANDARDS #1

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ONE LIVING PLANET STANDARDS #2

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Architectural Design Multidisciplinary Studio 3

ABSTRACT The design studio introduces the students into the estimation of complex goods and the evaluation of alternative project and nevertheless into the topics of technological innovation, quality, reliability, and construction of the appropriateness of design choices. The design work is relative to real effectiveness of the interdisciplinary design project that is coherent in respect of the hypothesis of draft choices of organizations and construction procedures as well as materials, systems and components that we intend to take. 26

LAGOON 2100 Anna Brambilla, Marta Michieli Prof. Benno Albrecht AY 2010/2011

It is now common knowledge that contemporary society must look into the future not only with caution and precaution but also with a renewed design spirit. It is the science of sustainability that adds new value to time, and consequently gives importance to the anticipation of the future. It is time that brings together human history and natural history within the same process. Time allows us to understand as a unit, opposite events that through history seems not to be connected: the environmental events and human-antropic ones. Urban environment adaptation and improvement are the trigger for new design processes and they are the only civic strategy to go. The purpose of each physical design is to increase social cohesion. In Lagoon 2100 the project refers directly to the network of relations of the social body, to its level of knowledge, to its active participation into processes of urban transformation. The metabolic approach to the physical design is developed taking into account the priorities set up by the European Union about the sustainable targets for mobility, CO2 emissions, water management, energy, waste management and food selfsufficiency. Our hypothesis is based on the interdependence of ecosphere and technosphere. There is need for appropriate scenarios, in the future, to test the project within the forecast processes of transformation. As a result, the design act starts from the discover of strengths and weakness of the context, and ends up with an integrated system of interventions. The city is tripartite: it is green outside, durable in corrispondence of the transportation infrastructure and precarious in the section of 1km. Welcome to the 2100 linear city.

ADAPTIVE STRATEGY

INCREASE natural environemnt CONCENTRATE urban environment DECREASE sprawl


SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT: MESTRE-VENICE

MAPPING INFRASTRUCTURES AND HISORICAL CENTERS

NEW LAGOON BARRIER

STEP 1

STEP 2 INFRASTRUCTURE UPGRADE: ENERGY SERVICES AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT CITY STARTS DENSIFYING, SPRAWL DECREASE

COLONIZATION OF THE NEW LINEAR CITY, CONCENTRATE AND DENSE

STEP 3

IPEREMPTY GREEN

URBAN IPERDENSE

IPEREMPTY BLUE

STEP 4

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VISION: a high density linear city.

HIGHEST DENSITY LOWEST DENSITY

HIGHEST DENSITY

LOWEST DENSITY

UPGRADED INFRASTRUCTURE: public transport and added value

LOWEST DENSITY, d=3,4 HIGHEST DENSITY, d=2

LINEAR CITY: high density functional mix

28


iperEMPTY

PROCESS: the upgraded infrastructure generates services, wild nature and a new urban environment.

iperDENSE

The upgraded infratructure axix is set up. It gathers and distributes energy producted by solar panels, mangages the harvest of waste, water and the gethoermal heat.

No more sprawl for the city. The built environment frees the territory and finds its place in the one kilometer of new city just next to the infrastructure axis that integrates inside itself and in its proximity social and collective functions.

In 2100 the linear city, 1km thick, will be model to sustainable, functional, attractive and dense (d>3 m2/m2) urban settlement.

2100 OBJECTIVES AND ADVANTAGES

+

?

01_ MOBILITY

Reducing dependence on oil through the introduction of electric vehicles. The electricity that powers these means is generated within the city from renewable sources.

02_ ENERGY

Smart distribution of energy from the place of production to the consumer, based on the demand. Reduction of costs, energy savings and increased efficiency.

03_ WASTE

Pneumatic collection of waste, with subterranean tunnels directly from collection points to sorting center or to the closest micro-incinerator.

04_ WATER

Collecting rainwater: recycled for the toilets, for reservoirs and irrigation of agricultural fields. Optimization of the water cycle also by wetlands.

05_ BIODIVERSITY

Freeing up soil from widespread buildings and implementing green surfaces, in the urban environment plant and animal native species find their place in natural habitats within the city.

06_ WELLNESS

Cycle paths and bikesharing are a crucial part of sustainable transport, fast and safe, which contributes to the decrease of CO2 emissions and increases the physical wellbeing of the population.

07_ FOOD

Encouraging the food production on a small scale can not only solve the global problem of food needs, but also reduce the dependence on fertilizers and chemical additives.

08_ MIGRATION

Encouraging, assisting and attracting young students, workers and researchers, can contribute positively to the economic and social growth of the country.

FUNCTIONAL PROGRAMME WITHIN THE 1KM LINEAR CITY

+

Surfarce: 2.000.000 m2

Density: 1,5-2,0

ADDITIONAL SERVICES

18% Shops, Offices 3% Factories, Workshops SERVICES DISTRIBUTION NET: 1 KM

1 km

4% Education, Research 1% Farm 74% Dwellings

2 km

296.000 INHABITANTS (50 m2/pp)

260.000 WORKERS (20 m2/pp)

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VISION

CONCEPT

WASTE TO INCINERATORS

PUBLIC TRANSPORT GREEN ROOFS

ENERGY FROM SOLAR PANELS

WELLNESS

WATER CYCLE

BIKEPATHS AND BIKESHARING

WASTE MANAGEMENT CONTROL STATION

FOOD PRODUCTION STAZIONE RICARICA ELETTRICA SOIL

HEAT

RAIN WATER TO FLUSH TOILETS

BIOGAS

FILTRATION POND BIODIVERSITY

AUTOMOBILI ELETTRICHE

WORK OPPORTUNITIES

ORGANIC WASTE GRAY WATER

WATER COLLECTION POND

PNEUMATIC WASTE MANAGEMENT

PNEUMATIC WASTE MANAGEMENT

BIO

DURABLE

wild nature

urban park

PRECARIOUS

DIFFERENT MORPHOLOGIES:

URBAN METHODOLOGY:

pedestrian/bike grid 50x50 m, free building

block, energy optimum

court buiding, heat store and sun right

blocks distance, 1 street

buildings shift, no high wind flows

maximum freedom and building typology, d<3,4

TREE ROW

fields

filtration pond

VIADUCT

OUTSIDE THE CITY

green roof

public green EARTHWORK

urban garden

water pond DYKE/PILING

INSIDE THE CITY

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MAIN ELEMENTS: bio | durable | precarious


TECHNICAL SECTION

CONSTRUCTION MODEL FLEXIBLE MODUL

ASSEMBLED STRUCTURE

FLEXIBLE MODUL

ASSEMBLED STRUCTURE

TERTIARY BEAMS

SECONDARY BEAMS

TRAVI PRINCIPALI

PILARS

50

m

50 m

31


Architectural Design Multidisciplinary Studio 2

ABSTRACT Here we have a multipurpose agenda for an area near the Po delta, comprehending a camping site, a short stay complex, made up of real little houses, a restaurant, a museum, a church and, of course, a grove, fileds and a water basin where costumers can practise country life. All in order to recreate a bucolic athmosphere in a border area with a high turistic level potential, not forgetting to provide healthy and happy living style combined with a local culture and heritage.

32

AGRICAMPING NEAR THE RIVER DELTA Anna Brambilla, Marta Michieli, Elena Albertin Prof. Marina Montuori AY 2009/2010

The project for enhancing tourism and environment covers a wide area of the Municipality of Rosolina (Rovigo), ranging from the hinterland, Caleri lagoon, to the rivers Adige and Po di Levante, and is based on the need to enhance the beauty of this unique land and its potential for tourism. More specifically, the area of interest is located in the locality of Moceniga, along the track of the valleys, formed as a result of the work of reclamation of the old Moceniga valley, where there is a small church, which is now abandoned, built by the Mocenigo family in 1789, and an area object of reforestation with autochthonous species of approximately 4.5 hectares. Currently the area is mainly cultivated, with difficulty, due to the brackish nature of land and the strong action of the wind, while the surface not cultivable has been left part green and in part uncultivated. The design aims at the recover of landscape and culture of this area and at the open for tourism by recovering and renovating the old church and the reenactment of the ancient cason of the valley, the construction of a center of historical documentation on cultural heritage, wildlife and nature, the construction of a receptive structure and an area equipped for camping and for the rest of the tourists, the realization of a refreshment center with activities for the promotion and sale of typical products, the inclusion of recreational facilities, the integration of the fishing valley, the organization of the area as a starting point for free or guided tours. Flexibility, wild nature, prefabricate buildings, environmental education, healthy life: the perfect place for families and natual life lovers.

RELAX AND ORGANIC FARMING


SITE MAP: TERRITORIAL SECTIONS and MAIN PROGRAM

A

A’

B

B’

C

C’

D

D’

PARCHEGGIO ALBERGO DIFFUSO - 1.40

PIAZZOLE CARAVAN PIAZZOLE TENDE BIRDWATCHING PALE EOLICHE CAMPI COLTIVATI PERCORSO AEREO PESCHIERE A

HOUSEBOAT CENTRALE TERMICA

B

- 1.20

POLO MUSEALE D’ + 2.00

CHIESA RECEPTION / AREA RISTORO

- 1.40 - 1.50

+ 1.80

C

+ 1.80 - 1.40

- 1.40 + 3.30 + 0.10 + 0.10 + 0.10

- 1.40

- 1.40

- 3.00

A’

- 3.00

B’

+ 1.80

- 3.00

- 1.40

- 1.40

- 0.20

- 1.40 - 1.40

- 0.20

C’

D

ClaMARCH_Corso di laurea specialistica in Architettura per la Sostenibilità_Laboratorio integrato di composizione_a.a. 2009/2010_secondo semestre_docenti: COMPOSIZIONE ARCHITETTONICA Marina Montuori_DISEGNO Emanuele Garbin_RESTAURO Angela Squassina_TECNICA DEL CONTROLLO AMBIENTALE Luigi Schibuola_ Barbara Angi Silvia Zini

Michele Lazzarini

Michele Lazzarini

Martina Iaschi Roberta Martel

33


SEASONAL ACTIVITY FIELDS

LANDSCAPE CONCEPT

LAYERS

34


SMART EFFICIENCY

SMART FLEXIBILITY

SINGLE COUNTRY HOUSE

COMMON FACILITIES, TOILETS AND KITCHEN MULTIFUNCTIONAL HILLS

35


SHORT STAY HOUSING COMPLEX

MAQUETTE VIEW #1

36

MAQUETTE VIEW #2


DOUBLE AND TRIPLE COUNTRY HOUSE

37


INDIPENDENZA: dalla dorezione del vento ALTA FORZA DEL VENTO _ il rotore a vento ROPATEC produce energia anche durante di raffiche da vento estreme AVVIAMENTO FACILE _ già ad una velocità del vento di 2-3 m/s NESSUN RUMORE _ l’impianto non si sente MULTITASK _ possono essere avviati anche pompe d’acqua e mulini, o altresì pura energia termica

FLOATING PAVILION

38


BIRDWATCHING PAVILIONS

BETWEEN WOODS AND FIELDS

39


Architectural Design Multidisciplinary Studio 1

ABSTRACT The theme is the completion of a manzana in a former industrial area of the city of Barcelona now relevant thanks to the addition of a new shared services and dwellings. The rethink on traditional spaces of living, the proposal of new environments and places, opens to a wide range of solutions, which arise as moments of update and design of new parts of the urban fabric.

40

DWELLINGS IN BARCELONA Anna Brambilla, Guido Pantani Prof. Patrizia Montini Zimolo AY 2009/2010

The working area that was chosen inside the Mediterranean Basin it is a place where design experimatation are possible referring to the latent liason between building culture and housing culture, typical of this part of Europe. An area where forms, materials and techniques are plasmed by climate – air, light and water – by soil utilization and by natural resources. Sustainability can be evaluated on a double meter: on one side the materials use and the traditional techologies – wood, rock, earth, wind-gears – on the other side the introduction of modern materials and tools – photovoltaic and thermal panels, wind turbines and the modern technologies. Without nostalgic scopes is needed an equilibrium point between tradition and modernity. The definition of basical housing unit is the starting point for developing a urban aggregation connected to the tradition of the city and to the new high quality environment we want to generate. Starting from the evidence that a good knowledge in building physics is essential for planning and constructing sound and energy efficient buildings with high levels of comfort and durability, during the course we came to a more comprehensive knowledge on various topics in the field of building physics. Several specific applications and a final global analysis on our project let us familiarise with the methodology of choosing and evaluating different solutions, using the performance approach. The result is that in Barcelona, an anomalous manzana (that faces directly the old unused manufacturing plant of the Escocesa) has been turned into a sustainable, innovative and efficient residential complex.

CONCEPT Like fingers in the urban tissue.


4TH-5TH.F.

1ST-3RD.F.

G.F.

U.F.

WINDS ANALYSIS

SUN ANALYSIS

SHADOWS ANALYSIS

23RD SEPTEMBER

21ST DECEMBER

21ST MARCH

21ST JUNE

41


PROJECT SECTIONS

PROJECT LAYERS

FLOWER BEDS WITH TREES

ROWS AND SEATS

PATHS AND ACCESSES

BUILDINGS COMPLEX

GROUND LEVEL

42


FLOORS AXONOMETRY

HOUSE TYPE A

SUSTAINABILITY STANDARDS

1- 85 m2 (with variation in 120 m2) 2- 85 m2 (for handicapped persons)

1

2

CROSS VENTILATION

43


A

B1

C

ELEVATION AND SECTION SOUTH FRONT

44

B2


DETAIL A

CLADDING PANELS

GREEN ROOF 3

4 5 6

11

7

8

9

10

1 - Solaio di copertura in laterocemento 2 - Massetto di pendenza 3 - Membrana impermeabile 4 - Isolamento termico in polistirene espanso 5 - Membrana impermeabile antiradice 6 - Strato di protezione meccanica 7 - Pannello in polistirene stampato con funzione di drenaggio, di accumulo idrico e di protezione meccanica 8 - Substrato colturale 9 - Strato drenante 10 - Strato di vegetazione intensiva 11 - Canale di drenaggio

MARBLE SLAB 5 MM ALVEOLAR ALLUMINIUM 25 MM

2

1

DETAIL B1 and B2 FAĂ&#x2021;ADE AND FLOOR 5

1 - Mattone Lecablocco Bioclima, 20x20x25 cm (posato con malta tradizionale) 2 - Pannello isolante leggero 7 cm 3 - Blocco architettonico splittato tipo Leca, 14x20x50 cm 4 - Sistema oscurante scorrevole con listelli di legno, 90x10x4 cm 5 - Parapetto (della loggia) in vetro

4

3 2 1

CORNER SOLUTION

6

7

8

9

10

6 - Battiscopa 7 - Pannello isolante stampato 3.1 cm 8 - Tubo impianto radiante, ø 1 cm 9 - Massetto 3 cm 10 - Pavimentazione 11 - Solaio in laterocemento tradizionale

11

OUTER WALL

DETAIL C GROUND FLOOR 6

7

8

9

10

1 5

4

2 3

1 - Membrana impermeabile 0.4 cm 2 - Pannello in polistirolo 2 cm 3 - Intonaco 2cm 4 - Riempimento in pezzame 5 - Riempimento in terrabattuta 6 - Massetto con rete 20 cm 7 - Membrana impermeabile 0.5 cm 8 - Allettamento 1.5 cm 9 - Pavimentazione esterna 10 - Solaio alleggerito tipo predalle

45


thermal storage wall

PILARS AND FLOORS

WINTER, DAY

WINTER, NIGHT

STUDENTS BUILDING

SUMMER, DAY

STUDENTS BUILDING SECTION

46


STUCTURAL ANALYSIS

STUCTURAL PLAN, UNDEGROUND FLOOR

SECTION A-A’

STUCTURAL PLAN, TYPE FLOOR

A

A’

SECTION B-B’

B’

B

47


ANNA BRAMBILLA PORTFOLIO

2006 2011


Workshop ‘11 Rotterdam

. . . coming soon

ENGLISH ABSTRACT We worked in a zone around the ’Brandlijn’, in the central part of the city. Along this line, we encountered many different urban and social spatial practices, some connected, some disconnected from the city center, and some of them can be seen as a result of the 2nd world war, others are more contemporary city problems. Aim was to formulate a problem statement related to urban issues in our area. Hence we designed the smallest intervention with the biggest urban or social impact: digital services and improved enviromental quality on the urban surrounding. 50

CITY CENTER HEART(S) Prof. Micha De Haas AY 2010/2011

The bombardment of Rotterdam at the beginning of WWII erased its city centre completely. During the years directly after the war, a complete new centre has been built: a symbol of modernity and optimism. What was left was the zone that marked the border between the new city centre and the old city around it: the ‘Brandlijn’ (fire demarcation line). Nowadays in many cities around the world, Rotterdam included, we see a tendency to design and build large-scale buildings that somehow land in the city fabric, seemingly in disregard to the specificities of the context. These buildings are intended to function like eye catchers but in fact ignore many important urban and social issues. The ‘Brandlijn’ in Rotterdam is a particularly interesting case because of the impact the Second World War has had on the city. Because of the devastating fire, as a result of this bombing of the city, a continuous line has emerged within the city fabric, a line that ‘connects’ buildings from radically different time periods. The ‘tabula rasa’ has not only resulted in a process of stitching modern buildings with historical ones, but has created a loss of coherence in Rotterdam’s city centre, a problem that even nowadays has a large influence on the ‘agenda’ and tasks of Rotterdam’s urban planners and architects. Within this workshop, they proposed us to relate an investigation into the specific spatial characteristics of the ‘Brandlijn’, to a proposal to intervene on several important locations along that line. The goal is then to make the smallest concrete intervention, which has the biggest urban or social impact.

SMALL SCALE, BIG CHANGE Rotterdam. Facing Impact of the Second World War: Urban Design in Contemporary Europe an Cities


WORKSHOP POSTER

51


52


53


54


LLP Erasmus IP: Facing Impact of the Second World War: Urban Design in Contemporary European Cities, Case: Rotterdam 2011 2040 Scenario

Week 02

SCHOWBURGPLEIN CENTRAL STATION

LIJNBAAN

LIJNBAAN’S GARDEN

COOLSINGEL

Playground

Central Station

Schouwburgplein

Lijnbaan’s garden

Coffee

55

Apartements

Coffee Shop

Coffee Shop

Offices

Apartements

FINAL WORK Alternative shop

Lijnbaan

Group 02 TU Delft: Anna BRAMBILLA, Milan VLOEDBELD, CUT Krakow:Anna OSTROWSKA, Marta SMAGA HAWK Hildesheim: Lena Gunther, HTW Dresden: Robin FONTAINE

Coolsingel


Workshop ‘09 BURKINA FASO

ENGLISH ABSTRACT Will things change in africa? Francis Kerè is optimistic. Under his direction we have developed a project that includes a school, a canteen, a library, teachers houses, a community and health center, sanitary services, common gardens and a playground-coutyard. “With the provision of intelligent architecture, the potential of children can be advocated”.

56

A SCHOOL IN AFRICA Prof. Diébédo Francis Kéré AY 2008/2009

The primary objective of this project was to design a building appropriate for the given climatic conditions and one which factored in elements of sustainability. To achieve these aims, it was decided that laterite stone, native to the region, be used as the main building material in an exemplary pilot project. The building was set at an east-west orientation which reduces direct solar radiation onto the walls, while the walls themselves are additionally shadowed by means of a sharply protruding roof. The building consists of six classrooms in addition to a library that is attached to an office space. There is also an amphitheatre with a corresponding size to that of two classroom. This space is a designated sitting area during break time. The permeable suspending ceiling, the inclined corrugated sheet roof as well as the completely obvious shaded windows ensure a natural ventilation of the rooms. Compared to the conventional construction method, for which an artificial air-conditioning of the rooms is required, this is the more sustainable solution in the face of fossil resources running out and increasing energy prices. This especially applies to a country like Burkina Faso, which is ranked second to last place on the UN poverty list and which has to cover its complete energy demand by means of import. Through this construction concept, not only was a local building material re-valued in form of the laterite stone, but local handicraft was also re-valued, trained and further educated.

SUSTAINABLE DESIGN Social, ethical, economical and cultural standards designing a school in Burkina Faso.


FUNCTIONAL AGENDA

NOT ONLY A SCHOOL

57


daily time plan:

8 : 00 - 12 : 30

12 : 30 - 13 : 30

13 : 30 - 15 : 00

15 : 00 - 18 : 00

18 : 00 - 20 : 00

SCHOOl

lUnCH

WORKSHOp

SCHOOl

play

- Courtyard - Gardens + Trees - Canteen/ Meeting point

- Classrooms + Porch - Meeting point - Vegetable garden

- Classrooms - Headteacher’s office - Library

58

- Classrooms - Headteacher’s office - Library

- Classrooms + Porch - Soccer field - Library - Coutyard + Trees - Meeting point


SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS MASTER SITE PLAN

THE SHADOW IMPORTANCE

LONGITUDINAL SECTION

59


THE SCHOOL

LIBRARY SECTION

60


SITE PLAN

61


COMMON KITCHEN LIVINGROOM PRIVATE COURTYARD

BEDROOM

TEACHERS HOUSES AFRICAN CLIMATE: SUN, HOT, RAIN SEASON

CLIMATIC SECTIONS SCHOOL AND LIBRARY

62


TEACHERS HOUSES, INSIDE

GARDENS AND IRRIGATION SYSTEM WITH COLLECTED WATER

TEACHERS HOUSES, OUTSIDE

63


Graphic design and Visual communication

ENGLISH ABSTRACT Topics include the foundations of visual communication. An important part of the teaching was dedicated in particular to the deepening of the methods and rules of composition graphics, and how the latter compare, in complex projects or in the design of individual artifacts, with the communication of architecture.

64

LAYOUT ARCHITECTURE Prof. Gianluigi Pescolderung AY 2008/2009

Come si comunica un progetto? Con quali forme, con quali strumenti? Il corso di Disegno e Comunicazione visiva si propone di analizzare dal punto di vista della comunicazione grafica e visuale i rapporti che intercorrono all’interno della progettazione architettonica tra idea, elaborazione del progetto e comunicazione. Ogni progetto di architettura comporta la produzione e il sovrapporsi di una enorme quantità di informazioneimmagini documentarie, disegni ideativi, montaggi di immagini, disegni tecnici e diagrammatici, modelli, rendering e simulazioni virtuali, e altre ancora- e allo stesso tempo ogni progetto ha un contenuto essenziale, fondamentale e sintetico, da comunicare. Per questo il “far vedere”, il raccontare per immagini, il dare chiarezza e forza espressiva ai contenuti, il trasferire e riscrivere sul piano grafico-visuale la sintesi dei contenuti stessi, costituiscono un momento non secondario nella vita di un progetto. Ma il disegno della comunicazione è altro dal disegno dell’architettura: entrano in gioco saperi e competenze che appartengono alle discipline e all’ambito del design visuale. Sono state queste, la ARCHITETTURA IN PAGINA loro scoperta e la loro conoscenza a costituire l’obiettivo centrale del corso. Ogni studente per la prova d’esame è stato tenuto a presentare i propri elaborati realizzati nel corso delle esercitazioni, impagninati e rilegati in maniera personale.

MAKING / BREAKING THE GRID Preparatory study making the layout grid 4x8, for this portfolio design.

1,7 cm

0,4 cm

Anna Brambilla III anno

Prof. Gianluigi Pescolderung A.A. 2008/2009

4,3 cm

18,7 cm

23,3 cm

1,1 cm

1,2 cm


MONOGRAPHY COVER, OSCAR NIEMEYER

Oscar Niemeyer

RE-COVER A BOOK, A.LOOS SPOKEN INTO THE VOID

VISUAL QUESTIONNAIRE, SPEED SPACE

NEW COVERS, AREA n째96

65


Architectural and Urban Design Studio

ENGLISH ABSTRACT Through the study and the in-depth analysis of specimens museums made by the great architects of the 20TH Century, the course provided us the critical tools necessary for the implementation of an architectural artifact that “dialogs” with history. We designed a archeological museum, speialized in ancient greek and latin archeological finds.

66

ARCHEOLOGICAL MUSEUM Prof. Umberto Trame AY 2008/2009

Un museo per conservare reperti di arte e architettura graca e romana. Luce e ombra: attraverso l’uso sapiente di questi due materiali si può generare una dimensione poetica nel mondo prosaico dell’esposizione. Le ombre esprimono l’essenza delle cose e sottolineano la realtà plastica dei corpi, suggerendone l’appartenenza ad un contesto più ampio. La visione poetica, in questo progetto, si incarna nella struttura possente e regolare degli edifici, che si estrinseca fiduciosamente come spazio mediterraneo saturato da sfumature nordiche; non a caso alla base vi sono state suggestioni riprese da Rafael Moneo e da Sverre Fehn. Una grande corte centrale, percorsi lineari, passaggi attraverso gli edifici e gli spazi aperti: il “percorso architettonico” interpreta passato e presente, fa rivivere la storia e vuole comunicare un significato profondo. Il visitatore viaggia, letteralmente, attraverso lo spazio e il tempo. Ma è pur vero che il dialogo con la storia ispira anche una concezione strutturale: senza rinunciare ad un basilare senso di ordine ed alla libertà nel trattamento dello spazio e della luce, l’espressività strutturale si rifà precisamente all’architettura rispettivamente greca e romana. Colonne, a fungo. Setti murari in mattoni, con ballatoi sospesi. I singoli edifici possiedono una sorta di identità figurale e una grammatica comune fatta di forme e materiali che ne sostiene il rapporto di reciprocità. Le “figure” non sono dei motivi, ma forme costruite nel vero senso della parola.

3D MODEL VIEW, ROMAN ROOMS


ZOOM GREEK ROOM

MAQUETTE

ZOOM ROMAN ROOM

67


PATHS AND COURTYARD

PLANIVOLUMETRIC PLAN

REFERENCE, RAFAEL MONEO

68


SITE PLANE 1:800

REFERENCE, FRANK L. WRIGHT

GREEK ROOM

69


ROMAN ROOM

SECTION ROMAN ROOM

SECTION AUDITORIUM-COURTYARD SECTION GREEK ROOM

70


ROMAN ROOM ARCHEOLOGICAL COURT

GREEK ROOM INSIDE AND OUTSIDE VIEWS

71


Restoration

SOCIAL HOUSING 20TH CENTURY Prof. Giorgio Gianighian AY 2008/2009

ENGLISH ABSTRACT The goal of the course was to learn how to operate on the so called vernacular architecture in Venice, that architecture that count for the 90% of the urban tissue of the city and is undergoing a continuous process of destruction. Nowadays most of the projects involving this heritage end up destroying it, destroying its material evidence: roof tiles, plasters, finishing, doors, windows and every other elements are “renovated”, meaning changed into new ones. We tried learning how to adapt the existing houses to today’s uses and necessities, without erasing whatever is left of their past history. 72

Il tema è l’intervento conservativo nell’ambito dell’edilizia popolare del Novecento: edilizia urbana diffusa per volere e su sovvenzione del Comune di Venezia, gestita dall’Istituto Autonomo per le Case Popolari di Venezia. Seppur lo stato conservativo di tali edifici non sia critico, è stato ritenuto un buon esercizio per noi studenti quello d’occuparsi del quotidiano, di quelle piccole e continue opere di trasformazione che questa “Venezia Minore”, ai più sconosciuta, richiede per consentire una vita accettabile alle persone che la popolano, e nel contempo non erodere troppo la sua materialità storica. In città la stragrande maggioranza degli interventi non è di natura conservativa ma trasformativa, se non distruttiva, di quella materia storica che la Legge Speciale n° 171/73 intendeva invece salvaguardare. Anzi, molto spesso gli interventi finanziati da questa legge sono quelli che comportano la maggiore erosione patrimoniale. Spariscono così i vecchi intonaci e i vecchi coppi, i serramenti e i pavimenti, le tramezze di legno intonacato, le antiche travi di tetti e solai ; e tutto ciò spesso con il contributo economico della Stato. Obiettivo del corso è stato, nella comprensione della natura dei materiali e del loro invecchiamento, imparare a progettare conservando, invece che sostituendo. Cosa? Un tetto, le facciate di un edificio, le scale, i serramenti, una tramezza e un controsoffitto pericolanti, insieme al progetto esecutivo di adeguamento di un appartamento o alle attuali necessità, senza scordare il problema degli impianti.

THREE HOUSING COMPLEX ON THE GIUDECCA ISLAND, VENICE


TAVOLA 1 _ RILIEVO _ METRICO E FOTOGRAMMETRICO

PROSPETTO SU CALLE SAN GIACOMO con misurazione degli elementi di faccianta mediante il metodo delle triangolazioni e rilievo diretto scala 1:50

TAVOLA 2b _ RILIEVO _ UNITà MATERIALI

MATERIALS ANALYSIS Mat 6.1

Mat 2.1

Mat 6.2 Mat 4.1

Mat 8.1

Mat 4.1

Mat 1.2 Mat 1.1

Mat 1.3

Mat 3.1

Mat 5.1

Mat 3.2

73 DESCRIZIONE DELLE UNITà MATERIALI PRESENTI NEL PROSPETTO SU CALLE SAN GIACOMO con indicazione delle zone e delle proprietà per ogni unità materiali ZONE

MATERIALI

1.1

trachite euganea

1.2

1.3

PROPRIETà

per il basamento del vespaio sono utilizzate, disposte in modo irregolare, pietre sbozzate di dimensioni abbastanza difformi (max 60 x 35 x 25 cm) di colore grigio scuro; malta cementizia con sabbia fine funge da legante tra i bolognini.

laterizio malta cementizia

laterizio malta cementizia

la muratura è uniformemente composta da mattoni pieni a pasta porosa ordinaria (25 x 6 x 12 cm), di colorazione bruno bruno chiaro, legati da corsi di malta cementizia con sabbia fine dello spessore disuniforme (medio 1 cm); nel complesso i letti e i giunti sono finiti a stilatura per tentare di uniformarne l’aspetto; da segnalare episodi di scuci e cuci nei quali la malta utilizzata è sempre cementizia.

ZONE

MATERIALI

PROPRIETà

ZONE

MATERIALI

3.1

graniglia cementizia

i davanzali, gli architravi, le erte e i gradini (di due accessi) sono in graniglia di cemento poroso lasciata allo stato grezzo o dipinta di bianco a simulare la più nobile pietra d’Istria.

6.2

rame

3.2

marmo

le piane e i gradini degli altri due accessi sono rifiniti in marmo di Chiampo (Vicenza) dal fondo crema con venature giallastre ed è utilizzato come rivestimento poiché a causa della grana minuta e compatta può essere tagliato a spigolo vivo ed inoltre resiste bene agli agenti atmosferici.

7.1

plastica

4.1

legno vetro

gli elementi di chiusura sono disomogenei, ma hanno in comune la presenza degli scuri in legno.

8.1

malta cementizia

PROPRIETà

le gronde sono in buono stato poichè probabilmente ogetto di recente intervento di manutenzione.

contro la risalita capillare dell’acqua all’altezza di 40 cm da terra viene inserita nella muratura una guaina in plastica dello spessore di 1,5 mm circa a riparazione del bitume; i cavi a vista vengono protetti nella fascia al piano terra con un “guscio” pure in materiale plastico.

contro la risalita capillare dell’acqua all’altezza di 40 cm da terra viene inserita nella muratura una guaina in plastica dello spessore di 1,5 mm circa a riparazione del bitume; i cavi a vista


TAVOLA 3 _ RILIEVO _ FENOMENI DI DEGRADO

TAVOLA TAVOLA 3 _TAVOLA RILIEVO 3 _ RILIEVO _ FENOMENI DI DEGRADO DI DEGRADO 3__FENOMENI RILIEVO _ FENOMENI DI DEGRADO

Deg. Rma 1.3 Deg. Rma 1.3 Deg. Rma 1.3

Deg. Rma 1.3

Deg. I 1.4

Deg. I 1.4

Deg. I 1.4

Deg. I 1.4

Deg. Rma 1.4 Deg. Rma 1.4 Deg. Rma 1.4

Deg. Rma 1.4

Deg. I 1.2

Deg. I 1.2

Deg. I 1.2

Deg. I 1.1

Deg. I 1.1

Deg. I 1.1

Deg. Ml 1.6

Deg. Ml 1.6 Deg. Ml 1.6

Deg. Mp 1.2 Deg. Mp 1.2Deg. Mp 1.2

Deg. Mp 1.1 Deg. Mp 1.1Deg. Ml 1.1 Deg. Mp 1.3Deg. Ml 1.1 Deg. Mp 1.3Deg. Mp 1.3 Deg. MpMt1.2 Deg.Mp T 1.1 Deg. Mp 1.1 Deg. Ml 1.1 1.2 Deg. Rma 1.1 Deg. Rma Deg.1.1 Mt 1.1Rma Deg. Deg. 1.1 Mt 1.1 Deg. 1.1 Deg. Mp 1.2Deg.

Deg. I 1.2

Deg. Mp 1.2 Deg. Deg. I 1.1 Mp 1.2Deg. Mp 1.2 Deg. Mt 1.3 Deg. Ml 1.4 Deg. Ml 1.6

Deg. Mt 1.3 Deg. Mt 1.3 Deg. I 1.2

Deg. Ml 1.4 Deg. Ml 1.4 Deg. Ml 1.2

Deg. Ml 1.2 Deg. Ml 1.2

Deg. I 1.2 Deg. Ml 1.4 Deg. I 1.2 Deg. Mt 1.2

Deg. TDeg. Mp 1.3 1.1 Deg. T 1.1 Deg. Mp 1.3 Deg. Rmn 1.1 Deg. Rmn 1.1 Deg. Ml 1.5 Deg. Ml 1.3 Deg. Ml 1.1 Deg. Ml 1.3 Deg. Ml 1.3 Deg. Ml 1.1Deg. Ml 1.4 Deg. Ml 1.3 Deg. Ml 1.3 Deg. Mp 1.3 Deg. Rmn 1.1Deg. Ml 1.5 Deg. Ml 1.5 Deg. Ml 1.1 Deg. Ml 1.4 Deg. M Deg. Mp 1.2Deg. Ml 1.4 Deg. Mp 1.2Deg. Mp 1.2

Deg. Ml 1.4 Deg. Ml 1.4 Deg. Rma 1.2 Deg. Rma 1.2 Deg. Rma 1.2

Deg. Mt 1.2Deg. 1.2 1.2 Deg. I 1.2 Deg.I Mt

Deg. Ml 1.7 Deg. I 1.2

Deg. T 1.1

Deg. T 1.1

Deg. Ml 1.7 Deg. Ml 1.7

Deg. I 1.5 Deg. T 1.1

Deg. Deg. I 1.3 I 1.5 Deg. Deg. I 1.3 I 1.5

Deg. Ml 1.7

Deg. I 1.3

Deg. Ml 1.7 Deg. Ml 1.7

Deg.

Deg. Rmn 1.2 Deg. Rmn 1.2 Deg. Rmn 1.2

Deg. Mp 1.2

Deg. Mp 1.1

Deg. Ml 1.1

Deg. Mp 1.2 Deg. Ml 1.4

Deg. Mp 1.3

Deg. Rma 1.1

Deg. Mt 1.3 Deg. Ml 1.2

Deg. Mt 1.1

Deg. I 1.2

Deg. Mp 1.2 Deg. Ml 1.4

Deg. Mt 1.2

Deg. T 1.1

Deg. Mp 1.3

Deg. Rma 1.2

Deg. Rmn 1.1 Deg. T 1.1

Deg. I 1.2

Deg. Ml 1.7

Deg. Ml 1.5 Deg. I 1.5

Deg. I 1

Deg. Rmn 1.2

LEGENDA LEGENDA DEI FENOMENI DEI FENOMENI DI DI DEGRADO PRESENTI PRESENTI NEL PROSPETTO NEL PROSPETTO SU CALLE SUSAN CALLE GIACOMO GIACOMO LEGENDA DEIDEGRADO FENOMENI DI DEGRADO PRESENTI NEL PROSPETTO SU SAN CALLE SAN GIACOMO con divisione per unità materiale e indicazione del codice del degrado di riferimento con divisione per unità materiale e indicazione del codice del degrado di riferimento con divisione per unità materiale e indicazione del codice del degrado di riferimento Mat 1.1 Mat 1.1Mat 1.1 MURATURA IN PIETRA_Mp MURATURA IN PIETRA_Mp MURATURA IN PIETRA_Mp 1.1 - Macchia MpDeg. 1.1 - Mp Macchia Deg. Mp Deg. 1.1 - Macchia

Mat 1.2 Mat 1.2Mat 1.2 MURATURA DI TAMPONAMENTO_Mt MURATURA DI TAMPONAMENTO_Mt MURATURA DI TAMPONAMENTO_Mt

Mat 1.3 Mat 1.3Mat 1.3 Mat 2.1 Mat 2.1Mat 2.1 INTONACO_I INTONACO_I MURATURA MURATURA IN MATTONI IN MATTONI COTTI (LATERIZIO)_Ml COTTI (LATERIZIO)_Ml INTONACO_I MURATURA IN MATTONI COTTI (LATERIZIO)_Ml

Deg. Mt 1.1 - Alveolizzazione Deg. Mt 1.1 - Alveolizzazione Deg. Mt 1.1 - Alveolizzazione

Deg. Ml 1.1 - Erosione dei giunti di malta Deg. Ml 1.1 - Erosione dei giunti di malta Deg. Ml 1.1 - Erosione dei giunti di malta

Deg. Mt 1.2 - Efflorescenza Deg. Mt 1.2 - Efflorescenza Deg. Mp 1.2 - Deposito superficiale Deg. Mp 1.2 - Deposito superficiale Deg. Mp 1.2 - Deposito superficiale Deg. Mt 1.2 - Efflorescenza

Deg. Ml 1.2 - Alveolizzazione Deg. Ml 1.2 - Alveolizzazione Deg. Ml 1.2 - Alveolizzazione

LEGENDA DEI FENOMENI DI DEGRADO PRESENTI NEL PROSPETTO SU CALLE SAN GIACOMO Deg. Mt 1.3 - Scagliatura Deg. Mt 1.3 - Scagliatura Deg. Ml 1.3 - Efflorescenza Deg. Ml 1.3 - Efflorescenza Deg. Mt 1.3 - Scagliatura Deg. Ml 1.3 - Efflorescenza con divisione per unità materiale e indicazione del codice del degrado di riferimento

Deg. Mp 1.3 - Alveolizzazione Deg. Mp 1.3 - Alveolizzazione Deg. Mp 1.3 - Alveolizzazione

MpDeg. 1.4 - Mp Presenza di vegetazione Deg.Mat Mp Deg. 1.41.1 - Presenza di vegetazione 1.4 - Presenza di vegetazione

MURATURA IN PIETRA_Mp

Deg. Mp 1.1 - Macchia

I1.1Deg. - Macchia I1.1 - Macchia Deg. I1.1 Deg. - Macchia

Deg. I1.2 - Distacco totale Deg. I1.2 - Distacco totale Deg. I1.2 - Distacco totale

Deg. I 1.3 - Esfoliazione Deg. I 1.3 - Esfoliazione Deg. I 1.3 - Esfoliazione

Deg. Ml 1.4 - Scagliatura Deg. Ml 1.4 - Scagliatura Deg. Ml 1.4 - Scagliatura Mat 1.2 Mat 1.3 Deg. I 1.4 - Rigonfiamento e Deg. I 1.4 - Rigonfiamento e Deg. I 1.4 - Rigonfiamento e Perdita diPerdita adesione di adesione Perdita di adesione MURATURA DI TAMPONAMENTO_Mt MURATURA IN MATTONI COTTI (LATERIZIO)_Ml Deg. Ml 1.5 - Patina biologica Deg. Ml 1.5 - Patina biologica Deg. Ml 1.5 - Patina biologica Deg. Ml 1.1 - Erosione dei giunti di malta Deg. Mt 1.1 - Alveolizzazione Deg. I 1.5 - Patina biologica Deg. I 1.5 - Patina biologica Deg. I 1.5 - Patina biologica

Deg. Ml 1.6 - Macchia Deg. Ml 1.6 - Macchia Deg. Ml 1.6 - Macchia

Deg. Mp 1.2 - Deposito superficiale

Deg. Mt 1.2 - Efflorescenza

Deg. Mp 1.3 - Alveolizzazione

Deg. Mt 1.3 - Scagliatura

Deg. Ml 1.2 - Alveolizzazione

Deg. Ml 1.7 - Deposito superficiale Deg. Ml 1.7 - Deposito superficiale Deg. Ml 1.7 - Deposito superficiale

Deg. Ml 1.3 - Efflorescenza

74 Deg. Mp 1.4 - Presenza di vegetazione

Deg. Ml 1.4 - Scagliatura

Deg. Ml 1.5 - Patina biologica

Deg. Ml 1.6 - Macchia

Deg. Ml 1.7 - Deposito superficiale


AG2

AS1

G1

AS1

PU3

PU1

AS2

AS1

CN3

PU1

AS2

AS2

AS1

AS2

PR3

AG1

CN2

CN1

PR1

AG1

CN2

CN2

AG1

AG2

AG2

AG1

3

PU

AG1

PR2 PU

PU1

AG2

PR3

3

PR3

AS2

PU3

AG2

Ml 1.3

Deg. Ml 1.3 Deg. I 1.4

Deg. T 1.1

Deg. I 1.4

Deg. I 1.3

Deg. Ml 1.3

Deg. Ml 1.7

Deg. Ml 1.4

Deg. I 1.2

Deg. Mp 1.2

Deg. Ml 1.3

Deg. Ml 1.3

Deg. T 1.1

Deg. I 1.4

Deg. I 1.4

Deg. I 1.3

Deg. Zw 1.1

Deg. Ml 1.3

Deg. Ml 1.7 Deg. I 1.2

Mat 3.1 RIVESTIMENTO IN PIETRA ARTIFICIALE_Rma

Mat 4.1 SERRAMENTO IN LEGNO_Zw

Deg. Rma 1.1 - Disgregazione e Sollevamento

Deg. Zw 1.1 - Disgregazione e Sollevamento

PU1 2

PU

PU

PR1

PR3

Deg. Pr 1.1

Deg. Ml 1.7

COMO o

3

Deg. Pr 1.2

Deg. I 1.2

Deg. Ml 1.3 Deg. Ml 1.1

AS2

PU3

AG2

Deg. Zw 1.1

1.3

AS2 CN2

PR2

PR1

PR2

PR2

Deg. Pr 1.1 Deg. Pr 1.2 Deg. I 1.2

Mat 6.2bisturi, spatole) Opearzione di pulitura meccanica (spazzole, Deg. Rma 1.2 - Fratturazione o Fessurazione

GRONDE E PLUVIALE IN RAME_Pr

Operazione di pulitura mediante impacchi assorbenti a base di acqua Deg. Pr 1.1 - Depossito superficiale

Deg. Rma 1.3 - Erosione per causa meccanica Operazione di pulitura mediante acqua

PU3

atomizzata e sostanze emolienti Deg. Pr 1.2 - Corrosione

Operazione di pultura mediante rimozione macroflora Mat 2.1PU4 Mat 3.1 Deg. Rma 1.4 - Macchia INTONACO_I RIVESTIMENTO IN PIETRA ARTIFICIALE_Rma

Mat 4.1 SERRAMENTO IN LEGNO_Zw

Deg. Pr 1.3 - Macchia

Deg. I1.1 - Macchia Mat 3.2 Deg. Rma 1.1 - Disgregazione e Sollevamento 1 Operazione diNATURALE_Rmn protezione, applicazione di impregnante idroreppellente PR RIVESTIMENTO IN PIETRA Mat 8.1 Deg. Rmn 1.1 - Deposito superficiale RAPPEZZI DI MANUTENZIONE PRECEDENTE_T Operazione di protezione mediante pitturazione 2

PR

Deg. I1.2 - Distacco totale 3

PR

Operazione di protezione periodica

Deg. T 1.1 - Alterazioni della continuaità Deg. Rma 1.2 - Fratturazione dell’unità materiale

o Fessurazione

Deg. Rmn 1.2 - Fratturazione o Fessurazione

Deg. I 1.3 - Esfoliazione

Deg. Zw 1.1 - Disgregazione e Sollevamento

Mat 6.2 GRONDE E PLUVIALE IN RAME_Pr Deg. Pr 1.1 - Depossito superficiale STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY ANALYSIS

Deg. Rma 1.3 - Erosione per causa meccanica

AND COSMETIC CONDITION

Deg. Pr 1.2 - Corrosione Deg. I 1.4 - Rigonfiamento e Perdita di adesione

Deg. Rma 1.4 - Macchia Deg. Pr 1.3 - Macchia

Deg. I 1.5 - Patina biologica

Mat 3.2 RIVESTIMENTO IN PIETRA NATURALE_Rmn Deg. Rmn 1.1 - Deposito superficiale

Mat 8.1 RAPPEZZI DI MANUTENZIONE PRECEDENTE_T Deg. T 1.1 - Alterazioni della continuaità dell’unità materiale

Deg. Rmn 1.2 - Fratturazione o Fessurazione

75


AG2

TAVOLA 4 _ RILIEVO _ INTERVENTI

PR2

AG2

AG2

AS2

AS2

AG3

PR1

AG2

AS2

AG3

2

PR

PU2

PR3

PU3

PU2

AS1

1

1

PR

PR2

AS1

3

CN

PR

AS2

AG2 AS2 CN3

CN1 AG1

AG2

PU2

AG3

PR1

1

PU3

PU

PR3

AG2

AG1

AG2

CN3 1 1 PRPU

12 AG PR

1

1

CN

AG1

2

CN3

AS

PR1

CN2

PR

AG2 AG

2 AG PR1

PU

2

AG

CN3 PR3

PR1 AS2 CN2

AG3

2

2

PU

3

PU3

3

PR

PR1

2

AG

AG1

PR AS2

PR1

AG2

CN2

AG2 PR1

PU3

PU1

AS2

AS1

CN3

PU1

AS2

PR3

AG1

CN2

CN1

PR1

AG1

CN2

AG2 AG2

AS1 AG

2

AG2

1

PR

PR

PR3

CN3

1

1

1

AG2

AG

PU1

AS1 PU3 3

AG2

CN3

AG2

PU1 2

PU1

AG2

PR

AS1

PR3

PR1

2

PR

PU3

AG2

CN3

PR1 AS

PU1

PR1 AS1

PR1

PR1

PU1

PU3

2

PR

CN3

AG1

3

PU1

1

CN

PU3

PU1

AG2

3

AG

PU

PR1

PR3

PR2

PU3

AG1

3

3

PU

AS1

AG2

AG1

PR

AG2

3

AS1

3

CN1

PU1

AS2PU

AG1

CN2PR

AG1

PR2 PU3 AG2

LEGENDA DELLE IPOTESI DI INTERVENTO DA OPERARE NEL PROSPETTO SU CALLE SAN con divisione per unità materiale e indicazione del codice dI riferimento dell` inte

PU2

AS1

PR1

CN1

PU3 PR3

AG1

PU1

AG2 CN3

PR1

PR1

CN3 PU1 LLE IPOTESI DI INTERVENTO DA OPERARE NEL PROSPETTO SU CALLE SAN GIACOMO 1 AG2 e per unità materiale e indicazione del codice dI PR riferimento dell` intervento

AS1 AG2 2

AS

1 PU Operazione

2 PU AGe PU3 AS1 (scopinetti di asportazione manuale spazzole di saggina)

AG2

AG1

CN3 di asportazione AG2 meccanica Operazione

PR1

PR1

CN1

3

PR3

AS2

AG2

PU3

PR1

PR3

AS1

PU1

PR3

AG1

Operazione di consolidamento mediante iniezioni con miscele leganti 2 CN

AG1 AG2 PU3 AG2

di consolidamento mediante impregnazione a pennello CNSANOperazione LEGENDA DELLE IPOTESI DI INTERVENTO DA OPERARE NEL PROSPETTO SU CALLE GIACOMO con divisione per unità materiale e indicazione del codice dI riferimento dell`3intervento Operazione di consolidamento mediante impregazione a spruzzo 2

CN

azione di asportazione manuale (scopinetti e spazzole di saggina)

azione di asportazione meccanica Operazione di asportazione manuale (scopinetti e spazzole di saggina) AS1

Operazione di asportazione meccanica AS2 azione di consolidamento mediante iniezioni con miscele leganti

azione di consolidamento mediante impregnazione a pennello Operazione di consolidamento mediante iniezioni con miscele leganti CN1 azione di consolidamento mediante impregazione a spruzzo 2 Operazione di consolidamento mediante impregnazione a pennello CN

PU1 PU2 AG1 PU3 AG2 PU4 AG3 PR1

Opearzione di pulitura meccanica (spazzole, bisturi, spatole)

Operazione di pulitura mediante impacchi assorbenti a base di acqua Operazione di aggiunta1 mediante risarcimento e stilatura giunti(spazzole, di malta bisturi, spato Opearzione di pulitura meccanica PU Operazione di pulitura mediante acqua atomizzata e sostanze emolienti Operazione di aggiunta2 mediante stuccatura ed integrazione Operazione di pulitura mediante impacchi assorbenti a b PU Operazione di pultura mediante rimozione macroflora Operazione di aggiunta3 conOperazione trattamento lacune di finitura superciale didelle pulitura mediante acqua atomizzata e sos PU Operazione di pultura mediante rimozione macroflora PU4 Operazione di protezione, applicazione di impregnante idroreppellente

Operazione di protezione mediante pitturazione PR2 Operazione di consolidamento mediante impregazione a spruzzo LEGENDA DELLE IPOTESI DI INTERVENTO DA OPERARE NEL PROSPETTO SU CALLE SAN GIACOMO CN3 Operazione di protezione, applicazione di impregnante id PR1 Operazione di protezione periodica divisione unità materiale e indicazione delPR codice dI riferimento dell` intervento azione di aggiunta mediante risarcimentocon e stilatura giuntiper di malta 3 Operazione di protezione mediante pitturazione PR2 azione di aggiunta mediante stuccatura ed integrazione 76 Operazione di protezione periodica Operazione di aggiunta mediante risarcimento e stilatura giunti di malta AG1 PR3 azione di aggiunta con trattamento delle lacune di finitura superciale Opearzione di pulitura mecc Operazione di asportazione manuale (scopinetti e spazzole di saggina) Operazione di aggiunta stuccatura ed integrazione PU1 AS1mediante AG2 AG3

asportazione Operazione di aggiunta trattamentodidelle lacune di meccanica finitura superciale AS2conOperazione

CN1

Operazione di consolidamento mediante iniezioni con miscele leganti

CN2

Operazione di consolidamento mediante impregnazione a pennello

CN3

Operazione di consolidamento mediante impregazione a spruzzo

PU2

Operazione di pulitura media

PU3

Operazione di pulitura media

PU4

Operazione di pultura media

PR1

Operazione di protezione, ap

PR2

Operazione di protezione me


AG2

AS1 1

AG

PU3

PU1

AS2

AS1

CN3

PU1

AS2

AS2

AS1

3

1

CN2

1

1

1

2

2

1

PR

1

AS

AG2

AG1

3

PU

AG

CN

PR

AG1

PR2

2

AS

PU3

PR1

AG2

AS2

AS2

AS1

1

2

2

1

CN

2

AS

3

PU

AS2

PR2

PU

PR1

AS

3

PU 3

PR3

PU

PR1

PR3

AG2

AS1

CN3

PU1

AS2

AS2 2 AG

AS1

AS2

CN2

CN1

PR1

AG1

CN2

CN2

AG1

AG2

AG1

PU3

PU3 PR3

AS2

PR2

2

AS2

PR2

PU3

PU2

AS2 CN2

AG 1

PR2

PR2

2

AG

CN

AG2

PR3

PR2

AG2

PU1 AG

AS2 CN2

AG PU1

PR2

PR2

2

AG

CN

AG2

PR3

PU3

PR3

CN

AG

AS2

2

AG

PR2

PU1 PR1

PR1

PR2

PR2

PU3 PU3 AG2

PU2

AS2 CN2

PR3

PR2

AS2 1

PR

AG2 PR1

IACOMO ento

di acqua

e emolienti

PU1

Opearzione di pulitura meccanica (spazzole, bisturi, spatole)

PU2

Operazione di pulitura mediante impacchi assorbenti a base di acqua

PU3

Operazione di pulitura mediante acqua atomizzata e sostanze emolienti

PU

Operazione di pultura mediante rimozione macroflora

PR1

Operazione di protezione, applicazione di impregnante idroreppellente

PR2

Operazione di protezione mediante pitturazione

4

PR3

Operazione di protezione periodica

canica (spazzole, bisturi, spatole)

ante impacchi assorbenti a base di acqua

ante acqua atomizzata e sostanze emolienti ppellente

ante rimozione macroflora

pplicazione di impregnante idroreppellente

ediante pitturazione

INTERVENTIONS MAP

77


Interiors

CARDBOARD AND BAMBOO Prof. Marco Rapposelli AY 2008/2009

ENGLISH ABSTRACT The project concerns the construction of a “room”, an area of limited size (cm 320x400x480) suitable for the temporary activity of an architect. Here the materials selected are the cardboard, lightweight and recyclable, and the bamboo, the “steel green”.

78

Ambiente di lavoro dal carattere “nomade”: oggigiorno sempre di più c’è necessità di creare luoghi che facilmente possono essere smontati, trasportati, montati, riciclati. Lo studiolo di cartone e bamboo è un organismo funzionale sia all’attività di progettazione-disegno-ideazione che all’esposizione dei lavori (plastici, viste tridimensionali, disegni); gli interni dell’ambiente sono inoltre attrezzati per il riposo e quanto necessario alle esigenze personali dell’abitante; ma la versatilità dei materiali lo rendono un oggetto che si può trasformare e adattare fino a farlo sparire. All’esterno la stanza si propone come una “muraglia” fitta e densa, attraverso la quale filtra la luce proveniente dal grande foro finestra all’interno di essa. Ombre, movimenti che il visitatore o l’abitante stesso contribuiscono a creare. Tre porte d’entrata e d’uscita allo stesso tempo. Un percorso espositivo a U attorno ad un volume centrale compatto (la scala-libreria). Le pareti che a seconda delle necessità si muovono, si articolano creando nuovi spazi. La dinamicità dello studiolo è data proprio da chi usufruisce di esso: camminare nella penombra, intravedere, luce, dilatazione spaziale, contrazione, salire, scendere, guardare. L’obiettivo è la progettazione di una struttura spaziale autonoma, realizzata con tecnologia leggera e a secco (quindi smontabile).

LIGHT AND SUSTAINABLE STRUCTURE The bamboo staircase is selfbearing thanks to a light recycled cardboard beams structure with steel junctions.


NEIGHBOURHOOD LOGICS

MOVING WALLS

79


SMART CARDBOARD FURNITURE

80


STRUCTURAL DETAIL

WORKPLACE/EXIBITION ROOM

MAQUETTE 1:10

81


Workshop ‘08 IND

ENGLISH ABSTRACT The mosque remains a building, an object of architecture within and outside which combine functions that are very different between them, and that, as all architectures, needs a project. Regardless of the moral values, ethical, cultural, religious, and political ones, which it can be (and/or desire) itself bearer.

82

MISERICORDIA MOSQUE Prof. Arman Akdogan, Felix Madrazo AY 2007/2008

Si digiti la parola “moschea” in google.com e si vedrà come le prime pagine siano legate a bombe, targets, attacchi e terrorismo. L’Europa ha seguito con doveroso interesse lo sviluppo dell’immigrazione islamica in quei luoghi che alcuni chiamano “Eurabia” (la futura Europa). Questo è supportato dalla teoria che predice che la popolazione europea diminuirà e verrà presumibilmente rinfoltita dall’intensa immigrazione proveniente dai paesi islamici. Le cifre previste secondo statistiche Onu potrebbero significare un gran numero di “potenziali” mussulmani che entrano in Europa. Tornando a Venezia: nel 2007 c’è stata una interessante mostra sul rapporto tra oriente e Occidente ricca di dettagli soprattutto sulle relazioni intercorse tra la Serenissima e il mondo islamico e su come Venezia sia percepita da parte di scrittori e intellettuali occidentali come la “più orientale” delle città d’Europa. Una città, Venezia, che ricorda per molti aspetti la cultura urbana islamica. Molta gente, probabilmente, preferirà mantenere Venezia com’è oggi, quasi in formalina, a dispettodei cambiamenti politici, economici e culturali, che L’Europa sta vivendo; ma questo potrebbe nuocere alla Città stessa e atrofizzare il naturale e vitale ricambio generazionale. È difficile pensare un mondo senza religione, ma si può provare a immaginare Venezia che inaugura una moschea senza che questa occasione abbia alcuna implicazione politica, ma solo come un mezzo di civile convivenza e apertura verso una cultura oggi apparentemente distante.

MISERICORDIA MOSQUE The Scuola della Misericordia is a milestone in Venice, nowadays empty and useless. We sized the opportunity to remake it in order to welcome other culture in a multiethnic city.


STRATEGIC LOCATION

CONCEPT, SCUOLA_MOSQUE

83


ARCHITECTURAL PROMENADE

84


PHOTOMONTAGE

85


Architectural Visualization

SAN FANTIN IN VENICE Prof. Corrado Balistreri Trincanato AY 2007/2008

ENGLISH ABSTRACT Analysis of San Marco sestiere and importance of its architecture, of minor architecture. In the footsteps of the E. R. Trincanato teacher, of her method and her theoretical instructions, Venice acquires a new image: the taste of discover in depth a city that still has much to teach.

Quest’insula, come pure quelle di S.Polo, S.Margherita, S.Maria Formosa, S.Giacomo dell’Orio e S.Stefano è caratterizzata dallo schema tipico delle insule dominate da un campo principale, su cui insistono uno o più edifici di mole notevole: nel caso specifico la chiesa di S.Fantin, l’omonima Scuola, il Teatro La Fenice e numerosi palazzi. E’ caratteristica notevolissima di queste insule la configurazione a calli e callette che partendo dal campo, sfociano su canali principali (o per lunghezza o per importanza di traffico), a margine dell’insula stessa. Sui canali che circoscrivono l’insula, si affacciano case, palazzi e casette, muri di cinta di giardini in continuità l’uno con l’altro e in intimo rapporto unitario tra le due sponde. Il campo, provvisto di pozzo era ed è ancora oggi uno spazio per la vita in comune: la vera determina una certa disposizione planimetrica, quasi uno smistamento del traffico, sottolinando il centro del campo stesso. In questi spazi aperti si viveva, si stava, vi si svolgevano le processioni uscendo dalle chiese e dalle Scuole; il mercato, le mostre d’arte, i lavori vari per cui necessita un notevole spazio, e anche feste e divertimenti: come caccie al tesoro e rappresentazioni di marionette. Tutto questo, trovava (e trova) agevole ambiente nel “campo”.

ACCESSES TO THE SQUARE

86

PHOTOMAP Main entrances to the San Fantin Insula, determined also by the canals flowing nearby. The map shows also the famous and interesting buildings (such the Fenice theater) that face the square with the traditional well in the center.


Access from Calle del Frutariol

Access from Calle de la Verona

ACCESSES TO THE SQUARE

Access from Calle Dietro la Chiesa

Access from Calle de la Fenice

Access from Calle delle Veste

87


TIEPOLO’S PALACE

DE’ BARBARI, 1500

SKETCH

PHOTO PATCHWORK

88

HISTORICAL LAND REGISTERS: Napoleonico (1808-1811); Austriaco (1838-1842); Autro-Italiano (1867-1913).


ARCHITECTONIC REDRAW OF THE FACADE ON THE CANAL

89


Architectural Design Studio 2

ENGLISH ABSTRACT The aim of this design project is the redevelopment of a wide area known as the former General Stores, located at the northern extremity of Salso Canal, on the Mainland, in the Municipality of Venice. The retraining definition of open spaces, green and aquatic, and the design of a new residential complex. Hence we have incorporated our intervention into the proposals of Benevolo, represented in his Master Plan, combining it with a new urban park and the opening of a new canal crossing the green area.

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WATER BOUNDARIES Prof. Alfonso Cendron AY 2007/2008

La ricerca progettuale, mediante la costruzione di nove edifici adibiti a ville urbane, mira alla definizione di un diaframma: un passaggio tra la via d’acqua, il parco e la terraferma. L’individuazione di alcuni concept come nucleo e spazio, sosta e movimento, massa e luce, permette di far coincidere il progetto con lo strumento di trasformazione dell’ambiente stesso. Il tracciato regolatore che sottende al disegno urbano dell’area, esplicitato dalle presenze di manufatti di archeologia industriale qui presenti, è stato di supporto alla ricerca. Il nostro lavoro ha articolato la composizione in volumi semplici che interagiscono con il contesto modificando il bordo del Canal Salso, allargando lo spazio acqueo per ospitare piccole imbarcazioni in darsene e allungando il parco per creare moli naturali. Movimenti che partono dalla terra, come piccoli corrugamenti, si elevano dal parco retrostante, si consolidano sul bordo diventando edifici, fino a tuffarsi in riflessi d’acqua. Nella proposta si coglie l’intento di trasmettere una particolare idea di atmosfera, un’emozione derivante dalla necessità di connettere attraverso l’architettura elementi diversi ma portatori di suggestioni, il verde e l’acqua, il colore della luce ed il riflesso.

MAQUETTE, PHOTOMONTAGE Integration between dwellings, piers, dock and park for one whole urban intervention with an high level of living quality.


MAQUETTE, PHOTOMONTAGE

PROJECT IN THE CONTEST: NORTH, SOUTH, EAST AND WEST MAQUETTE VIEWS

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PLANIVOLUMETRIC PLAN 1:2000

SOUTH-EAST ELEVATION 1:1000

SECTION 1:1000

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PLANS 1:200

G.F.

1째F.

2째F.

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TRANSMITTANCE AND INTERFACE CALCOLO TRASMITTANZE E TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT TEMPERATURE DI INTERFACCIA


HEAT DISPERSION CALCOLO DISPERSIONI TERMICHE COMPUTATION

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ORE 6:00

ORE 9:00

ORE 12:00

ORE 15:00

ORE 18:00

ORE 12:00

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SHADING ANALYSIS ANALISI OMBREGGIAMENTO


ESF Course Photography

ENGLISH ABSTRACT The course was dedicated to students who wanted to go deepen a path of knowledge of photography. All actions involved integrated teachers with different specializations. In-depth study of various issues have been dealt with different approaches: from the design of occasions to the filming techniques, from analog and digital processing to the techniques of communication.

ANALOG PHOTOGRAPHY Prof. Umberto Ferro AY 2006/2007

Il corso fornisce agli allievi le conoscenze utili alla progettazione, realizzazione e utilizzo (tradizionale e informatico) di riprese fotografiche volte alla rappresentazione dell’architettura, del paesaggio contemporaneo e dell’ambiente urbano. I settori di riferimento nel mondo delle professioni sono nel campo della assistenza alla progettazione architettonica e urbanistica (per quanto riguarda le riprese dei plastici, delle opere architetoniche, dei paesaggi e degli ambienti urbani), nella documentazione di opere architettoniche di rilievo storico (campagne fotografiche delle sovrintendenze ai beni architettonici, artistici e culturali), nel settore delle valutazioni di impatto ambientale per il controllo delle trasformazioni urbane e paesaggistiche, nel settore delle indagini sociologiche sui comportamenti dei cittadini e sull’uso degli spazi urbani (sociologia visiva) ed in generale nel settore della produzione, gestione e archiviazione anche digitale delle immagini dell’ambiente costruito. L’approfondimento delle diverse tematiche è stato affrontato con approcci diversi: dalla progettazione delle riprese alle tecniche di ripresa, dall’elaborazione analogica e digitale alle tecniche di comunicazione.

NAVAL DOCKYARD IN VENICE

97


Workshop ‘07 RE-MADE

ENGLISH ABSTRACT The project concerns the possibilities of transformation of an area of small industries, and also the design of a developing divestiture, a settlement “humanly sustainable”, based on the integration with the landscape, conceived as a place of the city, liveables inside and outside the sheds, on weekdays and holidays. The artisan area is no longer an area where they (only) produces, but where different functions can be integrated and lived, working in different slots.

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LET’S ADOPT A WAREHOUSE Prof. Marta Baretti, Sara Carbonera AY 2006/2007

Il tema del workshop riguarda il riprogetto a posteriori degli insediamenti produttivi del Veneto, dove lo sviluppo socioeconomico degli ultimi vent’anni, indotto dalla diffusione della piccola industria, non si è tradotto in strutture insediative peculiari, ma in un’occupazione indiscriminata del territorio data dall’accumulo di oggetti edilizi. Ne sono derivate aree separate dalla città, spazialmente uniformi e monofunzionali, con strade sovradimensionate ed habitat di scarsa qualità. Aree che ora, a seguito della delocalizzazione della produzione degli ultimi anni, stanno per diventare inutili e rischiano di essere dismesse: molti capannoni sono già vuoti, persa la funzione per la quale sono stati pensati. Grossi scheletri di edifici incombono sul territorio, materiali troppo ingombranti da smontare e smaltire, per i quali si richiede un ripensamento progettuale. Nasce spontanea una domanda: che cosa ce ne facciamo di tutti questi capannoni? Il progetto definisce un nuovo paesaggio basato sulla integrazione fra il paesaggio agrario, che sopravvive attorno, e il tipico paesaggio fatto di asfalto, cemento e insegne colorate. Oltre ai capannoni anche gli spazi per la viabilità vengono rivisti, concentrando la circolazione al fine di ridurre gli sprechi infrastrutturali che caratterizzano gli attuali modelli strada-lotto degli insediamenti industriali e creando nuove arterie per i pedoni e chi si muove in bicicletta. La natura, estromessa da queste aree, può reimpadronirsene in modo nuovo. Gli scheletri di cemento prefabbricato supportano nuove articolazioni spaziali. Gli insediamenti produttivi hanno un potenziale di contemporaneità che poche aree possiedono nel nostro territorio così fortemente e storicamente strutturato. Possono diventare avamposti della modernità, luoghi da cui partire per ripensare il territorio.

MAQUETTE Street, warehouses, bicycle path and green trenches.


MAQUETTE, STREET FRONT MAQUETTE, BICYCLE PATH

PHOTOMONTAGE #1

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VIEWS OF THE MAQUETTE

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PHOTOMONTAGE #2

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ACADEMIC PORTFOLIO 2009-2012 _ Anna Brambilla  

Design and Creative Works Collection

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