The Amoeba Studio

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PORTFOLIO Aniruddha Nilosey - UG180067


Collage of Kolkata.

Poster for Nukkad Natak. The next step was studying different artforms of India that the Library was deal with as a medium to spread knowledge. The finalised artform was Kukkad Natak, a form of Street theatre popular in the central and northern parts of India. The correspondingly, the city picked for the library, such that the artform would flourish was Mumbai.

Understanding City & Artform.

The first exercise dealt with understanding what a city is, and what makes a city unique. The city picked was Kolkata and the collage focuses of the 2 contrasting images of the city. The two different images that usually get created in the minds of people about Kolkata is Contrasting in nature, yet each of its aspect is essential for Kolkata because they together and in correspondance, make Kolkata what it is.

02 Understanding Libraries. To create a different library, it was essential to understand what a library is, how it functions and what all possible sources of information does it incorporate.

How do people go to a library? Usually, people visit a library in smaller groups, pairs or individually. Only on certain occactions or events is where people visit a library in a bigger group, like meetings or inaugurations.




Circulation and Courtyards. With a Total of 3 courtyards, besides the terrace farden, Bharat Bhavan has an inclination towards the impact that open spaces have. The transitions between the open, semi-open and closed spaces is a journey within itself which has these courtyards as small transitional spots. As mentioned, the Bhavan’s primary idea is to give a sense of a ‘non building’ space, which essentially means that it is more of a journey, rather than a built form.

Case Study: Bharat Bhavan

The circulation of the space is greatly emphasized by the play of courtyards. Acting as an extension to the pathways, they act as small pause point or stops where there is some or the other activity happening. Besides these courtyards, the terrace garden is a wide spread area that ‘wraps’ around the space, acting as a free space for people to interact.

Bharat Bhavan is a multidisciplinary arts and cultural centre, located in Bhopal. Designed by Charles Correa in 1982, the intent was to create an interactive proximity between Verbal, Visual and Performing arts. Based on Correa’s “non building” ideology, until proximity, it appears as the Bharat Bhavan has no built form and is just a series of Gardens. The space in built in an inclination where a visitor enters from the highest point and descend as they proceed. The play of natural contours, along with the Courtyards and circulation pattern, provides a sense of an interconnected flow to the space.

Site Pictures:

About: Program. The Space consists of an Art Gallery, fine

arts workshop, open air amphitheatre, studio theatre, auditorium, Tribal and Folks arts museum and a Library.

Architectural Inferences. The series of terrace gardens

cascading down to the lake. The terraces and courtyards reflect Correa’s idea of the spatial progression of being in a maze or a puzzle, where different spaces create the complex street act in a village-like layout. The natural contours have been used to create sunken courtyard spaces, forming small plazas.

Adjacency diagram.

Aerial sketch.

Section highlighting the contours.

Material and Colour Palette.

Movement Pattern.

Internal play of Light.

Closed Spaces. Red Sandstone.

Exposed Brick. (Flemish Bond)

Exposed Concrete.

Ashlor stone. (Exteriors)

White Marble. (Interiors)

Granite. (Interiors)


Interior Spaces and Occupancy.

Courtyard Occupancy. Court of Tribal Art. (Library)

Court of Tribal Art. (Museum)

Court of Antarang.

Case Study: Bharat Bhavan General Gathering

Library Activity

General Gathering

Museum Activity

General Gathering

Library Activity

An Opinion based study describing how various people would occupy the same courtyard for two different activities; and occupy two different courtyards for the same activity.

Partition systems.

Wall Displays.

Plan of the Modern Gallery.

Spatial Activities.

Movement Pattern.


Small Courtyard-like spaces.

Plan of the museum of Folk and Tribal Art.

Zoning Diagram.

Level Differences. Bharat Bhavan is divided into various open, closed and courtyard spaces; each placed at different levels to maintain a visual connectivity.

04 Spatial Analysis Nukkad Natak. A form of performing arts that focuses on spreading public awareness, through the means on drama, skits and vocal tonalities. It is an old act of campaign that gains strength from engagement with the audience, on puts forward the ideas of equality and justice by addressing public issues such as Girls’ Education, Child Labour, LGBTQ+ rights, etc.

Use of Props. Nukkad Natak is very minimalistic in its nature. The use of props is bare minimum and only in the case of an extreme. However, the use of banners is common, as it helps to gain attention.


For a group of 10-12 actors

A street play occurs with respect to a circular grid, forming an outer and inner circle. The key reason for this formation is that circulating amoung the audience is an important aspect. The circle is important for both the performers and the audiences, as it helps in engaging the most number of people which is the point of a street play. It also helps to connect with the audience in an intimate manner. The closer a performer is to the audience, the more effective the play is.

Location. The key factor for this criteria is how much audience can the group gather. As such, there is no other factor that comes into picture. Some locations are: Marine Drive, Railway stations, Victoria terminus. As mentioned, interacting with the audience is the key to a great Nukkad Natak. Unlike the typical plays, the gap between the actors and the audience is approximately 1 foot.


A few musical instruments are also used depending on the group’s ideology. Boxes and other simple objects that can be used to create beats are used as well.

Example of an inner circle.





Use of Walls. Walls can play a huge role in reverbarating the sound to the audience, in case the actors need an additional vocal support. However, it is kept in mind that the wall needs to be far enough to incorporate the audience inbetween. The walls behind the audience would bounce the sound back.

05 Library Brief

Aim: The key essence of the library would be, “Dramatising knowledge” based of the unique artform of Nukkad Natak. Around this ideology of the space, through the means of EXPRESSING, EXPERIENCING and LEARNING, a person would gain & share knowledge and cultivate a thought process. The idea is to gain and impart knowledge amoung people, using people using Nukkad Natak as the primary tool.

Philosophy: A Natak has 3 major components of where the actors Express, the audience Learns, while creating an overall Experience for both. Extrapolating these features, the Library would have smaller spaces that would help a person explore the vast collections of knowledge rather than the typical bookish knowledge. Using the three pillars, a person would have a broad range of how to explore a concept, idea or fact, and not just reading about it.

Activities and Spaces: Expressing


• Demonstration • Workshop zone. spaces. • Discussion room. • A peace room. • Support room. • Act-it-out-youself room

Learning • Screening/ projection room. • Performance pocket spaces • Acting Street

Catalogue: Fiction:


Literary Classics Realistic fiction Daily Life Dramas Fairy Tales Children’s books

Autobiographies Biographies Memoirs Journal Entries Satires Self Help

Other • Eating space/ cafe. • Admin • Intermediate Corridor

05 Library Brief

Table of requirements.


Types of Streets and their characteristics: Chaurahas.

Concept: Street One critical aspect that really defines a street is the human interaction. Streets are the ubiquitous public realm nearly everyone touches on a daily basis. They give a city its distinctive feel. As such, they hold all of society’s joys and sorrows. Embrace the opportunities this brings. It embraces the human scale to it, supports a wide range of interactions and invites participation. The streets are one of the most fundamental elements that we encounter on a daily basis. Nukkad natak itself uses streets as a major performance place. Mumbai is a city with an amalgamation of various cultures. Due to the lack of space, the streets of Mumbai themselves are the most engaged and constantly change due to them being the happening hotspots for public interactions. The entire concepts of street markets and the shift of them into a street with food culture thriving at night, can be traced back to Mumbai.

Dead Ends. • An interestion of 4 roads.

• Only one way in, one way out

• One of the most interactive part of the streets.

• Has the most private characteristics

• Enables people to create and participate various smaller activities

• Enables people to create more intimate interactions.


Plazas. • Squared spaces created adjacent to a street.

• Long narrow passages. • Close interactions.

• More or a public hotspot.

• Creates no pause points; once in, a person would feel like getting out as quickly as possible.


• Enables multifaceted interactions amoung the people.

Pedestrian Only. • Large open streets with buildforms and trees covering the space.

• As there are no other vehicles, the street is covered people only.

• Has multiple pause points, intentionally created for people to sit back and interact.

• Enables free movement. • Multiple interactions occur through out the street.

06 Concept: Including and Engaging Key words: • • • • • • • • •

Free flowing Harmony Curves Participating Engaging Non Polar Dymanic Minimal Props Street Nukkad Natak is an artform that stands for social, cultural, economical and political justice and equality. However, one critical aspect that makes it stand different from other theatrical arts, is that it takes place out on streets, fests and parks rather than an auditorium. Why? Because the key idea of this Street Theatre is not to act, it’s about sending a message to the public, and these crowded spaces are chosen solely due to the ease of ENGAGEMENT. Nukkad Natak’s idealogy revolves around the INCLUSION and participation of the public themselves. This helps in connecting with the audience. Whether it be about Feminism, child labour or LGBTQ+ rights, the reason why Nukkad Nataks are so effective is because it ENGAGES and INCLUDES the audience into the act. “The city of dreams”, is an epithet given to Mumbai, and the city really stands up to it’s title. However, the city hasn’t always been like this. It has gained this reputation over many years. The primary reason why Mumbai is called so, is the limitless opportunities that the city has to offer. Yet, there are many other cities in India that has a ton of opportunities to offer, what makes Mumbai stand as the Victor for the epithet is that even though the city has so much to offer, it never discriminated amoung those who came to Mumbai. The city welcomed every person, regardless of their status. To support this point, we can look into the fact the Mumbai has it’s own culture, different from all, which has formed because of the amalgamation of other cultures because the people brought them into the city, and it not only INCLUDED the people and their culture, but also ENGAGED into it as a city. Whether it be Ganesh Visarjan, Dahi Haandi, Oktoberfest, Eid, Coconut day, Elephanta festival, Film festival or even something as new as the YouTube Fanfests, the entire city engages into the festivals and celebrate them as their own.

07 Volumetric Explorations







Satellite View.

Surrounding Landmarks.

Site Analysis: Juhu, Mumbai The site is located at the Juhu beach, existingly a residential building. The site is surrounded by young people ranging from schools, junior colleges and colleges. Juhu beach being a key hangout spot for younger generation would make the library gain their attention. The more these college/school going students would see how different the approach of the library is, the more they would be interested. The area has a number of preexisting cultural cafes that promote certain artforms and styles.

Since Nukkad Natak’s key objective is to gain as much public attention as possible, Juhu beach being an exceptionally crowded space is a very suitable option. • Juhu, Andheri are the most well connected area as it lies around the centre. It is the most easily accessible area for the entire Mumbai.


Residential building

Tea Store




• Due to various existing Art galleries and museum, there is a strong cultural knowledge in the South Bombay area. However, the North Bombay lacks such spaces, hence would be fruitful to introduce such a library.




Site Pics.

The Location’s most crucial ascpect is the Juhu Beach. Since the place is used and accessed by people of every class, religion and background, it creates a diverse environment for the library,

09 Exploring Grid: Straights & curves The exploration started with creating different possibilities with a simple circle. The focus was given to the combination of curves and their respective countercurves that were being created using different arrangements.

Initial Explorations.

09 Exploring Grid: Straights & curves After various explorations of curves and counter curves, modulation of a unit was done to create an extensive grid. Along with this, the corresponding distorted rectangular grid has also been used. Followed by concluding with a grid that provided the liberty to create the curves, counter curves, along with a varied set of intersectional and intermediate shapes.

Modulating Units.

Final Grid.

10 Spatial Explorations Using the grid, firstly , planar explorations were done as per a set of spatial engagements that were essential for the library space. Along with the existing circular grid, the distorted rectangular grid was also used to create a harmony between straight lines and curves.

Form Layouts.

Sectional Explorations.



Advantages of Stabilized Rammed Earth. Stabilized Rammed Earth.


Stabilized Rammed Earth.

Plywood, Teak Veneer, Dark Lacquer finish

Material Selection

Regular Rammed Earth.

• Requires normally 4 to 12 % cement as stabiliser when built . • Can be made from soil, quarry waste or recycled building rubble. • Insoluble, unaffected by immersion. • Unaffected by rain. • Needs minimum exterior protection. • Normally build walls 300mm thick. • Does not need larger foundations. • High strength achieved quickly, 70% of full strength within 7 days. • Very small amounts of shrinkage experienced as wall sets. • Can incorporate steel reinforcing, lintels, etc.

• Does not use any stabilisers. • Must be made from with a high clay content. • Remains water soluble, hence will collapse if moisture rises above 13%. • Needs wide eaves and surface protection. • Needs protection by cladding systems or regular coats of lime wash or render. • Normally 500-700mm thick. • Needs larger foundations to support thicker walls. • Slow drying means it can take up to 2 months to get near full strength. • As wall dries, significant and unpredictable shrinkage occurs. • Poor results with reinforcements. Only small openings possible.

Reference Images.

Sandstone. Construction of Curved Rammed Earth Walls

Construction of Curved Ferrocement Roofs.

12 Inside Out: Library space 01 1. Central Preformance Area 2. Small Screening Space 3. Large Screening Space 4. Discussion & Interaction Space

Library Space 01: Plan at 1750mm

12 Inside Out: Library space 01

Section BB’

Library Space 01: Sections

Section AA’

12 Inside Out: Library space 01

Section CC’

Library Space 01: Sections Section DD’

12 Inside Out: Library space 01

Library Space 01: Isometric View

13 Inside Out: Spatial Interaction 1. Library Space 01 2. Library Space 02 3. Administration 4. Cafeteria 5. Staff Room 6. Computer Room 7. Toilets Central Seating area Influence of Cafeteria Intermediate Path Partial Visual Connect Entry Zones

Interaction of 3 Spaces

Creating a Nukkad.

14 Final Drawings 1. 2. 3. 4.

Library Space 01 Library Space 02 Library Space 03 Counselling Room 5. Seating Area 6. Staff Room 7. Cafeteria 8. Administration 9. Computer Room 10. Toilet 11. Demonstration Space 12. Survaillence 13. Open Stage 14. Amphitheatre 15. Beach 16. Street 17. Unconstructed Road 18. Arabian Sea

Plan at 1750mm

14 Final Drawings Section AA’ (Staggered)

Section BB’

Sectional Elevations

Section CC’

14 Final Drawings Section DD’

Section EE’

Sectional Elevations

Elevation FF’

13 Final Drawings Main Movement Path Sub Movement Path Indoor Performance Area Outdoor Performance Pockets Outdoor Performance Pockets

Movement Pattern: The Areas where performances are possible are coincide with the movement paths.

Analysis Light Quality

14 Final Drawings

Isometric View

14 Final Drawings

Site Context

15 Presentation Renders 1. 2. 3. 4.

Library Space 01 Library Space 02 Library Space 03 Counselling Room 5. Seating Area 6. Staff Room 7. Cafeteria 8. Administration 9. Computer Room 10. Toilet 11. Demonstration Space 12. Survaillence 13. Open Stage 14. Amphitheatre 15. Beach 16. Street 17. Unconstructed Road 18. Arabian Sea

Plan at 1750mm

15 Presentation Renders Section AA’ (Staggered)

Section BB’

Sectional Elevations Section CC’

15 Presentation Renders Section DD’

Section EE’

Sectional Elevations Elevation FF’

15 Presentation Renders

Isometric View

15 Presentation Renders

Isometric View

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