Page 1

july 2012

Your free take-home copy - exclusive to Airlink passengers

TM

july 2012

freedom for executives on the move

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Guts, glory and greatness

Workplace victimisation Airlink gives back to the community No more Eskom blackouts? Humour at work Dawn of a new technology era Motoring Inflight entertainment


THOUGHTCAPITAL-T18203


Interact july 2012

Your free take-home copy - exclusive to Airlink passengers

TM

july 2012

freedom for executives on the move

R30.00

Guts, glory and greatness

Workplace victimisation Airlink gives back to the community No more Eskom blackouts? Humour at work Dawn of a new technology era Motoring Inflight entertainment SkyJuly Cover.indd 6

2012/06/18 12:05 PM

For the love of the Games on page 40

freedom for executives on the move

A little goes a long way Picture the scene: Englishman Derek Redmond is the favourite to win the 400m at the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona, Spain. But an injury-plagued career makes Redmond something of an uncertainty. Still, it seems that this is finally his moment of triumph. Shortly after a flying start, Redmond pulls a hamstring and falls on the track in agony. He looks set to retire – until, that is, his father comes to the track and offers him a helping hand. Redmond may not have won, but he finished the race. Though disqualified for, in effect, cheating – and leaning, literally, on his father – Redmond finishing the final leg of the race is a moment which will remain with us for years to come. Redmond’s determination to finish the race is a fitting testament to the fact that you can achieve what you set out to do, no matter what obstacles are put in your way. However, let’s not forget the fact that his father was also there to egg him on and support him. Now, put this in the context of the workplace. More often than not, we dish out more criticism than praise. Often, our only interaction with colleagues, employees and equals is in times of crises. And yet, a few words of encouragement and gratitude can go a long way. Turn to page 72, and you will understand why employee motivation is so important to the success of a company. It may seem like a simple gesture, but like Redmond hobbling to the finish line with the help of his father, you too can encourage someone to attain their goals with a few kind words. Gerard Peter Editor-in-Chief

PUBLISHER Urs Honegger EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Gerard Peter MANAGING EDITOR Kate Kennedy SENIOR SUB EDITOR Vanessa Koekemoer SUB EDITORS Brigitte Billings, Christine Clark, Noleen Fourie DTP STUDIO MANAGER Paul Kotze DESIGNERS Cronje du Toit, Roelof Meintjes TRAFFIC & PRODUCTION MANAGER Celeste Scholes ADVERTISING sales@panorama.co.za +27 11 468-2090 REGIONAL ADVERTISING SALES MANAGER: COASTAL Deborah Bishop-Williams 072 467 5416 SENIOR ADVERTISING SALES EXECUTIVE Arlene Sanford 083 473 5002 arlene@panorama.co.za ADVERTISING SALES EXECUTIVE Karen Roodt 076 318 1389 karen@panorama.co.za ENGLAND/WALES/SCOTLAND: Interactive Airline Partnerships, James Rolls. 13 Brook Business Centre, Cowley Mill Road, Uxbridge UB8 2FX Tel: +44-1895-258008 Fax: +44-1895-258009 SWITZERLAND/GERMANY: Imm Inflight Media Marketing Marcel Wernli, Gellertstrasse 18, 4052 Basel Tel: +41-61-3199090 Fax: +41-61-3199095 SUBSCRIPTIONS subscriptions@panorama.co.za

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HEAD OFFICE: Tel: 011 451 7300 / 010 590 3170 Fax: 011 451 7367 AIRLINK CARGO: Tel: 011 390 9900 Fax: 011 390 9906 SAA CENTRAL RESERVATIONS 011-978 1111 COMMENTS AND SUGGESTIONS: karinmurray@flyairlink.com

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CUSTOMER RELATIONS: customercare@flyairlink.com

(Ario Town office) 00261-20 223 5990 (Airo Airport) 00261-20 224 5734 Beira 00258-2 330 1570 Bloemfontein 051-408 4848 Bulawayo 00263-971 337/8/9 East London 043-706 0211 George 044-801 8431 Harare (SAA Call Centre) 00263-4 794 511/2/3/4 Kimberley 053-838 3339 Lusaka (Call Centre) 002601-254 350 Manzini 00268-518 6155 Maputo 00258 214 65487 Maseru 00266-22-350 418/9 Mthatha 047-536 0024 Nampula 00258 262 16770 Nelspruit KMIA 013-750 2531/2/3/4 Ndola 00260-2612206 Pemba 00258-2722 1700 Phalaborwa 015-781 5823 Polokwane 015-288 0166 Port Elizabeth 041-507 7201 Pietermaritzburg 033-386 9286 Tete 00258-2522 0394 Upington 054-332 2161

Tel: 011 468 2090 Fax: 011 468 2091

PRINTERS Ultra-Litho, Johannesburg DISTRIBUTION Republican News Agency ISSN 1025-2657

Jan-March 2012 17613 (total)

Skyways is printed on partially recycled paper

Skyways Magazine is published monthly and distributed via Airlink. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this magazine in whole or in part is prohibited without prior written permission of Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Copyright © 1994-2012 Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. The views expressed in Skyways Magazine are not necessarily those of Panorama Publications or Airlink, and the acceptance and publication of editorial and advertising matterial in Skyways Magazine does not imply any endorsement or warranty in respect of goods or services therein described, whether by Skyways Magazine or the publishers. Skyways Magazine will not be held responsible for the safe return of unsolicited editorial contributions. The Editor reserves the right to edit material submitted and in appropriate cases to translate into another language. Skyways Magazine reserves the right to reject any advertising or editorial material, which may not suit the standard of the publication, without reason given. Skyways Magazine is published by Panorama Publications on behalf of Airlink. PUBLISHED BY Panorama Publications (Pty) Ltd. Private Bag X4, Kyalami, 1684, South Africa. 92 Campolino, Kyalami. Tel: 011 468 2090 Fax: 011 468 2091


contents contents

REGULARS 8 Reaching out Airlink gives back to the community 10 Out of Africa Experience the bewitching beauty of Botswana 12 Nature’s call Up close and personal with Africa’s wildest wonders 16 Hot and happening Events calendar 18 Bits and bytes News from around the world 24 Panorama The world through a lens 84 Flight plan Your Airlink timetable 88 Winning words Quotes from sporting champions 91 Brainteasers Sudoku and battleship puzzles 92 Did you know? Facts about the Olympic Games 94 Quiz Put your grey matter to the test 96 Talespin Humour at work

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MIND 26 Fight club Workplace victimisation prohibited? 28 Dawn of a new era Embracing the technology revolution 54 House call Property tips from the experts 56 New horizons Untapping South Africa’s mineral wealth potential 60 Sky Mall Get dressed to the nines 70 Go green Business savvy has a new colour 72 You can do it Motivating your employees

in short

18

going green

70

for the love of the games

40


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contents contents

BODY 64 Cook club Healthy recipes 68 Sky cellar South Africa’s top winemakers SOUL 36 Alive with possibility Good news for local investment 40 For the love of the Games 10 unforgettable Olympic moments 44 Tourist information SA's top tourist destinations 62 Musical notes SA's top destinations 76 Wordsmith Book reviews TRADE 32 Gadgets and gizmos 34 Get the most out of your smartphone 38 Tech review

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MOTORING 48 Bring it on VW Amarok goes the whole nine yards

bring it on

48

cook club

64


VODC143180/E

One Africa family. One low roaming rate With Africa Roaming you get one rate of R5.00* per MB of data and just R2.90* per minute on calls plus free incoming calls. Now it’s easy to know your roaming costs. Always get more vodacom.co.za/roam

*Terms and conditions apply. Only applicable in these six countries; Mozambique, Ghana, DRC, Kenya, Tanzania and Lesotho.


350

Number of bones in a baby’s body, as opposed to the 206 found in adults

IT belongs to everyone GiveITBack, Airlink’s partner for this venture, was established in 2009. The founder, Jonathan Michael, has international IT qualifications and worked in the IT industry both abroad and locally for more than seven years before starting GiveITBack. The company was formed with the intention of sourcing and providing technology for the purpose of IT education in South African Schools. If you would like to know more about GiveITBack, visit giveITback.co.za.

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twenty four The age at which legendary actor James Dean died in a car crash

GiveITback

Airlink is making a difference in underprivileged schools

Where would you be without access to a computer (laptop, netbook, tablet, smartphone – take your pick) and the knowledge to make it work? Probably not enjoying your current lifestyle. Computers form a large part of our lives and without experience in operating these machines, we wouldn’t be able to compete in the job market, where it is expected that you have at the very least a basic understanding of the equipment that powers business. Now imagine you live in an underprivileged community. Then add a mental and/or physical disability to the mix. Chances are people with these kinds of odds stacked against them are going to find it difficult to find employment, support a family or find the satisfaction that comes with putting in a day’s work. It might be too

late for some, but there are children for whom steady employment in this age of computers may be possible. And that’s thanks to Airlink.

Reaching out As part of its socio-economic programme, Airlink is collaborating with GiveITBack to provide needy schools in South Africa with information technology laboratories (IT labs) in an effort to provide the children with better access to learning. Ekukhanyeni Special Needs School in Pietermaritzburg was the first recipient of Airlink’s generosity. “We are investing in our own future,” says PeterPaul Ngwenya, Chairman of Airlink. “Education is too important to be left to government alone. The future belongs to those who are IT competent, which is why we


7234.15km The distance between Cape Town and Cairo

132cm

Length of the world’s longest female legs, a record held by Russia’s Svetlana Pankratova

Opposite: Some of the children at the special opening of the Airlink GiveITBack computer lab Top: The hardworking, dedicated staff at Ekukhanyeni Special Needs School in Pietermaritzburg

decided to donate computers and ensure that these kids have internet access.” The school now boasts 21 desktops (comprising 19” flat screen monitors, optical mice, headphones and DVD writers), two laptops for the staff and principal, wireless networking, a high level laser printer, a file and print server, 3G internet access and educational and office suite software. The IT lab is protected by burglar bars on the windows as well as a security gate. Other additions include electrical surge protection, an additional electrical plug, a folding door (to hide a sink), a desk for the educator, repairs to damaged walls, painting of the entire classroom, a prepaid maintenance contract and branded

signage at the school’s entrance. Maude Mthembu, principal at Ekukhanyeni, has promised that the community will make sure no harm comes to the equipment that has found a deserving home; she understands what this gift means to the children’s futures. Airlink isn’t stopping at one school. There are other schools, in other parts of the airline’s network, who will be receiving similar assistance in the near future. Airlink and GiveITBack has identified a school in Nelspruit for a similar project and it is anticipated that the roll-out will commence on 4 June 2012. Text and Photography | Kate Kennedy

Left: Kids enjoying their new IT lab Right: Jonathan Michael of GiveITBack, Maude Mthembu, Principal of Ekukhanyeni and Peter-Paul Ngwenga, Chairman of Airlink

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2.589kg

The heaviest egg laid by a living bird; an ostrich on a farm in Sweden

Info

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Leading luxury experiential travel company, &Beyond, creates life-changing journeys to breathtaking locations. Be it a bush escape, a beach getaway, a specialist safari or a selfdrive city adventure, you will be looked after every step of the way. For 20 years, the company has been committed to caring for the land, its wildlife and its people, and by travelling with &Beyond, you can rest assured that you are giving back to our planet.

19.678 seconds The time it took Tillman the English Bulldog to cover 100m on a skateboard

Escape to nature The bewitching beauty of Botswana

Imagine a wide open savannah, curious creatures from the Big Five to the Little Five, and pair this with spectacular accommodation, and expert guides who will pack your days with adventure, discovery and fun. It is a life-changing experience filled with unexpected surprises around every corner. From vast salt pans and towering baobabs, to the miraculous waters of the Okavango Delta and the striking, yet arid, beauty of the Kalahari Desert, Botswana has something for everyone. &Beyond, a leading travel

company offering bespoke unforgettable vacations, has perfected the Botswana safari circuit with its exquisite range of lodges and destinations. Escape to the enchanting Okavango Delta, one of Botswana’s most magnificent, untouched wilderness areas. Choose from a selection of luxury camps and lodges scattered about this magical place that combine seamlessly to form an unforgettable safari circuit. Spend some time soaking up the atmosphere and experience days filled with adventure, and nights wrapped in romance.


1893

The year the world’s first electric toaster was invented

forty-two

The number of little squares forming the left side trail of Microsoft’s Windows 98 logo

Opposite: Up close and personal with nature Left: Opulent settings provide the perfect getaway Bottom left: Take a break from the everyday hustle and bustle Bottom right: Explore the channels in a mokoro

To start creating your dream African adventure, visit www.andBeyond or contact your preferred travel specialist.

How to get there

In the lap of luxury &Beyond Xaranna Okavango Delta Camp is one of the hidden gems of this picturesque region. Like the water lily from which it takes its inspiration, &Beyond Xaranna nestles deep in the heart of this watery wonderland with sweeping views out onto a permanent lagoon. Set in a 25,000 hectare private wilderness concession, it is an intimate camp with just nine elegant tented suites. Each light, airy and ethereal suite boasts a romantic sala, private plunge pool, spacious veranda, indoor bathtub and outdoor shower. Expert guides reveal the unique sights and sounds of the

Delta on game drives and nature walks, and a laid-back sundowner boat cruise provides the perfect setting to marvel at the brilliant birdlife, listen to the chorus of frogs and absorb the serene surroundings. No safari to the Delta is complete without a peaceful mokoro (dug-out canoe) ride through the lush channels. From iridescent dragonflies and technicolor reed frogs, to brilliant birds and interesting insects, you can explore the Delta in all its watery glory. When you return to your luxurious suite, a candlelit bubble bath awaits, marking the perfect end to an exciting day. Text and Photography | Supplied

Airlink offers daily flights between Johannesburg and Maun www.flyairlink.com

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four

62

Record number of albino children born to one set of parents

The number that Sigmund Freud had an irrational fear of

Nature’s call Up close and personal with Africa’s wildest attractions

Accommodation • 43 Standard Rooms (all river views with balconies) • 4 Luxury Suites (including secluded private infinity pool overlooking the river and spacious lounge) • All rooms fully air-conditioned with complimentary mini-bar

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Located only 1½ hours’ transfer time from Victoria Falls, Chobe Game Lodge occupies a wonderful area in the north-eastern corner of the Chobe National Park. The newly renovated lodge is the only permanent game lodge within the park and is reputed for its abundant wildlife. Chobe National Park is home to breeding herds of elephant, numbering in the thousands, and is one of the best places in the world to watch these giants roaming free without fences; drinking, bathing, playing and even swimming in large herds across the Chobe River. Further inland, Sable antelope, Bushbuck, Eland and the rare Roan antelope can be seen, as well as the water-loving Puku and Red Lechwe antelope. There are also healthy populations of buffalo, with lion, leopard and even the endangered wild dog frequently sighted. Game cruises by boat will encounter large pods of hippo, large, seemingly-lazy crocodiles and any number of animals coming down to the river to drink. There are also more than 450 species of birds, many of which are regional specials, including the Rock Pratincole, African Skimmer, Rosy-throated Longclaw

and Schalow’s Turaco. The majestic African Fish Eagle abounds and flocks of brightly coloured bee-eaters nest along the river banks.

Activities Guests can choose from a wide array of activities including morning, afternoon and late game drives and cruises along the Chobe River. Chobe River cruises are on small, manoeuvrable skimmer boats that seat a maximum of 12 guests. Witness the spectacular phenomenon of large breeding herds of elephant swimming in formation across the Chobe River to feed on the Caprivi floodplain grass during the drier months. Enjoy up-close hippo sightings or simply enjoy the stunning Chobe sunset with a sundowner while numerous animal species gather along the banks to drink. Open-vehicle game drives are conducted by Chobe Game Lodge’s team of expert guides. Early morning or evening game drives provide the best chance to observe the activities of predators such as wild dog, lion and leopard.


276

The highest number of rounds in boxing history – a bare-knuckle fight in 1825 that saw Jack Jones beat Patsy Tunney after 4hr 30 min

For more information contact Chobe Game Lodge Tel: +27 (0) 11 394 3873 Email: reservations@ desertdelta.com Website: www.chobegamelodge.co.bw

How to get there

Here you can gain an appreciation of the numerous ecosystems and enjoy close-up views of the large volume of game for which Chobe National Park is renowned.

Sustainable tourism Chobe Game Lodge believes its unique location presents an opportunity to become leaders in sustainable tourism practice in Botswana and the world.

In 2010 Chobe Game Lodge was one of only three properties to be awarded a GREEN+ rating by the Botswana Tourism Organisation. Advanced onsite recycling efforts include can-crushing, grey water recycling for clean irrigation usage, solar heating and transforming used bottles into bricks for future community development projects. Text and Photography | Supplied

Plan your perfect holiday www.flyairlink.com

13 07 12


253km

The width of a crater formed by an asteroid that may have hit Earth 1.8 billion years ago

360km

The longest distance a deep-water lobster has been recorded to travel

CALENDAR Can’s 2012 CAN Craze competition is making possible. Held nationally, the competition encourages schools or learners to build a structure out of 300 or more used cans, in the most creative way possible, and the winning entrants are awarded cash prizes. Entries will close on 30 September 2012. Participation in the competition can be individual or in teams. Pictures of structures need to be submitted to Collect-a-Can along with a completed entry form, which can be obtained from Collect-a-Can branches or from www. collectacan.co.za.  until 30 September  Nationwide i 011 466 2939 WESTERN CAPE

George Cheese Festival Experience the best in local flavours at the 10th George Cheese Festival. This well-known festival promises to treat your palate to a spectacular spread of culinary experiences. This year again, the Tour de Cheese, Academy of Whiskey, Brandy Boulevard, Portfolio of Port and a host of other special events will don its finest garb for the culinary celebration taking place. The Vodacom George Cheese Festival has a very strong charity support system and over the last four years, the event has ploughed more than R200,000 back into the community.  27 to 29 July  George i info@georgecheesefestival.co.za

Knysna Oyster Festival The Knysna Oyster Festival has something for everyone, from running, cycling and adventure racing, to wine and whiskey tastings, cooking competitions, food and wine pairings, gala evenings, live music, a specialised children’s programme and of course – oysters. The sporting events at the festival have become synonymous with

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athletes testing their abilities, skills and endurance in some of the most anticipated and varied extreme events on the Western Cape sporting calendar. Other activities include the Wade Bales Wine Festival, the Pick ‘n Pay Oyster and Wine Mardi Gras and the Knysna Lyster Company Shucking Competition.  6 to 15 July  Knysna i nicci@knysnapr.co.za

JOHANNESBURG

K WA Z U L U - N ATA L

Vodacom Durban July Thousands of people are expected to witness South Africa’s best Thoroughbreds storm down the home straight to the finish at the R2 million, Grade 1 Vodacom July. It’s an event that combines fashion and entertainment with the sport of kings. There are plenty of hospitality packages available. This is certainly not an event to be missed.  7 July  Greyville Racecourse, Durban i vodacomjuly.co.za

Nationwide Who would have thought that a pile of trash could win you a share of R50,000 cash? But this is exactly what Collect-a-

Le Corsaire Based on a poem by Lord Byron, Le Corsaire is an exotic tale of love and adventure and a glittering showcase of virtuoso dancing in classical ballet’s grandest style. Le Corsaire is a breathtaking spectacle and a treasure trove of some of the most legendary highlights in the entire ballet repertoire. The play is presented by Mzansi Productions and The South African Ballet Theatre.  20 to 29 July  Joburg Theatre i 0861 670 670


2,000BC

180

The year the first known contraceptive was used in Egypt – crocodile dung

AUTO

Introducing the world’s most expensive car A classic Ferrari, first built for Sir Stirling Moss, recently sold for a world record £22.7 million (R299 million), making it the most expensive car in the world.

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The 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO, owned by UK-based businessman Eric Heerema, was sold to a collector in the USA. It was one of eight classic Ferraris sold over from May to June for a total of £97million (about R1.2 billion) amid high demand in the classic car market. John Collins, who runs Talacrest, a specialist Ferrari dealer in Berkshire, UK, has been involved in five of the eight deals. He refused to identify buyers or sellers but confirmed Ferraris were now extremely valuable investments. “If someone wanted to sell their 250 GTO, I could find a buyer in 30 seconds,” he said. Only 39 of the 250 GTOs were made between 1962 and 1964 with company

The number of litres of saliva a cow can produce in a single day

founder Enzo Ferrari selling them for £6,000 (about R72,000). Other owners include Ralph Lauren and Pink Floyd star Nick Mason. Source: Daily Mail

BIZARRE

paperwork claiming that the footbridge over the disused railway track had to come down. The thieves said they had been hired to demolish the bridge, and remove the unwanted railway track to make way for a new cycle route. It was only after they had gone that officials realised they’d been had. The cost of replacing the bridge will run into millions. BUSINESS

No more Eskom blackouts?

Metal thieves make away with ten-ton bridge Metal thieves in the Czech Republic dismantled an entire ten-ton bridge and more than 190m of track. The gang reportedly arrived at a depot in Slavkov, in the east of the country, with forged

Public Enterprises Minister Malusi Gigaba recently assured South Africans that the country is past “painful periods” of blackouts and load shedding during the winter. Speaking recently about the state of the country’s electricity system, he said much had been done to ensure there was enough power supply for the entire country. But he has called on South Africans to save at least 10% of their power consumption to ensure there was enough back-up. “We have ensured that


600,000 The number of engineers China produced in 2005

our people do not have to deal with load shedding. But we urge all South Africans to work with us in saving electricity because we cannot do this alone.” Gigaba has been spearheading the 49M campaign, which encourages electricity consumers to save electricity by switching off any unused appliances and plugs. “We will do all we have to do to keep the lights on during this winter period, but we need you to work with us by reducing the demand and curbing illegal connections,” added Gigaba. Eskom Chief Executive Brian Dames said the state-owned power supplier was on track to clear its maintenance backlog by 2013. “We are doing unprecedented levels of maintenance and the target is to eliminate all backlogs by the end of 2013. Previously, we employed the strategy of shifting maintenance on the power stations in order to meet demands, but we are not doing that anymore,” said Dames. He added that the national grid was under strain mostly in the evenings between 5pm and 7pm, as this was the peak period. Source: IOL

U N B ELIE VA B L E

R13 million lotto ticket found on fridge A UK couple scooped R13 million on EuroMillions – with a ticket that had been stuck on their fridge for more than two months. Alan and Kim Elliot walked past the ticket every day, unaware it was the winner of a draw held in March. They only discovered they had struck lucky two months later when Mr Elliot, building worker of Nottingham, took several old tickets to his local newsagent to be checked. The couple have missed out on around R99,200 in interest by not banking their win at the time. But they said they weren’t going to let that worry them – and now plan to splash out on holidays and a Range Rover. Source: Daily Mail


7.3m

The length of the world’s longest snake in captivity, a record held by a now-deceased python called Fluffy

6 years

The time it took for Leo Tolstoy to write War & Peace

become an app on other mobile platforms,” a Facebook employee told the New York Times. Facebook has admitted that it is working across the entire mobile industry, with operators, hardware manufacturers, OS providers and application developers, to bring powerful social experiences to more people around the world. Source: IOL

BIZARRE

TECHNOLOGY

Apple leads the vibrant pack Seven ‘tech’ brands have topped a ‘most-vibrant brand’ list compiled by the brand development and marketing insight consultancy, Added Value.

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On the list, which disclosed the 10 most ‘culturally vibrant’ brands, are Apple (first), Google (second), Amazon (third), Sony (4), Microsoft (5), Facebook (6) and Samsung (7). Only positions 8, 9 and 10 are occupied by brands that don’t operate in the technology sector. They are Harley-Davidson, Ikea and Subway respectively. Added Value’s American office studied 50 brands across nine broad sectors including apparel, automotive, beer and technology to provide a quantitative understanding of a brand’s relevance in a market’s cultural zeitgeist. According to Added Value’s Dr Inka Crosswaite, although the study was done in the US, it certainly has relevance for local brand managers. “The purpose of the survey, Cultural Traction, is to measure cultural relevance as an early indicator of brand success,” said Dr Crosswaite. “The ‘vibrancy’ of each brand is measured across four dimensions, each of which represents a statistical clustering of culturally-significant attributes that describe how Visionary, Inspiring, Bold and Exciting (VIBE) a brand is perceived to be by consumers.”

Crosswaite stressed that its significance for SA brand owners and managers is that the results of this year’s study have been driven by three key shifts in culture. These are not unique to the US market but are gaining momentum in SA and other countries around the world. For complete case study details, visit www.addedvalue.com/culturaltraction. Source: IOL

TECHNOLOGY

Buffy, the iPhone slayer Facebook hopes to release its own smartphone by next year, the New York Times recently reported. The company has hired more than half a dozen software and hardware engineers who have worked on Apple's bestselling iPhone, and one engineer who has iPad experience, the paper said. It has also expanded a group working on a partnership with Taiwan's HTC to create a smartphone codenamed ‘Buffy’. One former Apple engineer, who worked on the iPhone and was recruited, said he had met with Facebook Chief Mark Zuckerberg “who then peppered him with questions about the inner workings of smartphones,” the report said. “Mark is worried that if he doesn't create a mobile phone in the near future, that Facebook will simply

Cop sets ferris wheel record Los Angeles Police Detective, Gus Martinez, recently spent a headspinning, record-breaking 25 hours on a Ferris wheel. Martinez climbed aboard the 40m tall wheel at Santa Monica Pier's Pacific Park at 7.30am on Thursday, 31 May. Except for hourly fiveminute breaks, he didn't stop riding it until 8.30am the next day. Several hours into his run, he didn't even bother to take some of the allotted breaks. The previous mark, 24 hours and 30 minutes, was set by a woman in Dublin, Ireland, last year. Martinez agreed to ride the wheel to help raise money for the Southern California Special Olympics. His son, who has Down syndrome, competes in Olympic events and accompanied him on part of his recordbreaking ride. The 18-year police veteran, who is assigned to the LAPD's special crime task force, acknowledged he doesn't like heights and doesn't much care for Ferris wheels either. What's more, he did nothing special to prepare for his marathon effort. To pass the time riding after the park closed, Martinez talked on his cellphone, checked his iPad and sometimes watched a big screen TV that had been installed for him. Source: The Telegraph


sixty

672

The number of years Prince Charles has been the heir-apparent to the British throne

The international telephone dialling code for Antarctica

Get the answer Just in case our puzzles are sending you around the bend, here are the solutions. Puzzles can be found on page 91.

Sudoku

Challenging

Easy

MEDICAL

New brain scan technology Harvard scientists have developed hi-tech new methods to explore inside the human brain using magnetic resonance scanning.

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Professor Jan Wedeen claims that the rainbowcoloured scans offer the first real insight into the pathways of the human brain's 100 billion cells – and how it works. “The brain we’ve been looking at with conventional scans all these years is not the real brain,” says Wedeen. “We’re just seeing a shadow of its surfaces.” Professor Jeff Lichtman, also from Harvard, has developed a related technique used for tracing the connecting pathways between each neuron in animal brains. Using just three colours he is able to tag nerve cells with a certain colour before tracing the connections – a task that would take hundred thousand years using traditional methods. Lichtman said, “The human brain is the most complicated object in the known universe. It holds our memories and our fears, processes information and allows us to see, hear and feel. But we don’t have real tools to understand it. There’s a whole class of disorders of the nervous system that people suspect are due to defects in the connections between nerve cells, but we just don’t have the means to trace the connections.” These pathways can then be used by scientists to create a 3-D map of the intricate networks that make up our brain. For a long time it was thought that the brain was a mass of tangled wires, but researchers recently found that its fibres are actually set up like a chess board, crossing at right-angles. This new technology may reveal individual

Battleships Easy

differences in brain connections that could aid diagnosis and treatment of brain disorders. Source: Daily Mail

Read more about brain scan technology in the July/August issue of Braintainment, the magazine that surprises. SPORT

Olympic light show A state-of-the-art lighting system, aimed at brightening London Bridge and highlighting its architectural features, will be switched on during this year’s London Olympic Games. The energy-efficient bulbs, which vary in intensity, will beam from the central London landmark where giant Olympic Rings and the

Medium

Paralympic Agitos, the swirling symbol of the Paralympics, will shine for the duration of the Games. Work began in November to fit the 1,800 LED lights, 2,000m of LED linear lights, 5,000m of cable and 1,000 junction boxes necessary to create the extraordinary effect. The glittering makeover, officially to mark London 2012, was also used to help light up the Queen's Diamond Jubilee in early June, when Tower Bridge shined a brilliant white. With legacy the byword of the preparations for the London Games, organisers announced the lights will last far beyond the summer Games. In fact, the lights will continue to brighten the bridge for the next 25 years, having been funded through a deal between the Mayor, City of London and Olympic sponsors GE and EDF. Source: The Telegraph


1982

31,557,600

The year Diet Coke was invented

ENVIRONMENT

Heat warning for power stations

Warmer water and reduced river flows will cause more power disruptions for nuclear and coal-fired power plants in the United States and Europe in future, scientists say, and lead to a rethink on how best to cool power stations in a hotter world. In a study published in June, a team of European and US scientists focused on projections of rising temperatures and lower river levels in summer and how these impacts would affect power plants dependent on river water for cooling. The authors predict that coal and nuclear power generating capacity between 2031 and 2060 will decrease by between 4 and 16% in the United States, and a 6 to 19% decline in Europe due to lack of cooling water. The likelihood of extreme drops in power generation, either complete or almost-total shutdowns, was projected to almost triple. “This study suggests that our reliance on thermal cooling is something that we're going to have to revisit,” said co-author Dennis Lettenmaier, a professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Washington in Seattle. Coal, nuclear and gas plants turn large amounts of water into steam to spin a turbine. They also rely on water at consistent temperatures to cool the turbines and any spike in river water temperatures can affect a plant's operation.

The number of seconds in a year

They also point to US and European laws enshrining strict environmental standards for the volume of water withdrawn by plants and the temperature of the water discharged. Adaptation strategies include placing new plants near the sea or building more gas-fired power plants, which are more efficient and use less water. Source: Daily Mail

S PAC E

Ready for lift-off

SpaceShipTwo, a commercial six-passenger spacecraft owned by Virgin Galactic, has been cleared by the US Federal Aviation Administration to begin rocketpowered suborbital test flights.

Manufacturer Scaled Composites of Mojave, California, recently received a oneyear experimental launch permit for test flights beyond the atmosphere. The sixpassenger, two-pilot spacecraft is based on the prototype SpaceShipOne, also built by Scaled. SpaceShipOne made three suborbital hops beyond the atmosphere, each with a solo pilot aboard, ultimately reaching an altitude of nearly 112km above Earth. It is now on display at the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum in Washington. Virgin Galactic is owned by British billionaire Richard Branson's Virgin Group and Aabar Investments PJS. Branson hired SpaceShipOne designer Burt Rutan, who has since retired from Scaled, to create a fleet of spaceships for commercial use. Virgin Galactic has taken deposits from more than 500 people for rides, which cost $200,000 (R1.6 million). NASA's first two manned spaceflights in 1961, by Mercury astronauts Alan Shepard and Virgil ‘Gus’ Grissom, were suborbital flights. SpaceShipTwo will be flown into the air beneath a carrier jet and released. Once separated, the spaceship's rocket engine will fire to blast it into the sky. SpaceShipTwo has completed 16 free flight tests. A date for the start of Virgin Galactic's commercial spaceflights has not yet been set. Source: Daily Mail

23 07 12


panorama

Light fantastic A night view of the historic Cologne Cathedral, Germany. Begun in 1248, the construction of this Gothic masterpiece took place in several stages and was not completed until 1880. It is now classified as a UNESCO Heritage Site.

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waters

Clearing murky

Is workplace victimisation prohibited?

26 07 12


Often an employee may query the legal terms found in the Labour Relations Act (LRA), Employment Equity Act (EEA), other statutes and in case law. The volume of such requests is not surprising because: •

There are numerous legal terms in labour law that are confusing, unclear, ambiguous and vague; • Many of these terms are undefined in the LRA and EEA despite the fact that these acts have definitions sections; • Those terms that are defined in the statutes are sometimes still confusing because the definition is incomplete or unclear and therefore open to interpretation; • Court judges and arbitrators, via their judgements and awards, quite often disagree with each other on the meaning of certain terms and how they should be applied. In light of these legal uncertainties employers, employees and trade unions struggle to understand and agree on the requirements of the law because the meaning of the law is itself a reason for dispute. In practical terms, when labour law is unclear, then employers are unsure of how they should act when legal steps need to be taken and employees are unsure what workplace rights they have and how far their rights extend. The legal terms and concepts that appear to confuse employers and employees include, among many others, the following: Victimisation, reasonable, sufficient, unfair dismissal, evidence, going concern, racial abuse, sexual discrimination, accumulated leave, consultation, automatically unfair, desertion and reinstatement. In this article, we will address the issue of victimisation in the workplace.

Following the letter of the law Labour legislation avoids dealing directly with the concept of ‘workplace victimisation’. It is not found anywhere in the Labour Relations Act (LRA). This is most surprising in view of the fact that one of the key purposes of the LRA is to give effect to the Constitutional

provision for the right to fair labour practice. The LRA does, to an extent, deal with the issue of victimisation in an indirect way. For example, sections 5, 185 and 186(2) of the LRA deal with certain unfair practices (short of dismissal) that could amount to victimisation. And chapter 2 of the EEA also alludes to practices that could constitute victimisation. These sections attempt to define and prohibit the following acts on the part of employers: •

• •

• • •

Info lvan lsraelstam is Chief Executive of Labour Law Management Consulting. He may be contacted on 011 888-7944 or email address: labourlaw@cinet.co.za. This article first appeared in The Star.

Preventing employees or job applicants from joining trade unions or carrying out lawful trade union activities; bribing employees or prejudicing them so as to avoid or halt their lawful trade union activity or to disadvantage employees/applicants due to past trade union involvement; Prejudice an employee or job applicant due to his/ her legitimate disclosure of information; Prejudice an employee or job applicant who has previously or who may exercise any right conferred by the LRA; Bribe any job applicant not to exercise any right conferred by the LRA; Unfair promotion, demotion, suspension, discipline, training or provision of benefits Unfair conduct on the employer’s part in relation to probation or contravention of the Protection of Disclosures Act 26 of 2000. Unfair discrimination and harassment.

While labour law does, as outlined above, deal with many types of employee mistreatment that could constitute ‘victimisation’ there are a number of large gaps in the LRA and EEA. For instance, these acts do not specifically prohibit an employer from shouting at, assaulting or making unfair threats against an employee. The acts also do not specifically prohibit the employer from moving the employee out of his/her office into a draughty passage or from transferring the employee from location to location purely in order to coerce the employee into resigning. Section 186(e) does consider a forced resignation as a dismissal but this does not help an employee who cannot afford to resign in order to avoid victimisation. Text | Ivan Israelstram Photography | Shutterstock

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Dawn of We are standing on the edge of a technology revolution

Dr Graeme Codrington is the Director of TomorrowToday, a strategic insights consultancy, and is an author, speaker and international expert on the future world of work. Read his daily blog at www. newworldofwork.co.uk.

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The computer age began nearly 80 years ago, with the first freely programmable computer, the Z1, in 1936. The first microprocessor was released in 1971. Since then, computer technology has spurned on at a frantic pace. By the end of this decade we might be able to buy a R5,000 notebook computer with as much computing power as the human brain. This will change everything about how we live and work.

But, let’s confine our thoughts to what’s happening around us right now. In the last two years, the advances we’ve made in computing power (measured in processing speed, storage capacity, bandwidth and size) have meant that computers have now caught up with our imaginations. Many of the functions we’ve been dreaming about for a number of years (remember the promises of fridges that could keep themselves filled up by doing your internet shopping for you?) are now a reality. The driving force behind all of this is how much data computers can now capture, process and use. There is almost no aspect of life that will be untouched by this increased ability to process data.


an era 29 07 12


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Where to sir? Recently, for example, the state of Nevada in the USA granted a driving license to Google’s driverless car, making it legal to drive on the roads. We all use GPS satnavs, so the ability to navigate through a network of streets is something you already let a computer help you do. The actual driving is just a series of realtime observations of the road around you and quick responses that give instructions to a mechanical object. This is ideally suited for computers, and Google started working on creating a car that needs no driver a few years ago. Today, you can fly into Nevada airport, get into one of these cars, set the destination on the GPS and sit back and do your work, have something to eat and drink or even sleep (if you can), while the car drives itself through the streets of Las Vegas. The medical industry is also set to benefit from the advancement of technology. A little over a decade ago, scientists unveiled the human genome. It took at least 10 years and billions of rands to sequence human DNA. Now, it’s possible to have your DNA sequenced for less than R3,500 in under a day. This also means that doctors can give you personalised medication. Together with our ability to use medical robotics and our understanding of genetics in food, we are dramatically increasing our life expectancy. Right now, you are living one day longer every week you are alive. Never before in human history has life expectancy been increasing as fast as it is now.

digital world, speak ‘digital’ as their first language, prefer to send text messages instead of speaking and are permanently connected to their smartphones.

On your marks, get set, go It is remarkable how few companies are keeping up with technology changes these days. Restrictive IT policies, paranoia about security (often without purpose or merit), outdated communication processes, lack of investment in up-to-date technology, and a lack of vision and imagination about how our ability to process data will change the world of work are all holding many companies back.Younger staff in particular are frustrated and hamstrung. And all the time, new competitors and opportunities lurk in the sidelines. The world is about to change. Augmented reality, big data, virtualisation, robotics, cloud computing, mobile, the internet of things: all of these phrases will soon be well known and well-used in your industry, at your company and in your day-to-day work. Look them up. Understand their implications. And take hold of the future before it takes hold of you.

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Text | Dr Graeme Codrington Photography | Supplied

It’s not just the technology As exciting – and scary – as all this might be, it’s actually only half the story. There is another driver behind technology change, and it’s a generation of young people born in the last 20 years. These young people are digital natives. They have grown up in a

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HTC’s new flagship One ex Apple user Stats Network Features HSDPA 21Mbps, HSUOA Screen 720x1280, 4.7-inch Super IPS capacitive touch screen Storage 32GB internal Extras Raw image processor, beatsaudio, wireless video out.

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Once in a while there is a phone that assuredly ushers us into the future and draws a cruel line between old and new. The HTC One X shatters every boundary to date and is faster, more capable and arguably better looking than any other Android device to date. While that status is usually short-lived in this arena, there’s more to the One X than just specs. Rather than cram in a checklist of features, it feels like this phone was loved from conception… and it was. The screen is melded with the petite chassis so that it protrudes along the sides but is flush at the top and bottom

where your fingers will slide over the Android controls. That’s just looking at the phone from the outside, as it boasts the innards of a high-end Android tablet, with an extra CPU core just for photography and a battery that somehow lasts longer than a day. The screen is incredibly bright and responsive and HTC Sense 4 is without a doubt destined for the next battery of root ROMS because it’s just that good. The One X will even sync your iTunes library.

Score: ★ ★ ★ Text | Nicholas Boerma


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App your life Get smart about your choice of mobile device These days, when looking at a smartphone or tablet, one must consider the app store that supports the device in question. There are five main app stores: Apple’s App Store, Google’s Android Play Store, Nokia’s Ovi Store, Blackberry’s App World and Microsoft’s Windows Phone Marketplace. What these stores offer is the ability to take the functionality of your device to a whole new level, but while some stores are packed to the brim with apps and content, other stores are relatively barren.

Apple App Store

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Apple’s App Store might technically not have been the first app store but it’s by far the biggest and most popular. It was launched in 2008, the same time the iPhone 3G was released, and as of February this year there were over 725,000 third-party apps with over 25 billion downloads. The App Store is available for Apple’s iPod, iPad and iPhone devices and is the only approved method of getting apps onto these devices (unless you choose to ‘jailbreak’ them which voids the warranty). The number of iPad exclusive apps sits at over 140,000. The App Store has its flaws – one of the biggest being the approval process, which

has frustrated many developers whose apps have been rejected for the weirdest reasons. Furthermore developers aren’t allowed to publish the reasons why their apps were rejected due to strict NDAs that prohibit the revelation of the reasons behind the rejection. Apple is very strict on its ratings and will remove an app from the App Store if it contains any questionable material, much to the annoyance of adults who want some ‘questionable’ content.

movies and millions of songs available to download, the Play Store has a lot of content that makes it very attractive to those in countries where that content is available. Any song that is purchased in the Play Store is automatically stored on the Google Play server allowing access to the music without needing the downloaded copy, however, this service is currently only available in the United States.

Android Play Store

Nokia’s Ovi Store was launched in early 2009 and is the third biggest app store with over 117,000 apps available for download. The Ovi Store offers access to apps, music and videos and is aimed at Nokia’s Series 40, Series 60 and Symbian devices, with the apps for Nokia’s Lumia devices being taken care of by Microsoft’s Windows Phone Marketplace. One area where Nokia’s Ovi platform trumps the rest is its Ovi Music Store, which has over 11 million tracks available for download which are also DRM-free, meaning they can be transferred from your phone to your PC without restrictions. More importantly, Nokia’s Music Store is available in South Africa.

The Play Store has undergone a name change from the original Android Market after the Android Market and Google’s Music service were merged. The Play Store not only sells apps but also includes other content like books, music and movies. The Play Store was launched late 2008 and by May of this year has over 500,000 apps which have been downloaded 15 billion times. Access to the multimedia content of the Play Store is limited due to certification issues as well as content rights holders not permitting their content to be distributed in certain countries. With more than three million books (most of which are free), thousands of

Ovi Store


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Blackberry App World

Windows Phone Marketplace

RIM’s BlackBerry App World went live in 2009 and has accumulated over 99,000 apps with a total, as of February this year, of two billion downloads. To promote development for the BlackBerry OS, RIM does not currently charge developers to submit their applications to the App World. The App World is one of the smaller app stores and it is struggling to compete with the bigger players like Apple and Google. But since the benefits of a BlackBerry device are already built into its core, there are very few apps that are musthaves, which includes the cross-platform IM Whatsapp, Twitter and Facebook. Furthermore, many of the apps that are available from the App World offer no real value compared to those available for free on other phones.

The Windows Phone Marketplace is the smallest of all the five major app stores with only 92,000+ apps available, but it is the youngest, having only been launched in October 2010. Windows Phone apps have to be approved by Microsoft and although the facilities exist to load apps from other sources, these will invalidate your warranty. Microsoft aims to create a store similar to that of Apple by implementing strict policies regarding adult or similar content which sees the app getting banned. Any content purchased on the Marketplace can be accessed on a PC which means that you are not forced to watch or listen to it on your phone. Text: Michael Reed

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Alive

In recent years, Africa’s gross domestic product (GDP) has increased more rapidly than the European Union’s, growing by a staggering 67% between 2000 and 2008. It is estimated that the continent’s economy will grow at about 5.5% this year alone. “Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe made a profound statement at the Ernst & Young Strategic Growth Forum last year,” adds Thomson. “He said, ‘Africa is replete with possibilities’ and he’s right. The world is flocking to every corner of this continent in search of new markets, new suppliers and new opportunities. SAITEX already has over 800 exhibitors from 32 countries signed up for this year’s show; we’re expecting 15,000 visitors from 54 countries. SAITEX is an ideal platform for all business operators, from the largest corporations to the smallest SMMEs, to network and increase international market share; it also acts as a forum for government and investment agencies to showcase their projects. A vast range of products will be on show, encompassing the full spectrum of retail goods, from fast moving consumer goods and retail-ready products, food and beverages, textiles, sports equipment, footwear and leather products, to homeware and décor, kitchenware and appliances, white goods and cookware, indoor, outdoor and office furniture, cellular communications, electronic equipment and home entertainment, as well as tools, hardware and building supplies. This year’s SAITEX is introducing more businessfocused components into the mix – the Future of Trade Africa 2012 briefing and the DHL BRICS Africa Export Import Forum being just two of them. The Future of Trade Africa briefing provides delegates with all the strategies and solutions needed to navigate the politics, economics, demographics, languages, regulations and red tape in Africa. The new DHL BRICS Africa Export Import Forum showcases some of the services and support available for South African businesses exploring trade in Africa and BRIC countries, such as transport supply chains, trade agencies, export/import consultants, banks, credit guarantors, insurers, trainers and media. “More than 80% of SAITEX exhibitors are foreign companies,” continues Thomson. “They recognise the benefits of exhibiting, and value the opportunities to network with, and sell to, African buyers. South African business owners don’t need to travel to 54 countries around the world; those 54 countries are coming here,” concludes Thomson.

with possibilities

Africa’s economic outlook is bright

one

SAITEX takes place at Gallagher Convention Centre from 15 to 17July. To see more go to www.youtube. com and in the top search window type ‘Saitex 2011’.

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of the most significant trends in business today is a growing interest in Africa. This is according to John Thomson, Managing Director of Exhibition Management Services, organisers of the Southern African International Trade Exhibition (SAITEX). “Africa’s burgeoning middle class population is becoming the world’s most exciting emerging market, not only for retail products, but also for manufacturing and service industries. SAITEX is a platform for the world to interface with Africa and a showcase for everything Africa has to offer.”

Text & Photography | Supplied


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M IT NEWS

MIT CELEBRATES 150 YEARS

BIOMEDICINE

Forecasting heart attacks

Published by MIT

A new test could tell doctors when danger is imminent

SPECIAL ISSUE

EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES BREAKTHROUGHS THAT ARE BURSTING INTO OUR LIVES P41

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May/June 2011 www.technologyreview.com

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Skyways with MIT's Technology Review brings you the latest innovations in the tech field

RESULTS: An automated procedure typically used in cancer care and research was used to measure and characterise a type of cells called circulating endothelial cells, which are associated with heart attacks. The test showed that levels of the cells in heart attack victims were four times higher than in healthy people. The cells were also larger and abnormally shaped, and they had multiple nuclei. WHY IT MATTERS: Although stress tests and other procedures can detect problems that could lead to heart attacks, they don’t predict when a heart attack will occur. In some cases, people who appear healthy according to these tests have heart attacks just a few days later. Researchers have known that circulating endothelial cells are connected to heart attacks, but doctors lacked a good way to test for them. Because the test the researchers used can detect elevated levels of the cells and can recognise cellular abnormalities that are closely associated with heart attacks, it might help doctors identify people who are at imminent risk and take preventive measures, such as putting them on medication to prevent a blood clot or monitoring them in the hospital. METHODS: Using a commercially available type of fluorescence microscopy, the researchers isolated and imaged circulating endothelial cells from blood samples of 50 emergency-room patients who had had heart attacks. They compared the results with tests on a group of 44 healthy people. NEXT STEPS: Before the test can be used clinically, the results must be replicated. Researchers hope to develop a commercial blood test within two years. Source | "Characterisation of Circulating Endothelial Cells in Acute Myocardial Infarction"

Milestone for personalised medicine A detailed study predicts the onset of diabetes and shows that treatment works

Like this article? For more intelligent reads check out for knowledge

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RESULTS: After sequencing his own genes, Stanford University geneticist Michael Snyder discovered that he had a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. He and colleagues measured changes to 40,000 of his biological variables that could be associated with diabetes, such as gene and metabolite activity. After he developed the disease, the data they’d collected revealed the precise time of onset: his diabetes seems to have been triggered by a cold. They observed how the disease changed the variables they were monitoring. Treatment, including diet and exercise, returned the molecular

markers that reflected diabetes to their normal state. WHY IT MATTERS: The case study is one of the most extensive biological profiles of an individual to date and the first to closely monitor molecular changes as a disease progresses. The results show that genomics can be combined with dynamic molecular and physiological data to identify the beginning of a disease sooner than is possible with conventional measures, and to closely track the effect of treatment. This might lead to personalised treatments that improve patient health. METHODS: Researchers sequenced Snyder’s DNA and transcription RNA, which copies DNA, and generated profiles of his protein, metabolite, and antibody levels. They monitored changes over the course of 14 months, taking 20 blood samples and analysing a total of three billion data points. NEXT STEPS: The researchers plan to use the new approach to study more patients, with the goal of identifying the most useful biological markers for diabetes and gaining new insight into its triggers. This could help them reduce the number of biological markers that need to be studied, which is essential to making personalised medicine affordable. Collecting the data for the study cost $2,500 per blood sample, a figure that doesn’t include the cost of analysing the data. Eventually, the researchers plan to apply the approach to understanding and treating other diseases. Source | “Personal Omics Profiling Reveals Dynamic Molecular and Medical Phenotypes”


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One moment in time Celebrations and controversies at the Olympic Games

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The Olympic Games is considered by many to be a celebration of humanity and is a fitting tribute to those who have the grit, determination and perseverance to be the best they can be. Since the first Games of the modern era in 1896, there have been moments that have epitomised the spirit of the sporting spectacle. However, the world’s premier sporting event is not without controversy. Here are 10 moments that have defined the Olympics – some great and some that got tongues wagging for the wrong reasons.

10

Fall from grace Jim Thorpe was called ‘the greatest athlete in the world’ after he won both the Decathlon and Pentathlon miles at the 1912 Games. However, he was later stripped of his gold medals when the International Olympic Committee (IOC) discovered that he had already played professional baseball and softball. Despite much heated protest, the IOC stood adamant until 1982 when Thorpe was posthumously re-awarded.

9

Setting the record straight If ever a circumstance could show that sport is intrinsic to culture, that it can hold a mirror up to politics and people, then it’s Jesse Owens performing at the 1936 Olympics. Three years before the onset of World War II, Adolf Hitler had pinned high hopes on the 1936 Games because the competitions in it offered the perfect opportunity to provide evidence for his belief in the racial superiority of Aryans. Owens – himself suffering under the oppression of racial segregation in his own nation, the US – proved the Führer wrong and went on to win four gold medals, which was nothing short of inspiring.

8

Marathon mayhem With a little over seven kilometres to the finish line, Brazil’s Vanderlei de Lima was enjoying a comfortable lead in the marathon at the 2004 Olympics. Suddenly, the athlete was attacked by a protester in a green beret with a placard saying “ The Grand Prix Priest. Israel’s fulfilment of prophecy says the Bible, the second coming is near.” The attacker was Neil Horan, a defrocked Roman Catholic Priest, known for interrupting sporting events. De Lima nevertheless

recovered and finished the race in third position. The IOC also awarded the determined runner the Pierre de Coubertin Medal for his sportsmanship.

7

In the Flo To this day, American Florence Griffith-Joyner holds the world record for both the women’s 100m and 200m sprint which she set at the 1988 Olympic Games. Surprisingly Flo Jo retired just one year later. Nobody quite knows why, but with her death, at 38, coming ten years later and being linked by some to drug use, it is contested now that the reason for the abrupt end to her career – as well as her immense success – might well have been the same.

6

Defiant salute In protest against racial discrimination in the United States, Tommie Smith and John Carlos –

Jesse Owen’s performance at the 1936 Games was a slap in the face for Adolf Hitler

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Muhammad Ali is still revered as one of the greatest athletes of all time

bronze and gold medallists respectively in the 1968 Mexico City Games’ men’s 200m – climbed the medal podium barefooted and wearing civil rights movement buttons. While Star Spangled Banner was being played, they raised their black-gloved fists and bowed their heads. Their gesture was later known as the black panther salute in support of the Black Panther Party that advanced social justice. Both athletes were subsequently suspended and banned from the Olympic village as their defiant act was branded a dishonour to the United States.

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Still the greatest Muhammad Ali is arguably the greatest boxer ever, and also one of the most controversial as well as heroic, for throwing away the Olympic gold medal he received in the sport in 1960. He discarded his prized trophy after being refused a drink at the bar of a ‘white’s only’ restaurant, claiming he did not want to represent a nation that would do that to him. Ali has become a recurrent symbol for the triumph of the human spirit – in sporting contexts and otherwise.

Suffering from Parkinson’s syndrome, Ali was chosen to light the Olympic torch at the 1996 Games. In honour of his achievements, he was presented with a new gold medal to replace the one he threw away.

4

Catch me if you can Michael Phelps out-touched fellow countryman, Ian Crocker, in the 100m butterfly for the closest finish of his six gold medal races at the 2004 Olympics. The tally was one short of Mark Spitz’s seven golds at the 1972 Games, but Phelps’ eight medals overall were the most by any athlete at a non-boycotted Games. Phelps trained six hours a day for six days a week and also consumed an astounding 12,000 calories each day – six times more than the average human consumes.

3

Cheats in the ring It appeared at the 1988 Games in Seoul that the South Korean boxers were already assured of gold. Firstly, American Roy Jones Jr. dominated his Korean foe to the point that nowhere was the fight even close. In the end, Park Si-Hun won this match in the light-


The Olympic Games epitomises strength, determination and the human spirit

middleweight division to the dismay of his American opponent. According to spectators, Jones clearly won the match, but the judges insisted Park had won. In the bantamweight division on the other hand, Byun Jong-il lay on the canvas motionless when the verdict was announced he had lost to his Bulgarian opponent. He refused to leave the ring for 67 minutes until the organisers turned off all lights.

2

Friends no more At the women’s 3,000m final in 1984, American Mary Decker and South African Zola Budd bumped into each other twice. Budd was slightly in front, and at the second bump, Decker’s spikes caught Budd’s heel. The South African was, as usual, running barefoot. Her left leg shot out as she stumbled, tripping Decker. The American pitched forward and crashed to

the floor on the infield grass, clutching her right thigh. She was unable to get up and was carried from the track in tears, her race over.

1

Making a splash Since re-admission, South Africa’s swimmers have fared well in the international arena. In 2004, the team of Roland Schoeman, Lyndon Ferns, Darian Townsend and Ryk Neethling clocked three minutes and 13.17 seconds to triumph over the Netherlands and a much fancied US team. The triumph was the Rainbow Nation’s fourth gold medal since re-admission to the Olympics in 1992, adding to the two won by swimmer Penny Heyns in Atlanta and the marathon gold by Josia Thugwane at the same Olympics. Text | Arno Visagie

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T A H T T O G S ' A C I R F A H SOUT

R O T C A F W O W TURE FOR U F IC T IS IM TS OPT INDABA PAIN

TOURISM

When tourism minister Marthinus van Schalkwyk addressed delegates at Indaba in May, he sowed the seeds of prosperity in the tourism industry. The statistics and projected figures augur well for tourism and the mood among exhibitors was that the green shoots after the post World Cup lull are starting to emerge. Already, some of South Africa’s destinations are wellknown among the international tourism market. We take a look at some of the hot tourist spots in the Airlink network.

Cape Winelands, Western Cape

South Africa boasts some of the world’s best golf courses

The Cape Winelands is a beautiful wine-growing area stretching from Paarl, Franschhoek and Stellenbosch all the way over the Hottentots Holland mountain range to Montague and Robertson, showcasing more than 200 different wine estates. These world-class estates offer wine tasting and some offer cellar tours providing a fascinating insight to the winemaking industry. The scenery is magical with dramatic mountain backdrops and endless vineyards that change colours with the changing seasons.

Hermanus, Western Cape

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Known as the best land-based whale-watching destination in the world, Hermanus is visited by Southern Right Whales between May and December every year. Moving north from the cold Antarctic, attracted by the warmer waters along the South African coastline and the calm waters of the protected bays, they come to mate and calve. The most spectacular close-up

sightings of these gentle giants can be seen from the rocky coastline or from a licensed chartered boat offering exhilarating boat-based whale watching. Witness them skyhopping, lobtailing or breaching, typical actions that, when seen close-up, leave you breathless.

Game reserves of the Eastern Cape Africa is well known for its exciting wildlife, but there is also the threat of malaria. The Eastern Cape offers excellent Big 5 game viewing in a malaria-free zone.


This is a big draw card, especially for families travelling together with young kids.

Isimangaliso Wetland Park, Kwazulu Natal Isimangaliso was South Africa’s first World Heritage Site, in December 1999, in recognition of its superlative natural beauty. This is a large chunk of sub-tropical paradise stretching 220km along the East Coast, from St Lucia to the Mozambique border. As well as a mind-blowing range of natural systems, ranging from

dune, swamp and coastal forests to rocky and sandy shores, coral reefs and submarine canyons, mangroves, savannah grassland and the largest protected wetland in southern Africa, it is a culturally fascinating area and has immense fun potential.

Sublime coastlines are wooing international visitors

Kruger National Park, Limpopo and Mpumalanga World renowned as an exceptional wildlife destination, Kruger National Park is approximately 2 million hectares

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free | soul

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Experience a melange of colourful cultures

in size and is South Africa’s largest game reserve. A world leader in advanced environmental management techniques and policies, Kruger is home to an impressive number of species: 336 trees, 49 fish, 34 amphibians, 114 reptiles, 507 birds and 147 mammals.

Sabi Sand Game Reserve, Mpumalanga

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The Sabi Sand Reserve is the birthplace of sustainable wildlife tourism in southern Africa, and is the oldest of

all the private reserves in South Africa. It has only ever been a wilderness area and is home to a vast wildlife population, including The Big Five, and a number of endangered species. Flanking the Kruger National Park, animals pass unhindered between the reserves. This is where you will find some of the oldest and well-known private game reserves such as Londolozi, Mala Mala and Singita, offering their exclusive luxury lodges and the authentic all-inclusive African safari experience.


exhibits, the universal relevance of the Cradle of Humankind as our ancestral home.

Soweto, Gauteng

Cradle of Humankind, Gauteng The Cradle of Humankind Site covers 47,000 hectares of land, mostly privately owned, and is made up of 12 dolomitic limestone caves containing the fossilised remains of ancient forms of animals, plants and most importantly, hominids. The dolomite, in which the caves formed, started out as coral reefs growing in a warm shallow sea about 2.3 billion years ago. The Maropeng Visitors Centre highlights, by means of interactive

Soweto – melting pot of South African urban culture, rich with the history of the struggle against apartheid. Soweto is best visited accompanied by a knowledgeable guide who will not only give a real sense of its history, but help you understand its ongoing evolution. A tour to Soweto would normally include the Mandela Museum, where Madiba once lived; a stop at the Hector Pieterson Memorial; a drive down Vilakazi Street, the only street in the world to have housed two Nobel Prize winners (Nelson Mandela and Desmond Tutu); and Freedom Square, where the ANC's Freedom Charter was proclaimed to thousands in 1956. Text | Claire Dinnie

How to get there

Fly Airlink to South Africa’s top destinations. See page 84 for flight schedule. www.flyairlink.com

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free | motoring

Das BAKKIE! VW Amarok goes the whole nine yards

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Recently, we took delivery of a VW Amarok 2.0BiTDI 4Motion. It was the very unit that Volkswagen had displayed on its stand at the Johannesburg International Motor Show in October. So it was fitted with all the bling – 19-inch wheels, shiny chromed side-steppy things, and so on. Very pretty, but not very 4x4-friendly. And the plan was to tackle some big dunes. Oh dear! Volkswagen Amarok. Two words that tend to evoke reaction. Take the guy who works at the local pizza shop. He was mildly impressed by Project Navara, the magazine’s 38-inch wheeled Nissan Navara.Yet he hardly spared a glance for the big and snazzy Lexus LX570. But when I rocked up in theVW Amarok, he ambled over, with a big smile. “How is the new Amarok?”he asked. “Ja, it is fine. We are soon going on a long trip in it. Then we’ll find out how good it really is,”I replied. “I’ve never liked double cab bakkies – I drive a VW Golf,” said the pizza man.“But this Amarok has got me thinking about a double cab. I’ve always been a VW fan. So now, for the first time, I’m thinking about parking a double cab bakkie in my driveway. It’s got to be the Amarok, though.” He is not alone. The Amarok has added sports utility vehicle (SUV) levels of comfort to the bakkie segment, as well as modern safety features such as electronic stability control (ESP), traction control, Off-Road ABS and lots more. Still, although many people may now find a double cab appealing, most of them are wary about the two-litre twin-turbo engine. And then you get the doom prophets, who 'know' that it will fail. “Looks like VW has thrown its name away with this Amarok business,” said one observer the other day. “As a 4x4 it is rubbish.” Perceptions are probably the Amarok’s biggest enemy. As a leisure-oriented double cab bakkie that has managed to rewrite the rulebook and set new standards in its class, the Amarok is a real player. And it has the good looks to match. Although we have rated the Amarok highly, and it won our comprehensive double cab shoot-out by a mile, we’ve been hesitant to fully endorse that small-capacity engine, and wondered about the Amarok’s long-term durability, and reliability. Time will tell, we reckoned. But the huge interest in the German bakkie has forced our hand. Readers want to know everything about the Amarok. And so, an almost newVW Amarok 2.0BiTDI 4Motion double cab arrived at our offices, for a long-term evaluation and test. The Amarok looked real spiffy – it was the very bakkie that

was on display at the Johannesburg International Motor Show, so it is fitted with just about every accessory on the list. These include 'Vienna' leather seat coverings, 19-inch 'Aragonit' alloy wheels shod with Continental CrossContact 255/55 R19 tyres, park distance control at the back, sporty front bumper trim, stainless steel side bars, textile floor mats and mud flaps.Yep, the mud flaps are optional extras. All these extras ensure a really snazzy and upmarket look that turns a good-looking bakkie into an even better looking one. However, they also add around R30,000 to the asking price, which means you would have to fork out about R440,000 for the Amarok, as tested. And although those 19-inch wheels look really cool and offer quite outstanding road holding on tar roads, the lowprofile tyres don’t enjoy a rutted dirt road. Neither did the low 55 profile bode well for more serious 4x4 tasks. Serious 4x4 driving was just what we had in mind for the Amarok during the December break. We were heading for Koingnaas, just south of Port Nolloth and the Namibian border, on the West Coast. This is restricted diamond territory where mining is still going on. You need a security permit to enter the Diamond Coast. The Atlantic Ocean is wild and bitterly cold here, so there are few holidaymakers – just the spot we were looking for! While enjoying the peace and quiet of the Somnaas Guesthouse, about 5km from the tiny town of Koingnaas, we also planned some dune driving. We had arranged to go on the Shipwreck 4x4 Route with tour guide Dudley Wessels. This route takes about four hours to complete, and has a 2/5 difficulty rating. It comprises mostly sand and rocks. There are several wrecks to see on the 37km trail, including the Piratiny, the Arosa and the Border. But even before leaving Gauteng we had some reservations about this trail and the 19-inch wheeled Amarok. We didn’t

Leisure wheels is South Africa's foremost adventure motoring magazine. For this reason Skyways has chosen to work with Leisure wheels when it comes to providing you with motoring information. For more on the topic of adventure motoring, look out for the current issue of Leisure wheels, on sale now. www.leisurewheels.com

Taking in the sights while putting the Amarok through its paces

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free | motoring

The Amarok is pretty nifty on the sand

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doubt the Amarok’s inherent ability, but those wheels and the shiny side bars could seriously affect its off-road performance. So we went searching for replacement rubber and wheels, with VW’s approval, and this turned out to be an interesting adventure in itself. Of course, this could have been as easy as getting a set of original 17-inch alloys from Volkswagen, and fitting them with some general purpose, all-terrain rubber. But we wanted a more chunky item – something that would not only stand out in an Amarok crowd but also walk the 4x4 talk. Eventually Louis van Niekerk from LA Sport referred us to Wayne at Autowiel in Pretoria (www.autowiel.co.za). Wayne works closely with the LA Sport crew on their project vehicles (including the Leisure Wheels ones), and if someone could come up with a plan, it was Wayne. We settled on Goodyear’s Duratrac product – a chunky tyre

that is said to bridge the gap between traditional mud and all terrain tyres. However, finding a suitable 16-inch rim to host the 245/75 R16 Duratracs proved even more difficult. The Amarok is new, and aftermarket wheels that fit are few and far between. Anyway, to cut a long story short, we could not secure suitable wheels in time for the trip to Kleinzee, and at the time of writing a new set of wheels was due to arrive in a container from Taiwan. This left us slightly worried about the dunes. We had no choice but to tackle the sand with the 19-inch rubber. We had more luck with fitting a canopy to the VW’s rather large 'bak'. We needed a secure one so that we could safely transport expensive camera gear. We also required a unit with access from the sides, as well as a roof-rack. And since the Amarok will be used for many photo and film shoots, a 'mobile kitchen' and foldable table were also on our wish list.


On a trip

Enter AluCab, a company that specialises in top quality aluminium canopies. The AluCab unit is strong enough to carry a weight on the roof without reinforcing. It has sideopening doors, and one can convert the canopy into a full overland-style unit by simply bolting on standard accessories. The canopy weighs in at around 60kg, and is 100% recyclable. The canopy can be customised according to individual needs, so the unit fitted to our Amarok features a kitchen section, as well as a fold-up table, stored inside the canopy. Like all great things in life, though, the AluCab unit does not come cheap. This one retails for R21,243 and it costs about R700 to have it fitted. You get a five-year warranty on the canopy itself and a one-year warranty on the working parts. Our trip would reveal the worth of the canopy – and whether the Amarok could handle the sand and 4x4 tracks with those beautiful but impractical 19-inch wheels.

Travelling at 120km/h on the open road, with the six-speed manual gearbox in top gear, the VW Amarok is in a class of its own. Really, it’s streets ahead of other bakkies when it comes to on-road comfort, handling and feel. Only the new Ford Ranger comes remotely close to the Volksie in this department. Overtaking other traffic initially proved to be a challenge – it requires a different driving approach. Quite simply, you have to rev it hard to get the best out of the engine, which thankfully does rev very smoothly. And you have to row that gear lever between sixth, fifth and fourth gears. The impressive 400Nm of maximum torque peaks for only 500r/min (between 1500 and 2000r/min). As soon as you master this mind-shift, and get used to the slightly finicky clutch/gearbox relationship, the Volksie is really great on the open road. Fuel consumption was not particularly good, but it wasn’t half-bad, either. On the open road the heavily-laden bakkie used an average of 10,4 litres/100km. Let’s fast forward to the Shipwreck 4x4 tour. Tour leader Dudley Wessels drives a Toyota Hilux V6 double cab, and the other vehicles on the trip were all rather serious 4x4s, with at least high profile, all-terrain tyres fitted, allowing more flotation. After some earlier experimentation I had figured out that the stability and traction control systems did not switch off completely when one engages 4x4 High. So I went the lowrange route, cutting out most of the electronics. With a suitable amount of momentum, we easily conquered the sandy sections. The same could not be said of some of the more hardcore, well, hardware. On the rocky sections, a circumspect approach allowed the Amarok to sail over the worst parts, and the fancy side bar made contact with terra firma only once. The biggest challenge, as it turned out, was to avoid the rocks on the side of the tracks. The Amarok is surprisingly wide: At 1954mm it is 119mm wider than a Toyota Hilux double cab (1835mm). So you have to adjust your driving style accordingly – or make friends with a rock or two on the edge of the track. After encountering two rocks, and thankfully suffering no damage, we got our aiming right. Having made mincemeat of the Shipwreck trail’s sandy parts, we convinced Dudley to take us on the Sandveld 4x4 trail, also near Koingnaas. This trail ambles through a 30,000ha private game reserve, and features 1,200ha of sand dunes. With the family preferring to sit out for this round, I again engaged 4LOW and deflated the tyres to 1,2bar. I had already removed the spare wheel from its position under the body, and half expected a low-profile tyre to depart from its rim on this trail. I had to take a second run at some dunes after starting off in the wrong gear, but the Volksie soldiered on bravely. Negotiating the crests of the dunes required a slightly more

The Amarok performs well on and off the tar

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free | motoring

speedy approach than normal, what with those shiny side bars drastically reducing the break-over angle. I attacked one such crest with due speed, crested it – and then realised the sand had levelled out on the other side, barely a metre below the crest. The result was that the Amarok’s fancy 'front bumper trim' connected hard with mother earth – damaging the part. But all in all, the Amarok, despite its cool but 4x4-unfriendly wheels and tyres, ran with the best of them. All and sundry were suitably impressed. On the way back to the city, between Ventersdorp and Coligny, and with the sun about to reveal itself on the horizon, a guineafowl decided to commit suicide by flying directly into the Amarok’s front end. The result was a broken left headlight. But after spending about 5,000km with the bakkie, traversing gravel, tar and 4x4 obstacles, city tar roads and deserted gravel B-roads, I have certainly been impressed. The Amarok is the most comfortable bakkie I’ve had the pleasure of living with, and my family agrees. Here’s to the next 5,000km – and a set of Goodyear Duratrac off-road tyres! Text and Photography | Danie Botha

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VW Amarok 2.0BiTDI 4Motion

Ford ‘The Kid’ Kuga Good: Ride comfort, handling, space, sound system quality, reasonable economy, AluCab canopy, big and chunky good looks, the easy-to-use 4x4 system, the stability control that does its job without the driver knowing that it is doing its job Not so good: The small capacity engine that runs out of steam if you don’t rev it, the finicky clutch/gearbox combination, some of the bling accessories, the bulk and width of the machine in a tight parking area Wish list: Off-road tyres and wheels, VW’s V10 TDI engine (okay, so that’s not going to happen), the eight-speed automatic version with the 132 kW 2.0BiTDI mill (it arrives later in 2012) Issues: Front bumper trim (courtesy of the driver) and front headlight (courtesy of a depressed guineafowl), resulting in about R8,000 worth of damage. Ouch. Odometre reading: 7,952km Average fuel consumption: 10,9 litres/100km


free | mind

Extreme makeover Mastering the art of house flipping

over

the past decade, the art of house flipping has become increasingly popular among property investors. The act of buying, renovating and selling at a profit has been widely discussed. But does it represent a realistic way to make money?

There is undeniable potential for financial reward in house flipping, but undulating housing markets and dynamic buyer trends mean there is no such thing as a fool-proof formula for success. However, by exercising thorough research and following a few simple guidelines, savvy investors can substantially reduce their risks and improve their likelihood of lucrative gains.

Forearmed is forewarned There is no such thing as too much research. Information is the key to success in any speculative investment. Therefore, the more information you have at hand,

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the more likely you are to make a sensible decision. Ensure that you have a thorough understanding of the current property market, as well as projected property price trends. Making your purchase in a buyer’s market, particularly with positive growth signs, is strongly advised. In such a climate, your chances of finding a good deal and then being able to sell at a better price further down the line, are far better. Once you’ve established the viability of the market, identify and focus your attention on an area in which you’d like to buy. Ensure that you familiarise yourself with average housing prices, as well as the factors that tend to dictate quick sales. By understanding what buyers in the area are looking for, you’ll be far better equipped to make the appropriate renovations, and create a desirable, saleable property.

The smart choice Once you’ve decided on the area in which you’d like to invest, you’ll need to find a property that lends itself to successful flipping. Try to identify homes with issues that are largely cosmetic, as chipped paint and scruffy gardens are problems that can be easily and cheaply remedied. Try to avoid properties with structural defects, as repairing these are not only costly, but also tend to have less of an impact on sellers than an aesthetic makeover. Before signing on the dotted line, ensure that you have the property professionally appraised, and compare it to surrounding houses built in a similar style. This will not only help you to ensure that you are paying a fair market price, but will also give you a realistic indication of what you might be able to ask for the house once renovations have been completed. Renovations can be incredibly expensive, and should be undertaken with caution. While it is certainly not advisable to cut corners in order to reduce costs, it is important that you exercise appropriate restraint during the renovation process. Don’t exhaust time and money on completely remodelling a kitchen that is in perfectly good condition, or repainting where it isn’t necessary. Remember that you’ve bought the home with a view to selling it, so try

to avoid additional expenditure that isn’t going to help you to reap a profit. It is also important to remember that, in the world of house flipping, time is money. The quicker you can sell your property, the better; so aim to complete your renovations as quickly as possible. Draw up and adhere to a strict timeline, and make sure this is effectively communicated to all your contractors.

Selling fast

A fixer-upper may be a wise property investment

Once your project has been completed, it’s time to get it back on the market. Although some experts recommend waiting until the market peaks before going on to sell, this simply isn’t a realistic option for those with limited budgets. A quick and efficient sale is the top prize for any house flipper, so make sure not to get too emotionally attached to the product of your labour; let go of it as soon as possible. The quicker you make your sale, the sooner you’ll be able to move on and tackle your next flip.

When to make your move The South African property market remains in a postrecession climate of incremental growth, meaning that property prices are fairly stagnant, but are showing signs of increasing in the near future. This is very much a buyer’s market, and the likelihood of finding great bargains is currently very high. The gradual increase in housing prices also means that the chances of selling at a higher price a few months down the line are good, making now the perfect time to start thinking about flipping. However, it’s important to remember that, in a fairly stagnant market, there are fewer prospective buyers clamouring to get their hands on your property, so ensure that you’re financially prepared for the possibility of an extended sale process. House flipping is an art that needs to be practised before it is properly mastered. However, if approached with thought, caution and appropriate business savvy, it can be a very lucrative exercise even for beginners. Text | JP Farinha Photography | Binkski

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free | mind

New horizons Utilising the untapped potential of South Africa’s mineral wealth

many

parts of the world are still reeling from the effects of the global economic downturn. In fact, the situation has worsened in some European countries. Closer to home though, the outlook looks more promising, particularly in the mining sector. Being home to the world’s richest mineral resource endowment, South Africa has the potential to improve its mining performance and take full advantage of favourable periods in the commodities cycle.

A wealth of resources lies beneath

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To a large extent, this turnaround in performance will depend on the speed with which the challenges and constraints are addressed by the stakeholders concerned. The Department of Mineral Wealth is determined to improve the transparency and efficiency of the mineral rights registration and application processes. Furthermore, the department is also revoking unused prospecting licences granted when the Mineral and Petroleum Act was first implemented. This is great news for interested parties as the bulk of these licences, now largely expired, will now be re-offered.

With the exception of iron ore, coal and vanadium, South African mining lags to a considerable extent the global average rate of resource utilisation for most key minerals. The extraction rates, as a percentage of the global average, for manganese, chrome ore, PGMs, nickel and uranium offer scope for a great deal of improvement.

Fixed investment in the mining sector expanded by 24% annually between 2005 and 2008. Nevertheless, this did not translate into notably higher output levels as would have been expected during a global commodities boom. Therefore, significantly higher levels of investment are required to unlock the country’s enormous potential, improve productivity in its various mining sub-sectors, and narrowing the gap between the country’s minerals utilisation rate and the global average.

More good news This could result in considerable direct employment creation over the medium- to long-term in the mining industry itself. In addition, employment opportunities could be enhanced through downstream value addition, particularly towards stage-4 beneficiation (meaning the production of fabricated articles, where labour intensity is substantially higher). The additional employment could potentially amount to just over 143,000 direct jobs by 2020, and close to 203,000 by 2030. This potential would appear to be reasonably achievable considering the assumed modest improvements in the country’s minerals utilisation rate. The main employment contributions would emanate from the sub-sectors mining PGMs and coal. Ongoing concerns about emissions, increasing jewellery demand and new applications will continue to underpin demand for PGMs in years to come. Furthermore, over the long-term, it is expected that marginal producers such as the USA and Canada will have exhausted their deposits, with South Africa most likely having to step in to make up for the shortfall in global production. The utilisation ratio of the coal mining sector stood at 92% of the global average in 2008. The consumption needs of the country plus export demand by 2020 should require an utilisation rate of 140% of the current global average. These figures have been publically stated by Eskom when the utility called for over R100 billion (about 40 new coal mines) of new investments in the coal mining sector by 2020. Conservatively, this would result in additional employment of almost 34,000 in coal mining by 2020. However, job growth in this sub-


sector is likely to taper off over the long-term as Eskom’s ageing coal-fired stations are progressively shut down and the country’s energy mix gradually shifts towards cleaner and renewable energy sources.

A future imperative In the short- to medium-term, the world’s major advanced economies are anticipated to recover at varying speeds from the extremely challenging conditions prevailing in their home front or periphery. The emerging economies of today are likely to continue posting relatively rapid growth in the short- to mediumterm, but the pace will probably moderate as the years go by. In the process, they will strongly support the global expansion momentum and progressively claim larger shares of world output, trading activity and investment flows. Currently, China is the principal engine of global growth. Its massive demand for minerals and downstream products will be sustained by ambitious industrialisation and urbanisation programmes that will span many years. It is drawing on natural resource rich regions of the world to satisfy such requirements.

India and Brazil are not far behind, placing increasing pressure on global commodity markets as they develop their industrial and entrepreneurial bases serving large populations. Many other countries in the developing world will record rates of growth well above the global average and, in due course, turn into the fast emerging economies of tomorrow. Rising income levels and population pressure will augment consumption levels globally and boost the demand for the world’s finite mineral commodities basically across the board. Realising the enormous potential of South Africa’s enviable mineral resource wealth is, therefore, not only a national imperative, but also a global one. The socially and environmentally responsible resource development process must extend beyond extraction and primary beneficiation, towards more value adding and labour-intensive activities. It should also cross national borders in order to tap into the latent mineral resource base at the regional level, permitting the emergence of globally competitive value chains in southern Africa. Text | courtesy of the Industrial Development Corporation

Mining could potentially create close to 203,000 jobs by 2030

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panorama

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By leaps and bounds This stunning visual is a fitting testimony to the advancement of photography and visual art. If you have a pic that you would like to share, mail skyways@panorama.co.za

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free | soul

Sky Mall Get dressed for success

The leather jacket still maintains its fashion appeal

A first impression is a lasting impression. What else can create a better impression than good clothes? Clothes not only define a person's style statement, but his or her personality as well. If a person wears stylish clothes, he or she is admired by peers and has a standard which everyone is in awe of. In each issue, Skyways features a classic item of clothing or accessory that will get you dressed to the nines and look the part. This month, we focus on the fashionable yet functional leather jacket.

It’s all about the image People immensely follow film stars. This is one of the main reasons for leather jackets’ popularity. Arnold Schwarzenegger wore leather jackets in the movie The Terminator and set a trend among many to be dressed in them. The same thing happened when The Matrix was released, because the lead actors in the movie wore leather jackets. People throughout the ages have always followed fashion, be it bell bottoms, straight pants, low cuts, hats or any colour or pattern of the garment, they never hesitate to pursue. Similarly, leather jackets have become a major part of the fashion industry which has engulfed people to wear them and flaunt them with pride.

Strike a pose

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Clothes which are fashionable as well as functional are often hard to come across. However, jackets have remained in fashion through the ages, especially leather jackets. The use of the leather jacket probably dates back to ancient civilisation. It is probable that leather was first used as a coat to protect humans from chilly temperatures. The fashion fad began in the 1940s when military officials and aviators wore brown-coloured leather jackets, popularly known as bomber jackets. These bomber jackets gained tremendous popularity after Harrison Ford carried them effortlessly and stylishly in Indiana Jones. Leather jackets were typically associated with bikers, rock stars and aviators. That trend has immensely changed since. People often prefer wearing leather jackets over cotton jackets because cotton jackets sometimes lack style and also look very casual. Also, black and brown leather jackets can go with almost every other colour and still look chic.

New leather fashion has emerged with great vigour. Colours have also captured the growing trend depending more on the look you want to achieve. A more formal feel can come out with black leather jackets complemented by cool blue denims or jeans with hazy shades of colours and faded textures in them. Browns exemplify vintage and a cowboy look, along with other light colour options like white and grey. You can then match it with denim jeans or casual trousers. The bestsellers have come out with some rejuvenated robust styles with no gender bias as such. It comprises the classic style town bomber leather jackets, black bomber style leather coat for a more casual look, cool James Dean style coat, black leather blazers with double lapel and side slash pockets with a satin liner, and rugged original motorcycle leather jackets. Women leather jackets have definite show stealers with black blazers made from Napa, comfortable


lightweight classic braided women’s motorcycle leather jackets, and the bolder black leather ladies vest with braids and lace sides.

Standing the test of time Leather is often measured a fashion article that can be quite expensive. Providing all-weather resistance and uncommon durability, leather products have a reputation for comfort, style and long-lasting quality. From apparel to coats, leather takes almost everything you throw at it and simply gets better with age. It doesn’t wear out. Rather, it gets personality, uniqueness and one-of-a-kind character that fits the owner. Text | Dusty Johnson Photography | Supplied

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free | song

Blowin’ in the wind Bob Dylan’s music reflected a sign of tumultuous times

From anti-war protest songs to the bell-bottom, big afro disco period and head banging heavy metal, music helps shape a generation. Over the decades, there have been many who have influenced through their lyrics and their music. One that truly stands head and shoulders above the rest is Bob Dylan.

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Emulated but never duplicated, Dylan's influence on popular music is truly incalculable. As a songwriter, he pioneered several different schools of pop songwriting, from confessional singer/songwriter to winding, hallucinatory, stream-of-conscious narratives. As a vocalist, he broke down the notions that in order to perform, a singer had to have a

conventionally good voice, thereby redefining the role of vocalist in popular music. Dylan began performing in coffee houses, and his rough charisma won him a significant following. Columbia’s John Hammond signed the songwriter in 1961. His eponymous debut album, released in March 1962, was a collection of folk and blues standards that boasted only two original songs. Over the course of 1962, Bob Dylan began to write a large batch of original songs, many of which were political protest songs in the vein of his Greenwich contemporaries. These songs were showcased on his second album, The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan. The permissive and unrestrictive Dylan made a huge impact in the US folk community, and many performers began covering songs from the album. Of these, the most significant were Peter, Paul and Mary, who made Blowin' in the Wind into a huge pop hit in the summer


Then take me disappearin' through the smoke rings of my mind, Down the foggy ruins of time, far past the frozen leaves, The haunted, frightened trees, out to the windy beach, Far from the twisted reach of crazy sorrow. Yes, to dance beneath the diamond sky with one hand waving free, Silhouetted by the sea, circled by the circus sands, With all memory and fate driven deep beneath the waves, Let me forget about today until tomorrow. – Mr Tambourine Man by Bob Dylan

of 1963, and thereby made Dylan into a recognisable household name. While Dylan's 1969 album was a hit, spawning the Top Ten single Lay Lady Lay, it was criticised in some quarters for uneven material. The mixed reception was the beginning of a full-blown backlash that arrived with the double-album Self Portrait. Released early in June of 1970, the album was a hodgepodge of covers, live tracks, re-interpretations, and new songs greeted with negative reviews from all quarters of the press. Dylan followed the album quickly with New Morning, which was hailed as a comeback. Dylan's hugely successful 1974 Planet Waves world tour was the beginning of a comeback culminated by 1975's Blood on the Tracks. Largely inspired by the disintegration of his marriage, Blood on the Tracks was hailed as a return to form by critics and it became his second number one album.

At the conclusion of his 1978 tour, Dylan announced that he was a born-again Christian, and he launched a series of Christian albums that following summer with Slow Train Coming. Though the reviews were mixed, the album was a success, peaking at number three and going platinum. Since then the ever-green Dylan has continued to produce a number of albums, and although they have never fared well on the popular charts, the musician still retains his icon status. Today, Dylan continues to define his legacy, proving that his tremendous talent, unwavering courage to be different, and extraordinary musical prowess will continue to challenge and change the face of the music industry for years to come. Text | Cameron Morrison

Bob Dylan received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in May 2012 for his ongoing contribution to music

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free | body

WIN!

Health Eat your way to a healthier lifestyle

Keep warm with some comfort food

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Since opening its doors in February 1992, Brookdale has become a leader in the field of health and wellbeing. Located in the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands, Brookdale encompasses 22 rooms, a day spa facility, an indoor heated swimming pool, yoga and pilates studio, sundecks, as well as many other facilities. Brookdale is different because it is not a ‘spa’ attached to a boutique hotel or game lodge, but a real hydro offering a holistic health package designed to bring balance into your life. As part of its 20 year celebrations, Brookdale has launched its new recipe book, Heavenly and Healthy Foods. Filled with more than a hundred tasty healthy meals, the book has an easy to follow, three-week meal plan to kick-start your healthy lifestyle. This month we feature three recipes from the book.

Brookdale is giving away three copies of Heavenly and Healthy Foods. Simply tell us what makes the Brookdale experience different. Send your correct answer to skyways@panorama.co.za. Entries close 31 July 2012.


Ingredients Serves 6 500g red lentils 500ml vegetable stock 2 onions, roughly chopped 2 stalks celery, chopped (optional) 15ml crushed garlic 15ml crushed ginger 5 carrots, peeled and roughly chopped 3 bay leaves 500ml skim milk 125ml parsley, chopped Herb salt and pepper to taste A drizzle of low fat yoghurt and chopped parsley to garnish

Pink lentil and parsley soup • • • • • • •

Cook lentils in stock until just soft. Sauté onions, celery, garlic and ginger. Add carrots, bay leaves and milk. Allow to cook. Add cooked lentils, parsley, salt and pepper. Blend together. If too thick add a little more liquid. S  erve with a drizzle of yoghurt or cottage cheese and fresh chopped parsley.

Starter 65 07 12


free | body

Ingredients Serves 4 2 red onions, peeled, cut in half and thinly sliced 4 carrots, peeled, cut into thin strips [julienne] 4 baby marrows cut into thin strips 1 of each red and yellow peppers, de-seeded and cut into thin strips [julienne] 2 brinjals cut into thin strips 100g baby corn cut in half length-ways 100g mange tout, blanched [add at the end] 4 bok choy, cut length-ways in half or long-stem broccoli [added at the end] 15ml sesame oil 15ml olive oil 10mg fresh ginger, grated 10mg fresh garlic, crushed 1 red chilli, de-seeded and finely sliced [optional] A handful of fresh bean sprouts A handful of fresh coriander sprigs 25ml sesame seeds, lightly toasted Soy sauce Sweet chilli sauce

Main 66 07 12

Asian style vegetable stir-fry • M  ix all prepared vegetables in a bowl [except mange tout and bok choy]. • In a wok or shallow frying pan, add sesame oil and olive oil and sauté ginger, garlic and fresh chilli. • Stir-fry vegetables. • Stir in mange tout and bok choy at the end. • Vegetables should still be colourful and crisp after three to five minutes of cooking. • Toss bean sprouts, sesame seeds and coriander on top. • Drizzle with soy and sweet chilli sauce. • Serve with egg noodles or a healthy carbohydrate of choice.


Spicy poached pears with vanilla infused yoghurt • P  our water and fruit juice into a medium-sized saucepan. • Add cloves, cinnamon sticks, tea bags and honey. • Add peeled pears and poach / simmer on the stove for about 30 to 40 minutes until pears are soft and tender. • Serve chilled, with infused vanilla yoghurt and a sprinkle of ground cinnamon.

Dessert Ingredients serves 6 300ml water 250ml fruit juice [apple or any flavour] 4 whole cloves 2 cinnamon sticks 2 rooibos tea bags 25ml honey 6 medium pears, peeled

67 07 12


free | soul

Through the

grapevine A focus on South Africa’s finest winemasters

what

makes a good winemaker an extraordinary winemaker? After all, the country’s wines are among the best in the world. So you need to have the skills, vision and natural ability to create the perfect taste for the wine connoisseur. Each month, Skyways focuses on a top South African winemaker. This month, we turn our attention to Irene Waller of La Bri.

Read more about South Africa’s top winemakers on www. skywaysmagazine.com

68 07 12

Irene joined La Bri as winemaker and general manager in October 2010. After completing her BCom, she taught mathematics and accounting for about six years before giving it all up to follow a life in wine. She gained experience in Australia and France before returning to South Africa to study a BSc in Oenology and Viticulture. Graduating cum laude, she started her career at Graham Beck Wines in Robertson where she was the winemaker until she took over the reins at La Bri. Besides overseeing the day-to-day operations at La Bri, Irene is also the Chairman of the Vignerons de Franschhoek. La Bri, given to the De Villiers family in 1694, is one of the original nine farms given to the Huguenots. The name ‘La Bri’ is probably derived from the French word for ‘the refuge’, a perfect name for this property, as it is safely nestled in the imposing amphitheatre of the Franschhoek valley. Robin Hamilton bought the farm in 1997. At that time, the wines were being made from La Bri grapes at the Franschhoek Wine Co-Operative. From 2006 onwards vineyards were gradually replanted, a new cellar was built, and the labels were redesigned. The labels feature indigenous Cape flowers and herbs, playing on the symbiotic relationship between wine and fynbos, so apparent in the Cape. While boasting one of the more modern cellars in the valley, La Bri still has the old tasting room, filled with cobwebs and old machinery. Predominantly red wine

grapes are planted at La Bri, namely Merlot, Petit Verdot, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz.Viognier and Chardonnay make up the white wine contingent. Text and Photography | Supplied


free | mind

Images such as the above are tugging at the heartstrings of major corporates

70 07 12

why all

the hype around green marketing? Is it just the latest catchphrase among the tree huggers and companies who portray an image that their operations have little impact on the environment, or can it really give your company that winning edge as people become more environmentally conscious?

products than they would for a less-green comparable alternative product. While going green is growing greatly as increasing numbers of consumers are willing to back their environmental consciousnesses with their rands, it can be dangerous. The public tends to be sceptical of green claims to begin with, and companies can seriously damage their brands and their sales if a green claim is discovered to be false or contradicted by a company's other products or practices. Presenting a product or service as green when it's not is called green washing.

Simply put, green marketing refers to the process of selling products and services based on their environmental benefits. Such a product is produced or packaged in an environmentally friendly way. The obvious assumption of green marketing is that potential consumers will view a product or service's ‘greenness’ as a benefit and base their buying decision accordingly. The not-so-obvious assumption of green marketing is that consumers will be willing to pay more for green

Three keys to success For green marketing to be effective, companies have to do three things: be genuine, educate your customers, and give them the opportunity to participate. Being genuine means that you are actually doing what you claim to be doing in your green marketing campaign, and that the rest of your business policies are consistent with whatever you are doing that's environmentally friendly. Both these conditions have to be met for


Environmentally Is green marketing the next golden goose?

your business to establish the kind of environmental credentials that will allow your company to succeed. Educating your customers isn't just a matter of letting people know you're doing whatever you're doing to protect the environment, but also a matter of letting them know why it matters. Giving your customers an opportunity to participate means personalising the benefits of your environmentally friendly actions, normally through letting the customer take part in positive environmental action.

Is green good? There is growing interest among consumers all over the world regarding protection of the environment. Worldwide evidence indicates people are concerned about the environment and are changing their behaviour. As a result of this, green marketing has emerged, which speaks for growing the market for sustainable and socially responsible products and services. Companies that develop new and improved products and services with environmental inputs in mind give

sound

themselves access to new markets, increase their profit sustainability, and enjoy a competitive advantage over the companies that are not concerned for the environment. However, any green initiative should not neglect the economic aspect of marketing. Marketers need to understand the implications of green marketing. If you think customers are not concerned about environmental issues or will not pay a premium for products that are more eco-responsible, think again. You must find an opportunity to enhance your product's performance and strengthen your customer's loyalty and command a higher price. Show potential customers that you follow green business practices and you could reap more green on your bottom line. Green Marketing isn't just a catchphrase; it's a strategy that can help you get more customers and make more money. But only if you do it right. Text | P Pirakatheeswari

Successful green initiatives • McDonald's restaurant's napkins and bags are made of recycled paper. • Coca-Cola pumped syrup directly from the tank instead of plastic, which saved R544 million a year. • Badarpur Thermal Power Station of NTPC in Delhi is devising ways to utilise coalash that has been a major source of air and water pollution.

71 07 12


free | mind

A pat on the back Employee recognition has a positive impact on the bottom line

Employee recognition is ranked the number one motivating factor when it comes to employee motivation in the workplace. If employers want to maintain motivated employees, and encourage others to do better, recognising them will help build their self-esteem, while maintaining a loyal and motivated employee. Self-esteem is a sense of worth, not only in inner confidence and self-respect, but also outwardly in the actions one takes towards contributing to the bottom line.

One may find it hard to believe, but recognition is the most powerful employee motivator of all because it builds one's self-esteem. Research has shown that there is a stronger need in society today for recognition than there is for money. Now, that says something about building self-esteem and employee motivation.

Why is recognition so important? Building self-esteem through recognition is positive reinforcement. Positive reinforcement of actions gets those actions repeated. Recognition and praise reinforce

72 07 12

our beliefs about ourselves and help make us think we are better than we thought we were. That is how to build employee self-esteem. Employee motivation is positive reinforcement. Positive reinforcement is what builds our self-esteem. Our self-esteem is the way we see and feel about ourselves either internally, through our own beliefs, or externally through what we accept as the beliefs of others. People perform in a manner that is consistent with how they see themselves conceptually. So, the key is to help people build their self-esteem. That is the foundation of employee retention, motivation and loyalty. Unlike money, which is an external motivator and never lasting, one’s self-esteem is internal, and internal motivation is everlasting. In order to build a healthy self-esteem one needs recognition and praise, both from one's self and from others. You can help build someone's self-esteem and selfmotivation through recognition, but also through advancement and responsibility where that person can obtain a sense of achievement and personal growth.


Exclusively at


+ =

WFP/Rein Skullerud

Chicken wings

Martin Kobald

Martin’s favourite food

200 children fed

Martin’s impact

What’s the impact of YOUR favourite FOOD? Use the Feedback Calculator to find out how many hungry kids you can feed!

"Help tackle the world's greatest solvable problem – hunger." Martin Kobald WFP Hunger Advocate wefeedback.org/martinkobald

World Food Programme, Fighting Hunger Worldwide


free | mind

Change in tact The problem is that in today's society we are deprived of positive feedback. Compliments, recognition and praise are not part of our day-to-day culture. For some reason, many people find it difficult to give compliments, recognition and praise. This does nothing for one's selfesteem. Perhaps the explanation is that it is hard to give something you don't have to give. How can you give someone else a compliment if you can't compliment yourself first? This goes back to our own self-esteem. We must first feel good about ourselves, and tell ourselves that, before we can feel good about somebody else, and tell them that. It's a vicious circle, but it all starts within each of us. How do you feel about your own self-worth – your self-esteem? Another problem is that we live in a society that has influenced us more to look for the things people do wrong, instead of the things they do right. How do you think it impacts someone's self-esteem if they are

always recognised for the things they do wrong? Can you see them looking for the good in others and praising them accordingly? More likely they will find something to criticise in others. We, as society, are to blame for this sort of behaviour. It is up to each of us to change our self-esteem from the inside out. Let's tap ourselves on the back for the good that we do. The more we do it to ourselves, the more our self-esteem grows, and the more our self-esteem grows, the more confident we feel, which in turn helps us to give more confidence and praise to others. Building our own self-esteem allows us to then give growth to the self-esteem of others. Employers are the leaders and they must set the example by demonstrating the appropriate behaviour. This means recognition and praise to yourself first and then to your employees. The bottom line is, for you as a leader, to build employee self-esteem. Text | courtesy freearticle-database.com

Just a few kind words can boost your employees’ confidence

75 07 12


free | mind

Below luck level By Barbara Erasmus

Below Luck Level is the story of a daughter’s relationship with her mother and the unexpected challenges of caring for a parent with Alzheimer’s. Chloe Cartwright is an eccentric yet brilliant writer, who has always been more focused on political causes than cooking a wholesome meal for her family. Her daughter, Hannah, has never been much good at anything – other than shoplifting, that is. Hannah lacks direction and scrambles through life before falling, almost by chance, into a successful career as partner to one of Cape Town’s leading chefs. Life is looking good – until Chloe’s behaviour becomes even more irrational than usual.

✶✶✶✶✶ BOOKS

Khalil’s Journey By Ashraf Kagee

Ashraf Kagee, winner of the seventh annual European Union Literary Award, evokes the richly-textured beauty of everyday life of the last century’s Cape Malay and Indian cultures, and deftly captures the voices long forgotten by history. Khalil, ‘the Companion’, is given his name by The One Above at his birth in 1903. Despite evidence of this divine interest, Khalil’s 80-odd years of life remain fairly ordinary – even though many of these years are spent under the far-from-ordinary conditions of The System in South Africa. In fact, apart from the high moments – an

Your Career, Your Life

By Annette Kinnear

Professional success is the direct product of our thoughts, words and actions. While careers grow through consistent hard work, they thrive with the wisdom, preparation and focus of conscious

76 07 12

adolescent trip to India, the fleshly delights on his wedding night, and a memorable evening spent with the Black Pimpernel at an abortive meeting organised by the New Unity Movement – Khalil’s later life is mostly taken up with trying to keep his wife and children happy and fed, first as the owner of a general dealer in Woodstock, Cape Town, and later as a less-than-convinced lackey in a wheeler-dealer consortium selling polonies and saffron. Nevertheless, just as Khalil’s birth was a matter offering material for considerable discussion for the doekiewearing aunties of the neighbourhood, at the end of his life, Khalil finds there is more than enough to chew over in his life’s journey.

New Markets, New Mindsets

By Dr Tashmia Ismail, Dr Nicola Kleyn, Gwen Ansell

career management. Doors fly open and opportunities arrive at our doorstep the moment we start to understand some basic principles of career success. Your Career, Your Life reveals these important foundations and outlines the holistic and systematic process of career management, ultimately showing that career growth is a process that starts inside and extends outwards.

Doing business with low-income communities – which academics and practitioners have christened ‘the base of the pyramid’ (BoP) – now includes a focus on creating sustainable markets with the potential to realise future profit. The status quo is shifting, and the rules of both commercial and social engagement with middle- and lower-end markets in developing economies are transforming. There is keen interest from both local and global businesses and institutions to be involved in these markets. And they care about the practical detail of doing it effectively, and ethically. New Markets, New Mindsets showcases pioneering businesses and their BoP champions, as well as their experiments, successes, failures and best practices in creating new AND sustainable markets in previously underserved communities. The book includes top tips for those wishing to tap into these communities in ethical and effective ways, interviews with over 40 role players, and case studies from major corporates.

✶✶✶✶✶

✶✶✶✶✶

✶✶✶✶✶


sky | cafe

78 07 12


sky | cafe

GORDON MILLAR

Stay at the Kimberley Club Beautifully renovated boutique hotel 21 En-suite Bedrooms, Modern Facilities Wireless Internet Services, A-la-Carte Restaurant Best Buffet Sunday Lunches in town

The ideal venue for functions, weddings and conferences.

PGA Teaching Professional at Verwey Golf Range Fourways Johannesburg Offers lessons for: Individual, Private, Ladies Clinic, Chipping, Pitching, Putting, Groups, Couples, Corporate and Video Analysis

o rd o n ll G Ca 957 3375 2 08

Tel 053-832 4224 Fax 053-832 4226 Email info@kimberleyclub.co.za Website www.kimberleyclub.co.za

Rio Azul MOZ AMBIQUE

www.rioazul-lodge.com

Call us on (011) 467-2853 Contact john@rioazul-lodge.com Bookings info@rioazul-lodge.com

RESERVATIONS tel: +260 212 224266 fax: +260 212 230389 email: mukwa@zamsat.net web: www.mukwalodge.com

Leisure and corporate rentals in and around Cape Town and Johannesburg

A PA R T M E N T R E N TA L S

FZP Apartment Rentals +27 (0) 21 426 1634 www.fzp.co.za info@fzp.co.za

Why stay home when you can stay with us? No time wasted with our real-time availability calendars, and reservations booking engine with instant confirmation. Try it LIVE... www.fzp.co.za • Studios from R500 per apartment per night, or R6 000 per month • 1 bedroom apartments from R750 per apartment per night, or R8 500 per month

This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you

“One meets everybody who is anybody at this club”

• 2 bedroom apartments from R950 per apartment per night, or R10 000 per month.

79 07 12


sky | cafe

80 07 12


sky | cafe

BIG 5 SAFARI UNDER 2 HOURS FROM CAPE TOWN WEDDINGS CONFERENCING INCENTIVES DAY TRIP SAFARIS OVERNIGHT SAFARIS 4 STAR LUXURY ACCOMMODATION BIG 5 GAME DRIVES QUAD BIKE SAFARIS HORSE BACK SAFARIS CHILDRENS ADVENTURE AREA ROCK ART SITE VISIT TO KAROO OSTRICH FARM ARC AQUILA RESCUE CENTRE DAILY TRANSFERS TO AND FROM CAPE TOWN

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After a tiring week on the Copperbelt, you want a place to relax and unwind over the weekend. At Kafue Lodge, we offer Boat Cruises, Fishing, Game Drives, Tranquil Spots overlooking the Kafue River and More. Come, see and experience nature first-hand with an assortment of wild animals ranging from giraffes, zebras, different species of antelope, to crocodiles, jackals and a diversity of bird species.

One weekend with us and you’ll never want to go back home. Bookings through Voyagers, Chingola Branch email: chingola@voyagerszambia.com tel: (0212) 311 642 / 311 722 fax: (0212) 312 552

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Superior five star self-catering accommodation for the discerning traveller. Luxurious one-bedroom Garden Suite and freestanding two-bedroom Villa set on the banks of Groenvlei Lake, Knysna District, Garden Route.

This is your complimentary copy of Skyways. Should you wish to hang on to any information, please take this copy of the magazine with you

REAL AFRICA REAL CLOSE TO CAPE TOWN

info@lakeviews.co.za www.lakeviewholidays.co.za +27 (0)44 850 1924

81 07 12


sky | cafe

82 07 12


TIMETABLE effective 01 JUNE 2012

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Cape Town - George - Cape Town SA8621

Cape Town

-

George

07:15

08:05

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8625

Cape Town

-

George

09:30

10:20

6

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8639

Cape Town

-

George

13:30

14:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8635

Cape Town

-

George

16:45

17:40

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8622

George

-

Cape Town

08:30

09:20

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8630

George

-

Cape Town

10:45

11:35

6

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8638

George

-

Cape Town

14:45

15:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8636

George

-

Cape Town

18:10

19:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

Cape Town - Kimberley - Cape Town SA8617

Cape Town

-

Kimberley

16:30

18:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8618

Kimberley

-

Cape Town

18:30

20:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Cape Town - Nelspruit - Cape Town SA8663

Cape Town

-

Nelspruit

10:00

12:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8664

Nelspruit

-

Cape Town

13:15

15:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

Cape Town - Upington - Cape Town SA8645

Cape Town

-

Upington

09:45

11:05

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8646

Upington

-

Cape Town

11:30

12:50

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Durban - Bloemfontein - Durban SA8531

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

06:50

07:55

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8535

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

15:15

16:40

7

J41

Airlink

SA8537

Durban

-

Bloemfontein

16:30

17:35

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8532

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

08:15

09:15

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8536

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

17:30

18:35

7

J41

Airlink

SA8538

Bloemfontein

-

Durban

18:00

19:00

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Durban - George - Durban SA8515

Durban

-

George

09:40

11:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8514

George

-

Durban

11:50

13:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Durban - Nelspruit - Durban SA8507

Durban

-

Nelspruit

06:45

08:05

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8505

Durban

-

Nelspruit

13:45

14:45

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ -135

Airlink

SA8508

Nelspruit

-

Durban

08:25

09:45

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8506

Nelspruit

-

Durban

15:10

16:10

1 2 3 4 5 6

ERJ -135

Airlink

SA8510

Nelspruit

-

Durban

17:35

18:35

7

ERJ -135

Airlink

Johannesburg - Nelspruit - Johannesburg SA8823

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

06:30

07:20

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8827

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

09:00

09:50

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8825

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

09:00

09:50

6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8843

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

10:00

10:55

1 3 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8841

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

11:10

11:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8845

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

15:30

16:15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8829

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

16:25

17:15

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8849

Johannesburg

-

Nelspruit

17:30

18:20

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8824

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

07:50

08:45

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8828

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

10:10

11:05

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8826

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

10:10

11:05

6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8842

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

13:35

14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8830

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

15:05

16:00

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8846

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

16:40

17:30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8844

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

17:30

18:35

1 3 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8848

Nelspruit

-

Johannesburg

18:45

19:40

1 2 3 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Johannesburg - Bloemfontein - Johannesburg SA8543

Johannesburg

-

Bloemfontein

10:00

11:25

4

J41

Airlink

SA8541

Johannesburg

-

Bloemfontein

15:30

16:55

7

J41

Airlink

SA8544

Bloemfontein

-

Johannesburg

11:05

12:20

4

J41

Airlink

SA8540

Bloemfontein

-

Johannesburg

17:15

18:30

7

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Phalaborwa - Johannesburg SA8851

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

06:25

07:35

1 2 3 4

J41

Airlink

SA8853

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

11:45

12:55

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8857

Johannesburg

-

Phalaborwa

16:10

17:20

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

SA8852

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

08:00

09:20

1 2 3 4

J41

Airlink

SA8854

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

13:15

14:35

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8858

Phalaborwa

-

Johannesburg

17:50

19:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

Golf Bags: 1 bag at 15kg free baggage allowance – golf bags must be pre booked with your booking agent.

84 07 12


TIMETABLE effective 01 JUNE 2012

F L I G H T S – Domestic FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

SA8801

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

06:35

07:25

2 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8801

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

06:35

07:25

1 3

J41

Airlink

SA8809

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

11:40

12:40

1 2 3 4 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8809

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

11:40

12:30

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8817

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

13:15

14:05

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8815

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

16:30

17:20

1 2 4 5 7 ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8815

Johannesburg

-

Polokwane

16:30

17:20

3

J41

Airlink

SA8802

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

07:55

08:50

2 4 5

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8802

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

07:55

08:50

1 3

J41

Airlink

SA8810

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

13:00

14:05

1 2 3 4 5 6

J41

Airlink

SA8810

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

13:00

13:55

7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8818

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

14:25

15:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8816

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

17:45

18:40

1 2 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8816

Polokwane

-

Johannesburg

17:45

18:40

3

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Pietermaritzburg - Johannesburg SA8747

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

07:00

08:00

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8735

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

09:50

11:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8741

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

15:30

16:30

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8739

Johannesburg

-

Pietermaritzburg

18:00

19:00

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8730

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

06:45

07:45

1 2 3 4 5

AR8

Airlink

SA8732

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

08:30

09:30

1 2 3 4 5 6

AR8

Airlink

SA8738

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

15:00

16:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41

Airlink

SA8742

Pietermaritzburg

-

Johannesburg

17:00

18:00

1 2 3 4 5 7

AR8

Airlink

Johannesburg - Upington - Johannesburg SA8767

Johannesburg

-

Upington

09:20

10:50

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8769

Johannesburg

-

Upington

15:45

17:15

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8768

Upington

-

Johannesburg

11:15

12:50

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8770

Upington

-

Johannesburg

17:35

19:10

1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Port Elizabeth - East London - Port Elizabeth SA8480

Port Elizabeth

-

East London

07:00

07:45

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8488

Port Elizabeth

-

East London

16:30

17:15

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8481

East London

-

Port Elizabeth

08:05

08:55

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8489

East London

-

Port Elizabeth

17:35

18:25

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

Port Elizabeth - Bloemfontein - Port Elizabeth SA8491

Port Elizabeth

-

Bloemfontein

09:15

10:45

1 4

J41

Airlink

SA8492

Bloemfontein

-

Port Elizabeth

12:10

13:45

1 4

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Mthatha - Johannesburg SA8751

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

06:15

07:55

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8753

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

08:20

10:00

6

J41

Airlink

SA8755

Johannesburg

-

Mthatha

14:50

16:30

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

SA8752

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

08:15

10:00

1 2 3 4 5

J41

Airlink

SA8754

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

10:20

12:05

6

J41

Airlink

SA8756

Mthatha

-

Johannesburg

16:50

18:35

1 2 3 4 5 7

J41

Airlink

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

Durban - Maputo - Durban SA8290

Durban

-

Maputo

10:10

11:25

1 2 3 4 5

7

J41

Airlink

SA8291

Maputo

-

Durban

11:45

13:05

1 2 3 4 5

7

J41

Airlink

Johannesburg - Antananarivo - Johannesburg SA8252

Johannesburg

-

Antananarivo

10:00

14:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

SA8253

Antananarivo

-

Johannesburg

15:00

17:40

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8

Airlink

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

Johannesburg - Polokwane - Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Beira - Johannesburg SA8214

Johannesburg

-

Beira

11:30

13:10

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

SA8215

Beira

-

Johannesburg

13:30

15:20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135

Airlink

Airlink's REGIONAL AND DOMESTIC flights check-in Terminal B counters B89 - B101 at OR Tambo International Airport.

85 07 12


TIMETABLE effective 01 JUNE 2012

F L I G H T S – Regional FLIGHT

ROUTE

DEPARTURE

ARRIVAL

FREQUENCY

AIRCRAFT

OPERATED BY

Johannesburg - Bulawayo - Johannesburg SA8110 SA8111

Johannesburg Bulawayo

- -

Bulawayo Johannesburg

10:40 12:50

12:05 14:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

11:35 14:20

13:50 16:55

1 * 3 5 6 1 * 3 5 6

J41 J41

Airlink Airlink

06:35 15:45 09:00 18:20

08:30 17:40 11:05 20:25

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ

-

135 135 135 135

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:30 16:15 16:15 08:50 18:45 18:45

08:20 18:05 18:05 10:35 20:30 20:30

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ AR8 ERJ ERJ AR8 ERJ -

135

135

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

06:50 10:05 12:40 16:00 17:00 19:00 08:05 08:05 08:05 11:10 13:50 17:05

07:40 10:50 13:25 16:45 17:45 19:45 09:00 09:00 09:00 12:05 14:45 18:00

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 7

ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ ERJ

135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135 135

Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink Swaziland - Airlink

06:40 09:45 09:45 13:30 08:10 11:15 11:15 14:45

07:50 10:50 10:50 14:25 09:25 12:25 12:25 15:55

1 2 3 4 5 1 3 2 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 3 2 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

J41 J41 ERJ ERJ J41 J41 ERJ ERJ -

135 135

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11h45 14h00

13h15 15h40

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135 ERJ - 135

Airlink Airlink

11:05 14:10

13:35 16:45

1 2 4 5 1 2 4 5

ERJ - 135 ERJ - 135

Airlink Airlink

07:10 09:45 09:55 13:00

09:20 12:15 12:10 15:30

1 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ERJ - 135 AR8 ERJ - 135 AR8

Airlink Airlink Airlink Airlink

11:10 14:30

14:00 17:25

3 6 3 6

ERJ- 135 ERJ- 135

Airlink Airlink

10:50 13:40

12:55 16:00

1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

AR8 AR8

Airlink Airlink

Nelspruit - Livingstone - Nelspruit

When planning your next flight, for business or pleasure, this flight schedule will come in handy. Take this FREE copy of Skyways with you.

SA8870 SA8871

Nelspruit Livingstone

- -

Livingstone Nelspruit

Johannesburg - Lusaka - Johannesburg SA8160 SA8164 SA8161 SA8165

Johannesburg Johannesburg Lusaka Lusaka

-

Lusaka Lusaka Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Harare - Johannesburg SA8100 SA8102 SA8102 SA8101 SA8103 SA8103

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Harare Harare Harare

-

Harare Harare Harare Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

135 135

Johannesburg - Manzini - Johannesburg SA8012 SA7992 SA7994 SA8014 SA7996 SA7998 SA8013 SA7991 SA7997 SA7993 SA7995 SA8015

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini

-

Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Manzini Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

-

Johannesburg - Maseru - Johannesburg SA8050 SA8052 SA8052 SA8062 SA8051 SA8053 SA8053 SA8063

Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru

-

Maseru Maseru Maseru Maseru Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Maun - Johannesburg SA8300 SA8301

Johannesburg Maun

- -

135 135

(effective 15 June 2012)

Maun Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Nampula - Johannesburg SA8230 SA8231

Johannesburg Nampula

- -

Nampula Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Ndola - Johannesburg SA8158 SA8154 SA8159 SA8155

Johannesburg Johannesburg Ndola Ndola

-

Ndola Ndola Johannesburg Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Pemba - Johannesburg SA8204 SA8205

Johannesburg Pemba

- -

Pemba Johannesburg

Johannesburg - Tete - Johannesburg SA8220 SA8221

Johannesburg Tete

- -

Tete Johannesburg

* Day 2 to be added effective 7 August 2012

Day 1 = Monday, Day 7 = Sunday For reservations visit www.flyairlink.com, your travel agent or SAA Central Reservations on +27 11-978 1111 • Flight schedules subject to change • Contact your booking agent for these conditions EXCESS BAGGAGE AND SPORTING EQUIPMENT: Refer to www.flyairlink.com Important information & Conditions of Carriage Clause 8 Baggage 8.3 Whilst every effort has been made to ensure accuracy of content of the published timetable, both operational and strategic issues cause timetable changes. Due to the forward lead time required for publication, these often cannot be duly reflected. Should this occur, Airlink and its agents are not responsible for any errors, omissions, losses or detriments arising from the publication.

86 07 12

MEMBER


Jetstream 4100 - Regional Turboprop Airliner 9 29 19.25m 18.29m 5.74m 2 600kg 25 000ft 500km/h

Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

ERJ 135-LR - Regional Jet Airliner and Corporate Jet Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Cruising Speed

10 37 26.34m 20.04m 6.75m 5 000kg 37 000ft 800km/h

Avro RJ85 - Regional Jet Airliner 8 83 2 28.60m 26.21m 8.61m 9 362kg 35 000ft 780km/h

VOLCANO 27673

Number of aircraft Maximum Passengers Seating Classes Length Wing Span Height Fuel capacity Maximum Operating Altitude Maximum Cruising Speed


87

The number of tools in the Wenger Swiss Army Knife version XXL

400

The number of years it took to complete the construction of the Parisian Notre Dame Cathedral

Training for life Drawing inspiration from sports

A lifetime of training for just ten seconds. - Jesse Owens Adversity causes some men to break; and others to break records. - William Arthur Ward All hockey players are bilingual. They know English and profanity. - Gordie Howe Football is an incredible game. Sometimes it’s so incredible, it’s unbelievable. - Tom Landry Champions keep playing until they get it right. - Billie Jean King

88 07 12

Don’t look back. Someone might be gaining on you. - Satchel Paige

Do you know what my favourite part of the game is? It’s the opportunity to play. - Mike Singletary Baseball happens to be a game of cumulative tension but football, basketball and hockey are played with hand grenades and machine guns. - John Leonard Give me golf clubs, fresh air and a beautiful partner, and you can keep the clubs and the fresh air. - Jack Benny The trouble with jogging is that the ice falls out of your glass. - Martin Mull Gold medals aren’t really made of gold. They’re made of sweat, determination, and a hard-to-find alloy called guts. - Dan Gable


69

two

The largest number of children born to one woman – a Russian peasant 1725-1765

The number of years the average person spends on the phone in a lifetime

BRAIN

Hockey is a sport for white men. Basketball is a sport for black men. Golf is a sport for white men dressed like black pimps. - Tiger Woods I always turn to the sports pages first, which records people’s accomplishments. The front page has nothing but man’s failures. - Earl Warren I am building a fire, and every day that I train, I add more fuel. At just the right moment, I light the match. - Mia Hamm

God made me fast. And when I run, I feel His pleasure. - Eric Liddell

PAIN

Wrap your head around these brain teasers and see what you can make of them

I went to a fight the other night, and a hockey game broke out. - Rodney Dangerfield

1: Jump

I’m tired of hearing about money, money, money, money, money. I just want to play the game, drink Pepsi, and wear Reebok. - Shaquille O'Neal

2: Fork it up

One man practicing sportsmanship is far better than a hundred teaching it. - Knute Rockne Skiing combines outdoor fun with knocking down trees with your face. - Dave Barry Sports do not build character. They reveal it. - Heywood Broun Success is where preparation and opportunity meet. - Bobby Unser If you think it’s hard to meet new people, try picking up the wrong golf ball. - Jack Lemmon Tennis is a perfect combination of violent action taking place in an atmosphere of total tranquillity. - Billie Jean King Text | Lida-Marie Saayman Photography | Olly, Stavchansky Yakov

Find the kitchen utensils in these sentences. a) I made this for Kate. b) Let's help otters for the Zookeeper. c) Wear a bow like a woman! Hint: The words are in obvious places.

3: Prefix The same two letters can be prefixed to each of these words to make different words. What are these two letters? One Edge Own Ought Awl Aught 1: He was on a ladder outside the sixth floor window. He jumped into the building 2: a) I made this FOR Kate b) Let's helP OTters for the zookeepers c) Wear a BOW Like a woman! 3: D and R; Drone, Dredge, Drown, Drought, Drawl, Draught

Olympism is the marriage of sport and culture. - Juan Antonio Samaranch

A man is standing by a window on the sixth floor when he suddenly gets an impulse. He jumps through the window and lands safely. How is that possible?

Answers

Hitting is timing. Pitching is upsetting timing. - Warren Spahn

brought to you by

89 07 12


the magazine that surprises...

Available in print, online, on mobile and iPad www.braintainment.co.za The latest issue of Braintainment magazine is available now on Zinio or at all good newsagents and supermarkets near you.


200

The average number of Japanese executives that die on the golf course each year

battleship Each Battleship puzzle represents a section of ocean with a hidden fleet of one battleship, two cruisers and three submarines. The ships may be oriented horizontally or vertically within the grid such that no ship touches another, not even diagonally. Any remaining squares in the grid contain water segments, which are shown as a symbol of water or as an X. The numbers on the bottom and on the right of the grid show how many squares in the corresponding rows and columns are occupied by ships. The object is to discover where all six ships are located.

2&5

Are the only prime numbers that end with a 2 or a 5

sudoku

Try the addictive game of Sudoku. The aim is to fill each block with a number from 1 to 9. Each number must not appear more than once in each row, column and square. If you can’t finish this puzzle during your flight, please take this free copy of Skyways with you. The cabin attendant will make sure that the next passengers get their own magazine, with a clean Sudoku for them to puzzle over! Puzzles taken from www.krazydad.com

1 x Battleship

Medium

challenging

Puzzles supplied by Conceptis, www.conceptispuzzles.com

Easy

easy

2 x Cruisers 3 x Submarines

Solutions can be found on page 22

91 07 12


350

32.5 million

The number of words President John F Kennedy could speak in a minute

people were unemployed in emerging economies in the first half of 2010

ten

THINGS

YOU DIDN’T know about… THE OLYMPIC GAMES… 1

The official Olympic Flag was created by Pierre de Coubertin in 1914. The five rings on the flag symbolise the five significant continents and are interconnected to symbolise the friendship to be gained from these international competitions. The flag was first flown during the 1920 Olympics. In 1921, Pierre de Coubertin, founder of the modern Olympics, borrowed a Latin phrase from his friend, Father Henri Didon, for the Olympic motto: Citius, Altius, Fortius, meaning: ‘Swifter, Higher, Stronger‘. De Coubertin also penned the Olympic oath, which was first taken during the 1920 Olympics by Belgian fencer Victor Boin. The oath states: “In the name of all competitors, I promise that we shall take part in these Olympic Games, respecting and abiding by the rules that govern them, in the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and the honour of our teams.” The first opening ceremony was held during the 1908 Olympic Games in London. The Olympic anthem, played when the Olympic flag is raised, was composed by Spyros Samaras, and the

2

3

92 07 12

4 5

words added by Kostis Palamas. It was first played at the 1896 Olympic Games in Athens, but was not declared the official anthem by the IOC until 1957. During the opening ceremony, the procession of athletes is always led by the Greek team, followed by all the other teams in alphabetical order (in the language of the hosting country). The last team is always the team of the host country. Women were first allowed to participate in 1900, at the second modern Olympics. The first Winter Olympics was held in 1924, beginning a tradition of holding them a few months earlier and in a different city than the Summer Games. Since 1994, the Winter Olympics has been held in a completely different year (usually two years apart). Because of World War I and World War II, there were no Olympic Games in 1916, 1940 or 1944. The Olympics celebrates each Olympiad, which is a period of four successive years.

6

7 8

9 10

Text | Lida-Marie Saayman Photography | Sergei Bachlakov / Shutterstock.com


98%

Of atoms are replaced in your body every year

8km

The distance a lion's roar can be heard from

93 07 12


178

six

The average number of sesame seeds on a McDonalds Big Mac bun

The number of months it takes to build a Rolls Royce

Didya know? FLOPS, an abbreviation for what measurement? What stroke was Eric Moussambani doing when he set the new record for the slowest ever 100m swim at the Sydney Olympic Games? Answers 1. Waterloo 2 . Glitter 3. Iceland 4 . Fidelio 5. Floating Point Operations Per Second 6. Freestyle. He completed the race in one minute, 52 seconds. 6.

Disguise

Put your general knowledge to the test

94 07 12

Flops Questions 1. After escaping exile and returning to power, in what Belgian city did Napoleon Bonaparte finally meet his match? 2. In 2001, Mariah Carey starred in which glitzy film flop? 3. Before collapsing in 2008, the major banks of what arctic country held debt six times larger than the country’s GDP? 4. Which Beethoven opera was originally called Leonore when it flopped at its premiere in 1805? 5. Supercomputer performance is often measured in

Questions 1. In what European city is wearing masks a traditional part of pre-Lent festivities? 2. Who is Pieter-Dirk Uys’s alter-ego? 3. What 2002 film dramatised the history of conman and master of disguises, Frank Abagnale Jr? 4. Which comic book character relies on glasses as his principle disguise? 5. What kind of reptile is a chameleon? 6. Which well-known opponent of Mario became Master of Disguise in a 2007 video game for Nintendo DS? Answers 1. Venice. Masks are worn during the Carnival Festival. 2. Evita Bezuidenhout. 3 . Catch Me If You Can 4. Superman. They make people see him as his alter-ego Clark Kent. 5. Lizard 6. Wario

Extraterrestrials Questions 1. Where was 'The Thing' (from the movie of the same name) found?


R5 billion

Amount spent by Cairn Energy, a Scottish oil-andgas-exploration company, to drill in the Arctic

30%

Estimate of all food crops wasted annually

Mario and Luigi are all time gaming favourites

2.

In the 1970s, marooned sibling space travelers, Tony and Tia, find themselves escaping to and returning from what mountain? 3. In what US state would you find Area 51? 4. Who wrote War of the Worlds? 5. On what 1973 track does David Bowie speculate about the existence of extraterrestrial life? 6. What is the popular name for the patterns which mysteriously materialise in fields around the world? Answers 1. Antarctica

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Witch Mountain Nevada. This secret military base is the basis of conspiracy theories and UFO stories. H.G. Wells Life on Mars? The song usually featured in a successful UK series of the same name. Crop circles. They are believed by many to be extraterrestrial in origin, but some have been proven hoaxes.

Text | Supplied by Trivial Pursuit

Thanks to Trivial Pursuit for supplying the questions and answers. Get your own game from leading retailers countrywide

95 07 12


tailspin

32.5 million

32.5 million

people were unemployed in emerging economies in the first half of 2010

people were unemployed in emerging economies in the first half of 2010

LOL Recently, I saw a disturbing photo in a newspaper. No, it wasn’t the reshuffle of Crime Intelligence Boss, Richard Mduli, to elsewhere in our police force. A flock of seagulls was attacking a hapless pelican out on a solitary flight for some good pickings. The caption under the photo alerted the public to keep away from northern beaches as about 1,200 dead birds (mostly pelicans) and 800 dolphins had washed up on Peru beaches. So what had happened? And how weird is human nature that we can just shrug off said incident and go about our everyday lives, regardless. I have just purchased a loaf of bread, a can of dog food and a packet of humbugs. Admittedly not the most wildly exciting purchase I could have chosen to share with you. The point I am making is that human beings have a remarkable ability to turn a blind eye to the obvious. What if those 800 beached dolphins were an early warning system of an ecosystem in dire distress? It’s not just fodder for a Stephen King novel, food for thought or the rampant ravings of a greenie. I try to be green and recycle cans, polystyrene, boxes, and glass, if for no other reason than it gives me a lofty sense of superiority as an enlightened being who is doing her bit to save the universe. But back to my original observation: why do we ignore the obvious? Some examples: the inadequate number of lifeboats on the Titanic. Another example closer to home; Malema will never be extended an invitation to rejoin the ANC Youth League unless elected president. As most presidents are 70 years old, he has a long wait. Other things I have noticed is that no amount of jewellery or expensive suits can cover up a basic lack of common sense and lazy work ethic. So when the Eastern Cape Department of Education delivers yet another round of dismal matric results, I can’t help but draw parallels between

96 07 12

Humour at work

failure to deliver text books on time, in the wrong language or not at all. But humour could be our saviour under such circumstances. Here are some opportunities to restore your good humour. South Africa is hosting the Afcon Cup next year. As Bafana Bafana stands fat chance of winning, I suggest that we sing ‘Song sung blue everybody has one’ as Bafana Bafana goes out in the first round. Think what those African singing harmonies will do for our souls. When we get inundated with another TV insurance advert, let’s look the other way while singing the song that made Frank Sinatra famous. And when someone in government does the right honourable thing let us sing “When the saints go marching in.” If you’re still wondering about those dolphins, a quick Google search has revealed that the Peruvian government has issued a press release stating that 5,000 birds (mostly pelicans) and nearly 900 dolphins have died off the country’s northern coast, possibly due to rising temperatures in Pacific water. So why no outcry on SA news broadcasts? All we see are various officials jostling for power while our seas warm up. Which goes back to my original theory: Man has the ability to ignore the obvious. We can pick and choose what delights us and discard that which no longer serves us. So this is what I choose to discard: any discussion around crime (unless you have enrolled as a reservist or are on neighbourhood patrol, you are having a conversation that leads to nowhere); who will become our next president (I am vying for the chap with one mistress and no wives: this will be a bonus to the taxpayer); or a chat about the e-toll. Heed my warning: the e-toll will arise again as it must be paid for, but be funded in a different way. Text: Samantha Barnes


+27 861 527 526

+27 11 911 1200 / WWW.RADO.COM

SkyWays Magazine July 2012  

SkyWays Magazine July 2012

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