1950 – .War in Korea .Credit card system introduced in America. .1 in 7 UK families owned a car. Average UK annual salary £101.
1954 – 1956 .54% of American homes had television sets. .Coco Chanel reopened her Paris fashion salon after a long closure.
1951.Rock and roll and colour TV starts in USA 1952 – .In UK the families were growing. 2.2 children, compared to 3.5 children in 1905. .UK compulsory use of smokeless fuels eventually end smogs and winter deaths.
1953 – .Queen Elizabeth II crowned in June
1957-1959 .Mary Quant designed suit shapes that later hallmark the sixties fashion look .The space age becomes a reality. The Chunnel between England and France seriously proposed
During the 1950â€™s the pollination of people were increasing very rapidly.
Influences of 50s Fashion
More people owned houses and cars. Television, and cinema were becoming popular. The amount of people who owned their own TV had increased. People were becoming wealthy and teenagers were given pocket money. During the 1930s, 1940s, fashion was highly influenced by the Fashion houses that catered to the adult market and the dress style of young people had simply followed adult fashions. Teenagers were given much more freedom, and no longer dressed like their parents. They began to
follow TV stars.
abstract artist Philip Edson says he thinks he "must have heard every possible reason why abstract art is not regarded as 'proper art' by some people." These include the argument that it's "easier than realistic painting and only failed realistic painters paint in an abstract style." Philip believes "People who usually put forward these views clearly feel threatened by something that they don't understand" and that "although abstract art has been around for some time now, the education system seriously lags behind artistic developments in society. This leaves it to us as contemporary artists to try and spread the word.â€? On the same, now-deleted blog, Artist Rebecca Crowell said: "Many people think of abstraction as easily created, meaningless and randomly produced, or as nothing more than decorative design. In fact, good abstract artists work with themes, ideas and specific intentions for their work. In some cases, these are arrived at intuitively or experimentally, in others, there is considerable planning involved." This is part of a curator's statement Rebecca wrote for an abstract art exhibition, which is an eloquently worded "explanation" of abstract art that's worth showing anyone who doesn't "getâ€? abstracts. I think abstract are is very unique and I do believe it is art. It is very different compared with fin art. Abstract are makes you think, wonder, because of this element I like abstract art. The amount of colours that are use din the art piece are a great collection and really catch the eye. I even tried painting my own version of abstract art.
Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 â€“ August 11, 1956) Jackson Pollock is a well known artist during the 1960s. each art work is filled with a blast of colour. Its very hard to understand what the message is just by looking at it. However it is very interesting. It is very unique.
Hans Hofmann (March 21, 1880, February 17, 1966)
I really enjoy looking at Hans Hofmannâ€™s art worked. It is unique and extremely interesting. It enjoyable to search for the objects in the paintings and trying to figure out what the artist wants to tell.
The 1960s didn't start out with colorful clothes. They were dully designed and looked better on older people. Then little shops called boutiques opened selling cheap and colorful clothing for younger people. During the decade, women started wearing miniskirts, leather boots and fake eyelashes
A "bouffant" look is a dress where the top part is tight and the skirt of the dress puffs out. The popular hairstyle was a beehive
1963- Mary Quant started her own label, and is responsible for designing mini skirts, tights.
1965- Different materials were used such as discs of metal or plastic linked together with wire. Leather is also used. Metallic or neon colours were involved. 1966- Mini skirts become much shorter. Op art becomes more popular. Optic trick using contrasting colours with black and white to make a sort of optical illusion. 1967- Psychedelic clothing is now a hit. Colours are brighter. The African/Middle Eastern looks were both port of the ethnic fashion. 1967 - Ethnic fashions begins to spread 1968 â€“ 1969 Skirts begin to lengthen out, along with hair. The "Hippie look" is now popular. The women wore long floor length dresses and skirts called maxies.
In the 1960s women were fighting to get the right to vote. As like any argument there were two sides people who wanted this law and other who disagreed. Women formed a group and were arguing for their rights . They created boards and were refusing to work until they got the right to vote. Some of the reason they were given were: -it is fair and right that those who must obey the laws should have a voice in making them, and that those who must pay taxes should have a vote as to the size of the tax and the way it shall be spent. -equal suffrage would increase the proportion of educated voters
-it leads to fair treatment of women in the public service. In Massachusetts the average pay of a female teacher is about one-third that of a male teacher, and in almost all the States it is unequal. In Wyoming and Utah, the law provides that they shall receive equal pay for usual work -it would make women more broadminded. Professor Edward H,. Griggs says: "The ballot is an educator, and women will become more practical and more wise in using it." -it is a maxim in war. "Always do the thing to which your adversary particularly objects." Every vicious interest in the country would rather continue to contend with woman's indirect influence than try to cope with woman's vote.
There were of course many people who opposed the idea of women’s suffrage. They were known as the ‘Antis’. Here are some of the reasons they gave: - If women became involved in politics, they would stop marrying, having children, and the human race would die out. - Women were emotional creatures, and incapable of making a sound political decision. - Most women do not want the vote. - Women’s role is in local affairs. - Women are already represented by their husbands. - It is dangerous to change a system that works. - Women do not fight to defend their country
These reasons may seem childish to us, but at the time were taken seriously by a wide cross-section of women as well as men. Women and men have ‘separate spheres’.”
Deeply researching through the whole situation, I myself strictly agree with allowing the women to vote equally as the men. The is reason because they have to go as the law says equally as the men of the country have to, therefore they should be given the equal amount of say to create these laws. Antis against suffrage had given an excuse that It is dangerous to change a systems that already work. This is a ridicules reason. There have been research that shows it would actually make the voting more accurate and fair. This is logic sense, the more votes collected the more accurate the outcome. Also the antis had mentioned , Women do not fight to defend their country. During the world war 2 women had stayed stronger and did everything they could for the country while the men were away at war. Seeing the two sides of the arguments for and against the suffrage. It seems as the antis are purely greedy. They are afraid that the women will take over there rights and will go against them in every situation right or wrong. I have read the excuse they were making, non of the reasons were logic and there were no strong evidence for some of the reasons. It may have seemed that the antis were all male however this was not the case it was in fact the uneducated, some women were also against the suffrage. They believe women should stay at home. I do believe it was totally right that the women had been given the right to vote. Men and women were both as important as one another, therefore why should there be discrimination between the two.
After the women's right, there was a huge change in fashion and the every day women's wear. This the reason for this was due to the more freedom women were given. They were able to go to worked and do other physical activates. Therefore they needed to were suitable wearing. The tight tops and long skirts were no longer suitable for the outgoing women. Is had change to more A line short dresses. Also women began to wear trousers. The clothes were much more easy going and casual. And fabrics with bold colours were being used. Most of the fabric were shipped in as transport was improving.
mid-sixties Op Art movement was seen by many as an embarrassing era on the art history timeline, Now however, there's a steady revival of interest, not only among collectors and fashion designers, but among young artists themselves. Optical art today is highly popular, and is shown in architecture photography and most certainly fashion.
r artist whose practice predates recent interest in Op, Texan Susie Rosmarin has been working with Op-style abstraction for the last decade.
American artist Hsaio is an early adopter of the new Op aesthetic, having explored perceptual art since the late '80s. He currently lives and works in Berlin.
Optical art plays with your mid to trick you in thinking that the 2d image it moving. Is type of art is very clever and you have to been highly integrant to create such master pieces. Also this type of art worked both in colour or black and white. I have always liked contracts, I find is really makes the art work stand out.
Bridget Riley, (1931) White Disks, Bridget Riley, 1964. She wrote, â€œThe uncertainties of a drawn structure increase when it is composed of similar, repeated elements. Because they are small and compacted, these elements begin to fuse while they are easy to separate when they are big.â€?
Final Photo Editing Stages
I had drawn my own vision of abstract art and placed it around the photograph, to create a boarder. However the image did go well together . The photograph is too dull again the bold red boarder. The image looks very unfinished.
This image is simple but very attractive. The model in the image is representing women's rights in the 1960s. I have deliberately used a blank white background to make the model stand out. I have used the projector to project optical art of her skin. This image does not include two art movements that are required in the brief.
I had took the first image and decided to change the background to a abstract art piece. I had also cropped and included an advert actress from the 1960â€™s. The plus side to this image is that it includes both art movements clearly. However the layout of the image is not very organised. The colours clash.
The optical background in this photo-shoot really works well. However the style of the model standing looks out of place against the background. And it dose not included both art eras. Keeping the colour scheme simple doesn't complicate the audience, therefore I have used only white black blue and grey.
I have included art movement number two using Jackson Pollock's famous abstract art work and inserting it into the middle of the sunglasses. I have changed the style of the model standing so that it would be in place with the stronger optical background. However still making sure that the model is facing up high, to represent proud women of the 60â€™s.
I have decided to do a magazine cover to make it clear where the photo-shoot would be presented. Also nobody else has done a magazine cover , this means my photo-shoot will be different and will catch peoples attention even more.
Princess jacket 1950s
1950s princes jacket