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Take time to smell the coffee Pemba’s secret Domestic tourism gets a shot in the arm Business lessons from a six-year-old Do Gauteng traffic cops have a daily fine quota?


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Aim high and forget small failures Goal setting is great in theory. You think about what you would like to have happen, and then you set goals of how to get there, and you work on each step of your plan until your goal is achieved. Unfortunately, the road to hell is paved with good intentions, so they say. Setting the goal does not necessarily accomplish the task, and this can be extremely discouraging, especially after failure to meet your goals seems to creep up time and time again. Many people set large goals for themselves, and are unable to see that bumps along the road are only small failures. The one does not cancel out the other. This is a matter of perspective. One cannot set high goals without expecting high failures until they learn the new terrain. Henry Ford went bankrupt five times before he struck gold with the Ford Model T and Thomas Edison was fired from his first two jobs for being ‘non-productive’. Despite these minor setbacks, both are considered among the greatest men who have ever lived. Many lost people have covered a lot of territory in search for the way home. However, if one gives up after the first attempt fails, home will never be found because you are no longer searching for it. Failure has such a bad reputation that people may be discouraged from looking for the successful route for fear of looking foolish or stupid. After all, what is stupidity if not giving up after your first attempt at success did not actually succeed? There are many paths over the mountain, and continuing along one of them will get you to the other side, but first you may need to turn here and there to get around obstacles or large boulders. Enjoy your flight on Airlink. Gerard Peter Editor-in-Chief

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EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Gerard Peter MANAGING EDITOR Kate Kennedy SENIOR SUB EDITOR Vanessa Koekemoer SUB EDITORS Brigitte Billings, Noleen Fourie EDITORIAL COORDINATOR Mariska Van Wyk DTP STUDIO MANAGER Paul Kotze DESIGNERS Cronje du Toit, Roelof Meintjes TRAFFIC & PRODUCTION MANAGER Celeste Scholes ADVERTISING sales@panorama.co.za +27 11 468 2090 GROUP ADVERTISING SALES MANAGER Deborah Bishop-Williams 082 756 7455 SENIOR ADVERTISING SALES EXECUTIVE Arlene Sanford 083 473 5002 arlene@panorama.co.za ADVERTISING SALES EXECUTIVE Karen Roodt 076 318 1389 karen@panorama.co.za ENGLAND/WALES/SCOTLAND: Interactive Airline Partnerships, James Rolls. 13 Brook Business Centre, Cowley Mill Road, Uxbridge UB8 2FX Tel: +44-1895-258008 Fax: +44-1895-258009 SWITZERLAND/GERMANY: Imm Inflight Media Marketing Marcel Wernli, Gellertstrasse 18, 4052 Basel Tel: +41-61-3199090 Fax: +41-61-3199095 SUBSCRIPTIONS subscriptions@panorama.co.za Tel: 011 468 2090 Fax: 011 468 2091 FINANCE accounts@panorama.co.za

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PUBLISHER Urs Honegger

PRINTERS Ultra-Litho, Johannesburg DISTRIBUTION Republican News Agency ISSN 1025-2657

Jan-March 2012 17613 (total)

Skyways is printed on partially recycled paper

Skyways Magazine is published monthly and distributed via Airlink. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this magazine in whole or in part is prohibited without prior written permission of Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Copyright © 1994-2012 Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. The views expressed in Skyways Magazine are not necessarily those of Panorama Publications or Airlink, and the acceptance and publication of editorial and advertising matterial in Skyways Magazine does not imply any endorsement or warranty in respect of goods or services therein described, whether by Skyways Magazine or the publishers. Skyways Magazine will not be held responsible for the safe return of unsolicited editorial contributions. The Editor reserves the right to edit material submitted and in appropriate cases to translate into another language. Skyways Magazine reserves the right to reject any advertising or editorial material, which may not suit the standard of the publication, without reason given. Skyways Magazine is published by Panorama Publications on behalf of Airlink. PUBLISHED BY Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Private Bag X4, Kyalami, 1684, South Africa. 92 Campolino, Kyalami. Tel: 011 468 2090 Fax: 011 468 2091


contents contents

REGULARS 8 Out of Africa Unforgetable safaris on offer 11 Be scene Events calendar 14 Front desk News from around the world 18 Panorama A picture tells a thousand words 84 Flight plan Your Airlink timetable 88 French connection Life and laughter with Inspector Jacques Clouseau 91 Brainteasers Sudoku and battleship puzzles 92 Caffeine fix 10 Things you didn’t know about coffee 94 Quiz Put your grey matter to the test 96 Talespin Dealing with life’s bugger-ups MIND 20 Committed to the cause Putting an end to rhino poaching 30 Fair play Is labour law reasonable? 32 Child’s play Business lessons from a six-year-old 40 A helping hand Addressing food scarcity in Africa 54 Embrace the web Businesses cannot ignore the power of social media 56 Health matters Don’t get caught off-balance

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BODY 48 Through the grapevine A toast to our winemasters

in short

14

embrace the web

54

coast of dreams

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50 Recipes for success Brush up on your culinary skills 60 Perfect timing Winding up the chronograph watch SOUL 36 Coast of dreams Pemba’s secret 62 Matabo Hills The hallowed heart of Zimbabwe 66 Paradise country South Africa in all its splendour 70 Take note Billy Joel’s melodic medicine TRADE 24 Mango juiced 26 Gadgets and gizmos 28 Tech review

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MOTORING 44 Open road Exploring Botswana in a Grand Vitara

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90,000 Info

For Hazyview tours, email helga.goument@ thompsons.co.za or call 013 737 7115 For Malalane tours, email traci.robb@ thompsons.co.za or call 013 790 3769 www.thomsponsafrica.com

How to get there

Flights information and schedule on page 84 www.flyairlink.com

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20 minutes

Africa

The number of hours the average person spends at work

The time it takes a fully loaded supertanker, traveling at normal speed, to stop completely

Out of

Mpumalanga offers some of the continent’s best attractions

With abundant natural beauty, wildlife and welcoming people, Mpumalanga should be on every tourist’s bucket list. It’s here that you can experience the best of the African bush in open safari vehicles, take a breathtaking scenic drive through the Panorama Route, and gasp at the wonder of the rock formation aptly known as God’s Window. From extreme beauty, go extremely wild, and enjoy a traditional South African meal under a billion stars in the heart of one of the world’s most exciting game reserves. Now, Thompsons Africa has compiled a fascinating range of safaris to ensure you taste and savour the best the province has to offer.

Kruger National Park Open Vehicle Safari •

With no fewer than 147 mammals and 500 bird species, the Kruger National Park is a photographer’s dream destination. • The Kruger National Park boasts the Sabie and Crocodile rivers, with the reputation as two of Africa’s best ‘Big Five’ rivers. • Experienced, qualified field guides know the terrain and promise a wonderfully wild experience. The safari departs daily on request. No children under eight years, except on a private basis.


two

The number of credit cards for every person in the US

27,215 kilograms The amount of food the average person consumes during their lifetime

Great getaways Thompsons Holidays have put together packages that will allow you to experience Africa in all its splendour.

Morning Walking Safari • •

Experience an adrenalin rush on foot. Set off with your armed trail rangers who will teach you some bush skills, from animal tracking to bird and plant identification. Learn about everything big but not forgetting all that is small. • Get closer than you ever imagined as you learn something about their world. • Smell, hear and breathe the African bush. Departs daily on request at 04h00 in summer and 05h00 in winter (subject to availability). No children under 12 years.

Canyon Cruise and Endangered Species Tour •

The Blyde River Canyon is the third largest canyon in the world, with some of the deepest precipitous cliffs of any canyon on the planet. • View the Kadishi Tufa waterfall – the second tallest tufa waterfall on earth. A tufa waterfall is formed when water running over dolomite rock absorbs calcium, and deposits rock formations more rapidly than they erode the surrounding rock. In the case of the Kadishi Tufa fall, the formation that has been produced strikingly resembles a face which is crying profusely, and is thus sometimes known as ‘the weeping face of nature’. • Learn more about the natural history of the Blyde River Canyon while viewing wildlife from the comfort of your boat. • Head for the Endangered Species Centre and learn what is being done for Africa’s endangered animals, including cheetah, wild dog and the African Wild Cat. Departs Tues, Fri, Sun at 07h00. Returns at 16h00. Min: 2 guests. Text and Photography | Supplied

Jock Safari Lodge, Mpumalanga This 5-star resort is situated in the southern area of the Kruger National Park at the confluence of the Mitomeni and Biyamiti rivers, half way between Kukuza and Malenlane. Guests can experience the many delights of the lodge’s hospitality as well as enjoy a variety of treatments at the fully equipped spa. Enjoy private meals in the sala or join the other guests or experience an African al fresco experience in the Boma. Game drives within the Kruger National Park with highly experienced game rangers offer the thrill of close encounters with Africa’s wildlife. Price: Fly-in ex JNB R9,032 per person sharing. Includes: return Airlink flights to Mpumalanga including airline levies +3 Days Car hire + 3 Nights weekend accommodation + Breakfast, lunch, dinner and selected local drinks daily + 2 Game drives daily. Ref: MQP PG Valid: 01 Oct – 15 Dec ‘12. Packages ex Cape Town, Durban and Livingstone on request.

Camp Okavango, Botswana The enchanting 3-star Camp Okavango sits at the heart of the Okavango Delta on Nxaragha Island. Its main lodge features a cocktail bar, sitting area and wildlife reference library, with the dining room leading onto an expansive open-air patio where evenings around the fire can be enjoyed. Other facilities include a secluded bird-viewing hide and sundeck with plunge pool. Accommodating just 24 guests in custom African-style safari tents on raised teak platforms, Camp Okavango offers guests en-suite facilities and private viewing decks. Price: Fly-in ex JNB R19,789 (excludes airline levy ex JNB from R2,060). Includes: Return Airlink flights to Maun + Return airport transfers from Maun Airport to the lodge + 3 Nights at the 3* Camp Okavango + Breakfast, lunch, dinner all and local drinks daily + Scheduled activities daily + National Park fees and all government levies and taxes. Ref: 31836. Valid until 31 Oct ’12. Contact your nearest ASATA travel agent or Thompsons Holidays on 0861 84 66 77. Valid for SA Residents only. Terms and conditions apply.

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23

The number of years a 75 year old person will have slept in their lifetime

315

The number of misspelled entries in Webster’s 1996 Dictionary

CALENDAR GAUTENG

Africa Aerospace and Defence 2012 Exhibition

WESTERN CAPE

Africa Aerospace and Defence is the largest exhibition of air, sea and land capabilities on the African continent. The first three days of the exhibition are traditionally trade days, followed by two air show and defence exhibition days that are open to the public. Visitors will be able to enjoy an action-packed show of vehicle mobility demonstrations, mini war re-enactments, parachute jumps and view civilian and military aircraft.  19 to 23 September  AFB Waterkloof, City of Tswane i info@aadexpo.co.za

Hermanus Whale Festival

Johannesburg Arts Alive Festival

This year, the blossoming eastern Free State town of Fouriesburg (near Clarens) is holding its third Spring Fair. Entrance is free and there’ll be lots of fun for everyone: cherry blossom orchard tours, walks to San paintings, organic farm tours, eco-farming demonstrations, arts and crafts, and an art exhibition. This year, local artists and crafters will create all the signage from purely recycled materials collected by the community. The event will culminate in an evening performance by one of South Africa’s top stand-up comedians.  1 September 2012  Fouriesburg i 058 223 0429 / 079 897 1669

This vibrant and eclectic feast of arts and culture will take place at various venues in and around the city, and will feature the very best in homegrown theatre, dance, music, visual art and general entertainment. The festival’s focus this year is on forging partnerships with community groups and giving exposure to Joburg artists and arts practitioners from across the length and breadth of the city.  1 to 30 September (TBC)  Johannesburg i artsalive.co.za

Hermanus, known as the best land-based whale watching destination in the world, plays host to thousands of visitors who flock to the seaside resort to exhilarate in the unique natural environment, watch the whales and revel in music, enjoy great food and enjoy the many activities available during the festival.  28 September to 1 October  Hermanus i Festival@hermanus.co.za F R E E S TAT E

Fouriesburg Spring Fair

LIMPOPO

Rocking for Rhinos Festival With the majestic Drakensberg mountains as a backdrop, and natural bush, streams and wildlife as surrounding features, Franklyn Park provides the perfect scene for an innovative event. Consisting of headlining South African performers and top class conservationists, the event aims to raise funds for local antipoaching teams Quemec and Pro Track, and ultimately contribute to the saving of the rhinoceros species. Arrangements for camping have been made, allowing festival goers to stay on the property during the event.  22 to 23 September  Franklyn Park, Hoedspruit i 0861 670 670

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Exclusively at


1,140

7.5 million

The amount of phone calls the average person makes in a year

The number of toothpicks that can be created from one cord of wood

include travel patterns, geographic location and waiting times. The idea was to help understand and predict how viruses like SARS and bird flu get around and prompt epidemics in an ever more connected world. Source: IOL

TECHNOLOGY

Garden of Forgotten Apples Court documents have revealed pictures of iPhones and iPads that never made it out of the tech giant’s secret design lab.

Some are also labelled iPod on the back – an indicator of just how far, and how fast, Ive’s team took the technology market by storm. Source: Daily Mail

T R AV EL

Apple’s design process is highly secretive, with a closely guarded lab where senior Vice-President of Industrial Design, Jonathan Ive, crafts the company’s products. Court documents have revealed a slim iPhone 4 that might have been a widescreen iPad, and early iPhones that look much fatter than the sleek gadgets we know today. The prototype, labelled the N90, was revealed in a court battle between tech rivals Apple and Samsung. Other Apple gizmos that never made it off Ive’s drawing boards include several sleek iPads with kickstands built in. Several of the iPads have a widescreen 16:9 aspect ratio more similar to a flatscreen TV. Many of the designs date back as far as 2004, and show off the remarkable foresight of Ive’s team.

Which airport is top germ spreader? New York’s John F. Kennedy Airport is a teeming hub for international flight- and globe-trotting germs, a new study has found. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology named JFK as the top of a list of ‘superspreaders’ in contagious diseases. Next on the list are Los Angeles International, Honolulu, San Francisco, Newark Liberty, Chicago O’Hare and Washington Dulles. Top germ hub status doesn’t actually mean the airports are disease-ridden themselves. The study instead measured a wide variety of factors contributing to the airports’ role in the spread of infectious disease. These

ARCHAEOLOGY

San culture dates back more than 40,000 years New findings by an international research team at Border Cave in KwaZulu-Natal have more than doubled the age of the earliest evidence of the lifestyle of San hunter-gatherers in southern Africa. They have dated the evidence of the huntergatherers’ modern behaviour as a counting aid to 44,000 years ago – from the 10,000 or at most 20,000 years previously accepted. The research team was led by Professor Francesco Derrick, director of research at the French National Research Centre. Their results showed that, at this time, people at Border Cave were using digging sticks weighted with perforated stones, like those traditionally used by the San. It is also believed that they adorned themselves with ostrich egg and many marine shell beads, and notched bones for notational purposes. Source: IOL

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2.44 metres

1/100th of a second

The length of the Statue of Liberty’s Index Finger

The actual time measurement of a ‘jiffy’

Get the answer Just in case our puzzles are sending you around the bend, here are the solutions. Puzzles can be found on page 91.

Sudoku Easy

Challenging

ENVIRONMENT

Is this the door to hell? At first glance, it could be a dramatic scene from a science-fiction movie. But this giant hole of fire in the heart of the Karakum Desert, Turkmenistan, is not the aftermath of an attack on Earth. It is a crater made by geologists more than 40 years ago, and the flames within have been burning ever since. Locals call it the door to hell. Soviet geologists were drilling at the site in 1971 and tapped into a cavern filled with natural gas, when the ground beneath the drilling rig collapsed, leaving a hole with a diameter of 70 metres. Fearing that the hole would lead to the release of poisonous gases, the team decided to burn it off. It was hoped that the fire would use all the fuel within days, but the gas is still burning today. In April 2010 the country’s president, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, ordered that the hole should be closed but this is yet to happen. The area has significant oil and natural gas deposits. Source: Daily Mail

ARCHITECTURE

New header

China recently opened a recordbreaking bridge over the Defang Canyon in Hunan Province.

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The Aisha Extra Large Suspension Bridge will link two tunnels, 1,176 metres apart, together, and will suspend 355 metres above the canyon. A key section of the 64-kilometre-long JishouChadong Expressway, the bridge features a standard two-way, four-lane motorway. The expressway runs through 18 tunnels in total, which covers about half of its length. Construction of the bridge started in October

Battleships Easy

Medium

2007, with its main sections being completed at the end of 2011. The structure was designed to help ease traffic in the mountainous region, where tailbacks are a common occurrence due to its narrow, steep and winding roads. It has been dotted with 1,888 lights to increase visibility at night. Source: The Telegraph

GENERAL NEWS

Traffic cops have daily fine quota Gauteng traffic cops have reportedly come up with a way to make a cool R11 million a year. According to a recent report in The Star newspaper, the cash-strapped National Traffic

Police Unit is said to have instructed its officers to issue 15 traffic fines each a day. If the 268 officers reach the target, they could generate more than R11 million a year. According to insiders, the latest move is to keep afloat the unit launched last year with much hype by former transport minister S’bu Ndebele. The unit was established to crack down on drunk driving and corruption, and to reduce deaths on national roads. The members were also supposed to help the SA National Roads Agency Ltd monitor Gauteng’s e-tolling system. However, e-tolling has been put on hold pending the outcome of legal proceedings. According to The Star, the unit’s acting deputy chief, Jody Pillay, instructed the officers during morning parades to each issue 15 traffic fines to ensure the unit is self-sustainable. Source: IOL


1,460

The number of dreams an average person has a year

ARCHAEOLOGY

New signs that Samson existed A tiny seal has been uncovered that could be the first archaeological evidence of Samson, the biblical slayer of Philistines. Archaeologists discovered the ancient artifact while excavating the tell of Beit Shemesh in the Judaean Hills near Jerusalem, Israel. It appears to depict the Old Testament story of Samson, whose might was undone by his lust for the temptress Delilah, and his fight with a lion. The seal shows a large animal with a feline tail attacking a human figure. The seal was discovered at a level of excavation that dates it to roughly the 11th century BC, when Israelite tribes had moved into the area after Joshua’s conquest of Canaan. The location of the find was close to the River Sorek that marked the boundary between the Israelites and their Philistine foes. The location also indicates that the figure on the seal could represent Samson, according to Israeli archaeologists, Professor Shlomo Bunimovitz and Dr Zvi Lederman. Source: Daily Mail

MUSIC

Expensive violin handed in at lost property office A Stradivarius violin – possibly worth several million – has been handed in at a Swiss lost-property office after a hapless musician left it on a train. The owner had lent the precious instrument to a musician friend who took it on a train but forgot it when he got off at Bern, police said. After a fruitless search by train staff, surveillance cameras spotted a passenger walking off with the violin at a different station and police launched an appeal for help. The violin turned up two days later in the lost-property office at Bern station. Around 600 violins made by Italian master craftsman Antonio Stradivari are still in existence. Last year, one fetched about £8.6 million in a charity auction for victims of the 2011 Japanese tsunami. Source: The Telegraph


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35,000

The number of cars that can drive side by side on the Monumental Axi in Brazil

The number of cookies a person consumes in a lifetime

ARCHAEOLOGY

Mayan prince buried with lavish gifts A 1,300-year-old Mayan prince has been discovered in an ancient tomb along with lavish burial offerings.

University of Bonn researchers say this, along with the location of the tomb and the absence of certain burial objects like jade jewellery that would indicate his position, show the deceased is a young prince who was not in direct line for the throne. The date on one of the cups is 711 AD and the death of the young prince as well as

the area of his tomb can be dated back to the first decades of the eighth century – with the exceptionally preserved ceramics making this tomb one of the most significant discoveries of its kind in the entire Mayan Lowlands. Source: Daily Mail

OSFF 702609

The tomb dates back to the eighth century and was discovered roughly 1,5 metres below the royal palace of Uxul in Campeche, Mexico. The fossilised man, who researchers estimate was between 20 and 25 when he died, was found lying on his back, with his arms folded inside a tomb below the floor in a building within the city’s royal complex. Surrounding the prince were lavish burial offerings, such as four ceramic plates and five ceramic cups in an exceptionally preserved state. A message on a cup in hieroglyphics read: ‘[This is] the cup of the young man/ prince’, while a second container also alluded to the same message.

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Cast in stone The Bayon Temple at Ankor, Cambodia has often been described as the most striking expression of the baroque style of Khmer architecture. Built around the early 13th Century, The Bayon’s most distinctive feature is the multitude of serene and massive stone faces on the many towers which jut out from the upper terrace and cluster around its central peak.

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free | range

Environmental showdown Crime-busting for rhinos

rodney

Visser does the kind of crime-busting stuff that keeps you glued to your favourite crime series. Helicopters, shootouts, 24-hour watches and dart guns all form part of his high adrenalin job. Visser is the former head of Organised Crime for Port Elizabeth. He still works closely with the SAPS Hawks Rhino Unit. His connections, built up over 27 years in the South African Police Service (SAPS), are an integral part of protecting rhino. The challenge for these dedicated investigators is that case loads in South Africa are unbearable and undo-able.

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Visser’s credentials include training with the FBI and international crime investigation agencies such as the UK-based Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA). The UK agency tackles serious organised crime including Class A drugs, people smuggling, human trafficking, major gun crime, fraud, computer crime and money laundering.

“It is not work. It is a lifestyle and a passion,” Visser says. “It is what I do during work and after work. Plus I get to work in a fantastic place like Shamwari Game Reserve!” Visser’s commitment is a vital part of the Forever Wild initiative. This project is affiliated to the award-winning Wilderness Foundation. The initiative has five Volkswagen-sponsored Amarok vehicles


“For the defence force to be deployed, the President needs to authorise it, and he has,” Visser explains. Several platoons comprising 110 people have been deployed to the Kruger National Park. They work around the clock. Their people are changed every ten weeks to prevent corruption. “It is like a low-level war,” Visser says. “There are helicopters flying in and out and soldiers are deployed to protect and patrol.” He is a realist, which is understandable, given the nature of his job. Visser believes that you will never be able to stop the killing of rhino completely. “It is like prostitution: as long as the product and demand is there, it will happen. Rhino killing will only stop when there are no rhino left, however we can manage and minimise it.” Visser admits that owners of some nature reserves are weary from the threat posed by attacks on their rhino. “I know of people who want to hand over their rhino to the state,” he reports. “It is one thing to have a 40-man security team guarding your reserve. It is another thing to equip it up to the sophisticated military specifications that are required to protect rhino.”

93% of the world’s rhino population is found in South Africa

Disturbing numbers

stationed at various parks and reserves across South Africa to assist with rhino protection. One of the vehicles was provided to the Shamwari Group, which encompasses four game reserves. Visser is Shamwari’s group security manager and is appreciative of the use of the vehicle. “If Volkswagen took away the vehicles it would severely hamper rhino protection in our country,” he reflects. “I know where the vehicles are utilised.”

Bringing in the big guns Visser confirms that more sophisticated killing of rhino has taken place in South Africa since 2009. Crime syndicates use dart guns normally used by vets and helicopters to land in places like the Kruger National Park. Government is taking rhino protection seriously.

Not everyone is aware that the rhino population was almost depleted in the 1900s. There were as few as 30 to 50 rhino left. The iconic Ian Player was instrumental in reviving the figures. The statistics available today indicate that the odds may be stacked against rhino surviving man’s exploitation. According to Visser, there are currently 200,000 white rhino and 40,000 black rhino remaining worldwide, with 93% of the population in South Africa. It is only when you break down the numbers – into rhinos actually alive – that you realise the extent to which they face possible extinction. It is a grim scenario. Visser explains: “On average 1,000 rhinos are born worldwide every year. In 2011, 448 rhino were poached in South Africa. Add to that 150 legal hunts and 400 natural deaths. So the rhino population is leveling out or declining.” Statistics may paint a rosier picture of remaining populations than actually exists. According to Visser some parks may think that they have 12,000 white rhinos, but the actual number may be closer to 600. However, awareness campaigns about the rhinos’ plight are bearing fruit. “It is working already,” says Visser. “There are even criminals who won’t kill a rhino because of the outcry from the public. They would rather be seen as doing something else.” Rhino horn is modified skin, containing keratin, as found in fingernails. Although it has no proven benefits,

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free | range

Top: Rodney Visser and a member of anti poaching unit at Pilansberg National Park. Above: Visser and his anti-poaching team on a community outreach on International Rhino Day last year.

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it is used for traditional medicine in Asia, for dagger handles in Africa, and some regard it as a cure for cancer. Rhino horn is now worth more than gold per kilogram. According to an NBC report, one rhino horn is currently worth $250,000 (R2,037,500). “There are clamp-downs on the sale of horn in the East, yet it is few and far between,”Visser reports. “The challenge is that horn is sold in the huge traditional medicine trade in Asia and it is too widespread even if the authorities wanted to curb it. More than 90% of product sold as rhino horn is in fact water buffalo and it further complicates policing. The South African government had several visits to Vietnam and China to curb smuggling although no country is any longer in a position to place sanctions against China for obvious financial and economic reasons.” The South African justice system has excellent

legislation in terms of organised criminal activity. Prosecutors are involved with sophisticated investigations. “Awareness now exists among the legal fraternity,” explains Visser. “We have seen 25-year sentences handed out. There are currently 57 cases on the court roll.” The joint security forces including the Endangered Species of the Hawks, the NPA, the Asset Forfeiture Unit, Department of Environmental Affairs and curators have made huge strides in thwarting rhino poaching in South Africa. This year the team seized assets in the region of R55 million. This was believed to have been acquired through criminal activities, particularly rhino poaching from Dawie Groenewald and from two veterinary surgeons, Doctors Karel Toet and Manie du Plessis. The National Wildlife Crime Reaction Unit (NWCRU) is responsible for the majority of the kingpins being arrested. Visser confirms, “The prevention of organised crime act (POCA) is obviously the new approach, together with tax evasion and asset forfeiture investigations.” Rhino poaching must not be seen in isolation. There is just as much other wildlife crime going on. On a cautionary note, Visser reflects: “It is not always the person you would suspect. It may be your next door neighbour. That is the worst of it – these things are done at night.” Text and photography | Samantha Barnes


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App your life The sweet taste of Mango and all Windows Phone 7 has to offer Microsoft decided to copy Google and adopted a cute naming scheme for its mobile OS. Windows Phone 7.5 has the codename Mango, and was released late last year and offered numerous improvements on the fledgling mobile OS that ensured it could compete with the more experienced competition. While WP7.5 has a smaller marketplace, there are still some quality apps out there but more importantly some of Microsoft’s partners are investing heavily in the development of said apps which makes the OS even more attractive.

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Nokia Drive

Top Gear

Nokia Drive comes preloaded on all the Nokia Lumia devices and after a hefty download of maps and voices it turns your phone into one amazing GPS. The maps for South Africa are 85MB and will need to be downloaded over a WiFi connection, but it’s well worth the effort. The menu system is clean and the directions are precise and clear. Take a wrong turn and Nokia Drive just directs you from that location instead of declaring to the universe that it is recalculating. Nokia Drive is not only a great app but a good reason to buy a Lumia over any other WP7 device.

For the petrolheads out there Top Gear has an app that brings all the TG excitement to your phone. The app includes access to the latest TG news, reviews, videos and pictures. The cherry on the top is that the app is free and doesn’t seem to want your hard-earned money for any of the content.

Microsoft Weather Microsoft’s Weather app is one you cannot leave home without. The Live Tile functionality means that the weather is displayed on your start screen without you needing to open up the app. The app itself is very simple and only

displays the current weather conditions as well as the forecast for the day.

Marketplace Deals Most apps are either free or generally cheap but on occasion even the cheap apps go on sale for the low, low price of nothing. Marketplace Deals allows you to find those apps that are either going for free or have been discounted to a new low price including all the games on Xbox Live. You will need to wade through all the low-grade apps, but among the chaff there are some great deals. Text: Michael Reed, Hardware writer, PCFormat


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Stats Sony Xperia P Price Retailer dependent Manufacturer Sony Screen 540x960, 4.0-inch capacitive touch screen Memory 1GB OS Android 2.3 (Gingerbread) Storage 16GB internal

Stats Dell XPS13 Price R15,000 Manufacturer Dell LCD 13.3-inch wide RAM 4GB Storage 128GB SSD OS Windows 7 Professional 64-bit

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Sexy and stylish Sony unveils its future The Xperia P sits in the middle of Sony’s NXT (marketing for next) range of Android devices. All three of these devices; Xperia U, Xperia P and Xperia S, have similar styling with capacitive touch buttons sitting on a translucent strip, which is sandwiched into the phone’s body. The rest of the phone is taken up by a scratch-resistant, bright-as-day, 4-inch capacitive touch screen. The back of the phone sports an 8-megapixel camera with LED flash and thanks to Sony’s obsession with image quality, it’s a glorious piece of happy-snapper gear. You’d be forgiven for looking at the 4-inch screen

and mid-range pricing and thinking that this phone is average. The dual core 1GHz processor makes quick work of any task, with start-ups being particularly nippy for a Gingerbread device. The Xperia P is an excellent phone and in the mid-range segment it takes the crown with its dual-core processor. The only negative aspect to this phone is that the battery is decimated in a day, so going to bed without giving it some AC love will mean you’re gonna have a bad time.

Score: ★ ★ ★

Featherlight Dell enters the ultrabook market The ultrabook war is heating up. Every manufacturer worth its salt is trying to outdo its competitors and thanks to Intel’s strict specifications, ultrabooks are getting better with each passing day. That said, there are some ultrabooks that stand out from the crowd. Dell’s XPS13 is one such ‘book and under its 2mm thick hood is one of the best ultrabooks on the planet. The XPS13 is fast and a real-world 15-second boot time is achievable. That speed is due to the SSD buried inside and while the 128GB offered by this drive is far from spacious, the performance benefits outweigh the reduced

space. The mix of aluminium, carbon fibre and magnesium in this ultrabook means that it steps into the ring at a featherweight 1.36kg and at its thickest point it is only 18mm thick, well within Intel’s 2cm specs. The 13.3-inch screen is crisp and although it only has an HD-ready 720P resolution it’s more than enough for work and the occasional airport movie screening.

Score: ★ ★ ★ Text | Michael Reed


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The Curious Case of Internet Privacy Free services in exchange for personal information. That’s the 'privacy bargain' we all strike on the Web. It could be the worst deal ever.

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Here’s a story you’ve heard about the internet: we trade our privacy for services. The idea is that your private information is less valuable to you than it is to the firms that siphon it out of your browser as you navigate the Web. They know what to do with it to turn it into value – for them and for you. This story has taken on mythic proportions, and no wonder, since it has billions of dollars riding on it. But if it’s a bargain, it’s a curious, one-sided arrangement. To understand the kind of deal you make with your privacy a hundred times a day, please read and agree with the following:

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By reading this agreement, you give Technology Review and its partners the unlimited right to intercept and examine your reading choices from this day forward, to sell the insights gleaned thereby, and to retain that information in perpetuity and supply it without limitation to any third party. Actually, the text above is not exactly analogous to the terms on which we bargain with every mouse click. To really polish the analogy, I’d have to ask this magazine to hide that text in the margin of one of the back pages. And I’d have to end it with This agreement is subject to change at any time. What we agree to participate in on the internet isn’t a negotiated trade; it’s a smorgasbord, and intimate facts of your life (your location, your interests, your friends) are the buffet. Why do we seem to value privacy so little? In part, it’s because we are told to. Facebook has more than once overriden its users’ privacy preferences, replacing them with new default settings. Facebook then responds to the inevitable public outcry by restoring something that’s like the old system, except slightly less private. And it adds a few more lines to an inexplicably complex privacy dashboard. Even if you read the fine print, human beings are

awful at pricing out the net present value of a decision whose consequences are far in the future. No one would take up smoking if the tumors sprouted with the first puff. Most privacy disclosures don’t put us in immediate physical or emotional distress either. But given a large population making a large number of disclosures, harm is inevitable. We’ve all heard the stories about people who’ve been fired because they set the wrong privacy flag on that post where they blew off on-the-job steam. The risks increase as we disclose more, something that the design of our social media conditions us to do. When you start out your life in a new social network, you are rewarded with social reinforcement as your old friends pop up and congratulate you on arriving at the party. Subsequent disclosures generate further rewards, but not always. Some disclosures seem like bombshells to you (“I’m getting a divorce”) but produce only virtual cricket chirps from your social network. And yet seemingly insignificant communications (“Does my butt look big in these jeans?”) can produce a torrent of responses. Behavioural scientists have a name for this dynamic: 'intermittent reinforcement.' It’s one of the most powerful behavioural training techniques we know about. Give a lab rat a lever that produces a food pellet on demand and he’ll only press it when he’s hungry. Give him a lever that produces food pellets at random intervals, and he’ll keep pressing it forever. How does society get better at preserving privacy online? As Lawrence Lessig pointed out in his book Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace, there are four possible mechanisms: norms, law, code, and markets. So far, we’ve been pretty terrible on all counts. Take norms: our primary normative mechanism for improving privacy decisions is a kind of pious fingerwagging, especially directed at kids. “You spend too much time on those interwebs!” And yet schools and libraries and parents use network spyware to trap


every click, status update, and IM from kids, in the name of protecting them from other adults. In other words: your privacy is infinitely valuable, unless we’re violating it. (Oh, and if you do anything to get around our network surveillance, you’re in deep trouble.) What about laws? In the United States, there’s a legal vogue for something called 'Do Not Track': users can instruct their browsers to transmit a tag that says, “Don’t collect information on my user.” But there’s no built-in compliance mechanism – we can’t be sure it works unless auditors descend on IT giants’ data centers to ensure they aren’t cheating. In the EU, they like the idea that you own your data, which means that you have a property interest in the facts of your life and the right to demand that this 'property' not be misused. But this approach is flawed, too. If there’s one thing the last 15 years of internet policy fights have taught us, it’s that nothing is ever solved by ascribing property-like rights to easily copied information. There’s still room for improvement – and profit – in code. A great deal of internet-data harvesting is the result of permissive defaults on how our browsers handle cookies, those bits of code used to track us. Right now, there are two ways to browse the Web: turn cookies off altogether and live with the fact that many sites won’t work; or turn on all cookies and accept the wholesale extraction of your internet use habits. Browser vendors could take a stab at the problem. For a precedent, recall what happened to pop-up ads. When the web was young, pop-ups were everywhere. They’d appear in tiny windows that re-spawned when you closed them. They ran away from your cursor and auto-played music. Because pop-ups were the only way to command a decent rate from advertisers, the conventional wisdom was that no browser vendor could afford to block pop-ups by default, even though users hated them. The deadlock was broken by Mozilla, a nonprofit foundation that cared mostly about serving users, not site owners or advertisers. When Mozilla’s Firefox turned on pop-up blocking by default, it began to be wildly successful. The other browser vendors had no choice but to follow suit. Today, pop-ups are all but gone. Cookie managers should come next. Imagine if your browser loaded only cookies that it thought were useful to you, rather than dozens from ad networks you never intended to interact with. Advertisers and media buyers will say the idea can’t work. But the truth is that dialing down internet tracking won’t be the end of advertising. Ultimately, it could

be a welcome change for those in the analytics and advertising business. Now it seems as if everyone gets to slurp data out of your computer, regardless of whether the service is superior. Once the privacy bargain takes place without coercion, good companies will be able to build services that get more data from their users than bad companies. For mobile devices, we’d need more sophisticated tools. Today, mobile-app marketplaces present you with take-it-or-leave-it offers. If you want to download that Connect the Dots app to entertain your kids on a long car ride, you must give the app access to your phone number and location. What if mobile OSes were designed to let their users instruct them to lie to apps? “Whenever the Connect the Dots app wants to know where I am, make something up. When it wants my phone number, give it a random one.” An experimental module for Cyanogenmod (a free/ open version of the Android OS) already does this. It works moderately well but would be better if it were officially supported by Google. Far from destroying business, letting users control disclosure would create value. Design an app that I willingly give my location to (as I do with the Hailo app for ordering black cabs in London) and you’d be one of the few and proud firms with my permission to access and sell that information. Right now, the users and the analytics people are in a shooting war, but only the analytics people are armed. There’s a business opportunity for a company that wants to supply arms to the rebels instead of the empire.

Cory Doctorow working in the privacy of his home office in London.

Like this article? For more intelligent reads check out for knowledge

Text | Cory Doctorow Photography | Jonathan Worth/Creative Commons

29 09 12


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Ivan Israelstam is Chief Executive of Labour Law Management Consulting. He may be contacted on 011 888 7944 or ivan@labourlawadvice. co.za. This article first appeared in The Star.

Making sense of it all Is the labour law reasonable?

one

of the most unfathomable words used in labour legislation is the word ‘reasonable’. This is because when defining the concept, dictionaries use terms which themselves need to be defined, hence making a common understanding very difficult. For example, the Penguin English dictionary defines ‘reasonable’ as ‘endowed with reason; governed by reason; sensible; not excessive; inexpensive; tolerable; just’. Each of these concepts themselves can have any number of connotations acceptable in the English language. Delving into definitions can add to confusion as to the meaning of concepts. For example, according to the above definition ‘reasonable’ means ‘sensible'. However, the same dictionary includes in its definition of ‘sensible’ the word ‘reasonable’. So, we go around in ever more confusing circles. The concept of reasonableness has a strong subjective element. That is, when, for example, a party makes a demand he/she tends to judge its reasonableness from the perspective of his/her own needs. For instance, if I am pressing for a salary increase, then a raise of 50% might seem reasonable to me if I have been earning a lot less than other people doing a similar job. However, if my employer is short of cash and does not want to set a precedent of giving 50% increases then a demand for such a big increase will not be reasonable to him.

The letter of the law

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The term ‘reasonable’ is used in labour law and industrial relations not only to describe pay demands, but in many other areas. For example, this concept comes up when the following questions are asked: • Was the trade union’s decision to embark on an unprocedural strike reasonable?


Can the employer prove that the employee, accused of insubordination, refused to obey a ‘reasonable instruction’? Why was it a reasonable instruction? What made it unreasonable to the employee? • Is it reasonable for an employer to hire armed security guards to evict strikers form the premises? • Can the Labour Court, in considering the review application of a CCMA arbitration award, decide whether the arbitrator reasonably applied his/her mind to the facts of the case? Was the arbitrator’s decision to disallow certain evidence a reasonable one? • Was the employer’s decision to dismiss an alcoholic employee fair and reasonable under the circumstances, or would a ‘reasonable’ employer have sent the employee for treatment? • Was it reasonable for the employee involved in retrenchment consultations to refuse the employer’s offer of a transfer to another branch? • Another place in labour law where the elusive term ‘reasonable’ appears is in section 186(1)(b) of the Labour Relations Act (LRA), which says that the meaning of dismissal includes the situation where, “an employee reasonably expected the employer to renew a fixed term contract of employment on the same or similar terms but the employer offered to renew it on less favourable terms, or did not renew it.” • In the case of Scholtz and Others vs Dynamic Labour Brokers, the CCMA held that the employer’s decision not to renew the fixed-term contracts of some of its employees was an unfair dismissal. This was because the arbitrator believed that the employees had a reasonable expectation that their contracts would be renewed. The arbitrator’s view was based on the facts that: • The employer did renew the contracts of some employees doing the same work as the applicants in the case. This showed that there was work available after the expiry of the contracts and that it was therefore reasonable to expect a renewal. • Those employees whose employment was terminated were chosen at random. Perhaps the most suited definition of reasonable is: 'a situation, decision or viewpoint based on objective thinking, the facts of each case and a balance between the rights and legitimate needs of the parties concerned.' It’s a decision based on rational thought and the facts presented rather than on subjective needs or problems. Text | Ivan Israelstam Photography | Shutterstock

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Hannah's Rules What does a six-year-old’s mindset mean for your business? The five most disruptive forces that will change the way we live and work in the next decade are technology, institutional change, demographics, environmental issues and shifting social values. These are the tides of change. In this issue, we look at the environment, ethics and ‘green business’. Dr Graeme Codrington is a director of TomorrowToday, a strategic insights consultancy. For more information contact marilyn@ uniquespeakerbureau. com

The seven billion people on this planet, and all the businesses we run, are using up our natural resources at an unprecedented rate. At the same time, we’re changing the very way in which the planet works, affecting climate, temperature and even topography. And yet, there is fierce debate and divided opinion about what is happening and how we should respond. As the financial crisis fades and growth returns later, increasing numbers of customers and staff will demand higher environmental and ethical standards from companies. They’re already equating environmental performance with ethical standards, and demanding more from you than ever before. New technologies, especially those incorporating the principles of biomimicry, will emerge as competitors to industries that are perceived as polluters and will fuel a new passion for environmentally friendly products and processes. Forward thinking companies will start now to try and get ahead of these disruptive changes. The best way to do this is with a changed mindset: from attempting to do the minimum required by law, to aiming to do the best possible for the environment, for people and for the planet. This issue is well worn so I won’t go over all the details and debates now. Instead, I’d like to offer just one good reason to take environmental and ethical issues seriously. That reason has a name. Her name is Hannah.

Child’s play Hannah is my daughter and she is 11 years old. Five

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years ago, in a pre-primary class she was taught about pollution and the damage that litter, mess and garbage causes. As a six-year-old, she became a little crusader against litter. One day as we were driving on the highway, our car became boxed in behind a delivery van. Before I could manoeuvre our way past the truck, the driver downshifted and belched a cloud of diesel smoke that engulfed our car. The acrid smell quickly wafted through the vents and into the backseat, overwhelming Hannah’s young nose. She coughed and spluttered and theatrically gulped for breath. I took a gap and overtook the delivery van, with Hannah now recovering enough to wave an accusing finger out the back window at the truck driver and reprimand him for polluting the planet. As she did so, though, she noticed the branding on the side of the van: it was a well-known brand of crisps. “Is that man delivering those chips, Daddy?”she asked. When I answered, “Yes,” she said something I will never forget. With all the conviction a six-year-old can muster, she declared,“I will never eat them ever again!”And she never has. Since then, Hannah has added to her list of ‘no go’ companies. We call them ‘Hannah’s Rules’ and they include prohibitions based on a variety of ethical issues, including pollution, labour conditions and animal testing. Hannah religiously checks the shopping, and ensures we get rid of any ‘banned products’ that we have mistakenly purchased.

Driven by conviction The companies our small family has been boycotting over the past five years won’t have noticed. But Hannah’s influence is spreading. Some of her friends have joined her little campaign. But the bigger news is that Hannah is part of a generation whose cause is going to be environmental. Generation Y is growing up ethical. And the oldest of this generation is just starting to enter the workplace. By the end of this decade, their voice will be strong


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Read more about the five most disruptive forces that will change our world at skywaysmagazine.co.za

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and loud. They’ve already made themselves heard: Nike have changed their production processes and Cadburys went fully Fairtrade, to name but a few companies that have heeded the growing pressure of this generation. These are all good news stories from companies that understood the transparent nature of the new world of work, and the need for ethics and accountability. And these successes give these young people more power and conviction to continue. Maybe not right now, but soon, your industry will have to face customers and staff and explain your environmental record. Those that don’t have good stories to tell will be punished severely by the market. There are many good reasons to ‘go green’ and be ethical. Responding to the growing demands of your market is just one of the best of these. There are many others, including, of course, that it’s ‘the right thing to do’. The issue of environmental and ethical performance

should be on every business leader’s agenda, and should be a non-negotiable line item in every strategy session your company runs over the next decade. You don’t have to abandon everything else and focus solely on this issue, and you don’t have to go overboard and overspend on items and programmes that have little or no return on investment. This can – and should – all be approached with a business mindset, understanding that the future demands of your market, governments and regulators, staff and the world itself are all pointing in only one direction. By the time Hannah becomes an adult in the year 2022, environmental and ethical performance will be the most significant make or break issues for your company. What do you need to do today to ensure your success just a decade from now? Just do it. Text | Dr Graeme Codrington Photography | Shutterstock


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Pemba’s secret It’s boom time for Mozambique’s picturesque port city

Top: Peter Schrider was declared endangered in 1974, when there w Left: ya provide an elastic fibre with a crimp that is perfect for knitted fabric, while Suri is

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located

in the far north of Mozambique lies Pemba, a deep water port which is fast becoming one of the emerging destinations for tourism and business in Africa.

With close proximity to the Tanzanian border, Pemba lies in Cabo Delgado, a province in Mozambique, where watersport and diving enthusiasts converge in large numbers to enjoy the pure pleasure of the sea and the coral reef. The city’s inhabitants are primarily Makondes, Macuas and Mwanis. The local languages spoken are Kimwani and Macua, although Portuguese is also widespread. The Makondes are internationally recognised for their creativity in art and crafts. They are highly skilled designers and create traditional silverware for the African fusion diversity arts. In Pemba intrepid divers are able to explore exciting and largely unchartered waters, where hard and soft coral and a legion of fish species abound. Nudi branches and marine invertebrates lie waiting to be discovered in translucent waters that seldom drop below 26 degrees, even in winter. If you are thinking of deep-sea fishing for kingfish, sailfish, Marlin or Barracuda, or diving off coral reefs, snorkelling, windsurfing, sailing, kayaking and water-skiing, you can’t go wrong with Pemba. With ample amenities for sailing safaris, sunset cruises and whale watching, this part of Mozambique promises just that. In addition, the northern Mozambique waters around Pemba produce some of the most exciting gamefish to catch and release – Kingfish, Barracuda, Dorado, Queen Mackerel, Queen fish, Pompano, Prodigal Son, and Jobfish to name a few. Dolphins are frequently encountered, and Leatherback, Loggerhead and Green turtles are often seen in the water, while Humpback whales can be sighted offshore between August and October. At night you will enjoy the Mozambique tropical heat as you drift from the Niassa Bar, with its wildlife trophies evoking past hunting days, to the Quirimbasa blend of international and local cuisine, with Mozambique seafood in abundance.

Known primarily as a tourist town, business is booming in Pemba

Wild and wonderful The Quirimbas National Park, stretching along the north east coast of Mozambique, protects 750,639 hectares of coastal forest and mangroves, rich coral reefs and abundant marine life.

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Visitors can enjoy cultural interaction, find beautifully crafted silverware, and explore ancient settlements and buildings. The mainland section of the park is only just being revealed to the world. The park is an area of great importance with an abundance of several species of exotic fish, and extremely rare marine species such as the Dugong Sea Turtles. The park is home to the elephant, buffalo, lion and the reclusive leopard, as well as wild dog, hyena and many types of antelope and a variety of bird species. Significant gas finds have attracted international interests in Pemba

New horizons The diversity and vastness of unexploited mineral resources that Mozambique is endowed with represent major investment opportunities for the exploration,

Airlink expands Pemba operations Airlink has increased the frequency of its daily service between Johannesburg and Pemba. The airline has added a Monday and Friday flight to its weekly schedule. Flights depart Johannesburg at 11h10 arriving in Pemba at 14h00 and depart Pemba at 14h30 arriving at Johannesburg at 17h25. The additional flights, which complement Airlink’s current schedule which operates on Wednesdays and Saturdays, will also use one of Airlink’s 11 Embraer ERJ135 37-seat regional jets. The Pemba destination has been seeing increasing interest following the significant gas finds offshore in the Mozambican channel north of Pemba. A number of new hotel properties have opened in the region to serve both the growing leisure and the gas and oil industry.

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extraction, processing and utilisation of various types of resources, of which the most important are natural gas, coal, gold, titanium, ilmenite, zircon, rutile, tantalite, marbles, and precious stones. Granted, Pemba has been known as a tourist destination, but these days it is also an important centre for northern Mozambique’s offshore natural gas fields in the Rovuma basin. US-based Anadarko Petroleum and Italian oil and gas company Eni, have both announced significant gas discoveries in the region. These discoveries are important because of the size of the reserves as well as Mozambique’s relative proximity to markets in Asia. In February this year, it was estimated that the liquid natural gas (LNG) fields have a potential commercial value surpassing R8 trillion. Furthermore, Anadrako, ENI and Norwegian company, Statoil, have made Pemba the hub for their off-shore activities. In fact, six of the top ten service providers in oil and gas exploration are also located in Pemba. There are also tax incentives to business and industry setting up shop in Pemba. This includes customs duties and VAT exemption for investments carried out in ‘Rapid Development Zones’. Certain investments located in these zones benefit for a period of five tax years from an investment tax credit. This is deductible from the Corporate Income Tax. Looking beyond Pemba, there is other business potential throughout the former Portuguese colony. One such example is the industry sector which offers investment opportunities almost all over the country. The textile industry, agri-industry, the aluminum, iron and steel, coal and gas are some examples to take into consideration. Mozambique is making strong headway in the global market-place. The African eastern seaboard, where Mozambique is located, has excellent port facilities. The three ports, Maputo, Beira and Ncala, are conveniently situated and provide quick turnaround for vessels. This is very useful as the shipments to Zimbabwe, Botswana, Swaziland, Zambia and other land-locked countries in the region can go through the country’s ports costeffectively. Furthermore, the government of Mozambique, in partnership with the private sector, has been investing in the development of public infrastructure, such as roads, bridges, telecommunications and energy, among other sectors. Consequently various opportunities abound in these sectors and investors are therefore challenged to create innovative ways of investing in these sectors and ensure turnover of their capital as well as profit. Text | Courtesy Mozambique Review


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A glimmer of Fighting food insecurity and malnutrition

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Loyce had lost weight and had been sick for a week. Her first-time mother, Asiyileni (18), did not know what to do. So she was relieved to hear from a friend about the nutrition support her daughter could receive at Bangwe Health Centre on the outskirts of Malawi’s second city, Blantyre.

Loyce was diagnosed with moderate acute malnutrition and was at risk of deteriorating into severe acute malnutrition, a dangerous and even lifethreatening condition. The child was immediately admitted for treatment to the centre’s supplementary feeding programme, which is supported by the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP). After two months of receiving Likuni Phala (a fortified food made from corn and soya), she went from 6kg to 7.2kg. Although still below the average weight for a ninemonth-old baby, she is much better than she was.


hope “My child’s condition has really improved since I started giving her Likuni Phala,” says Asiyileni. “Before coming to the health centre, there was hardly any food at home to feed her properly.” Asiyileni is married to a minibus conductor but his wages are low and they struggle to buy enough food. Recognising that supplementary feeding alone is not a long-term solution, the health centre’s nutrition programme includes lessons on maintaining a healthy diet that are delivered through singing sessions and group discussions with mothers.

Bangwe is one of the 338 health centres implementing the nutrition programme in Malawi. Through it, WFP is reaching some 20,000 children under five and close to 10,000 pregnant and nursing mothers. According to the 2010 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey, 4% of the country’s children under five years are acutely malnourished or wasted. Wasting is measured by weight-for-height or mid-upper arm circumference. Some 47% are chronically malnourished or stunted (stunting is measured by height-for-age). While the negative effects of acute malnutrition may be reversible, the damage from chronic malnutrition usually is not. But both are preventable if a child receives a balanced diet during the first 1,000 days of life. Further north, in the picturesque farming community of Boma, Grace (15) has managed to maintain her status as the number one student in the local school. It certainly is not easy for her to find inspiration sitting on a cold floor with no desk and no books in the classroom she shares with 165 other students – and only one teacher. But her smile and soft voice belie a fierce determination.

Giving a hand-out is not enough. Malawi’s impoverished mothers are being taught about the importance of a healthy diet in order to provide a viable long-term solution to ensure food securit.

Addressing the challenges Like most other students at her school, she comes to class each day on an empty stomach and, like many girls her age in rural Malawi, she has faced pressure from her family to leave school and get married. But Grace, unlike many others, is fortunate. WFP’s school meals have given her the opportunity to stay in school because her parents recognise their value.

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By providing school meals, the WFP also encourages learners to stay in school.

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In rural areas, economic pressures and cultural practices lead many girls to drop out of school and enter into early marriage. In Malawi, 50% of girls are married before their 18th birthday. However, the promise of at least one nutritious meal a day can persuade poor families that sending their daughters to school is a good idea. In 2011, WFP provided school meals to some 700,000 students in Malawi – and half of them were girls. WFP often also provides family-sized take-home rations for girls, which further motivates parents to send their daughters to school.

When you educate a woman, you educate a nation… so goes the saying. Indeed, research has found that education for girls is the key to good overall health and nutrition, higher gross national product and better gender balance in decision-making at all levels of society. But perhaps most importantly, education allows girls like Grace to achieve their dreams. “I hope to attend university and one day to become a nurse,” she says. She would like to get married and have children too, but only when she is good and ready. For every child like Loyce or Grace, however,


there is another child who is not receiving the essential food and nutrition needed for healthy growth and development. More than 1.6 million people will need food assistance in Malawi in coming months, according to a recent report by the Malawi Vulnerability Assessment Committee. This represents a major increase from earlier this year when 202,000 people required food assistance. Compared to the last lean season – the time between when food runs out and when the harvests begin – eight times as many Malawians will need food assistance in coming months. Prolonged dry spells affected this year’s harvest, and in some areas drought has hit for three consecutive years, weakening the ability to cope with unexpected shocks at the household level. Worst hit have been parts of southern Malawi, with maize production down by as much as 40% in some areas. For many, inflation and high food prices have made matters worse. Along with the government and other partners, WFP is working to meet the growing needs of foodinsecure Malawians with food assistance, including the distribution of locally produced maize, pulses and blended food. Cash transfers will also be made to the most vulnerable, enabling them to buy their own food in areas where market conditions allow. Though the most severe levels of food insecurity are not forecast until December-March 2013 – the typical lean season in Malawi – the relief operation is already underway. The country’s vulnerability to climate change and shocks such as high food prices is not unique. That is why a landmark agreement signed by WFP and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in May 2012 to work together in the 15 member countries of the SADC region is so important. Together, WFP and SADC will work more closely to reduce poverty and improve food security across southern Africa. While most of SADC’s member countries are experiencing significant economic growth, the region continues to suffer high levels of child undernutrition, a devastating HIV/Aids epidemic, and deep vulnerability to food and nutrition insecurity. WFP and SADC’s six main areas for cooperation will include adaptation to climate change, disaster risk management and market development for smallholder farmers. The hope is that such partnership and regional cooperation will help pave the way for better food security across southern Africa, building a better future for children like Loyce and Grace. Text | Pamela Kuwali, Rachael Wilson and David Orr


free | mind

Wild beauty in Botswana Leisure wheels is South Africa's foremost adventure motoring magazine. For this reason Skyways has chosen to work with Leisure wheels when it comes to providing you with motoring information. For more on the topic of adventure motoring, look out for the current issue of Leisure wheels, on sale now. www.leisurewheels.com

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A Grand Vitara, three relatively inexperienced adventurers and more than two weeks in which to discover all that Botswana has to offer… This is their story.

One Grand Vitara, three people, everything packed except for the kitchen sink, and we are off to Botswana for the time of our lives. For the next two weeks our tour will take us through some of the wildest parts in Africa, with scenery not to be forgotten. The itinerary includes Kubu Island on the Makgadikgadi Pans, Maun on the Okovango Delta, Third Bridge in Moremi, Kwhai Camp, Savuti, Linyanti, Chobe, Kasane and the Victoria Falls.

into a comfortable, compact overlander. Now the gear was seemingly swallowed by the luggage compartment! With the modifications complete and the packing finally done, we hit the road. Our route took us on a detour from Centurion through Thabazimbi, to go over the magnificent Bekker’s Pass (a gravel road). This led us to the Ellisras road, from which we entered Botswana through the Stockpoort border post, 70km later. We camped for the first night at the Khama Rhino Sanctuary in Botswana. Next morning the real adventure would begin – a long journey punctuated by some amazing experiences, landscapes and encounters.

In 2010, we took our first trip to Botswana. There were just two of us, and we camped for three nights. We travelled through the Okavango Delta, Savuti and Kasani, but we didn’t have too much gear. We put the seats of our trusty Grand Vitara down in the rear, and all the gear fit perfectly. It was an effortlessly successful trip – so we thought we’d be well prepared for another one. But our Botswana trip in 2011 was to be a different story. Now there were three of us, travelling the country for 17 days. So the seats could not go down and we had tons more gear. We would be camping for seven nights – proper camping, where we had to be 100% self reliant (save for ablution facilities). We knew we had to prepare for everything, and that there would be no Engen Quick Stops. We also knew that putting extra weight on a vehicle would make overlanding even tougher than usual – our Grand Vitara would surely be tested on this trip. We were confident, however, that it would not fail us, and loaded up. The list of things to pack seemed only to contain bulky items, making it difficult to accommodate our third passenger. We knew loose items would become dangerous projectiles on the bumpy roads or in the event of an accident. After a brainstorming session, we decided to optimise the Grand Vitara to suit our needs. We took the single rear seat out and installed the fridge in its place. We then fitted a cargo barrier and a roof rack, turning the Grand Vitara

After watching a Top Gear Botswana Special, in which the Top Gear team transversed the Makgadikgadi pans in three beat up old vehicles, we were very excited about this part of the trip. Our guide on Kubu Island in Letlhakane drove an old blue and white Ford F250 bakkie, and travelled the 80-odd kilometres with us. The first stretch was on tar, then gravel, then narrow roads that made you wonder where the pans could be. These tweespoor paadjies had us surrounded by trees and shrubs, and you began to wonder whether you would be able to see the pans at all. Finally we arrived at a signboard that read, 'Welcome to Makgadikgadi view point'. You really did need a view point. We could see the pans like an ocean in the distance – an incredibly serene sight. With the blue sky above and the pans below, the place feels empty, and only the wind reminds you that you’re actually here. The sunsets and sunrises were indescribable. We flew kites on the pans, hiked across the 'island' (which has a few misplaced baobab trees on it) and took hundreds of photos. Still, it was impossible to capture the emptiness, apart from the odd little island in the middle of it all. On the other side of the pans, our guide got stuck. Our trusty Grand Vitara had to pull the sinking, heavy F250 from the pans. That, however, was where we had to say goodbye to our guide and carry on across the pans on our own.

The Makgadikgadi pans


We went a bit off course, travelling more than 100km to Gweta without cellphone reception or seeing any other vehicles. If you get stuck here there’s no one to help you out, and you could be stranded for longer than your food provisions last. We often had to walk ahead of the car to find safe areas to cross. There was one hair-raising moment when we nearly got stuck, but because the Grand Vitara is so light (compared with Cruisers and double cabs), we were able to make it out of the pans safely, albeit covered in mud, sunburnt and exhausted!

Maun Our lodge in Maun was next to a river, which was just the calm setting we needed after our adrenaline-packed solo endeavour. Our day in Maun ended with a striking sunset as we had sundowners overlooking the water, recalling the beautiful scenery we had just experienced.

Into the wild The next part of our trip would take us into the wildest parts we’d seen. We entered Moremi through the South Gate and travelled to Third Bridge camp. The road from here was narrow and filled with mud holes, occasional thick sand and very high middlemannetjies. Thankfully, the heavily loaded Grand Vitara was fitted with a lift kit with protection plates which prevented damage on the occasional contact with the ground. The trip took four hours, but was not by any means a drag as we passed open fields with hippo pools, much birdlife, elephants, giraffes, antelope, bush pigs, thick shrubs and clear blue skies. The campsite itself was breathtaking. There’s a big tree in the centre, shrubs around it and a koppie that looks out over a hippo pool. The Suzuki attracted some attention, perhaps because it seemed out of place, but the fact that it was

Fully loaded and ready for the challenge

Grand Vitara summary The Grand Vitara never let us down. It’s truly a thoroughbred off-road vehicle. At times we did stretches of eight hours in the hot sun and thick sand, with bumpy roads and mud thrown in. We never lost faith or felt uncomfortable. If you’re going to take an SUV on a trip like this, we’d suggest using a Suzuki because of its strong monocoque chassis and ladder frame, but be sure to fit a lift kit, decent tyres, rear diff protectors and a front bash plate (Suzuki supplies them). We also had Tuffstuff insurance to back us up if things went badly wrong, which helped bring some peace of mind!

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Two hours later, we spotted two vehicles crossing the river farther upstream. We hooted, waved and shouted, but they ignored us and drove off. There was no cellphone reception, so we turned to the GPS. It showed that 6km away there was a lodge, so we decided to be brace ourselves, and packed water for the walk, taking the GPS with us so that we would not get lost. Luckily, the sunburn and exhaustion was not in vain. We found the lodge, and the receptionist quickly organised help. Ten minutes after getting back to the stuck-in-themud vehicle, our wheels were loose. The staff even told us about a short cut to Savuti camp, and we were delighted to get there before dark. Never mind that the sand on the road there was so thick that we couldn’t open the front doors! The 3.2 V6 engine growled and pushed on like a bulldozer, sticks cracked under the car the Suzuki’s performance won back some of our confidence after our earlier ordeal in the mud! It may not be in Land Cruiser league but the Grand Vitara is able to negotiate rough terrain, albeit with some effort

there was a testament to its capabilities. We spent a few days at the camp, taking boat cruises, spotting lions and being visited by a hyena while having a braai!

Christmas in Khwai and sand in Savuti Our next campsite, after a refuelling trip to Maun, was the Khwai camp. It was the perfect, serene setting for a Christmas campfire evening. The road to Khwai was slightly wider, but very bumpy and filled with mud holes. Still, our trusty Vitara handled the trip without incident. At Khwai, we bought the most expensive water ever – 50 pula for five litres! The road to Savuti was beautiful, running through tall trees and along open pans, and leading us to the deep Khwai river crossing. We thought we were being responsible – looking for a safe section to cross before we drove into river. We followed tracks into the crossing – and duly got stuck.

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Last night at Linyanti After a brief fuel shortage panic (we needed 20 litres to get us to Chobe the next day!), we were able to enjoy one of the most beautiful campsites of the trip. Hippos grumbled in the water under the trees and a crocodile swam right past us. This was to be our last night in the bush, so we took the time to relax and enjoy it thoroughly.

Chobe We then set off to our last stop – the Chobe Safari Lodge. The road there was mostly tar, making for an uneventful drive. Still, it gave us time to let the experiences of the days before sink in. At Chobe we did everything there was on offer – safari cruises, dinner cruises, game drives and a transfer to Victoria Falls. We saw plenty of wildlife and spoilt ourselves as much as possible! Text and Photography | Leisure Wheels


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free | soul

Through the

grapevine A focus on South Africa’s finest winemasters

how

do you know that you are sampling the best fruit of the vine there is? A safe bet will be to ask the experts. This month, Erika Obermeyer of Graham Beck Wines describes her selection of fine wines. When Obermeyer joined The Graham Beck cellar in 2005, she’d already established a reputation as a tenacious winemaker. The Graham Beck cellar was an exciting place to be; Charles Hopkins the mentor of many a winemaker’s

Read more about South Africa’s top winemakers on www. skywaysmagazine.com

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dreams, state-of-the-art equipment and vineyard technology, custom architecture, and a vision. In this stimulating environment Erika excelled. Under Charles Hopkins’ tutelage her je ne sais quoi arrived, her winemaking style unique and clearly her own. In an interview with a reputable wine magazine, Erika speaks extensively of her ‘Marilyn Monroe’ Sauvignon Blanc, a timeless, classic work with an emotional attachment that goes back to childhood memories. “I remember climbing the fig trees on my father’s farm, and knowing which figs were ripe by the way they smelled,” Erika says. “I’m very aromasensitive, and I’m always reminded of that time by the smell of Sauvignon Blanc.” The maiden vintage, Pheasant’s Run, was awarded SA Champion Sauvignon Blanc 2005, Veritas double gold and a Winemaker’s Choice diamond award. True to her determined, perfectionist character, Erika worked ever harder on the rest of her portfolio, whose success has shown she’s anything but a one-hit winemaker. Graham Beck Chalkboard #3, a Cabernet Sauvignon, joined the Pheasant’s Run as a fivestar Platter laureate in 2012, affirming her choice to create a range that could showcase special parcels of grapes too small to produce commercially. Cabernet Sauvignon is another favourite of Erika’s; the challenge being to showcase its cultivar specificity while still conveying a sense of place at a specific time – her guiding principle when making premium wine. Her most recent Top Ten selection, earlier this year, came with the Coffeestone wine. The gorgeous ripe berry fruits and tobacco spice of the profile are typical, Erika says, of the Firgrove coffeestone soil on which the bushvines used for the wine are grown. Then there’s the Bowed Head Chenin Blanc; named for Erika’s deference to the gnarled old bush vines from which it’s made. This too won a place in the Top Ten series in 2012, in a category that’s recognised as South Africa’s chance to dominate on the world stage. Text and Photography | Erica Liedenberg


free | body

The newly-formed Cape Country Meander route practically begins with a stop at Peregrine Farm Stall and the Red Tractor Café. Peregrine concentrates its efforts on supporting local producers of quality products from the valley. These include freshly harvested seasonal produce and fruit, a wide variety of biltong and droëwors, chocolate, olive oils, preserves and a huge variety of jams. The same focus on freshness and the use of local products is maintained in the newly renovated Red Tractor Café, where the menu is constantly revised to maintain its vigour and to accommodate the changing seasons. This month, the Red Tractor Café shares its favourite recipes for a hearty three-course lunch.

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Cape of

Good Taste

Healthy meal options from the West Coast

Warm spiced apple juice Gently warm some freshly pressed apple juice in a pot and throw in some cinnamon sticks, two cloves, and a single dried allspice berry. Serve with a slice of orange and garnish with fresh mint.

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Ingredients 100g finely chopped onions 50g sundried tomatoes 200g baby marrows 100g cheddar 125ml cream 125ml full cream milk 3 large eggs Salt and pepper to taste

Baby marrow and sundried tomato quiche • • • • •

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Soak the sundried tomatoes until soft; drain and chop. Slice the baby marrows and add these to the onions and grated cheddar. Add this mixture to your dish lined with a savoury short-crust pastry. Combine the eggs, milk and cream, and pour over the mixture. Bake for 40 minutes at 180°C.


STRATEGIC PARTNERS

Filling 125g brown sugar 2 large eggs 25g butter 125ml cream 180g pecan nuts

Pecan nut pie •

• • •

Add all the ingredients except the nuts to a saucepan and warm gently while stirring until all the sugar has melted. Allow to cool and for the mixture to thicken slightly. Pour the mixture into your dish lined with a sweet short-crust pastry and add the pecan nuts. Bake for 30 minutes at 180°C.

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free | mind

Business unusual The importance of an online presence for your business

With a few clicks of a mouse, small business now has a new avenue for expansion

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small

businesses currently account for 35% of South Africa’s GDP. Still, there is opportunity for further growth by simply harnessing the power of online marketing. There is no better time than now for entrepreneurs to penetrate the online market. South Africa’s internet penetration is the fourth highest in Africa, with around seven million users – Nigeria has an astonishing 44 million and Egypt a healthy 20 million. South African internet users have tripled in ten years and now account for 13% of the population. In another eight years, the figure is set to rise to 20 million, or close to 45%. The importance of a website has been widely spoken

about over the past few years, but now entrepreneurs need to broaden their outlook further if they are to differentiate themselves from competitors. Creating an online presence involves far more than simply having a static website; entrepreneurs need to embrace an online marketing strategy to enable entrepreneurs to target their market better. Incorporating social media marketing, online advertising and email marketing into the overall strategy will allow entrepreneurs to target their market effectively. Online marketing does not require massive capital, which makes it a cost effective choice for the small business owner. It allows a very targeted message, ensuring that the right target market is reached. In addition, it can be tracked, allowing entrepreneurs to measure the return on investment accurately and to


always have an ‘unsubscribe’ feature. Spam techniques such as ‘mail harvesting’ should be avoided.

Marketing on the go South Africa’s mobile market is flourishing. According to a regional study by the Mobile Marketing Association, 70% of South African adults use a cellphone, and 82.5% of the country’s workforce owns a cellphone. The potential to market through this platform is enormous – specifically via SMS campaigns and mobi sites. As feature phones are still prominent within South Africa, SMS campaigns should remain a key feature in any business marketing campaign. South Africa saw a 29% growth in mobile advertising at the start of 2011 – including 35 million branded ‘please call me’ messages sent every day – and mobile online advertising is expected to reach R1 billion in 2012, double the estimated R500 million in 2011. Online advertising overall is expected to reach over R1.6 billion by 2014. Globally, mobile advertising spend is also set to double annually between 2011 and 2015, rising from $12.6 billion to $41.8 billion. As internet usage continues to grow, especially in the developing world, internet advertising follows suit. Before 2007, online advertising in South Africa was negligible, but in 2008 it boomed, growing at a rate of 32% to R319 million, after decent growth in 2007. Online advertising tools allow an unprecedented level of targeting and control, meaning you can easily target customers for your services. This is especially powerful if you have a niché or specialist practice. In the current marketing landscape virtually any potential or current entrepreneur can take their marketing efforts online. The tools are available, and the smart businessperson will use them to maximise revenue potential. determine what works best for their business and where to focus their marketing efforts in future.

Apply best practices Email marketing is still considered to be one of the most effective forms of online marketing. Email campaigns are cost effective, instant and trackable. The most important part of email marketing is growing a large and viable list of potential and existing customers to keep them up to date and to inform them of special offers, discounts and deals. Entrepreneurs should approach email marketing with caution, however, as it can easily be seen as a form of spam. Use a reputable email marketing company or reliable email campaign software, adopt an ethical approach and ensure that your newsletter templates

Harnessing the power of social media may be an option now, but it will be a necessity in the future

The power of people The rising popularity of the internet and cellphone apps have created vast interactive social networks, which are bolstering communication among people and connecting them with businesses and brands. 91% of South African internet users have a Facebook account and the average Facebook user is logged on for 700 minutes every month. This is a significant window of opportunity for getting in touch with an online consumer base. Entrepreneurs need to embrace social media marketing as part of their overall strategy. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and blogging platforms represent the future of marketing – these are all social, interactive and current. Text | Courtesy Getsmart

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free | range

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Off- ba lance A minor neck injury can affect your ability to function in ways you can’t imagine

In South Africa, accidents are shockingly commonplace – although we don’t have figures for the total number of crashes, we had an average of 30 fatal accidents daily in 2010-2011, so non-fatal crashes must be a significant multiple of that. And a startlingly high number of us suffer neck injuries in non-fatal accidents – fully 83% of those involved in an accident on the road. What if neck injuries caused us far more harm than being ‘sore and stiff’? What if neck injuries or pain – from vehicle accidents and other causes – left us with serious problems which could impair our ability to work, to drive, to enjoy a decent run, to function at peak form? It’s National Physiotherapy Back Week this month (1016 September), a good time to consider the miraculous but little understood role the neck plays in – literally – keeping us in our place.

Sight, sound, spine At the South African Society of Physiotherapy’s Congress, held in Bloemfontein in March this year, a visiting speaker laid out the implications of neck injuries in an eye-opening presentation titled ‘Sensorimotor disturbances associated with neck pain’. Dr Julia Treleaven is a physiotherapist with a special interest in the consequences of neck pain. And she points out that

the cervical spine (the neck) is part of a complex system that links the spine, the eyes and the ears to enable us to perform the miracle of knowing just where we are in space. The Cervico-Ocular Reflex, for example, induces eye movements in response to signals from the neck, while the Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex uses signals from the vestibule in the ears (among other things) to keep the image steady in the centre of your vision. If there is injury, disturbance or harm to any of the three systems involved, the result can be disastrous for our balance, our eye-head coordination, our control over our eyes and more. We have some sense that our ears are involved in balance – most of us will, at one time or another, have had a bad ear infection and experienced the giddiness and sense of falling or tilting that comes with it. But few of us realise the critical role the spine plays. The cervical spine is rich in afferent nerves – nerves that convey information from the ‘periphery’ (the outside or fringes of the body, as it were) deep into the central nervous system. These nerves are vital for sensorimotor control. Research has shown, for instance, that when a normal, uninjured, healthy person’s neck is simply confined in a brace which restricts their range of motion for five days, they suffer eye-movement disturbances and less than perfect balance.

People often underestimate the seriousness of a neck injury

It’s not all whiplash Whiplash is a term which is widely used by laypeople like you and me to describe any neck injuries in an accident. Technically, it only applies to the classic carup-your-rear-end accident, when the car behind you goes into you and you are knocked forward. “The head lags behind slightly and the neck therefore may sustain an extension injury. The head is then thrown forwards and a flexion injury occurs. As the body falls back there is a further insult to the neck as the head is flung back again.” (www.neurosurg.co.uk). The neck is a weak link – the cervical spine (made up of the vertebrae in the neck) is what gives us a wide range of head motion, enabling us to look up and down and to either side. The person in the car behind may also sustain a neck injury by being thrown forward, and if any occupants of the car are looking to one side or the other when the crash occurs, the twist in the neck complicates the possible injury.

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Better safe than sorry. Consult a specialist to assess the severity of a neck injury

So if someone has a genuine head-jerking, spinetwisting neck injury such as those common in car crashes (see box), you may well see some quite serious dischords in that wonderful orchestra of spine, eyes and ears.

Disturbing impacts

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Dr Treleaven raised a number of issues. As you read through this selection, think about the possible impact each symptom might have on your day-to-day activities, from driving, to using a computer, to walking the aisles at the supermarket: • Disturbances in your standing balance: whiplash patients are less stable and experience ‘sway’ while standing. You may also have problems with balance when in motion. • Episodic dizziness which lasts for minutes, along with a vague unsteadiness (this is closely associated with neck pain). • Jerky, uncoordinated movement. • Decreased speed of adjusting to rapid head movements. When you move your head fast (for example, you whip round in the car to check what’s coming from the right) your eyes must be able to stabilise themselves in a nanosecond so you can focus and see properly. This is compromised in neck injury patients. Naturally, they may experience difficulties in driving, but may not link it to their neck injury. • Reduced precision in tasks involving the hands and arms.

One of the problems with sensorimotor disturbance following neck injuries like these is that symptoms are not evident immediately. In the immediate aftermath of the accident, paramedics and emergency doctors ensure that there are no broken or fractured bones, no head injuries and other major problems. A day or so after the accident, you may begin to feel a little ‘sore and stiff’, which gets worse as the soft tissues become inflamed. Once that’s improved, you may think it’s all fixed – but you just don’t feel like yourself, you’re not operating on all six cylinders, you feel a bit dizzy, tired, your vision seems a bit blurry… in many people the symptoms won’t be pronounced enough to drive them to seek help. But if they don’t, they may feel below par for a very long time, and even risk a chronic condition. So do seek help as soon as possible if you have suffered any kind of neck injury and don’t feel like you’re ‘in tune’. Consult a physiotherapist who will be able to assess (and treat) any lingering pain, as well as how badly your range of motion has been affected and what sensorimotor impact that is having. He or she will help you with a bouquet of solutions proven to assist in resolving these problems, from manual therapy to exercises for the deep muscles involved. It’s worth it to ensure that you don’t suffer lasting deficits after that ‘minor accident’ which seemed to harm your car more than you. Feeling off-balance can throw your whole life off-balance, after all. Text | Mandi Smallhorne


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sky | boutique

Precision movement The chronograph watch is a melange of style of functionality

Every issue, Skyways focuses on a classical luxury item. For more Sky Boutique, visit skywaysmagazine.co.za.

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wearing

a designer chronograph watch is much more than making a fashion statement. It signifies sophistication. The elite of society prefer donning these watches, along with sports people, thanks to their exquisite, artistic look. The value of these watches goes beyond the fashionable look. It is the complex mechanics and craftsmanship that make them unique. Chronograph wristwatches, originally intended to be used like a basic stopwatch, were introduced a century ago. Apart from the timekeeping dial, a chronograph has subsidiary dials that offer different functions. Earlier, it was mainly used by sports people, but in recent times, more and more people have taken a liking to the chronograph. If you are looking forward to buying a luxury watch with apt features, a chronograph watch is a perfect choice. Available with an array of features and designs, they are very popular with those who don’t put a price to style and sophistication. What’s more, the use of scratch-resistant material maintains their classy look for a long period of time.

Get sporty Digital chronograph watches drop a sporty look, with their buttons placed below as well as on the sides of the display. These buttons are not just for style but substance too. Pressing them, the wearer can switch to various modes such as time and date, and stopwatch. Some also enable you to set alarms and other functions. These watches are the perfect combination of class and style, making them suitable for those who want to make an impression. Their trendsetting designs distinguish them from others. Whether you are at work or socialising, these watches will boost your confidence. Chronograph watches come in a range of lavish looks, from minimalistic steel to ornate designs, offering the buyer numerous options epitomising style and craftsmanship.

Fit for a king The term ‘chronograph’ comes from the Greek word for ‘chronos’ and ‘graph’, which translates to ‘time’ and ‘writing’. The chronograph was invented to please King Louis XVIII in 1821. The king greatly enjoyed watching horse races, but wanted to know exactly how long each race lasted, so watchmaker Nicolas Rieussec was hired to invent a contraption that would do the job. As a result, he created the first ever commercialised chronograph. Although it was Rieussec who developed the first marketed chronograph, the term chronograph dates all the way back to 1776 when a man named Jean-Moyes Pouzait came up with an idea for a device that could record the time of flight of projectiles. The automatic chronograph was invented in 1969 by the watch companies Heuer, Breitling, and Hamilton, along with movement specialist Dubois Depraz, who were all in a partnership. They developed this technology secretly, in the hopes that other companies would not see their efforts and beat them to the patent.

Timing is everything If you’re thinking of buying a chronograph watch, select one that features quartz movement. They are reliable and are capable of maintaining accurate time. Nevertheless, some individuals may opt for the mechanical versions, which offer their own special charm. For a maximum lifespan, it’s advisable to choose a chronograph with stainless steel components. While they weigh more than alternatives, with proper care, they’ll last a lot longer. Alternatively, go for titanium – it’s lighter and equally durable. Whichever you choose, be sure to check the accuracy of the chronometer functions. Text | Arno Visagie Photography | Shutterstock


free | soul

The hallowed heart of

Zimbabwe A visit to Matabo Hills is sure to refresh the mind, body and soul

Sculptured over time by natural elements, the rock was formed within the earth’s crust more than 3 million years ago

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about

an hour into the flight from Johannesburg to Bulawayo look out of your window. You should have crossed the Limpopo River and will likely be staring down into one of the most majestic landscapes in Zimbabwe. Rolling granite hills, topped off with precariously perched boulders draw the eye while deep, mysterious valleys tantalise the imagination. This land has captivated all cultures across the ages, from Mzilikazi and Lobengula, the Matabele Kings, to empire builder Cecil Rhodes and his colonists, to today’s tourists of all nationalities. Culture, history and nature combine to create an irresistibly intriguing destination.

The fascinating rock formations are literally billions of years old. Stand on any hill, touch any of the rocks and you hold in the palm of your hand a fragment of the genesis of our planet’s surface. The formations are not the result of volcanic activity or earthquakes. Rather, the rock was formed within the Earth’s crust over 3.5 billion years ago. Water, wind and time are all that was needed to transform the almost solid mass into the fantastic formations that in most cases defy gravity. The broken, rugged landscape has encouraged the development of one of the most varied environments in the world, home to a vast array of flora and fauna and host of humanity for almost two million years. Created by hunter-gatherers thousands of years ago, the delicate, fine-line rock art of the Matobo Hills is a must-see. Thousands of sites confirm the spiritual supremacy of this area in the hearts and minds of its past inhabitants. These cathedrals of the soul inspire and awe visitors. Rock art is a significant part of the hunter-gatherer’s culture, conveying concepts and ideas about their interactions with the spirit world.


A view of the world The awesome vista from the sacred hill of Malindidzimu – ‘View of the World’ as Rhodes called it – has the power to move even the most jaded traveller. The sight of rolling kopjes stretching to the horizon, accompanied by the incredible feeling of peace and tranquility at the site never ceases to captivate visitors. A climb to the top of the hill, with a chance to contemplate the beautiful world in which we live, is one of the must-do activities for any visitor to Zimbabwe. The environment is as diverse as the history. A tree, orchid and aloe checklist for the whole Matobo area shows more than 260 species of trees, ranging from the mighty Baobab to the tiny Common Tree Fern. There are 13 species found in the hills that were first scientifically described by botanists from specimens collected here, a couple of which you will see nowhere else in the world. The Matobo National Park is a significant rhino sanctuary and research centre, and was the first area in the country to be given these magnificent, prehistoric-looking animals from South Africa in the 1960s (pre-colonial hunters had all but eliminated the rhino as a breeding species in Zimbabwe, until their reintroduction). Today, both black and white rhino call the park home, and one of the highlights of any visit is to track them on foot, armed with nothing but a camera. Out of 189 species of mammal indigenous to Zimbabwe, 88 (or 46% of the national total) have been recorded in the hills. In all, 13 species of antelope and 25 of rodents occur, as well as several species of bats, snakes, lizards, agamas and insects. Measuring 21cm, It’s not just ‘art’ – it’s a symbolic code, part of a wider set of rituals (like dances, prayers and body art) that are theoretically unrecoverable today, but we are beginning to open that crack. We know that the artists didn’t just paint anything; they chose what to paint and how to paint it. The chaotic granite mass has witnessed many clashes – of personalities, ideologies, religions and armies. It was here that the colonising ideology of Victorian England, epitomised by Cecil Rhodes, collided bloodily with independent Africa in the form of the Matabele people, neither side willing to give way in their fight for their culture and values. Overgrown battlefields, crumbling forts and mournful graveyards dot the valleys and hills, serving to remind us that the land has not always been at peace. Rhodes’ grave is the most famous of these and has been the scene of many a political battle as the country grapples with its colonial heritage, both good and bad. Paradoxically, these relics and the stories behind them inspire current generations in their fight for genuine democracy and human rights.

Rock art provides insight into the lifestyle of early inhabitants

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Matabo National Park is a sanctuary for some of Africa’s most endangered species

How to get there

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Airlink offers daily flights to Bulawayo, Zimbabwe www.flyairlink.com

and the world's largest scorpion, the impressively scary but harmless Rock Scorpion is often seen lurking underneath slabs of granite, the remains of its unfortunate prey scattered about. At least 347 species of birds have been recorded in the Matobo, 13 being ‘special’ to the area, because they are either found there in large numbers or breed there. Of the 43 protected species of birds in Zimbabwe, 35 are based in the Matobo. The densest concentration of Verraux’s (Black) Eagles anywhere in the world is located here. Every year breeding pairs are observed

by enthusiastic and dedicated teams from the local bird-watchers society, Birdlife Zimbabwe for their nest occupation and breeding success. This survey has been ongoing since 1964 – the longest such survey on any eagle in the world. On average, the 55 pairs monitored produce about 12 fledglings a year. The combined breeding density of diurnal and nocturnal raptors has been estimated at 76 pairs per 100 square kilometres. This huge concentration is related to the diversity and density of niches and suitable nest sites due to the rugged landscape as well as the high population of prey species. For many, walking around the hills becomes something like a pilgrimage. Many of the country’s leaders have sought strength and solace within this sacred countryside, coming to terms with their responsibilities after long prayer and meditation. Pilgrims of all religions flock here year-round to worship and thank God. Here in the magnificent natural and cultural landscape that is the Matobo Hills, it seems we learn to see life steadily and to see it whole. A visit here is sure to refresh the mind, body and soul Text and photography | Paul Hubbard


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r e k lek

Despite a global economic downturn, green shoots are sprout in the tourism industry

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start

in your own backyard, so the saying goes. As we celebrate Tourism Month, it’s time for South Africans to be tourists in their own country and to experience what millions of international tourists are drawn to annually – the sheer beauty of their land, its rich culture and heritage, and the warmth and hospitality of their fellow citizens.

Earlier this year, the Ministry of Tourism launched the Domestic Tourism Growth Strategy, which includes South African Tourism’s new domestic marketing campaign under the tagline: ‘Whatever you are looking for, it’s right here in South Africa’.

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Domestic tourism contributed 76% of South Africa’s total tourism volume in 2011, and contributed R20 billion to the country’s economy, which made a substantial contribution to creating and sustaining much-needed jobs. Those who tune in to international news channels may have come across commercials that augur that South Africa is alive with possibility. And it rings true. After all, we have breathtakingly beautiful scenery, a treasure trove of cultures to explore, and cities which offer some of the best urban leisure experiences in the world. South Africa attracts the rest of the world through variety and diversity. We have outstanding and capable tourism infrastructure. Speaking earlier this year, Tourism Minister Marthinus van Schalkwyk stated: “We are determined to promote and enhance domestic tourism and implement strategies to grow this sector, which is the very lifeblood of our tourism industry and one of our


According to the Ministry of Tourism, domestic tourists comprise mainly: •

• •

key focus areas. The Domestic Tourism Growth Strategy is in further response to the National Tourism Sector Strategy (NTSS) announced last year, which has set clear targets in terms of domestic and foreign arrivals and projected contributions to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). In terms of the NTSS, the Department aims to reach 54 million domestic trips by 2020, as well as to ensure that domestic tourism contributes 60% of tourism’s overall contribution to GDP. The strategy aims to increase domestic tourism revenue, expand domestic tourism volume, enhance efforts to address seasonality and equitable geographic spread of domestic travel, and entrench a culture of tourism among South Africans. It centres on innovation, stakeholder participation, and the offering of authentic, affordable experiences and packages that meet the needs of all potential local travellers.

Spontaneous budget explorers: young people of all races who impulsively go away for short breaks with friends, and who prefer activity-filled breaks over quiet weekends away. New-horizon families: professionals older than 35, with or without families, who go on holiday to reward themselves for hard work, and who take advantage of special holiday and flight deals. High-life enthusiasts: successful go-getters who travel to boost their social status and seek out exceptional service and luxury experiences. Seasoned leisure travellers: people aged about 25 to 45 who have a travel culture, and who go on holiday regularly. They understand the value of memory over commodity, and travel to relax and spend time with loved ones. Well-to-do Mzansi families: people who travel to escape the city, stress and the pressures of daily life. They seek new and different locations to relax in, and they take advantage of special deals and offers.

Getting buy-in Research conducted by South African Tourism (SAT) found that an emotional connection to travel plays a central role when consumers make their travel choices. The central message, and key driver, of the new domestic tourism campaign is to invest in yourself and your relationship with family, friends and loved ones, and take advantage of all the destinations South Africa offers. The new campaign has widened its scope beyond the young and upcoming segment of South Africa, which was the chief focus of SAT’s successful Sho’t Left campaign. It now addresses a wider range of target consumers either to stimulate the desire for travel among groups who do not have a holidaying culture, or to encourage those who travel abroad to take their leisure trips in South Africa. Domestic Tourism Growth Strategy extends beyond

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free | soul

In 2011, Domestic tourism contributed a staggering R20 billion to the country’s economy

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traditional advertising, and includes events, deals and fun trips. It must also be remembered that domestic tourism is important not only to stimulate leisure travel at home, but also to attract more foreign tourist arrivals to our country. When we have a nation of enthusiastic and passionate domestic leisure tourists, we gain a priceless bank of recommendations and ambassadors with which to attract more foreign tourists to South Africa. Although there is good reason for optimism for the South African tourism industry, the economic climate remains tough and demands a new way of thinking and a new approach to domestic tourism. What’s needed is a collective, robust approach by all in the industry to grow domestic tourism and to sustain that growth. There’s a strong need for partnerships for continued growth, for job creation, and for domestic tourism to grow its contribution to the economy. The new strategy also calls for closer working relations

with trade, including the continuation of partnerships with airlines, agents and hotel groups. According to statistics a total of 26,4 million domestic trips were taken in 2011 against 29,7 million in 2010. However, the number of adult South Africans who travel domestically grew to 13,9 million – 3% more than the 13,5 million who took domestic trips in 2010. In 2011, the average spend per domestic trip grew to R780 per trip (from an average of R710 per trip in 2010). While trip numbers have declined, it is encouraging to note that more South Africans are travelling for leisure purposes. The Domestic Tourism Growth Strategy has taken into account that consumers are increasingly cautious about how they spend their money. They seek and demand exceptional value, and that is what the domestic tourism partners need to offer. Text and photography | Supplied


free | soul

Mmedicine elodic Billy Joel’s poignant hit is an all time classic

sing

us a song you’re the piano man/ Sing us a song tonight/ Well, we’re all in the mood for a melody/ And you got us feeling alright The popularity of Billy Joel’s Piano Man is unsurprising. It tells a slice-of-life story which has mass appeal, and many can relate to the theme of unrealised dreams and the need to get away from it all every now and then. The song was penned and released in 1973, but only became a hit for Joel many years later. It is fictional, but based on Joel’s real-life experience as a piano lounge singer in Los Angeles. Joel had moved there from New York to record his first album, which turned out to be a flop. This could be largely attributed to his record label and he sought to get out of his contract and join Columbia Records, but this was proving to be quite difficult. Joel says he ‘hid out’ at the bar, performing under the pseudonym Bill Martin, and left it to the lawyers to fight it out.

People-watching

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While there he came across many interesting people, some of whom the song is based on. It was a time of great frustration for Joel, and this shines through in the lyrics and experiences of the characters in the song. They all have failed dreams and some sort of baggage, and it is the piano man’s job to help them ‘forget about life for a while’. The imagery in the story is what captivates audiences. You can visualise the characters he sings about and you feel sympathy for them. But, though the song could end up being somewhat melancholy, it strays away from that by its sheer power and the promise of uplifted spirits. These people may have sad lives, but when they are there, at the bar, and listening to the music, they have a chance to escape from their problems.

And the waitress is practicing politics As the businessmen slowly get stoned Yes, they’re sharing a drink they call loneliness But it’s better than drinkin’ alone The song gives the sense that music can really be food for the soul, it has the power to heal and bring people together. Joel has often been quoted on the power of music and its place in society. He feels, as many people do, that music is universal – you’d be hard pressed to find a person who doesn’t like any sort of music at all. In a way, this is what the piano man represents – he allows the people in the bar to feel connected. This leads to a sense of camaraderie and support among the patrons – “And they sit at the bar and put bread in my jar and say ‘Man, what are you doin’ here?’” This line also voices Joel’s desire to realise the potential he knew he had. It must have been a difficult time for him and it’s rewarding to know that he did make it big and achieve his dreams. It also leaves you hoping the other characters did the same. The track has been an enduring success for Joel. It’s become his signature song and although it is almost 40 years old, it is still doing well on modern platforms like iTunes. Text | Deanne Dudley


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free | soul

Bullet Guide – Ethics By Robert Anderson

BOOKS

Restless nation: Making sense of troubled times By William Gumede Corruption is commonplace in South Africa, say William Gumede. The former Sowetan Deputy Editor believes that the values that underpinned the ANC’s liberation ideology appear to be collapsing and a new ‘bling’ culture, which has infected both politics and business, seems to be taking over in South Africa. Gumede tackles these and other pressing issues head-on in his new book. Included are opinion pieces written for overseas publications such as The Guardian, The Independent and The New Statesman,

The Art of War - A New Translation By Sun Tzu

The Art of War by Sun Tzu is one of the most influential political and business books of our era. This gateway edition for the 21st century reader rediscovers the

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which have never been published in South Africa before. The book covers several hot topics, including black economic empowerment, the state of the ANC alliance, poor service delivery and the state of our democracy. His critique is most severe when he discusses the Zuma presidency and the scourge of corruption. According to Gumede there is a choking sense that the current generation in government do not have the ideas or political will to lead us out of this malaise. Only a spring-clean of leadership, ideas and institutions will lift the gloom. It’s a powerful call to action indeed.

✶✶✶✶✶

essential clarity of the ancient masterpiece, cited by generals from a dozen Chinese dynasties, international business leaders, and modern military field manuals. This edition also contains a full commentary on Sun Tzu, the man and his ideas, contemporary of Confucius and Buddha; and a critical guide to further reading. This is truly one of the world’s best known classics.

✶✶✶✶✶

Ethics is perhaps the one branch of philosophy that has a direct impact on our everyday lives. In our personal lives we may sometimes wonder what to do ‘for the best’? In our professional lives, too, we may face even more dramatic dilemmas. On a political level, a government may have to decide whether it is right to go to war. This short, easyto-read guide helps you to explore ethical values, understand different ways of thinking about right and wrong, and apply ethics to your life. Other topics in the series include stress, time management and psychology, to mention a few.

✶✶✶✶✶

Teach yourself: Simple steps to positive living By Jenny Hare Opening with how to unleash positive energy and thinking, Simple Steps to Positive Living shows how you can harness this to like yourself better, build on your natural and learned abilities, become more confident and successful and develop a more natural and rewarding connection with those around you. Driven by the theme of positive energy, this vibrant and joyful book will show you how positivity can transform every aspect of your life – whether you want to feel better physically, more centred emotionally or even more successful professionally. Much more than a book about how to be happy, this is a guide to recharging your life and finding a steady flow of energy in all that you do.

✶✶✶✶✶


the magazine that surprises...

Available in print, online, on mobile and iPad www.braintainment.co.za The latest issue of Braintainment magazine is available now on Zinio or at all good newsagents and supermarkets near you.


panorama

Time to take a load off A pair of camels enjoy a break in the ancient city of Petra, Jordan. Today, the desert workhorses are more of a tourist attraction at the historical architectural city. In 2007, Petra was named as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Have you captured an interesting moment on film? Send it to skyways@panorama.co.za.

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Suggested Flower Route Itineraries Route 1

Garies – Hondeklipbaai (R62) – towards Soebatsfontein take Kamieskroon turnoff – at Kamieskroon pass hotel to Namaqua National Park,

Route 2

From Kamieskroon take the turn off to Leliesfontein – Kamiesberg Pass – towards Gamoep take Nourivier turn off – Garies via Karas

Route 3

Springbok – Steinkopf via Nababeep (N7) – Port Nolloth (R382) – Grootmis/ Kleinzee (permit required) – Spektakel Pass – Goegap Nature Reserve

NORTHERN CAPE a destination for all seasons

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ajestically stretching over 360 000 square kilometres from the world-renowned Kalahari Desert in the north to the arid plains of the Karoo in the South, the Northern Cape Province of South Africa offers visitors an unforgettable holiday experience. For nature lovers, the Northern Cape offers an abundance of nature and outdoor experiences with its incredible natural beauty and versatility. The province’s magnifying appeal is steeped in its rich archaeological heritage tracing ancient tribes like the San (Bushmen), Nama and Griqua and pays homage to its diverse history. The province is divided into five regions, namely

Diamond Fields, Kalahari, Green Kalahari, Namakwa and Karoo. The Namakwa region especially offers a rich and diverse tourism experience. Visitors can immerse themselves in the colourful histories of towns deeply rooted in a proud mining tradition. Take an unforgettable raft or canoe trip through imposing canyons on the meandering waterways of Namakwa’s artery of life, the Orange River. Or take your 4x4 on an adventure in the haunting moonscapes of the stunningly barren, saw-toothed mountains of the untamed |Ai|Ais/ Richtersveld Transfrontier Park.

Namakwa in Full Bloom

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ost flowers enthusiasts’ dream is to experience Namakwa’s spring display. This unspoiled expanse of open spaces is regarded as one of the world’s botanical wonders. The first flowers appear in July along the drier coastal strip and in the north of the region and later flowering displays can be found until early October at the higher and cooler altitudes. Labelled by visitors as ‘the greatest flower show on earth’, Namakwa offers blazing Persian carpets of colourful daisies and vegetation rich in bulbs, perennial shrubs and vygies. The Namakwa region especially offers visitors a diverse tourism experience and is part of the Succulent Karoo which contains more than 6 000 plant species, 250 species of birds, 78 species of mammals, 132 species of reptiles and amphibians and an unknown number of insects,

making it the world's richest bulb flora arid region and the most diverse, arid environment. More than 40% of these species are found nowhere else on Earth! Many byroads traverse the region and a large variation of landscapes and colour combinations can be found within short distances. Be sure not to miss the Goegap Nature Reserve (Springbok), the Namaqualand National Park (Kamieskroon) and the ‘bulb capital’ Niewoudtville. The best way to discover the small jewels sheltering between the taller plants is on foot and it offers keen photographers amazingly rewarding experiences. Before setting out on your floral experience do contact the local tourism bureaux for up-to-date flower news or visit www. experiencenortherncape.com flower updates.

For flower updates please contact the following: Elmaré van Wyk Tankwa National Park Tel: +27(0)27-341 1927 Fax +27(0)86 528 1131 Email: avrilp@namakwa-dm.gov.za Karin van der Merwe Hantam Area Tel: +27 (0)27 341 2203 Cell: +27(0)83 553 4045 E-mail: matjiesfontein@hantam.co.za Bernard Van Lente Park Manager: Namaqua National Park Tel: +27 (0)27 672 1948 Fax: +27 (0)27 672 1015 Cell: +27 (0)83 640 4915 E-mail:BernardvL@sanparks.org Pearl Heyns Tourism Developing and Marketing Officer Namakwa Tourism Office Tel :+27(0)27 712 8036 Fax :+27(0)27 712 1421 E-mail:pearlh@namakwa-dm.gov.za Website: www.namakwa-dm.gov.za Avril Pieterse Calvinia Tourism Office Tel: +27(0)27 341 8131 Fax: +27(0)27 341 8129/8128 Email: avrilp@namakwa-dm.gov.za Dephne Bonn Namaqualand Museum (Springbok) Tel: +27(0)27 718 8131 Fax: 27(0)27 712 1635 Website: www.namakhoi.gov.za Sandy Blake Kleinzee Tourism Tel: +27(0)27 877 0028

This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you

Designed by SwiftPrint, 60499

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www.experiencenortherncape.com

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GORDON MILLAR PGA Teaching Professional

REAL AFRICA REAL CLOSE TO CAPE TOWN

at Verwey Golf Range Fourways Johannesburg Offers lessons for: Individual, Private, Ladies Clinic, Chipping, Pitching, Putting, Groups, Couples, Corporate and Video Analysis

o rd o n ll G Ca 957 3375 2 08

BIG 5 SAFARI UNDER 2 HOURS FROM CAPE TOWN WEDDINGS CONFERENCING INCENTIVES DAY TRIP SAFARIS OVERNIGHT SAFARIS 4 STAR LUXURY ACCOMMODATION BIG 5 GAME DRIVES QUAD BIKE SAFARIS HORSE BACK SAFARIS CHILDRENS ADVENTURE AREA ROCK ART SITE VISIT TO KAROO OSTRICH FARM ARC AQUILA RESCUE CENTRE DAILY TRANSFERS TO AND FROM CAPE TOWN

0861RESERVE 7373783

www.aquilasafari.com mobile: + 27 (0) 83 301 9222 res@aquilasafari.com

www.facebook.com/Aquilasafari

www.twitter.com/Aquilasafaris

“One meets everybody who is anybody at this club”

Stay at the Kimberley Club Beautifully renovated boutique hotel 21 En-suite Bedrooms, Modern Facilities Wireless Internet Services, A-la-Carte Restaurant Best Buffet Sunday Lunches in town

The ideal venue for functions, weddings and conferences. Tel 053-832 4224 Fax 053-832 4226 Email info@kimberleyclub.co.za Website www.kimberleyclub.co.za

Superior five star self-catering accommodation for the discerning traveller. Luxurious one bedroom Garden Suite and freestanding two bedroom Villa set on the banks of Groenvlei Lake, Knysna District, Garden Route.

info@lakeviews.co.za

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|

www.lakeviewholidays.co.za

|

+27 (0)44 850 1924


This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you

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Leisure & corporate rentals in and around Cape Town & Johannesburg

A PA R T M E N T R E N TA L S

Why stay home when you can stay with us? No time wasted with our real-time availability calendars, and reservations booking engine with instant confirmation. Try it LIVE... www.fzp.co.za • Studios from R500 per apartment per night, or R6 000 per month

FZP Apartment Rentals +27 (0) 21 426 1634 www.fzp.co.za info@fzp.co.za www.facebook.com/fzpapartments

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• 1 bedroom apartments from R750 per apartment per night, or R8 500 per month • 2 bedroom apartments from R950 per apartment per night, or R10 000 per month.


This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you

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Tel : +27 (0)44 877 1420 Fax : +27 (0)44 877 1422 Cell : +27 (0)83 376 5670 E-mail : info@palms-wilderness.com Website : palms-wilderness.com

Palms Wilderness Retreat…. The place to stay while exploring the Garden Route! Centrally situated – in the scenic village of Wilderness. Enjoy a round of golf or just relax at the pool or lush tropical gardens. Palms Wilderness offers you welcoming accommodation , scrumptious breakfasts and a home away from home! Individually decorated rooms/suites with warm African colours, textures and soft finishing’s which include airconditioning and/ or ceiling fans, quilted throws, percale linen, snug bathrobes, decanters with Boplaas Port, safes, telephones, bar fridges, coffee stations with homemade biscuits and fresh milk, all contribute to your comfort. The main house offers a homely lounge with plush sofas, satellite television, library, internet facilities and honesty bar.

After a tiring week on the Copperbelt, you want a place to relax and unwind over the weekend. At Kafue Lodge, we offer Boat Cruises, Fishing, Game Drives, Tranquil Spots overlooking the Kafue River and More. Come, see and experience nature first-hand with an assortment of wild animals ranging from giraffes, zebras, different species of antelope, to crocodiles, jackals and a diversity of bird species.

One weekend with us and you’ll never want to go back home. Bookings through Voyagers, Chingola Branch email: chingola@voyagerszambia.com tel: (0212) 311 642 / 311 722 fax: (0212) 312 552

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CI2793 - Vsolution Skyways Ad (180X121mm) R.pdf

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TIMETABLE effective 01 AUGUST 2012

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Cape Town - George - Cape Town SA8621

Cape Town

-

George

07:15

08:05

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8625

Cape Town

-

George

09:30

10:20

6

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8639

Cape Town

-

George

13:30

14:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8635

Cape Town

-

George

16:45

17:40

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8622

George

-

Cape Town

08:30

09:20

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8630

George

-

Cape Town

10:45

11:35

6

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8638

George

-

Cape Town

14:45

15:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8636

George

-

Cape Town

18:10

19:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

Cape Town - Kimberley - Cape Town SA8617

Cape Town

-

Kimberley

16:30

18:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8618

Kimberley

-

Cape Town

18:30

20:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Cape Town - Nelspruit - Cape Town SA8663

Cape Town

-

Nelspruit

10:00

12:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8664

Nelspruit

-

Cape Town

13:15

15:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

Cape Town - Upington - Cape Town SA8645

Cape Town

-

Upington

09:45

11:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8646

Upington

-

Cape Town

11:30

12:50

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Durban - Bloemfontein - Durban SA8531

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

06:50

07:55

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8535

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

15:15

16:40

7

J41

Airlink

SA8537

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

16:30

17:35

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8532

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

08:15

09:15

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8536

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

17:30

18:35

7

J41

Airlink

SA8538

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

18:00

19:00

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Durban - George - Durban SA8515

Durban

-

George

09:40

11:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8514

George

-

Durban

11:50

13:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Durban - Nelspruit - Durban SA8507

Durban

-

Nelspruit

06:45

08:05

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8505

Durban

-

Nelspruit

13:45

14:45

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ -135

Airlink

SA8508

Nelspruit

-

Durban

08:25

09:45

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8506

Nelspruit

-

Durban

15:10

16:10

1 2 3 4 5 6

ERJ -135

Airlink

SA8510

Nelspruit

-

Durban

17:35

18:35

7

ERJ -135

Airlink

Johannesburg - Nelspruit - Johannesburg SA8823

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

06:30

07:20

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8827

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

09:00

09:50

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8825

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

09:00

09:50

6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8843

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

10:00

10:55

1 2 3 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8841

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

11:10

11:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8845

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

15:30

16:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8829

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

16:25

17:15

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8849

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

17:30

18:20

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8824

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

07:50

08:45

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8828

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

10:10

11:05

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8826

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

10:10

11:05

6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8842

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

13:35

14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8830

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

15:05

16:00

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8846

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

16:40

17:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8844

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

17:30

18:35

1 2 3 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8848

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

18:45

19:40

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Johannesburg - Bloemfontein - Johannesburg SA8543

Johannesburg

-

Bloemfontein

10:00

11:25

4

J41

Airlink

SA8541

Johannesburg

-

Bloemfontein

15:30

16:55

7

J41

Airlink

SA8544

Bloemfontein

-

Johannesburg

11:05

12:20

4

J41

Airlink

SA8540

Bloemfontein

-

Johannesburg

17:15

18:30

7

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Phalaborwa - Johannesburg SA8851

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

06:25

07:35

1 2 3 4

J41

Airlink

SA8853

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

11:45

12:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8857

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

16:10

17:20

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

SA8852

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

08:00

09:20

1 2 3 4

J41

Airlink

SA8854

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

13:15

14:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8858

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

17:50

19:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

Golf Bags: 1 bag at 15kg free baggage allowance – golf bags must be pre booked with your booking agent.

84 09 12


TIMETABLE effective 01 AUGUST 2012

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

SA8801

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

06:35

07:25

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8809

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

11:40

12:40

1 2 3 4 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8809

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

11:40

12:30

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8817

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

13:15

14:05

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8815

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

16:30

17:20

1 2 4 5 7 ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8815

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

16:30

17:20

3

J41

Airlink

SA8802

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

07:55

08:50

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8810

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

13:00

14:05

1 2 3 4 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8810

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

13:00

13:55

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8818

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

14:25

15:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8816

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

17:45

18:40

1 2 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8816

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

17:45

18:40

3

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Pietermaritzburg - Johannesburg SA8747

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

07:00

08:00

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8735

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

09:50

11:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8741

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

15:30

16:30

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8739

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

18:00

19:00

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8730

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

06:45

07:45

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8732

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

08:30

09:30

1 2 3 4 5 6

AR8

Airlink

SA8738

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

15:00

16:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8742

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

17:00

18:00

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

Johannesburg - Upington - Johannesburg SA8767

Johannesburg

-

Upington

09:20

10:50

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8769

Johannesburg

-

Upington

15:45

17:15

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8768

Upington

-

Johannesburg

11:15

12:50

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8770

Upington

-

Johannesburg

17:35

19:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Port Elizabeth - East London - Port Elizabeth SA8480

Port Elizabeth

-

East London

07:00

07:45

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8488

Port Elizabeth

-

East London

16:30

17:15

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8481

East London

-

Port Elizabeth

08:05

08:55

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8489

East London

-

Port Elizabeth

17:35

18:25

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

Port Elizabeth - Bloemfontein - Port Elizabeth SA8491

Port Elizabeth

-

Bloemfontein

09:15

10:45

1 4

J41

Airlink

SA8492

Bloemfontein

-

Port Elizabeth

12:10

13:45

1 4

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Mthatha - Johannesburg SA8751

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

06:15

07:55

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8753

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

08:20

10:00

6

J41

Airlink

SA8755

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

14:50

16:30

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

SA8752

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

08:15

10:00

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8754

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

10:20

12:05

6

J41

Airlink

SA8756

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

16:50

18:35

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

Durban - Maputo - Durban SA8290

Durban

-

Maputo

10:10

11:25

1 2 3 4 5

7

J41

Airlink

SA8291

Maputo

-

Durban

11:45

13:05

1 2 3 4 5

7

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Antananarivo - Johannesburg SA8252

Johannesburg

-

Antananarivo

10:00

14:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8253

Antananarivo

-

Johannesburg

15:00

17:40

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Johannesburg - Polokwane - Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Beira - Johannesburg SA8214

Johannesburg

-

Beira

11:30

13:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8215

Beira

-

Johannesburg

13:30

15:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Airlink's REGIONAL AND DOMESTIC flights check-in Terminal B counters B89 - B101 at OR Tambo International Airport.

85 09 12


TIMETABLE effective 01 AUGUST 2012

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

Johannesburg - Bulawayo - Johannesburg SA8110 SA8111

Johannesburg Bulawayo

- -

Bulawayo Johannesburg

10:40 12:50

12:05 14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

11:35 14:20

13:50 16:55

1 2 3 5 6 1 2 3 5 6

J41 J41

Airlink Airlink

06:35 15:45 09:00 18:20

08:30 17:40 11:05 20:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ

-

135 135 135 135

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:30 16:15 16:15 08:50 18:45 18:45

08:20 18:05 18:05 10:35 20:30 20:30

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ AR8 ERJ ERJ AR8 ERJ -

135

135

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:50 10:05 12:40 16:00 17:00 19:00 08:05 08:05 08:05 11:10 13:50 17:05

07:40 10:50 13:25 16:45 17:45 19:45 09:00 09:00 09:00 12:05 14:45 18:00

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ

135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135

Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink

06:40 09:45 08:10 11:15

07:50 10:50 09:25 12:25

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41 ERJ - 135 J41 ERJ - 135

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11h45 14h00

13h15 15h40

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135 ERJ - 135

Airlink Airlink

11:05 14:10

13:35 16:45

1 2 4 5 1 2 4 5

ERJ - 135 ERJ - 135

Airlink Airlink

06:20 09:45 15:15 09:00 13:00 17:55

08:30 12:15 17:25 11:15 15:30 21:10

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5

ERJ - 135 AR8 ER3 ERJ - 135 AR8 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:10 14:30

14:00 17:25

1 3 5 6 1 3 5 6

ERJ- 135 ERJ- 135

Airlink Airlink

10:50 13:40

12:55 16:00

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

Nelspruit - Livingstone - Nelspruit

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

SA8870 SA8871

Nelspruit Livingstone

- -

Livingstone Nelspruit

Johannesburg - Lusaka - Johannesburg SA8160 SA8164 SA8161 SA8165

Johannesburg Johannesburg Lusaka Lusaka

-

Lusaka Lusaka Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Harare - Johannesburg SA8100 SA8102 SA8102 SA8101 SA8103 SA8103

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Harare Harare Harare

-

Harare Harare Harare Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

135 135

Johannesburg - Manzini - Johannesburg SA8012 SA7992 SA7994 SA8014 SA7996 SA7998 SA8013 SA7991 SA7997 SA7993 SA7995 SA8015

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini

-

Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

-

Johannesburg - Maseru - Johannesburg SA8050 SA8052 SA8051 SA8053

Johannesburg Johannesburg Maseru Maseru

-

Maseru Maseru Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Maun - Johannesburg SA8300 SA8301

Johannesburg Maun

- -

(effective 15 June 2012)

Maun Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Nampula - Johannesburg SA8230 SA8231

Johannesburg Nampula

- -

Nampula Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Ndola - Johannesburg SA8158 SA8154 SA8156 SA8159 SA8155 SA8157

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Ndola Ndola Ndola

-

Ndola Ndola Ndola Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Pemba - Johannesburg SA8204 SA8205

Johannesburg Pemba

- -

Pemba Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Tete - Johannesburg SA8220 SA8221

Johannesburg Tete

- -

Tete Johannesburg

* Day 2 to be added effective 7 August 2012

Day 1 = Monday, Day 7 = Sunday For reservations visit www.flyairlink.com, your travel agent or SAA Central Reservations on +27 11-978 1111 • Flight schedules subject to change • Contact your booking agent for these conditions EXCESS BAGGAGE AND SPORTING EQUIPMENT: Refer to www.flyairlink.com Important information & Conditions of Carriage Clause 8 Baggage 8.3 Whilst every effort has been made to ensure accuracy of content of the published timetable, both operational and strategic issues cause timetable changes. Due to the forward lead time required for publication, these often cannot be duly reflected. Should this occur, Airlink and its agents are not responsible for any errors, omissions, losses or detriments arising from the publication.

86 09 12

MEMBER


Jetstream 4100 - Regional Turboprop Airliner 9 29 19.25m 18.29m 5.74m 2 600kg 25 000ft 500km/h

Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

ERJ 135-LR - Regional Jet Airliner and Corporate Jet Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

10 37 26.34m 20.04m 6.75m 5 000kg 37 000ft 800km/h

Avro RJ85 - Regional Jet Airliner 8 83 2 28.60m 26.21m 8.61m 9 362kg 35 000ft 780km/h

VOLCANO 27673

Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Seating Classes Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Maximum Cruising Speed


3,106.75 carats The weight of the world’s largest diamond, the Cullinan Diamond, found in South Africa in 1905

27/09 The date World Tourism Day is observed

Memorable quotes… …from the Pink Panther

Ponton: You never cease to surprise me, sir. Inspector Jacques Clouseau: It’s true. My surprises, they are rarely unexpected. French journalist: Inspector, do you know if the killer was a man or woman? Inspector Jacques Clouseau: Well of course I know that! What else is there? A kitten? Chief Inspector Dreyfus: When I first heard the name Clouseau, he was a little nothing. Just another police officer in a small village far from Paris. He was the village idiot, I think. Chief Inspector Dreyfus: I had been nominated for the Medal of Honour. I have been nominated seven times. I have never won. Still, seven times, that is something.

88 09 12

Inspector Jacques Clouseau: A woman is like an artichoke, you must work hard to get to her heart.

Ponton: He was just found dead in a training facility locker room. Shot in the head. Inspector Jacques Clouseau: Was it fatal? Ponton: Yes. Inspector Jacques Clouseau: How fatal? Ponton: Um, completely. Inspector Jacques Clouseau: I want to talk to him now! Inspector Jacques Clouseau: [asking Ponton about his wife] Tell me about her. Ponton: I consider her the most beautiful woman in the world. [pauses] Ponton: What about yourself? Inspector Jacques Clouseau: No, I don't consider myself a beautiful woman. Nicole: Would you like me to stay behind and help you? Inspector Jacques Clouseau: That is a generous offer, Nicole. But I am quite sensitive to office gender


1,500

25 minutes

The number of plant species on Table mountain

The amount of time a hippo can stay submerged in water

BRAIN

Inspector Jacques Clouseau: [about Bizu] It’s amazing how he fell perfectly into the drawing on the floor. Inspector Jacques Clouseau: [after falling through the ceiling, to the desk clerk] We need fresh towels in 204. [after an incident involving a blind beggar] Dreyfus: The beggar was the lookout man for the gang. Clouseau: That is impossible. How can a blind man be a lookout? Dreyfus: [Insinuating Clouseau] How can an idiot be a police officer? Clouseau: Well, all he has to do is enlist... Dreyfus: Shut up! [after inadvertently destroying much of the hotel he is in] Clouseau: I must leave. Zis hotel is deteriorating rapidly.

www.imdb.com [to a Taxi driver] Clouseau: Follow that car! [driver gets out of the taxi and follows the car]

[Chief Inspector Dreyfus has gone berserk, shooting at Clouseau and Lytton] Sir Charles Lytton: He’s out of ammunition. Inspector Jacques Clouseau: He’s out of his mind, that’s what he's out of. Col. Sharky: I will be forced to shoot you. Claudine: Who’s forcing you? Text | Lida-Marie Saayman Photo | freemovieposters.net

PAIN

Wrap your head around these brain teasers and see what you can make of them 1: Fast, Faster, Fastest

Sports they say, but gamble they play. Humans, horses, cars or hounds contend in me for rounds and rounds. A two, a three or many can play in me, but alone I just don't know how it can be. I can be oval, linear or any shape, but once you join, do not escape. Once you do, a greeting is for you, nothing else but an angry boo. Now, what am I?

2: Eye Rhymes

In each sentence below, two words are incomplete. The two words end in the same three letters, so they look like they should rhyme, but they don't. See if you can figure out the missing letters in each sentence. Eg: One symptom of bronchitis is a ro___ co___. (The two words are: rough & cough) a) When you g___ up, I will let you climb the ship's p___. b) Do you want to be a ri___ swimmer or an ocean di___? c) The strongest oarsman in the boat is a po___ ro___. d) The cheap tickets didn't al___ them to go be___ deck.

Answers

Bizu: [referring to Gluant] And now he’s pushing up the daisies. Inspector Jacques Clouseau: He is not ‘pushing up the daisies’, he is DEAD! Bizu: [glares] It’s an idiom! Inspector Jacques Clouseau: *You*, sir, are the idiom.

Between 1964 and 1993, nine Inspector Clouseau (or related) films would be released, although Inspector Clouseau and the movies made after Peter Sellers's death are mostly not considered canon. All but two would carry the "Pink Panther" title, but only four of the films actually deal with the Pink Panther diamond itself: The Return of the Pink Panther, Trail of the Pink Panther and Curse of the Pink Panther. The reason they still kept The Pink Panther in the title was because it had become synonymous with inspector Clouseau.

1: a) grow prow b) river diver c) power rower d) allow below 2: I'm a race. Racing is a type of sports but can also be used for gambling. Races come in different types, from swimming, to horse-back riding and dogs. At least two is needed for a race, but you can race your own personal best but then that will not look like a race (from the audience's view).

politics. And in today’s world, the slightest gesture can be misinterpreted as harassment. And it is late, and I would prefer not to put you or me into that delicate situation. Agreed? Nicole: Yes, I agree. Inspector Jacques Clouseau: [gives her a quick kiss on her lips] Well, let’s seal it with a kiss. And I’ll get back to work.

brought to you by

89 09 12


Since 1994

Don't miss a single issue with www.Coolmags.co.za. It's never been easier to subscribe to your favourite magazine. Simply log on to www.Coolmags.co.za and subscribe to a host of interesting and entertaining magazines.


400 years Time taken to complete the Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris

battleship Each Battleship puzzle represents a section of ocean with a hidden fleet of one battleship, two cruisers and three submarines. The ships may be oriented horizontally or vertically within the grid such that no ship touches another, not even diagonally. Any remaining squares in the grid contain water segments, which are shown as a symbol of water or as an X. The numbers on the bottom and on the right of the grid show how many squares in the corresponding rows and columns are occupied by ships. The object is to discover where all six ships are located.

900

bird species are found in South Africa

sudoku

Try the addictive game of Sudoku. The aim is to fill each block with a number from 1 to 9. Each number must not appear more than once in each row, column and square. If you can’t finish this puzzle during your flight, please take this free copy of Skyways with you. The cabin attendant will make sure that the next passengers get their own magazine, with a clean Sudoku for them to puzzle over! Puzzles taken from www.krazydad.com

1 x Battleship

Medium

challenging

Puzzles supplied by Conceptis, www.conceptispuzzles.com

Easy

easy

2 x Cruisers 3 x Submarines

Solutions can be found on page 14

91 09 12


6,588,000,000,000,000,000,

COFFEE...

The approximate weight of the Earth

ten YOU DIDN’T

THINGS

know about… 1

Originally, coffee was eaten; African tribes mixed coffee berries with fat which formed edible energy balls. A Belgian man living in Guatemala by the name of George Washington invented coffee in 1906. The rise of Islam contributed greatly to the popularity of coffee. The religion prohibits drinking alcohol, but coffee is considered an acceptable drink. All coffee in the world grows in the Bean Belt; the area between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. In 1675 the King of England banned coffee houses, claiming they were places where people met to conspire against him. 70% of the world consumes Arabica coffee, which is mild and aromatic. The remaining 30% drinks Robusta, which is more bitter-tasting but has 50% more caffeine than Arabica. Coffee grows on trees that can grow to be up to 9m tall. However, they are cultivated to reach about 3m to facilitate easy picking. Coffee is the second most traded commodity on Earth. Oil is the first.

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Coffee berries are picked, dried, and stripped down until all that is left is a green bean, as the bean is actually a seed inside of a bright red berry. Once shipped, the beans are roasted at around 260°C; the bean will pop and double in size. A few minutes after that, the bean will pop once more. The second pop means that the bean is done.

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Text | Lida-Marie Saayman Photography | VladKol, Andrey Armyagov


000,000 tons

twelve

The number of newborns given to the wrong parents daily

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2,454,243,500 kilometres The length of telephone wire that is strung across the US

Didya know? 6.

What is the official name for the international fan organisation whose members dress as Imperial Stormtroopers? Answers 1. Middle-Earth. Across Belegaer, east of Aman. 2. Live footage that is filmed and then traced over by animators. 3. Ben 4. Bilbo Baggins. There and Back Again is also the alternative title of The Hobbit. 5. Unit of distance. Han Solo incorrectly uses it as a unit of time in A New Hope. 6. 501st Legion

Electricity

The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey is part one of The Lord of the Rings prequel, the second film titled The Hobbit: There and Back Again, will be released in December 2013.

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Hobbits and Jedis Questions 1. What is the name of the continent where the Lord of the Rings stories take place? 2. What is rotoscoping, as used in the 1978 Lord of the Rings animated movie? 3. What name does Obi-Wan Kenobi adopt after going into hiding? 4. Which Lord of the Rings character writes his memoir, There and Back Again, A Hobbit’s Tale? 5. In reality, is a parsec a unit of time or a unit of distance?

Questions 1. In which city will you find the Great White Way, so named for its millions of illuminated lights? 2. Which album’s distinctive sleeve shows a beam of light being split into its constituent colours after passing through a prism? 3. Which American historical figure famously flew a kite in a storm, extracting electrical sparks from a cloud? 4. Which Stephen King novel deals with life on Death Row in the 1930s, in the shadow of the electric chair? 5. What electronic device is used to amplify or switch electronic signals? 6. Which classic fighting series features Raiden, a character with electric powers? Answers 1. New York City 2. Dark Side of the Moon. By Pink Floyd. 3. Benjamin Franklin 4. The Green Mile. The novel was published in six installments in serial fashion. 5. Transistor 6. Mortal Kombat. Raiden is also known as the Thunder God.


24 hours The lifespan of a dragonfly

1967

The year Dr. Christiaan Barnard performed the first human heart transplant

Bhut Jolokia aka Naga Jolokia – above – (Ghost Chillie – hottest naturally grown pepper) has a scoville rating of 855,000 - 1,050,000 where Jalapeno peppers – left – only have a rating of only 2,500 - 8,000

Heat Questions 1. Where was the ‘ghost chili’, the world’s hottest pepper, first found – Mexico, Thailand or India? 2. What band has performed wearing nothing but one sock each? 3. What do a divine Roman messenger and older thermometers have in common? 4. Who has a dog named Hot Dog in the Archie comics? 5. Which material is the worst conductor of heat – brick, feathers or polyester?

6. What invention in horse racing helped to reduce the number of races being declared a ‘dead heat’? Answers 1. India 2. Red Hot Chili Peppers 3. Mercury 4. Jughead 5. Feathers 6. Photo finish. Some races, however remain too close to call, even by photographs. Text | Courtesy of Trivial Pursuit

Thanks to Trivial Pursuit for supplying the questions and answers. Get your own game from leading retailers countrywide

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talespin

Keeping mum on

blunders and bugger ups it was

very humbling. I had just done a mad scramble for lost car keys under the church pews after a crowded evening service. That the floor sloped gently downwards towards the altar didn’t help. Perhaps my keys had slid ahead of me in anticipation of confession for recent sins? Faith was the furthest thing from my mind. A guttural swearword was hovering on the tip of my tongue.

Criminals lurk in church cubicles, I thought darkly. They prey on unsuspecting flock. Then my mood lightened. A kindly elder, his grandson stationed companionably on his hip, said that keys had been found in the offeratory bag. Please don’t ask how they got there. The elder suggested that it was a very generous gesture donating my car to the church, to which I gave an answering sprint to claim my keys. Being a writer I should be able to conjure an excuse for my seeming inability to distinguish between monetary denominations and a set of jangling car keys. As I cannot come up with a reasonable explanation, I have adopted a strategy for absentminded moments. In future, saving face will be about keeping mum and cunningly drawing attention to the idiotic exploits of other mortals. There is, for instance, the true tale of one cautious accountant. After an evening of merriment and imbibing more wine than tax

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consultants would recommend for completing an accurate tax return, said individual ended up with a self-induced smashed car bumper. Departing the parking garage after a memorable night’s dining, he noted that his parking ticket was missing. In one mad moment (it will happen at some point in your life) he said, “bugger that,” and drove through the boom heroically in the manner of a car chase. It’s this kind of escapade that has attracted a following for Top Gear. We dream of releasing our wild child. And sometimes we succumb to temptation. Then there is the other side of the coin. People who manage to bore you to tears with their rational discourse. I once overheard a man describing in painstaking detail, the pros and cons of what constitutes good grouting for your tiles. In my opinion, he is moments from being whisked away by men sporting white coats (and they are not planning on installing a new plumbing system). A member of my extended family, who shall simply be called Bob (for sake of brevity and loyalty to blood ties), has a close call of some kind every festive season. It is like his body clock says,“Ok, time for a readjustment.” One such occasion that springs to mind was when Bob was concocting a truly splendid Chinese dinner, while talking to the guests who had invaded his kitchen. His brother-in-law, Stephen requested a hair cut, it being a few nights short of Christmas. The fact that Stephen sprouts few remaining hairs is neither here nor there. Bob protested that surely his haircut could wait another day. However a burly fellow with a winsome personality can be difficult to ignore when the pot is on the bubble. Bob acceded to the request. In between making tasty noodle soup and Chinese chicken, Bob was roped into giving Stephen a quick number two haircut. His mind was not on the task at hand – he remembered that Chinese chicken cooked in cola tends to burn... This chance reflection and a momentary flick of his wrist zipped five centimetres of remaining hair above Stephen’s left ear. Bob leapt to his own defense (sensible under the circumstances) protesting that he had too much on his plate for any sane man to handle. I pronounced it ‘a short back and no side’ haircut. Bob was indignant. “I told you that I didn’t want to cut your hair!” he raged, while doling out appetising portions of Chinese chicken, the steam adding embellishment to his words. Perhaps patience with each other’s screw-ups is the answer to getting along. Which reminds me…Confucius say:“If you want pretty nurse, you got to be patient.”I would prefer to bless you with good health and patience. Text | Samantha Barnes


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Skyways Magazine September 2012  

Skyways Magazine September 2012

Skyways Magazine September 2012  

Skyways Magazine September 2012

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