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Your free take-home copy - exclusive to Airlink passengers

TM

june 2014

insight for executives on the move

Kruger Experience Airlink touches down in Skukuza

FIFA World Cup Golf tips from the pros Motoring Soweto’s resurgence Business advice Tech review Inflight entertainment Cycling for a cause Buy your own Bond experience


The Lanzerac Dining Room Suite Dunkeld Sandton City Fourways Pretoria Mbombela Decorators Welcome Worldwide Delivery


insight for executives on the move

Interact june 2014

Your free take-home copy - exclusive to Airlink passengers

TM

june 2014

insight for executives on the move

Kruger Experience Airlink touches down in Skukuza

FIFA World Cup Golf tips from the pros Motoring Soweto’s resurgence Business advice Tech review Inflight entertainment Cycling for a cause Buy your own Bond experience

The Kruger experience from pg 24

Wave your flag At last month’s Indaba I happened to hear Wavin' Flag by SomaliCanadian artist K'naan ringing through the exhibition hall. It immediately sparked up nostalgia and took me back to June 2010 when the entire world’s attention was focused on South Africa as we hosted the FIFA World Cup. To date, it is the most successful FIFA World Cup ever staged – an achievement this young democracy can be proud of. On and off the football pitch we put on a show that thrilled the world. More importantly, it allowed scores of visitors to return to our shores to experience the warm hospitality and the unique tourist offerings in South Africa such as the Kruger National Park. That is why I am excited by the fact that Airlink will commence flights to Skukuza in the Kruger National Park from 2 June. Read all about the new flight offering and see the flight schedule on pages 10 and 84 respectively. It’s great news for local and international travellers who want to plan a stay in South Africa’s most recognised national park. It’s also great news for the local tourism industry which is so instrumental in socio-economic upliftment in the country and one of the top three contributors to our GDP. We may never host another major sporting event on the scale of the FIFA World Cup, but we are blessed with an abundance of natural wonders that will make any vacation a memorable stay. Let’s keep waving that flag and welcome our visitors with open arms and a friendly hello in one of our 11 official languages. Enjoy your flight. Gerard Peter Editor-in-Chief

PUBLISHER Urs Honegger EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Gerard Peter MANAGING EDITOR Deanne Dudley SENIOR SUB EDITOR Vanessa Koekemoer SUB EDITORS Noleen Fourie, Nicolette Els DTP STUDIO MANAGER Paul Kotze DESIGNERS Cronje du Toit, Perpetua Chigumira TRAFFIC & PRODUCTION MANAGER Celeste Jacobs ADVERTISING sales@panorama.co.za +27 11 468 2090 SENIOR ADVERTISING SALES EXECUTIVE Arlene Sanford 083 473 5002 arlene@panorama.co.za ADVERTISING SALES EXECUTIVE Gillian Hanna 083 636 8307 gillian@panorama.co.za ADVERTISING SALES EXECUTIVE Chanelle de Vries 071 418 2044 chanelle@panorama.co.za ENGLAND/WALES/SCOTLAND: Interactive Airline Partnerships, James Rolls. 13 Brook Business Centre, Cowley Mill Road, Uxbridge UB8 2FX Tel: +44-1895-258008 Fax: +44-1895-258009 SWITZERLAND/GERMANY: Imm Inflight Media Marketing Marcel Wernli, Gellertstrasse 18, 4052 Basel Tel: +41-61-3199090 Fax: +41-61-3199095 SUBSCRIPTIONS subscriptions@panorama.co.za Tel: 011 468 2090 Fax: 011 468 2091

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CUSTOMER RELATIONS: customercare@flyairlink.com

(Ario Town office) 00261-20 223 5990 (Airo Airport) 00261-20 224 5734 Beira 00258-2 330 1570 Bloemfontein 051 408 3139 Bulawayo 00263-971 337/8/9 East London 043-706 0211 George 044-801 8431 Harare (SAA Call Centre) 00263-4 794 511/2/3/4 Kesane 00267 625 2354 Kimberley 053 838 2171 Lusaka (Call Centre) 002601-254 350 Manzini 00268 251 86 155 Maputo 00258 214 65487 Maseru 00266-22-350 418/9 Maun 00267 686 5230 Mthatha 047-536 0024 Nampula 00258 262 16770 Nelspruit KMIA 013-750 2531/2/3/4 Ndola 00260-2612206 Pemba 00258-2722 1700 Phalaborwa 015-781 5823 Polokwane 015-288 0166 Port Elizabeth 041-507 7201 Pietermaritzburg 033-386 9286 Richards Bay 035 786 1089 Tete 00258-2522 0394 Upington 054-332 2161 Vilanculos 00258 29382482

FINANCE accounts@panorama.co.za DISTRIBUTION Republican News Agency ISSN 1025-2657 PRINTERS BusinessPrint

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Skyways Magazine is published monthly and distributed via Airlink. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this magazine in whole or in part is prohibited without prior written permission of Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Copyright © 1994-2014 Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. The views expressed in Skyways Magazine are not necessarily those of Panorama Publications or Airlink, and the acceptance and publication of editorial and advertising matterial in Skyways Magazine does not imply any endorsement or warranty in respect of goods or services therein described, whether by Skyways Magazine or the publishers. Skyways Magazine will not be held responsible for the safe return of unsolicited editorial contributions. The Editor reserves the right to edit material submitted and in appropriate cases to translate into another language. Skyways Magazine reserves the right to reject any advertising or editorial material, which may not suit the standard of the publication, without reason given. Skyways Magazine is published by Panorama Publications on behalf of Airlink. PUBLISHED BY Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Private Bag X4, Kyalami, 1684, South Africa. 92 Campolino Road, Kyalami. Tel: 011 468 2090 Fax: 011 468 2091

www.panorama.co.za


freedom

to discover

Image courtesy Sanctuary Retreats

Kasane, Botswana. Airlink flies direct from Johannesburg to Kasane daily, offering you an exclusive African river safari experience. For your return journey, connect with Airlink’s direct flights between Livingstone and Kruger. Enjoy an early morning walk to the Falls and an evening game drive in Kruger. Through our alliance with SAA you can enjoy convenient connections with SAA, their Star Alliance Partner airlines and other carriers throughout Southern Africa and the world. Earn Voyager Miles and book your flight direct on www.flyairlink.com or your Booking Agent. Spread your wings, fly Airlink – Freedom of the African sky. Pemba

Ndola Lusaka Kasane Maun

Livingstone Harare

Phalaborwa Skukuza Nelspruit Maputo Manzini

Kimberley

Richards Bay Pietermaritzburg

Maseru

Durban Mthatha East London Cape Town

Antananarivo

Beira

Polokwane

Bloemfontein

Tete

Bulawayo

Gaborone Johannesburg

Upington

Nampula

George Port Elizabeth

Vilanculos

VOLCANO 30557


contents contents

24 out of africa

SPOTLIGHT 24 The Kruger experience Airlink touches down in Skukuza 58 The beautiful game FIFA World Cup kicks off TAKE-OFF 10 Message from the CEO 12 Fishing in the desert Angling in the Orange River 14 Hot and happening Events calendar 16 In brief News from around the world 20 Panorama The world from behind the lens 84 Flight schedule Your Airlink timetable

6

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GREAT ESCAPES 28 A pioneering spirit Exploring Mpumalanga 32 Soweto The transformation of a former apartheid hotbed

58 going for goal


TAG Heuer Boutiques; Sandton City & V&A Waterfront. Also at selected fine jewellers nationwide. For further information please call 011.669.0500. www.picotandmoss.co.za


contents contents

36 John Dunn The legendary white chief of Zululand 76 Focus The Northern Cape

cycling for a cause

54

62 built tough

cook club

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66

EXECUTIVE DECISION 40 Ask the law Employees’ rights and company policy 42 Tough call What to do when your business faces financial pressure 44 Executive woman Conflict resolution in the workplace 46 Tech review Latest news from MIT 48 App your life Your new marketing tool 50 Power up Africa has the resources for sustainable energy TIME-OUT 54 Barking up the Spine of the Dragon Cycling for a good cause 62 Five-star off-roading Driven: New Toyota Prado 66 Winter warmers Recipes to keep the chill away 70 Through the grapevine Starting a wine collection 72 Book reviews Latest reads 74 Can you solve it? Battleship and Sudoku puzzles 88 In the swing Improve your game 90 Shoot and score Musings about the World Cup 92 A word or two Interesting facts about the Football World Cup 94 Quiz Put your grey matter to the test 96 Talespin When a lizard turns into Godzilla


UNLIMITED LUXURY ULTIM ATE EXCLUSIVITY At Hyde Park Corner Shopping Centre you’ll discover more luxury brands than anywhere else in Africa, these include Alexander McQueen, Rolex, Chopard, Tom Ford, Victoria Beckham, Giorgio Armani, Michael Kors, Ralph Lauren, De Padova, Hermes, Diane von Furstenburg to name a few. Along with famous names come some high end addresses: Burberry, Porsche Design, Thomas Pink, Wolford, Mont Blanc, Liu Jo, Luminance Multi-brand Luxury Department Store.

International Supermodel, Yasmin Warsame, Closed the Marc Jacobs show at the Hyde Park Corner Fashion Weekend 2013

Cnr Jan Smuts Ave and William Nicol Drive │ Hyde Park │ Sandton │ Johannesburg │ South Africa Telephone: +27 11 325 4340 │GPS Co-ordinates: E28º 01’ 58” S -26º 07’ 27” www.hydeparkcorner.co.za


take | off

5 million

The world population in 5,000BC

25%

The estimated number of people who blow-dry their pets after a bath

From the CEO’s desk

The re-establishment of Skukuza Airport as a gateway to the Kruger National Park and to the nearby privately owned commercial game lodges is of great strategic significance to South Africa.

Rodger Foster, CEO Airlink

10 06 14

Airlink is honoured and delighted to be able to participate in the Skukuza Airport Public Private Partnership venture together with SANParks, and proud to have invested in the Skukuza Airport Management Company, which has developed and will operate the new Skukuza Airport for the next 10 years. Airlink is equally proud to be the designated provider of scheduled air services at Skukuza, linking Skukuza with the major hubs of OR Tambo International Airport and Cape Town International Airport and thereby with the world. As from 2 June, the new airport will reopen to scheduled air services designed to provide inter-airline connectivity at the hubs at times that will facilitate seamless travel from the far-flung corners of the earth to Skukuza. Convenient road transfers will bring access to nearby end destinations, including exclusive private lodges, and air transfers will be on standby for a short air hop across the Sabi Sands Reserve

to provide easy access to the private lodges that are further away from Skukuza Airport and therefore less accessible by road. Airlink is looking forward to working with our partners: Lion Sands will be providing hospitality services and ensuring an extraordinary retail experience, Federal Airlines will be providing connecting air transfer services between Skukuza Airport and the lodges, and AVIS will be offering car rental services and road shuttle services between Skukuza Camp and the airport. Much thought and care has gone into the design and construction of the new terminal building so that Skukuza Airport will leave its visitors with indelible memories of its iconic presence as the epitomic gateway to the pristine natural environment. The design balances form with function, specifically catering for ergonomic creature comforts aligned with those highly appealing aspects typical of upmarket bushveld game lodges. The form nestles integral with its host – the pristine flora and fauna. And the function ensures a smooth, warm and efficient transition between the aircraft and the relaxation imbued by the lodge dwellings, while fully respecting the environment. While Skukuza Airport aims to run profitably and to return the development capital to its investors, the ultimate beneficiaries of its wellbeing, pivotal on customer throughput, will be the local communities in and around the Skukuza area. Each customer visiting Skukuza Airport will contribute a small levy towards community development. The new Skukuza Airport will facilitate improved quality and quantity of air service access to the Kruger Park and the neighbouring private game lodges, at affordable prices, while responsibly investing in community social upliftment. Text | Rodger Foster, CEO Airlink Photography | Shutterstock


take | off

19cm

450mm

The longest recorded length of a person’s nose

South Africa’s average annual rainfall

Fishing in the desert The WildFly Team takes on the mighty Orange

you’re never

sure what to expect when you fish a river thousands of kilometres from its source. In today’s disposable world, you expect the worst, especially when it happens to be the largest river in South Africa, near which millions of people reside.

For more information or bookings contact www.wildflytravel.com or 033 266 6966

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Confidence is to some extent instilled in the drive, as from KwaZulu-Natal you traverse through some of the most remote areas in the Free State until you get to the Northern Cape. Then the landscape becomes arid, almost barren, and you realise that you are actually travelling to the desert to find fish. That is until you reach the magnificent Augrabies Falls and the sight of this spectacular river launches you out of your seat. Craig from Kalahari Outventures had invited us to experience the private section of river that was linked to the brand new Tutwa Lodge. It is, to say the least, an incredible set-up – one that, if it wasn’t for the fish that beckoned, we wouldn’t have moved out of. The trip was

to take us three days, canoeing down the river, camping and fishing, with absolutely no cellphone reception. It spelled total bliss. There was a mixed bag of anglers: Thommo the artlure specialist, Jeremy the fly guru, Michael Peterson the great all-rounder, Brad, Gareth and our mate Kev to keep the trip fluid. The mission was to use every varied technique in the world of artificial lure angling to prove or dispel the many myths that surround the yellow fish endemic to this system. Populations of fish are impossible to ascertain, but you quickly realise that you have a sanctuary on your hands when you land the quantities of fish that we encountered. In fact it wouldn’t be unfair to compare our army of anglers to the invasion of Iraq, in so far as we had an arsenal that would have anything with fins running for cover, and the resistance from whatever we targeted was soon overwhelmed. Thommo was throwing everything from plastics to Rapala lures and jamming the big small-mouth yellows in numbers. Jeremy was mono-nymphing in the faster water and


18 February 1979 The only time on record that snow has fallen on the Sahara Desert

literally lost count of the fish that fell prey to his lumo tungsten caddis imitations. Peterson had tied some incredible WildFlies on the Fish Skulls and Scalpen Heads, which the large- and small-mouth yellows just couldn’t leave alone. We stopped fishing for small-mouths after day one, focusing on the deeper water, reeds and rocky areas with larger patterns, looking for those resident largemouth yellows that are found in the Orange in significant numbers. But it mattered not, regardless of where we fished or how large the lure or pattern was, it didn’t deter the bigger small-mouth yellows from attacking. That said we still notched up over 40 large-mouth yellows on the trip, which naturally paled in comparison to the 350-plus small-mouths, with around 50 barbel keeping us well entertained. There is normally a certain finesse and craft required to catch these fish, but if the truth be told it mattered very little what pattern we strapped on or how we fished it. Naturally, the standard technique of drifting two nymphs with little use of your floating fly line was

1,000+

Languages are spoken in Africa

incredibly effective, but so was ripping and stripping a streamer pattern on a sinking line through slow-moving water. ‘Heathens’ you might mutter, but when sauntering downstream in a canoe to your next base camp, it’s really horses for courses. Of course, sight casting to rising fish, inducing them to take a dry, is everyone’s preference and when this opportunity arose it was pounced upon. The scenery in which we found ourselves fishing was as unique as it was spellbinding with such different fauna and flora to admire. The river guides Dibs and Jody were magic, managing to conjure up some incredible meals on the fire (even a full roast one evening), but they were outshone by Charmaine at Tutwa Lodge who really belongs on MasterChef. Craig and his team are incredible guides, having managed to keep us afloat and on track the entire trip – no easy task with our motley crew. It is a trip of a lifetime, ideal for friends and families alike and one that I’ll be diarising to do every year. Text | Gareth George Photography | Supplied

Choose to fly Airlink from Johannesburg or Cape Town to Upington where the Kalahari Adventures team will happily fetch clients. This means more time on the water where we love to be

How to get there

See flight schedule on page 84 www.flyairlink.com

13 06 14


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12 years

fifth

The amount of time Leonardo da Vinci spent painting the Mona Lisa's lips

The world ranking of Cape Town’s blue sky according to the UK’s National Physical Laboratory

CALENDAR

GAUTENG

Sasol Bird Fair

The Sasol Birds and Birding Fair, the biggest of its kind in southern Africa, attracts birding enthusiasts from all over South Africa. The theme of the 2014 fair is 'Going Inland to Save Our Seabirds' and the fair aims to get bird-watchers together to both celebrate birds and have a good time while heightening a public interest towards the need for protecting birds and their habitats and to support bird conservation projects.  7-8 June 2014  Parkview, Johannesburg i 083 636 1060

Juliet Cullinan Standard Bank Wine Festival Discover 40 handpicked, iconic Cape wineries displaying traditional, innovative, rare and unique labels. Tickets cost R180 per person if booked online and R200 at the door. This includes a wine glass, catalogue and an evening of unlimited tastings.  10-11 June 2014  Summer Place, Hyde Park i www.julietcullinan.co.za WESTERN CAPE

Hermanus FynArts

One of a kind, Hermanus FynArts is a fusion of festival and winter school; a blend of visual, intellectual and creative stimulation with a vibrant

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social buzz. It is 10 days filled with exciting events in intimate venues: cozy coffee shops, small art galleries, restaurants, wine cellars and tasting rooms.  6-16 June 2014  Hermanus i www.hermanusfynarts.co.za

 13-15 June 2014  Cape Town International Convention Centre i 011 549 8300

Miles of Smiles Half Marathon

This event attracts more than 45,000 visitors annually to the picturesque Sundays River Valley in the Eastern Cape. It is also the first and only festival to include a mix of over 300 specialist stalls, agricultural and wildlife expos, supervised kiddies’ play areas, ‘wild rides’ and live entertainment.  27-29 June 2014  Kirkwood i 042 230 0066

This is a popular run that coincides with Wacky Wine Weekend. The course takes you on a scenic tour through the town of Robertson. The first 10 men and women receive gold medals, the next finishers up to position 50 will receive silver medals and all other finishers who make the cut-off time of three hours will receive bronze medals.  7 June 2014  Langeberg High School, Robertson i 076 540 1613

Feast of Shiraz and Charcuterie in Hartenberg A select group of winemakers will be showcasing their wines at this indulgent day of Shiraz and charcuterie. Together with some of the country’s finest charcuterie masters, cheese makers and olive enthusiasts visitors will be able to experience a food and wine pairing feast.  7 June 2014  Hartenberg Estate i info@hartenbergestate.com

Cape Town Book Fair The Cape Town Book Fair is South Africa's main event for the promotion of books. Created in 2005, it takes place annually under the authority of the Publishers' Association of South Africa. This event will be an extravaganza of literary entertainment for both book lovers and the book world.

EASTERN CAPE

ABSA Kirkwood Wildlife Festival

K WA Z U L U - N ATA L

Comrades Marathon

The world’s greatest ultramarathon, 89km long, the Comrades is a South African institution, internationally recognised for the body-sapping challenge it poses and the camaraderie it fosters among its thousands of participants.  1 June 2014  Pietermarizburg City Hall i www.comrades.com

Marketing Indaba Durban The Marketing Indaba welcomes both professional marketers, as well as interested beginners, who thrive off sponging ideas and gaining inspiration. It features more than 16 industry leaders that will educate and enlighten, while covering all aspects of marketing and its discipline.  5-6 June 2014  The Oysterbox Hotel, Umhlanga Ridge i 021 854 4700


41 hours

The world record for continuous pogo-stick jumping

Top Gear Festival The Top Gear Festival Durban returns to the Moses Mabhida Stadium, once again bringing the global television phenomenon to life in a two-day festival extravaganza featuring Jeremy Clarkson, James May, Richard

2,798km 6.7m The length of South Africa’s coastline

Hammond and The Stig. Festivalgoers can expect a day packed full of entertainment both on and off the track at this year’s event.  21-22 June 2014  Moses Mabhida Stadium i www.topgearfestivaldurban.co.za

The length of the longest earthworm ever found. It was discovered in KwaZulu-Natal

MPUMALANGA

Antiques Fair

Umbali will be hosting the first Lowveld Antiques Fair in aid of the SPCA. The world-renowned antiques valuators Stephan Welz & Co will do valuations at no charge but donations towards the SPCA are requested. Prof Alex Duffey from the History Department of the University of Pretoria will be hosting a talk and doing some valuations on historical artefacts.  2 June 2014  Umbali, Nelspruit i 071 675 9045


take | off

1949

The year the first MBA programme outside of the USA was started by the University of Pretoria

2.5 million

The number of rivets in the Eiffel Tower

begun their march across the globe earlier than once suspected. Most scientists agree that all humans living today are descended from a common ancestor population which existed 100,000 to 200,000 years ago in Africa. Source: Daily Mail

T R AV EL

The name’s Bond… H E A LT H

Plastic surgeons bamboozle passport control When people go under the knife for plastic surgery they hope to come out of the operation looking a bit different and a lot better. They usually do not, however, anticipate looking so different that they are unrecognisable.

S

16 06 14

ome of South Korea’s plastic surgeons are so talented that they are leaving their patients with an unexpected problem, it has been claimed. Those who have flown in from abroad to have the operations are, in some cases, so transformed that they are struggling to get through passport control on the way home. According to Korean sites Onboa and Munhwa, some hospitals have resorted to handing out ‘plastic surgery certificates’ to patients to enable them to get home. These certificates are said to include the patient’s passport number, the name of the hospital they were treated at and the length of their visit to South Korea. While hospitals have been aware of the problem for a number of years, it is said to be becoming an increasingly common issue. In 2009, 23 Chinese women are said to have struggled to return to China from South Korea after undergoing surgery. The women were stopped at passport control

because they were noted to have bigger eyes, higher noses and slimmer chins than were shown on their passports. South Korea is rapidly becoming the home of plastic with one in every 77 South Koreans going under the knife or needle in a bid to improve their looks. Source: Daily Mail

GEOLOGY

Did humans reach Europe earlier than suspected? Modern man left Africa earlier than previously thought and in multiple waves, rather than the one previously believed to have occurred, new research has found.

A

team of researchers led by the University of Tübingen’s Professor Katerina Harvati analysed skull shapes to show that anatomically modern humans spread from Africa to Asia and Europe in several migratory movements. The first ancestors of today’s non-African peoples probably took a southern route through the Arabian Peninsula as early as 130,000 years ago, the researchers found. Scientists have previously suggested the exodus from Africa started between 40,000 and 70,000 years ago, although stone artefacts dating to at least 100,000 years ago that were recently uncovered in the Arabian Desert suggested that modern humans might have

A UK travel company is offering the ultimate day out for James Bond fans: the chance to step into their hero’s shoes and master the skills required to become an elite British Secret Service agent.

A

range of 007, To Be Bond experiences has been launched by Exsus, which combines special forces and secret service training with glamorous European locations. Would-be spies will be trained by ex-special forces members, some of whom helped actor Daniel Craig to prepare for his film role as Bond. Prices start at R118,000 per person for a one-day Operation Explosive Entry experience in the UK, and go up to almost R2 million per person for the ultimate four-day Operation Connery. The range of ‘missions’ includes hostage rescue at a glamorous location outside Prague. As the name suggests, the package involves rescuing a hostage or valuable item while clearing a building room by room using covert intelligence techniques. You’ll also be required to tackle the enemy and overcome any hidden booby traps in the process. The company also offers trips to GoldenEye Jamaica, the former home of James Bond author Ian Fleming. The writer penned all 14 of his James Bond novels at the luxury resort near the town of Oracabessa, where rooms now cost up to R1,000,000 per night. Source: Daily Mail


two

South African cities were voted among the world’s Top 100 Most Liveable Cities in a 2010 study conducted by Mercer Human Resource Consulting. Cape Town was ranked 86th and Johannesburg 90th

Get the answer Just in case our puzzles are sending you around the bend, here are the solutions. Puzzles can be found on page 74.

Sudoku Easy

Challenging

Battleship Easy

Medium

SCIENCE

Just add water and say cheers A US company has developed a powdered alcohol product that has been approved by US regulators and is poised to hit stores in the coming months.

‘P

alcohol’ is made by an Arizona company called Lipsmark and will come in six varieties of single-drink pouches. Drinkers can stir in simple water for a shot of rum or vodka, add cola or orange juice for a mixer or create a cocktail – a Cosmopolitan, Mojito, Margarita or Lemon Drop. The company said the product will be sold to people of legal drinking age and could even be sprinkled on food. A patent for the mixture is pending. In response to consumer inquiries about whether the product could be snorted, the company described the askers as ‘goofballs’ and said it would take half a cup of powder to equal one drink. Powdered alcohol has already been approved for sale in Japan and some European countries. Source: Daily Mail

SPORT

Germans can turn up late for work after World Cup matches Germans are stereotypically known for their efficiency in the work place, but that’s all set to go out of the window when the World Cup kicks off this month.

W

hile most of us will be struggling with our sleep-to-work ratio during those 1am kickoffs in Brazil, German workers can have their feet up. That’s because worker’s unions are

close to pushing through an agreement with many major employers so that staff can turn up late for work – if they’ve been watching the football. “It would be a noble move by employers if they showed a bit of flexibility during the World Cup,” said one union chief to Bild newspaper. “For Germany games after 10pm, work should start later. Employers and work councils should talk about rearranging shifts if needed so their staff can enjoy the World Cup games.” A number of organisations have already switched shifts for some staff who were due to start at 6am normally, but others are tipped to follow suit in the coming weeks. Source: metro.co.uk

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take | off

60kg

The weight of Bhutan: A Visual Odyssey Across the Kingdom, the largest book ever published

N AT U R E

Nessie spotted on Apple Maps A group of Loch Ness Monster enthusiasts say they've sighted the legendary Scottish beast via satellite images on Apple Maps.

T

126th

The University of Cape Town’s ranking in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings

he creature, which purportedly is seen periodically in Scotland's Loch Ness, was spotted this time by members of the Official Loch Ness Monster Fan Club using the Apple software. They have been puzzling over the dubious image for the past six months. Excitable spotters say the low-resolution

image can't be anything other than ‘Nessie’, which looks to have large flippers and a long, ghostly white silhouette. "We’ve been looking at it for a long time trying to work out exactly what it is," said Gary Campbell, president of the club, in a local UK newspaper. "It looks like a boat wake, but the boat is missing. You can see some boats moored at the shore, but there isn’t one here. It's pretty large, so it's not a seal or an otter. It's also not a whale or basking shark as some people claim, because they wouldn't go in fresh water." Sceptics, however, have been quick to point out the Apple Maps image looks an awful lot like a boat wake. Mick West of Metabunk.org, a site devoted to investigating and debunking ‘mysteries’ of this sort, maintains it's a boat wake, but says the boat is barely visible because of the low contrast in the Apple Maps image. Sightings of the Loch Ness Monster date back at least 1,500 years to a carved stone


435

Houses have been built each day for the poor in South Africa since 1994

in northern Scotland which depicts "a strange beast with an elongated beak or muzzle, a head locket or spout, and flippers instead of feet." Source: Huffington Post

SPORT

Cape Town marathon sets its sights on the world majors Already host to a legendary cycle tour and a world-famous ultra-marathon, Cape Town is now seeking to raise its sporting profile as host to a classic Olympic 42.2km marathon.

I

nvigorated by a new partnership between the City of Cape Town, Western Province Athletics (WPA) and ASEM Running, the 2014 Cape Town Marathon will be the first year of a focused, long-term development plan which is endorsed by two of South Africa’s sporting

25%

Of your bones are located in your feet

greats, Francois Pienaar and Elana Meyer. The World Marathon Majors was launched in 2006 by the Boston, New York City, Chicago, London and Berlin Marathons as an innovative series offering a $1 million prize purse split between top male and female marathon runners in the world. Last year, the Tokyo Marathon was accepted as the sixth race in the World Marathon Majors. The Cape Town Marathon will take place on 21 September 2014. The new route will provide runners with a unique car-free experience of the city’s stunning natural and cultural attractions such as the 12 Apostles, Camps Bay, Clifton, the Company Gardens, Parliament, the Bo-Kaap, the City Hall, the Castle of Good Hope, District 6, the V&A Waterfront and Table Bay. The event is an official qualifying race for the 2015 Old Mutual Two Oceans and Comrades Ultra-Marathons. Source: Supplied

TECHNOLOGY

Edutainment on the rise As more and more children turn to iPads and other devices, South African artist and entrepreneur Danielle Orkin has devised a local app called Monster Moogle.

A

imed at children aged four to 12, the app includes an interactive storybook, which allows the story to come to life using sound and colourful animation. The Monster Moogle Collage Maker also allows kids to create their own characters and write their own short stories. You can buy the app via iTunes. Source: OfficeLife.co.za


panorama

The re-establishment of Skukuza Airport as a gateway to the Kruger National Park and to the nearby privately owned commercial game lodges is of great strategic significance to South Africa.

20 06 14


Sunset boulevard Gondolas moored at Saint Mark's Square in Venice, Italy. St Mark's Square is the principal public square of Venice and it is reported that Napolean once called it the drawing room of Europe. The gondola is a traditional, flat-bottomed Venetian rowing boat, well suited to the conditions of the Venetian lagoon. For centuries gondolas were the chief means of transportation and most common watercraft within Venice. In modern times the iconic boats still have a role in public transport in the city, serving (ferries) over the Grand Canal. In the background is the San Giorgio di Maggiore church built between 1566 and 1610.

21 06 14


Quest for knowledge 7 ARCHAEOLOGY

Ancient baby bottle has a rattle They found the bottle in the region of Apulie in a grave in the ancient town of Manduria. The skeletal remains indicate that a man and woman were buried there. There is also a possibility that a child was buried with them, as the grave contained 2 little statues that were often buried with little girls.

of Shorts theAhead curve The grave was roughly 2.5 by 1.20m and was cut from The re-establishment of Skukuzastone. Airport as A Two other baby a gateway to the Kruger National Park and bottles were found to the nearby privately owned commercial in the grave, as game lodges is of great strategic significance well as pots, plates and jars. to South Africa. A The man and woman were probably from a wealthy family. A

7 BODY

Why do hobbits always win? I

t seems improbable that the little hobbits in the books of JRR Tolkien always win against enormous armies of orcs and trolls. But there is an excellent explanation for that, according to doctors at the Imperial College in London (UK). They put it down to vitamin D. In The Medical Journal of Australia they described the lifestyle of Tolkien’s heroes such as hobbits and dark folk like Gollum. They analysed what they eat and how much time they spend outdoors. Guess what? There are at least 15 different dishes on the menu of the hobbits that they grow in their gardens, while the baddies mostly eat meat and fish while living underground. The conclusion: evil loses because of a lack of vitamin D, which results in weaker muscles. CENTRE FOR BIOROBOTICS/TALLINN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY

he only thing missing from this baby bottle (pictured) is a rubber teat. With 2 huge painted eyes, the ancient infant feeder, found in Italy, looks more like a piggy bank than a bottle. What’s more, it has a built-in rattle. Archaeologists were able to hear little stones inside the bottle when they shook it.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SUPERINTENDENCY OF PUGLIA

T

7 TECHNOLOGY

Slow coach explores wreck S

ome robots look like little animals. This one (pictured) is based on a turtle. Why? It is an animal that excels in manoeuvrability, which is a useful characteristic for exploring shipwrecks. The U-Cat can swim in

This U-Cat has no hands to pick up sea treasures, just like a real turtle.

all directions with its 4 independently moving flippers without disturbing the seawater, sand and silt and without ruining the site. The little robot was developed in Estonia at the Tallinn University of Technology. It is hoped that it will become a safe and cheap alternative for human divers.


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Gollum looks a lot unhealthier than the average hobbit.

It may seem cute and innocent, but Bombus terrestris is not welcome in South America. 7 NATURE

The bumblebee colonises South America

WARNER BROS/HH

I

t looks a bit fluffy, innocent and a bit slower than its cousin, the honeybee. However, the bumblebee is setting up camp in South America at the expense of the region’s indigenous species. Scientists are ringing emergency bells at ETH Zurich. The bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) was introduced in greenhouses in 1998 in Chile to help pollinate crops. A number of these insects that originate from Europe escaped and spread rapidly, at about 200km per year, in a southward direction over the continent. The local bumblebee (Bombus dahlbomii)

of Shorts theAhead curve A bumblebee is actually a bee, only much larger and very hairy. A With a body length measuring 3cm, the South American bumblebee is the largest in the world. A

is taking strain wherever its European counterpart appears. This could well be because of a parasite that the bee carries with it. Researchers wonder if the rise of the hairy insect can still be stopped.

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spot | light

African dreaming The allure of the Kruger National Park

The re-establishment of Skukuza Airport as a gateway to the Kruger National Park and to the nearby privately owned commercial game lodges is of great strategic significance to South Africa.

wildlife

documentaries make for fascinating viewing and always make one marvel at the wonders of nature, whether it is the flora and fauna, the giant pachyderms or the smallest of rodents. And there are few places on earth where all of this is can be viewed in real life in one region like South Africa.

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The country is globally known for its wildlife. The popularity of South African game reserves outsmarts even the biggest and most unique national parks abroad. So, why do people search for the phrase ‘Kruger Park’ over 300,000 times monthly? Why is one of the most online viewed videos the 'Battle at Kruger'? Is it because of the different animal species, the accommodation or its climate?

One of the aspects where the Kruger National Park differentiates itself from others must be its history. The land that formerly accommodated nomads who hunted the ground gave way to the Europeans in the beginning of the 18th century. In that dark period of history, Europeans hunted down thousands of elephants, which almost resulted in the extinction of the wild elephant in South Africa. President Paul Kruger introduced a motion to government to create a safe haven for elephants as well as other exotic species. In 1898 the Government Wildlife Park was established. It extended in the following years to receive the name of Kruger National Park in 1927. That's the year the first public visitors arrived. Today the park covers more than 18,989km2 and crosses 350km from north to south and 60km from


How to get there

From 2 June Airlink will offer flights to Skukuza Airport, Kruger National Park. See the flight schedule on page 84 www.flyairlink.com

east to west. The park is located in the north-eastern part of South Africa, in the provinces Limpopo and Mpumalanga. The Sabie River is the most famous one running through the park.

When nature calls If it's not the history of the park, its popularity might have something to do with the diversity in plants, mammals, birds, reptiles and people you find on your Kruger National Park safaris. The Kruger has six different eco-systems that house almost 2,000 species of plants. Even more, 517 different species of birds can be found at the park of which 253 are natural residents. However, for the most part hordes of tourists come to the see the mammals and reptiles in the Kruger Park. Not only does it house the Big Five (lion, leopard,

rhino, buffalo and elephant), it has 147 species running in and out of bushes. Main attractions include buffalo, black and white rhinos, zebras, bushbucks, cheetahs, elands, giraffes, kudus, hippos, lions, leopards, hyenas, elephants, waterbuck, wildebeest, impalas and crocodiles.

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Bare essentials •

The winter months (May to August) are possibly the best time to enjoy your Kruger National Park safari. These months are dry months where traditionally there is no rain. The vegetation is less dense at this time of the year and the temperature more comfortable, being less hot. This allows for better game spotting and the animals roam more freely enjoying the cooler weather. The re-establishment of Skukuza Airport The permanent waterholes attract manyasanimals so it is worth waiting at a a gateway to the Parkmay andstroll along for his morning ‘tea break’. waterhole, as Kruger suddenlyNational an elephant to theThe nearby privately and owned commercial early mornings evenings can be chilly at this time of the year, so warm game jackets lodges for is ofyour great strategic game drives significance are essential. to• South Africa. During the summer season, the rainfall creates beautiful scenery with lush and green vegetation. Although it’s perhaps a more difficult time to spot game, the game drive vehicles are situated higher off the ground allowing for a bird’s eye view. Birdlife is at its best at this time of the year for those keen bird spotters. Baby animals are usually born in the months of November and December, so this is a good time to spot those baby lion cubs. • The best way to dress for your game drive is to layer your clothing. Wear a lightweight t-shirt, and take along a jersey as well as a fleece or windbreaker. This allows you to adjust to the varying temperature changes during the day.

In addition, the Kruger has plenty of accommodation to suit any tourist budget. There are rest camps, lodge facilities and hundreds of accommodation possibilities in the surrounding area.

Tour guide

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The park is popular due to its large and diverse population of animals, but it is best known for the safaris that it offers. The Kruger can offer you a pure African adventure and a safari that is custom-made to your expectations and requirements. Safaris are some of the most sought-after holidays in Africa and finding the one that suits your time, travelling party and budget perfectly is easy and absolutely essential.

The Kruger National Park offers a range of safaris, ensuring that everyone is given the opportunity to experience the wildlife and find the safari that is best suited to them. The most popular safaris are game drives hosted by professional trackers and drivers who have vast experience and knowledge of the park and its wildlife. Other safaris include those that focus on bird-watching, photography, finding the Big Five, some are designed for children, and some are disability friendly. If you are staying in a lodge in the park or in its surrounding areas, game drives led by professional trackers and guides are an incredible way to experience a Kruger Park safari. The benefits of this route of game viewing are immense, the most dominant being that you'll have an experienced and knowledgeable guide to take you around the park and inform you about what you're seeing and what you wouldn't otherwise have noticed. You'll have your own personal tracker to help you find the animals that you're looking for and it's likely that your vehicle will have a radio which informs you when a great sighting has been made so that you can go join others in seeing it. If you are visiting the park with a specific motive, such as for photography, bird-watching or to help educate your children on wildlife and nature, you can find a safari that will aid you in this mission. If your Kruger Park safari of choice is to drive your own vehicle, guide books and recommended schedules can be found online, at the park or your accommodation’s reception centre. If you are entering the park with high hopes of a specific sighting, a guided tour is most likely to be more beneficial than a self-driven Kruger Park safari. Tour guides know where and how to find a bird or animal and where the best photographs can be taken. Specially designed children safaris allow your children to participate in activities with other children, while learning about the environment and animals they are seeing. This option gives parents the opportunity to go on longer game drives without their children getting bored or restless. If you are planning a Kruger Park safari, without a doubt you'll be able to find one that suits your needs, expectations and schedule. Regardless of whether you're staying in the park or outside of its gates in the surrounding villages, you will be able to enjoy the park and customise how you experience it. No doubt your experience will be thrilling and magical, leaving you satisfied and planning a return to one of South Africa’s most alluring tourist attractions. Text | Kathi Simon Photography | Shutterstock


SANParks welcomes scheduled flights to Skukuza

Commencing in June 2014 the Kruger National Park will again be accessible via Airlink direct scheduled service to and from Skukuza airport. Located in close proximity to the Skukuza main camp, the airport is unique in providing direct access into one of the world’s largest protected wildlife areas. For more information go to: www.saairlink.co.za/skukuza

www.sanparks.org Reservations (012) 428 9111 or e-mail reservations@sanparks.org


great | escapes

Top: Peter Schrider was declared endangered in 1974, when there w Left: ya provide an elastic fibre with a crimp that is perfect for knitted fabric, while Suri is

Africa’s panorama A journey through Mpumalanga

‘A pioneering spirit.’ That is Mpumalanga’s pay-off line and this is evident in the history and heritage of the province. Mpumalanga has played a pivotal role in the development of South Africa and beyond. From a geological perspective, it was the ripping away of Antarctica and Madagascar at the Blyde River Canyon that caused the continent to tilt upward, ridding it of the great inland sea that is now the Highveld. Mpumalanga has the oldest rock formations known to man, providing proof beyond doubt that this is the cradle of humankind.

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Today, Mpumalanga is considered to be one of the most geographically diverse and unbelievably beautiful places in South Africa. People are drawn here by the picturesque scenery, by the fauna and flora and by the saga of the 1870s gold rush era and a wealth of fascinating tribal legends. Mountains, panoramic passes, valleys, rivers, waterfalls and forests characterise the landscape. This is also big game country, the setting for dozens of sanctuaries teeming with wildlife and birds. Here you can visit the world’s most famous game reserve, climb the world's third-deepest canyon and explore the world's oldest cave. The entire province offers great


Sudwala Caves The Sudwala Caves are regarded as the oldest caves in the world. Go on the Crystal Tour, which takes you 2,000m below into the heart of the caves. The aim of this tour is to reach the Crystal Chamber, which has spectacular aragonite crystals. While you are at the Sudwala Caves you can also go to the Sudwala Dinosaur Park where you can see life-size models of prehistoric dinosaurs along with real-life Nile crocodiles.

Did you know? Mpumalanga is home to some of the oldest natural formations on earth

Fly fishing at Dullstroom Dullstroom is the capital of fly fishing in South Africa. It is a cold little town, but it is also cosy and misty, making you feel like you are stepping into a foggy fairytale. Here you can enjoy still water river fishing with a chance to catch rainbow and brown trout. For antique lovers, The Clock Shop in Dullstroom has the largest collection of clocks in the Southern Hemisphere. Browse through their collections of delicately crafted mantel clocks, wooden clocks, cuckoo clocks and cabinets. Dullstroom also has the largest collection of whiskey in the Southern Hemisphere. Go on a whiskey tasting tour and learn about ‘the water of life’ from three selfconfessed whiskey fanatics. opportunities for birdwatching, hiking, horse riding and fishing. Here are a few must-sees for any visitor to Mpumalanga.

Loskop Dam Nature Reserve Loskop Dam is known as the largest dam in the Southern Hemisphere and it doubles as a nature reserve for wildlife and plant life. It is also the only place in Mpumalanga where you can take a game drive on the water and possibly see three of the big five: the buffalo, the leopard and the white rhino. You can also hike around Loskop Dam and see the spectacular flora and fauna.

Gold panning at Pilgrim’s Rest Pilgrim’s Rest is a little town that is lost in the 1800s. The town is small enough for you to explore it on foot. Don’t miss a visit to Mrs. Macs and see how local Ndebele ladies manufacture traditional artworks. Every September the town plays host to the annual Gold Panning Championships. This is a fun family event where the first person to find a nugget is the winner.

Blyde River Canyon The Blyde River Canyon is the largest green canyon in the world. It stretches over 26km and is over 800m deep.

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Panorama Route Mpumalanga’s Panorama Route draws in thousands of tourists every year thanks to the stretch of unspoiled beauty that it offers. The route is an area of cultural heritage set against a backdrop of dramatic landscapes. The area has exquisite waterfalls, the Blyde River Canyon and the Echo Caves. The path is encircled by moving green hillsides and there are several lookout points where one can stop to take in the area's scenery. Most of them offer breathtaking views of the valleys, ravines and also forests in the region. The Panorama Route has a number of cascading waterfalls which make for excellent photo opportunities. God's Window is a lookout point along the Panorama Route which provides visitors a particularly idyllic view of the Lowveld as well as the escarpment within the mist belt.

Rock art Visit the Nkomazi Game Reserve and see rock art sites that date back more than 300 years. These ancient pieces of rock art depict the spiritual beliefs and lifestyle of the nomadic San people.

The Elephant Museum The Elephant Museum in the Letaba Camp within the Kruger National Park captures the history of human and elephant interaction within the park. The museum also educates visitors on the evolution, biology and behaviour of elephants.

Shangaan village Make sure you visit the Shangaan Village to experience the culture of these indigenous people

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How to get there See flight schedule on page 84 www.flyairlink.com

Explore the area during a one-hour microlight flight over the Blyde River Dam and over the canyon returning towards Hoedspruit, where game can be viewed from the air. For those who prefer to explore by water, take a guided boat trip to the rare Kadishi Tufa Waterfall and the Three Rondavels where you will see wildlife and learn about the natural history of the Blyde River Canyon. There’s plenty for adrenaline junkies as well, such as tubing down the lower Blyde River. This is an hour-long adrenaline rush with wild rapids in places where the water level is high. Those a bit more daring can abseil down a cliff next to the Blyde Dam Wall and enjoy the scenery.

A visit to the Xintu Village will teach you about the Shangaan culture, food and way of life. The centre of the village is a market at which you can buy arts and crafts and sample traditional meals. The village’s most popular event is the Evening Festival in the Chief’s Kraal.

Kaapsehoop Ghost Tours

The Jane Goodall Institute

Take a step into the realm of the paranormal. The small, misty mountaintop town of Kaapsehoop is renowned for its ghosts, including a child who cries out with a bloodcurdling scream and the ghost of a widow who occupies the veranda of the local pub. It is said that this ghost murdered her husband with an axe.

The Jane Goodall Institute teaches you all about the chimpanzees that the organisation has rescued. This tour is an hour long and afterwards you can enjoy refreshments at the restaurant.

Ndebele village Groblersdal is a part of the Cultural Heartland and is well known for the multi-coloured art of Ndebele culture. You can recognise the Ndebele tribe by the vibrant symmetrical patterns painted on their homes and their intricate jewellery. The Ndebele tribe is known for their warm spirit, beautiful beadwork and crafts.

Text | Mpumalanga Tourism Photography | Media Club South Africa


great | escapes

From

struggle to suburbia Soweto has undergone a remarkable transformation in the last 20 years

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the vast

township of Soweto, once the centre of violence and turmoil in the struggle against apartheid, has become something of a scenic tourist attraction in the 20 years since the end of apartheid.

Orlando Towers, colourfully painted former cooling towers, which offer spectacular views of the city and heart-stopping bungee jumps. The township also hosts the Soweto Open tennis tournament, the Soweto Marathon, and the Soweto Wine Festival, among other regular events that draw crowds of thousands.

Getting its name from the apartheid designation of South Western Townships, Soweto was built as a shanty town on the edge of Johannesburg. It was essentially a dumping ground for black citizens, far from work and the white suburbs. Between 1955 and 1958 the government, vigorously implementing its racial segregation policies, moved thousands of black South Africans from the city to Soweto. As with all townships, it was ignored by the former regime. Its dusty roads were unpaved and untreed. Tiny matchbox houses were built out of a mix of iron, wood and brick. Backyard shacks and informal settlements marked the place, which at over 200km2 is the largest township in the country. By 2003, Greater Soweto consisted of 87 townships. Today it is almost unrecognisable. It’s an economic hub of activity with a fully-fledged upper, middle and lower social class. Its roads are tarred and trees shade its many green spaces. Since 1994, a huge amount of work has gone into developing Soweto and reintegrating it into the city. More than 100,000 houses have been built or refurbished in the township over the past 20 years, with many getting water, electricity and sanitation connections. Residential property is now booming, with the highest average prices in the affordable housing market segment countrywide. Over the past 20 years retail space has grown from less than 60,000m2 to 220,000. Five new major shopping malls with major retail anchor tenants have been established, including the flagship Maponya Mall. A new tourism spine has brought in over one million visitors keen to explore and understand Soweto's role in the struggle against apartheid. The spine links the Vilakazi Street precinct, where tourists can see the house museums of Soweto's two Nobel Peace Prize winners, Nelson Mandela and Archbishop Desmond Tutu, with the Hector Pieterson Memorial and Museum, the 12km June 16th Route, the Regina Mundi Parish Church – the gathering point for protest meetings and refuge from the apartheid brutalities – and loops back to Kliptown, where the Freedom Charter was signed. Other tourist attractions include the Oppenheimer Tower, the Credo Mutwa Cultural Village and the

Soweto has produced the highest number of professional soccer teams in the country. The Orlando Pirates, Kaizer Chiefs and Moroka Swallows all have their roots in the area and remain among the leading teams in the Premier Soccer League. Sport is big in the area. The FNB Stadium, the country's largest stadium, can be found here. Known as Soccer City during the FIFA World Cup in 2010, for which it was purpose-built, it is the centre of football in South Africa.

Home of the people’s game

Converting hostels into homes Apartheid's migrant labour system relied on men transported far from their homes into the city, where they would live and work far from their families. These labourers were often housed in single-sex hostels. Today, the Johannesburg Housing Company is busy converting these structures into comfortable family homes. Once such development is Orlando Ekhaya, an affordable rental housing project. Here the city of Johannesburg has invested some R130 million in highdensity family flats in the Soweto suburb of Orlando. Orlando Ekhaya is being constructed in three phases, with the first phase, converting a single-sex hostel into 102 family dwellings, completed in 2011. The next two phases, to be completed this year, are to convert a further 76 family homes, and build 112 new four-storey walk-up units on vacant land near the former hostel.

Soweto has embarked on a massive infrastructure programme

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Maponya Mall is the areas first mega-mall

Going green Johannesburg is known as the world's largest manmade urban forest, with some of its trees dating back to the early 1900s. But while the city itself was green, for decades Soweto was drab and dusty, with only a few trees planted in the 1950s. The Greening of Soweto project, launched in 2006 with the planting of 6,000 trees – and an ultimate aim of half a million – is perhaps the city's biggest green revolution. Since then more than 200,000 new trees have been planted and six new ecoparks built. In 2008 Nelson Mandela planted the 90,990th tree on his 90th birthday. The aim is for a further 300,000 to be planted by 2016. The greening project has received two separate gold awards at the UN Liveable Community Awards, one in 2008 and again in 2010.

Boom time for business

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A number of neighbourhood shopping centres were developed in the 1980s around Soweto, but it was only in 1994 that Soweto's first major shopping complex was built in Dobsonville. In 2005, the Protea Gardens Mall opened, followed by the Bara Mall in

Diepkloof, adjacent to the hospital and taxi rank, and in 2006, the Jabulani Mall. The following year, Soweto's homegrown millionaire Richard Maponya opened the township's first mega mall, the 65,000m2, R650 million Maponya Mall on Chris Hani Road. In 2012, the city of Johannesburg opened the state-of-the-art Soweto Theatre as part of a multimillion-rand investment in Jabulani. It includes the R320 million shopping mall, the 300-bed Jabulani Provincial Hospital, and a residential area with threeto five-storey walk-up blocks of flats. The hospital was built to alleviate pressure on clinics and on Bara, the only government hospital in the massive township. Business facilities in Soweto are also being considered and the provincial government has partnered with Century Property Developments to establish a R1.6 billion industrial park in Diepsloot. The once dusty and desperate streets of Soweto are being turned into a tidy city of their own, complete with all the facilities and amenities needed for modern life. Text | Romaana Naidoo Photography | Media Club South Africa


T: +27 (0)35 901 3111   E: communication@rbm.co.za W: www.rbm.co.za


great | escapes

The

Great White Chief The legendary pioneer who had 48 wives and fathered 117 children

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of Zululand


imagine

being the close friend of a king, owning three homes on a huge tract of land, servicing 48 wives and fathering 117 children – and then being forced to give it all up for political reasons.

Such was the lot of John Dunn, confidant of King Cetewayo of the isiZulu nation for 22 years, whose local knowledge helped the invading British win the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879. Dunn was a famous colonial renegade who turned his back on the white settlers of early Natal when he ‘went native’ and decided to live in Zululand with his mixed-race sweetheart, unaware that he would later be branded a turncoat when threatened with financial ruin unless he complied with Britain's wishes. His colourful but significant life, which reads like a Rider Haggard adventure novel, made the controversial Dunn a famous character in the latter part of 19th century Africa when several white hunters adopted native customs and took black wives or concubines. His father, Robert Dunn, was born in the town of Duns, Scotland, in 1795 and sailed for South Africa in 1820 to settle on the Eastern Cape frontier. He became clerk to a merchant in Grahamstown and in 1824 married Anne Biggar, daughter of prominent 1820 settler Alexander Biggar. Soon after the Dunns moved to Port Natal (now Durban) in 1834, John was one of the first of the white settler children to be born in the fledgling outpost. He was the third of the Dunns' six children, two of whom died in infancy. Robert Dunn established himself as a hunter, trader and storekeeper and became prosperous from trading in ivory, hides and goods imported from Europe. The young John Dunn grew to manhood in a society that valued expertise with horse and rifle, often accompanying his father on hunting and trading expeditions into the interior. He learned to speak Zulu fluently and observed the social customs he adopted as an adult. After his father was killed in 1847 by a wild elephant while on a hunting expedition, John, then aged 17, was cheated by a businessman who refused to pay him what was rightfully due to him and he eloped with his 16-year-old coloured lover, Catherine Pierce, daughter of his father's assistant Frank Pierce and his Malay wife. They left Port Natal and travelled deep into Zulu territory, where he made a living as a hunter from 1852 to 1854. He then became an agent for the

British in the buffer zone between land north of the Tugela controlled by the Zulu King Mpande and the area south of the Tugela controlled by British imperial expansionists. His contemporaries described Dunn as a handsome, well-built man, about 1.7m tall, with keen grey eyes. His closely-cut dark beard hid the lower part of his bronzed countenance and he usually wore a plain tweed suit. His manner was quiet and unassuming. In 1856 Dunn became embroiled in a vicious civil war between followers of Mpande's two sons, Cetewayo and Mbuyazi, who were involved in a struggle for the kingship. Thousands of men, women and children were slaughtered in the war of succession. During one hour of killing on the banks of the Tugela River on 2 December, Dunn fought his way through masses of hysterical Zulu women who pleaded with him to take their babies before they were killed. Fearful that Cetewayo's impis would cross the Tugela and pillage Port Natal, Dunn and his riflemen did great execution but eventually had to ride for their lives. The Ndondakusuka battle, during which Mbuyazi and five other sons of King Mpande died, established the young Cetewayo as Mpande's heir apparent. During the action, his warriors seized about 1,000 heads of cattle owned by the Port Natal traders, and they offered Dunn a reward of £250 if he could recover them. When Dunn visited Cetewayo he was well received, for the prince had admired Dunn's bravery in the midst of the blood-letting and he saw in him the end of his quest for a white chief who could become his secretary and diplomatic adviser. He agreed to return the cattle and promised Dunn traditional gifts of a chieftainship, extensive lands, cattle and two Zulu maidens to be his wives. Catherine was greatly upset by the latter gift, but this did not prevent Dunn from later taking at least 46 more Zulu wives, 29 of them additional gifts from Cetewayo, to strengthen his position in Zulu society. At least 23 women from different Nguni clans were paid for in cattle (lobola). Catherine was eventually mollified by being given the title of ‘Great Wife’, which gave her the privilege of being the only consort allowed into her husband's presence unannounced. Dunn's grand-scale polygamy was regarded with a mixture of disgust and envy by the British administration of Natal. From 1860 to 1878 his wealth enabled him to live the life of a landed gentleman with more than 2,000 servants and 8,000 cattle. He drove expensive carriages with matched teams of horses and he served champagne and claret to the many European big game hunters he hosted at his three

King Cetewayo of the Zulus, who asked John Dunn to be his secretary and diplomatic adviser

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Lord Chelmsford, commander of the British forces in the Anglo-Zulu War, who made John Dunn his military intelligence officer

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residences. He filled his houses with fine furniture and crockery, providing liquor and meat for important chiefs and headmen who paid him official visits. The supreme crisis in Dunn's life occurred in 1879 when Lord Chelmsford's forces were ordered to invade Zululand and annex it to the expanding British Empire. Because of his background Dunn, then aged 45, was a man of two worlds – one African in language and social habits, and the other European in material tastes. What was he to do?

Cetewayo was determined to defend Zulu sovereignty against white intrusion and offered Dunn neutrality if he and his clan remained on their land on the north bank of the Tugela River to form a buffer between Cetewayo's territory and Natal. His assurances did not convince Dunn, however, and the safety of his family eventually compelled him to choose the British side. His decision was assisted by Chelmsford's threat to deprive him of his chieftainship and confiscate his land and possessions after the war, so when Cetewayo summoned his impis to Ulundi to prepare for war, Dunn and the natives under his care (all of whom were exempt from Zulu military service) fled across the border into Natal. Lord Chelmsford's force invaded Cetewayo's territory but was annihilated by the Zulus at the battle of Isandlwana on 22 January 1879, a famous victory that shook Queen Victoria's empire to its very foundations. With his second invading column trapped in Eshowe, Chelmsford appointed Dunn as his intelligence officer and employed Dunn's hunters as scouts as he advanced to relieve the siege. After the final action of the campaign at Ulundi on 4 July, when Chelmsford defeated the Zulu impis, Cetewayo was captured by a British patrol, deposed and sent into exile in Cape Town. The British divided Zululand between 13 chiefs who had not supported Cetewayo's Usuthu faction, and Dunn was made chieftain of the largest of the districts. But when Gladstone's Liberal Party won the British general election of 1880 it was agreed to re-instate Cetewayo as king in 1883, albeit in a much diminished and restricted capacity. John Dunn was then stripped of his chiefly prerogatives and relegated to the position of minor chief. He retired to Mangete in 1888 and spent his last years as a farmer and cattleman. When he died at the age of 65 on 5 August, 1895, of dropsy and heart disease, the British Government confirmed that his family and 6,000 descendants would inherit his property and passed the John Dunn Land Distribution Act. His descendants concentrated on lucrative sugar cane production and the title deeds of the land were eventually transferred to the Dunn clan in 1979 by the South African Government. Dunn’s qualities of individualism and singleminded determination have inspired a spirit of unity and perseverance in his descendants, and the Dunns of Zululand are testimony to one of Africa's legendary pioneers. Text | Richard Rhys Jones Photography | Supplied


executive | decision

Going by the book Workplace rules and employment conditions have to be regularly updated

lvan lsraelstam is Chief Executive of Labour Law Management Consulting and author of Walking the New Labour Law. For more information visit www. labourlawadvice. co.za. This article first appeared in The Star

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labour

law does not exist in the statutes alone. Statutes such as the Labour Relations Act (LRA), Basic Conditions of Employment Act and Employment Equity Act deal largely with broad legal principles but are, in many areas, highly deficient when it comes to detail.

For example, the LRA makes it clear that, when deciding on whether a dismissal is acceptable in law, the arbitrator or judge must consider whether the dismissal was fair. The LRA goes some way towards giving general guidelines as to what might and might not be fair.

However, not even the most comprehensive guidelines can indicate what is fair in each individual situation. Therefore, employers and employees need to look to case law for more detailed guidance as to what would be fair in specific circumstances. In addition, the employer’s own rules and terms and conditions of employment can, within limits, play a significant role in determining what discipline is and is not fair. It is not easy to discipline an employee for breaking a rule if he can show that he had no idea that the rule existed. In the case of Van Tonder vs Vaal Drift Boerdery Vennootskap the employee was dismissed for reasons including the fact that he used offensive language. However, the arbitrator found that no rule against swearing existed at the workplace. The absence of the rule against swearing together with lack of evidence on the other charges led the arbitrator to find the dismissal to be unfair and to award the employee 12 months’ remuneration as compensation. It could be argued that there need not be a rule against swearing for an employee to be guilty of misconduct. That is, employers would want to argue that swearing at the workplace is universally known to be unacceptable, making the inclusion of an antiswearing rule unnecessary. However, the LRA’s Code of Good Practice states that employers should inform their employees of their rules. This implies that the onus of proving that the rule exists and that the employee knew of the rule falls on the employer.

Counting the costs There are other equally crucial reasons that employers need to update their rules and terms and conditions of employment. The employer may need its employees to accept transfers to new locations or to a different shift. If this is not part of the employment conditions for which employees sign an agreement the employer will have a hard time forcing an employee to make the required move. Also, employers are not allowed to suspend employees unfairly and one element of unfairness could be the extreme length of the employee’s suspension period. That is, if the employer’s disciplinary code does not cater for protracted suspensions then a drawn-out period of suspension could be considered unfair even if the employee is being paid. Protracted suspensions could be unfair not only on the employee but also on the employer and on the general public. This is because, when the employee is being paid to sit at home without working, the employer bears the burden of the cost of the employee’s


TEM/11201/E

unearned remuneration. Thus, either the company’s shareholders have their profits eroded or the taxpayer shoulders the burden where the employer is the state. For example, it was reported in The Star that 11 officials of the Road Accident Fund were suspended on full salary for a period not less than 10 months at a cost of R5,3 million (The Star, 3 June 2004, page 17). The standard clauses in employers' disciplinary codes are no longer sufficient because provision needs to be made for exceptions as well. For example, should the employer wish to discipline an employee twice for the same act of misconduct the employer’s disciplinary code should provide for this. In the case of BMW vs Van der Walt, the Labour Appeal Court held that it is important that for a second hearing for the same incident of misconduct to be fair, this should ideally be permitted by the employer’s disciplinary code. In addition, the holding of a second hearing must be fair in all respects. Employers are warned that the holding of such second hearings will only be fair in exceptional cases. Should employers fail to keep up with such decisions

of court judges and of arbitrators they will be unable to run their organisations according to law because labour law is a constantly changing thing. Should employers fail to update their rules, disciplinary codes and terms and conditions of employment in the light of new case law decisions they will have problems when implementing discipline and dismissal. This is because an employer’s rules and policies should encapsulate the latest labour laws so that, when management applies the policies, they are in line with the law. It can be a laborious and complex task for an employer to draw up a comprehensive set of rules, but dealing with the consequences of having no rules can be far more onerous for employers at the CCMA, bargaining councils and Labour Court. If employers are not in a position to take charge of this vital task there are experts they can use who can take over the pain of carrying it out and making sure it is done properly.

Both parties need to keep abreast of changes in labour law and employment conditions

Text | Ivan Israelstam Photography | Shutterstock

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executive | decision

Tough call Six things to remember when your business experiences financial pressure

business

owners sometimes hang on to failing businesses too long, unaware of other options. Bad debt very quickly ruins the wellbeing of any business. In times like these, it is sometimes better to take the shortest route to the quickest solution, rather than prolonging the agony and trying to rescue the business. Here are six things you should keep in mind when your business experiences financial stress:

1If all else fails, liquidate

Liquidation is the shortest route to the quickest solution. First make a decision: do you want to manage

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the problem or do you want to get rid of it? If you want to manage the problem, then the problem must be managed. If it can’t be managed, you must get rid of it as soon as possible. No in-between choices exist. If the business cannot pay its debt, the sooner it is liquidated the better. In fact, when the time is right, insolvency is an excellent tool to leverage one’s business into a better position: it is better to lose the business than to keep it.

tactics make some parts of 2 Ostrich your body vulnerable

Universally, debtors instinctively want to ignore the problem and hope it goes away. Before long, it may be too late and the situation becomes unmanageable. If you hide beneath the sand you cannot see the sunshine. The sooner you face the problem, learn about options and take action, the sooner the problem gets solved.


3 Don’t carry on too long

We are taught to never, ever give up. When it comes to finances, this is not always good advice. There are only two ways to handle debt: either pay it, or walk away from it. The Insolvency Act gives you the mechanism to walk away from debt. The Companies Act gives you the mechanism to carry on with your business. Debt unpaid in the first quarter of the year will most likely not be paid in the next quarter. The quicker the realities are studied and a decision made, the sooner relief comes.

4 Make clinical decisions

You love your business, your house, your assets. The problem with loving assets is twofold. Firstly, if you love something it is hard to let go. If it is hard to let go, then it is hard to make clinical decisions which is what is required during financial stress periods. Emotional decisions and finances do not work well together in the same sentence and chances are you will make the wrong decision, unless you can do a mind shift into a clinical decision. Secondly, it can cause you to hold on too long,

when you could have liquidated and carried on with business differently. Let your clinical decisions be driven by the balance sheet.

5 Cash flow is king

Cash flow in business is everything. Debt is too expensive, penalties on SARS debt and interest too high. If the business is not going to be able to get into a cash flow position within the first quarter, you should ask yourself whether it is time to make a clinical decision. Re-financing assets is never a good idea, as it postpones the inevitable and makes you pay twice for it too. Insolvency helps you to re-strategise immediately and recover quicker.

rescue is not 6 Business necessarily the answer

Nanika Prinsloo is a holistic attorney at Prinsloo and Associates with focus on insolvency and strategising to protect what you own. She assists all businesses in good and bad times to find solutions and strategies that suits them best. For more information contact 072 855 8106, nanika@ vodamail.co.za or www. empowerlaw.co.za

Business rescue works if the distress is temporary. If the business rescue process will assist the business through a difficult period, then that is the solution. If the problem will not be rectified by temporary measures, then that is not the correct solution. Too many businesses pay huge expenses towards the business rescue process, only to be forced to liquidate the business a few months later in any case. Be sure that liquidation is not a better solution before you embark on a business rescue excercise. Talk to a professional before you make a decision. Text | Nanika Prinsloo Photography | Shutterstock

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executive | decision

Conflict

resolution Don’t let things come to blows in the workplace

conflict

is as natural as breathing; when people are required to live, work or play together there is always the potential for conflict. In fact, various studies show that as much as 60% of human resource management time is spent on managing and resolving workplace conflict.

In a business environment that relies heavily on team structures and task relationships in which individuals are collectively managed, assessed and rewarded, workplace conflict is almost inevitable. However, not all conflict is negative, it depends on the type of conflict it is and how well it is managed. Within the workplace, conflict can arise as a result of opposing ideas, opinions, decisions and actions relating to a workrelated issue or it can be personal; people just not liking one another and therefore being unable to get along and work together. “Irrespective of the type of conflict, if not managed properly, it can have a significant and negative impact on a business,” says Kay Vittee, CEO of Quest Staffing Solutions, a leading staffing solutions company within the white-collar recruitment industry. “This includes decreased productivity, lowered morale, increased absenteeism due to the physical and mental healthrelated consequences of stress, staff turnover and ultimately the knock-on effect these issues have on the business’ performance.” She continues, “If workplace conflict is centred on a

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work-related issue and it is managed well, it can have a significant and positive impact on a business. After all, conflict is a form of communication that allows varying perspectives and ideas to be presented and analysed; an opportunity to focus minds and energy on a common goal. This process could lead to a compromise that was previously not considered or to a solution that is more innovative and creative than any that existed prior to the conflict.� To successfully manage and resolve conflict in such a way requires strong leadership. Widely regarded as one of the most challenging and difficult functions of people management, conflict management or dispute resolution demands specific skills and if not done properly, can have the opposite effect. For this reason, many companies choose to rather bring in the unbiased and professional skills of a mediator. If the opposing parties have greatly different skill levels, maturity, confidence and or communication skills, the situation may require that you investigate and research various conflict resolutions strategies and tools, of which there are many.

“The ideal situation is to create a workplace culture that invites and welcomes individual thinking, diverse opinions and conflict conversations underpinned by the values of respect, open-mindedness and humility. This culture will foster a team environment that sees and realises the value of conflict as a constructive rather than destructive natural process,� concludes Vittee. Text | Quest Staffing Solutions Photography | Shutterstock

Keep abreast with advice for the executive woman. Read OfficeLife online. Officelife.co.za


executive | decision

Heart implants, 3D-printed to order Tailor-made medical devices could give a more detailed picture of cardiac health and prevent problems

Somewhat poetically, everyone’s heart is a slightly different size and shape. And yet cardiac implants – devices like pacemakers and defibrillators – are basically one size fits all.

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Skyways with MIT’s Technology Review brings you the latest innovations in the tech field

Researchers have now demonstrated a new kind of personalised heart sensor as part of an effort to change that. They used images of animals’ hearts to create models of the organ using a 3D printer and then built stretchy electronics on top of those models.

The material can be peeled off the model and wrapped around the real heart for a perfect fit. The research team has also integrated an unprecedented number of components into these devices, demonstrating stretchy arrays of sensors, oxygenation detectors, strain gauges, electrodes, and thermometers made to wrap perfectly around a particular heart. One device badly in need of improvement is the implanted defibrillator, which is attached to a misfiring heart and uses readings from one or two electrodes to determine whether to restore a normal heartbeat by applying an electric shock. With information from just one or two points, the electronics in these systems can make the wrong decision, giving the patient a painful, unnecessary shock. “The next step is a device with multiple sensors, and not just more electrical sensors,” says Igor Efimov, a cardiac physiologist and bioengineer at Washington University in St. Louis, who helped develop the new sensor. Measuring acidic conditions, for example, could offer an early sign of a blocked coronary artery. Meanwhile, light-emitting diodes and light sensors could provide information about heart-tissue health by identifying areas with poorly oxygenated blood, which is less transparent to light. Light sensors might even help detect a heart attack, since the enzyme NADH, which accumulates during heart attacks, is naturally fluorescent. Efimov is collaborating on smarter heart implants with John Rogers, a materials scientist at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The collaboration builds on Rogers’s work with his company MC10 to integrate different sensors into flexible, biocompatible materials. The researchers used optical images of rabbits’ hearts to demonstrate the concept. To make devices for patients, they would use CT or MRI scans of each person’s heart, as they explained in a paper published in Nature Communications in March. Nicholas Peters, head of cardiac electrophysiology at Imperial College London, says the equipment could precisely measure multiple heart functions at once – something that’s not been possible before. “This level of precision of co-localised electrical and mechanical functional measurement has long been sought,” says Peters. “This approach immediately raises the realistic possibility of clinical application in human heart disease.” Devices made through custom manufacturing would be more expensive than mass-produced medical devices, but for these kinds of life-or-death applications, the market is likely to bear the cost. Text | Katherine Bourzac Photography | John Rogers


executive | decision

an app that has your company presence is an effective marketing strategy. For a company that has a mobile app it is essential to access the advantages of social platforms. To be more visible in the social marketplace a business needs a mobile app because it is the future of social interaction, and here's why.

Convenience

Put your business in a pocket Mobile apps are becoming an increasingly important marketing tool

With scores of apps available, you need to do the research before you introduce your offering to your clients

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When it comes to creating a mobile app, the old saying applies: forewarned is forearmed. There are huge opportunities in this space but there are also significant risks. You can create a successful mobile app but it's crucial you do your research, work out realistic costs and make sure you team up with experienced professionals who know what they are doing. Businesses have become much more aware about the increasing importance of mobile marketing, while some are still in the dark. Now a mobile app has become a cool marketing tool; it allows you to interact with your customer in a whole new way. It is much easier to sell to someone who has already bought something from you than to sell to someone new. So design a custom app and make your customer choose you again by giving them value. Developing

We stick to our mobile devices all the time and are never without our cellphones. We love to use them everywhere and the ability to share anything on the go. Our mobiles let us be social from wherever we want. With the presence of the mobile application, businesses are put in the pocket of consumers. Putting social buttons in the app allows the consumers to share any of their experiences or interactions they had with the brand. This opportunity of continuous presence with the consumer shouldn't be missed.

Quick and easy Sharing via mobile applications is quickly and easily done by just a click of a button. Through mobile apps companies can quickly tell the world about what they are doing. People actively posting on social media for your business through your mobile application can take consumer involvement to new heights. Mobile applications make it extremely simple to grow social networking and mentions between businesses and consumers.

Get social Integrating social options into your app which connect people with different people will turn your app into a social platform. It will increase the time the consumer spends on your app. Applications with a Facebook login have shown increased usage. Companies that facilitate the implementation of social interactions among consumers are preferred more than others. One of the best tools a business can have to get information about their products and services is social media. A mobile application makes it easier for businesses to interact with their consumers. With the boom of mobile applications, companies can now have more control over social media through their own applications. Mobiles are a perfect way of social networking. Text | Arno Visagie

We want you to tell us what your favourite app is while travelling for business or leisure. Email skyways@panorama.co.za.


executive | decision

A

continent powers up New African energy projects leapfrog outdated technologies

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the air

in Apapa, an industrial hub in Nigeria's bustling commercial capital of Lagos, hums with the sound of diesel generators powering massive factories. In Apapa, as in most places in Nigeria, a failing national power supply means generators are a part of life. Electricity oils the wheels of development. South Africa, Africa's most industrialised nation, generates 44,175 megawatts for its 51 million people. Nigeria, Africa's most populous nation, generates about 3,200 megawatts for its 170 million people. Simply put, per capita, South Africans enjoy 55 times more electricity than Nigerians. Nigerians derisively refer to the Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN), the utility responsible for electricity production and distribution, as ‘Please Have Candles Nearby’. Despite national efforts to tackle the power problem, half of Nigeria's people have no access to electricity. Before PHCN there was the National Electric Power Authority (NEPA), which performed so badly it too had a nickname: ‘Never Expect Power Always’. But Nigeria needn't be in a precarious power situation, says Kandeh Yumkella, the chief executive of the UN's Sustainable Energy For All initiative. The country has five trillion cubic metres of gas reserves – the ninth highest in the world – and 37 billion barrels of oil reserves, according to the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Yumkella says Nigeria is so energy-rich it alone could provide electricity for the whole of Africa. In addition to oil and gas, the country has coal, wind, thermal energy and sun. Liberia's power situation is like that of Nigeria. Rebel fighters destroyed Liberia's energy infrastructure in 1990. Electricity was only partially restored in 2006, when US and EU aid allowed the country to build a plant to power its streetlights and major hospitals.

When grid power fails, alternatives such as diesel generation are at least four times more costly, according to the Guardian newspaper. African industry can't compete internationally if energy is a big chunk of production costs, says Yumkella. "It means somebody can buy your raw materials, take them to Asia or Europe, refine them and sell back processed goods to you." According to the World Bank, reliable energy isn't only essential to industrialisation. It also helps to reduce poverty. With a steady flow of power, hospitals operate efficiently, people cook with gas instead of the pollutants wood and coal, students can plug into global information trends on the internet, railways run efficiently, water supply is more reliable, bureaucracy works better – virtually everything needed for socioeconomic development requires energy.

As Africa’s population grows, the need for alternative energy sources becomes ever more pressing

An energy-insecure continent Together, the 48 countries in sub-Saharan Africa generate the same amount of electricity – 68,000 megawatts – as the single European country, Spain, according to the World Bank. Of that amount, South Africa alone generates more than 44,000 megawatts. So without South Africa, subSaharan Africa's electricity output is 24,000 megawatts, far less than the 40,000 megawatts available in New York City. To compound matters,“the low level of power generation is

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executive | decision

to the World Bank. And these countries' economies are not robust enough to invest billions of dollars in hydroelectricity just for their own consumption. To solve this problem, African leaders are pushing for an integrated regional power strategy in which countries with better economics of scale in energy resources invest in the sector and then sell to others. Countries spending huge amounts to buy diesel oil or fuel for power plants are better off negotiating with their neighbours for hydropower. Along this line, the Programme for the Infrastructure Development of Africa, an African Union initiative, is backing a $22 billion project to develop a pan-African electricity highway by 2020.

Ethiopia's grand energy strategy

Private enterprise has a key role to play in looking for energy alternatives

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accompanied by correspondingly low rates of electrification,” says the World Bank. Less than a quarter of the population of sub-Saharan Africa is physically connected, via transmission lines, to the continent's power sources. But there is no shortage of energy resources in Africa. More than 90% of the continent's hydropower, according to the bank, remains unexploited. Nigeria has oil and gas and South Africa has coal. Sudan has 6.4 billion barrels of gas reserves, Angola has nine billion, and there are smaller deposits in a few other countries. What, then, is the problem? Yumkella explains: "In the past we have not considered energy as part of poverty reduction." For a long time, he says, African states monopolised and mismanaged the energy sector. Emergency interventions in energy supply, such as in Liberia – and in neighbouring Sierra Leone – have been more impulsive than based on sound economics. Such an emergency approach "represents a planning and procurement failure on a colossal scale," the World Bank says. As a result, the cost of building and running power plants in these countries could rise up to 5% of GDP. There is currently a sense of urgency about energy on the continent. And Africa can leapfrog obsolete technologies and focus on renewable, low-carbon alternatives. The goal, Yumkella says, is to concentrate on renewable low-carbon sources such as wind, solar and geothermal. But for now, "it's all energy sources… we can be like Brazil. They have proven technology on ethanol. They have just discovered huge deposits of oil off their coast. Still, they are pushing renewables heavily." There are huge unexploited energy resources, but some are in countries far from centres of demand. The Democratic Republic of the Congo and Ethiopia have massive hydroelectric potential but are "far from the main economic centres in southern, western and northern Africa," according

Ethiopia wants to be an energy superpower and is crafting a 25-year master plan to generate 60,000 megawatts from hydro, geothermal, wind and solar. That's almost what all of sub-Saharan Africa currently generates. The country is building the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, the biggest ever on the continent which, once complete within the next three years, could produce 6,000 megawatts. In addition, a US-Icelandic company, Reykjavik Geothermal, is set to build a $4 billion geothermal plant that will generate 1,000 megawatts. Ethiopia also has Africa's largest wind farm, which generates 120 megawatts. The country's ambitious energy plan is attracting the interest of its neighbours. Djibouti, Kenya, Sudan, South Sudan, Rwanda, Tanzania – and even Yemen on the Arabian Peninsula – have signed power supply contracts with Ethiopia. At the same time, the World Bank and the African Development Bank are financing a transmission line able to carry 2,000 megawatts of electricity from Ethiopia to Kenya. According to Donald Kaberuka, head of the AfDB, Ethiopia is looking "at energy as an export sector the way you export gold."

Nothing is impossible Africa's private sector is also jumping on the energy bandwagon. The Financial Times calls Nigeria's energy privatisation programme Africa's most ambitious. Hopefully, this should eliminate mismanagement "while delivering cheap electricity." In July last year, US President Barack Obama announced in South Africa a ‘Power Africa’ initiative that will raise $16 billion from private and public sectors to generate 10,000 megawatts of electricity for communities in sub-Saharan Africa. African philanthropists have pledged various amounts to this effort. With all these efforts, how soon could Africa see sufficient light at the end of the dimly lit energy tunnel? Yumkella believes that could happen within two decades. "Nothing is impossible," he says. Text | Kingsley Ighobor Photography | Media Club South Africa


time | out

Barking up the Spine of the Dragon Peddling for a good cause

“Even when I’m huffing and sweating up a 30km gravel hill, I’m in my element. When I reach the summit of a hard climb, the tough times on my bike soon give way to ecstasy as I freewheel down the other side with good music blaring in my headphones,” says adventurer Sean Fraenkel of the challenge of cycling the Spine of the Dragon MTN bike trail from Beit Bridge to Cape Town. Sean Fraenkel and Tequila silhouetted by the setting sun at Katse Dam in Lesotho

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With the 4,000km route tracing the mountainous eastern regions and cutting across the Roof of Africa in Lesotho, the periods of agony and ecstasy must come thick and fast. You can almost hear the sound of the music. However, it’s not just for the conquering of mountain passes and the achievement of seeing the long and winding route through to its end that Fraenkel is on his bike. Like the pioneers of the Spine Trail on their initial path-finding expedition, David Bristow and Steve Thomas (authors of Riding the Dragon’s Spine), he is

raising funds for charity. In Bristow and Thomas’s case it was for the SMILE Foundation, and in Fraenkel’s, it’s for PETS (Pet Empowerment in Townships), which exists to empower and improve the quality of life of animals in townships and poor communities. Journeying with Fraenkel, in what might be a first for the Spine Trail, are his much-loved Jack Russell Terriers, Turbo and Tequila. They ride in luxurious comfort behind their hard-pedalling driver in a pet carrier fixed to a Holdfast custom-built trailer, adding considerably to the agony of those uphill climbs. However, the feisty little mascots more than earn their free passage. As travelling ambassadors for underprivileged animals, they’re helping to give a voice to the voiceless. “Having them with me, I get the chance to encourage people to appreciate their animals more and treat them as they would like to be treated themselves,” says Fraenkel. Cycling from the north-easternmost point of South Africa to the most southerly tip is a feat not to be


underestimated, but having two dogs in tow must make for some crazy times. Hence, the aptness of the name of the tour: The Barking Mad Charity Ride, and the hashtag for Fraenkel’s blog: #BarkingMadSA. “Turbo is an extremely vocal dog,” he says. “He’s the first to jump in when I tell them ‘in your box’ and even after seeing at least a thousand cows, sheep and horses, he insists on barking at every new one. When he’s not barking, he whines non-stop.”That’s enough to drive anyone mad and it’s worse if you’re in the middle of nowhere and trying to focus on your pedal strokes. “When I look over my shoulder to swear at him, he cocks his head to the side, as if to say: ‘What? I’m happy back here. Keep pedalling.’” Tequila, on the other hand, travels quietly and obediently. “But drop a stick near him and that becomes his sole purpose for living,” says Fraenkel.“There seems to be no cure for his madness.” In mapping the trail, Bristow and Thomas wanted to ensure it would be accessible to all MTB riders, that each stage was doable for the average person, and accommodation of some sort would be available at the end of each day. While Fraenkel is following the described route, he has to be flexible at times. “I have

had to change some of the off-road routes to tar roads as lugging 60kg of gear (excluding the bike and myself) over gravel and dirt tracks really started taking its toll,” he says. By the time he was roughly halfway and at the time of writing, he’d been through four tyres, two trailer hitches, one front wheel rim, a broken rear rack and torn panniers. As for accommodation, he has slept in fivestar places (“I’m a bit of a wannabe adventurer who likes a good meal and a comfy bed at the end of a day’s ride”), resorted to “stealth camping in the bush” and, most memorably he says, set up camp in the yards of a Venda woman’s homestead in Mpumalanga and that of a Basotho woman in icy Lesotho. Also in Lesotho, Fraenkel met up with American Peace Corps worker Shawna Cain who’d found his post on spineofthedragon.co.za. “She asked to join me for a week’s cycle touring from Thaba-Tseka to Semonkong.” On their second day together though, things went badly wrong. “During a really steep ascent called the Pass of the Jackals we encountered a severe hail squall that stung our faces so much we had to huddle under my ground sheet for shelter. Soon after that, Shawna’s wet weather gear got irreparably ripped. With hypothermia,

Where better for Sean Fraenkel and his Jack Russell companions to pose for a photograph than near the monument to another legendary South African pooch?

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time | out

Top: Ambassadors for the voiceless, Turbo and Tequila in their comfy box attracting the attention of rural children Above: The loneliness of the longdistance cyclist!

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fatigue and our slow pace a real concern on the high mountain pass, we hitched a ride with a super friendly and helpful Basotho man named Refiloe Motsieloa.” Such kindness of strangers has buoyed Fraenkel all along the route. “From poor to rich, and across all cultures, people have been amazing. I’ve been given free food, bike repairs, accommodation and even money to help me on my journey.” The only time he’s tasted fear has been for his dogs.“A Pit Bull attacked them but fortunately they were secure in their dog box at the time and no harm was done.” Fraenkel hopes to complete the tour within three months, aiming to arrive in mid-June in Cape Town where he looks forward to seeing his very supportive girlfriend Tracy Breeze again.“Whether you’re riding solo or in a group, the Spine of the Dragon is a formidable challenge,” he says. “But it’s doable if you have two to three months to spare.”While bicycle racing is a growing sport in South Africa and classic events like the Cape Argus, Sani2c, joBerg2c and KZN’s Amashova are on many a serious cyclist’s must-do list, cycle touring, Fraenkel says, isn’t as popular here as it is in Europe. “But I think the Spine of the Dragon tour will definitely

change the perception of what’s possible in our country,” he adds. So what’s next for this intrepid and inspirational adventurer who, when not out in the great wide open championing the cause of the less fortunate, earns his living as a commercial diver? “Adventuring has opened new doors and friendships for me,” he says and tells how his life goals changed dramatically during a two-week surf cycle tour between Jeffrey’s Bay and Cape Town last year. “I carried just my gear, surfboard and fishing rod on my bike and stayed in backpackers.” During that 750km journey, the words of Stephen Graham, author of The Gentle Art of Tramping (published in 1926), resonated strongly with him: “In tramping (today called backpacking) you are not earning a living, but earning a happiness.”Adopting that as his mantra, Fraenkel tweaked the quote to read, “On my bike I'm not so much earning a living as earning a happiness.” Also on that southern Cape coast tour, among the people he met was Kevin Coldrey. “We have become good friends and plan to surf, cycle and fish the entire east coast of Madagascar in the near future.” The agony and ecstasy of a tropical island lifestyle – now there’s a way to earn your happiness. Text | Andrea Abbott Photography | Sean Fraenkel


knowledge profile TM

Sappi supports the Pepper Bark Initiative of the Kruger National Park. Threats and Challenges • The greatest threat is its high medicinal value to man, which has seen its bark unsustainably poached resulting in the loss of the tree and in some regions its extinction. • Habitat loss is a further threat. • Insects use the fruits to lay their eggs making seeds infertile. Seed production is thus low and it is difficult to grow from cuttings for nursery propagation.

Sappi • Sappi, through its Typek Earthkind Promotion, is a proud sponsor of the South African National Parks Warburgia Salutaris Initiative. • It involves working with the surrounding community to ensure that enough trees are planted for medicinal uses. • The South African National Biodiversity Institute and the Agricultural Research Council, both in Nelspruit, are an integral part of the team.

Photographers: Michele Hofmeyr, Ted Woods

Warburgia salutaris SSA tree number 488 is a species of tree in the Canellaceae family. (Afrikaans: peperbasboom, Sotho: molaka, Venda: mulanga, Zulu: isibaha.) Salutaris in Latin means ‘healthful’. Where found Botswana, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Malawi and Zimbabwe. Status A Red-data tree listed by the IUCN as “Threatened” and a Protected Tree in South Africa. Uses by man • One-stop medicinal and home-use shop of the natural world although used traditionally by indigenous people, is sought after as a homeopathic remedy in health shops. • B elieved that it was traded by the Arabs in early years. • T he tree is frost tender and is an attractive shade tree in domestic gardens, however you require a permit to own and transport the tree due to its protected status.


spot | light

GOOOALLLLLL!!! Brazil 2014 kicks off

The 2010 FIFA World Cup now seems like a distant memory, but is certainly one that most in Africa, and indeed the world, will never forget. The event, hosted for the first time on the African continent, is the most successful FIFA World Cup to date and proved that South Africa is more than capable of hosting the biggest sporting showcase in the world. It also cemented South Africa’s place firmly on the international tourism map.

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Fast forward four years and the beautiful game is in the spotlight yet again as Brazil hosts the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Few can argue that Brazil is not a nation obsessed

with football, and the event promises to be a fiesta both on and off the pitch. After all, with samba, sun, sea and the world’s greatest football talents on show, what more could a football fan ask for? No doubt, there will be tremendous pressure on the national team to win the cup. In fact, Brazilians demand that their team wins the World Cup in style by playing the fluid style of football that has won them five World Cups in the past. So who else is in the running to claim the sport’s greatest accolade? Here are five teams to watch out for this June.

Spain La Roja have been the dominant force in world football since 2008. The current world champions are also the


Extra time • Eight different nations have won the FIFA World Cup: 1. Brazil – five 2. Italy – four 3. Germany – three 4. Argentina – two 5. Uruguay – two 6. France – one 7. England – one 8. Spain – one • Brazil hosted the World Cup in 1950 and were firm favourites to take their first title. In fact, they were so confident that before the final they had t-shirts made stating that they were world champions. However, their dreams were shattered in front of their home crowd by Uruguay who beat the hosts 2-1 in the final.

current European title holders and go into the tournament as strong contenders to retain their crown. Part of the Spanish success can be attributed to their strong domestic league. The fact that two Spanish clubs faced each other in last month’s UEFA Champions League final is testament to the strength of the domestic competition. That said, Spain’s success has been built on a core group of players who have come through the youth ranks together. Players such as Gerard Piqué, David Villa, Cesc Fàbregas and Andrés Iniesta are now much older and it remains to be seen if coach Vicente del Bosque will give younger and less experienced players a chance to play in Brazil. Still, they should be one of the favourites to go all the way. Player to watch: Andrés Iniesta

Belgium You won’t normally rank Belgium as among the favourites to win a World Cup, but the country seems to have peaked at the right time. Belgium currently has a crop of talented players who are plying their trade in the best leagues in Europe. The majority of them are based in the English Premier League and feature regularly in their team’s games. The Europeans cruised through the qualifying stages and most football pundits agree that this generation of players could very well go all the way in Brazil. Player to watch: Eden Hazard

Lionel Messi has dazzled at club level but many pundits say that he needs to lead Argentina to the title before being regarded as one of the best to have ever played the game

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Brazil is a nation obsessed with football and the country demands that their national team are crowned champions

Argentina

Germany

The last time the World Cup was played in South America was in Argentina in 1978. That year a team inspired by Daniel Passarella led the host nation to the title. Argentina always goes into every World Cup as favourites on paper, but in recent years they have failed to make this materialise on the field. Argentina is placed in a fairly easy group with Bosnia-Herzegovina, Iran and Nigeria and should get through to the second round with relative ease. No doubt, all eyes will be on Lionel Messi who, on his day, can single-handedly win a match with his solo runs and free-kicks. The Argentinians would like nothing more than to win the World Cup in Brazil, their greatest football rival. Player to watch: Sergio Agüero

Germany is ever consistent in the World Cup, having won the crown three times already. They made it into the semifinal in South Africa and will be looking to go two steps further and win their first title since 1990. The Germans are in a tough group along with Ghana, USA and Portugal, so they will have to work hard to make the second round. Player to watch: Mesut Özil

Africa’s hope Ghana won the hearts of many Africans at the 2010 World Cup. It was a Luis Suárez (Uruguay) handball that prevented them from a possible place in the semi-final. Ghana is a cohesive unit with their strength lying in their passing game. Their defence is also strong. They are in a tough group, but they have proven in the past that their determination to succeed can get them to the next round. Player to watch: Michael Essien

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Brazil It must be tough being part of the Brazilian national side and even tougher when you are playing in front of your home crowd. The five-time champions go into every tournament as firm favourites, but this time the pressure is even greater as millions of Brazilians are already expecting them to lift the trophy on 12 July. On their day, La Seleção is a joy to watch with their fluid passing style and flair. The country has produced a long list of footballing greats including Garrincha, Zico and Pelé, arguably the greatest footballer to have ever played. This time the entire nation is pinning their hopes on Neymar, who has been labelled Pelé’s successor. He will be surrounded by a host of other talents who are all capable of scoring, but there are some who believe that the Samba Kings might buckle under the pressure of having to win on home soil. Player to watch: Neymar Text | Arno Visagie Photography | Shutterstock


Pemba

Ndola Lusaka Kasane Maun

Livingstone Harare

Phalaborwa Skukuza Nelspruit Maputo Manzini

Kimberley

Richards Bay Pietermaritzburg

Maseru

Durban Mthatha East London Cape Town

Antananarivo

Beira

Polokwane

Bloemfontein

Tete

Bulawayo

Gaborone Johannesburg

Upington

Nampula

George Port Elizabeth

Vilanculos


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Five-star TOYOTA LAND CRUISER PRADO 4.0 VX

Not many luxury SUVs can truly tackle a tough 4x4 trail. The Toyota Prado, however, is an exception

off-roading

there was

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a bit of controversy when the current generation Land Cruiser Prado was released in 2009. People didn’t like all its bulbous protrusions and generally awkward looks. Five years on, those who never warmed to the Prado’s design are unlikely to be swayed by the changes made to the face-lifted model.

The basic design from the previous version is still there, but the front of the vehicle has received a rather significant update. Most noticeably, the grille has swollen a lot, and is now very prominent. In order for this to happen, the headlamp clusters had to be slimmed down and narrowed. The bumper has also been tweaked, and now features a twostep design that, according to Toyota, protects the headlights, while its sharply trimmed lower section minimises the effect of the front overhang on the vehicle's off-road abilities. We’ve never been particularly offended by the Prado's looks, but agree that they are improved by the new front end.


But judging a vehicle's appearance is a subjective matter, so let’s rather look at what’s lurking beneath all that metal.

Features and equipment Engine options in the Prado remain unchanged. Buyers can choose between a three-litre D-4D oilburner that develops 120kW of power and 400Nm of torque, and a four-litre V6 petrol mill that generates 202kW and 381Nm of torque. Both are mated to a five-speed automatic transmission. The D-4D oilburner is essentially the same unit found in the Hilux and Fortuner, though it produces more torque, and in the plush Prado it can seem a tad unrefined and underpowered. The Discovery 4’s V6 SDV6, by comparison, offers 188kW of power and 600Nm of torque, and feels more sophisticated. Of course, the Disco is quite a bit more expensive but still, a vehicle as refined and plush as the Prado demands a smoother and more powerful engine. The four-litre V6 petrol engine, which powered the vehicle we tested, is better suited to a luxury SUV, but local buyers are far more interested in oilburners than petrol mills when it comes to luxury SUVs. An obvious reason is that a fourlitre petrol powerplant isn’t exactly frugal. Toyota claims it can average 11,3ℓ per 100km, but achieving that would demand very careful driving. Realistically, you’ll be averaging significantly above that, especially if you drive a lot in town. At least the Prado has a 150ℓ fuel tank, so while it might not be frugal, you won’t have to visit the service station too often. The new Prado also has an improved version of Toyota's Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System (KDSS). The refined system optimises handling stability and ride comfort, including smoother front/rear weight transfer in cornering. KDSS controls the Prado's front and rear stabiliser bars, providing optimum stability and ride comfort on-road and

longer wheel stroke for better traction off-road. Upgrades to the Prado's KDSS include increased frontcylinder rod diameter and rear-cylinder piston diameter. These changes have increased input force by optimising the performance of the hydraulically-controlled front and rear cylinders. Prado VX versions have the added features of Adaptive Variable Suspension (AVS) front and rear, and height adjustable rear air suspension.

Accommodation As with the outgoing Prado, there is something slightly off-putting about the new model’s cabin. Some of the architecture inside the cabin is closer to you than feels natural, making the interior seem cramped, despite the Prado’s size. The finishes and overall interior design also conspire to make it seem somewhat old-school, but not in the cool retro way that it does in the FJ Cruiser’s cabin. The Prado’s cabin just seems dated. But it is undeniably well equipped, and boasts just about every accoutrement you could ask for. Features include automatic climate control, cruise control, Bluetooth connectivity and a USB jack. The centre console bin is even cooled, and the overhead storage console has a wide-angle mirror that allows the driver to see the rear occupants. New features include an eight-way power-adjustable driver seat and four-way adjustable passenger seat, with memory. Within the upper console, a new audio control panel has been placed above the seven-inch screen, which shows reverse camera images and satellite navigation (on VX models), as well as displaying multimedia and audio content.

TOYOTA LAND CRUISER PRADO 4.0 VX

ENGINE Four-litre, V6, 1GR-FE POWER 202kW @ 5,600r/min TORQUE 381Nm @ 4,400r/min GEARBOX Five-speed automatic GROUND CLEARANCE 220mm ECONOMY 11,3ℓ/100km (claimed) FUEL TANK 150 litres PRICE R728,200 SERVICE PLAN Five-year/90,000km SERVICE INTERVALS 10,000km WARRANTY Three-year/100,000km

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The Prado VX also has a new 4.2-inch colour TFT screen between the dials on the driver's instrument binnacle. Operating in conjunction with a switch on the steering wheel, it provides enhanced off-road driving assistance. Information regarding individual wheel traction control, steering angle and differential lock operation can be displayed simultaneously for maximum driver assistance over challenging terrain. Leisure wheels is South Africa's foremost adventure motoring magazine. For this reason Skyways has chosen to work with Leisure wheels when it comes to providing you with motoring information. For more on the topic of adventure motoring, look out for the current issue of Leisure wheels, on sale now. www.leisurewheels.com

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Performance and handling With a burly four-litre petrol mill under the bonnet, you’d expect the Prado to feel quite powerful, but it doesn’t appear to be all that eager. When low range is engaged and the vehicle is slowly making its way up a hill, the powerplant seems tough and potent, but during everyday driving it feels a bit lethargic, and accelerating from standstill is particularly problematic. Its performance isn’t terrible by any means, but with 202kW of power on tap, one expects more oomph. The main issue, obviously, is that the Prado is a heavy vehicle (it has a GVM of 2,900kg). Moreover, the petrol engine might generate 202kW, but its torque figures are less impressive (381Nm). Add a sometimes frustrating fivespeed auto gearbox that’s slow to respond, and the Prado simply doesn’t provide the sort of on-road experience that its competitors offer.

That said, the Prado does an admirable job of hiding its immense weight when it comes to handling. While driving the SUV on a twisty road near Hartbeespoort Dam, we were impressed by the way it cornered. Yes, there’s some roll and you don’t get the handling of a sporty SUV such as the Cayenne or Range Rover Sport, but the Prado performs well nevertheless. This is due in part to the KDSS, which gives you good articulation off-road, but improves handling and roll on the road.

Trail capability Take the Prado off-road, and it positively shines. For a large luxury SUV, the Land Cruiser Prado is phenomenally capable, and definitely deserves to carry the ‘Land Cruiser’ nameplate. It has a permanent four-wheel-drive system with a lockable Torsen centre differential, and a low-range transfer case. VX models are equipped with a rear diff lock and Crawl Control – Toyota’s low-speed off-road cruise-control system. Like the Disco, the Prado has a 4x4 dial aimed at simplifying off-road driving and optimising vehicle systems for a 4x4 environment. Toyota calls its system Multi-Terrain Select, and it has different terrain settings such as ‘sand’ and ‘rock’. A new setting has also been added for ‘moguls’ (middelmannetjies). Ground clearance is pegged at 220mm, but thanks to


Toyota’s Adaptive Variable Suspension (AVS), the Prado VX has height-adjustable rear air suspension. With all that technology on board, the Prado is formidable in an off-road environment. It is one of the most capable luxury SUVs available. The only thing that really hampers it off-road is its size. Piloting such a long and wide SUV along a twisting 4x4 trail can be tricky. Another issue – and this can’t be called a shortcoming – is that the Prado takes much of the driver involvement out of off-road driving. With the countless off-road aids and a very well insulated cabin, the driver is left feeling oddly divorced from the 4x4 proceedings. But the Prado isn’t the sort of vehicle one buys as a trail 4x4. It is a luxury SUV and as such it should dispense with offroad obstacles as quickly and comfortably as possible. The Prado doesn’t disappoint in this respect.

Overland suitability Thanks to its comfortable ride, loads of packing space and impressive off-road ability, the Prado is a fantastic overlander. Yes, both the 120kW oilburner and the 202kW petrol mill seem somewhat antiquated compared to the refined and powerful engines in some of its competitors, but when you’re heading deep into Africa, tried-and-trusted engines that are admired for their reliability look very tempting. Indeed, it is the Prado’s combination of modern comfort, safety and off-road systems with a proven and reliable drivetrain that makes it so good for overland travel. On top of this, it has a wading depth of 700mm, and with that 150ℓ tank you can travel a long way without needing to refuel, even with that thirsty four-litre under the bonnet. A final useful feature is that it can run on 17-inch rims, so there’s no need to venture onto gravel while riding on inappropriately low-profile tyres.

Conclusion Land Cruisers are as common in Africa as wildebeest are on the plains of the Serengeti. Wherever there’s a community in need of aid – and in Africa, frankly, there are a lot of those – UN-branded Land Cruiser 200s will be close at hand. Land Cruisers, as Toyota is fond of saying, are at home in Africa, and the Prado is no exception. This can't be said of many luxury SUVs, but the description fits the Cruiser range. So, if you’re looking for a luxury SUV that can provide some peace of mind when you head into deepest Africa, the Prado makes sense. However, if you’ll be spending most of your driving time on tar, there are better options out there. If you don’t utilise the Prado’s off-road ability, you’ll be missing out on the vehicle’s biggest selling point. Text and photography | Courtesy Leisure wheels


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Winter

warmers

Simple yet delicious recipes for those nights when the mercury drops Those cold winter nights are closing in. You can fight them off, though, if you have the right tools at hand. Sure, a fuzzy, warm blanket goes a long way towards keeping you toasty, but that works from the outside in. Sometimes, you just need something warm and comforting to heat you up from the inside out. Try these recipes.

Ingredients

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1/2 cup unsalted butter 2 cups sliced onion 2 bay leaves 2 tablespoons chopped garlic 2 fresh thyme sprigs 2 teaspoons salt 3 teaspoons freshly ground black pepper 2 tablespoons allpurpose flour 2 cups vegetable broth 1 sliced baguette 1/2 cup grated Gruyère cheese 1 tablespoon cilantro leaves

French onion soup Put a large pot on medium heat. Add unsalted butter and let it melt. Now add sliced onion, thyme, salt, bay leaves, garlic and pepper. Let it cook until the onions become soft and translucent. This should take around 20 minutes. Next, remove the bay leaves and thyme sprigs. Add all-purpose flour and stir well. At this time, turn the heat down so that the flour will not burn. Cook for eight minutes. Add vegetable broth and allow it to

simmer. Again cook for 10 minutes. Taste and adjust the seasoning if needed. When you are ready to serve your soup, cut your baguette into pieces and arrange it on a baking sheet. Sprinkle the cheese on it and let it bake until you find your cheese bubbly and light brown. Sprinkle cilantro leaves. Pour the soup in a bowl and sprinkle some grated cheese on top.


Ingredients

Beef stew Flour your stewing meat. Heat cooking oil in a stew pot, then add stew meat, onions and garlic, and brown. Add

water and beef stew seasoning. Add potatoes, carrots, salt, pepper and parsley flakes. Cook over medium heat for approximately one hour, stirring often.

500g stewing beef 1 tablespoon flour 1 medium onion (chopped) 1 package beef stew seasoning 3 cups water 5 medium potatoes (cubed) 6 carrots (peeled and sliced) 1 tablespoon parsley flakes 2 cloves garlic (chopped) Tablespoon cooking oil Salt and pepper to taste

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Ingredients

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Frozen deepdish piecrust ½ cup chopped pecans ¼ cup all-purpose flour ¼ cup packed brown sugar 2 tablespoons butter or margarine 1 large egg white ¼ cup granulated sugar 2 tablespoons cornstarch ½ teaspoon ground cinnamon 5 Granny Smith or Golden Delicious apples, each cored, peeled, and cut into eight wedges 1 tablespoon fresh lemon juice

Apple pie Preheat oven to 180°C. While the crust is thawing at room temperature, mix pecans, flour, and brown sugar in a bowl. Work in butter with fingertips until mixture resembles coarse crumbs. Set aside. Prick bottom and sides of crust with fork. Bake 12 to 15 minutes or until lightly golden. Immediately brush bottom and sides of hot crust with light

coating of egg white. Set oven to 220°C. Meanwhile, in a large bowl, combine granulated sugar, cornstarch and cinnamon. Toss in apples and lemon juice. Cover with waxed paper and microwave on high for 12 minutes, stirring halfway through. Spoon filling into crust. Sprinkle pecan topping over filling. Bake pie 10 to 12 minutes or until topping is golden. Cool on wire rack. Serve with vanilla ice-cream if desired.


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Through Starting a wine collection

the

grapevine

usually be kept for more than five years, while cheaper varieties are best consumed within a year or two.

3 Ageing the wine

When it comes to ageing the wine, it all depends on the year, the type of grape and the blend. Your best source of information is the winery itself. Most wineries will provide information on their website on the best time to drink the specific vintage.

4 Proper storage is essential

One way to easily ruin a good bottle of wine is to store it improperly. The three crucial factors to storing wine are temperature, humidity and light. For smaller collections, a wine fridge is ideal to store your wine; larger ones will require a cellar. Whichever way you go, remember to set and monitor the temperature and humidity, which are typically 10 to 16ยบC and 60 to 75% RH respectively.

5 Take it for a test drive

Before you decide to buy a whole case of that new red you heard about on the radio, sample it first. Either buy one bottle or visit the winery to sample their wares. If the winery is too far away, you might be able to sample the wine at the local liquor store. Check their website for more details.

6 Be a bargain hunter Start off small and work your way to an impressive wine cellar

Building a small collection with wines that are likely to be consumed within six months is relatively easy. You can almost buy any wine for this type of collection. However, if you are looking to build a larger collection with wine that you would like to age, there are some important factors that you have to keep in mind. The following seven tips will help you build a respectable wine collection.

1Not all wines are created equally

This is especially true when it comes to how well a wine will age. Generally, wines that age well are well structured, acidic and tannic. It is the tannins, wine's natural preservatives that come from the skin of the grape, which will soften as time passes, resulting in a wine with a better bouquet and balance.

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Price is the difference

When it comes to wines that age well, the general rule of thumb is the more expensive the wine, the longer it can be stored. More expensive wines can

An easy way to build a respectable wine collection quickly is to look for discounts. You can usually get a discount if you buy in bulk, or through wholesale or even at the winery itself. There is no shame in buying a good wine at a discounted price. If you are a collector and plan on selling your collection, it is an investment. If you are just a connoisseur, well, it's smart shopping.

the best time to drink 7 Know or sell your wine

Once a wine reaches its ideal maturity, not only does the value drop, for those collectors looking to sell their wine, but the quality of the wine will eventually turn. If you are not careful, that bottle of wine you have been saving for years will become a very expensive bottle of vinegar. Now that you have the basic know-how when it comes to building a wine collection, get out there and start sampling some of the best wines available. Text | Arno Visagie Photography | Shutterstock


Subscribe today and send a loved one a gift that keeps on giving every month

It has never been easier to subscribe to your favourite magazine or spoil someone special. So go to www.coolmags.com today to subscribe or to purchase a single copy to peruse a title you perhaps do not know.


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book review The Future of the Mind By Michio Kaku

Recording memories, mind reading, videotaping our dreams, mind control, avatars and telekinesis – no longer are these feats of the mind solely the province of overheated science fiction. As Michio Kaku reveals, not only are they possible, but with the latest advances in brain science and recent astonishing breakthroughs in technology, they already exist. In The Future of the Mind, the New York Times-bestselling author takes the reader on a provocative and exhilarating tour of the top laboratories around the world to meet the scientists who are already revolutionising the way we think about the brain – and ourselves.

✶✶✶✶✶

Own Your Industry: How to Position Yourself as an Expert

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By Shani Krebs Dragons & Butterflies tells the remarkable story of a man who reached absolute rock bottom, but had the fortitude to rise up again. Shani Krebs didn’t fall in with a bad crowd – he was the bad crowd. Born to Hungarian refugees in Jo’burg, Shani had a tough childhood. During his national service he started dabbling in drugs and it wasn’t long before he was supplying the Jo’burg party scene with marijuana, LSD, Mandrax and cocaine. It was a wild life, filled with

By Douglas Kruger

What's Gone Wrong?

Own Your Industry is a guide to what you can do to position yourself as the ‘go-to-name’ in your industry. Learn how to build an industry reputation, use media channels to reach your market and communicate complex ideas through memorable frameworks. Discover how your fee structure defines you as beginner or valued veteran. The book explains how to develop a title, become a face and a voice in the minds of key industry players, and use simple but powerful positioning techniques to cut through the marketing clutter of your competitors.

By Alex Boraine

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BOOKS

Dragons & Butterflies

What's Gone Wrong? This is the question on the lips of millions of South Africans. Boraine attempts to answer this urgent question from the vantage point of wide experience as churchman, parliamentarian and co-founder of IDASA. He digs deep into the history of

girlfriends, narrow escapes and drug binges. His closest friend was his pistol. Then, in 1994, at the birth of South Africa’s democracy, Shani flew to Thailand where he was arrested for heroin trafficking and, after a trial, sentenced to death. He was 34. Shani’s sentence was commuted to 100 years, and thus begun the greatest challenge of his life. The first hurdle was to survive in one of the toughest prisons imaginable: the random violence, the appalling diet, and the filth and diseases. Shani not only survived, but eventually rose to command significant respect within the prison system. The second hurdle was to stay off drugs after years of addiction. The third was nurturing a long-neglected spiritual side, which he found through his art and exploring his Jewish faith. But what gave him most focus was, in collaboration with his sister Joan, trying to find some way either to be transferred to a South African prison or have his sentence shortened. He failed in the former but, after serving 18 years – the longest-serving Westerner in a Thai prison – he stepped off a plane at OR Tambo in 2012. South Africa was a changed country, and Shani was a changed man. After adjusting to life on the outside, he is now a talented artist and public speaker, rallying against drug abuse in schools.

✶✶✶✶✶ the ANC in exile and as the governing party for two decades and concludes that in exile and today the ANC is slavishly committed to the party as the dominant factor. All else – the executive, parliament, the judiciary, civil society and the media – take second and third place. Boraine goes beyond strong criticism and offers a number of proposals, including the realignment of politics as a way of preventing South Africa from becoming a failed state.

✶✶✶✶✶


All photos WFP/Alexis Masciarelli

Families in the Central African Republic are struggling to survive. Young children are most at risk, facing growing hunger and malnutrition.

Fighting Hunger Worldwide

WFP is working non-stop to provide lifesaving food for these families, but we can’t do it alone.

Join us on Facebook

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27%

Of all food produced in Western nations ends up in the garbage bin according to a study by the Economic Research Service

battleship Each Battleship puzzle represents a section of ocean with a hidden fleet of one battleship, two cruisers and three submarines. The ships may be oriented horizontally or vertically within the grid such that no ship touches another, not even diagonally. Any remaining squares in the grid contain water segments, which are shown as a symbol of water or as an X. The numbers on the bottom and on the right of the grid show how many squares in the corresponding rows and columns are occupied by ships. The object is to discover where all six ships are located.

1830s

When tomato sauce was sold as medicine

sudoku

Try the addictive game of Sudoku. The aim is to fill each block with a number from 1 to 9. Each number must not appear more than once in each row, column and square. If you can’t finish this puzzle during your flight, please take this free copy of Skyways with you. The cabin attendant will make sure that the next passengers get their own magazine, with a clean Sudoku for them to puzzle over! Puzzles taken from www.krazydad.com

1 x Battleship

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Medium

challenging

Puzzles supplied by Conceptis, www.conceptispuzzles.com

Easy

easy

2 x Cruisers 3 x Submarines

Solutions can be found on page 17


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focus | northern cape

Northern

Cape Explore South Africa’s largest province Big skies, raptors hovering over the mountain desert of the Richtersveld, the cascading Augrabies Falls and the expansive wilderness of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park all set the backdrop for the Northern Cape province. The province is divided into four regions and boasts a total of six national parks, including two Transfrontier parks crossing into world-famous safari destinations such as Namibia and Botswana, as well as six provincial nature reserves, two of the largest rivers in South Africa and three legendary deserts. The landscape is uniquely suited for rugged 4x4 adventure trips with the AisAis/Richtersveld Transfortier Park being a mustsee destination. Footpaths and hiking trails allow visitors to

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This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you.

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80 06 14

• 1 bedroom apartments from R750 per apartment per night, or R8 500 per month • 2 bedroom apartments from R950 per apartment per night, or R10 000 per month.


This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you.

sky | cafe

81

06 14


sky | cafe

Take a break from the ordinary

Casambo Exclusive Guest Lodge An exclusive retreat that offers Luxury Accommodation in fully self contained units.

CASTERBRIDGE LIFESTYLE CENTRE - WHITE RIVER

Ideally situated only 5 minutes from Kruger Mpumalanga International Airport 5 star function and wedding venue with state of the art equipment, trendy VIP lounge, Vibey cigar lounge and a wooden deck overlooking beautiful appointed gardens.

Over 35 Delectable Speciality Shops Cinema & Music Development Centre Art Gallery & Vintage Car Museum Restaurants & Coffee Shops Gym, Wellness Centre & Pilates Studio 4* Casterbridge Hollow Hotel & Wedding & Conference Facilities www.casterbridgehollow.co.za www.casterbridge.co.za Cnr of Hazyview Road (R40) & Numbi Road (R538) White River | Mpumalanga

82 06 14

SHOP | PLAY | EAT | SLEEP

Call: 013 007 0163 or Cell 072 277 6830 e-mail: stay@casambo.co.za website: www.casambo.co.za


psst, PSST…, have a look at the passenger across the isle, two rows up… Yes her. Just the person you would like to promote your product or services to, not so? So why aren’t you

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Plot 15 Dalmada Polokwane

PLANTS AT WHOLESALE PRICES INDUSTRIAL, COMMERCIAL & DOMESTIC LANDSCAPING IRRIGATION

This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you.

sky | cafe

HARDSCAPES Ben van der Merwe 083 271 1850

83 06 14


TIMETABLE effective 01 JUNE 2014

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Cape Town - George - Cape Town SA8621 Cape Town - George 7:15 8:05 1 2 3 4 5 ER3 SA8625 Cape Town - George 9:30 10:20 6 ER3 SA8631 Cape Town - George 11:30 12:20 1 2 3 4 5 ER3 SA8633 Cape Town - George 13:30 14:20 6 ER3 SA8639 Cape Town - George 14:15 15:05 1 2 3 4 5 ER3 SA8641 Cape Town - George 14:30 15:20 7 ER3 SA8635 Cape Town - George 16:45 17:40 1 2 3 ER3 SA8635 Cape Town - George 16:45 17:40 3 5 7 ER3 SA8622 George - Cape Town 8:30 9:20 1 2 3 4 5 ER3 SA8630 George - Cape Town 10:45 11:35 6 ER3 SA8632 George - Cape Town 13:00 13:50 1 2 3 4 5 ER3 SA8634 George - Cape Town 14:45 15:35 6 ER3 SA8638 George - Cape Town 15:25 16:15 1 2 3 4 5 ER3 SA8642 George - Cape Town 15:40 16:30 7 ER3 SA8636 George - Cape Town 18:10 19:05 1 2 3 ER3 SA8636 George - Cape Town 18:10 19:05 4 5 7 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

SA8617 Cape Town - Kimberley 16:30 18:05 1 2 3 4 5 ER3 SA8615 Cape Town - Kimberley 16:50 18:25 7 ER3 SA8618 Kimberley - Cape Town 18:30 20:05 1 2 3 4 5 ER3 SA8616 Kimberley - Cape Town 18:45 20:20 7 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

SA8663 Cape Town - Nelspruit 10:00 12:35 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 AR8 SA8664 Nelspruit - Cape Town 13:15 15:55 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 AR8 Cape Town Skukuza Cape Town (NEW ROUTE: Effective 2 June 2014) SA8651 Cape Town - Skukuza 10:35 13:05 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ER3 SA8652 Skukuza - Cape Town 11:20 13:55 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ER3

Airlink Airlink

Cape Town - Kimberley - Cape Town

Cape Town - Nelspruit - Cape Town

Cape Town - Upington - Cape Town

SA8645 Cape Town - Upington 7:10 8:30 1 2 3 4 5 ER3 SA8647 Cape Town - Upington 10:45 12:05 7 ER3 SA8643 Cape Town - Upington 16:35 17:55 5 ER3 SA8646 Upington - Cape Town 8:50 10:10 1 2 3 4 5 ER3 SA8648 Upington - Cape Town 12:50 14:10 7 ER3 SA8644 18:15 19:35 5 ER3

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

SA8531 Durban - Bloemfontein 6:50 7:55 1 2 3 4 5 J41 SA8535 Durban - Bloemfontein 15:15 16:40 7 J41 SA8537 Durban - Bloemfontein 16:35 17:40 1 2 3 4 5 J41 SA8532 Bloemfontein - Durban 8:15 9:15 1 2 3 4 5 J41 SA8536 Bloemfontein - Durban 17:30 18:35 7 J41 SA8538 Bloemfontein - Durban 18:00 19:00 1 2 3 4 5 J41

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

SA8515 SA8514

Airlink Airlink

Durban - Bloemfontein - Durban

Durban - George - Durban Durban George

- George - Durban

9:40 11:50

11:30 13:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3 ER3

Durban - Nelspruit - Durban

SA8507 Durban - Nelspruit 6:45 8:05 1 2 3 4 5 J41 SA8505 Durban - Nelspruit 13:45 14:45 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ER3 SA8508 Nelspruit - Durban 8:25 9:45 1 2 3 4 5 J41 SA8506 Nelspruit - Durban 15:10 16:10 1 2 3 4 5 6 ER3 SA8510 Nelspruit - Durban 17:35 18:35 7 ER3 Johannesburg Bloemfontein Johannesburg SA8401 Johannesburg - Bloemfontein 7:00 8:00 1 2 3 4 5 AR8 SA8403 Johannesburg - Bloemfontein 9:40 11:00 1 2 3 4 5 J41 SA8405 Johannesburg - Bloemfontein 12:55 14:15 1 2 3 4 5 J41 SA8407 Johannesburg - Bloemfontein 17:20 18:20 1 2 3 4 5 AR8 SA8402 Bloemfontein - Johannesburg 8:35 9:35 1 2 3 4 5 AR8 SA8404 Bloemfontein - Johannesburg 11:20 12:35 1 2 3 4 5 J41 SA8406 Bloemfontein - Johannesburg 14:35 15:50 1 2 3 4 5 J41 SA8408 Bloemfontein - Johannesburg 18:55 19:55 1 2 3 4 5 AR8 Johannesburg Kimberley Johannesburg SA8421 Johannesburg - Kimberley 7:30 8:40 1 2 3 4 5 AR8 SA8427 Johannesburg - Kimberley 16:15 17:25 1 2 3 4 5 AR8 SA8422 Kimberley - Johannesburg 9:15 10:25 1 2 3 4 5 AR8 SA8428 Kimberley - Johannesburg 18:00 19:10 1 2 3 4 5 AR8

Golf Bags: 1 bag at 15kg free baggage allowance – golf bags must be pre-booked with your booking agent.

84 06 14

Airlink Airlink

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink


TIMETABLE effective 01 JUNE 2014

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

SA8823

Johannesburg

-

6:30

7:20

1

ER3

Airlink

SA8827

Johannesburg

- Nelspruit

Nelspruit

9:00

9:50

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8843

Johannesburg

- Nelspruit

10:00

10:50

1 2 3 *4 5 6 *7

ER3

Airlink

SA8841

Johannesburg

- Nelspruit

11:10

11:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8845

Johannesburg

- Nelspruit

15:30

16:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8829

Johannesburg - Nelspruit

16:25

17:15 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8849

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

17:30

18:20

1

2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8824

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

7:40

8:35

1

2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8828

Nelspruit

- Johannesburg

10:10

11:05

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8842

Nelspruit

- Johannesburg

13:35

14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8830

Nelspruit

- Johannesburg

15:05

16:00 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8846

Nelspruit

- Johannesburg

16:40

17:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8844

Nelspruit

- Johannesburg

15:45

16:40

1 2 3 5 6

ER3

Airlink

SA8848

Nelspruit

-

18:45

19:40

1

ER3

Airlink

Johannesburg

2 3 4 5

2 3 4 5

Johannesburg - Phalaborwa - Johannesburg

SA8851

Johannesburg

-

6:25

7:35

J41

Airlink

SA8853

Johannesburg

- Phalaborwa

Phalaborwa

11:45

12:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8857

Johannesburg

- Phalaborwa

16:20

17:30

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

SA8852

Phalaborwa

- Johannesburg

1 2 3 4

J41

Airlink

SA8854

Phalaborwa

- Johannesburg

13:15

14:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8858

Phalaborwa

- Johannesburg

17:50

19:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

8:00

9:20

1

2 3 4

Johannesburg - Polokwane - Johannesburg

SA8801

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

6:35

7:25

1

2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8809

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

10:50

11:40

1

2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8809

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

10:50

11:40 6

J41

Airlink

SA8817

Johannesburg

- Polokwane

15:15

16:05

ER3

Airlink

SA8817

Johannesburg - Polokwane

15:15

16:05 6

J41

Airlink

SA8815

Johannesburg

- Polokwane

17:05

17:55

1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8802

Polokwane

-

7:55

8:50

1

ER3

Airlink

SA8810

Polokwane

- Johannesburg

12:00

12:55

ER3

Airlink

SA8810

Polokwane

- Johannesburg

12:00

12:55 6

J41

Airlink

SA8818

Polokwane

- Johannesburg

16:25

17:20

ER3

Airlink

SA8818

Polokwane

- Johannesburg

16:25

17:20 6

J41

Airlink

SA8816

Polokwane

- Johannesburg

18:15

19:10

ER3

Airlink

Johannesburg

1 2 3 4 5 7

2 3 4 5

1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

Johannesburg - Pietermaritzburg - Johannesburg

SA8747

Johannesburg

-

7:00

8:00

AR8

Airlink

SA8735

Johannesburg

- Pietermaritzburg

12:15

13:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8741

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

16:00

17:00

1

2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8739

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

18:15

19:15

1

2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8730

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

6:45

7:45

1

2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8732

Pietermaritzburg - Johannesburg

8:30

9:30

1 2 3 4 5 6

AR8

Airlink

SA8736

Pietermaritzburg - Johannesburg

14:00

15:05

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8742

Pietermaritzburg

17:25

18:25

1

AR8

Airlink

-

Pietermaritzburg

Johannesburg

1

2 3 4 5

2 3 4 5 7

Johannesburg - Richards Bay - Johannesburg

SA8441

Johannesburg

-

Richards Bay

7:15

8:35

1

2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8447

Johannesburg

-

Richards Bay

15:00

16:20

1

2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8442

Richards Bay

-

Johannesburg

9:00

10:30

1

2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8448

Richards Bay

-

Johannesburg

16:40

18:10

1

2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Skukuza - Johannesburg

(NEW ROUTE: Effective 2 June 2014)

SA8861

Johannesburg

- Skukuza

10:00

10:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

*SA8865

Johannesburg

- Skukuza

13:20

14:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8862

Skukuza

- Johannesburg

13:30

14:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

*SA8866

Skukuza

-

14:50

15:35

1

ER3

Airlink

Johannesburg

2 3 4 5 6 7

Johannesburg - Upington - Johannesburg

SA8761

Johannesburg - Upington

SA8767

Johannesburg

-

SA8769

Johannesburg

- Upington

SA8762

Upington

- Johannesburg

SA8768

Upington

-

SA8770

Upington

- Johannesburg

Upington

Johannesburg

1 2 3 4

ER3

Airlink

11:00

7:10

12:30

1

AR8

Airlink

15:30

17:00

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

10:35

1 2 3 4

ER3

Airlink

12:50

14:25

1

AR8

Airlink

17:20

18:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

9:00

8:40

Airlink's REGIONAL AND DOMESTIC flights check-in Terminal B counters B89

2 3 4 5

2 3 4 5

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Johannesburg - Nelspruit - Johannesburg

*Route effective from 1 August 2014 **Route effective from 4 August 2014

- B101 at OR Tambo International Airport.

85 06 14


TIMETABLE effective 01 JUNE 2014

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

Port Elizabeth - East London - Port Elizabeth SA8480

Port Elizabeth

-

East London

7:00

7:45

1

2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8488

Port Elizabeth

-

East London

16:15

17:00

1

2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8481

East London

-

Port Elizabeth

8:05

8:55

1

2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8489

East London

-

Port Elizabeth

17:20

18:10

1

2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Johannesburg - Mthatha - Johannesburg

SA8751

Johannesburg

SA8753

Johannesburg - Mthatha

-

SA8755

Johannesburg

SA8755

Johannesburg - Mthatha

SA8752

Mthatha

-

SA8754

Mthatha

- Johannesburg

SA8756

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

SA8756

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha Mthatha Johannesburg

6:15

7:30

8:20

9:35 6

1

16:15

17:30

16:15

17:30 5

7:50 9:55

9:05

1

2 3 4 5

1

2 3 4 7 2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

ER3

Airlink

AR8

Airlink

ER3

Airlink

11:10 6

ER3

Airlink

18:00

19:15

2 3 4 7

ER3

Airlink

18:00

19:15 5

AR8

Airlink

1

F L I G H T S – Regional

FLIGHT ROUTE DEPARTURE ARRIVAL FREQUENCY AIRCRAFT

06 14

OPERATED BY

Durban - Maputo - Durban SA8290

Durban

-

Maputo

10:10

11:25

1

2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8291

Maputo

-

Durban

11:45

13:05

1

2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Antananarivo - Johannesburg

SA8252

Johannesburg

- Antananarivo

10:00

14:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8253

Antananarivo

- Johannesburg

15:00

17:40

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

Johannesburg - Beira - Johannesburg

SA8214

Johannesburg

- Beira

11:30

13:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8215

Beira

- Johannesburg

13:30

15:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

Johannesburg - Bulawayo - Johannesburg

SA8110

Johannesburg

- Bulawayo

10:40

12:05

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8111

Bulawayo

- Johannesburg

12:50

14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

Johannesburg - Gaborone - Johannesburg

SA8450

Johannesburg

- Gaborone

7:20

8:15

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8458

Johannesburg

- Gaborone

16:45

17:40

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8451

Gaborone

- Johannesburg

8:55

9:50

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8459

Gaborone

- Johannesburg

18:20

AR8

Airlink

19:15 2 3 4 5

Johannesburg - Kasane - Johannesburg SA8306

Johannesburg

- Kasane

11:45

13:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8307

Kasane

- Johannesburg

13:55

15:45

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

Nelspruit - Livingstone - Nelspruit SA8870

Nelspruit

- Livingstone

11:35

13:10

1 2 3 5 6

ER3

Airlink

SA8871

Livingstone

-

13:45

15:25

1

ER3

Airlink

Nelspruit

2 3 5 6

Johannesburg - Lusaka - Johannesburg

SA8160

Johannesburg

- Lusaka

6:35

8:30

1 2 3 4 5 6

ER3

Airlink

SA8164

Johannesburg

- Lusaka

15:45

17:40

1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8161

Lusaka

- Johannesburg

9:00

11:05

1 2 3 4 5 6

ER3

Airlink

SA8165

Lusaka

- Johannesburg

18:20

20:25

1 2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Airlink

Johannesburg - Harare - Johannesburg

SA8100

Johannesburg

ER3

Airlink

SA8102

Johannesburg - Harare

-

Harare

16:15

18:05 3 4

AR8

Airlink

SA8102

Johannesburg

-

Harare

16:15

18:05

1

2 5 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8101

Harare

-

Johannesburg

8:50

10:35

1

2 3 4 5

ER3

Airlink

SA8103

Harare

- Johannesburg

18:45

20:30 3 4

AR8

Airlink

SA8103

Harare

-

18:45

20:30

ER3

Airlink

Johannesburg

6:30

8:20

1

1

2 3 4 5

2 5 7

Johannesburg - Manzini - Johannesburg

SA8012

Johannesburg

-

Manzini

6:50

7:35

1

2 3 4 5

ER3

Swazi - Airlink

SA8992

Johannesburg

-

Manzini

10:05

10:50

1

2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Swazi - Airlink

SA8994

Johannesburg

-

Manzini

12:40

13:25

1

2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Swazi - Airlink

SA8014

Johannesburg

-

Manzini

16:05

16:50

1

2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Swazi - Airlink

Golf Bags: 1 bag at 15kg free baggage allowance – golf bags must be pre-booked with your booking agent.

86

Airlink

ER3


TIMETABLE effective 01 JUNE 2014

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

SA8996

Johannesburg

-

Manzini

17:00

17:45 6

ER3

Swazi - Airlink

SA8998

Johannesburg

-

Manzini

18:30

19:15 5

ER3

Swazi - Airlink

SA8013

Manzini

-

Johannesburg

8:05

9:00

2 3 4 5

ER3

Swazi - Airlink

SA8991

Manzini

-

Johannesburg

8:05

9:00 6

ER3

Swazi - Airlink

SA8997

Manzini

-

Johannesburg

8:05

9:00 7

ER3

Swazi - Airlink

SA8993

Manzini

-

Johannesburg

11:10

12:05

1

2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Swazi - Airlink

SA8995

Manzini

-

Johannesburg

13:50

14:45

1

2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Swazi - Airlink

SA8015

Manzini

-

Johannesburg

17:10

18:05

1

2 3 4 5 7

ER3

Swazi - Airlink

1

Johannesburg - Maseru - Johannesburg

SA8050

Johannesburg

-

SA8052

Johannesburg

- Maseru

Maseru

SA8060

Johannesburg

-

SA8062

Johannesburg

SA8064

Johannesburg

SA8051

Maseru

-

SA8053

Maseru

SA8061

Maseru

6:40 9:45

7:35

1

10:40

2 3 4 5

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

ER3

Airlink

13:00

14:00 6 7

ER3

Airlink

- Maseru

14:55

15:50

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

- Maseru

16:25

17:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

8:10

9:05

1

ER3

Airlink

- Johannesburg

11:00

11:55

ER3

Airlink

Maseru

-

14:35

15:45 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8063

Maseru

- Johannesburg

16:10

17:05

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

SA8065

Maseru

- Johannesburg

17:45

18:40

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

Johannesburg Johannesburg

2 3 4 5

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Johannesburg - Maun - Johannesburg

SA8300

Johannesburg

- Maun

11:45

13:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8301

Maun

- Johannesburg

14:00

15:40

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

Johannesburg - Nampula - Johannesburg

SA8230

Johannesburg

-

Nampula

11:10

13:40

2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8230

Johannesburg

-

Nampula

11:10

13:40 6 7

1

ER3

Airlink

SA8231

Nampula

- Johannesburg

14:15

16:50

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8231

Nampula

- Johannesburg

14:15

16:50 6 7

ER3

Airlink

Johannesburg - Ndola - Johannesburg SA8158

Johannesburg - Ndola

6:20

SA8154

Johannesburg

9:45

SA8156

Johannesburg - Ndola

SA8159

Ndola

- Johannesburg

SA8155

Ndola

- Johannesburg

12:55

SA8157

Ndola

- Johannesburg

17:55

20:10 5

- Ndola

15:15 9:00

8:30

1 2 3 4

ER3

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

17:25 5

ER3

Airlink

11:15

1 2 3 4

ER3

Airlink

15:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

ER3

Airlink

12:15

Airlink

Johannesburg - Pemba - Johannesburg

SA8204

Johannesburg

- Pemba

11:30

14:20

1 3 4 5 6

ER3

Airlink

SA8205

Pemba

- Johannesburg

14:50

17:45

1 3 4 5 6

ER3

Airlink

Johannesburg - Tete - Johannesburg

SA8220

Johannesburg

-

Tete

10:35

12:40

1

2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8221

Tete

-

Johannesburg

13:25

15:45

1

2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

Johannesburg - Vilankulos - Johannesburg

SA8260

Johannesburg

- Vilankulos

11:30

13:10

1 2 3 5 6

ER3

Airlink

*SA8261

Vilankulos

- Johannesburg

13:45

15:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ER3

Airlink

Nelspruit - Vilankulos (NEW ROUTE) SA8258

Nelspruit

- Vilankulos

11:35

12:50 4 7

ER3

Airlink

*As of 19 June 2014 Vilankulos – Johannesburg will be a daily service

Day 1 = Monday, Day 7 = Sunday For reservations visit www.flyairlink.com, your travel agent or SAA Central Reservations on +27 11-978 1111

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Johannesburg - Manzini - Johannesburg

• Flight schedules subject to change • Contact your booking agent for these conditions EXCESS BAGGAGE AND SPORTING EQUIPMENT: Refer to www.flyairlink.com Important information & Conditions of Carriage Clause 8 Baggage 8.3 Whilst every effort has been made to ensure accuracy of content of the published timetable, both operational and strategic issues cause timetable changes. Due to the forward lead time required for publication, these often cannot be duly reflected. Should this occur, Airlink and its agents are not responsible for any errors, omissions, losses or detriments arising from the publication. MEMBER

87 06 14


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six

The number of countries that border on South Africa

25%

Of all languages are spoken only in Africa

In the groove Get more rotation in your golf swing

the golf swing

sequence can be complex, and chances are that as an avid player you are always looking for methods to improve yours. There are some simple stability errors that many people make that can be fixed. Here are two golf swing technique suggestions to improve your stability and right some of the basic problems you might have.

The correct technique will ensure power, accuracy and a winning scorecard

How do you right your golf swing speed issues and get your timing back on track? You will find that you may have swung beautifully, everything was in sync, but the golf ball travelled to the left of your target. To right this you need to slow down the turning of your hips to permit the golf club more time to return back to the golf ball at impact prior to clearing out completely. In order to open and near the clubface during the golf swing sequence the hands move back during the backswing, hinge in the leading from the backswing, return the club to square at impact, and release the club afterwards. To learn how to hit a driver properly, or how you can hit a golf ball with any club, two issues should be kept in mind: speed trumps strength, and striking the ball cleanly indicates distance. When we talk of speed, we talk about producing club speed from quickness via coordinated work from numerous areas of the body, and never of brute strength.

Coordination

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Coordination is essentially the capability of the physique to activate body components inside a sequential order

to create a preferred motion. Look at walking, for example. Your body needs to work in tandem to create this motion. The golf swing is essentially exactly the same. Your body must ‘fire’ the muscles in a particular order at the correct timing to create the motion of the golf swing technique. The core is actively involved in the coordination of the swing action, as will be the rest of the body. The two points to concentrate upon in terms of coordination are timing and sequence. Both of these are essential to get a mechanically effective golf swing sequence. The sequence in which muscle tissue is ‘fired’ in the swing action needs certain timing for an effective swing to happen. In order to carry out these components of the golf swing properly, the muscles of one's physique must be versatile. An inflexible body in which muscles are ‘tight’ creates restrictions in movement. This will undoubtedly lead to limitations pertaining to your golf swing. The limitation will impede a complete shoulder turn and balanced finish position. This leads to compensations within the mechanics of the golf swing. One of the most frequent errors of a golf swing technique is the constant over-swinging of the golf clubs. Try to curb this habit. Hitting the golf ball the right way will feel simple and smooth. Lastly, the concept of ‘core training’ is a buzz word in today's fitness and training community. It has also become a prevalent concept in the game of golf. The core area of the body is where the ‘power’ comes from for your swing, and in order to make a complete turn you need flexibility within the core. Text | Arno Visagie


Jetstream 4100 - Regional Turboprop Airliner Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

29 19.25m 18.29m 5.74m 2 600kg 25 000ft 500km/h

ERJ 135-LR - Regional Jet Airliner and Corporate Jet Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

37 26.34m 20.04m 6.75m 5 000kg 37 000ft 800km/h

Avro RJ85 - Regional Jet Airliner Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Seating Classes Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Maximum Cruising Speed

83 2 28.60m 26.21m 8.61m 9 362kg 35 000ft 780km/h


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129

The number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Africa www.unesco.org

80%

Of people who are hit by lightning are men

The World Cup is a very important way to measure the good players, and the great ones. It is a test of a great player. Pelé In '82 Brazil showed that you can't win the World Cup without a solid defence. Alan Hansen You have to show up in the World Cup, and in the World Cup anything can happen. Lionel Messi The boy can do anything, but to be the star of the World Cup you have got to get to the final and win it! Alan Hansen We South Africans are also crazy about football, so the World Cup can be nothing but successful. Jacob Zuma I like English football, always have. It's just that people go on about the World Cup in 1986 and then I'm seen as the real bad boy. Diego Maradona After all these years, I'm finally into soccer. The World Cup is on, and my band is an international group – they're all around me, cheering in the hotel bars. Art Garfunkel

The FIFA World Cup is the most coveted sporting prize in team sport. And it has stirred the emotions of some of the game’s greatest players. Here are some memorable quotes from the people’s game

The World Cup experience is more than just the game of soccer. It's an event. And it will fly by faster than you think. It will end and you'll be saying, 'Wow, it's over already?' You have to remember to take it all in and enjoy it. Cobi Jones A penalty is a cowardly way to score. Pelé

Cup of glory 90 06 14


18th century

When illegal gambling houses in England employed a person to swallow the dice if there was a police raid

Everybody in Argentina can remember 'the hand of God' in the England match in the 1986 World Cup. Now, in my country, the 'hand of God' has brought us an Argentinian pope. Diego Maradona Football became my life at five or six. The earliest memory I have is of playing in my first boots, a pair of black and white Alan Balls. It was 1970, four years after the World Cup, and I scored three goals at school. Vinnie Jones Leading my country out at the World Cup was something I'll never forget. Mark Viduka I realised that the political context had got worse since the 2010 World Cup. I tried to ignore it but I wanted, as a national coach – you may call this utopia – to make Catalans and Basques feel good about supporting a Spanish side... to unite even the most sectarian and nationalist. Vicente del Bosque It is well documented that I am a lifelong football fan. My love of the British game started with the 1966 World Cup. Alisher Usmanov The important thing for me was that the World Cup should travel round the world. Sepp Blatter Many people say I'm the best women's soccer player in the world. I don't think so. And because of that, someday I just might be. Mia Hamm Football is the ballet of the masses. Dmitri Shostakovich I am not a perfectionist, but I like to feel that things are done well. It is my conviction that there are no limits to learning, and that it can never stop, no matter what our age. Cristiano Ronaldo If TV were only an invention to broadcast soccer, it would be justified. Roberto Fontanarrosa Brazil goes into every World Cup expecting to win – so when it is in Brazil it is expected even more. You can't understand what the World Cup means to our country. Ronaldinho

1:308

South Africa’s approximate police to population ratio in 2011

Soccer is a great game, and the rich variety of styles and passions that come with being truly global makes the World Cup a nonpareil event in the universe of competitive sport. Serge Schmemann Everything I know about morality and the obligations of men, I owe it to football (soccer). Albert Camus The rules of soccer are very simple, basically it is this: if it moves, kick it. If it doesn't move, kick it until it does. Phil Woosnam Soccer isn't the same as Bach or Buddhism. But it is often more deeply felt than religion, and just as much a part of the community's fabric, a repository of traditions. Franklin Foer And one fine day the goddess of the wind kisses the foot of man, that mistreated, scorned foot, and from that kiss the soccer idol is born. He is born in a straw crib in a tinroofed shack and he enters the world clinging to a ball. Eduardo Galeano The World Cup must remain the number one competition, because it is our only source of money and, with that money, we can develop football in the whole world. Sepp Blatter It seems that soccer tournaments create those relationships: people gathered together in pubs and living rooms, a whole country suddenly caring about the same event. A World Cup is the sort of common project that otherwise barely exists in modern societies. Simon Kuper Complaining about boring football is a little like complaining about the sad ending of King Lear: it misses the point somehow. Nick Hornby Before kids can play like a pro, they must enjoy playing the game like a kid. Steve Locker Football is the poetry of a motion. Pubudu Lasal Dissanayake While we were on Robben Island, the only access to the World Cup was on radio. Football was the only joy to prisoners. Nelson Mandela

91 06 14


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2005

one

The year in which the Vredefort Dome in the Free State was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Of the three largest telescopes in the world is housed at Sutherland in the Karoo

10

YOU DIDN’T know about… the

Football World Cup 1 2 3

Every match at the inaugural 1930 World Cup in Uruguay was played in one city: Montevideo. Brazil's Pelé is the only player to win three World Cups: in 1958, 1962 and 1970. The World Cup trophy went missing when it was stolen prior to the 1966 Cup in England. A dog named Pickles, being taken out for a walk by his owner in South London, discovered the trophy wrapped in newspapers at the bottom of some bushes a week after it was taken. Turkey's Hakan Sukur scored 11 seconds into the game against South Korea in 2002, the quickest goal in World Cup history. Russian referee Valentin Ivanov brandished 16 yellow cards (tying a tournament record) in a second-round match at the 2006 World Cup in Germany between Portugal and the Netherlands.

4 5

92 06 14

6

Brazil's Ronaldo has scored 15 goals at three World Cups (1998, 2002 and 2006), a tournament record. Australia defeated American Samoa 31-0 in 2001, the largest margin of victory ever in a World Cup qualifying game. Italian goalkeeper Dino Zoff was 40 when he became the oldest player ever to win the World Cup, at the 1982 tournament in Spain. The aftermath of the Second World War caused the cancellation of the 1946 World Cup. Uruguay's José Batista was red-carded a mere 56 seconds into a first-round game against Scotland at the 1986 World Cup, the fastest ejection in tournament history.

7 8

9 10

Text | Arno Visagie Photography | Shutterstock


The date the Nasdaq Stock Exchange was shut down due to a squirrel burrowing through a phone line

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24

10 years, five months

The age of Britain’s youngest prime minister, William Pitt

The age of the youngest person to receive a bachelor’s degree

Didya know? Put your grey matter to the test 6.

What is ‘strictly prohibited’ from London’s venerable Handlebar Club?

Answers 1. Revenge 2. Torquay 3. Sideburns. Courtesy of General Ambrose Burnsides 4. Mona Lisa 5. Walrus 6. Beards

B. Golf Questions 1. What Georgia city is home to the Masters Tournament? 2. In Happy Gilmore, what sandwich chain hired Happy as a spokesperson? 3. What ‘big’ plant has lived near the clubhouse at Augusta National since the 1850s? 4. Name the legendary South African golfer who penned How to Build a Classic Golf Swing. 5. Which of these is not a golf term – birdie, ducky or eagle? 6. What are the two main ingredients in an Arnold Palmer?

Clue to A3

94 06 14

A. Facial hair Questions 1. Blackbeard’s ship was called Queen Anne’s what? 2. In which town might you have encountered moustachioed hotelkeeper Basil Fawlty? 3. What facial hair did this man give his name to? 4. On what famous painting did Marcel Duchamp plant a moustache and goatee? 5. What animal inspired the name of a particularly thick and bushy type of moustache?

Answers 1. Augusta 2. Subway 3. Oak tree. It’s known as the ‘big oak tree’ 4. Ernie Els 5. Ducky 6. Iced tea and lemonade

C. Dance Questions 1. What is the name of the traditional dance of the Maori of New Zeeland, performed in a group with vigorous movements and a shouted verse?


45%

The amount that the pupil of the human eye can expand with when it sees something pleasing

90%

Of all cases of malaria worldwide occur in Africa

Clue to C6

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

What was the name of dancer Li Cunxin’s memoir that was also turned into a 2009 film? What famous American dancer’s fondness for scarves led to her death? What popular French dance was often depicted in the artwork of Toulouse-Lautrec? What type of insect is known for ‘dancing’ in a figureeight pattern? What form of social dance is now a competitive sport?

Answers 1. Haka. There are several types of Hakas for different occasions. 2. Mao’s Last Dancer 3. Isadora Duncan. She died after her scarf became entangled in a car wheel. 4. Can-can 5. Honey bee 6. Ballroom

95 06 14


talespin

Lizard-induced schoolgirl screams 96 06 14

Let me just make one thing clear before I proceed. I am generally an animal-loving person. If a dog comes to my house and goes number one on the fence, fine, no problem. Squirrels gather near the gate and perform acts sexual in nature, no big deal.

But if there is one thing you do not do, it’s lunging in the general direction of my head from above with the intention to kill. This is exactly what a lizard attempted recently. Fortunately, I managed to dive, in slow-mo of course, out of his path just in time. The beast was not able to get a choking grip on my delicate neck and instead just bumped against my shoulder and dropped down onto the floor. After my display of fast reflexes in the form of a cool Matrix-style dodge I thought it was all over, that I was safe. I thought the lizard would be too impressed, intimidated with my elite skills and would start to fear me. Boy was I wrong. This monster was no ordinary lizard. He was completely out of his mind. A true fighter. After the rough landing on my kitchen floor the lizard ran towards me rather than away from me! Maybe this was an egotistical lizard who was not prepared to lose his pride. He ran with such a menacing look in his beady eyes and at such a pace it made me think for a millisecond that I may be dealing with something that is much stronger than me. A feeling of helplessness and panic ran through me. I started scanning the place looking for a weapon; a chair, a spoon, anything. I found nothing. At this point I knew deep down all was lost. I did what all sane men do when they are up against a ruthless killer. A killer who does not know the meaning of the words mercy, compassion and love. I ran. I jumped up over the beast and sprinted towards the exit. I did not dare look over my shoulder as I knew what was following me – death! I ran at full pace towards my bedroom door, panting, shaking and screaming while I forced my legs to keep moving. When you are in such a situation as I was, when you are the one being chased by a predator – as cheesy as this sounds – time does seem to slow down, your senses become sharper. Now I truly know what ‘eternity’ means because that is exactly how long I seemed to have spent before I saw the warm light of my room. The rays danced on my tired and broken body bringing with it hope, hope of survival. I dived towards the light, pushing the bedroom door closed behind me with full force. BANG!!! Ahhh, that sweet sound when wood crashes into wood. I knew I was out of harm’s way at last. I did next what all men do when they know they’ve narrowly escaped certain death. I fell down on my knees and thanked God, and then I changed my underwear. Text | Abdul Nusrat Photography | Shutterstock


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Skyways Magazine June 2014  

Skyways Magazine June 2014

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