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Writing an essay An essay is a group of paragraphs developing a central idea or thesis statement. Structure of an essay An essay has the following structure:

1.

Introduction

Body

Conclusion

Introduction •

Provides an overview

Highlights the importance of the topic

Introduces the thesis statement

Narrows the focus of the essay to the controlling ideas

Awakens interest in the readers

Provides a road-map of the essay


2.

Body of an essay

Provides an overview

Highlights the importance of the topic

Introduces the thesis statement

Narrows the focus of the essay to the controlling ideas

Awakens interest in the readers

Provides a road-map of the essay

Develops various aspects of the thesis and controlling ideas Discusses the causes, effects, reasons, examples in depth Uses various strategies to describe, compare and contrast, define, illustrate, etc. in order to persuade the reader


• •

Anticipates readers’ questions. The entire paragraph should concern itself with a single focus. If it begins with one focus or major point of discussion, it should not end with another or wander to different ideas Discusses only one aspect of the main topic or highlights only one controlling idea Echoes the central idea of the thesis statement Contributes to the coherence and unity of the essay by developing the ideas logically.

Writing a paragraph •

Provides an overview

Highlights the importance of the topic

Introduces the thesis statement

Narrows the focus of the essay to the controlling ideas Awakens interest in the readers


Provides a road-map of the essay

Development paragraph •

• •

Discusses only one aspect of the main topic or highlights only one controlling idea Echoes the central idea of the thesis statement Contributes to the coherence and unity of the essay by developing the ideas logically

Making your paragraph well-developed • •

Use examples and illustrations Cite data (facts, statistics, evidence, details etc.)

Examine testimony (quotes, proverbs)

Use an anecdote or story

Define terms in the paragraph

Compare and contrast

Evaluate causes and reasons

Examine effects and consequences

Describe/ analyse the topic


3.

Give chronology of event

Conclusion

• •

Summarizes the main points of the essay Reiterates the important statements made in the essay

Serves as the last word on the topic

Restates briefly the main points

Reiterates the thesis

Confines itself to the topic discussed in the essay

Provides a memorable close

Like dessert after dinner leaves a good taste in the listeners Serves as the last word on the topic


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