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september 2013

Your free take-home copy - exclusive to Airlink passengers

TM

september 2013

freedom for executives on the move

In full bloom The blossoming of South Africa’s tourism industry pg. 28

The marvel of Mana Pools Madiba’s words of inspiration

Jozi’s inner city revival Tech review Motoring

The quest for organisational clarity Cuisine Movies get teens reading


Flop Sofa


Interact september 2013

Your free take-home copy - exclusive to Airlink passengers

TM

september 2013

freedom for executives on the move

In full bloom The blossoming of South Africa’s tourism industry pg. 28

The marvel of Mana Pools Madiba’s words of inspiration SkySept Cover NEW.indd 25

Jozi’s inner city revival Tech review Motoring

The quest for organisational clarity Cuisine Movies get teens reading 2013/08/19 11:04 AM

Tourism blossoms on page 28

freedom for executives on the move

Cashing in What a difference a month can make. For decades South Africa was a pariah country and the world turned its back on us. Cultural boycotts and economic sanctions exiled us to the global wilderness. In the early ’90s the winds of change swept through bringing with them a newfound hope of a better tomorrow. Then came 2010 when the Rainbow Nation hosted what is arguably the most successful FIFA World Cup ever. For 30 days South Africa put on a show that left an indelible impression on all who visited its shores. More than three years on, the country is still reaping the rewards of the tournament as scores of international tourists return to vacation in this unique country. Their visits bring with them the promise of opportunity in the form of job creation and adding to the country’s overall GDP. As we celebrate Tourism Month this September, let’s continue to welcome the world with open arms and our unique South African greeting. Let’s not drop the standards that made us a world class tourist destination. Let’s keep the world coming back for more. Gerard Peter Editor-in-Chief

PUBLISHER Urs Honegger

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ISSN 1025-2657

Apr-June 2013 20585 (total)

Skyways is printed on partially recycled paper

Skyways Magazine is published monthly and distributed via Airlink. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this magazine in whole or in part is prohibited without prior written permission of Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Copyright © 1994-2013 Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. The views expressed in Skyways Magazine are not necessarily those of Panorama Publications or Airlink, and the acceptance and publication of editorial and advertising matterial in Skyways Magazine does not imply any endorsement or warranty in respect of goods or services therein described, whether by Skyways Magazine or the publishers. Skyways Magazine will not be held responsible for the safe return of unsolicited editorial contributions. The Editor reserves the right to edit material submitted and in appropriate cases to translate into another language. Skyways Magazine reserves the right to reject any advertising or editorial material, which may not suit the standard of the publication, without reason given. Skyways Magazine is published by Panorama Publications on behalf of Airlink. PUBLISHED BY Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Private Bag X4, Kyalami, 1684, South Africa. 92 Campolino Road, Kyalami. Tel: 011 468 2090 Fax: 011 468 2091


to connect

freedom


contents contents

16 African dream

REGULARS 8 Be scene Events calendar 10 In brief News from around the world 14 Panorama The world in pictures 72 In-flight entertainment Sudoku and Battleship 84 Flight plan Your Airlink timetable 88 Madiba magic Tata’s words of wisdom 90 Didya know? Put your grey matter to the test 92 Earth matters 10 things about going green 96 Talespin Rearranging the office furniture

6

09 13

SOUL 16 Great escape Taking a break in Mana Pools 20 East is best On tour in the Eastern Cape 24 Golden ticket Jozi’s inner city revival

Inspiring a nation

88


Tourism right on track

28

Cook club

50 Indulge yourself The ultimate in relaxation 68 Take note Bollywood inspires an all-time classic 70 Read right Latest book reviews On safari

62

MIND 28 Alive with possibility Tourism gets a major boost 32 Gaining the advantage Getting your company on the right track 36 Reaching out A helping hand for Africa’s less fortunate 40 Ask the law Understanding labour law 46 A brighter future Providing better education facilities 66 Property matters Important questions home buyers should ask BODY 56 Through the grapevine Tips from a wine master 58 Master chef Cooking up a storm MOTORING 62 Cross country New Landy put to the test TRADE 42 Tech review 44 Gadgets and gizmos 46 App your life

58


32

10,000,000

The number of muscles a cat has in each ear

The amount of times a human blinks in a year

CALENDAR

LIMPOPO

Magoebaskloof Spring festival

This nine-day festival is a wonderful showcase for food, arts, crafts and music. There will be wine tastings, marimbas, a logging contest and orchid display.  21–29 September 2013  Magoebaskloof Hotel and Haenertsburg Village i www.magoebasklooftourism.co.za

N AT I O N A L

David Helfgott Farewell, South Africa! tour Legendary concert pianist, David Helfgott, whose life was the inspiration behind the Oscar-winning film Shine, returns to South Africa for the last time.  S eptember, ZK Matthews Hall, UNISA Muckleneuk Campus, PTA  8 September, Linder Auditorium, Parktown, JHB  1 4 and 15 September, Cape Town City Hall i Book at www.computicket.com K WA Z U L U - N ATA L

Bierfest Durban GAUTENG

Soweto Wine and Lifestyle festival

Taste more than 1,000 wines with cuisine, glamour and fun. Tickets are R120 per person per night and can be bought at the door on the night or online at www.webtickets.co.za.  5–7 September 2013  University of Johannesburg, Chris Hani Rd, Soweto i www.sowetowinefestival.co.za

8

09 13

Modelled on Oktoberfest, experience an authentic Bavarian Brauhaus festival complete with limited edition beers brewed exclusively for the event and served by a fraulein, German food, an oompah band and best dressed competitions.  12–15 September 2013  Suncoast Boulevard, Marine Parade, Durban i www.bierfest.co.za

WESTERN CAPE

Open Book festival

This year’s festival will feature authors such as Teju Cole, Ian Rankin, Lauren Beukes, Zapiro, Mike Nicol, Deon Meyer, Michael Grant and Polly Dunbar.  7–11 September 2013  The Fugard Centre and the Book Lounge, Cape Town i www.openbookfestival.co.za


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4 to 7

80%

The average number of dreams a person has per night

N AT U R E

Dolphins ‘call each other by name’ Scientists have found further evidence that dolphins ‘call each other by name’.

R

10 09 13

esearch has revealed that the marine mammals use a unique whistle to identify each other. A team from the University of St Andrews in Scotland found that when the animals hear their own call played back to them, they respond. Dr Vincent Janik from the university’s Sea Mammal Research Unit said: “Dolphins live in this three-dimensional environment, offshore without any kind of landmarks, and they need to stay together as a group. These animals live in an environment where they need a very efficient system to stay in touch.” It had long been suspected that dolphins use distinctive whistles in much the same way that humans use names. Previous research found that these calls were used frequently, and dolphins in the same groups were able to learn and copy the unusual sounds. But this is the first time that the animals’ response to being addressed by their ‘name’ has been studied. To investigate, researchers recorded a group

Water in a human’s brain

of wild bottlenose dolphins, capturing each animal’s signature sound. They then played these calls back using underwater speakers. “We played signature whistles of animals in the group; we also played other whistles in their repertoire and then signature whistles of different populations – animals they had never seen in their lives,” explained Dr Janik. The researchers found that individuals only responded to their own calls, by sounding their whistle back. The team believes the dolphins are acting like humans: when they hear their name, they answer. source: BBC.com

H E A LT H

Gene-sequenced IVF leads to healthy baby boy Scientists have used a newgeneration gene-sequencing technique to select a viable embryo for in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) that yielded a healthy baby boy.

I

VF, the process whereby a human egg is fertilised with sperm in the laboratory, is a hit-and-miss affair, with only about 30% of fertilised embryos resulting in pregnancy after

implantation. The reason for the high failure rate is not clear but genetic defects are the prime suspects, according to the authors of the paper presented at a meeting in London of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE). The new method, known as next-generation sequencing or NGS, uses updated technology to sequence an entire genome – revealing inherited genetic disorders, chromosome abnormalities and mutations, and helping to identify those embryos with the best chances of producing a viable pregnancy. Source: IOL


85%

11%

Of plant life is in the ocean

Of people are left-handed

E N T E R TA I N M E N T

Movies make teens hungry for books

Blockbuster films such as The Hunger Games and The Twilight Saga are helping to fuel a resurgence in teenagers’ reading, research shows.

T

he young adult fiction market is booming, with book sales increasing by 11% between 2011 and 2012. The rise coincided with the last outing of Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattinson in The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn, as well as Jennifer Lawrence’s debut performance in The Hunger Games. This is compared to a 4% decline in adult fiction in 2012. Figures from Nielsen BookScan, which collates book sales worldwide, underline how crucial movie tie-ins are for publishers. The top 10 best-selling young adult fiction books in the UK since records began in 1998 is dominated by three authors who boast film adaptations – the Twilight series author Stephenie Meyer, Philip Pullman, who wrote the His Dark Materials trilogy, and The Hunger Games author Suzanne Collins. Rick Yancey’s The 5th Wave is tipped as the next hit, with former Spider-Man actor Tobey Maguire snapping up the film rights to the tale of a girl trying to find her brother in the wake of an alien attack. Source: IOL

ENVIRONMENT

H E A LT H

Air pollution cuts northern China lifespan

Beer may be good for your heart

A new study links heavy air pollution from coal burning to shorter lives in northern China.

Drinking a pint of beer a day could improve the health of your heart, according to research.

R

S

Source: IOL

Source: IOL

esearchers estimate that the 500,000 people alive there in the 1990s will live an average of five and a half years less than their southern counterparts because they breathe dirtier air. For decades, a now-discontinued government policy provided free coal for heating, but only in the colder north. Researchers found significant differences in both particle pollution of the air and life expectancy in the two regions, and said the results could be used to extrapolate the effects of such pollution on lifespans elsewhere in the world. The researchers estimated the impact on life expectancies using mortality data from 1991 to 2000. They found that in the north, the concentration of particulates was 184 micrograms per cubic metre – or 55% – higher than in the south, and life expectancies were five and a half years lower on average across all age ranges. The researchers said the difference in life expectancies was almost entirely due to an increased incidence of deaths classified as cardio respiratory – those from causes that have previously been linked to air quality, including heart disease, stroke, lung cancer and respiratory illnesses.

cientists found that blood flow to the heart improved within a couple of hours of polishing off two-thirds of a pint, and that the effect was more powerful than drinking a non-alcoholic equivalent. The findings support previous evidence that moderate beer consumption could protect against heart attacks and strokes. But this is believed to be one of the first studies to look at what happens to the cardiovascular system immediately after drinking beer. Scientists at Harokopio University in Athens recruited 17 non-smoking men in their late twenties and early thirties. Each had their cardiovascular health measured within an hour or two of drinking 400mℓ of beer, the equivalent of a little more than two-thirds of a pint. They later had the same tests done after drinking the same amount of alcohol-free beer or a measure of vodka. The results, published online in the journal Nutrition, showed all three drinks had some beneficial effect on the stiffness of arteries around the heart, but the arteries were most flexible and therefore improved blood flow the most after the men had been drinking beer. The scientists said the combination of alcohol and antioxidants in beer may be crucial to its healthy effects.

11 09 13


26

26 calories

The amount of bones you have in your foot

Are burned when kissing for one minute

Get the answer Just in case our puzzles are sending you around the bend, here are the solutions. Puzzles can be found on page 72.

Sudoku Easy

Challenging

BIZARRE

No such thing as a midlife crisis

Temper is the characteristic many American women would like to change in men and most women think a midlife crisis is just an excuse for men to behave badly, according to a recent survey.

Easy

T

he 60 Minutes/Vanity Fair telephone poll of 1,186 US adults also showed that most people think there is no such thing as the perfect man, and education trumps being hardworking and being a gentleman as the most important quality for a man as he matures. Of the people questioned in the poll, 21% thought a midlife crisis was a biological necessity, but nearly 60% described it as nothing more than an excuse for acting unfavourably. “The classic examples of buying a sports car or getting a young girlfriend are clichéd,” according to the poll. “A midlife crisis usually happens unexpectedly, like when you’re shaving in the mirror one day and it dawns on you that you are not going to be president of the United States and your best days may be in the rear-view mirror.” source: Daily Mail

TECHNOLOGY

Web of sleeplessness

12 09 13

Battleship

If you’re one of those people who sleep with their mobile devices or tablets next to their pillow, you may be woken up by notifications throughout the night.

Medium

M

ore and more research says we’re not getting enough shut-eye and our gadgets are to blame. According to a study by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute’s Lighting Research Centre, exposure to the backlit display in most gadgets such as smartphones, TVs and tablets for two hours before bedtime can interrupt sleep. This is because the displays suppress melatonin, a hormone used in the human sleep-wake cycle, by 22%. Researcher Brittany Wood said in the study: “To produce white light, these electronic devices must emit light at short wavelengths, which makes them potential sources for suppressing or delaying the onset of melatonin in the evening, reducing sleep duration and

disrupting sleep.” The OnlinePsychology study reveals that one in two people will automatically check their phones when they wake up in the middle of the night. source: Daily Mail


35%

24km

Of indoor water is used by toilets

The distance that dolphins can hear sounds under water

C O M PA N Y N E W S

Airlink celebrates millionth passenger milestone On Sunday 18 August, Airlink carried its millionth passenger within the company’s financial year.

T

he lucky customer was Gary Whalley, who flew on board flight SA8742 from Pietermaritzburg to Johannesburg. Mr Whalley is a frequent traveler on Airlink from Pietermaritzburg. The event marked a memorable first-time-ever accomplishment for Airlink. While perhaps not that significant for large major route airline operators, it has taken Airlink more than 21 years of plying the thinner routes with small-gauge aircraft to achieve this milestone.

OSFF 703963

Gareth McGahey (First Officer); Salona Naidoo (Flight Attendant); Peter Paul Ngwenya (Chairman, Airlink); Gary Whalley (Airlink’s 1,000,000th passenger); Aneena Hurling (Flight Attendant); Bernd Jessnitz (Captain); and Christine Smith (Branch Manager)

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Abandoned home A dramatic night-time shot of the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet. Built in the mid 17th century at an altitude of 3,700m, the Potala Palace comprises 13 stories of buildings containing over 1,000 rooms, 10,000 shrines and about 200,000 statues. The palace was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to India, during the 1959 Tibetan uprising. Today, this UNESCO Heritage Site is a museum.

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15 09 13


free | soul

The magic of Mana

Andrea Abbott throws caution to the wind and has the experience of a lifetime in Zimbabwe

16 09 13


people

warned I’d be taken by lions, crushed by elephants, grabbed by crocodiles, bitten in half by hippos. “It’s totally wild,” some said. That – the wildness – was, for me, the main appeal of Mana Pools National Park in Zimbabwe. A UNESCO World Heritage Site (one of four in Zimbabwe – the others being the Victoria Falls, Great Zimbabwe Ruins and Matobo Hills), it’s a primeval and uniquely beautiful place and one where animals roam through unfenced campsites unfazed by humans in their midst. As to the warnings of the dangers those animals pose – well, I had seen the television documentaries that featured threatening displays by dangerous creatures. Watching closely, I decided that those displays were probably provoked for the sake of sensationalism. In all the years we’ve travelled into remote wild places, we’ve never experienced any such threats from the resident wildlife. Human behaviour though, is another story. Mana lies in the Middle Zambezi Valley and edges that great river for about 40km. The park extends another 50km south into the hills of the Zambezi Escarpment. Mana is the Shona word for ‘four’, referring to the four pools on the floodplain, the remnants of oxbow lakes created when the Zambezi changed course aeons ago. During the dry months from May to November, those pools are a lifeblood providing water to huge concentrations of animals who move in from the parched outlying areas to drink and to feed on the grasslands and the pods of the ana trees that grow on the river terraces. In the wake of the browsers and grazers come predators of every kind. For the best game viewing then, October is a good month to visit the park. Given the extreme heat, it’s also the most uncomfortable time to go. Not for nothing is it referred to as ‘suicide month’. Mana’s six main habitats start with the great Zambezi River and its sandbars and sandy islands. Next is the riparian fringe and alluvial floodplain. Moving south, you encounter park-like mopane forests as well as mixed species dry forests, also called jesse bush, and the open woodlands along the Rukomechi and Chitake Rivers. Finally, climbing up the escarpment, you encounter miombo woodland. Throughout, except for near the river, baobabs dominate the landscape, sometimes standing authoritatively in the middle of the road as if to

The privilege of camping in a remote, exclusive campsite next to the Zambezi River

17 09 13


free | soul

Sunrise over the Zambezi River

Burchell’s zebra occur in Mana and are distinguished from the plains zebra of South Africa by the lack of a shadow stripe

18 09 13

remind motorists to drive slowly. Especially impressive are the 13 massive specimens that crown a hilltop in the far south of the park. These habitats support a wonderful array of wildlife: all the great central African animal species bar the rhino (and nearly 400 species of birds, most of them resident). However, wildlife viewing is just one reason to visit Mana. There are other equally rewarding experiences to be had. It begins at daybreak when a clamorous dawn chorus ensures you won’t sleep through the coming sunrise, one of the best anywhere. Camping alongside the river, you’re perfectly positioned to watch the water change to a lurid orange and then to gold as the sun climbs higher in the sky. For keen photographers, it’s a spectacle not to be missed. Next, and so much better than a game drive, is a

walk in the wilderness. Unlike in almost every other game reserve where lions, elephants, buffalos, hippos, crocodiles and leopards occur, visitors are allowed to walk in Mana unaccompanied. Walking affords new perspectives of the flora and fauna of an area but caution is key, and it’s advisable to go in a group and only where you can see for a long way in all directions, and never at night. As the day warms up, you might want to simply relax at the camp. Accommodation is in rustic, comfortable lodges, or luxury camps operated by private tour operators who will fetch fly-in guests from the Mana airstrip, or in your own tent in either the main camp at Nyamepi or one of the exclusive campsites. For a true wilderness experience, little beats those exclusive sites. Mostly remote with no facilities, they’re booked out to only one party. Of them all, the sites at Chitake in the south are the most remote and, in many ways, the most rewarding. This is because of a miracle of nature – Chitake Spring. In the dry season, the spring, like the four pools on the floodplain, is a lifeblood. It flows out from the ground into the otherwise dried-up Chitake riverbed, forming a kilometre-long stream that thousands of animals depend on. At Chitake, there is no need to go out on exhausting game drives. Stay in camp and the wildlife comes to you, especially herds of relaxed elephants who stroll up and down the riverbed. Joining them are impala, kudu, a variety of birds, warthogs and well-behaved baboons that, unlike those in Nyamepi, show no familiarity with humans and their food. The days in camp are long and languorous but come night and everything changes. Sitting around a fire


How to get there under a huge, star-spangled sky, I felt the tension of the bush as the darkness deepened and calls of predators echoed all around. Lions roared for hour upon hour, the sound amplified as it swept down the river valley and bounced off cliffs. I saw no feline shape, nor any glinting large eyes, so had no way of telling how close those lions were. Side-striped jackals yipped, black-backed jackals barked, a giant eagle owl grumbled, hyenas howled, and elephants trumpeted, angered by something that we could only guess at. I slept little and as dawn approached, those nocturnal choruses gave way to the booming of ground hornbills, the skrawk of grey-headed parrots, the warning bark of impala, and the wha-hooing of baboons nesting at the top of a nearby baobab. Truly, Mana Pools is one of Africa’s greatest natural wonders. Text and photography | Andrea Abbott

Airlink offer daily flights from Johannesburg to Bulawayo and convenient same day return flights from Johannesburg to Harare. www.flyairlink.com Left: Some baobabs literally stop you in your tracks! Bottom: Impala are abundant on the floodplain

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free | soul

Eas’capism The Eastern Cape offers an abundance of natural beauty, exhilarating activities and the ingredients that dreams are made of

20 09 13


The Eastern Cape is South Africa’s wild province. Scenic diversity is its most striking characteristic, ranging from the lush, evergreen Tsitsikamma Forest to the rugged Baviaanskloof Wilderness Area, to the southern slopes of the Drakensberg and the arid Great Karoo. The province is abundant in natural diversity. It incorporates parts of all seven ecological zones that occur in South Africa and features all three of the country’s biodiversity regions, and is further enhanced by 820km of untamed coastline. This heralds a colourful assortment of fauna and flora, including South Africa’s Big Five, an abundance of bird life and a rich and varied marine life, including 27 species of whales and dolphins. As the birthplace of Nelson Mandela, the province is also noted for its role in fuelling the fight for South African democracy. It’s a region that is steeped in cultural and historical significance and stories of Xhosa kings, early settlers and cultural conflicts. Alternating between sweeping sand, river mouths, rocks and coves, the coastline is a paradise for water sport enthusiasts. Among them, surfers ride the perfect waves, anglers reel in king-size catches and boardsailors revel in the challenging wind.

Gems of the Eastern Cape Port Elizabeth Set on the shores of Algoa Bay, The Friendly City beckons with an attractive atmosphere of year-round holiday fun against a backdrop of urban activity. Its warm, welcoming nature is matched by a climate which boasts more

sunshine than any other coastal town in the country. The beaches are always alive with sun worshippers, and conditions are excellent for surfing, sailing, diving and angling. In addition, the city boasts a number of nature reserves with an abundance of bird life. Tsitsikamma Tsitsikamma is a khoi word meaning ‘place of abundant or sparkling water’. The region stretches from the Bloukrans River in the west to Eerste Rivier in the east, bordered in the north by the imposing Tsitsikamma Mountain and in the south by the Indian Ocean. The area is covered in large tracts of indigenous forest, commercial plantation and fynbos. Deep river gorges cleft the plateau as they make their way down to the sea, creating spectacular waterfalls and deep kloofs. Activities include hiking, bungee jumping – the world’s highest commercial bridge bungee jump – golfing, horse trails, the dolphin trail, canopy tours and mountain biking. Otter Trail The Otter Trail ranks alongside the best trails in the world. The trail follows the Eastern Cape coastline from the Storms River Mouth to Nature’s Valley in the Tsitsikamma National Park. The trail is 42,5km long and takes an average of four and a half days to complete. Addo Elephant National Park The Addo Elephant National Park supports about 200 elephants in addition to Cape buffalo, black rhino, kudu and over 180 South African bird species. This is a great opportunity to meet and learn more about these amazing animals. Grahamstown Grahamstown boasts a wealth of architecturally pleasing historical buildings and has at least one example of domestic architecture from every decade since 1820. During the winter months Grahamstown hosts the National Festival of the Arts where you can enjoy an incredible variety of drama, dance and music.

Pleasant faces will greet you everywhere you go in the province

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free | soul

Walk among giants at the Addo Elephant Park

How to get there

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Airlink offer flights Mon – Fri between Port Elizabeth and East London. www.flyairlink.com

East London South Africa’s only river port city is set on the broad Buffalo River and one of the most attractive stretches of the Eastern Cape seaboard. The city of East London offers sweeping white beaches which extend for miles; unpolluted, uncrowded and unspoilt. Swimming, sailing, waterskiing, boardsailing and boating are enjoyed all year round, while the river mouths, lagoons and gullies provide a paradise for fishermen. Karoo Heartland The Karoo Heartland epitomises the essence of South Africa with its vast open spaces, sparse veld bushes and distant brooding mountains. The tranquil landscape of Frontier Country, studded with historical towns and villages, invites a closer scrutiny of the intriguing background of conflict, courage, despair and success. Eastern region From East London, the road parallel to the Wild Coast leads through a region of unspoilt beauty with thick indigenous forests, hilly grasslands and sheer cliffs falling to white, unspoilt beaches. The northern Ukhahlamba region, dominated by the southern Drakensberg, is characterised by mountains, sandstone cliffs, green valleys, crystal clear streams and crisp, clean air.

Tourism routes Eastern Cape tourism routes have been established to assist visitors in exploring the province. These not only highlight its wealth in natural beauty and deep historical roots, but also take you to a number of mustsee destinations.

The Coastal Route The Coastal Route covers the entire length of the Eastern Cape province, stretching across a number of districts. The route starts at Tsitsikamma and includes various attractions such as the Tsitsikamma National Park, the Addo Elephant National Park, the beaches of the Sunshine Coast, the rich heritage of Frontier Country, the picturesque village of Hogsback and the Amatola Mountains, before reaching the unspoilt beaches of the Wild Coast. Friendly N6 The N6 highway is the backbone of this route that offers tourists a wholesome experience including a host of outdoor activities such as fly fishing in cold trout streams, hiking on pristine mountain trails, skiing at South Arica’s only ski resort, viewing San rock art, rejuvenating in hot springs and visiting African villages. Kouga The diverse Kouga Route leads the traveller through fields of pastoral countryside, the shelly beaches of surfer’s paradise and to the Baviaanskloof Mega Reserve. Sundays River Valley Topped by the citrus village of Kirkwood and going down to the thorny bushveld of the famous Greater Addo Elephant National Park, the Sundays River Valley Route and the Greater Addo Route, stretching from the thorny Noorsveld around Darlington Lake to the bleached dunes of Alexandria, are gems of diversity just 40 minutes’ drive from Port Elizabeth. Sunshine Coast This circular self-drive route on the wild western side of Port Elizabeth passes through beaches and nature reserves with Cape fynbos and lush forests. Text | Lida-Marié Saayman Photography | SA Info


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0 A heritage of power What started out as a power station for the city in the late 1920s, Turbine Hall is an integral part of Johannesburg’s architectural history and has become a much coveted wedding and party venue, as well the location of choice for corporate launches and conferences. Facilities comprise conference rooms and function venues with a capacity to host exhibitions or conferences for from 10 to 500 people, dinners for up to 320 and cocktail parties for up to 800. There is also a trendy upmarket bar, private dining area and Chef’s Table.

Downtown johannesburg’s

city precinct is once again a hive of tourist activity. For many years, the exodus of major businesses and safety concerns kept visitors away from the heart of Jo’burg. Now, thanks to the initiative and investment by the Jo’burg City Tourism Authority and its members, tourists are flocking to the area. Jo’burg city has received a major facelift. The streets have been cleaned, buildings renovated and proactive security measures make it one of the safest places to walk in the city. And there is certainly plenty to enjoy in the city centre, including historic monuments, scrumptious cuisine at some of the oldest hotels in the country, arts and entertainment and great shopping bargains. Skyways highlights some of the must-see attractions in the area.

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Take note 0 A definite must in downtown Jo’burg is to catch a live performance by the Johannesburg Philharmonic Orchestra (JPO). The JPO was formed in 2000 by members of the disbanded National Symphony Orchestra and presents four seasons of concerts per year.


Place of light 0 Maboneng is Jozi’s very own Soho. Once an industrial area, today it has been transformed into an integrated, mixed-use community where people play, live and work. This area collectively underpins the city centre’s exciting regeneration with a host of establishments that are fuelling an inner-city lifestyle, with entrepreneurship and creativity at its core.

revival

0 Take the footpath One of the best ways to experience Jo’burg city is by going on a guided walking tour. Start at Constitutional Hill and wind your way all the way through to the Carlton Centre. Visit the highlights of Newtown and Mary Fitzgerald Square. Walk down Main Street Mall and see exhibits at the outdoor gold museum before stopping for a bite at Gandhi Square.

Jo’burg city is back on the tourist map

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One part botany. One part gallery.

Garden meets Art Year after year, exhibitors from far and wide display their botanical masterpieces, creating a canvas of colour, texture, aroma and light much to the sensory delight of all who visit this annual horticultural showpiece. Arguably the southern hemisphere’s largest landscaping and horticultural show, The Sunday Tribune Garden Show 2013 promises to be the best!

Call +27 33 345 6274 for enquiries • www.gardenshow.co.za 27 - 29 September 2013 • Royal Show Grounds » Pietermaritzburg » 9am to 5pm

Entrance Fee –R50 for adults • R35 for pensioners and children under 12 years old


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Standing the test of time 8 The Rand Club in the heart of Jo’burg city is closely linked with the development of the world’s greatest goldfield and with the emergence of modern South Africa. Legend has it that when Cecil John Rhodes had firmly established that there was indeed gold in ‘them thar hills’, he walked to a point where the fledgling Commissioner Street meets the present-day Loveday Street and imperiously exclaimed, “here we must have a club.” And so one of Johannesburg’s great institutions was born and took shape. Today, the building boasts four storeys, imposing columns, splendid stained glass dome bars, billiard rooms, libraries, offices Tribute to a great leader 0 and a fine restaurant. Originally known as Van der Bijl

8 Revisiting the ghosts of the past It’s not exactly in the Jo’burg city precinct, but the Apartheid Museum is a definite must-see attraction in the city of gold. Located close to Gold Reef City, the museum is the first of its kind and illustrates the rise and fall of apartheid. The exhibits have been assembled and organised by a multi-disciplinary team of curators, filmmakers, historians and designers. They include provocative film footage, photographs, text panels and artefacts illustrating the events and human stories that are part of the epic saga known as apartheid. A series of 22 individual exhibition areas takes the visitor through a dramatic emotional journey that tells the story of a state-sanctioned system based on racial discrimination and the struggle of the majority to overthrow this tyranny. The museum is a beacon of hope showing the world how South Africa is coming to terms with its oppressive past and working towards a future that all South Africans can call their own.

Square, this central bus terminus was renamed in honour of Indian patriarch Mahatma Gandhi. Refurbishment of the square was completed in 2002. It now has a new look and visitors can enjoy a quick meal at one of the restaurants or cafes that line the square. Gandhi Square is also used for a variety of public exhibitions and awareness campaigns.

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28 09 13


Inspiring new ways

Upward trends in tourism spell green shoots for the Rainbow Nation’s economy South Africa’s tourism sector was given a massive boost by the successful hosting of the World Cup in 2010, when the country received a record-breaking 8.1 million foreign visitors. It has indeed grown in leaps and bounds over the years; South Africa’s tourist growth rate in 2012 was more than double the rate of the average global tourist growth, which the United Nations World Tourism Organisation estimated at about 4%.

Tourism figures have shown a steady year on year increase

Based on the tourism statistics released earlier this year by South African Tourism, Europe remains South Africa’s highest source of tourists, with the UK continuing to be South Africa’s biggest overseas tourism market. Last year 438,023 tourists travelled from the UK to South Africa. The United States is the second biggest market with 326,643 visitors in 2012. This was an increase of 13.6% from 2011. Germany was South Africa’s third biggest tourism market with 266,333 visitors.

Forging ahead A few years ago the Department of Tourism made the strategic decision to invest in the emerging markets on the continent as well as South America and Asia. As a result, arrivals from Africa have maintained a solid growth path, with growth of 8.5%. In light of this the Department of Tourism will invest R218 million over a three-year period to grow its share of the market even further. It will also be opening offices in Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda through a hub strategy. This financial year will also see the roll-out of South African Tourism’s global e-marketing strategy: ‘Meet South Africa’. This strategy will focus on the uniqueness of a South African holiday. To strengthen the country’s destination offering and

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Local is lekker The Department of Tourism is working hard to ensure that travel and tourism become attainable for South Africans. At any given time, three quarters of all tourists in the country are South Africans, with domestic tourism having contributed R101 billion to the economy in 2011. The department is keen to promote and enhance domestic tourism and implement strategies to grow this sector. Last year it developed and implemented its first ever Domestic Tourism Growth Strategy together with the Vaya Mzansi domestic tourism marketing campaign. Furthermore, in implementing the Domestic Tourism Growth and Cultural and Heritage Tourism strategies, the department will also be conducting an assessment of all South Africa’s World Heritage Sites, which as part of the rich heritage of the country, have been identified as products with intrinsic tourism value. From these assessments, it is envisaged that the department will identify the various levels of intervention for each of the products and that, together with the Department of Arts and Culture, it will prioritise projects to be initiated from 2014 onwards. The department has also developed the Tourism Accelerated Apprenticeship Programme (TAAP), which is to provide further education and training (FET) to tourism graduates through practical workplace training and exposure through skills development, and to familiarise the graduates with the operational side of the tourism and hospitality sector. For the 2013/14 financial year, the department has been allocated R3 million to roll out to the TAAP. As a result,

Eco-tourism As an eco-destination, South Africa has an enormous responsibility. The international definition of the word ecotourism implies far more than merely a nature experience. The term environment in its broader context has come to include the diverse community activities and cultures of a country’s inhabitants, as well as its scarce and sensitive natural resources. Three of South Africa’s eight Unesco World Heritage sites are natural sites, while one is a mixed cultural/natural site. These are the Cape Floral Region, the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, the Vredefort Dome and the uKhahlamba Drakensberg Park. There are 19 national parks, including the worldfamous 20,000km2 Kruger National Park. The country’s terrestrial protected areas stand at around 6.9%. Marine protected areas make up around 11%.

Township tours Township tours take tourists into real township life. The tours usually consist of walking with locals, visiting homes, supporting the locals’ products, visiting community crafters, eating with the locals, listening to love music and even learning a local dance style. In the 1980s residents started organising township tours to educate those in local government on how the black population lived. Such tours also attracted international tourists, who wanted to learn more about apartheid.

Text | Lida-Marié Saayman Photography | SA Info

UNESCO

Township tours are a firm favourite among foreign tourists

enhance the overall visitor experience, it has embarked on a process to align the branding and service levels of more than 240 visitor information centres across the country. South Africa has established itself not only as a leisure destination, but as a business tourism destination as well. In the first year of the establishment of the National Convention Bureau, it has secured 87 new association meetings for the period 2013 to 2017, which will contribute more than R2.6 billion to the economy. In 2013 alone, the 38 secured association meetings will bring more than 57,000 delegates to South Africa, who will inject R680 million into the economy.

100 FET interns will be recruited and placed at various institutions across the country. Currently, the department is also in its first year of implementing regional tourism support packages. The support ranges from tourism infrastructure development and nodal and spatial development zones to skills development programmes, service excellence awareness and training, tourism routes development, rural tourism programmes and strategic niche tourism market development. Tourism is a key sector of the economy, and is making a difference in the lives of ordinary South Africans. The role that tourism plays in our country should never be underestimated. The growth in tourism that we see confirms that our Rainbow Nation has a lot to be proud of and the tourism statistics demonstrate the success of the initiatives of the Department of Tourism and is an expression of the confidence the international community has in our country.


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Creating organisational clarity is key to business profitability

32 09 13


The second discipline of organisational health is to create clarity. In last month’s article we discussed building and sustaining a cohesive leadership team. The main work of a cohesive and unified top team is to eliminate all forms of confusion, ambiguity and politics. This means it must create clarity and communicate that clarity in multiple ways with confidence and conviction to the rest of the organisation. Doing this work is the main job of leadership. Creating clarity involves the top team answering a few fundamental and deceptively simple questions, which in turn sets a direction and standard that everyone can commit to. These questions have to do with why the organisation exists, what the most important goals are that people need to focus on, how the organisation will compete and committing to clear and unambiguous standards of behaviour. To answer these questions with depth requires both a time and emotional commitment, hence the need for team cohesion and everyone’s full participation. If politics and self-interest creep in at the beginning, it does not bode well for the steps that must follow.

on doing fewer more important things better coupled with a genuine commitment to eliminate noise and distraction, energy and intelligence are released and great work gets done. The cost to the business of having these people disengaged or even leave is too high to not redouble efforts to create clarity.

Where do you start? What leaders must do to give employees the clarity they need is to agree on the answers to six simple but critical questions and thereby eliminate even small discrepancies in their thinking. None of the questions can be addressed in isolation; they must be answered together. Failing to achieve alignment around any one of them can prevent an organisation from attaining the level of clarity necessary to become healthy.

The six questions are: 1.

Lead by example Members of the top team must be on the same page – emotionally committed to a particular course of action, facing the future together in a unified way. This does not mean they wait for 100% certainty about how things will unfold, but that they back themselves to figure it out. The rest of the organisation looks to the leadership for this. If politics and confusion reign instead of this clarity and unity around a common cause, it is easy to see how the rest of the organisation will suffer. A lack of clarity and cohesion at the top is a main contributor to why employee engagement scores are so low in large organisations. When there is confusion and ambiguity, double standards and inconsistent messaging from the top, people disengage. But when everyone, starting with the leader and the top team, is rallying around a clearly defined direction, knows what to do, why it is important and there is consistent open two-way communication, then meaning – and even excitement – return and people check back in again. The best people in your business, the ones you never want to leave, crave these conditions. When the focus is

Read the previous instalment on this series online at skywaysmagazine.co.za

Why do we exist? This question goes to the core purpose of the organisation – the real reason why it exists. It defines what difference it makes and how it contributes to a better world. Of all the questions this one is the most aspirational. It is the ‘reason we get out of bed in the morning’ question and establishes a real framework of meaning for the activity that happens in the business on a day-today basis. In the pursuit of targets and short-term deadlines people tend to look after themselves. Leaders have to keep reminding the business of the purpose for it all and actively work to resolve the conflicts that may arise.

 Your key question: How do we contribute to a better world? 2.

What do we do? Whereas the first question is aspirational, this one is extremely practical. This is the vehicle you have chosen to achieve your core purpose. It is a literal explanation of the business you are in, who you serve in the process and how the business makes money. It is surprising how many people in organisations of all sizes don’t connect what they do every day to what the customer needs and the way in which the business makes money. Unless there is clarity here the business can lose its way, with people working on what they think is important, which may not be of the greatest value to the organisation and who it serves.

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should provide the ultimate guide for employee behaviour at all levels. The most successful companies adhere to a set of principles that guide their behaviour and decisions over time, preserving the essence of the organisation. The emphasis here is on core values, not the normal long list which tries to be all things to all people and achieves very little, but the few behavioural values that are irreplaceable and fundamental, which set you apart strategically and must exist within all employees.

Your key question: What are the core behavioural values that all employees must share to thrive? 6.

About LeadershipWorks LeadershipWorks is the official partner for The Table Group and Patrick Lencioni content in Southern Africa. The company provides training and consulting services to leaders and their organisations in the Patrick Lencioni content. Their core purpose is to provide the ideas and tools to build healthy organisations and great business teams. For more information contact: Grant Ashfield, Telephone: 011 463 4788 SMS: 082 894 4288, Email: grant@ leadershipworks.co.za Website: www. leadershipworks.co.za

Your key question: What business are we in and who do we serve? 3.

Your key question: What are our three strategic anchors that guide everyone’s work? 4.

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What is most important right now? Above everything else this question is designed to create extreme focus and draw members of the top team together around a single and clearly defined objective – otherwise expressed as a rallying cry. It is the single most important priority of the top team right now, which if they don’t achieve they can’t claim to have been successful. Most organisations have too many priorities at the same time. This dilutes attention, precious company resources and the intensity of the team to get the most important stuff done.

 Your key question: What is the single most important thing we need to achieve together in the next six to nine months to be successful? 5.

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How will we succeed? This gets to the heart of the practical strategy of the business and clarifies how the organisation competes and differentiates itself. When this question is clearly answered it explains how decisions get made and resources and time allocated in order for the business to give itself the best chance to thrive and set itself apart from its competitors.

How do we behave? The answer to this question is embodied in an organisation’s core values, which

Who must do what? At one level this question seems obvious and straightforward but its importance must not be taken for granted, with the top team initially and then everywhere else in the organisation. Making assumptions about the answers can lead to surprising and unwanted problems. Sometimes two people claim to be responsible for the same task or discipline, in other cases there is a gap or even when it’s clear the expectations of what must be delivered are not. It is always worthwhile to clarify so everyone on the team knows and agrees on what everyone else does and that all critical areas are covered.

Your key question: Who is responsible for what and what is each person expected to deliver? Answering these questions is as difficult as it is theoretically simple. It’s simple in that it does not require great intellectual capacity or cleverness; every leadership team has more than enough intellect, information and experience to achieve clarity. Instead, and this is the difficult part, it does require cohesion at the top, a commitment to avoid coming up with catchy phrases that sound impressive but mean little and it does require time. Not months, but a few days upfront and then the time as a top team to sit with the questions and fully bake the answers to ensure everyone understands what they mean. In the end, more than getting the perfect right answer, it is important to simply have an answer – one that is directionally correct, around which all members can commit and together confidently engage the rest of the organisation in. Text | Grant Ashfield and Patrick Lencioni Photography | Shutterstock


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36 09 13


A beacon of hope Celebrity chef trades high heels for school meals in Lesotho

the moon

is still hanging in the sky when many students begin their long walk to the Montsi Combined School in the highland region of Lesotho near Mohale Dam.

From the laughter heard on the playground, it is hard to believe that more than half of these children have been orphaned by HIV/Aids, and nearly a dozen live in homes that are headed by children, the food cupboards bare. But Montsi Combined School, like all of the schools supported by the World Food Programme (WFP), is a beacon of hope for the residents of this region. For many of the children, their only real meals each day come from the WFP school meals programme, which serves breakfast and lunch to help the students focus on learning throughout the day. Each morning, they have a bowl of sweet porridge, then later in the day a lunch of pap accompanied by beans or fish from WFP, and spinach, beetroot or cabbage grown in the school’s garden. This year, WFP has been able to expand the school meals programme from 75,000 children to 125,000 in 623 schools due to the generous support of the Republic of South Africa. In late 2012, South Africa contributed R180 million to support WFP’s response to the food security emergency in Lesotho, with a focus on efforts to fight malnutrition among children, pregnant women and nursing mothers. Recently, South African celebrity chef, TV personality and WFP Hunger Advocate Yudhika Sujanani visited the school and other WFP programmes in Lesotho to see first-hand how the partnership between WFP and the Government of South Africa is changing lives for the better. Yudhika, host of the TV programme Sugar ’n Spice and author of several bestselling cookbooks, is known for her designer heels and signature curry dishes. But her

life wasn’t always flash and high fashion, and she knows how powerful a school meal can be. “There was never enough of anything to go around,” she recalled of her childhood. “My friends at school would often share their home-made school lunch with me. It was a simple gesture, but one that would make an impact on my life for years to come.” Yudhika’s journey in Lesotho began at Moshoeshoe International Airport in Maseru. Reaching the school took three hours of driving on challenging mountain roads, including an hour of slow, bumpy progress on a rocky dirt track. Arriving in an area so dry that the slightest movement raised a dust cloud, she wondered how it was possible for anyone to grow enough food here to survive. “As a child there were days when I had no lunch, and friends at school would share with me so I wasn’t hungry. But how do children overcome hunger when everyone else is hungry too?” said Yudhika in a moment of reflection. The answer soon became clear. Yudhika said she was pleased to see that the communities, with the assistance and guidance of WFP, were creatively finding ways to make their meals fully nutritious. When Yudhika reached the school’s kitchen, where cooks were stirring steaming pots of food, she was in her element. Her mother was a hotel chef, and Yudhika spent much of her adolescence in kitchens. At the school, she pitched in immediately, helping cook and serve a lunch of maize meal and tinned mackerel contributed by South Africa, complemented by shredded cabbage from the school’s garden. “After visiting Montsi Combined School, I realised that the initiatives started by WFP were more than a school meal – the children were [also] being taught how to grow vegetables, which supplement the feeding programme,” said Yudhika, who is a staunch believer in using fresh, seasonal ingredients. The food security and nutrition situation in Lesotho is very challenging; 39% of children are stunted due to

Opposite page: WFP Hunger Advocate Yudhika Sujanani serves lunch at the Montsi Combined School in Lesotho.

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Top: Ha Khoanyane Village, Thaba Tseka, Lesotho, Cash for Work Activities. Money earned by the community members' work goes towards paying for food and school fees

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Above: Food commodities awaiting delivery at WFP warehouse in Thaba Tseka, Lesotho

malnutrition. Stunting causes irreversible cognitive and physical damage, affecting children for the rest of their lives. This is why WFP has created a variety of programmes to help families overcome child malnutrition, including the school meals initiative. Over the next two days, Yudhika saw first-hand how WFP and other UN agencies are working together to reduce malnutrition and improve food security throughout Lesotho. “The work being done by WFP in Lesotho is not about handing out food hampers – it’s about empowering communities,” she said. “Each of these projects focuses on building the community and strengthening it.” She met the ladies of the Nutrition Club, a group of women who are showing local moms how to cook nutritious food for their babies so that they get the vitamins and minerals they need to prevent stunting. Yudhika dubbed their initiative ‘superb’. South Africa’s support for WFP’s work in Lesotho has been life-saving. South Africa’s contribution is not only fighting malnutrition in Lesotho, but also supporting the South African agricultural sector –

including small-scale farmers who will sell their produce to WFP under a groundbreaking agreement between WFP and the Government of South Africa. All of the food that WFP will purchase with the R180 million contribution will be grown in South Africa, and WFP will aim to buy 40% of it from smallholder farmers, mainly through agricultural cooperatives and farmers’ organisations. At the end of the trip, Yudhika returned to South Africa visibly moved by what she had seen. She said she had never encountered need on such a large scale before. “My impression at first was a bleak one, but as I travelled through the various projects I began to feel more hopeful that something could be done – and that something was being done,” she said. “I will carry my experiences with me, knowing that I have taken a step with WFP in its fight against hunger and malnutrition,”Yudhika said, vowing that she will keep working to raise awareness of hunger, just as WFP keeps working to eradicate it. Text | Catherine Robar and Challiss McDonough Photography | Supplied


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Judgement call Is case law legal?

lvan lsraelstam is Chief Executive of Labour Law Management Consulting. He may be contacted on 011 888 7944 or ivan@ labourlawadvice. co.za. This article first appeared in The Star.

40 09 13

The Labour Relations Act (LRA) is the legislation that protects employees from unfair practices by the employer. However, in many instances, the act can be vague, even confusing. For example, the act does not explain what is meant by the terms ‘unfair’, ‘going concern’ and ‘sufficient representation’ among others.

As a result, the legislators have left these gaping holes in the legislation to be filled by CCMA and bargaining council arbitrators and Labour Court (LC) judges. The big questions that then arise are how legally binding are the decisions made by these judges and arbitrators and

do these decisions constitute labour law? How safe is it for an employer or an employee to rely on case decisions in order to get to grips with the law? When the old LRA was scrapped about eight years ago it was replaced with the LRA of 1995. Included in Schedule 8 of the new LRA was the ‘Code of Good Practice: Dismissal’. This code outlines a number of fair labour practice principles drawn directly from decisions made by judges in the old Industrial Court system that preceded the 1995 LRA. This indicates that certain basic principles, evolving from a consistent pattern of court decisions, can become law. However, since the drafting of the new LRA and the Code of Good Practice: Dismissal, the LRA has been amended several times and a number of codes of good practice have been introduced and new labour acts have been promulgated. In addition, thousands of LC and CCMA decisions have been made. What has added to the confusion is that these judicial decisions have often appeared to contradict each other. This has been very detrimental to the process of developing clear guidelines based on consistent patterns of case law in recent years. For example, the case of Toyota South Africa vs. Radebe and others in 2000 involved the dismissal of Radebe for fraud and gross dereliction of duty after he had been involved in a number of accidents in a vehicle leased through the company. The CCMA decided that the dismissal was too harsh and ordered the company to re-employ Radebe. Toyota applied for a review of the arbitrator’s decision but the LC turned this down. Toyota then appealed to the Labour Appeal Court (LAC), which found that Radebe’s misconduct was so gross as to render the CCMA’s decision highly irregular. The LAC therefore overturned the decisions of the CCMA and LC. At the same time the LAC overruled the decision


in an earlier case where the LAC had decided that the ‘reasonable employer test’ must be applied. The LAC in the Toyota case rejected the ‘reasonable employer’ principle and held that each arbitrator and judge must independently assess each dismissal. Here the LAC’s decision contradicted three other decisions including one made by the LAC itself. The fact that judges feel free to overturn each other’s decisions at will and the LAC’s position that each dismissal must be assessed independently strongly suggest that CCMA, LC and LAC decisions do not constitute precedents on which later decisions must be based.

Lost in translation Another example of labour law confusion arises from the fact that the LRA is silent as to whether or not an employee who alleges unfair dismissal is obliged by law to accept a reinstatement offer from the employer. Not only is the LRA silent on this, but there are as many CCMA and LC decisions requiring that the employee accept such a reinstatement offer as there are decisions to the contrary. While it is clear from the above that we cannot take any one case decision as gospel, employers are still advised to keep up with case law in their efforts to discover what fair treatment really means. This is because in many areas the CCMA and courts have agreed with each other and principles based on patterns of decisions are beginning to emerge in some areas of labour law. Also, there are a few case law decisions that, while not yet part of a pattern, have been so well conceived and reasoned that they provide valuable guidelines to employers and employees. The real challenge when turning to case law for help is to be able to understand fully what the arbitrator or judge is saying in his finding and to grasp the meaning of the reasoning behind the decision. In addition, one needs to understand why two courts come up with different findings. The ability to use case law wisely and effectively in the light of the pitfalls outlined requires highly intricate skills developed over many years. Employers therefore require intensive guidance from experienced experts in labour law in order to be able to apply the inexact science of case law analysis and application. Text | lvan lsraelstam Photography | Shutterstock


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Artificial retinas are coming into view Elias Konstantopoulos gets spotty glimpses of the world each day for about four hours, or for however long he turns on his Argus II retina prosthesis. The 74-year-old man lost his sight from a progressive retinal disease over 30 years ago, but he is able to perceive some things with the bionic vision system.

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“I can see if you are in front of me, and if you try to go away,”he says.“Or if I look at a big tree with the system on I can maybe see some darkness. And if it’s bright outside and I move my head to the left or right I can see different shadows that tell me there is something there. There’s no way to tell what it is.” A camera mounted on a pair of spectacles captures image data for Konstantopoulos; that data is then processed by a mini-computer carried on a strap and sent to an array of 60 neuron-stimulating electrodes that was implanted on one of his retinas in 2009. Nearly 70 people around the world have undergone the three-hour surgery for the retinal implant, which was developed by California’s Second Sight and approved for use in Europe in 2011 and in the US this year. It is the first vision-restoring implant sold to patients.

“Retina prostheses are at the stage cochlear implants were 30 years ago.”

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Currently, the system (which costs 73,000 euros in Europe; the US price is not disclosed) is approved only for patients with retinitis pigmentosa, a degenerative eye condition that strikes around one in 5,000 people worldwide. But it’s possible the Argus II and other artificial retinas in development could work for people with age-related macular degeneration, which affects one in 2,000 people in developed countries. In that condition, the photoreceptor cells of the eye (commonly called rods and cones) are lost, but the rest of the neuronal pathway that communicates visual information to the brain is often still viable. Artificial retinas depend on this remaining circuitry, so they cannot work for all forms of blindness. Many groups are working on ways to replace lost photoreceptors. Most use a camera that communicates to

an implanted chip, but these systems vary in the number of electrodes in the chip and how deep the chip is placed inside the retina. Others eschew the camera for lightsensitive diodes in the chip. A German company called Retina Implant, for example, recently completed human tests of an implant that does not depend on a camera but instead directly harvests light and transmits that data to remaining neurons. A array of 1,500 photodiodes replaces the eye’s photoreceptors. At their best, today’s artificial retinas produce only sketchy images. Patients see bursts of light called phosphenes and “not truly naturalist vision,”says -Raymond Iezzi, a clinicianscientist who performs retinal surgeries at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. Some people with artificial retinas can read large letters, see slow-moving cars, or identify tableware. Tim Reddish, 55, who lost his vision to retinitis pigmentosa and got a Retina Implant device in November, says he can read a high-contrast clock indoors. Outside, he says, he can detect the lines of buildings with glass doors and the headlights of slow-moving cars at night. But other patients experience no benefit. The variation can be ascribed in some cases to the exact placement of the neuron-stimulating array in the tissue-paper-thin retina as well as the state of the remaining neurons and pathways in each individual’s eye. How well people can retrain their brain to use the device is also important.“Patients will scan their environment and use their memory to reconstruct what they are seeing,”Iezzi says. Second Sight says its Argus II provides 20/1,260 vision (which indicates that a person can see an object from 20 feet away that a normal-sighted person can see from 1,260 feet away). Retina Implant says the best visual acuity gained with its device is 20/1,000. For comparison, normal vision is 20/20 and the threshold of legal blindness in the US is 20/200. “Retina prostheses are at the stage cochlear implants were 30 years ago,”says Anthony Burkitt, director of Bionic Vision Australia, a consortium of retinal-implant researchers.“That technology went from being an aid for lip reading to the point now where children with a cochlear implant can go through normal school and even use mobile phones.” One way to improve artificial retinas is to add more of the electrodes that create the pixels in the eye. Second Sight, for example, is planning on moving from 60 to 240 electrodes


SOUTH AFRIC A

in a future model. But thousands of pixels will probably be required for facial recognition and other detailed visual tasks, and many artificial-retina technologies will have trouble achieving that because they have to be powered through surgically implanted wires, says Daniel Palanker, a biophysicist at Stanford. To avoid this limitation, Palanker and colleagues are developing a wireless system in which a photovoltaic chip with flexible arrays of small pixels is implanted in the eye and receives image data captured by a video camera. The team has tested the system in blind rats and is working with a company to test it in patients. Even thousands of pixels are far from the one million photoreceptors in a normal eye – which also does more levels of image processing than artificial retinas are likely to re-create.“I think it’s going to be a long time to develop ways to get better vision, and I don’t think it will ever be entirely natural,”says Shawn Kelly, an electrical engineer at Carnegie Mellon University. Nonetheless, patients like Konstantopoulos are encouraged.“Even that shadow I can see in front of me, whether it’s a person or anything else, is something from nothing,”he says. Text | Susan Young Illustration | Sergio Membrillas

“When we look back on this era, we’ll be amazed that the internet was ever trapped behind glass.” – Matt Webb, CEO of the London-based technology consultancy Berg, talking about the potential for objects to be online in the 'internet of things.'


free | mind

First degree protection Can it get any more secure?

Stats Price R215 Web www.kaspersky.com Supplier Kaspersky License 1 PC 365 days

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Is it worth spending a few hundred rands on an antivirus package when there are many good ones available for free? The free products like Avast, AVG and Microsoft’s Security Essentials won’t cost you a penny and are able to nail most of the bugs floating around. But premium products like Kaspersky’s Internet Security 2013 offer a lot more than just a simple antivirus. The Internet Security 2013 package is an antivirus, firewall and spam filter with an anti-phishing engine and parental control options to protect the younglings. Last but not least is Kaspersky’s new Safe Money, a feature that launches a new browser window that is monitored by Kaspersky while you access your online banking. It’s a very simple concept to grasp and once you work up the courage to share the URL for ABSA or FNB, it provides a link to go straight to your bank. This feature is perfect for those who are afraid of internet banking and those beloved friends and family who like clicking links in emails. Add in the onscreen keyboard for the paranoid online banker and you might survive with your overdraft intact. Kaspersky Internet Security 2013 is not without its flaws. During testing it blocked access to Gumtree when trying to post an advert, claiming that its heuristic analysis detected a phishing attack. The protection had to be paused because of repeated blocking crippling our attempts to sell one of our old socks. This false positive is a side effect of the anti-phishing engine being overly protective. Thankfully the antivirus detection engine is less trigger-happy with AV-comparatives giving it a bronze for only having five false alarms. It’s interesting to note that Microsoft’s free Security Essentials did not have any false positives, which could mean one of two things... The big difference between Microsoft and Kaspersky is that the latter is an antivirus company which dedicates all its time and effort to detecting bugs and protecting its customers. The Cloud Protection screen makes it clear that in the last 24 hours, Kaspersky detected and neutralised over 11 million threats and that the nearly two million Kaspersky users were protected. That cloud protection is a silent aspect of Kaspersky’s product which itself is also eerily silent. Like

ESET Smart Security 6, Kaspersky Internet Security 2013 only makes its presence known when it has been updated or when it has detected a bug. A look at the logs reveal that KIS 2013 was silently stopping numerous attacks over the testing period. Kaspersky Internet Security 2013 lacks the anti-theft features of ESET Smart Security 6 but its protection levels were better overall. The local pricing of Kaspersky is also cheaper which is a big factor for what is essentially a grudge purchase.

Score: ★ ★ ★ ★ Text | Michael Reed, PCFormat


free | mind

App your life Make the most of your smartphone Smartphones and tablets have gone from being tools of business to devices that connect us to the world and allow us to take our passions and experiences with us wherever we go. This month we have a few games for those who like to relax during a flight, but just make sure you follow the CAA rules regarding electronic devices during take-off and landing. We also have Goodreads, which is a great app and a must-have for bookworms, especially those who go through a book or two a week.

Temple Run Temple Run is a game for iOS, Android and Windows Phone and it is one of the top games on the app stores to date with over 170 million downloads. At one point it was the top-grossing app on the Apple App Store. The objective of the game is simple: run from the creatures chasing you while jumping over, sliding under and dodging obstacles in your path. As you run you collect points, which can be used to purchase upgrades to your power-ups. Temple Run has spawned a sequel, Temple Run 2, which was downloaded 50 million times in the two weeks following its release. The only warning that should be issued is that while the game is free, the in-app purchases are not, so young children should be supervised for fear of running up the credit card bill.

Bump

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Transferring files between smartphones has become a simple task with the widespread adoption of NFC, but transferring files between a smartphone and computer is fraught with complications, particularly if you are using an Apple device. Bump uses an internet connection to send files to or from your PC by simply bumping your phone against the space bar. Bump’s usefulness extends beyond

transferring files to and from your PC; the app can also be used to share contact details, photos, videos and other files with other Bump users. The beauty of Bump is that it doesn’t need NFC to work, so those who have older devices don’t have to resort to using Bluetooth.

Candy Crush Saga Candy Crush is another popular game that is available on iOS and Android but can also be found on Facebook. The game has over 10 million downloads with 38 million likes on Facebook and was even shown in the music video for YouTube sensation Psy’s Gentleman. The game is free and asks players to match up different candies but instead of just clearing out the matched candies, the game rewards you with a power-up that helps to clear the remaining candies quicker. Unfortunately, the free aspect to the game is limited and unless you connect the app to your Facebook profile and recommend it to friends or complete numerous side missions, you will need to pay to access more levels.

Goodreads Goodreads is the ideal app for those who like to bury themselves in a book. The app allows you to keep track of what books you

have read and what books your friends are reading. Users can leave reviews of the books they have read and you can also take note of the books you want to read. A handy feature is the ability to scan the barcodes of books in a bookshop to add them to your must-read list. The app also provides access to over 2,000 public domain works, which are free. The number of books that have been rated on Goodreads is over 12 million and users add more on a daily basis. Those who do not have the time to attend a book club meeting can be part of virtual book clubs with participants from all over the world.

Find My iPhone Find My iPhone is an app created by Apple and is one of the more useful apps available. For those who often forget their iPhone or iPad at home or in the car, Find My iPhone can locate the missing device as long as it is connected to the internet. There have already been cases where a person who had their iPhone or iPad stolen used the app to help police find and arrest the thief. The app has also been used to find lost and missing people who were injured and unable to call for help. Text: Michael Reed, PCFormat


free | mind

Firm foundation Inspiring future leaders by providing proper school facilities

education

is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. These words of inspiration come from Nelson Mandela who has always been an advocate of the importance of the right to proper education for all. It is therefore fitting that an initiative to build better school buildings is starting to bear fruit in the Eastern Cape, the birthplace of Mandela.

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Despite having been denied the right to proper education facilities during the apartheid era, the people of the Eastern Cape turned to each other and built schools using the resources at their disposal. The result was mud schools dotted all over the region as a disenfranchised people sought to provide an education

for their children. The mud schools are a proud symbol of determination by communities, often led by inspirational women working as founder principals to overcome their political circumstances. Still, as the new democracy grew, there was a need to provide better facilities for the province’s learners.


In 2009, the Department of Basic Education submitted an infrastructure bid to the National Treasury to improve educational facilities. The bid, which was meant to cater for maintenance, sports facilities, sanitation and improved building structures, was not approved. A successful bid was submitted to the National Treasury in July 2010, resulting in the formation of the Accelerated Schools Infrastructure Delivery Initiative (ASIDI). ASIDI is a project support unit to the Department of Education with a mandate to build hundreds of proper school facilities in the Eastern Cape. The unit comprises environment specialists such as architects, engineers and quantity surveyors to help manage the programme. In keeping with procurement processes, the Department has appointed several implementing agents, including DBSA, CDC, IDT, Mvula Trust and the Department of Public Works who in turn carry out the tasks of appointing principal agents and contractors to work at provincial level. It is a mammoth project to replace over 500 schools built from inappropriate structures including asbestos, planks and mud. In addition, the programme is providing access to water, sanitation facilities and electricity to about a thousand schools countrywide in an initiative championed by Department of Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga. To date, the Department of Basic Education has delivered 22 schools to the region. Each school costs about R18 million to complete. The schools come as a complete offering, comprising ordinary classrooms, libraries, science labs, computer centres, water and sanitation facilities, administration blocks and a fenced-off area for Grade R complete with jungle gym, sandpit and their own sanitation facilities. In addition, the Department is working with various partners to equip these schools with laptops and internet connectivity. Communities in the Eastern Cape have reacted with pride and joy as the new facilities restore dignity to education. The principals in these schools have narrated how children would be sent home whenever it rained or when the Eastern Cape’s notorious storms threatened. Today, parents know their children are safely ensconced in modern classrooms befitting a modern and democratic society. For good reason, the new facilities bring a greater interest in education and these schools have seen their enrolment figures go up. That is not to say that all is rosy. It takes, on average, 12 months to build a school of this magnitude and the terrain, as picturesque as it may be, offers logistical challenges to both suppliers and contractors causing

delays in some instances. The rain can interrupt work for days on end and there are occasional shortages of material. For a multi-year project, it means that some regions will have to wait a little longer for a complete school. Minister Motshekga is determined to do more than just build schools. She is keen to see local contractors being offered the opportunity to show their mettle and they have done just that, employing thousands of local people and delivering completed projects to the Department. She also insists on a formal process of internship for hundreds of young South Africans who are following a career in the built environment. There are currently close to 400 interns in the Eastern Cape alone benefitting from the job experience opportunity presented by ASIDI. ASIDI is a national programme but the bulk of the challenge is in the Eastern Cape. In addition, a programme to provide water, sanitation and electricity to more than 1,000 schools throughout the country is on track in Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal and the Free State. In doing so, this project is levelling the playing field and ensuring that all learners have access to proper education facilities no matter their socio-economic status. In this way, ASIDI is helping to groom the future leaders of the rainbow nation. Text | Albert Gumbo Photography | Shutterstock

Minister Angie Motshekga celebrates with learners at the opening of the Nobantu Primary School in Mthatha

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free | body

Spoil yourself Going to a spa is the ultimate in self-indulgence

Info The Maslow Hotel Prices: Rasul Therapy (30 minutes): R280 Shaman’s Journey massage (90 minutes): R690 Contact: The Maslow Hotel 010 226 4688 or 011 783 3248 www.africology-sa.com

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It’s a break away from the bustle of daily life – the minute you step foot into a spa you are instantly shut off from the outside world. Skyways sent its journos on an incredibly tough assignment – to provide a first-hand account of a few spa treatments.

Africology at The Maslow Hotel By Brigitte Billings Abraham Maslow was a 20th century psychologist who proposed a theory of human motivation describing the stages of personal development. After meeting basic physical needs we seek safety, love, esteem and finally self-actualisation – at which point we attempt to fulfil our true potential. The Africology Spa at The Maslow Hotel in Sandton would be a good place to seek clarity, with a full range of packages tailored to various needs. I opted for the 30-minute Rasul Therapy treatment, coupled with the 90-minute Shaman’s Journey, their signature treatment. The menu included full-day packages, as well as couple’s and group options.

Glorious mud The Rasul chamber is a sophisticated variation on a conventional steam room, with colour-changing lights and ceiling-wide showerheads adding to the mix. Here, I coated myself in rich, nourishing mud infused with coffee and mint oils while the overhead lights changed colour to encourage relaxation. Colour therapy has become increasingly popular as a means of mood enhancement – I particularly liked the ‘forest’ feel of the green. Meanwhile, the heat coaxed my parched pores into soaking up the nutrients from the mud. It was a surprisingly primal experience and 30 minutes of steam passed sooner than I expected. The final downpour of soft ‘rain’ was a soothing way to slough off mud and impurities, leaving me ready for some spiritual healing. The Shaman’s Journey would be an eye-opener if it wasn’t so intensely relaxing – you’ll fight the urge to fall asleep. Each element is designed to engage the senses, to create a multi-dimensional treatment that goes beyond a simple backrub. In a room lit dimly with flickering candles my therapist tapped a gong to clear my aura, and dotted amethysts on my chakra points to align my energies. Even if you’re not a believer, the melodious metallic sound, coupled with fragrant oils, add a mystic air to the process. The highlight was a head-to-toe massage using smooth rose quartz and oils chosen to suit my request for relaxation. Within minutes the air was heavy with the scent of lavender and neroli, which the therapist explained were part of Africology’s earth-friendly, toxinfree beauty range. If you’re a fan of a hot stone massage the Shaman’s Journey is for you. Rose quartz is believed to encourage emotional and physical healing. Whether it was the quartz, or 90 minutes of skilful manipulation, I couldn’t think of a single body part that didn’t feel healed at the end of the session.


Skin Sense By Deanne Dudley The minute you walk into Skin Sense a feeling of calm descends upon you. This is what you want from a spa. I was given a quick tour of the seemingly endless maze that the centre is comprised of – the therapy rooms, the sauna, the infrared room and the gorgeous-looking Vichy shower, where you lie on a table, get scrubbed down with salts then rinsed off with numerous speciallypositioned showerheads. My first treatment was a classic facial. The therapist used Matis products, first cleansing, then exfoliating, before moisturising and applying a mask that goes on pink and turns gold in the patches where your skin is dry. During this process steam was applied to my face and I could literally feel my pores opening up – it was incredibly relaxing. She massaged my head and neck, then my hands and forearms and, finally, my feet. As it was slightly cold in the room, I spent the entire treatment beneath a towel and blanket, with heated beanbags over my feet and stomach. When the facial was over, I was already feeling sleepy but I had more to come. I was led to the infrared room, which is like a sauna but without the steam. Instead it uses infrared lights which, I was told, have great healing properties. I must admit, it’s much nicer than a sauna – it’s hot without being humid and hard to breathe.

Hawaiian heaven Next I was treated to a Ka Huna massage – a 90-minute full-body therapy that incorporates rhythmic and flowing movements based on Hawaiian healing arts. I was warned that it’s also quite a detoxifying massage, so I should take it easy afterwards. It’s not a hard massage – in fact the movements and pressure are quite light. The movements are very fluid and the therapist didn’t concentrate on one area for too long, rather utilising long movements across the whole body. At first you feel a little awkward, as you have to lie spreadeagled with your legs off the edge of the table, but you soon get over it and give in to the relaxation. Sixty minutes were spent on my back, legs and arms and the last 30 on my front and head.

The finishing touch One of the nicest things about Skin Sense is that it has a hair salon, so you can get a wash and blow to indulgently end off your experience. With my body fully relaxed, my face feeling like a baby’s bottom and my hair expertly blow-waved, I was ready to head home. I felt deliciously pampered and would recommend the experience to anyone.

Mowana Spa at the Indaba Hotel By Dominique Drake Lucky me and my better half had the opportunity of enjoying a pamper session at the Mowana Spa which is nestled in the tranquil bushveld gardens of the Indaba Hotel in Fourways, Sandton. This is truly a wellness sanctuary. Based on the African lore and legend that the baobab, the Tree of Africa, has a healing spirit and is the ‘Tree of Life’, the Mowana Spa Baobab product used in all treatments is made from the baobab kernel. This delectable golden-coloured oil is used on every inch of exposed skin and leaves you feeling refreshed and your skin saturated – in a great way. The evening was spent on their signature pamper journey, namely the Mowana Time Out Night Spa.

Warm welcome On arrival you are greeted with a welcome cocktail and gentle drumming and singing from a group of fine African voices. Everyone is friendly and the ambience settles you from the moment you set foot in the door. You are shown to your seat at a dinner table and once informed about the evening’s schedule, taken to the pristine changing rooms where a gown and slippers are neatly placed in your own personal locker. The relaxed ambience is found even in the bathrooms, where the soothing sounds of harmonious relaxation music is played over a speaker system.

Info Skin Sense Prices: Classic facial (90 minutes): R450 Infrared room (30 minutes): R50 Ka Huna massage (90 minutes): R600 Wash and blow: R140 (short hair), R160 (medium hair), R180 (long hair) Contact: Skin Sense 011 807 6281 www.skinsense.co.za

Menus and massages After starters, you are ushered to the first treatment – for us it was the foot and lower leg pamper massage, where the wonderfully trained ladies first scrub, wash and moisturise, then focus on pressure points during their massage to soothe the stresses of the day straight out of the body.

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Info Mowana Spa at the Indaba Hotel Prices: Mowana Time Out Night Spa: R799 per person Contact: The Indaba Hotel 0861 MOWANA (0861 66 92 62) www.mowanaspa.co.za Global Aesthetic Prices: Initial consultation: complimentary Facials: R430 to R750 Contact: Roodepoort branch: 011 675 1256/2590 Ruimsig branch: 011 958 2624/2635 www.mayoclinic.co.za

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After about an hour of pure indulgence, it’s back to the dinner table where a decadent spa dinner, including a lovely dessert, is brought to you. It is as if the staff anticipates your next move and before you even lift a finger to get service, someone is standing at your table. Even though it is a packed evening, it all functions so smoothly that a person never has that rushed feeling, or that everyone working there wants to get their job done and get you out of there. Dinner and dessert are enjoyed at leisure, and then you are escorted to the completely private couple’s massage room where you can choose between the Rungu, Calabash or hot stone full body massage. After the treatment one could easily ask for a pillow and blanket and fall into a deep sleep right on the spot. If you are like most of the over-worked, stressed-out couples in Jo’burg, then arranging a nanny for the kids and leaving the cellphone at home are a definite to gain back some sanity and restore the senses.

Global Aesthetic By Nicolette Els Global Aesthetic is a skincare and laser clinic that represents a new era of skincare using trained consultants, specialised products and the industry’s best skincare and laser technology. It was here that I indulged in a facial treatment that, in addition to being the height of relaxation, was quite enlightening about skin health. As I arrived at Global Aesthetic for my midday facial appointment, I was expecting a standard skin treatment

– but I realised I was in for quite a bit more as soon as I sat down for a skin consultation. The consultant began by examining a questionnaire I had been required to complete beforehand, which basically asked a few questions about my lifestyle, such as dietary habits. This was just intended to get a general idea of what my skin is exposed to every day. As she explained, Global Aesthetic has a very comprehensive approach to skincare. It’s not just about coming in for facials, it’s about forming the optimum skincare regimen for you as an individual. This includes your morning and night home care routines – and being conscious of everything that affects your skin in between, such as time spent in the sun, daily sugar intake and that umpteenth cup of coffee. After this, we moved on to a visual examination of each of the 14 skin zones on the face called ‘face mapping’ and then a Janus skin scan. The Janus machine captures photos of the face and then analyses them in terms of five categories: pores, wrinkles, pigmentation, oil content and skin tone. For each category, a special image appeared on the computer screen that highlighted affected areas. The results were then compared to what is considered average for my age group, in order to use as a guideline as to what my skincare regimen needs to focus on. The centre keeps all this data, so in future sessions you can actually compare your recent results to older ones in order to see improvement. Based on these examinations the consultant formed a skin profile, according to which I was presented with a customised skin health prescription, indicating specific facial products that would be particularly suited to my skin for home care. Best of all, I got a little goodie bag of samples to test out. It took a bit of time to get all this done, but when it was we could get to the good part: the prescription facial. First, my skin was cleansed, exfoliated and hydrated with a myriad of products. In between, my face was also treated to a generous dose of steam, a massage and then a mask. By the time it was over, my skin was just about glowing and felt fresh, healthy and soft for the rest of the day. The consultant also recommended a treatment package with more tailored facial options. Depending on your skin’s needs, this can range from anti-ageing facials to multi-vitamin exfoliation. The centre has quite a few options. All in all, it was a very insightful and helpful experience and I learned a lot about the different contributing factors to my skin’s health, and what I can do from day to day to keep it healthy. It is the ideal option for anyone who is serious about caring for their skin.


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Info Brookdale Health Hydro Prices: POA Contact: 033 266 6208/507 www.brookdale.co.za

Disclaimer

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Consult your healthcare practitioner before any spa or beauty treatment

Brookdale Health Hydro Set in the quaint village of Nottingham Road in the scenic KwaZulu-Natal Midlands, Brookdale Health Hydro is a tranquil haven of relaxation nestled in forests and farmland. The soothing sound of a stream meandering through gardens of herbs and flowers sets the tone for a truly relaxing and rejuvenating sojourn. Brookdale offers a holistic health package designed to bring balance into your life, encouraging guests to take charge and invest in their health. The aim is to promote wellness and lifestyle management through diet, exercise and stress relief to anyone who desires to improve their lifestyle in a congenial and tranquil environment. The establishment offers three- and six-night rejuvenating packages which are fully inclusive. Treatments range from massages, facials, reflexology and body masks, to the signature heavenly twin massage. The latter involves two therapists working simultaneously, creating a choreographed massage. Within 40 minutes you will receive twice the amount of regular massage. The two therapists complement each other’s work, keeping the body constantly warm, consequently achieving a more effective therapeutic result. This is a powerful treatment for anyone who has a hard time letting go during treatments. The indoor pool area includes a jacuzzi, sauna, steam room and juice bar. The Hydro also offers an outdoor pool, labyrinth, fully-equipped gym, private mosaic

steam room and hydrotherapy baths. The studio is a therapeutic place to relax your mind and tone your body with relaxation classes, yoga and pilates. Guided walks and aquacise are offered daily. For golf enthusiasts, Gowrie Golf Course is adjacent to Brookdale. In addition, cooking demos by the chef assist guests in continuing the healthy approach to food on their return home. Daily informative talks on coping with stress, nutrition, exercise and supplementation are fitted in between activities and treatments. Photography | Supplied


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Through the

grapevine Tasteful tips from the experts

of additions, which Botha and his team strive towards. This allows them to showcase the natural concentration and flavour profile from the vineyard in each of their wines. Botha's list of favourite wines includes:

Anthonij Rupert Optima 2009 After a careful process of identifying the top terroir for each cultivar, sites were identified, assessed and then selected for the Anthonij Rupert Optima, with the grapes tested and tasted for ripeness by the winemakers on a daily basis. Vineyards were selected from different sites in the Western Cape and each varietal paired to a selected soil, climate and slope. In 2009 the grapes were hand-selected and sorted on a double sorting table. After the cold-soak, fermentation started and lasted for approximately 20 days. Malolactic fermentation took place in 225ℓ new French oak barrels, and the wines were made and aged separately for 18 months in 225ℓ French oak barrels. The wines were then blended and aged for a further six months in barrels and bottle-matured for 24 months before release. Botha believes that the nose abounds with blackcurrant, cassis and ripe plum as well as rich fruit cake with a hint of tobacco leaf. It's softtextured and invitingly seductive, and the same beautiful black and red fruit make the transition from nose to palate. These can be found in abundance with liquorice and coca adding a dark, inviting depth and contrast to the ripe sweetness of the fruit. The wine is velvety and soft-textured but with backbone and structure.

Boschkloof Syrah 2011 This wine has a complex and attractive bouquet of oriental spices with pronounced violet and white pepper flavours, displaying a lovely perfumed style with integrated tannins on the palate. A wellbalanced wine with spicy overtones and a lingering finish which has been made in a very classic style, with unmistakable Rhône flavours. Certified and bottled on the farm, the wine is good to drink now, but will develop and mature over the next 10 years.

Radford Dale Freedom Pinot Noir 2010 Winemaker Dawie Botha

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Dawie Botha, who heads up the winemaking team at Anthonij Rupert Wines in Franschhoek, believes that all great wines are made in the vineyard. This philosophy allows him to work with four farms in specific regions chosen for specific terroir. Each vineyard is unique in its own way, and as such the farm is managed to produce excellent fruit in perfect balance. Winemaking should be a natural process with minimal interference in the forms

Pinot Noir should be all about finesse, elegance, balance and complexity. The team at Radford Dale loves the minerality that pervades throughout the palate of this wine, lifting – from sip to swallowing – the cherry aromatics, the silky texture and the integrated barrel aromas. The freshness, length and purity of its varietal characteristics make this wine one of the most enjoyable Pinot Noirs in the Cape.


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Cookclub

Recipes by an executive chef with a passion for creating epicurean masterpieces

TONKA BEAN MACAROON Tonka bean macaroon, gianduja mousse, tonka foam, coffee and ginger ale poached pears

One serving Liquid puff pastry, Gianduja mousse (hazelnut chocolate), Praline garnish filled with tonka bean foam, Macaroon, Cocoa nib garnish and dried pear chip, Coffee and ginger ale poached pear, Chocolate crumbs, Caramelia ice cream, Dot of chocolate sauce, Two chocolate and star anise jellies garnished with chocolate cigar.

Sanel Esterhuyse

Presentation

Sanel Esterhuyse has worked in some of South Africa’s best kitchens, including the Arabella Sheraton Grand Hotel, the Cape Grace Hotel, the One. Waterfront and the Beluga. In this issue, she shares the secret of her signature recipe.

Invert the pear mat onto the plate. Remove the cling wrap. Place the liquid puff pastry on the plate first, and then top with the gianduja mousse. Place the praline garnish on top of the mousse, with three pear balls. Using a hand blender make a foam with the tonka bean infusion. Spoon into the praline garnish and top with the macaroons. Place two chocolate jelly squares on the plate, and top with a chocolate cigar.

Tonka bean macaroons – yields 40 210g egg whites 210g castor sugar 5mℓ tonka bean essence 250g ground almond (passed through a sieve) 250g icing sugar (sifted)

Method: Whisk the egg whites until they reach the soft

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peak stage. Gradually add the castor sugar. Continue to beat until the mixture is glossy and the castor sugar is

completely dissolved. Whisk in the tonka bean essence. Fold in the ground almonds and icing sugar. Continue to mix until the mixture runs slightly when the bowl is tilted. Spoon the mixture into a piping bag fitted with a plain nozzle. Cut a sheet of silicone paper to fit the tray you are using. Draw rounds on the silicone paper using a permanent marker and a cookie cutter as a guide. You do this to ensure all the macaroons are the same size. Sprinkle with cocoa nibs. Leave uncovered for about one hour to develop a skin. To test if the macaroons are ready, press on the surface of a macaroon – if no mixture is left on your finger, you know it is ready. Bake at 120°C, time depending on the size of the macaroons. To test if the macaroons are done, lift a macaroon from the silicone paper – if the macaroon comes off the silicone paper clean without any batter left on the paper, it is done. Keep the macaroons in the freezer; at room temperature they will dry out.

Gianduja mousse – yields 2ℓ 560g gianduja chocolate, chopped (can be replaced with a good quality milk chocolate) 900g cream 4 gelatin leaves 360g sugar 180g egg whites

Method: Melt the chocolate in the microwave until completely melted. Leave to cool. Bring 500g cream to the boil. Meanwhile soak the gelatin in ice water. Remove the gelatin from the water and squeeze off the excess water. Melt into the hot cream. Pour onto the


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chocolate and mix well. Whisk the egg whites and sugar together in a heatproof bowl until combined. Place the bowl over a pot of simmering water. Continue to whisk over the simmering water until the egg whites are hot. Pour into a kitchen aid bowl and whisk until the mixture is cold. Fold into the chocolate mixture. Whip the 400g cream to soft peaks. Lastly fold in the cream. Line a bain-marie with cling wrap. Spray and cook the cling wrap. Pour mousse inside and smooth with a palette knife. Leave to set in the fridge. Once set, use a cookie cutter (the same size you used for the macaroons) and cut out rounds of the mousse. It’s best to dip your cookie cutter in hot water when you do this. Keep in the fridge on a tray lined with silicone paper.

Roll out using a rolling pin. Freeze the mixture until completely frozen. Using the same cookie cutter as for the macaroons and mousse, cut out rounds. Keep in freezer.

Tonka bean foam – yields 250mℓ 125g cream 125g milk 1 vanilla pod, cut in half, seeds removed 25g sugar 5mℓ tonka bean essence 2 leaves gelatin, soaked in ice water

Method: Bring all the ingredients to the boil. Squeeze

2 sheets puff pastry 60mℓ hazelnut oil

off the excess water from the gelatin. Melt in the hot liquid. Pour into a container, and put cling wrap on top of the surface to prevent a skin. Leave to set overnight in the fridge.

Method: Line a sheet pan with silicone paper. Lay

Ginger ale pears

the puff pastry on the silicone paper and sprinkle with icing sugar. Bake at 180°C until the pastry is golden brown and cooked. Leave to cool down. Blend the puff pastry into a fine powder. Mix in enough hazelnut oil until the mixture comes together. Spoon onto a silicone paper. Place another sheet of silicone paper on top.

Peel the pears and leave in lemon water to prevent the pears from going brown. Using a melon baller, scoop out balls from the flesh of the pear. Leave to marinade in the ginger ale before serving.

Liquid puff pastry – yields 40

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Sanel Esterhuyse Sanel Esterhuyse, the new executive chef at the superior deluxe African Pride 15 on Orange Hotel in Cape Town, had her mind set on becoming an architect. After a year of study she had a change of heart and went on to complete a degree in psychology and political science, but her passion had not yet been found. Sanel discovered it in a kitchen, creating dining experiences that share with guests the flame that drove her to pick up her first pan.

Poached ginger ale and coffee pears

Praline garnish

4 cans ginger ale 45mℓ coffee reduction (45mℓ good instant coffee mixed with 30mℓ hot water) 100g sugar 4 pears

100g butter 200g castor sugar 100g glucose 100g flour Salt to taste

Method: Bring all the ingredients to the boil. Peel the

Method: Bring the butter, sugar and glucose to the boil. Leave

pears and place in the hot liquid. Turn the heat down to low. Cover with silicone paper. Poach the pears until just tender. Remove from the pot and leave to cool down in the syrup. Once cooled, slice the pears into thin slices on a slicer or using a sharp knife. Lay these slices overlapping on cling wrap. Using a sharp knife, cut into 4cm slices.

to cool down. Put the flour and salt in a bowl. Pour the liquid onto the flour and whisk well. Strain through a chinois. Pour into a plastic container, place cling wrap on the surface of the mixture and put in the refrigerator to set overnight. Warm the mixture in a microwave. Put a little of the mixture on a Silpat and with wet hands push the mixture out thinly. The mixture will spread. Make sure it is smooth on top. Bake at 170°C for about 10 to 13 minutes until the edges start to caramelise. Remove from the oven, place another sheet of silicone paper on top, and very quickly roll out thinly using a rolling pin. Leave to cool down before removing the top silicone paper. If the mixture is too light in colour it can be put back in the oven to colour. The mixture should be warm so that it can be cut. Cut into rectangles, long enough to go around the cutter you used for the gianduja mousse. If the mixture is too hard, it can be placed back into the oven to soften.

Croustillant 100g butter 200g sugar 200g cocoa nibs 100g orange juice 50g brandy 50g flour

Method: Cream the butter and sugar well. Mix in the

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rest of the ingredients. Spoon heaps of the mixture onto a silicone lined tray. Leave the oven open to melt the croustillant. Bake at 160°C for about eight minutes or until the mixture is golden brown. While still hot, cut into circles with a cookie cutter. Wait until the mixture hardens before snapping of the excess. Keep on silica gel.

Chocolate jelly

Pear chips

Method: Bring the cream, milk and cocoa powder to the

Slice the pears thinly on a slicer or by hand. Keep in lemon water. Drain off lemon water very well. Pat dry on a kitchen towel. Sprinkle a Silpat with icing sugar. Lay the pear slices on the Silpat. Dry out in a 90°C oven for a couple of hours. Store in an airtight container.

boil. Add soaked gelatin leaves and melt. Pour hot liquid onto the melted dark chocolate. Line two kidney trays with a double layer of cling wrap. Spray and cook. Divide the mixture between the two trays and leave to set in the refrigerator. Once set cut into 3cm squares.

300mℓ cream 300mℓ milk 150g dark chocolate 2 tablespoons cocoa powder 4 gelatin leaves


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Land Rover Discovery 4 XS

Ready for

adventure Good news for Discovery 4 fans: Land Rover has added a new entry-level XS model to the range that does away with a lot of the Disco’s fancier and more expensive bits. We joined Kingsley Holgate on his Izintaba Zobombo Expedition and put the budget-friendly Discovery to the test.

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A lot has been written lately about the state of SA’s rhino population. The rhino was even voted (rather controversially) as SA’s Newsmaker of the Year for 2012 by the National Press Club. There’s no doubt that poaching is a real problem, but aren’t we overreacting a little? Far from it. In fact, the problem is probably worse than we realise. The life expectancy of a rhino that crosses from the Kruger National Park into Mozambique (there is a fence, but there are places where animals can cross) is around 48 hours. The problem, of course, is the staggering amounts of money being paid for rhino horn. In some cases, it is said that poachers are being paid R1 million in the centre of local villages. When this is happening, it is hardly surprising that people from poor areas are jumping the Kruger Park fence and trying their luck at rhino poaching. One of the aims of Kingsley Holgate’s latest expedition – called the Izintaba Zobombo Expedition – is to raise awareness about rhino poaching and to attempt to

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educate rural communities about the situation. “We’ve met some of these poachers, and the money they make is astonishing. One in particular was celebrating the arrival of R14 million in his bank account when we travelled through his village,” says Kingsley. Kingsley and his team, who have traditionally focused on malaria prevention, are now going into villages to talk about rhino poaching. “We hand kids sheets of paper and encourage them to draw pictures and write a couple of sentences about poaching,” says Kingsley.“It is clear that, despite the money, it is having a negative effect on a lot of the communities. One little girl wrote that she hoped the poaching would stop, because fathers and brothers were coming home in body bags – killed by anti-poaching teams.” The expedition began at the historic starting point of the Lebombo Mountains, Crook’s Corner, where Zimbabwe, Mozambique and SA meet. The Land Rover convoy is tracing the mountain range all the way south, and will stop at Ghost Mountain in northern KwaZulu-Natal. We met up with the expedition as they travelled through the Kruger Park. Although the team’s work


took them all over the park, they tried to stay as close as possible to the boundary fence with Mozambique, which meant driving along the Lebombo 4x4 Trail. This was good news, since it gave us an opportunity to get a sense of how the new entry-level Discovery XS – which we had picked up at Hoedspruit Airport – performed in off-road conditions.

On the road The other models in the Disco range are all equipped with Land Rover’s 3.0 STDV6 oil burner, which produces 183kW and 600Nm of torque. The XS, however, has a 3.0 TDV6 engine that produces 155kW and 520Nm of torque. Despite the drop in power and torque, the XS still performs well on the open road. You can sense that it has less power if you really pay attention, but the difference isn’t as marked as you’d expect. The XS certainly never feels lethargic or underpowered. Press down the pedal and the Disco accelerates briskly and without fuss. The engine is mated to the same eight-speed automatic transmission used in the other Discovery models. And predictably, it works well with the engine, swapping cogs quickly and smoothly. The XS offers largely the same refined ride as the other Discos. Hit a bad road, though, and you might notice that the suspension doesn’t smooth out the bumps quite as effectively as the pricier models. Unlike its brethren, the XS is not equipped with air suspension. Instead, it has a coil spring suspension. The move in equipping the XS with old-school coils will no doubt be applauded by those looking for a tough overlander without fancy gadgets – such as air suspension – that can conk out in the middle of nowhere. Indeed, that is the entire point of the XS. Land Rover says the vehicle is an expedition vehicle designed for robust, overland work, which is why it has lost a lot of the nice-to-have (and costly) features in other models.

Inside the cabin Unlike other Discos, the XS does not have leather seats, though there is an option to replace the cloth seats with leather. The third row of seats has been removed. This makes sense if you regard the XS as an overland vehicle, since these seats are seldom used on long trips. Other items that have been omitted are the sunroof and electric seat adjusters. Despite their absence, the cabin can hardly be called austere. It still has Bluetooth connectivity with steering-mounted controls, climate control, cruise control, a cooled centre cubbyhole, a good entertainment system and a USB/iPod connection.

It even has steering-mounted paddles for gear shifting in manual mode. The interior is a bit more basic than those of other Discos, but it remains very comfortable and impressively well equipped. And, of course, it is as spacious as the other models – the most important issue.

Off the beaten track The biggest perceptible difference between the XS and other Discos is arguably in its off-road gadgetry. In fact, the XS has quite a bit in common with the Defender. As mentioned, it has coil springs in place of air suspension. Like the Defender, it also has only a centre differential lock. There is no diff lock at the back, though it does have traction control to assist in tough 4x4 situations. There is also no Terrain Response system, only a dial that allows you to choose between park, reverse, neutral, drive or sport modes. The last of these optimises the gearbox response times for maximum acceleration, improved response and sharper upshifts. How does the XS perform off road? The Lebombo Trail isn’t the most harrowing 4x4 route you’ll ever encounter, but it did give us some idea of what to expect from the XS. And overall, we feel it would make an excellent overland vehicle. It is still comfortable and plush, but has done away with some of the fancy and fiddly bits that hardcore overlanders might be apprehensive about. Moreover, the XS is substantially cheaper than other models. It is priced at R598,600 – R111,000 less than the next model (the STDV6 S at R709,600). The XS is a solid 4x4 that will broaden the appeal of the Discovery. Text | GG van Rooyen Photography | Ross Holgate

Land Rover Discovery 4 XS Engine Six-cylinder, 24-valve, turbocharged Capacity 2,993cc Power 155kW @ 4,000 r/min Torque 520Nm @ 1,500 r/min Transmission Eight-speed automatic Drive type Full-time 4WD Fuel type 500ppm diesel Fuel tank 82.3ℓ Fuel consumption 8.8ℓ/100km (claimed) Tyre size 255/60 R18 Cargo area 1,260 to 2,476ℓ Ground clearance 185mm (exhaust), 209mm (front axle) Warranty Three-year/100,000km Maintenance plan Five-year/100,000km Service intervals 26,000km/12 months Price R598,600

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free | mind

Property matters Important questions home buyers should ask for the buyers to take a drive out to the areas they have chosen to get a feel for the neighbourhood and the people who live there.

2 How much savings do I need?

buying

a property is a large investment and this often complex process can be an intimidating experience for many home buyers. For this reason, systematically working through the process, asking the right questions and seeking professional advice can help home buyers navigate the process and alleviate some of the emotional stress. Adrian Goslett is CEO of Re/Max Southern Africa. This article appears courtesy of property24.com

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In today’s market it is no secret that on average 60% of buyers will require a deposit when applying for finance in order to secure the bond with a lender. Knowing how much of a deposit will be needed depends on the target purchase price that the buyers have set for themselves and what they can afford. On average, the current required deposit for repeat buyers is around 20%, while first-time buyers are generally asked for about 12% of the purchase price. Remember, there are additional costs associated with a property purchase that buyers must be aware of and need to set aside money for, such as transfer costs, moving costs, home repairs, renovations and planned upgrades.

3 What do you want to spend monthly?

At the start of the property purchasing process, buyers should answer four key questions before they continue to look for the perfect home. The answer to each question will form a vital part of making an informed and educated decision.

Often home buyers find themselves in financial distress because they don’t take the additional monthly expenses of owning a home into account. Potential homeowners need to keep in mind that qualifying for a bond doesn’t necessarily mean that the buyer can afford the home. A reputable mortgage originator will be able to provide the buyer with the total cost of the bond, which would include the repayment, interest and homeowner’s insurance. However, there are other expenses to be considered, including water and electricity, rates and taxes, levies, home maintenance and landscaping.

1Where do I want to live?

4 How do I choose an estate agent?

Location will have an impact on the return on investment and the appreciation in the property’s value. However, this question is also about where the buyers want to spend their days. Buyers can get information about an area from online property sites, which are also a good resource for finding out about the general property pricing, along with the range of amenities on offer. Depending on buyers’ future plans or current situations, certain elements will be more important than others such as schools, the commute to work, entertainment amenities available or proximity to medical facilities. Once the search has been narrowed down, it is advisable

Once all other questions have been answered and it is time to go out and look at properties, choosing a real estate agent will probably be one of the buyer’s first decisions. It makes sense to work with an agent who specialises in the particular area that the buyer is interested in. The agent will have a working knowledge of the area and prices as well as a network of sellers they are working with. A reputable estate agent can provide much-needed guidance through the home buying experience, provided there is an open line of communication between the buyer and the agent. Text | Adrian Goslett Photography | Shutterstock


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hope Tribute to

A song about the colourful song and

lyrics

to a song don’t always make sense, even after listening to them many times over. It’s only after you delve into the inspiration for such lyrics that it all starts to come together. A case in point is Brimful of Asha by British alternative rock band Cornershop. Released in 1997, it takes a look at the history of film culture in India and pays tribute to Asha Bhosle, one of that country’s most famous film-score singers, in a rather striking way.

In 2009, the World Records Academy recognised Asha Bhosle as the 'Most Recorded Artist' in the world

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One of the band members, Tjinder Singh, grew up in England but is of Punjabi origin. He strongly identifies with his Indian heritage, and even the band’s name comes from a play on the stereotype of the Indian/ Pakistani street-corner grocery shop. When the song was first released it reached number 60 on the UK Singles Chart. It made a comeback, however, when Norman Cook, better known as Fatboy Slim, released a remixed version. It reached number one on the UK Chart in February 1998 and number 16 on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks Chart. The video for the song was shot across two continents and features a teenager in a bedroom in Minneapolis, USA, while the band members are in London.

dance in Indian movies

Lyrics The Indian movie industry is one of the largest of its kind in the world. For the most part, such films feature plenty of song and dance. Interestingly, it is often not the actors and actresses themselves who do the singing. They only lip-synch and the real singing is done by background singers. In the past these background singers weren’t even exposed in the media, to strengthen the impression that it is the actors who are singing. Two of the most popular background singers are sisters Asha Bhonsle and Lata Mangeshkar. Asha is believed to have sung over 12,000 movie songs. This versatile singer explored different genres, including folk, pop and traditional Indian classical, and she has recorded songs in English, Hindi, Tamil, Russian and Bengali. The song’s lyrics include lines such as “There’s dancing behind movie scenes/ Behind those movie screens – sadi rani/ She’s the one that keeps the dream alive/ From the morning, past the evening, till the end of the light/ Brimful of Asha on the 45/ Well, it’s a brimful of Asha on the 45.” ‘Behind movie screens’ is an indication that the band is talking about the background artists. ‘Sadi rani’ is a bit of Punjabi thrown in there and means ‘our queen’ – already showing admiration for the person who the song is about. The word ‘Asha’ is used as a pun in this song. It refers to the singer, but it also means ‘hope’. Hope in this context can be a reference to the escapist nature of Bollywood movies – often centring on something better and more romantic than the life the average person is living. The


‘45’ refers to the old-fashioned way of listening to music – the 45 revolutions-per-minute record player. It is also interesting to note that the pronunciation of the word ‘Asha’ is a bit different in this song due to Tjinder’s British accent that makes it sound more like ‘Asher’. “And singing/ Illuminate the main streets and the cinema aisles/ We don’t care about no government warning/ About the promotion of the simple life and the dams they are building.” These lines once again touch upon the theme of escaping from everyday life through these uplifting movies and songs. People can get away from whichever concerns their country may have, and indulge in song and dance. Escapism through movies is not portrayed as something bad in Brimful of Asha, but rather as something comforting that should be embraced and enjoyed to the full. “Everybody needs a bosom for a pillow, everybody needs a bosom/ Everybody needs a bosom for a pillow, mine’s on the 45.” Once again the narrator expresses the comfort that he finds in Asha’s music. “Mohammed Rafi – 45/ Lata Mangeshkar – 45/ Solidstate radio – 45/ Ferguson Mono – 45/ Non-public – 45/ Jacques Dutronc and the Bolan Boogie.../ The Heavy Hitters and the chi-chi music.../ All India Radio – 45/ Twoin-ones – 45/ Argo Records – 45/ Trojan Records – 45.” In this part of the song we find mentions of well-known names in filmi (music written and performed for Indian cinema) and pop music, as well as music in general. Mohammed Rafi and Lata Mangeshkar were both also background singers. Jacques Dutronc was a French singer and actor. All India Radio was the single public radio station in India before the introduction of privatised radio stations and FM, while ‘two-in-ones’ refer to radios that could play cassettes as well. All in all this part of the song is a celebration of music in all its different forms. “77,000-piece orchestra set.” This is a reference to the very large orchestras which are usually used in filmi music.

There is more than what meets the eye to Brimful of Asha. At the first listen it sounds like just another cheerful pop song, but as we have seen it is also very meaningful, describing the happiness shown in Indian cinema. Text | Noleen Fourie Photography | Shutterstock

More than 1,000 movies are produced in India every year

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free | range

Lost at Sea: The Jon Ronson Mysteries By Jon Ronson

Jon Ronson has been on patrol with America’s real-life superheroes and to a UFO convention in the Nevada Desert with Robbie Williams. He’s interviewed a robot and asked her if she has a soul. He’s travelled to the Alaskan theme town of North Pole to investigate a high school mass-murder plot. He’s met a man who tried to split the atom in his kitchen and another who’s preparing to welcome the aliens to Earth. Ronson is fascinated by madness, strange behaviour and the human mind, and he has spent his life exploring mysterious events and meeting extraordinary people. Frequently hilarious, sometimes disturbing, always entertaining, these compelling stories of the chaos that lies on the fringe of our daily lives will have you wondering just what we’re capable of.

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BOOKS

The Missing Ink By Philip Hensher

The Missing Ink is a smart, funny book about the rise and slow death of the art of handwriting, and why it still matters. The simple pleasure of picking up a pen

and writing is a skill that has existed for thousands of years – but that skill is slowly dying. Where once we would have reached for a pen and paper to commit our innermost thoughts to a diary, to send a letter home or to slip a note to a loved one, instead we now stare at tiny screens, typing with our thumbs. And all that typing looks the same. This is a book about the characters who shaped our handwriting, and how it in turn shaped us. From Victorian idealists preaching the moral worth of italic copperplate to great modern educational reformists, throughout history the style in which we write has influenced the way we learn, behave and communicate. But this is also a book about the physical act itself, about the pots of ink and treasure pens that we used to take for granted, and whether the style of our writing really does reveal anything about our true selves. Witty and thought-provoking, The Missing Ink is in itself a love letter to the warmest of technologies, and the place it still has in our lives.

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A History of the World By Andrew Marr

Our understanding of world history is changing as new discoveries are made on all the continents and old prejudices are being challenged. In this book Andrew Marr revisits some of the traditional epic stories, from classical Greece and Rome to the rise of Napoleon, but surrounds them with less familiar material, from Peru to the Ukraine, China to the Caribbean. He looks at cultures that have failed and vanished, as well as the origins of today’s superpowers, and finds surprising echoes and parallels across vast distances and epochs. This book focuses on the great change-makers of history and their times, people such as Cleopatra, Genghis Khan, Galileo and Mao, but it is also a book about the present.

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Dominion By CJ Sansom

It’s 1952 and 12 years have passed since Churchill lost to the appeasers and Britain surrendered to Nazi Germany after Dunkirk. As the long German war against Russia rages on in the east, the British people find themselves under dark authoritarian rule: the press, radio and television are controlled, the streets patrolled by violent auxiliary police and British Jews face ever greater constraints. There are terrible rumours too about what is happening in the basement of the German Embassy at Senate House. Defiance, though, is growing. In Britain, Churchill’s Resistance Organisation

is increasingly a thorn in the Government’s side. And in a Birmingham mental hospital an incarcerated scientist, Frank Muncaster, may hold a secret that could change the balance of the world’s struggle forever. Civil Servant David Fitzgerald, secretly acting as a spy for the Resistance, is given the mission to rescue his old friend Frank and get him out of the country. Before long he, together with a disparate group of Resistance activists, find themselves fugitives in the midst of London’s Great Smog, and David’s wife Sarah finds herself drawn into a world more terrifying than she ever could have imagined. Hard on their heels is Gestapo Sturmbannfuhrer Gunther Hoth, a brilliant, implacable hunter of men. This is a vivid, haunting reimagining of 1950s Britain, a gripping, humane spy thriller and a poignant love story.

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24.09.13 The date on which South Africans will celebrate National Braai Day

battleship Each Battleship puzzle represents a section of ocean with a hidden fleet of one battleship, two cruisers and three submarines. The ships may be oriented horizontally or vertically within the grid such that no ship touches another, not even diagonally. Any remaining squares in the grid contain water segments, which are shown as a symbol of water or as an X. The numbers on the bottom and on the right of the grid show how many squares in the corresponding rows and columns are occupied by ships. The object is to discover where all six ships are located.

80%

Of Africa's rail infrastructure is in South Africa

sudoku

Try the addictive game of Sudoku. The aim is to fill each block with a number from 1 to 9. Each number must not appear more than once in each row, column and square. If you can’t finish this puzzle during your flight, please take this free copy of Skyways with you. The cabin attendant will make sure that the next passengers get their own magazine, with a clean Sudoku for them to puzzle over! Puzzles taken from www.krazydad.com

1 x Battleship

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Medium

challenging

Puzzles supplied by Conceptis, www.conceptispuzzles.com

Easy

easy

2 x Cruisers 3 x Submarines

Solutions can be found on page 12


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BLOCK D SANDHURST OFFICE PARK 20 KATHERINE STREET CNR RIVONIA ROAD SANDTON 2196 TEL: 011 783 5907/09 FAX: 011 783 5912

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from the ordinary Casambo Exclusive Guest Lodge An exclusive retreat that offers Luxury Accommodation in fully self contained units. Ideally situated only 5 minutes from Kruger Mpumalanga International Airport 5 star function and wedding venue with state of the art equipment, trendy VIP lounge, Vibey cigar lounge and a wooden deck overlooking beautiful appointed gardens.

This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you.

sky | cafe

Call: 013 007 0163 or Cell 072 277 6830 e-mail: stay@casambo.co.za website: www.casambo.co.za

77 09 13


sky | cafe

Leisure & corporate rentals in and around Cape Town & Johannesburg

A PA R T M E N T R E N TA L S

Why stay home when you can stay with us? No time wasted with our real-time availability calendars, and reservations booking engine with instant confirmation. Try it LIVE... www.fzp.co.za • Studios from R500 per apartment per night, or R6 000 per month

FZP Apartment Rentals +27 (0) 21 426 1634 www.fzp.co.za info@fzp.co.za www.facebook.com/fzpapartments

78 09 13

• 1 bedroom apartments from R750 per apartment per night, or R8 500 per month • 2 bedroom apartments from R950 per apartment per night, or R10 000 per month.


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This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you.

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79

09 13


Skywards 6 8/20/13 10:26 AM Page 1

sky | cafe

C

M

Y

CM

MY

CY CMY

K

Prepare for Summer

WITH OUR EXTENDED LOW WINTER RATES Kick-start healthy living, restore balance and boost energy levels. 3 & 6 Night ALL iNCLUSiVE REJUVENAtiNg PACKAgES FROM ONLY R 3 750 PP ShARiNg* *VALID 28 APRIL - 28 SEPTEMBER 2013. TERMS & CONDITIONS APPLY

Brookdale is not a luxury, it is a necessity! tel: 033 266 6208 Cell: 082 906 0842

www.brookdale.co.za

Composite

VIRTUAL OFFICE SPACE AWAY FROM HOME In today’s hurried and rushed lifestyle no longer do you have to meet with your clients at the closest coffee shop? Flying in for business meetings or spend most of your time traveling, we have the solution for you.

We offer a service for business and consumer professionals who required a fully furnished boardroom or office to conclude meetings or business in a private environment. Pre-paid hourly fees or flexible 3 to 12 month leases

We can tailor make a package just for you needs. Yvonne Bell Landline: 011 955 5445 Cellular: 083 212 0202 Email: Yvonne@virtualofficesa.co.za

80 09 13


Suggested Flower Route Itineraries Route 1

Garies – Hondeklipbaai (R62) – towards Soebatsfontein take Kamieskroon turnoff – at Kamieskroon pass hotel to Namaqua National Park,

Route 2

From Kamieskroon take the turn off to Leliesfontein – Kamiesberg Pass – towards Gamoep take Nourivier turn off – Garies via Karas

Route 3

Springbok – Steinkopf via Nababeep (N7) – Port Nolloth (R382) – Grootmis/ Kleinzee (permit required) – Spektakel Pass – Goegap Nature Reserve

NORTHERN CAPE’

NAmAkwA iN BlOOmiNg COlOuR! Superbly splendiferous is the only way to describe the Namakwa region in spring. When the annual floral spectacular hits this normally arid region between July and September each year, its magnificent beauty transcends the nature offerings of other parts of Southern Africa. The amazing floral display of the Namakwa has earned itself a place as a global botanical wonder. As part of the Succulent Karoo, the Namakwa is considered to be the richest bulb flora arid region in the world as well as the most diverse, arid environment on the planet. Visitors to the region can experience the greatest flower show on earth with an estimated 3000 plant species of which more than 50% are indigenous to the region. The wild flowers of the

Namakwa are an unforgettable natural phenomenon and best discovered on foot, which makes it ultimately appealing to keen photographers, hikers and outdoor enthusiasts. Experience the Namakwa in all its floral finery as the landscape is covered with a flamboyant spread of wild flowers. Popular flower spots include the Goegap Nature Reserve in Springbok, the Namakwa National Park near Kamieskroon and the world’s bulb capital in Niewoudtville. Bloom hunters are advised to contact the flower hotline +27 79 294 7260 or one of the tourism offices in the region to keep track of the peak blooming areas or do visit www.experiencenortherncape. com for the latest flower updates.

For flower updates please contact the following: Elmaré van Wyk Tankwa National Park Tel: +27(0)27-341 1927 Fax +27(0)86 528 1131 Email: avrilp@namakwa-dm.gov.za Anneke Smit Umkulu Safari & Canoe Trails Tel: 021 853 7952 Email: anneke@umkulu.co.za Johan De Waal Richtersveld Route Tel: 082 335 1399 Email: mail@richtersveldtours.co.za Bernard Van Lente Park Manager: Namaqua National Park Tel: +27 (0)27 672 1948 Fax: +27 (0)27 672 1015 Cell: +27 (0)83 640 4915 E-mail: BernardvL@sanparks.org Pearl Heyns Tourism Developing and Marketing Officer Namakwa Tourism Office Tel :+27(0)27 712 8036 Fax :+27(0)27 712 1421 E-mail: pearlh@namakwa-dm.gov.za Website: www.namakwa-dm.gov.za Avril Pieterse Calvinia Tourism Office Tel: +27(0)27 341 8131 Fax: +27(0)27 341 8129/8128 Email: avrilp@namakwa-dm.gov.za Sandy Blake Kleinzee Tourism Tel: +27(0)27 877 0028

This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you.

Designed by SwiftPrint

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For more information, visit w w w.experiecenortherncape.com or email: marketing@experiencenortherncape.com

Northern Cape Tourism

@NorthernCapeSA

northerncapetourism

northerncapesa

www.experiencenortherncape.com

81 09 13


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82 09 13


Since 1994

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TIMETABLE effective 01 SEPTEMBER 2013

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Cape Town - George - Cape Town SA8621

Cape Town

-

George

07:15

08:05

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8625

Cape Town

-

George

09:30

10:20

6

ER3

Airlink

SA8639

Cape Town

-

George

13:30

14:20

1 2 3 4 5 6

ER3

Airlink

SA8641

Cape Town

-

George

14:30

15:20

7

ER3

Airlink

SA8635

Cape Town

-

George

16:45

17:40

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8622

George

-

Cape Town

08:30

09:20

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8630

George

-

Cape Town

10:45

11:35

6

ER3

Airlink

SA8638

George

-

Cape Town

14:45

15:35

1 2 3 4 5 6

ER3

Airlink

SA8642

George

-

Cape Town

15:40

16:30

7

ER3

Airlink

SA8636

George

-

Cape Town

18:10

19:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

Cape Town - Kimberley - Cape Town SA8617

Cape Town

-

Kimberley

16:30

18:05

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8615

Cape Town

-

Kimberley

16:50

18:25

7

ER3

Airlink

SA8618

Kimberley

-

Cape Town

18:30

20:05

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8616

Kimberley

-

Cape Town

18:45

20:20

7

ER3

Airlink

Cape Town - Nelspruit - Cape Town SA8663

Cape Town

-

Nelspruit

10:00

12:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8664

Nelspruit

-

Cape Town

13:15

15:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

Cape Town - Upington - Cape Town SA8645

Cape Town

-

Upington

09:45

11:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8647

Cape Town

-

Upington

10:45

12:05

7

ER3

Airlink

SA8646

Upington

-

Cape Town

11:30

12:50

1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8648

Upington

-

Cape Town

12:50

14:10

7

ER3

Airlink

Durban - Bloemfontein - Durban SA8531

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

06:50

07:55

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8535

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

15:15

16:40

7

J41

Airlink

SA8537

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

16:35

17:40

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8532

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

08:15

09:15

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8536

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

17:30

18:35

7

J41

Airlink

SA8538

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

18:00

19:00

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

Durban - George - Durban SA8515

Durban

-

George

09:40

11:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8514

George

-

Durban

11:50

13:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

Durban - Nelspruit - Durban SA8507

Durban

-

Nelspruit

06:45

08:05

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8505

Durban

-

Nelspruit

13:45

14:45

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8508

Nelspruit

-

Durban

08:25

09:45

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8506

Nelspruit

-

Durban

15:10

16:15

1 2 3 4 5 6

ER3

Airlink

SA8510

Nelspruit

-

Durban

17:35

18:35

7

ER3

Airlink

Johannesburg - Nelspruit - Johannesburg SA8823

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

06:30

07:20

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8827

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

09:00

09:50

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8843

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

10:00

10:50

1 2 3 5 6

ER3

Airlink

SA8841

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

11:10

11:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8845

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

15:30

16:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8829

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

16:25

17:15

7

ER3

Airlink

SA8849

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

17:30

18:20

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8824

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

07:40

08:35

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8828

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

10:10

11:05

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8842

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

13:35

14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8830

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

15:05

16:00

7

ER3

Airlink

SA8846

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

16:40

17:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8844

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

15:45

16:40

1 2 3 5 6

ER3

Airlink

SA8848

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

18:45

19:40

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

Johannesburg - Phalaborwa - Johannesburg SA8851

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

06:25

07:35

1 2 3 4

J41

Airlink

SA8853

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

11:45

12:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8857

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

16:10

17:20

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

SA8852

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

08:00

09:20

1 2 3 4

J41

Airlink

SA8854

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

13:15

14:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8858

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

17:50

19:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

Golf Bags: 1 bag at 15kg free baggage allowance – golf bags must be pre booked with your booking agent.

84 09 13


TIMETABLE effective 01 SEPTEMBER 2013

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

SA8801

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

06:35

07:25

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8809

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

11:40

12:30

1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8809

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

11:40

12:40

6

J41

Airlink

SA8817

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

14:20

15:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8817

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

14:20

15:20

6

J41

Airlink

SA8815

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

17:05

17:55

1 2 3 4 5 7 ER3

Airlink

SA8802

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

07:55

08:50

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8810

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

13:00

13:55

1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8810

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

13:00

13:55

6

J41

Airlink

SA8818

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

15:30

16:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8818

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

15:40

16:35

6

J41

Airlink

SA8816

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

18:15

19:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Airlink

Johannesburg - Pietermaritzburg - Johannesburg SA8747

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

07:00

08:00

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8735

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

12:15

13:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8741

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

15:30

16:30

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8739

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

18:15

19:15

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8730

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

06:45

07:45

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8732

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

08:30

09:30

1 2 3 4 5 6

AR8

Airlink

SA8736

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

14:00

15:05

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8742

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

17:00

18:00

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

Johannesburg - Upington - Johannesburg SA8761

Johannesburg

-

Upington

07:10

09:05

1 2 3 4

J41

Airlink

SA8767

Johannesburg

-

Upington

11:00

12:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8769

Johannesburg

-

Upington

15:30

17:00

1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8762

Upington

-

Johannesburg

09:25

11:25

1 2 3 4

J41

Airlink

SA8768

Upington

-

Johannesburg

12:50

14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8770

Upington

-

Johannesburg

17:20

18:55

1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Airlink

Port Elizabeth - East London - Port Elizabeth SA8480

Port Elizabeth

-

East London

07:00

07:45

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8488

Port Elizabeth

-

East London

16:15

17:00

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8481

East London

-

Port Elizabeth

08:05

08:55

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8489

East London

-

Port Elizabeth

17:20

18:10

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Mthatha - Johannesburg SA8751

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

06:15

07:30

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8753

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

08:20

09:35

6

ER3

Airlink

SA8755

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

16:15

17:30

1 2 3 4 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8755

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

16:15

17:30

5

AR8

Airlink

SA8752

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

07:50

09:05

1 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8754

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

09:55

11:10

6

ER3

Airlink

SA8756

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

18:00

19:15

1 2 3 4 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8756

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

18:00

19:15

5

AR8

Airlink

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

10:10 11:45

11:25 13:05

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

10:00 15:00

14:10 17:40

11:30 13:30

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

Durban - Maputo - Durban SA8290 SA8291

Durban Maputo

- -

Maputo Durban

7 7

J41 J41

Airlink Airlink

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

13:10 15:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink

10:40 12:50

12:05 14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

11:45 13:55

13:25 15:45

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink

11:35 13:45

13:50 15:25

1 2 3 5 6 1 2 3 5 6

J41 J41

Airlink Airlink

Johannesburg - Antananarivo - Johannesburg SA8252 SA8253

Johannesburg Antananarivo

- -

Antananarivo Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Beira - Johannesburg SA8214 SA8215

Johannesburg Beira

- -

Beira Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Bulawayo - Johannesburg SA8110 SA8111

Johannesburg Bulawayo

- -

Bulawayo Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Kasane - Johannesburg SA8303 SA8304

Johannesburg Kasane

– Kasane – Johannesburg

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Johannesburg - Polokwane - Johannesburg

Nelspruit - Livingstone - Nelspruit SA8870 SA8871

Nelspruit Livingstone

- -

Livingstone Nelspruit

Airlink's REGIONAL AND DOMESTIC flights check-in Terminal B counters B89 - B101 at OR Tambo International Airport.

85 09 13


TIMETABLE effective 01 SEPTEMBER 2013

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

Johannesburg - Lusaka - Johannesburg SA8160 SA8164 SA8161 SA8165

Johannesburg Johannesburg Lusaka Lusaka

-

Lusaka Lusaka Johannesburg Johannesburg

06:35 15:45 09:00 18:20

08:30 17:40 11:05 20:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:30 16:15 16:15 08:50 18:45 18:45

08:20 18:05 18:05 10:35 20:30 20:30

1 2 3 4 5 3 4 1 2 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 3 4 1 2 5 7

ER3 AR8 ER3 ER3 AR8 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:50 10:05 12:40 16:05 17:00 18:30 08:05 08:05 08:05 11:10 13:50 17:10

07:35 10:50 13:25 16:50 17:45 19:15 09:00 09:00 09:00 12:05 14:45 18:05

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3

Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink

06:40 09:45 14:45 13:30 08:10 11:00 16:00 14:45

07:35 10:40 15:40 14:25 09:05 11:55 16:55 15:40

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 7

ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:25 13:45

13:00 15:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

10:55 10:55 14:00 14:00

13:25 13:25 16:35 16:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8 ER3 AR8 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:20 09:45 15:15 09:00 13:00 17:55

08:30 12:15 17:25 11:15 15:30 20:10

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5

ER3 AR8 ER3 ER3 AR8 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:30 14:50

14:20 17:45

1 3 4 5 6 1 3 4 5 6

ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink

10:35 13:25

12:40 15:45

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

11:30 13:45

13:10 15:30

1 2 3 5 6 1 2 3 5 6

ER3 ER3

Airlink Airlink

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Johannesburg - Harare - Johannesburg SA8100 SA8102 SA8102 SA8101 SA8103 SA8103

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Harare Harare Harare

-

Harare Harare Harare Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Manzini - Johannesburg SA8012 SA8992 SA8994 SA8014 SA8996 SA8998 SA8013 SA8991 SA8997 SA8993 SA8995 SA8015

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini

-

Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Maseru - Johannesburg SA8050 SA8052 SA8062 SA8060 SA8051 SA8053 SA8063 SA8061

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru

-

Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Maun - Johannesburg SA8300 SA8301

Johannesburg Maun

- -

Maun Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Nampula - Johannesburg SA8230 SA8230 SA8231 SA8231

Johannesburg Johannesburg Nampula Nampula

-

Nampula Nampula Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Ndola - Johannesburg SA8158 SA8154 SA8156 SA8159 SA8155 SA8157

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Ndola Ndola Ndola

-

Ndola Ndola Ndola Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Pemba - Johannesburg SA8204 SA8205

Johannesburg Pemba

- -

Pemba Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Tete - Johannesburg SA8220 SA8221

Johannesburg Tete

- -

Tete Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Vilankulos - Johannesburg SA8260 SA8261

Johannesburg Vilankulos

- Vilankulos - Johannesburg

Day 1 = Monday, Day 7 = Sunday For reservations visit www.flyairlink.com, your travel agent or SAA Central Reservations on +27 11-978 1111 • Flight schedules subject to change • Contact your booking agent for these conditions EXCESS BAGGAGE AND SPORTING EQUIPMENT: Refer to www.flyairlink.com Important information & Conditions of Carriage Clause 8 Baggage 8.3 Whilst every effort has been made to ensure accuracy of content of the published timetable, both operational and strategic issues cause timetable changes. Due to the forward lead time required for publication, these often cannot be duly reflected. Should this occur, Airlink and its agents are not responsible for any errors, omissions, losses or detriments arising from the publication.

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MEMBER


Jetstream 4100 - Regional Turboprop Airliner Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

29 19.25m 18.29m 5.74m 2 600kg 25 000ft 500km/h

ERJ 135-LR - Regional Jet Airliner and Corporate Jet Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

37 26.34m 20.04m 6.75m 5 000kg 37 000ft 800km/h

Avro RJ85 - Regional Jet Airliner Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Seating Classes Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Maximum Cruising Speed

83 2 28.60m 26.21m 8.61m 9 362kg 35 000ft 780km/h


95%

5â„“

Of a jellyfish consists of water

Of water can be kept in an elephant’s trunk

There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death again and again before we reach the mountaintop of our desires.

After climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb. There can be no keener revelation of a society's soul than the way in which it treats its children.

Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.

We must use time wisely and forever realise that the time is always ripe to do right.

It is better to lead from behind and to put others in front, especially when you celebrate victory when nice things occur. You take the front line when there is danger. Then people will appreciate your leadership.

I detest racialism, because I regard it as a barbaric thing, whether it comes from a black man or a white man.

If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.

A good leader can engage in a debate frankly and thoroughly, knowing that at the end he and the other side must be closer, and thus emerge stronger. You don't have that idea when you are arrogant, superficial and uninformed.

If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner. There is no passion to be found playing small – in settling for a life that is less than the one you are capable of living.

Let freedom reign. The sun never set on so glorious a human achievement. There is nothing like returning to a place that remains unchanged to find the ways in which you yourself have altered. If there are dreams about a beautiful South Africa, there are also roads that lead to their goal. Two of these roads could be named Goodness and Forgiveness. To deny people their human rights is to challenge their very humanity. Any man or institution that tries to rob me of my dignity will lose. No country can really develop unless its citizens are educated. Only free men can negotiate; prisoners cannot enter into contracts. Your freedom and mine cannot be separated.

NO EASY WALK TO FREEDOM Inspirational words by Nelson Mandela

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8.5 million tons Of water evaporates each day from the Dead Sea

B O T S WA N A G E M S T O N E T R A D E R S Natural & Sparkling

Our human compassion binds us the one to the other – not in pity or patronisingly, but as human beings who have learnt how to turn our common suffering into hope for the future. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is wise to persuade people to do things and make them think it was their own idea. I was called a terrorist yesterday, but when I came out of jail, many people embraced me, including my enemies, and that is what I normally tell other people who say those who are struggling for liberation in their country are terrorists. I have retired, but if there's anything that would kill me it is to wake up in the morning not knowing what to do. I was not a messiah, but an ordinary man who had become a leader because of extraordinary circumstances. I can't pretend that I'm brave and that I can beat the whole world. I really wanted to retire and rest and spend more time with my children, my grandchildren and of course with my wife. I have always regarded myself, in the first place, as an African patriot. I stand here before you not as a prophet, but as a humble servant of you, the people. I started to make a study of the art of war and revolution and, while abroad, underwent a course in military training. If there was to be guerrilla warfare, I wanted to be able to stand and fight with my people and to share the hazards of war with them. There are many people in South Africa who are rich and who can share those riches with those not so fortunate who have not been able to conquer poverty. I do not deny that I planned sabotage. I did not plan it in a spirit of recklessness nor because I have any love of violence. I planned it as a result of a calm and sober assessment of the political situation that had arisen after many years of tyranny, exploitation and oppression of my people by the whites.

DISCOUNTED PRICES Prices per Carat 0.50ct – 1.99ct 2.00ct – 5.00ct

AA USD1,300.00 USD1,400.00

AAA+ USD1,500.00 USD1,700.00

NOTES: 1. Larger stones available on request 2. Other gemstones available include Zambian Emeralds and Tourmalines 3. Prices include VAT

CONTACT Gabarone, Botswana • Plot 8766, B/Hurst Tel: (+267) 316 4584 • Fax: (+267) 316 4584 Mark(+267) 73 297 141 • Busanga (+267) 72 163 446 E-mail: chobegem@gmail.com Lusaka, Zambia • Shop 2, Fraizer House Plot 19251, Bombay Rd • Kamwala Trading Area Leah (+260) 96 682 8930 • Namweemba (+260) 97 397 7172 E-mail:: mcfirster@gmail.com

website: www.chobegem.co.bw www.facebook/chobegem

www.linkedin.com/chobegem

www.twitter.com/chobegem


40%

60

Of wine is produced in France and Italy

Cows can produce a ton of milk each day

Didya know? kind of shop – barber, bakery, bicycle or beret? Who wrote A Moveable Feast, a memoir about his time living in Paris? 5. Who was the first woman interred in Paris’s Pantheon? 6. Which game was an event at the 1900 Paris Olympics – bocce, croquet or tetherball? Answers 1. Sewers – the sewers beneath Paris date back to the Middle Ages. 2. The Simple Life 3. Barber 4. Ernest Hemingway 5. Marie Curie – the two-time Nobel Prize winner for her work in radiology was interred in 1995. 6. Croquet – the matches marked the first time women competed in the Olympics. 4.

Clue to B6

A. Cuba Questions 1. What does a torcedora do for a living? 2. What is Cuba Gooding Jr’s catchphrase in Jerry Maguire? 3. Which country installed nuclear missiles in Cuba in 1962, almost causing a nuclear crisis? 4. The Havana home of which American writer is now a museum? 5. What item is a double guillotine cutter used for? 6. What Cuban drink is traditionally made of rum, sugar, lime, club soda and mint? Answers 1. Roll cigars 2. “Show me the money!” 3. USSR (Soviet Union) 4. Ernest Hemingway 5. Cigar 6. Mojito

B. Paris

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Questions 1. The Musée des Ésgouts de Paris is dedicated to what subject? 2. What was the name of the reality TV show starring Paris Hilton and Nicole Richie? 3. The first neon sign was sold in Paris in 1912 to what

C. Banks Questions 1. Which body of water takes up a portion of the West Bank’s south-eastern border? 2. What is Tyra Banks’s term for ‘smiling with your eyes’? 3. Which bank was brought down by ‘rogue trader’ Nick Leeson in 1995? 4. What is the name of the bank in the Harry Potter books? 5. At a blood bank, what is the main responsibility of a phlebotomist? 6. Archaeologist and Professor Edgar Banks is said to have inspired what movie hero? Answers 1. Dead Sea 2. Smize 3. Barings. Leeson’s unauthorised trading left that bank with a debt of $1.4 billion. 4. Gringotts 5. Drawing blood 6. Indiana Jones Text | Supplied by Trivial Pursuit


23,000 Breaths are taken by humans each day

56%

Of typing is completed by your left hand

Mojito Single serving 10 fresh mint leaves ½ lime, cut into 4 wedges 2 tablespoons white sugar, or to taste 1 cup ice cubes 440mℓ white rum ½ cup club soda Directions Place mint leaves and 1 lime wedge into a sturdy glass. Use a muddler to crush the mint and lime to release the mint oils and lime juice. Add 2 more lime wedges and the sugar, and muddle again to release the lime juice. Do not strain the mixture. Fill the glass almost to the top with ice. Pour the rum over the ice, and fill the glass with carbonated water. Stir, taste, and add more sugar if desired. Garnish with the remaining lime wedge.

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5 minutes The average time hiccups normally last

90%

Of the body is made up of oxygen, carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen

ten YOU DIDN’T

THINGS

know about…

recycling 1

Yes we can! Recycling one aluminium can saves enough electricity to listen to a full album on your iPod. Recycling 100 could light your bedroom for two whole weeks. Recycling cans is a great energy reducer – in fact, it saves 95% of the energy used to make new cans from scratch. Blame America. Though they account for just 4% of the world’s population, North America consumes 25% of the world’s resources. It is estimated that, in this decade, Americans will throw away more than one million tons of aluminium cans and foil, more than 11 million tons of glass bottles and jars, over four and a half million tons of office paper and nearly 10 million tons of newspaper. Almost all of this material could be recycled. Babies are bad. For the environment anyway. A typical baby uses 10,000 nappies in his or her early life. This means that each year around 16 trillion

2

3

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disposable nappies end up in landfills, and they take centuries to decompose. Smart shopper. Reusing grocery bags is a great way to help the environment. A plastic bag takes about 400 years to break down, and even using paper bags can be bad. It takes a 15-year-old tree to produce 700 paper bags. Green is good for business. Incinerating 10,000 tons of waste creates one job, landfilling the same amount creates six jobs but recycling it creates 36. Go for glass. Glass is 100% recyclable and can be used over and over again. Glass that is thrown away, however, never decomposes. In the news. More than 30 million trees are cut down to produce a year’s supply of newspapers. In fact, recycling one run of the Sunday New York Times could save 75,000 trees. Recycling newspaper is also good for business – for every 15,000 tons recycled

4 5 6

7


37 years The longest time a human has been in a coma

annually, 30 jobs are created to collect it and 40 to process it. Work waste. Offices can do their bit to help the environment by purchasing recycled paper. Manufacturing one ton of office and computer paper with recycled stock can save nearly 3,000 kilowatt-hours over the same ton of paper made from scratch. Another good idea is to get refillable ink cartridges as one cartridge takes 1,000 years to biodegrade. Techno trouble. Nearly 50 million tons of e-waste (as in cellphones and computers) is created each year around the world. That is enough to fill a line of rubbish trucks across half the globe. By numbers. Wondering how long things take to decompose? • Cigarette butt and filter – 12 years • Aluminium can – 200 to 500 years • Plastic – 500 years • Styrofoam cup – more than 5,000 years • Glass bottle – estimated at one million years

8

9

10

Text | Deanne Dudley

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panorama

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Battle for survival A baby tapir rummages for food in a Brazilian forest. The tapir is a large browsing mammal, similar in shape to a pig, with a short, prehensile snout that is used for grasping. Their closest relatives are the other odd-toed ungulates, including horses and rhinoceroses. Hunted for their meat and skin, the tapir is now on the highly vulnerable list of endangered species and faces possible extinction.

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talespin

Design cues The alternative approach to office furniture

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The subject of office furniture can be a tedious and boring affair and not something we take a great deal of notice of until it is affecting us in an adverse manner. You won't hear anybody arrive home from work singing the praises of their office chair or the beauty and quality of their office desk, but there are plenty of spouses who have to put up with their partners bemoaning the problems of uncomfortable office furniture that gives you back ache or repetitive strain injury. Some noises have been made around our office of late shouting about the alternative office furniture that the staff of Google are treated to. For example, there is a slide to get from one department to another, soft, padded chill-out areas and unusual looking 'pods' for carrying out meetings in bespoke surroundings. It could be that Google's employees are high fliers that dedicate their lives to their work and so have to include a little fun in their everyday lives to prevent them from turning into complete anoraks – or am I just sounding bitter and twisted here? It surely could not hurt any company to take another look at their office furniture and see what they could do to make staff and visitors have a wholly more enjoyable office experience and want to come back again. How could this be possible? Well, requests emanating from my floor at work suggest the use of a simple hammock that could be strung across a quiet corner for those after lunch forty winks. Our boss, unsurprisingly, is not in favour of this suggestion, but I urge him to think again. Pushing ourselves to our limits for the whole afternoon is counterproductive. Ideas come with more of a struggle and work

is done at a much slower pace. Better to have a power nap for 10 minutes and awake fully refreshed and ready for several more hours of grind at our optimum level. Mandy from accounts has put forward the suggestion that we look to use office furniture as a way of brightening up our surroundings, in theory making us all happier and more enthusiastic about coming to work. This is a possibility, but I think the majority would want her preferred Barbie pink furniture to be reconsidered. Dave from sales has requested points of interest to surround the office furniture. Specifically, he has asked for a model train track to surround his desk and also to have the option of a uniform similar to the fat controller. This could give you an inkling as to why Dave from sales has no friends. Delores from the admin department wants hard-backed chairs and desks with sharp corners all in shades of grey. This is because she believes that a company should not be pressured into certain circumstances by the staff and that office equipment should be purely functional, not pretty. Delores has never married, or had children or indeed a boyfriend. Input from the creative team, namely Summer Rainbow Sky – the resident hippy – has suggested we look at ergonomic chairs and desks made from raw tree parts from sustainable forests and that we should hold a corporate event of replanting as many trees as we use for our furniture. I'm all for a work day out but give me a paintballing session and a knees up at the pub over a treeplanting expedition any day. For those with any other ideas on what we can do to brighten up our office – answers on a postcard please. Text | Shaun Parker


Admire the Mughal’s love of architecture

Find what you seek

Admire a Mughal’s love for his wife Taj Mahal at Agra, one of the seven wonders of the world. To know more, log on to www.incredibleindia.org

For more info please contact India Tourism Cnr of Jan Smuts & William Nicol, Hyde Park Lane Manor, Lancaster Gate, Hyde Park, Johannesburg 2196 Tel: 27-11-325-0880 • Fax: 27-11-325-0882 • E-mail: goito@global.co.za • Website : www.incredibleindia.org


27797

More holiday, less us. At Europcar, we do our best to get you on the road as quickly as possible. It starts with our easy 3-step booking process on our website where you can choose from a wide selection of cars and products. Add our knowledgeable staff who are there to assist you day and night and you get a rental experience that is both fast and efficient. It’s our way of ensuring that you get the most out of your holiday.

EuropcarSA www.europcar.co.za


Skyways Magazine Sept 2013