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AnnaBeznogova

bez.anna@gmail.com | Guelph, Ontario


sophrosyne spa .....................................6 piazzale ostiense...................................14 re-envisioning buggerru ...................16 baths of caracalla ..............................22 pop-up workshop ..................................24 Wind and Current .................................26 Large Urban Building ..........................28 Veggie Belt ...............................................30 Windcatcher ...........................................32 Kasian ........................................................36 InferUrban ...............................................38 Kasian ........................................................40 Sargasso Field ......................................42 Parkin Architects .................................43 Photography...........................................46 Craft .........................................................48 Art .............................................................50

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school


6 Sophrosyne Spa

privacy // peace // dim light // otherworldliness // mind activity // bright light // air // temporality // cycles // body services // transition // public realm

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

11 22 33 T.O.P.

8665

LEVEL 2

Positive: onon the site Positive:Buildings Buildings the site

Negative: Gardens formed byby the building Negative: Gardens formed the building 1. 1. Cool, lush, walled garden - public Cool, lush, walled garden - public 2. 2. Spa courtyard - private Spa courtyard - private 3. 3. Hot, productive, open garden - public Hot, productive, open garden - public

4000

TOP OF BERM 1400

LEVEL 1

0

LEVEL 0 - Bedrock

-1200

T.O.P.

8665

LEVEL 2

4000

TOP OF BERM 1400

LEVEL 1

0

LEVEL 0 - Bedrock

-1200

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

My project is about an experience of cycles which ultimately help to find balance in the body and mind. An exposure to the natural environment is one important example of a cycle – the changes of seasons, fluctuations in water levels, and shifting qualities of light all play the role of a reminder of temporality. The project is organized with a circulation path around a courtyard as a metaphor for an introspective journey. Entering the spa and walking down a corridor with limited windows represents the letting go of the outside world (red swath in diagram). After changing, you transition into the realm of the body, where you enjoy cycles of sauna, hot tub, plunge pool, and solarium, followed by a cup of tea at the cafe; the focus is on the cyclical character of the natural world, which is represented by the courtyard; the yoga studio on the second floor is also located in this swath (yellow). There is a sense of observation – looking outward at nature and other people. This is an important precursor to the next swath. The experience of cyclical extemes on the body puts you into a state of being in the body instead of focused inward on the mind. It allows the letting go of any mental chatter, putting the mind into a more neutral state. The blue swath represents re-entry into the mind and a sense of inwardness. It includes insular program such as the treatment rooms and saunas, as well as a meditation room and an office space for staff. After the spa, one exits back into the world physically and mentally refreshed. The goal of the introspective journey of the spa is to emerge more balanced, enough detached from the world to look at it with fresh eyes.


T.O.P. 8665

LEVEL 2 4000

TOP OF BERM 1400

LEVEL 1

0

LEVEL 0 - Bedrock -1200

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

T.O.P. 8665

T.O.P. T .O.P.

8665 8665

LEVEL 2 4000

LEVEL 2

4 0 4000 400

TOP OF BERM 1400

LEVEL 1

0

LEVEL 0 - Bedrock

TOP OF BERM M T OP O F BER 1400 4 0 140

LEVEL 1

0

-1200 LEVEL LEVE ELL 0 - Bed E Bedroocck Bedr -120 200

T.O.P. T .O.P.

8665 8665

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1 Treatment Room 2 Accessible Treatment Room 3 Wet Sauna with Antechamber 4 Dry Sauna with Antechamber 5 Cafe 6 Solarium 7 Change Room 8 Recycling 9 Mechanical 10 Storage and Receiving 11 Electrical 12 Storage and Laundry 13 WC 14 Open Office 15 Reception 16 Practitioners Residence

-1500 -1000

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500 1000

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First Floor Plan 1:400


17 Enclosed Office 18 Workshop/Meditation 19 Movement Studio 20 Movement Green Roof 21 Staff Patio

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17 DN

21

19 DN

20

Second Floor Plan 1:400

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PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT 1

A07-02

SIM

19

22

CONCRETE PAVER BALLAST FILTER FABRIC 250mm OF POLY-ISO INSULATION, STAGGERED IN BOTH DIRECTIONS 19mm DRAINAGE BOARD ROOF MEMBRANE 19mm EXTERIOR SHEATHING WOOD SLEEPERS CUT SLOPED AT 2% (TWO MEMBERS PER BOARD) 102mm COMPOSITE CONCRETE DECK (38mm-DEEP CORRUGATIONS)

T.O.P. 8665

SLOPE 2%

680

BI-FOLDING DOOR HARDWARE

CEILING

W200x19 BEAM - TOP CHORD OF TENSION TRUSS

FAN-COIL UNIT

8000

SUSPENDED WOOD PANEL CEILING

BI-FOLDING WOOD SCREEN

700

STEEL ROD - BOTTOM CHORD OF TENSION TRUSS

3800

HORIZONTAL STIFFENER ON NANAWALL APPLICATIONS HIGHER THAN 2600mm

NANAWALL, TOP-HUNG (PER PRODUCT SPECS)

2600

4670

BI-FOLDING WOOD SCREEN

HORIZONTAL STIFFENERS ON BIFOLDING WOOD SCREEN

STEEL CABLE GUARDRAIL ON STAINLESS STEEL POSTS

19mm BAMBOO FLOORING ON 2"x4" SLEEPERS POLYETHYLENE MEMBRANE 102mm COMPOSITE STEEL DECK (38mm-DEEP CORRUGATIONS)

LEVEL 2 4000

700

4000

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

LEVEL 2

1"x1" WOOD SLATS CONCEAL FANCOIL UNIT BUT ALLOW AIR TO CIRCULATE THROUGH

W610x551; HEAVY SECTION TO ENSURE LESS THAN 1/4" DEFLECTION (PER NANAWALL PRODUCT SPECS)

610mm OPEN-WEB STEEL JOISTS

LOCATION OF FIN-TUBE RADIATORS, ALTERNATING WITH AIR DIFFUSERS (BETWEEN OPEN-WEB STEEL JOISTS)

740

JB

METAL CHANNEL STRUTS PERPENDICULAR TO OPEN-WEB JOISTS @ 32" O.C. 19mm EXTERIOR SHEATHING AIR, VAPOUR, AND MOISTURE BARRIER 250mm WOOD STUDS @ 32" O.C. with 250mm WATER-BLOWN SPRAYFOAM INSULATION 19mm MEDIUM DENSITY OVERLAY BOARD, PAINTED BLACK WOOD SLATS WITH 12mm REVEALS, FASTENED WITH FINISH NAILS

TOP OF BERM 1400

SUSPENDED EXTERIOR LIGHTING FIXTURE

LEVEL 1 0

TOP OF BERM 1400

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

690

ARCHITECTURAL STEEL CHANNEL FASTENED THROUGH TO SUBSTRUCTURE MOISTURE BARRIER 19mm EXTERIOR SHEATHING 152mm STEEL STUD WITH FIBERGLASS BATT INFILL


PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

CANT FLASHING OVER STEEL STUD LOOKOUT FIRST THREE COURSES OF CONCRETE PAVER BALLAST INSTALLED OVER FLASHING

SLOPED RIGID INSULATION

19

BUILT UP STEEL STUD LOOKOUT FOR TOP-HUNG BI-FOLDING WOOD SCREEN, WITH BATT INSULATION INFILL

16

SLOPE 2% MIN.

STEEL CABLE GUARDRAIL ON STAINLESS STEEL POSTS

130

8" GROWING MEDIUM 50mm DRAINAGE SPACE FILTER FABRIC/ROOT BARRIER 250mm POLY-ISO INSULATION 19mm DRAINAGE SPACE FULLY ADHERED ROOF MEMBRANE 19mm EXTERIOR SHEATHING WOOD SLEEPERS CUT SLOPED AT 2% (TWO MEMBERS PER BOARD) 89mm CLT SLAB, FINISHED ON INTERIOR CANT

LEVEL 2

W200

130

SUSPENDED WOOD PANEL CEILING SYSTEM

130

WOOD SLATS CONCEAL FAN-COIL UNIT ABOVE

130

130

STEEL ROD BOTTOM CHORD OF TENSION TRUSS; CLEVIS PIN CONNECTION TO WELDED STEEL PLATE

130

STEEL PLATE WELDED ONTO GIRDER,

2130

8000

OPEN

BI-FOLDING WOOD SCREEN, SUPPORTED ON TREATED WOOD MEMBERS SUPPORTED ON FOOTING

OPEN

MIN. 200

130

CEILING

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

130 130

BI-FOLDING DOOR HARDWARE

75mm CONCRETE TOPPING WITH RADIANT HEATING PIPES 150mm CONCRETE S.O.G. MEMBRANE (WATER, AIR, VAPOUR CONTROL) 150mm RIGID INSULATION GRAVEL BED

LEVEL 1

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

SHIM, AS REQ'D

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

0

130

CEMENT BOARD on 2x4 TREATED STUDS @ 600 O.C. with RIGID INSULATION INFILL 152mm RIGID INSULATION 19mm DRAINAGE GAP MEMBRANE (WATER, AIR, VAPOUR CONTROL) 300mm CONCRETE FOUNDATION WALL

LEVEL 0 - Bedrock ARCHITECTURAL STEEL CHANNEL FASTENED THROUGH TO SUBSTRUCTURE

-1200

PLYWOOD SHIM, AS REQ'D

FLASHING HORIZONTAL STIFFENERS, AS REQ'D

11

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

4000


Movement Studio

Saunas Change Rooms

Solarium

Hot vs. cold - north and south Architectural: program is arranged in a loop around an internal courtyard which provides a private outdoor space for spa functions such as the plunge pool and hot tub. Energy: Hot program is oriented directly south to take advantage of solar heat gains through glazed walls (and to a lesser degree, through the solid wall assemblies). Cool program is oriented to the north. It doesn’t need to be quite as warm because people will be moving to generate their own heat. Thus, more heat losses through the north-facing wall are acceptable.

winding circulation - buffer Architectural: hallways wind around the interior courtyard of the spa, the circulation serving as a metaphor for an introspective journey Energy: hallways on the exterior faces of the building are naturally ventilated and daylit. They act like an environmental buffer, especially on the west faces of the building which get a lot of solar radiation in the summer.

Corridors

Treatment Rooms

Saunas Practitioner’s Residence

Meditation/Workshop Office

Reception Mechanical & Services Change Rooms

berming Architectural: private program is set into the berm Energy: the berm reduces temperature flux because the earth has a more stable temperature than the air. In winter, the earth is warmer than air, whereas in summer it’s cooler; thus it reduces heat loos and heat gain during both heating and cooling seasons, respectively. River vs. street - east and west Architectural: Meditation space and staff room oriented towards the river, with views of tree canopy, in order to create a peaceful atmosphere. Reception and service spaces are oriented to the street for ease of access. Energy: Rooms facing east (to river) are protected from late afternoon solar gain and glare by the corridor which faces west. Service spaces, which face west - to the street, mostly have a solid wall facade which is more efficient at reducing heat gains and losses.


79x305 GLULAM RAFTERS @ 900 O.C.

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

6 58

W300 COLUMNS, TYPICAL

544 0

W600 (OR SMALLER) COMPRESSION MEMBER

544 0

610mm OPEN-WEB STEEL JOISTS @ 1800 O.C.

200mm REINFORCED CONCRETE 300mm STEELREINFORCED ELEVATOR SHAFT WALLS CONCRETE RETAINING WALL 200mm REINFORCED CONCRETE ELEVATOR SHAFT WALLS

10 69 90 92 90 92

10 69

14

4 10

0 50

00 45 10 14 85 10

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56 56

10 10

2// slab on grade

50 61

334 0

50 61

334 0 CANTILEVERED LENGTH

610mm OPEN-WEB STEEL JOISTS @ 1800 O.C. CANTILEVERED LENGTH

130x152 GLULAM POSTS @ 1800 130x152 GLULAM POSTS @ 900 O.C., TYPICAL 130x152 GLULAM POSTS @ 1800 130x152 GLULAM POSTS @ 900 O.C., TYPICAL 300mm CONCRETE BLOCK WALL BETWEEN MECHANICAL ROOM AND CHANGE ROOM (TO REDUCE NOISE AND VIBRATION)

STEEL STUD FRAMING FOR PARAPETS AT STEEL BEAMS

300mm CONCRETE BLOCK WALL BETWEEN MECHANICAL ROOM AND CHANGE ROOM (TO 2x6 WOOD STUDAND WALLS WITH EXTERIOR SHEATHING, TYPICAL REDUCE NOISE VIBRATION)

STEEL STUD FRAMING FOR PARAPETS AT STEEL BEAMS

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

2x6 WOOD STUD WALLS WITH EXTERIOR SHEATHING, TYPICAL

NOTE: NON-STRUCTURAL INTERIOR PARTITIONS NOT SHOWN

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT 44x406 PLYWOOD-WEB I-JOISTS @ 400 O.C.

651 0

COMPOSITE DECK FLOOR - TOTAL DEPTH 102mm, DECK DEPTH 38mm 44x406 PLYWOOD-WEB I-JOISTS @ 600 O.C. 79x305 GLULAM RAFTERS @ 900 O.C.

SLAB THICKENING AT BASE OF STAIRS, TYPICAL

20 18

2x6 WOOD STUD WALL WITH EXTERIOR SHEATHING, TYPICAL

354 0

14

525 0

480 0

44x406 PLYWOOD-WEB I-JOISTS @ 600 O.C.

EXTERIOR SHEATHING OVER I-JOISTS BELOW

504 0

551 0

47 00

CLT SLAB OVER GLULAM JOISTS AND IJOISTS BELOW, TO SUPPORT GREEN ROOF ABOVE

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT CLT SLAB, EXPOSED TO BELOW, FINISHED ON INTERIOR

NOTE: NON-STRUCTURAL INTERIOR PARTITIONS NOT SHOWN

130x381 GLULAM BEAMS @ 900 O.C. SUPPORTED ON GLULAM COLUMNS, EXPOSED 130x381 GLULAM BEAMS @ 900 O.C. SUPPORTED ON GLULAM COLUMNS, EXPOSED

CLT SLAB, EXPOSED TO BELOW, FINISHED ON INTERIOR CLT SLAB, EXPOSED TO BELOW, FINISHED ON INTERIOR

10

55

60

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDEN

Y AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

436 0

150mm SLAB ON GRADE, TYPICAL

130x152 GLULAM POSTS @ 900 O.C.

44x406 PLYWOOD-WEB I-JOISTS @ 600 O.C.

79x305 GLULAM RAFTERS @ 900 O.C.

150mm SLAB ON GRADE, TYPICAL

WOOD FLOOR ON PLYWOOD SUBFLOOR

8// second floor roof sheathing

NOTE: NON-STRUCTURAL INTERIOR PARTITIONS NOT SHOWN

130x381 GLULAM RAFTERS @ 900 O.C.

WOOD FLOOR ON WOOD SLEEPERS

7// second floor roof

5// first floor roof / second floor floor

SLAB THICKENING AT BASE OF STAIRS, TYPICAL

STEEL STUD PARAPETS OVER STEEL STRUCTURE, TYPICAL

EXTERIOR SHEATHING OVER I-JOISTS BELOW

60 70

W600 (OR SMALLER) COMPRESSION MEMBER W300 COLUMNS, TYPICAL

EXTERIOR SHEATHING OVER I-JOISTS BELOW

88 1 0

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

PRODUCED PRODUCED BY AN BY AUTODESK AN AUTODESK STUDENT STUDENT PRODUCT PRODUCT

60 58

300mm STEEL- REINFORCED CONCRETE RETAINING WALL

900x300x300 FOUNDATION WALL FOOTINGS, TYPICAL

300mm FOUNDATION WALL, TYPICAL

W1100x449 BEAMS SUPPORTS CANTILEVERED PORTION OF MOVEMENT STUDIO

60 70

60 36

900x300x300 300mm FOUNDATION FOUNDATION WALL WALL, TYPICAL FOOTINGS, TYPICAL

W1100x449 BEAMS SUPPORTS CANTILEVERED PORTION OF MOVEMENT STUDIO

60

PRODUCED PRODUCED BYBY ANAN AUTODESK AUTODESK STUDENT STUDENT PRODUCT PRODUCT

00 72

681 0

88 1 0

PRODUCED PRODUCED BY AN BY AUTODESK AN AUTODESK STUDENT STUDENT PRODUCT PRODUCT

659 0

60 36

132 0

55

551 0

6// first floor roof sheathing / second floor walls

PRODUCED PRODUCED BYBY ANAN AUTODESK AUTODESK STUDENT STUDENT PRODUCT PRODUCT

1800x1200x450 COLUMN FOOTING, TYPICAL 0

00 72

40 42

EXTENT OF CANTILEVER

0 12 11

PRODUCED PRODUCED BY AN BY AUTODESK AN AUTODESK STUDENT STUDENT PRODUCT PRODUCT

600x750 CONCRETE COLUMN BASE (FOR STEEL)

659 0

40 42

W610x551 BEAMS (HEAVY SECTION TO MINIMIZE DEFLECTION FOR TOP-HUNG BI- 120 FOLDING GLASS DOORS IN THE OPENING) 11

EXTENT OF CANTILEVER W200 GIRDERS AS TOP CHORD OF TENSION TRUSS @ 1800 O.C. (BOTTOM CHORD - TENSION ROD WITH TWO VERTICAL COMPRESSION MEMBERS - NOT SHOWN IN MODEL)

681 0

504 0

10

13 PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

1800x1200x450 COLUMN FOOTING, TYPICAL

00 82

132 0 W610x551 BEAMS (HEAVY SECTION TO MINIMIZE DEFLECTION FOR TOP-HUNG BIFOLDING GLASS DOORS IN THE OPENING)

4// first-floor walls

600x750 CONCRETE COLUMN BASE (FOR STEEL)

00 82

W200 GIRDERS AS TOP CHORD OF TENSION TRUSS @ 1800 O.C. (BOTTOM CHORD - TENSION ROD WITH TWO VERTICAL COMPRESSION MEMBERS - NOT SHOWN IN MODEL)

480 0

47 00

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

1// Foundations and retaining wall

3// steel

14

525 0

44x406 PLYWOOD-WEB I-JOISTS @ 600 O.C.

PRODUCED PRODUCED BY AN BY AUTODESK AN AUTODESK STUDENT STUDENT PRODUCT PRODUCT

I chose structural systems that allow for the desired qualities in each of the three “swaths” of program. Concrete is used as a retaining wall against the berm as well as providing a solid, cave-like enclosure. Steel is used in the middle “swath” to allow for large spans enclosed with sliding glazed walls. Wood is used in the front “swath” as a warm and welcoming material. Wood is also used on the second storey. Although the structure could have been, for example, all steel, it was desirable to use wood as part of the sustainability PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT strategy - itPRODUCED is a renewable resource, and one that seBY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT questers carbon.

354 0

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT

436 0 130x381 GLULAM RAFTERS @ 900 O.C.

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT PRODUCT


14 Piazzale Ostiense 2/ program axis

4/ Flow

The orientation of the “hanging garden” defined three smaller piazzas on the ground plane - a “Memory” piazza with amphitheatre stairs focused on the Pyramid and the historic city gate, a “Park” piazza next to office buildings, and a “Transit” piazza in front of the train station.

Set off main axis of program from existing pyramid. Provide a third side to the Pyramid/Porta section of the piazza – the “memory” piazza. Other program includes a market and a central bus terminal, condensing the diffuse number of bus stops throughout the site. Provide a building to service transit hub (tabacchi, info point) and provide storage to market vendors. Keep sightline from train station to Pyramid clear to provide a sense of arrival to the newcomer.

A set of three piazzas starts to form – the Memory, Park, and Transit piazzas. Bridge between the two leisure piazzas - the Memory and the Park – with large stairs in order to create an uninterrupted pedestrian flow and to a destination which provides a sense of detachment from the busyness of the program on the ground level.

1/ Intersection

3/ bridge

5/ pierce

Create intersection; simplify and condense vehicular circulation, increasing pedestrian space. Provide safe pedestrian crossings. Two of the least busy streets no longer connect to the piazza. One street feeds into it less directly.

Articulate the bridge as a frame which contains a more fluid landscape where formal, clearly defined elements that address the Memory piazza, meet informal, broken up elements that address the Park piazza. Thus the plinth can be read as its own object, which varies “internally” to respond to the the things it connects, and whose simple aesthetic does not seek to compete with historical elements.

Pierce the bridge with tree-like canopies that speak to a contemporary identity for the Ostiense. Similar shapes along the Via Ostiense are used to create bus shelters and thus also communicate that this is a major transport hub.

The existing Piazzale Ostiense is a a complex traffic condition with three islands - a combination of roundabout and streelight-controlled intersection with 27 pedestrian crossings. My strategy for making this into a useable public space involved simplifying traffic conditions - pedestrian, streetcar, private vehicle, bike, and bus - and creating a “hanging garden” activated with cafe kiosks above the strata of circulation pathways.


SPHERES

LAYERS - EXPLODED AXO

MATERIALS

Leaf canopy Shading devices simulate a leaf canopy, letting in diffused light and providing shade to the roof.

Gloucester Cathedral Gothic columns articulated as a cluster of thinner columns which spread out to form a vaulted ceiling, making the columns appear less heavy and drawing the eye up.

Ebb and flow by David Williams Photography Slow down and enjoy a sense of detachment from busyness of the city below. The roof landscaping “ebbs and flows� around orthogonal skylights, sculptures, and cafes.

PIECES

Motion, city, lights The ground plane is a place of passage, a transient space - buses and trams have a terminal here, a bike trail passes through, people come and go from the market.

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16 re-envisioning buggerru This project was completed during a two-week work- accessibilità e circolazione /accessibility and circulation shop with predominantly Italian students and professors in Cagliari, Italy. The project asked us to analyze a small town called Buggerru which used to function as a mining town and became a popular beach once the industry moved out. Our analysis uncovered that the town has several problems: it has a port that does not function because the bad design has led to an accumulation of sand that doesn’t permit large vessels to pass; the town is unprotected from the sea and wind, which become extreme in the winter season; there is a large flux of population between summer and winter, when tourists and residents alike leave to move to protected towns inland; there are several historical buildings from the mining industry that have fallen in disrepair. Our analysis cumulated in a threefold design proposal: a proposal for a diffuse hotel to address the economic needs of the town, a proposal for a connection to the history of the town (it’s memory), and an architectural proposal for the underdeveloped waterfront of the town. I conducted a large portion of the analysis and produced the diagrams to present our findings.

Most of the roads in Buggerru run perpendicular to the waterfront, directly to the port, speaking to its importance in the formation of the city. One road runs parallel to the waterfront, servicing the port, beach, and camper areas.

There is very little communication between the main street, Via Roma, and the elevated highway which causes the city and its people to be divided due to lack of connections.


attività economiche /economic activities

lungomare /waterfront

Spaces that attract activity in Buggerru, creating a source of economic income. Ranking the activities from most popular to least popular shows us opportunities for improvement. All the spaces are concentrated on the waterfront.

This is an analysis of the points of interest in Buggerru, which define the civic centre of the city and give its “sense of place.” Many of these are historic buildings from the mining industry. It is evident that the space in front of the buildings defines the city’s relationship to the water because of the way that buildings face into it and roads lead to it.

However, the waterfront space has lost its character after the end of the mining industry and is now used for a boat yard, a soccer field, and a camper-ground. The character of these areas should be reconsidered in order to redefine the city’s relationship to the sea and improve the experience of the sea.

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lungomare /waterfront

dualitĂ  estate-inverno /summer-winter duality

A comparison to Piazza Navona (and the dense development surrounding it) shows the scale of the waterfront spaces and the importance of subdividing them into smaller spaces.

The effect of the city is to expand in the summer, occupying the port and beach area during the day, and the piazzas in the evening. However, the area directly between the city and the beach is never occupied.


(cont’d)

camere urbane /urban rooms

struttura della cittĂ  /city structure

In the winter, the city contracts, occupying only the social buildings along the main street, Via Roma. It is not possible to enjoy the sea in this season because it is too violent and dangerous.

The relationship between summer and winter spaces is that of urban rooms created by social buildings. It also shows one type of approach to creating social spaces for the public.

The city is built up on and around retaining walls which allow the streets and buildings to negotiate the steep topography.

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proposta economica /economic proposal

Instead of building a large hotel to accomodate the tourist population in Buggerru, we propose a diffuse hotel, with the historical laveria as the reception center. In the diffuse hotel model residents in the town rent out their rooms to tourists. Instead of individual bread and breakfasts, a centralized organization system helps to keep track of available rooms.

proposta di riconnessione /reconnection proposal

We reconnect lower and upper Buggerru by way of a new park accessible through the laveria.


?

?

What can I put in my Wall? Water More water A roof Or a game A bigger game Just stairs A park A hidden place Or just a house.

Inhabited Walls 21


22 baths of caracalla The Baths of Caracalla was a 1-week intensive design charrette completed with international students during my semester at the Waterloo campus in Rome. The project brief asked for a bus terminal on a site adjacent to the Baths to act as a dropoff point for tourists. The dropoff is expected to serve about 300 coach buses each day. The program also provided for amenities such as an information point, ticketing facility, and cafe as well as education program such as a projection room and exhibition space. It was important to establish an architectural relationship between the arrival of tourists by bus and the experience of touring the Baths. As well, it was important to respect the landscape on the site, which has been much documented by Romantic painters. I took on a leadership role within the project team, guiding team discussions, helping to produce a storyboard and assigning tasks within a team of 14 people.


logy

archaeo

a tr on iti

ns

city

uity

contin

0. The existing site is cut in half by a local road that runs through it. We decide to use the road as infrastructure and explore options for rationalizing private car traffic with bus traffic.

1. The chosen option cuts the road to restrict access it is no longer a throughway. The resulting continuous space mediates the transition between the city state (the arrival by bus) and a contemplative state (the archaeological landscape).

2. The shell of the building is created by pulling up the grade to insert program and create a continuity with the existing landscape. The building operates on the two axes of continuity of landscape and transition from city to archaeology.

3. We create a compression in the center so that the whole building acts as one long threshold between the idea of city and archaelogical landscape.

4. Organization of the interior program is inspired by the form of the ruins of the Baths – the separations of rooms and functions aren’t clearly bounded but suggested.

5. We introduce apertures into the roof of the building to communicate the relationship between the exterior and interior. Inspired by Roman cisterns, the openings allow the exterior to impose itself on the interior, acknowledge the passing of time and create a more contemplative environment.

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Jan

Feb

Bay

Yonge

University

Spadina

Dec

Nov

non-corporate corporate

businesses:

Mar

Oct

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July

June

Au g

Sept

Ukrainian pavilion

Korean pavilion

Ethiopian pavilion

Jamaican pavilion

Bangladeshi pavilion

Vietnamese pavilion

Queen St. W.

Queen St. E.

Welsh pavilion Tibetan pavilion NATHAN PHILLIPS SQUARE Ukrainian pavilion

Dutch pavilion

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0 125 250

1800mm

The pop-up textile workshop focuses on bringing out and celebrating some of the many ethnic group that have settled along Queen Street. The street has long been a place where waves of immigrants have settled down. Over the years people have moved out and new people have moved in, shifting the cultural mix, but the process of immigrants moving out has been accelerated recently because of efforts to “gentrify” the area. This increases land values and discourages immigrant groups moving in, while encouraging large corporate presence and upper-scale living. The immigrant ethnic groups have a lot of fascinating culture to bring to Queen Street, and to share. I want to bring out this sharing aspect through the medium of craft. This map is a representation of the dominant mid-population groups. Working from the 2006 census, and 126 ethnic origin categories, the list was culled of ethnic groups with populations that would overwhelm the entire map. This left about 18 ethnic groups which were analyzed on a block-by-block basis, to find the top three populations in each block. In the first phase of the pop-up, pavilions are located along Queen Street wherever there’s a pattern of clustering of an ethnic group, or where there is a single culture which stands out. They are designed to fit in a parking spot on the street, working off the precedent of the Bixi bike racks. This allows it to be flexible – to be deployed anywhere on the street, with the possibility to be deployed again with each new census. In this phase, the pavilions can be a source of public outreach, as well as artisan space. The celebration of these different cultures and skills comes together during the second phase of the project at Nathan Phillips Square as a weekend festival. The pavilions help to activate the periphery and make it more inviting, as well as giving the pavilions a strong street presence to help draw people in. In this way they adress both the street and the square, tying the two despite the walkway’s divisionary quality. The public celebration which happens at Nathan Phillips is also in the midst of the homogenizing process of gentrification, as evidenced by the amount of corporate business presence in that area.

Bathurst

24 pop-up Workshop

5900mm

Queen St. Plan 1:25


Nathan Phillips detail plan 1:25

Nathan Phillips section-elevation 1:25

25


26 Wind and current This project looks at the interaction between wind and water current forces, as observed from four strings hung from a bridge. With a partner, I recorded, mapped, and analyzed (extensively) the motion of the strings. One aspect of the analysis looks at modelling the velocities of several points on one of the string through time. The process (or “recipe�) for that process can be described as follows: For each time period starting at the second time period: For each point in the time period:

1. Subtract the coordinates of the point at time=0 from the current point; this represents the speed and direction of the point as it moved from the first time period to the current time period i.e. its’ velocity

2. Draw the resulting point

3. Next (go to the next point)

4. Interpolate the curve between all the points representing velocity

1.

4.

2.

5.

3.

6.

Store the curve in an array 5. Next (go to the next time period) 6. Loft the surface between all the curves in the array, in order; this is a 3D representation of the velocities on the string through time.


Front Render

Back Render

plan

front elevation

Plan

side elevation

Front Elevation

renders

Side Elevation

Legend 09’01 09’10 09’20 10’01 10’10 10’20 11’01 11’10 11’20 12’01 12’10 12’20 13’01 13’10 13’20 14’01 14’10 14’20

x 293.2 378.5 462.7 543.8 623.3 700.9 776.6 855 945.4

y 09'01 2474 2500 2526 2553 2580 2615 2655 2692 2703

1021

2707

LINE A

endpoint

endpoint

z

x

y 09'10 2460 2484 2510 2537 2567 2600 2641 2687 2703

401.9 356.6 309.1 257.4 202.9 150.5 99.52 50.33 9.74

293.7 380.3 465.4 547.9 627.1 704.6 779 852.9 940.3

-5.35

1028

0.5 1.8 2.7 4.1 3.8 3.7 2.4 -2.1 -5.1 7

0

z

x

y 09'20 2465 2487 2510 2534 2561 2591 2630 2685 2704

419.8 375.9 330.3 280.4 227.5 173.6 121.2 71.73 26.57

293.7 380.1 464.9 547.9 628.2 706 782.6 854.6 946

2707

2.53

982.7

2707

09'10 – 09'01 -14 -16 -16 -16 -13 -15 -14 -5 0

17.9 19.3 21.2 23 24.6 23.1 21.68 21.4 16.83

0.5 1.6 2.2 4.1 4.9 5.1 6 -0.4 0.6

09'20 – 09'01 -9 -13 -16 -19 -19 -24 -25 -7 1

7.88

-38.3

0

z

x

-2.52

293.7 379.4 465.2 550.3 633.9 714.5 791.7 862.4 949.1 1046 1047

y 10'01 2481 2503 2524 2546 2570 2595 2628 2682 2704 2710 2709

-20.7 -20.8 -21 -19.7 -18.6 -21 -21.13 -13.62 -6.97

0.5 0.9 2.5 6.5 10.6 13.6 15.1 7.4 3.7

2.84

26

381.2 335.8 288.1 237.7 184.3 129.5 78.39 36.71 2.77

z

x

y 10'10 2478 2501 2524 2550 2578 2607 2640 2684 2701

411.1 364.6 317.8 270.2 220.7 167 112.9 68.01 24.49 1.93 0.73

293.7 379.2 464.1 547.7 629.7 710.2 788.6 864.4 952.4 1043

2706

10'01 – 09'01 7 3 -2 -7 -10 -20 -27 -10 1

9.2 8 8.7 12.8 17.8 16.5 13.38 17.68 14.75

0.5 0.7 1.4 3.9 6.4 9.3 12 9.4 7

10'10 – 09'01 4 1 -2 -3 -2 -8 -15 -8 -2

2

6.08

22

-1

z

x

-5.68

293.7 379.7 465.2 549.1 631.1 711.3 789.9 866.2 954.6 1052 1062

y 10'20 2479 2501 2525 2551 2579 2608 2641 2685 2701 2706 2707

1 -0.2 -0.3 3.1 7.8 8.2 6.88 7.81 5.51

0.5 1.2 2.5 5.3 7.8 10.4 13.3 11.2 9.2

-0.33

41

402.9 356.4 308.8 260.5 210.7 158.7 106.4 58.14 15.25

z

x

y 11'01 2490 2514 2536 2559 2584 2611 2643 2689 2708

398.7 352.9 306.7 259.1 209 156.9 105.1 56.92 14.27 -6.12 -6.73

293.7 378.2 463.1 547.5 630.3 711 789.9 866.7 958.1 1017

2711

10'20 – 09'01 5 1 -1 -2 -1 -7 -14 -7 -2

-3.2 -3.7 -2.4 1.7 6.1 6.4 5.58 6.59 4.53

0.5 -0.3 0.4 3.7 7 10.1 13.3 11.7 12.7

11'01 – 09'01 16 14 10 6 4 -4 -12 -3 5

0

-1.38

-4

4

z

x

-2.25

293.7 379.4 465 549.7 632.5 713.4 793.1 869.9 958.1 1055 1068

y 11'10 2485 2509 2533 2556 2581 2610 2642 2684 2705 2711 2711

-16 -18.4 -18.9 -15.9 -11.6 -11.5 -12.96 -8.24 -1.78

0.5 0.9 2.3 5.9 9.2 12.5 16.5 14.9 12.7

3.1

47

385.9 338.2 290.2 241.5 191.3 139 86.56 42.09 7.96

z 396.3 350.8 305.2 257.1 207 155.8 104.5 56.75 15.46 -5.54 -6.5

x 293.7 378.7 463.6 548.3 632.7 714.2 791.9 868.5 956.1 1053 1054

y 11'20 2479 2501 2523 2545 2569 2599 2637 2683 2706 2712 2712

11'10 – 09'01 11 9 7 3 1 -5 -13 -8 2

-5.6 -5.8 -3.9 -0.3 4.1 5.3 4.98 6.42 5.72

0.5 0.2 0.9 4.5 9.4 13.3 15.3 13.5 10.7

4

-1.15

33

z 394.1 346.1 298.2 250.1 201.8 152.6 102.6 57.45 16.08 -5.87 -5.95

x 293.7 379 464.4 548.4 631.3 713.2 792.4 869.3 955.7 1052 1058

y 12'01 2474 2495 2514 2538 2563 2589 2624 2670 2700 2711 2711

11'20 – 09'01 5 1 -3 -8 -11 -16 -18 -9 3

-7.8 -10.5 -10.9 -7.3 -1.1 2.1 3.08 7.12 6.34

0.5 0.5 1.7 4.6 8 12.3 15.8 14.3 10.3

5

-0.6

37

z 396.2 348.5 300.1 251.3 201.3 150.2 100.1 55.65 16.27 -5.45 -5.96

x 293.7 379 464.3 548.5 631.4 713.3 793.8 872.2 957.6 1052 1080

y 12'10 2472 2492 2511 2534 2558 2583 2615 2657 2687 2704 2707

12'01 – 09'01 0 -5 -12 -15 -17 -26 -31 -22 -3

-5.7 -8.1 -9 -6.1 -1.6 -0.3 0.58 5.32 6.53

0.5 0.5 1.6 4.7 8.1 12.4 17.2 17.2 12.2

4

-0.6

59

z 409.6 361.7 313.1 264 213.8 162.2 112 66.76 24.63 -2.7 -6.18

x 293.7 379.7 465.4 550 631.8 711.8 791.6 869.2 951.4 1045 1083

y 12'20 2451 2470 2491 2512 2538 2570 2606 2648 2684 2703 2707

12'10 – 09'01 -2 -8 -15 -19 -22 -32 -40 -35 -16

7.7 5.1 4 6.6 10.9 11.7 12.48 16.43 14.89

0.5 1.2 2.7 6.2 8.5 10.9 15 14.2 6

0

-0.83

62

z 412.5 365.5 318.4 269.2 218 167.2 119 72.03 28.75 0.03 -5.85

x 293.7 380.1 466.1 551.2 634.4 715.4 792.9 867.6 947.3 1040 1082

y 13'01 2446 2464 2482 2503 2528 2557 2595 2642 2685 2705 2710

12'20 – 09'01 -23 -30 -35 -41 -42 -45 -49 -44 -19

10.6 8.9 9.3 11.8 15.1 16.7 19.48 21.7 19.01

0.5 1.6 3.4 7.4 11.1 14.5 16.3 12.6 1.9

0

-0.5

61

z 415 368.1 320.5 272.2 222.7 171.8 121.4 74.31 32.62 1.71 -6.28

x 293.7 381 467.6 553 636.9 718.4 796.6 871.7 949 1040 1081

y 13'10 2444 2461 2479 2499 2521 2546 2582 2630 2677 2701 2707

13'01 – 09'01 -28 -36 -44 -50 -52 -58 -60 -50 -18

13.1 11.5 11.4 14.8 19.8 21.3 21.88 23.98 22.88

0.5 2.5 4.9 9.2 13.6 17.5 20 16.7 3.6

3

22.88

60

z 414.1 368.7 322.2 274 223.9 171.9 121.4 75.52 33.87 1.74 -4.93

x 293.7 380.5 466.8 552.1 636.1 718.3 797.7 871 947.9 1039 1077

y 13'20 2437 2455 2475 2497 2519 2542 2573 2622 2671 2697 2704

13'10 – 09'01 -30 -39 -47 -54 -59 -69 -73 -62 -26

12.2 12.1 13.1 16.6 21 21.4 21.88 25.19 24.13

0.5 2 4.1 8.3 12.8 17.4 21.1 16 2.5

0

0.42

56

z 414 367.7 321.3 273.9 224.4 172.5 120.1 73.65 33.22 2.73 -4.59

x 293.7 380.5 466.7 552.1 636.5 719.4 800.1 875.7 948.1 1038 1086

y 14'01 2446 2461 2477 2495 2516 2539 2568 2612 2667 2696 2704

13'20 – 09'01 -37 -45 -51 -56 -61 -73 -82 -70 -32

12.1 11.1 12.2 16.5 21.5 22 20.58 23.32 23.48

0.5 2 4 8.3 13.2 18.5 23.5 20.7 2.7

-3

0.77

65

z 419 371.8 323.4 274.6 225.1 174.3 123 75.15 34.5 2.95 -5.85

x 293.7 381.8 467.7 552.2 635.6 717.5 797.8 876 950.3 1039 1085

y 14'10 2445 2462 2479 2498 2519 2542 2570 2606 2659 2692 2699

14'01 – 09'01 -28 -39 -49 -58 -64 -76 -87 -80 -36

17.1 15.2 14.3 17.2 22.2 23.8 23.48 24.82 24.76

0.5 3.3 5 8.4 12.3 16.6 21.2 21 4.9

-3

-0.5

64

z 423 378.9 330.8 280.5 229.6 177.2 124.2 74.21 33.23 2.43 -6.29

x 293.7 381.7 468.5 553.9 637.6 719.5 799.1 875.6 949.8 1040 1083

y 14'20 2446 2461 2475 2492 2514 2539 2568 2608 2661 2689 2698

z

14'10 – 09'01 -29 -38 -47 -55 -61 -73 -85 -86 -44

21.1 22.3 21.7 23.1 26.7 26.7 24.68 23.88 23.49

0.5 3.2 5.8 10.1 14.3 18.6 22.5 20.6 4.4

14'20 – 09'01 -28 -39 -51 -61 -66 -76 -87 -84 -42

20.3 20.5 20.5 23 27.4 27.9 26.08 24.92 24.56

-8

-0.93

62

-9

-1.55

422.2 377.1 329.6 280.4 230.3 178.4 125.6 75.25 34.3 2.05 -6.9

27


28 large urban building The site for the 3A large urban building studio at College and Spadina in Toronto is a crossroads between the University of Toronto, Kensington Market, and an established night-life; it is easily accesible from two streetcar routes. Based on a study I did, I addressed the site with an idea of public space because this is something the area currently lacks. With the idea that this should be a public space, I organized all the public program for the building – including retail, performace, restaurant, art gallery, and cafe – so that it can be accessed from the outside, based on the fact that as soon as you put a set of doors somewhere, you create a boundary which privatizes space, and limits what can happen there. All my public program is accessible from the plaza, which is a space where things can happen spontaneously. Access to programmed space keeps the plaza activated throughout the day, from the cafe in the morning, to the performance hall at night. The plaza becomes an informal counterpart to the more formally structured program within: the stairs function as street furniture, a place to sit and observe the “performance” of street life; the blank wall of the adjacent building becomes a blank canvas for urban expression, whether graffiti, mural, or projection art.

Spadina Ave.

restaurant

coffee shop retail

performance gallery

live-works office

Kensington

College St.

1st iteration

2nd iteration

3rd iteration


First floor

Second floor

2.5 floor

Third floor

Fourth floor

Firth floor

29


30 veggie belt The focus of the 2B term was that of Productive Landscapes. This culminating project looks at how residential development can happen in an agricultural area in a more sustainable manner, without losing the productivity of the landscape. The following is a diagram of programmatic development, and the final plans and section.

Working

Moving

Living

Arranging

Servicing


Site Plan

Plan

Longitudinal Section

31


32 WindCatcher A pavilion located for the hot humid climate of Koh Pha Ngan, Thailand. The design aims at providing a reprieve from the climate by means of extensive ventilation and protection from torrential tropical rains. The building faces into the prevailing wind, and is sited on a hill. Sliding screens at both ends of the pavilion provide the user with ventilation options, making for a more individualized experience. The main space of the pavilion is large and airy, to contrast with the closeness and stuffiness of the climate. The pavilion is a stopping place for hikers in the rainforest, and a destination in itself: one can relax, meditate, and think while appreciating the beauty of the rainforest.


33


35

work


36 kasian - retirement community 02_ Design Process Massing Logic

One of the design projects I worked on during my 8-month work term with Kasian was a retirement community. I was involved in coming up with design concepts and consequently diagramming the chosen scheme to communicate our design decisions. I also contibuted to developing floor plans and doing various studies requested by the client. I also helped to keep my team organized by summarizing important points from the design brief.

02_ Design Process Massing Logic

?

STEP 1 C ompare

STEP 4 e nClosing

total program area

the site with single

relative to site area and begin

family residential around the bent

to look for the opportunities on

form Creates a Centre and the

site .

first step in Creating a sense of

t he

building is sited on a hill

with premium views onto gan

o kana-

Community

l ake

02_ Design Process Massing Logic _ page 5

02_ Design Process Massing Logic _ page 8

STEP 2 w hat if we

staCked the program

to maximize views to the lake

?

STEP 5 C utting the

bending form allows

arterial views to the lake and the voids beComes a plaCe of gathering .

C utting

the form inCreases

the number of Corner units

02_ Design Process Massing Logic _ page 9

02_ Design Process Massing Logic _ page 6

STEP 3 a nd we bend

STEP 6 the form to maxi -

mize units with views and optimize

subdividing the Central green spaCe with two amenity wings Creates a sense of arrival in the

light exposure to the units

foreCourt while enClosing the in timate aCtivity and health areas behind .

t he

variety of gardens

adds value to the south view from the apartments

_ page 7

_ page 10


02_ Design Process Massing Logic

STEP 7 s tagger

the forms of the single

family residential units to Create privaCy and allow for individual garden spaCe

37


38 kasian - shopping mall + DESIGN CONCEPT

I also worked extensively on the Yuankai Shopping Mall in China during my 8-month work term with Kasian. I joined the team during the Design Development phase of the project. During this phase I was involved in finalizing the design of the building and diagramming the final scheme as a means of communicating with the client. I also helped to produce and develop construction drawings, including floor plans, sections, and details. In the end we issued two packages: a design package and a construction document package. setback property line While at Kasian I received Revit training. This is one of several Revit projects I worked on during the 8-month term. the property line is offset by setback 0 limits to create the building footprint

1

building form is extruded to maximize FAR + square footage

3

back end of mass is pulled away to create a prominant secondary entry

4

circulation spine carves through the volume forming connections to both entries with access to shopping and allowing light from above

existing new structure

2

corner of mass is pulled up to create a welcoming and vibrant public square and to create an iconic architectural element

5

new structural columns tie seamlessly into existing foundations and columns


retail games cinema

6

retail occupies the first 4 floors and is visually accessible to pedestrians and users cinemas are placed above the games/entertainment floor which overlooks the retail below

7

the roof is peeled up to bring light into the banquet hall and to create an exciting park landscape on the roof

8

a depression in the mass creates a seating and viewing area on the north side of the roof scape

9

dynamic landscaping configurations allow for exciting potentials on both the roof and ground floor the carved spaces within the atrium creates an exciting invitation into the shopping centre within

39


40 inferurban I had a unique work experience with InferUrban, who are not a team or architects, but a team of inventors. I helped them to illustrate their ideas for the workings of a patented method for their use in presentations with potential clients. Working with another student, I did extensive research on building types and categorization, as well as the implications that these have on urban planning issues. I then illustrated two of those building types extensively, and created a Prezi presentation which gives an overview of the invention. Most of the work that I did is confidential, having to do with the workings of the invention.


41


NEW MAIN PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY COLLECTOR 42 2.1.4 kasian - station development At Kasian, I was highly involved in the design and development phase of the Translink Faregate Project for 5 “SkyTrain” transit stations in the Metro Vancouver region. I became solely responsible for putting together the drawing package for one of those stations as well as helping out with others. I also produced a signage and wayfinding report, and an equipment phasing report for the project, and participated in both internal and external meetings. I learned a lot about construction drawings, working mainly in AutoCAD 2010.

3M WIDE SIDEWALK

NEW TREES, SCRUBS AND PLANTING

As well, I contributed technical drawings and sketches to the concept design for the redevelopment of one of the stations.

EXISTING CONDITION

SECTION

SCOTT ROAD STATION AND BUS LOOP FEASIBILITY STUDY

SEATING BENCH


43


44 sargasso field Aug. 10-24, 2009, I participated in a workshop held by Philip Beesley Architect and CITA in Copenhagen. The workshop dealt with issues of interactivity and responsiveness in architecture, and explored sustainability in its construction methodology. I learned about digital fabrication, component design, electronics, kinetics, and behaviour scripting, and assisted in building and documenting the installation.


Parkin architects 45 Proposed and developed an entrance facade design for a large hospital and mental health institution in Hamilton for a P3 competition. Organized room data sheets, room finishes matrix, and incoming files from contractors. Worked extensively between hand sketches, SketchUp, and AutoCAD to produce plans, sections, elevations, and perspectives for Orangeville County Courthouse (shown here) and the P3 competition.


47

play


48 photography I enjoy experimenting with photography as an artform, especially when it comes to dramatically lit situations.


49


50 craft I have been crocheting since I was seven and have recently taught myself to knit as well. These are a couple examples of my more intricate work, to show that I can pay great attention to small details and am capable of making finely crafted objects. My most recent hobby is the making of chain maille. Each ring is opened and closed by hand to put it in its place. I enjoy working at a tight scale where I have to pay great attention to details.


art 51 Left to right: Acrylic and paper and canvas. 14” x 36” Ink on vellum. 6.5” x 16.5” Graphite on paper. 13” x 20”


4b portfolio  

Anna Beznogova 4B University of Waterloo

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