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may 2012

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may 2012

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indaba It’s boom time for tourism

Botswana

Money matters

Inflight entertainment

Tech review

Buy the Batmobile

interact Interact

may 2012

Your free take-home copy - exclusive to Airlink passengers

TM

may 2012

freedom for executives on the move

R30.00

indaba It’s boom time for tourism

Botswana

Money matters

SkyMay Cover FINAL.indd 13

Inflight entertainment

Tech review

Buy the Batmobile 2012/04/12 9:53 AM

Cover image courtesy of Sanctuary Retreats

A silver lining There’s no point living in the past; so the saying goes. But, if you are in the tourism industry, sometimes you can’t help but long for the days of 2010. That winter was a blissful time for the industry as a whole: hotels were at full capacity; tour operators were cashing in big time on the huge influx of visitors; and airlines were arguably at the busiest they had ever been. But alas, all good things must come to an end; or so another saying goes. Boom time was over for the tourism industry and it faced the harsh reality that the economic downturn would hit harder than Bakkies Botha going into a ruck. Still, you can’t keep a good thing down (yes, another saying) and South African tourism is on the up once again. January 2012 statistics for Western Cape tourism show that international tourist arrivals have increased by more than 14% from November 2010 to January 2011, and overall tourist arrivals have gone up by 10%. Furthermore, 200 international conferences have been confirmed for the next five years. The economy is set to benefit from 300,000 expected delegates who will contribute approximately R1.6 billion to the economy. All of this can only bode well for the industry and the country as a whole. You don’t need to be a rocket scientist to realise the benefits that tourism brings with it. As we look forward to Indaba 2012 – South Africa’s premier tourism exhibition – it would seem that the green shoots of the industry are starting to emerge and we will soon see a return to happier times. Gerard Peter Editor-in-Chief

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PRINTERS Ultra-Litho, Johannesburg DISTRIBUTION Republican News Agency ISSN 1025-2657

Oct-Dec 2011 17637 (total)

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Skyways Magazine is published monthly and distributed via Airlink. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this magazine in whole or in part is prohibited without prior written permission of Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Copyright © 1994-2012 Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. The views expressed in Skyways Magazine are not necessarily those of Panorama Publications or Airlink, and the acceptance and publication of editorial and advertising matterial in Skyways Magazine does not imply any endorsement or warranty in respect of goods or services therein described, whether by Skyways Magazine or the publishers. Skyways Magazine will not be held responsible for the safe return of unsolicited editorial contributions. The Editor reserves the right to edit material submitted and in appropriate cases to translate into another language. Skyways Magazine reserves the right to reject any advertising or editorial material, which may not suit the standard of the publication, without reason given. Skyways Magazine is published by Panorama Publications on behalf of Airlink. PUBLISHED BY Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Private Bag X4, Kyalami, 1684, South Africa. 92 Campolino, Kyalami. Tel: 011 468 2090 Fax: 011 468 2091

contents contents

REGULARS 4 Due South

in short

11

boom time

66

liquid therapy

18

Escape to the beauty of Royal Chundu

6 Be scene

Events calendar

11 In shorts

News from around the world

16 Chitwa Chitwa

Luxury meets African tradition

40 Panorama

The world in pictures

100 Boarding pass

Your Airlink timetable

104 Words of wisdom

Aiming for the moon

107 Solve it

Sudoku and battleship puzzles

108 Top 10 Things you didn’t know about a solar eclipse 110 Riddle me this Do you know the answers to our quiz? 112 Talespin

Doing the walk of life

MIND 18 A river runs through it Water heals wounds in the North-West province 42 Head start 44 Above board

Leadership and ethics

50 Living in hope

Addressing Africa’s poverty problem

66 Boom time

SA tourism is on the up

72 Wise buy

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Become a pro at property investing

76 A new growth path

54 the open road

TRADE 34 Gadget reviews 36 Social media 101 38 Tech review

46 say cheese

BODY 46 Say cheese Recipes from a foodie expert 64 Sky Cellar Un-chilled filtered whiskies SOUL 22 Zambia Africa’s forgotten wilderness 26 Journey of discovery Unearthing a natural born talent 30 Botswana The rise of a nation 58 Business savvy Understanding observational marketing 61 Beyond borders Airlink expands to Botswana 70 Missed call Cellphones and airplanes 80 Wordsmith Book reviews MOTORING 54 On safari Land Cruiser does the Kalahari

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6.5 million

Number of units sold for Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3 in just 24 hours

Info

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Family Rates: From US$ 390 – 680 per person per night sharing, includes all meals, a sunset cruise and airport transfers. Rates depend on time of booking and vary for Island Lodge or River Lodge. Children younger than 3 years stay free and those aged between 4 and 11 years pay 50% of adult sharing rate. Terms & Conditions apply. Children under the age of 2 will be cared for at the lodge by trained child minders while parents enjoy Sunset Cruises. Chundu Children’s Club activities and participation is subject to length of stay and guide availability. Child minding available on request.

R12

The fee Starbucks had been charging customers for coffeebean purchases under 450g – without disclosing the surcharge

Due south A global adventurer and his family explore the wonders of Zambia

Well known adventurer Bear Grylls took time out from his hectic schedule to enjoy a week long break with his family exploring the wonders of Zambia. Having visited the area many times for work when making his TV series Born Survivor, Bear was keen to share his experiences with his family, his wife Shara and their three boys Jesse (8), Marmaduke (5) and Huckleberry (3). Royal Chundu was the ideal place to escape to with a young family due to their new Chundu Children’s Club. This bespoke ‘kids on safari’ program is designed to entertain and accommodate your children so you can relax as you embark on your memorable African river adventure. From Island Walks, Treasure Hunts, Tag & Release Fishing, Butterfly Capture & Release, Chef’s Cooking Courses, the list of activities to keep children of all ages entertained is endless. In addition, the

establishment was recently voted WTA’s Best Luxury Lodge in Zambia and the Best Eco-Lodge in Zambia, Perched on the banks of the mighty Zambezi River, Royal Chundu’s lodges are located 30km upstream from the Victoria Falls and comprise ten secluded mainland villas nestled on the banks of the river and an additional 4 island villas, built on stilts, which can be found on the private island of Katombora, about 4km upstream. Hidden from civilisation and the trappings of the modern world, Royal Chundu bestows the essence of Zambia and its people. Time and lifestyles remain unchanged giving visitors a glimpse of the authentic cultural traditions and customs of the Chundu people who delight in sharing their fascinating accounts of myths and legends. Privacy and exclusivity are further compounded by the fact that Royal Chundu enjoys 15km of private waterway with no other operators being

R7.3 million

Amount of government fines levied against airline American Eagle for tarmac delays

R16.2 million

Estimated value of rhino horns and items crafted from the endangered animal’s tusk seized in Hong Kong

For more information email reservations@ royalchundu.com or +2721 438 9160

able to access this part of the river and no traffic of any kind being able to puncture the perfect privacy.

plunge pool revealing superb sighting of the Zambezi surrounds and breathtaking sunsets.

Natural beauty

A glowing testimony

On the mainland, each thatched villa is complete with spacious lounge, en-suite dining area, in addition to glasswalled showers and private decks offering commanding views of the Zambezi River and savanna terrain allowing guests to be “at one” with nature. Each villa links up to the main lodge via teak walkways. The main lodge features indulgent spa facilities, an indoor restaurant, library, TV lounge, boma and an infinity swimming pool. The four private island villas include a spacious lounge and separate dining area, glass walled showers and a private deck with an open air bath and

As Bear discovered, it was a very special place to bring his family giving them the chance to try an array of exciting activities from zip wiring across the Zambezi to going on an elephant safari. Bear commented on his return. “The island and the lodge really are so homely yet so carefully considered. From the incredibly lovely, attentive and kind staff to the huge range of activities you helped navigate us through as a family. Royal Chundu really shines as a beacon of how to do a safari lodge properly." Text and Photography | Supplied

How to get there Connecting Cape Town to Nelspruit and Livingstone. With direct flights Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays www.flyairlink.com

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R1,920

Amount of money US workers lose each year waiting for repairs, installations or deliveries

40%

Number of patients diagnosed as vegetative who are minimally conscious

CALENDAR Featuring a hand-picked cast of 35 extreme athletes from around the world, Le Grand Cirque Adrenaline will capture the imagination of the entire family.  23 May to 17 June 2012  Joburg Theatre i www.joburgtheatre.co.za

Mother’s Day celebration

The Good Food and Wine Show

Laborie Wine Farm, situated in the heart of the scenic Winelands, is the perfect place to spoil your mom on Mother’s Day. Highlights of the day include a complimentary glass of Laborie bubbly for all moms attending the market, and an interactive cooking demonstration. Visitors can stay overnight in the tranquil guesthouse.  12 May 2012  Laborie Wine Farm, Paarl i www.laboriewines.co.za

For more than a decade, The Good Food and Wine Show has been known as South Africa’s premier food, wine and lifestyle voice. Constantly heating things up, searching for innovation, stretching the imagination of their exhibitors and combining flamboyance and joie de vivre into unforgettable events that are quite simply, world class.  24 to 27 May 2012  Convention Square, Cape Town i www.goodfoodandwineshow.co.za

WESTERN CAPE

N AT I O N W I D E

The Wine Show

The Wine Show is South Africa’s fastest growing wine show designed for the consumer. Taste, try and buy wines from more than 130 estates. Learn all about wine making in the Wine Theatre or brush up on the latest food and wine pairing tips in the Friends for Dinner Theatre.  5 to 6 May 2012 – The Coca Cola Dome, Johannesburg 8 to 10 June 2012 – Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium, Port Elizabeth i www.wineshow.co.za

The Knysna Speed Festival This one is for the petrol heads. From Grand Prix to motor shows, town parades, car displays, soap box derbies and a slot car challenge, this is a festival sure to entertain speed lovers from all across South Africa. A week of pure adrenalin and fun-filled action for the whole family.  11 to 20 May 2012  Knysna i www.speedfestival.co.za

Autumn Ice Cream and Wine Pairing sensation Who said ice cream is only for hot summer days? Clos Malverne, in the heart of the Devon Valley outside Stellenbosch, has given their signature Ice Cream and Wine Tasting an autumn twist with new pairing sensations to enliven any hibernating palate.  April to June 2012  Clos Malverne Estate, Stellenbosch i www.closmalverne.co.za

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GAUTENG

Le Grand Cirque Adrenaline See a jaw-dropping visual feast of the most dangerous, entertaining and thrilling Cirque acts combined with physical comedy routines and feats of skill and agility.

BABA INDABA This truly South African baby show inspires parents and moms-to-be to enjoy their baby and pregnancy and have fun while being a good parent. There are also plenty of baby and children’s entertainment.  25 to 27 May 2012 – NASREC Johannesburg Expo Centre 6 to 8 July 2012 – Tshwane Events Centre 3 to 5 August – Cape Town International Convention Centre 24 to 26 August 2012 – Bloemfontein Showgrounds 26 to 28 October 2012 – Sandton Convention Centre i www.babaindaba.co.za

T

he Sustainable Development Plan for KSD Urban Areas (2030 Vision) known as Master Plan

tt

he King Sabata Dalindyebo Municipality came in the to top six of global competition that recognises institutions that he Kingplans Sabata Dalindyebo Municipality has received develop aimed at expanding social and economic global accolades for its sustainable development plan. The opportunities for the poor and marginalised. municipality camePlan, in thewhich top six of a global competition that Vision 2030 Master seeks to achieve a recognises institutions that develop plans aimed at expanding sustainable development plan for urban functional areas in the socialMunicipality and economic for thefor poor marginalised. KSD hasopportunities won global praise its and future urban plan. Vision Master Plan on places emphasis integrated The plan2030 places emphasis integrated humanon settlement, human settlement, regional economic growing the regional growing economicthe networks and involving networks people in anddevelopment. involving people in the development. the Master Plan Plan is in five core sustainability systems: Master is anchored anchored in 5 sustainability systems: 1. River system: includes river catchments; waterWater systems 1. The River System that includes: River catchments; including water supply, use, runoff and disposal; systems including water supply, use, runoff and disposal;open spacespace and recreation; natural environment Open and recreation; Natural featuresand andclimate; climate;and cemeteriesand andAgriculture agriculture. Cemeteries 2. The Street system: deals all with of the that take place 2. Street System thatwith deals allactivities of the activities in the streets public areas a town. This includes road, that take placeand in the streets andofpublic spaces of a rail and transport networks; pedestrian movement and town: Road, rail and transport networks; Pedestrian access; trading and business; social activities and culture; movement and access; Trading and business; Social and urban and land use. activities andform culture; Urban form and land use 3. Home system: focuses on integrated human settlements 3. The Home System that deals with integrated human such as neighbourhood types; settlement density; housing settlement, such as: Neighborhood types; Settlement types and delivery systems; and community facilities and density; Housing types and delivery systems; public space. Community facilities and public space 4. Market system: deals with regional economic networks; 4. The Market System deals with Regional economic networks; business activities and economic sectors; and goods and Business activities and economic sectors, goods and services. services 5. People: involvement of people is central to the success of all 5. The People – involvement of people is central to all of of the above. the above.

Mthatha Airport

RENEWAL PROGRAMME HIGHLIGHTS URBANURBAN RENEWAL PROGRAMME HIGHLIGHTS 1. Overview 1. Overview Thisprogramme programmes aims to alleviate poverty and Key to this is: through job through creation,job infrastructure “To fightunderdevelopment poverty and underdevelopment and the stimulation creation,development infrastructure development and of thegrowth. stimulation of growth”. NGANGELIZWE URBAN RENEWAL PROJECTS NGANGELIZWE URBAN RENEWAL The following are some of the PROJECTS projects that are assisting The following are some the projects thatconditions can be seen in uplifting the of socio-economic of people in uplifting theinsocio-economic conditions of people living Ngangelizwe and surrounding areas:living in Ngangelizwe and surroundings1. NGANGELIZWE INTERNAL ROADS 1. Ngangelizwe internal roads. Several streets in Ngangelizwe have been upgraded to The following streets in Ngangelizwe have been surface level. These are Tshabangu, Mabhovula, Church, upgraded to surface level: Tshabangu, Mabhovula, Church,Lamla, Lamla,Stofile, Stofile,Ndesi, Ndesi,Hlaba, Hlaba,Samente Samenteand andMatolweni. In addition, some streets have undergone restoration. Matolweni. This includes Ikwezi Ikwezi Extension. The following streets haveand been rehabilitated in Ikwezi Her Worship The Executive Mayor of King Sabata Dalindyebo Local Municipality, CLLR. Nonkoliso Ngqongwa

Mthatha N2 Bridge

ad Ikwezi Extention: - Luwaca, Muncwana, Magenta, total of 60 trainees from Ngangelizwe Thuma,AZamakulungisa, Gobingca, Thorn, Popp.have undergone in the following areas: A totaltraining of 60 trainees from Ngangelizwe have • 12training traineesasinfollowsbloc paving; undergone • 12 Bloc Paving, • 12 trainees in kerb laying; • 12 Kerb • 12Laying, trainees in concrete works; • 12 Concrete Works, • 12 trainees in pipe laying • 12 Pipe andin 12 Manholes. • 12laying, trainees • 12 Manholes. Furthermore, the Vukuphile Contractor Learnership Vukuphile Contractor Learnership Programme: Programme is a departmental community initiative that A departmental community programme that seeks to train seeks to train emerging contractors under a learnership Emerging Contractors under a learnership programme programme while, at the same time, maximising while maximizing employment opportunities to the employment opportunities for the local community by local community by implementation of labour intensive the implementation intensive construction construction methods throughofan labour Expanded Public Works methods through an expanded Public Works policy. Programme. The scope of theincludes projectexcavation includes an excavation and The scope of the project resurfacing of road layers, construction, re-composition of road layers, construction, pavedpaved internal paved walkways walkwayson oneither eitherside sideof of internal roads roads and paved thethe road. Already, roads have been constructed; road. Fours roadsfour constructed, one for each Emerging one by Contractor. Street names are Maphanzela, Lusaka,

each emerging contractor. Street names are Maphanzela, Mazeka and Togu in back area (KwaNomagazi) in Lusaka, Mazeka and Togu in back area (KwaNomagazi) in Ngangelizwe. Ngangelizwe. As part of the 53 new 53 street names, as part of project the project, havestreets been have erected. been created.

2. NODE 2. SPORT SPORTING INITIATIVES Rotary Stadium Development One of the main sporting initiatives in recent years was Dr. Danny Jordaan, CEO of the 2010 World CupDr the Rotary Stadium Development. On FIFA 16 July 2008, Organising Committee, on 16 of July 2008, turned the Danny Jordaan, CEO of the 2010 FIFA World Cup Local sod for the construction of a world-class artificial soccer Organising Committee, turned the sod for the construction pitch in Ngangelizwe. of a world-class artificial soccer pitch in Ngangelizwe. The facility has been constructed at the derelict The facility has been constructed at the once derelict Rotary Stadium, and is a joint initiative of the King Rotary Stadium, and is a joint initiative by the King Sabata Sabata Dalindyebo Municipality and First National Bank, one of Dalindyebo municipality in terms of its Urban Renewal official nationaland supporters of the 2010National FIFA World Cup. Programme FNB – the Official Supporter of the 2010 FIFA World Cup. these pitches is to ensure FNB’s objective in constructing FNB’stransforms objective in constructing these pitches is to and that sport thousands of lives in South Africa ensure that the tournament touches and transforms that its benefits have a long-lasting impact. These pitches thousands in South Africa, and that itsinbenefi ts have a lifespanofoflives between 15 and 20 years, which Mthatha haveKSD’s a long-lasting These social pitches have a meets objectiveimpact. of sustainable facilities. lifespan of between 15 and 20 years, which in Mthatha meets KSD’s objective of sustainable social facilities. 3. HIGH MAST LIGHTS High mast lights have been installed in various areas of 3. HIGH MAST LIGHT Ngangelizwe and Makhenkesi Mqanduli. This contributes High mast lights have been in installed in various areas to of crime preventionand in the areas. in Mqanduli. This Ngangelizwe Makhenkesi contributes to crime prevention in the areas. 4. IKWEZI LIBRARY 4. IKWEZI The IkweziLIBRARY Library which serves the communities of This library is located at Ikwezi. serves Extension, the community Ngangelizwe, Ikwezi, Mbuqe Park,ItMbuqe and of Ngangelizwe, Ikwezi, Park,ItMbuqe Extention, Waterfall Park is now fullyMbuqe operation. is situated close It is situatedhave nexteasy to high schools to and highWaterfall schools Park. so that learners access to the that serve the mentioned areas. Ikwezi library is now library. The Ikwezi Library was completed with the helpinof full operation with the help of the Zola 7 initiative and the Zola 7 initiative and Vodacom. Vodacom partnership. 5. BOUNDARY ROAD 5. BOUNDARY ROAD Boundary link from fromTembu Tembu Road to Tutor BoundaryRoad Road isis aa link Road to Tutor Ndamase Avenue. Ndamase Avenue. 6. EXTENSION EXTENSIONAND ANDALTERATIONS ALTERATION TOOF THE 6. NGANGELIZWE NGANGELIZWE HEALTH CENTRE HEALTH CENTRE Extension andalterations alterationsofofNgangelizwe NgangelizweHealth Health Centre Extension and Centre project in July and officially Health project began in started July 2009 and2009 a state-of-the-art opened 4 of March 2011. state-of-the-art Health Centre wason officially opened onThe 4 March 2011. Centre. 7. EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME 7. EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT Two child-friendly playgrounds have been completed as Two children playgrounds have been completed as per per the Master Plan projects in support of early childhood the Master Plan projects in support of early childhood development. This includes Waterfall Park. development. 1. Waterfall Park 8. TRANSIDO RENOVATIONS AND EXTENSION This initiative focuses on the Ngangelizwe economic hub. It 8. TRANSIDO RENOVATIONS AND EXTENSION promotes enterprise development in various sectors such This is Ngangelizwe economic hub with enterprise asdevelopment wood and steel works, clothing manufacturing etc. The in various sectors such as woodwork’s, project includes renovation of workshops and capacity steelworks, clothing manufacturing etc. building of theincludes tenants i.e. Transidoof SMMEs. The project renovation workshops and capacity building of the tenants, i.e. Transido SMME’s.

Thornhill Electricity Substation

Ikwezi Library

19 years

Terry Wallis spent in a minimally conscious state before regaining speech and full awareness

4 million

Estimated number of US births in 2010; the fewest since 1999

arrived at an average figure of $214,700 (R1.65 million), taking into account the most expensive, which is a modified Mercedes Benz CLK-GTR that would’ve cost about $1.8 million (R13.86 million) in 2010. The cheapest is a 1950s Studebaker Wayne used from 1950–55 with an estimated value of $13,604 (R104,814) in today’s monetary value. Batman’s flair for the dramatic has increased substantially over the years. In the first four decades of the Batman’s existence, between 1940 and 1970, the average Batmobile cost only $32,000 (R246,550.223). The Batmobiles over the next 30 years cost an average of $358,000 (2.75 million). Source: Discovery.com

T R AV EL

Killer pine cones down under As travel writer Bill Bryson pointed out in his book In a Sunburned Country, Australia “has more things that will kill you than anywhere else” – including poisonous snakes and jellyfish, crocodiles, and sharks. If you’re travelling to the Land Down Under, be wary of those things. Now add pine cones to that list.

TECHNOLOGY

Introducing pedestrian airbags Car manufacturer, Volvo, will be implementing a pedestrian detection system that could improve safety. The system uses a radar in the car’s grille to detect an object and its distance from the car. A camera on the rearview mirror identifies the object, and if danger is impending, the car sounds an audible warning. If the driver doesn’t respond, the system activates the brakes. In the unfortunate event that the car hits a person, sensors in the bumper detect the impact and deploy an airbag. The airbag inflates from the section closest to the wind shield and covers about one-third of it from impact as well as the A-pillar, the part between the door and windshield. Source: Discovery.com

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TECHNOLOGY

How much does the Batmobile cost?

A group of economy students at Lehigh University have calculated how much the Batmobile costs: about $214,700 (R1.65 million), after adjusting for inflation. When it came to crunching the numbers on Bruce Wayne’s snazzy auto, the students looked at Batmobile history, which has a record of every single version of the Batmobile ever made. They

According to Australia’s ABC News, there are huge pine cones dropping from above in the town of Warragul, just outside the Courthouse Hotel where travellers should be finding refuge. “These things are enormous,” said Warragul Mayor Diane Blackwood, describing the potentially lethal pine cones of the Bunya pine tree on the hotel grounds, which is 120 years old and on their historical heritage list. “They are the size of a watermelon, falling literally out of the sky from potentially 20 metres high. The watermelon-sized pine cones weigh up to 9kg each, which is heavier than most bowling balls. Source: Discovery.com

R614,000

88%

Amount of a fine incurred by New York Jets’ coach Rex Ryan for swearing at a fan in November 2011

Of tablet-based Web traffic is driven by iPad users

Get the answer Just in case our puzzles are sending you around the bend, here are the solutions. Puzzles can be found on page 107.

Sudoku

Easy

Challenging

ART

Calvin and Hobbes Watercolour Painting fetches R654,899 An original ‘Calvin and Hobbes’ watercolour recently fetched R654,899 in an online auction. The work of Bill Watterson, creator of the endearing comic strip, rarely enters the market. The artist is characterised as a private person and one who “shun[s] the merchandising bonanza of a popular character,” making his work high in demand, according to the Heritage Auctions. The painting, the 13/10-inch cover to the 1989–90 ‘Calvin and Hobbes’ calendar, was in the collection of Rick Marschall, an American comic strip historian. The lower right of the painting is signed and has the following inscription: “For Rick Marschall, ‘komic konnoisseur’ Bill Watterson.” Source: Discovery.com

H E A LT H

Soft drink cancer warning Coca-Cola and Pepsi are changing how they make an ingredient in their drinks to avoid being legally obliged to put a cancer warning label on the bottle.

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The new recipe for caramel colouring in the drinks has less 4-methylimidazole (4-MEI) – a chemical which California has added to its list of carcinogens. The change to the recipe has already been introduced in California, but will be rolled out across the US. Coca-Cola says there is no health risk to justify the change. The chemical has been linked to cancer in mice and rats, according to one study, but

Battleships Easy

Medium

there is no evidence that it poses a health risk to humans, said the American Beverage Association, which represents the wider industry. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) claims a person would need to drink more than 1,000 cans of Coke or Pepsi a day to take in the same dose of the chemical that was given to the animals in the lab test. Source: BBC

ART

Lost masterpiece evidence uncovered Researchers in Florence, Italy, say they are one step closer to proving a lost masterpiece by Leonardo da Vinci, The Battle of Anghiari, is painted on a hidden wall in a cavity

20%

More availability of antiretroviral drugs to treat HIV in sub-Saharan Africa from 2009 to 2010

in Florence’s town hall, where it has remained unseen for five centuries. After drilling tiny holes in a fresco painted on a wall which hides the cavity, the researchers

inserted a 4mm wide probe and took samples of paint, which they say is similar to that used by Leonardo when he painted the Mona Lisa. The research team obtained permission last year to drill through Giorgio Vasari's The

R1.3 million

Sales price at auction of John Lennon and Yoko Ono’s 1969 antiwar poster

Battle of Marciano in Val di Chiana, which was painted in 1563 on the wall they claim hides Leonardo’s work in the Hall of 500 in Florence’s Palazzo Vecchio. The research team’s probe confirmed the existence of an air gap, originally identified through radar scans conducted of the hall, between the brick wall on which Vasari painted his mural and the wall located behind it. A sample of black material removed from the back wall was analysed with a scanning electron microscope using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy to identify its chemical makeup. The chemical composition was similar to black pigment found in brown glazes on Leonardo’s Mona Lisa and St John the Baptist, identified in a recently published scientific paper by the Louvre, which analysed all the Da Vinci paintings in its collection. Source: Daily Mail

9%

55%

of Detroit’s public workforce will be cut this year

Of Americans who do not know that GOP stands for ‘Grand Old Party’, according to a poll

N AT U R E

Meat eaters lose sweet tooth H E A LT H

Take a chill pill

A heart disease drug may have the unusual side effect of combating racism, a new study claims. According to orangenews.com, the study found that volunteers given the beta-blocker Propranolol, used to lower heart rates, scored lower on a standard psychological test of ‘implicit’ racist attitudes. They appeared to be less racially prejudiced at a subconscious level than another group treated with a ‘dummy’ placebo pill, the website reported. Scientists believe the discovery can be explained by the fact that racism is fundamentally founded on fear. Propranolol acts both on nerve circuits that govern heart rate, and the part of the brain involved in fear and emotional responses. The drug is also used to treat anxiety and panic. Experimental psychologist Dr Sylvia Terbeck, from Oxford University, who led the study, was quoted as saying: “Our results offer new evidence about the processes in the brain that shape implicit racial bias. Implicit racial bias can occur even in people with a sincere belief in equality.” Two groups of 18 participants reportedly took part in the study which involved categorising positive and negative words, and pictures of black and white individuals, on a computer screen. Source: IOL

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Many meat-eating animals appear to lose their ability to taste sweet flavours over time, a new study has revealed. Most mammals are believed to possess the ability to taste sweet, savoury, bitter, salty, and sour flavours, said researchers at the Monell Chemical Senses Centre in Pennsylvania and University of Zurich, Switzerland. After previously describing how this sweet-sense is lost in domestic and wild cats due to a gene defect, the same team examined 12 different mammals who subsist mainly on meat and fish and focused on their sweet taste receptor genes, known as Tas1r2 and Tas1r3. Seven of the 12 were found to have varying levels of genetic mutations in the Tas1r2 gene that make it impossible to taste sweets, including sea lions, fur seals, pacific harbour seals, Asian small-clawed otters, spotted hyenas and bottlenose dolphins. Sea lions and dolphins tend to swallow their food whole, and show no taste preference for sweets or anything else for that matter, the researchers said. Source: news24

RESEARCH

Women are better at snake spotting Women who have just finished ovulating are better at detecting snakes than at other times of their menstrual cycle, according to an unusual study that sheds light on inbuilt reflexes for survival.

Nobuo Masataka of Japan’s Kyoto University tested 60 healthy women of child-bearing age at three different phases of their cycle. They were simultaneously shown nine pictures, one of which was a snake among flowers while the others were only of flowers. The volunteers were tested on how quickly they spotted the serpent. The fastest women were those who were in the so-called luteal phase of their menstrual cycle, or the stage that immediately follows ovulation. The study strengthens theories that we have a ‘fear reflex’, or an innate response to threat signals such as potentially poisonous snakes, Masataka believes. Among women, the reflex seems to be influenced by hormone levels at a stage when they could be pregnant and thus be more protective toward their foetus, the study suggests. Source: news24

RESEARCH

Scientists use blue cheese to make self-cleaning plastic Dish soap and sponges could be endangered species if a group of Swiss scientists have their way. Scientists have figured out a way to develop a self-cleaning plastic that, with the help of some special fungus, can eat spilled food. The scientists have described the plastic as “the first eating material,” and it’s one that could have seemingly limitless consumer applications. Researchers at ETH Zurich, led by Lukas C. Gerber, took thin, slightly porous sheets of plastic and injected them with penicilium roqueforti,

16kr

+/- R24, of a tax that Denmark will levy on each kilo of saturated fat in food products

which is the fungus found in blue cheese. The idea was to try to mimic the way cheese rinds protect the cheese inside from unwanted bacteria. To test the self-cleaning plastic, the researchers dropped a little bit of a sugar solution on it, and let it go to work. “Gas exchange for breathing and transport of nutrients through a nano-porous top layer allowed selective intake of food while limiting the micro-organism to dwell exclusively in between a confined, well-enclosed area of the material,� the authors explain. Two weeks later, the sugar solution had been completely consumed by the fungus, leaving the plastic sparkling clean. Then, after it had eaten all of the sugar, with nothing to feed on, the fungus went dormant again. Source: Inhabitat.com

ARCHAEOLOGY

Gold-covered skeleton uncovered Greek archaeologists have uncovered an ancient skeleton covered with gold in a grave on the southern island of Crete. Excavator Nicholas Stampolidis says the grave dating to the 7th century BC contained more than 3,000 pieces of gold foil. The tiny ornaments, up to 4cm long, had been sewn onto a lavish robe or shroud that has almost completely rotted away, and initially wrapped the body of a woman. Stampolidis explained that the find, near the ancient town of Eleutherna in central Crete, is unique in the Greek world. The grave also contained a copper bowl, pottery, imported perfume bottles, hundreds of beads made of amber, rock crystal as well as a gold pendant in the form of a bee goddess. Source: news24

11,000

51.4%

Population of the Pacific nation of Tuvalu

Of low-income women had a mammogram in the two years prior to 2008

The great

escape

Nature meets luxury to provide a uniquely African experience For rates and availability contact reservations@ chitwa.co.za. To view Maria Brink’s art visit www.chitwa. co.za/art.html.

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A much-loved legend and treasured sanctuary to both wildlife and guests, Chitwa Chitwa bestows the quintessential African safari experience. Named after an ageing giraffe who once resided close to the Brink family home, this private lodge is one of Africa’s most sumptuous safari retreats. Original, stylish, innovative and personal, Chitwa Chitwa features an eclectic fusion of African chic and contemporary European design to create gorgeous, unbridled luxury. The lodge is set next to one of the largest lakes in Sabi Sand and a popular watering hole for local wildlife. This means spectacular game-viewing

without even leaving your seat, whether you’re on your private deck, in the chic lounge or enjoying the wonderful cuisine in the dining room or lake-side lapa.

Art meets traditions The style and atmosphere at Chitwa is endowed by Maria Brink’s original contemporary art pieces, present throughout the lodge. While catering for the most discerning traveller, Chitwa retains a very homely atmosphere; a place where you can be who you are. Chitwa has a dedicated staff team, most of

27%

Percentage increase in Chrysler’s sales in September 2011

whom have been with Chitwa for more than a decade. The stylish eco-chic lodge blends a traditional African atmosphere with comfort and contemporary design. With only eight individually appointed suites and the exclusively butler-equipped Chitwa House, Africa’s awe-inspiring natural beauty is at your doorstep. Each lake-view suite opens onto a large wooden deck with a private plunge pool and indoor and outdoor showers. The exclusive two-bedroomed Chitwa House allows guests to have their entire sojourn tailored to their wishes and they are designated the sole use of a butler and safari vehicle and guide. Cocoon yourself in the haven of the suite and enjoy the sights and sounds from a private deck with lake-view plunge pool.

35

Number of new drugs approved by the FDA in the 2011 fiscal year

Indulge and rejuvenate with the popular Chitwa sand rub and scrub, and black mud massage. Open vehicle game drives under the guidance of expert trackers and rangers ensure unforgettable encounters with the most enthralling African wildlife. Complete the experience by joining the local guide in a tour to one of the neighbouring Shangaan rural villages, Dixie. The establishment is also committed to the socioeconomic upliftment of surrounding communities. For this reason, the Chitwa Trust Fund, a non-profit organisation was founded in 2008 to assist in the funding of various projects, among which is the upliftment of the Dixie community. Text and Photography | Supplied

How to get there Airlink offers daily flights between Johannesburg, Durban and Cape Town to Nelspruit Kruger www.flyairlink.com

17 05 12

free | mind

Water

A river heals wounds in a North-West community

18 05 12

is our life-blood

It is a sun-baked place, the Groot Marico, which irresistibly calls to mind images from South Africa’s great storyteller: the heat-dazed man dozing off under the shade of the Withaak tree; the orange dust kicked up by the oxen’s slow and steady hoof-beat; the blessed deep shade of the stoep where Oom Schalk Lourens told his tales. The Groot Marico still exerts a strange allure, drawing to her bosom a rich selection of eccentrics and non-conformists to live alongside farmers and handymen and labourers. But this land which is “so heavy with atmosphere, so strangely and darkly impregnated with that stuff of life” (Herman Charles Bosman, Marico Revisited), this impoverished area where something on the order of 65,000 people are unemployed, hides a secret that is cool, rare and precious: the Groot Marico River. And unlike some other communities, the people of the Groot Marico know just how precious their river is. When it comes under threat, they band together like a group of knights-errant, lances at the ready.

The Upper Groot Marico is the last remaining freeflowing river in the arid north west of our country. There are only 62 free-flowing rivers left in South Africa – that’s just 4% of our river network, according to the Atlas of Freshwater Ecosystem Priority Areas in South Africa. A free-flowing river is undammed and in the case of the Groot Marico, it’s also categorised as A/B in terms of ecological quality. And that’s a valuable thing in South Africa: only 35% of our main rivers are in good condition. To view a death’s head warning, the people of the Groot Marico have only to look at rivers like the abused Olifants in Mpumalanga, which has suffered due to mining, agriculture and deforestation, to the point where long stretches are in very, very bad condition – the Department of Water Affairs uses words like ‘poor’ and ‘unacceptable’ to describe the Highveld section. The Groot Marico, on the other hand, is still almost (but not quite) pristine, reflecting the vast African sky in colours of sapphire and jade and amber.

A forest of water lilies thrives in the Eye

Prospects and promises So when, in 2010, a company called African Nickel wanted to prospect in the area with a view to engaging in open-cast mining, the community locked down

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The reed beds around the Eye are home to many birds spicies

Eye of the beholder

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The primary source of the Groot Marico is the Eye, the largest of several dolomitic holes, some 20km south of the little town of Marico. Pure and cool and delicious, the water that bubbles up from an underground aquifer here is so clear that the Eye looks quite shallow, and the vegetation you see seems to be close enough to touch. In fact, the Eye is deep enough to scuba dive, and take photos of the water lily forest under the water.

like a Roman legion forming the famous and all-but impregnable testudo. The company may have been taken by surprise by the ferocity and unanimity with which it was opposed. Certainly it characterised opposition as elitist. A small part of the community, however, believes that no mining should be allowed in the Groot Marico area and its status as a ‘sleepy hollow’ as it was described, should remain intact. The major reason, however, advanced by the objectors, seems to be the possible contamination that mining activities may cause to the Marico River.

Land claims The company may have thought it was addressing a community at loggerheads, promising jobs to a large slice of unemployed and previously disadvantaged citizenry, with little love for landowners who occupy their ancestral land. Those landowners – or at least some of them – date their presence in the area back to before the 1850s when the town was founded. In fact, it‘s said the first white settler in the Marico was Coenraad De Buys who arrived in the Marico around 1815. But that history is not a patch on the history of baHurutshe: The baHurutshe are one of the most numerous and historically important merafe (chiefdoms) in the North-West Province. The baHurutshe who originally occupied the area were – ironically – famed as miners and smelters of iron and copper. Peter Phefo is a

Koffiekraal municipal representative and a community leader of the baHurutshe Boo Mokgatlha, a local baHurutshe group who have filed extensive land claims. It’s been a slow process –14 years without an end in sight.

Defend our river But that did not mean the baHurutshe Boo Mokgatlha would welcome development which could harm the region’s greatest treasure. Any animus around land claims was put to one side once farmers and land claimants understood the danger the Groot Marico was in. The name ‘Madikeweni’, used by the people for the river, suddenly became most appropriate – it means ‘the coming together of different groups of people’. The community’s greatest concern was the potential impact of open-cast mining on ‘the dolomites’, the great underground aquifers which pour water out through the Groot Marico’s ‘eyes’ and are the source of water feeding into the Crocodile, as well as into the Limpopo. The Groot Marico also provides water to Gaborone in Botswana, a supply which is mandated in terms of an international agreement. Any disturbance of the ecosystem could potentially damage these aquifers – and the rain-poor region’s lifeblood. If this wasn’t enough to fire the people up, activist Mariette Liefferink came to visit the Groot Marico and invited community members to visit Randfontein, to see the impacts of mining on water courses. “It was

amazing,”says Phefo.“It gave me so much information. Since then, I have never looked back.” He took the information back to his people and presented it at a big meeting in Koffiekraal.

All together now Several groups sprang up to fight off the threat, such as MALEPA (the Marico Land and Environmental Protection Association), with membership drawn from landowners, residents and other interested and affected parties, and the Marico Catchment Conservation Association (MCCA), which includes some 70 landowners covering about 25,000 hectares. All the landowners have applied for conservancy status for their land, with some also applying for nature reserve or protected environment status. Phefo works closely with this group, headed by Daan van der Merwe.“I very much admire Daan,” says Phefo. Together the community and the MCCA have laid plans to develop tourism in the Marico, especially around the river, and thus create jobs. Opposition from all these groups was so fierce that

less than six months after it had announced its plans, African Nickel withdrew. It left behind a community who has grown in mutual understanding and respect; who has cooperated to plan a sustainable future; who has gained knowledge about the value of its freshwater resource; and who is alert and ready to tackle any further threats.

Not far from the Eye, the river tumbles down the Tusa Falls

Text and photography | Mandi Smallhorne

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22 05 12

Africa’s

forgotten wilderness Chris Meintjes experiences the wonders of Zambia

they say

that perception is reality – but when it comes to Zambia, this is only half the story.

returned to the Victoria Falls with Livingstone’s famous words ringing in my ears: “Scenes so lovely must have been gazed on by angels in flight.” Victoria Falls should be on everyone’s bucket list.

If you ask people about real game viewing opportunities, in an unspoilt wilderness environment in Africa, they immediately single out South Africa with its 28 national parks spread across a huge diversity of environments and a rich variety of species to watch, photograph and admire. When pressed they usually move on to East Africa and mention the great African plains and the Great Migration. What has fallen below the radar is Zambia. The Victoria Falls is undoubtedly one of the great natural spectacles of the world. And the ultimate viewing vantage point is on the Zambian side. My passion is wilderness areas and I have, over the years,

Less well known, however, are the excellent lodges and wilderness areas. Just as the mighty Victoria Falls dominates its surroundings, so too are the wilderness areas dominated by their respective rivers. The primary one is the Zambezi, followed by two of its tributaries, the Luangwa and the Kafue. My first visit to the wilderness areas held great promise for me. I was going to meet the legendary Norman Carr and stay at his camp. As a child I had read his book on returning his two orphaned lion cubs to the wild, just as Joy Adamson had done. Now I was going to meet him in person.

Tales from the wild Chris and Charlotte McBride

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Carr was an absolutely charming man, now sadly deceased. I was entranced by his stories. One evening we were sitting around the campfire when a lion roared nearby, celebrating the success of the hunt and his dominance of his chosen territory. Carr turned to me, “Listening to that lion,” he commented ruminatively, “reminds me of a silly story that happened just around the corner here, at my old camp. “It all happened years ago when I was working with Big Boy and Little Boy. One particularly hot afternoon, I wandered just outside camp looking for a special wild herb. Imagine how surprised I was to find one of the lions lazing around in the shade of an Acacia thorn tree. I walked up to him and told him to get back into his enclosure where he should have been at that time of day. I got no response so I hoofed this huge, fully-grown male in the backside. The lion gave me what could only be described as a filthy look and shuffled off into the bush.” He took an appreciative sip of his wine and eyed me solemnly. “Something wasn’t quite right, so on an impulse I strolled over to the lion’s enclosure and peered in. I was horrified to see my two lions in residence. I had just hit a large, strange male lion in a rather tender part of his anatomy.” No-one tells the bush stories quite like the old timers. Carr’s camp was in the Luangwa Valley which is a very special place, teeming with wildlife and, at its heart, the Luangwa River. This river not only ensures that you see both hippos and crocs, but in the dry months (which are the best months to visit), both prey and predator species are attracted to it in big numbers. Not to mention elephant and many bird species, particularly kingfishers and special species like Pel’s fishing owls.

Top : Anyone for fish and chips? Market day in the Luangwa Middle: A local checking out the Kafue camp facilities Bottom: Expect to see an abundance of wildlife

Happy campers Ask those who know and they will tell you one of the best experiences is booking a stay at a number of camps and then walking between them with an Askari. I would agree. There’s nothing quite like creeping up on lions on foot. You’re not quite sure who’s stalking whom. The lodges are all of a high standard. Two that particularly stand out in the Luangwa: Kapamba and Robin Pope’s. Not far away lies the heart of the Kafue, which is equally exciting and equally dependent on the river at its heart. The big difference here is McBride’s Camp. It has a luxurious main camp and a moveable fly-camp for those who want an even more authentic bush experience. The McBrides – Chris and Charlotte – run a superb operation. Just look at the guestbook and the remarks of happy visitors. You may remember the Mcbrides from the ‘60s when

their research led to Chris’ book The White Lions of the Timbavati. Charlotte once related a story to me of a relaxed dinner by the fire for guests when an enormous leopard sauntered past, minding his own business, but close enough to see the yellow colour of his eyes. Guests froze with their forks midway to their open mouths. The leopard disappeared. And the power of speech returned to the guests. That sort of experience will be imprinted on your mind for the rest of your life. So, if you’re thinking wilderness, think Zambia. And don’t forget the additional bonus of the Victoria Falls – The Smoke That Thunders. Text | Chris Meintjes Photography | Supplied

25 05 12

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Artist’s impression From Cairo to Port Elizabeth on horseback

One man puts his natural talent to good use

26 05 12

If you are picturing a Dakar-style adventurer with a scrambler motorbike, three-day-old beard, a dash of madness and whiskey tucked in his leather jacket, think again. This is a story about a sculptor who has kept his talent under wraps for years while honing his craft.

“No one knows about me,” Tony Marion says matterof-factly, in answer to my question whether he has participated in art exhibitions. When you see the quality of his work, Tony’s anonymity is as bizarre as the case recently of a US driver landing his car on the roof of a house in a quiet suburban street. This kind of thing doesn’t happen every day. On Marion’s office desk stands a horse sculpture. It looks alive, not static. The horse’s muscled flank has

is businesslike. His bland office has no trappings that signify a desire to impress. No yuppie gadgets on his desk; no fancy pen. It’s a stiflingly hot day, yet there is no evidence of an air-conditioner. So where did he develop his craft? “I’m a natural born talent,” he says simply. There’s no trace of vanity, he is merely acknowledging a God-given talent. Now in his fifties, Marion received his first formal training in sculpture six years ago.

An example of Marion’s remarkable work

Natural born talent The creative seed was sown when Tony was four years old.“My dad owned a ‘bioscope’ – we called them that in those days. I would stretch out and draw movie heroes from movie posters: stars like Roy Rodgers,”he reminisces. As it was the apartheid years, his dad couldn’t race his horses. “They ran under the names of his white colleagues,”Tony explains. The family had several stables nonetheless. Sundays were the best day of the week for the impressionable young boy. “We’d leave our house before sunrise to train a horse. The jockey would sit in our car, with the horse in the trailer.” Horses were trained on New Brighton beach on Port Elizabeth’s northern shore. Marion’s face lights up in recollection of the memory of this bygone era.“I’d watch our horse galloping on the fringe of the water’s edge away from me until it became just a dot. Then I’d watch its return journey towards me – the dot becoming bigger and bigger until I could see the horse’s muscles.” A piece of the puzzle is missing. I’m wondering how the sculptor managed to cast moulds without any formal training. His face responds with a boyish grin. “I worked at Mangold’s Engineering after completing school. I was intrigued at how the artisans modelled a pipe in sand and then cast it, turning it into a steel pipe.” He observed closely and learned from trial and error in his own time.

Forging ahead

been created with such sensitivity that I yearn to reach out and touch it. It’s not the stance of a horse created for a little girl’s room. Not a ‘let’s go for a trot around the neighbourhood’ stance. It speaks of wildness and uninhibited movement. The horse’s head faces downwards as a front hoof scratches his ear. The artist has captured the horse’s essence. Marion doesn’t look like an artist. He doesn’t don tatty leather sandals and an oversized shirt. His appearance

When the student is ready the master will appear, the saying goes. Marion was led to formal sculpture lessons through a chance encounter with a sales representative who practised sculpture as a hobby. Students attending the university course consisted mostly of retired business people, including an engineer, a plastic surgeon, and a police pilot. The cross pollination of ideas proved helpful to Marion, culminating in a certificate for best beginner. His creative process is always the same. “I first draw a picture of the subject in 3D. It must jump out at you,” Marion confides. “I will look at a piece of wood and see what it is saying to me.” He did this from an early age, much to the ire and wonder of his late mother. “I

27 05 12

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Marion at work creating a Mahatma Gandhi sculpture

28 05 12

remember fiddling with a knot of wood at our dining room table. My mother was confounded at how I could see anything in it.” Nowadays, rather than experimenting with tables, he indulges his art on Saturday mornings at his office – when there are no interruptions. “My wife says that my art is my second wife,”he quips without a hint of apology. He retorts cheekily, “I’m sure this is better than many other things I could be doing.” Marion produces custom sculptures in bronze, cold bronze or other mediums and does painted portraits and landscapes on request. His clients are as illustrious as Sun International, major chain stores and Nanaga Farm Stall, a country style food kitchen situated on the outskirts of Port Elizabeth heading towards Grahamstown. His most satisfying sculpture to date is a piece on Mahatma Gandhi. The revered figure sits in a crosslegged pose. His eyes are cast downwards, a slight smile playing around his lips as if pondering a private joke.

An advocate has already put in an offer to purchase the sculpture, despite it not yet being cast in bronze. Marion is also working on another piece: Gandhi sits in an unexpected pose, working at a cotton spinning wheel. A holiday to Egypt inspired Marion, feeding his endless fascination with Arabian horses. “I sat on an Arabian horse; there are many in the desert. I didn’t want to sit on a camel; they’re too high off the ground!” he chuckles. Next on this rising talent’s bucket list is a one-man exhibition on his passion, horse sculpture, planned for sometime in 2013. It’s entitled ‘From Cairo to Port Elizabeth’. Marion’s biggest challenge as an artist is finding the time. Undeterred, he says: “I’ve set myself a goal to have a one-man exhibition, which in turn keeps me focused. Through my sculptures and paintings I am inspired to be the change I want to see in the world.” Text and photography | Samantha Barnes

free | soul

Botswana

An African success story

It’s one of Africa’s most stable countries and it is the continent’s longest continuous multi-party democracy. Its natural beauty is found in its land formations, its wilderness and its cultural diversity. This is Botswana.

30 05 12

Botswana is a landlocked country about the same size as Kenya or France. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast. The country is predominantly flat, tending towards great rolling tableland. The Okavango Delta, the world’s largest inland delta, is in the northwest, flowing in from Namibia. A mid-sized country of just over two

Visual arts and cuisine In the northern part of Botswana, women in the villages of Etsha and Gumare are noted for their skill at crafting baskets from Mokola Palm and local dyes. Other notable artistic communities include Thamaga Pottery and Oodi Weavers, both located in the southeast part of Botswana. The oldest paintings from both Botswana and South Africa depict hunting, animal and human figures, and were made by the Khoisan centuries ago. In addition to these more traditional arts, there are a number of extremely talented artists who use modern means to express themselves. There are a few galleries around Botswana that display paintings and sculptures; some pieces are inspired by the beautiful Botswana landscapes and others by the people themselves.

million people, it is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world.

From rags to riches Botswana was one of the poorest countries in Africa when it gained independence from Britain in 1966, with a GDP per capita of about US$70. After achieving democratic rule in 1966, three of the world’s richest

diamond-bearing formations were discovered within its borders. Since then, it has transformed itself, becoming one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, to a GDP (purchasing power parity) per capita of about US$14,000. It is now a middle-income country, with a standard of living around that of Mexico and Turkey. Furthermore, Botswana has a high level of economic freedom compared to other African countries.

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Botswana’s natural beauty is often understated

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Debswana, the largest diamond mining operation in Botswana, is 50% owned by the government. The mineral industry provides about 40% of all government revenues. Several international mining corporations have established regional headquarters in Botswana, and prospected for diamonds, gold, uranium, copper and even oil, many coming back with positive results. The country exports diamonds, nickel, copper, meat products, textiles, hides and skins to Europe and South Africa. In 2009, the government embarked on a plan to try and shift their economic dependence on diamonds, over serious concern that diamonds are predicted to dry out in Botswana over the next 20 years. An array of financial institutions populates the country’s financial system, with pension funds and commercial banks being the two most important segments by asset size. Banks remain profitable, well capitalised, and liquid, as a result of growing national resources and high interest rates.

Natural splendour Due to the fact that the Okavango Delta and the Chobe River provide a year-round supply of water, nearly all southern African mammal species are present in the Moremi Wildlife Reserve and Chobe National Park. Botswana has a diverse area of wildlife habitat. In addition to the delta and desert areas, there are grasslands and savannahs where blue wildebeest, antelopes and other mammals and birds are found. Northern Botswana has one of the few remaining large populations of the endangered African wild dog. Chobe National Park, found in the Chobe District, has the world’s largest concentration of African elephants. The Central Kalahari Game Reserve is the second largest in the world. Situated right in the centre of Botswana, this reserve is characterised by vast open plains, saltpans and ancient riverbeds. Varying from sand dunes with many species of trees and shrubs to the north, to the flat bushveld in the central area, the reserve is mostly wooded in the south, with mophane

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forests to the south and east. The main wildlife concentrations are to be found in the northern half of this vast reserve. Game like giraffe, hyena, warthog, cheetah, wild dog, leopard, lion, blue wildebeest, eland, gemsbok, kudu, red hartebeest and springbok can be viewed. The Okavango is a labyrinth of lagoons, lakes and hidden channels covering an area of over 17,000 square kilometres and the largest inland delta in the world. Sometimes called a 'swamp', the Okavango is anything but. Moving, mysterious, placid, gentle and beautiful, from a wide and winding channel it spreads through tiny, almost unnoticeable channels that creep away behind a wall of papyrus reed, into an ever-expanding network of increasingly smaller passages. These link a succession of lagoons, islands and islets of various sizes, open grasslands and flooded plains in a mosaic of land and water. Text | Lida-Marie Saayman Photography | Shutterstock

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Stats

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Lumia 800 Price Contract dependant Connectivity Bluetooth 2.1, WiFi 802.11b/g/n, UMA Screen 3.7-inches, capacitive touch screen CPU 1.4GHz Scorpion Memory 512MB Storage 16GB Camera 8MP, Carl Zeiss opticsm autofocus, dual-LED flash Extra Corning Gorilla Glass screen

Illumination

I now pronounce you Nokia and Windows Phone 7.5 The Lumia 800 is the current flagship Windows Phone 7.5 Mango device from Nokia and will only hand over its crown once the Lumia 900 is released later this year. This phone has a 1.4GHz Scorpion SoC with an Adreno 205GPU and packs in 16GB of storage. So far, so good. Thanks to Microsoft’s strict rules, the OS has remained untouched besides a handful of Nokia apps which includes Nokia Drive, a decent and free GPS app. The 1.4GHz processor makes mincemeat of the OS and delivers an ultra-smooth experience and further boosts the already impressive boot times of the WP7 OS. As one would expect from Nokia, the build quality of the Lumia 800 is second

to none and the camera is almost perfect with its dual-LED flash that would blind Apollo. The screen uses Gorilla Glass so it will put up a fight against scratches, and the 3.7-inch real estate helps to showcase the beauty of the OS. One issue is the implementation of a micro SIM card, which means you will need to do a SIM swap before you can use your new phone. As with all smartphones the Lumia’s battery life will depend largely on usage, although it tends to be a little more forgiving than iThings and Androids, at eight hours under full load and days when not.

Score: ★ ★ ★ Text | Michael Reed

Do you love to touch? Blackberry attempts to deliver a budget touch screen phone

The Blackberry Curve 9380 is RIM’s latest attempt at a full touch screen phone. The Curve 9380 is an OS 7 device with an 800MHz processor, a combination that delivers a smooth user experience. The 3.2-inch capacitive touch screen is overly sensitive and this issue is compounded by a problematic on-screen keyboard. Typing a message is impeded by numerous complications including a weird bug that moves the cursor to the beginning of the sentence randomly.

Being a budget BlackBerry means that the Curve 9380 only has a 5-megapixel camera and lacks any form of useable internal storage. The camera is unable to record HD video but it does pack an LED flash which is also used as a video light. The battery will survive for two days with a steady stream of emails coming in and the odd BBM, but for more active users the battery will last a day and no more.

Score: ★ ★ ★ Text | Michael Reed

Stats Blackberry Curve 9380 Price Contract dependant Connectivity Bluetooth 2.1, WiFi 802.11b/g/n, UMA Screen 3.2-inches, capacitive touch screen Memory 512MB OS BlackBerry OS 7.0 Storage 512MB Camera 5MP, LED flash Extras Optical trackpad

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Social Networking 101 Getting to grips with new media

Businesses need to harness the power of social media

social

media can be a nightmare. There are far too many apps, services and sites offering their version of the best social media platform. There are the cornerstones of modern social networking like Facebook and Twitter with their millions of active users. But then there are the small services that no one talks about but many people use. They don’t get paid the lip service that the larger apps do, but their existence is still crucial to many of their users. This month we stray from the regular assortment of must-have apps for a step-by-step guide to getting the most out of social media for your professional life.

The foundations

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When starting out in the social media world, there are two services that must be used: Twitter and Facebook. These two platforms service a combined total of 1.195 billion active users. Signing up to either service is fairly straight forward and just requires an email account. For businesses, Facebook offers Groups and Pages which allows a product or service to be the centre of attention

rather than just being mentioned in a Wall Post by a user. In a world where word of mouth and the opinions of our peers have more impact on our buying decisions than the claims of an advert, Likes and Re-tweets are more valuable than gold or crude oil. For businesses these two words are the most valuable commodities on the planet and for individuals, they can turn an average Joe into a celebrity. Other large social networks include LinkedIn

STRATEGIC PARTNERS and Google+ which boast 150 million and 100 million users respectively.

Bricks and mortar Social media is not just about telling someone about a new product or event.You need to reinforce your message with more information than just merely text. As the old saying goes, a picture is worth a thousand words but in social media a ‘pic’ is worth a million Likes, +1’s or Retweets. ‘Leaking’ images of an upcoming product or giving teaser shots is a great way to create hype. Facebook and Google+ have integrated image hosting services so posting up a photo there is simple, but the fight for Twitter’s images is serious business.Yfrog and Moby are just two services that allow free image hosting that provides a link for your tweet but also a gallery of images for your followers to view. Twitter has integrated YFrog and Lockerz into its site and official apps which then tie your uploaded photos to your Twitter account without needing to sign up to another service.

Where art thou Social networks and media now follow us around wherever we go. For events or situations that place an emphasis on the location equally as much as it is placed on the subject matter, there are a few social networks. Foursquare is a platform that allows people to share their location willingly by ‘checking in’ to an establishment or a location. Foursquare makes the act of revealing one’s position a game, allowing users to build up points and become Mayor of a place. Facebook has the numbers on this one since foursquare only has 15 million users, but with Facebook users have to turn the Places feature on. For individuals, services such as foursquare can help you meet up with friends who might happen to be at the bar down the street or at your favourite restaurant.

Epilogue There are no hard and fast rules when it comes to social networking. Some are more popular than others and it varies from region to region. Social networking for businesses requires constant interaction and those companies that put in the effort can generate positive public opinion. The only rule with social networking is to not stop interacting with your customers. Text | Michael Reed Photography | Shutterstock

Recent research shows that eight out of 10 South Africans use social media

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Be the change Great technology companies often begin when ambitious people create change they want to see, says David Lee FACEBOOK MAKES YOU THE AD

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David Lee is founding managing partner at SV Angel, which has invested in many companies, including Twitter and Square.

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One of my favorite quotes is from Mahatma Gandhi, who advised us to “be the change you want to see in the world.” I have often been reminded of it as an early-stage investor in startup companies at SV Angel, where I meet hundreds of founders chasing extraordinary dreams and visions. These people aren’t starting innovative companies because it’s the fashionable thing to do; they’re starting companies because it’s the best way to effect the change they are seeking. Late last October, I heard Mark Zuckerberg talk at Startup School 2011 about why he started Facebook. His message was that he didn’t set out to start a company for the sake of it. He reminisced about how back in 2004, over pizza, he and his friends dreamed of the next great software platform and how it would

inevitably involve social participation. He ultimately created an innovative product and company because it was the fastest way for him to prompt the change he wanted to see in the world. Today Zuckerberg and Facebook have created a software platform for the ages. It is an engineering marvel that serves nearly a billion people, supports thousands of developers, and has created billion-dollar industries giving people new ways to consume, share, and create media. Three days after I heard Zuckerberg speak, Jack Dorsey, a founder of Twitter and Square, talked about the same topic at an SV Angel summit for founders. Dorsey’s advice on building a company echoed Zuckerberg’s description of starting one. Building a business, Dorsey said, is a way of “thinking about the idea that you want to see in the world.”The company is the structure that lets the idea flourish: you need it in order to hire people to build the product, to get money from investors to hire the people, and ultimately to generate profits so you don’t need money from investors. Money is just oxygen for the idea. The companies Dorsey has started are two of the most interesting of the past decade: Twitter has redefined the way content is distributed and consumed, while Square is on its way to enabling everybody on the planet to accept credit-card payments. Zuckerberg and Dorsey are clearly outliers. But they are just two examples of founders who “scratched their own itch” or personify the products and companies they have created. Many of the great innovations that we have seen in the software and Internet industries start with similarly modest beginnings – a talented engineer or coder trying to solve a troubling or perplexing problem. Usually these problems are technically complex and challenging – that is part of the appeal. Usually – but not always – they lead to big market opportunities and technical breakthroughs. Text | David Lee

Frustrated innovation Africa’s technology community will thrive only by facing up to the continent’s fundamental problems, says Ory Okolloh Africa is trending, if stories in the international media over the last year are anything to go by. And no story about rising Africa – many of us would argue it has arisen – is complete without mention of the role technology is playing in this transformation. The rise of the mobile phone, disruptive SMS services like the money-transfer platform M-Pesa, and mobile tools for democracy like Ushahidi have been the subjects of numerous reports. Unfortunately, these good-news stories haven’t been accompanied by a more nuanced view of the opportunities being created and where they may take us. Technology is the perfect refuge for African capability stifled elsewhere by badly run governments and years of misplaced foreign aid. Ubiquitous connectivity in a world without legacy infrastructure, together with the potential to learn coding or anything else online, has allowed technology entrepreneurship to flourish. The barriers to entry have been dramatically lowered. Startup incubators and app competitions are springing up throughout the region. However, there is a risk that the buzz, so good at attracting international attention, will remain only that. If local technology startup companies are really to thrive and become sizable businesses, other areas need to experience their own versions of the technology sector’s burst of energy and freedom. Entrepreneurs today face challenges such as a nonexistent IP regime, poor infrastructure, high penalties for failure, and oppressive bureaucracy and shortsightedness, all of which stand between businesspeople and the huge market of a billion people that Africa represents. A scenario I come across far too often is that a young African technologist with a great product for industry X, company Y, or government department Z gets a chance to demonstrate it, to wide acclaim. But to translate it into an actual business opportunity, the innovator is expected to hand over cash or a 40% stake in the business, to smooth things out with the “head of IT procurement.”

Too few entrepreneurs have managed to overcome these obstacles. Frankly, we need to spend more time learning from the successes of little-heralded businesses like Seven Seas Technology, an IT services company in Kenya, and MoTribe, which helps brands build their own mobile social networks in South Africa. Both of these have managed to become large and profitable companies, a goal that generally eludes those caught up in the African “tech is the promised land” bubble. As I see it, tech in Africa 1.0 was the mobile-phone boom, and version 2.0 was about new apps developed in response to local needs. Tech in Africa 3.0 should be about those who are successful in transforming the chatter into real opportunities.

Ory Okolloh was a cofounder of Ushahidi, which offers an opensource crisis-mapping tool. She tweets as kenyanpundit and is Google’s head of policy for Africa. She writes here in a personal capacity.

Text | Ory Okolloh

Like this article? For more intelligent reads check out for knowledge

On Sale Now

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panorama

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Pagoda light show The 99 pagodas of Wat Pho Temple in Bangkok, Thailand, transform the city’s night sky into a dazzling light show. Founded in the 16th century, Wat Pho is the oldest and biggest temple in Thailand with the largest number of pagodas in Bangkok. It is also well-known for its huge reclining Buddha statue which is 46m long and 15m high.

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Head start Labour matters addressed

Employment can begin before you start work Employers must beware of concluding employment contracts that they are unable or unwilling to implement. This is because, as soon as the applicant becomes an employee, the employer’s obligations in labour law come into effect. At first glance, it seems easy to ascertain the date on which the job applicant becomes an employee. According to section 213 of the LRA an employee is any person, excluding an independent contractor, who works for another person or for the state and who receives, or is entitled to receive any remuneration. An employee also refers to any person who in any manner assists in carrying out or conducting the business of an employer. This definition seems to make it clear that a person only gains the status of ‘employee’ when he/she begins working for the employer. It strongly implies that the employer’s legal obligations begin on the day that the employee physically begins work. However, this is not necessarily so. That is, there are circumstances where the employer’s labour law obligations come into effect well before the employee begins work. For example, under the Employment Equity Act, an employer is prohibited from unfairly discriminating against an applicant for employment.

Be absolutely certain

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Also, there is a school of thought that a job applicant attains labour law rights as soon as the parties have concluded an employment agreement even if this occurs long before the individual’s first day in service. Support for this school of thought has emanated from the judgement in the case of Wyeth SA vs Manqele in September 2003. Manqele was offered a position by the employer as a sales representative. The parties concluded a written contract of employment in terms of which he was to commence work on 1 April. Prior to Manqele commencing work, he was advised that the employer was no longer prepared to employ him. In terms of the

contract of employment, Manqele had been entitled to a company vehicle. The employer believed that Manqele had made a misrepresentation as to the status of the car he had chosen, and on this basis, took the view that there was no contract, as the parties had not reached agreement as to the condition of the motor vehicle stipulated in the letter of appointment. Manqele took the matter to the CCMA where, according to the report, the arbitrator ruled that Manqele had become an employee the moment he accepted Wyeth’s offer of employment. Wyeth took the arbitrator on review at the Labour Court on the grounds that the arbitrator had arrived at an ‘unjustifiable conclusion in ruling on the definition of an employee’. The company argued in the Labour Court that Manqele did not become an employee merely because of the employment contract. However, the Court supported the decision of the CCMA arbitrator and found that, as a party to a valid and binding contract of employment, Manqele was an employee for the purposes of the LRA. The employer took the matter further to the Labour Appeal Court but lost again. The Court upheld the earlier

decisions by the CCMA and Labour Court that Manqele had achieved legal employee status the moment his employment contract was signed. Therefore, employers should avoid entering into written (or unwritten) employment agreements until all the terms and conditions have been dealt with thoroughly. They also need to make it clear that the discussion of the terms and conditions of a contract in no way constitutes an offer of employment. For example, should a manager ask the employee whether, if made an offer, a R10,000 per month salary would be acceptable, the employee’s answer of ‘Yes’ would not constitute an agreement. However, should the manager say to the employee ‘we are offering you the job if you will accept R10,000 a month’, then the employee’s acceptance will constitute a finalised employment agreement. Finally, never employ, contract with or cancel the employment contract of any person without involving a labour law expert experienced in dealing with these tricky issues.

lvan lsraelstam is chief executive of Labour Law Management Consulting. He may be contacted on 011 888 7944 or labourlaw@cinet.co.za.

Text | lvan lsraelstam Photography | Vgstudio

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Above

board Ethics in leadership cannot be understated

honesty

and integrity are the greatest character traits in strong leaders. Ethics in leadership would annihilate corruption. The greatest leaders who are held in high esteem have integrity, and the leaders lacking in integrity are despised.

Integrity means having values beyond reproach

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John C Maxwell in Developing The Leader Within You said,“The secret to rising and not falling is integrity.” Unethical leaders affect many more people than themselves. People like to feel they are making a difference in the world. If they know their leader

is not ethical, then the followers do not feel good about their purpose for working in that organisation. Ethics in leadership requires you to have values and principles. The most effective leaders are passionate about something. Your passion needs to spill over to your followers. Your followers must know that your passion and values are real. Your followers must know that you are not saying and doing things just to gain a following or to become popular. You will have a lot of angry people on your hands if you change your mind and values halfway through. Stephen Covey in his book, Everyday Greatness, writes how a mom in Texas, USA, discovered that her high school son, who played football, was using steroids. She learned from her son that the steroid problem was widespread among the team. She risked her relationship with her son and the entire community to expose a steroid problem in the high school football team. This mom was on a crusade. The school board didn’t believe her so she went to the media to expose the steroid use. She was not looking out for just her son, but the entire community. She easily could have hammered down on her son and left it alone, but she didn't. Her efforts caused the school district to make policy changes. True integrity is not situational. Integrity is the Latin word for ‘whole’ or ‘entire’. Integrity means having uncompromised values. Your values never change based on the opinions of others. Truth is eternal and will never change. If your values are based on truth, then you don’t have to worry about being exposed. The South African constitution was directed with its checks and balances, which holds corruption to a minimum if the constitution is followed. Power corrupts. Your business should have your own unique system of checks and balances to help keep you honest. This may be through a code of ethics that you strictly follow. There is strength in counsel. Surround yourself with people who will call you out when your thinking is off course. It’s also important to remember that courage is of vital importance. It can be extremely hard to take action and face the possibility of ridicule and oppression. If you consciously think about taking courageous action in advance, you will be more likely to overcome your fear of the consequences for taking the right action. Ethics in leadership is very important for success. Success is dependent on integrity. There is no reason to be in business without a strong ethical code. Text | Bret Bradshaw Photography | Shutterstock

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Say cheese Indulge in a symphony for the senses

Last month’s SA Cheese Festival showcased the hottest trends in all things cheese. The festival took foodies on a wonderful culinary journey where the remarkable assortment of artisanal cheeses, dairy and

other partnering products enticed the senses. Here, one of the country’s leading food bloggers, food stylist for Masterchef SA, Samantha Linsell, enables you to create an entire three course meal with a variety of cheeses.

Ingredients Soft Turkish dried apricots (number of guests determines number of apricots) Log of goat’s milk cheese of your choice Streaky bacon

Starter: Turkish apricots stuffed with goat’s cheese and wrapped in bacon

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Preheat the oven to 200°C. Cut into the middle of each apricot with a sharp knife and use your finger to create a hollow cavity. Scoop out a small piece of goat’s milk cheese and stuff each apricot.

Then wrap each stuffed apricot in a half or a full piece of streaky bacon, making sure you cover all the orange flesh of the fruit, and secure with a cocktail stick. Place on a baking tray and bake for eight to ten minutes until the bacon is crispy and the cheese is starting to ooze out – serve warm or cold.

Ingredients Salad Salad greens of choice – rocket works well Fresh pears – sliced thinly Blue cheese of choice Raw walnuts

Salad: Pear, blue cheese and walnut salad with maple syrup vinaigrette Salad Toss together fresh salad greens, pear slices, chunks of blue cheese and a sprinkling of raw walnuts. Make this salad just before serving, as pears go brown very quickly. Vinaigrette Place all of the above ingredients in a small jar and shake – then drizzle over the salad.

Vinaigrette 60ml olive oil (4 tablespoons) 30 ml red wine vinegar (2 tablespoons) 20ml maple syrup (1 tablespoon and 1 teaspoon) 1/2 teaspoon Dijon mustard salt

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Ingredients 1½ cups of brinjal chopped into medium/ smallish cubes. Do not salt and rinse 1½ cups courgettes cut into slices 1 cup of homemade tomato sauce or good quality pasta sauce or tinned tomatoes. Increase the seasoning if you use the latter. 4 tablespoons crème fraiche (or cream) 2 garlic cloves – crushed Small handful of fresh thyme leaves – stalks removed Small handful of fresh basil leaves – roughly chopped 1½ cups of bread crumbs Olive oil ¼ cup grated parmesan (pecorino or gruyere also works well) Salt and pepper Optional: dried chilli

Main: Brinjal and courgette bake with a garlic and parmesan crumb

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Preheat the oven to 180°C. Heat some olive oil in a large pan and lightly fry the brinjal and then the courgette in batches (about five minutes each). Toss the semi-cooked vegetables into an oven-proof dish. Mix in the tomato sauce, crème fraiche, half the

garlic, chilli/smoked red pepper, basil and half the thyme into the vegetables. In a separate bowl, mix the breadcrumbs with the cheese, remaining garlic and thyme, another glug of olive oil and sprinkle this over the vegetable mix. Bake for about 30 to 35 minutes until bubbling and nicely browned.

Ingredients 8 peach halves ½ cup of Amaretto 80ml water 1 cup cream 250g (1 tub) Mascarpone 2 tablespoons icing sugar 2 tablespoons Amaretto 100 to 150g Amaretti biscuits

Dessert: Amaretto peaches layered with Amaretti biscuits and mascarpone cream Poach the peaches in the Amaretto and water with the lid on for about ten to 15 minutes until they have softened but still maintain their shape. Allow them to cool in the delicious sweet golden sauce. For the creamy layer: Beat the cream until it thickens. Using the same whisk/electric beater, lightly whip the

Mascarpone to loosen it up. Fold the whipped cream into the whipped Mascarpone adding the icing sugar and two tablespoons of Amaretto. Lightly crumble about 100g of the Amaretti biscuits and layer as follows: Cream, crumbs and peach slices with a drizzle of the sauce. Repeat this, ending off with a cream layer. Drizzle over the last bit of the Amaretto sauce and sprinkle over a few toasted almond slices. Text and Photography | Supplied

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Living in hope There is a light at the end of the tunnel for Africa’s poverty-stricken people

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“My mid-year holidays are too long,” says Tsitso, a teenager living in the remote district of Thaba Tskeka in Lesotho. “I’d rather be at school.” These are impressive words from a 15-year-old. However, such enthusiasm is by no means uncommon among the millions of school children around the world who receive daily school meals – often their only meal of the day – from the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP). Last year, the world’s population hit seven billion. Sadly, almost one billion people do not have enough food to eat. Hunger is the world’s number one health risk, killing more people every year than AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined. As a completely voluntarily funded organisation, every year WFP relies on the generous support of donors, such as the private sector, to reach more than 90 million people in some of the remotest places in the world. Public-private partnerships have a major role to play in feeding the hungry, including students like Tsitso. As companies move toward integrating social values into their business models, the WFP is assisting in creating innovative and flexible partnerships that give a voice to the hungry while at the same time supporting humanitarian work and saving lives. It costs WFP, on average, about R4 to fill a cup with food, so every R20 raised from the private sector means another five meals for the hungry. In 2011 alone, WFP raised R752 million from corporations, foundations and individuals, including millions of rands for emergencies like the drought crisis in the Horn of Africa. That figure represents a lot of hungry mouths fed.

By engaging with WFP and the cause of fighting hunger, the private sector is better able to engage with their own employees, customers and stakeholders. They are able to meet corporate social responsibility and business objectives while also saving lives. A case in point: through their World Hunger Relief campaign, Yum! Brands – the world’s largest restaurant company – reaches out to 125 million people who, every week, visit their network of 36,000 restaurants in 117 countries. Since 2007, World Hunger Relief has raised nearly R680 million for WFP and other hunger-fighting organisations, providing more than 350 million meals and improving the lives of millions of people in 39 countries – including the 275 students in Tsitso’s school in Lesotho. Other partners contribute valuable non-financial resources, such as the expertise and time of their

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employees. WFP recently joined with PepsiCo, one of the world’s largest food and beverage companies, and the US Agency for International Development (USAID) to launch Enterprise EthioPEA, an initiative to promote long-term nutritional and economic security in Ethiopia. PepsiCo and USAID will work with chickpea farmers to boost production and expand access to markets. In turn, WFP will use these same chickpeas to develop a locallysourced, nutrient-rich, ready-to-use supplementary food to combat malnutrition in children under five years. Southern Africa suffers from a silent emergency characterised by a deadly triad: the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the ‘hidden hunger’ of high rates of chronic childhood malnutrition and a deepening vulnerability to food insecurity. Moreover, cyclones, floods and droughts – often concurrent – plus market shocks from high food prices and the global economic crisis, make fighting hunger a major challenge, and this year alone WFP aims to assist seven million people in the region.

And now for the good news But the picture is not all gloomy. There is rich agricultural land and an abundance of natural resources. WFP’s second largest procurement hub is in South Africa, and the organisation buys maize throughout the continent for its programmes in neighbouring countries. In both emergency relief programmes and recovery and development projects, the private sector helps reach the hungry millions in southern Africa quickly and effectively with the right food at the right time. In Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia, among other countries, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation funds WFP’s Purchase for Progress (P4P), a five-year pilot project that aims to improve agricultural productivity and market access for low-income farmers, many of whom are women. WFP then buys surplus food from these farmers for local operations. P4P turns WFP’s purchasing power into a vital tool to address global hunger and raise smallholder farmers’ incomes. In Malawi, WFP works with General Mills to improve food production techniques for suppliers. Through the ‘Partners in Food Solutions’ volunteer initiative – cosponsored by WFP partners, Cargill and DSM – General Mills’ employees donate technical expertise to make sure that the food beneficiaries receive is the best it can be. Across the region, the North Star Alliance, founded by WFP and logistics giant TNT, seeks to reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases on the transport sector. When transport workers are affected by HIV, the whole freight transport industry is weakened, with negative effects on WFP’s delivery of humanitarian assistance and indeed on whole economies. A network

of Roadside Wellness Centres along transport corridors across southern and eastern Africa aims to enhance the HIV/AIDS response of national health care systems and create healthy highways. These partnerships, among many others, demonstrate the impressive ability of the private sector to do well and do good – and in fact to do well by doing good. Hunger is arguably the world’s greatest solvable problem. It must be solved if we want to boost economic development, invest in the next generation and ensure a safer world for our children. There are many more children like Tsitso, all equally deserving of a hot meal and a full stomach. Text | Claudia Altorio Photography | Supplied, meunierd / Shutterstock.com

There’s hope for the continent’s future

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free | motoring

Troopie does

Kalahari BELOW FREEZING IN BOTSWANA

Main photo: The dirty roads near Khwai were decent enough, but Sandra and Gary still had to drop their speeds considerably. The Khwai Community Trust takes care of this area and allows visitors to camp and photograph wildlife. Revenue goes right back to the community Middle: A special hatch allows the travelling photography duo to get even the hardest shots

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They travelled 3,400km across Botswana, camped for nine nights and saw fantastic wildlife – all in unexpectedly cold conditions. But this husband and wife photography team would not be put off by frosty weather – or friendly elephants Our trip to Botswana was getting closer, and we were very excited. This was our first solo, international bush camping venture, and we would travel more than 3,400km, use R5,694 worth of fuel and drive for up to 12 hours a day. Planning and preparation, we knew, would be essential. The most important piece of equipment was, of course, our vehicle, which we kitted out to the maximum. The Toyota Land Cruiser Trooper was fitted with two spare tyres, a sliding drawer system with nine ammunition boxes, a winch and two spotlights, and a front and back roof rack with a hi-lift jack, spade and axe fitted. In the

middle of the roof rack we had a game-roof installed, to enable us to take photographs and enjoy the view. Under the platform, just behind the front seats, we fitted a 60-litre water tank and a table. On the platform, we fixed a 90-litre freezer/fridge. We also purchased four jerry cans, which could be fitted on the roof rack – two for extra diesel and two for water. The Trooper came fitted with two diesel tanks of 90 litres each, giving us great range. In terms of power, an inverter on the platform provided enough electricity to charge our camera batteries, laptops and spotlights. To top it off, a safe was fitted next to the water tank, and allowed for storage of odd items such as torches, hosepipes, computers and 4x4 equipment. To cater for all of this additional weight, we fitted Old Man Emu shocks. This raised the Trooper to about 2,5m overall, which meant that underground parking lots were an absolute no-no!

There was a lot more to organise, such as getting a new canvas tent and packing. After much deliberation, we settled on a Tentco Sahara tent, which was perfect. We needed a tent that was easy to assemble, suited all weather conditions, and was big enough to sleep two adults, hold a few extra bags and boxes, and still allow us to move around freely. It weighs 65kg, which made it easy to lift onto the roof and strap down while we travelled. With the trip fast approaching, it was time to pack the Trooper. Past experience had taught us a lot about packing, and how to be efficient and organised. We labelled nine ammo boxes – breakfast, lunch, dinner, bar, crockery and cutlery, general kitchen equipment, cans and condiments and 4x4 recovery equipment. These boxes fit into the sliding tray system, the last box containing the fold-up shower and basin. This makes it easy to identify which boxes to leave in the tent, and which to carry around. Our Lunar freezer/fridge was stocked with frozen meat, chicken and pre-cooked meals, but we still couldn’t fill it! We also took hard cheeses, cherry tomatoes, sweetcorn, rye bread, long-life milk and various snacks. A great tip is to remove food packaging and place the contents in air-tight containers or zip-lock bags, and take boxed wine or juice rather than bottles. The tent with all its poles went on the roof rack, with gas, chairs, cookers and sleeping bags slotting into the platform. Our water tank was left empty until we reached Maun, to minimise the weight of the Trooper. It was already heavy enough with its 180 litres of diesel! Finally, the prep was done and we could head off from Johannesburg to the Martin’s Drift border, which took 45 minutes to pass through. It helps to have pulas on hand for the road tax. Just 95km from the border, we stayed at the Desert Sands Motel. We were happy to put our feet up after a first day of 538km. That’s five-and-a-half hours of travel at an average of 97km/h. Our first morning in Botswana brought an early 7am start. Maun, our destination, is 600km from Palapaye, but the roads are in pretty good condition. We passed the small towns of Mopipi, Serowe, Lethhakane and Orapa – all with comforting-to-see fuel

stations. We made good time, reaching Maun soon after midday, and stayed with friends for the night. Filling up in Maun cost us a full 1,141.30 pulas, and meant that our fully-loaded Trooper had covered a total of 1,180km with 155 litres of diesel! We stocked up with firewood and were given a map by our friends before heading off to Khwai, which is roughly 120km from Maun. Only 30km of this road is tar, and once we hit the dirt roads our speeds had to drop. At a veterinary fence, guards checked our fresh meat and asked if we had fruit and vegetables, but luckily they didn’t confiscate anything. A few kilometres later we came across a fork in the road. Contrary to our Tracks 4 Africa map and our two GPS systems, the sign indicated that the road to the left would take us to Khwai. Against our better judgment, we followed the sign, only to come to a dead end at the Moremi Gate about 40 minutes later! The rangers helped us out, and sent us back to the intersection, where we took a right turning towards Mababe, and finally, our campsite at Khwai. Kwai is not a game reserve as such, and there are no facilities at the campsites. Game viewing in the "Khwai Development Trust" area (the official name), which is owned by the Khwai community, is allowed without restrictions. All the money made from the camping goes back into the Khwai Community. It was midday, so we had plenty of time to explore. After finding a suitable place to set up camp, we pitched our tents while a lazy elephant watched us, munching on greens. We quickly set up our camera gear, opened the game roof hatch and went off to find some good photo opportunities.

The fully equipped Trooper had to be fitted with Old Man Emu shock absorbers, raising it to an overall height of 2,5m. The new shocks meant it could carry extra water and fuel effortlessly

Leisure wheels is South Africa's foremost adventure motoring magazine. For this reason Skyways has chosen to work with Leisure wheels when it comes to providing you with motoring information. For more on the topic of adventure motoring, look out for the current issue of Leisure wheels, on sale now. www.leisurewheels.com

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Gary had been to Botswana several times in winter, but nothing prepared him for the chilly conditions in Khwai

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The next five days were amazing, but cold. The wildlife in Khwai is abundant, and the animals are in great condition. We were surprised at how many large herds of elephants there were. Making U-turns became a regular thing. The heavy rains had turned many a road into a dam, and some were just too dangerous to risk. Still, we saw a lion pride with cubs crossing a river, impala, big buffalo herds (and a baby buffalo almost captured by two lionesses!), as well as giraffe and kudu. The kudu were extremely photo friendly, for a change, and with the exception of cheetahs and leopards, we saw just about everything there was to see! Although I’d packed two blankets for emergency bouts of cold, we were in no way prepared for what hit us. We’d made the trip before, but this time my little thermometer read “-5°C” just outside the tent! We filled a spare bottle with hot water, went to bed fully dressed in clothing, socks, beanies and scarves, and zipped our bags up nice and tight! We have never known Botswana to get so cold. When my birthday came around, we were in for another surprise. Our customary drink is good old gin and tonic. Every afternoon I would take out the glasses, prepare the limes, and place them on the sliding tray. Our glasses were then ready to be filled up when we stopped for a drink, and we could watch the sun set and listen to the sounds of the bush. On that particular evening, we stopped near a river where hippos were resting peacefully, and elephants

crossing the river. The light was good, the atmosphere was set, and we were ready to take some great photos. Since it was a bit of an occasion, we opened the back doors of the Trooper, but decided to leave the limefilled glasses and rather have some champagne. We then popped up through the hatch and enjoyed our sundowners as we snapped away at the wildlife. A nearby elephant, which was walking past us, suddenly changed direction. He looked right at the Trooper and began purposefully, albeit not aggressively, heading for us, his eyes apparently fixed on the limes. We stood perfectly still and held our breaths. Within seconds he was too close to photograph and stood there, overwhelming us with his presence. After what seemed like a lifetime, he turned to his left and strolled off. We don’t know what made him decide not to go for the limes, but we certainly learnt a lesson about leaving fruit out where animals could smell it! After a wonderful stay, we finally had to pack up and head back to Maun, where we restocked (with more blankets!) and filled up with diesel. We put only 84 litres in the secondary tank, not having used much diesel while in Khwai. Our next destination was central Kalahari, so we also filled up the four jerry cans, two with diesel, and two with water. In total, we were carrying a heavy 220 litres of diesel and 100 litres of water. We were very happy to have bolstered up the suspension a bit! We spent five equally successful days in the Kalahari. Again we spotted prides of lions, bat eared foxes, honey badgers, oryx and springbok. Keeping in mind that this is proper bush, the roads were actually good – although that may change if it were to rain. There was no rain for us, however, only temperatures well below zero! This time, however, we were much better prepared (despite having hunted in vain for hot water bottles in Maun). Our trip back to Johannesburg, the holiday finally over, would be a long one. The scenery through Radkops and the surrounding region along the way was beautiful, due to the many pans. The only veterinary fence on our way back was some 15km after Mopipi. We reached Martin’s Drift border post around midday, and got through in 20 minutes. We headed straight home, reaching Johannesburg at 20h30, after 12 hours of driving and with half a tank of diesel left! We were very happy with our Land Cruiser Trooper, and the only thing we still need to have fitted is a ladder. Having to lift those jerry cans onto the roof rack was quite a job. We’ll also make sure to pack hot water bottles for future winter trips – and keep the limes out of view! Text | Sandra Hughes Photography | Sandra and Gary Hughes

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Calling card A lesson in

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your

laptop is stored above and your presentation is ready to wow your next client. You’re wearing your best suit, your shoes are polished and you are primed and ready to seal the deal. And yet there is a little something in your pocket right now that could really set you apart.

How many business cards have you received that actually belong in economy? And yet how many deserve to be upgraded to first class? The answer is not many and yet, as a businessman or an entrepreneur, you will no doubt say you are the very best at what you do. So prove it with your business card. If you really want to stand out then you must ‘put the power of your brand in their hand’. A simple card should say everything about you but how can you make it different? I have many ideas but here are some of the best I’ve found from around the world. Escape Safe is a company in the UK which installs fluorescent signs on-board ships, yachts and oil

observational marketing

rigs, and if there is ever an accident their signs will illuminate to help you escape safely on to the main deck. Their card is made from the material they use on the floors and walls and it too glows in the dark. At a vineyard in Stellenbosch Johan Reyneke from Reyneke Organic Wines calls himself a vine hugger and everything they do to make bio-organic wine goes back into the soil. His card looks as though it has imperfections, but when you look closely he has embedded seeds into his card. What will you do to put the power of your brand in your client’s hand? Your fellow passengers, who are all consumers, business people or families, may well be your next customer. So how would you capture their attention with your message? You can, of course, hire a billboard in the terminal or promote on the carousel or luggage trolleys, but wouldn’t it be powerful to put your message in front of their eyes for the entire duration of this flight? Online, Offline, Social and Mobile – the choices nowadays are stretched and they are continuing to stretch your budgets and marketing thinking of how to grab attention. So, how can you create a worldwide storm of publicity that will never be forgotten?

Geoff Ramm is an international marketing speaker from the United Kingdom who collects his own air miles by speaking throughout the world. Armed with his unique ‘black box’ he takes you on a journey of observational marketing

Easy on the eye

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Greatest shop front of all time!

A terminally great shop front While inside Barcelona airport I came across one of the most creative pieces of marketing I have ever observed. Inside the terminal there are a string of stores, but none better than Imaginarium, a children’s gift shop full of high quality babies and children’s clothes and toys. Now if you owned this type of business, how would you create a shopfront to excite passing children and their families? Balloons, posters, music and

sweets could all play their part in attracting children, however, how about creating something so magical that children would love to just walk in? What I saw was a special doorway that would just fit the child. As a business, how can you stand out from the crowd? And what could you do differently to make you memorable? Remember, when creativity meets opportunity, great marketing happens.

Upgrade to World Class

Text and photography | Geoff Ramm

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airlink

will commence operating daily scheduled flights between Johannesburg (ORTIA) and Maun Botswana from Friday 15 June 2012. Airlink is pleased to have recently been awarded designation on this route by the South African Department of Transport, and this has been acknowledged and accepted by the Botswana authorities. The route services a premier international African safari market and will work in synergy with a number of other Airlink routes and touch points, notably Cape Town, Nelspruit Kruger and Livingstone, as well as those serviced by South African Airways and its Star Alliance partner airlines. Airlink will be operating the route with one of its Embraer ERJ 135 regional jets. Airlink’s daily

flights will depart from OR Tambo International at 11h45 and arrive at Maun at 13h15. The return flights will depart Maun at 14h00 and arrive at ORT at 15h40. Flights are timed so as to connect with the majority of international morning arrivals and afternoon domestic and regional flights from points such as Cape Town and Nelspruit Kruger.

Muan attractions The name Maun is derived from the San word 'maung', which translated means 'the place of short reeds'. Officially still a village, it is the fifth largest town in Botswana and is an eclectic mix of modern buildings and native huts. Maun is the ‘tourism capital’ of Botswana and also the headquarters of numerous safari operations that run trips into the Okavango Delta. The best time to visit this town is during the winter months from May to October. Expect lots of rainfall from December to February.

The Moremi Game Reserve has a rich diversity of animal and birdlife

borders Beyond

Airlink to begin flights to Muan, Botswana

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free | update

More info Visit the Airlink stand ICCJ002 during Indaba, contact +27 11 451 7300 or email marketing@ flyairlink.com.

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The town boasts a few good shopping centres, petrol stations, restaurants, hotels, and a variety of different types of lodges. Although the town is an eclectic blend of modern buildings and traditional huts, it has retained its rural feel and atmosphere. Within walking distance from downtown, the small hidden gem of Maun Game Reserve is located. Tourists can view giraffe, kudu, impala, warthog as well as a variety of birds. Day cruises up the Thamalakane River in Maun are extremely popular and visitors can enjoy fishing and swimming as there are no crocodiles in the area. Being the gateway to Botswana’s tourist attractions, Maun is the ideal stopover and base en-route to Okavango Delta, Moremi Wildlife Reserve, Makgadikgadi and Nxai saltpans, and Lake Ngami. The Okavango Delta is the world’s third largest inland delta. Its unique and diverse ecosystems are formed as a result of the many islands that emerge from its waterways and are a permanent or seasonal home to a vast number of game, different species of fish, and birds. The majority of the estimated 200,000 large mammals in and around the delta are not year-round residents. They leave with the summer rains to find renewed fields of grass to graze on and trees to browse, and then make their way back as winter approaches.

Moremi Game Reserve is one of the most beautiful and impressive reserves in Africa and with its woodland and acacia forests, floodplains and lagoons, host a diversity of plant and animal life. It is a Garden of Eden for the more than 550 species of birds and offer outstanding game viewing opportunity throughout the year. The reserve is home to lion, elephant, hyena, kudu and impala and on the sandy riverbanks and wetlands, frequent sightings of hippo and crocodile are possible.

Business is booming Maun is fast becoming a regional transshipment hub for materials and companies who service both the local camps and safari centres and the burgeoning mineral exploration camps in northwestern Botswana. There is also a strong South African banking presence in the city, with First National Bank Botswana and Stanbic Bank being represented. Maun has three main hotels – Sedia Riverside Hotel, Riley's Hotel and Maun Lodge. There are many other accommodations and campsites that offer suitable accommodation at affordable prices. Text and photography | Supplied

For real business opportunities

743 exhibitors from 32 countries 14,659 visitors from 54 countries

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A

connoisseur’s

drink in its

purest form New range of whiskies bring a new adventure for the senses

bunnahabhain

(pronounced Bü-na-ha-venn), produced on the Isle of Islay, has launched its range of 12-, 18- and 25-year-old un-chill filtered whiskies.

Un-chilled filtered is whiskey in its purest form

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According to Ian MacMillan, master distiller and blender, the new range represents whisky in its purest form with a full depth of flavour, aroma, colour and character. “In the case of un-chill filtered whisky, nothing is taken away or added. It retains all its flavour, allowing the gentle, subtle notes of the whisky to come through, thereby providing a purer taste, nose and appearance.” He says the significance of un-chill filtering is best understood by appreciating why whisky was chill filtered in the first place. “It was purely for cosmetic reasons, especially for blended whiskies, and was first introduced in the 1970s. By dropping the temperature of the whisky to 0°C, then forcing it through filters, the fatty esters are extracted just before bottling. This process ‘polishes’ the whisky, as it removes some of the oily-fatty compounds produced during distillation or extracted during maturation,” MacMillan says. Several whisky experts believe chill filtration removes some of the flavour and body from the whisky, while with un-chill filtering,

it retains the maximum depth of flavour. With un-chill filtering temperature is not dropped to 0°C and the precious esters are allowed to pass undisturbed through the filters. This allows for full depth of flavour, aroma, colour and character. According to the world’s foremost whisky writer Dave Broom, the result of changing to un-chill filtering is “revelatory” bringing “the distillery’s signature gingerbread notes”to the fore. Bunnahabhain is crafted from unpeated malted barley and pure spring water that flows freely underground, untainted by the peaty moorlands. The name means mouth of the river in Scots Gaelic and refers to the Margadale River that flows close by. Founded in 1881, the distillery lies on the north-eastern tip of Islay, and the tiny village of Bunnahabhain that overlooks the Sound of Islay grew up around it. In the 1800s the sea offered the easiest access to this remote place and men would brave the ocean to supply the distillery with barley. The new range of un-chill filtered whiskies have already won numerous accolades and last year at the 2011 International Wine and Spirits Competition, gold went to the 12- and 18-year-old, with the latter achieving best in class. The whiskies retail for about R490 (12-year-old), R820 (18-year-old) and R2,100 (25-year-old). Text and Photography | Supplied

the magazine that surprises...

Available in print, online, on mobile and iPad www.braintainment.co.za The latest issue of Braintainment magazine is available now on Zinio or at all good newsagents and supermarkets near you.

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Welcome back South African tourism industry is on the upswing

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There can be little doubt that the recent global economic downturn had a considerable impact on the South African tourism industry. A noticeable boom in 2007 and the expected windfall from the FIFA World Cup have been the exception to an otherwise tempestuous time. However, despite a few challenging years, recent statistics reveal that tourism is on the upswing in the rainbow nation.

Western Cape on top form Tourism figures for January in the Western Cape indicate one of the best summer tourism seasons the province has seen. Statistics have revealed that international tourist arrivals have increased by over 14% from November 2010 to January 2011, and that overall tourist arrivals have gone up by 10%. Table Mountain, Robben Island, the Cape wine route and other major tourist attractions have seen a surge in visitors for the 2011 to 2012 summer season. Of course, the recent accolades that saw Table Mountain dubbed one of the provisional winners of the new 7 Wonders of Nature initiative and

There are plenty of draw cards to attract tourists to our shores

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flourish, with many international couples making their way to the southern part of Africa to take advantage of the country’s characteristic blue skies, white sandy beaches, sunshine and competitive pricing. For foreign couples, South Africa will always remain a prime wedding destination where budgets can be stretched much further than in countries like Europe, America and Australia, where the exchange rate for many currencies isn’t as favourable.

Get on the bus A level-headed approach is always necessary in the tourism industry. Business owners need to think out of the box and find innovative ways to stay competitive. The year 2011 wasn’t without its challenges, but if the summer months and recent announcements concerning corporate tourism are anything to go by, then South African entrepreneurs can gear up for a promising 2012. In addition, tourism brings with it great employment opportunities, including:

Tour organiser Tour organising can prove to be a lucrative business for anyone who is skilled in planning, multi-tasking and administration. International and local tourists alike have become quite accustomed to booking tailor-made holiday packages, in which flights, accommodation and leisure activities have been planned in advance and sourced at the best possible price. The role of a tour organiser is a challenging one, as you need to meet people’s expectations as far as possible. However, the thrill of sourcing good deals and bringing your clients’ dream holidays to life is equally rewarding.

Accommodation service provider A weak currency makes South Africa a prime wedding destination

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Cape Town awarded 2014 World Design Capital have certainly helped the Mother City’s cause. The Cape isn’t the only region benefitting from the swell in tourists – business tourism is also on the rise countrywide. Marthinus van Schalkwyk, Minister of Tourism, recently announced that 200 international conferences have been confirmed for the next five years. The economy is set to benefit from 300,000 expected delegates who will contribute approximately R1,6 billion to the economy. It’s a promising outlook, especially because business tourists are usually converted into returning leisure tourists.

Whether you are in the market to buy a guesthouse or you would like to get involved with the customer service side of accommodation, there will always be a demand for these holiday facilities. Finding an edge on competitors is a primary concern for accommodation service providers, but if you can appeal to a specific target market, a slice of the pie is yours for the taking.

Transport service providers

Tying the knot

In the same way that travellers require accommodation, they also need transport. Private taxis, buses, chartered boats, safaris, bicycles – the tourism transport industry is a sector that requires a large workforce. Holidaymakers and corporate travellers need transport that they can rely on, as leisure itineraries usually run on a strict timeline.

The rise in South African tourism isn’t limited to corporate initiatives. The wedding industry continues to

Text | Amy Johnson, getsmarter.co.za

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Missed

call

Switch off that cellphone or you could be ejected

It’s a common occurrence on just about every flight now. The plane’s door closes and it’s time to turn off personal electronic devices. However, there’s always at least one passenger who keeps talking, texting, tweeting, playing, watching or emailing and ignoring stern orders to power down.

Even if airlines allow the use of mobile phones during flights, some passengers argue that they don’t want to listen to other people’s conversations while onboard

On rare occasions, a confrontation erupts, such as actor Alec Baldwin’s widely reported removal from an American Airlines plane last December. Although airlines say they don’t keep track or won’t disclose how many passengers get bounced off planes for refusing to switch off devices, flight attendants say it’s now the number one spark for unruly behaviour. “People have become so wedded to these devices, and a lot of people really question whether they need to turn them off,”says Southwest Airlines flight attendant, Thom McDaniel. Travellers who “think ‘it’s no big deal’ or ‘the rule doesn’t apply to me’ are the hardest to deal with,” adds Kelly Skyles, an American Airlines flight attendant. “Most passenger misconduct cases now deal with noncompliance with electronic devices.”

Slow down

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Airline rules backed by federal laws allow crews to turn a plane back to the gate and toss passengers off flights to prevent disputes in the air. In most cases, it isn’t the initial issue that gets people kicked off planes – whether they’ve been told to pull up their saggy pants, clean up their language or stop playing Angry Birds on their iPhones. Instead, it’s the ensuing argument. Flight attendants at American Airlines reported 1,306 incidents of customer misconduct to their union, the

Association of Professional Flight Attendants, in 2011, up slightly from 1,248 in 2010. Most did not escalate into confrontations or get reported to law enforcement. However, the numbers have been rising for three years, with most of the increase related to electronic devices.

Are you at risk? Many airlines attribute attitudes toward electronics to ‘speed limit’ psychology – everyone knows there’s a speed limit and yet every driver at one time or another will exceed it. Lots of passengers are sceptical of the danger of leaving devices on – one call or text message or game isn't going to bring down the plane, they figure. Indeed, there’s no firm scientific evidence that having gadgets powered up for takeoff and landing would cause a problem, only that there’s the potential for a problem. The American Federal Aviation Administration allows pilots to use iPads and other electronic devices to replace charts and manuals in the cockpit, powered up during takeoff and landing. But the FAA says it can’t test all the different gadgets passengers may bring on board. The agency worries that a multitude of devices could pose more danger than a single iPad for pilots. Crews have anecdotally reported numerous issues linked to computers or devices on board, such as erroneous warnings on collision-avoidance systems, heavy static on radio frequencies and false readings on instrument landing systems, according to NASA’s Aviation Safety Reporting System – a database to which crews submit voluntary incident reports. In some instances, crews caught passengers talking on a phone or using a computer when they weren’t supposed to. The crews were able to end interference by shutting down the device. Turning it back on recreated the problem, suggesting a possible link. Even if you are far from the cockpit, you may be sitting near an antenna. But attempts to duplicate interference with cockpit gear in laboratories failed. In a study published in 2006, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University, USA, who rode 37 airline flights with a radio-frequency measuring device, found emissions from mobile phones that could interfere with globalpositioning satellite systems. And the non-profit RTCA, which advises the FAA on technical issues, said in a lengthy study in 2008 that emissions from transmitting personal electronic devices, or T-PEDS, could interfere with critical aircraft systems. Regulators believe there is a chance that electronic emissions from passenger devices could interfere with navigation instruments, and even if the remotest possibility of disaster exists, it’s better to turn them off for takeoff and landing.

That rule is backed by a sweeping federal law. Passengers must comply with crew instructions on board commercial airplanes, or face potential fines and jail time. And it involves an often-overlooked safety concern: Passengers must be able to hear flight attendants in an emergency, so no headphones are allowed during takeoff or landing. Mobile phones are banned during entire flights on many airlines – not just during takeoff and landing – because they can interfere with ground-based antenna capacity. The American Federal Communications Commission, along with the FAA, bans in-flight use because a phone flying at more than 800km/h, 9km above the ground, connects with lots of mobile towers, hogging bandwidth. Connecting at that speed and altitude also takes lots of power from the phone, yielding stronger emissions that could interfere with instruments. There is, however, a technical solution to the mobile phone problem. Small mobile antennas on airplanes could link to onboard phones and transmit between the ground and the plane safely. These are similar to the small antennas on airplanes that provide WiFi service. Several international airlines said they would offer wireless service in-flight: Emirates Airline and Etihad Airways have planes in service equipped for this

connectivity. In Australia, Qantas has started an eightweek trial of internet access for premium passengers flying on six of its A380 super jumbos.

Stop the chatter US passengers complained loudly to the FCC when it considered lifting its ban in 2007. The main reason: they didn’t want to have to listen to calls on airplanes. Flight attendants say one or two people on almost every flight don’t seem to think the device ban applies to them. “There's a lack of awareness of what the rules are, why the rules are there and what the flight attendant’s role is,” says Veda Shook, an Alaska Airlines flight attendant. Airlines say they train flight attendants in methods to calm confrontations. They also give pilots and attendants leeway to judge whether a passenger should be removed and put on another flight. Last year, Southwest Airlines saw tempers flare with summer’s scorching temperatures. The company is currently working on a plan to keep cabins cooler during short airport stops. It believes that if it keeps the air cool, hopefully tempers will be kept down and it would avoid confrontation. Text | Scott McCartney Photography | Supplied

Turn off that electronic device or the airplane turns back

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financial destiny Take control of your

Make property investment work for you

An informed choice is a wise investment

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property

investors who take a professional approach to their property investment business never relinquish control of their hard-earned money or their future success to any third party.

Often there are many investors who, confused by the wide range of investment vehicles and mechanisms (which are often shrouded by foreign-sounding ‘financial’ jargon), simply hand over their hard-earned money to an unknown third party – be it a financial adviser, a banker or an asset manager – without really understanding the investment option they implicitly select.

In doing so, these investors could relinquish responsibility for their money and their financial future. This could mean that they have no control over their investment and can do nothing to influence the performance of their investment, except to hope that this third party will deliver on the promises made. On the other hand, learned property investors can empower themselves with knowledge of how the property market works and make an informed choice. Given the simplicity of the property investment model, any potential property investor should do their own due diligence on each opportunity, to ensure they invest their money in a good property, in a good area with solid rental demand – where it will earn not only ongoing, compounded capital growth, but will also produce an ongoing, inflation-linked passive monthly income for life.

Keeping track Informed investors know exactly where their money is at all times, in a bricks-and-mortar property they can see and touch. An individual who directly owns income-producing properties is not at the mercy of volatile market sentiments or the performance of asset managers, but can actively manage his or her portfolio. This allows him or her to take advantage of exceptional buying opportunities, adding additional income streams, renovating or refurbishing properties to increase income potential, negotiating with tenants to avoid a vacancy or increase the return, and even selling non-performing assets if necessary.

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their vision of passive income and wealth into reality. Professional property investors take control of their own destiny, their own success and their own investments, with the assistance of professional organisations, which streamline and simplify their lives and protect their interests. The result: At the end of the day, you can reap the benefits of taking full responsibility for your own wealth creation.

Get cracking; buy property now

Property investment is not rocket science. Start by doing a due diligence report

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Such investors hardly ever lament the poor performance of their salaried asset manager or bemoan the fact that the economy has decimated their portfolios or that events on the other side of the globe have vanquished their carefully crafted longterm strategies. They, and they alone, assume responsibility for their success and their wealth, and as professionals, they are competent and confident in doing so. This confidence is derived from following proven step-by-step systems, including using custom-made software, and implementing tried-and-tested risk management strategies. In this way, professional property investors make solid investment decisions, manage their risks prudently and reap the benefits of an investment strategy that has proven to be infallible when applied correctly. In addition, while professional property investors never relinquish control over their money and their investments, they certainly do not have to do everything themselves. They appoint experts such as reputable rental management agents and trust specialists to take care of the details and as such, do not manage properties or tenants. They manage growing property portfolios and they manage the experts they have appointed to take care of the details. Investors in the know are more concerned with identifying lucrative areas, scrutinising individual deals, negotiating, and turning

Prospective homebuyers should accelerate their plans now if they still want to benefit from the ‘double positive’ of low interest rates and low property prices. Remember, every increase in property prices means that the prospective buyer has either to earn more or increase the size of the deposit to qualify for a home loan, even if interest rates stay the same. Home values have begun to rise in many parts of the country, says Berry Everitt, MD of the Chas Everitt International property group, and even though the average rate of growth will probably be below the rate of inflation for the next couple of years, this is really of little relevance to first-time buyers. “What counts for them is that whichever home they want to buy already costs more than it did last year, and will cost even more next year.” For example, if a home now priced at R500,000 was to increase in value this year by just 5%, the amount needed for a 10% deposit would rise from R50,000 to R55,000. At the same time, the size of the 90% home loan required would rise from R450,000 to R495,000 and the prospective buyer would have to earn about R1,500 more a month to qualify. And while this is a simple example, the principles hold true right across the price spectrum. Then there‘s the question of interest rates. If imported inflation due to the economic troubles in Europe and the rising oil price causes the Reserve Bank to raise the repo rate, banks will most likely raise their mortgage rates as well, and once again buyers will have to earn more to qualify for loans. A case in point: if the base home loan rate were to rise just one percentage point from 9% to 10%, for example, the buyer of the R500,000 home in our example would immediately need to earn R1,000 a month more to qualify. What is more, the monthly repayment on the loan would rise by around R300, so there would be an ongoing long-term effect on your finances. So if you are an aspirant homeowner, the sooner you put your plans into action, the better. Text | Property24.com Photography | Shutterstock

free | mind

A new

growth path Greening SA’s economy a major job-spinner The move to greener business doesn’t only hold benefits for the environment – it can also be an enormous job spinner. In fact, according to a Green Jobs Report published late last year, growing South Africa’s green economy could create more than 460,000 new jobs by 2025 while cutting the country’s dependence on carbon-intensive industries.

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The UN Environment Programme describes a green economy as one whose growth in income and employment is driven by state- and private-sector investments that reduce carbon emissions and pollution. The report says that the experience of several advanced and emerging countries that have been adopting green initiatives point toward an extraordinary opportunity for South Africa as it pursues a job-rich new growth path. As a considerable emitter of greenhouse gases, South Africa faces the challenge of transitioning to a less carbon-intensive growth trajectory without delay. The challenge is to use fewer carbons and more people in our economic growth. In compiling the report the research

free | mind

The Green Jobs report estimates the creation of nearly 98,000 new direct jobs, on average, in the short term; almost 255,000 in the medium term and more than 462,000 employment opportunities in the formal economy in the long term. The research team focused on four broad types of activities, which in turn encompass 26 green technologies or segments. These are: • Energy generation, which pertains to the generation of energy from sustainable, renewable and/or alternative sources with low or no carbon emissions; • Energy and resource efficiency, which captures, among others, initiatives aimed at reducing energy consumption through green buildings, solar water heaters, industrial equipment and public transportation; • Emissions and pollution mitigation, which relates to the utilisation of technologies aimed at reducing the harmful emissions associated with highly polluting industries, including air pollution control, electric vehicles, cleaner stoves, recycling, carbon capture and storage and water treatment; and • Natural resource management, which covers the sustainable management and restoration of natural resources, specifically water, soil and land, as well as the conservation and restoration of ecosystems. Energy generation from sustainable sources could help remedy South Africa’s employment conundrum

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team looked at the direct employment potential of 26 green technology sectors, which fall under the four broader categories of energy generation, energy and resource efficiency, emissions and pollution mitigation and natural resource management. This could create lucrative opportunities in construction, operations and maintenance, as well as the manufacturing of green technology components, such as those used in solar and wind power generation as well as solar water geysers. Furthermore, given South Africa’s 25% unemployment rate, the potential for greater participation by local companies in the greening of the economy should be taken advantage of to the fullest possible extent, from construction opportunities to operations and maintenance as well as manufacturing. The momentum provided by the greening of an

economy is being increasingly exploited in countries such as the United States of America, the United Kingdom, China and Brazil, among many others, especially in light of the employment challenges faced at national level. The green economy is complex, extremely diverse, relatively new and fast evolving in many developed and emerging economies. South Africa will be dealing with the progressive and simultaneous introduction of technologies that are being improved, developed or commercialised. The economic merit of many of these technologies may only be fully established in years to come, opening up opportunities for the establishment of infant industries over time. However, it is important to emphasise the role of integrated planning and infrastructure prioritisation in assisting with making the right choices, if South Africa is to make a successful transition to a green economy.

Harvesting from the earth Energy generation is expected to become an increasingly important contributor to green job creation over time as projects are constructed or commissioned. Energy and resource efficiency initiatives are anticipated to deliver significant employment gains in the short and medium term, with the momentum sustained in the longer run. Emission and pollution mitigation activities, although less labour-absorbing, are extremely important from an environmental sustainability standpoint. The largest contributions to job creation are likely to come from the management of South Africa’s rich and diverse natural resources. This means that initiatives to restore or protect sensitive ecosystems in the country could lead to further benefits downstream, according to the report. An example of this is clearing environmentally important sites of invasive plant species and using the harvested material as inputs for the paper and pulp industries. The green economy is complex, extremely diverse, relatively new and fast-evolving in many developed and emerging economies. Fortunately, South Africa will be dealing with the progressive and simultaneous introduction of technologies that are being improved, developed or commercialised. The economic merit of many of these technologies may only be fully established in years to come, opening up opportunities for the establishment of infant industries over time. Businesses need to ensure that the decisions we make today do not lock South Africa into an unsustainable development path. We also need to build on the comparative advantages that the country enjoys. Text | Courtesy of Industrial Development Cooperation

Gold is now within reach of more people Gold has a long but complex history, and has symbolised wealth and power since its discovery. It has also been appreciated for its beauty. No person or culture exists on this planet that does not desire or admire gold. Gold – of all the precious metals – has been the most popular form of investment over the centuries. There is currently a great demand for gold among investors and collectors, and many economists predict an even bigger demand over the coming years.

Methods to invest in gold Gold bars: Internationally the most traditional method to invest in gold was to buy gold bars. Gold coins: Gold coins are the most common method to own gold. Bullion gold coins such as Krugerrands are priced according to their weight in gold. They carry a small premium on top of their weight in gold. Collector gold coins carry a greater premium above that of the weight in gold because they are minted in limited quantities. On average these increase more in value than ordinary bullion because you invest in a collector’s series of which very few are minted. The demand for these coins will in most circumstances be greater than the supply, because more people will show interest in a particular collection, which will affect availability over the years. It is, therefore, clear that gold buyers clearly can’t do anything else but invest in physical gold. Mandela gold coins are, as an example, very rare and, therefore, a greater demand exists, thereby affecting the value of the coins. As a consequence it is a good decision to invest in these coins.

Gold is now within reach of more people thanks to the Golden Mile Plan.

The public is informed daily that most gold coins have, over the past few years, delivered excellent returns. Naturally the big problem is that most people were unfortunately not in a position to purchase gold coins at any time. In the past, the man in the street was, due to various reasons, excluded from participating in the gold coin market, but Investgold’s Golden Mile Plan changed everything since 2006. Gold coins can contribute to a better distribution in an investment portfolio. This diversification protects a portfolio from fluctuations that affect a particular asset group. Portfolios that include rare gold coins are more capable of weathering uncertainties in the marketplace. Investgold’s Golden Mile Plan invites everyone to obtain gold coins. By making monthly contributions and earning bonus points or Golden Miles, most people can now afford gold coins without having to make one large payment. A variety of contracts are available, from as little as R300 a month.

Member of

SAAND

COMPARE THE GROWTH IN SELLING PRICE OF RARE COINS TO KRUGERRANDS INVESTGOLD SELLING PRICE (2007) INVESTGOLD SELLING PRICE (Feb 2012)

475%

737%

1 Oz MDK

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Taking the next three steps to obtain your GMP • Choose an option plan that suits your needs. • Complete the application form. • Forward all relevant documentation to INVESTGOLD.

453%

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1 Oz Krugerrand

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The South African Association of Numismatic Dealers

DOUBLE YOUR GOLD INVESTGOLD WILL DOUBLE YOUR FIRST YEAR PREMIUMS Terms & Conditions Apply

Choose an option that will suit your needs

Terms & Conditions Apply

Plan

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R1,000 R1,500 R2,000

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R6,000 R9,000 R12,000 R18,000 R24,000 Premium X12

011 486 1196 (Jhb) 021 552 9200 (Cape Town) 044 877 0339 (George)

www.investgold.co.za

Fax this application form back to 086 270 3613 or e-mail to ray@investgold.co.za after which an INVESTGOLD broker will contact you.

NAME: TEL (W): (C): E-MAIL:

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Absolution

By Patrick Flanery

BOOKS

100 Years of Struggle – Mandela’s ANC By Heidi Holland Despite the African National Congress being at the height of its powers, its future is today less certain than at any time in its long history. In the past, the liberation movement went through two huge transformations with remarkable agility; the first at the instigation of the hot-headed young rebel, Nelson Mandela. He brought about changes that drove the organisation from gentlemanly petitions to armed resistance. The second great shake-up in the ANC occurred 22 years ago as Mandela emerged from prison, when the movement transformed itself from deep socialist militancy to centre-

Mind the gap

By Graeme Codrington and Sue Grant-Marshall

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The way you parent, the clothes you buy, your relationships with your boss and your children, and your attitude to money, to an extraordinary extent, are defined by the era into which you were born. Parents, teachers and employers think they understand youngsters because they too were young once. But adults no longer live in the world that existed when they were teenagers. We may

left political conformity. But it was at the time dominated by realistic, courageous leaders like Mandela, Sisulu and Tambo, who are no longer steering the vast juggernaut through the third revolution that is under way now. The ANC’s struggle for freedom was supposed to have ended with its election to office in 1994, when it defeated apartheid. But high unemployment figures, perceived unfair income distribution, reports of alleged corruption and infighting cast shadows that lengthen with each passing year. Whether the ANC, with its current leadership, still has the flexibility to transform itself and survive the onslaught of politicians like Julius Malema remains to be seen.

✶✶✶✶✶ occupy the same space, home, classroom or office, but we live in different worlds. And these worlds often collide. Mind the gap helps you discover your generation and the people who make up your life. Once you understand what makes them, and you, tick, the ‘gen gap’ begins to shrink. In this book you’ll understand why: your boss insists on endless meetings and conferences; your 20-something student should be teaching his 50-something computer teacher instead; and you’re in your 40s, but still trying to prove yourself to your parents.

✶✶✶✶✶

Absolution is a moving and provocative story about the hunt for a truth that is as universal as it is essential. In her garden, ensconced in the lush vegetation of the Western Cape, Clare Wald, worldrenowned author, mother and critic takes up her pen and confronts her life. Sam Leroux has returned to South Africa to embark upon a project that will establish his reputation – he is to write Clare’s biography. But how honest is she prepared to be? Was she complicit in crimes lurking in South Africa’s past; is she an accomplice or a victim? Are her crimes against her family real or imagined? As Sam and Clare turn over the events of her life, she begins to seek reconciliation, absolution. The book shines light on contemporary South Africa and the long dark shadow of the past, the elusive nature of truth and selfperception and the mysterious alchemy of the creative process.

✶✶✶✶✶

The Extraordinary Book of South African Rugby By Wim van der Berg

Did you know about the spectator tackle that cost Western Province the Currie Cup, or that the first Springboks to travel by plane limped over the ocean on three engines? The Extraordinary Book of South African Rugby will hook any rugby fanatic. Packed with enthralling stories, stats, quotes and anecdotes, from the comical to the controversial, this collection celebrates the rich history of South African rugby. Author Wim van der Berg is a rugby expert of note. He is a former rugby writer and the author of Blue Bulls: 70 Years of Glory, and Great Moments in Currie Cup History. He played rugby until he was 57, was a senior club referee and coached rugby at first team level.

✶✶✶✶✶

Exclusively at

panorama

Timeless art

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This ancient sculpture in the Amazonian basin of Ecuador is a PreColumbian landmark. Pre-Columbian art of the region’s indigenous people thrived throughout the Americas from at least 13,000BC to 1,500AD. Many Pre-Columbian cultures did not have writing systems, so visual art expressed cosmologies, world views, religion, and philosophy of these people, as well as serving as mnemonic devices.

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panorama

Celebration time

A young musician performs at the Carnival of Oruro in Bolivia. According to UNESCO, the carnival is a more than 2,000-year-old tradition that, through creativity, continuity, and ritual, came to constitute a model of ‘Masterpieces of Oral Heritage and Intangible Heritage of Humanity’. More than 28,000 dancers and 10,000 musicians participate in the procession that lasts 20 hours. It is estimated that about 400,000 local and foreign spectators watch the colourful procession.

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MBOMBELA (NELSPRUIT), MPUMALANGA

MIDDELBURG, MPUMALANGA

CAPE TOWN

CENTRAL RESERVATIONS

7 Beetleloop Street

74 Jan Cilliers Street

6 & 9 Maui Street,

reservations@nomndeni.co.za

Steiltes, Nelspruit

Golfsig

South Break Development

Tel +27 13 744 9189 • Fax +27 13 744 9366

GPS Coordinates Lat 25° 29’ 52.1772”

Tel/Fax +27 13 282 0609

Muizernburg

Mobile +27 82 717 4071

Long 30° 59 24.18”

Email Zamabhele@nomndeni.co.za

www.nomndeni.co.za

Timamoon is a sexy hideaway between Sabie The most seductive lodge on the planet.

and the Kruger. Seductive Moroccan, Zanzibarstyle luxurious lodges have mosquito net draped four-poster beds, fireplaces and baths to float away in. Dip into your own private pool with views of magical forests and mountains. Dine on exotic foods in a candle-lit restaurant built on stilts. Tel: +27 (0)13 767 1740 info@timamoonlodge.co.za www.timamoonlodge.co.za

Thulamela Bed & Breakfast

An Intimate Place of Rest Mobile: 0829540467 Tel: 013-7378806 Fax: 0866075222 www.plumbagoguesthouse.co.za Close to the Panorama Route Just 20 min from the Kruger National Park

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• • • • •

6 secluded log cottages Each with own deck Jacuzzi Breakfast brought to you Ideal honeymoon destination Set in indigenous bush

Thulamela, R40 - Farm 48 De Rust, Hazyview, 1240, Mpumalanga, South Africa Tel: 013 7377171 Cell: 082 454 8278 Email: info@thulamela.co.za

MPUMALANGA

HAZYVIEW

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REAL AFRICA REAL CLOSE TO CAPE TOWN

BIG 5 SAFARI UNDER 2 HOURS FROM CAPE TOWN WEDDINGS CONFERENCING INCENTIVES DAY TRIP SAFARIS OVERNIGHT SAFARIS 4 STAR LUXURY ACCOMMODATION BIG 5 GAME DRIVES QUAD BIKE SAFARIS HORSE BACK SAFARIS CHILDRENS ADVENTURE AREA ROCK ART SITE VISIT TO KAROO OSTRICH FARM ARC AQUILA RESCUE CENTRE DAILY TRANSFERS TO AND FROM CAPE TOWN

0861RESERVE 7373783

www.aquilasafari.com mobile: + 27 (0) 83 301 9222 res@aquilasafari.com

www.facebook.com/Aquilasafari

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www.twitter.com/Aquilasafaris

LESOTHO MOUNTAIN KINGDOM‌‌.. Be challenged by nature

This winter give yourself a once in a lifetime experience in the Mountain Kingdom. Come and revel in our snow skiing unique in Africa at the famous Afri Ski Resort, only 4 hours from Johannesburg. Bask in untouched and awe inspiring natural beauty and the crisp mountain air, and discover the unique living culture of the Basotho that inhabit these majestic Highlands. Come to a place that is unique for eco-tourism, adventure, and outdoor pursuits, like no other place in Southern Africa

Contact: Lesotho Tourism Development Corporation P.O. Box 1378. Maseru 100. Lesotho. Southern Africa Tel: +266 22312238. Fax: +266 22310189 E-mail: touristinfo@ltdc.org.ls, www.visitlesotho.travel

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COMP NIGHT SPECIAL Stay three nights and receive one of the nights complimentary in our off season. Stay four nights and receive one of the nights complimentary in our peak season. Available until the end of July 2012 • Subject to availability

Please see our website for Packages, other Specials, and Conferences at www.fordoun.com To contact us call 033 2666 217 or email us on stay@fordoun.com

Situated in the heart of Umhlanga and walking distance from the beach lies Teremok Marine, an award-winning five-star boutique lodge and spa. All eight suites are unique in design and boast extra-length beds, air-conditioning, private balconies, showers, baths, double basins and separate toilets with bidets. Extras include LCD screens and DVD players, iPod docking stations, and complimentary ADSL WiFi available throughout. Telephone

031 - 561 5848

E-mail marine@teremok.co.za

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Website

www.teremok.co.za for

Address

49 Marine Drive, Umhlanga Rocks

A mountain getaway with a difference Situated in Maseru and 4km from the South African border the Lesotho Sun is the ideal venue for that executive breakaway or conference and the professional conferencing team are on hand to ensure your every conferencing need is catered for. With Wi-Fi in the lobby and computer access in the rooms you will never be too far from your office. For the leisure traveller looking for a peaceful getaway the Lesotho Sun offers breath taking views of both the South African landscapes and the mountainous areas of Lesotho. The Hotel also boasts a casino with a 120 slot machines and 8 gaming tables allowing for a true escape from the hustle and bustle of the city life. The very best in Asian fusion cuisine with strong influences of Chinese, Indian and Cantonese can be had in the Ying Tao restaurant or you can try the Nala Café for traditional buffet fare. Indulge your senses with a full body massage or a treatment of your choice at the Essentials Health Spa. For the health fanatic a 217 square meter gymnasium adjoins an aerobics area and spinning floor to provide guests with a combined area of more than 447 square meters in which to work out. Complementing the gym, both the men and women’s change rooms each boast their own sauna rooms. The rugged mountains of Lesotho offer the ultimate outdoor experience, whether you enjoy hiking, mountain biking, pony trekking or 4x4’s.

Corporate package deals at Lesotho Sun Includes: • 1 night accommodation • Breakfast • Lunch • Morning and Afternoon coffee and biscuits • Dinner in the Café nala • Plenary conference venue Hire • Jugs of water, cordial mints • Flip charts & stands • White boards and markers • Data Projector & Screen

OF F R14 E R 50 p /p

To book or to enquire about other packages and prices call 00266 222 43000 or email lesothosun@za.suninternational.com Conditions: This offer is valid for midweek bookings only until 30 November 2011. Price applies to standard twin rooms only and double occupancy rates are available on request. All rates are subject to availability and terms and conditions

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After a tiring week on the Copperbelt, you want a place to relax and unwind over the weekend. At Kafue Lodge, we offer Boat Cruises, Fishing, Game Drives, Tranquil Spots overlooking the Kafue River and More. Come, see and experience nature first-hand with an assortment of wild animals ranging from giraffes, zebras, different species of antelope, to crocodiles, jackals and a diversity of bird species.

One weekend with us and you’ll never want to go back home. Bookings through Voyagers, Chingola Branch email: chingola@voyagerszambia.com tel: (0212) 311 642 / 311 722 fax: (0212) 312 552

GORDON MILLAR PGA Teaching Professional at Verwey Golf Range Fourways Johannesburg

RESERVATIONS tel: +260 212 224266 fax: +260 212 230389 email: mukwa@zamsat.net web: www.mukwalodge.com

Offers lessons for: Individual, Private, Ladies Clinic, Chipping, Pitching, Putting, Groups, Couples, Corporate and Video Analysis

Falcon Crest GUEST HOUSE

o rd o n ll G 3375 a C 957 2 08

AMANZIMTOTI

Upmarket establishment 10 mins South of Durban & 30mins from King Shaka International Airport. Close to beach & Restaurants. Corporate or Leisure. www.fcguesthouse.com

Tel: +27 (0) 31 903 3058 Fax: +27 (0) 86 218 7707

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Cell: +27 (0) 82 771 5678 e-mail: fcrest@skytec.co.za

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SwiftPrint, 59287

THE REAL SOUTHERN AFRICA

Majestically reaching over 360 000 square kilometers from the worldrenowned Kalahari desert in the north to the arid plains of the Karoo in the South, the Northern Cape Province of South Africa promises to enchant visitors

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NORTHERN CAPE

with its incredible natural beauty and versatility and offers a kaleidoscope of scenic vistas ranging from the stark impressive natural wonder of the majestic Augrabies Falls, the flamboyancy of the Namaqua floral splendor and the proud mining tradition of Kimberley and surrounds.

www.experiencenortherncape.com

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“One meets everybody who is anybody at this club”

ROSEDENE GUEST HOUSE

Stay at the Kimberley Club Beautifully renovated boutique hotel 21 En-suite Bedrooms, Modern Facilities Wireless Internet Services, A-la-Carte Restaurant Best Buffet Sunday Lunches in town

The ideal venue for functions, weddings and conferences. Tel 053-832 4224 Fax 053-832 4226 Email info@kimberleyclub.co.za Website www.kimberleyclub.co.za

Quiet Street – Stunning views of Mountain, city and sea 5 – 10 minute drive to beaches/Tourist attractions 5 minutes walk to 60 Restaurants/Cafes/Bars All modern facilities available, including 24hrs ADSL and WiFi Laundry, BBQ, Pool and Parking Relaxing sun lounges and couches Décor Afro/Colonial/Balinese fusion Very friendly and helpful staff on site 24 hours WINTER SPECIALS +/- 50% DISCOUNT

Rosedene Guesthouse 28 Uppder Kloof Street, Higgovale / Gardens, Cape Town 8001 GPS: S 33 56'16" E 19 24'8" Tel: +27 21 424 3290 Fax: +27 21 424 3481 Cell: 073 518 8518 Email: info@rosedene.co.za Web: www.rosedene.co.za

From tropical island escapes to exhilarating bush breaks...

Tel: (011) 462 1714 • Fax: (011) 462 1807 • E-mail: res.southafrica@pestana.com

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© Desmond Scholtz

Superior five star self-catering accommodation for the discerning traveller. Luxurious one-bedroom Garden Suite and freestanding two-bedroom Villa set on the banks of Groenvlei Lake, Knysna District, Garden Route.

i nfo@l a kev ie ws. c o . za www.lakepleasantvillas.co.za +27 (0)44 850 1924

Rio Azul

EXPERIENCE THE UNFORGETTABLE LEISURE, COMFORT, BEAUTY AND ADVENTURES OF

MOZ AMBIQUE

www.rioazul-lodge.com

Call us on (011) 467-2853 Contact john@rioazul-lodge.com Bookings info@rioazul-lodge.com

Leisure and corporate rentals in and around Cape Town and Johannesburg

A PA R T M E N T R E N TA L S

FZP Apartment Rentals +27 (0) 21 426 1634 www.fzp.co.za info@fzp.co.za

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BEACH LODGE CONTACT INFO: +27 79 887 3037 / +258 84 213 2999. INFO@NYATI-BEACH.COM

Why stay home when you can stay with us? No time wasted with our real-time availability calendars, and reservations booking engine with instant confirmation. Try it LIVE... www.fzp.co.za • Studios from R500 per apartment per night, or R6 000 per month • 1 bedroom apartments from R750 per apartment per night, or R8 500 per month • 2 bedroom apartments from R950 per apartment per night, or R10 000 per month.

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Kruger National Park is your ultimate

wildlife adventure destination If you are a thrill seeker and you want to discover the true nature of the Kruger National Park, then look no further. Visit the Kruger National Park which will arouse in you the true feeling of the bush through one of our many bush activities as listed below: • Adventure Trails (2 trails available, self-drive, weather dependant) • Morning & Sunset Drives& Night drives • Bush Walks • Bush Braais • Mountain Bike Trails (departures only from Olifants Camp and Phalaborwa Gate) • Golf (in Skukuza only) • Lebombo Motorised 4x4 Eco-Trail • Malopeni 4X4 Eco-trail • Mphongolo Back-Pack Trail • Olifants Back-Pack Trail • Wilderness Trails (7 trails available throughout the park)

For bookings please contact our central reservations: 012 428 9111 or Reservations@sanparks.org or www.sanparks.org or SANParks.mobi or the camp direct.

Join the Wildcard Now

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TIMETABLE effective 01 APRIL 2012

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Cape Town - George - Cape Town SA8621

Cape Town

-

George

07:15

08:05

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8625

Cape Town

-

George

09:30

10:20

6

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8639

Cape Town

-

George

13:30

14:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8635

Cape Town

-

George

16:45

17:40

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8622

George

-

Cape Town

08:30

09:20

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8630

George

-

Cape Town

10:45

11:35

6

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8638

George

-

Cape Town

14:45

15:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8636

George

-

Cape Town

18:10

19:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

Cape Town - Kimberley - Cape Town SA8617

Cape Town

-

Kimberley

16:30

18:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8618

Kimberley

-

Cape Town

18:30

20:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Cape Town - Nelspruit - Cape Town SA8663

Cape Town

-

Nelspruit

10:00

12:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8664

Nelspruit

-

Cape Town

13:15

15:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

Cape Town - Upington - Cape Town SA8645

Cape Town

-

Upington

09:45

11:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8646

Upington

-

Cape Town

11:30

12:50

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Durban - Bloemfontein - Durban SA8531

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

06:50

07:55

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8535

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

15:15

16:40

7

J41

Airlink

SA8537

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

16:30

17:35

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8532

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

08:15

09:15

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8536

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

17:30

18:35

7

J41

Airlink

SA8538

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

18:00

19:00

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Durban - George - Durban SA8515

Durban

-

George

09:40

11:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8514

George

-

Durban

11:50

13:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Durban - Nelspruit - Durban SA8507

Durban

-

Nelspruit

06:45

08:05

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8505

Durban

-

Nelspruit

13:45

14:45

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ -135

Airlink

SA8508

Nelspruit

-

Durban

08:25

09:45

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8506

Nelspruit

-

Durban

15:10

16:10

1 2 3 4 5 6

ERJ -135

Airlink

SA8510

Nelspruit

-

Durban

17:35

18:35

7

ERJ -135

Airlink

Johannesburg - Nelspruit - Johannesburg SA8823

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

06:30

07:20

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8827

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

09:00

09:50

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8825

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

09:00

09:50

6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8843

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

10:00

10:55

1 3 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8841

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

11:10

11:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8845

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

15:30

16:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8829

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

16:25

17:15

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8849

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

17:30

18:20

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8824

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

07:50

08:45

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8828

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

10:10

11:05

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8826

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

10:10

11:05

6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8842

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

13:35

14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8830

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

15:05

16:00

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8846

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

16:40

17:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8844

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

17:30

18:35

1 3 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8848

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

18:45

19:40

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Johannesburg - Bloemfontein - Johannesburg SA8543

Johannesburg

-

Bloemfontein

10:00

11:25

4

J41

Airlink

SA8541

Johannesburg

-

Bloemfontein

15:30

16:55

7

J41

Airlink

SA8544

Bloemfontein

-

Johannesburg

11:05

12:20

4

J41

Airlink

SA8540

Bloemfontein

-

Johannesburg

17:15

18:30

7

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Phalaborwa - Johannesburg SA8851

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

06:25

07:35

1 2 3 4

J41

Airlink

SA8853

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

11:45

12:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8857

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

16:10

17:20

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

SA8852

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

08:00

09:20

1 2 3 4

J41

Airlink

SA8854

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

13:15

14:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8858

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

17:50

19:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

Golf Bags: 1 bag at 15kg free baggage allowance – golf bags must be pre booked with your booking agent.

100 05 12

TIMETABLE effective 01 APRIL 2012

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

SA8801

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

06:35

07:25

2 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8801

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

06:35

07:25

1 3

J41

Airlink

SA8809

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

11:40

12:40

1 2 3 4 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8809

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

11:40

12:30

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8817

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

13:15

14:05

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8815

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

16:30

17:20

1 2 4 5 7 ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8815

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

16:30

17:20

3

J41

Airlink

SA8802

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

07:55

08:50

2 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8802

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

07:55

08:50

1 3

J41

Airlink

SA8810

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

13:00

14:05

1 2 3 4 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8810

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

13:00

13:55

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8818

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

14:25

15:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8816

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

17:45

18:40

1 2 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8816

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

17:45

18:40

3

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Pietermaritzburg - Johannesburg SA8747

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

07:00

08:00

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8735

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

09:50

11:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8741

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

15:30

16:30

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8739

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

18:00

19:00

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8730

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

06:45

07:45

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8732

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

08:30

09:30

1 2 3 4 5 6

AR8

Airlink

SA8738

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

15:00

16:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8742

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

17:00

18:00

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

Johannesburg - Upington - Johannesburg SA8767

Johannesburg

-

Upington

09:20

10:50

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8769

Johannesburg

-

Upington

15:45

17:15

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8768

Upington

-

Johannesburg

11:15

12:50

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8770

Upington

-

Johannesburg

17:35

19:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Port Elizabeth - East London - Port Elizabeth SA8480

Port Elizabeth

-

East London

07:00

07:45

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8488

Port Elizabeth

-

East London

16:30

17:15

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8481

East London

-

Port Elizabeth

08:05

08:55

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8489

East London

-

Port Elizabeth

17:35

18:25

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

Port Elizabeth - Bloemfontein - Port Elizabeth SA8491

Port Elizabeth

-

Bloemfontein

09:15

10:45

1 4

J41

Airlink

SA8492

Bloemfontein

-

Port Elizabeth

12:10

13:45

1 4

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Mthatha - Johannesburg SA8751

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

06:15

07:55

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8753

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

08:20

10:00

6

J41

Airlink

SA8755

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

14:50

16:30

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

SA8752

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

08:15

10:00

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8754

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

10:20

12:05

6

J41

Airlink

SA8756

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

16:50

18:35

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

Durban - Maputo - Durban SA8290

Durban

-

Maputo

10:10

11:25

1 2 3 4 5

7

J41

Airlink

SA8291

Maputo

-

Durban

11:45

13:05

1 2 3 4 5

7

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Antananarivo - Johannesburg SA8252

Johannesburg

-

Antananarivo

10:00

14:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8253

Antananarivo

-

Johannesburg

15:00

17:40

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Johannesburg - Polokwane - Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Beira - Johannesburg SA8214

Johannesburg

-

Beira

11:30

13:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8215

Beira

-

Johannesburg

13:30

15:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Airlink's REGIONAL AND DOMESTIC flights check-in Terminal B counters B89 - B101 at OR Tambo International Airport.

101 05 12

TIMETABLE effective 01 APRIL 2012

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

Johannesburg - Bulawayo - Johannesburg SA8110 SA8111

Johannesburg Bulawayo

- -

Bulawayo Johannesburg

10:40 12:50

12:05 14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

11:35 14:20

13:50 16:55

1 * 3 5 6 1 * 3 5 6

J41 J41

Airlink Airlink

06:35 15:45 09:00 18:20

08:30 17:40 11:05 20:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ

-

135 135 135 135

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:30 16:15 16:15 08:50 18:45 18:45

08:20 18:05 18:05 10:35 20:30 20:30

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ AR8 ERJ ERJ AR8 ERJ -

135

135

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:50 10:05 12:40 16:00 17:00 19:00 08:05 08:05 08:05 11:10 13:50 17:05

07:40 10:50 13:25 16:45 17:45 19:45 09:00 09:00 09:00 12:05 14:45 18:00

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ

135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135

Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink

06:40 09:45 09:45 13:30 08:10 11:15 11:15 14:45

07:50 10:50 10:50 14:25 09:25 12:25 12:25 15:55

1 2 3 4 5 1 3 2 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 3 2 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41 J41

ERJ - 135 ERJ - 135

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:05 14:10

13:35 16:45

1 2 4 5 1 2 4 5

ERJ - 135 ERJ - 135

Airlink Airlink

07:10 09:45 09:55 13:00

09:20 12:15 12:10 15:30

1 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135 AR8 ERJ - 135 AR8

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:10 14:30

14:00 17:25

3 6 3 6

ERJ- 135 ERJ- 135

Airlink Airlink

10:50 13:40

12:55 16:00

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

Nelspruit - Livingstone - Nelspruit

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

SA8870 SA8871

Nelspruit Livingstone

- -

Livingstone Nelspruit

Johannesburg - Lusaka - Johannesburg SA8160 SA8164 SA8161 SA8165

Johannesburg Johannesburg Lusaka Lusaka

-

Lusaka Lusaka Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Harare - Johannesburg SA8100 SA8102 SA8102 SA8101 SA8103 SA8103

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Harare Harare Harare

-

Harare Harare Harare Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

135 135

Johannesburg - Manzini - Johannesburg SA8012 SA7992 SA7994 SA8014 SA7996 SA7998 SA8013 SA7991 SA7997 SA7993 SA7995 SA8015

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini

-

Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

-

Johannesburg - Maseru - Johannesburg SA8050 SA8052 SA8052 SA8062 SA8051 SA8053 SA8053 SA8063

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru

-

Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

ERJ - 135 ERJ - 135 J41 J41

Johannesburg - Nampula - Johannesburg SA8230 SA8231

Johannesburg Nampula

- -

Nampula Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Ndola - Johannesburg SA8158 SA8154 SA8159 SA8155

Johannesburg Johannesburg Ndola Ndola

-

Ndola Ndola Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Pemba - Johannesburg SA8204 SA8205

Johannesburg Pemba

- -

Pemba Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Tete - Johannesburg SA8220 SA8221

Johannesburg Tete

- -

Tete Johannesburg

* Day 2 to be added effective 7 August 2012

Day 1 = Monday, Day 7 = Sunday For reservations visit www.flyairlink.com, your travel agent or SAA Central Reservations on +27 11-978 1111 • Flight schedules subject to change • Contact your booking agent for these conditions EXCESS BAGGAGE AND SPORTING EQUIPMENT: Refer to www.flyairlink.com Important information & Conditions of Carriage Clause 8 Baggage 8.3 Whilst every effort has been made to ensure accuracy of content of the published timetable, both operational and strategic issues cause timetable changes. Due to the forward lead time required for publication, these often cannot be duly reflected. Should this occur, Airlink and its agents are not responsible for any errors, omissions, losses or detriments arising from the publication.

102 05 12

MEMBER

520 days

That's how long six astronauts spent in a mock spaceship to see how humans would react to conditions on Mars

15,048

Runs scored in test matches by Indian cricket star Sachin Tendulkar

To the moon and back… Footnotes on the moon

Aim for the moon. If you miss, you may hit a star. – W. Clement Stone Drag me to the moon, to catch a star and seize its brilliance as I’m swept up in amorphous dust. – Bradley Chicho From now on, we live in a world where man has walked on the moon. It’s not a miracle; we just decided to go. – Tom Hanks If the sun and the moon should ever doubt, they’d immediately go out. – William Blake

104 05 12

If we don’t do it, somebody else will. The Chinese, the Europeans and the Japanese all have the goal of going to the moon. Certainly, we don’t want to wake up and see that they have a base there before we do. – Bart Gordon

If we can send a man to the moon, then why don’t we send a woman? – Kylie Bax If you strive for the moon, maybe you will get over the fence. – James Wood In a very real sense, it will not be the one man going to the moon; it will be an entire nation. For all of us must work to put him there. – John F. Kennedy In the ‘20s they were telling us we’d all have our own private plane and take vacations to the moon. – Jay Chiat It’s hard not to be excited when you’re going to find a way to land on the moon. – Alan Bean

67%

-411m

The number of brain neurons in autistic children exceeds that of kids without the disorder

BRAIN

Men are like the earth and we are the moon; we turn always one side to them, and they think there is no other, because they don’t see it – but there is. – Olive Schreiner Moon! Moon! I am prone before you. Pity me, and drench me in loneliness. – Amy Lowell Tell me what you feel in your room when the full moon is shining in upon you and your lamp is dying out, and I will tell you how old you are, and I shall know if you are happy. – Henri Frederic Amiel The moon looks upon many night flowers; the night flowers see but one moon. – Jean Ingelow The moon of bright silver, which dazzles by its shining, illumines a world which surely is no longer ours; for it resembles in nothing what may be seen in other lands. – Pierre Loti We knew it was going to be difficult to get to the moon. We didn’t know how difficult. – Alan Bean You can be the moon and still be jealous of the stars. – Gary Allan Don’t tell me the moon is shining; show me the glint of light on broken glass. – Anton Chekhov

The lowest land depression in the world; the Dead Sea

The moon is a friend for the lonesome to talk to. – Carl Sandburg

PAIN

Wrap your head around these brain teasers and see what you can make of them 1: Change is a good thing Change TALK to HUSH to CHAT by changing one letter at a time. Each step must produce a valid word in the English language. No word can be used more than once. Talk > hush > chat

2: What’s missing? Find the missing word in each missing link, but every time you insert a word, you need to change one of its letters to make the next one. Eg: a. ___way b. shopping __ Answers: a. hallway b. shopping mall a. back____ b. ____house c. over____ful d. hand____ e. counter____

3: Celeb couple

Kennedy made a mess in Cuba at the Bay of Pigs. He had to do something to look good. The Apollo programme of going to the moon was quite a goal. – Wally Schirra

The onnicle below contains the names of a well-known Hollywood couple. For example: I have loved cappuccino with carob infusions since my childhood. Answer: Robin Hood (... caROB INfusions ... childhood) I forgot to mention that Premier Cru is excellent with caviar and dill. Citric vodka ties in well with chocolate nuts. [An Artistry in Alcohol message.]

It’s the opinion of some that crops could be grown on the moon; which raises the fear that it may not be long before we’re paying somebody not to. – Franklin P. Jones

1: Talk task tusk husk hush hash cash cast cost coat chat 2: a. backward, b. warehouse, c. overcareful, d. handcart, e. counterpart 3: Tom Cruise (...TO Mention ... CRU IS Excellent...) and Katie Holmes (...vodKA TIEs ... AlcoHOL MESsage)

Text | Lida-Marie Saayman Photography | Gregor Kervina, Binkski

Answers

Yeah we all shine on, like the moon, and the stars, and the sun. – John Lennon

brought to you by

105 05 12

Since 1994

Don't miss a single issue with www.Coolmags.co.za. It's never been easier to subscribe to your favourite magazine. Simply log on to www.Coolmags.co.za and subscribe to a host of interesting and entertaining magazines.

4.55 billion The age of the world in years

battleship Each Battleship puzzle represents a section of ocean with a hidden fleet of one battleship, two cruisers and three submarines. The ships may be oriented horizontally or vertically within the grid such that no ship touches another, not even diagonally. Any remaining squares in the grid contain water segments, which are shown as a symbol of water or as an X. The numbers on the bottom and on the right of the grid show how many squares in the corresponding rows and columns are occupied by ships. The object is to discover where all six ships are located.

0.44

The size of the Vatican City in square kilometres; the smallest city in the world

sudoku

Try the addictive game of Sudoku. The aim is to fill each block with a number from 1 to 9. Each number must not appear more than once in each row, column and square. If you can’t finish this puzzle during your flight, please take this free copy of Skyways with you. The cabin attendant will make sure that the next passengers get their own magazine, with a clean Sudoku for them to puzzle over! Puzzles taken from www.krazydad.com

1 x Battleship

Medium

challenging

Puzzles supplied by Conceptis, www.conceptispuzzles.com

Easy

easy

2 x Cruisers 3 x Submarines

Solutions can be found on page 12.

107 05 12

15.293

1.85

Population per square kilometre in Monaco, the world’s most densely populated city

Population per square kilometre in the Western Sahara, the world’s least densely populated country

THINGS

YOU DIDN’T know about… When a mighty dragon attempts to swallow the sun… An annular solar eclipse will take place on 20 May 2012, with a magnitude of 0.9439. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon’s apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun, causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring), blocking most of the Sun’s light. It will be the first central eclipse of the 21st century in the USA, and also the first annular eclipse there since the solar eclipse of 10 May 1994, which was also the previous eclipse of the series Solar Saros 128. The Moon’s Saros Cycle takes 18 years and ten days to complete an entire orbit. Because the true length of the Saros Cycle is 6,585.19 days, you have to wait three Saros Cycles in order for an eclipse to repeat at the same spot on Earth. Successive eclipses in the Saros Cycle happen 1/3 of the way around the world from each

1 2

3

108 05 12

A SOLAR ECLIPSE

ten

other, and after three Saros Cycles, the eclipse returns to nearly the same geographic location after 54 years and 33 days. Annular solar eclipses happen because the Sun is near one of the nodes of the lunar orbit, and the Moon is at apogee at this node at the same time. Total solar eclipses happen because the Sun is near one of the nodes of the lunar orbit, and the Moon is at perigee at this node at the same time. Every eclipse begins at sunrise at some point in its track and ends at sunset about halfway around the world from the start point. During totality, the horizon is illuminated in a narrow band of light, because an observer is seeing distant localities not under the direct umbra of the Moon’s shadow.

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Text | Lida-Marie Saayman Photography | Igor Kovalchuk

178.1

Infant mortality rate in Angola, deaths per 1,000 births in 2010; the highest in the world

89.7

Life expectancy in years in Monaco; the highest in the world

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29.9

1.8 billion

Life expectancy in Haiti; the lowest in the world

People under the age of 15 years in the world, in 2011

Didya know? 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Television The internet Leonardo da Vinci Galileo Galilei The brassiere

Cricket

A male generates the chirp sound when he raises his left forewing and rubs it against the upper edge of his right forewing

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Inventions Questions 1. What hook-and-loop fastener was inspired by a walk in the Swiss woods? 2. Philo T Farnsworth is a man behind what modern entertainment device? 3. During the 2000 US presidential election, what did Al Gore’s critics say he claimed to have invented? 4. Which artist drew designs for flying machines and armoured tanks in his notebooks – in the 15th and 16th centuries? 5. Which great Italian mind is known as the ‘father of modern science’? 6. What did Mary Phelps Jacobs create – and receive a patent for – out of two silk handkerchiefs and some ribbon? Answers 1. Velcro. Georges de Mestral got the idea from burrs stuck to his clothes and in his dog’s fur.

Questions 1. In what country is cricket fighting a popular pastime? 2. What colour is Jiminy Cricket’s umbrella? 3. What rock n’ roll icon, singer of That’ll Be the Day, died in a plane crash on 3 February 1959? 4. What is the name of the cricket in A Cricket in Times Square? 5. According to Dolbear’s Law, what can be determined by the speed of a cricket’s chirping? 6. What is the traditional length of a test cricket match? Answers 1. China 2. Red 3. Buddy Holly. Holly’s backing band was known as the Crickets. 4. Chester 5. Temperature. The formula added 50 to the amount of chirps in a 15 second period to provide the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. 6. Five days

Famous beauties Questions 1. In what film does Ben Stiller challenge Owen Wilson to a male-model ‘walk-off’? 2. What supermodel, wed to Cars singer Ric Ocasek, appeared as a judge on America’s Next Top Model? 3. Who had ‘the face that launched a thousand ships’, according to English dramatist Christopher Marlowe? 4. What 1990s lingerie innovation made the list of 50 greatest Canadian inventions?

4.4 billion People aged 15 to 64 years old in the world, in 2011

516 million People aged 65 and over in the world, in 2011

5. 6.

In what country was Elle Macpherson born? In 2007, BeyoncÊ Knowles became the first non-model to grace what magazine cover? Answers 1. Zoolander. The comedy spoofs the world of runway modelling. 2. Paulina Porizkova 3. Helen of Troy. According to legend, Paris’s abduction of the beautiful Helen caused the Trojan War. 4. The Wonderbra. It holds the number-five spot, according to a Canadian poll. 5. Australia 6. Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue. Text | Supplied by Trivial Pursuit

Thanks to Trivial Pursuit for supplying the questions and answers. Get your own game from leading retailers countrywide

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178,000,000 Children under the age of five suffering from stunted growth as a result of under-nutrition

15%

Percentage of the world’s population that goes to bed hungry

Athletic pursuits and other

pass-times

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Exercise is good for you. I frowned upon this sage advice as the pain in my wobbly left ankle reminded me that I had volunteered for this madness. Hundreds of runners surrounded me in the road race. The route included a character-building session on a dirt track adjoining farmland. Some elite looking athletes with slight frames were miles ahead of the masses. The only indication that their bodies were under pressure was their glazed stares. They were on a mission to beat the clock. The race was called Tuff 10. “I wonder why?” I moaned to anyone within earshot. Being early on a Saturday morning, sensible sorts were asleep in their beds. Lovers were enjoying a leisurely English breakfast. Someone somewhere was having a hot shower. I decided that the morning’s events called for a calming mantra of “I am strong, this is easy.” Whether it was caused by positive reinforcement or the transition from gravel to tarred road, I cannot be sure, but the day seemed brighter. We had reached halfway. Oh, no…surely we were not running up that steep hill? I ran until I could run no more. I slowed down to a respectable shuffle, before waning lung capacity indicated that it would be advisable to adjust my gait to power walking. I pretended that admiring houses in the prestigious suburb was what I had set out to do despite wearing a nifty pair of leggings. Then I remembered a running tip that I’d read in a sports magazine. Picture an imaginary cord between you and the runner ahead. I sought to focus instead on a limber looking, 20-something male runner. He inspired my running recovery. I had turned the corner, as it were. Just one kilometre to go. Just one more obstacle – a suspicious looking pool of water from a blocked drain settled over the tarmac in the short stretch in front of me. I sprang aloft, surprising myself at the distance I covered with one leap. A painful twitch on landing reminded me not to get ahead of myself. I had crossed the finish line. Life was good. What better

way to reward effort than with a wors roll? A DJ played music over a temperamental sound system. The morning was just what the doctor had ordered. I had a medal in my pocket and friends at my side. The sky had dawned blue and clear. Running could remedy just about anything. Text: Samantha Barnes

N AT I O N A L A I R P O R T S C O R P O R AT I O N L I M I T E D

BORN AGAIN! On your visit to Zambia, fly into a warm welcome, courtesy of National Airports Corporation Limited (NACL). We are the leading provider of first class Airport facilities, ground handling and Air Navigation services in the Zambian air space. Three of our four designated international airports have been renamed after three distinguished founding fathers. Lusaka International Airport is now Kenneth Kaunda International Airport, Livingstone is Harry Mwanga Nkumbula International Airport and Ndola is now Simon Mwansa Kapwepwe International Airport. At all the four international airports in Zambia, Mfuwe inclusive, we are reknown for providing passenger facilitation, Air Navigation services, retail space, ground handling and transport and accommodation arrangement for cabin crew.

www.nacl.co.zm KENNETH KAUNDA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Po Box 30175 Lusaka Tel + 260 211 271313 Tel fax 271007, 271292 Email: Agness.chaila@lun.aero Friday.mulenga@lun.aero

HARRY MWANGA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Po Box 60199 Livingstone Tel: + 260 213 321153 Fax + 260 213 324235 Email: nacliv @zamnet.zm

SIMON MWANSA KAPWEPWE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Po Box 70095 Ndola Tel: +260 212 614226, 611193-5 Fax: 612635 Email: naclnd@bringcom.zm

MFUWE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT P.o Box 2 Mfuwe Tel: + 260 216 245006 Fax: + 260 216 245029 Email: naclmf@zamtel.zm

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SkyWays Magazine June 2012